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ROP3 Peoples

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					 ROP3            PeopleName




######## Deaf




######## Okung




######## Nusan




######## Handa, Tsexa




######## Gxana




######## Gwi




######## Hua
######## Kung Gobabis




######## Aari




######## Assa




######## Gabadi




######## Abaga




######## Abai Sungai




######## Abanyom
######## Mijong




######## Abau




######## Abaza




######## Abe




######## Negrito, Aburlin




######## Abidji




######## Baso
######## Foya




######## Abkhaz




######## Ba'ban




######## Brong




######## Adjora




######## Abua




######## Abui
######## Abun




######## Abure




######## Mini




######## Tlapaneco, Acatepec




######## Achagua




######## Achang




######## Achang, Husa
######## Ache




######## Acheron




######## Achi, Cubulco




######## Achi, Rabinal




######## Aceh




######## Achual Jivaro




######## Achumawi
######## Acholi




######## Adabe




######## Fula Macina, Fulakunda




######## Fulbe, Fulani




######## Gey




######## Adang




######## Dangme
######## Adasen Itneg




######## Adele




######## Padhola




######## Abor




######## Adi




######## Adi, Ashing




######## Adi, Bokar
######## Adi, Bori




######## Adi, Karko




######## Adi, Komkar




######## Adi, Milang




######## Adi, Minyong




######## Adi, Padam




######## Adi, Pailibo
######## Adi, Pangi




######## Adi, Pasi




######## Adi, Ramo




######## Adi, Simong




######## Adi, Tangam




######## Bagi




######## Bolak Tangsa
######## Bomdo




######## Darok Tangsa




######## Galong




######## Janbo




######## Katin Tangsa




######## Kongbo




######## Lhoba, Bogar
######## Libo




######## Lichi Tangsa




######## Longin Tangsa




######## Miguba




######## Millang Abor




######## Minyong




######## Minyong
######## Morang Tangsa




######## Muktum




######## Padam




######## Pasi, Christian




######## Phongle Tangsa




######## Taisen Tangsa




######## Tanggam
######## Adyukru




######## Garasia




######## Adynyamathanha




######## Adonara




######## Aduge




######## Adyghe




######## Ubyx
######## Azera




######## Aeka




######## Awin




######## Aer




######## Afade




######## Afar




######## Afitti
######## Afrikaner




######## Baster, Rehobother




######## Coloured




######## Malay, Cape




######## Xegwi




######## Afro-Seminole




######## Agarabi
######## Agatu




######## Agavotaguerra




######## Aghem




######## Aghu




######## Agul




######## Agi




######## Agob
######## Agoi




######## Aguacatec




######## Aguaruna




######## Aguna




######## Agusan Manobo




######## Manobo, Umayamnon




######## Agutaynon
######## Agwagwune




######## Ahan




######## Ahanta




######## Aheu




######## Ashirat




######## Ahtena




######## Nandu-Tari
######## Nyeng




######## Shakara




######## Ai-Cham




######## Aighon




######## Tubarao




######## Moewehafen




######## Aimaq, Firozkohi
######## Aimaq, Hazara




######## Aimaq, Jamshidi




######## Aimaq, Taimani




######## Aimaq, Timuri




######## Char Aimaq




######## Teimurtash




######## Aimele
######## Aimol




######## Ainbai




######## Aynu




######## Aiome




######## Airoran




######## Aiton




######## Aja
######## Hwe




######## Aja




######## Ajie




######## Asheninca Apurucayali




######## Ak




######## Fa-c-Aka




######## Ahafo
######## Akan




######## Akuapem




######## Akwamu




######## Akyem




######## Asen




######## Ashanti




######## Dankyira
######## Fante




######## Kwahu




######## Akaselem, Chamba




######## Kanjobal, Western




######## Akawaio




######## Ake




######## Akebu
######## Akei




######## Akha




######## Akha, Botche




######## Akha, Chapo




######## Akha, Eupa




######## Akha, Kophe




######## Akha, Kopien
######## Akha, Luma




######## Akha, Lylo




######## Akha, Nuqui




######## Akha, Nutchi




######## Akha, Oma




######## Akha, Pouly




######## Akha, Tchitcho
######## Neisu




######## Pala




######## Akhvakh




######## Saami, Akkala




######## Aklano




######## Akolet




######## Bakossi
######## Lohiki




######## Yache Akpa




######## Akpes




######## Akrukay




######## Akum




######## Akuliyo




######## Akwa
######## Allaaba




######## Kebena




######## Alabama




######## Agta, Alabat Island




######## Alabat Is Dumagat




######## Mixteco, Alacatlatzala




######## Alago
######## Alagwa




######## Alak




######## Alamblak




######## Alangan




######## Alawa




######## Mixteco, Alcozauca




######## Alege
######## Gahuku




######## Aleut, Eastern




######## Algerian




######## Bedouin




######## Berber, Arabized




######## Berber, Tougourt




######## Kharga, Selima
######## Tuareg, Asben




######## Kuraan




######## Tamanrasset




######## Algonquin




######## Ali




######## Aladian




######## Alngith
######## Zapoteco, Aloapam




######## Alorese




######## Arum-Chessu




######## Alune




######## Alur




######## Alutor




######## Alviri-Vidari
######## Alyawarra




######## Ama




######## Arabized Nyimang




######## Nyiman




######## Amahei




######## Amahuaca




######## Amaimon
######## Amal




######## Amanab




######## Amanaye




######## Bibling




######## Amarag




######## Amarakaire




######## Amarasi
######## Zapoteco, Amatlan




######## Amba




######## Mbuti, Twa




######## Nembao




######## Ambai




######## Aion




######## Sambal, Ambala
######## Ambelau




######## Ambele




######## Amblong




######## Ambo




######## Ambonese




######## Kajeli




######## Piru
######## Quechua, Ambo-Pasco




######## Ambrak




######## Ambulas




######## Amdang




######## Amdo, Hbrogpa




######## Amdo, Ronga




######## Amdo, Rongmahbrogpa
######## Amdo, Rtahu




######## Golog




######## Hdzanggur




######## Sogwo Arig




######## Tebbu




######## Yonzhi




######## Za
######## Amele




######## Amganad Ifugao




######## Banaue Ifugao




######## Amhara




######## Weyto




######## Ami




######## Ami
######## Amap, Amo




######## Alatil




######## Mixteco, Amoltepec




######## Ampanang




######## Amto




######## Amondawa




######## Dogon, Ana Tinga
######## Anaang




######## Anakalangu




######## Anal




######## Pondoma




######## Anambe




######## Ikundun




######## Bapu
######## Anca




######## Arafundi




######## Andarum




######## Andegerebinha




######## Andi




######## Andio




######## Andoque
######## Andra-Hus




######## Aneityumese




######## Anem




######## Abie




######## Anfillo




######## Angaatiha




######## East Angal
######## Megi




######## Nembi




######## South Mendi




######## Katinja




######## West Angal Heneng




######## Angami




######## Yali, Angguruk
######## Gangota




######## Kishanpanchi




######## Markande




######## Rajdhop




######## Romany, Anglo-Romani




######## Angolar




######## Ngola
######## Anggor




######## Angoram




######## Akpe




######## Basila




######## Anyimere




######## Andilyaugwa




######## Anjam
######## Angave




######## Anmatjirra




######## Anor




######## Ansus




######## Antakarinya




######## Antankarana




######## Mbiyi
######## Anguillan




######## Antiguan




######## Mulatto, Creole Speakers




######## Anu




######## Anuak




######## Anufo




######## Anuki
######## Anus




######## Anuta




######## Anyi




######## Anyi, Alangua




######## Anyi, Anoh




######## Anyi, Barabo




######## Anyi, Bini
######## Anyi, Bona




######## Anyi, Juablin




######## Anyi, Ndenye




######## Anyi, Sanvi




######## Esuma




######## Anyin, Morofo




######## Ao
######## Penihing




######## Aore




######## Kambot




######## Apalai




######## Emerum




######## Ambul




######## Mixteco, Apasco y Apoala
######## Tanu




######## Apinaye




######## Central Raga




######## Aizi, Aproumu




######## Apurina




######## Tutunohan




######## Welemur
######## Arabana




######## Arabela




######## Aragonese




######## Araki




######## Aralle-Tabulahan




######## Laramanik




######## Aramba
######## Arandan




######## Arandai




######## Araona




######## Arapaho




######## Arikara




######## Arawak




######## Arawete'
######## Arawum




######## Albanian, Arbereshe




######## Eribori




######## Archin




######## Mukawa




######## Areare




######## Areba
######## Arem




######## Quechua, Arequipa-Union




######## Argobba




######## Arguni




######## Ara




######## Aro




######## Arhuaco
######## Ari




######## Yalu




######## Arifama-Miniafia




######## Northern Akoko




######## Arikapu




######## Lugbara, Low




######## Armenian
######## Khemshin, Kemshili




######## Arop




######## Lukep




######## Arop-Sissano




######## Arosi




######## Franco-Provencal




######## Vaudois
######## Arta




######## Arua




######## Mikarew




######## Aruek




######## Aruop




######## Arutani




######## Albanian, Arvanite
######## As




######## Morafa




######## Asas




######## Ashaninca




######## Ashe




######## Asheninca Pajonal




######## Asheninca Perene
######## Amulah




######## Ashkuni




######## Asho Chin




######## Chin, Asho




######## Khyang 1




######## Khyang, Hindu




######## Astiani
######## Asilulu




######## Eivo




######## Asua Pygmy




######## Ahom




######## Assamese




######## Assamese Christians




######## Assamese Muslim
######## Barjuba




######## Boria




######## Chinese-Tahitian Creole




######## Choudang




######## Dowaniya




######## Gankak




######## Hira
######## Jalkeot




######## Kachari, Sonwal




######## Kashan




######## Khamiyang




######## Lihu




######## Man




######## Matak
######## Mishmi




######## Mon




######## Mukhi




######## Nishang




######## Patni, Hindu




######## Rabha




######## Ranabhat
######## Saloi




######## Tausa




######## Erenga




######## Kimr




######## Sungor




######## Assiniboin




######## Assyrian
######## Asu




######## Pare




######## Awyu, Asue




######## Asumbua




         Zapoteco, Asuncion
######## Mixtepec




######## Asur




######## Birjia
######## Manobo, Ata




######## Atampaya




######## Mixteco, Atatlahuca




######## Tayal




######## Atemble




######## Athpariya




######## Atikamek
######## Kaugat




######## Atong




######## Chawai




######## Atsugewi




######## Attie




######## Matlatzinca, Atzingo




######## Au
######## Kurada




######## Aukan, Ndjuka




######## Aulua Bay




######## Aushi




######## Tubuaian




######## Simog




######## Auye
######## Ava-Canoeiro




######## Avar




######## Avatime




######## Avau




######## Gasmata




######## Avikam




######## Avukaya
######## Awa




######## Quaiquer




######## Biliau




######## Arakh




######## Awadhi




######## Bari, Sikh




######## Bhantu
######## Bot




######## Dharkar




######## Harjala




######## Kachhi, Muslim




######## Kuta




######## Awak




######## Awar
######## Awara




######## Awbono




######## Boni




######## Awera




######## Aweti




######## Awing




######## Awiyaana
######## Awjilah




######## Kunfel




######## Southern Agau




######## Kamnum




######## Awu, Southeastern




######## Awun




######## Efutu
######## Nanjingren




######## Awyi




######## Ahamb




######## Aluo




######## Ani




######## Axi




######## Ayabadhu
######## Quechua, Ayacucho




######## Mazateco, Ayautla




######## Ayere




######## Ayi




######## Ayi




######## Reef Islander




######## Ayizo-Gbe
######## Zapoteco, Ayoquesco




######## Ayore




######## Ayu




######## Mixteco, Ayutla




######## Azhe




######## Tlapaneco, Azoyu




######## Baan
######## Baangi




######## Bariba




######## Baba




######## Baba Chinese Creole




######## Malay, Baba




######## Babalia




######## Babango
######## Kidzom




######## Babatana




######## Babine




######## Babusa




######## Bachama




######## Malay, Bacanese




######## Tobada
######## Bada




######## Dekakire, Baggara




######## Badaga




######## Bade




######## Badeshi




######## Kanum, Bady




######## Biliri
######## Badui




######## Badyara




######## Baeggu




######## Baelelea




######## Baetora




######## Bafanji




######## Bafaw
######## Bekpak




######## Kaalong




######## Fut




######## Pukur, Baga Binari




######## Baga Mandouri




######## Baga Marara




######## Baga Sitemu
######## Bagheli




######## Bemaria




######## Gangai




######## Kamrai




######## Lahangar




######## Mandal




######## Muskhan
######## Barma




######## Fulbe, Bagirmi




######## Bago




######## Bagri




######## Nat, Sikh




######## Bagupi




######## Bagusa
######## Kvanadin




######## Buyang, Baha




######## Baham




######## Afro-Bahamian




######## Arab, Bahraini




######## Bahau




######## Bahinemo
######## Rumdali Rai




######## Bahnar




######## Bahonsuai




######## Bari




######## Baibai




######## Baikeno




######## Baima
######## Baimak




######## Banyun




######## Bainouk, Gunyuno




######## Bainouk-Samik




######## Baiso




######## Barbadian, Bajan




######## Bajelan
######## Baka Pygmy




######## Tara Baaka




######## Bakairi




######## Bakaka




######## Bakhtiari




######## Baki




######## Bakoko
######## Bakole




######## Bakpinka




######## Bakumpai




######## Bakwe




######## Balaesan




######## Balangao Bontoc




######## Northern Sinama
######## Ganja




######## Balantak




######## Balanta




######## Kantohe




######## Balau




######## Baldamu




######## Baali
######## Ibaali




######## Bali




######## Loloan




######## Yoruk




######## Romany, Balkan




######## Balo




######## Loi, Baloi
######## Balti




######## Baltistani Bhotia




######## Romany, Baltic




######## Baluan-Pam




######## Bamali




######## Bambalang




######## Bambam
######## Bambara




######## Dionka




######## Ganadougou




######## Somono




######## Bambassi




######## Bambili




######## Bamenyam
######## Bamu




######## Bamukumbit




######## Mum, Bamun




######## Ndop-Bamunka




######## Bamwe




######## Bana




######## Itneg, Banao
######## Banaro




######## Banda




######## Malay, Banda




######## Banda Bambari




######## Joto




######## Ndokpa




######## Banda-Banda
######## Banda-Mbres




######## Sabanga




######## Wada




######## Banda-Ndele




######## Djingburu




######## Tambogo




######## Yangere
######## Bandi




######## Zialo




######## Bandial




######## Hulon




######## Bandjilang




######## Ngala




######## Bangando
######## Bangba




######## Banggai




######## Bangi




######## Bangi Me




######## Lom




######## Bangolan




######## Bangobango
######## Bangwinji




######## Baniwa




######## Karutana




######## Banjar




######## Banka, Bankagooma




######## Abo




######## Banoni
######## Bantawa Rai




######## Bantik




######## Bantuanon




######## Baule




######## Bara




######## Barhamu




######## Barai
######## Barakai




######## Baram Kayan




######## Barama




######## Barambu




######## Baramu




######## Baropasi




######## Baras
######## Southern Barasano




######## Grebo, Barclayville




######## Baadi




######## Barein




######## Mugil




######## Beri




######## Kuku
######## Motilone, Bari




######## Bariai




######## Bariji




######## Barok




######## Barombi




######## Eastern Tunebo




######## Barrow Point
######## Baruga




######## Baruya




######## Barwe




######## Jew, Bijil




######## Bassa, Basaa




######## Basa




######## Rubasa, Abatsa
######## Bassa-Kaduna




######## Basa-Gurmana




######## Basap




######## Bashkardi




######## Bashkir




######## Basketo




######## Basque
######## Basque, Navarro-Labourdin




######## Basque, Souletin




######## Bassa




######## Bassa-Kontagora




######## Bassari




######## Bassossi




######## Bata
######## Bwatiye




######## Ifufao




######## Palawan Batak




######## Alas




######## Kluet




######## Singkil




######## Batak Angkola
######## Batak Dairi




######## Pakpak Batak




######## Batak Karo




######## Batak Mandailing




######## Batak Simalungun




######## Batak Toba




######## Silindung Batak, Batta
######## Batangan




######## Bateq




######## Bateri




######## Batahira




######## Bati, Bush Bati




######## Bati




######## Batsi
######## Batu




######## Batui




######## Watulai




######## Bau




######## Bisingai, Singhi




######## Sarawak Dayak




######## Baushi
######## Bawaria, Sikh




######## Bauro




######## Bauwaki




######## Bauri




######## Austrian, Bavarian




######## Gypsy, Austrian




######## Bawm Chin
######## Mizo, Bawm




######## Mangbele




######## Baygo




######## Bayanga




######## Bayono




######## Bayot




######## Bayungu
######## Beami




######## Beaver




######## Beba




######## Bebe




######## Bebele




######## Bebeli




######## Bebil
######## Beja




######## Bisharin




######## Hadendoa




######## Bedik




######## Bediondo Mbai




######## Bedoanas




######## Beeke
######## Bele




######## Beembe




######## Beezen




######## Biba-Befang




######## Balenque




######## Begbere




######## Bekati
######## Bekworra




######## Bakwele




######## Belait




######## Belanda Dor




######## Viri




######## Byelorussian




######## Belhariya
######## Beli




######## Makarim




######## Beli




######## Kriol, Mulatto




######## Bella Coola




######## Bemba




######## Cishinga
######## Kabende




######## Luapula Lunda




######## Mukulu




######## Ng'umbo




######## Unga




######## Bembe




######## Bena
######## Yungur




######## Benabena




######## Bench




######## Bende




######## Bendi




######## Ngan




######## Benga
######## Aguri




######## Akhandji




######## Angarok




######## Bagdi




######## Bagti




######## Bahelia, Hindu




######## Baidya
######## Baidya, Hindu




######## Bairagi, Hindu




######## Baiti




######## Bajel




######## Bajikar, Hindu




######## Bajikar, Muslim




######## Bania, Banik
######## Bania, Khatri




######## Bania, Subarna Banik




######## Barua




######## Bauri




######## Bedia, Muslim




######## Beg




######## Behara
######## Behera




######## Bengali




######## Bentkar




######## Berua




######## Besua




######## Besya, Hindu




######## Besya, Muslim
######## Bhakat




######## Bhalla




######## Bhaskar




######## Bhin




######## Bhir




######## Bhuinmali




######## Bhumij
######## Bhunar




######## Biswas, Hindu




######## Biswas, Muslim




######## Bitopi




######## Buna 1




######## Buna, Hindu




######## Chain
######## Chasadhobi




######## Chasot




######## Chaudhari




######## Chaura




######## Chitrakar, Muslim




######## Dahiara 1




######## Dahiara, Muslim
######## Dai




######## Dainet




######## Dalu




######## Daphtari




######## Desali




######## Dhanwar




######## Dhawa
######## Dhemaru




######## Diwan




######## Doai




######## Dosadh, Muslim




######## Duari




######## Dulia




######## Gain
######## Ganak




######## Gandpal




######## Gangin




######## Ghazi




######## Ghulam




######## Gudheri




######## Gundi
######## Gura




######## Hadi




######## Halyadas




######## Hawari




######## Hazra 1




######## Hazra, Hindu




######## Indo-Mauritian, Bengali
######## Jamadar




######## Jaraj




######## Jaraj, Hindu




######## Jeoni




######## Jhalo Malo




######## Jharudar




######## Jimdar
######## Jogi, Hindu




######## Josi




######## Jotdar




######## Kaghazi




######## Kaibartta




######## Kakwara




######## Kalu
######## Kanugh




######## Kaora




######## Kapali




######## Kapuria




######## Karadar




######## Karenga




######## Karigar
######## Karmakar




######## Kasai Majhi




######## Kechai




######## Kela, Muslim




######## Khairwar




######## Khambu




######## Khami
######## Kharag




######## Khemcha




######## Khomoi




######## Kichak




######## Kol




######## Kolu




######## Konai
######## Konwar




######## Kori




######## Kotal




######## Kuki, Amre




######## Kuki, Khelma




######## Kunui




######## Kurol
######## Kusiari




######## Lashkar




######## Let




######## Lohait Kuri




######## Madhuapit




######## Mahara




######## Mahishya
######## Mahisyadas




######## Maimal




######## Mairal




######## Mal, Muslim




######## Mallah, Muslim




######## Mandala, Hindu




######## Mandala, Muslim
######## Marma




######## Marua




######## Masalchi




######## Matia




######## Matwali




######## Maulangi




######## Mir
######## Mirzakhani




######## Mishri




######## Mochi, Hindu




######## Mongar




######## Munshi




######## Musahar 1




######## Nagar
######## Nagarchi, Muslim




######## Nagbanshi




######## Namasudra, Hindu




######## Namasudra, Muslim




######## Nekua




######## Nikari, Hindu




######## Nikari, Muslim
######## Paliya




######## Patni, Muslim




######## Patwa, Muslim




######## Peshakar




######## Pod




######## Pundari




######## Raighatwal
######## Rajbansi, Muslim




######## Rajbhar




######## Raju




######## Rakhal




######## Rasua




######## Sabar




######## Samanthan
######## Sankara




######## Sardar, Muslim




######## Sazawal




######## Shaikh




######## Shanan




######## Siyalgir 1




######## Siyalgir, Hindu
######## Sonar, Sikh




######## Sukli




######## Sunri, Hindu




######## Sutradhar, Hindu




######## Sutradhar, Muslim




######## Tanti, Hindu




######## Tanti, Muslim
######## Tarafdar




######## Tili 1




######## Tili, Hindu




######## Tirendaj




######## Tiyar




######## Bengoi




######## Isal
######## Uhei Kachlakin




######## Bentong




######## Benyadu




######## Njadu




######## Bepour




######## Plains Bira




######## Berau
######## Berbice Creole Dutch




######## Berik




######## Bitara




######## Berom




######## Berta




######## Gobato




######## Mah Meri
######## Orang Laut




######## Besme




######## Behoa




######## Betaf




######## Betawi




######## Bette-Bende




######## Eotile
######## Kuruba, Kadu




######## Kapuchin




######## Bhattra




######## Peri




######## Pardhan




######## Bardai




######## Bhar
######## Bhojpuri Bihari




######## Biar, Hindu




######## Biar, Muslim




######## Bind




######## Gandharb, Hindu




######## Gulgulia




######## Kahar
######## Khulant




######## Koiri




######## Bhunjia




######## Biafada




######## Biak




######## Bialaba




######## Burba
######## Marind, Bian




######## Biangai




######## Biao Mien




######## Ao Biao




######## Biao-Jiao Mien




######## Biaomin, Shikou




######## Biatah
######## Bidio




######## Bidyara




######## Bijogo




######## Bierebo




######## Kuki, Biete




######## Mizo, Biete




######## Nambas, Big
######## Biga




######## Bikaru




######## Bikya




######## Forest Bira




######## Bilakura




######## Bandhela




######## Bilaspuri
######## Bilba




######## Bilbil




######## Bile




######## Bilen




######## Kanuri, Bilma




######## Bilua




######## Bilur
######## Bima




######## Dompu




######## Bimin




######## Bimoba




######## Binawa




######## Binahari




######## Ambasi, Tain-Daware
######## Binandere




######## Bine




######## Edo




######## Binji




######## Binongan Itneg




######## Bintauna




######## Bintulu
######## Binukid




######## Binumarien




######## Sisi-Bipi




######## Birao




######## Berguid




######## Birhor




######## Biritai
######## Birri




######## Birwa




######## Buseni




######## Bishuo




######## Bisis




######## Yambiyambi




######## Bislama Creole
######## Vanuatu Melanesian




######## Bisorio




######## Baraca




######## Barka, Southern




######## Busansi




######## Bisu




######## Bit
######## Bitare




######## Paswam




######## Biwat




######## Ake




######## Biyo




######## Enu




######## Biyom
######## Blablanga




######## Tonda




######## Wagumi




######## Belagar




######## Bulang, Blang




######## Bo




######## Bo
######## Boano




######## Bolano




######## Bobongko




######## Bobot




######## Bodo




######## Chothe




######## Mech
######## Bofi




######## Boga




######## Pogaya




######## Boghom




######## Koguru




######## Bohtan




######## Boikin
######## Busa-Boko




######## Boko




######## Bokobaru




######## Bokoto




######## Bokyi




######## Bola




######## Karua
######## Karua, Xarua




######## Atingola




######## Bulango




######## Bolewa




######## Bolgo Durag




######## Bulia




######## Sambal, Bolinao
######## Bolo




######## Boloki




######## Bolon




######## Qixingmin




######## Bolondo




######## Bolongan




######## Bom
######## Boma Kasai




######## Bombongo




######## Boba




######## Bomitaba




######## Bwa, Red Bobo




######## Bomwali




######## Bon Gula
######## Bonan




######## Bonan, Tongren




######## Bondei




######## Bondo Poroja




######## Kulango, Bondoukou




######## Dogon, Bondum Dom




######## Bonerate
######## Bonerif




######## Bonggi




######## Bonggo




######## Bongili




######## Bongo




######## Bongu




######## Bonjo
######## Bonkeng




######## Bonkiman




######## Bontoc, Central




######## Baokan




######## Tungara




######## Boon




######## Boor
######## Bora




######## Ajuran




######## Arsi




######## Borana




######## Gabbra




######## Gibe




######## Guji
######## Kereyu




######## Sakuye




######## Selale




######## Kuna, Paya-Pucuro




######## Gamei




######## Fulfulde




######## Borna
######## Amuru




######## Boro




######## Guba




######## Shinasha




######## Wambera




######## Kosorong




######## Bororo
######## Burunca




######## Mabo-Barkul




######## Bosilewa




######## Bosngun




######## Bosniak




######## Bote-Majhi




######## Boti
######## Botlikh




######## Negrito, Aeta




######## Kulango, Bouna




######## Tembogia




######## Bouyei




######## Giay




######## Puyi
######## Buzaba




######## Alauagat




######## Yauan




######## Brahui




######## Jharawan




######## Sarawan




######## Balahar, Hindu
######## Bargi




######## Karen, Brek




######## Bunabun




######## Breri




######## Breton




######## Bribri




######## Brokkat
######## Brokpa




######## Dokhpa




######## Brooke's Point Palawano




######## Brunei




######## Kedayan, Orang Bukit




######## Bisaya




######## Bisaya, Brunei
######## Tutong




######## Jidda-Abu




######## Bua




######## Chin, Bualkhaw




######## Bwamu




######## Bube




######## Pove
######## Bobe




######## Stieng, Budeh




######## Budibud




######## Budong-Budong




######## Budu




######## Budug




######## Buduma
######## Buja




######## Bugan




######## Bukawa




######## Lae




######## Bugoto




######## Bugis




######## Buglere
######## Bogum




######## Buhid




######## Bohutu




######## Bukar Sadong




######## Bukat




######## Jew, Bukharic Speaking




######## Malay, Bukit
######## North Moluccan Malay




######## Beketan




######## Mountain Arapesh




######## Bukusu




######## Tachoni




######## Bukwun




######## Bulgar
######## Jew, Bulgarian Speaking




######## Palityan, Bogomil




######## Pomak




######## Romany, Bulgarian




######## Bulgebi




######## Bulisa




######## Buli
######## Bullom




######## Stieng, Bulo




######## Bulu Fang




######## Bulu




######## Bum




######## Bumaji




######## Bumbita Arapesh
######## Bumthangpa




######## Bun




######## Buna




######## Bunaba




######## Bunak




######## Bunama




######## Baonuo
######## Bunu




######## Bunuo




######## Changpao




######## Dongnu




######## Numao




######## Nunu




######## Baraua
######## Berar




######## Bondili




######## Dahait




######## Bung




######## Bungain




######## Bungku




######## Wungu
######## Dogon, Bunoge




######## Bunun




######## Buol




######## Burak




######## Buraka




######## Bura




######## Burera
######## Burate




######## Burduna




######## Bure




######## Burji




######## Burmbar




######## Burmese




         Han Chinese, Burmese-
######## Speaking
######## Sino-Burmese




######## Yaw




######## Taurap




######## Buru




######## Buru




######## Burui




######## Arimtap
######## Burum




######## Mindik, Yaknge




######## Burun




######## Cai




######## Burungi




######## Burushas, Nagroshi




######## Burusho
######## Burusu




######## Asienara, Buruwai




######## Busa-Bisa




######## Busam




######## Busami




######## Kayan, Busang




######## Antalaotra
######## Bushi




######## Makoa




######## Mikea




######## Sakalava




######## Vezo




######## Bushoong




######## Lungendi
######## Buso




######## Busoa




######## Bussa




######## Dobase




######## Butbut Kalinga




######## Butmas-Tur




######## Butuanon
######## Buwal




######## Buya




######## Buyi




######## Jino, Buyuan




######## Bwa




######## Bwaidoga




######## Tubetube
######## Bwatoo, Voh-Kone




######## Karen, Bghai




######## Buela




######## Bwile




######## Mbwisi




######## Byangsi




######## North Makaa
######## Caac




######## Chirripo




######## Cabiyari




######## Mixteco, Cacaloxtepec




######## Cacgia Roglai




######## Cacua




######## Caddo
######## Cafundo Creole




######## Cahuarano




######## Cahuilla




######## Quechua, Cajamarca




         Quechua, North Lima
######## Cajatambo




######## Zapoteco, Cajonos




######## Cajun
######## Cala




         Cakchiquel-Quiche Mixed
######## Language Speakers




######## Cakfem-Mushere




######## Kalamian Tagbanwa




######## Quichua, Highland, Calderon




######## Gypsy, Spanish, Gitano




######## Romany, Calo
######## Caluyanhon




######## Mambila, Cameroon




######## Cameroonian Creole




######## Togolese Creole




######## Chamlinge Rai




######## Campalagian




######## Campidanese Sardinian
######## Tempiese Sardinian, Sard




######## Camsa




######## Quichua, Highland, Canar




######## Candoshi




######## Canela




######## Ramkokamekra




######## Canichana
######## Cao Lan




######## Mjuniang




######## Capanahua




######## Capisano




######## Caquinte




######## Cara




######## Carabayo
######## Karapana




######## Caribbean East Indian




######## Sarnami Hindi




######## Surinam Javanese




######## Carijona




######## Carolinian




######## Romany, Carpathian
######## Carrier




######## Cashibo




######## Kaxinawa




######## Casiguran Dumagat




######## Kabaloan Dumagat




######## Asmat, Casuarina Coast




######## Catalonian
######## Valencian




######## Catawba




######## Cavinena




######## Cayuga




######## Kulele




######## Senufo, Cebaara




######## Visayan
######## Camuhi




######## Cen




######## Asmat, Central




######## Bedouin, Chaamba




######## Bedouin, Dui-Menia




######## Bedouin, Ruarha




######## Bedouin, Suafa
######## Berber, Atta




######## Berber, Figig




######## Berber, Menasser




######## Berber, Warain




######## Berber, Zekara




######## Imazighen




######## Nail Bedouin
######## Awyu, Central




######## Aymara, Carangas




######## Aymara, Central




######## Bai




######## Bei




######## Berawan, Central




######## Albay Bicolano
######## Central Bikol




######## Central Cagayan Dumagat




######## Bundu Dusun, Kadazan




######## Dusun, Central




######## Dusun-Murut




######## Kuala Monsok Dusun




######## Sungai Dusun, Kadazan
######## Tudan Dusun, Kadazan




######## Grebo, Globo




######## Zhuang, Central Hongshuihe




######## Nahuatl, Central Huasteca




######## Miao, Huishui Central




######## Kanuri, Yerwa




######## Khmer, Central
######## Kurd, Central




######## Kurd, Turkish




######## Central Maewo




######## Bengkulu




######## Enim




######## Lahat




######## Lintang
######## Ogan




######## Pasemah




######## Rambang Senuli




######## Semendo




######## Serawai




######## Miao, Mashan Central




######## Mazahua Central
######## Melanau




######## Central Mnong




######## Nahuatl, Central




######## Nicobarese




######## Ojibwa, Central




######## Central Ryukyuan




######## Okinawan
######## Central Palawano




######## Tau't Batu




######## Pame Central




######## Afghan Pawinda




######## Pashtun, Central




######## Turi, Muslim




######## Nahuatl, Puebla Central
######## Central Sama




######## Sama, Badjao




######## St Lawrence Island Eskimo




######## Subanen, Central




######## Central Tagbanwa




######## Tarahumara, Central




######## Central Tunebo
######## Eskimo, West Alaskan




######## Fulani, Sokoto




######## Centuum




######## Gouin




######## Quechua, Chachapoyas




######## Chachilla




######## Chacobo
######## Mahamid, Baggara




######## Massalat




######## Mimi




######## Shuwa




######## Chak




######## Chakali




######## Chakma
######## Chala




######## Alqosh




######## Chaldean




######## Chali




######## Chamacoco




######## Chamalin




######## Karim-Maudi
######## Meghwar




######## Bansi




######## Chambri




######## Chamicura




######## Chamorro




######## Chane




######## Chang
######## Changriwa




######## Chantyal




######## Chara




######## Chaudangsi




######## Chaungtha




######## Chabakano Creole




######## Chayahuita
######## Mixteco, Chayuco




######## Mixteco, Chazumba




######## Bache




######## Rukuba




######## Chechen




######## Maringe, Cheke Holo




######## Chenapian
######## Chenoua




######## Chepang




######## Cherepon




######## Cherokee




######## Chewong




######## Cheyenne




######## Agaria, Hindu
######## Audhelia




######## Bargah




######## Basushabar




######## Bhaina




######## Bharewa




######## Bhulia




######## Chitara
######## Daharia




######## Dewar




######## Kairkari




######## Kalahandi




######## Mowar




######## Munnewar




######## Pando
######## Pao




######## Parhaiya




######## Saonta




######## Solaha




######## Chhintang




######## Chhulung




######## Chiapaneco
######## Trique, Chicahuaxtla




######## Zapoteco, Chichicapan




######## Chichimeca-Jonaz




######## Chikasaw




######## Chiga




######## Mixteco, Chigmacatitlan




######## Chilcotin
######## Chilisso




######## Chinanteco, Chiltepec




######## Zoque, Chimalapa




         Quicha, Highland,
######## Chimborazo




######## Chimila




######## Buriat, China




######## Chindwin Chin
######## Quechua, Chincha




######## Chinook Wawa




######## Chipaya




######## Chipewyan




######## Chippewa




######## Quechua, Ancash, Chiquian




######## Mazateco, Chiquihuitlan
######## Chiquitano




######## Chiripa




######## Chiru




######## Chittagonian




######## Tharu, Chitwan




######## Zapoteco, Choapan




######## Matpa
######## Chochoteco




######## Choctaw




######## Chaudhari, Chodri




######## Chakhesang




######## Chokwe




######## Chol, Tila




######## Chol, Tumbala
######## Chong




######## Tibetan, Jone




######## Chonyi




######## Chopi




######## Chorti




######## Chrau




######## Chru
######## Ga Mong




######## Hmong Be




######## Hmong Bua




######## Hmong Dlex Nchab




######## Hmong Dou




######## Hua Miao




######## Miao, Changshu
######## Striped Meo, Lao-Soung




######## Chuave




######## Chugpa Monpa




######## Chuj, San Mateo Ixtatan




######## Chuj, San Sebastian Coatan




######## Chuka




######## Chukchi
######## Chukwa




######## Chulym Tatar




######## Nchumburu




######## Yeji




######## May




######## Ruc




######## Sach
######## Trukese




######## Chuvash




######## Chwabo




######## Ci-Gbe




######## Cia-Cia




######## Kyibaku




######## Achipawa, Western
######## Cimbrian




######## Kamuku




######## Ucinda




######## Cineni




######## Cinta Larga




######## Chishingyini




######## Citak Asmat
######## Tsagu




######## Clallam




######## Moromiranga




######## Lela




######## Coastal Kadazan




######## Konjo Pesisir




######## Konjo, Coastal
######## Zapoteco, Coatecas Atlas




######## Nahuatl, Coatepec




######## Mixe, Coatlan




######## Zapoteco, Coatlan




######## Mixteco, Coatzospan




######## Cocamilla




######## Kokama
######## Cocopa




######## Cocos Islander, Kukus




######## Cocos Islands Malay




######## Coeur d'Alene




######## Cofan




######## Cogui




######## Lembak
######## Lembak Delapan




######## Sindang Kelingi




######## German Colonia Tovar




######## Colorado




######## Columbia-Wenatchi




######## Chinanteco, Comaltepec




######## Comanche
######## Como Karim




######## Comox




######## Con




######## Lualaba




######## Zaire Swahili




######## Coong




######## Coos
######## Zoque, Copainala




######## Trique, Copala




######## Cori




######## Cornish




######## Quechua, Ancash, Corongo




######## Corsican




######## Cotabato Manobo
######## Manobo, Blit




######## Cowlitz




######## Popoloca, Coyotepec




######## Totonaca, Coyutla




######## Muskogee




######## Crimean Tatar




######## Croat
######## Mbembe, Cross-River




######## Crow




######## Cua




######## Cubeo




######## Kobewa




######## Cuiba




######## Kulina
######## Cun




######## Cung




######## Cupeno




######## Kuripako




######## Pato Tapuia




######## Quechua, Cuzco




######## Gujarati Creole
######## Cuvok




######## Mixteco, Cuyamecalco




######## Cuyonon




######## Bwamu, Twi




######## Czech




######## Jew, Czech Speaking




######## Kaili Unde
######## Daai Chin




######## Lantanai




######## Reshiat




######## Daba




######## Dabarre




######## Dabe




######## Daribi
######## Dadiya




######## Daga




######## Dagaari Dioula, Wala




######## Dagba




######## Dagbamba




######## Nanumba




######## Masakin
######## Dahalo




######## Daho-Doo




######## Dai




######## Tulao




######## Zhuang, Dai




######## Dair




######## Baiap
######## Dakka




######## Dakota




######## Dakpakha




######## Bete, Daloa




######## Dama




######## Damal




######## Dambi
######## Damel




######## Dampal




######## Dampelasa




######## Dan




######## Danaru




######## Danau




######## Dangaleat
######## Karbo




######## Tharu, Dang




######## Tharu, Deokri




######## Danish




         Greenlanders, Danish-
######## Speaking




######## Jew, Danish Speaking




######## Asaro
######## Dao




######## Daonda




######## Daju, Dar Daju




######## Daju, Dar Fur




######## Daju, Dar Sila




######## Darai




######## Darghinian
######## Afghan, generic




######## Darwazi




######## Farsiwan




######## Kurd, Iranian




######## Persian, Dari




######## Qizilbash




######## Tangshuri
######## Darling




######## Darlong




######## Darmiya




######## Daro-Matu




######## Dass




######## Datooga




######## Bogol
######## Daur




######## Davaweno




######## Daw




######## Dawawa




######## Davelor




######## Dawro




######## Dai
######## Dayi




######## Bulgeda




######## Daza




######## Kreda




######## Dedua




######## Defaka




######## Gbe, Defi
######## Deg




######## Dhekaru




######## Degema




######## Degenan




######## Degexit'an




######## Lifuan




######## Dek
######## Dela-Oenale




######## Ntrubo




######## Dem




######## Dema




######## Demisa




######## Demta




######## Dendi
######## Dendi




######## Ndengese




######## Dengka




######## Deni




######## Deno




######## Anyang




######## Deori
######## Kachari, Dimasa




######## Kamberataro




######## Dera




######## Gasi




######## Desano




######## Dewoin




######## Dezfuli
######## Dghwede




######## Dhaiso




######## Dhalandji




######## Dhangu




######## Wangurri




######## Dhanka




######## Danuwar Rai
######## Ndaonese




######## Dhargari




######## Dhatki Marwari




######## Dhimal




######## Divehi




######## Maldivian




######## Dhofari, Zofari
######## Dhankia




######## Dhuwaya




######## Dia




######## Dibabawon Manobo




######## Karaga Mandaya




######## Pikiwa




######## Dibo
######## Babole




######## Di'dinga




######## Didoi




######## Deng, Darang




######## Digaru




######## Digo




######## Dii
######## Phaani




######## Cham-Mwana, Dijim




######## Debri, Wei




######## Delen




######## Jimajima




######## Barman




######## Hojai
######## Dimbong




######## Dime




######## Dimir




######## Kurd, Dimili




######## Dzing




######## Dirari




######## Gidole
######## Dirya




######## Gciriku




######## Dirim




######## Disa




######## Ditamari




######## Somba




######## Tamberma
######## Diuwe




######## Mixteco, Diuxi-Tilantongo




######## Dixon Reef




######## Maji




######## Djambarrapuyngu




######## Djambarrpuynqu




######## Djamindjung
######## Djangun




######## Djauan




######## Djawi




######## Djeebbana




######## Senufo, Djimini




######## Djinang




######## Djinba
######## Djingili




######## Djiwarli




######## Dobel




######## Dobu




######## Doe




######## Doga




######## Dogoro
######## Dogose, Doghosie




######## Dogoso




######## Barwala, Muslim




######## Batwal, Hindu




######## Charji




######## Cheintz




######## Chibali
######## Dhaogri




######## Dhiar




######## Dogra, Hindu




######## Dosali




######## Gardi, Hindu




######## Kumhiar, Hindu




######## Saryara, Hindu
######## Dogrib




######## Dogon, Dogul Dom




######## Doka




######## Doko-Uyanga




######## Dolgan




######## Dolpa Tibetan




######## Dom
######## Dumaki




######## Domari




######## Halebi




######## Dombe




######## Domu




######## Domung




######## Gabutamon
######## Dondo




######## Dong




######## Dongo




######## Dongotono




######## Dongxiang




######## Dogon, Donno So




######## Doondo
######## Dorio




######## Doromu




######## Dorze




######## Doso




######## Taori-So




######## Dowayayo




######## Tulung
######## Duala




######## Duano




######## Duau




######## Dubu




######## Duduela




######## Dugun




######## Sari
######## Duguri




######## Dugwor




######## Karfa




######## Duke




######## Dulbu




######## Duli




######## Duma
######## Dubea




######## Dumpas




######## Watiwa




######## Dumun




######## Duna




######## Dungan




######## Athpare Rai
######## Dungi




######## Agta, Dupaninan




######## Eastern Cagayan Dumagat




######## Nahuatl, Durango




######## Duri




######## Duriankere




######## Duruma
######## Jhodia




######## Dusner




######## Dusun Deyah




######## Dusun Malang




######## Dusun Witu




######## Antilles Dutch-Speaking




######## Belgians, Dutch-Speaking
######## Dutch




######## French, Dutch-Speaking




######## Jew, Dutch




######## Romany, Dutch




######## Surinamese, Dutch-Speaking




######## Samogho, Duun




######## Duupa
######## Duvele




######## Duwai




######## Guwet




######## Nchumunu




######## Dyaabugay




######## Dyaberdyaber




######## Dyan
######## Dyangadi




######## Dyirbal




######## Dyugun




######## Janjo




######## Dzalakha




######## Dzando




######## Zaomin
######## Adere




######## Birgid




######## Drukpa




######## Ngalung




######## Duun




######## Dzuun




######## E
######## Han Chinese, Pinghua




######## Ambae, East




######## Berawan, East




######## Damar, East




######## East Futunan




######## East Kewa




######## Limba, East
######## Makian Timur




######## Masela, East




######## Nyala, East




######## Tarangan, East




######## Yugur, Enger




######## Achipawa, Eastern




######## Quechua, Apurimac
######## Aranda, Eastern




######## Baluchi, Eastern




######## Darzada




######## Deghwari




######## Lori




######## Nakib




######## Sorozai
######## Guarani, Eastern Bolivian




######## Eastern Bru




######## Kanay




######## Mangkong




######## So Tri




######## Western Bru




######## Cakchiquel, Eastern
######## Inuit, Eastern Canadian




######## Cham, Eastern




######## Baharia




######## Bedouin, Levantine




######## Bedouin, Negev




######## Eastern Frisian




######## Eastern Gorkha, Tamang
######## Eastern Gurung




######## Chatino, Sierra Oriental




######## Otomi, Sierra Oriental




######## Zhuang, Eastern Hongshuihe




######## Nahuatl, Huasteca Este




######## Miao, Huishui Eastern




######## Jacalteco, Eastern
######## Jacalteco, Western




######## Popti




######## Karaboro, Eastern




######## Kantu




######## Katu




######## Kayah, Eastern




######## Eastern Keres Pueblo
######## Krahn, Tchien




######## Eastern/Northern Lawa




######## Lawa




######## Magar, Eastern




######## Maninka, Eastern




######## Mori




######## Wasulu
######## Mari, Low




######## Eastern Meohang




######## Eastern Mnong




######## Ngada, Eastern




######## A Che




######## Alu




######## Azong
######## Boka




######## Chesu




######## Laowu




######## Lesu




######## Muji




######## Nasu, Southern




######## Nisu, Jianshui
######## Nisu, Xinping




######## Nisu, Yuanyang




######## Nosu, Xiaoliangshan




######## Poluo




######## Xiuba




######## Yi, Yunnan




######## Ojibwa, Eastern
######## Ittu




######## Ahmadi




######## Arain, Muslim




######## Arain, Sikh




######## Arora, Muslim




######## Arora, Sikh




######## Assamese Sikh
######## Awan, Christian




######## Awan, Hindu




######## Awan, Muslim




######## Awan, Sikh




######## Bagdi, Sikh




######## Banjara, Sikh




######## Barwala, Sikh
######## Batwal, Sikh




######## Bawaria, Muslim




######## Bazigar, Sikh




######## Bhabra, Muslim




######## Bhabra, Sikh




######## Bhat, Sikh




######## Bhatia, Sikh
######## Bhattiana




######## Bhujru




######## Bodla




######## Botehra




######## Brahman, Sikh




######## Brittal Bania




######## Bunjahi
######## Chamar, Sikh




######## Charg




######## Chhimba, Sikh




######## Chhipa, Sikh




######## Chuhra




######## Dagi, Sikh




######## Darzi, Sikh
######## Daule, Hindu




######## Daule, Sikh




######## Dhobi, Sikh




######## Dom, Sikh




######## Gagra




######## Gagrita




######## Gandhila
######## Gardi, Muslim




######## Ghirath, Sikh




######## Gujar, Sikh




######## Indo-Mauritian, Panjabi




######## Jat, Sikh




######## Jhinwar, Muslim




######## Kamboh, Muslim
######## Kamboh, Sikh




######## Khatbune




######## Khatgune




######## Khatri, Sikh




######## Kir Nungar




######## Kulait




######## Kumhar, Sikh
######## Labana, Hindu




######## Labana, Sikh




######## Lohar, Sikh




######## Mahapatra




######## Mahtam, Hindu




######## Mahtam, Sikh




######## Makrani, Sikh
######## Mali, Sikh




######## Marija




######## Mazhabi




######## Megh, Sikh




######## Meun




######## Mirasi, Hindu




######## Mirasi, Sikh
######## Mochi, Sikh




######## Mussali




######## Nai, Christian




######## Nungar




######## Perna, Muslim




######## Punjabi, Eastern




######## Rachband
######## Rajput, Sikh




######## Ramdasia, Sikh




######## Ramgarhia




######## Rangrez, Sikh




######## Rusiwatt




######## Sanhal




######## Sansi Bhil
######## Sansoi




######## Sarera, Hindu




######## Sarera, Sikh




######## Sathar




######## Shorgar, Hindu




######## Sikligar, Sikh




######## Sirkiband
######## Sudh, Hindu




######## Sudh, Muslim




######## Tarkhan Bharai




######## Tarkhan, Muslim




######## Tarkhan, Sikh




######## Teli, Sikh




######## Ulema, Hindu
######## Ulema, Muslim




######## Ulema, Sikh




######## Nisi Kham




######## Penan, Eastern




######## Hmu, Eastern




######## Tamang, Eastern




######## Tawbuid, Eastern
######## Hmong, Eastern Xiangxi




######## Gbe, Eastern Xwla




######## Jew, Yiddish, Eastern




######## Igbirra




######## Kyama




######## Ebughu




######## Cabe
######## Ica




######## Idaca




######## Ije




######## Siagha-Yenimu




######## Etoro




######## Dou, Edopi




######## Efai
######## Efe




######## Efik




######## Efutop




######## Ega




######## Eggon




######## Arab, Egyptian




######## Egyptian Copt
######## Jew, Egyptian Speaking




######## Kurd, Iraqi




######## Ehueun




######## Eipomek




######## Eitiep




######## Ejagham




######## Felup
######## Ekajuk




######## Ekagi




######## Eki




######## Eket




######## Ekpeye




######## Zapoteco, El Alto




######## El Hugeirat
######## Cora




######## Cora, Santa Teresa




######## Eleme




######## Elepi




######## Belip




######## Elkei




######## Zapoteco, Elotepec
######## Eloyi




######## Elpaputi




######## Morwap




######## Elu




######## Buyang E'ma




######## Emae




######## Emai
######## Eman




######## Embaloh




######## Baudo




######## Catio




######## Chami




######## Tado




######## Embu
######## Emerilon




######## Emilian




######## Emok




######## Emplawas




######## Emumu




######## En




######## Panare
######## Enawenê-Nawê




######## Ende




######## Enga




######## Engenni




######## Engganese




######## African American




         American Samoans, English-
######## Speaking
######## American, English-Speaking




######## Anglo-Australian




######## Anglo-Bengali




######## Anglo-Canadian




######## Anglo-New Zealander




######## Anglo-Saxon, English




######## Antilles English-Speaking
######## Bahamian




######## Barbadians




######## Belize, English-Speaking




######## Bermudans




######## Biri




######## Black Creole




         Botswanans, English-
######## Speaking
######## British




         British Virgin Islanders,
######## English-Speaking




######## Brunei, English-Speaking




         Cameroonian, English-
######## Speaking




######## Caucasian American




######## Caymanian




######## Chetco
######## Chitimacha




######## Chumash




         Cook Islanders, English-
######## Speaking




######## Detribalized Aborigine




######## Dominican, English-Speaking




######## Eskimo Creole




######## Ethiopians, English-Speaking
######## European, generic




######## Eyak




######## Falkland Islander




######## Fijians, English-Speaking




######## Gambian, English-Speaking




######## Ghanaian




######## Gibraltan, English-Speaking
         Gibraltan, Portuguese-
######## Speaking




######## Grenadian, English-Speaking




######## Guam, English-Speaking




######## Guyanese, English-Speaking




######## Gypsy, Irish




######## Han




         Han Chinese, English-
######## Speaking
         Hondurans, English-
######## Speaking




######## Houma, Half-Choctaw




######## Indian, English-speaking




         Indian, Muslim, South
######## African




######## Iowa




######## Irish, English Speaking




######## Israeli, English-Speaking
######## Jamaican Mulatto




######## Jew




######## Jew, American




######## Jew, Black




######## Kato




######## Kawaiisu




######## Kiribatian British
######## Kititians, English-Speaking




######## Kitsai




         Kittitians, Creole English-
######## Speaking




######## Klamath-Modoc




######## Lower Chinook




######## Lumbee




         Malaysians, English-
######## Speaking
######## Maltese, English-Speaking




######## Mandan




######## Miami




         Micronesians, English-
######## Speaking




######## Midway Islanders




######## Miwok




         Mohegan-Montauk-
######## Narragansett
         Montserrat, English-
######## Speaking




######## Moravian Christian




######## Namibians, English-Speaking




######## Nanticoke




######## Nauruans, English-Speaking




######## Nigerians, English-Speaking




######## Nisenan
######## Nooksack




######## Noongar




######## Norfolker




######## Northeast Maidu




######## Osage




######## Oto




######## Pacific Islanders, generic
######## Palauan, English-Speaking




         Papua New Guineans,
######## English-Speaking




######## Pawnee




######## Philipinos, English-Speaking




######## Pitcairner




######## Polynesian, French Speaking




######## Pomo
######## Powhatan




         Puerto Ricans, English-
######## Speaking




######## Quileute




######## Quinault




######## Romany, English




######## Samana English




######## Samoan, English Speaking
######## Scots, Lowland




######## Scottish, British




######## Serrano




         Seychelians, English-
######## Speaking




######## Shasta




######## Siuslaw




######## Snohomish
         Solomon Islanders, English-
######## Speaking




######## Sothoans, English-Speaking




         South African, English-
######## Speaking




######## Southwest Aborigine Creol




         Sri Lankans, English-
######## Speaking




######## St. Helena




######## St. Lucian, English-Speaking
######## St. Pierre, English-Speaking




######## Swazi, English-Speaking




######## Tanzanian, English-Speaking




######## Tolowa




######## Tongan, English-Speaking




######## Tonkawa




         Trinidadian, English-
######## Speaking
######## Tubatulabal




         Tukelauans, English-
######## Speaking




######## Tunica




######## Tuscarora




######## Twana




######## Ulster Irish




         Vanuatuan, English-
######## Speaking
######## Vincentian, English-Speaking




         Virgin Islanders, English-
######## Speaking




######## Wappo




######## Washo




######## West Indian Black




######## Wichita




######## Wintu
######## Wiyot




######## Wyandot




######## Yuchi




######## Yuki




######## Yurok




######## Zambians, English-Speaking




######## Zimbabwe, English-Speaking
######## Enrekang




######## Pattinjo




######## Enwang




######## Enwan




######## Genya




######## Saija




######## Epie
######## South Kewa




######## Ere




######## Nane




######## Baburiwa




######## Erokwanas




######## Erre




######## Ersu
######## Luzu




######## Menia




######## Eruwa




######## Mordvin-Erzya




######## Esan




######## Managalasi




######## Ese Ejja
######## Eshtehardi




######## Age




######## Otomi, Estado de Mexico




######## Estonian




######## Tartu




######## Etebi




######## Aten
######## Kwakwi




######## Icen




######## Eton




######## Eton




######## Etulo




######## Evand




######## Evenk
######## Ewenki, Solon




######## Ewenki, Tungus




######## Mongol, Khamnigan




######## Ewage-Notu




######## Ewe




######## Bafeuk




######## Beti
######## Bulu-Ewondo Creole




######## Ewondo




######## Extremaduran




######## Fa D'ambu




######## Fagani




######## Southern Atta




######## Faita
######## Faiwol




######## Fala




######## Chin, Falam




######## Zanniat Chin




######## Fali




######## Vimtim, Fali of Mubi




######## Vin
######## Fam




######## Fanagolo




######## Fang




######## Fang




######## Fanya




######## Frafra




######## Nabra
######## Faeroe Islander




######## Bembi




######## Fas




######## Fasu




######## Fataleka




######## Dagoda




######## Fayu
######## Bamileke Fefe




######## Agala




######## Fernandino Creole




######## Kaligi




######## Brahman Muslim




######## Fijian Hindi




######## Central Vanua Levu
######## Fijian




######## Kadavu, Tavuki




######## Northeast Vanua Levu




######## Northeast Viti Levu




######## Southeast Vanua Levu




         Totonaca, Filomeno Mata-
######## Coahuitlan




######## Eastern/Southern Bontoc
######## Finnish




######## Jew, Finnish Speaking




######## Romany, Finnish




######## Finungwan




######## Fipa




######## Firan, Izarek




######## Fiwaga
######## Flinders Island




######## Foau




######## Foi




######## Foia Foia




######## Podopa




######## Foma




######## Fon
######## Fongoro




######## Foodo




######## Forak




######## Fordat




######## North-Central Fore




######## South Fore, Pamusa




######## Yenisei Samoyedic
######## Maninka, Forest




######## Fortsenal




######## Zoque, Francisco Leon




######## Abnaki-Penobscot




######## Acadian




######## Andorran, French-Speaking




######## Belgians, French-Speaking
######## Benin, French-Speaking




######## British, French-Speaking




         Burkino Fasoans, French-
######## Speaking




######## Burundi, French-Speaking




######## Chadian, French-Speaking




######## Comorian, French-Speaking




######## Congolese, French-Speaking
######## Euronesian




######## Franco-Mauritian




######## Franco-Swiss




######## French




######## French, Tunisian




######## French-Canadian




######## French-Icelandic Creole
######## Gabon, French-Speaking




######## Guadeloupe, Mestizo




######## Guinean




######## Guyanese, French-Speaking




######## Gypsy, French




######## Indo French




######## Italian, French-Speaking
######## Ivorians, French-Speaking




######## Jew, French




         Luxemberger, French-
######## Speaking




         Madagascar, French-
######## Speaking




######## Malian, French-Speaking




         Martinique, French-
######## Speaking




         Mauritanian, French-
######## Speaking
######## Mayotte, French-Speaking




######## Monaco, French Speaking




######## New Caledonian




######## New Caledonian French




######## Niger, French-Speaking




######## Norman




######## Picard
         Reunionese, French-
######## Speaking




######## Seychelles, French Speaking




######## St. Pierre, French-Speaking




######## Togolese




######## Vanuatuan, French Speaking




######## Wallisians, French-Speaking




######## Walloon
######## Friulian




######## Fuliro




######## Fuhio




######## Ura, Ula




######## Fur




######## Furu




######## West Futunan
######## Fuyuge




######## Fwai




######## Fwe




######## Fyam




######## Fyer




######## Adangbe




######## Ga
######## Krobo




######## Tiba




######## Tabi, Ingessana




######## Ga'anda, Mokar




######## Chiri




######## Dormo




######## Gabri
######## Ga'dang




######## Gadang




######## Gaddang




######## Sipi




######## Gade




######## Gadjerong




######## Gadsup
######## Gagadu




######## Gagauzi Turk




######## Bete, Gagnoa




######## Gagu




######## Bunan




######## Gaikunti




######## Gaina
######## Gal




######## Galambi




######## Galela




######## Galeya




######## Carib




######## Carib, Galibi do Oiapoque




######## Tabare
######## Galician




######## Galoli




######## Gamale Kham




######## Gambera




######## Kamilaroi




######## Gamit




######## Gamkonora
######## Gamo




######## Han Chinese, Gan




######## Dusun, Keningau




######## Ganang




######## Ganda




######## Gane




######## Ganggalida
######## Ganglau




######## Gangte




######## Gante




######## Gants




######## Ganza




######## Banziri Pygmy




######## Gao
######## Paiwa




######## Garawa




######## Anwal




######## Bajgi




######## Black Carib




######## Garo




######## Tangsa Naga
######## Garre




######## Garus




######## Didayi




######## Gavar




######## Gaviao do Rondonia




######## Zoró




######## Gawar-Bati
######## Nuristani




######## Dihina




######## Gawwada




######## Gergere




######## Gobeze




######## Gollango




######## Gorose
######## Harso




######## Gayil




######## Gayo




######## Gazi




######## Gbagyi




######## Gbanu




######## Gbanziri
######## Gbari Gayegi




######## West Gbari




######## Gbati-Ri




######## Banu




######## Kresh




######## Gbaya-Bossangoa




######## Gbaya-Bouzum
######## Dooka




######## Gbaya-Mbodomo




######## Gbayi




######## Gbessi




######## Gbii




######## Gure-Kahugu




######## Grebo, Gboloo
######## Ge




######## Karen, Geba




######## Gebe




######## Graged




######## Gedeo




######## Geji




######## Karen, Geko
######## Gela




######## A'ou




######## Duoluo




######## Gao, Gelao




######## Gelao




######## Hagei




######## Geme
######## Mina, Ge




######## Gende




######## Gengle




######## Adzhar




######## Georgian




######## Ingiloy




######## Gera
######## Austrian, German-Speaking




######## Belgians, German-Speaking




######## Bolivians, German-Speaking




######## Danes, German-Speaking




######## Erzgebirgish




######## German




######## Gypsy, German
######## Gypsy, Swiss




         Han Chinese, German-
######## Speaking




######## Italian, German-Speaking




######## Jew, German




         Luxemburger, German-
######## Speaking




         Paraguayan, German-
######## Speaking




######## Polish, German-Speaking
         Romanian, German-
######## Speaking




######## Saxon, Transylvanian




######## Saxon, Upper




######## Slovene, German




######## Sorb




         Swiss, Standard German
######## Speaking




######## Geruma
######## Geser-Gorom




######## Kelimuri




######## Ghadames




######## Ghanongga




######## Kumbokota




######## Ghari




######## Vaturanga, Ndi
######## Boanaki




######## Albanian, Gheg




######## Ghera




######## Godoberi




######## Bamileke-Bamenjou




         Bamileke-Bandjoun,
######## Ghomala'




######## Ghotuo
######## Arabized Ghulfan




######## Ghulfan




######## Giangan Bagobo




######## Gibanawa




######## Gidar




######## Kirifi




######## Akyode
######## Galeshi




######## Gilaki




######## Rashti




######## Kiribertese




######## Gilima




######## Gilyak




######## Gimi
######## Loko




######## Gimma




######## Gimme




######## Gimnime




######## Ginuman




######## Anyanga




######## Girawa
######## Tonga




######## Kelana




######## Gitxsan




######## Giyug




######## Gizra




######## Glaro-Twabo




######## Glavda
######## Glio




######## Gnau




######## Bhavit




######## Ghadi




######## Goan




######## Indo-Mauritian, Goan




######## Sudra
######## Sunri, Muslim




######## Thovoi




######## Goaria




######## Gobasi




######## Gobu




######## Godie




######## Goemai
######## Gofa




######## Gogo




######## Gogodala




######## Gokana




######## Gola




######## Golin




######## Mian, Bush People
######## Gonedauan




######## Gongduk




######## Gonja




######## Gunian




######## Gor




######## Kachera, Hindu




######## Gorakor
######## Yanta, Towangara




######## Gorap




######## Gorontalo




######## Kwandang




######## Limboto




######## Gorova




######## Goroa
######## Goundo




######## Gurma




######## Gabare




######## Gozarkhani




######## Grangali




######## Grass Koiari




######## Gelao, Green
######## Afro-Grenadian




######## Gresi




######## Groma




######## Gronings




######## Yokuts




######## Fall Indian




######## Anum-Boso
######## Antillean




         Guadeloupean Creole
######## French




######## Guajibo




######## Rio Tomo Guajibo




######## Guaja




######## Guajajara




######## Guambiano
######## Guana




######## Guanano




######## Jiarong, Guanyingqiao




######## Jiarong, Sidabao




######## Guarayu




######## Guarequena




######## Guato
######## Guayabero




######## Ngarngji




######## Gude




######## Gudu




######## Guduf




######## Amuzgo, Guerrero




######## Nahuatl, Guerrero
         Zapoteco, Guevea de
######## Humboldt




######## Gugadj




######## Gugu Badhun




######## Gugu-Bera




######## Gugu-Yimidjir




######## Guhu-Samane




######## Guianese Mulatto
######## Zhuang, Guibei




######## Bete, Guiberoua




######## Zhuang, Guibian




######## Zapateco, Guila




######## Kpelle




######## Guiqiong




######## Adodia
######## Anjana Patel




######## Babria




######## Bandhari




######## Bandhari Nagar




######## Bandhera




######## Bania, Gujar




######## Bania, Khedayata
######## Bania, Lad




######## Bania, Modh




######## Bania, Nagar




######## Bania, Srimali




######## Banjania




######## Baria, Hindu




######## Bavcha
######## Bawa Dhed




######## Behlim




######## Bhadela




######## Bohra




######## Botaraj




######## Brahmachari




######## Catholic of Daman
######## Charan, Hindu




######## Charan, Muslim




######## Chatla




######## Chharas




######## Chodhara




######## Christians of Diu




######## Chudiwala
######## Chundadigira




######## Chunvalia




######## Dabgar, Muslim




######## Dadhi, Muslim




######## Dahur, Hindu




######## Dangashia




######## Depala
######## Dhangar




######## Dhodia




######## Dubla




######## Dudhwala




######## Gadaba




######## Gadhai




######## Galiara
######## Gandharb, Muslim




######## Garana




######## Garoda, Hindu




######## Gavri




######## Ghanchi, Hindu




######## Ghanchi, Muslim




######## Ghantia
######## Gopal




######## Gujarati




######## Gulam




######## Jagari Patur




######## Kabutaria




######## Kachhia, Hindu




######## Kachhia, Muslim
######## Kadia Kumbhar




######## Kadia, Hindu




######## Kadia, Muslim




######## Kahrar




######## Kalal, Muslim




######## Kalota




######## Kamalia
######## Kandoi




######## Karadia




######## Kasbati, Hindu




######## Kasbati, Muslim




######## Katpitia




######## Khalpa




######## Khant
######## Kharva, Hindu




######## Kharva, Muslim




######## Khasdar




######## Khatki




######## Khavar




######## Khoja




######## Koli
######## Koli, Muslim




######## Kumhar Sutaria




######## Kunbi




######## Kunbi, Muslim




######## Lohana




######## Mahratta Kunbi




######## Mahyavanshi
######## Makrani, Hindu




######## Makrani, Muslim




######## Makwana, Hindu




######## Makwana, Muslim




######## Mallik, Muslim




######## Maru Kumhar




######## Memon
######## Miana




######## Molesalam




######## Molvi




######## Nadia




######## Naikda




######## Naroda




######## Nayadi
######## Padharia




######## Panar




######## Patel




######## Patelia




######## Patni Jamat




######## Pomla




######## Prabhu
######## Prabhu Patane




######## Rabari, Hindu




######## Rabari, Muslim




######## Raniparaj




######## Rantho




######## Rathawa




######## Rathodia
######## Ravalia




######## Rawal, Muslim




######## Rumi




######## Sagar




######## Salat, Hindu




######## Salat, Muslim




######## Sandhai
######## Sathwara, Hindu




######## Sathwara, Muslim




######## Shemalia




######## Shenva, Hindu




######## Shenva, Muslim




######## Shudar




######## Siddi, Muslim
######## Sindhi Sumra




######## Sipai




######## Sutar




######## Tai




######## Tankar




######## Targala, Hindu




######## Targala, Muslim
######## Thakor Pardeshi




######## Tirgar, Hindu




######## Turi Barot




######## Turkoman




######## Tuvar




######## Vaghri, Hindu




######## Vitholia
######## Wandhara




######## Zarekari




######## Bakkarwal




######## Gujuri Rajasthani




######## Gula




######## Gula




######## Gula Iro
######## Gulaalaa




######## Goulai




######## Gule




######## Arab, Arabic Gulf Spoken




######## Arab, Kuwaiti




######## Bedouin, Gulf




         Saudi Arabs, Arabic Gulf
######## Spoken
######## Gumalu




######## Gumatj




######## Gumasi




######## Gumuz




######## Gun




######## Gun-Gbe




######## Seto-Gbe
######## Toli-Gbe




######## Gundi Pygmy




######## Gungabula




######## Gungu




######## Guntai




######## Gunwinggu




######## Gunya
######## Nupe




######## Gupapuyngu




######## Guragone




######## Guramalum




######## Gurani




######## Gurdjar




######## Marwari Ghera
######## Guriaso




######## Gurinji




######## Gurmana




######## Guro




######## Guruntum




######## Jarawan-Gar




######## Gusan
######## Kisii




######## Gusilay




######## Guwamu




######## Guiarak




######## Guyanese




######## Guyanese Blacks




######## Ngoshe Sama
######## Gwa




######## Dahating




######## Banga




######## Gwandara




######## Garuwahi




######## Gweno




######## Gwere
######## Kutchin




######## Gyele




######## Gyem




######## Ha




######## Jiji




######## Habu




######## Hadiyya
######## Baret




######## Dhola




######## Rumwala




######## Arab, Hadrami




######## Kindiga




######## Aeke




######## Hahon
######## Haikom




######## San




######## Haigwai




######## Hain, Bozo




######## Kitimat




######## Haitian




######## Haji
######## Hajong




######## Haka Chin




######## Hakka




######## Hakka, Hainan Island




######## Han Chinese, Hakka




######## She




######## Hako
######## Halang




######## Kri




######## Halang Doan




######## Halang Doan




######## Dora




######## Bayit




######## Dariganga
######## Darkhan




######## Dzakhchin, Zahchin




######## Khalka Mongol




######## Uriankhai, Altai




######## Uuld




######## Halia




######## Halkomelem
######## Hamap




######## Hamer-Banna




######## Kapau




######## Hanga




######## Kwasengen




######## Hangaza




######## Hani
######## Meng




######## Muda




######## Yiche




######## Hano, Lamalanga




######## Hanonoo




######## Harari




######## Haroi
######## Harsusi




######## Waibuk




######## Haruku




######## Deha




######## Harzani




######## Yashi




######## Arab, Saharan
######## Bedouin, Arad




######## Bedouin, Arosien




######## Bedouin, Berabish




######## Bedouin, Delim




######## Bedouin, Gil




######## Bedouin, Hamama




######## Bedouin, Jerid
######## Bedouin, Laguat




######## Bedouin, Sidi




######## Bedouin, Tajakant




######## Bedouin, Yahia




######## Bedouin, Ziban




######## Berber, Jalo




######## Berber, Uregu
######## Imragen




######## Izarguien




######## Moor




######## Nemadi




######## Regeibat




######## Saharawi




######## Soliman
######## Tasumsa




######## Trarza




######## Hatam




######## Amana




######## Gamo-Ningi




######## Hausa




######## Kawar
######## Kubi




######## Kumonu




######## Kyangawa




######## Mauri




######## North Hausa, Arawa




######## Toroobe Fulani




######## Upland Yuman
######## Aveke




######## Havu




######## Hawai'i Creole-Speaking




######## Hawaiian




######## Haya




######## Hazara




######## Hedi
######## Israeli




######## Jew, Israeli




######## Hehe




######## Heiban




######## Heiltsuk




######## Helambu Sherpa




######## Helong
######## Hema




######## Luba-Hemba




######## Kado




######## Herero




######## Himba




######## Agomes




######## Hertevin
######## Hewa




######## Arinua




######## Hidatsa




######## Higaonon Manobo




######## Konjo Pegunungan




######## Chontal de Oaxaca, Sierra




######## Popoluca, Sierra
######## Nahuatl, Puebla Sierra




######## Totonaca, Sierra




######## Arab, Saudi




######## Tihami




######## Hijuk




######## Hiligaynon




######## Himarima
######## Ad Dharmi




######## Adhori




######## Agri Kharwal




######## Ahar




######## Aheria




######## Ajna




######## Alia
######## Anantpanthi




######## Aoghar




######## Apapanthi




######## Arora, Hindu




######## Bachhada




######## Badhai, Hindu




######## Badhi, Hindu
######## Badhik




######## Badiphul




######## Badwa




######## Baghban, Hindu




######## Bagwan, Hindu




######## Bahna




######## Baiga
######## Bairagi, Muslim




######## Bairagi, Sikh




######## Baiswar




######## Bajgar




######## Balai, Hindu




######## Balewar




######## Balmiki
######## Banchada




######## Bandawat




######## Bandhamati, Hindu




######## Bania




######## Bania, Agarwal




######## Bania, Agrahari




######## Bania, Ajudhyabansi
######## Bania, Bais




######## Bania, Barahseni




######## Bania, Barnawar




######## Bania, Dhusar




######## Bania, Gahoi




######## Bania, Jain




######## Bania, Jaiswal
######## Bania, Kasar




######## Bania, Kasarwani




######## Bania, Kasaundhan




######## Bania, Khandelwal




######## Bania, Lodasa




######## Bania, Mahajan




######## Bania, Mahesri
######## Bania, Mahur




######## Bania, Nima




######## Bania, Oswal




######## Bania, Porwal




######## Bania, Rastaogi




######## Bania, Rauniar




######## Bania, Saraogi
######## Bania, Ummad




######## Bania, Unai




######## Banmanus




######## Bansphor, Hindu




######## Bantar




######## Barad, Hindu




######## Barahar
######## Bargunda




######## Bari, Hindu




######## Barwala, Hindu




######## Basor




######## Bawaria, Hindu




######## Bedia, Hindu




######## Beldar, Muslim
######## Belwar




######## Bengali, Hindu




######## Bhabra, Hindu




######## Bhabra, Jain




######## Bhangi, Hindu




######## Bharbhunja, Hindu




######## Bharia Bhumia
######## Bhat, Hindu




######## Bhatia, Hindu




######## Bhil




######## Bhima




######## Bhoi, Hindu




######## Bhoksa




######## Bhoyar
######## Bhuinhar




######## Bhuiya




######## Bhurtia




######## Bhuyiar




######## Bidakia




######## Billedar




######## Binjhia
######## Bola




######## Brahman




######## Chamar




######## Chamta




######## Chanal




######## Chandra Vedia




######## Chapota
######## Charandasis




######## Chaupal




######## Chhimba, Hindu




######## Chhipa, Hindu




######## Chidar




######## Chik Baraik




######## Chobdar
######## Chunpach




######## Dahez




######## Dangi




######## Daraiha




######## Darbes




######## Daryadasi




######## Darzi, Hindu
######## Devhar




######## Dhakad




######## Dhangri




######## Dhanuk




######## Dharhi, Hindu




######## Dhiman Brahman




######## Dhimar
######## Dholi, Hindu




######## Dohor




######## Domar




######## Dosadh, Hindu




######## East Indian




######## Ex-Servicemen




######## Gadaria, Hindu
######## Gadhia




######## Gahamandi




######## Gandhi, Hindu




######## Garpaguri




######## Gawal




######## Gawaria




######## Gayari
######## Gharami




######## Ghasi, Hindu




######## Ghatwar




######## Ghosi, Hindu




######## Ghusuria




######## Gidhiya, Hindu




######## Giri
######## Godhi




######## Golak




######## Goley




######## Gond




######## Gonrhi




######## Gorait




######## Goriya, Hindu
######## Gosain, Hindu




######## Govindpanthi




######## Gowtia




######## Gual




######## Habura




######## Halalkhor, Hindu




######## Halwai, Hindu
######## Hankiya




######## Hela




######## Hijda




######## Hindi




######## Hurkiya




######## Indian




######## Indian, East
######## Indo-Pakistani




######## Jadam




######## Jallad




######## Jamoria




######## Jangam, Hindu




######## Jat, Hindu




######## Javeri
######## Jhamral




######## Jhinwar, Hindu




######## Jhinwar, Sikh




######## Julaha




######## Juneta




######## Kabadi




######## Kachhi, Hindu
######## Kadar




######## Kadera




######## Kahar, Sikh




######## Kakaigar




######## Kalabaz




######## Kalagara




######## Kalagi
######## Kalagi




######## Kalwar, Hindu




######## Kamboh, Hindu




######## Kanchan




######## Kandera




######## Kandu




######## Kanet
######## Kanjar, Hindu




######## Kaparia




######## Karal




######## Karaoli




######## Karku




######## Karwal




######## Kathputli Nachanewala
######## Katia




######## Kawar




######## Kayastha




######## Khangar, Hindu




######## Kharadi




######## Kharot




######## Kharsola
######## Kharwar




######## Khatik, Hindu




######## Khatri, Hindu




######## Kholie




######## Khowa




######## Kirar




######## Kisan
######## Kodar




######## Koiri, Muslim




######## Koria




######## Kotwal




######## Kritiria




######## Kuchbandia




######## Kumhar
######## Kurariar




######## Kurmi




######## Kurpalta




######## Kutana




######## Ladia




######## Laheri, Hindu




######## Leper
######## Lodha




######## Lohar




######## Lohara




######## Lome




######## Lora




######## Lunia, Hindu




######## Mahawat
######## Maika




######## Majhwar




######## Mal, Hindu




######## Mali (Malakar)




