OF RADIOLOGY

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					Final examination /2003/ English
Zoltán Lukács, DVM. – Tibor Németh, DVM, PhD
2003-04-03.

                              QUESTIONS OF RADIOLOGY



1. Construction of diagnostic radiographic apparatus. Formation of X-ray.
2. Features of X-ray.
3. Formation of X-ray picture. Intensifying screens.
4. Effect of ionisation radiation on the organism. Protection from radiation
5. Radiological anatomy of the thoracal cavity in dogs and cats.
6. Radiological anatomy of the abdominal cavity in dogs and cats.
7. Plain radiography of the vertebral coloumn.
8. Radiography of the joints and bones.
9. Radiography of the gastrointestinal tract.
10. Excretory urography.
11. Plain and contrast radiography of the urinary bladder and urethra.
12. Features and application of contrast media.
13. Radiology of bone fractures.
14. Radiography of the head and the nasal cavity.
15. Radiography of the esophagus and trachea.
16. Radiography of osteochondritis dissecans.
17. Myelography.
18. Radiology of the navicular region in horses.
19. Radiography of the fetlock and the hoof in horses.
20. Radiography of the horse with laminitis
21. Radiography of the hock in horses.
22. Radiography of the carpus in horses.
23. Radiology of hypertrophic osteodystrophy.
24. Radiology of hip dysplasia and aseptic femoral head and neck necrosis in small animals.
25. Radiology of elbow dysplasia.
26. Radiology of panostitis, secunder hyperparathyreoidismus
27. Diagnostic imaging in the veterinary surgical diagnostics.
Final examination /2003/ English
Zoltán Lukács, DVM. – Tibor Németh, DVM, PhD
2003-04-03.

                              QUESTIONS OF ANESTHESIOLOGY


1. Patient examination before anesthesia.
2. Patient preparation for anesthesia.
3. Risk cathegories of anesthesia (ASA)
4. Anticholinergic agents.
5. Phenothiazines..
6. Benzodiazepines. Butyrophenons.
7. 2 agonists and antagonists.
8. Opioids.
9. Neurolept-analgesia.
10. Barbiturates.
11. Etomidate, propofol, steroid anesthetic agents
12. Dissociative anesthetic agents.
13. Isoflurane, Halothane, Methoxiflurane, Sevoflurane.
14. Nitrous oxide.
15. Techniques of narcosis.
16. Stages of narcosis.
17. Construction of anesthetic machines.
18. Classification of anesthetic machines.
19. Comparison of inhalation and intravenous narcosis.
20. Types and forms of anaesthetic monitorisation.
21. Pharmacology and types of local anesthesia.
22. Anesthesia of the dog.
23. Anesthesia of the cat.
24. Anesthesia of Ruminants (for surgery of the head, extremities and abdomen).
25. Sedative agents for horses.
26. Downing and maintenance methodes and agents for horse anesthesia
27. Types and indication of antidotes in veterinary anaesthesia
Final examination /2003/ English
Zoltán Lukács, DVM. – Tibor Németh, DVM, PhD
2003-04-03.

                           QUESTIONS OF OPHTHALMOLOGY




1. Pharmacological principles of Ophthalmology
    (ophthalmological therapeutics, methods of application)
2. Therapeutics effecting the autonomic function of the eye.
3. Ophthalmological diagnostics I. (including from anamnesis to physical ophthalmilogical
    examination).
4. Ophthalmological diagnostics II. (supplementary examinations: vital staining, lacrimal
    tests, tonometry, ophthalmoscopy).
5. Anatomy and physiology of eyelids; ophthalmia neonatorum.
6. Prominent nasal fold; abnormalities of ciliae.
7. Entropion.
8. Ectropion.
9. Hordeolum; chalasion; injuries and neoplasia of eyelids.
10. Blepharitis.
11. Anatomy and physiology of the conjunctiva; symblepharon; injuries and neoplasia of the
    conjunctiva.
12. Conjunctivitis.
13. Anatomy and physiology of the third eyelid; prolaps of the gland of the third eyelid.
14. Prolaps of the cartilage of the third eyelid; prolaps of the third eyelid; injuries and
    neoplasia of the third eyelid.
15. Anatomy and physiology of the cornea and sclera; pathophysiological reactions of the
    cornea.
16. Healing processes of the cornea; microcornea; cornea-dermoid; congenital cataract.
17. Keratitis; ulcerative keratitis.
18. Non-ulcerative keratitis.
19. Bovine Infectious Keratoconjunctivitis („pink eye disease”)
20. Injuries and neoplasia of the cornea
21. Anatomy and physiology of the lacrimal system.
22. Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS)
23. Anatomy and physiology of the uvea; injuries and neoplasia of the uvea.
Final examination /2003/ English
Zoltán Lukács, DVM. – Tibor Németh, DVM, PhD
2003-04-03.



