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Ethics by yaofenjin


CNSK 1401
Session #10
Ethics form boundaries for what is
 acceptable and what is not acceptable in
 counselling practice.

These boundaries are there to protect
 clients, counsellors, and the profession as
 a whole, from harm.
The 5 moral principles of ethics

 5 moral principles that are viewed as the
 cornerstone of our ethical guidelines. The
 five principles include:
    Autonomy -independence, individual freedom of choice
    Justice – be fair, equal distribution of resources
    Beneficence - to do good, to be proactive and also to
     prevent & harm when possible
    Nonmaleficence - "above all do no harm"
    Fidelity - loyalty, faithfulness, and honoring committments
Ethical guidelines can not address all
 situations that a counselor is forced to
 confront. Reviewing the ethical principles
 which are at the foundation of the
 guidelines often helps to clarify the issues
 involved in a given situation
Here are some links to more on ethical standards from regulated professional
bodies of mental health: (please note that because ethics are rooted in
philosophy more than testable science, many of these will differ from one

   American Association of Marriage and Family Therapy (AAMFT) Code of Ethics
   American Group Psychotherapy Association: Guidelines for Ethics
   American Psychological Association (APA) Code of Ethics
   American Association of Christian Counselors: Code of Ethics
   American Counseling Association: Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice
   British Columbia Association for Clinical Counsellors: Code of Ethical Conduct
   Canadian Counselling Association: Code of Ethics & Standards of Practice
   Canadian Psychological Association Ethical Standards
   Canadian Traumatic Stress Network [Reseau Canadian du Stress Traumatique]: Ethical
   Christian Association for Psychological Studies: Ethics Statement
   International Society for Mental Health Online: Suggested Principles for the Online Provision of
    Mental Health Services
   National Board for Certified Counselors: Code of Ethics
   National Board for Certified Counselors: The Practice of Internet Counseling
   Avoiding Exploitive Dual Relationships: A Decision-making Model
Ethics cover a range of issues that
practitioners need to consider including:
  constraints and the management of confidentiality
  dual and multiple relationships
  relationships with former clients
  non-discriminatory practice
  issues for individuals and agencies
  competence and the proper conduct of counsellors
  therapists and the profession's responsibilities to deliver
   non-exploitative and non-abusive help to clients
Ethical Dilemma

An ethical dilemma occurs when there are
 competing values or courses of action.
  For example, a counsellor who works in an
   agency is responsible to their clients, their
   employer, the legal system, and their
Ethical decision making involves weighing
 and sorting the ethical principles
The Ethical Decision Making Model at
a Glance
1. Identify the problem & gather facts
2. Refer to your professional (and/or agency) code
  of ethics
3. Generate potential courses of action
4. Consider the potential consequences of all
  options, choose a course of action.
5. Sleep on it or „incubate‟
6. Evaluate the courses of action – test (well lit
  room test)
7. Implement the course of action & follow up and
Group exercise – case studies, refer to
Shehib p. 320
 What are the key ethical issues or problems of
  concern? (i.e. autonomy or confidentiality)
 What ethical guidelines are relevant?
 Will I feel the same about this situation if I think
  about it a little longer?
 What plan of action would be most helpful in this
 How could you address any possible negative
  consequences that happen as a result?
2nd Transcript due next week

 Participation marks sheet handed in to me next

 Next week‟s topic - “endings”

 Any necessary course review or unfinished

 Bring something to snack on next week (food or
 non-alcoholic beverage)

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