######## Mallah, Hindu




######## Mallik, Hindu




######## Mawasi
######## Mehtar




######## Meo, Hindu




######## Merat, Hindu




######## Mina




######## Mirdas, Hindu




######## Moghia




######## Mudaha
######## Mukeri, Hindu




######## Murao, Hindu




######## Murhid




######## Musahar, Hindu




######## Nadkal




######## Nagarchi, Hindu




######## Nai, Hindu
######## Nanakshahi




######## Naribut




######## Nat, Hindu




######## Nerali




######## Oraon




######## Paharia




######## Panika
######## Panka




######## Pasi, Hindu




######## Patari




######## Patlia




######## Patwa, Hindu




######## Perna, Hindu




######## Phutdhar
######## Pindara




######## Prannathi




######## Purbia




######## Raigar




######## Rainudas




######## Rajput




######## Rajwar
######## Ramdasia, Hindu




######## Rana




######## Rathia, Hindu




######## Rauniyar




######## Rawal, Hindu




######## Rawat




######## Rehar
######## Rohar




######## Saharia




######## Saini, Hindu




######## Sajalong




######## Sanauriya




######## Sangtarash




######## Sansi, Hindu
######## Santia




######## Saur




######## Sekera




######## Shikari




######## Sikligar, Hindu




######## Silawat, Hindu




######## Singiwala
######## Siyane




######## Soiri




######## Sonar




######## Soria




######## South Asian, generic




######## Sudh, Sikh




######## Suthrashahi
######## Taga Bhat




######## Taga, Hindu




######## Tamboli, Hindu




######## Tarkhan, Hindu




######## Tatka




######## Tawaif, Hindu




######## Teli
######## Thathera, Hindu




######## Thori, Hindu




######## Tongewalle




######## Turaiha




######## Turi




######## Vasudev




######## Yadava
######## Ginukh




######## Hiri Motu




######## Hitu




######## Northern Torres Islander




######## Hixkariana




######## Fuma




######## Li, Bendi
######## Li, Ha




######## Li, Meifu




######## Li, Qi




######## Puwa




######## Hmar




######## Thado




######## Hmong Do
######## Hmong Don




######## Hmong Lao




######## Hmong Njua




######## Moaveke




######## Ho




######## Hoava




######## Hobyot
######## Winnebago




######## Hoia Hoia




######## Holikachuk




######## Holma




######## Holoholo




######## Holu




######## Homa
######## Hone




######## Baihong




######## Haoni




######## Hopi




######## Miao, Horned




######## Horom




######## Ergong
######## Horuru




######## Hotei




######## Misim




######## Hoti




######## Punan Bungan




######## Hoyahoya




######## Begi-Mao
######## Phun




######## Hrangkhol




######## Hre




######## Hu




######## Huachipaire




######## Aguano




######## Quechua, Huallaga
         Quechua, Huanaco,
         Huamalies-Northern Dos de
######## Mayo




######## Huambiza




######## Huarijio




         Huasteco, San Francisco
######## Chontla




######## Huasteco, San Luis Potosi




######## Huasteco, Tantoyuca




######## Huaulu
######## Mazateco, Huautla




######## Huaxcaleca Nahuatl




######## Quechua, Ancash, Huaylas




######## Quechua, Wanca, Huaylla




######## Kilba




######## Tepehua, Huehuetla




######## Huichol
######## Huilliche




######## Mixteco, Huitepec




######## Han Chinese, Huizhou




######## Hukumina




######## Hula




######## Hulaula




######## Huli
######## Hulung




######## Songhay, Humburi Senni




######## Humene




######## Humla Bhotia




######## Hunde




######## Hung




######## Pong
######## Tay Pong




######## Hunganna




######## Hungarian




######## Jew, Hungarian Speaking




         Romanian, Hungarian-
######## Speaking




######## Romany, Hungarian




######## Ngwoi
######## Hunjara




######## Dukawa




######## Hunsrik




######## Hunzib




######## Khunzal




######## Hupa




######## Hupdah
######## Hupla




######## Tyrolese




######## Fiterya, Hwana




######## Hya




######## Hyam




######## Iaian




######## Yamalele
######## Iapama




######## Big Sepik




######## Turu, Urundi




######## Teke, Eastern




######## Inibaloi




######## Iban




######## Sea Dayak
######## Ibanag




######## Ibani




######## Babuyan Islands Ivatan




######## Ibibio




######## Ibilo




######## Ibeno




######## Ibu
######## Ibuoro




######## Obuoro




######## Icelander




######## Messaga




######## Ida'an, Eraans




######## Idakho




######## Isukha
######## Tiriki




######## Idate




######## Idere




######## Okpe-Idesa




######## Idi




######## Idoma




######## North Idoma, Agatu
######## West Idoma




######## Idon




######## Lhoba, Yidu




######## Lungu




######## Vivigani




######## Ife




######## Igala
######## Igana




######## Igbo




######## Igede




######## Ignaciano




######## Igo, Ahlon




######## Naraguta




######## Igwe
######## Iha




######## Koro




######## Teuso




######## Ika




######## Ikizu




######## Shashi




######## Iko
######## Ikobi-Mena




######## Mena




######## Ikoma




######## Txikao




######## Ikpeshe




######## Akposo




######## Iku
######## Ikulu




######## Ikwere




######## Ila




######## Ile Ape




######## Ili Turki




######## Tuerke




######## Ilianen Manobo
######## Manobo, Arumanen




######## Hahutan




######## Limera




######## Wetar, Erai




######## Ilocano




######## Ilongot




######## Ilue
######## Malakote




         Quichua, Highland,
######## Imbabura




######## Imbongu




######## Imeraguen




######## Imonda




######## Imroing




######## Abaknon Sama
######## Itutang




######## Midsivindi




######## Inapari




######## Pite Lapp




######## Saami, Finnish




######## Indonesian




######## Jew, Indonesian Speaking
######## Bajau




######## Burgher




######## Indo-Portuguese Burgher




######## Indri




######## Galo




######## One, Inebu




######## Inga
######## Izhor




######## Ingush




######## Inlaod Itneg




######## Yate




######## Looknon




######## Gurage, Indagen




######## Gurage, Innemor
######## Kabui




######## Sirte, Christian




######## Intha




         Amuzgo, Santa Maria
######## Ipalapa




######## Ipiko




######## Ipili




######## Assumbo
######## Iquito




######## Ir




######## Irantxe




######## Mynky




######## Illanun Maranao




######## Iraqw




######## Irahutu
######## Iraya




######## Iresim




######## Iriga Bicolano




######## Irigwe




######## Irish Gaelic




######## Irular




######## Iruliga
######## Isabi




######## Isanzu




######## Agta, Isarog




######## Isarog Agta




######## Isconahua




######## Isebe




######## Isekiri
######## Insinai




######## Isirawa




######## Afro-Nicaraguan




######## Islander Creole




######## Dibagat-Kabugao Isneg




######## Isoko




######## Mixe, Istmo
######## Zapoteco, Istmo




         Nahuatl, Istmo-
######## Cosoleacacque




######## Nahuatl, Istmo-Mecayapan




######## Nahuatl, Istmo-Pajapan




######## Istriot




######## Istro-Romanian




######## Su
######## Isu




######## Croatian, Italian-Speaking




######## Gypsy, Italian




######## Italian




######## Italian Creole




######## Italian-Australian




######## San Marino, Italian
######## Sardinian, Sard




######## Slovene, Italian




######## Itawit




######## Malaueg




######## Itelmen




######## Iteri




######## Rocky Peak
######## Itik




######## Ito




######## Itonama




######## Itu Mbuzo




######## Ban Yao




######## Iu Mien




######## Iu Mien, Changping
######## Iu Mien, Hunan




######## Iu Mien, Luoxing




######## San Diu




######## Youmai




######## Ivatan




######## Ivbie North




######## Iwaidja
######## Iwaak




######## Iwal




######## Iwam




######## Iwur




######## Ixcateco




######## Mazateco, Ixcatlan




######## Ixil, Chajul
######## Ixil, Nebaj




######## Ixil, San Juan Cotzal




######## Mixteco, Ixtayutla




######## Otomi, Ixtenco




######## Iyatu




######## Iyive




######## Naho
######## Chorote, Eklenjuy




######## Chorote, Manjuy




######## Jarawa, Izere




######## Ezaa




######## Ikwo




######## Izzi




######## Mgbo
######## Izon




######## Chokobo




######## Jabuti




######## Jat, Jadgali




######## Jah Hut




######## Jahanka




######## Awyu, Jair
######## Jakata, Jati




######## Jakun




######## Mazateco, Jalapa de Diaz




######## Ble




######## Afro-East-Indian




######## Jamaican Black




######## Mulatto, Panamanian
######## Jarawara




######## Jurua




######## Kitiya, Banawa




######## Aneuk Jamee




######## Batin




######## Jambi




######## Mixteco, Jamiltepec
######## Dogon, Jamsay




######## Jandavra




######## Djongkang




######## Janji




######## Ainu




######## Buraku




######## Japanese
######## Japanese Creole




######## Judeo-Japanese




######## Japreria




######## Jaqaru




######## Jara




######## Jarai




######## Jarawas
######## Jarawa




######## Djaru




######## Quechua, Wanca, Jauja




######## Jaunsari




######## Javanese




######## Jawa Banyumasan




######## Jawa Negarigung
######## Jawa Pesisir Kulon




######## Jawa Pesisir Lor




######## Mancanegari




######## Pendalungan




######## Tukangbesi Selatan




######## Njawe




######## Jaya
######## Jebero




######## Jeh




######## Jahai




######## Jemez




######## Sorogoye, Bozo




######## Tie, Bozo




######## Jeng
######## Kuruba, Jenu




######## Buji




######## Gusu




######## Jera




######## Ribena




######## Jeri Kuo




######## Baram
######## Jerung




######## Li, Jiamao




######## Jiarong, Chabao




######## Jiarong, Situ




######## Kona Jukun




######## Jibu




######## Takum Jukun
######## Apache, Jicarilla




######## Jiiddu




######## Jilbe




######## Jilim




######## Jimi




######## Jimi




######## Jina
######## Han Chinese, Jin




######## Kiong Nai




######## Jirel




######## Jiripa




######## Jiru




######## Jita




######## Kaje
######## Joba




######## Jofotek-Bromnya




######## Jola




######## Kasa




######## Jegu




######## Jorto




######## Jo
######## Ju




######## Kung-Tsumkwe




######## Juang




######## Jew, Judeo-Berber




######## Jew, Georgian




######## Judeo-Georgian




######## Jew, Iraqi
######## Jew, Judeo-Italian




######## Jew, Judeo-Morrocan




######## Jew, Maghrebi




######## North African Arab




######## Dzhidi




######## Bik, Tat




######## Yudi, Tripolita'it
######## Jew, Tunisian




######## Jew, Yemeni




######## Bete




######## Jukun




######## Jula




######## Malinke, Ivorian




######## Kagwahiva, Juma
######## Jumjum




######## Jungle Inga




######## Mixe, Juquila




######## Jur Modo




######## Juruna




######## Muniwara




######## Mixteco, Juxtlahuaca
######## Pepesa-Jwira




######## Kaamba




######## Libo, Libbo




######## Kambe




######## Kpatogo, Padoro




######## Kaba




######## Kaba-Lai
######## Kabardian




######## Kabatei




######## Kabixi




######## Kabiye




######## Kabola




######## One, Kabore




######## Kabra
######## Kaburi




######## Kabutra




######## Caboverdian




######## Mestizo, Caboverdian




######## Kabwa




######## Kabwari




######## Kabyle
######## Lesser Kabyle, Eastern




######## Kachama




######## Bafan




######## Bayad, Muslim




######## Brahma Kshatriya




######## Chaki




######## Dafer
######## Garmatang




######## Hingora




######## Kachi




######## Khaskeli




######## Khatri, Muslim




######## Majothi




######## Mutwa
######## Node




######## Raysipotra




######## Royma




######## Sanghar, Hindu




######## Sanghar, Muslim




######## Sindhi Sama




######## Theba
######## Kutchi Kohli




######## Jingpo




######## Kachin




######## Bale




######## Kacipo-Balesi




######## Kaco




######## Kadai
######## Kadan




######## Kadara




######## Southern Ryukyuan, Miyako




######## Kadaru




######## Kadiweu




######## Kado




######## Woni
######## Mongol, Yunnan




######## Sak Lui




######## Kafa




######## Kafoa




######## Kaagan Kalagan




######## Kagate Bhotia




######## Kagayanen
######## Puku




######## Kagoma




######## Kagoro




######## Kaguru




######## Kahe




######## Kahua




######## Kayan
######## Kaibubu




######## Kaidipang




######## Kaiep




######## Kaike




######## Kaiku




######## Kaimbulawa




######## Kaingang
######## Kairak




######## Kairiru




######## Kairui-Midik




######## Kampung Baru




######## Kaivi




######## Kaiwa




######## Taori-Kei, Kaiy
######## Kajakse




######## Kajali




######## Kayaman




######## Igora




######## Konkabay




######## Kakanda




######## Tati
######## Kakihum




######## Kaka




######## Kakwa




######## Northern Mabuiag




######## Southern Mabuiag




######## Greenland Eskimo




######## Murut, Kalabakan
######## Kalabari




######## Kalabra




######## Kalagan




######## Kalaktang Monpa




######## Karam




######## Kohistani




######## Rajkoti
######## Samo




######## Kalanga




######## Lilima




######## Kalao




######## Kalapuya




######## Kalash




######## Elgeyo
######## Kalenjin




######## Kipsigis




######## Nandi




######## Flathead-Kalispel




######## Kalkoti




######## Durbet




######## Kalmyk-Oirat
######## Mingat




######## Mongol, Alxa




######## Oirat, Western Mongul




######## Olot




######## Torgut




######## Fintika Romma, Finnish Kalo




######## Kalou
######## Yawa




######## Bosavi




######## Kalumpang




######## Kam




######## Woisika




######## Kamano




######## Kamantan
######## Kamar




######## Kamara




######## Kamariang




######## Kamaru




######## Kamasa




######## Kamasau




######## Kamayo
######## Kamayura




######## Kamba




######## Kambata




######## Kambaira




######## Sumba




######## Iria




######## Kambiwa
######## Kami




######## Kumai




######## Kami




######## Kamo




######## Kamoro




######## Kamu




######## Kamura
######## Kamviri




######## Kamwe




######## Kanakanabu




######## Kanamari




######## Tsohom-Djapa




######## Malaneese




######## Kaikovu
######## Sona




######## Kandas




######## Ganja




######## Okande




######## Kanembu




######## Kang




######## Kanga
######## Igom




######## Kango (Likango)




######## Kango (Dibatchwa)




######## Kango (Dikango)




######## Bhojki




######## Dogri




######## Ghirath, Hindu
######## Joba




######## Kanghera




######## Karoack




######## Lonpa




######## Nichar




######## Pherera




######## Sanhai, Muslim
######## Seok




######## Kaningkom-Nindem




######## Kaningi




######## Kaningra




######## Wataluma




######## Kanite




######## Hali
######## Kanju




######## Kankanaey




######## Adari




######## Adi Baugar




######## Adi Karnataka




######## Adiyan




######## Ager
######## Alum




######## Anagi




######## Anduran




######## Aneganti




######## Anuppan




######## Arasu




######## Arya Kalaga
######## Atazri




######## Badaskar




######## Badri




######## Bagga




######## Baggaru




######## Baira




######## Bakad
######## Balagai




######## Balyaya




######## Bangar




######## Banijiga




######## Barkar




######## Basa Sankarai




######## Bathini
######## Battal




######## Beda Jangam




######## Beelas




######## Belavadi




######## Belchad




######## Beldar, Hindu




######## Bellara
######## Binapatta




######## Bingi




######## Bojgar




######## Budar




######## Buludegogaru




######## Chalvadi




######## Cham Bukutti
######## Chamboti




######## Chambukutti




######## Chapparband




######## Chenna Dasar




######## Chigar




######## Chikkakaruni




######## Chikkamani
######## Chintala




######## Dharmashala




######## Dombidasari




######## Donera




######## Douri




######## Gangakula




######## Gantichore
######## Garger




######## Gondaru




######## Gondatti




######## Gondo Bato




######## Gowda




######## Gowdali




######## Gurgunta
######## Guttedar




######## Hadalyaru




######## Hakki Pikki




######## Halsar




######## Halwakki Wakkal




######## Hanabar




######## Handi Jogi
######## Hanuman




######## Harbadkulani




######## Harishet




######## Harkantra




######## Havomar




######## Hogalabhatta




######## Holaya Dasar
######## Holer




######## Homiar




######## Honniyar




######## Humbler




######## Illiger




######## Jagal Jadho




######## Jalavara
######## Kahabia




######## Kaikadi




######## Kanagal




######## Kanarese




######## Katti Bomalawaru




######## Kattunayakan




######## Kavalettinavaru
######## Kelkari




######## Kenayor




######## Kenba




######## Khalini




######## Khetri




######## Kichagara




######## Kodligion
######## Koosa




######## Koracha, Caste




######## Koraikar




######## Korakanas




######## Korama, Hindu




######## Koshti




######## Kotegar
######## Kudavakkal




######## Kudiga




######## Kuist




######## Kujagara




######## Kulama




######## Kunchatiga




######## Kundligar
######## Kuraim




######## Kuruba




######## Kuruman




######## Kuspa




######## Lanhavi




######## Lingayat




######## Lippara
######## Machala




######## Madderu




######## Mahagar




######## Malanaickan




######## Markala




######## Masan Jogi




######## Mavalinga
######## Moodi




######## Morlyadi




######## Mourya




######## Mudayan




######## Mudhar




######## Mukri




######## Nairy
######## Nalakeyava




######## Nalavadi




######## Natakani




######## Pailadar




######## Raddi




######## Raneyar




######## Raya Rawat
######## Sali




######## Sardar, Hindu




######## Sarige




######## Sasura




######## Servagara




######## Shankudiva




######## Shastragokar
######## Shinligar




######## Shivanaga




######## Siddi, Hindu




######## Sowsabha




######## Sugandhi




######## Thalaraj




######## Tirthankara
######## Vadavakulam




######## Vaishnava Brahman




######## Vajluthedan




######## Vakkaliga




######## Vasthamaru




######## Vishnu Koravanji




######## Voliyali
######## Yetrich




######## Kanoe




######## Kanowit




######## Tanjong




######## Kansa




######## Kantosi




######## Kanu
######## Kanufi




######## Kanyok




######## Kau




######## Kaonde




######## Yakamul




######## Middle Watut




######## Kapingamarangian
######## Kapori




######## Kapriman




######## Kaptiau




######## Kapya




######## Cakchiquel, Central




         Cakchiquel, Santa Maria de
######## Jesus




######## Cakchiquel, South Central
######## Kara




######## Kara




######## Kara




######## Balkar




######## Karachay




######## Karadjeri




######## Kamas
######## Sayan Samoyed




######## Karafawyana




######## Karaite




######## Javae




######## Karaja




######## Xambioa




######## Karakalpak
######## Karamojong




######## Nyangiya




######## Karang




######## Pandama




######## Baxa




######## Karanga, Kurunga




######## Karaw
######## Karas




######## Karatin




######## Karawa




######## Arleng




######## Kari




######## Kare




######## Karekare
######## Karelian




######## Kerei




######## Kare, Li-Kari-Li




######## Karingani




######## Karipuna Crioulu




######## Karitiana




######## Kariya
######## Karkar




######## Garko




######## Barim




######## Arara, Rondonia




######## Itogapuk




######## Karo




######## Karok
######## Karon




######## Karon Dori




######## Karore




######## Kasanga




######## Kasena




######## Bafinda




######## Bamba
######## Bandukkhar




######## Basith, Sikh




######## Batwal, Muslim




######## Bhirai




######## Bomba




######## Bowri




######## Budhan, Hindu
######## Budhan, Muslim




######## Chan




######## Desil




######## Farda




######## Ganz




######## Gokha




######## Gratie
######## Hadwal




######## Hanji




######## Kashmiri




######## Kavoj




######## Kraal




######## Kumangar




######## Kumhiar
######## Kumhiar, Muslim




######## Mangrik




######## Pohul




######## Pony-Men-Mule-Men




######## Ratal




######## Sapiada




######## Shakhsaz
######## Sofi




######## Sudhan




######## Tarakhehas




######## Wattal, Hindu




######## Wattal, Muslim




######## Waza




######## Yashkun
######## Zargar, Hindu




######## Zargar, Muslim




######## Zargar, Sikh




######## Kashubian




######## Slovincian




######## Kasiguranin




######## Kaska
######## Kasseng




######## Kasua




######## Katang




######## Katawixi




######## Katbol




######## Katcha-Kadugli-Miri




######## Tumma
######## Kate




######## Tharu, Kathoriya




######## Bashgali




######## Gulud




######## Katla




######## Katua




######## Katukina
######## Pasismanua




######## Kaur




######## Kaure




######## Kauwerawec




######## Kavalan




######## Kravet




######## Kawacha
######## Kawe




######## Kaxarari




######## Kaxuyana




######## Kayabi




######## Kaygir




######## Karen, Padaung




######## Kayan Mahakam
######## Kayan, Kayan River




######## Kayapa Kallahan




######## Kayapo




######## Metyktire




######## Gayardilt




######## Liliali




######## Kayong
######## Kayort




######## Gaididj




######## Kayupulau




######## Kazakh




######## Kazakh, Qinghai




######## Sepik Plains




######## Keopara
######## Malay, Kedah




######## Kedangese




######## Keder




######## Kehu




######## Kei




######## Keiga




######## Bemal
######## Keyo




######## Kekchi




######## Kela, Lemba




######## Kela




######## Kalabit




######## Kele, Akele




######## Kele
######## Gele




######## Antipolo Ifugao




######## Kaliko




######## Kelo




######## Kelong




######## Kemak




######## Kembayan
######## Kemberano




######## Kembra




######## Kumaju




######## Kemei




######## Kamtuk




######## Kenati




######## Ahe Dayak
######## Kendayan Dayak




######## Selako Dayak




######## Kendeje




######## Bokwa-Kendem




######## Kenga




######## Murut, Keningau




######## Kaninjal Dayak
######## Negrito, Semang




######## Ndop-Bamessing




######## Nubian, Dongolawi




######## Nubian, Kenuzi




######## Nyang




######## Kenyi




######## Keo
######## Keuru




######## Kepo'




######## Kera




######## Her




######## Punan Keriau




######## Kerek




######## Kerewe
######## Kerewo




######## Kerinci




######## Kesawai




######## Yenisei Ostyak




######## Kete




######## Kupel




######## Ketum
######## Keyagana




######## Kgalagadi




######## Khakas




######## Kalinge Rai




######## Jad




######## Khampa, Eastern




######## Khampa, Northern
######## Khampa, Western




######## Long Chanpa




######## Thai Khampi




######## Tibetan, Deqen




######## Tibetan, Zhugqu




######## Khamti Shan




######## Kana
######## Khang




######## Khanti




######## Khao




######## Kharia




######## Patvekari, Hindu




######## Patvekari, Muslim




######## Khasi
######## Khe




######## Levei-Narehat




######## Kheng




######## Khetrani




######## Khiamngan Naga




######## Khienungan




######## Khinalug
######## Khisa




######## Khmu




######## Khmu, Keun




######## Khmu, Khong




######## Khmu, Lu




######## Khmu, Me




######## Khmu, Rok
######## Nguan




######## Khoini




######## Kholok




######## Khorasani Turk




######## Dangarik




######## Kho




######## Khua
######## Khuen




######## Khumi Awa Chin




######## Khumi Chin




######## Hkun




######## Khunsari




######## Khvarshin




######## Barakwena
######## Kibet




######## Kibiri




######## Quiche, Central




######## Quiche, Coastal




######## Quiche, Cunen




         Quiche, Eastern
######## Chichicastenango




######## Quiche, Joyabaj
######## Quiche, San Andres




######## Quiche, Southwestern




######## West Central Quiche




######## Kickapoo




######## Giriama




######## Jibana




######## Kambe
######## Kauma




######## Rabai




######## Ribe




######## Kikai




######## Kikuyu




######## Ndigiri




######## Saami, Kildin
######## Kiriwina




######## Kiliwa




######## Isi




######## Kilmera




######## Jumam




######## Kim




######## Kim Mun
######## Lanten




######## Kimaghama




######## Garo, Kimaragang




######## Kimaragan




######## Kimbu




######## Lunda, Mbundu




######## Sukubatong
######## Kimre




######## Kinalakna




######## Cinamiguin Manobo




######## Antique Ati




######## Negrito, Ati




######## Kinga




######## Kanaura
######## Kanauri




######## Negrito, Kintaq




######## Kinuku




######## Fumbira




######## Rwanda




######## Tutsi




######## Twa
######## Twa Pygmies




######## Kioko




######## Kiong




######## Kiorr




######## Kiowa




######## Apache, Kiowa




######## Kiput
######## Kir-Balar




######## Kire-Puire




######## Kyrgyz




######## Okrika




######## Kirira




######## Kurd, Alevica




######## Kis
######## Kisankasa




######## Kisarese, Meher




######## Yotowawa




######## Kisi




######## Gurage, Soddo




######## Fulanke




######## Maninka, Kita
######## Kitja




######## Monokutuba




######## Kongo, Kituba




######## Kru




######## Klias River Kadazan




######## Fungor




######## Koalib
######## Turum




######## Umm Heitan




######## Koasati




######## Koba




######## Kobiana




######## Koguman




######## Kobon
######## Koch




######## Morangia




######## Tharu, Mahotari




######## Tharu, Saptari




######## Kuda




######## Agani




######## Amma Kodaga
######## Ayri




######## Banna




######## Kanate




######## Karikudumbi




######## Kodaga




######## Koyava




######## Kutuma
######## Maniyani




######## Meda




######## Pandavakulam




######## Tachavire




######## Kodeoha




######## Kodi




######## Kwadia
######## Koenoem




######## Kofa




######## Kofei




######## Kofyar




######## Kohin




######## Indus Kohistani




######## Kolai
######## Koho




######## Kohumono




######## Koi




######## Koireng




######## Kwoireng




######## Koita




######## Koiwat
######## Chaimal




######## Halam




######## Jamatia




######## Kok Borok




######## Kuki Chin




######## Kuki, Zahao




######## Murasing
######## Noatia




######## Tipera




######## Uchai




######## Usipi




######## Kokata




######## Pintupi




######## Koke
######## Kokoda




######## Kokola




######## Kokota




######## Bikele-Bikay




######## Kol, Kole




######## Kola




######## Kolbila
######## Subanon, Kolibugan




######## Dogon, Kolum So




######## Kalokalo




######## Nkom




######## Kom




######## Koma




######## Koma Ndera
######## Komba




######## Kombai




######## Kombio




######## Kayu Agung




######## Komering




######## Kominimung




######## Komi-Permyat
######## Komi-Yazva




######## Komi-Zyrian




######## Kumu




######## Koma




######## Komodo




######## Komfana




######## Komyandaret
######## Angku




######## Kong Ge




######## Konai, Mirapmin




######## Konda




######## Koneraw




######## Bahmon




######## Bawtar
######## Bhansala




######## Bhavin




######## Butalu




######## Chaptegar




######## Chardo




######## Charodi




######## Chembotti
######## Devali




######## Galda Konkani




######## Goggi




######## Gudigar




######## Kancha Vakkal




######## Komarpaik




######## Konkani
######## Nabhik




######## Padiar




######## Padti




######## Pagi




######## Papmelara Konkani




######## Patramela




######## Rajpur
######## Velip




######## Konkomba




######## Konni




######## Kono




######## Kono




######## Kono




######## Konomala
######## Konongo




######## Konso




######## Konyak




######## Konyak Naga




######## Konyanke




######## Konjo




######## Bakwe Pygmy
######## Kongo




######## Woyo




######## Nzime




######## Koorete




######## Kopar




######## Kopka




######## Tokuni
######## Korape




######## Yega




######## Korak




######## Korana, Ora




######## Korean




######## Coreguaje




######## Koresh-e Rostam
######## Korku




######## Jula, Koro




######## Koro




######## Koro




######## Kurumfe




######## Koromira




######## Koronadal Bilaan
######## Koroni




######## Korop




######## Koroshi




######## Korowai




######## Koraga




######## Korubo




######## Korapun
######## Koryak




######## Kosadle




######## Gilika




######## Wanam




######## Kosena




######## Kosin




######## Kosraen
######## Kota




######## Kota




######## Malay, Kota Bangun Kutai




######## Kota Marudu Talantang




######## Southern Kota Marudu




######## Ko-Gbe




######## Koti
######## Kouya




######## Kovai




######## Kove




######## Kowaki




######## Kaiwai




######## Koi-Sanjaq Sooret




######## Gandia, Rajasthan
######## Jula, Koyaga




######## Koyo




######## Songhay, Koyra Chiini




######## Marense




######## Songhay, Koyraboro Senni




######## Koyukon




######## Kpagua
######## Kpala




######## Kpan




######## Passam




######## Kpatili




######## Kpessi




######## Prang




######## Krachi
######## Kraho




######## Kraol




######## T'moan




######## Krenak




######## Kreye




######## Krikati




######## Krim
######## Creole, Mulatto




######## Krio




######## Krio Fula




######## Aborigine Creole




######## Krisa




######## Krobu




######## Krongo
######## Krung




######## Jew, Crimean




######## Kryz




######## Kua




######## Kuan




######## Tolai




######## Kwanyama
######## Hube




######## Kubo




######## Kubu




######## Kucong




######## Kudiya




######## Dharua




######## Gonju
######## Kavwol




######## Mahatto




######## Kuda




######## Kugama




######## Kugbo




######## Dal




######## Kandha Gauda
######## Kui




######## Kwijau Dusun




######## Kalapalo




######## Kuikuru




######## Nahukua




######## Kujarge




######## Kuk
######## Kukatja




######## Kukele




######## Kuku-Mangk




######## Kuku-Muinh




######## Kugu-Muminh




######## Kuku-Ugbanh




######## Kugu-Uwanh
######## Guguyalanji




######## Tanglapui




######## Kulere




######## Kaba Kurumi




######## Kulfe




######## Kulisusu




######## Pazeh
######## Kulunge Rai




######## Kulung




######## Nenema




######## Kumalu




######## Kumam




######## Kuman




######## Nagane
######## Bora Kuthliya




######## Kumaoni




######## Shah




######## Silpkar, Hindu




######## Kumba




######## Kumbainggar




######## Kumberaha
######## Kumhale




######## Kumhali




######## Kumiai




######## Kumukio




######## Kumyk




######## Kumzari




######## Kunama
######## Gunbalang




######## Kunda




######## Kung




######## Aukwe




######## Kung-Ekoka




######## Kunggara




######## Bwadji
######## Kuni




######## Kunigami




######## Kunimaipa




######## Kunja




######## Kunjen




######## Olgol




######## Kuo
######## Panaras




######## Kupa




######## Malay, Kupang




######## Kupsabiny




######## Sebei




######## Kur




######## Ede Nago, Kura
######## Kurama




######## Kuranko




######## Nabi




######## Kuria




######## Kurrama




######## Kuruti-Pare




######## Kurteop
######## Kuruaya




######## Kurudu




######## Kusasi




######## Kusaghe




######## Kushi




######## Kusu




######## Ghale, Kutang
######## Kutenai




######## Kuteb




######## Kuthant




######## Kupto




######## Kutu




######## Kuturmi




######## Kuuku-Yaku
######## Bhottada




######## Jatapu




######## Kondh




######## Kuwaa




######## Kwatay




######## Kui




######## Finnish, Kven
######## Bamileke-Bakwa, Bakoa




######## Kwa




######## Kwami




######## Kwaio




######## Kwaja




######## Kwakiutl




######## Kwakum
######## Kwama




######## Kwambi




######## Kwamera




######## Kwami, Kwame




######## One, Kwamtim




######## Kwang




######## Mobou
######## Modgel




######## Apos




######## Bongos




######## Gawanga




######## Wasambu




######## Yubanakor




######## Kwangali
######## Konja




######## Fiu




######## Ngumba




######## Kwato




######## Kwaya




######## Kwegu, Bacha




######## Yidinich
######## Kware




######## Kwerba




######## Sasawa




######## Nobuk




######## Kwere




######## Nghwele




######## Kwerisa
######## Kwese




######## Kwesten




######## Kwini




######## Kwinsu




######## Kwinti




######## Washkuk




######## Kwomtari
######## Bambuka




######## Kyak




######## Baiyer Enga




######## Kenele




######## Tyenga




######## Kyerung




######## Bwamu, Laa Laa
######## Gori




######## Serer, Lala




######## Laba




######## Loloda, South




######## Label




######## Gbaya-Mum




######## Jaku
######## Mewun, Labo




######## Labu




######## Kadazan, Eastern




######## Lacandon




######## Lachi




######## Zapoteco, Lachiguiri




######## Zapoteco, Sola de Vega Este
######## Arghun




######## Beda




######## Bodh




######## Jangam, Muslim




######## Ladakhi




######## Makhmi




######## Mon of Kashmir
######## Nubra




######## Rigzong




######## Dolomite, Ladino




######## Jew, Spanish




######## Laeko-Libuat




######## Lafofa




######## Lagu
######## Laghuu




######## Kotoko, Makari




######## Kotoko-Logone




######## Laha, Central Ambonese




######## Laha




######## Lahanan




######## Karen, Lahta
######## Eka




######## Lahu




######## Lahu Na, Black Lahu




######## Lahu Nyi, Red Lahu




######## Lahu Shi, Yellow Lahu




######## Laimbue




######## Laiyola
######## Lak




######## Siar




######## Kabba-Laka




######## Lakka




######## Lakalei




######## Lakha




######## Laki
######## Lakkia




######## Lakon




######## Nume




######## Lakonde




######## Lakota




######## Dida, Lakota




######## Nara
######## Ambo




######## Bisa




######## Lala




######## Luano




######## Swaka




######## Chinanteco, Lalana




######## Roba
######## Lalia




######## Lama




######## Lama




######## Lamaholot




######## Lamalera




######## Lamam




######## Laamang
######## Lamatuka




######## Lamba




######## Lima




######## Banjara, Hindu




######## Quechua, Lambayeque




######## Lambichhong




######## Lamboya
######## Lambya




######## Bamburo




######## Lame




######## Lamenu




######## Khamet




######## Lamja




######## Lamgang
######## Lamma




######## Nso




######## Ivanga




######## Lamogai




######## Pulie




######## Dusun, Kadazan




######## Lampung Krui
######## Lampung Peminggir




######## Lampung Pubian




######## Pesisir, Southern




######## Ranau




######## Sungkai




######## Lampung Abung




######## Lamu-Lamu
######## Lanas Lobu




######## Landoma




######## Langabajau*m




######## Langbasi




######## Rangi




######## Buyang, Langnian




######## Langgo
######## Lango




######## Ahang




######## Banerwala




######## Bikol




######## Chelpa




######## Dayak, Land




######## Gumtian
######## Kaixana




######## Kalanko




######## Karuazu




######## Kate




######## Kui Lung




######## Kw'adza




######## Lawi
######## Maiti




######## Manguangan




######## Manobo, Pulangiyen




######## Manobo, Talaandig




######## Manobo, Tigwahanon




######## Monba, Medog




######## Nayor
######## Oganibi




######## Pentlatch




######## Pinuyumayan




######## Pouhoy




######## Poumong




######## Poussang




         Riberenos, Amazon River
######## People
######## Singmoon




######## Solteco




######## Tahang




######## Tai Peung




######## Taket




######## Tamoy




######## Tanda-Mayo
######## Tchaho




######## Thmaun




######## Tsong




######## Wokarangma




######## Wurom




######## Lanoh




######## Indo Vietnamese
######## Kongsat




######## Lao




######## Lao Ga




######## Lao Krang




######## Lao Ngaew




######## Lao Wieng




######## Tai Bueng
######## Laomian




######## Laopang




######## Zapoteco, Santiago Lapaguia




######## Laragia




######## Lardil




######## Larevat




######## A-Hmao
######## Hmong Vron




######## Lali




######## Larestani




######## Larike-Wakasihu




######## Laro




######## Larteh




######## Laru
######## Lasalimu




######## Lasgerdi




######## Lashi




######## Lassi




######## Latu




######## Latunde




######## Jew, Latvian Speaking
######## Latvian




######## Lau




######## Laua




######## Lauan




######## Laudje




######## Laura




######## Lavatbura-Lamusong
######## Brao




######## Laven




######## Russel Islander




######## Dayak, Lawangan




######## Lawangan




######## Pasir




######## Piva
######## Layakha




######## Laz




######## Chinanteco, Lealao




######## Kaili Ledo




######## Lelau




######## Lefa




######## Mwenga Lega
######## Lega




######## Gbo




######## Legenyem




######## Lehali




######## Lehalurup




######## Naga, Leinong




######## Pitilu
######## Lelak




######## Lele




######## Lele




######## Lele




######## Lele




######## Buem




######## Lelepa
######## Lembena




######## Lemio




######## Lemolang




######## Lemoro




######## Lenakel




######## Lendu




######## Lengilu
######## Lengo




######## Lengola




######## Lengua




######## Lenje




######## Lenkau




######## Nyima




######## Lepcha
######## Lepki




######## Lere




######## Lese




######## Mbuti Pygmy, Twa




######## Lesing




######## Letemboi




######## Small Nambas, Mbotgote
######## Leti




######## Levuka




######## Tasiko, Lewo




######## Varsu




######## Lewo Eleng




######## Yigha




######## Lezgian
######## Lhop, Doya




######## Lhomi




######## Liabuku




######## Liana




######## Liamei Naga




######## Zhuang, Lianshan




######## Americo-Liberian
######## Cape Palmas Creole




######## Liberian Creole




######## Libido




######## Binza




######## Libinza




######## Arab, Cyrenaican




######## Arab, Libyan
######## Bedouin, Fezzan




######## Bedouin, Kufra




######## Bedouin, Riyah




######## Bedouin, Sanusi




######## Bedouin, Sirtican




######## Berber, Jofra




######## Gypsy, Nawari
######## Jew, Libyan




######## Ligbi




######## Genja




######## Ligurian




######## Monegasque




######## Lihir




######## Megili
######## Liko




######## Liki




######## Likila




######## Kuba, Likuba




######## Likum




######## Kwala




######## Lilau
######## Lillooet




######## Bamassa Pygmy




######## Limbu




######## Panchthar




######## Yakthungba




######## Wimbum




######## Limilngan
######## Northern Kalinga




######## Linduan




######## Lingala




######## Mangala




######## Lingao




######## Lingarak




######## Linghim
######## Li'o




######## Apache, Lipan




######## Lipo, Black Lisu




######## Lipo, Eastern




######## Lisabata-Nuniali




######## Lisela




######## Haisa Tangsa
######## Khalim Tangsa




######## Lish Monpa




######## Momba




######## Monpa




######## Jew, Azerbaijani




######## Lishanan




######## Jew, Kurdistani
######## Arbil




######## Lisu




######## Tanglang




######## Tuwo




######## Yobin




######## Lithuanian




######## Litzlitz-Visele
######## Zhuang, Liujiang




######## Zhuang, Liuqian




######## Livonian




######## Olonetsian




######## Loarki




######## Lobala




######## Lobi
######## Logba




######## Logo




######## Logol




######## Maragoli




######## Logorif




######## Logudorese Sardinian




######## Quichua, Highland, Loja
######## Yako




######## Loko




######## Lokoya




######## Lola




######## Lolak




######## Lole




######## Lolo
######## Loloda




######## Enipu




######## Luoluopo, Central




######## Popei




######## Lomapo




######## Loma




######## Lomaiviti Islander
######## Gypsy, Armenian Bosha




######## Lomavren




######## Bergamasco




######## Lombard




######## Lombi




######## Lombo




######## Lomwe
######## Lonchong




######## Naga, Long Phuri




######## Tutoh Kenyah




######## Longgu




######## Woko




######## Longuda




######## Loniu
######## Craig Cove




######## Lonzo




######## Lo




######## Lopawa




######## Lopi




######## Lopid




######## Lorang
######## Lorediakarkar




######## Spanish, Loreto-Ucayali




######## Uvol




######## Lhota




######## Lotha




######## Tooga




######## Tuaran Dusun
######## Lou




######## Louisiana Creole French




######## Loun




######## Saxon, Low




######## Baragaunle




######## Loba




######## Dani, Lower Grand Valley
######## Kurima




######## Selekau




######## Tanana, Lower




######## Lower Tanudan Kalinga




######## Taoih, Lower




######## Chontal de Oaxaca, Costa




######## Tarahumara, Baja
######## Zapoteco, Loxicha




######## Lozi




######## Han Tai




######## Huayao Tai




######## Lao Lom




######## Paxi




######## Tai Lu
######## Tai Lu




######## Lua', East Pua Pray




######## Madi, Khatin




######## Luang




######## Luba-Lulua




######## Luba




######## Lubila
######## Lubu




######## Lubuagan Kalinga




######## Luchazi




######## Ludian




######## Lufu




######## Lugbara




######## Luguru
######## Luhu




######## Lui




######## Luimbi




######## Luiseno




######## Dompago




######## Lule Saami




######## Lumba-Yakkha
######## Lumbu




######## Lomon




######## Kuba




######## Lunape




######## Lunda




######## Ndembu Lunda




######## Yeke
######## Murut, Lundayeh




######## Lungga




######## Dholuo




######## Suba




######## Miao, Luobohe




######## Xi




######## Luri
######## Leku




######## Lusengo




######## Lushootseed




######## Kaliai




######## Lutachoni




######## Nduka




######## Ruto
######## Lwena




######## Luwathiya




######## Jur Luo




######## Belgians, Luxemburgian




######## Luxemburgian




######## Kwandi




######## Kwanga
######## Luyana




######## Luhya




######## Lwalwa




######## Lela




######## Ma




######## Mebu




######## Maa
######## Maka




######## Maanyak Dayak




######## Fulbe Kita




######## Maay




######## Midgan




######## Maba




######## Maba, Bitjoli
######## Mabaale




######## Maaban




######## Southern Burun, Maban




######## Mabaka Valley Kalinga




######## Maca




######## Agualinda Guajibo




######## Macanese
######## Macedonian




######## Pataree




######## Aromanian




######## Machambe




######## Ongamo




######## Machiguenga




######## Machinere
######## Machinga




######## Maco




######## Jepa-Matsi




######## Makuna




######## Yahuna




######## Makuxi




######## Mada
######## Madda




######## Madak




######## Maden




######## Palamul




######## Gira




######## Madi




######## Madngele
######## Bawean




######## Kangean




######## Madura




######## Mae




######## Itneg, Maeng




######## Mafa




######## Mafea
######## Sukiyar




######## Sambal, Mag-Anchi




######## Sambal, Bataan




         Mixteco, Magdalena
######## Penasco




######## Magdhi




######## Sambal, Mag-Indi




######## Magoma
######## Magori




######## Ilanun




######## Iranun




######## Magindanaw




######## Mahei




######## Mahongwe




######## Mau
######## Ayamaru




######## Saki




######## Maiadom




######## Tani




######## Maii




######## Mailu




######## Maindo
######## Mainfrankisch




######## Kenyah, Bahau River




######## Kenyah, Bakung




######## Kenyah, Kayan River




######## Kenyah, Kelinyau




######## Kenyah, Mahakam




######## Kenyah, Upper Baram
######## Madang




######## Mairasi




######## Maisin




######## Adbas




######## Aghori




######## Aghori Bawa




######## Bakho
######## Khatwa




######## Khetauri




######## Khulna




######## Kwawar




######## Maghaiya




######## Maitili




######## Maiwa
######## Maiwa




######## Maiwala




######## Mesengo




######## Majera




######## Majhi




######## Madukayang Kalinga




######## Mo
######## Panyam




######## South Makaa




######## Makah




######## Makasai




######## Makassar




######## Aturu




######## Lewaea-Dewara
######## Tirio




######## Makhuwa




######## Makhuwa-Marrevone




######## Makhuwa-Meetto




######## Mwinika, Makhuwa-Moniga




######## Makhuwa-Saka




######## Makhuwa-Shirima
######## Maklew




######## Makolkol




######## Makonde




######## Maviha




######## Maku'a




######## Makurapi




######## Naga, Makuri
######## Makwe




######## Palma




######## Naga, Makyan




######## Mal




######## Malto




######## Pay




######## Rumaya
######## Chitties




######## Kristang




######## Malakhel




######## Malalamai




######## Malango




######## Malai Arayan




######## Malas
######## Malasanga




######## Lomwe, Nguru




######## Sena, Malawi




######## Asahan




######## Bazaar Low Malay Creole




######## Lakitan




######## Malay
######## Malay, East Malaysia




######## Malay, Ende




######## Orang Pantai Timur




######## Pindah




######## Sambas




######## Sintang




######## Aiyanavar
######## Ajila




######## Alambadi Kurichchan




######## Ambalavasi




######## Ambattan




######## Arasar




######## Arayan




######## Arayavathi
######## Aryi




######## Ayyanavar




######## Chakkan




######## Chavalakkaran




######## Chengazhi Nambiyar




######## Cheruman, Hindu




######## Cheruman, Muslim
######## Chingathanar




######## Dagi, Hindu




######## Eluthassan




######## Gavara




######## Ilavan




######## Ilavaniyan




######## Ilavathi
######## Ilayathu




######## Izabatha




######## Kakkalan




######## Kalandi




######## Kalladi




######## Kallasari




######## Kallattu Kurup
######## Kanakkan




######## Kanikaran




######## Kaniyan




######## Karimpalan




######## Kathikkaran




######## Kavara




######## Kavathi
######## Kavuthiyan




######## Keralamuthali




######## Kidaran




######## Kitaran




######## Kochu Velan




######## Kolayiri




######## Kollakar
######## Kollara, Karnataka




######## Kootan




######## Kudumban




######## Kundavadiga




######## Kuravan




######## Kurukkal




######## Lakshadweepi
######## Mala Kuravan




######## Malabar Catholic




######## Malai Arayan




######## Malai Pandaram




######## Malai Vedan




######## Malakkuravan




######## Malamuthuvan
######## Malayalar




######## Malayan, Caste




######## Malayan, Tribe




######## Malayekandi




######## Mannan, Caste




######## Mannan, Tribe




######## Mappila
######## Mukkari




######## Mukkuvan, Christian




######## Mukkuvan, Hindu




######## Mukkuvan, Muslim




######## Musari




######## Mutali




######## Muthathu
######## Muttatu




######## Muvvari




######## Nair




######## Navait




######## Padannan




######## Palleyan




######## Palluvan
######## Panan




######## Paniyan




######## Paravan




######## Pathiyan




######## Pathynaickan




######## Perumannan




######## Pulayan, Christian
######## Pulayan, Hindu




######## Pulayan, Vettuvan




######## Shabi




######## Shafi




######## Syrian Christian




######## Thandan




######## Thandan Palakkad
######## Thantapulayan




######## Thiyya




######## Tiyattunni




######## Ulladan




######## Urali




######## Valan




######## Valanchian
######## Vallan




######## Velakkithalanayan




######## Velan




######## Veluthadanayar




######## Vetan




######## Vettuvan




######## Melayu Kalimantan
######## Malaynon




######## Malayo




######## Birifor, Malba




######## Male




######## Male, Koliku




######## Passamaquoddy




######## Guatuso
######## Maleng




######## Maleu




######## Orierh




######## Toman Islander




######## Gulfe




######## Gaktai




######## Maligo
######## Malila




######## Mulimba




######## Malimpung




######## Tlapaneco, Malinaltepec




######## Malo




######## Malon




######## Jew, Maltese Speaking
######## Maltese, Maltese-Speaking




######## Malua Bay




######## Babar




######## Bhanumati




######## Kharol




######## Kumalia




######## Naita
######## Sondhia




######## Mam, Central




######## Mam, Northern




######## Mam, Tajumulco




         Mam, Todos Santos
######## Cuchumatan




######## Sacatepequez Mam




######## Southern Mam
######## Tacaneco




######## Mama, Kwarra




######## Mamaa




######## Nambiquara, Northern




######## Negarote




######## Negrito, Mamanwa




######## Senufo, Mamara
######## Mamasa




######## Pattae'




######## Mambai




######## Mangbai




######## Mambora




######## Mambwe-Lungu




######## Mamprusi
######## Mamuju




######## Mamusi




######## Mamvu




######## Manmet




######## Malay, Menadonese




######## Manam




######## Manambu
######## Manang




######## Northern Gurung




######## Manchu




######## Manda




######## Mandawaka




######## Mandaean




######## Mandandanyi
######## Mandar




######## Tabar




######## Mondari




######## Adu




######## Chuanlan




######## Chuanqing




######## Daizhan
######## Daur, Western




######## Diao




######## Digao




######## Duota




######## Eurasian




######## Gaiji




######## Gaisu, Southern
######## Gaisu, Western




######## Gesu




######## Han Chinese, generic




######## Han Chinese, Shaojiang




######## Han, Vietnamese




######## Hezhen




######## Hui
######## Jew, Mandarin Speaking




######## Kyakala




######## Laba




######## Lemo




######## Limin




######## Linghua




######## Liujia
######## Longjia




######## Lopi




######## Lu




######## Miao, Baishi




######## Miao, Enshi




######## Michi




######## Ming
######## Ongkor




######## Palyu




######## Pubiao




######## Pusha




######## Samadu, Eastern




######## Samadu, Western




######## Saman
######## Shenzhou




######## Shui, Yunnan




######## Sino-Native




######## Tujia




######## Xialusi




######## Xijima




######## Yizi
######## You Tai




######## Cataelano Mandaya




######## Mandaya, Sangab




######## Sangab Mandaya




######## Kir




######## Naar




######## Sanhai, Hindu
######## Mander, Foya




######## Mandinka




######## Bok




######## Mandyak




######## Mandobo Atas




######## Mandobo Bawah




######## Manem
######## Mang




######## Manga Kanuri




######## Mangarla




######## Mangarai




######## Mangarevan




######## Mangas




######## Mangaya
######## Mangbetu




######## Mangbutu




######## Mangerr




######## Mangga Buang




######## Manggarai




######## Mango




######## Mangole
######## Masegi




######## North Camarines Agta




######## Manikion




######## Manipa




######## Soow Huhelia




######## Mankanya




######## Mano
######## Manon




######## Wokam




######## Mansaka Mandaya




######## Mansi




######## Kunante




######## Amasi




######## Mantsi
######## Manumanaw Karen




######## Waelulu




######## Wahai




######## Manx




######## Manya




######## Manyawa




######## Morunahua
######## Manyika




######## Manja




######## Illemei




######## Maonan




######## Comorian, Maore




######## Maori




######## New Zealanders, Maori
######## Mape




######## Mapena




######## Central Buang




######## Mapoyo




######## Mapuche




######## Jama Mapun, Bajau Kagayan




######## Maquiritari, Pawana
######## Mara




######## Mara Chin




######## Maraghei




######## Maragus




######## Koirao




######## Maramei




######## Maramba
######## Maranao




######## Maranunggu




######## Abu Sharib




######## Marari




######## Agri




######## Alitkar Salankar




######## Alkari
######## Andh




######## Arvi




######## Arya




######## Bahrupi




######## Barda




######## Bhand, Hindu




######## Bhansali Vegu
######## Bharaser




######## Bhumak




######## Bidur




######## Chaturtha Jain




######## Chimur




######## Chitrakar, Hindu




######## Dabgar, Hindu
######## Dandigan




######## Dhale




######## Dhavad




######## Dhor




######## Dhruva




######## Futgi




######## Futgudi
######## Gaondi




######## Gawli




######## Ghadasi




######## Giddikki




######## Gondhali




######## Gowari




######## Halba
######## Halleer




######## Hatkar




######## Holar




######## Jew, Marathi Speaking




######## Jirayat




######## Kachari, Hindu




######## Karasgar
######## Kasar




######## Kathodi




######## Kokna




######## Kolhati




######## Koli Dhor




######## Koli Mahadev




######## Koli Malhar
######## Lingader Boreru




######## Madgi




######## Mahar Christian




######## Mahar Potraj




######## Mahar, Hindu




######## Mahar, Muslim




######## Mahili, Mahle
######## Mahratta




######## Mana




######## Manbhav




######## Mang Garudi




######## Marathi




######## Matang




######## Matang Christian
######## Naikwadi




######## Nau Buddh




######## Pangul




######## Phudgi




######## Prabhu Kayastha




######## Ramoshi




######## Rangrez, Hindu
######## Sahi




######## Saithwar




######## Saltangar




######## Samagara




######## Sangar




######## Sillekyatha




######## Somvanshi
######## Tagwale




######## Talkute




######## Taria




######## Thakkar




######## Tirmali




######## Vanjara




######## Marau
######## Kulung




######## Marba




######## Monogoy




######## Marengge




######## Marendje




######## Marfa




######## Margany
######## Marghi Central




######## South Marghi




         Quechua, Margos-Yarowilca-
######## Lauricocha




######## Margu




######## Mari




######## Mari




######## Maria
######## Maricopa




######## Maridan




######## Maridjabin




######## Marimanindji




######## Marind Southeast Marind




######## Maring, Yoadabe-Watoare




######## Maring
######## Maringarr




######## Marino




######## Mairiri




######## Marithiel




######## Mariyedi




######## Marka




######## Endo
######## Sambirir




######## Talai




######## Marovo




######## Marshallese




######## Magadige




######## Gardudjara




######## Mantjiltjara
######## Martu Wangka




######## Wangkajungka




######## Yulparitja




######## Martuyhunira




######## Maru




######## Marubo




######## Alwar
######## Bania, Bijabargi




######## Bania, Marwadi




######## Khandelwal




######## Megh, Hindu




######## Nyaria




######## Pajabgar




######## Rathia, Muslim
######## Southern Marwari




######## Bairwa




######## Baori




######## Bhil Mina




######## Bishnoi




######## Chauhan




######## Dadupanthi
######## Jingar




######## Kammara




######## Marwari Bhil




######## Sargara




######## Sirvi




######## Southern Mawari




######## Masaba
######## Masadiit Itneg




######## Arusha




######## Baraguyu




######## Maasai




######## Mukogodo




######## Okiek




######## Massalit
######## Budugum




######## Dami




######## Masa




######## Masbateno




######## Cujareno




######## Mashi




######## Mashi Bushman
######## Masikoro




######## Masimasi




######## Bonfia




######## Maskelyne Islander




######## Maskoy Pidgin




######## Maslam




######## Mesmedje
######## Massep




######## Balda




######## Matal




######## Matbat




######## Matengo




######## Matepi




######## Tigwa-Matig-Salug Manobo
######## Matipuhy-Nahukua




######## Marajona




######## Matis




######## Nenaya




######## Mayoruna




######## Matukar




######## Matumbi
######## Samo, Northern Samo




######## Maung




######## Ulingan




######## Mawa




######## Mawak




######## Mawan




######## Mawes
######## Maxakali




######## Mahi




######## Ma'ya




######## Sanan, Bangassogo




######## Mayaguduna




######## Mayeka




######## Mayo
######## Mayogo




######## Ngbee




######## Mayoyao Ifugao




######## Mazagway




######## Zapoteco, Mazaltepec




######## Mazanderani




######## Mazateco, Mazatlan
######## Mixe, Mazatlan




######## Mba




######## Mbala




######## Mbalantu




######## Mbanza




######## Mbangala




######## Mbangi
######## Mbangwe




######## Mbara




######## Mbariman-Gudhinma




######## Mbacca Pygmy




######## Mbati




######## Gwa, Mbato




######## Sara Mbai
######## Western Mbube




######## Mbaw




######## Mbedam




######## Mbelime




######## Ambede, Mbede




######## Mbere




######## Mbere Gbaya
######## Mbesa




######## Mbo




######## Mbo




######## Mboi




######## Mbuku




######## Mbole




######## Mboa
######## Mboa, Mbonga




######## Kamkam




######## Mbosi




######## Mbowe




######## Mbu




######## Mbugu




######## Mbugwe
######## Mboku




######## Mbukushu




######## Mbula




######## Mbula-Bwazza




######## Dumbule




######## Baga Fore




######## Mbum
######## Mbunda




######## Mbunga




######## Barke




######## Mbwela




######## Brazilian Guarani




######## Hameha




######## Medebur
######## Media Lengua




######## Mediak




######## Aleut, Mednyj




######## Bamileke-Medumba




######## Me'en




######## Me'en




######## Mefele
######## Migam




######## Meglenite




######## Mehek




######## Mehinaku




######## Fayfa




######## Mahra




######## Khuangsai
######## Loi




######## Manipuri




######## Thoubalkonou




######## Mekeo




######## Mekmek




######## Mekwei




######## Mele-Fila
######## Borai




######## Melo




######## Medlpa




######## Kayan, Mendalam




######## Mandankwe




######## Seim




######## Mende
######## Mengaka




######## Mengen




######## Mangisa




######## Mengisa




######## Menka




######## Menomini




######## Mentawaian
######## Menya




######## Meoswar




######## Mer




######## Meramera




######## Lametin




######## Mere




######## Miriam
######## Merelava-Merig




######## Meru




######## Birarea




######## Deshantri




######## Deshwali, Muslim




######## Dhanohi




######## Ganohha
######## Hiranbaj




######## Jarrah




######## Lek




######## Neria




######## Salotri




######## Sarabara




######## Sowan
######## Banagere




######## Apache, Mescalero




######## Momolili




######## Sauk-Fox




######## Mesme




######## Mesmes




######## Arab, Iranian
######## Arab, Iraqi




######## Zott Gypsy




######## Mesqan




######## Widekum




######## Mixteco, Metlatonoc




######## Chudigar




######## Daroga, Hindu
######## Dehati Maithili




######## Ghisadi




######## Gurru




######## Kalbelia




######## Kamad




######## Khumra, Hindu




######## Mehar
######## Rangaswami




######## Salvi




######## Shorgar, Muslim




######## Silawat, Muslim




######## Takali




######## Meax




######## Popoloca, Mezontla
######## Otomi, Mezquital




######## Mfinu




######## Kofa




######## Nfumte




         Zapoteco, Miahuatlan
######## Central




######## Mianmin




######## Pila
######## Hmong Leng




######## Hmong, White




######## Miao, Chuan




######## Miao, Southern Guiyang




######## Red Meo




######## Cree, French




######## Metis
######## Han Chinese, Mandarin




######## Mazahua, Michoacan




######## Nahuatl, Michoacan




######## Dani, Mid Grand Valley




######## Maraliinan




######## Arabized Midob




######## Midobi
######## Banda, Mid-Southern




######## Dukpu




######## Wasa




######## Yakpa




######## Jongor




######## Migaama




######## Migabac
######## Kolom




######## Deng, Geman




######## Idu




######## Miju




######## Mikasuki Seminole




######## Micmac




######## Mili
######## Miltu




######## Chinese, Min Bei




######## Han Chinese, Hui'an




######## Han Chinese, Min Dong




######## Chinese, Min Nan




######## Han Chinese, Hainanese




######## Han Chinese, Shaozhou
######## Han Chinese, Taiwanese




######## Han Chinese, Teochew




######## Han Chinese, Xunpu




######## Siraya




######## Han Chinese, Min Zhong




######## Hina




######## Minangkabau
######## Muko-Muko




######## Talang Mamak




######## Minanibai




######## Kukuya




######## Mineveha, Minavega




######## Mindiri




######## Mingang Doso
######## Munga




######## Mingrelian




######## Meneca Huitoto




######## Wiaki




######## Minigir




######## Minokok Dusun




######## Mendriq
######## Mintil




######## Zhuang, Minz




######## Micha




######## Matawari




######## Mirandes




######## Mire




######## Hill Miri
######## Miri




######## Namsang Tangsa




######## Miriwung




######## Mirpur Punjabi




######## Chip




######## Misima-Paneati




######## Miskito
######## Nicaraguan Sumu




######## Zapoteco, Mitla




######## Mixteco, Mitlatongo




######## Kinya-Mituku




######## Miu




######## Miwa




######## Mikifore
######## Zapoteco, Mixtepec




######## Miya




######## Mikayo




######## Soruba




######## Hualngo




######## Mizo




######## Mizo, Lushai
######## Poi




######## Tlau




######## Mlabri




######## Kwansu




######## Mlomp




######## Benyi




######## Bafumen
######## Northern Fungom




######## Moba, Bimoba




######## Aizi, Mobumrin




######## Mocheno




######## Chagga




######## Chagga




######## Mocho
######## Mocovi




######## Gweri




######## Modang




######## Arab, Cypriot




######## Cypriot, Greek




######## Egyptians, Greek-Speaking




######## Greek
######## Greek-Australian




######## Italian, Greek-Speaking




######## Jew, Greek Speaking




######## Karakachan




######## Romany, Greek




######## Madole




######## Moere
######## Mofu, South




######## Mogum




######## Mohave




######## Mohawk




######## Moi




######## Moi, Mosana




######## Moikodi
######## Moingi




######## Mok




######## Moken




######## Mokerang




######## Mokilese




######## Moklen




######## Monkole
######## Kpe




######## Mordvin-Moksha




######## Molbog




######## Molima




######## Salakahadi




######## Aunalei




######## Molof
######## Molokwo




######## Vere




######## Kulawi




######## Momole




######## Mombum




######## Momina




######## Somahai
######## Mon, Talaing




######## Monde




######## Mondropolon




######## Ekonda




######## Mongo




######## Mpama




         Mongol (Papua New
######## Guinea)
######## Buriat, Mongolia




######## Mongondow




######## Moni




######## Mono, Mon-Non




######## Mono, Amono




######## Mono, Alu




######## Mono
######## Monom




######## Sirti




######## Montagnais




######## Montol




######## Monumbo




######## Monjombo




######## Gwomu
######## Cree, Moose




######## Maya, Mopan




######## Mor




######## Moraid




######## Morawa




######## Nahuatl, Morelos




######## Morerebi
######## Murisapa




######## Mori Atas




######## Mori Bawah




######## Morigi Islander




######## Chagossian




######## Indo-Mauritian




######## Mauritian
######## Mauritian Creole




######## Moro




######## Arab, Moroccan




######## Ghomara




######## Harratine




######## Jebala




######## Nubian, Arabized
######## Morokmodo




######## Bernde




######## Moronene




######## Morari




######## Moruas




######## Mortlockese




######## Moru
######## Mosimo




######## Mosiro




######## Meninggo




######## Mossi




######## Yana




######## Yarse




######## Zaore
######## Mota




######## Motalava




######## Motu




######## Mouk-Aria




######## Mountain Koiari




######## Movima




######## Itneg, Moyadan
######## Bujur




######## Mpade




######## Mpi




######## Mbimu




######## Konabem, Kunabeeb




######## Pobyeng




######## Pongyong
######## Mpoto




######## Mpotovoro




######## Mpuon




######## Amberbaken




######## Chin, Mro




######## Mru




######## Kotoko-Kuseri
######## Mount Iraya Agta




######## Negrito, Mount Iriga




######## Mualang




######## Tao-Suamato




######## Mubi




######## Mudbura




######## Vitu
######## Mufian




######## Mugali




######## Muinane




######## Mokoulou




######## Mulao




######## Mulao Jia




######## Mullukmulluk
######## Muluridyi




######## Katiati




######## Gongla




######## Mumuye




######## Chin, Cho




######## Mindat




######## Mun Chin
######## Muna




######## Munda




######## Bu




######## Mundang




######## Mundani




######## Latar




######## Mundari
######## Mundat




######## Mundu




######## Munduruku




######## Mungaka




######## Munggui




######## Munkip




######## Muniche
######## Munit




######## Munji




######## Muong




######## Asat




######## Murik Kayan




######## Murik




######## Murkim
######## Murele




######## Murinbata




######## Mursi




######## Murui Huitoto




######## Murupi




######## Muruwari




######## Musak
######## Aregerek




######## Musasa




######## Banana




######## Mousgoum




######## Mushungulu




######## Lematang




######## Musi Banyuasin
######## Musi Sekayu




######## Palembang




######## Pegagan




######## Penesak




######## Rawas




######## Mussulman Tat




######## Tat
######## Musom




######## Emira




######## Mudugar




######## Tuam




######## Manyak




######## Minyak




######## Muya
######## Muyang




######## Muyuw




######## Magu




######## Mvuba




######## Sura




######## Comorian, Mwali




######## Mona
######## Mwani




######## Mwatebu




######## Mwera, Chimwera




######## Mwera, Nyasa




######## Mwimbi-Muthambi




######## Myene




######## ‡Khomani
######## Na




######## Nawa Sherpa




######## Nasioi




######## Bilala




######## Medogo




######## Nabak




######## Mitang
######## Nachering




######## Nadeb Maku




######## Dompo




######## Senufo, Nafana




######## Sirak




######## Nafri




######## Duwinna
######## Jabal Nafusah




######## Jerba




######## Matmata




######## Tamezret




######## Taoujjout




######## Zawa




######## Zuwarah
######## Kalya Kengyu




######## Nage




######## Biaka




######## Bedouin, Najdi




######## Nakaela




######## Nakai




######## Nakama
######## West Nakanai




######## Nakara




######## Nake




######## Mekaf




######## Nakwi




######## Naltya




######## Nali-Yiru
######## Okro




######## Nalik




######## Nalu




######## Nama




######## Nama, Gimsbok




######## Nama




######## Namakura
######## Namat




######## Arufe




######## Nambya




######## Na Meo




######## Edawapi




######## Namie




######## Namiae
######## Dorro




######## Mari, Dorro




######## Mawae




######## Tais




######## Namonuito




######## Namosi




######## Namuyi
######## Namuzi




######## Nanai




######## Nancere




######## Nande




######## Sanza




######## Swaga




######## Yira
######## Senufo, Nanerige




######## Nanggu




######## Nangumiri




######## Nankina




######## Cogapacori




######## Nanubae




######## Quichua, Lowland, Napo
######## Napu




######## Nar Phu




######## Nara




######## Narak




######## Narango




######## Narau




######## Narin
######## Naron




######## Nhai




######## Nharo




######## Tsaukwe




######## Narom




######## Narungga




######## Nasal
######## Nasarian




######## Naskapi




######## Natanzi




######## Amis, Nataoran




######## Nateni




######## Natthembo




######## Natioro
######## Santa Cruz




######## Naueti




######## Yupik, Naukan




######## Nauna




######## Nauruan




######## Navajo




######## Navut
######## Nawaru




######## Losso




######## Nawuri




######## Malimasa




######## Mosuo




######## Naheng




######## Naju
######## Naxi




######## Naxi, Northern




######## Nao




######## Nayini




######## Mungong




######## Ncane




######## Nchumbulu
######## Galke




######## Ndaka




######## Ncha




######## Ndaktup




######## Ndali




######## Ndam




######## Ndamba
######## Bamileke Ndanda




######## Bandasa




######## Ndau




######## Senji




######## Tonga




######## Tonga




######## Ndemli
######## Ndendeule




######## Ndengereko




######## Nde




######## Eliri




######## Okebu




######## Ndobo




######## Ndoe
######## Ndogo




######## Ndolo




######## Ndom




######## Ndombe




######## Ndonde




######## Ndonga




######## Ndoro
######## Nduga




######## Bandoumu, Minduumo




######## Ndunda




######## Ndunga




######## Ndut




######## Comorian, Ndzwani




######## Neapolitan-Calabrian
######## Nedebang




######## Orang Negeri, Minang




######## Negidal




######## Nissan




######## Nek




######## Nekgini




######## Neko
######## Neku




######## Neme




######## Nemi




######## Nen




######## Angaua




######## Yurak Samoyed




######## Nengonese
######## Bankariya




######## Bhote




######## Bhotia, Sikkim




######## Bhujel




######## Byasi




######## Chelan




######## Chhairottan
######## Chhetri




######## Chidimar




######## Churaute




######## Damai




######## Dauta




######## Doteli




######## Dumi
######## Dura




######## Gaine




######## Ganghar




######## Gatha




######## Gharti




######## Gorkha




######## Gorkhodia
######## Gyasumdoba




######## Hayu




######## Hudke




######## Jumeli




######## Jumleli




######## Kameng




######## Kami
######## Kau




######## Kawmi




######## Khas




######## Kunwar




######## Kusunda




######## Lhotshampa




######## Nepalese
######## Newar




######## Phri




######## Po




######## Rai




######## Sarki




######## Sonowar




######## Surel
######## Tajpuriya




######## Tamauta




######## Thakuri




######## Tokpegola




######## Nete




######## New Caledonian Javanese




######## Baktapur
######## Dolkhali




######## Kathmandu




######## Neyo




######## Nez Perce




######## Matu Chin




######## Nyanganyatjara




######## Eastern Guaymi
######## Guaymi




######## Ngada




######## Ngadjunmaya




######## Ngaing




######## Kahaian




######## Katingan




######## Ngaju Dayak
######## Ngala, Kara




######## Ngalakan




######## Ngalkbun




######## Ngalum




######## Horo




######## Ngam




######## Ngamambo
######## Sara Ngambai




######## Ngamini




######## Ngamo




######## Tavgi Samoyed




######## Ngando, Dingando




######## Ngando




######## Ngandyera
######## Gangam




######## Ngarinman




######## Ngarinyin




######## Ngarla




######## Ngarluma




######## Angas




######## Ngawn Chin
######## Ngawun




######## Comorian, Ngazidja




######## Ngbaka




######## Ngbaka Mabo




######## Ngariawan




######## Ngbaka Manza




######## Ngbinda
######## Ngbundu




######## Angba




######## Ngemba




######## Khlor




######## Ngae




######## Nguete




######## Nggem
######## Nggwahyi




######## Ngi




######## Bamileke-Batcham




######## Ngile




######## Ngindo




######## Ngeti




######## Ngizim
######## Kanum




######## Ngom




######## Ngomba




######## Bamileke-Ngombale




######## Ngombe




######## Ngombe




######## Ngong
######## Ngoni




######## Ngishe




######## Ngoli




######## Nguu




######## Ngumbi




######## Ngondi




######## Ngundu
######## Teke, Northeast




######## Nguon




######## Ngura




######## Nguruimi




######## Ngurmbur




######## Ngwaba




######## Ngwe
######## Ngwo




######## Nhuwala




######## Batu




######## Niassan




######## Nielim




######## Mambila, Nigeria




######## Bauchi Fulani
######## Bororo, Fulfulde




######## Nigerian Creole




######## Nii




######## Nijadali




######## Kabiano




######## Nila




######## Iramba
######## Zamral




######## Nimanbur




######## Nimbari, Nyamnyam




######## Nimboran




######## Nimi




######## Nimo




######## Nimowa
######## Ninam




######## Nindi




######## Negira




######## Ninggera




######## Ninggerum




######## Ningil




######## Ningye
######## Yali, Ninia




######## Ninzam




######## Nipsan




######## Bonefa




######## Nass-Gitksian




######## Luoluopo, Southeastern




######## Bangro
######## Dafla




######## Hotang Tangsa




######## Langkai Tangsa




######## Lowang Tangsa




######## Ngimong Tangsa




######## Nissi




######## Nonong
######## Panchen Monpa




######## Pongkong




######## Puroik




######## Rangai Tangsa




######## Siram




######## Tagin




######## Tagin Bangni
######## Taram




######## Niuafoou




######## Niuean




######## Chulupe




######## Ngalgulgule




######## Nzebi




######## Nyen
######## Njyem




######## Nkangala




######## Nkari




######## Nkem-Nkum




######## Nkhumbi




######## Nkongho




######## Nkonya
######## Nkoro




######## Lukolwe




######## Nkoya




######## Shasha




######## Nkukoli




######## Bosaka, Ekota




######## Hamba
######## Ngongo




######## Nkutu




######## Nnam




######## Nubian, Fedicca-Mahas




######## Garuh




######## Liju Nocte




######## Nocte
######## Ponthai Nocte




######## Tutcha Nocte




######## Nogay




######## Nokuku




######## Nomande




######## Nomane




######## Nomatsiguenga
######## Nomu




######## Zhuang, Nong




######## Serer-Non




######## Noni




######## Nootka




######## Chatino, Nopala




######## Norra
######## Eskimo, North Alaskan




######## North Ambrym Islanders




######## Asmat, Northern




######## Yair




######## Azerbaijani




######## Babar, North




######## Leco
######## Quechua, North Bolivian




######## Mixe, Norte Central




######## Northern Efate




######## North Fali




######## North Gisiga




######## Quechua, North Junin




######## Alawite
######## Arab, Lebanese




######## Arab, Levantine




######## Arab, Syrian




######## Druze




######## Jew, Syrian




######## North Marquesan




######## Mofu, North
######## Malay, North Moluccan




######## Muyu, North




######## Ndebele




######## Nuaulu, North




######## Slavey, Northern




######## Tairora




######## Tana, North
######## Wahgi, North




######## Onank




######## Wemale, North




######## Arigibi




######## Northeast Kiwai




######## Maidu




######## Pashayi, Northeast
######## Ageer




######## Dinka, Northeastern




######## Tai Kaleun




######## Thai, Northeastern




######## Ditaylin Dumagat




######## Northern Alta




######## Teleut
######## Northern Amami-Oshima




######## Osima




######## Betsimisaraka, North




######## Karolanos




######## Bobo Madare, Northern




######## Cakchiquel, Northern




######## Northern Catanduanes Bikol
         Quechua, Ancash,
######## Conchucos, Northern