24. Uveitis.
25. Equine recurrent uveitis
26. Physiology of the vitreous. Glaucoma.
27. Anatomy and physiology of the lens; dislocation of the lens.
28. Cataract.
29. Anatomy and physiology of the fundus, characteristics features by species.
Final examination /2003/ English
Zoltán Lukács, DVM. – Tibor Németh, DVM, PhD
2003-04-03.


                      QUESTIONS OF SURGICAL DIAGNOSTICS


   1. Anamnesis and general examination of the surgical patient. Supplementary
      examinations.
   2. Conformation components in horses (balance, proportions and curvation of the top
      line, correctness of angles).
   3. Regular and irregular conformation of the equine forelimb
   4. Regular and irregular conformation of the equine hindlimb
   5. Fundamentals of motion of the horse; features of lameness in horses
   6. Classification and degree of lemeness, character of the stride, hoof mechanism
   7. Procedure of clinical examination of the lame horse.
   8. Examination of the thorax in small animals
   9. Examination of the abdomen in small animals
   10. Examination of the pelvis in small animals
   11. Procedure of lameness diagnostics in small animals.
   12. Fundamentals of neurological examination in small animals.
   13. Examination of joints and intraarticular anesthesia of the equine forelimb
   14. Examination of joints and intraarticular anesthesia of the equine hindlimb
   15. Basic principles of diagnostic anesthesia of the horse
   16. Perineural anesthesia of the equine extermities
   17. Examination of the fetlock, pastern and hoof in horses.
   18. Examination of the forelimb proximal to the fetlock in horses
   19. Examination of the hindlimb proximal to the fetlock in horses
   20. Examination of the forelimb in small animals.
   21. Examination of the hindlimb in small animals
   22. Supplementary examination methods in lameness diagnostics.
   23. Provocation tests in equine lameness diagnostics.
   24. Examination of the circulatory system in colic horses.
   25. Examination of the alimentary system in colic horses.
   26. Diagnostic and therapeutic principals in colic horses.
   27. Diagnosis of shock.
   28. Emergency patient examination in small animals.
   29. Physical examination of the equine vertebral columne.
Final examination /2003/ English
Zoltán Lukács, DVM. – Tibor Németh, DVM, PhD
2003-04-03.



                       QUESTIONS OF GENERAL SURGERY



1. Symptoms of fresh, aquired wounds
2. Classification of wounds and their symptoms.
3. Process of wound healing. Clinical types of wound healing.
4. Clinical appearance of first- and second-intention wound healing.
5. Fundamentals of wound management. Clinical aspects of wounds of different origin.
6. Abnormalities in wound healing.
7. Types, local and systemic consequences of wound infection.
8. Bite wound and its types.
9. Punctured/stab and gunshot wound. Diagnostics of penetrating/perforating wounds.
10. Types and application of drainage.
11. Surgical aspects of inflammation and the anti-inflammatory strategy.
12. Closed mechanical injuries. Contusion, concussion, thermic injuries.
13. Necrosis. Fistulae.
14. Phlegmone, abscess, edema, emphysema
15. Surgical aspects of anti-inflammatory therapy
16. Surgical aspects of antibiotic therapy.
17. Opened joint injuries
18. Osteochondrosis dissecans
19. Inflammation of the tendon sheath
20. Types, symptomes and healing process of bone fractures.
21. Definition and classification of surgical operations. Preparation for surgery. Conditions of
   surgical intervention.
22. Asepsis, antisepsis. Sterilisation. Disinfection.
23. Definition, classification and symptoms of hernias.
24. Conditions of bone and joint surgery.
25. Basic considerations of bone and joint surgery
Final examination /2003/ English
Zoltán Lukács, DVM. – Tibor Németh, DVM, PhD
2003-04-03.