######## Dagaaba




######## Dong, Northern




######## Cree, Northern East




######## Embera, Northern




######## Northern Frisian




######## Ghale, Northern
######## Grebo, Fopo-Bua




######## Grebo, Nitiabo




######## Grebo, Northern




######## Miao, Guiyang Northern




         Miao, Guiyang
######## Northwestern




######## Haida




######## Haisla
######## Gakkhar




######## Gujjar




######## Karal, Muslim




######## Northern Hindko (Hindki)




######## Tanaoli




######## Miao, Huishui Northern




######## Kankanay, Northern
######## Western Bontok




######## Northern Khmer




######## Kissi




######## Behdini




######## Herki




######## Kurd, Northern (Kermanji)




######## Shikaki
######## Surchi




######## Lohorong




######## Luri, Northern




######## Miao, Mashan Northern




######## Kambole




######## Ngbandi




######## Ngbandi, Southern
######## Nuna, Nouni




######## Nahuatl, Oaxaca Norte




######## One, Northern




######## Paiute, Northern




######## Pame Norte




######## Attar




######## Bashkar
######## Nilabi




######## Pashtun, Northern




######## Wotapuri-Katarqalai




######## Quichua, Pastaza, Northern




######## Nahuatl, Puebla Norte




######## Chrame




######## Pumi, Primmi
######## Beidongnuo




######## Hmu, Northern




######## Qanu




######## Qiang, Cimulin




######## Qiang, Luhua




######## Qiang, Mawo




######## Qiang, Yadu
######## Tibetan, Heishui




######## Xiangcheng




######## Northern Roglai




######## Lule Lapp, Samer




######## Saami, Northern




######## Northern Bikol Sorsogon




######## Subanon, Tuboy
######## Tarahumara, Norte




######## Tepehuan, Norte




######## Huay




######## Tai Wang




######## Thai, Northern




######## Northern Tiwa




######## Mixteco, Tlaxiaco Norte
######## Tusyan, Northern




######## Tutchone




######## Uzbek, Northern




######## Yukagir




######## Eskimo, Northwest Alaska




######## Baya, Gbaya




######## Mixteco, Oaxaca Noroeste
######## Pashayi, Northwest




######## Dinka, Northwestern




######## Fars, Northwestern




######## Ojibwa, Northwestern




######## Tamang, Northwestern




######## Tum




######## Jew, Norwegian Speaking
######## Norwegian




######## Bourba




######## Bulba




######## Notsi




######## Mpu




######## Akweto




######## Nsenga
######## Songo




######## Bassar




######## Ntomba




######## Bango




######## Nubi




######## Kutang Bhotia




######## Naath
######## Nugunu




######## Yambasa




######## Nuk




######## Macusa




######## Nukak, Maku




######## Komutu




######## Tasman Islander
######## Nukoro




######## Nukuria Islander




######## Numana




######## Numanggang




######## Siboma




######## Kwenyi




######## Derung
######## Nung




######## Nung, Highland




######## Nungali




######## Nunggubuyu




######## Nungu




######## Nupbi




######## Bassa Nge
######## Muinane Huitoto




######## Nusa Laut




######## Nu




######## Nyabwa-Nyedebwa




######## Nyaheun




######## Nyahkur




######## Nyakyusa
######## Yalayu




######## Nyali




######## Nimbari




######## Nyamal




######## Nyambo




######## Molo




######## Nyamusa-Molo
######## Iwa




######## Mwanga




######## Tambo




######## Nyamwezi




######## Humbe




######## Mungambwe




######## Nyaneka
######## Nyanga




######## Nyanga-Li




######## Donyiro




######## Nyangatom




######## Nyangbo




######## Nyangga




######## Nyangumarda
######## Nyanja, Chewa




######## Nyanja, Maravi




######## Hima




######## Nkole




######## Senufo, Nyarafolo




######## Turu




######## Nyaw
######## Tai Nyo




######## Nyawaygi




######## Nyemba




######## Nyengo




######## Nyenpa




######## Nyigina




######## Nyiha, Malawi
######## Nyiha




######## Nyika




######## Nyika, Tanzania




######## Lindrou




######## Nyindu




######## Nyole




######## Mubako
######## Nyore




######## Nyoro




######## Nyulnyul




######## Nyungwe




######## Nzakmbay




######## Nzakara




######## Njeng
######## Nzanyi




######## Appolo, Nzema




######## Obanliku




######## Oblo




######## Obo Manobo




######## Obokuitai




######## Obolo
######## Obulom




######## Ocaina




######## Auvergnat




######## Gascon




######## Languedocian




######## Limousin




######## Provencal
######## Mixteco, Ocotepec




######## Zapoteco, Ocotlan Oeste




######## Od




######## Vaddar, Sikh




######## Busa




######## Odoodee




######## O'Du
######## Odual




######## Odut




######## Ogba




######## Ogbia




######## Ogbogolo




######## Ogbronuagum




######## Erima
######## Oirata




######## Chinanteco, Ojitlan




######## Okanagon




######## Oki-No-Erabu




######## Okobo




######## Okodia




######## Ogori-Magongo
######## Murut, Kolod




######## Ambae, West




######## Emhalhe




######## Okpamheri




######## Okpe, Olama




######## Okpe




######## Oksapmin
######## Oku




######## Olo




######## Olubogo




######## Khayo




######## Olulumo-Ikom




######## Marachi




######## Marama
######## Kisa




######## Popoluca, Oluta




######## Tsoto




######## Wanga




######## Omagua




######## Omaha




######## Ponca
######## Arab, Omani




######## Omati




######## Mbaama




######## Ombo




######## Nahuatl, Ometepec




######## Omi




######## Aomie
######## Omotik




######## Ona




######## Oneida




######## Ta'oih, Lower




######## Onge




######## Birale




######## Onin
######## Onjob




######## Ono




######## Onabasulu




######## Onondaga




######## Ontenu




######## Ontong Java Islander




######## Coloured Creole
######## Opao




######## Opata




######## Buldit




######## Langa




######## Orang Kanaq




######## Orang Seletar




######## Oraon, Sadri
######## Orejon




######## Orri




######## Achari




######## Adi, Gallong




######## Agaru




######## Akula




######## Akuru
######## Amat




######## Ammakaipa




######## Anjula




######## Argali




######## Arisi




######## Aruva




######## Asari
######## Asra




######## Astaloki




######## Atchyalu




######## Badasuda




######## Badu




######## Baggilu




######## Bagheti
######## Baha'i




######## Bahuskal




######## Bakati




######## Banka




######## Bathudi




######## Bauti




######## Bavuri
######## Begulu




######## Belama




######## Benangi




######## Benni




######## Berta




######## Bethara




######## Betora
######## Bhadayi




######## Bhandari




######## Bhatura




######## Bhoppulia




######## Bhumia




######## Binjhal




######## Bissoyi
######## Bogulu




######## Bohuka




######## Boipari




######## Boisto




######## Bolanti




######## Bolasi




######## Bolodia
######## Bonka




######## Boratlika




######## Bosantiya




######## Bosyo




######## Botia




######## Budda




######## Bukora
######## Byrepati




######## Chakali




######## Chandala




######## Chandhai Maru




######## Chapali




######## Chaudia




######## Cherua
######## Chinda




######## Chotnia




######## Chuditya




######## Daityapati




######## Dammalia




######## Danchi




######## Dandasi
######## Dangaito




######## Dari




######## Dehuri




######## Dendra




######## Dentiya




######## Desau Bhumij




######## Devangri
######## Dhakoda




######## Dhera




######## Dimolia




######## Diogalo




######## Dogaralu




######## Dolai




######## Dolapati
######## Dolokondiyari




######## Doluva




######## Dom, Hindu




######## Dommadiranka




######## Dondia




######## Dondsena




######## Dumparaso
######## Endra




######## Evtamara




######## Gammalla




######## Ganda




######## Gandhmali




######## Gantra




######## Gattuvallu
######## Gauda




######## Gayinta




######## Gentramara




######## Ghara




######## Ghogia




######## Girigiria




######## Godagali
######## Godatri




######## Godiya




######## Godra




######## Gojulosali




######## Gokha, Hindu




######## Golla




######## Gontara
######## Goudu




######## Gudiya




######## Guna




######## Guria




######## Gyta




######## Haddi




######## Hadstulia
######## Jadaigi




######## Jaintrapan




######## Jalakaduguvallu




######## Janna




######## Jantri




######## Janughanta




######## Jarasadho
######## Jargi




######## Jayapore




######## Jenna




######## Jogula




######## Jonkhara




######## Joura




######## Kahalia
######## Kalavayasula




######## Kalingi




######## Kalzu




######## Kambo




######## Kamsala




######## Kanda




######## Kandarpa
######## Kandra




######## Kansali




######## Kantabudia




######## Karan




######## Karhada




######## Karua




######## Kattikarla
######## Kela Oddi




######## Kela, Hindu




######## Kendhu




######## Khadala




######## Khadura




######## Khahilya




######## Khandait
######## Khati, Hindu




######## Khatti Khatti




######## Khendra




######## Khodara




######## Khoira




######## Khondite Odiya




######## Khoruda
######## Kodalo




######## Kohara




######## Koibroto




######## Koilar




######## Kolaga




######## Kolah Lohara




######## Kolasa
######## Kolavamtulu




######## Kolha




######## Kollara, Orissa




######## Kolta




######## Komarao




######## Kondaito Oddi




######## Kondaito Velama
######## Konoo




######## Konsari




######## Korona




######## Korti




######## Kosalya




######## Kotia




######## Kotlodola
######## Kuli




######## Kurunga




######## Kuruni




######## Kusta




######## Liari




######## Libiri




######## Mahaldar
######## Mahan Gaud




######## Mahanta




######## Mahuria




######## Mali (Malis)




######## Mandia




######## Mandogutel




######## Mangan
######## Mangli




######## Mewar




######## Minka




######## Mogoda




######## Mosiri




######## Muriya




######## Nagasapu
######## Naiko




######## Naksia




######## Nalavamsam




######## Naliya, Hindu




######## Naliya, Muslim




######## Nitham




######## Nodha
######## Nodya




######## Odiya




######## Omanatya




######## Orisi




######## Oriya




######## Osludia




######## Padhano
######## Paik




######## Painda




######## Pamidi




######## Pan




######## Pandittan




######## Pantanti




######## Pap
######## Pari




######## Parja




######## Patial




######## Patralu




######## Patro




######## Pentia




######## Porasa
######## Prusti




######## Rajako




######## Rajna




######## Rancho




######## Ravindu




######## Ravulo




######## Ravuto
######## Relli




######## Rona




######## Rosa




######## Sabakhia




######## Sabalia




######## Sagarbanshi




######## Saini, Sikh
######## Sanei




######## Sannyasi




######## Saora




######## Sapru




######## Sauntia




######## Shabar




######## Shari
######## Sidhria




######## Sindhuria




######## Singalu




######## Siyal




######## Slanthia




######## Soboro




######## Solokondia
######## Sonjhara




######## Sonr




######## Sounti




######## Sudha




######## Sudha Saiva Shivachka




######## Sulia




######## Sumapuvalli
######## Supakar




######## Syamalo




######## Tamadia




######## Tamudia




######## Tanla




######## Telakali Oddi




######## Thanpati
######## Thanu




######## Tharua




######## Torasa




######## Tulabhina




######## Ujia




######## Ustologi




######## Uthrasi
######## Yennarijel




######## Yentamara




######## Yetangi




######## Nahuatl, Ixhuatlancillo




######## Nahuatl, Orizaba




######## Munyoyaya




######## Orma
######## Ormu




######## Urmuri




######## Oron




######## Muru




######## Oro Win




######## Orochi




######## Oroha
######## Orok




######## Orokaiva




######## Kundu, Bakundu




######## Lundu




######## Orokolo




######## Oroqen




######## Orowe
######## Oruma




######## Uria




######## Osatu




######## Jawa Osing




######## Ososo




######## Southern Fungom




######## Ossetian
######## Dohoi Ot Danum




######## Utange




######## Otoro Dhitoro




######## Otoro Nuba




######## Ottawa




######## Lotuho




######## Oune
######## Santa Ana




######## Waisara




######## Owiniga




######## Oy




######## Oyaoya




######## Oyda




######## Zapoteco, Ozolotepec
######## Chinanteco, Ozumacin




######## Pa Di




######## Pa'a




######## Paafang




######## Paama




######## Paasaal




######## Pacahuara
######## Quechua, Pacaroas




######## Yupik, Pacific




######## Pacoh




######## Padoe




######## Paez




######## Bewani




######## Imbinis
######## Apakabeti




######## Pago




######## Basith, Hindu




######## Ghai




######## Punjabi Pahari




######## Lugitama




######## Pahlavani
######## Baheng, Liping




######## Baheng, Pa-Hng




######## Beidalao




######## Pai Tavytera




######## Pati




######## Paipai




######## Paite Chin
######## Paite, Christian




######## Paite, Sahte




######## Pawi




######## Paiwanese




######## Pakaasnovos




######## Pakanha




######## Pak-Tong
######## Paku




######## Karen, Paku




######## Abasakur




######## Senufo, Palaka




######## Chinanteco, Palantla




######## Palauan




######## Palenquero
######## Palikur




######## Falor




######## Palpa Pahari




######## Palu




######## Pandewan Murut




######## Peluan




######## Palue
######## Pam




######## Pambia




######## Pamona




######## Hinihon




######## Pampango




######## Negrito, Northern Cagayan




######## Pana
######## Pana




######## Panamint




######## Quechua, Huanaco, Panao




######## Kreen-Akakore




######## Panasuan




######## Panawa




######## Pancana
######## Pakhimara




######## Puran




######## Bukongo




######## Pande




######## Pangasinese




######## Pangutaran Sama




######## Pangwa
######## Pangwala




######## Panim




######## Pankhu




######## Pannei




######## Katukina, Panoan




######## Panytyima




######## Karen, Pa'o
######## Totonaca, Papantla




######## Papapana




######## Bajau Bukit




######## Papasena




######## Papel




######## Papi




######## Antillean Creole
         Antilles Papiamentu
######## Speaking




######## Spanish Creole




######## Papitalai




######## Malay, Papuan




######## Papuma




######## Arara do Para




######## Gaviao do Maranhao
######## Gaviao do Para




######## Parachi




         Paraguayan, Guarani-
######## Speaking




######## Parakanan




######## Paranan




######## Wa




######## Parawen
######## Pardhi




######## Pa




######## Parecis




######## Parenga




######## Lokoro




######## Parkari Kachchhi




######## Podoko
######## Parsee




######## Parya




######## Pasi




######## Yaly, Pass Valley




######## Patamona




######## Patani-Maba




######## Dengalu
######## Patep




######## Patpatar




######## Dagi, Muslim




######## Swangla




######## Pattani Malay




######## Paulohi




######## Paumari
######## Pauserna




######## Pawaia




######## Paynamar




######## Pai




######## Pear, Eastern Pear




######## Western Pear, Por




######## Paya
######## Eastern Sotho




######## Lovedu




######## North Sotho




######## Kotopo




######## Pai




######## Pekal




######## Bela
######## Wasi




######## Pelende




######## Ingariko




######## Taulipang




######## Penchal




######## Pendau




######## Pennsylvania Dutch
######## Penrhyn




######## Perai




######## Chinese, Peranakan




######## Mongol, Sichuan




######## Mongolian, Peripheral




######## Pero




######## Zapoteco, Petapa
######## Petats




######## Peve




######## Ashreti




######## Brazil, Philippinos




######## Palula, Phalulo




######## Pana




######## Pende
######## Phimbi




######## Pula




######## Kahha




######## Pong, Kniang




######## Phu Tai




######## Tai Gapong




######## Phuan
######## Pwo




######## Phula, Phuka




######## Phunoi




######## Phuang




######## Piamatsina




######## Piame




######## Piapoco
######## Piaroa




######## Asheninca Pichis




######## Piedmontese




######## Pinje




######## Solomoni Creole




######## Pilaga




######## Pileni
######## Pima Bajo, Chihuahua




######## Pima Bajo, Sonora




######## Pimbwe




######## Pinai




######## Pingilapese




######## Pinigura




######## Pinji
######## Mixteco, Pinotepa Nacional




######## Pintiini




######## Luritja




######## Pinyin




######## Mura-Piraha




######## Pira-Tapuia




######## Biladaba
######## Pisabo




######## Tepehua, Pisa Flores




######## Northern Aborigine Creole




######## Pite Saami




######## Piti




######## Pitjantjatjara




######## Pita Pita
######## Piu




######## Ambandi




######## Cree, Western




######## Krumen, Plapo




######## Antaifasy




######## Antaimanambondro




######## Antaimoro
######## Antambahoaka




######## Antetsimatra




######## Betsileo




######## Bezanozano




######## Karimbola




######## Kimoso




######## Lohanosy
######## Malagasy




######## Masianaky




######## Merina




######## Onjatsy




######## Sahafatra




######## Sahavoay




######## Saint-Marien
######## Sihanaka




######## Tanala




######## Vakinankaratra




######## Vazimba




######## Vorimo




######## Zafisoro




######## Low German
######## Plautdietsch




######## Rio Arauca Guajibo




######## Pnar




######## Naga, Pochury




######## Podena




######## Pogoro




######## Ponapean
######## Pokanga




######## Poke




######## Pokomo, Lower




######## Pokomo, Upper




######## Pokot




######## Polci




######## Czech, Polish Speaking
######## Jew, Polish




######## Malopolska




######## Polish




######## Romanian, Polish Speaking




######## Romany, Polish




######## Slovakian Polish




######## Polonombauk
######## Pom




######## Pol




######## Ponam




######## Pongu




######## Pongyong




######## Ponasakan




######## Pontic
         Central PocomamPocomam,
######## Central




######## Pocomam, Eastern




######## Pocomam, Southern




######## Pocomchi, Eastern




######## Pocomchi, Western




######## Porohanon




######## Port Sandwich
######## Port Vato




######## Akuntsun




######## Amapa Creole




         American, Portuguese
######## Speaking




######## Amikoana




         Andorran, Portuguese-
######## Speaking




         Angola, Portuguese
######## Speaking
######## Apiaca'




######## Arana




######## Arara, Mato Grosso




######## Atikum




         Belgians, Portuguese-
######## Speaking




######## Brazilian




######## Brazilian Mulato
######## Brazilian White




######## Campe




         Canadian, Portuguese
######## Speaking




######## Carib, Galibi do Uaca




######## Congo, Portuguese Speaking




######## Eurafrican




         France, Portuguese
######## Speaking
######## Gaucho traditionalists




         German, Portuguese
######## Speaking




         Guinea Bissau, Portuguese
######## Speaking




######## Gypsy, Brazilian




######## Gypsy, Portuguese




######## Italo-Mulatto




######## Jamamadi
######## Japanese, Brazilian




######## Jew, Portuguese




######## Jiripancó




######## Kaimbe




######## Kamakan




######## Kanamanti




######## Kantarure
######## Kapinawa




######## Karapoto




######## Karipuna do Guapore




######## Kariri-Xoco




######## Kaxixo




######## Kiriri-Xoco




######## Latin American Branco
         Luxemburg, Portuguese
######## Speaking




         Macau, Portuguese
######## Speaking




######## Manitsawa




######## Mekem




######## Mestizo, Angolan




######## Mestizo, Mozambican




         Mozambique, Portuguese
######## Speaking
######## Nawa




######## Nukuini




######## Opaye




######## Oti




######## Otuke




######## Paiaku




######## Pankarare
######## Pankararu




######## Papavo




######## Paranawat




######## Pataxo-Hahahae




######## Pipipa




######## Pitaguari




######## Portuguese
######## Potiguara




######## Puri




         Ribeirinhos, Amazon River
######## Peoples




         Sao Tome, Portuguese
######## Speaking




         Sertanejos, Interior
######## Northeasterners




         South African, Portuguese
######## Speaking




######## Swiss, Portuguese Speaking
######## Tapeba




######## Tingui-Boto




######## Tremembe




######## Truka




######## Tukumanfed




######## Tumbalala




######## Tupinamba
######## Tupinikin




######## Tuxa




######## Tuxinawa




######## Umutina




         Uruguayan, Portuguese
######## Speaking




######## Wakona




######## Wasu
######## Xakriaba




######## Xipaia




######## Xiriana, Guaica




######## Xukuru




######## Xukuru-Kariri




######## Yabaana




######## Yakarawakta
######## Potawatomi




######## Bouye




######## Poyanawa




######## Prai




######## Prasuni




######## Pray




######## Principense
######## Kapsiki




######## Wedu




######## Puari




######## Pudtol Atta




######## Puelche




######## Puinave




######## Bukabukan
######## Fula Toro




######## Fulakunda




######## Tukulor




######## Pulabu




######## Fula Jalon




######## Puluwat




######## Puma
######## Yaruro




######## Punan Aput




######## Punan Bah-Biau




######## Punan Rejang




######## Batu Punan




######## Punan Merah




######## Punan Merap
######## Punan Tubu




######## Quechua, Puno




######## Punu




######## Puok




######## Puragi




######## Namau




######## Purepecha
######## Burig




######## Galleban




######## Purig-Pa




######## Purik




######## Purubora




######## Puram




######## Purum
######## West Marghi




######## Putoh




######## Utugwang




######## Han Chinese, Puxian




######## Pyuma




######## Poamei




######## Poapoa
######## Karen, Pwo Eastern




######## Karen, Pwo Northern




######## Karen, Pwo Western




######## Pyapun




######## Krumen, Pye




######## Trep




######## Pyen
######## Pyu




######## Laqua




######## Kanjobal, Eastern




######## Baining




######## Qashqai




######## Qawasqar




######## Dembiya
######## Falasha




######## Qimant




######## Zhuang, Qiubei




######## Quapaw




######## Quechan




######## Otomi, Northwestern




######## Mixe, Quetzaltepec
######## Queyu




######## Zapoteco, Quiavicuzas




######## Sipacapeno




         Zapoteco, Quioquitani y
######## Quieri




######## Chinanteco, Quiotepec




######## Rhade




######## Rahambuu
######## Rajah Kabungsuan Manobo




######## Kurtha




######## Raji




######## Rajong




######## Rakahanga-Manihiki




######## Indo Burman




######## Mag
######## Rakhine, Arakanese




######## Ralte




######## Rama




######## Duke of York Islander




######## Keriaka




######## Leboni, Rampi




######## Thakar
######## Tharu, Rana Thakur




######## Tamachhange Rai




######## Rangkas




######## Ranglong




######## Mirdas, Muslim




######## Rajbanshi




######## Rajbansi, Hindu
######## Rayeen, Hindu




######## Annaberg




######## Rao




######## Rapa




######## Easter Islander




######## Konua




######## Rapting
######## Lara'




######## Cook Islands Maori




######## Rasawa




######## Ratagnon




######## Ratahan




######## Pawaria, Hindu




######## Raute
######## Yerava




######## Rawa




######## Rawang




######## Janggali




######## Rawo




######## Zoque, Rayon




######## Razajerdi
######## Gelao, Red




######## Atwot




######## Rejang




######## Rejang Kayan




######## Bothar




######## Rembarunga




######## Rembong
######## Remontado Agta




######## Rempin




######## Millikin




######## Rendille




######## Rengao




######## Rennellese




######## Repanbitip
######## Rerau




######## Rerep




######## Bareshe




######## Resigaro




######## Retta




######## Bantu




######## Reunionese Creole
######## Riang




######## Riang-Lang




######## Riantana




######## Ribun




######## Rien




######## Rikbaktsa




######## Zapoteco, Rincon
######## Ringgou




######## Ririo




######## Ritarungo




######## Riung




######## Sango Riverian




######## Rogo




######## Rohingya
######## Roma




         San Marino, Sammarinese
######## Speaking




######## Romam




######## Jew, Romanian




######## Moldavian




######## Romanian




######## Gypsy, Serbian Rom
######## Grishun




######## Rhaeto-Romanian




######## Romblon




######## Romkun




######## Daffo-Butura




######## Ron




######## Shagawu
######## Ronga




######## Rongga




######## Roinji




######## Ron




######## Tae'




######## Roroia




######## Rotokas
######## Rotuman




######## Roviana




######## De'ang, Pale




######## Silver Palaung




######## Rudbari




######## Rufiji




######## Drukai
######## Ruruma




######## De'ang, Rumai




######## Rumai




######## Kairi




######## Hutu




######## Runga




######## Rungus Dusun
######## Rungwa




######## Buriat, Russia




######## American, Russian-Speaking




######## Chelkan




######## Even




######## Jew, Russian




######## Kumandin
######## Prussian




######## Romany, Russian




######## Russian




######## Tubalar




######## Ruthene




######## Rutul




######## Ruruli
######## Ruund




######## Meru, Rwo




######## Sa




######## Saa




######## Ulawa




######## Serer-Safen




######## Saam Rai
######## Saaroa




######## Saba




######## Bisaya




######## Malay, Sabah




######## Saban




######## Sabanes




######## Sabaot
######## Sabu




######## Sabum




######## Sacapulteco




######## Badaik




######## Bhogta




######## Chero




######## Chik, Hindu
######## Rautia




######## Samasi




######## Sitaria




######## Saek




######## Saep




######## Safaliba




######## Ampale
######## Safwa




######## Sagara




######## Sagalla




######## Saho




######## Sahu




######## Arab, Saidi




######## Lesser Antillean Creole
######## St Lucian, Creole-Speaking




######## Saiset




######## Aka




######## Sajau Basap




######## Sakam




######## Sakau




######## Sakata
######## Sake, Asake




######## Sakirabia




######## Sala




######## Salampasu




######## Salar




######## Liambata




######## Salas
         Quichua, Highland,
######## Tungurahua




######## Salchuq




######## Hatue




######## Saleman




######## Saliba




######## Saliba




######## Salt
######## Saluan, Coastal




######## Saluan, Kahimamahon




######## Saluma




######## Songum




######## Sama




######## Sirasira




######## Samarkena
######## Samba




######## Chamba Daka




######## Chamba Leko




######## Samberigi, Sau




######## Sau Enga




######## Ariaal Rendille




######## Chamus
######## El Molo




######## Samburu




######## Samei




######## Samo, Supei




######## Samoan




######## Samosa




######## Sampange Rai
######## Samre




######## Samtao




         Zapateco, San Agustin
######## Mixtepec




         Zapoteco, San Baltazar
######## Loxicha




######## Kuna, San Blas




######## Huave, San Dionisio del Mar




         Popoloca, San Felipe
######## Otlaltepec
         Huave, San Francisco del
######## Mar




         Matlatzinca, San Francisco
######## de los Ranchos




         Mazateco, San Jeronimo
######## Tecoatl




######## Popoloca, San Juan Atzingo




######## Mixteco, San Juan Colorado




######## Zapoteco, Jalieza




######## Zapoteco, San Juan Guelavia
######## Mixteco, San Juan Teita




         Popoloca, San Luis
######## Temalacayuca




         Popoloca, San Marcos
######## Tlalcoyalco




######## Trique, San Martin Itunyoso




######## Quechua, San Martin




######## Huave, San Mateo del Mar




         San Miguel Creole French
######## Speaking
######## Mixteco, Chalcatongo




######## Mixteco, San Miguel Piedras




         Amuzgo, San Pedro
######## Amuzgos




         Zapoteco, San Pedro
######## Quiatoni




######## Kongo, San Salvador




         Zapoteco, San Vicente
######## Coatlan




######## Sanaani, Northern Yemeni
######## Angaite




######## Sanapana




######## Sandawe




######## Sanga, Luba Garenganze




######## Bujiyel




######## Sanga




######## Sanggau
######## Sangil




######## Sangirese




######## Siau Sanginese




######## Tagulandang




######## Sangisari




######## Sanglechi




######## Central African
######## Sango




######## Sangtam




######## Masangu




######## Sangu, Sango




######## Asahei




######## Ati




######## Ayizi
######## Jiasou




######## Labapo




######## Long




######## Mengwu




######## Minglang




######## Sani




######## Xiqi
######## Sanio




######## Maranse




######## Sankaran




######## Sansi, Sikh




######## Sochi




######## Sansu




         Quechua, Pasco, Santa Ana
######## de Tusi
         Zapoteco, Santa Catarina
######## Albarradas




         Popoloca, Santa Ines
######## Ahuatempan




         Zapoteco, Santa Ines
######## Yatzechi




         Mixteco, Santa Lucia
######## Monteverde




######## Huave, Santa Maria del Mar




######## Nahuatl, Santa Maria La Alta




         Zapoteco, Santa Maria
######## Quiegolani
         Mixteco, Santa Maria
######## Zacatepec




######## Santal




######## Quichua, Santiago del Estero




######## Zapoteco, Santiago Xanica




######## Zapoteco, Albarradas




         Cakchiquel, Santo Domingo
######## Xenacoj




######## Kohoroxitari
######## Sanuma, Guaika




######## Kaingang, Sao Paulo




######## Sa'och




######## Crioulo, Gulf of Guinea




######## Mestizo, Saotomense




######## Saparua




######## Sape
######## Budo




######## Sapo




######## Saponi




######## Saposa




######## Sapuan




######## Sara Majingai-Ngama




######## Sara
######## Kaba Dunjo




######## Sara Kaba




######## Kaba Demi




######## Dana




######## Dendje




######## Kaba Na




######## Saramaccan
######## Sarangani Bilaan




######## Sarangani Manobo




######## Tajik, Sarikoli




######## Gurani, Sarli




######## Sarsi




######## But Monpa




######## Sarwa
######## Sarudu




######## Saruga




######## Sasak




######## Sasaru




######## Sassarese Sardinian




######## Satawalese




######## Satere, Mawe
######## Sauk




######## Patnulkaran




######## Sauri




######## Sauria Paharia




######## Sause




######## Sausi




######## Sau
######## Savo Islander




######## Sawai




######## Saweru




######## Sawuy




######## Sawila




######## Sawknah




######## Saxwe-Gbe
######## Saya




######## Popoluca, Sayula




######## Scots, Gaelic




######## Gullah




######## Kunda, Seba




######## Gurage, West




######## Seberuang
######## Sibop Kenyah




######## Sebuyau




######## Sechelt




######## Secoya




######## Sedang




######## Surubu




######## Sedoa
######## Samogho




######## Seeku




######## Segai




######## Segeju




######## Seget




######## Sefwi




######## Ninigo
######## Seit-Kaitetu




######## Sekani




######## Sekapan




######## Sekar




######## Tangbe




######## Seke




######## Seki
######## Seko Padang




######## Seko Tengah




######## Sekpele




######## Selaru




######## Selayar




######## Santrokofi




######## Selepet
######## Ostyak Samoyed




######## Selungai Murut




######## Selvasa




######## Semai




######## Semandang




######## Semaq Beri




######## Sembakung Murut
######## Semelai




######## Semimi




######## Semnam




######## Semnani




######## Sempan




######## Sena




######## Senufo, Senara
######## Senaya




######## Sene




######## Seneca




######## Sened




######## Tmagourt




######## Sengele




######## Senggi
######## Sengo




######## Sengseng




######## Sentani




######## Chin, Senthang




######## Sentinelese




######## Sepa




######## Tamilouw
######## Sepen




######## Sepik Iwam




######## Sera




######## Bakhri




######## Bhut




######## Gadra




######## Ghallu
######## Gidri




######## Khohanra




######## Southern Punjabi




######## Toba




######## Usta




######## Waiha




######## Gorani
######## Jew, Serbian Speaking




######## Montenegrin




######## Serb




######## Sere




######## Sereer




######## Seri




######## Serili
######## Serua




######## Serudung Murut




######## Serui-Laut




######## Seychellese Creole




######## Seta




######## Setaman




######## Seti
######## Settla




######## Ojibwa, Severn




######## Sewa Bay




######## Seze




######## Karen, S'gaw




######## Sha




######## Shabak
######## Shabo




######## Shahmirzadi




######## Shahrudi




######## Shal




######## Sonsogon




######## Shama




######## Shambala
######## Shan




######## Shan




######## Tai Sam




######## Tai Shan, Buddhist




######## Shanga




######## Jiarong, Shangzhai




######## Arara, Acre
######## Sharanahua




######## Shark Bay




######## Sharwa




######## Shatt




######## Shau




######## Shawnee




######## Jibbali
######## Shakacho, Mocha




######## Sheko




######## Shelta




######## Senufo, Shempire




######## Shendu




######## Shani




######## Sherbro
######## Sherduken




######## Srehde




######## Sherpa




######## Sheshi Kham




######## Shi




######## Shihuh




######## Gubi
######## Shilluk




######## Astori




######## Broq-Pa




######## Shina




######## Shipibol




######## Shixing




######## Soligar
######## Shom Pens




######## Karanga




######## Korekore




######## Shona




######## Zezuru




######## Bandawa-Minda




######## Jinleri, Shoo-Minda-Nyem
######## Shorian




######## Shoshoni




######## Shua (Hiechware)




######## Shua, Deti, Ganadi




######## Shuar




######## Subei




######## Subi
######## Shughni




######## Shumashti




######## Shuswap




######## Kuzamani




######## Shwai




######## De'ang, Shwe




######## Golden Palaung
######## Sialum




######## Siamou




######## Sian




######## Hakoa




######## Siane




######## Siang




######## Musan
######## Nagovisi




######## Siduan




######## Apu




######## Awu, Northern




######## Bai Yi




######## Doupo




######## Lipo, Western
######## Liude




######## Liwu




######## Mixisu




######## Muzi




######## Naisu




######## Naluo




######## Naru
######## Naruo




######## Nasu, Eastern




######## Nasu, Jinghong




######## Naza




######## Northern Yi




######## Nosu, Butuo




######## Nosu, Shengzha
######## Nosu, Tianba




######## Nosu, Yinuo




######## Suodi




######## Ta'er




######## Tagu




######## Talu




######## Italian, Sicilian
######## Senufo, Sicijuubi




######## Sadama




######## Erromangan




######## Zapoteco, Juarez, Sierra




######## Nahuatl, Sierra Negra




######## Sighu




######## Sihan
######## Quechua, Ancash, Sihuas




######## Sikkanese




######## Sikayana




######## Aikwakai




######## Sikiana




######## Bhotia, Sikkimese




######## Blackfoot
######## Sikhule




######## Sila




######## Mixteco, Silacayoapan




######## Sileibi




######## Silesian




######## Ngalik, South




######## Sokorok
######## Silopi




######## Gurage, East




######## Imilangu, Mdundulu




######## Makoma




######## Mwenyi




######## Simaa




######## Simba
######## Simbali




######## Simbari




######## Simbo




######## Simeku




######## Simeulue




######## Simte




######## Sinagen
######## Sinasina




######## Sinagoro




######## Ager




######## Bagdi, Muslim




######## Bania, Ulro




######## Bhatia, Muslim




######## Dahur, Muslim
######## Jew, Sindhi Speaking




######## Kasar, Muslim




######## Koli of Sind




######## Koli of Sind, Muslim




######## Lari




######## Sindhi




######## Sindhi Hindu
######## Sindhi Khaikheli




######## Sindhi Mohana




######## Sindhi Muslim




######## Sindhi Muslim 2




######## Sindhi Samon




######## Sindhi Satia




######## Talabda
######## Talavia




######## Sindhi Bhil




######## Mixteco, Sindihui




######## Sela




######## Singpho




######## Rodiya




######## Sinhalese
######## Mixteco, Sinicahua




######## Hmong Shuad




######## Sininkere




######## Sinsauru




######## Romany, Sinte




######## Sinyar




######## Sio
######## Macaguaje




######## Siona




######## Sipacapense




######## Eshira




######## Siri




######## Siriano




######## Siriono
######## Suroi




######## Sissala




######## Sisano




######## Sivandi




######## Motuna




######## Siwa




######## Akpafu
######## Siyin Chin




######## Skagit




######## Saami, Skolt




######## Tumawo




######## Gypsy, Slovak




######## Slovak




######## Slovene
######## Gha-Mu




######## Kanum, Smarky




######## Cali




######## So




######## So, Fo




######## Soko




######## So'a
######## Sobei




######## Chinanteco, Sochiapan




######## Soga




######## Soi




######## Bedanga




######## Sokoro




######## Yalna
######## Soli




######## Arawe




######## Solos




######## Som




######## Digil




######## Garreh




######## Gosha
######## Kore




######## Shabelle




######## Somali




######## Somali-Sab




######## Somrai




######## Somray




######## Kila
######## Sonde




######## Kalebwe, Eastern Kalebwe




######## Songye




######## Songomeno




######## Songora




######## Sonha




######## Sonia
######## Taga




######## Soninke




######## Sonsorol




######## Tepeth




######## Usino




######## Socotran




######## Sori-Harengan
######## Sorkhei




######## Ayta, Sorsogon




######## Kanum, Sota




######## Sou




######## Awyu, South




######## Afshari




######## Aynallu
######## Azeri, South




######## Baharlu




######## Moqaddam




######## Nafar




######## Pishagchi




######## Qajar




######## Qaragozlu
######## Shahseven




######## Quechua




######## Quechua, Northwest Jujuy




######## Langba




######## Ngbugu




######## Ngubu




######## Dinka, Central
######## Dinka, South Central




######## Southern Efate




######## Fali, South




######## South Fali




######## South Giziga




######## Arab, Israeli




######## Arab, Jordanian
######## Arab, Palestinian




######## Awlad Hassan




######## Bedouin, Gafsa




######## Jew, Arabic Speaking




######## Samaritan




######## South Marquesan




######## Muyu, South
######## Southern Ndebele




######## Nuaulu, South




######## Slavey, South




######## Omwunra-Tugura




######## Asheninka, South Ucayali




######## Dangal




######## Maralango
######## Watut, South




######## Wemale, South




######## Sinesip




######## Ambrym, Southeast




######## Babar, Southeast




######## Ijaw, Southeast




######## Pashayi, Southeast
######## Dinka, Southeastern




######## Zapoteco, Ixtlan Sureste




######## Mixteco, Nochixtlan Sureste




         Nahuatl, Southeastern
######## Puebla




######## Tarahumara, Sureste




######## Tepehuan, Sureste




######## Altai
######## Southern Amami-Oshima




######## Aymara, Southern




######## Baluchi, Southern




######## Med




######## Antaisaka




######## Betsimisaraka, South




######## Magahat
######## Birifor, Southern




######## Bobo Madare, Southern




######## Cakchiquel, Southern




######## Southern Carrier




######## Southern Catanduanes Bikol




         Quechua, Ancash,
######## Conchucos, Southe




######## Dagaaba
######## Dong, Southern




######## Sanqiao




######## Cree, Southern East




######## Galle Gurung




######## Grebo, Jabo




######## Grebo, Seaside




######## Miao, Guiyang South Central
######## Miao, Guiyang Southern




######## Aramo




######## Southern Hindko




######## Southern Kalinga




######## Kissi, Southern




######## Southern Kiwai




######## Kurd, Southern (Sorani)
######## Luri




######## Southern Lorung




######## Kelhuri




######## Luri, Southern




######## Mamasani




######## Southern Madi




######## Miao, Mashan Southern
######## Southern Mnong




######## Nago




######## Halo Te Su




######## Manduka




######## Nambiquara, Southern




######## Sarare




######## Ngwili
######## Nuna, Nunuma




######## One, Southern




######## Pashtun, Southern




######## Andoa




######## Quechua, Pastaza, Southern




######## Mixteco, Puebla Sur




######## Southern Puget Salish
######## Hmu, Southern




######## Bolozi




######## Qiang, Dajishan




######## Qiang, Heihu




######## Qiang, Jiaochang




######## Qiang, Longxi




######## Qiang, Mianchi
######## Qiang, Sanlong




######## Qiang, Taoping




######## Qiangyi




######## Rengma




######## Zapoteco, Rincon Sur




######## Southern Roglai




######## Sama, Southern
######## Southern Saami




######## Sanan, Kassoum/Kouy




######## Sanan, Toma




######## Southern Bikol Sorsogon




######## Sotho




######## Taung




######## Subanun, Lapuyan
######## Thai Islam, Southern




######## Thai, Southern




######## Thai, Tak Bai




######## Southern Tiwa




######## Tusyan, Southern




######## Mozhidei




######## Tutchone, Southern
         Uzbek, Southern (Afghan
######## Uzbek)




######## Southern Yukaghir




######## Gbaya, Southwest




######## Southwest Palawano




######## Pashayi, Southwest




######## Tana, Southwest




######## Dinka, Southwestern
######## Western Dinka, Rek




######## Fars, Southwestern




         Miao, Guiyang
######## Southwestern




######## Miao, Huishui Southwestern




######## Tamang, Southwestern




######## Tarahumara, Suroeste




######## Tepehuan, Suroeste
######## Mixteco, Tlaxiaco Suroeste




######## Sowa




######## Sowanda




######## Mazateco, Soyaltepec




######## Mixteco, Soyaltepec




######## Afro-Argentine




######## Afro-Bolivian
######## Afro-Dominican




######## Afro-Ecuadorian




######## Afro-Honduran




######## Afro-Paraguayan




######## Afro-Peruvian




######## Afro-Puerto Rican




######## Afro-Uruguayan
######## American, Spanish-Speaking




######## Amerindian




######## Amerindian, Detribalized




######## Amerindian, Detribalized




######## Andorran, Spanish-Speaking




######## Angosturas Tunebo




         Argentinian, Spanish-
######## Speaking
######## Asturian




######## Bare




######## Baure




######## Berber, Canary Islands




######## Bolivians, Spanish-Speaking




         Cakchiquel, Southwestern,
######## Acatenango




######## Canamomo
######## Cayubaba




######## Chibcha




######## Chicano




######## Chicomuceltec




######## Chilean, Spanish-Speaking




######## Chinocholo (Mulato)




######## Chorotega
         Colombian, Spanish-
######## Speaking




         Costa Rican, Spanish-
######## Speaking




######## Coyaima




######## Criollo




######## Cuban




######## Diaguita




######## Dominican White
         Dominican, Spanish-
######## Speaking




######## Dujo




         Ecuadorian, Spanish-
######## Speaking




######## Gibraltan, Spanish-Speaking




######## Gilbraltarian




######## Guanaca




         Guatemalan, Spanish-
######## Speaking
######## Half-Indian




         Han Chinese, Spanish-
######## Speaking




######## Honduran White




         Hondurans, Spanish-
######## Speaking




######## Injerto




######## Itene




######## Itza
######## Jew, Greek, Turkish




######## Jew, Spanish Speaking




######## Jora




######## Kamba




######## Kankuamo




######## Kunza




######## Latin American
######## Lenca




######## Marrano, Crypto-Jew




######## Matagalpa




######## Mestizo




######## Mestizo




######## Mestizo, Bolivian




######## Mestizo, Central American
######## Mestizo, Chilean




######## Mestizo, Costa Rican




######## Mestizo, El Salvadoran




######## Mestizo, Latin American




######## Mestizo, Mexican




######## Mestizo, Panamanian




######## Mestizo, South American
######## Mestizo, Spanish-Speaking




######## Mestizo, Venezuelan




######## Mexican Creole, Tirilone




######## Mexican, Spanish-Speaking




######## Mixteco, Itundujia




######## Mixteco, Penoles




         Mixteco, San Miguel el
######## Grande
######## Mixteco, Tacahua




######## Mixteco, Tidaa




######## Monimbo




######## Mulatto




######## Natagaimas




         Nicaraguan, Spanish-
######## Speaking




######## Pacabuy
         Panamanian, Spanish-
######## Speaking




         Paraguayan, Spanish-
######## Speaking




######## Paraujano




######## Pastos




######## Peruvian Black




######## Peruvian, Spanish-Speaking




######## Philipinos, Spanish-speaking
######## Piajao




######## Pipil




         Puerto Ricans, Spanish-
######## Speaking




######## Quichua, Mestizo




######## Quillacinga




######## Reyesano




         Salvadorians, Spanish-
######## Speaking
######## Spaniard




######## Subtiaba




######## Tacana




######## Totoro




         Uruguayan, Spanish-
######## Speaking




         Venezualan, Spanish-
######## Speaking




######## West Indian Mulatto
######## Yabarana




######## Yamana




######## Yanacona




######## Zambo




######## Zenu




######## Spokane




######## Squamish
######## Antilles Sranan Speaking




######## Surinamese Creole




######## African Bantu




######## Arab




######## Arab, Coast




######## Bangka




######## Belide
######## Belitung




######## Daya




######## Deli




######## Kikim




######## Malay, Malaysian




######## Melayu Riau




######## Penghulu
######## Riau Malay




######## Saamia




######## Stoney




######## Straits Salish




######## Inanwatan




######## Duranmin




######## Sinaki
######## Suau




######## Suba




######## Suba-Simbiti




######## Subia




######## Amri




######## Arab, Sudanese




######## Arabized Burun
######## Arabized Dilling




######## Arabized Kadaru




######## Arabized Kadugli




######## Arabized Karko




######## Arabized Mararit




######## Arabized Temein




######## Arabized Tira
######## Arabized Zaghawa




######## Batahin




######## Bederia




######## Berti




######## Dar Hamid




######## Dubasiyin




######## Fertit
######## Fezara




######## Gaaliin




######## Gawamaa




######## Guhayna




######## Habbania




######## Hamar




######## Hasania
######## Hawawir




######## Hemat, Baggara




######## Husseinat




######## Jew, Sudanese Speaking




######## Kababish




######## Kawahia




######## Kerarish
######## Kineenawi




######## Lahawin




######## Liri




######## Maalia




######## Manasir




######## Messiria




######## Rashaida
######## RizeiQat




######## Rubatab




######## Rufaa




######## Selim




######## Shaikia




######## Sherifi




######## Shukria
######## Tobanga




######## Tunjur




######## Yazeed




######## Arab, Mongallese




######## Turku Arab




######## Tagula




######## Suena
######## Suga




######## Suganga




######## Dusun, Sugut




######## Shui




######## Suki




######## Suku




######## Sukuma
######## Sukur




######## Sula




######## Sulka




######## Sulod




######## Suma




######## Latoma




######## Sumariup
######## Sumau




######## Sumbawa




######## Sumbwa




######## Sema




######## Banten




######## Sunda




######## Sunwar
######## Suoy




######## Senufo, Supyire




######## Tapshin




######## Sukurum




######## Surbakhal




######## Suri




######## Tirma
######## Surigaonon




######## Sursurunga




######## Suruwaha




######## Surui




######## Surui do Para




######## Baga Kaloum




######## Baga Koga
######## Baga Mboteni




######## Baga Sobane




######## Mandenyi




######## Soussou




######## Susu




######## Susu, Northern Bullom




######## Sua
######## Kunyi




######## Sundi




######## Suwawa




######## Suya




######## Tapayuna




######## Yaruma




######## Svanetian
######## Swabian




######## Bajun




######## Black African, generic




######## Jew, Swahili Speaking




######## Pemba




######## Shirazi




######## Swahili
######## Tumbato




######## Zanzibari




######## Cree, Swampy




######## Phuthi




######## Swazi




######## Dalecarlian




######## Finns, Swedish-Speaking
######## Jew, Swedish Speaking




######## Romany, Swedish




######## Skane




######## Swedish




######## German, Swiss




         Liechtensteiner, German-
######## Speaking




######## Senufo, Syenara
######## Dholi, Muslim




######## Sylhetti Bengali




######## Shila




######## Tabwa




######## Zapoteco, Tabaa




######## Tabaru




######## Chontal, Tabasco
######## Zoque, Tabasco




######## Tabasaran




######## Tepera




######## Andamanese




######## Waia




######## Tabriak




######## Shawiya
######## Berber, Drawa




######## Berber, Filala




######## Berber, Tekna




######## Shilha, Tachelhit




######## Belbali




######## Idaksahak




######## Tadyawan
######## Luwu




######## Toala




######## Tafi




######## Tagabawa Manobo




######## Tagakaulu Kalagan




######## Murut, Tagal




######## Filipino
######## Jew, Tagalog Speaking




######## Mestizo, Filipino




######## Mestizo, Filipino-Chinese




######## Berber, Wargla




######## Aborlan Tagbanwa




######## Tagbo




######## Tagdal
######## Tagish




######## Tagoy




######## Tukam




######## Senufo, Tagwana




######## Tuareg, Ajjer




######## Tuareg, Ifora




######## Tuareg, Tamastairt
######## Tahitian




######## Tahltan




######## Tai




######## Tai He




######## Tai Laan




######## Tai Daeng, Red Tai




######## Tai Dam
######## Tai Muei




######## Tay Jo




######## Tai Don, White Tai




######## Tai Kao




######## Tai Hang Tong




######## Hongjin Tai




######## Tai Hongjin
######## Tai Doi




######## Tai Long




######## Tai Maen




######## Tai Jua




######## Tai Mao




######## Tai Nua




######## Tai Pong
######## Tai Pao




######## Tai Man Thanh




######## Ya




######## Gapun




######## Taikat




######## Ivori




######## Uaripi
######## Dabida




######## Kasigau




######## Arabized Black




######## Ta'izzi, Southern Yemeni




######## Taje




######## Jew, Central Asian




######## Tajik
######## Tajikistani, Arab-Speaking




######## Tadjio




######## Tajuasohn




######## Takistani




######## Megiar




######## Takia




######## Takua
######## Mortlock Islander




######## Takwane




######## Tal




######## Tala




######## Talaud




######## Mange




######## Taliabo
######## Talieng




######## Bwisi




######## Talinga




######## Talise




######## Jomang




######## Taluki




######## Talondo
######## IlTalut




######## Talysh




######## Tama




######## Tamagario




######## Dayak, Taman




######## Tamiang




######## Taman
######## Berber, Gadames




######## Tuareg, Kidal




######## Mixteco, Tamazola




######## Tambas




######## Tambotalo




######## Dusun, Tambunan




######## Tami
######## Adaviar




######## Addapu Singa




######## Addock




######## Adi Dravida




######## Agamudaiyan




######## Alavan




######## Arwa Mala
######## Bania, Chetti




######## Bharathar




######## Ceylon Moor




######## Chackaravar




######## Chakkiliyan




######## Chayakkaran




######## Christian unspecified
######## Devendrakulathan




######## Eravallan




######## Hill Pulayan




######## Idayan




######## Indian Moor




######## Indian Tamil




######## Kadaiyan
######## Kaikolan




######## Kallan




######## Karnam




######## Karumpuram




######## Kepmaris




######## Koliyan




######## Krishnanvak
######## Kuda Korava




######## Kudeli




######## Kudumi




######## Kunnavan




######## Maha Malasar




######## Malai Vellala




######## Malasar
######## Malayali




######## Maniyattikkaran




######## Marakkan, Christian




######## Marakkan, Hindu




######## Marakkan, Muslim




######## Maravan




######## Melakkaran
######## Moniagar




######## Muslim of Sri Lanka




######## Muthuvan




######## Nadar




######## Nagartha




######## Nanjil Mudali




######## Narikoravar
######## Navithan




######## Oochan




######## Paliyan




######## Pallan




######## Palliyan




######## Palliyar




######## Pandaram
######## Panditattan




######## Panikkan




######## Panisavan




######## Pannadi




######## Paraiyan




######## Parala




######## Pattanavan
######## Pondicherry Catholic




######## Poraya




######## Puthirai Vannan




######## Rawther




######## Sahari




######## Samban




######## Sayankulam
######## Semman




######## Tamil Hindu




######## Tamil Muslim




######## Tamil, Sri Lankan




######## Thigala




######## Tholuva Naicker




######## Tiruvalluvar
######## Valaiyar




######## Valluvan




######## Vaniyan




######## Vannan




######## Vanniyan




######## Vathiriyan




######## Vellalan
######## Vellan Chettiar




         Vellayan Kuppam
######## Veluthonathunayar




######## Vettakkaran




######## Vettiyan




######## Yatagiri




######## Yavane




######## Taram
######## Taram, Temki




######## Citak, Tamnin




######## Tampias Lobu




######## Tampuan




######## Tamprusi




######## Tanacross




######## Tanahmerah
######## Tanaina




######## Tanapag




######## Tandia




######## Antandroy




######## Mahafaly




######## Tanalana




######## Tanima
######## Tangale




######## Tangchangya




######## Tanga




######## Tangu




######## Tangkhul




######## Tangko




######## Tangoa
######## Tanguat




######## Tanimbili




######## Tanimuca




######## Koro Funtu of Kafin Koro




######## Antanosimboahangy




######## Antanosy




######## Tapei
######## Tapiete




######## Tapirape




######## Tareng




######## Tariano




######## Berber, Rifi




######## Tarok




######## Truku
######## Tarpia




######## Tasawaq




######## Hawai Tangsa




######## Jugli Tangsa




######## Kemsing Tangsa




######## Korang Tangsa




######## Longchang Tangsa
######## Longphi Tangsa




######## Longri Tangsa




######## Longsang Tangsa




######## Moglum Tangsa




######## Mossang Tangsa




######## Roerah




######## Roerah Tangsa
######## Sangwal Tangsa




######## Sechu Tangsa




######## Simsa Tangsa




######## Sulung Bangni




######## Tikhak Tangsa




######## Tyolin Tangsa




######## Yongkuk Tangsa
######## Yougli Tangsa




######## Tasmate




######## Chatino, Tataltepec




######## Tatana




######## Tatar




######## Tatuyo




######## Tauade
######## Taulil-Butam




######## Taungyo




######## Taupota




######## Tause




######## Taushiro




######## Tausug




######## Tauya
######## Taveta




######## Tavoyan




######## Romany, Tattare




######## Tavara




######## Tuareg, Tamajaq




######## Tuareg, Udalan




######## Tawande
######## Tawang Monpa




######## Tawara




######## Dabra




######## Taworta




######## Tawoyan




######## Tawr Chin




######## Tay, Tho
######## Franco-Annamite




######## Tay Khang




######## Tay Sa Pa




######## Tay Tac




######## Tuareg, Air




######## Kaldosh




######## Berber, Tanznatit
######## Tiboli




######## Tchitchege




######## Tchumbuli




######## Teanu, Buma




######## Dogon, Tebul Ure




######## Totonaca, Tecpatalan




######## Teda
######## Tiddim Chin




######## Tee




######## Tenbo




######## Tefaro




######## Arabized Tagale




######## Togole




######## Tehit
######## Tehuelche




######## Zapoteco, Tejalapan




######## Aboo




######## Teke, South Central




######## Teke, Southern




######## Teke-Laali




######## Teke, Central
######## Teke, Northern




######## Teke, Western




######## Teke-Tyee




######## Tectiteco




######## Tela-Masbuar




######## Telefol




######## Adi Andhra
######## Adi Kshatriya




######## Anamuk




######## Arakala




######## Aray Mala




######## Arunthathiyar




######## Asili




######## Ayyarakam
######## Badthi




######## Bagata




######## Balasantoshi




######## Balija, Hindu




######## Balija, Muslim




######## Bandi




######## Bangti
######## Bania, Komti




######## Bania, Lingayat




######## Bania, Sikh




######## Bania, Trivarnika Vaisya




######## Bariki




######## Bazigar, Hindu




######## Bedar, Hindu
######## Bhampta




######## Bindla




######## Boya




######## Budabukkala




######## Butti Telaga




######## Byagara




######## Chachati
######## Chenchu




######## Chopemari




######## Chuppolu




######## Dakkal




######## Devadasi




######## Devanga




######## Dhobi
######## Domm




######## Dudekula




######## Durgamurgi




######## Ellamalawar




######## Gandia




######## Gandla




######## Ganga Reddi
######## Gangani




######## Godari




######## Gosangi, Hindu




######## Gosangi, Muslim




######## Gudala




######## Hill Reddi




######## Idiga
######## Irika




######## Jaggali




######## Jambuvulu




######## Janapath




######## Janappan




######## Jatikirtuli




######## Kaikala
######## Kalal, Hindu




######## Kamathi




######## Kammara




######## Kampa




######## Kapewar




######## Katri Rajulu




######## Kolupulvandlu
######## Konda Dhora




######## Konda Kapu




######## Konda Reddi




######## Korwa




######## Kummari




######## Lingader




######## Madasi Kuruva
######## Madiga




######## Madiga Christian




######## Madiga Dasu




######## Madiga, Muslim




######## Magadhi Goral




######## Majjula




######## Mala
######## Mala




######## Mala Chetti




######## Mala Christian




######## Mala Dasari




######## Mala Dasu




######## Mala Hannai




######## Mala Jangam
######## Mala Malasar




######## Mala Masti




######## Mala Pulayan




######## Mala Sale




######## Mala Sanyasi




######## Mala Urali




######## Mangala
######## Manna Dhora




######## Manne




######## Manula




######## Mashti




######## Matangi




######## Mellikallu




######## Mitha Ayyalvar
######## Mondiwaru




######## Mukha Dhora




######## Muli




######## Mundapotta




######## Munnur




######## Musti Chenchu




######## Muthrasi
######## Nagarulu




######## Nagavasulu




######## Naikadaya




######## Nandiwale




######## Navda




######## Nethagiri




######## Neyyala
######## Noliya




######## Ondipuli




######## Padigarajulu




######## Pagadai




######## Pagativeshagallu




######## Paidi




######## Pambada
######## Panchama




######## Panniandi




######## Patharwat




######## Perka




######## Perumal Makkukkaran




######## Pichakuntla




######## Rajannalu
######## Razu




######## Reddi Dhora




######## Reddiyar




######## Runjalavallu




######## Sadhana Surulu




######## Sakunapakshollu




######## Sapari
######## Sapati




######## Sarekari




######## Satani




######## Segidi




######## Senatal




######## Sharadakani




######## Sindhollu
######## Sishtakarnam




######## Telaga




######## Telugu




######## Thoti, Caste




######## Thoti, Tribe




######## Thottia Nayak




######## Tohala
######## Udupula




######## Urikkara Naicker




######## Vaddar, Hindu




######## Valmiki




######## Vanati




######## Velama




######## Viramushti
######## Viswakarma




######## Waggai




######## Yara




######## Yatla




######## Yedu Kulam




######## Yenadi




######## Yetla
######## Yite




######## Yuarulau




######## Teluti




######## Kotokoli




######## Tougourt




######## Nahuatl, Temascaltepec




######## Tembe
######## Tembo




######## Tembo, Motembo




######## Teme




######## Temain




######## Sonjo




######## Northern Sakai




######## Otomi, Temoaya
######## Temoq




######## Dusun Tempasuk




######## Temuan




######## Tayten




######## Yanghuang




######## Quichua, Lowland, Tena




######## Otomi, Tenango
######## Dogon, Tene Kan




######## Tenggarong Kutai




######## Tenggerese




######## Diahoi




######## Parintintin




######## Tenharim




######## Tenino
######## Tench




######## Tennet




######## Teop




######## Teor




######## Chinanteco, Tepetotutla




######## Cuicateco, Tepeuxila




######## Chinanteco, Tepinapa
######## Krumen, Tepo




######## Saami, Ter




######## Tera




######## Terepu




######## Buin




######## Terena




######## Teressa
######## Tereweng




######## Naso




######## Teribe




######## Terik




######## Rotinese




######## Ternate




######## Keiga Jirru
######## Tese




######## Bakedi




######## Mening




######## Teso




######## Tetela




######## Nahuatl, Tetelcingo




######## Tetum
######## Tetum




######## Te'un




######## Cuicateco, Teutila




######## Tewa




######## Tewa




######## Tewe




######## Otomi, Texcatepec
######## Popoluca, Texistepec




######## Zapoteco, Texmelucan




######## Mixteco, Tezoatlan




######## Tha




######## Kuki, Changsen




######## Kuki, Chongthir




######## Kuki, Kholhang
######## Kuki, Khongsai




######## Kuki, Lengthang




######## Kuki, Lnykin




######## Kuki, Singjit




######## Kuki, Sokte




######## Central Thai, Siamese




######## Han Chinese, Thai-Speaking
######## Jew, Thai Speaking




######## Lao Ti




######## Thai Islam, Central




######## Thai, Central




######## Thai, Khorat




######## Lao Song




######## Chimtan
######## Panchgaunle




######## Thakali




######## Thakali Marphali




######## Thakali Syangtan




######## Thami




######## Thao




######## Tharaka
######## Thaayoore




######## Thaypan




######## Thae




######## Tho




######## Thompson




######## Thu Lao




######## Thudam Bhotia
######## Thulunge Rai




######## Dhr Thuri




######## Aizi, Tiagbamrin




######## Malmariv




######## Tiang




######## Djanti




######## Bhotia, Buddhist
######## Bhotia, Buddhist Tibetan




######## Chhazang




######## Hkauri




######## Hsifan




######## Keji




######## Kham Zayu




######## Tibetan, Boyu
######## Tibetan, Central




######## Tibetan, Gtsang




######## Tibetan, Nghari




######## Tibetan, Zhongdian




######## Ticherong




######## Tikuna




######## Tidikelt Tamzight
######## Tidong




######## Tidore




######## Tiefo




######## Tiene




######## Bozo, Tieyaxo




######## Tifal




######## Omo
######## Mbembe, Tigon




######## Mensa




######## Tigre




######## Tigray-Tigrigna




######## Rotinese, Tii




######## Mixteco, Tijaltapec




######## Tikar
######## Tikopia




######## Otomi, Tilapa




######## Zapoteco, Tilquiapan




######## Tilung




######## Tima




######## Timbe




######## Banta
######## Koya




######## Sanda




######## Temne




######## Lower Murut, Bukau




######## Murut, Timogun




######## Sambal, Tina




######## Jo
######## Lahaula




######## Lahuli, Tinan




######## Piling




######## Tindin




######## Tingal




######## Ikalahan, Kalanguya




######## Vasui
######## Tira




######## Torona




######## Tirahi




######## Tiri




######## Tiruray




######## Tita




######## Titan
######## Tiv




######## Tiwa




######## Tiwi




######## Tepehua, Tlachichilco




######## Tlapaneco, Tlacoapa




######## Chinanteco, Tlacoatzintepec




######## Zapoteco, Tlacolulita
######## Mixe, Tlahuitoltepec




         Mixe, Tlahuitoltepec,
######## Oaxaca




######## Nahuatl, Tlamacazapa




######## Tlingit




######## To'ambaita




######## Toaripi




######## Toba
######## Toba-Maskoy




######## Yotafa




######## Tobelo




######## Tobian




######## Tobilang




######## Tobo




######## Assurini do Tocantins
######## Moro Hills (Tacho)




######## Toda




######## Todrah




######## Tofamna




######## Tofin-Gbe




######## Togbo




######## Oodham
######## Tojolabal




######## Bibasa




######## Detribalized




######## Neo-Melanesian Papuan




######## Tokano




######## Tokelauan




######## Toku-No-Shima
######## Tolpan




######## Tolaki, Asera




######## Tolaki, Konawe




######## Tolaki, Laiwui




######## Tolaki, Mekongga




######## Tolaki, Wiwirano




######## Tolomako
######## Toma




######## Tomadino




######## Tombelala




######## Linkabau




######## Tambanua




######## Tombulu Menadonese




######## Tomini
######## Dogon, Tomo Kan




######## Tumie




######## Tondanou




######## Tonga




######## Niuatoputapu




######## Tongan




######## Leya
######## Toka




######## Tonga




######## Tonga, Zambezi




######## Tongwe




######## Tonsawang




######## Tonsea




######## Tontemboa
######## Tooro




######## Topoiyo




######## Toposa




######## Tora




######## Toraja-Sa'dan




######## Torom




######## Torau
######## Finnish, Tornedalen




######## Turkwam




######## Dogon, Toro So




######## Dogon, Toro Tegu




######## Toromono




######## Torres Strait Islander




######## Torricelli
######## Turvali




######## Albanian, Tosk




######## Totela




######## Toli-Toli




######## Zapoteco, Totomachapan




######## Mixe, Totontepec




######## Mixe, Totontepec, Oaxaca
######## Baniata




######## Tura




######## Doura




######## Towei




######## Danish Traveller




######## Traveller, Norwegian




######## Scottish Traveller
######## Tregami




######## Trieng




######## Trimuris




######## Tring




######## Tringus




######## Trinidadian, Creole-Speaking




######## Trinitario
######## Trio




######## Trumai




######## Batsangui, Tsangi




######## Tsakhur




######## Tsakonian




######## Kotogut




######## Tsemai
######## Utsat




######## Tseku




######## Dirang Monpa




######## Monba, Cona




######## Sharchop




         Tsikimba, Auna-Agaraiwa
######## Kambari




######## Tsimane
######## Marofotsy




######## Tsimehety




######## Tsimshian




######## Ashingini




######## Gadi




######## Kamberri




######## Lotsu-Piri
######## Tsoa, Hiechware




######## MiTsogo, Tsogo




######## Tsonga




######## Tsou




######## Tsum




######## Tsun-Lao




######## Tsivadi
######## Terki




######## Tswa




######## Tswana




######## Tswana, Central




######## Tswana, Hurutshe




######## Tswana, Kgatla




######## Tswana, Kwena
######## Tswana, Malete




######## Tswana, Ngwaketse




######## Tswana, Ngwato




######## Tswana, Rolong




######## Tswana, Seleka




######## Tswana, Tawana




######## Tswana, Tlhaping
######## Tswana, Tlharu




######## Tswana, Tlokwa




######## Tswapong




######## Mongour




######## Tu




######## Tuamotuan




######## Arapaso
######## Miriti-Tapuia




######## Tukano




######## Tugen




######## Tugun




######## Tugutil




######## Kaledupa




######## Tukangbesi, North
######## Tukangbesi Utara




######## Tukangbesi, South




######## Betsinga




######## Tokode




######## Tula




######## Tulehu




######## Kamdang
######## Tulishi




######## Bakuda




######## Bathada




######## Chaliyan




######## Devadiga




######## Gatti




######## Godda
######## Hasalaru




######## Hasla, Hindu




######## Maila




######## Malaikudi




######## Malava




######## Maleru




######## Mavilan
######## Moger




######## Mundala




######## Nai, Sikh




######## Nalkadaya




######## Narsanna




######## Pale




######## Sudri
######## Tulu




######## Tulu-Bohuai




######## Irumu




######## Mawer




######## Tumak




######## Kanuri, Tumari




######## Senga
######## Tumbuka




######## Kitimi




######## Tumleo




######## Tumtum




######## Sisala, Tumulung




######## Berber, Mozabite




######## Nen
######## Lavongai




######## Tarunggare




######## Tunya




######## Arab, Tunisian




######## Bedouin, Sahel




######## Tunjung Dayak




######## Tunni
######## Duguza




######## Tuotomb




######## Tupari




######## Tuburi




######## Turaka




######## Turiwara




######## Turka
######## Turkana




######## Khalaj




######## Cypriot, Turkish




######## Gajal




######## Hemshinli




######## Millet




######## Romany, Turkish
######## Turk




######## Chagatai




######## Turkmen




         Turks and Caicos Creole
######## English Speakers




######## Turoyo




######## Tutung




######## Tutuba
######## Mixteco, Tututepec




######## Tututni




######## Tuvaluan




######## Tsaatan




######## Tuvinian




######## Kiangan Ifugao




######## Tuwari
######## Bowili




######## Tuyuka




######## Twendi




######## Atakat




######## Kachichere




######## Kafanchan




######## Kagoro
######## Katab




######## Sholio




######## Wogait




######## Tzeltal, Bachajon




######## Tzeltal, Oxchuc




######## Tzotzil, Chamula




######## Tzotzil, Chenalho
######## Tzotzil, Hixtan




         Tzotzil, San Andres
######## Larrainzar




######## Tzotzil, Venustiano Carranza




######## Tzotzil, Zinacantan




######## Tzutujil, Eastern




######## Tzutujil, Western




######## Puman
######## Timorese




######## Kwale




######## Ubaghara




######## Ubang




######## Ubi




######## Ubir




######## Asheninca Ucayali-Yurua
######## Uda




######## Udin




######## Udekhe




######## Udmurt




######## Uduk




######## Ufim




######## Ugele
######## Ugong




######## Uhami-Iyayu




######## Akto Turkmen




######## Keriya




######## Uyghur




######## Uyghur, Lop Nur




######## Uyghur, Taklimakan
######## Uyghur, Yutian




######## Uisai




######## Udjir




######## Ujir, Udjir




######## Ukaan




######## Benkonjo




######## Ukit
######## Ukpe-Bayobiri




######## Akpet-Ehom




######## Ukrainian




######## Ukue-Ehuen




######## Ukuriguma




######## Ukwa




######## Ukwuani-Aboh
######## Suain




######## Ulchi




######## Ulithian




######## Ulukwumi




######## Ulumanda




######## Uma




######## Western Kenyah
######## Umalung




######## Gwedena




######## Columbia River Sahaptin




######## Umbindhamu




######## Umbugarla




######## Umbundu




######## Kaugel
######## Umbuygamu




######## Ume Saami




######## Umeda




######## Umiray Dumagat




######## Umon




######## Umpila




######## Goliath
######## Delaware




######## Guaigun




######## Jiarong, Southern




######## Kuki, Taraor




######## Mel




######## Salao




######## Tibetan, Shanyan
######## Unde




######## Bali-Vitu




######## Uneme




######## Rabaul Creole German




######## Unua




######## Chehalis




######## Dani, Upper Grand Valley
######## Crioulo, Upper Guinea




######## Portuguese Creole




######## Dusun Segama




######## Kinabatangan, Upper




######## Sinabu




######## Upper Kuskokwim




######## Totonaca, Patla-Chicontla
######## Sorabe




######## Tanana, Upper




######## Upper Tanudan Kalinga




######## Ta'oih, Upper




######## Taromi, Upper




######## Ticanese




######## Uramat
######## Ura




######## Uradhi




######## Urak Lawoi'




######## Urapmin




######## Urarina




######## Urat




######## Abdul
######## Agaria, Muslim




######## Ansari




######## Arain, Hindu




######## Atari




######## Atishbaz




######## Badhai, Muslim




######## Badhi, Muslim
######## Baghban, Muslim




######## Bagwan, Muslim




######## Bahelia, Muslim




######## Balahar, Muslim




######## Balai, Muslim




######## Bandhamati, Muslim




######## Bangni
######## Bania, Muslim




######## Banjara, Muslim




######## Bansphor, Muslim




######## Barad, Muslim




######## Bari, Muslim




######## Baria, Muslim




######## Barutgar
######## Bazigar, Muslim




######## Bedar, Muslim




######## Bengali, Muslim




######## Bhand, Muslim




######## Bhangi, Muslim




######## Bharbhunja, Muslim




######## Bhat, Muslim
######## Bhathiara, Hindu




######## Bhathiara, Muslim




######## Bhisti




######## Bhoi, Muslim




######## Bisati




######## Borewale




######## Burara
######## Chadar




######## Chakketakare




######## Chamar, Muslim




######## Changar




######## Chapparband, Muslim




######## Chhalapdar




######## Chhimba, Muslim
######## Chhipa, Muslim




######## Chik, Muslim




######## Chungar




######## Dai




######## Daroga, Muslim




######## Darzi, Muslim




######## Deshwali, Hindu
######## Dharhi, Muslim




######## Dhobi, Muslim




######## Dhund




######## Dom, Muslim




######## Domal




######## Faqir




######## Gadaria, Muslim
######## Gaddi




######## Gandhi, Muslim




######## Gantisayebulu




######## Garoda, Muslim




######## Ghasi, Muslim




######## Ghirath, Muslim




######## Ghosi, Muslim
######## Gidhiya, Muslim




######## Gond, Muslim




######## Goriya, Muslim




######## Gosain, Muslim




######## Gujar, Muslim




######## Halalkhor, Muslim




######## Halwai, Muslim
######## Hammal




######## Harni




######## Jatigar




######## Jhojha




######## Jhojha, Hindu




######## Jhojha, Muslim




######## Jogi, Muslim
######## Kachera, Muslim




######## Kaghzi




######## Kahar, Muslim




######## Kalwar, Muslim




######## Kanai




######## Kanera




######## Kanjar, Muslim
######## Kankali




######## Karmali




######## Kayastha, Muslim




######## Khadim




######## Khangar, Muslim




######## Khati, Muslim




######## Khatik, Muslim
######## Khumra, Muslim




######## Kolowar




######## Konkanese




######## Kumhar, Muslim




######## Kunjra




######## Kurmi, Muslim




######## Labana, Muslim
######## Laheri, Muslim




######## Lakhera




######## Lodha, Muslim




######## Lohar, Muslim




######## Lunia, Muslim




######## Machhi, Hindu




######## Machhi, Muslim
######## Mahratta, Muslim




######## Mahtam, Muslim




######## Makh




######## Mali, Muslim




######## Manihar




######## Masku




######## Mawalud
######## Megh, Muslim




######## Meo, Muslim




######## Merat, Muslim




######## Mirasi, Muslim




######## Mochi, Muslim




######## Moghol




######## Momna
######## Muhajir




######## Mukeri, Muslim




######## Murao, Muslim




######## Nai, Muslim




######## Nalband




######## Namdagur




######## Nanbai
######## Nargir




######## Nat, Muslim




######## Pakhiwara




######## Pankhiya




######## Pasi, Muslim




######## Pawaria, Muslim




######## Pinjara
######## Putliwale




######## Qalaigar




######## Qalandar




######## Qarol




######## Qassab




######## Qazi




######## Quam-e-Punjab
######## Rajput, Muslim




######## Ramdasia, Muslim




######## Rangrez, Muslim




######## Rayeen, Muslim




######## Sahisia




######## Saini, Muslim




######## Saryara, Muslim
######## Saun




######## Sayyid




######## Sikligar, Muslim




######## Silpkar, Muslim




######## Sonar, Muslim




######## Sunnak




######## Taga, Muslim
######## Takari




######## Tamboli, Muslim




######## Tawaif, Muslim




######## Teli, Muslim




######## Thakuria




######## Thathera, Muslim




######## Tirgar, Muslim
######## Urdu




######## Vaddar, Muslim




######## Vyapari




######## Urhobo




######## Uri Vehees




######## Uriginau




######## Urim
######## Urimo




######## Yaugiba




######## Uripiv-Atchin




######## Uru




######## Uruangnirin




######## Urubu




######## Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau
######## Uru-Pa-In




######## Usakade




######## Usan




######## Usurufa




######## Ushojo




######## Chinanteco, Usila




######## Usku
######## Uspantec




######## Usui, Ushoi




######## Osum




######## Paiute, Southern




######## Utu




######## Uvbie




######## Usu
######## Arab, Uzbeki




######## Uzekwe




######## Vafsi




######## Kwanka




######## Bagdi, Wagdi




######## Vaghri, Muslim




######## Tavula
######## Vagala




######## Vai




######## Vaiphei




######## Vaiphui




######## Tana




######## Vale




######## Chinanteco, Valle Nacional
######## Valman




######## Valpei




######## Moaeke




######## Ndreme




######## Vangunu




######## Vanimo




######## Vano
######## Vanuma




######## Vao




######## Varese




######## Varli




######## Dogra, Muslim




######## Khosha




######## Vatrata
######## Veddah




######## Vehes




######## Maabas




######## Vemgo, Mabas




######## Lemba




######## Venda




######## Italian, Venetian
######## Venetian




######## Vengoo




######## Vepsian




######## Vidunda




######## Baviya




######## Vige, Viemo




######## Jing
######## Vietnamese




######## Vilela




######## Bavili




######## Villaviciosa Agta




######## Vinmavis




######## Vinza




         Tobagonian Creole English
######## Speakers
######## Vincentian, Creole-Speaking




######## Virgin Islanders




######## Vita




######## Vitou




######## Belgians, Fleming




######## Fleming




######## Romany, Kalderash
######## Romany, Lovari




######## Romany, Vlach




######## Kiballo




######## Vod




######## Vumbu




######## Vunapu




######## Vunjo
######## Mosin




######## Vute




######## Wanji




######## Ben




######## Va




######## Waama




######## Sanye
######## Wab




######## Wabo




######## Wabuda Kiwai




######## Wachi




######## Wadaginamb




######## Tharadari Koli




######## Wadiyara Koli
######## Kuwama




######## Wadjiginy




######## Wadjigu




######## Wae Rana




######## Waema




######## Waffa




######## Wagawaga
######## Bunkar




######## Damor




######## Nagda




######## Narsingpura




######## Wageman




######## Foran




######## Mataru
######## Kayan, Wahau




######## Kenyah, Wahau




######## Wahgi




######## Waigeli




######## Amber




######## Wailapa




######## Roro
######## Waima




######## Waima'a




######## Northern Barasano




######## Atruahi




######## Waioli




######## Katawian




######## Oyanpik
######## Wai-Wai




######## Waja




######## Watjari




######## Waka




######## Wakawaka




######## Wakde




######## Gagre
######## Guhjali, Wakhi




######## Langalanga




######## Walak




######## Wala




######## Wali




######## Arabized Wali




######## Waling
######## Walio




######## Northeast Sahaptin




######## Wallisian




######## Walmatjari




######## Dogon, Walo Kumbe




######## Walser




######## Olangchung Gola
######## Wamas




######## Gudandji




######## Wambaya




######## Wambon




######## Chaurasia




######## Konyagi




######## Wamin
######## Wampanoag




######## Laewomba




######## Wampur




######## Wan




######## Vanambre




######## Wanap




######## Khrodeng Bangni
######## Wancho




######## Wanda




######## Gamargu




######## Kirawa




######## Mandara




######## Wandamen




######## Bawandji
######## Wandji




######## Wane




######## Wanetsi




######## Wongaibon




######## Wanggamala




######## Wangganguru




######## Wanggom
######## Wanman




######## Abinsi




######## Wano




######## Bam




######## Wantoat




######## Yagawak




######## Wanukaka
######## Waorani




######## Wukari Jukun




######## Wase Jukun




######## Wapixana




######## Rouku




######## Wara




######## Warao
######## Waray




######## Waray-Waray




######## Wardaman




######## Warduji




######## Warembori




######## Wares




######## Waris
######## Weretai




######## Warji




######## Warkay-Bipim




######## Warlmanpa




######## Wailbri




######## Warluwara




######## Warnang
######## Werni




######## Waropen




######## Warrgamay




######## Waru




######## Warumungu




######## Waruna




######## Warungu
######## Wasa




######## Upper Chinook




######## Gusap




######## Waskia




######## Watakataui




######## Watam




######## Watubela
######## Waura




######## Wauyai




######## Wawa




######## Wawonii




######## Han Chinese, Waxiang




######## Oiampi




######## Oyampipuku
######## Guianese White




######## Wayana




######## Wayoro




######## Vayu




######## Guajiro




######## Wobe




######## Central Guere
######## Wedau




######## Weh




######## Wewewa




######## Welaung




######## Karangi




######## Weliki




######## Welsh
######## Welsh Gypsy




######## Weme-Gbe




######## Were




######## Weli




######## Kolana-Wersin




######## Duindui




######## Berawan, West
######## Banda




######## Gbi




######## Golo




######## Wojo




######## Azebu




######## Macha




######## Raya
######## Tulama




######## Wallega




######## Wallo




######## Yejju




######## Bajau, West Coast




######## Damar, West




######## Diodio
######## West Kewa




######## Lembata, West




######## Makian Barat




######## Masela, Central




######## Masela, West




######## Tarangan, West




######## West Uvean
######## Yugur, Saragh




######## Yimba, Limba




######## Apache, Western




######## Aranda, Western




######## Baluchi, Western




######## Guarani, Western Bolivian




######## Western Bukidnon Manobo
######## Cakchiquel, Western




######## Inuit, Western Canadian




######## Cham, Western




######## Champa




######## Dani, Western




######## Irani




######## Jew, Judeo-Persian
######## Mashadi




######## Qatar Persian




######## Nadroga




######## Nuclear Western Fiji




######## Frisian




######## Western Gurung




######## Chatino, Sierra Occidental
######## Chatino, Yaitepec




         Purepecha, Sierra
######## Occidental




######## Nahuatl, Huasteco Oeste




######## Mixteco, Juxtlahuaca Oeste




######## Mixteco, Mixtepec




######## Karaboro, Western




######## Chatong
######## Kuka




######## Kayah, Western




######## Western Keres Pueblo




######## Krahn, Western




######## Lawa




######## Western Lawa




######## Magar, Western
######## Kalanke




######## Maninka, Western




######## Mari, High




######## Miao, Mashan Western




######## Newange Rai




######## Maalula




######## West Aramaic
######## Fula




######## Fula, Jelgooji




######## Gurmanche Fulani




######## Western Fulani




######## Ojibwa, Western




######## Ahir, Muslim




######## Bahai
######## Daudpotra




######## Gujar




######## Jat, Muslim




######## Jhandir




######## Kajla




######## Kakuana




######## Kanchan, Muslim
######## Khattar




######## Madari




######## Maliar




######## Marija, Muslim




######## Pherera, Muslim




######## Pujari




######## Punjabi, Western
######## Santia, Muslim




######## Thori, Muslim




######## Wagha




######## Kham, Maikoti




######## Kham-Magar




######## Penan




######## Sisala, Western
######## Subanon, Western




######## Tamang, Western




######## Tawbuid, Western




######## Totonaca, Ozumatlan




######## Western Tunebo




######## Hmong, Western Xiangxi




######## Gbe, Western Xwla
######## Hwla




######## Jew, Yiddish, Western




######## Wetamut




######## Wewaw




######## Gelao, White




######## Lachi, White




######## Napuanmen Tannese
######## Mandi




######## Pilcomayo Mataco




######## Nocten Mataco




######## Vejoz Mataco




######## Wikalkan




######## Wik-Epa




######## Wik-Iiyanh
######## Wik-Keyangan




######## Wik-Meanha




######## Wik-Munkan




######## Wik-Ngathan




######## Wikngenchera




######## Wilawila




######## Kolsi
######## Gidra




######## Ume Lapp




######## Wiradhuri




######## Wirangu




######## Wiru




######## Wogamusin




######## Wogeo
######## Woi




######## Bodougouka




######## Odin Jula




######## Sienkoka




######## Toudougouka




######## Vandougouka




######## Wolane
######## Wodani




######## Wolaitta




######## Woleaian




######## Wolio




######## Lebou




######## Wolof




######## Wom
######## Wom




######## Wongo




######## Cree, Woods




######## Woria




######## Worodougou




######## Worora




######## Wotu
######## Waunana




######## Chinese, Wu




######## Han Chinese, Wenchow




######## Wudu




######## Wulna




######## Bomboko




######## Wumbvu
######## Wunai




######## Wunambal




######## Aling




######## Depo




######## Gepo, Eastern




######## Gese




######## Gouzou
######## Guopu




######## Lagou




######## Laka




######## Luowu




######## Nasu, Panxian




######## Nasu, Wusa




######## Neiso, Central
######## Neisu, Da Hei




######## Neisu, Xiao Hei




######## Nosu, Mangbu




######## Nosu, Shuixi




######## Sanie




######## Tushu




######## Wopu
######## Wumeng




######## Wushi, Babessi




######## Wusi




######## Wutung




######## Wutun




######## Wuvulu-Aua




######## Wuzlam
######## Khasonke




######## Zapoteco, Xadani




######## Hamta




######## Xamir




######## Zapoteco, Xanaguia




######## Xaracuu




######## Aragure
######## Xavante




######## Xerente




######## Xeta




######## Pondo




######## Tembu




######## Xhosa




######## Xiandao
######## Aoka




######## Han Chinese, Xiang




######## Miao, Lupanshui




######## Pingdi




######## Xibe




######## Xibe, Western




         Totonaca, Xicotepec de
######## Juarez
######## Xinca




######## Assurini do Xingu




######## Xipinawa




######## Griqua




######## Xiriâna




######## Gepo, Western




######## Lalu, Xinping
######## Lalu, Xuzhang




######## Lalu, Yangliu




######## Laluo, Jiantou




######## Laluo, Mishaba




######## Lami




######## Lawu




######## Limi
######## Luoluopo, Western




######## Pengzi




######## Suan




######## Tusa




######## Xiangtang




######## Xokleng




######## Xweda-Gbe
######## Xwela-Gbe




######## Yabem




######## Yaben




######## Yabong




######## Ekpari




######## Yaeyama




######## Yafi
######## Yagaria




######## Yagnob




######## Yagomi




######## Yagua




######## Yagwoia




######## Yahadian




######## Yahang
######## Bayaka Pygmy




######## Yaka




######## Yaka




######## Yakaikeke




######## Yakima




######## Yacan




######## Yakan
######## Yakha




######## Yakoma




######## Yakut




######## Yala




######## Jahalatane




######## Zapoteco, Yalalag




######## Nagatman
######## Yalunka




######## Yahgan




######## Yamap




######## Mbubem




######## Yambes




######## Yambetta




######## Jamden
######## Yami




######## Chitonajuas




######## Yaminawa




######## Yamna




######## Yamongeri




######## Yamphe




######## Yamphu Rai
         Quechua, Pasco-
######## Yanahuanca




######## Dogon, Yanda Dom




######## Yandruwandha




######## Amuesha




######## Dianbao




######## Zhuang, Yang




######## Yangben
######## Yangbye




######## Bayongho




######## Miyangho




######## Bashar




######## Yangman




######## Gbendere




######## Yangulam
######## Yangum Dey




######## Aiku




######## Yankunytjatjara




######## Jarnango




######## Yanomam, Waica




######## Yanomam, Guaharibo




######## Yansi
######## Yao




######## Asmat, Yaosakor




######## Yaure




######## Yapese




######## Yapunda




######## Yanyuwa




######## Yaqay
######## Yaqui




######## Yarawata




######## Yareba




######## Zapoteco, Yareni




######## Yari




######## Yarsun




######## Yasa
######## Zapoteco, Lachirioag




######## Zapoteco, Yatee




######## Zapoteco, Yatzachi




######## Yau




######## Yau




######## Yaul




######## Yauma
######## Yaur




######## Zapoteco, Yautepec




######## Quechua, Yauyos




######## Yava




######## Yawalapiti, Walapiti




######## Shanenawa




######## Yawanawa
######## Yawarawarga




######## Yabiyufa




######## Yabio




######## Yazgul




######## Totonaca, Yecuatla




######## Yey




######## Yekhee
######## Yekora




######## Yela




######## Rossel Islander




######## Yelmek




######## Yelogu




######## Bamileke-Tchang




######## Yem
######## Yandang




######## Yeniche




         Cakchiquel, Southwestern
######## Yepocapa




######## Yerakai




######## Yeretuar




######## Yerong




######## Koracha, Tribe
######## Nyeu




######## Yerukula




######## Yeskwa




######## Mayo-Yessan




######## Biksi




######## Yetfa




######## Yevanic
######## Yeye




######## Yidgha




######## Yidiny




######## Yil




######## Yimas




######## Chirr




######## Makwara
######## Tikhir




######## Yimchungra




######## Karen, Yinbaw




######## Yinchia




######## Yindjibarndi




######## Yindjilandji




######## Piro
######## Yinggarda




######## Karen, Yintale




######## Yir Yoront




######## Yis




######## Yiwom




######## Dida, Yocoboue




######## Yogad
######## Yoidik




######## Pauwi




######## Yoki




######## Mixteco, Yoloxochitl




######## Pila




######## Yombe




######## Yonaguni
######## Yong




######## Zhuang, Yongbei




######## Kati, Southern




######## Yonggom




######## Zanofil




######## Zhuang, Yongnan




######## Isan
######## Kewieng




######## Nokopo




######## Wandabong




######## Manu Park Panoan




######## Yoron




######## Egba




######## Yoruba
######## Yoruba, Ahori




######## Yoruba, Idassa




######## Yoruba, Owu




######## Yos




######## Mixteco, Yosondua




######## Zhuang, Youjiang




######## Jino
######## Younuo




######## Yoy




######## Nyua-Bonde




######## Maya, Chan Santa Cruz




######## Maya, Yucatan




######## Mixteco, Yucuane




######## Yucuna
######## Han Chinese, Dan




######## Han Chinese, Sino-Mauritian




######## Han Chinese, Yue




######## Ngai




######## Yuhup




######## Yukpa




######## Nyikuben
######## Yulu




######## Yuqui




######## Yuracare




######## Yuruti




######## Mixteco, Yutanduchi




######## Yuana




######## Zapoteco, Zaachila
######## Zabana




######## Chatino, Zacatepec




######## Nahuatl, Tenango




######## Nahuatl, Tlalitzlipa




######## Awlad Mana




######## Bideyat




######## Zaghawa
######## Zaiwa




######## Zan Gula




######## Zanaki




######## Azande




######## Gara




######## Zangskar




######## Zangwal
######## Zapoteco, Zaniza




######## Zaparo




######## Zaramo




######## Boto




######## Zakshi




######## Zari




######## Zerma
######## Zauzou




######## Zay




######## Karen, Zayein




######## Zayse




######## Zergulla




######## Zazao




######## Zeem
######## Dhimba




######## Kacha Naga




######## Naga




######## Zeliang




######## Latep




######## Zenag




######## Masna
######## Zenaga




######## Chatino, Zenzontepec




######## Zhaba




######## Zhoa




######## Zhuang




######## Ziya




######## Zigwa
######## Bagwa Zimakani




######## Zimba




######## Zinza




######## Sirhe




######## Zirenkel




######## Fali of Jilbu




######## Poturu
######## Zuoke




######## Zapoteco, Zoogocho




######## Parsee-Gabri




######## Zotung Chin




######## Zome




######## Zou




######## Gaduwa
######## Gemzek




######## Zulgo




######## Zulu




######## Zumaya




######## Jimbin




######## Zuni Pueblo




######## Yongchun
######## Zhuang, Zuojiang




######## Charumba




######## Zyphe
                                                     Memo




Deaf … general code for core deaf worldwide. ROP Geopolitical Index entries and corresponding population
estimates in ROP Supplemental Data are from CPPI




Okung … a people of Angola. South border with Namibia, surrounded by Lucazi (lch). Alt Names: !O!ung,
!O!kung (Ethnologue 16). Northern Khoisan. Nomads, hunter-gatherers. Animists (WCD).




Nusan … a people and language of Botswana. South Gantsi District, north Kgalagadi District, west Southern and
Kweneng districts. Also in Namibia. Alt Names: Ng|amani, Tsasi. Dialects: Auni (|Auni, |Auo), Kakia (Masarwa),
Ki|hazi, Ng|u||en (Nu||en, |U||en,




Handa, Tsexa … a people and language of Botswana. Northwest District, Khwai River, Mababe; near Khwe
(xuu). Alt Names: |Anda, Handá, Handa-Khwe, Handádam, Handakwe-Dam, Ts’exa, Ts’éxa. Traditional religion,
Christian (Ethnologue 16). Eastern Khoe Bushmen.




Gxana … a people and language of Botswana. Ghanzi District, New Xadi and Ghanzi, Ghanzi commercial farms,
Central Kalahari Game Reserve. Central District, Boteti Subdistrict, cattleposts south and west of Rakops; east
of Naro, north of |Gwi. Alt Names: Dx




Gwi … a people and language of Botswana. Kweneng District in Dutlwe, Serinane, Takotokwane, Kautwane,
Khekhenye, Letihakeng, Morwamosu, and Tsetseng; Ghanzi District in New Xade, East Hanahai, and Kacgae. Alt
Names: Dcui, Gcwi, G|wi, G|wikhwe, G!wikwe. Di




Hua … a people and language of Botswana. Southern Kalahari Desert, Kweneng District, southwest Mahalapye
Subdistrict, Sasi. Alt Names: ‡Hoa, ‡Hoã, ‡Hoan, ‡Hua-Owani, |Hû, |Hua. Dialects: ‡Hua, Sasi. Related to !Xóõ
(nmn). Ethnic population reported at 200
Kung Gobabis … a people and language of Namibia. Ovamboland Territory, Ekoka. Also in Botswana. Ghanzi
District in Grootelaagte, Kanagas, Ghanzi, and commercial farms. Alt Names: ‡Kx’au||’ei, ||Au||ei, ||X’au||’e,
Auen, Kaukau, Koko, Kung-Gobabis. Dialect




Aari … a people and language of Ethiopia, north central Omo region, south tip of Ethiopia plateau, near the
Hamer-Banna (amf). Alt Names: Aarai, Ara, Ari, Aro, Shankilla, Shankilligna, Shankillinya. Agriculturalists;
traders; cottage industries. Tradition




Assa … native to Tanzania, North, central Maasai Steppe, Landenai, Ndovu Okutu, Lolbeni villages … 'Assa' is
the name for the people … Alt Name: Aasa, Asa, Asak, Asax, Dorobo … Aasax (aas) is the language (Ethnologue
16).




Gabadi … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Central Province, north of Galley Reach. Alt Names:
Abadi, Kabadi. Abadi (kbt) used in primary education for first 3 years. Younger also use Tok Pisin (tpi) or English.
Latin script. Gabadi is the Motu n




Abaga … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Eastern Highlands Province, Goroka District. Ethnic
Population: 1,200 (1975 SIL). Also use Kamano (kbq) and Benabena (bef). Abaga (abg) nearly extinct
(Ethnologue 16).




Abai Sungai … a language of Malaysia (Sabah), lower reaches of Kinabatangan River. Distinct from other
Paitanic languages (Upper Kinabatangan (dmg), Tombonuo (txa). Fishermen (Ethnologue 16). Sabah Malay
(msi) is used as second language.




Abanyom … a people and language of Nigeria, Cross River state, Ikom LGA, Abangkang main village. Alt Names:
Abanyum, Befun, Bofon, Mbofon. 12,500 (1986) (Ethnologue 16).
Abau … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Sandaun Province. Green River District, Sepik and Green
rivers. Alt Name: Green River. 7,270 (2000 census) (Ethnologue 16). Former entries of this name in Indonesia
are an error from a source; Ethnologue s




Abaza … a language of Russian Federation (Europe), Karachay-Cherkess Republic. Also in Germany, Turkey
(Asia). Alt Names: Abazin, Abazintsy, Ashuwa. Language use more vigorous in the Russian Federation than
Turkey. About 95% speak it as L 1. Most also use




Abe … a people and language of Côte d'Ivoire, Southern Department, Agboville Subprefecture (except Krobou
Canton); Tiassale Subprefecture, Abbe Canton. 70 villages. 170,000 (1995 SIL). Alt Names: Abbe, Abbey, Abi.
Agriculturalists. Christian, traditional




Abidji … a people and language of Côte d'Ivoire, Abidjan Department, Sikensi Subprefecture (12 villages);
Dabou Subprefecture, a few villages. 50,500 (1993 SIL). Alt Names: Abiji. Also use French (fra), Jula (dyu),
Baoule (bci) or Adioukrou (adj). Literac
People now speak Mander. Nearly extinct.




Abkhaz … a people and language of Georgia, Abkhaz Republic, Black Sea coast. Also in Russian Federation
(Asia), Turkey (Asia), Ukraine. Alt Name: Abxazo. National language of Georgia. 94% speak it as L 1.
Agriculturalists; animal husbandry, forestry. 101,




Ba'ban … a people and language of Nigeria, Taraba state, Sardauna LGA, Abong town, south-east of Baissa.
1,000 (1973 SIL). Alt Names: Abon, Abo, Abong. The people are called 'Ba'ban' and the language is Abon (abo).




Adjora … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Madang and East Sepik provinces; between Ramu,
Sepik, and Angoram rivers; northwest of Madang. 22 villages. Alt Names: Abu, Adjoria, Azao. Primarily speak
Abu (ado). Also use Tok Pisin (tpi). Educated yo




Abua … a people and language of Nigeria, Rivers state, Degema and Ahoada LGAs. 25,000 (Faraclas 1989)
(Ethnologue 16). Christians (70%); Animists (30%) (WCD).




Abui … a people and language of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara). Lesser Sundas, Central and west Alor. Alt Names:
Barawahing, Barue, Namatalaki. Dialects: Atimelang, Kobola, Alakaman. Much dialect diversity. Alakaman may
be a dialect of Kamang (woi) (Woisika).
Abun … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua). Sorong Regency; Ayamaru, Sausapor, Moraid subdistricts;
North coast and interior of central Bird's Head, north and south of Tamberau ranges. About 20 villages. Alt
Names: A Nden, Karon, Manif, Yimbun. Dia




Abure … a people and language of Côte d'Ivoire. Southern Department, Bonoua Subprefecture; Grand Bassam
Subprefecture, Abidjan. Alt Names: Abonwa, Aboure, Abule, Akaplass. Dialects: Most similar to Anyin (any).
Also close to Baoula (bci), Nzema (nzi). Eth




10,000 monolinguals




People trilingual in Achagua, Spanish and Piapoco




Achang … a people and language of China, Yunnan Province, Dehong Dai-Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture and
Baoshan Prefecture, western Yunnan Province, along the Myanmar border, Longchuan, Liangge, and Luxi
counties; Baoshan Prefecture, Tengchong and Longling




Achang, Husa … a subset of the Achang people who live in the Husa District of Longchuan County in Yunnan
Province. These Achang claim to be descended from Chinese soldiers stationed in the region during the Ming
Dynasty (1368-1644). They differ from the l
"Guayaki" is considered derogatary




Acheron … a language of Sudan. North, Southern Kordofan Province, Moro Hills. Alt Names: Achurun, Asheron,
Aceron, Garme. Dialects: Eastern Acheron, Western Acheron. Also use Sudanese Arabic (apd). Latin script
(Ethnologue 16). A Nuba group -- no populati




1.6% of Indonesia population




10 speakers, Northeastern California
Fulbe, Fulani … a people and language of Cameroon. Widespread in Far North, North and Adamawa provinces.
Also in Chad, Nigeria, Sudan, United States. Alt Names: Adamawa Fulani, Biira, Boulbe, Domona, Dzemay,
Eastern Fulani, Foulfoulde, Ful, Fula, Fulbe, F




Gey … a people and language of Cameroon. North Province, Benoue Division, east of Pitoa. alt Names: Gewo,
Guere (Ethnologue 15). Gey (guv) language extinct. Language use shifted to Adamawa Fulfulde (fub).




Adang native to Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), Lesser Sundas, Northwest (Bird’s Head) Alor Island. Estimated
31,800 (2000) (Ethnologue 16).
The people are called 'Budama' or Dhopadhola' (people of Adhola). A people of Uganda: East, Tororo District.
Agriculturalists.




Abor is an Alt Name for Adi, a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). No separate entry for
"Abor" in POI.




Adi … a community of India, a scheduled tribe of Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol IV., pp. 10-19), East, West, and
Upper Siang districts, Upper Subansiri and Dibang Valley districts; Assam, north hills of Assam valley, between
Bhutan and the Buruli River. Also




Ashing is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled tribe of
Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., p. 11).




Bokar is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled tribe of
Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., pp. 11-12).
Bori is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled tribe of
Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., p. 12).




Karko is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled tribe of
Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., pp. 13-14).




Komkar is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled tribe of
Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., p. 14).




Milang is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled tribe of
Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., pp. 14-15).




Minyong is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled tribe of
Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., p. 15).




Padam is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled tribe of
Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., pp. 15-16).




Pailibo is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled tribe of
Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., p. 16).
Pangi is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled tribe of
Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., p. 17).




Pasi is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled tribe of
Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., pp. 17-18).




Ramo is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled tribe of
Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., p. 18).




Simong (Shimong) is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled
tribe of Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., pp. 18-19).




Tangam is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled tribe of
Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., p. 19).
Gallong (Galong) is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). No separate
entry for "Galong" in POI apart from "Adi, Gallong", a scheduled tribe of Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., pp. 12-
13). 112041 is possibly a DU




Luoba, Boga'er … is the language name in China for the Adi (adi) language of India. Luoba, Boga'er is found in
southeast Tibet, Lhunze and Mainling counties, south of Yaluzangjiang River, Luoyu area. 1,090 in China (1999
J. Ouyang). Alt Names: Abor, Adi,
Libo … a people of India, Arunachal Pradesh, West Siang District. Language is Adi (adi).




New from Omid, 7/20/01




Miguba … a people of China, southeastern Tibet, Motuo County, Damu village. The Miguba share linguistic
similarities with the Bogar and Yidu, two tribes combined by the Chinese to form the Lhoba minority. The few
other inhabitants in the vicinity, mostly




Minyong is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). No separate entry for
"Minyong" in POI apart from "Adi, Minyong", a scheduled tribe of Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., p. 15).
114477 is possibly a DUPLICATE of 11




Minyong is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled tribe of
Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., p. 15).
Padam is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). No separate entry for
"Padam" in POI apart from "Adi, Padam", a scheduled tribe of Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., pp. 15-16).
113278 is possibly a DUPLICATE of 111
Bilingual in English




Adonara native to Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), Adonara Island, east Solor Island, between Flores and Lembata.
Estimated 17,000 (2000) (Ethnologue 16).




Adyghe … a language of Russian Federation (Europe), Adygea Republic. Also in Australia, Egypt, France,
Germany, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Macedonia, Netherlands, Syria, Turkey (Asia), United States. Alt Names: Adygei,
Adygey, Circassian, Kiakh, Kjax, Lower Ci




Only 1 Ubykh speaker; people speak Adyghe
Azera … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Morobe Province, Markham District, upper Markham
Valley. Alt Names: Adzera, Acira, Atzera, Atsera. Primarily speak Adzera (adz). Also use Tok Pisin (tpi). Latin
script (Ethnologue 16).




Aeka … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Oro Province, Sohe District, Tamata Rural LLG. 3,400
(2007). Christian, traditional religion (Ethnologue 16). Alt Name: Aiga




Awin … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Western Province, Kiunga area. Alt Names: Aekyom,
Aiwin, Akium, West Awin. Dialects: North Awin, South Awin, East Awin. Latin script (Ethnologue 16).




Aer … a people and language of Pakistan. Lower Sindh, Jikrio Goth near Kunri around Deh, Hyderabad, and at
Jamesabad. Others reportedly migrated to India at Partition in 1947, living in the Kach Bhuj area in Gujarat.
Primary language is Aer (aeq). Also us




Afar … a people and language of Ethiopia. Eastern lowlands, Afar region. May be in Somalia. Also in Djibouti
(Red Sea Coast) and Eritrea (southern parts). Alt Names: 'Afar Af, Adal, Afaraf, "Danakil", "Denkel". Language is
related to Saho (ssy). Ethiopic
This is the Afrikaans form of the name Rehoboth, a town name




Only in South Africa. Speak Afrikaans.




Xegwi … a people of South Africa. Near Swaziland border. Also in Zambia. Original language was ||Xegwi (xeg).
That language is now extinct with the last known speaker dying in 1988. Language use has shifted to Afrikaans
(afr) (Ethnologue 16). Southern Kh




Native to North America (Texas Afro-Seminole and Mexico Afro-Seminole). Afro-Seminole Creole (afs) is
spoken by several hundred older people in Nacimiento de los Negros, Mexico and perhaps by a few in
Bracketville, Texas.




Agarabi … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Eastern Highlands Province, Kainantu District. Alt
Names: Agarabe, Bare. Swidden agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).
Aghu … a people of Indonesia (Papua), Merauke Regency, Jair subdistrict, south coast area, Digul River west of
Mandobo language. Alt Names: Djair, Dyair. Different from Aghu, Tharnggalu (ggr) of Australia. Sago gatherers;
fishermen. Christian, traditional




Aghul … a language of Russian Federation (Europe), Southeast Dagestan, Agulsky District, Kurakhsky District;
Moscow; Stavropol region. Also in Azerbaijan. Alt Names: Aghul-ch’al, Agul. Cyrillic script. Animal husbandry.




Agi … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Sandaun Province (Ethnologue 16).




Ago … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Western Province, Pahoturi River area, and south coast.
Alt Names: Dabu. Dialects: Ago, Ende, Kawam. One end of a dialect chain stretching to Idi (idi). Ende and
Kawam most similar to Ago. Distinct from, bu
Aguaruna (Aguahun, Aguajun)… a branch of the Jivaro people. They live in relatively dispersed communities
along the Maranon, Nieva, Cenepa, Santiago, and Mayo rivers, as well as their major tributaries, in the tropical
forests of northern Peru, especially




Bilingual in Fongbe.




Agusan Manobo … a tribal community of the Philippines, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Surigao del Sur,
Mindanao. Alt Names: Agusan. Dialects: Umayam, Adgawan, Surigao, Omayamnon. 83% intelligibility with
Dibabawon. Lexical similarity: 80% between the O




Manobo, Umayamnon … a tribal community of the Philippines. The Umayamnon live along the watershed of
Umayan River in Bukidnon Province. The Umayamnon are known to be proud and reserved people, firm in
their decisions and forest experts. They generally pos
Aheu … a people and language of Thailand, Thavung in Sakon Nakhon Province, Song Daw District, 3 villages;
Phon Soung live about 100 km south of the Thavung. Also in Laos, Pak Sane Province, Khamkeut District, near
Lak Sao. 750 in Thailand (Ferlus 1996).




Ashirat … a people of India. Gujarat and Maharashtra states. In Maharashtra: Dhulia, Jalgaon, Nandurbar, Nasik,
and Aurangabad districts. Alt Names: Ahirani, Ahiri. Primary language us Ahirani (ahr). Also use Hindi (hin) or
Marathi (mar). Hindu (Ethnologu




21 speakers; SC Alaska




Nandu-Tari … a people and language of Nigeria. Kaduna state, southwest of Fadan Karshe, Ankpong, Anfufalim,
Ngbok, Ankara, Banyeng, Ungwar Rimi villages. Alt Names: Indun, Nandu. Also use Hausa (hau) (Ethnologue
16).
Nyeng … a people of Nigeria. Kaduna state, Adu village. Formerly assigned to Nyeng (nfg) language, but that
code has been retired and merged into Ahwai (nfd). Alt Names: Hanyeng, Ningon. Also use Hausa (hau)
(Ethnologue 16).




Shakara … a people of Nigeria. Kaduna state. 13 villages. Formerly assigned to Shakara (nfk) language but that
code has been retired and merged into Ahwai (nfd). Alt Names: Isakara, Tari. Also use Hausa (hau) (Ethnologue
16).




Aighon … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. West New Britain Province, Gasmata and Mosa Rural
LLGs, Akolet and Avau inland, between Avio and Amgen rivers, to north side of Whiteman Range. Alt Names:
Aigon, Bao, Psohoh. Dialects: Bao (Do), Apsokok




Moewehafen … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. West New Britain Province, southwest coast and
inland, Aviklo Island near Kandrian, Ais, Asailo, Yumielo, Analo villages. 3,700 (1991 SIL). Alt Names: Aiklep,
Agerlep, Eklep, Kaul. Dialect subgroup w
Some include 109921 Teimurtash here




Umbrella listing for all Aimaq groups. Includes 100150, 100151, 100152, 100153, 100154 109921. Hanafi Sunni
Muslim. 5%-15% Literate




Some sources consider Teimurtash a smaller separate group from Timuri (Teimuri, Taimuru) in Iran




Aimele … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Southwest corner of Southern Highlands Province, Mt.
Bosavi area; Western Province, Lake Campbell area. Most moved to Western Province, Wawoi Falls area. Alt
Names: Kware (Ethnologue 16).
Ainbai … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Sandaun Province, Vanimo District, south of Bewani
station. 2 villages (Ethnologue 16).




Speak Uyghur as second language
Fa-c-Aka … a people and language of Sudan. North, Sillok (Silak) Hills, west of Berta-speaking (wti) people. Alt
Names: Jebel Silak, Jebels Sillok, Sillok, Aka. Also use Sudanese Arabic (apd) or Berta. Heavily Arabicized and
influenced by Berta (Ethnologu
general entry for Akan group individuals in other countries where not specified




Some sources seem to include this under Ashanit (Asante) or Fante




Akyem is a dialect of Akan (aka), a language of Ghana. Alt Name: Akyem Bosome.
Akaselem, Chamba … a people and language of Togo. Central region east of Sokode, Tchamba Prefecture. Alt
Names: Akasele, Cemba, Chamba, Kamba, Kasele, Tchamba. Muslim, traditional religion (Ethnologue 16). The
Chamba (Basari, Bassari, Basare, Kyamba, Tcha




Kanjobal, Western … a people and language of Guatemala. San Miguel Acatan. Also in Mexico, United States.
Alt Names: Akateko, Acatec, Acateco, Conob, San Miguel Acatan Kanjobal, Western Kanjobal, Western
Q'anjob'al (Ethnologue 16).




counted by some sources among the Ingariko (Pemon) in Brazil




Unrelated to Ake in Laos and China
Akha, Botche … a people of Laos, Luang Namtha Province, Sing and Long districts. Also in China, Yunnan
Province. The Botche Akha are one of twelve distinct tribes or ethnic groups of Akha in Laos. Each group has its
own ethnicity and self-identity, while




Akha, Chapo … a people of Laos, Luang Namtha Province, Long District. The Chapo Akha are a distinct tribe or
ethnic group of Akha inhabiting two villages in the Long District of Luang Namtha Province in norther Laos.
Some members of this tribe may still r




Akha, Eupa … a people of Laos, Phongsali Province, Boun-Tai District. The Eupa Akha are a distinct tribe or
ethnic group of Akha who migrated into Laos from southern China sometime during the past century (Asia
Harvest Profile).




Akha, Kophe … a people of Laos, Luang Namtha Province. The Kophe Akha are one of twelve distinct tribes or
ethnic groups of Akha in Laos. Each group has its own ethnicity and self-identity, while acknowledging a
relationship with other Akha groups (Asia H




Akha, Kopien … a people of Laos, Luang Namtha Province, Sing District. The Kopien Akha are one of twelve
distinct tribes or ethnic groups of Akha in Laos (Asia Harvest Profile).
Akha, Luma … a people of Laos, Phongsali Province, Boun-Tai District, along the Laos-Myanmar border, near
the Eupa Akha. The Luma Akha are one of twelve distinct tribes or ethnic groups of Akha in Laos (Asia Harvest
Profile).




Akha, Lylo … a people of Laos, Luang Namtha Province. The exact location of their villages within Luang Namtha
is uncertain. The Lylo Akha are one of twelve distinct tribes or ethnic groups of Akha in Laos (Asia Harvest
Profile).




Akha, Nuqui … a people of Laos, Phongsali Province, Phongsali, Boun-Nua and Boun-Tai districts. Nuqui Akha
are also found in China, Yunnan Province, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture (Asia Harvest Profile).




Akha, Nutchi … a people of Laos, Phongsali Province, juncture of Samphan, Boun-Tai and Boun-Nua districts.
Also in China, Yunnan Province. The Nutchi Akha are one of twelve distinct tribes or ethnic groups of Akha in
Laos (Asia Harvest Profile).




Akha, Oma … a people of Laos, Phongsali Province, Boun-Tai District. Also found in China. The Oma Akha are
one of twelve distinct tribes or ethnic groups of Akha in Laos (Asia Harvest Profile).




Akha, Pouly … a people of Laos, Phongsali, Luang Namtha, Oudomxai and Bokeo Provinces. Easily the largest
Akha group in Laos. Main concentration of Pouly Akha are found in the Long and Sing districts of Luang Namtha
Province and the Khoa and Samphan distr




Akha, Tchitcho … a people of Laos, Luang Namtha Province, border between Sing and Long districts. The
Tchitcho Akha are one of twelve distinct tribes or ethnic groups of Akha in Laos (Asia Harvest Profile).
Pala … a people of Laos, Phongsali province, Koua and Mai districts. According to Laurent Chazee, 4,000 Pala
people inhabit 26 villages in northern Laos. Fourteen Pala villages are located within the Mai District of
Phongsali Province, with an additional




about 100 in ethnic gp
Becoming bilingual in Trio
Allaaba … a people and language of Ethiopia. Rift Valley southwest of Lake Shala. Separated by a river from
Kambatta (ktb). Language is Alaba-K'abeena (alw). Alt Names: Alaba, Allaaba, Halaba. Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Kebena … one of two dialects of Alaba-K'abeena, a language of Ethiopia. Rift Valley southwest of Lake Shala.
Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




256 speakers; Near Livingston, SE Texas




Agta, Alabat Island native to the Philippines, Luzon, east of Quezon Province. 30 speakers (2000 S. Wurm) of
estimated 75 in ethnic group (Ethnologue 16).




6,000 monolinguals
Alagwa … a people and language of Tanzania. Dodoma region, Kondoa District. Alt Names: Alagwaise,
Alagwase, Alawa, Asi, Chasi, Kialagwa, Wasi. Their name for themselves is 'Alagwa'. Agriculturalists; animal
husbandry. Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Different from older reported language Alak 2, now included with Ngae 111242




Nearly extinct




Mixteco, Alcozauca … a people and language of Mexico, East Guerrero, near Metlatonoc. 14 villages. Ethnic
population: 10,000. 4,000 monolinguals. Dialects: Xochapa Mixtec, Patlacalancingo Mixtec (Ethnologue 16).
90 speakers on Arka Island




refers to the Algerian Arab; 83% of population




covers uncertain entities in sources but not clearly verified




May overlap with other more specific Berber entries with Arabic language
Tuareg, Asben … one of the Tuareg peoples of Niger. Central, Agadez area. The Tuareg are a nomadic people.




Kuraan … a people of Sudan. A partially islamized tribe. Alt Names: Saharan Bedouin. 80% Sunni Muslim.
Language is Algerian Saharan Arabic (aao). Culture is "other Sudanic" (WCD).




3,000 speakers




Nearly extinct
Not bilingual in Spanish




Alorese native to Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), Alor, West and south of Bird’s Head, north Ternate Island, pockets
along north Pantar, adjacent islands. Estimated 25,000 (Grimes, Therik, Grimes, Jacob 1997) (Ethnologue 16).
40% literate in English




Nearly extinct




Amahuaca … a people and language of Peru. Southeast Amazon Basin, scattered in Ucayali and Madre de Dios
states on the following rivers: Sepahua, Curiuja, Curanja, Upper Ucayali, Inuya, Mapuya, Purus, Aguaytia, Yurua,
Las Piedras. Also in Brazil. Amazonas
Amanab … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Sandaun Province, Amanab District. 4,420 (2003 SIL).
Swidden agriculturalists. Traditional religion, Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Integrated to Portuguese - culturally and lionguistically




May be extinct




Amarakaire (Mashco, Amaracaire) … a small Amerindian group who comprise part of the Harakmbet (Hate)
linguistic family that once occupied large stretches of land in the province of Paucartambo, department of
Cuzco, in eastern Peru, particularly in the Q'e
Languages of Sambal and Ayta group are similar; ethnicities may be referred to by either name in sources
not related to Ambo in Zambia




Only 3 language speakers




Nearly extinct; Speak Ambonese Malay, may be part of that group now.
Quechua, Ambo-Pasco (San Rafael-Huariaca Quechua) … one of many Quechua-speaking Amerindian groups of
Peru, Huánuco Department, Ambo Province, Huacar, San Francisco de Mosca, and San Rafael districts. Pasco
Department, Pasco Province, Chaupimarca, Huachón




Ambrak … native to Papua New Guinea, Sandaun Province, Nuku District. 290 (2000 census) (Ethnologue 16).




Ambulas … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. East Sepik Province, Maprik District. Alt Names:
Abelam, Abulas. Dialects: Maprik, Wingei, Wosera-Kamu, Wosera-Mamu. Swidden agriculturalists. Traditional
religion, Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Amdang … a language of Chad, Wadi Fira region, Biltine Departement, Biltine Sous-Prefecture, Mimi Goz and
Mimi Hadjer cantons north of Biltine; Batha region; Ouaddai region. 451,100 (2000). Alt Names: Andangti,
Biltine, Mima, Mime, Mimi, Mututu. Often con




Amdo, Hbrogpa … one of four dialects of Amdo Tibetan (adx), a language of China, Huangnan, Hainan, Haibei,
and Guoluo (Golog) Tibetan autonomous prefectures; Qinghai Province, Haixi Mongolian-Tibetan-Kazakh
Autonomous Prefecture; Gannan Tibetan Autonomous




Amdo, Ronga … one of four dialects of Amdo Tibetan (adx), a language of China, Huangnan, Hainan, Haibei, and
Guoluo (Golog) Tibetan autonomous prefectures; Qinghai Province, Haixi Mongolian-Tibetan-Kazakh
Autonomous Prefecture; Gannan Tibetan Autonomous P




Amdo, Rongmahbrogpa … one of four dialects of Amdo Tibetan (adx), a language of China, Huangnan, Hainan,
Haibei, and Guoluo (Golog) Tibetan autonomous prefectures; Qinghai Province, Haixi Mongolian-Tibetan-
Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture; Gannan Tibetan Auto
Amdo, Rtahu … one of four dialects of Amdo Tibetan (adx), a language of China, Huangnan, Hainan, Haibei, and
Guoluo (Golog) Tibetan autonomous prefectures; Qinghai Province, Haixi Mongolian-Tibetan-Kazakh
Autonomous Prefecture; Gannan Tibetan Autonomous P




a sub-group of Amdo included by most sources in 113985, 113986, 113987 or 113988 ("Amdo, …")




a sub-group of Amdo included by most sources in 113985, 113986, 113987 or 113988 ("Amdo, …")




Tebbu … a people of China, Gansu Province, villages in the Min Shan Mountains of Tewo and Zhugqu counties.
Original language is Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Unclassified (possibly Qiangic). Alt Names: Diebu, Tebbus,
Tewu, Tewo, Tewo Tibetans (Hattaway 200




a sub-group of Amdo included by most sources in 113985, 113986, 113987 or 113988 ("Amdo, …")
Amhara … a people and language of Ethiopia. North central, Amhara region; Addis Ababa. Also in Djibouti,
Egypt, Israel, Sweden, United States. Alt Names: Abyssinian, Amarigna, Amarinya, Ethiopian. Ethiopic script.
People have suffered from recent famines.




Weyto … a people of Ethiopia. Lake Tana region. Alt Names: Wayto, Weyt'o. Heart language formerly Weyto
(woy), but that language is now extinct. 93% of ethnic population speaks Amharic (amh). Hunters:
hippopotamus (Ethnologue 16).




Australia, not same as Ami (Amis) in China) -- Use Kriol as second language




Same people in Taiwan and Mainland
1,200 monolinguals




Dogon (102662) retired and 14 new "Dogon" entries created. Dogon, Ana Tinga … a people native to Mali,
Mopti region, Koro Circle, Diankabou District (Ethnologue 16).
7 active speakers of language, most bilingual and switching to Portuguese.
Anca … native to Nigeria, Taraba state, Sardauna LGA, Antere, Nca village. 300 (2006) (Ethnologue 16).




Nearly extinct
Abie … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Oro Province, Afore District, both sides of Owen Stanley
Range; Central Province, north from Ianu along Foasi and Domara creeks. Alt Names: Aneme Wake, Abia. Also
use Motu (meu) or Yareba (yrb). 650 (1990




Anfillo … a people and language of Ethiopia. Anfillo Forest, west of Dembi Dolo. Alt Names: Southern Mao.
Anfillo (myo) spoken by about half of ethnic group. Ethnic group members mainly speak Western Oromo (gaz)
(Ethnologue 16).




Angaatiha … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Morobe Province, Menyamya District. Alt Names:
Langimar, Angataha, Angaataha, Angaatiya. Latin script. People name is Angaatiya. Swidden agriculturalists
(Ethnologue 16).




East Angal … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Southern Highlands Province, Mendi area, north
into Mendi Valley, west into Lai Valley, east bank, west of Mt. Giluwe. Alt Names: Angal, Mendi. Swidden
agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).
Katinja … a people of Papua New Guinea, Enga Province, middle southern edge, beyond Kandep, round
Rumbiplaya. Christian (90%), Animists (10%). Language is Angal Heneng (akh) (WCD)




West Angal Heneng … a people of Papua New Guinea, Southern Highlands Province, center in Nembi Valley.
People Name: West Angal Heneng (Mendi). Christian (99%).
"Romanichal" -- difference from "English Gypsy" 102928 may be blurred in other countries if they speak English




Distinct ethnicity deriving form Freedmen "Foros"
Basila … a people and language of Benin, both sides of Togo-Benin border; south Aracora Province, Bassila
Subprefecture. Also in Togo, central region, Tchamba Prefecture. 33,600 in Benin (1992 census). 12,300 in Togo
(2002 SIL). Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Anjam … native to Papua New Guinea, Madang Province, Astrolabe Bay District. Alt Name: Bogadjim, Bogajim,
Bogati, Bom, Lalok. 2,020 (2003 SIL)
People generally speak Kriol




People generally speak Kriol




Antankarana … a subgroup of the Sakalava (108531) people of Madagascar, although their ethnic origins
involve Arabs and Betsimisaraka as well. Most of them live on the far northern tip of the island, from Cap
d'Ambre to the Sambirano River. They are prima
English National Language; Creole mother tongue




includes Antigua and Barbuda population




includes Creole speakers of Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, and Saint Kitts and Nevis




Anufo … a people and language of Ghana, northeast, Wawjayga area. Also in Benin, Togo. Alt Names: Chakosi,
Chokosi, Kyokosi, Tchokossi, Tiokossi. Large migration across the border. 'Anufo' is the name the people use for
themselves; 'Chokosi' is used by ot
subgrup of 100405, no longer a separate entry in the source




subgroup of 100405, no longer a separate entry in the source




subgroup of 100405, no longer a separate entry in the source




subgroup of 100405, no longer a separate entry in the source
subgroup of 100405, no longer a separate entry in the source




subgroup of 100405, no longer a separate entry in the source




subgroup of 100405, no longer a separate entry in the source




subgroup of 100405, no longer a separate entry in the source




Esuma language extinct. Now speak Anyin and Nzema.




subgroup of 100405, no longer a separate entry in the source
Apurina (Ipurina) … an Amerindian tribe of Arawak extraction living along the middle Purus River in the state of
Amazonas, Brazil. The Apurina were a riverine people, living off fish and such river animals as large turtles,
while also maintaining communal
Nearly extinct




150 speakers




may include Aasax in some sourcews
Arandan / Aranadan … a community of India, Kerala, Kozhihkode District, Ernad taluk; Palakkad District,
Malappuram District, Nilambur tahsil; Tamil Nadu, Karnataka. Alt Names: Aranadan, Aranatan, Eranadan. They
speak Aranadan (aaf) which is similar to Ma




Araona … native to Bolivia (Olson 1991) … a tiny Amerindian group from the Tacana linguistic family who live
between the Madre de Dios River and the Madidi River in the department of La Paz




1,038 speakers; Wind river Res. Wyoming




pop 1600; Eng mother tongue; few speak Arikara




Arawak … refers to the Locono (Lokono) groups, a sub-set of the larger Arawakan-speaking Amerindians of the
Greater Antilles and South America. "Locono" is a self-designation meaning "Arawak proper." These groups
today are confined to the coastal and geog
only in Greece; some sources also report Tosk or Gheg refugees in Greece -- see 100222




Eribori … a people and language of Ethiopia. Extreme southwest, Omo region, near Lake Stefanie. Language is
Arbore (arv). Alt Names: Arbora, Erbore, Irbore (Ethnologue 16).




Archin … a people and language of Russian Federation (Europe), Southern Dagestan, Arsha community upper
Risor River. 8 villages. Alt Names: Archi, Archintsy, Arshashdib, Archsel, Archib. One of the most divergent
Lezgian (Lezgic) languages. Muslim (Ethnol




Nearly extinct
Arem … a people and language of Vietnam. Quang Binh Province, Bo Trach District, Tan Trach, 1 or 2 families of
Thuong Trach. Also in Laos. West central, both sides of the Vietnam-Laos border, west of Phuc Trach. Part of
Chút official ethnic community, tog




Many monolinguals




Argobba … a people and language of Ethiopia. Northeast, Amhara, Oromiya and Afar regions; Rift Valley in
Yimlawo, Gusa, Shonke, Berehet, Khayr Amba, Melkajillo, Metehara, Shewa Robit, villages area. The 'purest'
Argobba is spoken in Shonke and T'allaha. A




Aro … a people and language of New Caledonia, Poya, Cradji, Nekliai villages. 62 (1996 census), decreasing. Alt
Name: Arho. Also use Ajie (aji). Different from 100424 Ara (Ethnologue 16).




A people of Colombia, southern slopes of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Alt Name: Aruaco, Bintucua, Bintuk,
Bintukua, Ica, Ijca, Ijka, Ika, Ike. Not related to Ica 103941 in Benin and Togo, erroneously reported by one
source
Ari … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Western Province, Aramia River area, Ari and Serea villages.
50 (2000 S. Wurm). Also use Gogodala (ggw) (Ethnologue 16). Not related to Aari people as in Ethiopia.




Language almost extinct. Integrated into Brazilian culture.




Lugbara … an ethnic group living in southern Sudan, northwestern Uganda, and northeastern Democratic
Republic of the Congo. The occupy the treeless plateau highlands between the Congo River and the Nile (Olson
1996, pp. 346-347). Within the Lugbara there
Arosi … a people and language of Solomon Islands. Northwest Makira (San Cristobal) Island. Dialects: Wango,
Arosi. Many dialects (Ethnologue 16).
Amerindians who live in the state of Rondonia, Brazil, at the headwaters of the southern tributaries of the Ji-
Parana River.




5 speakers in Venezuela




Younger people assimilating to Greek culture
Ashaninca … an Arawakan-speaking tribe of Amerindians in Peru, Apurimac, Ene, Perene, Tambo rivers and
tributaries. Alt Names: Ashaninca, Campa. Language is similar to Asheninka varieties, Caquinte (cot) and
Machiguenga (mcb). Swidden agriculturists: mani




Ashe … native to Nigeria, Kaduna state, Kachia LGA. 35,000 (Barrett 1972). Alt Name: Ache, Ala, Koro Makama,
Koron Ache, Koron Ala (Ethnologue 16).
Ashkuni … a people and language of Afghanistan, Kunar Province, northwest of Asadabad, Pech Valley around
Wama. Alt Names: Ashkund, Ashkuni, Wamais, Wamayi. 1,200 (2000). Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Speakers are bilingual in Farsi.
Assamese … a linguistic group of India, Assam; West Bengal, Meghalaya; Arunachal Pradesh. Also in
Bangladesh, Bhutan, United States. 16,700,000 in India (2000). Population total all countries: 16,818,750. Alt
Names: Asambe, Asami, Asamiya (Ethnologue 16).




Entity does not appear in many sources; int'l news references seem to indicate a separate ethnic entity
Dowaniya … a community of India, Assam, Sibsagar district. The Dowaniya live in the plains. Singpho (sgp),
which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman family of languages, is their mother tongue. They speak Assamese (asm)
and Hindi (hin) languages as well and use
Man … a scheduled tribe of India, The word 'man' literally means a Burmese migrant. They inhabit six villages of
the Dadengiri subdivision of West Garo Hills district of Meghalaya and the Tinsukia subdivision of the Dibrugarh
district of Assam. As a resul
Mon … a people of India, Assam, Tinsukia District. Alt Name: Tai Man. Assamese (asm). Buddhist (OMID).




Mukhi … a community of India. The Mukhi are distributed in the Kamrup and Goalpara districts in Assam. They
live with other castes, like the Ganak, Kalita, Keot, KIoch and Saloi. Their mother tongue is Assamese (asm) and
they also speak Hindi (hin) and Be
Erenga … one of the Tama-speaking peoples of Sudan and Chad. They live on the Sudanese side of the border
and are closely, even intimately related to the Asungor (109609) who live across the border in Chad. The
Erenga population today is approximately 35,




Sungor (Asungor) … one of the Tama-speaking peoples of Sudan and Chad. They live on the Chad side of the
border and are closely, even intimately, related to the Erenga who live across the border in Sudan. The Asungor
poplulation today is approximately 60,




150 speakers
Awyu, Asue … a people of Indonesia (Papua), south coast area, southwest of Wildeman River, east of Kampong
River, inland from Pirimapun. Alt Names: Miaro, Miaro Awyu, Pisa. Similar to Edera Awyu (awy), South Awyu
(aws). Distinct from Central Awyu (awu), J




About 2500 in ethnic group. 100 speak Zapotec, the rest have Spanish as mother tongue
Ethnologue lang name




Nearly extinct




1,300 monolinguals




Athpariya … a people and language of Nepal, Kosi zone, Dhankuta District, north of the Tamur, between the
Dhankutakhola in the west and the Tangkhuwa in the east; Dhankuta and Bhirgaon panchayats. 2,000 (1995 K.
Ebert), decreasing. A sub-group of the Rai
About 50% bilingual in Indnesian, Sawi, or Kaygir




lang extinct; Northeastern California




About 50 fluent speakers. All bilingual in Spanish
Ndyukia … a people of Suriname. Near Brokopondo, east along Marowijne and Tapanahony rivers, northeast
along Cottica River. Aluku are along French Guiana border; Paramaccan in northeast Suriname. Also in French
Guiana. Alt Names: Aukan, Aukaans, "Djoeka",
Culturally isolated. Semi-nomadic.




Avar … a people and language of Russian Federation (Europe). Western Dagestan; Terek and Sulak river areas.
Also in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkey (Asia). Alt Names: Avaro, Bolmac, Khundzuri, Maarul Dagestani. Sunni
Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Avikam … a people and language of Côte d'Ivoire, Southern Department, Grand Lahou coastal plain area,
Avikam Canton. 21,000 (1993 SIL). Alt Names: Avekom, Brignan, Birnya, Gbanda, Kwakwa, Lahu. Christian,
Muslim, traditional religion (Ethnologue 16).
Kachhi, Muslim … a community of India, distributed in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. They
speak Urdu (urd).




Kuta … a community of India. Uttar Pradesh. Alt Names: Kutamali, Dhankuta. The Kuta are a small caste found
only in Bijnor, Moradabad, Gorakhpur and Bahraich and whose traditional occpuation is husking rice. Presently,
they are distributed in the Bahraich
Awbono … an indigenous people of Indonesia (Papua), Modera River, south of Kopkaka (opk) and northwest of
Korowai (khe). Alt Name: Kvolyab.




Boni … one of the few non-Somali peoples living today in Somalia. They can also be found in Kenya, primarily
between Lamu and the Somali border. Along with the Rendilles, they have been called a "Sam-speaking"
people by some linguists. They originated in
Awjilah … a people and language of Libya. East, Cyrenaica. Alt Names: Aoudjila, Augila, Aujila. Sunni Muslim
(Ethnologue 16).




Kunfel … a dialect of Awngi (awn), a language of Ethiopia. Amhara region, southwest of Lake Tana, scattered in
Agew Midir and Metekel. Alt Names: Kunfal, Kumfel. Ethiopic script. Agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16). MANI
Data Review of Africa recommends DEL




Southern Agau … a people and language of Ethiopia. Amhara region, southwest of Lake Tana, scattered in Agew
Midir and Metekel. Alt Names: Agau, Agaw, Agew, Agow, Awawar, Awi, Awiya, Damot, Kwollanyoch. Ethiopic
script. Agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).




Kamnum … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Sandaun Province. Alt Names: Awtuw, Autu. Sago
gatherers (Ethnologue 16).




Awun … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Sandaun Province, east of Namia, Yakeltim village. Alt
Names: Awon (Ethnologue 16).
Nearly extinct
2,800 monolinguals




Nu Nationality




Ayi … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Southeast corner of Sandaun Province, Wan Wan Division.
3 villages. 430 (2000 census). Similar to Pasi (psq). Men also use Tok Pisin (tpi). Agriculturalists; fishermen.
Traditional religion (Ethnologue 16).




Reef Islander … a people of Solomon Islands, Santa Cruz Islands, eastern Solomons, Temotu Province, primarily
Lomlom sland; Fenualoa, Nibanga Nede, and Nibanga Temaa islands, many villages scattered along the north
coast of Santa Cruz, and Honiara (Ethnol
9 monolinguals




3,000 monolinguals




682 speakers
Baba Chinese Creole … a people of Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. Babas, anglicized Chinese Malays,
mainly in Malacca. Most speak Penang Hokkien. Chinese folk-religionists / Buddhists 90% (WCD). different
entity and language from 114956 Chinese Perana




Babalia … a small subgroup of the Bulalas (101440) who live north of Ndjamena in Chad. Their historic center
was the now-ruined city of Dal. At the present time, the Babalia have adopted Arabic (bbz) as their native
language (Olson 1996). Original languag
Trade Language




1,600 speakers




Babusa … an indigenous people of Taiwan, west central coast and inland, Tatu and Choshui rivers and beyond.
Alt Names: Babusa, Favorlang, Favorlangsch, Jaborlang, Poavosa. Ethnic Population: 35 (Ethnologue 16).
Existence unconfirmed. The Torwali say they speak Ushojo, and the Ushojo say they speak Torwali. May be a
family name of people who came from Badakhshan.
Badyara … a small ethnic group living along both sides of the border between Guinea and Senegal. Alt Names:
Badyaran, Badyaranke, Bajaranke, Badiaranke. Ethnographers traditionally classify them as one of the Tenda
groups, which also includes the neighbor
Bafia, Bekpak … a people and language of Cameroon. Center Province, Mbam and Inoubou Division, Bafia
Subdivision. Alt Names: Bekpak, Rikpa, Rikpa', Ripey. Refer to their language as 'Rikpa' and to themselves as
'Bekpak' (Ethnologue 16).




Pukur, Baga Binari … a people and language of Guinea. Boke region, coast east of Nunez River. Language name
is Baga Binari (bcg). Alt Names: Baka, Binari, Kalum Mborin. Muslim, traditional religion (Ethnologue 16).
People name is Pukur (Guinea National Re




Source is Guinea National Research Network




Source is Guinea National Research Network
Barma … a people and language of Chad. West, Chari Baguirmi Prefecture. 2 groups: Massénya Subprefecture,
Massénya area; Bousso Subprefecture, Bousso area. Gol are at Massénya; Kibar east of Massénya; Bangri west
of Massénya and along Chari River between




Fulbe, Bagirmi … a people and language of Chad. Chari-Baguirmi region, Baguirmi Department, Massénya
Subprefecture; Hadjer Lamis region, Dababa Department, Bokoro Subprefecture, between Bokoro and
Massénya. Also in Central African Republic. Bagirmi Fulful
Kvanadin … a people and language of Russian Federation (Europe). Southern Dagestan. Alt Names: Bagvalal,
Bagulal, Bagvalin, Bagwalal, Barbalin, Kvanada, Kvanadin. Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Yunnan Province, Wenshan Zhuang-Miao Autonomous Prefecture, northern Guangnan County, Dixu District,
Yanglian village; Bada District, Anshe village




Bahamians of indeterminate African descent, typically West African. Also referred to as Mulatto. Language is
Bahamas Creole English (bah). Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Arab, Bahraini … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in
Bahrain. Gulf Spoken Arab used as Second Language. Primary language is Baharna Arabic (abv), also referred to
as Bahraini Shi'ite Arabic (Ethnolog
50%-75% literate




Bari … a people and language of Sudan. South, Western district, Wau-Deim Zubeir road, west of Sere. Some
north of Tembura. 2 vilalges. Alt Names: Bari (Ethnologue 16).




Baikeno … native to East Timor, Oekusi enclave separated from the rest of East Timor. Baikeno (bkx) is
language name. People in other parts of East Timor refer to this people group as Oekusi. Locals object to this
usage (Ethnologue 16).




In Tibetan Nationality
Native to Senegal, north of Casamance River in triangle formed by Bignona, Tobor, and Niamone, north of
Ziguinchor, across Casamance River. Niamone, Gunyaamolo area; Tobot, Gujaaxet area. Also in Gambia. Alt
Names: Bagnoun, Bainuk, Banhum, Banyuk, Banyum,




Bainouk-Samik … native to Senegal, Casamance River south side, mainly in Samik area, about 20 km east of
Ziguinchor; scattered villages north and east of Samik. 1,850 (2006) (Ethnologue 16).




Baiso … a people and language of Ethiopia. Halfway between Soddo and Arba Minch, Merab Abaya area, Alge
village; Gidicho Island, Baiso and Shigima villages; Welege Island on Lake Abaya, and west shore. Alt Names:
Alkali, Bayso. Youth have better proficien




Barbadian, Bajan … native to Barbados. Language also known as Barbadian Creole English (Ethnologue 16).
Baka Pygmy … a people of Cameroon. Scattered in southeast East Province: Boumba and Ngoko, Kadey, and
Upper Nyong divisions; South Province, Dja and Lobo divisions. Also in Gabon. The Baka, being Pygmies, are
held in low esteem by the Bantus. Semi-nomadic




Tara Baka … a people of Sudan. South, Western Equatoria Province, south and west of Maridi, northwest of Yei.
Also in Democratic Republic of the Congo. Different from, and unrelated to, 100811 Baka Pygmy of Cameroon
and Gabon (Ethnologue 16).
Bakwe … a people and language of Côte d'Ivoire, Southern and West Central departments, Sassandra, Soubre,
San Pedro prefectures. 10,300 (1993 SIL). Christian, Muslim, traditional religion (Ethnologue 16).




Northern Sinama … a people and language of the Philippines. Western Mindanao, Sulu Archipelago northeast
of Jolo, islands and coastal areas of Zamboanga coast peninsula and Basilan Island. Possibly on Luzon and
Palawan. Also in Malaysia (Sabah). Alt Names
Source is Guinea National Research Network




Baali … a people and language of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Orientale Province, Tshopo District,
Bafwasende Territory, Tshopo River south to Ituri River north, and Ituri River north bank. 42,000 (1987 UBS). 5-
10% monolingual. Alt Names: Dhibali, Ki
Ibaali … a people and language of Nigeria, Adamawa state, Numan LGA, at Bali, 30 km from Numan on Jalingo
road. 2,000 (1991 R. Blench). Alt Names: Bibaali, Bali, Maya. Similar to Kpasam (pbn). Also use Hausa (hau),
Bacama (bcy), of Fulfulde (fuv). 'Maya'




Loloan … a people of Indonesia (Java and Bali), Jembrana Regency of the island of Bali, villages of
Pengembangan, Tegal Badeng Islam, Cupel, Tukadaya, Banyubiri, Tuwed, Bandi Kusuma, Sumber Sari, Ketatan,
Airkuing, Sumbul, and Pedutatan (JPL).




Gaugauzi, different from (Balkan) Gaguizi Turk, lang gbx, which is not in Turkey




Romany, Balkan … a people and language of Serbia, Balkans, Kosovo. Some sources confuse Balkan and Baltic
Gypsy peoples and languages




Loi, Baloi … a people and language of Democratic Republic of Congo, Equateur Province, south, west, and east
of Bomongo. Alt Names: Baato Baloi, Boloi, Loi, Rebu (Ethnologue 16).
Some sources confuse Balkan and Baltic Gypsy peoples and languages




Bambam … a people and language of Indonesia (Sulawesi). West Sulawesi, west Polmas District, Mambi
subdistrict, Maloso and Mapilli rivers watershed, into Majene and Mamuju districts. Alt Names: Pitu-Ulunna-
Salu. Agriculturalists: wet rice, coffee, cacao.
Bambara … a people and language of Mali. Also in Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Guinea, Mauritania,
Senegal. 2,700,000 in Mali (1995). Alt Names: Bamanakan. Muslim, traditional religion, Christian (Ethnologue
16).




Ganadugu is a dialect of Bamanankan (bam), a language of Mali (Ethnologue 16).




Somono is a dialect of Bamanankan (bam), a language of Mali (Ethnologue 16).




Bambassi … a people and language of Ethiopia. Benishangul-Gumuz region, Bambassi area and Didessa River
Valley. Alt Names: Amam, Bambeshi, Didessa, Fadiro, Northern Mao, Siggoyo. Muslim, Christian (Ethnologue
16).
Mum, Bamun … a people and language of Cameroon. West Province, most of Noun Division, Foumban area;
extreme north Mifi Division; extreme southeast Bamboutos Division. Alt Names: Bamoum, Bamoun, Bamum,
Shupamem (Ethnologue 16).




formerly identified as dialect and ethnic sub-group of Lubuagan Kalinga 105902 and KNB (knb)
Unrelated to Banda peoples in Africa




Malay, Banda … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), Banda Islands (Ethnologue 16).




Inlcuded in most sources with Bamba-Bambari; they speak a dialect of that lang




Ndokpa … a dialect of Banda-Bambari, a language of Central African Republic (Ethnologue 15).
Banda-Mbres … a people and language of Central African Republic, Mbres Subprefecture (Mbre, Moruba), Kaga
Bandoro, Bouca (Buka), Bakala (Sabanga, Moruba). Also in Sudan, south, Sopo, near Central African Republic
border. Refugees in Khartoum. Alt Names: B




Sabanga … one of five dialects of Banda-Mbres (bqk), a language of Central African Republic, Mbres
Subprefecture, Bakala. Alt Names: Sangbanga (Ethnologue 16).




Wada … one of five dialects of Banda-Mbres (bqk), a language of Central African Republic, Mbres
Subprefecture (Mbre, Moruba), Kaga Bandoro, Bouca (Buka), Bakala (Sabanga, Moruba). Also in Sudan, south,
Sopo, near Central African Republic border. Alt Names




Banda-Ndele … a language of Central African Republic, Ndili, Bamingui, Ouadda, Kaga Bandoro subprefectures.
Alt Names: Banda of Ndele, Nyele. Also one of five dialects of Banda-Ndele. Other dialects: Junguru, Tangbago,
Ngao, Ngbala (Ethnologue 16). Use t




Djingburu … one of five dialects of Banda-Ndele, a language of Central African Republic, Ndili, Bamingui,
Ouadda, Kaga Bandoro subprefectures. Alt Names: Junguru, Nguru. Other dialects: Banda-Ndele, Tangbago,
Ngao, Ngbala (Ethnologue 16).




Tambogo … one of five dialects of Banda-Ndele, a language of Central African Republic, Ndili, Bamingui,
Ouadda, Kaga Bandoro subprefectures. Alt Names: Tambago, Tambolo, Tambaggo, Tombaggo, Tangago. Other
dialects: Banda-Ndele, Junguru, Ngao, Ngbala (Ethn
unrelated to Bandi people in India




Source is Guinea National Research Network




Nearly extinct




Ngala … a people of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Orientale Province. Alt Names: Ngala. Related to
Lusengo (lse), Lingala (lin). There is a trend toward becoming more like Lingala. Trade language. Few L1
speakers. 3,500,000 L2 speakers (1991 UBS) (Eth




Bangando … a people and language of Cameroon. East Provicne, Boumba and Ngoko Division, Moloundou
Subdivision. Also in Congo. Alt Names: Bagando, Bangando, Bangantu, Southern Bangantu (Ethnologue 16).
Bangi Me … an indigenous people of Mali, extreme northwest plateau. 7 villages. Speak Bangi Me (dba). Alt
Name: Bangeri Me, Bangeri Me Dogon, Numadaw (Ethnologue 16).




Spoken by more Malay (Bangka 100984) than Lom/Mapur people
Baniwa … a people and language of Brazil. Amazonas, Middle Içana River. Also in Venezuela. Amazonas,
between the Curipaco and the Guarequena, along the Colombia border. Alt Names: Baniba, Baniua do Içana,
Baniva, Dakenei, Issana, Kohoroxitari, Maniba. Ban




Carutana was a dialect of Baniwa (bwi) spoken in Brazil. The Carutana dialect is extinct.




1.2% of Indonesia Population




Bankagooma … native to Mali, Danderesso Administrative District, north of Sikasso, Nougoussouala (Nonko),
Fourouma, Mamarasso (Mora), Famsara, and Zantifuila towns. 6,000 (2007 SIL) (Ethnologue 16).




Abo … a people and language of Cameroon, Littoral Province, Moungo Division, north of Douala and west of
Wouri River, and Dibombari. 12,000 (2001 SIL). Alt Names: Abaw, Bankon, Bo, Bon.
Bantawa Rai … a people of Nepal, Bhojpur District, Koshi Zone; western Dhankuta District, Khotang District.
Many villages. Pastoralists. Animists 95%, some Lamaist Buddhists. Also in Bhutan (WCD). Alt Names: Bantaba,
Bantawa Dum, Bantawa, Bantawa Yong, Ba




Bara … an ethnic group of Madagascar whose population today is approaching 375,000 people. Most of them
live in Tulear and Fianarantsoa provinces. They are divided into a number of subgroups. The Barobes live in the
valley of the Ihosy River; the Imamonos
Southern Barasano …a people and language of Colombia. Southern Vaupés region, Pira-Paraná River and
tributaries. Jepa Matsi in Brazil may be dialect. Alt Names: Barasana, Barasano, Come masa, Comematsa,
Edulia, Eduria, Janera, Paneroa, Southern Barasano,




223,000: All Grebo in Liberia




Bilingual in English




Barein … one of the Hadjeray peoples of the mountainous regions of Guera Prefecture in Chad. They are
descended from refugees who were driven into the mountains. They speak a Chadian language (Barein - bva)
and practice the margai cult of place and site s




Beri … a people and language of Sudan, south, both banks of the Nile, south of Terakeka on west bank, south of
Mongalla on east bank, as far as Kajo Kaji Escarpment. Also in Uganda, northwest corner. 420,000 in Sudan
(2000), 60,000 in Uganda. Alt Name: Ba
Motilone, Bari … a people and language of Colombia. Oro and Catatumbo rivrs region. Also in Venezuela.
Venezuela and Colombia border, Zulia state (Ethnologue 16). Spanish spelling Motilón; not in US. The Bari
(Barira, Motilones, Mape, and Dobozubi) are a




Partly bilingual, somewhat acculturated




Nearly extinct
May be no longer distinct; all moved from Bijil, Iraq to Israel in 1951 - Ethnologue




Bassa, Basaa … native to Cameroon, Center Province, spread throughout Nyong-and-Kelle Division; Littoral
Province, Nkam and Sanaga-Maritime divisions. 230,000 (1982 SIL)




Do not like name "Bassa-Kwomo"
Language extinct; speak Hausa




Bashkir … a Turkic people indigenous to Bashkortostan, Russia. Groups of Bashkirs also live in the republic of
Tatarstan, as well as Perm Krai and Chelyabinsk, Orenburg, Kurgan, Sverdlovsk, Samara, and Saratov Oblasts of
Russia.