                       QUESTIONS OF DETAILED SURGERY




1. Clinical examination of the oral cavity in horses, tooth eruption, replacement of temporary
   teeth, hook formation, Galvayne’s groove.
2. Dental diseases in horses (developmental abnormalities, abnormalities of wear, root
   problems)
3. Diseases of tooth-pulp in small animals.
4. Developmental abnormalities of the tooth and denture in small animals.
5. Dental alveolar diseases in small animals. Dental tartar.
6. Diseases of the head and sinuses in the horse.
7. Surgery of the oral cavity in small animals.
8. Surgery of the pinna in small animals.
9. Surgery of the external ear canal in small animals.
10. Surgery of the pharyngeal region and salivary glands in small animals
11. Surgery of the upper airways in small animals.
12. Fundamentals of thoracic surgery.
13. Surgery of the esophagus in small animals.
14. Surgery of the diaphragmatic hernia in small animals.
15. Ethiology, pathogenesis, signs and therapy of small intestinal obstruction in small
   animals.
16. Types and differential diagnostics of small intestinal obstruction in small animals.
17. Definition and classification of ileus in the horse
18. Surgical diseases of the alimentary system of the cattle.
19. Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)
20. Castration and its surgical complications in horses
21. Cryptorchidism in horses.
22. Diseases of the penis in stallions (phimosis, paraphimosis, paralysis of the penis)
23. Umbilical and inguinal hernia in small animals.
24. Traumatical abdominal hernia in small animals.
25. Perineal hernia.
26. Equine umbilical hernia.
Final examination /2003/ English
Zoltán Lukács, DVM. – Tibor Németh, DVM, PhD
2003-04-03.

27. Equine abdominal wall herniation, prepubic tendon rupture
28. Equine inguinal herniations.
29. Scrotal herniation of stallions.
30. General aspects of laparotomy in small animals
31. Surgery of the stomach in small animals
32. Surgery of the small intestine in small animals
33. Surgery of the large intestine in small animals
34. Surgery of the liver and the spleen in small animals.
35. Surgery of the kidney and ureter in small animals.
36. Surgery of the urinary bladder and urethra in small animals.
37. Surgery of the prostate gland in small animals.
38. Surgical aspects of acute abdomen
39. Regular and irregular hoof.
40. Sick hoof. Definition and classification.
41. Diseases of tendons in horses
42. Injuries of tendineous structures of the cannon region, therapeutical aspects
43. Tendon ruptures in horses
44. Flexure deformity of the metacarpophalangeal and the distal interphalangeal joint
45. Fracture of the proximal, middle and distal phalanx in horses.
46. Injuries of the coronary region, basic therapeutic principles
47. Cellulitis
48. Injuries of the hoof wall hoof cracks
49. Bruise, corns, gravel, trush, cancer.
50. Penetrating wounds of the hoof. Septic laminitis.
51. Acute, aseptic laminitis in the horse.
52. Navicular disease
53. Irregular clows in cattles. Clows management in cattles.
54. Specific traumatic ulceration of the bovine claws.
55. Panaritium in cattles.
56. Disease of the claws in swine.
57. Diseases of the claws in sheep. Panaritium in sheep.
58. Therapeutic considerations of open fractures in small animals.
59. Therapeutic considerations of open fractures in horses
60. Crib biting, wind sucking in the horse, therapeutic principles
61. Amputation of the horn in cattle
Final examination /2003/ English
Zoltán Lukács, DVM. – Tibor Németh, DVM, PhD
2003-04-03.



62. Surgical disorders of the equine larynx
63. Diseases of bursae in horses.
64. Degenerative joint disease in the horse.
65. Diseases of the elbow in small animals.
66. Diseases of the shoulder joint in small animals.
67. Diseases of the hip joint in small animals.
68. Diseases of the stifle joint in small animals.
69. Diseases of the carpus and tarsus in small animals.
70. Methods of operative fixation of bone fractures.
Final examination /2003/ English
Zoltán Lukács, DVM. – Tibor Németh, DVM, PhD
2003-04-03.



                    SURGICAL TECHNICS AND OPERARATIONS
                                           - Topics -



   1. Types of the downing of the horse
   2. Types of sterilisation
   3. Asepsis and disinfection
   4. Sterilisation of the instrumentation for surgery
   5. The types of scrubbing
   6. The types and forms of wound making
   7. Types of the wound closure and suturing technics
   8. Types quality of suture materials
   9. The technics of bleeding control
   10. Bandages
   11. Dentistry and tonsillectomy
   12. Ear surgery in small animals
   13. Tracheotomy
   14. Esophagotomy
   15. Surgery of hernias in large animals
   16. Surgery of hernias in small animals
   17. Laparotomy
   18. Gastrotomy and Enterotomy
   19. Intestinal resection, anastomosis technics
   20. Surgery of the liver and spleen
   21. Surgery of the kidney and urether
   22. Surgery on the urinary bladder and the prostate gland
   23. Surgery of the acute abdomen
   24. Ruminotomy
   25. Surgical technics of the abomaseal displacements
   26. Castration
   27. Operations on the hoof
   28. Surgery on clows
   29. Basic principles of the aproaches of bones and joints

				
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