Basketo … a small ethnic group living today in southern Ethiopia. Their current population is approximately
17,000 people, most of whom are small farmers and herders. They speak an Omotic language (Olson 1996, p.
78). A language of Ethiopia. North Omo reg
Bassa … native to Liberia, Central, Grand Bassa, Rivercess, and Montserrado counties. Also in Sierra Leone,
Freetown. 403,000 in Liberia (2006). Population total all countries: 408,730. Agriculturalists. Christian,
traditional religion (Ethnologue 16).




Language becoming extinct




Bassari … a people of Senegal, southeast, Upper Casamance, Edun area; border areas, Kedougou,
Tambacounda. Also in Gambia, Guinea, Buinea-Bissau). 13,300 in Senegal (2006). Population total all countries:
22,510 (Ethnologue 16).
Alas … a dialect of Batak Alas-Kluet (btz), a language of Indonesia (Sumatra), north Sumatra, northeast of
Tapaktuan and around Kutacane. Many reject the label 'Batak' for its cultural connotations. Dialects: Alas,
Kluet, Singkil (Ethnologue 16).




Kluet … a dialect of Batak Alas-Kluet (btz), a language of Indonesia (Sumatra), north Sumatra, northeast of
Tapaktuan and around Kutacane. Many reject the label 'Batak' for its cultural connotations. Dialects: Alas,
Kluet, Singkil (Ethnologue 16).




Singkil … a dialect of Batak Alas-Kluet (btz), a language of Indonesia (Sumatra), north Sumatra, northeast of
Tapaktuan and around Kutacane. Many reject the label 'Batak' for its cultural connotations. Dialects: Alas,
Kluet, Singkil (Ethnologue 16).




Batak Angkola … a people and language of Indonesia (Sumatra), north central, Sipirok area. 750,000 (1991
UBS). Alt Names: Anakola, Angkola. Similar to Mandailing Batak (btm), but distinct sociolinguistically. Christian,
Muslim (Ethnologue 16). Muslims 85%
Batak Dairi … a people and language of Indonesia (Sumatra), north Sumatra, southwest of Lake Toba around
Sidikalang. 1,200,000 (1991 UBS). Alt Names: Dairi, Pakpak, Pakpak Dairi. Dairi and Pakpak dialects are
sociolinguistically distinct. Christian (Ethno




Pakpak Batak … a people of Indonesia (Sumatra), northern Sumatra. Close to Dairi Batak. Christians 50%.
Animists 30%. Muslims 20% (Shafi Sunnis) (WCD).




Batak Karo … a people and language of Indonesia (Sumatra), central and north, west and northwest of Lake
Toba. 600,000 (1991 UBS). Alt Names: Karo Batak. Dialects: Singkil. Christian, traditional religion.




Batak Mandailing … a people and language of Indonesia (Sumatra), north Sumatra. 1,100,000 (2000 census). Alt
Names: Batta, Mandailing Batak. Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Batak Simalungun … a people and language of Indonesia (Sumatra), north Sumatra, northeast of Lake Toba.
1,200,000 (2000). Alt Names: Simelungan, Timur (Ethnologue 16).




Batak Toba … a people and language of Indonesia (Sumatra), north Sumatra, Samosir Island and east, south,
and west of Toba Lake. 2,000,000 (1991 UBS). Alt Names: Batta, Toba Batak. Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Silindung Batak, Batta … a people of Indonesia (Sumatra), north Sumatra. Closely related to Toba Bataks.
Strongly Protestant (WCD).
Batangan … a people and language of Equatorial Guinea. Also in Cameroon, South Province, Ocean Division,
Kribi area, scattered along the coast. Alt Names: Batanga, Bano'o, Banoho, Banoo, Noho, Nohu, Nodu. Dialects:
Bapuku (Puku, Naka, Bapuu). The Puku are




Bati, Bush Bati … a people and language of Cameroon, Littoral Province, Sanaga-Maritime Division, Ndom
Subdivision, Bati Canton. 4 villages. 800 (1975 census). Alt Names: Bati Ba Ngong, Bati de Brousse. Also use
Basaa (bas), French (fra), or Bakoko (bkh)




Bati … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), coastal east Seram Island between Darat and Keleser, and
inland. Alt Names: Gah. 3,500 (Loski 1989). Related to Geser-Gorom (ges), Watubela (wah). Strong separation
of ethnolinguistic identity with Geser




Batsi … a people and language of Georgia, Kakheti region, Talavei District, Zemo-Alvani (Upper Alvani). 3,420
(2000). Alt Names: Bats, Bac, Batsaw, Batsba, Batsbi, Batsbiitsy, Tsova-Tush, Tush. Christian (Ethnologue 16).
not related to Batu (Nias) people 114962 in Indonesia




Batui … native to Indonesia (Sulawesi), Central Sulawest Province, Banggai Regency, Batui subdistrict,
Balantang, Tolando, Sisipan, Batui villages. Alt Name: Baha … 2,900 (2007)
Bauri … native to Indonesia (Papua), Jayapura and Yapen Waropen regencies. Lake Holmes area near mid-
Mamberamo River. 1,500 (1991 SIL). Alt Name: Baudi, Baudji, Baudzi, Bauzi




Austrian, Bavarian … Bavarian (bar) is a language of Austria, Central Bavarian in the Alps and Lower Austria and
Salzburg; North Bavarian north of Regensburg, to Nuremburg and Western Bohemia, Czech Republic; South
Bavarian in Bavarian Alps, Tyrol, Styria




Gypsies with Bavarian (German, Austrian) mother tongue




Bawm Chin … a people and language of India, Mizoram, Chhimtuipui, Lunglei, and Aizawl districts; Tripura;
Assam. Also in Bangladesh, Chittagong Hills, and Myanmar, South Chin Hills. 4,440 in India (2004). 13,500 in
Bangladesh (1991 census). 3,580 in Myanm
Mizo, Bawm … a people of Southern Asia: Bangladesh, Chittagong Hills; India, Mizoram; Myanmar, South Chin
Hills. A scheduled tribe of India, Mizoram. A subgroup of the Mizo [112994], they mostly live in Chhimtuipui,
Lunglei and Aizawl districts of Mizora




Some speak Mangbetu; others Mayogo




Language (Baygo byg) extinct; now speak Sudanese Arabic apd




JWC … Bayanga is a geographic location in Central African Republic but may not be a People Name




Bayono … native to Indonesia (Papua), south of Awbono *awh+ on Steenboom River. 100 (1999 SIL)




Bayot … a people and language of Senegal, southwest of Ziguinchor, a cluster of villages grouped around
Nyassia village. Also in Gambia, Guinea-Bissau. 16,100 in Senegal (2006). Population total all countries: 18,790.
Atl Names: Baiot, Baiote, Bayotte.Tra




Nearly extinct
300 speakers




Beba … native to Cameroon, South West Province, Manyu Division, Akwaya Subdivision; North West Province,
Mezam Division, Benakuma Subdivision. 3,000 (2002 SIL) … Alt Name: Baba'zhi, Babadji, Batadji, Bazhi, Beba',
Bebadji, Biba, Bombe, Mdbadji, Shishong
Beja … a people and language of Sudan, northeast along Red Sea coast. Also in Egypt, Eritrea. 951,000 in Sudan
(1982 SIL). 30,000 Hadendoa, 15,000 Bisharin (1992). Population total all countries: 1,186,000. Alt Names:
Bedawiyet, Bedauye, Bedawi, Bedawiye,




Bisharin … one of the major subgroups of the Beja peole of Sudan and Eritrea. They speak a Northern Cushitic
language and live in a region of approximately 50,000 square miles. That homeland extends from between
Mohammed Gol to the Egyptian border on the




Hadendoa … one of four dialects of the Bedawiyet (bej) language of Sudan. Northeast along Red Sea coast. Also
in Eritrea. Alt Names: Hadendowa, Hadendiwa. Muslim (Ethnologue 16).
JWC … Ethnologue 16 name is "Beele" with Abeele, Bele, Bellawa as alternates




JPL entries were combined with 101246 Bembe, a different ppl and lang.




'Koro' is used as a cover term for several groups.
Beli … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Sandaun Province, west of Mehek. 2,200 (2000). 1,400 in
area and 53 outside. Alt Names: Akuwagel, Makarim, Mukili. Different from Bebeli (bek) (Beli) in West New
Britain (Ethnologue 16).




Jur Beli




200 speakers




Bemba … a language of Zambia, North, Copperbelt, and Luapula provinces. Also in Botswana, Democratic
Republic of the Congo, Malawi. 3,300,000 in Zambia (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001), decreasing. Alt Names:
Chibemba, Chiwemba, Ichibemba, Wemba. Tradition re




Chishinga is a dialect of Bemba (bem), a language of Zambia.
Kabende is a dialect of Bemba (bem), a language of Zambia.




Luunda (Luapula) is a dialect of Bemba (bem), a language of Zambia.




Mukulu is a dialect of Bemba (bem), a language of Zambia.




Ng'umbo is a dialect of Bemba (bem), a language of Zambia.




Unga is a dialect of Bemba (bem), a language of Zambia.




Bembe … a language of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sud-Kivu Province, Fizi Territory, west of Lake
Tanganyika. Also in Tanzania. 252,000 in DRC (1991 UBS). Alt Names: Beembe, Ebembe, Ibembe. Distinct from
Beembe (beq) (Bembe) of Congo Brazzaville. Tr
"Lala" is offensive




Bench … a people and language of Ethiopia. Kafa region, Mizan Teferi area, Shewa Bench towns. Alt Names:
Dizu, Ghimarra, Gimarra, Gimira. Ethiopic script. Agriculturalists: wheat, barley, maize, sorghum. Traditional
religion, Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Benga … a people and language of Equatorial Guinea, Corisco Island, Rio Muni. Also in Gabon, north of
Libreville, Bata. 3,000 in Equatorial Guinea (1995). 400 on Corisco Island. 1,100 in Gabon (2004). Related to
Batanga (bnm). One of the Ndowe 'coastal' p
Bagdi … a community of India, distributed in Bihar and West Bengal. Also known as Bargakshatriya or
Byagrakshatriya. Among themselves, they speak Bengali (ben) and use the Bengali script, but with others they
speak Hindi (hin) and use the Devanagari scrip




Bahelia (Baheliya) … a scheduled caste of India. Also known as Boila, Baila, Bailia and Bahila, the Bahelia are
distributed in the Nadia district of West Bengal. The Baheliya are also found in central and western Uttar
Pradesh where they are also known as
Bairagi, Hindu … a community of India. They are distributed in Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka,
Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Orissa and West Bengal. They speak Bengali (ben) or Hindi (hin) at
home and use the Bengali and Devanagari scrip




Bania, Banik … a community of India. A community of Tripura, the Banik are alco called Banikya. The four
endogamous groups among them, namely Gandha Banik, Kansa Banik, Swarna Banik and Sankha Banik, are
differentiated on the basis of occupation. There ar
Bania, Khatri … a community of India: West Bengal, Bihar and Jharkhand.




Bania, Subarna Banik … a community of India: West Bengal. Bengali (ben) is their mother tongue and they use
the Bengali script. Traditionally the Subarna Banik are bankers and traders in gold and gold ornaments.




Bauri … a scheduled caste of India. Considered the original inhabitants of Bengal, the Bauri are the priests of
the Dharam deity, which is a vestige of the early mixed Jain-Buddhist cult of Bihar and Bengal. They are
distributed in West Bengal, Bihar, Ori




Beg … a community of India. Concentrated in the Kashmir valley of Jammu and Kashmir, the Beg claim to have
come with the Mughals as keepers of the treasury. They speak Kashmiri (kas) and use the Perso-Arabic script.
They are also conversant with Urdu (urd
Behera … a small community in Midnapore district of West Bengal. Speak Bengali (ben) and use the Bengali
script. Mainly landless. Mostly engaged in day labour, rickshaw-pulling, etc. Hindu (POI Vol. IV, pp. 351-352).




Bengali … a people and language of Bangladesh.
Bhuinmali … a community of India. A scheduled caste of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam. Alt Names: Bhuimali,
Mali. In West Bengal the Bhuinmali are distributed in the districts of Midnapur, Howrah, Burdwan, 24 Parganas,
Bankura, etc. They speak Bengali (be




Bhumij / Bhumija … a community of India, distributed over the states of West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Assam and
Tripura. In Bihar, West Bengal and Orissa they are notified as a scheduled tribe. Bengali (ben) is the most
widely spoken language
Chasot … a community of India: West Bengal. Also known as Haldhar (Sadgope) and Krishibaisya, the Chasot
derive their name from their traditional occupation of cultivation (chas); the word chasot means tillers of land.
Chasot live in the districts of Mald




Chaudhari … a community of India. West Bengal, Karnataka. They speak Bengali (ben) and practice Hinduism
(OMID).
India and Bangladesh -- Not related to Dai in Chad or in Indonesia




Dainet … a people of Myanmar. They live in the mountains of northern Rakhine State and adjacent southern
areas of China State, close to the border with Bangladesh. 28,100 (2010) (Hattaway 2004, p. 42). Alt Names:
Chakma, Daignet, Daingnet, Dinenet




A community of India: West Bengal. They speak Bengali (ben) and use its script.
Hadi … a community of India. West Bengal, Jhakhand, Orissa. Alt Names: Hadi Santhan, Bansmali, Haddi
Chacchadi, Hari, Ghasi. They are concentrated in the Midinipur, Barddhaman, Puruliya and Birbhum districts of
West Bengal, the Ganjam district of Orissa,
Muslim people; compare 112305 Jaraj, Hindu




Muslim Jaraj are about double the Hindus
Jogi, Hindu … a community of India. Jogi is a community which covers a large variety of people belonging to
diverse linguistic, ethnic, cultural and regional backgrounds. The word jogi is a generic term, literally meaning a
devotee, a performer of jog or




Kaibartta … a community of India, Bihar, Assam. Alt Names: Kaibaratta, Kaibartta-Das, Chasi-Das, Halia-Das,
Parasar-Das, Dhivara, Khyan, Jaliya, Kaibarta. Traditional occupation is fishing and agriculture. The word
"Kaibartta" is derived from ka (wter) an
Kasai Majhi … a community India, West Bengal (JP). Does not appear to correlate either to "Kasai" or "Majhi" in
People of India.




Khairwar … a community of India, distributed in West Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. In West Bengal they enjoy
scheduled caste status. Alt Names: Khaira, Khairaha, Khirwar. In West Bengal they speak Bengali (ben) and use
the Bengali script. In Bihar they speak
Kol … a community of India. The Kol are found in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Tripura, Madhya Pradesh and
Maharashtra. In Bihar they are distributed in the Bhagalpur, Deohar, Dumka, Giridh, Katihar, Madhubani,
Purnea, Ranchi, Saharsa and Sahebganj districts. The
Kuki, Amre … a tribal community of India, Tripura, India, North Tripura and Dhalai districts. The Amre are a sub-
tribe of the Kuki (OMID), a scheduled tribe of Assam, Nagaland and Tripura. Kuki is a generic term used for the
people who migrated to differe




Kuki, Khelma … a tribal community of India, Assam and Nagaland states. The largest concentration of Khelma
are in the Cachar district of Assam. The Khelma are a sub-tribe of the Kuki (OMID), a scheduled tribe of Assam,
Nagaland and Tripura. Kuki is a gene
Mahishya … a community of India. They are also known as Kaibarta and are widely distributed in several
districts of West Bengal and Bihar. They speak Bengali (ben) and use the Bengali script. They also speak Hindi
(POI Vol. V, pp. 2095-2097).
Mahisyadas … a community of India. A scheduled tribe of Tirpura. Also referred to as Matsyadas or Haluadas,
they are spread all over Tripura. It is said that their traditional occupation was related to matsya (fish) and the
community is thus named Matsyad




Maimal … a Muslim community of inland fishermen in the state of Assam in India. The Maimals are widely
distributed, mainly in lower assam and concentrate around the two rivers Sonai and Barak in three districts,
namely--Cachar, Karimganj and Hailakandi.




Mallah, Muslim … a community of India. They are concentrated in West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh. The Muslim
Mallah speak Bengali (ben) or Urdu (urd) (OMID).




Mandala … a community in Bangladesh and India. Vast majority reside in Bangladesh where they speak Bengali
(ben). Very small minority reside in Andhra Pradesh, India and speak Telugu (tel). They are also known as
Mandula or Khandwari. Their community name




Mandala … a community in Bangladesh and India. Vast majority reside in Bangladesh where they speak Bengali
(ben). Very small minority reside in Andhra Pradesh, India and speak Telugu (tel). They are also known as
Mandula or Khandwari. Their community name
Matia … a community of India; a Scheduled Tribe of West Bengal and Orissa. In West Bengal they speak Bengali
(ben). In Orissa they speak Telugu (tel) or Oriya (ori). Alt Names: Mattiya, Mattia, matya, Mati Bhumia. The
Matia are Hindu (POI Vol. V, pp. 2253
Mochi, Hindu … a community of India. West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Jharkhand. They speak
Bengali (ben) or Hindi (hin). Alt Names: Rachevar, Arya Kshatriya, Muchivaru, Muchi, Rishi, Sajgar, Raighar,
Rehgar, Jatia, Ramdasi, Raudari, Ravida, Chitr
Nagbanshi … a community of Bihar, India. There are two main groups. The Rajdariya Nagbanshi mainly inhabit
the Ranchi and Palamau districts of Bihar. The Lohardagiya Nagbanshi are condentrated in Lohardaga district.
They speak Sadri (sck) and use the Deva




Namasudra, Hindu … a community of India. Scattered throughout West Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Bihar and
Madhya Pradesh. The Namasudra are also notified as a scheduled caste of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur,
Meghalaya, Mizoram and Orissa. Language varies by stat




Namasudra, Muslim … a community of India. Scattered throughout West Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Bihar and
Madhya Pradesh. The Namasudar are also notified as a scheduled caste of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur,
Meghalaya, Mizoram and Orissa. Language varies by sta
Rajbansi … a people of India, West Bengal, Jalpaiguri, Uttar Dinajpur, Koch Bihar, Darjeeling districts; Assam,
Dhubri and Kokrajhar districts. Alt Names: Kamtapuri, Rajbangsi, Rajbanshi, Rajbongshi, Goalparia, Koch
Rajbanshi. They speak Bengali (ben). Ag




Raju … a community of India. West Bengal, Orissa. Concentrated in the Medinipur District of West Bengal. They
speak Bengali (ben) or Oriya (ori) and practice Hinduism (OMID).
Shaikh … a large community widely distributed throughout Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. The title Shaikh
signifies Arab descent. Though the Shaikhs in South Asia claim Arab descent, in many cases they are native
South Asians who adopted the title after c
4 or 5 fluent speakers




Shosho is an offensive name.




Berta … a people and language of Ethiopia, Beni Shangul region, corner formed by Blue Nile River and Sudan
border north of Asosa; Dalati, Sirba Abay area east of Dabus River. Also in Sudan, Blue Nile Province on Ethiopia
border. 125,000 in Ethiopia (1994




Bilingual in western Oromi
Besme … a people and language of Chad, southwest, Tandjile Prefecture, Kelo and Lai subprefectures, in
Besme, Bodor, and 3 other villages along Logone River northwest of Lai. 1,230 (1993 census). Alt Names: 'Unar,
Beseme, Besemme, Bodor, Hounar, Huner. Ch
Kuruba, Kadu … a people and language of India, Tamil Nadu, Nilgiri District, Gudalur, Panthalur taluks;
Karnataka, Kodagu District, Virarajendrapet, Somvarpet taluks; Mysore District, Heggadadevanakote,
Piriyapatna taluks; Chamrajnagar District, Gundlupet




Some list by language name Bezhta (Bezhita)




This name seems to be preferred in Indian sources for the people; Bhatri for the language; see also Bhottada
111586
Bhojpuri Bihari … the Biharis are an ethnic group originating from the state of Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh and
surrounding areas in India and Nepal with a history going back three millenia. Biharis speak Bihari languages
such as Magahi (mag), Bhojpuri (




Biar, Hindu … a community of India. Also spelt as Biare, the Bayar are distributed in the Mirzapur and Varanasi
districts of Uttar Pradesh. The community name is derived from their occupations of rice cultivation and of
constructing tanks and embankments.




Biar, Muslim … a community of India. Also spelt as Biare, the Bayar are distributed in the Mirzapur and Varanasi
districts of Uttar Pradesh. The community name is derived from their occupations of rice cultivation and of
constructing tanks and embankments




Gulgulia … a community of India. A nomadic community of Bihar, the Gulgulia live in small numbers in different
parts of Singbhum district. They speak Bhojpuri (bho) and Hindi (hin) and use the Devanagari script. The
Gulgulia are largely a landless people




Kahar … a community of India. They are distributed in a number of north Indian states like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh,
Delhi, Rajasthan and West Bengal. Alt Names: Rawani, Ramani, Kamkar, Chandrabansi, Dhimar, Mehra, Raj
Bhoi. Heart language varies by state wit
Few Thousand Second Language Users.




Bialaba … a people of Benin. Atakora Province, Materi Subprefecture; Borgou Province, Ouessi Subprefecture.
Also in Burkina Faso. Tapoa and Gourma provinces, at Benin border, south of Arli. Alt Names: Biali, Berba, Bieri,
Bjerb, Bjeri. The language is cal




Possible DUPLICATION of 101421 … no longer in CPPI
Biao Mien … a people and language of China, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Mengshan, Zhaoping,
Pingle, Lipu, and Gongcheng counties. 20,000 (Wang and Mao 1995). Alt Names: Biao Mon, Biaoman,
Changping, Min Yao, Sida Min Yao. Language is quite different




Biao-Jiao Mien … a people and language of China, northeast Guangzi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Quanzhou,
Guanyang, and Gongcheng Yao autonomous counties; south Hunan Province, Shuangpai, and Daoxian counties.
43,000 (Wang and Mao 1995). Alt Names: Biao Chao




Biaomin, Shikou … a dialect sub-group of Biao-Jiao Mien (114009), a people and language of China, northeast
Guangzi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Quanzhou, Guanyang, and Gongcheng Yao autonomous counties; south
Hunan Province, Shuangpai, and Daoxian counties.
Nearly extinct




Kuki, Biete … a tribal community of India, Assam, Manipur and Mizoram states. The largest concentration is in
the Cachar district of Assam. The Biete are a sub-tribe of the Kuki (OMID), a scheduled tribe of Assam,
Nagaland and Tripura. Kuki is a generic t




Mizo, Biete … a scheduled tribe of India, Mizoram. They are also known as Baite or Biete. The etymological
meaning of the term Biate is snake-worshipper. It is believed that they came to this part from the Singlung or
Chinglung area, lying in the north-ea
Biga … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), Misool Island, Biga village. 300 (Remijsen 2001). Sago
gatherers (Ethnologue 16).
Bilba … native to Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), Rote Island east, domains of Bilba, Diu, and Lelenuk. West of
Riggou. Communities on Semau Island and Timor mainland near Kupang.




Bilen … The Bilin (Belen, Bogo) are a people whose homeland for centuries was the Keren region of Eritrea and
in Tigray Province, Ethiopia. In recent decades, however, because of savage civil wars and famine in the region,
the Bilin, who number approximat




Kanuri, Bilma … a people and language of Niger. Northeast, Kawar region. Alt Names: Bla Bla, Kanouri, Kanoury.
Dialects: Bilma, Fachi. A member of the Kanuri subgroup. Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Bilua … a people and language of Solomon Islands, Western Province, Vella Lavella Island. Alt Names: Mbilua,
Vella Lavella.
National Language




Bilingual in Ilocano
Ethnologue language name -- asome sources have "Manobo" in name




Birhor … a scheduled tribe of India. Mainly a nomadic community, the majority of the Birhor have now settled
down. They are distributed in the states of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal. The name Birhor is
derived from the words bir, meaning
An Ijo (Ijaw) people




possible DUPLICATE of 110511
Vanuatu Melanesian … an ethnic group of Melanesian descent found in Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New
Caledonia. They speak Bislama (bis), an official language of Vanuatu. Alt Names: Bislama, Bichelamar
(Ethnologue 16).




Busansi … an ethnic group who live in Burkina Faso, between Tenkodogo and the border with Ghana, as well as
across the border in northern Ghana, particularly in the northeastern tip of the upper East Region. Alt Names:
Bisa, Bissa, Boussanse, Bussansi, Bu




Bisu … a people and language of China, Southwest Yunnan Province, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous
Prefecture, Simao Prefecture. Also in Thailand, Southwest Chiangrai, North Lampang, and in Myanmar. Possibly
also in Laos. 1,000 in Thailand. 240 in China. Alt
Unrelated to Ake in Nigeria.




Under Hani Nationality
Bulang, Blang … a people and language of China. Southwest Yunnan Province, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous
Prefecture, Menghai County, Bulangshan, Bada, Xiding, Daluo districts; Jinghong County, Damengnong District.
Also in Myanmar. East Shan state, Mong Yan




Not related to the Bo people in Papua New Guinea
Bobongko … native to Indonesia (Sulawesi), central Sulawesi, Togian Islands, Lembanato village; Batu Daka
Island, Kilat Bay north, Tumbulawa village on northwest coast. 1,500 (2001 SIL)




Bodo … a community of India. They are mainly distributed in Assam, though smaller numbers of Bodo may be
found in West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Delhi, Punjab, Andaman and
Nicobar Islands, and Mizoram. Alt Names: Kachari, Bo
Reported as 10,000 population in Ethnologue 15




Bohtan … native to Turkey, though presently found only in Georgia, mainly in Garbadani village. Language
designated as Bohtan Neo-Aramaic (bhn), a modern Eastern Neo-Aramaic language that originated on the Plain
of Bohtan in southeastern Turkey.
Not related to the Bantu Boko (Iboko) in Dem Republic of Congo (lang BKP) or Busa 101793 (lang BHF) in Papua
New Guinea




Not related to 101551 Boko (Busa-Boko) in Benin and Nigeria or 101793 Busa in Papua New Guinea




Bokobaru … a people and language of Nigeria. Kwara state, primarily Kaiama LGA, some in Baruten LGA. 35
villages. Alt Names: Busa-Bokobaru, Bussawa. They call themselves "Bokobaru' or 'Zogben'. The Hausa call
them 'Bussawa'. The Yoruba call them 'Bariba'.




Bokoto … a people and language of Central African Republic. Baoro, Carnot, Boda subprefectures. Alt Names:
Bhokoto, bogodo, Bogoto, Bokodo, Bokpoto (Ethnologue 16).




contains smaller ethnic groups Ndir, Ukwese, Utang, Yon




Bola … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, West New Britain Province, northeast coast, Willaumez
Peninsula. 13,700 (2000 census). Alt Names: Bakovi, Bola-Bakovi (Ethnologue 16). Not related to 101558 - Bola
in India.




Not related to Karua in India
Karua, Xarua … a dialect of Bola (bnp), a language of Papua New Guinea, West New Britain, northeast coast,
Willaumez Peninsula, on the east side of Kimbe. Alt Names: Harua, Garua, Mai. Karua, Xarua developed from
people resettled on an oil palm plantation




Some people include this group with Bolango (Bulango 101721 who speak the same lang) or Gorontalo
(103453, neighboring people with similar lang)




Some include Bolango and Atinggola with Gerontalo entry. See ROP 103453




Bolgo Durag … (Small Bolgo), one of two dialects of Bolgo (bvo), a language of Chad, Guera region, Bahr Signaka
Department, Melfi Subprefecture, east fo the Barain (101055), southeast of Milfi. Most also use Chadian
Spoken Arabic (shu). Traditional religi




Languages of Sambal and Ayta group are similar; ethnicities may be referred to by either name in sources
High bilingualism in Jula




Bom … native to Sierra Leaone, along Bome River. Alt Name: Bome, Bomo, Bum. 5,580 (2006), decreasing.
Shifting to Mende (men)
Boma Kasai … native to Democratic Republic of the Congo, Bandundu Province. Alt Name: Boma, Buma,
Kiboma. 20,500 (2000).




Bwa, Red Bobo … a people and language of Mali. A triangle between San and Sofara on Bani River. Mao is
separate from other dialects and straddles Mali-Burkina Faso border on main San to Bobo-Dioulasso road. Also
in Burkina Faso. Kossi Province, Soumbara,




Bon Gula … a people and language of Chad, Guera region, Bahr Signaka Department, Melfi Subprefecture,
north of Lake Iro, northeast of Zan. Bon and Ibir villages. 1,200 (1997 SIL). Alt Names: Bon, Bon Goula, Bun,
Gula Guera, Poun, Taataal. Lexical Similari
CPPI combines this as one people with 101642




Dogon (102662) retired and 14 new "Dogon" entries created. Dogon, Bondum Dom … a people native to Mali,
Plateau area north border, Borko village language area center (Ethnologue 16).
Bonkeng … native to Cameroon, Littoral Province, Moungo Division, Loum Subdivision. 2,980 (2000). Alt Name:
Bongken, Bonkeng-Pendia, Bonkenge




Bontoc, Central … a people and language of the Philippines. Luzon, central Mountain Province. Alt Names:
Bontoc, Bontoc Igorot. Dialects: Sadanga, Guinaang, Bontoc. Also use Ilocano (ilo), English (end), or Filipino (fil).
Latin script (Ethnologue 16).




Boon … a people and language of Somalia. Middle Jubba region, Jilib District, scattered in the bush in
settlements of 2 or 3 houses with nearest relatives. Alt Names: Af-Boon. Hunter-gatherers; leather workers.
Nearly extinct (Ethnologue 16).
Bora … part of the Witoto of the Colombian an Peruvian Amazon. They number approximately 2,500 people
and live along the northeast border of Peru and southern Colombia, primarily along the Algodon, Ampiyacu,
Cahuinari, Igara Parana, Manay, and Yaguasyacu




Ajuran … a subtribe of the Garreh-Ajuran tribe, a Somali tribe in Kenya, North Eastern Province, Mandera and
Wajir districts. The Ajuran people are part of the Eastern Hamatic cluster of peoples who live today in far
northwestern Kenya, southern Ethiopia,




Arsi … one of six major dialect groups of the Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo (Ethnologue 16). The Oromos, also known
as the Galla, are a large ethnic cluster of peoples living from northeastern Ethiopia to east-central Kenya, as
well as between the borders of Sud




Borana … one of six major dialect groups of the Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo (Ethnologue 16). The Oromos, also
known as the Galla, are a large ethnic cluster of peoples living from northeastern Ethiopia to east-central
Kenya, as well as between the borders of S




Gabbra … one of six major dialect groups of the Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo (Ethnologue 16). The Oromos, also
known as the Galla, are a large ethnic cluster of peoples living from northeastern Ethiopia to east-central
Kenya, as well as between the borders of S




Gibe … an Ethiopian group who are part of the larger Kafa-Sadama cluster of peoples (Olson 1996, p. 197).




Guji … one of six major dialect groups of the Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo (Ethnologue 16). The Oromos, also known
as the Galla, are a large ethnic cluster of peoples living from northeastern Ethiopia to east-central Kenya, as
well as between the borders of Sud
Kereyu … one of six major dialect groups of the Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo (Ethnologue 16). The Oromos, also
known as the Galla, are a large ethnic cluster of peoples living from northeastern Ethiopia to east-central
Kenya, as well as between the borders of S




Sakuye … a people of Kenya. Sakuye (Saguye) is one of two dialects of Borana (gax) spoken in Kenya
(Ethnologue 16). The Sakuye live in northeastern Kenya, particularly in the region of Dabel. Culturally, they
have many affinities with the Gabres. The Saku




Selale … one of six major dialect groups of the Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo (Ethnologue 16). The Oromos, also
known as the Galla, are a large ethnic cluster of peoples living from northeastern Ethiopia to east-central
Kenya, as well as between the borders of S




Fulfulde … a people and language of Benin. Atakora and Borgou provinces, villages, and encampments; Borgou
region, Bakuure north of N’Dali; central and south Borgou region, Parakou area, Korakuure; north, Atacora
region, Djougoure, from Djougou north to B




Borna … a language of Democratic Republic of the Congo. Alt Names: Eborna. May not exist (1982 J. Ellington)
or may be same as Boma (boh) (Ethnologue 16).
Amuru … a people of Ethiopia. In Gojjam near Blue Nile river. Somewhat bilingual in Amharic (amh). Christian,
Traditional religion, Muslim (WCD). Some sources may list all under Boro 101620




Boro … a people and language of Ethiopia. Benishangul-Gumuz region, near Blue Nile River. Alt Names: Bona,
Bworo, Scinacia, Shinasha. Boro is the ethnic name (Ethnologue 16).




Guba … a people of Ethiopia. In west of country, near Sudan border. Traditional religion, Muslim (WCD). Some
may include with 100309 - Amuru




Shinasha … a tiny ethnic group living today in southern Ethiopia. Their language is part of the larger Omotic
group of languages, and they make their living as small farmers (Olson 1996, p. 522). reported by OW/CPPI as
separate, but uncertain; Shinasha is




Wambera … a dialect of Borna (bwo), a language of Ethiopia. Benishangul-gumuz region, near Blue Nile River.
Alt Names: Wenbera-Dangur (Ethnologue 16). Most sources do not list Wambera separately




Bororo … a Ge-speaking people who once occupied a vast territory in what is today north central Mato Grosso
state in Brazil (Olson 1991, pp. 58-59). In Brazil. Not related to Bororo Fulfulde in West Africa.
5 speakers only. Almost all speak Spanish




Bosniak … a South Slavic ethnic group, living mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a smaller presence
throughout the Balkan Peninsula, especially in Serbia, Montenegro and Croatia. Bosniaks are typically
characterized by their tie to the Bosnian histori




Bote-Majhi … a people and language of Nepal, Narayani River banks and tributaries; Narayani zone, Chitwan,
Parsa districts; Lumbini zone, Nawalparasi, Palpa, Gulmi districts; Gandaki zone, Tanahun, Gorkha, Kaski, Gulmi,
Syangja districts. Alt Names: Kusha
Speak a Sambal language, but of negrito ethnicity




CPPI combines this as one people with 101591




Buyi Nationality in China.
Brahui … a people and language of Pakistan, south central, Quetta and Kalat region, east Baluchistan and Sind
provinces. Also in Afghanistan, Iran, Turkmenistan. Alt Names: Birahui, Brahuidi, Brahuigi, Kur Galli. Dialects:
Jharawan, Kalat, Sarawan (Ethnol
Brokkat … native to Bhutan, central Bumthang District, Dur. 300 (Van Driem 1993). Alt Name: Brokskad, Jokay
Brokpa … a people and language of Bhutan, Trashigang District, Sakteng Valley east, mainly in Merak and
Sakteng villages. 5,000 (2006). 2,000 in Mera area, 3,000 in Sagteng area. Alt Names: Brokpake, Dakpa, Damilo,
Dap, Drokpakay, Jobikha, Mera Sagtengpa,




This appears to be the same as Broq-Pa 111700, but both from same source. Population 1 makes entity
questionable.
Chin, Bualkhaw … native to Myanmar, Chin state, Falam Township, north of Falam town. Alt Name: Bualkhaw-
Chin
Speakers use Duala as second language




Stieng, Budeh … a people and language of Vietnam, Binh Phuoc and Tay Ninh provinces, south Stieng area
(Ethnologue 16). The Stieng have long existed as a distinct ethnic group with two local sub-groups: the Bulo (in
the upper midlands) and the Budeh (in t




Budong-Budong … a people and language of Indonesia (Sulawesi), Mamuju District, Budong-Budong subdistrict,
Tongkou village, on Budong-Budong River. Alt Names: Tangkou, Tongkou. Some also use Topoiyo (toy). Muslim
(Ethnologue 16).




Budug … a people and language of Azerbaijan. Quba region. Alt Names: Budukh, Budugi, Budux, Bukukhi. Sunni
Muslim (Ethnologue 16).
Bukawa … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Morobe Province, Huan Gulf coast. 9,690 (1878 K.
McElhanon). Alt Names: Bugawac, Bukaua, Bukawac, Kawa, Kawac, Yom Gawac (Ethnologue 16).




Extinct; ethnic group speak Bukawa (BUK Bugawak)




Trade Language




Bugis … a people and language of Indonesia (Sulawesi). Western coast of southeast Sulawesi in Kolaka,
Wundulako, Rumbia, and Poleang districts. Also in major towns of Sulawesi. Large enclaves also in other
provinces of Sulawesi, Kalimantan, Maluku, Papua,
Buhid … a people and language of the Philippines. South Mindoro. Alt Names: Bangon, Batangan, Bukul. Buhid
script Ethnologue 16).




Jewish, Bukharic mother tongue -- some sources may combine with Central Asian Jew (Tajiki mother tongue)
100558
Beketan … a people and language of Indonesia (Kalimantan), East Kalimantan Province, Iwan River, Sarawak
border. Also in Malaysia (Sarawak), Kapit, 7th Division. 570 in Indonesia (2000). 290 in Malaysia (2000). Alt
Names: Bukitan, Bakatan, Mangkettan, Man




Speak Bukusu, but are a separate people in the broader Luhya cluster.




Bulgar … a central Asian Turkic people who merged with central European Slavs in the late 7th century to form
the first Bulgarian kingdom in what is now northeastern Bulgaria. "Bulgarian" may be a more appropriate
PeopleName now than "Bulgar".
Jew, Bulgarian Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish




Palityan, Bogomil … a dialect of Bulgarian (bul). Palityan dialect is functionally intelligible with Standard
Bulgarian and is spoken in Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania (Ethnologue 16).




Pomak … a dialect of Bulgarian (bul) spoken in Turkey, scattered in Edirne and other western provinces; and in
Greece, Western Thrace, 3 departments, including Xanthi. Bulgarian-speaking Sunni Muslims refugees in
Turkey and Greece (Ethnologue 16).




Romany with Bulgarian mother tongue, not included in the Balkan Romany entries




Bulisa … a people and language of Ghana, Sandema District. Alt Names: Bulisa, Guresha, Kanjaga (Ethnologue
16). The Builsas, known also as the Builses, Bulses, Kangyagas, and Kanjagas, are a Grusi people of Ghana and
Burkina Faso. They are concentrated in




Buli … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku). North Maluku, central Halmahera, east coast. 3 villages.
Several communities of over 100 dwellings. Coconut plantations. Muslim, Christian (Ethnologue 16).
Bullom … a people and language of Sierra Leone. Coast from Guinea border to Sierra Leone River. Also in
Guinea. Alt Names: Bolom, Bulem, Bullin, Bullun, Mandenyi, Mandingi, Mmani, Northern Bullom. The people
are intermarried with the Temne and the Susu. T




Stieng, Bulo … a people and language of Vietnam, Binh Phuoc, Lam Dong, Tay Ninh provinces. Also in
Cambodia, east, Kratie Province, Snuol District, and southern Mondolkiri (Ethnologue 16). The Stieng have long
existed as a distinct ethnic group with two l




Bulu Fang … native to Cameroon, South Province, entire Ntem and Dja-and-Lobo divisions; south Upper Sanaga
Division; Center Province, north Nyong-and-Mfoumou Division; East Province, part of Upper Nyong Division. Alt
Name: Boulou. 858,000 (2007).




Bulu … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. West New Britain Province, Willaumez Peninsula
(Ethnologue 16).
Mostly speak Kriol
Berar … a community of India. The Berar live in the slum areas of the Tikamgarh and Chhatarpur districts of
Madhya Pradesh and in the Lalitpur district of Uttar Pradesh. They speak Bundeli (bns) and Hindi (hin). Basketry
cane-craft and band-bajja (playing




Inlcudes several subgroups, including Tulambatu which some have erroneously related to Mikifore 106632 in
Guinea




Wungu … a people and language of Tanzania. Mbeya region, Chunya District. Alt Names: Kibungu, Wungu.
Most use some Swahili (swh). Agriculturalists; animal husbandry: livestock; fishermen. Traditional religion,
Christian (Ethnologue 16).
Dogon (102662) retired and 14 new "Dogon" entries created. Dogon, Bunoge … a people native to Mali, Mopti
region, Bandiagara Circle, Goundaka District (Ethnologue 16).
Nearly extinct




Bure … native to Nigeria, Bauchi state, Darazo LGA, southeast of Darazo town. 1 village. 500. Alt Name: Bubure




Burji … a people and language of Ethiopia. South of Lake Ciamo. Also in Kenya. Moyale, Marsabit Township
area. Alt Names: Bambala, Bembala, Daashi. Ethiopic script. Christian, Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Burmese … the dominant ethnic group of Burma (Myanmar). Alt Names: Bamar, Burman. The Bamar constitute
approximately two-thirds of the population of Burma, live primarily in the Irrawaddy basin, and speak the
Burmese (mya) language (wikipedia). Alt langua




About 300,000 Han Chinese in Burma have only Burmese mother tongue; other Han languages are also in
Burma
Yaw … one of five dialects of Burmese (mya), a language of Myanmar. Merguese (250,000), Danu (100,000),
and Yaw (20,000) may be separate languages and are distinct varieties (Bradley 1997).




Not related to the Buru in Nigeria 114853




Nigeria. Unrelated to Buru in Indonesia.
Burungi … a people and language of Tanzania. Dodoma region, Kondoa District, southeast of Langi (lag), Goima,
Chambalo, and Mirambu villages. Alt Names: Bulunge, Burungi, Mbulugwe. Agriculturalists. Traditional religion,
Muslim, Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Burusho … a people and language of Pakistan, North Gilgit District areas, Hunza-Nagar and Yasin areas;
scattered in Gilgit, Kashmir, and various cities. Also in India. Language is Burushaski (bsk). People are called
Burusho (Ethnologue 16).
Antalaotra is an Alternate Name for Bushi (buc) … a language of Mayotte … 31-LDA-gb an-talaotra (Dalby
1999)
An indigenous people of Mayotte. 39,000 (2001)




Makoa … an ethnic group living today in Madagascar. They are widely dispersed among the Sakalavas (108531)
in the norhtern reaches of the island. Their contemporary population is approximately 150,000 people. They
are the most African of any of the ethnic




Mikea … a foraging-horticulturalist people of Madagascar, southwestern Madagascar, in the coastal Mikea
Forest (Alan'ny Midea), between the cities of Morombe and Toliary. The Mikea may once have extended south
to the Fiherenana River (Robert L. Kelly, Jea




Sakalava … an ethnic group living today in Madagascar. They are concentrated along the west coast of the
island, from Nosy Be to Tulear. In the central part of that region, the Sakalavas have been affected by Islam
through contact with immigrants from the




Vezo … The Vezus (Vesos) are a subgroup of the Sakalava (108531) peoples of the plains of Madagascar. They
make their living as fishermen and trade their fish for agricultural products to the Tanalanas (109806), a nearby
group (Olson 1996).
Bussa … a people and Language of Ethiopia. Omo region, west of Lake Chamo. Alt Names: D'oopace,
D'opaasunte, Dobase, Gobeze, Goraze, Gowase, Lohu, Mashelle, Mashile, Masholle, Mosiye, Musiye, Orase.
Peasant agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).




Dobase … a people and language of Ethiopia. Omo region, west of Lake Chamo. Alt Names: Bussa, D'oopace,
D'opaasunte, Gobeze, Goraze, Gowase, Lohu, Mashelle, Mashile, Masholle, Mosiye, Musiye, Orase. Peasant
agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).
not related to Buya group of Loko people in Sierra Leone
Karen, Bghai … a people and language of Myanmar. Kyebogyi area of Kayah state, Thandaunggyi Township,
Kayin (Karen) state. Alt Names: Baghi, Bghai Karen, Bwe. Latin script. Myanmar (Burmese) script (Ethnologue
16).




Byangsi … a people of Nepal, Mahakali zone, Darchula District, Byas Valley. 9 villages. An official nationality.
Buddhist (Ethnologue 16). Alt Name: Bhotia, Byangkho Lwo, Byangkhopa, Byanshi, Byansi, Jaba, Rang, Saukas,
Shaukas




North Makaa … a people of Cameroon. East Province, north Upper Nyong Division, Messamena, Abong-Mbang,
Doume, Nguelemendouka subdivisions; Lom and Djerem Division, east Diang Subdivision, west of Bertoua. Alt
Names: Maka, Makya, Meka, Mekae, Mekay, Mekey,
100 monolinguals




141 speakers; Caddo County, Oklahoma
5 speakers; almost extinct




35 speakers; bilingual in English; S California




About 30% monolingual




Cajun … a people and language of the United States. Southern Louisiana west of the Mississippi as far north as
Avoyelles, Evangeline, Allen, and Calcasieu parishes. Alt Names: Acadian, Cadien, Cajan, Cajun, Français
Acadien. Fishermen; fur trappers. Chris
Moving to lang of South Central Cakchiquel CKD




Gypsy, Spanish, Gitano … the Romani people in Spain are generally known as Gitanos. Spanish Romanies belong
to the Iberian Kale Romani group, with smaller populations in Portugal (known as Ciganos) and southern
France. They tend to speak Calo (rmq), which




Gypsy group from Iberia with a language related to Spanish and Portuguese. Alt Names: Gitano, Iberian
Romani,
name based on Ethnologue lang name; related to but different from Mambila in Nigeria 106197
Separately reported as an entity only by CPPI; with population here included in Canela total




Canichana lang extinct. Spanish mother tongue now
Cao Lan … a people and language of Vietnam. San Chay mainly in Tuyen Quang, Bac Can, and Thai Nguyen
provinces; also scattered in Yen Bai, Vinh Phuc, Phu Tho, Bac Giang, Quang Ninh provinces. Alt Names: Cao,
Caolan, Lan-San Chi, "Man Cao-Lan", "Man", San




Somewhat bilingual in Spanish




Cachamashiri is derogatory; they do not like to be called Campa




Not related to Chara (Ciara) people in Ethiopia 102028




No permanent friendly contact
Caribbean East Indian … a people of French Guiana. They speak Caribbean Hindustani (hns). Primary religion is
Protestant Christianity (JPL).




Sarnami Hindi … a people of Suriname. Coastal region. Also in Guyana, Netherlands, Trinidad and Tobago.
Dialects: Trinidad Bhojpuri, Sarnami Hindustani (Sarnami Hindi, Aili Gaili). Based on Bhojpuri, with influences
from Awadhi, with loans from Sranan, Du
1,500 speakers




Cashibo … a Panoan-speaking group of Amerindians who live near the Aguaytia, San Alejandro, Cushucayo, and
Manoa rivers on the left bank of the Ucayali River on the east side of the Andes in the jungles of central Peru.
Today there are approximately 2,500
Several speakers; language almost extinct




500 Children in school; becoming bilingual ib spanish




10 speakers in US; Cattayaugus Res. W New York




Senoufo, Cebaara … a language of Côte d'Ivoire, north, around Korhogo. 862,000 (1993 SIL). Alt Names: Senadi,
Senari, Syenere, Tiebaara, Tyebala. The Tyelibele (Tyeliri) are leather workers scattered throughout the
Senoufo area, speaking as L1 the various




Visayan … a people and language of the Philippines. Negros, Cebu, Bohol, Visayas and parts of Mindanao. Also
in United States. Alt Names: Binisaya, Bisayan, Sebuano, Sugbuanon, Sugbuhanon, Visayan (Ethnologue 16).
Also known as Visayan-Eskaya. Eskaya is t
Cen … native to Nigeria, Plateau state, center: Duruk Kamang village, SE of Jos. Alt Name: Chen. 2,000.
Imazighen … a people of Northern Africa, west of the Nile Valley. The Amazigh (Imazighen is plural; Amazigh is
singular), which means 'free humans' or 'free men' are known to the world as Berbers. In fact, the word
'Berbers' is offensive to these ancient




Listed by some as Nail; From Biskra to Djelfa in Algeria; Arabic speaking
Awyu, Central … a people of Indonesia (Papua), Mappi and Boven Digul Regencies; Obaa, Citak Mitak,
Mandobo and Bimikia subdistricts. South coast east of Bipim, northwest of Yaqay (jaq), west of Tanamerah,
southwest of Boma. Alt Names: Ajau, Auyu, Avio, Aw




smaller group with the same language as the Central Aymara.




primary group of Aymara




Bai … a people of China, northwest Yunnan Province. An official nationality. The entity encompasses three
language divisions: Bai, Central - (bca) (800,000); Bai, Northern - (bfc) (40,000); Bai, Southern - (bfs) (400,000)
(Ethnologue 16).




Bei … a people of China, Yunnan Province, Lijiang County. Despite sharing an identical historic background with
the Bai, those living in Lijiang sternly insist on being called Bei and have designed a different ethnic dress. The
Bei speak a dialect that ma




Berawan, Central … native to Malaysia (Sarawak). 710 (2007). With 115050 and 115051 replaces Berawan
101270
Trade Language
223,000: All Grebo in Liberia




Central Hongshuihe Zhuang … native to China, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, either side of central
stretch of HSH River, including Du'an, Dahua, Mashan, north Shanglin and possibly east Pingguo (Ethnologue
16). Former sub-group of Zhuang, Northern 1143




Nahuatl, Central Huasteca … an indigenous Mesoamerican people living today in Central Mexico. Their
language belongs to the Uto-Aztecan language family (sourced Wikipedia article). Hidalgo, Veracruz, and San
Louis Potosi states (Ethnologue 16).




current sources do not show this group in Eritrea or Benin
Ethnol lang Kurdish, Central, formerly old name of one dialect and ethnic section of the Kurds




Kurdish ethnicity with Turkish mother tongue. WCE identifies 5,327,275. Most sources do not identify this
segment separately.
Rambang Senuli … an indegenous people group of Indonesia (Sumatra). Rambang is one of several dialects of
Central Malay (pse) (Ethnologue 16). The Rambang Senuli live in the Pedamaran and Mesuji districts of the
Ogan Komering Ilir district in the province
name is Ethnologue lang name




Almost all bilingual in Spanish




Ojibwa, Central … a people and language of Canada, Central Ontario, Lake Nipigon in west to Lake Nipissing in
east. Alt Names: Central Ojibwe, Ojibway, Ojibwe (Ethnologue 16).




Young people are Japanese speakers
Tau't Batu … an indigenous people of the Philippines, mountains of Puerto Princes (Singnapan Valley of
Ransang).




Afghan Pawinda … a community of Pakistan, Northwest Frontier Province, Kurram District. 3,760. Muslim
(OMID).




Pashtun, Central … a people of Pakistan. The Pashtun (also known as Pushtun, Pakhtun, Pukhtun, Pashtoon,
Pathan) are an Eastern Iranian ethnolinguistic group with populations primarily in Afghanistan and
northwestern Pakistan. The Pashtuns are typically c




Turi, Muslim … a people of Pakistan. Northwest Frontier Province, Kurram District. Language is Central Pashto
(pst). Religion is Islam (OMID). Turi, early in the 16th century some 60 families of a Hindki or Indian race called
Turi moved up from their earl




1,430 monolinguals
808 speakers in Alaska
15,000 speakers; Nunivak Island, Alaska Coast




Ethnologue 16th - Sokoto is a dialect of Fulfulde, Nigerian (fuv) … 340,000




Centuum … native to Nigeria, Bauchi state, Balanga LGA, Cham town, among Dijim (cfa). 200 (Crozier and
Blench 1992). Alt Name: Cen Tuum




Language: Cerma. Most use Jula as second language




Some still monolingual
Mimi … an ethnic group of approximately 35,000 people living in Wadai Province of Chad. They are closely
related to the Mimas of Sudan. They are scattered through more than sixty villages north of the city of Biltine.
The largest urban concentration of Mi




Chakma … a scheduled tribe of India, Tripura, Mizoram, Assam, Meghalaya and West Bengal, also in
Bangladesh, southeast, Chittagong Hills. In India, they speak Chakma (ccp) among themselves and Bengali
(ben), Hindi (hin) or Assamese (asm) with others. In B
Not related to Ron or Bokkos 114963, also called Chal, in Nigeria




A dialect name of CLD. Chaldean speakers in non-Uniate Nestorian Church (see Assyrian 100574). Main
Cahldean church is now uniate with Roman Catholic)




Region: Southern Dagestan … aka Camalal, Chamalin … Also use Avar (ava) or Russian. Avar is literary language.
Meghwar … a scheduled caste of India. Distributed in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh,
the term Meghwal is said to have been derived from the word Meghvaray which means to bring raing. The
Meghwal in Rajasthan are also known as Megh or M




5 speakers




Chamorro … an indigenous people of the Mariana Islands which includes the American territory of Guam and
the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Micronesia. Alt Names: Tjamoro
(Ethnologue 16).
Chantyal … a language of Nepal, Dhaulagiri zone, Myagdi District, Kali Gandaki River valley. Ethnic Changel also
in Baglung District. Ethnic population: 9,814 (2001 census). Chantyal (chx) speakers: 2,000 (Noonan 1997),
decreasing. Outsiders often regard




Chara … a people and language of Ethiopia. Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regional State
(SNNPR), Kafa and South Omo zones, both sides of Omo River. Alt Names: Ciara. Agriculturalists: small grain.
Traditional religion (Ethnologue 16). Not re




May only be in India




Chabakano Creole … a people of the Philippines. Zamboanga, Basilan, Kabasalan, Siay, Margosatubig, Ipil,
Malangas, Lapuyan, Buug, Tungawa, Alicia, Isabela, Lamitan, Maluso, Malamawi, Cotabato City, Mindanao;
Cavite, Ternate, and Ermita near Manila. The 19
26 monolinguals




Bache is the plural in their language. Ache is one.




Trade Language
Chepang … a people and language of Nepal, inner Terai; Narayani zone, Makwanpur, Chitawan, and South
Dhading districts; Gandaki zone, South Gorkha District. Alt Names: Tsepang. An official nationality of Nepal
(Ethnologue 16).




26,000 speakers; Oklahoma & North Carolina




1,721 speakers; Montana, Oklahoma




Agaria (Agharia) … a community of India: Madhya Pradesh and Orissa. The Agharia believe that their ancestors
fled from Agra and settled down in the Chhattisgarhi region. They speak Chhattisgarhi (hne) and use the
Devanagari script. Some of them can speak
Bargah … a small community of India. The Bargah are concentrated in Bilaspur and in the adjoining parts of
Raipur district in Madhya Pradesh. The Bargah community could be of mixed origin, Rajput and Ahir,
descending from Ahir families that served as pers
Bilingual in Spanish




Most speakers over 40; Oklahoma, few in L A, California




273 monolinguals




1,200 speakers
15 monolinguals




Buriat, China … native to China, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Hulun-Buyr District, near Russia (Siberia)
and Mongolia borders. 65,000 (1982 census). 47,000 New Bargu, 14,000 Old Bargu, 4,500 Buriat.




Chindwin Chin … a people and language of Myanmar. Kanpetlet, Yaw, Seidoutia, and Paletwa townships. Alt
Names: Chinbon Chin, Chinbon, Sho, Ütbü. Latin script. Buddhist (Ethnologue 16).
Quechua, Chincha … an indigenous people of Peru, northeast Chincha Province, Ica; northwest Castrovirreyna
Province, Huancavelica; southeast Yauyos Province, Lima. A highly differentiated linguistic area with many one-
village varieties (Ethnologue 16).




Amerindian Pidgin




Chipaya … a people and language of Bolivia, Department of Oruro, Province of Atahuallpa. Alt Names: Shipaya,
Xipaia, Puquina. he Shipaya (Xipaia, Chipaya) are a group of Amerindians who speak the only surviving Puquina
language in South America. For centu




4,000 speakers




Dakota, Montana; Canada; former Chippewa groups/dialects formerly reported in various Ojibwa language
groups




Rural people are predominantly monolingual




340 monolinguals
Chiripá




Chittagonian … a people and language of Bangladesh, Chittagong region. Alt Names: Bhatgaiyan Buli, Chatgaya,
Chittagonian Bengali. Dialects: Not inherently intelligible with Bengali (ben), although considered a
nonstandard Bengali dialect. Dialects form




Tharu, Chitwania … a people and language of Nepal, Narayani zone, Chitawan District; Lumbini zone,
Nawalparasi District. Also in India. Alt Names: Chitawan Tharu, Chituan Tharu, Nawalparasi Tharu. 228,000 in
Nepal (2001). 60,121 Chitwan, 92,779 Nawalparas




Matpa … a people of Bhutan, east, concentrated in the lower areas of Mongar District. Their two largest
villages are Tsamang and Tsakaling. A number of Matpa villages are also located withint the Lhuntse District
further to the north (JPL). 20,000 (Van Dr
9,211 speakers; Oklahoma - principall Southeastern




Chaudhari, Chodri … a community of India. Gujarat. They speak Chodri (cdi) or Gujarati (guj) and practice
Hinduism (OMID). A scheduled tribe of Gujarat. They speak Gujarati (guj) at home and with the other
communities in the region (POI Vol. IV, p. 657).




13,000 monolinguals




30,000 monolinguals
Related to Somray, but not identical.




Chonyi … a people and language of Kenya, Coast Province, Kilifi District. One of nine ethnic groups that form
the Mijikenda community. Christian, Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




older sources also included a separate entity for Tongas, speaking Tonga dialect of Chopi; not in current
sources.




50%-75% literate




Closely related to Cham. 25%-50% literate
Hmong Be … a people of China, northwestern Guizhou Province, Dafang County, Babao Township, Luzhai
Village. Chinese sources refer to them as Luzhai Mai (Hattaway 2000). The Hmong Be speak one of the many
dialects of the Chuanqiandian Miao Cluster (cqd) (E




Hmong Bua … a people of China, Yunnan Province, Weixin and Zhenxiong counties in northeastern Yunnan and
Jinping County in southeastern Yunnan. 20,000 speakers of the Hmong Bua language live in Lai Chau, Vietnam
(Hattaway 2000). Hmong Bua is one of the ma




Hmong Dlex Nchab … a people of China. They live in and around Tongchang Township in Jinping County,
Yunnan Province, close to China's border with Vietnam. The Chinese refer to this group as Qingshui Miao,
which corresponds to their autonym, Hmong Dlex Nch




Hmong Dou … a people of China, western Guizhou Province, Bijie County, Dananshan Village. Small numbers
also live in a few surrounding villages in Xiaoshao and Yanzikou townships. Some Hmong Dou have migrated to
the Daguan and Xiehe districts of Qianxi Co




Hua Miao … a people and language cluster of China, west Guizhou, west Guangxi, south Sichuan, Yunnan
(especially southeast and northeast). Alt Names: Chuanqiandian Miao, Chuanchientien Miao, Core Farwestern
Hmongic, Sichuan-Guizhou-Yunnan Miao, Western Mi
Chugpa Monpa … a Monpa group (see 113086) inhabiting the West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh,
India. They are named after the village Chug where they live. They speak the Cug (cvg) dialect of the Monpa
language (POI Vol. V, p. 2357). Alsu use Hindi




Chuj, San Mateo Ixtatan … a people and language of Guatemala. Central western Coatan River area, west
Huehuetenango Department (Ethnologue 16). Ixtatan Chuj (cnm) was retired and merged into Chuj (cac) on
2009-01-16 (SIL Change request 2008-050).
Nearly extinct




May … one of three dialects of Chug (scb), a language of Vietnam. Quang Binh Province, Thuong Hoa, Hoa Son,
Dan Hoa communes, near the Laos border at the same latitude as Mu Gia Pass. Also in Laos. Khammouan
Province, Bouarapha District, near Vietnam bord




Ruc … one of three dialects of Chug (scb), a language of Vietnam. Quang Binh Province, Thuong Hoa, Hoa Son,
Dan Hoa communes, near the Laos border at the same latitude as Mu Gia Pass. Also in Laos. Khammouan
Province, Bouarapha District, near Vietnam bord




Sach … one of three dialects of Chug (scb), a language of Vietnam. Quang Binh Province, Thuong Hoa, Hoa Son,
Dan Hoa communes, near the Laos border at the same latitude as Mu Gia Pass. Also in Laos. Khammouan
Province, Bouarapha District, near Vietnam bor
Cia-Cia is name generally used, though it is negative.
Kamuku … a people and language of Nigeria. Niger state, Chanchaga, Rafi, and Mariga LGAs; Kaduna state,
Birnin Gwari LGA. Language is Cinda-Regi-Tiyal (cdr). Dialects: Cinda (Ucinda, Jinda, Majinda, Tegina,
Makangara), Regi, Tiyal (Tiyar, Kuki). Lexical s
All speakers elderly; nearly extinct




Lela … a people of Nigeria, East Kebbi states, Zuru, Sakaba, and Donko-Wasagu LGAs; Niger state, Rijau LGA;
migrants south. 'Dakarkari' is the Hausa name for the people. 'Lela' is their own name for people and language.
Agriculturalists; blacksmiths; mat




Coastal Kadazan … a people and language of Malaysia (Sabah), west coast of Sabah, Penampang and Papar
districts. Alt Names: Kadazan Tangaa', Membakut Kadazan, Papar Kadazan, Penampang Kadazan (Ethnologue
16).
15 monolinguals




500 monolinguals




Cocamilla … live in the floodplain of the lower Huallaga River in northeastern Peru. Their language is a member
of the Tupi-Guarani family. They are closely related to the Cocama Indians (Olson 1991, p. 99).




Speakers in Peru bilingual in Spanish; only few elder speakers of Cocama-Cocamilla
6 monolinguals, but language use vigorous; Yuma, Arizona




Many bilingual in English




40 speakers; N Idaho
Speakers bilingual in Spanish




75 speakers; Colville Res. Washington




854 speakers; bilingual in English; Western Oklahoma
400 speakers




Con … native to Laos, Luang Namtha Province, southwest of Vieng Pou Kha. 1,000 (Wurm and Hattori 1981).




Coong … native to Vietnam, Lai Chau Province, Muong Te District, east of Sila, south of Mang. Not the same as
108015 which lists Coong as an alternate name for Phunoi (phu)




About 300 individuals; Southern Oregon coast
Limited bilingualism
Possibly 2 speakers; SW Washington




500 speakers




6,213 speakers; East Central Oklahoma, Southern Alabama, Florida.
4,280 speakers; S Montana




Kulina … an Arawa-speaking tribe of Amerindians who today live in far western Brazil. They call themselves the
Madija. They are concentrated in several villages on the Chandless River, at Manoel Urbano on the Purus River,
and to the west on the Acarau Riv
Cun … a people and language of China, Hainan Province, North Dongfang County, south bank of Changhua
River, north bank in Changjiang County. 80,000 (1999 J. Ouyang). Alt Names: Cun-Hua, Cunhua, Ngao Fon.
Classified as Han nationality. Agriculturalists; fi




9 speakers; S California




Kuripako … a subtribe of the Wakuenai, a group of Amerindians living today in the Vaupes drainage area of
northwestern Amazonia in Colombia and Venezuela, In Brazil and Vanezuela they are called Baniwa. Their self-
designation is "Kurrim." Most are bilingu




Pato Tapuia … a people of Colombia and Brazil. May all speak Tucano




National Language
143 monolinguals




Czech … a western Slavic people of Central Europe, living predominantly in the Czech Republic. Also in Austria,
Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Israel, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Ukraine, United States. Alt Names:
Bohemian, Cestina. Christian (Ethnolog




Jew, Czech Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish com
Reshiat … a people of Ethiopia. Lower Omo River, along Lake Turkana. Also in Kenya. Eastern Province,
Marsabit District, Lake Turkana northeast shore, Illeret area. Alt Names: Daasanech, Dama, Dasenech,
Dathanaic, Dathanaik, Dathanik, Gallab, Galuba, Gela




Dabarre … a people and language of Somalia. Dhiinsoor District, May region. Alt Names: Af-Dabarre. Dialects:
Dabarre, Iroole (Af-Iroole). A very distinctive language in the Digil clan family. Dialects are clan names. Muslim
(Ethnologue 16).
May be Dagaaba Muslims




Dagbamba … a people and language of Ghana. Northeast Tamale area, as far as Yendi. Alt Names: Dagbani,
Dagbane, Dagomba. The people are called "Dagbamba' or 'Dagomba', the language 'Dagbanli' ('Dagbani' by
outsiders). Agriculturalists. Muslim, traditional




Sources disagree on whether this should be separate or part of Dagbamba 102372




Masakin … a people and language of Sudan. North, Kordofan Province, Nuba Mountains; Mesakin Hills, Reika
village. Alt Names: Buram, Dagig, Dengebu, Masakin, Masakin Dagig, Masakin Gusar, Reikha, Thakik, Dagik. Also
use Sudanese Arabic (apd). Latin script
Dai … native to Indonesia (Maluku), Dai Island, Sinairusi, Lewa, Hertuti villages, Sinairusi Kecil hamlet. 820
(2007 SIL).




Tulao … native to China, southeastern Yunnan Province, Xinhuilong and Luchaichong villages in Maguan
County. Also in Vietnam. Alt Name: Bu Dai. Bu Dai and Tuliao are Alt Names for the Zhuang, Dai (zhd)




Dai Zhuang … native to China, southeast Yunnan Province, Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture,
Wenshan, Yanshan, Guangnan counties. Also in Vietnam. 120,200 all countries (Ethnologue 16). Former sub-
group of Zhuang, Southern 114376 [Retired].
15,355 speakers; N Nebraska, S Minnesota, N & S dakota, NE Montana




Dakpakha … native to Bhutan, North Tashigang District, near Brokpake, in Chaleng, Phongmey, Yobinang,
Dangpholeng and Lengkhar near Radhi. 1,000 (Van Driem 1993).




All Bete: 532,000




Dama … a people and language of Cameroon, North Province, Benoue Division, Rey-Bouba Subdivision, a small
group. May be a dialect of Mono (mru). Language use: Older adults. Shifting to Fulfulde (fub). Nearly extinct
(Ethnologue 16).




Dambi … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Morobe Province, Mumeng District. Some intelligibility
with Klumalu (ksl). Swidden agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).
Dampal … a people of Indonesia. Central Sulawesi. Language is Dampelas (dms). Ethnoreligionists - Animists
50%, Sunni Muslims (40%). Virtually extinct due to intermarriage (WCD).




Dampelasa … a people and language of Indonesia (Sulawesi). Central Sulawesi; Dampelas Sojol and Balaesang
subdistricts. 8 villages. Alt Names: Dampal, Dampelasa, Dian. Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Dan … a Manding-speaking group of people who today are concentrated in Ivory Coast, especially in the
departments of Man, Danane, and Biankouma. Alt Names: Yacouba, Mebe, Samia, Gyo, Gio. There are also
smaller clusters of Dan peole across the border in L
Tharu, Dang … a dialect subgroup of Dangaura Tharu (thl) in Nepal, Dang-Deokhuri District (Ethnologue 16).




Tharu, Deokri … a dialect subgroup of Dangaura Tharu (thl) in Nepal, Dang-Deokhuri District (Ethnologue 16).




Jew, Danish Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish co
only in Chad




only in Sudan




Daju, Dar Sila … a people and language of Chad. Ouaddaï region, Sila Department; Goz-Beïda area and east to
Sudan border; Salamat region, Barh Azoum Department, camps of internally displaced people. Also in Sudan.
North. Nearly all Daju of Dar Sila migrat




Darai … a people and language of Nepal, Inner Terai, Narayani zone, Chitawan District; Gandaki zone, Tanahu
District; Lumbini zone, Nawalparasi, Palpa districts; Gandaki zone, Gorkha District. 10,200 (2001 census). Ethnic
population: 14,859. An official n




CPPI also separately identifies one sub-group Kubachi, with pop 3000; Ethnol identifies Kubachi dialect, but
gives no pop
Afghan, generic … use this code to classify Afghani diaspora peoples, undifferentiated by native language. Farsi,
Eastern (prs) and Pasto, Southern (pbt) are most likely languages spoken by undifferentiated Afghanis. Use this
code only where more detailed




Darwazi (drw) has been retired after the publication of Ethnologue 16 and merged with Dari (prs). Muslim




Kurds speaking Persian as mother tongue




Farsi, Eastern ("Dari" dialect) speakers, Afghanistan origin; also in Khorasan Province, Iran.




Muslim. May be Eastern Iranian. May be called Tajiki.
Datooga … a language of Tanzania, Singida and Manyara regions; Mara region, Bunda and Serengeti districts.
Barabaig mainly in north volcanic highlands near Mt. Hanang. Alt Names: Datog, Datoga, "Mangati", Tatog,
Tatoga, Taturu. 87,800 (2000) (Ethnologue 1
Approx. 104,700 speak Daur. About 44,300 speak Mandarin Chinese.




Daw … a people and language of Brazil. Amazonas, across the river from São Gabriel de Cochoeira, a county
seat just below the confluence of the Vaupés and Negro rivers. Alt Names: "Kamã", Kamã Makú (Ethnologue
16).




Dawro … a people and language of Ethiopia. Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR),
Dawro Zone. GPS 7 N, 37 E. Alt Names: Dauro, Kullo, Cullo, Ometay. The Dawro have an ethnolinguistic identity
distinct from the Gamo (gmv) and the Gofa
Bilingual in English or Dhuwal.




Ethnologue 16th - Gbe, Defi (gbh) … a language of Benin … 13,500 (2002 SIL). Southeast corner, Oueme
Province, Seme-Kpodji Subprefecture between Oueme River north, Cotonou-Porto-Novo railroad west, Gulf of
Guinea south, and into Nigeria east.
not in Nigeria




100 speakers, bilingual in English; name Ingalik is unacceotable to people.; Alaska
Dela-Oenale … native to Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), Rote Island west coast, Dela and Oe Nale domains. 7,000
(2002 UKAW).




Dema … native to Mozambique, far west, just north of Zimbabwe. 5,000 (2000 J. & M. Bister). Population
displaced during Cabora Bassa Dam construction.




not in Togo
A people of the Central African Republic, Ouango Subprefecture. Different from Dendi (ddn) in Benin, Nigeria,
and Niger. Not in Togo




Dengka … native to Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), Rote Island northwest, Dengka and Lelain domains, east of Dela-
Oenale [row], west of Lole (Ba'a). 20,000 (2002 UKAW).




Deni (Dani) … a small tribe of Amerindians who speak an Arawa language. They live in a vast territory extending
from the headwaters of the Purus River to the headwaters of the Xirua River in the state of Amazonas, Brazil.
they are a tribe, however, only i




Unrelated to Nyang (Nhang) in Vietnam and US
Kachari, Dimasa … a community of India. Assam, Nagaland, West Bengal. A majority of the Dimasa Kachari are
found in Assam's North Cachar Hills and Karbi Anglong districts. They speak Deori (der) or Dimasa (dis). They
are predominantly Hindu, but there are




Dera … a people and language of Nigeria, Adamawa state, Guyuk LGA; Borno state, Biu LGA. 20,000 (1973 SIL).
Alt Names: Kanakuru. Some also use Hausa (hau), Bura (bwr), Lala (lla), Fulfulde (fuv), Longuda (lnu), or English
(eng). Agriculturalists; hunters;




Shani, Shellen, and Gasi are dialects of Dera (kna) … a language of Nigeria … Alt Name: "Kanakuru" … 20,000
(1973 SIL) … explore PeopleName further




Desano … a people and language of Brazil. Northwestern Amazonas. Also in Colombia. Papurí and Abiyu rivers
(tributary of the Vaupés), Pacá River (tributary of the Papurí), Macú Parana River (tributary of the Papurí), plus
other tributaries of the Papurí.




Dezfuli … native to Iran, Dezful, north Khuzestan Province. Alt Name: Dizfuli.
Bilingual in English




Danuwar Rai … a people and language of Nepal, Narayani zone, Makwanpur, Rautahat districts; Janakpur zone,
Sindhuli District; Eastern hills and plain, inner Terai and Terai south of Kathmandu. Alt Names: Danuwar,
Denwar, Dhanwar, Dhanvar. 31,800 (2001 ce
Nearly extinct
Ganagana is actually the people name; Dibo is language name, used in some listings
Digo … a people and language of Kenya, Coast Province, Kwale District, south of Mombasa. Also in Tanzania.
One of nine ethnic groups that form the Mijikenda community. Digo is the tribal name. Agriculturalists;
fishermen; traders; industry workers. Muslim
a language of Cameroon … EthnicPop 50,000 of whom 140 (1992 SIL) speak Dimbong (dii) … Also use Bafia (ksf)
or Yambeta (yat) … aka Bape, Bumbong, Kaalong, Kalong, Lakaalong, Lambong, Mbong, Palong … Center
Province, Mbam Division, northwest of Bafia




Dime … a tiny Ethiopian ethnic group who live in the southern reaches of the country. They speak an Omotic
language and make their living as herders and small farmers (Olson 1996, p. 147). A people and language of
Ethiopia. Kafa region, north of Omo River




Dimir … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Madang Province. Alt Names: Bosiken, Boskien
(Ethnologue 16).




Kurd, Dimili … a people and language of Turkey (Asia). East central, mainly Elazig, Bingol, and Diyarbakir
provinces, upper courses of Euphrates, Kizilirmaq, and Murat rivers. Also in Germany. Alt Names: Dimili,
Southern Zaza, Zaza, Zazaki. Some also use




Dzing … a people and language of Democratic Republic of the Congo. Bandundu Province, Idiofa Territory, on
Kasai River. Alt Names: Di, Din, Dzing. Latin script (Ethnologue 16).




Dirari … an extinct language of Australia. Southern Australia, east of Lake Eyre North. Unlikely any speakers
remain (Wurm 2003). Alt Names: Dhirari (Ethnologue 16).




Gidole … a people and language of Ethiopia. Omo region, hills west of Lake Chamo, Gidole town area. Alt
Names: Dirasha, Dhirasha, Diraasha, Dirayta, Gardulla, Ghidole. Christian (Ethnologue 16).
Dirya … a people and language of Nigeria. Bauchi State, Ningi and Darazo LGAs. Alt Names: Diri, Diriya, Diryawa.
A separate language from Ciwogai (tgd) (Ethnologue 16).




"Somba" is derogatory name.
Diuwe … native to Indonesia (Papua), southwest of Sumo, east of Catalina River. 100 (1999 SIL).




300 monolinguals




Maji … an ethnic group living today in Ethiopia. Some ethnologists place them in the Kafa-Sadama cluster of
Ethiopian peoples, while others classify them as Omotic peoples. They live in far southwestern Ethiopia, near
the Sudanese border, where they make
Bilingual
Dogose, Doghosie … a language of Burkina Faso, Southwest, Comoé Province, Sidéradougou Subdistrict, Ouo,
Sidéradougou, Kouere, Koro, and Sirakoro. Alt Names: Doghose, Doghosié, Dokhobe, Dokhosié, Dorhossié,
Dorhosye, Doro Doghosié, Dorobé, Dorosie, Doross




Dogoso … a language of Burkina Faso, Dandougou, Torokoro, Sokoura, Bondokoro, Tolandougou, Sakédougou,
near the Dogose *dos+, Khisa *kqm+, and Khe *kqg+. Also in Côte d’Ivoire. Alt Names: Bambadion-Dogoso,
Bambadion-Dokhosié, Black Dogose, Dorhosié-Finng,




Barwala, Muslim … a community of India. Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh. They are concentrated in
the districts of Jammu and Udhampur. Dogri (dgo) is the primary language but some also speak Punjabi (pan).
Barwar is an alternate name in some area




Batwal, Hindu … a community of India. The Batwal are distributed in the districts of Jammu, Udhampur and
Kathua of Jammu and Kashmir. They are an endogamous group. Dogri (dgo) is spoken at home as well as with
others. In Himachal Pradesh the Batwal are a
New from Omid, 7/20/01
2,668 speakers




Dogon (102662) retired and 14 new "Dogon" entries created. Dogon, Dogul Dom … a people native to Mali,
northeast of Bandiagara, Nandoli as center (Ethnologue 16).




Dom … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Simbu Province, mainly south of Wahgi River from
Kundiawa west of Sinasina area (Ethnologue 16). Not related to Dom Gypsy in Middle East
Domari … a people and language of Iran. Kurbat and Luli in west; Mehtar in Fars and Kohgiluyeh va
Boyerahmad Province; Karachi in north. Also in Afghanistan, Egypt, India, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Libya, Palestinian
West Bank and Gaza, Russian Federation (Eu




Halebi … a dialect sub-group of Domari. Traditional Gypsy languages are Indo-Aryan and have their origins in
Sanskrit. The language of the Dom of North Africa is known as Domari. Various sources have shown that the
Dom of North Africa employ a large numbe




Dombe … native to Zimbabwe, Hwange District, Lukosi area. 5,430 (2006).
Dondo … native to Indonesia (Sulawesi), Central Sulawesi; Tolitoli Buol District, Tolitoli Utara, Baolan, Dondo,
Galang, and Dampal Utara subdistricts on the north coast. 25 villages, or parts of villages. 13,000 (Himmelmann
2001).




Not related to Dongolawi Nubian in Sudan




Dogon (102662) retired and 14 new "Dogon" entries created. Donno So … a people native to Mali, in
Bandiagara area; Kamba So in Kamba area (Ethnologue 16).




Doondo … native to Congo, Bouenza region; Nkayi, Madingou, Mfouati, and Boko-Songho districts. 3,020
(2000). Alt Name: Dondo, Kidoondo.
Dorze … a people living in a very small, fifteen-square-mile area of the Gemu-Gofa highlands of Ethiopia. They
speak a Sadama dialect and have a contemporary population of approximately 23,000 people. They are famous
for their basket-shaped, woven bamboo




In Nu Nationality (Nung), and Dulong Nationality (Drung).
Duala … a people and language of Cameroon, Littoral Province, Nkam Division, toward Yabassi and along Wouri
River; Moungo Division, Dibombari area; Wouri Division, Cameroon estuary area; South West Province, Fako
Division, both sides of Mungo River. 87,70
Duli … an extinct language of Cameroon. North Province, Benoue Division, near Pitoa. Alt Names: Dui. Might
have been the same as Gey (guv). Ethnologue 16. Consider for DELETION.
Muslim; of same Mongol ethinic origin as Hui 103896
Moderate bilingualism in Spanish




Duruma … a people and language of Kenya, Coast Province, West Kwale District, south of Mombasa to
Tanzania border. One of nine ethnic groups that form the Mijikenda community. Duruma (dug) is the second
most remote from Giryama (nyf) linguistically. Durum
Belgians, Dutch-Speaking … a people of Belgium. Dutch (nld) is the language. This code is often confused with
101227 Belgians, Fleming where Vlaams (vls) is the language. Vlaams is considered a variety of Dutch (nld) and
referred to by Belgians as "Dutch"
majority language in Belgium; some confusion in sources between Flemings, Vlaams (vls) language, and Dutch
(nld) language in Belgium, and Flemings overseas. Belgians sometimes refer to Dutch as "Vlaams" but it is not
the same as Vlaams (vls), which is so




100,000 second language speakers. National Language
Somewhat bilingual in Jula
Nearly extinct
Consider themselves to be ethnically Mfumte




Language extinct




Drukpa …a community of India and Bhutan. Also called Druku, Yul-Mi or Bhutanese, the Drukpa in India are
located in the northern part of West Bengal. In Sikkim, the Drukpa (ST) inhabit the high altitude areas. They
came into India with the invading Bhutan




Duun … a people of Burkina Faso. Kénédougou Province, Samorogouan and Samogohiri departments, west of
Bobo-Dioulasso near Orodara town; Samogo-Iri, Saraba, Diomou, Gnalé, Sokouraba, Todié, and Samogogouan.
Alt Names: Eastern Duun, Kpango, Samogho, Samog




Samogo is Jula name … Kenedougou Province, Samorogouan and Samogohiri departments, west of Bobo-
Dioulasso near Orodara town




Wuse is Chinese name - derogatory
Han Chinese, Pinghua … a people of China. Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Alt Names: Pingheng,
Zheyuanhua, Tuguaihua, Tubaihua, Tuhua, Cunhua, Kehua, Baixinghia. Pinghua (simplified Chinese: 平话;
traditional Chinese: 平話 Pínghuà, sometimes disambiguated a




Berawan, East … native to Malaysia (Sarawak). 1,100 (2007) … Alt Name: Long Jegan Berawan … With 115049
and 115051 replaces Berawan 101270




Source is Guinea National Research Network
Aranda, Eastern … a language of Australia, Northern Territory, Alice Springs area (Mparntwe), Santa Teresa
(Ltyentye Apurte), Alcoota, Harts Range (Artetyerre), Bonya (Uthipe Atherre), Amoonguna (Amwengkwerne).
Alt Names: Arunta, Eastern Arrernte.




Baluchi, Eastern … a people and language of Pakistan, northeast Balochistan Province, northwest Sind,
southwest Punjab. Also in India. Alt Names: Baloci, Baluchi, Eastern Hill Balochi (Ethnologue 16).




Darzada … one of the larger tribes of Baloch centered around Makran. Also known as Darzadag. These people
originally inhabited Syria and other Gulf countries, especially in the Arabian Peninsula. Basically, Darzada
means "someone who came from somepleace




Deghwari … a people and language of Pakistan, Central Balochistan, Kalat and Mastung. Alt Names: Dehwari
(Ethnologue 16). Khuzdar, Jafarabad, Bolan, Awaran, Nasirabad and Kalat districts of Baluchistan (OMID).
Deghwari (deh) is the language name but there




Lori … a people of Pakistan. Baluchistan, Khuzdar, Jafarabad, Bolan, Nasirabad, Kalat and Makron districts.
Language is Eastern Balochi (bgp). Religion is Islam (OMID). A nomadic community found in the Balochistan
region of Iran and Pakistan. The Lori li




Nakib … a people of Pakistan. Baluchistan, Makran, Jafarabad, Khuzdar, Bolan, Kharan, Panjgur, Nasirabad,
Kalat, Gwadar districts. Language is Eastern Balochi (bgp). Religion is Islam (OMID).




Sorozai … a people of Pakistan. Baluchistan Province, Khuzdar, Makran, Awaran, Panjgur, Gwadar, Chagai
districts. Language is Eastern Balochi (bgp). Religion is Islam (OMID).
Guarani, Eastern Bolivian … a people and language of Bolivia. South central Parapeti River area, Tarija. Also
spoken in Argentina (Jujuy and Salta) and Paraguay (Chaco). Called 'Guarayo' in Paraguay and 'Guaraní
Occidental', "Chiriguano", or "Chawuncu" in




Eastern Bru … a people and language of Laos, East Savannehkhet Province, Sepone District. Also in Vietnam,
Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Dac Lac provinces (Ethnologue 16). 15%-25% literate




Also called Kado, not same as Kado in Northern Laos




15%-25% literate




Bilingual in Northeastern Tai. Young people do not speak Tri.




Western Bru … a people and language of Thailand, Mukdahan Province, Dong Luang District. Also in United
States (Ethnologue 16). 20% literate. Partially intellibible with Eastern Bru of Vietnam
14,000 speakers




Baharia … a community of Egypt, 360 km southwest of Cairo, inhabiting the Bahariya Oasis (northern oasis).
Bahariya consists of many villages of which Bawiti is the largest. The people are sometimes referred to as
"Wahati" ("of the oasis" in Arabic) and a




Speaking Arabic, Levantine Bedawi Spoken (AVL)




Formerly listed in some sources under Syrian 109666




Tamang, Eastern Gorkha … a language of Nepal, Gandaki zone, North Gorkha District, south and east of Jagat.
Refer to themselves as Gurung, but recognize their language is different. Tamang recognized as an official
nationality. Traditional religion, Buddh
Eastern Gurung … a people and language of Nepal, Western Dev. region, Gandaki zone, mainly Lamjung,
Tanahu, and west Gorkha districts. Possibly Manang district. Alt Names: Daduwa. 227,000 (2007), decreasing.
338,925 all Gurung languages in Nepal (2001 cen




470 monolinguals




Eastern Hongshuihe Zhuang … native to China, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, south of eastern
Hongshuihe River and south of Qianjiang River (Ethnologue 16). Former sub-group of Zhuang, Northern 114375
[Retired].




Jacalteco, Eastern … a people and language of Guatemala. Huehuetenango Department near Mexico border,
Concepcion Huista area. Alt Names: Eastern Jakalteko (Ethnologue 16).
Jacalteco, Western … a people and language of Guatemala. Huehuetenango Department, around Jakaltenango.
Also in Mexico. Alt Names: Popti', Western Jakalteko, Western Jacaltec (Ethnologue 16).




sub-group of Jacalteco, Western 110783. Only CPPI ahs separate. Some literature refers to it.




5%-15% literate




Their language forms a dialect continuum with Bwe (Bghai) Karen. 60% literate in Thai, only 1-5% in Kayah.
Some sources may have only one entry for all Kayah.




4,578 speakers; NC New Mexico
Includes all of entity in Ethnologue lang entry "Krahn, Eastern"; Tchien is one segment, and dialect




Separate from Lawa (Eastern).




Magar, Eastern … a language of Nepal, Gandaki zone, Tanahu District, east of Bagmati River, central mountains,
Okhaldhunga, Taplejung, Bhojpur, Dhankuta, Chainpur, Terhathum, Ilam, and Letang are main centers. Also in
Bhutan, India. 462,000 in Nepal (2001




This entity is mixed in some sources with 106266 Maninka, Western




Wasulu (Wasulunka) … The Wasulunka (Wassalunke, Ouassoulounke) are a Manding-speaking people whose
language is actually considered part of the Fringe Manding cluster of Manding language. Most Wasulunkas are
settled rice and peanut farmers living in Wasulu
Mari, Low (Meadow Mari) … a language of Russian Federation (Europe), Mari El Republic, east of the Volga,
Bashkir, Tatar; Udmurt Republic, Perm, Sverov, Kirov oblasts. Also in Kazakhstan. Al Names: Mari, Eastern Mari,
cheremis, Low Mari, Mari-Woods, Lugov




Most speak Nepali




Some sources have one entry covering 107224 and 107225




A Che … a people of China, eastern Yunnan province, Shuangbai and Yimen counties. Despite the similarities in
their names, the Ache are not the same as the Azhe people, another Yi subgroup located in Yunnan Province.
The A Che language is one of many that




A Yi people in China, a few in Vietnam and Laos.
Yi, Yunnan … a people of China. Yunnan, Jianshui, Tonghai, Gejiu, Kaiyuan, Mengzi, Pingbian, Hekou counties.
Alt Names: Nisu, Shiping-Jianshui Nisu, Shiping-Jianshui Yi. Classified as Yi nationality. Agriculturalists; some
animal husbandry. Polytheist, tr




Formerly included Chippewa and Ottawa elements in language-based data from Ethnologue; see 114918
Chippewa and 114919 Ottawa
Ittu … a people and language of Ethiopia. North Bale zone, east and west Hararghe zone. Alt Names: Eastern
Oromo, Harar, Harer, "Kwottu", "Qottu", "Qotu Oromo", "Quottu", "Qwottu". Latin script. Muslim (Ethnologue
16).




Ahmadi … an Islamic religious community in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Indonesia. Alt Names: Ahmadiya.
The Ahmadi movement that started in the nineteenth century as a protest movement against the proselytizing
activities of Christian missions under B




Arain … a community of India, largely settled in Delhi, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Bihar. The Arain are
variously known as Raeen, Rain, Baghban, Kunjra, etc. They are a gardening and cultivating caste with both a
Hindu and Muhammadan branch. The Sunni s




Arora … a community of India, Haryana, Delhi, Punjab. Also called Rora, the Arora claim Khatri or Kshatriya
origin. They speak Punjabi (pan) or Hindi (hin) and use the Devanagari and Gurmukhi scripts (POI Vol. IV., pp.
125-127).




Arora … a community of India, Haryana, Delhi, Punjab. Also called Rora, the Arora claim Khatri or Kshatriya
origin. They speak Punjabi (pan) or Hindi (hin) and use the Devanagari and Gurmukhi scripts (POI Vol. IV., pp.
125-127).




New from Omid, 7/20/01
Barwala, Sikh … a community of India. Uttar Pradesh, Basti and Sant Kabir Nagar districts. The Barwala, Sikh
speak Punjabi (pan). They are also known as Barwar (OMID).
Bazigar, Sikh … a community of India. The Bazigar, Sikh are predominantly found in Punjab, centered in Patiala
and Sangrur districts. A few are also found in Chandigarh district, Chandigarh. They speak Eastern Panjabi (pan)
(OMID).




Bhabra, Muslim … Bhabra (or Bhabhra) is an ancient merchant community from the Punjab province of
Pakistan whose population mainly follows Jainism. The Bhabra community has had a close historical association
with Jainism. It is believed to be connected wi




Bhabra, Sikh … Bhabra (or Bhabhra) is an ancient merchant community from the Punjab province of Pakistan
whose population mainly follows Jainism. The Bhabra community has had a close historical association with
Jainism. It is believed to be connected with
Bhatyiana (Bhatneri, Bhatti) is a dialect of Panjabi, Eastern (pan)




Brittal Bania (Brittial Bania) … a scheduled caste of India, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Mizoram
states. Also known as Sonari (goldsmith) in Assam. Assamese (asm), an Indo-Aryan language, is their mother
tongue, and the Assamese script is used
Chamar, Sikh … a community of India. One of the major communities, the Chamar live in almost all the states
of northern, central and western India. They are known differently in different areas and as such include many
groups. Alt Names: Chambhar, Ram Das




Chhimba, Sikh … a community of India. Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Chandigarh. They speak Punjabi (pan) or
Hindi (hin). Alt Names: Dhamin, Dhami, Tabnk Suryavanshi Kaith (OMID).




Chhipa, Sikh … a community of India. Punjab, Chandigarh. They speak Panjabi (pan) or Hindi (hin). Alt Names:
Tank Kshatriya, Rangari, Rohilla, Bhavsar (OMID).




Darzi (also known as Darji), the community name is derived from the Persian word "darzan", meaning to sew.
The Darzi are an occupational community distributed in several states of India: Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra
Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh,
A scheduled caste of India. Also known as Daole, the Daule are concentrated in the Mandi and Bilaspur districts
of Himachal Pradesh. The speak different local dialects of Pahari. The literacy rate of the Daule, according to
the 1981 census, is 27.84 perce




Different from Dom Gypsy with Domari lang and Dom 111979
Jat, Sikh … a dominant peasant community of north-west India. Sikh Jat live in Punjab and Chandigarh. Most
likely the word 'jat' is derived from 'jatta', a generic term for cattle-grazers and camel-breeders, moving in a
group (jatha). Current research sug
Kulait … a community of India. Chandigarh. They speak Eastern Panjabi (pan) and practice Hinduism (OMID).
Labana, Hindu … a community of India. Also referred to as Lavana Banjara by their neighboring communities.
Hindu Labana are primarily found in Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, and Orissa. They are notified as a scheduled
caste in Orissa (POI Vol. V, pp. 1972-1




Labana, Sikh … a community of India. Also referred to as Lavana Banjara by their neighboring communities.
They are widely distributed in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Goa,
Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Orissa, Andhra Prad
Mirasi, Hindu … a community of India. Distributed all over the northern and northwestern states of the country
(POI Vol. V, pp. 2299-2306). They are concentrated in the states of Punjab, Chandigarh and Haryana. They
speak Eastern Panjabi (pan) or Hindi (h




Mirasi, Sikh … a community of India. They are concentrated in the Amritsar and Gurdaspur districts of Punjab.
They speak Eastern Panjabi (pan). Alt Names: Shaikh, Dhadi, Dhadhi, Dhagri, Bhand, Miralm, Charan, Tasbirdar
(OMID).
Mochi, Sikh … a community of India. Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh. Majority found in Punjab, Jalandhar district.
They speak Punjabi (pan) or Hindi (hin). Alt Names: Raighar, Rehgar, Jatia, Ramdasi, Raudari, Ravida, Jingar
(OMID).
Ramdasia, Sikh … a community of India. Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan. Concentrated in Rupnagar, Ludhiana, and
Amritsar districts of Punjab. They speak Eastern Panjabi (pan) and practice Sikhism (OMID).




Ramgarhia … a community of India. Also known as Ramgadia Sikh. They live in several regions. In Punjab, the
Ramgarhia speak Panjabi (pan) and use the Gurumukhi script. In Rajasthan, the Ramgarhia Sikh identify
themselves as Tarkhan in general and Ramgadia




Rangrez, Sikh … a community of India. Maharashtra, Aurangabad District. They speak Eastern Panjabi (pan) and
practice Sikhism (OMID).




A Pamiri people, in India only




Sansi Bhil … a people of India (Rajasthan; Punjab; Haryana; Delhi; Himachal Pradesh; Jammu and Kashmir;
Madhya Pradesh; Karnataka; Uttar Pradesh) and Pakistan (North Sindh Province, Karachi. Alt Names: Bhilki,
Sansiboli. Sansi (ssi) language not being pas
Sarera, Hindu … a community of India. Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra. Alt Names: Sareha, Sarde,
Sarehde, Sarere. They speak Kangri (xnr) and Eastern Panjabi (pan) and practice Hinduism (OMID).




Sarera, Sikh … a community of India. Rajasthan, Uttaranachal, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir. Alt
Names: Sarde. They speak Eastern Panjabi (pan) and practice Sikhism (OMID).
Tamang, Eastern … a language of Nepal, Kathmandu and northeast, east, and south. Most districts east, Outer-
Eastern in Janakpur zone, east Sindhupalchowk, Ramechhap, Dolakha districts. Central-Eastern in Bagmati
zone, Kabhre District, west Sindhupalchowk,




Tawbuid, Eastern … a people and language of the Phillipines, Central Mindoro. 7,190 (2000). Alt Names:
Bangon, Barangan, Batangan, Binatangan, Fanawbuid, Suri, Tabuid, Taubuid, Tiron. Western Tawbuid (twb) is
distinct (Ethnologue 16).
Hmong, Eastern Xiangxi … a people and language of China, west Hunan Province, Luxi, Guzhang, Jishou and
Longshan counties, some in Hubei. Alt Names: Eastern Ghao-Xong, Eastern Miao, Eastern West-Hunan Miao,
Ghao-Xong, Hsianghsi Miao, Meo Do, Northern Miao




Gbe, Eastern Xwla … native to Benin, southeast along coast, Oueme Province, Seme-Kpodji Subprefecture.
80,000 (2002 SIL).




Jewish. Includes 71,200 German Jews in Israel. Large communities in USA, Canada, etc.




not related to the Hima 103783 or the Nyankore (Hima) 107365 in Uganda




Cabe … native to Benin, Borgou Province, Tchaourou Subprefecture; Zou Province, Save and Ouesse
subprefectures. Alt Name: Ede Cabe, Caabe
Alt Name: Ede Ica … native to Benin, Zou Province, Bante Subprefecture. 63,000 (2002 SIL). Not related to
Arhuaco (Ica) in Colombia, erroneously reported by one source




Traditional




Traditional




Siagha-Yenimu … a people of Indonesia (Papua), southeast near coast, north of lower Digul River. Awyu, Edera
(awy). Alt Names: Jenimu, Oser, Siagha, Sjiagha, Syiagha, Yenimu. Agriculturalists; hunters. Christian, traditional
religion (Ethnologue 16).
Efik … an Official/National language of Nigeria, Cross River state, Calabar Municipaltiy, Odukpani and Akamkpa
LGAs; Akwa Ibom state, Itu town. Also in United States. 400,000 in Nigeria (1998). Population total all
countries: 405,260. Alt Name: Calabar. E




Ethnic group growing; many speak Dida.




Arab, Egyptian … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in
Egypt.
Jew, Egyptian Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish




Kurds with Arabic mother tongue




Felup … a people and language of Guinea-Bissau, northwest corner, San Domingo District. Also in Senegal,
extreme south, a handful of villages 5 to 7 km due south of Oussouye, including Kahem, Efok, Youtou. Alt
Names: Ejamat, Ediamat, Feloup, Felup, Felupe
29 monolinguals
Bilingual in Spanish
Buyang E'ma … native to China, Yunnan Province, Wenshan Zhuang-Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Funing
County, Gula Township, Langjia and Nianlang villages. 300 (1995). Similar to Buyang, Langnian (yln)
Tado … a people and language of Colombia. Chocó Departamento, Upper San Juan River region. Alt Names:
Cholo, Êpêra. Latin script. Secluded (Ethnologue 16). The Tado people are a group of Amerindians who today
live in the department of Choco at the mouth o
Emok language extinct




En … native to Vietnam, Cao Bang Province, Noi Thon village, about 20 kms. directly east on foot from Ho
Quang City, Ho Quang District. 200 (1998 J. Edmondson). Alt Name: Nung Ven
Enawene-Nawe … a people and language of Brazil. Olson (1991) lists Enawene-nawe as an alternate name for
the Saluma (108559) but Ethnologue 16 notes that the Enawene-Nawe (unk) language is distinct from Saluma
(slj) and locates speakers of Enawene-Nawe in




Includes Ende and Nga'o




English-speaking American citizens who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa, typically used for
Americans with at least partial Sub-Saharan African ancestry. Alt Names: USA Black, Black Americans, Afro-
Americans.




National Language. 15050 second language speakers.
National Language




Majority population, English-speaking of British or general European heritage




Anglo-Canadian … a people of Canada. Alt Name: English-Speaking Canadian. ROP 101869 - Canadians, English-
Speaking retired and merged into 100356.




Anglo-New Zealander … a people of New Zealand. Alt Names: English-Speaking New Zealanders. ROP107214
Retired and merged into 100357.
National Language




National Language. Local dialect known as Bajan.




National Language. Mainly speakers of English as second language




National Language … this is a nationality, not an ethnicity. Review other entries for Bermuda and consider
retiring.




Biri language reported extinct by some sources




National Language
British Virgin Islanders, English-Speaking … a West Indian people. While English (eng) is the official language,
Virgin Islands Creole English (vic) is more widely spoken both in the British and U.S. Virgin Islands (Ethnologue
16).




National Language. English Speakers in Brunei (16% of Ethnic chinese speak english as First Language)




English-speaking American citizens who have origins in a variety of European ethnic backgrounds, but whose
common racial heritage is Caucasian. Alt Names: USA White, White Americans.




English speaking inhabitants of the Cayman Islands. Not the same as 106882 which lists "Caymanian" as an Alt
Name but includes "Creole Speakers" in the PeopleName




5 speakers; language nearly extinct. Pacific coast, Oregon
Language extinct. S Louisiana




Language extinct; S California, near Santa Barbara, California




National Language




National Language. Approx. 30% of population is english-Speaking




Ethiopians, English-Speaking … not an ethnolinguistic category. Not in use by any current, active partner.
Consider retiring
European, generic … use this code to classify European diaspora peoples, undifferentiated by country of origin
or native language. Typically default to English (eng) as common trade language. Use this code only where
more detailed info is unavailable.




Eyak … a people and language of the United States, Alaska, mouth of the Copper River. Eyak (eya) language is
now extinct. Language use shifted to English (eng). Ethnic population: 50 (Krauss 1995) (Ethnologue 16).




English National Language




National Language




Ghanaian immigrants of undetermined ethnicity who share a common Ghanaian cultural identity in their host
country. English (eng), the official language of Ghana, is likely to be spoken.




Gibraltar National Language is English
National Language




National Language. Mainly US Forces and dependants




National Language. Spoken as first language by some Blacks and some Hindustanis




Han … an indigenous Amerindian people group in the United States and Canada. Han (haa) "is a moribund
Athabaskan language spoken in the village of Eagle, Alaska, and in Dawson City, Yukon Territory. Of the total
Alaskan Han population of about fifty peopl




May also associate with other Han language groups
National Language




South African Indians as a whole have English as a mother tongue … this and other Diaspora Indian codes need
review




English mother tongue, relate to broader Indians, but more distinct community by religion




15 fluent speakers; Oklahoma and Kansas




National Language




English is Auxiliary Official Language
Jamaican Mulatto … a people of mixed ancestry, primarily the blending of white European and black African
ancestries.




Jew … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near East. The Jewish
ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish
nation. Converts to Judaism, whos




10 speakers; NW California




10 speakers; S California




National Language
National Language




400-500 people; Kitsai lang extinct. Caddo County, Oklahoma




88 speakers; Oregon




No speakers; Oregon and Washington




Language extinct; Carolinas and Maryland




Language of instruction in secondary schools
National Language




6 speakers; N Dakota




Language extinct; English now native tongue; Indiana, Oklahoma




Mainly foreign-born




National Language. Mainly US Military




California, Wyoming; English mother tongue; perhaps 50 still speak Miwok varieties extinct or almost extinct




Three small tribes, maybe 2000 or more; Language extinct; Connecticut, Long Island, NY
National Language




Language extinct; S Delaware




National Language




National Language. 1,000,000 mainly second language speakers.




Nearly extinct; California
Language extinct; Washington




Aboriginal Australian nation, about 27,000; original language extinct, they speak a dialect of English; Western
Australia




10 speakers; California




5 speakers; Oklahoma




Pacific Islanders, generic … use this code to classify Pacific Islander diaspora peoples, undifferentiated by native
language. Typically default to English (eng) as common trade language. Use this code only where more detailed
info in unavailable.
National Language




National Language




127 speakers; Oklahoma




National Language




Bilingual in English, Pitcairn as second language




Foreign-born




Pomo … a native American people of the United States, Clear Lake area, northern California. This entity
encompasses three language groups, all of which have shifted to English (eng) and their native languages move
toward extinction. Kashiya (kju), Central
Speak English. Language extinct; E Virginia




National Language




10 speakers; Washington




6 speakers; Washington




English mother tongue




Samaná English is a variety of the English language spoken by about 8,000 people in the Samaná Peninsula,
Dominican Republic. The speakers of Samaná English are the descendants of African freed persons, who came
from West Africa beginning in 1824 when the




National Language
English language; near Highland, California; extensive business enterprises; population about 150 -- Indian
sources




National Language




Language nearly extinct; N California




S Oregon




20 speakers; Washington
National Language




National Language




National Language




National Language




National Language
National Language




First Language for some Asians




Nearly extinct; Oregon




National Language




Language extinct; Oklahoma




National Language
5 speakers; SC California




National Language




Language extinct; C Louisiana




30 speakers; NY




400 or more; language extinct; Washington




National Language
National Language




Virgin Islanders, English-Speaking … a West Indian people. While English (eng) is the official language, Virgin
Islands Creole English (vic) is more widely spoken in the Virgin Islands (Ethnologue 16).




1 speaker; California




111 speakers; California-Nevada border




38 speakers; Oklahoma
Maybe 200; Northwestern California.




Wyandot … a people and language of the United States. Northeast Oklahoma. Alt Names: Wendat, Wyandotte,
Wyendat. Dialects: Huron, Wyandot. Wyandot spoken until quite recently near Sandwich, Ontario, and
Wyandotte, Oklahoma with 2 older adult speakers in 1




84 speakers; Oklahoma




Nearly extinct; N California




10 speakers; California




National Language




National Language
Ethnologue 16th - Enwan (enw) … a language of Nigeria … 15,000 91998 B. Connell) … Akwa Ibom state, Mbo
LGA … not the same as Enwan (env) represented by provisional 117389




Enwan … native to Nigeria, Edo state, Akoko-Edo LGA. 14,000 (2006).
Most are bilingual in Central Isoko




Name "Chama" is objectionable.
400 monolinguals
Eton … a people and language of Cameroon, Center Province, most of Lekie Division. Alt Names: Iton. Also use
French (Ethnologue 16).




Eton … native to Vanuatu, southeast Efate Island, Eton, Pang Pang, surrounding villages. Alt Name: Eastern
Efate, Epwau. 500 (1989 census)




Etulo … an ethnic group living today in Kwara State in Nigeria. Also known as Utors, Eturos, and Turumawas.
Etulos can especially be found in the Shitive and Nyam Atsor districts of Katsina Ala Division of Benue State.
They trace their origins to the conf




Evenk … one of the largest ethnic groups in northern Siberia. Alt Names: Evenki, Ewenk, Tungus (Tongus),
Lamut, Birars, Manegry, and Orochen. Evenks are closely related to the Even (102970), who were once simply
an Evenk subgroup. they are scattered over
Ewage-Notu … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Oro Province, Popondetta District, coast between
Bakumbari and Pongani. Alt Names: Ewage, Notu. Dialects: Ewage-Notu, Yega (Gona, Okeina, Okena). Latin
script. 'Ewage' considered pejorative in the Or




Ewe … one of the dominant ethnic groups of Togo, Benin, and Ghana in West Africa. They are a cluster of Adja
clans who speak the Evegbe language. The Ewe population today is approaching two million people. It includes
the Ewe proper as well as the Anlo, K




Beti … a language of Cameroon, major part of Center and South provinces; East Province, Lom-and-Djerem and
Upper Nyong divisions. Trade language. 2,000,000. Fang, Ewondo, Bulu, Mengisa, etc. (Ethnologue 16). Beti
(btb) has been retired since publication o
Ewondo … a subgroup of the Betis (themselves part of the Fang-Pahouin conglomeration of peoplse), one of
the dominant ethnic groups in Cameroon. It is not uncommon for some people to refer to the entire Fang-
Pahouin group as Ewondos, primarily because Ewo




Extremaduran … a language of Spain, Extremadura Autonomous Region (except the Fala-speaking valley
northwest, Portuguese dialect-speaking strips west, and Spanish-speaking strip east); some neighboring areas.
Also in Portugal (Ethnologue 16).




Languages of Sambal and Ayta group are similar; ethnicities may be referred to by either name in sources
Chin, Falam … a people and language of Myanmar. Falam District, Chin Hills. Also in Bangladesh, India. Alt
Names: Falam, Fallam, Halam, Hallam Chin. Latin script (Ethnologue 16). 60% Christians, 40% Animists (WCD).
*** ref ROP 103666 (Retired), 111146, 1




Zanniat Chin … one of six dialects of Falam Chin (cfm). There are an estimated 16,000 speakers of the Zanniat
dialect. Zanniat may be a separate language. Latin script (Ethnologue 16).
Fang … native to Cameroon, North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Subdivision, northeast of Wum,
Fang village. Not the same 102997 Fang (fak) which is Narrow Bantu. 2,400 (2001 SIL).




Fang … native to Equatorial Guinea, Interior. Also in Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Sao Tome e Principe. Not the
same as 115095 Fang (fak) which is Beboid. 1,027,900 all countries.




Frafra … is a language of Ghana, Northeast, Upper East region, Bolgatanga area, Frafra District, as far west as
Navrongo. Also in Burkina Faso. Alt Names: Farefare, Gurenne, Gurune, Nankani, Ninkare. Includes five major
dialects (Gurune, Nankani, Booni, T
Fernandino Creole … native to Equatorial Guinea, north central Bioko Island, Fernando Po, 6 communities in
Malabo area: Musola, Las Palmas, Sampaca, Basupu, Fiston, Balveri de Cristo Rey. 5,000 (1998 S. Smith).
Unclear whether this is a distinct ethnic gr
Jew, Finnish Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish c




Romany in Finland with Finnish mother tongue
Foia Foia … native to Papua New Guinea, Western Province, Middle Fly District, Bibisa village. 180 (2000
census).




Language of wider comunication
Fongoro … a people and language of Chad. Ouaddaï region, Sila Department, canton Fongoro; Dar Fongoro
region along Sudan border south of Mongororo and the Sinyar, rather inaccessible. Alt Names: Gele, Kole.
Language use is shifting to Fur (fvr). Older ad




Country sources associate "Podo" (village name) and "Foodo" (tribe name)




25,000 local population; 25,000 spread throughout Indonesia




Bilingual or Trilingual (Nenets and Russian)
Maninka, Forest … a people and language of Côte d'Ivoire, Northwest region, Odienne Department, near Mali
and Guinea borders (Ethnologue 16).




Abnaki-Penobscot … a north American Indigenous people group found in Canada, Odanak, Quebec, at Abenaki
Reserve, between Montreal and Quebec City, and in the United States, near Bangor Maine in Penobscot
village. Abnaki-Penobscot encompasses two once prev




Separate people in Canada with separate lang from Cajunin Louisiana, USA
French is national language




Channel Islanders




National Language




Ethnologue 16th - French (fra) 2,200 in Burundi (2004) … Ethnicity = Negroid, Bantu (NAB57) … Language =
French (fra)




Not clear in sources if these are Europeans (French), or Bantu Comorians
Euronesian … people of mixed European and Polynesian, Melanesian or Micronesian descent.




descendants of original French settlers, a separate ethnicity in Mauritius today




French-Canadian … a people of Canada. Language is French (fra). Alt Names: Quebecois. ROP 101870 -
Quebecois retired and merged into 103066.
French Amerindian -WCE




Guinean immigrants (from Guinea) of undetermined ethnicity who share a common Guinean cultural identity
in their host country. French (fra), the official language of Guinea, is likely to be spoken.




National Language
Jewish




Malian, French-Speaking … Sub-Saharan Africans of Malian descent whose primary language is French. This
code encompasses French-Speaking Malians of undifferentiated ethnicity within Mali as well as Malian
immigrants of undifferentiated ethnicity.
National Language




National Language




Togolese … Togolese immigrantsof undetermined ethnicity who share a common Togolese cultural identify in
their host country. French (fra), one of Togo's three national languages is most widely spoken among Togolese
immigrants.




National Language. Wallia and Futuna is a french Overseas Territory




Walloon … a people and language of Belgium, Wallonia. Also spoken in Luxembourg, France and United States
(Ethnologue 16).
Friulian … a people and language of Italy, northeast and adjacent areas, north Friuli-Venezia-Giulia, Austrian
Province borders of Corinthia and Republic of Slovenia. 794,000 (2000). Alt Names: Frioulan, Frioulian, Friulano,
Furlan, Priulian. Some cultiva




Bilingual in Portuguese. Fulnio spoken during 3-month annual religious retreat




Ura, Ula … a people and language of Nigeria, Niger state, Rafi LGA. Alt Names: Fungwa, Afungwa, Tufungwa
(Ethnologue 16).
includes Agotime and Adan; not related in ethnicity or language to Gagme 102434
Gaam, Ingassana … a people and language of Sudan. North, Tabi Massif and area hills, Jebel Tabi area; a few in
Khartoum. Alt Names: Ingassana, Ingessana, Kamanidi, Mamedja, Mamidza, Metabi, Muntabi, Tabi (Ethnologue
16). The former Tabi (name of a hill) o
All Bete: 532,000
Galela … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), north Maluku, Galela Bay, north of Tobelo to northern
tip of Halmahera; Morotai Island except southeast quadrant; Gunage and Moari islands near Kayoa, Bacan, Obi,
scattered along the southwest coast of




Carib … an Amerindian group as well as a large group of Amerindian languages scattered widely throughout
Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Belize, Peru, Honduras, and the Antilles. Most
ethnologists today argue that the Karib tr




Carib, Galibi do Oiapoque … one of two subgroups of Galibi Indians, the Galibi do Oiapoque live on both sides
of the Oiapoque River that forms a boundary between French Guiana and Brazil with the majority living on the
French Guiana side. originated in Ma
Galoli … native to East Timor, north coast between Mambae and Makasae, Laklo, Manatutu, Laleia, and We-
Masin, Wetar Island. 50,000 (Wurm and Hattori 1981).




Gamkonora … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), north Maluku, north Halmahera, a few coastal
villages south of the Ibu area.
Gamo … a people of Ethiopia. Alt Names: Gamu, Gamu-Gofa. The Gamo speak an Omotic language and inhabit
the highland area south of Lake Abaya in the Rift Valley of southern Ethiopia. Generally, they live in isolated
mountain groups divided by deep valleys.




Gana seldom used, Malay used




Ganang … native to Nigeria, Plateau state, Gashish Kuk village area, Nye and Iny settlements, southeast of Jos,
beyond Kura falls. 3,000 (2007), decreasing.




Ganda … a Buntu-speaking people who call their language Kiganda. They constituet one of the major ethnic
groups of Uganda, especially in southern and central Uganda, and their current population totals nearly three
million people. They can be found across
Ethnologue 16th - Ganza (gza) … a language of Ethiopia … 5,400 (2004). Ethnic Population: 6,291. South of
Yabus Bridge, along Sudan border … aka Ganzo, Koma




Banziri Pygmy … an ethnic group of Central African Republic. Concentrated at the confluence of the Kouango
and the Ubangi rivers. They originated in the Upper Nile region and migrated to their present location
beginning in the sixteenth century. They are




Ethnologue 16th - Gao (gga) … a language of Solomon Islands … 1,220 91999 SIL) … Central Isabel Island,
Tausese southeast to Floakora Point, primarily in Poro
Consider name change to "Afro-Caribbean" for standardization




"Tangsa" means "hill people"
Garre … native to Somalia, mostly south, especially Wanle Weyn-Buur Hakaba; Baydhyaba, Dhiinsoor,
Buurhakaba, and Qoryooley districts; Middle and Lower Shabeelle and Bay regions. 57,500 (2006). Ethnic
population several hundred thousand (1992).




Gaviao do Rondonia … a tribe of approximately 220 Amerindians who live in the state of Rondonia, Brazil. The
Gaviaos do Rondonia (Ikoro, Digut), speak Gaviao do Jiparana (gvo) and are distinct from the Ge-speaking
Gaviao do Para (107881) and Gaviao do Mar




The Zoro are a tribe of approximately 175 Amerindians who once lived in the northwestern edge of the state of
Mato Grosso, Brazil, near the border with Bolivia. The language is part of the Monde linguistic family, and
related tribes include the Gaviao, Ci




Gawar-Bati … a people and language of Afghanistan, Kunar Valley. 8 or 9 villages. Also in Pakistan, south Chitral,
Arandu; Kunar River south of Arandu, Madaglasht village. Alt Names: Arandui, Gowari, Narisati, Narsati, Satre.
8,000 in Afghanistan. Populat
Nuristani … an ethnic group indigenous to the Nuristan Province of north-eastern Afghanistan. Possibly 195,000
in all Nuristani Groups (1993) (Ethnologue 14). This entry is generic, encompassing undifferentiated
ethnolinguistic peoples within the Nuristan




Dihina … one of six dialects of Gawwada (gwd), a language of Ethiopia. Omo region, west of Lake Chamo. Alt
Names: Tihina, Tihinte. Ethiopic script. Peasant agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).




Gawwada … a people and language of Ethiopia. Omo region, west of Lake Chamo. Alt Names: Gauwada,
Gawata, Kawwad'a, Kawwada. Ethiopic script. Peasant agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).




Gergere … one of six dialects of Gawwada (gwd), a language of Ethiopia. Omo region, west of Lake Chamo. Alt
Names: K'ark'arte. Ethiopic script. Peasant agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).




Gobeze … one of six dialects of Gawwada (gwd), a language of Ethiopia. Omo region, west of Lake Chamo.
Ethiopic script. Peasant agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).




Gollango … one of six dialects of Gawwada (gwd), a language of Ethiopia. Omo region, west of Lake Chamo. Alt
Names: Kollanko. Ethiopic script. Peasant agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16). Some may count this people with
Gawwada 103260




Gorose … one of six dialects of Gawwada (gwd), a language of Ethiopia. Omo region, west of Lake Chamo. Alt
Names: Gorrose, Korrose. Ethiopic script. Peasant agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).
Harso … one of six dialects of Gawwada (gwd), a language of Ethiopia. Omo region, west of Lake Chamo. Alt
Names: Worase. Ethiopic script. Peasant agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).




Gayil … native to Ethiopia, southwest, South Omo zone, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regional
State (SNNPR), North Aari Wereda. 55,700 (2007).
2006 verification research indicates this term does not represent a valid current ethnicity. An old language
name from the 1950s.




Banu … a dialect of Gbaya (gba), a macrolanguage of Central African Republic. In west of country. Animists
35%, Muslims 5% (WCD).




includes sub-groups Naka, Gbaya-Ndogo, Gbaya-Ngbongo, Gbaya-Gboko, Orlo, Gbaya-Dara, Dongo
a dialect of Gbaya-Mbodomo




Gbaya-Mbodomo … a people native to Cameroon, East Province, Lom and Djerem Division, Bétaré-Oya
Subdivision; Ngoura District. Estimated 20,000 (2007 SIL).




Gbessi … a people and language of Benin, Atlantic Province, Kpomasse, Alada, and Tori-Bossito Subprefectures,
individual and mixed villages; Mono Province, Bopa Subprefecture along Lake Aheme. 65,000 (2002 SIL).
Traditional religion, Christian (Ethnologue




223,000: All Grebo in Liberia
Gedeo … a people and language of Ethiopia. Central highland area, southwest of Dilla and east of Lake Abaya.
Alt Names: Darasa, Darassa, Derasa, Derasanya, Deresa, Geddeo. Ethiopic script. Traditional religion, Christian,
Muslim (Ethnologue 16).
On Florida (Nggela) Islands of the Solomon Islands




Ethnologue 16th - A'ou (A'uo) is a dialect of Gelao (gio) … a language of China




Ethnologue 16th - Duoluo (Toluo) is a dialect of Gelao (gio) … a language of China




Gao, Gelao … native to China, Guizhou Province. Gao (Qau, Aqao) is one of four recognized dialects of Gelao
(gio). Gao speakers estimated at 2,000, of an ethnic population of 579,357 (2000 census).




6,400 speakers in China … encompasses Qau, A'ou, Hagei, Duoluo, Tu'lu dialects. Ethnic population totals
579,357 (2000 census)




Ethnologue 16th - Hagei (Hakei, Hakhi) is a dialect of Gelao (gio) … a languge of China
Unrelated to Mina in India 106638 (combined in some sources); or to Hina (Mina) in Cameroon 103787




A Muslim people speaking Adzhar dialect of Georgian (kat), in Georgia, Armenia, Russia
German …
Most Han Chinese in Germany have German mother tongue




19,000 are bilingual in Plautdietsch
Sorb …a Western Slavic people of Central Europe living predominantly in Lusatia, a region on the territory of
Germany and Poland. In Germany they live in the states of Brandenburg and Saxony. A few still speak Lower
Sorbian (dsb) or Upper Sorbian (hsb), b
Trade Language
Rashti … a people of Iran. Rasht city, capital of Gilan. Close to Gilaki Province. They speak Gilaki (glk). Bilinguals
in Farsi. Muslims (WCD).




Most bilingual or monolingual in Russian




Gimi … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Eastern Highlands Province, Okapa District. 22,500 (Wurm
and Hattori 1981). Alt Names: Labogai. Traditional religion, Christian (Ethnologue 16). Different from 114953 -
Loko, where language is Gimi (gip).
Loko … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, West New Britain, southwest coast and inland, Johanna
River to Anu River. 3,700 (1982 SIL). Alt Names: Gimi. Different from Gimi (gim) in Eastern Highlands Province
(Ethnologue 16). Not related to 105827 -
Tonga … a people and language of Mozambique. South, Inhambane area up to Morrumbane. Alt Names:
Bitonga, Inhambane, Shengwe, Tonga-Inhambane (Ethnologue 16).




Combined names of very close dialects. Some sources might acount dor these groups as separate ethnicities
Goa was a Portuguese "Christian" colony till 1961




Konkani speakers
Thovoi … a community of India. Goa State, North Goa and South Goa districts. Language is Goan Konkani
(gom). Religion is Christianity (OMID).




Gobu … a people and language of Democratic Republic of the Congo. Equateur Province, Nord Ubangi,
Bosobolo Territory, in 2 areas: north of Bili between Duguru and Borunu on Sidi road, and in Pandu area
between Denbili and Bele II villages. Also in Central
Gofa … a people and language of Ethiopia. Southern Nation, Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR), Gamo-
Gofa Zone. Alt Names: Goffa (Ethnologue Change Request Documentation 2008-080_gof.pdf). Some older
databases have Dache, a village, as a separate peo




Golin … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Simbu Province, Gumine district. Alt Names: Gollum,
Gumine (Ethnologue 16).
Kachera, Hindu … a community of India. Also called Kacher or Kachera, they have both Hindu as well as Muslim
Kacher among them; the Hindu bangle-sellers are called Kacher, while the Muslim bangle-sellers are called
Kachera. Both the terms have been derive




Gorakor … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Morobe Province, Mumeng District, including Yanta.
Swidden agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).
Yanta, Towangara … a people of Papua New Guinea. Yanta is a dialect of Gorakor (goc), in the Mumeng
language chain (Ethnologue 16). Yanta is a populated place within the Mumeng District of Papua New Guinea's
Morobe Province. Towangara/Towangala is an are




Some databases include Atinggola (100609) and Suwawa (109639) under Gorontalo.




Goroa … a people and language of Tanzania. Manyara region, Mbulu District; Dodoma region, Kondoa District,
near Babatai, Mt. Ufiome area. Alt Names: Fiome, Gorowa. May be a dialect of Iraqw (irk). Also use Iraqw (irk)
or Swahili (swh). Christian, traditio
People now most;ly speak Nancere




Gurma … a cluster of peoples who live in northeastern Ghana near the Togo border and in southern Burkina
Faso, between the Mossi region and the Niger River. The Gurmas living in Togo are concentrated in Sansanne-
Mango and in Dapango. Their population is e




Gabare … a group of some 300 families found in certain villages of the Kohi tract in the Indus Kohistan of
Pakistan. Alt Names: Gaware, Mahron (from their principal village). They speak a language called Gowro (gwf)
and have a tradition that they original




Grangali … a people and language of Afghanistan, Grangali and Zemiaki, Pech River south side at Kandai, 2 small
valleys; Nangalami in Ningalam village where Waigal and Pech rivers meet. Alt Names: Gelangali, Jumiaki. 5,000
(1994). Muslim (Ethnologue 16)




Gelao, Green … native to Vietnam, Yen Minh District, Pho La and Dong Van. 300 (2002 J. Edmondson). Many
shifting to Hmong, Tay (tyz), or Chinese. An official nationality. Not mutually intelligible with Red Gelao.
Grenadians of indeterminate African descent.




Bilingual in Indonesian




Also in India




78 speakers; California




10 speakers; Fort Belknap Res. Montana
Antillean … an Afro-Caribben people group in Guadeloupe, Martinique, St. Lucia, Dominica, French Guiana,
speaking Lesser Antillean Creole French. Christian 90%, Afro-Caribbean religionists 10% (WCD).




Guadeloupean Creole French … a people and language of Guadeloupe. Eastern St. Barthelemy, Marie Galante
islands. Also in Martinique. Alt Names: Kreyol, Martiniquan Creole French, Patois, Patwa. Comprehension of
Saint Lucia Creole (acf) is 89%. Population




The Gambiano (Silvenos, Coconuco, Moguex, Guambiano, Guanbiano) Indians are agriculturalists who live on
the eastern slopes of the central Cordillera mountain range in the Andean valleys of southwestern Colombia.
There are approximately 15,000 members of
Guana … a people and language of Paraguay. Boqueron, Salado River, south of Chamacoco, north of Sanapana,
Loma Plata, Machete vayre, Castilla near Rio Mosquito, Rio Apa. Alt Names: Cashquiha, Kaskiha (Ethnologue
16).




Guanano … the Uanana (Uamana, Uanano, Guanano, Wanana, Wanano), also described historically as the
Ananas, are an Eastern Tukanoan language group of Amerindians who occupy the banks of the Vaupes River
from Uaracapuri Falls in Colombia to Yavarete, Brazil




Only 40 speakers
10,000 monolinguals
Guibei Zhuang … native to China, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: Longsheng, Sanjiang, Rongan, Rongshui,
Luocheng, Huanjiang, Hechi, Nandan, Tian'e, Donglan, Bama counties (Ethnologue 16). Former sub-group of
Zhuang, Northern 114375 [Retired].




All Bete: 532,000




Guibian Zhuang … native to China, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: Fengshan, Tianlin, Longlin, Xilin,
Lingyun, Leyun counties; Yunnan Province: Funing, northern Guangnan counties (Ethnologue 16). Former sub-
group of Zhuang, Northern 114375 [Retired].




2,300 monolinguals




Kpelle … a Manding-speaking people who today live in Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone. In Liberia, they are
concentrated in Bong County but can also be found in Gibi Territory, Bomi County, and Lofa County. They
migrated tot eh region from Guinea beginni




Tibetan Nationality
Anjana Patel … a community of India. A community in Gujarat, the Anjana Patel are called by different names,
such as Anjana Patidar, Kanbi and Chowdhury Patel (in Mehesana district). They trace their migration from
Kashmir to Mount Abu enroute Bharatpur o




Bania, Gujar … a community of India: Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. They speak Gujarati (guj) in the home
and Hindi (hin) with others and use the Devanagari script.




Bania, Khedayata … a community of India: Gujarat, particularly in the central and southern part. They speak
and write in Gujarati (guj) among themselves, but with others they speak in Hindi (hin) and use the Devanagari
script.
Bania, Lad … a community of India: Madhya Pradesh, concentrated in the Khandwa, Khargone and Indore
districts. They speak Gujarati (guj) among themselves, while the local language, Nimadi (noe), and Hindi (hin)
are used for intergroup communication. They




Bania, Modh … a community India, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. Named after their clan deity,
Modeswari Mata. They are natives of Gujarat and have migrated to different parts of India but are mainly
concentrated in Gujarat. Besides Gujarati (guj




Bania, Nagar … a community of India: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan.




Bania, Srimali … a community of India: Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh. Gujarati (guj) is their
mother tongue and they use the Gujarati script.
Bohra … a community of India. Also known as Bohra Muslim, the Bohra belong to the Shia sect of Islam. The
word 'bohra' is derived from the Arabic word 'bawaeer', which means trader. In Rajastha, the Bohra live in the
districts of Udaipur, Dungarpur, Chitt
Charan, Hindu … a community of India. They are presently distributed in Maharashtra, Delhi, Rajasthan and
Gujarat. Primary language varies by state, but many of them are bilingual and use Hindi (hin) with others. The
traditional occupation of the Charan i




Charan, Muslim … a community of India. They are presently distributed in Maharashtra, Delhi, Rajasthan and
Gujarat. Primary language varies by state, but many of them are bilingual and use Hindi (hin) with others. The
traditional occupation of the Charan
Chunvalia … a scheduled tribe of India. Also known as Koli, Chunvalia. The Chunvalia are distributed in the
Surendra Nagar and Junagadh districts of Gujarat and are scattered in other parts of the state. They derive
their name from their original homeland




Dahur … a people of India, Gujarat (Ahmadabad, Surat, Rajkot, Banas Kantha, Vadodara, Bhavnagar,
Surendranagar, Junagadh districts). Also in Pakistan. Sind Province (Naushahro Firoz, Sukkur, Shikarpur
districts). Language in India is Gujarati (guj). Langu
Garoda, Hindi … a community of India. Gujarat. Rajasthan, Goa. Largest concentrations in Ahmadabad and
Banas Kantha districts of Gujarat. They speak Gujarati (guj) or Marwari (rwr). Alt Names: Garo, Garadiga,
Modikar, Guru, Gurwa, Pandiya, Madari, Garudi,
Kachhia, Hindu … a community of India, Gujarat. Alt Names: Kachchia. Gujarati (guj) is their mother tongue and
they use the Gujarati script. The Kachchia profess Hinduism (POI Vol. V, pp. 1430-1431).
Kharva, Hindu … a community of India. Alt Names: Kharvi, Kharwa, Khawa. The Kharva are a community
concentrated in Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Karnataka. The majority are found in Suburban Mumbai and in the
Surat and Junagadh districts of Gujarat. They spea




Kharva, Muslim … a community of India. They are concentrated in the Junagadh district of Gujarat. They speak
Gujarati (guj). Alt Names: Kharvi (OMID).




Koli … a community of India. The Koli are one of the largest communities of western India. The term Koli means
fisherman. They speak Gujarati (guj) and follow Hinduism (POI Vol. V, pp. 1774-1781).
Kunbi … a community of India, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Goa, Gujarat and Karnataka.




Lohana … one of the dominant communities of Gujarat, India. They migrated from Lohargaadh (now in
Pakistan) a few centuries ago. They are distributed all over Gujarat and in some parts of Maharashtra. Some of
them have migrated to countires like Kenya, Ta




Mahratta Kunbi … a community of India, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Language is Gujarati (guj). Also in Pakistan,
Sind Province. Language is Sindhi (snd). Also in Bangladesh, Dhaka, Khulna, Chattagam. Language is Bengali
(ben), Hindi (hin) or Gujarati (guj).
Naikda … a scheduled tribe of India: Gujarat and Maharashtra. Also known as Nayaka in some parts of Gujarat.
Their mother tongue is Bhili (bhb), which is still spoken by Maharashtra Naikda, however, few Gujarat Naikda
still speak Bhili and the majority of
Panar … a community of India, Gujarat. Surat and Vadodara districts. They speak Gujarati (guj) and follow Islam
(OMID).




Patel … a community of India. Also called Patidar or Kanbi-Patel, the Patel are a section of the Kanbi who
address themselves Patidar, a title of distinction. The term Kanbi indicates the occupation of a cultivator; but a
majority of Gujarati Kanbi are pr




Patelia … a community of India. In Gujarat the Patelia speak Gujarati (guj). The Patelia are Hindu by religion. In
Rajasthan, the Pateliya are a scheduled tribe, distributed in the Kota, Jhalawar and Banswara districts. In
Madhya Pradesh, the Patelia are




Pomla … a community of India. Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan. The largest concentrations are in the Thane
and Solapur districts of Maharashtra. Alt Names: Bargunda, Chabriwala, Topliwali. They speak Gujarati (guj) and
practice Hinduism (OMID).
Sutar … a community of India. Also known as Mistri or Viswakarma, the Sutar inhabit the states of Gujarat,
Rajasthan and Maharashtra. Though the Sutar are distributed in all the districts of Gujarat, their concentration
is in the Surat and Valsad district




Tai … a people of India, Gujarat, Vadodara District. They speak Gujarati (guj) and use the Gujarati script. The Tai
are akin to the Muslim weaver communities, like the Pinjara, Vankar and Tambooli. They weave cotton robes
and turbans. The Sunni and Sunni
Vaghri/Wagri … a nomadic community of Gujarat. They speak Gujarati (guj), but can also converse in Hindi
(hin), Punjabi (pan) and Sindhi (snd). The Vaghri are a scheduled tribe in Kachchh district of Gujarat. They trace
their migration from Marwar of Raja
Also called "Kara of Sudan" but not related to Kara in Tanzania




Gula … a people and language of Chad, Moyen-Chari region, Lac Iro Department, Alako and Boum-Kebir
subprefectures, southwest of Lake Iro. 10,300 (2000). Ethnic population: 788 Male, 580 Moufa, 549 Kofoy, 524
Souka, 260 Toussa, 143 Bemounou (census 1993).




Gula Iro … a people and language of Chad, Moyen-Chari region, Lac Iro Department; Salamat region, Barh-
Azoum Department; Lake Iro, Boum Kabir area, northeast of Sarh. Pongaal dialect in Boum Kabir, Boum Saher,
Madjok, Teonen, and Karou; Tiaala in Masidjan
People now speak Sudanese Arabic




Arab, Kuwaiti … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in
Kuwait.




CPPI memo: Culturally Saudi, Kuwaiti by residence and Gulf by language
Gun … a people and language of Benin. Southeast, Weme Province, Akpro-Misserete, Avrankou, Adjara, and
Porto-Novo subprefectures. Also in Nigeria. Lagos state, Badagry LGA. Alt Names: Alada, Alada-Gbe, Egun,
Goun, Gu, Gugbe, Gun-Alada, Gun-Gbe, Seto-Gbe,




This is the Ethnologue name
Gundi Pygmy … a people and language of Central African Republic, Nola Subprefecture, south and east of Nola.
Alt Names: Ngondi, Ngundi (Ethnologue 16). Distinct from 107279 Ngundi of Middle Africa.
Gurani … a people and language of Iraq. Near Halabja, east of Suleimaniye, Topzawa near Tawuq, pockets from
Mosul to Khanaqin. Also in Iran. Alt Names: Gorani, Hawramani, Hawrami, Hewrami, Macho. Some also use
Central Kurdish (ckb) (Sorani) or Arabic. Ara




Marwari Ghera … a people of Pakistan, Sindh Province, Bhens Colony, Karachi; smaller urban centers through
Sindh: Mirpur Khas, Shahdadpur, Panj, Moro, Sabura and Tando Allahyar. Alt Names: Gurgula (Ethnologue 16).
Hindus 80%, Muslims 20% (WCD).
Gurinji … a language of Australia, Northern Territory, Victoria River and Wave Hill, Kalkaringi. Alt Names:
Gurindji, Wurlayi. Also use Kriol (rop)
Gusilay … a people and language of Senegal, Tionk Essil village, between Tendouck and Mlomp-North. 15,400
(2006). Alt Names: Gusiilay, Gusilaay, Kusiilaay, Kusilay. Also use Jola-Fonyi (dyo), Wolof (wol), Mandinka
(mnk), or Pulaar (fuc) (Ethnologue 16).




Guyanese … a people of Guyana. Includes Creole, Mulatto. An important spoken language; not official




Guyanese spoken by both Blacks (250,000) and Hindustanis (400,000) … Consider splitting into "Afro-
Guyanese" and "Caribbean Hindustani"




Ngoshe Sama … a people of Nigeria. borno state, Gwoza LGA; Adamawa state, Michika LGA. Also in Cameroon.
Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Subdivision, north of Tourou, Ngoshi village (different from
Nggoshe). Alt Names: Gvoko, Gavoko, Gev
Gwa … a people and language of Nigeria, Bauchi state, Toro LGA. 980 (2000). Also use Hausa (hau) (Ethnologue
16).




oncldues Gwamhi (Gunfawa) and Wuri (Wurawa)
1,500 speakers




Hadiyya … a people and language of Ethiopia. Gurage, Kambaata, Hadiyya region, between Omo and Billate
rivers, Hosaina town area. Alt Names: Adea, Adiya, Adiye, Hadia, Hadiya, Hadya. Ethiopic script. Latin script.
Christian, Muslim (Ethnologue 16).
Baret … a community of India, Rajasthan, Bundi, Udaipur, Dungarpur, Chittaurgarh, Rajsamand and Banswara
districts (OMID). They speak the Hadothi (hoj) language and use the Devanagari script. The Baret are a landless
community (POI Vol. IV, pp. 299-300).




Dhola … a community of India, Rajasthan. The Indo-Aryan language Harauti *Hadothi - (hoj)+ is their mother
tongue, but they are also conversant with Hindi (hin) and use the Devanagari script (POI Vol. IV, pp. 845-846).
entry for all Hekiom/Haikom (hgm) speakers




San … the original inhabitants of South Africa before the arrival of Bantu-speaking Africans and Europeans in
the region. Also called Bushmen, Twa, and Sarwa (Basarwa). The term "Sarwa" is a Tswana name for the San
people. Culturally and linguistically, t




Haigwai … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Milne Bay Province, Alotau District, Huhu Local
Government Area, inland from Milne Bay head between Hagita and Waigani estates and mountains west. Alt
Names: Garaghwaghi, Kapulika, Naura. 1,060 (2000 ce




Haji … a people and language of Indonesia (Sumatra), Ogan Komering Ulu Selatan Regency. 17,500. Very few
monolinguals. Alt Names: Aji. Language used informally with insiders only. Indonesian (ind) used in education,
religious, and civic domains. Sunni Mu
Haka Chin … a people and language of Myanmar, Chin Hills, Haka area. Also in Bangladesh and India, Mizoram,
Chhimtuipui District, 41 villages, and Aizawi District, Champhai Subdivision, southernmost tip; Assam;
Meghalaya. Alt Names: Baungshe, Haka, Hakha,




1,000 or fewer She speakers; most speak Hakka or Min Chinese. Daoist.
25%-50% literate




Bayit is a group of the Khalka Mongol supergroup and Kalmyk-Oirat parent group. Name of one dialect of
latter group of languages.
Darkhat (drh) has been retired after the publication of Ethnologue 16 and merged with Halh Mongolian (khk).




due to variations in ethnic and language analyses, sources differ on Mongolian 104885, 101168, 104486,
113975. Some sources have not updated with Ethnologue 14




Uriankhai, Altai … an ethnic group of Mongolia. Uriankhai, also known as Urianhai or Uryangkhai, is a term
applied to several neighboring ethnic groups. The Altai Uriankhai are associated with the Oirats. They speak
Halh Mongolian (khk) and practice Buddh




Uuld … an ethnic group of Mongolia. Erdeneburen, Khovd Aimags, Ulziit, Lake ugii and Battsengel of Arkhangai
Aimag. Lower slopes of Tsambagarav Mountain and in the western side of Khovd River. It is believed that Uuld
people come from Tsoros and Durvud pe




500 speakers
Hamer-Banna … a people and language of Ethiopia, South Omo region, near Omo River; north of Lake Turkana,
southwest corner, near Kenya, Uganda, Sudan borders. Alt Names: Amar, Amarcocche, Amer, Ammar, Bana,
Banna, Beshada, Cocche, Hamar, Hamar-Koke, Hamer




Hani … a people and language of China. South Yunnan, Jingdong and Jinggu counties, Yuanjiang and Lancang
(Mekong) river basins, Ailao Mountains. Also in Laos (Phongsali Province, Yunna border) and Vietnam (North,
Lai Chau and Lao Cai provinces). An offici
Harari … a people and language of Ethiopia. East, walled city of Harar; Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa. Alt Names:
Adare, Adarinnya, Adere, Aderinya, Gey Sinan, Hararri. Ethiopic script. Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Haroi … a people and language of Vietnam, Binh Dinh, Phu Yen provinces. Alt Names: Aroi, Bahnar Cham, Hoi,
Hroi, Hroy, Hrway. Latin script. 35,000 (1998) (Ethnologue 16).
Ethnologue lang name; Harsusi is spoken by 600 Harasis & 100 <Ifar; not related to Afar in Eritrea




Ambonese Malay used as Second Language




See also Sharawi 108512
Morris group reported inTinduf, as well as in Adrar Mtns of Mauritania, but not listed there by common
sources




said to be nomads in northern Rif Mtns; May be invalid; One major source says recent search indicates these
people cannot be found or identified
Moor … a people of mixed Arab-Berber descent. Alt Names: Maure (French). The Moor are a large Sunni
Muslim ethnic group in North Africa. Although most Moors still live as pastoralists in their movable tents of
animal skins and grass matting, many now live




Nemadi … one of the Moor subgroups living today in Mauritania (Olson 1996, p. 427).




Unrelated to Sahari of India
Amana … possible reference to Arewa (Arawa), a dialect of Hausa (hau), a language of Nigeria.




People now speak Hausa




Old source entries in Eritrea were erroneous




Kawar ... a people of Niger. Saharan Negroes, partly Teda/Kanembu/Kanuri. History of caravan trade. Sunni
Muslims 100% (WCD).
unclear how this relates to other entries from other sources




1,007 speakers; Arizona
Over 100,00 do not control standard English




1,000 mother tongue speakers




Hazara … a people and language of Afghanistan, central mountains between Kabul and Herat (Hazarajat);
Kabul, between Maimana and Sari-Pul; north from immediately south of Ikoh I Baba mountain range almost to
Mazar e Sharif; many refugees. Also in Iran, Pa
500,000 second language speakers in Israel. Hebrew is first or second language of all Israelis. Includes
1,200,000 sabra (Native-born Israelis).




300 speakers
Kado (Herde) … a people and language of Chad, Mayo-Kebbi Ouest region, Mayo-Dallah (Pala) and Lac Lere
Departments (Lere), Pala and Lame area; near the Peve, west of the Nguete. Alt Names: He’dé, Ka’do Herdé,
“Kado” , Zime. 40,000 (1999 SIL) (Ethnologue 1




lang extinct, people may have no specific identity now




Chaldean Christian; some may include this under 101983
100 fluent speakers
Arab, Saudi … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in Saudi
Arabia.
Ad Dharmi ... a community of India. An adopted name of the Chamar in the Doaba region of Punjab, the Ad
Dharmi are distributed in Punjab and Delhi. The Ad Dharmi / Adi-Dharmi from Punjab and Delhi speak the Indo
Aryan languages Punjabi (pan) and Hindi (hi
Badhai (Barhai) … an occupational community of India, the Badhai derive their name from the Sanskrit word
vardhna or vardhika, meaning cutting. The Barhai are largely engaged in carpentry. They are known as
Chourasia, Barahai, Badhai, Jangid Brahman, Khat




Badhi (Badi) … a schedule caste of India distributed in some areas of Saharanpur district and in parts of western
Uttar Pradesh and in the districts of Dungarpur and Banswara in Rajasthan. They speak Hindi (hin) and practice
Hinduism (POI Vol., IV., pp. 1
Baghban, Hindu … a community of India. Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka. Alt Names: Bagban, Bagvan. They derive
the name Bagvan from the Urdu word 'bagban', which means the one who looks after a garden. They are
mainly vegetable growers. They speak Urdu (urd)
Bajgar … a community of India. Rajasthan, Maharashtra. Hindu.




Balewar … a community of India. Madhya Pradesh. Hindi (hin). Hindu (OMID).
Bandawat … a community of India: Bihar, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger, Gaya, Giridih, and Hazaribagh districts.
Speak Hindi (hin). Use Devanagari script. Primarily agriculturalists (POI Vol. IV, p. 243).




Bania … a generic term for some communities in India. "Bania" derives from the Sanskrit word "vanik",
meaning trading. 85 Bania communities are recognized by the People of India (POI) project (POI Vol. IV, pp.
261-267).




Bania, Agarwal … a community of India: widely distributed. Agarwal are largely engaged in trade and allied
economic pursuits. Alt Name: Agrawal, Aggarwal. Pop. Est. source is OMID




Bania, Agrahari … a community of India: Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh states. Agrahari have
synonyms like Agrahri and Agrari. Mother tongue varies by state, but all speak Hindi (hin) and use the
Devanagari script (POI Vol. IV, pp. 261-267).




Bania, Ajudhyabansi … a community of India: Madhya Pradesh. Alt Name: Ayodhyawasi Bania, Ayodhyawasi,
Audhia. Speak Hindi (hin) and use the Devanagari script (POI Vol. IV, pp. 261-267).
Bania, Baia … a community of India: Orissa and Bihar states. In Orissa they speak Oriya (ori) at home and Hindi
(hin) with others, and use the Oriya script. In Bihar they speak Maithili (mai) and Hindi (hin) and use the
Devanagari script. 111452




Bania, Barahseni … a community of India: Uttar Pradesh (Aligarh, Budaun, Hathras, Mathura districts) and
Uttarakand.




Bania, Barnawar … a community of India: Bihar and Uttar Pradesh states. In Bihar they speak either Hindi (hin)
or Maithili (mai) and use the Devanagari script. In Uttar Pradesh they speak either Bhojpuri (bho) or Hindi (hin).




Bania, Dhusar … a community of India: Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.




Bania, Gahoi … a community of India: Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. They speak Hindi (hin) and use the
Devanagari script.




Bania, Jaiswal … a community of India: Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Delhi. In Madhya Pradesh and
Rajasthan, the Jaiswal follow Jainism while in Delhi, most are Hindu. They speak Hindi (hin) and use the
Devanagari script.
Bania, Kasar … a community of India: Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.




Bania, Kasarwani … a community of India: Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. In Bihar their mother
tongue is Magahi (mag) but in all locations they speak Hindi (hin) and use the Devanagari script.




Bania, Kasaundhan … a community of India: Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. In Madhya Pradesh
they speak Bundeli (bns) but are also conversant in Chattisgarhi (hne). In Bihar they speak Angika (anp) but are
also conversant in Hindi (hin). In Uttar




Bania, Khandelwal … a community of India concentrated in the states of Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh,
Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat and in major cities including Delhi. In each state they speak a
different "mother" tongue, but all speak Hindi (hin) a




Bania, Lodasa … a community of India: Madhya Pradesh.




Bania, Mahajan … a community of India: widely distributed. "Mahajan" means "great folks" and is a title widely
bestowed on the Bania or trading class. Appears to be a mixed class sprung from the intermarriage of migrants
from the plains belonging to the B




Bania, Mahesri … a community of India: widely distributed in the urban areas of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh,
Maharashtra, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh. They speak Marwari (rwr) among themselves and are also conversant
with Hindi (hin) and the regional languages.
Bania, Mahur … a subcaste of the Bania, widely distributed across the northwestern states of India. They speak
local languages among themselves but Hindi (hin) with others and use the Devanagari script.




Bania, Nima … a Bania subcaste of India: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh. Large
numbers of Nima Bania reside in Mumbai and Thane as well as in urban districts of Madhya Pradesh. A
majority of them are followers of Jainism.




Bania, Oswal … a community of India: Rajasthan, Gujarat, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Madhya
Pradesh. A majority of them are followers of Jainism. Mother tongue varies by region but most speak Hindi
(hin) and use the Devanagari script.




Bania, Porwal … a community of India: widely distributed. Mother tongue varies by region but most speak
Hindi (hin) and use the Devanagari script.




Bania, Rastaogi … a Bania subcaste of India: found mainly in major urban centers of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan
and Delhi. Their concentration is in Varanasi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Meerut and Farrukhabad. They speak the Hindi
(hin) language in its regional dialec




Bania, Rauniar … a community of India: Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Consider themselves a subcaste of the Bania.
Also known as Raunihar, Roniyar, Nauniyar or Naunihar. Bhojpuri (bho) is their mother tongue but they are
conversant in Hindi (hin) and use the De




Bania, Saraogi … a community of India. They mostly live in the urban centers of Rajasthan but are also
scattered in Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. The Saraogi are followers of Digambar Jainism. The
speak Mewari (mtr) or Marwari (rwr) at home b
Bania, Ummad … a community of India and Nepal. Language is Hindi (hin). Religion is Hinduism.




Bania, Unai … a community of India: Uttar Pradesh. Language is Hindi (hin). Religion is Hinduism.




Bansphor, Hindu … a community of India, Bihar, Delhi, Tripura, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Assam. The Bansphor
are a schedule caste in Uttar Pradesh and Assam. Major concentrations in Bihar state, Gaya and Aurangabad
districts and in Assam, Kamrup District. L




New from Omid, 7/20/01
Bari, Hindu … a community of India. Also called Rawat, Panwale or betel-leaf sellers, the Bari are a caste of
household servants and makers of leaf plates in northern India. They mainly live in Maharashtra, Madhya
Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar




Barwala, Hindu … a community of India. Also known as Doom or Dum Bantwal, the Barwala claim to be the
original inhabitants of the Jammu valley. They have aligned themselves with the Doom Mahasa communities of
the region. They are distributed in Jammu and




Basor … a community of India. An occupational community, the Basor are known by various names, such as
Bansor, Basar, Bansphor, Bansodi, Baskar and Burud. The Basor are a scheduled caste of Madhya Pradesh,
Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Orissa. They speak
Belwar … a community of India: Uttar Pradesh, Hardoi, Lucknow, Sitapur and Unnao districts. Speak Hindi (hin)
and use the Devanagari script. Settled cultivation is primary occupation. Alt Name: Bailwar, Bilwar (POI Vol. IV,
pp. 357-358).




Bengali, Hindu … a community of India. Also known as Bangali, this people group represents Bengali-speaking
people or those who migrated from Bengal and settled in different states. The Bengali do not represent one
single ethnic group but a conglomeration




Bhabra, Hindu … Bhabra (or Bhabhra) is an ancient merchant community from the Punjab province of Pakistan
whose population mainly follows Jainism. The Bhabra community has had a close historical association with
Jainism. It is believed to be connected wit




Bhabra, Jain … Bhabra (or Bhabhra) is an ancient merchant community from the Punjab province of Pakistan
whose population mainly follows Jainism. The Bhabra community has had a close historical association with
Jainism. It is believed to be connected with




Bhangi, Hindu … a community of India. A scheduled caste in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Daman and Diu,
Goa, Assam, West Bengal and Delhi. The community name, Bhangi, has been derived from the Sanskrit word
'bhangi,' meaning hemp; it appears to be an a
Bhuinhar … a community of India. Also known as Bhuihar or Bhuiyar, the Bhuinhar are a community of Bihar,
who claim to be the original clearers of forests. It is reported that they have migrated from Orissa and Madhya
Pradesh. Sadri (sck) is their mother




Bhurtia … considered an offshoot of the Ahir (111292) community. They derive their community name from
the term "bhul" because they believe that they were ordained by God to pursue the occupation of buffalo-
grazing. The live in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pr
Bola … a people of India, Rajasthan, Kota and Baran districts. They speak Khadi Boli (hin) and practice Hinduism.
Population: 2,818 (OMID). Not realted to 114882 - Bola in Papua New Guinea.




Brahman … a community of India. A Brahman is a learned priest. The Brahman are described as having
originated from the face of Prajapati (Viratpurusha). Brahman is a varna category (varna refers to the main
division of Hindu society into four social class




Chamar … a community of India. One of the major communities, the Chamar live in almost all the states of
northern, central and western India. They are known differently in different areas and as such include many
groups. Alt Names: Chambhar, Ram Dasia. Th




Chamta … a community of India, Gujarat (principally in Kathiawar) and Rajasthan (Banswara, Dungarpur and
Udaipur districts). Alt Names: Champta, Champta-Salat (POI Vol. IV, pp. 629-630).
Chaupal … a community of India. Bihar, West Bengal, Jharkhand. They speak Hindi (hin) or Bengali (ben). Alt
Names: Choupal. Also in Nepal (OMID).




Chhimba, Hindu … a community of India. Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Chandigarh. They speak Hindi
(hin), Kangri (xnr), Punjabi (pan) and other regional languages. Alt Names: Dhamin, Dhami, Tank Suryavanshi
Kaith, Darzi, Chimbe (OMID).




Chhipa, Hindu … a community of India. Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab,
Uttaranachal, Maharashtra. They speak Gujarati (guj) or Hindi (hin). Alt Names: Chhipigar, Tank Kshatriya,
Bhavsar, Tangari, Rohilla (OMID).




Chik Baraik … a community of India. Also known as Baraik, the Chik Baraik believe that they originated from a
scarecrow animated by Lord Shiva. Their community name, which means cloth weaver, signifies their
traditional occupation (POI Vol. IV, p. 686). S
A largely peasant community of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. In Madhya Pradesh, the Dangi speak Hindi
(hin) and use the Devanagari script. In Rajasthan, the Dangi speak Mewari (mtr) and use the Devanagari script.
Literacy among the Dangi is low. POI Vol.




Darzi (also known as Darji), the community name is derived from the Persian word "darzan", meaning to sew.
The Darzi are an occupational community distributed in several states of India: Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra
Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh,
Dhanuk … a community of India. A widely distributed community, the Dhanuk enjoy scheduled caste status in
some states, but not so in Tripura and Bihar. Reportedly they are distributed in 51 districts of the country. Alt
Names: Dhanak. Their language varie
Domar … a scheduled caste of India, Uttar Pradesh. Also known as Bhangi or Mehtar, the Domar in Uttar
Pradesh mostly belong to the Turahiya or Tunaiha group. They have seven groups, namely Turahiya, or turaiha,
Dom, Lalbegi, Hadi, Basphor, Dhanuk and Dusa




Not a people group. A social segment, but perhaps outside of caste.
Gawaria … a community of India. Rajasthan. Alt Names: Gwariya, Gwariya Banjara, Gavaria, Gauria, Gwar,
Gwaria, Gayari. The Gwariya are spread over the Alwar, Jaipur, Ajmer, Nagaur, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Koat and
Bundi districts. They speak Marwari (rwr), but
Gharami (Gharrami) … a scheduled caste of India, Uttar Pradesh. One of many sub-groups of the Chamar. The
Hindi (hin) language and the Devanagari script are used for both inter and intragroup communication (POI Vol.
IV, p. 996).




Ghasi, Hindu … a community of India. Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, West Bengal. The largest concentrations
of Ghasi are in the Ranchi district of Jharkhand and the Surguja district of Chhattisgarh. They speak Sadri (sck)
at home and Hindi (hin) with o
Gond … a community of India. A scheduled tribe of Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Gujarat
and West Bengal. Numerically the most dominant tribe of central India. Their mother tongue is Northern Gondi
(gno) but the Gond are now bilingual or e




Gonrhi … a community of India. Bihar and West Bengal. Alt Names: Gunrhi. In Bihar, the Gonrhi are distributed
in the Bhagalpur, Katihar, Khagaria, Munger, Purnia and other districts. They speak Angika (anp) and Hindi (hin)
and use the Devanagari script. T
Govindpanthi … a Vaishnava sect of India, northwestern provinces. Alt Name: Gobindpanthi. Known for
wearing long hair and a turban and carrying a double-edged knife or sword (The Tribes and Castes of the North-
Western Provinces and Oudh, Vol. 2, p. 439).
Hindi … a people and language of India. Throughout north India: Delhi; Uttar Pradesh; Uttarakhand; Rajasthan;
Punjab; Madhya Pradesh; northern Bihar; Himachal Pradesh. Also in Bangladesh, Belize, Bhutan, Botswana,
Canada, Djibouti, Germany, Kenya, Nepal,




designation for reported groups of Indian origin, undifferentiated as to specific ethnicity … consider merging
this code with 104026 - Indo-Pakistani
Indo-Pakistani … immigrants of undetermined ethnicity who share a common Indo-Pakistani cultural identity in
their host country. Hindi (hin) is the most widely spoken language.




Jat, Hindu … a dominant peasant community of north-west India. Hindu Jat are concentrated in northern
Rajasthan, Haryana, parts of Punjab, Delhi and western Uttar Pradesh. Most likely the word 'jat' is derived from
'jatta', a generic term for cattle-graze




Javeri … a community of India. Maharashtra and Karnataka. Largest concentration in Jalgaon District,
Maharashtra. Alt Names: Johari, Jawari. They speak Hindi (hin) or Marwari (rwr) and practice Hinduism (OMID).
Jhinwar, Hindu … a community of India. Also called Dhenwar, Dhiwar, Jhiwar, Jheewar, Kahar, Kashyap Rajput
and Mallah, the Jhinwar inhabit various northern states of India. In Chandigarh, the Jheewar speak Hindi (hin)
and use the Devanagari script. In Him




Jhinwar, Sikh … a community of India. In Haryana, the Jhinwar are also known as Dhimar, Jimar and Kashap
Rajputs, and are distributed throughout the state. They speak either Haryanvi (bgc) or Punjabi (pan) and use
the Devanagari or Gurmukhi script dependi




Julaha … a community of India. They are a community of weavers who live chiefly in the Mandi, Bilaspur,
Kangra, Hamirpur and Simla districts of Himachal Pradesh, as well as in the union territories of Delhi and
Chandigarh. They are a scheduled caste in De




Kachhi, Hindu … a community of India, distributed in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh,
Maharashtra, Rajasthan and the union territory of Delhi. Alt Names: Kachchi, Kushwaha, Bagwan, Kachchwaye.
In Uttar Pradesh they are distributed in the Farru
Kahar … a community of India. They are distributed in a number of north Indian states like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh,
Delhi, Rajasthan and West Bengal. Alt Names: Rawani, Ramani, Kamkar, Chandrabansi, Dhimar, Mehra, Raj
Bhoi. Heart language varies by state wit




New from Omid, 7/20/01
Kanchan … a community of India. They are believed to have migrated from Rajasthan to various parts of the
country to escape proselytization by Mughal conquerors. In the past the Kanjar were notorious for their
criminal activities. The Kanjar are a schedul
Kawar … a people of India, West Bengal, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Also in Bangladesh and
Nepal. Also known as Kanwar or Kaur. They speak Sadri (sck) and can converse in Oriya (ori) and Hindi (hin).
They practice Hinduism (POI Vol. V., pp. 162




One source lists these as Animists, not Hindus




Kharsola … a community of India. Madhya Pradesh. They speak Hindi (hin) and practice Hinduism (OMID).
Kharwar … a community of India. The Kharwar are a scheduled tribe in Bihar, West Bengal, and Orissa and a
scheduled caste of Uttar Pradesh. In Bihar they are distributed in the hilly and forest regions as well as in the
plains of Ranchi, Gumla, Lohardaga,




Khatik, Hindu … a community of India. The term Khatik has been derived from the Sanskrit word 'khattika',
meaning a butcher or hunter. In Gujarat and Rajasthan, they are also called Khatki and claim to be Rajput. In
Gujarat, the Khatik are distributed in




Khatri, Hindu … a community of India. They originated in Punjab, and are widely distributed in Punjab, Haryana,
Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Bihar, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Tamil
Nadu. The Khatri claim to be Rajput




Kisan … a scheduled tribe of India, also found in Bangladesh and Nepal. Primary language in India is Hindi (hin);
primary language in Bangladesh is Sylheti (syl); primary language in Nepal is Awadhi (awa). Hinduism
predominates in all countries.
Kumhar … a community of India. Alt Names: Kumbhar, Kumar. The term 'kumhar' is derived from the Sanskrit
word 'kumbhkara', meaning a maker of pots. The Kumhar are known by different names in different states,
such as Kusuvan in Kerala and Tamil Nadu, Kula
Kurariar … a community of India. Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. Largest concentration in Katihar district of
Bihar. They speak Hindi (hin) or Maithili (mai) and practice Hinduism. Alt Names: Karori, Kurreriyar, Kururiar,
Kureri (OMID).




Kurmi … a community of India. The Kurmi are a numerically large and widely distributed community. The
Kurmi are mainly a landowning and agricultural community. They speak any of various regional languages buy
typically use Hindi (hin) for intergroup comm




Kurpalta … a community of India. Uttar Pradesh, Delhi. The largest concentrations are in Mathura,
Bulandshahar and Agra districts of Uttar Pradesh. They speak Hindi (hin) and practice Hinduism (OMID).
Lodha … a community of India. They call themselves Banbate, Kisan, Lodh, Lodhe, Lodh Rajput or Tomar. The
Lodha are found widely spread throughout the Central Provinces. They speak Hindi (hin) and use the
Devanagari script. They are reported in Uttar Prad




Lunia, Hindu … a community of India. They are also known as Nunia, Sambhri, Sambhri Chauhan or Jhumaria
Parmer. They are said to have migrated from Sambhar lake in Rajasthan to Uttar Pradesh and are now
distributed in Lucknow, Kanpur, Farrukhabad, Raibar
Mali/Malakkar … an occupational caste among the Hindus who traditionally work as gardeners. "Mali" derives
from Sanskrit "mala" meaning "garland". The Mali are widely distributed in West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Andhra
Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh




Mallah, Hindu … a community of India. Mallah is a generic term used for a group of people who occupation
revolves around boating and fishing. They are also known as Nishad, Kewat, Malso or Mallahi. They are
distributed in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand,
Mehtar … a community of India; a Scheduled Caste of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, and Karnataka. In Andhra
Pradesh, the Mehtar call themselves Valmiki. They are migrants from Delhi, Punjab, Rajasthan and Bengal. They
are concentrated in the districts of Warangal




Unrelated to Mina, Ge (Gen) 114980 in Togo and Benin or to Hina (Mina) in Cameroon 103787
Murao … a people of India, Uttar Pradesh. Alt Names: Mauriya. They speak Hindi (hin) and use the Devanagari
script. The Murao are mainly agriculturalists. They are Hindu by faith and their life-cycle rituals are performed
by a Brahman priest (POI Vol. V,




Murhid … a people of India, Rajasthan, Jhunjhunu, Sikar and Churu districts. They speak Hindi (hin) and use the
Devanagari script. Traditionally, the Murhid are weavers. Some have sought employment in the Gulf countries.
They follow Islam, are primarily u




Nai … a community of India. The Nai are distributed in Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, chandigarh,
Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Assam and Tripura. In West Bengal, Assam, and
Tripura they are called Napit. They speak Hin
Naribut … a community of India. Delhi. Alt Names: Naribat. They speak Hindi (hin) and practice Hinduism
(OMID).




Nat, Hindu … a community of India. They are spread over a number of states including Rajasthan, Gujarat,
Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, and the union
territories of Delhi and Chandigarh. In some state




Oraon … a community of India. A scheduled tribe, they are concentrated in Chotanagpur and adjoining areas of
Madhya Pradesh and Orissa. The Oraon are also distributed in the states of West Bengal, Tripura, Maharashtra
and Assam. They speak Kurukh (kru). A
Purbia … a community of Uttar Pradesh, India. The Purbia migrated from the plains to the Garhwal and
Kumaon region and are now settled permanently in the Doon valley and in the foothill tracts of Nainital in
Uttar Pradesh. They speak the colloquial and lo




Rajput … one of the major communities of India, spread over the whole of north India from Jammu & Kashmir
and Gujarat in the west to Orissa and Assam in the east. The predominant language of the Rajput is Hindi (hin)
and they are followers of Hinduism (PO
Rathia, Hindu … a community of India. Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh. Concentrated in
Chamba and Kangra districts of Himachal Pradesh. Alt Names: Rathodia, Rathi, Rath. They speak Kangri (xnr),
Hindi (hin), Marwari (rwr) and other regional la
Sansi, Hindu … a community of India. Punjab, Rajasthan. Concentrated in the Amritsar and Gurdaspur districts
of Punjab. Alt Names: Sansia, Kapasia. They speak Western Panjabi (pnb), Hindi (hin) or various regional
languages. They practice Hinduism (OMID).
Santia … a scheduled caste of India. Rajasthan, Kota and Jhalawar districts. The Santia migrated to Rajasthan
from the Suhet tehsil of Raipur district in Madhya Pradesh. They speak Hindi (hin) and use the Devanagari
script. Their social divisions are base




Shikari … a community of India. Rajasthan, distributed in the districts of Alwar, Jaipur and Bikaner. The word
Shikari means hunters, and their profession in the past was to assist in the royal hunts. They claim a Rajput
descent and profess that they lost
South Asian, generic … use this code to classify South Asian diaspora peoples, undifferentiated by ethnicity,
caste, community, language or tribe. Use this code only where more detailed info is unavailable.
Tamboli, Hindu … a community of India. Also known as Barai, Panwari, and Chourasia. They are distributed in
Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. They speak Hindi (hin) and use the Devanagari script (POI Vol. IV,
pp. 291-294).




Teli … a community of India. Alt Names: Tili. The Teli derive their name from the Sanskrit word 'talika' or 'taila'
used for the oil extracted from sesame and mustard, thus alluding to their traditional occupation.
Thathera … a community of India. Also known as Thathiar, Kasera, Tamera, Tamrakar. They are distributed in
thirty-four districts of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Delhi and Bihar. They speak Hindi (hin) and use the
Devanagari script. They profess Hind




Thori … a community of India, the Thori are concentrated in Devgarh village and in the Narsingarh tehsil of
Rajgarh district in Madhya Pradesh.They are a scheduled caste in Gujarat. Alt Names: Nayak, Utlariwala Thori,
Harijan Suthar, Batwala Thori, Batwa




Turi … a community of India. Jharkhand, West Bengal. Concentrated in Giridih, Bokaro and Dhanbad districts of
Jharkhand. Alt Names: Tirbanda, Sardar, Bunous, Betra, Barot, Ankjo, Basor, Manghi, Bonud. They speak Hindi
(hin) and practice Hinduism (OMID).




Yadava ... a community distributed all over India, the Yadava are variously known as Ahir, Yadav, Yadava, Golla,
Golkar, etc. They are a pastoral caste, with animal husbandry continuing to be the occupation of a majority of
the Ahir. Hindi (hin) is the mo
Hixkariana … a people and language of Brazil, Amazonas, upper Nhamunda River to Mapuera and Jatapu rivers.
Alt Names: Chawiyana, Faruaru, Hichkaryana, Hishkaryana, Hixkariana, Kumiyana, Parucutu, Parukoto-
Charuma, Sherewyana, Sokaka, Wabui, Xereu, Xerewya
Omid classifies Thado sub-group of Kuki (Kuki Chin) under Kuki Chin 105362




Hmong Do … a people and language of Vietnam, Ha Giang Province, Dong Van and Meo Vae districts; Lao Cai
Province, Bac Ha District. Largely intelligible with Hmong Daw (mww). Lexical similarity: 80% with Hmong Daw.
No population estimate available. Tonal,
Hmong Don … a people and language of Vietnam, Ha Giang Province, Hua Binh, YenBai, Nghia Lo. No
population estimate available. Tonal, 7 tones. Traditional religion, Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Hmong Lao appears to be a DUPLICATE of 114106 Hmong Njua (hnj). Entry originated with WCE as Ppl in
France and Suriname.




Hmong Njua … a people and language of Laos, northern Laos. Also in China, southeast Yunna, Maguan and
Malipo counties. 100,000 in Laos (Hattaway 2000). 40,000 in China (Hattaway 2000). Population total all
countries: 310,000. Alt Names: Blue Hmong, Blue M




Not related to Ho (Banana) in Cameroon




Bilingual in Roviana




Population in hundreds
250 speakers; Nebraska, Winsconsin




Hoia Hoia … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Western Province, Middle Fly District, Ukusi-
Koparamio village. 80 (2000 census). Alt Names: Ukusi-Koparamio Hoyahoya, Hoiahoia. 71% lexical similarity
with Hoyahoya (hhy). Also use Foia Foia (ffi) (E




25 speakers; Alaska




Language extinct
Hone … a people and language of Nigeria. Gombe state, Akko LGA. Pindiga in Pindiga and adjacent villages:
Tumu, Kashere, Futuk, Kaltanga; Gwana in Gwana and adjacent villages: Kasan Dare, Gobirawa, Katagum,
Kwaya, Dizi, Digare, Jukon, Konan Kuka, Andamin.




Baihong … an ethnic group of China. Yunnan, near the Hani. Under Hani official nationality. Language is Honi
(how). 97% Ethnoreligionists - Polytheists (WCD). Baihong is one of two dialects of Honi (how). Dialects may be
separate languages (Ethnologue 16




Haoni … an ethnic group of China. Yunnan, near the Hani. Under Hani official nationality. Language is Honi
(how). 95& Ethnoreligionists - Polytheists (WCD). Haoni is one of two dialects of Honi (how). Dialects may be
separate languages (Ethnologue 16).




5,264 speakers; Arizona




Grouping = HMONGIC (MIAO)




Ergong … a people of China. Sichuan Province. Part of official Tibetan nationality. Language is Horpa (ero).
Buddhists (Lamaists). Horpa is autoglossonym; Ergong is ethnonym (WCD).
Hoyahoya … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Western Province, Middle Fly District, Matakaia
village. 95 (2000 census). Alt Names: Hoya Hoya, Matakaia Hoyahoya, Hoiahoia. 71% lexical similariy with Hoia
Hoia (hhi) (Ethnologue 16).




Begi-Mao … a people and language of Ethiopia. West Oromo region, Begi area. 50 or more villages. Alt Names:
Hozo. West Central Oromo (gaz) is the lingua franca of the area, but there are some negative attitudes toward
it (Ethnologue 16).
15%-25% literate




In "Undetermined Minorities".




Huachipaire … a people and language of Peru. Upper Madre de Dios and Keros rivers. Alt Names: Huachipaire,
Wacipaire. Also use some Spanish (Ethnologue 16).




Aguano (Aguanu, Awano, Uguano, Santacrucino) … a highly integrated group of Amerindians who live on the
lower Huallaga River and the upper Samiria River in the jungles of eastern Peru. They represent a case of
ethnogenesis--the post-conquest fusion of the




2/3 monolingual
name references 2 major dialects




About half are monolingual




Huasteco, San Francisco Chontla … a language of Mexico, Northern Veracruz. 60 villages. Huastec,
Southeastern (hsf) merged with Huastec, Veracruz (hus) in Ethnologue 16.
27,000 monolinguals




55 monolinguals




Rural people are predominantly monolingual
Most speak Spanish as first language




200 monolinguals




Nearly Extinct




Jewish
Nearly Extinct




A people and language of Burkina Faso, Hombori area, halfway between Gao and Mopti. Also in Mali.
Population total all countries: 140,000. Included by some under 109404, "Songhay, Koyraboro Senni" …
Jewish




Romany with Hungarian mother tongue
Hunsrik … a people and language of Brazil. Widespread with high concentrations in Rio Grande do Sul, Santa
Catarina, and Paraná. Also in Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay. Alt Names: Hunsriker, Rio Grand Hunsriker.
Dialects: Originally derived from Huns




93 speakers; NW California




They consider "Maku" offensive. Different from Yuhup
Hutterian German




Fiterya, Hwana … a people and language of Nigeria. Adamawa state, Gombi LGA; some in Song and Hong LGSs.
Alt Names: Fiterya, Hona, Hwona. Also use Fulfulde (fuv), Hausa (hau), Huba (hbb), or Ga’anda (gqa). ‘Tuftera’
is their name for their language, ‘Fite




Iaian … a people and language of New Caledonia, Ouvea Island, Loyalty Islands. Alt Names: Iai, Yai, Iaai
(Ethnologue 16).
Existence uncertain.




Turu, Urundi … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), Puncak Jaya Regency, Faui, Lakes Plain area
between Rouffaer and upper Van Daalen rivers, Barere, Fawi, Taiyai villages. Poi dialect on Rouffaer River; Turu
dialect on Van Daalen River. Alt Names:




Teke, Eastern … a people of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kwamouth, Masia, Kinshasa, near Banbana on
road to Kenga; upstream from Kinshasa to Kwa (Kasaï) River and inland to Fatunda area. Also in Congo, Pool
region, Brazzaville area, on Congo River. A
Ibilo … a people and language of Nigeria. Edo state, Ibilo town (Ethnologue 16).




Ibu … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), north Maluku, north Halmahera Island, Ibu River mouth,
Gamlamo and Gamici villages. Heart language, Ibu (ibu), is nearly extinct. May be inherently intelligible with
Sahu (saj).
Message … a people and language of Cameroon. South West Province, Manyu Division, north and south of
Akwaya. Also in Nigeria. Alt Names: Iceve-Maci, Bacheve, Bechere, Becheve, Icheve, Ocebe, Ochebe, Ocheve,
Utse, Utser, Utseu. Traditional religion (Ethnol




Ida'an, Eraans … a people and language of Malaysia (Sabah). East coast of Sabah, Lahad Datu, Kinabatangan,
and Sandakan districts. Alt Names: Ida'an, Bulud Upi, Eraans, Idaan, Idahan, Idan, Idayan (Ethnologue 16).




Idakho, Isukha and Tiriki peoples speak speech forms combined into one code listing by SIL: Idakho-Isukha-
Tiriki, IDA.




Idakho, Isukha and Tiriki peoples speak speech forms combined into one code listing by SIL: Idakho-Isukha-
Tiriki, IDA.
Idakho, Isukha and Tiriki peoples speak speech forms combined into one code listing by SIL: Idakho-Isukha-
Tiriki, IDA.
Lamaism




Lungu … a people of Nigeria, Kaduna state, Jema'a LGA. Alt Names: Idun, Adong, Ungu. Different from Idon
(idc). Traditional religion (Ethnologue 16).




Traditional
National Language




Igo, Ahlon … a people and language of Togo. Plateau region, Apeyeme Prefecture, Bogo-Ahlon Canton,
Sassanou village area. Alt Names: Achlo, Ago, Ahlõ, Ahlon, Ahlon-Bogo, Ahonlan, Anlo. 'Ahlon' was the official
name. Agriculturalists: coffee, cocoa, maize,




Igwe … a people and language of Nigeria. Edo state, Akoko-Edo LGA (Ethnologue 16).
not related to Koro of Papua New Guinea or Vanuatu




Teuso … a people and language of Uganda. Northeast Karamoja. Alt Names: Icetot, Icietot, Ngulak, Ik, Teuth.
They call their language 'Icetot'. Agriculturalists. Traditional religion, Christian (Ethnologue 16). The Teuso
people today live in small towns an
Akposo … one of the prominent ethnic groups in Central Togo, primarily in the mountains of the Akposo
District of the Plateau region, west of Atakpame and across the border in Ghana. The Akposo are animist.
Today, they maintain coffee and cocoa plantation
Ile Ape … a people and language of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), North Lembata (Lomblen Island), including Ile
Ape volcanic peninsula and nearby mainland Lembata. North Ile Ape on the peninsula; South Ile Ape on the
mainland. Alt Names: Nusa Tadon (Ethnologu




Younger people are adopting Kazakh or Uyighur.
Imbongu … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Southern Highlands Province, Ialibu District. Alt
Names: Au, Aua, Awa, Ibo Ugu, Imbo Ungo, Imbo Ungu, Imbonggo. Agriculturalists. Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Abaknon Sama … a people of the Philippines, San Bernardino Strait, Capul Island, Northwest Samar; west
Samar coast facing the island; Manila. Abaknon is the name of the people and Sama the language family. The
language name is Inabaknon (abx). Alt Names:
Inapari … a tribe of Arawakan-speaking Amerindians who once lived in small scattered groups in the forests
between the upper Iaco and Acre Rivers in the state of Acre, Brazil, and across the border in Peru. Their
particular homeland was near the junction




Finnish-Speaking. "Lapp" is derogatory.




Malay Indonesians with Bahasa Indonesia as mother tongue




Jew, Indonesian Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient
Near East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted
in the formation of diverse Jewis
Ethnologue 16th - Bajau, Indonesian (bdl) … a language of Indonesia (Sulawesi) … 150,000 (2007 SIL) … North
Maluku on Bacan, Obi, Kayoa and Sula Islands; South Sulawesi, Selayar, Bone, and Sinjal districts




Bilingual in Arabic or Feroge




One, Inebu … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Sandaun Province, Lumi District, West Waipei
Division, between East Bewani and West Torricelli ranges, Inebu, Kalema, Windiple, Alkula villages. 1,300 (2000
Crowther). Alt Names: Aunalei, Inebu, Onel
Izhor … a language of Russian Federation (Europe), Baltic, St. Petersburg Oblast, Kingisepp and Lomonosov
areas. 360 (2002 census). Ethnic population: 820 (1989 census). Alt Names: Izhor, Izhorian, Ingermanlandian,
Inkeroiset. Most also use Russian (rus).




Ingush … a people and language of the Russian Federation (Europe). North Caucasus, Ingush Republic. Also in
Uzbekistan. Alt Names: Ghalghay, Ingus, Galgay, Kisti, Kistin. Somewhat intelligible with Chechen (che), more so
with contact. Most also use Russia




Bilingual in Ilocano




Unhan is a derogatory name.




Gurage, Indagen … a people and language of Ethiopia. West Gurage region, Innemor and Endegeny woredas.
Alt Names: Ennemor. Part of a Gurage subgroup of languages (Ethnologue 16). Most sources follow Ethnologue
and include this with 110758 Gurage, West. Se




Gurage, Innemor … a people and language of Ethiopia. West Gurage region, Innemor and Endegeny woredas.
Alt Names: Ennemor. Part of a Gurage subgroup of languages (Ethnologue 16). Most sources follow Ethnologue
and include this with 110758 Gurage, West. Se
Sirte, Christian … a community of India. Manipur and Nagaland. Concentrated in Chandel and Tamenglong
districts in Manipur. Alt Names: Monsang. They speak Inpui Naga (nkf) and profess Christianity. There is a
smaller Hindu community of Sirte in the Mokokc




60 monolinguals
Widespread use of Spanish




Mostly bilingual in Portuguese




Illanun Maranao … a people and language of Malaysia (Sabah), Lahad Datu and Kota Belud districts, 17 villages;
also reportedly in Kudat and Marudu. Alt Names: “Ilanun” , Illanun, Illanoan, Illanoon, Iranon Maranao, Iranum,
Lanoon, Ylanos, Lanun, Illanos (




Iraqw … a people of the Central Highlands of Tanzania in East Africa. They are concentrated in the Mbulu and
Hanang districts, and their population is approximately 250,000 people. They are bordered by Ngorongoro
Crater National Park to the north, the Gre
Iriga Bicolano … a people and language of the Philippines. Luzon, Camarines Sur, Iriga City, Baao, Nabua, Bato.
Alt Names: Rinconada Bicolano. Iriga City inhabitants regard Naga (bcl) dialect as true Bicolano (Ethnologue
16). Iriga is a Province




Irish Gaelic … a people and language of Ireland. Western isles northwest and southwest coasts; Galway, part of
Mayo, Kerry, Donegal, Meath, Cork, Waterford, Scotland (Albain), Isle of Mann. Also in Brazil, Canada, United
Kingdom, United States (Ethnologue




New from Omid, 7/20/01
Bilingual in Shipibo
Nicaraguans of indeterminate African descent.




Alt Name: Islander Creole English (icr) … a language of Colombia
12 monolinguals




part of Isthmus Nahuatl/Aztec in older listings




500 monolinguals




Istriot … a people and language of Croatia, Istrian Peninsula west coast, Rovinj (Rovigno) and Vodnjan
(Dignano) towns. 1,000 (2000 T. Salminen). Reportedly an archaic Romance language, often confused with Istro-
Rumanian. Perhaps more similar to Friulian




Istro-Romanian … a people and language of Croatia, Northeast Istrian Peninsula, Zejane village, some villages
south. 560 (1994). Different from Istriot (ist) (Ethnologue 16). Also in Serbia (WCD).
Italian Creole … mixed-race Italian/Ethiopians, dating from 1930s occupation by Italy. Christian, Muslim (WCD).
MANI Data Review of Africa recommends DELETION of this people code. Reason: People group does not exist.
WCD contains only partner reference.
covers Sardinians who speak no Sardinian lang, only Italian




Malaueg … one of two dialect subgroups of Itawit (itv), a language of the Philippines, Luzon, south Cagayan. Alt
Names: Malaweg (Ethnologue 16).




Bilingual or monolingual in Russian
Language probably extinct. Spanish speaking




Itu Mbuzo … a people of Nigeria, Akwa Ibom state, Ikono and Itu LGAs. 5,000 91988). Alt Names: Itu Mbon Uzu,
Itu Mbon Uso (Ethnologue 16).




Polytheist, ancestor worship.
San Diu … a people of Vietnam. Bac Thai, Vinh Phu, Ha Bac, Quang Ninh, and Tuyen Quang provinces. The San
Diu live in the semi-mountainous area north of the midlands and south of the mountainous provinces of north
Vietnam. Alt Names: San Deo Nhin, Trai Da




Includes groups Ivbie North, Okpela, Arhe. Their languages are classified as dialects of the code ATG
3,150 monolinguals
4 monolinguals
only in Argentina




In Argentina, Paraguay and Bolivia




Ezaa … one of many subgroups of the Igbo people of southern and southeastern Nigeria (Olson 1996, p. 173).
An Ijo (Ijaw) people




Jat … a people of Pakistan, southeast Bolochistan Province, southwest Sind. Also in Iran. Alt Names: Jat, Jatgali,
Jatki (Ethnologue 16).




Jahanka people originally Soninke; Close forms of speech either JAD or MLQ03




Awyu, Jair … an indigenous people of Indonesia (Papua), south coast area, west of Mandobo Bawah (bwp),
south of Aghu (ahh). 2,300 (2002 SIL)
Jakata, Jati … a people of Russia and the Ukraine. Also in Afghanistan. Alt Names: Jat, Jataki, Jati, Jatu, Kayani,
Musali (Ethnologue 16).




4,600 monolinguals




East Indians of indeterminate African descent.




Jamaican Black … majority of Jamaica's population consists of people of mainly African descent. There is also a
sizeable population of multiracial Jamaicans (104169 - Mulatto) as well as Jamaicans of Indian (100094 - Afro-
East-Indian) and Chinese (115066




Entity originally from Jamaica, settled in Panama and Costa Rica
Dogon (102662) retired and 14 new "Dogon" entries created. Dogon, Jamsay … a people native to Mali, large
sparsely populated area east of Dogon cliffs, into Burkina Faso (Ethnologue 16).




Jandavra … a people and language of Pakistan, south Sindh Province, Hyderabad to east of Mirpur Khas.
Reportedly many in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. Alt Names: Jhandoria (Ethnologue 16).




Ainu … native to Japan, Kuril Islands (Tsishima), Hokkaido. Ethnic Population: 15,000 in Japan. Only 15 speakers
of Ainu (ain). Language shifted to Japanese. Integrated into Japanese culture.




outcaste of Japanese ethnicity, fighting to gain full integration




Japanese … native to Japan. 121,000,000 in Japan (1985). Population total all countries: 122,080,100.
Judeo-Japanese … largest communities in Tokyo and Kobe. Mostly immigrants from Russia, Middle East,
Central and Eastern Europe.




Most bilingual in Spanish




50%-75% literate
Bilingual in Spanish




Javanese … a people and language of Indonesia (Java and Bali), Central Java, east third of west Java, southwest
half of east Java. Resettlements in Papua, Sulawesi, Maluku, Kalimantan, and Sumatra. Also in Malaysia
(Sabah), Netherlands, Singapore, United




Jawa Negarigung … a people of Indonesia … (Negarigung culture is a mixture of Hindu, Buddhist and Islamic
movement, including kebatinannya) … possible Alt Name: Boyanese
Mancanegari (Jawa Mancanegari) … live primarily in the province of East Jawa (Java). The name, Mancanegari,
is a Javanese word meaning "outside the nation" and was given to them by past Jawa Negarigung kingdoms in
Surakarta and Yogyakarta. 12,246,000 (www
Widespread use of Spanish




15%-25% literate




1,437 speakers; New Mexico




some in Bozo Nigeria, but probably reported with Hausa, which lang they speak
Kuruba, Jenu … a people and language of India, north Nilgiri Hills, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka border, east of
Kerala border, Karnataka, Mysore and Kodagu districts; Kerala, Wynad District. Alt Names: Jen Kurumba, Jennu
Kurumba, Jennu Nudi, Kattu Nayaka, Na




CPPI no longer lists Buji, but does not adjust entity "Jere Cluster" to include Buji




CPPI no longer has this entry, but has not adjusted the "Jere Cluster" total to incorporate this group




Jera (Jere) … a people and language of Nigeria, Plateau state, Bass LGA; Bauchi state, Toro LGA; Kaduna state,
Saminaka LGA. Alt Names: Jeere, Jera. Different from Jara (jaf), which is Chadic. Agriculturalists. Tradition
religion, Christian (Ethnologue 16




includes small group called Gurrum; CPPI no longer has this entry, but has not adjusted the "Jere Cluster" total
to incorporate this group




Jeri Kuo … a people and language of Côte d'Ivoire, Southwest; some north of Korhogo. Alt Names: Celle, Jeli
Kuo (Ethnologue 16).
Younger people do not speak Jerung Language
812 speakers, Dulce, New Mexico




Jiiddu … a people and language of Somalia. Lower Shabeele Bay and Middle Jubba regions, Qoryooley,
Dhiinsoor, Jilib, and Buurhakaba districts. Alt Names: Af-Jiiddu, Jiddu. Jiiddu (jii) is spoken by the Jiiddu clan in
Somalia. Ethnic Jiiddu in Bale Provinc




Jimi … a people and language of Cameroon, Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, on Nigeria border,
Bourrha area. Alt Names: 'Um Falin, Djimi, Jimjimen. Also use Fulfude (fub) or French (fra). Different from Jimi
(jmi) of Nigeria in Bauchi state, whic




Jimi … a people and language of Nigeria, Bauchi state, Ganjuwa LGA, Jimi village. Alt Names: Bi-Gimu. Different
from Jimi (jim) in Cameroon in the Biu-Mandara group.




Jina … a people and language of Cameroon, Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, south Logone-Birni
Subdivision, Zina area and east of Waza. Alt Names: Zina. Also use Lagwan (kot).
Jirel … a people and language of eastern Nepal, Janakpur zone, Dolakha District, Jiri and Sikri valleys, easter
hills. Jiri is the main area. Also Chhyatrapa; Lumbini zone, Nawalparasi District; Bagmati zone, Sindhupalchok
District; Narayani zone, Parsa D
Joba … a language of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sud-Kivu Province, Uvira Territory, north and north
west of Uvira. Formerly Zyoba in Tanzania and Joba in DRC were separate language codes




Jofotek-Bromnya … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), Papua Province, Sarmi Regency, Pantai Timur
subdistrict, Biridua village; Sarmi Regency, Bonggo subdistrict, Srum village (Ethnologue 16).




Jola … a people and language of Senegal, Casamance River south, strip just north of Senegal-Gambia border
north, west by Diouloulou-Marigot tributary, east by Soungrougrou River, Bignona area; east and southeast of
Ziguinchor. Also in Gambia, Guinea-Bissa




Jo … a people of Mali. 3rd Region, Prefecture of Kadiolo, Subprefecture of Loulouni. Alt Names: Jowulu,
Samogho, Jotoni. The men speak Bambara fairly well. The few who have been to school speak and read French.
They call themselves 'Jotoni' and their lang
Kung-Tsumkwe … a people and language of Botswana. Northwest District, Namibia and Angola borders, north
of ‡Kx’au||’ein. Also in Namibia. Northeast. Alt Names: !Xo, Dobe Kung, Dzu’oasi, Ju’oasi, Kung, Kung-
Tsumkwe, Tsumkwe, Xaixai, Xû, Xun, Zhu’oasi. Trad




Moved to Israel from High Atlas Mtns of Morocco




Jewish




Jewish. Probably all bilingual in Hebrew.
Jew, Italian Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish c




In JPL as Judeo-Morrocan Arabs -- error: all speakers are Arabic-speaking Jews. Multiple GeoIDs need review.




There is a worldwide association of (former) Moroccan Jews, emphasizing their Moroccan heritage and culture.




Judeo-Persians, Dzhidi lang reported by Ethnologue in Iran and Israel




Jewish




Jewish. Probably all bilingual in Hebrew.
Jewish. Probably all bilingual in Hebrew.




Only 50,000 active speakers. Jewish. Probably all bilingual in Hebrew.




Bete … a people and language of Nigeria, Taraba state, Takum LGA, Bete town, foot of Bete mountain, south of
Wukari. Original language: Bete (byf). Only 50 speakers of Bete remain (1992). Ethnic population: 3,000.
Language use shifted to Jukun (jbu). Chr




Jula … a people and language of Burkina Faso. Comoe, Kenedougou, Houet, and Leraba provinces. Also in Côte
d'Ivoire, Mali. 1,000,000 in Burkina Faso (1990 SIL). Population total all countries: 1,229,000. Alt Names:
Dioula, Dioula Vehiculaire, Diula, Djula




Malinke, Ivorian … a people of Côte d'Ivoire. The Malinke are part of the Manding-speaking people who today
live in an area that includes southern Ghana, northwestern Côte d'Ivoire, Sierra Leone, northern Liberia,
Gambia, Guinea, Senegal, and the region o




Juma … an isolated tribe of Tupi-speaking Amerindians who live on the tributaries of the Macuim River in the
state of Amazonas, Brazil. Although the Juma at one time numbered more than 1,000 people, they were
decimated by genocidal attacks by rubber gathe
No longer reported in Ethiopia




5,500 monolinguals
Kaamba … a people and language of Congo, Bouenza region; Nkayi, Madingou, Mfouati, and Boko-Songho
districts. Alt Names: Kikaamba (Ethnologue 16).




Libo … a people of Nigeria, Adamawa state, Shellen, Song, and Numan LGAs. Alt Names: Kaan, Kan, Libbo. Also
use Hausa (hau), Fulfulde (fuv), Mbula-Bwazza (mbu), or Dera (kna). Agriculturalists. Traditional religion,
Christian, Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Kpatago are politically separate.




Four clans similar to Kan




Different form 105586 Kabba-Laka




not in CAR.
Kabardian … a language of Russian Federation (Europe), Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachai-Cherkessia. Also in
Germany, Jordan, Syria, Turkey (Asia), United States. Alt Names: Beslenei, East Circassian, Kabard, Kabardino-
Cherkes, Kabardo-Cherkess, Upper Circa




Kabixi … once a docile group of Arawakan-speaking Amerindians who lived west of the Bororo (101621) in what
are today the states of Mato Grosso and southern Rondonia, Brazil. Although primarily a hunting and foraging
tribe, the Kabixi raise manioc and mai




One, Kabore … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Sandaun Province, Lumi District, West Waipei
Division, between East Bewani and West Torricelli ranges, Abore, Sapin, Kara, Wamtip villages, Kabore Station.
300 (2000 Crowther). Alt Names: Aunalei, K




Kabra … a subgroup of the Luhya people of Kenya and Uganda. They are a western Bantu people who live today
north of Lake Victoria on both sides of the Kenyan-Ugandan border (Olson 1996, p. 260). Western Province,
Lugari and Kakamega districts Ethnologue 1
Spanish form of "Mestizo" is used for all, to follow English usage, and for consistency of entries
Kachama … a tiny ethnic group living today in southern Ethiopia. They speak an Omotic language and make
their living as subsistence farmers. The Kachama population in Ethiopia is under 1,000 people (Olson 1996, p.
261). Kachama are on Gidicho Island in La




Bafan … a community of India. Gujarat. Language is Kachchi (kfr).
Kachi … a people of India, Gujarat, Rann of Kachchh Area; Andhra Pradesh; Madhya Pradesh; Uttar Pradesh;
Assam; Kerala; Tamil Nadu; Maharashtra; Karnataka; Orissa. Also in Kenya, Malawi, Pakistan, Tanzania. Alt
Names: Kachchi, Cuchi, Cutch, Kachchhi, Kach




Khatri, Muslim … a community of India. They originated in Punjab, and are widely distributed in Punjab,
Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Bihar, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra
and Tamil Nadu. The Khatri claim to be Rajpu
Kutchi Kohli … a people and language of Pakistan, Lower Sindh, an area bordered by Sakrand and Nawabshah
north, Matli in the south, and east beyond Mirpur Khas and Jamesabad, Tando Allahyar, and Tando Adam town
areas. Also in India (Ethnologue 16).




Kaco … a people and language of Cambodia, Ratanakiri Province, Andoung Meas and Veun Sai districts. Alt
Names: Kachah' (Ethnologue 16).
Kado … a people and language of Myanmar, Sagaing Division just west of Mandalay, Banmauk, Pinlebu and
Indaw townships (Kadu, with Gaanan farther west); Rakhine state (Thet). Alt Names: Asak, Gadu, Gemaan,
Kado, Kadu-Ganaan, Kato, Katu, Kudo, Mawteik, Pute
Mongol, Yunnan … a people of China, Yunnan Province, primarily southeast Simao Prefecture, Pu’er, Mojiang,
and Jiangcheng counties. Also in Laos, North central on China border, north of Mong Ou Tay. Alt Names: Kaduo,
Khatu (Ethnologue 16).




Kafa … an ethnic group living today in Ethiopia. Ethnologists place them in the Kafa-Sadama cluster of Ethiopian
peoples (Olson 1996, p. 263). A language of Ethiopia. Kafa region, Bonga town area. May be some in Sudan. Alt
Names: Caffino, Kaffa, Kaficho,
Different from the Kagoro people in Nigeria




Kayan … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Madang Province, Bogia District, coast east of Ramu
River. 1 village. 600 (2004 PBT). Alt Names: Kaian. Swidden agriculturalists; sago gatherers; copra, cocoa cash
crops (Ethnologue 16).
part of the Magar community, but language is in the Kanauri group
Kaiwa … a large tribe of Guarani-speaking Amerindians who live in the southern reaches of the state of Mato
Grosso, Brazil, near the Paraguay border (Olson 1991, p. 173).
Konkabay … a people of Guinea: southeastern part of Guinea. Kakabe (kke) language location is east of Timbo,
Sokotoro, Wure Kaba, and 33 other villages. Agriculturalists. Muslim.
not the same as 106486 Kaka (Mbubem) people (Yamba lang) in Nigeria and Cameroon




Kakwa … a people and language of Uganda. Northwest corner, West Nile District. Also in Democratic Republic
of the Congo. Orientale Province, Aru Territory, north of Aru, and Faradje Territory. Also in Sudan. South, Yei
District, into Democratic Republic o
Kalabari … a people and language of Nigeria. Rivers state, Degema, Akulga, Asaritoru, and Port Harcourt LGAs
(Ethnologue 16). The Kalabaris are a subgroup of the Ijaw people of Nigeria. They live today in Rivers State in
Nigeria. Traditionally, their home




Kalaktang Monpa … also referred to as Tsangla Monpa, they are a group of the Monpa (see 113086) who
inhabit the Kalaktang circle of the West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh, India. The Kalaktang Monpa
speak the Kalaktang (kkf) dialect of the Monpa la




Called Bashkarik in Afghanistan. Kohistani (Garwi) in WCD.
10 speakers; S California
Kalenjin … a macrolanguage of Kenya. Between Ethnologue 15 and 16 Kalenjin - (kln) was elevated from
Individual language to Macrolanguage and the following dialects were recognized as languages: Keiyo (eyo),
Kipsigis (sgc), Markweeta (enb), Nandi (niq), O




4 speakers; language almost extinct; bilingual in English; Kalispel Res. Washington and Flathead Res. Montana.




Some sources may count these with 104486 Kalmyk-Oirat, larger ethnic cluster and language group




Some sources include 102771 with this larger entity
Kamar … a community of India. A scheduled tribe, this community inhabits the south-eastern part of the Raipur
district of Madhya Pradesh. They speak Chhattisgarhi (hne) among themselves and profess the Hindu religion
(POI Vol. V, pp. 1497-1498). Kamar … a




Nearly Extinct
Kamba … one of Kenya's primary ethnic groups. They have traditionally lived east of Nairobi, especially in the
Machakos and Kitui districts in Eastern Province. In the eighteenth century, they migrated from the Mount
Kilimanjaro region to their present lo




Kambata … a people and language of Ethiopia. Southwest Gurage, Kambaata, Hadiyya region. Durame is main
town. Alt Names: Kambaata, Donga, Kambara, Kambatta, Kemata, Kembata. Dialects: Tambaro, Timbaro
(Timbara, Timbaaro). Ethiopic script. Latin script. Ch




All speak Portuguese; language extinct
Kami … a people and language of Nigeria, Niger state, Lapai LGA, Ebo town, and 11 villages. Not the same as
114977 - Kami of Tanzania or 112407 - Kamik of Nepal/India. There are an estimated 5,000 Kami in Nigeria
(Crozier and Blench 1992).




Not related to Kami in Nigeria lang kmi, Kami in India or Nepal 112407 (Nepali lang nep)
Kamviri … a people and language of Afghanistan, lower Bashgal Valley, Kamdesh and Kishtoz village areas. Also
in Pakistan, south Chitral District, Langorbat, Lamerot, Badrugal, and Urtsun Valley. Alt Names: Kamdeshi,
Kamik, Lamertiviri, Shekhani. 4,000 in




Kamwe … a people and language of Nigeria, Adamawa state, Michika LGA, Mandara Mountains. Alt Names:
Higgi, Higi, Hiji, Vacamwe. Agriculturalists: guinea corn, peanuts, beans, sweet potato, millet; animal
husbandry; hunters.




Bunun-speaking




may be subgroup of 109399, Sona (Kanasi)
In Papua-New Guinea. Not the same people as in Senegal and Guinea-Bissau.
Different from the Kango Pygmy also of Dem Rep of Congo




A pygmy people in Dem Republic of Congo (Zaire)




A pygmy people with lang different from 104576 and 114614




Bhojki … a community of Himachal Pradesh, India. The Bhojki derive their name from 'bhoj' meaning to offer
food or some eatables or other things to the deity, denoting their traditional occupation as temple priests. they
are mainly concentrated in Bilaspu




Dogri … a community of India and Pakistan. A scheduled caste in Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Chandigarh and
Haryana. Alt Names: Siggi, Dhangri, Dhogri. The Dhogri live in the Brahmaur of Chamba district in Himachal
Pradesh (POI Vol. IV, pp. 844-845).
not related to Joba in Tanzania and DRC, confused in some sources




Kanghera … a people of India, Himachal Pradesh. Alt Names: Kangyarhia, Kangehra. A small community living in
the Kangra and Mandi districts (POI Vol. V, p. 1532). They speak Kangri (xnr).




Pherera … a scheduled caste of India. Himachal Pradesh (Kangra and Hamirpur districts) and Punjab. Alt Names:
Phrera, Pharera. They speak Kangri (xnr). Their traditional occupation is the same as that of the Rangrez,
Rangsaz and Lallari Muslim, i.e. dyein
Kaningkom-Nindem … a people and language of Nigeria. Kaduna state, Jema'a LGA. Alt Names: Kaningdom-
Nindem, Kaningdon-Nindem, Kaningkon-Nindem, Kaninkom-Nindem, Kaninkon-Nindem, Ninkyob-Nindem.
Dialects: Ninkyob (Ninkyop, Kaningkom, Kaninkon, Kaningkwom)
Adi Karnataka … a scheduled caste of India, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The name means "earliest settlers of
Karnataka." Alt Names: Holeya, Holeyar, Balagai, Pora Kannadiga, Paraiyar. They speak Kannada (kan) and
profess Hinduism. A section of the Adi Karna




Adiyan … a scheduled tribe of Kerala, India. The Adiyan are distributed in the districts of Wynad and Cannanore
where they mainly inhabit rural areas. Among themselves they speak Adiyabhasha, which is a mixture of the
Kannada (kan) and Malayalam (mal) lan




Ager … a scheduled caste inhabiting the coastal region of Uttar Kannad district in the Kumta, Ankola and
Karwar taluks of Karnataka. They speak the Kannada (kan) language and use its script. The are professional
musicians. Hindu (POI Vol. IV, pp. 44 Ager
Balagai … a community of India. Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The Balagai speak Kannada (kan) and practice
Hinduism (OMID).




Banijiga ... a community of India. The Banajiga are Roman Catholics and area concentrated in teh Bangalore
district of Karnataka. They speak Kannada (kan) within the family and kin group as well as with others and use
the Kannada script. The Banajiga foll
Beda Jangam … a scheduled caste of India, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra. Alt Names: Budga
Jangam. In Karnataka they speak Kannada (kan). In Andhra Pradesh they speak Telugu (tel). Endogamous.
Hindu (POI Vol. IV, pp. 346-347).
Omid lists Cham Bukutti and Chambukutti as names for separate peoples
Omid lists Cham Bukutti and Chambukutti as names for separate peoples




Chapparband … a community of India, Karnataka and Maharashtra. Alt Names: Chapparbasi, Chhapparband,
Chappartasi, Chhapparant. They speak a dialect of the Marathi (mar) language among themselves and Urdu
(urd) and Kannada (kan) with others. The Kannada an
Gangakula … a community of India. Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Kerala, Delhi,
Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh. The overwhelming majority of Gangakula are found in Karnataka,
centered in Mysore. Alt Names: Ambiga, Bhoi, Ko
Gowda … a community of India. The Gowda mainly inhabit the hilly regions of the Dakshin Kannad and Kodagu
districts of Karnataka. They speak a dialect of Kannada (kan) called Arebhase with their kin group and use the
Kannada script. They are also conversa




Gowdali … a community of India. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu. The majority are found in the
Chikmagalur District of Karnataka. They speak Kannada (knn) and follow Hinduism. Alt Names: Gowda,
Gowdalu (OMID). A scheduled tribe of Karnataka (POI Vol
Handi Jogi …a community of India. The Handi Jogi are a scheduled caste of Karnataka. They are also known as
Handi Golla and Handi Chickka. They migrated from Andhra Pradesh and concentrated in the Hassan, Bangalore
and Chikmagalur districts. They speak Te
Holer … a community of India. Alt Names: Holaya, Holeya, Holiya. They are mainly distributed in the Gulbarga,
Belgaum, and Bidar districts of Karnataka (OMID). Kannada (kan) is their mother tongue. In Kerala, the Holeya
are concentrated in the Kasargod di
Kaikadi … a community of India. A scheduled caste of Maharashtra. In some parts of Maharashtra, the Kaikadi
are also referred to as Gadhwe Sonar. They are distributed all over the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, but are
concentrated in the Akola, Buldhana




Kattunayakan … a community of India. Alt Names: Kattunaikan, Kathunayakkan, Naickan, Jenu-Kuruba, Jenu
Kuruman, Ten Kuruba, Ten Kurumban, Ten Kuruman, jenu Koyyo Sholanayakas, Kathnnayakkan. They are
mainly concentrated in the Wynad district of Kerala. Th
Koshti ... a community of India. Alt Names: Koshtha, Koshta. The Koshti are a community inhabiting the states
of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh. Their traditional occupation is weaving.
In Uttar Pradesh, the Koshtha, also




Kotegar … a community of India. Karnataka, Goa. Concentrated in the Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka. Alt
Names: Rama Kshatriya, Kote Sherugar, Kore Kshatriya, Metri, Ramaraja Kshatriya, Sheregar, Kotal Kshatriya.
They speak Konkani (knn) or Kannada (
Kuruba … a large community of shepherds, also known as Halumata, in Karnataka, India. The Kuruba live in all
the districts of Karnataka. The Kannada (kan) language and script are used both fro inter- and intragroup
communication. They are Hindu (POI Vol.
Masan Jogi … a community of India, Maharashtra. They are also referred to as Koti Papori or Sudagadu Sidda.
The Masan Jogi trace their mythological descent from Lord Shiva and his consort Parvati. Presently, they are
distributed in the districts of Nanded
Sali … a community of India. Maharashtra, Karnataka. They are concentrated in the Solapur District of
Maharashtra and Bangalore, in Karnataka. Alt Names: Tansali, Sutsali, Saliyan, Pattaryan, Saliar, Salia, Neygi,
Jamkhana, Ayiri, Neikar, Bilmagga, Karnas
Vaishnava Brahman … a community of India who came from Karnataka to Maharashtra. They used to inhabit
particularly the fringe areas of Karnataka. They speak the Kannada (kan) language. They are also conversant
with Marathi (mar). Both the Kannada and Deva
All speak Portuguese; language extinct




Being absorbed by Iban




19 speakers; Language nearly extinct; Oklahoma
Kanufi … a small ethnic group living today in the Jema'a District of Jema'a Division of Kaduna State in Nigeria
(Olson 1996, p. 272). A language of Nigeria. Kaduna state, Jema'a LGA. Alt Names: Karshi (Ethnologue 16).




Kau … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), north Maluku, interior North Halmahera, Kao town area,
Kao River mouth area. Alt Names: Ka'u, Kau (Ethnologue 16).
Kaptiau … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), Papua Province, Sarmi Regency, Bonggo subdistrict,
Kaptiau village. Alt Names: Kaptiauw, Kapitiauw (Ethnologue 16).




Kaqchikel, South Central (ckd) retired and merged into Kaqchikel (cak)
only in CAR




Kara … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, New Ireland Province, north New Ireland District. 5,000
(1998 SIL). Alt Names: Lemakot, Lemusmus. Swidden agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16). Not related to 104642
Kara in Tanzania




Kara … not to be confused with the Kara of the Central African Republic (114947), the Kara are a unique ethnic
group living near Lake Victoria in northern Tanzania. They are known for their skill as farmers, even though the
soil of their region is poor (O
Russian as second language




Karaite … a Crimean Jewish community characterized by allegiance to the Tanakh (Masoretic text) alone as its
supreme authority. The Karaite movement is distinct from Rabbinic Judaism, which considers the
interpretations of Jewish laws in the Oral law, Tal




Javae … native to Brazil, Goias, Para, Mato Grosso, Araguaia River, Bananal Island, and Tocantins. Alt Name:
Javahe. Related to but distinct from 104636 Karaja. Javae is a dialect of Karaja (kpj)




Karaja … of Brazil, Goias, Para, Mato Grosso, Araguaia River, Bananal Island, and Tocantins. Alt Name:
Chamboa, Xambioa, Yna. 3,600 (1999 ISA). 919 Javae (2000 ISA).




CPPI lists this under the name Karajá … JWC: per Ethnologue 16 "Chamboa, Xambioa, Yna" are all Alt Names for
Karaja. Review this code as possible DUPLICATE of 104636.




Karakalpak … a language of Uzbekistan, along the lower Amu Darya; south Aral Sea area. Also in Afghanistan,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation (Asia), Turkmenistan. Alt Names: Karaklobuk, Klobouki, Tchorny.
407,000 in Uzbekistan (1993 UBS). Popula
Nyangiya (Nyang'i) lang extinct; speak Dodoth (Dodos) dialect of Karamojong.




Karang … a people and language of Cameroon. North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, Madingring District
[homeland], south border of Bouba Ndjida National Park, south from Madingring, southeast to Lawzigoy
(toward Touboro). 25 villages. [displaced: Garoua, Ngon




Baxa (Bakha, Bakhat, Faala, Fala) is a dialect of Karanga (kth) (Ethnologue 16). The Bakhats, because they speak
a Mabang language, are considered to be a subgroup of the Maba (105960) people of Chad. Ethnologists,
however, argue that their unique languag




Karanga, Kurunga … a subgroup of the Maba (105960) people of Chad. Ethnologists, however, argue that their
unique language and culture indicate that they were probably absorbed by the surrounding Maba peoples
during the course of the last several centurie
Arleng … a community of India, Assam, Karbi Anglong District, Mikir and Rengma hills, Nagaon, Darrang,
Marigaon, Sonitpur, Lakhimpur, North Cachar districts; Arunachal Pradesh, Papumpare District, Balijan circle;
Meghalaya, Jaintia District; Nagaland, foo




Kari … a people and language of Central African Republic, Bozoum and Bocaranga subprefectures. Also in
Cameroon, Adamawa Province, Vina Division, Belel area; North Province, Mayo-Rey Division. Alt Names: Kali,
Kari, Karré (Ethnologue 16). Not the same as
Bi-lingual in Finnish




Kare, Li-Kari-Li … a people of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Northwest Orientale Province scattered, north
of Uele River. Scattered in Central African Republic (1996). Alt Names: Kare, Li-Kari-Li (Ethnologue 16). Not the
same as 104664 Kari of Central




Speak French Creole, formerly spoke Karipuna (KUQ), now extinct.
Karo … a subgroup of the Banna people of Ethiopia (Olson 1996, p. 276). A language of Ethiopia. South Omo
region, upstream from Daasanach, riverside settlements near the Hamer-Banna. Alt Names: Cherre, Kere,
Kerre. Agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).




126 speakers; NW California
Kasena … a people of Burkina Faso, Nahouri Province, Po and Tiebele towns. Also in Ghana, north central,
Navrongo District. The people are 'Kasena', the language is 'Kasem'. Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim
(Ethnologue 16).
Gokha … a people of India. Jammu and Kashmir State, Rajauri District. Language is Kashmiri (kas). Religion is
Hinduism (OMID).
Some sources may list smaller divisions covered in this entity
Yashkun … a community of India, Jammu & Kashmir. Also in Pakistan. They are an Aryan people group that
migrated via Hindu Kush to the border area of India and Pakistan. They speak Kashmiri (kas) and use the
Devanagari script. They are Muslim with both Sun
200 speakers
Kate … a people and language of Papua New Guinea: Morobe Province, Finschhafen District. Alt Name: Kai,
Kate Dong




Tharu, Kathoriya … a people and language of Nepal, Seti zone, Kailali District. Also in India. Alt Names:
Kathariya, Khatima Tharu (Ethnologue 16).




Bashgali … a people and language of Afghanistan. Alt Names: Kati, Kativiri, Nuristani. There are three dialect
groups: Eastern Kativiri (Shekhani), Western Kativiri, and Mumviri. Mumviri may be a separate language.
Western Kativiri in Ramgal, Kulam, Ktivi




All speak Portuguese; language extinct except for 1 speaker
Language nearly extinct, used only as home language
Two smaller groups included: Warikyana (300) and Kaxuyana (134) -Ethnologue; They lkive among the Trio
people; some with the Hixkaryana.
Kayapo … a Ge-speaking tribe of Amerindians who once lived in a huge expanse of territory in southern Para
and northern Mato Grosso, Brazil. Also known as the Cayamo, Coroa, Cayapo, Caiapo, Kaiapo, and Northern
Kayapo, the term Northern Kayapo was used to




Isolated Sub-group of Kayapó; some sources count them in main Kayapó gorup
Kehu … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), Wapoga River between Auye (auu) and Dao (nfa) in the
foothills. 25 (2002 SIL). Hunters; agriculturalists; fishermen. Nearly extinct (Ethnologue 16).




Keiga … a people and language of Sudan. North, Nuba Hills, Jebel Demik, north of Miri; west Kadugli Province, 3
areas: Ambong (villages: Ambong, Ambongadi, Kandang, Kuluwaring, Tingiragadi, Lakkadi, Taffor,
Arungekkaadi, Bila Ndulang, Roofik, Saadhing); L
Keyo … an ethnic group of approximately 150,000 people who live on a narrow strip of land on the western
bank of the Kerio River in the Elgeyo-Marakwet District in Kenya. Many also live in the highlands, where they
are known for their skill with irrigatio




Kela, Lemba … a people and language of Democratic Republic of the Congo. Kasai Oriental Province, Lomela
Territory. Alt Names: Kela, Ikela, Lemba, Okela. Traditional religion, Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Akele … a people of Gabon, scattered in Middle Ogooue Province area, Mimongo area. Language is Kélé (keb).
Alt Names: Bakele, Dikele, Western Kele. Not the same as Kele [khy] of Democratic Republic of the Congo. They
interact with the Tsogo [tsv] and the




Kele … a language of Democratic Republic of Congo, former Orientale Province, Isangi Territory, on Lomami
and Congo rivers. Alt Names: Ekele, Kili, Likelo, Lokele, Yakusu. Distinct from Kele (keb) of Gabon. Ethnic
groups: Lileko, Yalikoka, Yaokandja, Yawe
Gele ... a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Manus Province, south coast inland, Buyang, Droia,
Kawaliap, Koruniat, Tingau. Alt Names: Kele (Ethnologue 16).




Kelo … a people and language of Sudan. North, Tornasi Hills, Jebels Tornasi (Keeli village) and Beni Sheko. West
of Berta (wti). Alt Names: Kelo-Beni Sheko, Ndu-Faa-Keelo, Tornasi (Ethnologue 16). A small village near Keli,
on the Demazin-Kurmuk road sout
Nearly extinct.




Bilingual in Indonesian.
Negrito, Semang … a people of Malaysia (Peninsular). Northeast Kedah, near Thai border. Overlaps into south
Yala Province, Thailand. Also in Thailand. South Yala Province, Phattaloong, Satun, Narathiwat provinces, Thai-
Malay border. Some in a resettlement




Separate peoples mixed with this entry from sources were Gbaya-Dongo in Sudan, Dongo in Dem Rep of Congo
and Uganda, moved to their own entries. OBJ
Kera … a people and language of Chad, Mayo-Kebbi Est region, Mont d'Illi Department, south of Fianga, near
Lake Tikem. Also in Cameroon.




Kerek (krk) has no known speakers … Ethnic population: 8 (Ethnologue 16th) … Assimilated into Chukot




Kerewe … a people and language of Tanzania. Lake Victoria area, northwest Ukerewe Island. A few on
mainland, Kibara town area. Alt Names: Ekikerebe, Kerebe (Ethnologue 16).
Related peoples extinct. Russian as second language




Ketum … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), northeast of Wambon (wms). Alt Names: Kitum,
Wambon-Ketum (Ethnologue 16).
Khakas … a people and language of Russian Federation (Asia), Khakassia (Khakasia) Republic, north of Altai
Mountains; Krasnoyarsk Territory, north of Khakassia Republic; Tuva Republic; scattered throughout the
federation. Also in China, Heilongjiang Provi
most are in Burma




Kana … a people and language of Nigeria. Rivers state, Khana LGA; Akwa Ibom state, Oruk Anam LGA, Wiisoe
village. Alt Names: Khana, Ogoni. Khana is the largest language of the Ogonoid group and therefore Gokana,
Baan (bjv), and Tee tend to learn it (Ethno
Khmu … a people and language of Laos, scattered in north. Also in China, France, Myanmar, Thailand, United
States, and Vietnam. Alt Names: Kamhmu, Kammu, Kamu, Khamu, Khamuk, Khmu’, Khomu, Kmhmu, Lao
Terng, Mou, Pouteng, Pu Thenh, Tenh, Theng. 390,000 in




AsiaHarvest.org says this is a different group than the Khuen people, also a Khmu group




Appears to include Khmu Rok




Khmu, Rok … a dialect group of 114779 - Khmu of Laos. Rok is one of eight dialects of Khmu (kjg). Alt Names:
Kamhmu, Kammu, Kamu, Khamu, Khamuk, Khmu’, Khomu, Kmhmu, Lao Terng, Mou, Pouteng, Pu Thenh, Tenh,
Theng (Ethnologue 16).
Distinct from Khorosani sub-group of Farsi, Eastern.




Dangarik … a people of Pakistan. Northwest Frontier Province, Chitral, Kohat, Karak, Hangu districts. Language
is Khowar (khw). Religion is Islam (OMID).




Kho … a people and language of Pakistan, Chitral; Shandur Pass to Fupis in Ghizr Valley; Gilgit Agency, Yasin and
Ishkhoman valleys, north Swat Valley, Ushu; Peshawar and Rawalpindi. Also in India. 223,000 in Pakistan
(1992). Population total all countrie
Khuen … a people and language of Laos, Luang Namtha Province, Nale, Sing, and Viangphoukha districts. Near
Lamet (lbn). Also in China, United States. 8,000 in Laos (1995 L. Chazee). Population total all countries: 9,000.
Thai script. Distinct from Kuan (u




Khumi Chin … a people and language of Myanmar, Rakhine (Arakan) Hills, Akyab area. Also in Bangladesh,
Bandarban District, Thanchi, Ruma, and Rowanchari subdistricts; and in India, Assam. Alt Names: Khami, Khimi,
Khumi, Khuni, Khweymi. Dialects: Khimi, Yi




Hkun … a people of Myanmar, main Kentung Valley in the center of Shan state. Also in Thailand, Chiangrai,
Chiangmai. 115,000 in Myanmar (2000). 6,280 in Thailand (2000). Population total all countries: 121,280. Alt
Names: Gon Shan, Khun, Khuen, Khun Shan




Khwe (xuu) language native to Namibia: West Caprivi is 'core land' of Kxoe people. Also in Angola, Botswana,
South Africa, Zambia.
Ethnologue considers these the same as 110754, and total pop is much less




Quiche, Cunen … a people of Guatemala. The Cunen Quiche (cun) language code has been retired and merged
into Central K'iche' (quc).
Ethnologue considers these the same as 110754, and total pop is much less




Ethnologue includes here 102244 and 109527




Kikapu is Mexico spelling, Kickapoo is US




Giriama … a language of Kenya, Coast Province, Kilifi and Kwale districts, north of Mombasa. Alt Names:
Kigiryama, Agiryama, Kigiriama, Kinyika, Nika, Nyika. 623,000 (1994 I. Larsen), increasing. 496,000 Giryama,
17,000 Kauma, 19,000 Jibana, 13,000 Kambe,




Jibana … a dialect of Kigiryama (nyf), a language of Kenya, Coast Province, Kilifi and Kwale districts, north of
Mombasa. 19,000 Jibana (Ethnologue 15). Ethnologue 16 provides same population estimate for Jibana but
does not include Jibana in dialect list




Kambe … a subgroup of the Mijikenda cluster of people of coastal Kenya and Tanzania. Most of them are
farmers, raising maize, millet, sheep, and goats, while others are laborers on cashew, sugar cane, sisal, and
cotton plantations (Olson 1996, pp, 268-269
Kauma … a dialect of Kigiryama (nyf), a language of Kenya, Coast Province, Kilifi and Kwale districts, north of
Mombasa. 17,000 Kauma (Ethnologue 16).




Rabai … a dialect of Kigiryama (nyf), a language of Kenya, Coast Province, Kilifi and Kwale districts, north of
Mombasa. 72,000 Rabai (Ethnologue 16).




Ribe … a dialect of Kigiryama (nyf), a language of Kenya, Coast Province, Kilifi and Kwale districts, north of
Mombasa. 6,000 Ribe (Ethnologue 16).




Young people are Japanese speakers




Lapp is derogatory
Kim Mun … a people and language of China, Yunnan Province, seventeen counties; Guangxi Zhuang
Autonomous Region, thirteen counties; Hainan Province, 7 counties. Also in Laos, Vietnam. Part of Yao
nationality, except on Hainan Island, where they are includ
Garo, Kimaragang … native to Malaysia (Sabah), Kota Marudu and Pitas districts. Garo (Tandek) is one of four
recognized dialects of Kimaragang (kqr).
Kimre … a people and language of Chad, Tandjile region, Tandjile Est Department, east of Lai. Alt Names: Gabri-
Kimre, Gawra.




Primarily Panay Island, some all over the islands
Negrito pygmies, nomadic, hunter-gatherers.




Rwanda … one of the Bantu highland peoples of east-central Zaire, living near Lake Kivu and the Rwandan
border, as well as in southwestern Uganda and Tanzania. The Rwandas speak a Bantu language, Rwanda (kin)
and make their living as farmers who also rais




Tutsi … historically the dominant ethnic group in what is today Rwanda. They are a tall people who traditionally
made their living as cattle herders. Fierce civil war between the Tutsis and the Hutus throughout the 1970s and
1980s reduced their numbers. T




different from the Mbuti, also called Twa 106497
Appears to be DUPLICATE of ROP 110338 "Twa" … Review Twa Pygmies in Democratic Republic of the Congo




Kiorr … a people and language of Laos, Louang Nam Tha, bokeo provinces. 6 villages. Also in Myanmar. Alt
Names: Col, Con, Saamtaav, Samtao. Buddhist (Ethnologue 16).




1,092 speakers; Oklahoma




18 speakers; Caddo county, Oklahoma
Kurd, Alevica … the Alevi are a religious, sub-ethnic and cultural community, primarily in Turkey. They are
classified as a branch of Shi'a Islam.
Gurage, Soddo … a people and language of Ethiopia, Gurage, Kambaata, Hadiyya regions, southwest of Addis
Ababa. Kistane (gru) is the language name; includes Soddo and Dobi dialects. Alt Names: North Gurage, Soddo,
Soddo Gurage. 255,000 (1994 census). Ethn




Fulanke … a people of Mali, Kita area. They have a Fulbe (Fulani) background, but have adopted Maninkakan
(mwk). 50,000 (based on Vanderaa 1991) (Ethnologue 16).




A Maninka group in Mali
population count may overlap in some sources, as their language is used by others as a trade language.




Large communities in Major west African ports.
286 speakers; Koasati Rev. Louisiana, and alabama-Koasati Res. Nr. Livingston, Texas
Koch … a language of India, Meghalaya, West Garo Hills District; Assam, Goalpara, Nagaon districts; Tripura;
West Bengal; Bihar. Also in Bangladesh. Alt Names: Koc, Kocch, Koce, Kocha, Kochboli, Konch. 30,000 in India
(2007), increasing. Hardly any monoli




Sub-group of Kochila (Saptari) Tharu




Mahotari Tharu … a people and language of Nepal, Koshi zone, Morang and Sunsari district; Sagarmatha zone,
Saptari, Udayapur, and Siraha districts; Janakpur zone, Mahottari, Sarlahi, Dhanusa districts. Also in India.
Dialects: Saptari, Morangiya, Udayapur




Tharu, Saptari … a dialect subgroup of Kochila Tharu (thq) in Nepal, Sagarmatha zone, Saptari District
(Ethnologue 16).




Kuda … a people of India, West Bengal. Language is Koda (cdz). Alt Names: Korali, Mudikora. Hindus (WCD).
Koda (cdz), a language of Bangladesh, Rajshahi Division, Puthia and Mundumala areas. Also in India, West
Bengal, Burdwan and Bankura. Alt Names: Kaor
Kofa … a people and language of Nigeria, Adamawa state, Song LGA, north of Belul road, north of Yola. Alt
Names: Kota. Reportedly a separate language from Bura-Pabir (bwr) (Ethnologue 16).




Kohin … a people and language of Indonesia (Kalimantan), Central Kalimantan Province, Kotawaringin Timur
Regency, central and north Seruyan River area. 10 villages. Alt Names: Bahasa Seruyan, Seruyan (Ethnologue
16).




Kolai … one of three dialects of Kohistani Shina (plk), a language of Pakistan, Kohistan District, NWFP, east bank
Indus River, Jalkot, Palas, and Kolai valley areas. Alt Names: Kohistani, Kohistyo, Palasi-Kohistani. Dialects:
Palasi, Jalkoti, Kolai. A so
50%-75% literate
Chaimal … a sub caste of the Kuki community of India, hailing primarily from Mizoram. Like the mother caste,
people of the Chaimal community also wander from one place to another in search of Jhum land. They are
found mainly in Dharmanagar, Kailashahar, A




Halam … a scheduled tribe of India. An assemblage of groups speaking different dialects, the Halam are
believed to have migrated from some place in the east or north-east to Tripura, where they are concentrated
now. Some of them trace their origins to the




Kok Borok … a people and language of India. Tirpura; Assam. Also in Bangladesh. Alt Names: Kakbarak,
Kokbarak, Tipura, Tripura, Tripuri, Usipi Mrung. Bengali script. Latin script. Traditional religion, Muslim, Hindu,
Christian (Ethnologue 16). Different l




Kuki, Zahao … a tribal community of India, Mizoram state, Aizawl, Lunglei and Kolasib districts. The Zahao are a
sub-tribe of the Kuki (OMID), a scheduled tribe of Assam, Nagaland and Tripura. Kuki is a generic term used for
the people who migrated to dif
Usipi … may be a duplicate of 105101 Kok Borok.
includes former 114619 Kasuweri, former name for Kokoda




Kol … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, East New Britain Province, Pomio District, Open Bay inland
to Waterfall Bay coast. Most on island's south side. 4,000 (1991 SIL). Alt Names: Kola, Kole. Swidden
agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).
Subanon, Kolibugan … a tribal community of the Philippines, Mindanao, Zamboanga Peninsula, southern
Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur provinces. Alt Names: Calibugan, Kalibugan, Kolibugan. Similar to
Western Subanon (suc) [109565], but there are l




Dogon (102662) retired and 14 new "Dogon" entries created. Dogon, Kolum So … a people native to Mali, Pinia
administrative area, between Sevare and Bandiagara (Ethnologue 16).




New from Omid, 7/20/01




Koma … a people and language of Nigeria. Adamawa state, Ganye and Fufore LGAs, Koma Vomni, Alantika
Mountains. Also in Cameroon. North Province, Faro Division, northwest of Tchamba in Alantika Mountains
along Nigeria border. Alt Names: Kuma (Ethnologue 16
Kombai … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), south coast area east of Senggo, Boma area. Alt Names:
Komboy (Ethnologue 16).
Koma … a people and language of Sudan. North, Ahmar, Tombak, and Yabus rivers; Blue Nile Province, south
Funj region. Also in Ethiopia. Mao-Komo Special Wereda south of Asosa, south and west of the Kwama (kmq);
Gambela region, Bonga area, near Baro River.




Komyandaret … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), Papua Province, east of Korowai (khe), north of
Tsaukambo (kvz) and Wanggom (wng) (Ethnologue 16).
Various sources overlap in accounting for this name and Kiorr 105025, Samtao (Con) 108587, Kong Ge (Kon
Keu) 114141and Pouman 108170




Some include "Angku" and "Kiorr" and "Samtao" with Kon Keu (Kong Ge) as one ethnicity and language.
Figures vary. See ROP 105025 Kiorr.




Konai, Mirapmin … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Western Province, Upper Strickland River
west side. 600 (1991 SIL). Alt Names: Mirapmin. Most similar to Odoodee (kkc) and Fembe (aql) (Ethnologue
16).
Konkani … an indigenous people and language of India: north and central coastal strip of Maharashtra;
Karnataka, Dadra and Nagar Haveli; Kerala. Ethnologue 16th (knn). Also in Canada. Alt Name: Bankoti,
Concorinum, Cugani, Central Konkan, North Konkan, Ko
Padti … a community of Karnataka, India. Also known as Padit and Padathi, they have two territorial subgroups:
Kannada Padti and Konkani Padti. The Konkani Padti speak Konkani (knn), and the Kannada Padti speak
Kannada (kan). Both groups are conversant wi




Rajpur … a community of India. Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra. Concentrated in Dakshina Kannada and Udupi
districts of Karnataka. Alt Names: Rajapura Saraswat, Rajapow, Rajapuri, Rachevar, Rajevar, Rachevar,
Balavaliga. They speak Konkani (knn) and practi
Kono … a people and language of Guinea, southeast at Liberia border. Different from Kono (kno) of Sierra
Leone Ethnologue 16).




Kono … a people and language of Sierra Leone, northeast. Alt Names: Konnoh. Different from Kono (gkp)
dealect of Kpelle in Guinea. Agriculturalists. Traditional religion, Muslim, Christianity (Ethnologue 16). Not
related to Kono in Nigeria (OBJ).
Konso … a people and language of Ethiopia. South of Lake Chamo, Sagan River bend. A few migrants in Kenya.
Alt Names: Af Kareti, Afa Karatti, Conso, Gato, Karate, Kareti, Komso. Ethiopic script. Peasant agriculturalists.
Traditional religion (Ethnologue 1




Bakwe Pygmy … a people of Angola, northwestern corner of the country. Possibly related to the the southern
Twa (also known as "Batwa") pygmies of the Great Lakes region of central Africa. Koongo (kng). Ethnic religions
(JP).
Woyo … one of the major subgroups of the Kongo people of Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo) and
Angola (Olson 1996, p. 596).




Koorete … a people and language of Ethiopia. Sidama region, Amaro mountains east of Lake Abaya. Alt Names:
Amaarro, Amarro, Badittu, Koore, Koyra, Kwera, Nuna. Ethiopic script. Latin script (Ethnologue 16).
Korape … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Oro Province, Tufi District, Cape Nelson headlands
(fjord system). Alt Names: Kailikaili, Kaire, Korafe, Korape, Korafi, Kwarafe. Dialects: Korafe, Yegha (Yega,
Mokorua). Yega dialect is distinct from Ye




Yega … a people of Papua New Guinea. Oro Province, Tufi District, Cape Nelson headlands (fjord system). Yega
is a dialect of Korafe-Yegha (kpr). Yega dialect of Korafe-Yegha (kpr) is distinct from Yega dialect of Ewage-notu
(nou). Latin script. Fishermen;
Not related to Koro of Nigeria, Vanuatu or Papua New Guinea




not related to Koro of Nigeria or Vanuatu




not related to Koro of Papua New Guinea or Nigeria




Limited bilingualism in Moore




Koronadal Bilaan … a people and language of the Philippines, Mindanao, South Cotabato and Sarangani
provinces. 150,000 (2007 SIL). 40,000 monolinguals. Alt Names: Baraan, Bilanes, Biraan, Koronadal Bilaan,
Tagalagad. Traditional religion, Christian (Ethno
Korop … a people and language of Nigeria. Cross River state, Odukpani and Akampka LGAs. Also in Cameroon.
South West Province, Ndian Division, along Nigeria border, northwest of Mundemba. Alt Names: Durop, Kurop,
Ododop, Dyurop, Erorup (Ethnologue 16).




They work for the QashQay




Koraga … a community of India. Karnataka, Dakshina Kannada, Udipi districts; Kerala, Kannur, and Kasargod
districts; Tamil Nadu. Alt Names: Koragar, Koragara, Korangi, Korra. Also use Tulu (tcy). Koraga is a Scheduled
Tribe. Hindu (Ethnologue 16). The Kor




Korubo (xor) … a language of Brazil, Amazonas. 250 (2000 ISA). Alt Names: Caceteiros. Most similar to and may
be the same as or a dialect of Matis (mpg). Classification: Panoan, Northern (Ethnologue 16).
Kosraean … a people and language of Micronesia. Kusaie Island, Caroline Islands. Also in Nauru, United States.
Alt Names: Kosrae, Kusaie. Latin script (Ethnologue 16).
Not related to Kota in India or Kuot Papua New Guinea




Not related to Kota in Congo and Gabon




Ko-Gbe … a people and language of Benin, Mono Province, mainly Lokassa and Athieme subprefectures; Bopa
Subprefecture north and south of bopa along Lake Aheme; Grand Popo Subprefecture, north of Grand-Popo, a
few villages. Alt Names: Kotafon Gbe, Ko, Kogb
Koi-Sanjaq Sooret … a people and language of Iraq, Northern Iraq, Koi-Sanjaq, Armota. Alt Names: Koi Sanjaq
Soorit, Koi-Sanjaq Sooret, Koy Sanjaq Sooret, Koy Sanjaq Soorit, Koy Sanjaq Surat (Ethnologue 16). Chaldean
Christian (and some Uniate Catholic); s




Gandia, Rajasthan … native to India. Centered in Orissa state, Koraput, Nabarangapur, Rayagada and Malkangiri
districts [GMMS 3.3/OMID]. Scattered throughout northern Orissa. Language is Koya (kff). Alt Name: Koi Gondi
Some count all Jula as one entity




A people and language of Mali, Niger River from Djenne to east of Timbuktu. 200,000 (1999 SIL), increasing.
Included by some under 109404, "Songhay, Koyraboro Senni"




Songhay, Koyraboro Senni … a people and language of Mali, southeast, along Niger River from Gourma
Rharous, east of Timbuktu, through Bourem, Goa, and Ansongo to Mali-Niger border. Believed to border Kaado
(Zarma) (dje) in Niger. Ethnic population: 850,00




20 speakers; alaska
Kraol … a people and language of Cambodia, Kratie (Kracheh) Province. Mon-Khmer (Ethnologue 16).




T'moan … a people of Cambodia, located in the northern parts of Kracheh (Kratie) and Mondolkiri. The T'moan
are a small tribe of approximately seven hundred people living in five villages along a tributary of the Mekong
river. They have very little contac




includes Krikati (Karakati) and Timbira ethnic groups, who speak the same language




%00 speakers; bilingual in Sherbo, being absorbed into Mende.
Krio … a people and language of Sierra Leone. Freetown communities; on the Peninsula; Banana Islands, York
Island; Bonthe. Also in Gambia, Guinea, Senegal, United States. Alt Names: Creole, Patois. Dialects: Aku.
Traditional religion, Christian (Ethnologu




Aborigine Creole … a people of Australia, western Australia, Northern Territory, Kimberley region, Roper River,
Katherine areas; Queensland, Gulf Country, Lower Cape York Peninsula. 10,000 (1991 B. Bornerman). Some
also use English or Aboriginal languages
Different from Krung sub-group of Rade in Viet nam.




Alt Name: Krimchak, Judeo-Crimean Tatar, judeo-Crimean Turkish




Kua … a subgroup of the Tshu-Kwe peoples, themselves a subgroup of the San people of Botswana (Olson
1996, p. 308). A people and language of Botswana, Central District, especially Mahalapye, Serowe subdistricts;
Northeast District. Primarily cattleposts a




Kuan … a people and language of Laos, Bolikhamxay Province, Viangthong District, near Mouan River. Not
easily classified because of migration. 2,500 (1995 census). Traditional religion (Ethnologue 16).




Kwanyama … a people and language of south central Angola. Also in Namibia (North okavangoland). Alt Names:
Oshiwambo, Cuanhama, Humba, Kuanjama, Kwancama, Kwanjama, Kwanyama, Ochikwanyama,
Oshikuanjama, Oshikwanyama, Ovambo, Oxikuanyama. Latin script (Eth
Kucong … a people and language of Vietnam. Lai Chau Province, Muang Te District. Also in China. Central
Yunnan Province, Jinping, Luchun, Jiangcheng, Mengla, Yuanjiang, Xinping, Jinggu, and other counties. Alt
Names: Cosung, Lahlu. Most similar to Lahu (l




New from Omid, 7/20/01
Kavwol (Kawol) … a people of Papua New Guinea, Western Province straddling Indonesia border. Closely
related to Faiwol. Animists 5%. Also in Indonesia, Irian Jaya, Upper Kauwol Valley, both sides of border with
Papua New Guinea. Closely related to Faiwol.




not related to Kudu (Koda, Kurux) people of India, Nepal and Bangladesh




Dal … a community of India. A scheduled tribe of Orissa. They are primarily found in the Harishankar area in the
western part of the Balangir district of Orissa. They speak Kui (kxu) at home and Oriya (ori) with others. Their
religion is gradually being t




Kandha Gauda … a community of India. Also referred to as Tanhala Gauda, they mainly live in the districts of
Phulbani, Puri and Koraput in Orissa. They speak Kui (kxu) at home and use the Oriya (ori) language for
intercommunity communication. They are Hin
Kui … an indigenous people of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), Alor Island, scattered enclaves. Kui on south coast in
Lerabaing and Buraga, also in Moru in Kalabahi Bay. 4,240 (2000.




Some sources include these with Kuikuru who speak same lang KUI




some count Kalapalo with Kuikuru, same lang. Brazilian sources consider separate ethnicities




Nahukua … native to Brazil, Mato Grosso, Xingu Park. Nahukua is a dialect of Matipuhy (mzo), an extinct
language of Brazil. Alt Name: Nakukwa, Nafukwa, Nahuqua. Ethnic Population: 119. Language shifted to
Kuikuro-Kalapalo (kui)




Kuk … a people and language of Cameroon, North-West Province, Menchum Division, Fungom Subdivision, Ring
Road between Weh and Bafmeng. 6 villages (Ethnologue 16).
Sawila 108761 was formerly included in the language entry
WCE has Kirati Rai speaking Kulung language for this entity




not related to Kulung in Chad




Kuman … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Simbu Province, northern third, into Western Highlands
Province, Minj SubProvince. Alt Names: Chimbu, Simbu. Swidden agriculturalists: coffee. Christian, traditional
religion (Ethnologue 16).




Nagane … one of three dialects of Kuman (kue), a language of Papua New Guinea. Simbu Province, northern
third, into Western Highlands Province, Minj SubProvince. Dialects: Kuman, Nagane (Genagane, Genogane),
Yongomugi. Swidden agriculturalists: coffee. Ch
Silpkar, Hindu … a community of India. Uttaranachal, Uttar Pradesh. They are concentrated in the Almora,
Pithoragarh, Garhwal and Udham Sing Nagar districts of Uttaranachal. Alt Names: Tirwa. They speak Kumaoni
(kyf), Garhwali (gbm), or Hindi (hin) and pr
Kunda … a people and language of Zimbabwe. Mwazam'tanda River area. Also in Mozambique, Zambia. Alt
Names: Chikunda, Cikunda. Different from Kunda dialect of LUsengo (lse) in the Democratic Republic of the
Congo. Traditional religion, Christian (Ethnologu




Kung … a people and language of Cameroon, North-West Province, Menchum Division, Fungom Subdivision. 1
village (Ethnologue 16).
Young people are Japanese speakers




Ethnologue language name




Kuo … a people and language of Chad. Logone Oriental region, Monts de Lam Department, Baibokoum
Subprefecture, near Baibokoum, Pao, and Bouroum cantons. Villages are on roads: north-south road from Pao
to Laramanay, northwest from Pao, and northwest from
Ede Nago, Kura native to Benin, Donga Province (formerly south Atakora Province), Bassila Subprefecture.
Aledjo Koura is main center. 25,000 (2002 ISL). Alt Name: Nago
All speak Portuguese; language almost extinct




Ghale, Kutang … a people and language of Nepal. Gandaki zone, North Gorkha District, Buri Gandaki Valley
from Nyak, up to and including Prok. Alt Names: Bhotte, Kuke. Also use some Tibetan (bod) or Nepali (nep).
Tibetan script. Tibetan script usage is cur
102 speakers in US; N Idaho, Montana




Kuteb … a people and language of Nigeria. Taraba state, Takum LGA. Also in Cameroon, North West Province,
Menchum Division, Furu-Awa Subdivision, Baji and Lubu villages near Nigeria border. Alt Names: Ati, Kutep,
Kutev, Mbarike, Zumper. In Cameroon, peopl
Kondh … a community of hill-dwellers in Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, India. They are divided
into several groups, such as Dongria Kondh, Kutia Kondh, Desi Kondh, Penga Kondh, and Malwa Kondh. The
speak Kuvi (kxv). A scheduled tribe in Orissa




Kui, Kuay, Suei … native to Thailand, east central, Buriram, Surin, Sisaket, ubon, Roi Et provinces. Also in
Cambodia, Laos. 25% to 50% literate
Kwami … a people of Nigeria, Bauchi state, Gombe LGA. Alt Names: Komawa, Kwam, Kwamanchi, Kwami,
Kwom (Ethnologue 16).




Consider themselves ethnically Mfumte




250 speakers in canada
Ethnologue name




Kwambi … a people and language of Namibia, Ovamboland north. Possibly also in Angola. 32,700 (2006)
(Ethnologue 16).




Kwami, Kwame … a people of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Maniema and Nord-Kivu provinces, between
Kasese and Walikale. Alt Names: Kikwame, Kikwami, Kwame (Ethnologue 16).




One, Kwamtim … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Sandaun Province, Lumi District, West Waipei
Division, between East Bewani and West Torricelli ranges, Kuamtim village. 150 (2000 Crowther). Alt Names:
Aunalei, Kuamtim, Kwamtim, Oni. Similar to Ka
Kwegu, Bacha … a people and language of Ethiopia. Southwest, Omo River west bank, Kurhur village. Alt
Names: Kwegu, Bacha, Koegu, Kwegi, Menja, Nidi. Dialects: Yidinich (Yidinit, Yidi), Muguji. Listed dialects may
not be inherently intelligible with Kwegu




Appears to be a DUPLICATE of 113930. includes Yidinich and Muguji
This is reported to be the same as the Nghwele people by many sources. There appears no discernible
separate group. Names are interchangeable.




This is reported to be the same as the Kwere (105537) people by many sources. There appears no discernible
separate group. Names are interchangeable. Likely will be retired in ROP 8.




Language nearly extinct. Most speak Kaiy
Kwinsu … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), Papua Province, Sarmi REgency, Pantai Timur
subdistrict, Ansudu village. Alt Names: Ansudu (Ethnologue 16).
Kenele … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. East Sepik Province, Yuat River, Giling village. Alt
Names: Bulang, Kenen Birang, Kenying, Kenele, Keyele, Kyenying-Barang, Miyak (Ethnologue 16).




Tyenga … a people of Nigeria, Kebbi state, Geshuru, Kaele, Saufu, and Tuni villages west of Illo; Boko villages of
Maze, Samia, Baikinrua, Pisa. Also in Benin, Alibori Province (formerly north Borgou Province), Segbana
Subprefecture, Tungan Bage, scattere
Gori … a people and language of Chad, Moyen-Chari region, Barh Koh region, between Korbol and Dik.
Centered in Gori, villages of Fori, Damtar, and Mailao near Kouno, northwest of Sarh. Alt Names: Laal. Probably
Adamawa. Some sources say Chadic (Ethnologue




Serer, Lala …a subgroup of the Serer people group, the second largest ethnic group in Senegal. The Serer are
divided into two subgroups, of which Cangin is the smaller. The Cangin themselves are divided into several
subgroups (Olson 1996, p. 516). The Ser




Not related to Laba Miao in China




Loloda, South … a people of Indonesia (Maluku), north Maluku, interior south end of Loloda District. 4 villages.
Alt Names: Kedi, Laba (Ethnologue 16).
Labu … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Morobe Province, Markham River coast area. 3
communities: Labu-Butu, Labu-Miti, and Labu-Tali. Alt Names: Hapa, Labo, Labu'. Children area taught Tok Pisin
(tpi) first, and its use is active. The culture s




several smaller groups speaking same lang, whose names are used by various sources for the whole language-
regional group




Includes Lacandon Oriente, listed separately by COMIMEX, with no population.




Lachi … a people and language of Vietnam, Ha Giang Province, west of Ha Giang in upper Clear River Valley
(Riviere Claire) on the China border. Black Lachi in Manyo, Long-Haired Lachi in Manpeng. Also in China,
Yunnan Province, Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Aut
Beda … a community of India, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir. A community of professional musicians,
the Beda play the flute and drums at religious and social occasions, especially in monastaries. They belong to
the Bhoti stock. They speak Ladakhi (lb




Bodh … a Scheduled Tribe of India. In Jammu and Kashmir, Zanskar and Nubra districts, the are also known as
Ladakhi Bodh, Ladakshpa and Bodriksha or Bodriksma. In Himachal Pradesh, Lahul-Spiti district, they are also
known as Bhot, Chazang, Lamba and Jad.




Mon … a people of India, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh and Kargil districts. The Mon are a scheduled tribe of
Jammu and Kashmir. They speak Ladakhi (lbj) and use the Bodhi script. They also speak Urdu (urd) and use the
Arabic script. They are Buddhist and the
Dolomite, Ladino … a people of Italy, Bolzano Autonomous Province, Southern Tyrol (German Südtirol, Italian
Alto Adige), Gherdëina valley, (Italian Val Gardena, German Grödnertal); Badia valley (Italian Val Badia, German
Gadertal); Trento (Trient) Autonom




Jew, Ladino Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish co




Language almost extinct
Laghuu … a people and language of Vietnam, Northwest; Lao Cai Province, Sa Pa District, Nam Sa village; 15
kms. south and east of Sa Pa City, in the valley below the highest mountain in Vietnam, Phan Si Pan (3,198
meters). Alt Names: Laopa, Xa Pho. 300 (2




Kotoko-Logone … a people of Cameroon. Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, north of Waza
National Park in Logone-Birni Subdivision, Logone River bank across to Nigeria border. Also in Chad. Chari-
Baguirmi region, and N’Djaména, south of N’Djamén




Laha, Central Ambonese … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), central Maluku, south central coast of
Ambon Island, Laha village, nearby smaller villages. Muslim, Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Laha … a people of Vietnam, Lao Cai and Son La provinces, along Red and Black rivers. Those under 50 speak
Thai and dress like Tai Dam (Ethnologue 16).
Eka … one of more than 100 people groups classified as Yi in Yunnan Province. The Eka reside in Shuangjiang
County along with the Mishaba Laluo. Shuangjiang is an extremely remote and mountainous area. Many
villages are only accessible by foot. Alt Names:




Lahu … a people and language of China, southwest Yunnan Province, Simao Prefecture, Lancang Lahu,
Menglian Dai, Lahu & Va autonomous counties; Lincang Prefecture, Gengma Dai, Va autonomous counties.
Also in Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam. 280,000 in Chi




Lahu Na, Black Lahu … a people and language of Laos. Bokeo Province, Peung, Tonpheung, Houayxay districts.
Alt Names: Lahu Aga (JPL), Muhso, Museu, Musso, Mussuh, Black Lahu, Musser Dam, Northern Lahu. Lahu Na
is one of three dialects of Lahu (lhu). Latin




Lahu Nyi, Red Lahu … a people of Laos. Bokeo Province, Peung, Tonpheung, Houayxay districts. Alt Names: Red
Lahu, Southern Lahu, Musseh Daeng, Luhishi, Luhushi. Traditional religion, Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Lahu Shi … a people and language of China. South Yunnan Province, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous
Prefecture, Menghai District, Menghai County (Menghai Township); Simao Prefecture, Lancang Lahu
Autonomous County, Nuofu District, other areas. Also in Laos (Bo
Kabba-Laka … a people of Chad. Logone Oriental region, Monts de Lam Department, Baïbokoum Subprefecture
and La Nya Pendé Department, Goré Subprefecture. Mang is in Ngadjibian Canton, north of Bessao, and in
parts of the Békan and Timbéri cantons, Goré Sub




Lakka … a people and language of Nigeria. Taraba state, Karim Lamido LGA; Adamawa state, Yola LGA. Alt
Names: Godogodo, Laka, Lao Habe, Lau. Different from Laka (lap) (Kabba Laka) of Central African Republic and
Chad, and from Karang (kzr) (Laka) of Camer




Lakha … a people of Bhutan. 8,000 (Van Driem 1993). Alt Names: Tshangkha (Ethnologue 16).




formerly included in Luri 105933; matches lang code lki
Lakkia … a people and language of China. Eastern Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Jinxiu Yao Autonomous
County. Alt Names: Chashan Yao, Lajia, Laka, Lakia, Lakja, Lakkja, Tai Laka, Tea Mountain Yao. Classified as Yao
(Mien) nationality, but the language




Lakonde … one of several subgroups of Northern Nambiquara (107453), an Amerindian people of Brazil,
Rondonia, Vilhena village. Nearly extinct (Ethnologue 16).




6,000 speakers; Nebraska, Minnesota, N & S Dakota, Montana




All Dida: 195,400




Nara … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Central Province, between Kuni and Waima, just inland
from the coast, south of Yule Island. 3,000 (2007 SIL). Alt Names: Lala, Ala'ala, Nala, Nara, Pokau. Swidden
agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16). Not rela
Ambo … a people of Zambia, Eastern Province, along Luangwa River, and southwest. Alt Names: Biza-Lala (JPL).
not related to Ambo in Nigeria;includes three sub-groups some sources might cover separately, Lala, Roba and
Ebode




Bisa … a people of Zambia, east, northeast. Alt Names: Biza, Wiza (WCD). not related to Busansi people or Bissa
language (BIB) of West Africa




Lala … a people of Zambia, North, Central, Eastern Provinces; also in Democratic Republic of Congo (WCD). not
related to Lala 105600 in Senegal or Ambo 114889 (Lala-Roba) in Nigeria




Luano … one of the smaller ethnic groups in Zambia. Their population today is approximately 10,000 people.
They live in south-central Zambia, east of Lusaka. Most Luanos are small farmers (Olson 1996, p. 345)>




Swaka … a small ethnic group living today in eastern Zambia. They are an offshoot of the Lala peoples. Most
Swakas are small farmers. Their contemporary population exceeds 50,000 people (Olson 1996, p. 540).




2,500 monolinguals




Roba … a people of Nigeria, Adamawa state, Gombi LGA; Borno state. Alt Names: Gworam (Ethnologue 16).
The Robas, known also as the Lallas, Lalas, and Gworams, are one of Nigeria's Adamawa-speaking ethnic
groups. They are concentrated in Gongola State, pri
Not same as Lama in Benin, Togo and Ghana -- 114833




In Africa -- not the same as Lama in China and Burma -- 105606




Lamalera … a people and language of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), south coastal Lembata (Lomblen) Island.
About 4 villages. Alt Names: Kawela, Lebatukan, Mulan (Ethnologue 16).




Related to Tampuan, also to Bahnar (Viet Nam) and Alak 1 (Laos)
Lamatuka … a people and language of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), central Lembata (Island), between Ile Ape
and Lewo Eleng. Several villages. Villages near the north coast are the result of recent government-induced
migrations. Alt Names: Lamatoka (Ethnologu
Lambya … a people and language of Malawi. Northwest tip, Tanzania and Zambia border. Also in Tanzania
(Mbeya region, Ileje District, south Ulambya Division, on Malawi border), and Zambia (Isoka District, Northern
Province). Alt Names: Ichilambya, Lambia,




Muslim group included by most sources in 105617 Lame, which includes Gura with traditional religion; dialect
and sub-group name




language name grouping for Gura and Bamburo




Called 'Khamet' in Thailand; 'Lamet' in Laos
Pesisir, Southern … a people of Indonesia (Sumatra). Southern Pesisir is one of six dialects of Lampung Api (ljp)
(Ethnologue 16).
Landoma … a people and language of Guinea. Between upper Rio Nunez and upper Rio Pongas. Alt Names:
Cocoli, Landouman, Landuma, Tiapi, Tyapi, Tyopi. Traditional religion, Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Buyang, Langnian … native to China, Yunnan Province, Wenshan Zhuang-Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Funing
County, Gula Township, Langjia and Nianlang villages. 300 (1995). Similar to Buyang E'ma (yzg)




Lango … a people and language of Suday, south, eastern Equatoria Province, Ikotos area, between Kidepo and
Logoforok villages. 38,000 (2007). Alt Names: Lango. Dialects: Madial Lorwama, Logir, Dongotono, Imotong,
and Lokwaa. Also use Otuho (lot). Dialects
Lango … a people and language of Uganda: Central, Apac and Lira districts, north of Lake Kyoga. Atl Name:
Langi, Leb-Lano, Lwo, Lwoo.




Ahang … a community of India, West Bengal, Jalpaiguri District. Language is Ahang (no such entry in
Ethnologue). Hindu (OMID).




Banerwala … a community of India. Delhi. Language unknown. Hindu (OMID).




Bikol … a tribe of Sudan. South, Upper Nile State, Latjor District, Dajo. Live among the Koma *105156+ and
Buldit [115262] tribes. The Bikol tribe is a small tribe which comes from the main tribe known as Buruun. They
are located in Dajo payam in the Uppe




Chelpa … a community of India. Himachal Pradesh. Hindu (OMID).




Dayak, Land … a group of a thirteen languages spoken by the Bidayuh peoples of Borneo. Some are closely
related, but the unity of Land Dayak as a group is dubious. Alt Names: Murang-Punan, Punan, Sau Dayak,
Taman Dayak




Gumtian … a community of India. Himachal Pradesh. Hindu (OMID).
Kaixana … native to Brazil, Amazonas. Pop. Est. 505 (Funasa, 2006)




Kalanko … native to Brazil, Alagoas. Pop. Est. 390 (Funasa, 2009)




Karuazu … native to Brazil, Alagoas. Pop. Est. 336 (Funasa, 2006)




Kate … a people of Laos. Austro-Asiatic-speaking. A few families live in the southwestern fringes of the Boloven
plateau, at the provincial borders between Champassak and Attapeu (Schliesinger 2003, p. 281). Not the same
as 104726 - Kate of Papua New Gui




Kui Lung … a people of Laos. Approximately 3,500 Kui Lung people live in Luang Namtha and Bokeo provinces
of northern Laos, near the Laos-Myanmar border. They are part of the offical Kui minority in Laos. They are
concentrated in the Long and Viangphoukha




Kw'adza … a people of Tanzania. Manyara region, Mbulu District. Alt Names: Qwadza. Heart language formerly
was Kw'adza (wka). That language is now extinct (Ethnologue 16). A small Dorobo group living among the Gogo
south of Kondoa. Ethnoreligionists (WCD)




Lawi … a people of Laos. Southern Laos, in the Laman District of Xekong Province. The Lawi have lived in the
same location for at least four generations. They may have migrated to Laos from Vietnam. Possibly also in
Vietnam (AMO 1999).
Maiti … a community of India. Arunachal Pradesh. Language is unknown. They practice Hinduism.




Manguangan … a tribal community of the Philipppines living in the Cordillera Sugut mountains in Mindanao,
Davao Norte & Laak, Compostella Valley. They are scattered up to the great lakes of Buayan or Maguindanao
and in the territory between what is occupi




Manobo, Pulangiyen … a tribal community of the Philippines living on the watershed of Sitio Bendum in
Malaybalay City, Bukidnon, Mindanao.




Manobo, Talaandig … a tribal community of the Philippines, Mindanao, Bukidnon. The Talaandig population is
roughly estimated to be at about 100,000 people. The Talaandig are found in barangays and municipalities
surrounding the mountain of Kitanglad.




Manobo, Tigwahanon … a tribal community of the Philippines. The Tigwa or Tigwahanon are scattered all over
the Municipality of San Fernando in Bukidnon close to the border of Davao del Norte. The term Tigwahanon
may have been derived from "guwa" (scattere




Medog is a county in Tibet




Nayor … a community of India. Arunachal Pradesh. Language is unknown. They practice Hinduism (OMID).
may be a group of the Pa 107722; or another people who speak the same language




Pentlach … a people of Canada. Vancouver Island, between Comox and Campbell River, British Colombia.
Original heart language was Pentlatch, a Coast Salish language that became extinct in the 1940s. The name of
this people and their language survives on th




Pinuyumayan … an indigenous people of Taiwan, Taitung County. The 10,000 Pinuyumayan in Taitung County
may be subdivided into Jhihben and Nanwang on the basis of slight differences in language and culture
(Yearbook of the Republic of China).




Pouhow … an ethnic group of Laos. Approximately 200 people living in the Kang Village of the Namo District in
northern Oudomxai Province. Their language is unknown. The Pouhoy are animists (AMO 1999, p. 92).




Poumong … an ethnic group of Laos. Approximately 1,000 people living in the Boun-Tai and Khoa districts of
southern Phongsali Province. Their language is unknown. The Poumong are animists (AMO 1999, p. 93).




Poussang … an ethnic group of Laos. Approximately 1,850 people living in eight villages (Poussang, Khen Chang,
Chaxu, Foussang May, Foussang Kao, Nong Keo, Khen Chang May and Khen Chang Kao). Their language is
unknown. The Poussang are animists (AMO 1999,




Ribereños, Amazon River People … generic code for multiple "uncontacted" Peruvian tribes in the Amazon
Basin
Singmoon … an ethnic group of Laos. Approximately 5,834 people living in two different areas of central Laos.
About half live within the Thathom District of the Xaisomboun Special Region, while the remainder inhabit part
of the Borikhan District of Borikh




Solteco … an indigenous Mesoamerican people living today in southern Mexico, Oaxaca, San Miguel Sola de
Vega. Their heart language, Soltec, belonged to the Zapotecan language family but is now extinct (Moseley
2007, p. 205).




Tahang … a people of Laos. Austro-Asiatic-speaking. Located in the eastern portion of Champassak Province
(Chazee 2002, p. 102).




Tai Peung … a people of Laos. Austro-Thai-speaking. The Tai Peung live in two villages in northern Xieng Khoang
province. About one thousand Tai Peung have settled in Kham district. They are animists and live near the Tai
Laan, though their dialect is dif




Taket … a people of Laos. Austro-Asiatic-speaking. Less than 1,000 people of this ethnic group have settled in a
single village in Nambak district of northern Luang Prabang province. The live in the neighborhood of Hmong,
Khamu and Lao peoples. Their lang




Tamoy … a people of Laos. Austro-Asiatic-speaking. The Tamoy live in a few villages in Luong district of Luang
Nam Tha province (Schliesinger 2003, p. 285).




Tanda-Mayo … one of several ethnic groups related to the Tenda (Tanda) in eastern Senegal, Guinea, and
Guinea-Bissau. Ethnic groups associated with the Tenda include the Basaris, Konagis (Coniagui), Badyarans
(Bajaranke, Badyaranke), Bediks, Boenis, and M
Tchaho … a people of Laos. Austro-Asiatic-speaking. A few Tchaho live in a single village of Gnot U district in the
most northern part of Phongsali province. It is believed this group migrated from China into Laos. The Tchaho
are said to be animists and h




In Kratie Province; indigenous minority; mentioned in many development and aid projects, UN




In Sikkim State




Wokarangma … an ethnic group of Brazil. Para state, near the Iriri river. The Wokarangma have a population
estimated at 31 people. They are animistic.




Cannot verify this from any independent sources; name may be in error, entity may be invalid
Immigrants from Laos; Strongly monolingual. 50%-75% literate.




Lao Ga … a people of Thailand. Uthai Thani province, Ban Rai district, Ban Tabluang. Alt Names: Lao Gao, Lao
Go. Some scholars classify the Lao Ga as a subgroup of the Lao Krang people. The Lao Ga consider themselves a
distinct Lao-speaking group. They ar




Lao Krang … a people of Thailand. Phichit, Suphan Buri, Uthai Thani, Chai Nat, Phitsanulok, Kamphaeng Phet,
Nakhon Pathom and Nakhon Sawan provinces. The Lao Krang originated in the eastern part of today's Luang
Prabang province and the adjacent Hoa Phan




Lao Ngaew … a people of Thailand. Lop Buri, Nakhon Sawan, Sing Buri, Saraburi, Chaiyaphum, Phetchabun and
Loei provinces. The ancestors of the Lao Ngaew in Thailand hail from eastern Xiang Khoang and Western Hua
Phan provinces of Laos. When the Chinese Ha




Lao Wieng … a people of Thailand. Prachin Buri, Udon Thani, Nakhon Sawan, Kamphaeng Phet, Uthai Thani,
Nakhon Pathom, Chai Nat, Lop Buri, Saraburi, Phetchaburi and Roi Et provinces. The Lao Wieng are
descendants of war prisoners from the kingdom of Wieng




Tai Bueng … a people of Thailand. Central, Lop Buri province, Phattana Nikhom district, Ban Klok Salung and
Ban Manao Hwan villages. Migrated to central Thailand from northeastern Laos at least 200 years ago. Alt
Names: Tai Berng, Lao Bueng, Lao Berng. Th
Laomian … a people and language of China, Yunnan Province, northwest Lancang County; Menglian County.
1,600 (2007), decreasing. Alt Names: Guba, Lawmeh, Bisu. Similar to 101498 - Bisu (bzi)(Ethnologue 16).




A-Hmao … a people and language of China, Northwest Guizhou Province, Weining, Hezhang, Shuicheng, Pu’an,
Zhenning, and Ziyun counties, Liupanshui municipality; northeast and central Yunnan Province, Zhaotong area,
Yongshan, Yiliang, Daguan, Suijiang, Qiao
Hmong Vron … a people of China, western Guizhou Province. The Hmong Vron inhabit 12 villages in the Suoga
District, near Luzhi in Lupanshui Municipality (Hattaway 2000). They speak a variety of Large Flowery Miao
(hmd). Agriculturalists. Traditional relig




Larteh … a language of Ghana, a pocket in Ga (gaa) and Twi areas, south of Cherepon. Alt Names: Gua, Late,
Lete. Also use Akan (aka). Traditional Religion.




Assimilating to Bisa culture
Lasgerdi … a people and language of Iran. Semnan Province, southwest of Semnan, In Lasjerd. Language is
related to Sorkhei (sqo). Some also use Frasi (pes). Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Latunde … one of several subgroups of Northern Nambiquara (107453), an Amerindian people of Brazil,
Rondonia, Aikana-Latunde Indigenous Reserve. Alt Name: Leitodu. 20 (2007). Language is nearly extinct
(Ethnologue 16).




Jew, Latvian Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish c
Latvians do not like the term "Lettish".




Lau … a people and language of Solomon Islands. Northeast Malaita Island. Dialects: Suafa, Lau, Dai (Ndai).
Latin script. Fishermen; craftsmen (Ethnologue 16).




Laua … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Central Province, north and west of Laua. Alt Names:
Labu. Different from Austronesian Labu (lbu) in Morobe Province. May have no remaining speakers. Nearly
extinct (Ethnologue 16).
Brao … a people of Laos, Attopeu Province, Laos-Cambodia border. Also in Cambodia, France, United States,
Vietnam. Alt Names: Lave, Braou, Brau, Brou, Laveh, Love, Proue, Rawe (Ethnologue 16).




Laven … a people and language of Laos, southwest, Champassak, Attopeu provinces, Boloven Plateau, near the
Alak (alk). Also in United States. Alt Names: Boloven, Boriwen, Jaru, Jru', Jruq, Laweenjru, Loven. Different from
Brao (brb). Traditional religion




Dayak, Lawangan … a people of Indonesia (Kalimantan). The Dayak are an indigenous people of Borneo (Malay:
Borneo; Indonesian: Kalimantan), the third largest island in the world, administratively divided among Brunei,
Indonesia and Malaysia (sourced Wikip




Pasir … a people of Indonesia (Kalimantan). Pasir is one of at least 17 dialects of Lawangan (lbx) (Ethnologue
16).
Layakha … a people and language of Bhutan, North Punakha District, around Laya; Gasa District; Thimphu
District, Lingzhi gewog. 1,100 (2003). Spoken by Layabs, alpine yakherds in northern Bhutan, and Lingzhibs in
Western Bhutan (Ethnologue 16).




Georgia considers Mingrelians and Laz the same people under the name Zan; related languages but not
mutually intelligble.




Some sources include Doi, Ado & Edo; Ethnologue also includes Ija, Taa, Rai, Raio & Tara




Lefa … a people and language of Cameroon, Center Province, Mbam and Inoubou Division, Bafia Subdivision.
Alt Names: Balom Fak, Lefa' (Ethnologue 16).
Naga, Leinong … a people and language of Myanmar, northwest, Sagaing Division, Khamti District, Lahe
Township near Lahe town, Khamti Township. 8,000 (2007). Alt Names: Lainong Naga, Lenaung Naga, Yao Dyang
Naga.
Not related to Lele peoples 105703, 114897 or 114898




removed from Togo, single source no longer shows them there. Also from CAR, appears to be based on old
data.




Not related to Lele peoples 105703, 114897 or 114898




Not related to Lele peoples in Africa
People probably extinct -- Only 10 left in 1981
Lere … a people and language of Nigeria. While the language, Lere (gnh), is moving toward extinction, the
ethnic popuation remains above 16,000. Primarily found in the Bauchi state, Toro LGA. Dialects: Si (Rishuwa,
Kauru, Kuzamani), Gana, Takaya (Taura) (




Mbuti Pygmy, Twa … a people of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Orientale Province, Watsa, Djugu, Irumu,
and Mambasa territories. 50,000 (1991 SIL). Alt Names: Lese, Balese, Lesa, Lesse, Lissi, Mbuti, Walese, Walisi.
Agriculturalists. Traditional religio
Levuka … a people and language of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), west central Lembata (Lomblen) Island,
between Ile Ape and Lamalera. Alt Names: Lembata, Lewokukun, Lewuka, Painara (Ethnologue 16).




Lewo Eleng … a people and language of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), east central Lembata (Lomblen) Island,
between Lamatuka and Kedang. Several villages. North coast villages are the result of recent government-
induced migrations (Ethnologue 16).
Lhomi … a people and language of Nepal, Koshi zone, Sankhuwasawa District, Chepuwa VDC, Chepuwa,
Chyamtang, Gumba, Chhumusur, Rukuma villages; Hatiya VDC, Hatiya, Hungung, Pharang, Syaksila, Simbung,
Namase, Shiprung villages; some in Kathmandu. Also in C




Seti is derogatory




Lianshan Zhuang … native to China, Guangdong Province, Lianshan Zhuang, Yao Autonomous prefectures
(Ethnologue 16). Former sub-group of Zhuang, Northern 114375 [Retired].
Various -- some may include with Cape Palmas Creole




Libido … a people and language of Ethiopia. Hadiyya, Kambaata, Gurage region, northeast of Hosaina. Alt
Names: Marako, Maraqo. Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Arab, Libyan … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in Libya.
In the Manding-Jogo ethnolinguistic cluster




Ligurian … a people and language of Italy, north, Liguria, east and west of Genoa along the Riviera and
mountain hinterland; St. Pietro and St. Antioch, islands off Sardinia southwest coast; Sardinia, Carloforte and
Calasetta cities. Also in France, Bonif




Monegasque … one of two dialects of Ligurian (lij) … see 105762. Alt Names: Munegasc, Ventimigliese.
Monegasque had few remaining speakers in the 1970s. Compulsory learning in schools has revived it
(Ethnologue 16).
Kuba … a people of Congo, Cuvette region, on Congo River, above Sangha River mouth. Alt Names: Kuba,
Likuba. Language is Likuba (kxx). Mutually intelligible with Likwala (kwc) (Ethnologue 16). This is not the same
as 105332 Kuba of Democratic Republic of
300 speakers




Limbu … a people and language of Nepal, Limbuwan (preferred term for the Limbu area), Eastern hills, east of
Arun River; Koshi zone, Dhankuta, Sankhuwasabha, Terhathum, Dhankuta, and Morang districts; Mechi zone,
Taplejung, Panchthar, Ilam, and Jhapa dist




Panchthar … one of four dialects of Limbu (lif). Alt Names: Panthare, Pantharey, Panchthare, Panthare-
Yanggrokke-Chaubise-Charkhole (Ethnologue 16)




Yakthungba … one of four dialects of Limbu (lif). Alt Names: Chattare, Chhattare, Chhathar, Chatthare,
Chatthare Yakthungba Pan, Yakthung Pan (Ethnologue 16)




Wimbum … a people and language of Cameroon. North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Nkambe
Subdivision, Nkambe and Ndu area. Also in Nigeria, Taraba state, Sardauna LGA, Mambila uplands. Alt Names:
Limbom, Kambu (Ethnologue 16).
Mangala … a people of Congo-Brazzaville.Likouala Region, on west bank of Oubangui river. Animists (WCE).
10 speakers; Mescalero res. New Mexico




Not intelligible with Lisu
Lish Monpa … also referred to as Lishpa or Kishpi, they are a group of the Monpa (see 113086) who inhabit the
hilly terrain of the West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh, India. They are named after their main village,
Lish, which is situated three kil




Monpa … a scheduled tribe of India. A generic term used to denote the people living in the lowlands of West
Kameng and Tawang districts of Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. V, pp. 2355-2356). Monpa (or Moinba) means
'man of the lower country' and refers to seve




Jewish. Many are Hebrew speakers who understand Lishanan.
Hebrew




Polytheist, Christian.
 Liujiang Zhuang … native to China, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: Liujiang, northern Laibin, Yishan,
Liucheng, northern Xincheng counties (Ethnologue 16). Former sub-group of Zhuang, Northern 114375
[Retired].




Liuqian Zhuang … native to China, Guangxi Zhaung Autonomous Region, east of Liujiang and north of Qianjiang
rivers; includes north Wuxuan, Xiangzhou, Luzhai; possibly Pingle, Yangshuo, Hezhou counties (Ethnologue 16).
Former sub-group of Zhuang, Northern
Christian, Muslim and traditional religion; lang is related to the Daju people; do not call themselves Daju
not related to Loko 114953 in Papua New Guinea




Lole … native to Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), Rote Island west central, Lole and Ba'a domains. 20,000 (2002
UKAW).




Olny one source; most include in Lomwe or Makhuwa
Loloda … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), north Maluku, northwest coast of Halmahera. Alt
Names: Loda, North Loloda (Ethnologue 16).
Gypsy, Armenian Bosha … an ethnic group of Transcaucasia. Their Lomavren (rmi) language is a mixed language
combining Indo-Aryan and Armenian. Alt Names: Lom, Posha. The Bosha are sometimes considered a separate
branch of the proto-Romani people who remai




Italian sources indicate other Lombards have trouble understanding them.




Lomwe … a people and language of Mozambique, northeast and central, most of Zambezia Province, south
Nampula Province. Prestige center is Alto Molocue, Zambezia Province. Alt Names: Acilowe, Alomwe, Chilowe,
Cilowe, Elomwe, Ilomwe, Ingulu, Lomue, Mihavane
Naga, Long Phuri … a people and language of Myanmar, northwest, Sagaing Division, Khamti District, Layshi
Township. 2,000 (2007). Alt Names: Longpfuri, Longpfuru, Mimi, Amimi Naga. Similar to Makuri Naga (jmn)
(Ethnologue 16).
Lopi … a people and language of Myanmar. Possibly also in China (Ethnologue 16).
There are monolingual speakers
60,000 speakers; Louisiana, East Texas




Nearly extinct




Ethnologue 16th … Saxon, Low (nds) … a language of Germany … 1000 speakers … 10 million understand it.




People of Nepal, living in Baragaun, the area between Lo (Mustang) in the north and Panchgaun and Thak in
the south. Both their language and physical type close resemble those of Lo. They prefer to be called Gurung. A
little more advanced that the Lopas b
section of 102435; some sources list Kurima separately




100 speakers; Alaska




Taoih, Lower … a people and language of Laos, Saravan Province, northwest of Saravan town. Alt Names: Tong
(Ethnologue 16).




No monolinguals




Tarahumara, Baja … a people and language of Mexico. Chihuahua, Guazapares, Urique, and Uruachi towns. Alt
Names: Baja Tarahumara, Ralámuli de la Baja Tarahumara, Rarámuri, Rocoroibo, Tarahumara del Poniente,
Lowland Tarahumara. Latin script. Seminomadic p
Lao Lom … a people of Thailand. Loei Province, Dan Sai district; Phetchabun Province, Lom Kao district; Nong
Khai Province, Tha Bo district. Alt Names: Tai Loei, Tai Dan, Tai Lom, Tai Lei, Lao Lum. Scholars agree that the
Lao Lom are ethnic Lue (Lu), orig




Appears to be duplicate of 114183
Call themselves 'Mal' or 'Madi'. Aslo called 'T'in' in Viet Nam.




A people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), south Maluku, east of Timor, Moa, Lakor, Luang, Sermata,
Wetan, northwest Babar Islands. 18,000 (1995 SIL)
Language extinct; people speak Jukun




Lugbara … an ethnic group living in southern Sudan, northwestern Uganda, and northeastern Democratic
Republic of the Congo. The occupy the treeless plateau highlands between the Congo River and the Nile (Olson
1996, pp. 346-347). Within the Lugbara there
Lui … a people and language of Myanmar. 200. Alt Names: Loi. 'Loi' means 'mountain' in Shan, and many
groups are called that (Ethnologue 16).




43 speakers; S California




Dompago … a language of Benin, West Djougou and border areas, Atakora Province. Primarily Kémérida area.
Also in Togo. Alt Names: Lukpa, Legba, Logba, Lokpa, Lugba.




17,000 Saami in Sweden. "Lapp" is derogatory term.
Kuba … a people of Democratic Republic of Congo, Kasai Oriental Province, Lusambo Territory. Alt Names:
Luna, Inkongo, Northern Luba (Ethnologue 16).




Lunape … a people of Bhutan, Punakha District, north, northeast quadrant, Lunana, on Pho Chhu River north
from Punakha, right fork halfway up the valley. 700 (1998). People called 'Lunape'. Language is Lunanakha
(luk). Take herds over to Gasa District, no




Often listed together with Lunda. Some sources may count together. JHIstorical kingdom name.
Murut, Lundayeh … a people and language of Indonesia (Kalimantan). Interior from Brunei Bay to Padas River
headwaters, to Baram headwaters, and into East Kalimantan, Indonesian mountains where Sesayap River
tributaries arise. Also in Brunei, Malaysia (Sar




Dholuo, a people native to Kenya, Nyanza Province. Also in Tanzania. 4,270,000 in Kenya, increasing.
Population total all countries: 4,410,000.




Suba (Luo Suba) … a people of Tanzania. Suba speaking Luo (a Nilotic) language as mother tongue




Miao Nationality. Polytheist, Christian.




Luri … a people and languge of Nigeria, Bauchi state, Bauchi LGA, Kayarda and Luri villages. May be a dialect of
Polci (plj). Muslim (Ethnologue 16). Unrelated to Luri in Iran
60 speakers; Washington




Lutachoni … a subgroup of the Luhya people of Kenya and Uganda. They speak a Bantu language and live today
north of Lake Victoria on both sides of the Kenyan-Ugandan border (Olson 1996, p. 542). Western Province,
Lugari and Bungoma districts (Ethnologue 1
Lwena … a people and language of Zambia. Northwestern and Western provinces. Also in Angola. Moxico,
southeast provinces. Alt Names: Luvale, Chiluvale, Lovale, Lubale, Luena. Latin script. Traditional religion,
Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Nilotic people of Sudan
50%-75% literate
Maka … a people and language of Nigeria, Borno state, Bujba LGA, Bara town and associated hamlets. Alt
Names: Maaka, Maga, Magha, Maha.




Fulbe Kita … a people and language of Mali. Central Mali. Dialects: Western Macina, Eastern Macina. Western
in Segou and Macina areas; Eastern from north of Mopti to Boni east. Also in Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana. Alt Names:
Fula Maasina, Fulani Maasina. Maasina




Maay … a people and language of Somalia. South, Gedo region, Middle and Lower Shabeelle, Middle and Lower
Jubba, Baay, and Bakool regions. Also in Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, United States. Alt Names: Af-Maay, Af-Maay
Tiri, Af-May, Af-Maymay, Rahanween, Rahan




Khoisan people




Maba … a Sunni Muslim people (Maliki school) who live in Wadai Province in the Republic of Chad. They speak
a language called Bora Mabang (mde), which is part of the larger Nilo-Saharan linguistic family. They number
approximately 230,000 people, of whom




Maba, Bitjoli … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), north Maluku, Halmahera, north coast of
southeast peninsula; Wasilei area. 6,620 (2000). Alt Names: Bicoli, Bitjoli, Ingli. Muslim (Ethnologue 16).
Maca … a people and language of Paraguay, Southwest, Presidente Hayes Department, Qemkuket; Main village
north of Asunción in Mariano Roque Alonso; Par River; a changing number in a very small reserve in Ciudad del
Este 4 blocks from the bridge to Brazil;




Very few speakers of Macau.
Macedonian … a south Slavic people who are primarily associated with the Republic of Macedonia. The speak
the Macedonian (mdk) language, a South Slavic language. Also in Albania, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Greece,
Serbia, Slovenia, United States.




Cannot independently verify this entity; may not be valid




Aromanian … a people and language of Greece, North, Northwest Salonika, Pindus Mountains, Trikala area.
Also in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia. Ethnic population: 700,000 in
Greece. Up to 400,000 in Albania. Rapid as




200-300 speakers




Machiguenga … an Arawakan people of the Upper Amazon basin in southeastern Peru, especially on the
Misahua, Alto Urubamba, Camisea, Manu, and Alto Madre de Dios rivers. First contacted by the Spanish in
1572; Jesuits began working with them in the sevente
There is also a separate people in Mozambique, Machinga sub-group with dialect of Yao (yao) ROP 110980




Maco … native to Venezuela, tributaries of the Ventuari River, Wapuchi, Paru, Yureba, and Marueta rivers;
Marueta, Wapuchi, Porvenir, Tavi-Tavi, Mariche, Morocoto villages. Some also use Spanish (spa) or Piaroa (pid)




Language extinct. All speak Macuna




Not the same people as Madda (Mada) of Nigeria 105983
Not the same people as Mada of Cameroon 105977
Bawean … a people of Indonesia (Java and Bali). Bawean (Boyanese) is one of six dialects of Madura (mad) *cf.
105999 - Madura]. 86,000 Bawean (Ethnologue 16).




Madura … a people and language of Indonesia (Java and Bali), north coastal area of east Java, Sapudi Islands,
Madura Island. Also in Singapore. Alt Names: Basa Mathura, Madhura, Madurese. Dialects: Bawean (Boyanese)
[listed separately as 101162 - Bawean],




Clarifying by using the Ethnologue ethnic language name




Matakam considered derogatory in Cameroon.
Languages of Sambal and Ayta group are similar; ethnicities may be referred to by either name in sources




Languages of Sambal and Ayta group are similar; ethnicities may be referred to by either name in sources




1.051 monolinguals




Languages of Sambal and Ayta group are similar; ethnicities may be referred to by either name in sources




Magoma … a people and language of Tanzania, Iringa region, Makete District, near Kitulo Plateau. Alt Names:
Kimagoma (Ethnologue 16).
Illanon … a people of Malaysia.




Iranun … one of several dialect subgroups of Maguindanao (mdh), a language of the Philippines. Alt Names:
Ilanon, Illanon, Ilanum, Iranon). 241,000 Iranun (1981 SIL). Dialects: Laya, Ilud, Biwangan, Sibugay, Iranun
(Ilanon, Illanon, Ilanum, Iranon), Tagak




Trade Language; also see Iranum 114598




Mahei … originally a language of China, Yunnan Province, Jinggu Dai, Yi, Pu'er Hani, Yi autonomous counties.
12,000. Alt Names: Mahe, Maheh. People now reside almost exclusively in the Shan State of Myanmar. Related
to the Hani in China.
Maindo … a people and language of Mozambique, Micaune, northeast of Chinde, Zambezi River mouth. Alt
Names: Chwambo. Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim (Ethnologue 16).
Bilingual in German
Adbas … a community of Nepal. 5,592. Hindu, Buddhist, Christian (OMID).




Aghori … a community of India, West Bengal, Purulia district; Bihar, Madhubani and Darbhanga districts. Also in
Nepal. Alt Names: Bhatuk Gulgulia, Aghore. They speak a dialect of Maithili (mai) as their mother tongue, are
conversant with Bengali (ben) and




Bakho … a community of India: Bihar, Begusarai, Patna, West Champaran, East Champaran, and Nalanda
districts. Maithili (mai) is their mother tongue. Also conversant with Hindi (hin) and Urdu (urd). Devanagari
script is used. (POI Vol. IV, pp. 212-213).
not related to Maiwa in Papua New Guinea
not related to Maiwa in Indonesia




Majhi … an people and language of Nepal, Janakpur zone, Sindhuli and Ramechhap districts; Bagmati zone,
Sindhupalchok and Kabhre Palanchok districts; Sagarmatha zone, Okhaldhunga and Khotang districts; Koshi
zone, Dhankuta District; Narayani zone; Lumbini
Panyam … an Adamawa-speaking people who live today in the Wurkum District of the Muri Division of Gongola
State in Nigeria (Olson 1996, p. 479). Language is Mak (pbl). Mixed with data for Sura 109618 in some sources




123 speakers; Washington




0.9% of population. Trade language
Makhuwa … a people and language of Mozambique. Nampula, south of Meetto area. Alt Names: Central
Makhuwa, Emakhuwa, Emakua, Macua, Makhuwa-Makhuwana, Makhuwwa of Nampula, Makoane, Makua,
Maquoua. Traditional religion, Muslim, Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Makhuwa-Meetto … a people and language of Mozambique. Cabo Delgado and Niassa provinces. Also in
Tanzania. Extreme south, Mtwara region, Masasi District. Alt Names: Emeto, Imeetto, Medo, Meetto, Meto,
Metto, Imakua, Kimakua, Makhua, Makoa, Makua, Makuwa,




Mwinika, Makhuwa-Moniga … a people and language of Mozambique, Delgado Province. Alt Names:
Emakhuwa-Emoniga, Emoniga, Moniga. Traditional religion, Muslim, Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Makhuwa-Saka … a people and language of Mozambique. Delgado Province. Alt Names: Esaaka, Isaanga,
Ishanga, Saaka, Saanga, Saka, Sanga (Ethnologue 16).
Only a few sources report this separately from primary group Makonde




Nearly extinct




Naga, Makuri … a people and language of India, Nagaland, Phek, Kiphire districts. 4,000 (2007). Alt Names:
Makury Naga, Shaera.
Naga, Makyan … a people and language of Myanmar, northwest, Sagaing Division, Khamti District, scattered
within Lahe Township. 3,000 (2007). Alt Names: Macham Naga, Leinong. Distinct from Leinong Naga (lzn)
(Ethnologue 16).




Malto … a community of India. Jharkhand, south Santal Pargana District, Ramgarh Hills. Dumka District, Pakaur;
south Godda, and Deoghar districts; some in Sahibganj District, Borio, Depart village. Reported in West Benga,
Bankura, Barddhaman, and Murshida
Descendants of Tamil merchants - a Malay based Creole.




Kristang … a people of Malaysia (Peninsular). Trankera and Hilir, Melaka, Straits of Malacca. Alt Names: Bahasa
Geragau, Bahasa Serani, Luso-Malay, Malaccan, Malaqueiro, Malaquenho, Malaquense, Malaquês, Malayo-
Portuguese, Malaysian Creole Portuguese, Pap




Malakhel … a people and language of Afghanistan, southwest of Kabul, Logar north of Baraki. Language may be
the same as Ormuri (oru). Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




New from Omid, 7/20/01
Lomwe, Nguru … a people and language of Malawi, southeast, south of Lake Kilwa, south of the Yao, northeast
of the Sena. Alt Names: Anguru, Nguru. Not intelligible with Lomwe (ngl) of Mozambique. Different from Ngulu
(ngp) of Tanzania. Also use Nyanja (ny
Malay, East Malaysia … a Muslim people of Sarawak and Sabah. Traditionally, the East Malaysia Malay worked
as fishermen and traders. Today, many of them are employed in logging industries, palm-oil plantations, and
civil industries. Intermarriage with oth




Orang Pantai Timur (People of the East Coast) … consists of Malay peoples along the east coast of Peninsular
Malaysia. They are primarily located in the two states of Terengganu and Kelantan, though some reside in
other parts of Malaysia where job opportu
Arasar … a community of India. Kerala and Tamil Nadu. They speak Malayalam (mal) or Tamil (tam) and
predominantly Christian, with a Hindu minority. Alt Names: Catholic Arasar (OMID)
Ilavaniyan … a community of India. Kerala, Tamil Nadu. Concentrated in Alappuzha, Kottayam and
Pathanamthitta districts of Kerala. Alt Names: Udiyana. They speak Malayalam (mal) and practice Hinduism
(OMID).




Ilavathi … a community of India. Tamil Nadu, Kerala. Concentration in the Coimbatore Distirct of Tamil Nadu
and in the Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, and Alappuzha districts of Kerala. They speak Malayalam
(mal) and practice Hinduism (OMID).
Kanikaran … a community of India. Alt Names: Kanikkar, Kanigar, Kani. They inhabit the hills of Neyyattinkara
and Nedumangadu taluks of the Trivandrum district of Kerala. They are a scheduled tribe in Kerala. They speak
Kanikkaran (kev) among themselves (




Kaniyan … a community of India. Kerala, Palakkad, Thrissur, Alappuzha, Ernakulam, Thiruvananthapuram, and
Kottayam districts. Alt Names: Kanyan, Kashi, Kanisu, Kanisan, Kaniya. They speak Malayalam (mal) and
practice Hinduism (OMID).
Malai Arayan … a scheduled tribe of India, Kerala. The name Mala Arayan means the lords of the hills. They are
concentrated int eh hilly tracts of Idukki and Kottayam districts of Kerala. The community is notified as a
scheduled tribe in Kerala and are kn




May be a portion of 113143
Malayalar … a forest-dwelling community in Kerala, India. They derive their name from the Malayalam words,
mala meaning mountain and alar meaning people, connoting people of the mountains. They speak Malayalam
(mal) and use the Malayalam script. They prof




Malayan, Caste … a scheduled caste of India. The Malayan are distributed in the Cannanore, Kozhikode and
Malapuram districts of Kerala. They speak Malayalam (mal) and use the Malayalam script. Traditional
occupations of the Malayan are singing, devil-danc




Malayan, Tribe … a scheduled tribe of India. The Malayan are a hill people of Kerala. There are two groups:
Nattu Malayan and Kongu Malayan. The Kongu Malayan inhabit the Palghat and Trichur districts of Kerala. They
speak Malayalam (mal) and use the Mala




Mannan, Caste … a community of India; a Scheduled Caste of Kerala. They are also referred to as Neriyan,
Pathiyan, Velan, Perumannan, Peruvannan. They speak Malayalam (mal) and use the Malayalam script. They
are Hindu and worship Shiva, Vishnu, Ganapathi,




Mannan, Tribe … a community of India; a Scheduled Tribe of Kerala living in the Devikulam taluk of the Idukki
district. They are thought to be a hill tribe of Travancore. They speak Tamil (tam) and are also conversant with
Malayalam (mal). They follow Hin
Padannan … a community of India. Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Largest concentration in the Thrissur and
Malappuram districts of Kerala. They speak Malayalam (mal) and practice Hinduism (OMID).
Pathynaickan … a community of India. Kerala, Malappuram District. Alt Names: Pathykkaka. They speak
Malayalam (mal) and practice Hinduism (OMID).
Thandan … a community of India. Kerala. Concentration in the Kollam, Thiruvanananthapuram, Alappuzhu, and
Palakkad districts. Alt Names: Urali, Mutal Pattukarar, Palakadu, Thammadi, Thandamari. They speak
Malayalam (mal) and practice Hinduism (OMID).
Birifor, Malba … a people and language of Burkina Faso. Southwest, Poni Province. Also in Côte d'Ivoire. Alt
Names: Birifo, Malba-Birifor, Northern Birifor. Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim (Ethnologue 16). The
Birifors are one of the "stateless" p




Male … a people and language of Ethiopia, Omo region, southeast of Jinka (Ethnologue 16).




Male, Koliku … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Madang Province, coast south of Bom. 970 (2000
census). Alt Names: Male. Related to Bongu (bpu) and Anjam (boj) (Ethnologue 16).




Maine and Canada
Maleng … a people and language of Laos, Khammouan Province, Nakay District, Nam Theun Valley, near Theun
River banks. Also in Vietnam, Ha Tinh Province, Huong Khe District, Huong Lien commune; 2 or 3 villages
bordering Laos, another southeast. Malieng in




                                 Far
Gulfe … a people of Cameroon. 	 North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, Chari River area, Goulfey and
Goulfey Subdivision, north of Kousseri. Also in Chad. West, Chari-Baguirmi Prefecture, N’Djamena
Subprefecture, north of N’Djamena along the Chari
6,000 monolinguals




Jew, Maltese Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish c
Mam, Central … a people and language of Guatemala. Western Huehuetenango Department (San Sebastián
and other towns) and San Marcos Department; 17 towns. Dialects spoken in San Miguel Ixtahuacán (18,000)
and Concepción Tutapa (30,000) towns. Also in Mexico




Mam, Northern … a people and language of Guatemala. Western Huehuetenango Department (San Sebastián
and other towns) and San Marcos Department; 17 towns. Dialects spoken in San Miguel Ixtahuacán (18,000)
and Concepción Tutapa (30,000) towns. Also in Mexic




Mam, Tajumulco … a people and language of Guatemala. Western Huehuetenango Department (San Sebastián
and other towns) and San Marcos Department; 17 towns. Dialects spoken in San Miguel Ixtahuacán (18,000)
and Concepción Tutapa (30,000) towns. Also in Mexi




Mam, Todos Santos Cuchumatan … a people and language of Guatemala. Western Huehuetenango
Department (San Sebastián and other towns) and San Marcos Department; 17 towns. Dialects spoken in San
Miguel Ixtahuacán (18,000) and Concepción Tutapa (30,000) towns




San Martin Sacatepequez town counted separately in only one source




Southern Mam … a people and language of Guatemala. Western Huehuetenango Department (San Sebastián
and other towns) and San Marcos Department; 17 towns. Dialects spoken in San Miguel Ixtahuacán (18,000)
and Concepción Tutapa (30,000) towns. Also in Mexico
Tacaneco … a people of Guatemala, Western San Marcos Department; rural areas west of the town of Tacaná,
western Guatemala border, and in Sibinal and Tectitán. Also in Mexico, Buenos Aires, hills above Motozintla,
and eastern Chiapas, Mazapa. Tacanec (mtz




Nambiquara, Northern … one of three groups of Nambiquara, who live in western Mato Grosso and southern
Rondonia, Brazil. They live on the Parecis Plateau between the tributaries of the Juruena and Guapore rivers,
up to the headwaters of the Ji-Parana and




name follows the Ethnologue name for the language (but with English spelling); to avoid confusion of self-
name Bamana with a Bamabara group
All Mamasa groups are Christian, except Pattae' 107942, Muslim




A Muslim group speaking Mamasa lang; other groups of Mamasa speakers are Christian




not related to Mambai people in Chad and Cameroon




Mambwe-Lungu … a people and language of Zambia, northeast Northern Province south of Lake Tanganyika.
Also in Tanzania, Rukwa region, Sumbawanga Rural, Sumbawanga Urban districts, and far south Nkansi District,
Matanga village south to Zambia border, Lake




Mamprusi is the peopple, Mampruli the language
Undetermined Minority




Millions of second language speakers. Trade language
Manang … a people and language of Nepal. Gandaki zone, Manang District, Nyeshang area, Marsyangdi River, 7
villages; Kathmandu and Pokhara. Alt Names: Manangba, Manang, Manangbhot, Manangbolt, Manange,
Manangi, Nyeshang, Nyishang. Dialects: Pisang, Manang




Northern Gurung … a language of Nepal, Gandaki zone, Manang District, Nyeshang area, Marsyangdi River, 7
villages; Kathmandu and Pokhara. Alt Names: Manangba, Manang, Manangbhot, Manangbolt, Manange,
Manangi, Nyeshang, Nyishang. 3,740 (Pohle 1988) (Ethnol




70 to 1,000 speakers, remainder speak Mandarin. Chinese traditional religion. Shamanism. Buddhism.




Manda … a people and language of Tanzania, Iringa region, Ludewa District; Ruvuma region, Mbinga District;
east shore of Lake Nyasa. Matumba dialect is recognized as a distinct dialect but is completely intelligible with
Manda (Ethnologue 16).




Mandawaka … a language of Venezuela, Colombian border, extreme southwest, Amazonas, east of the Bare on
Baria River and Casiquiare Canal. Also in Brazil. Alt Names: Arihini, Cunipusana, Ihini, Maldavaca, Mandauaca,
Mandahuaca, Mitua, Yavita. Nearly extinc




Mandaean Gnostic Ethnic Group. Most in Iran speak W. Farsi; All in Iraq have Arabic mother tongue
Mondari … a people and language of Sudan, southern Sudan, north of Bari, Taliarea; both sides of the Nile
between Tombe and Mongalla. Alt Names: Chir, Kir, Mondari, Mundari, Shir
Eurasian … people of mixed European and Asian descent.
Han Chinese, generic … use this code to classify Chinese diaspora peoples, undifferentiated by native language.
Typically default to Chinese, Mandarin (cmn) as common trade language. Use this code only where more
detailed info is unavailable.




These are Han refugees from Vietnam (1978), now being reincorporated into Han society and language.




Mandarin-speaking Muslim of Mongol descent; different from Tsat, also Muslims, and also called "Hui" or
"Huihui" by Chinese; same descent as Dungan 103902 in Asia west of China
Jew, Mandarin Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish




Linghua … an ethnic group of China. Guangxi Province, Longsheng County. Miao influence. Alt Names: Linghwa,
Gui Liu. Their language is a Miao-Chinese mixture. The main religious adherence of the Linghua is ancestor
worship (Hattaway 2000).
Lopi … a people of China, northern Yunnan, Huaping, Dayao, and Yongsheng counties; southern Sichuan, Futian
and Pingjiang. Alt Names: Shuitian (Watery fields people) (Hattaway 2000). Not the same as Lopi in Myanmar




A Manchu people, not the Tai Lu of Yunnan, nor the Nung-speaking Lu of Myanmar. Language is Chinese
(Mandarin, CHN).
May be only 150 (180).
Sui Nationality. Polytheist. Listed separately due to distance from Shui and difference of language form,
though same ROL Code (SWI)
Cataelano Mandaya (mst) … a language of the Philippines. This ISO 639-3 code has been retired after the
publication of Ethnologue, 16th edition. For more information, see the code change history. Affected language
identifier: mst Cataelano Mandaya). Cha




Mandaya, Sangab … a people and language of the Philippines, Carraga River head, Banlalaysan area, highland,
Davao del Norte, Mindanao. Alt Names: Sangab. Mandaya, Sangab (myt) language code has been retired and
merged into Karaga Mandaya (mry) (Ethnologue
Nomadic. Nearly extinct.




This entity is not in Burkina Faso; see 106265




Mandobo Atas … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua). Fly River border area east of Digul River between
Tanahmerah and Mindiptanah. 1,000 (2002 SIL). Alt Names: Dumut, "Kaeti", Kambon, Kwem, Mandobbo, Nub,
Wambon. Agriculturalists. Christian, traditi




Mandobo Bawah … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), Fly River border area east of Digul River
between Tanahmerah and Mindiptanah, Getentiri, Anggai, Butiptiri, Subur, Aiwat, Kaisah villages. 2,000 (2002
SIL). Alt Names: Dumut, "Kaeti", Kambon, Man
Mang … a people and language of Vietnam, Lai Chau Province, triangle-shaped area between Song Da (Black
River) and the Nam Na: Nam Nghe, Nam Xung, Nam Ban, Ban Nam Voi, others. Also in China, Yunnan Province,
Honghe Prefecture, Jiping County, Honghe Mengl




Manga Kanuri … a people and language of Niger. East, along Nigeria border. Also in Nigeria. Mainly Yobe state;
Jigawa and Bauchi states. Alt Names: Kanouri, Kanoury, Manga. Dialects: Manga, Dagara. Part of a dialect
subgroup that includes other Kanuri var




Mangaya … a people and language of Sudan, south, West Bahr el Ghazal, Mangayat, 30 km southeast of Raga;
some in Raga. Alt Names: Buga, Mangaya, Mongaiyat. Many also use Gbaya (krs) (Kresh) or Sudanese Spoken
Arabic (abd). They call themselves 'Bug' (Ethn
Source is Guinea National Research Network




Mansaka … a tribal community of the Philippines, eastern Davao and Davao Oriental provinces, Mindanao. Alt
Names: Mansaka (Ethnologue 16).




Russian as second language




Amasi … a people of Cameroon. 20 villages in Manyu Division, South West Province. Animists 20% (WCD).




Mantsi … a people and language of Vietnam. Hà Giang Province, Meo Vac and Dong Van districts. Alt Names:
Black Lolo, Flowery Lolo, Lolo, Red Mantsi. Called ‘Southeast Vernacular’ type of Yi. May be related to what is
called Southeastern Yi or Guizhou Yi [
Uncertain verification -- may refer to part of Wahai (Manusela) 110618 or Lisela (Wae Geren) 105798




Source is Guinea National Research Network
37,000 Maonan first language speakers. Maonan Nationality




Comorian, Maore … native to Mayotte. Also in Madagascar, Swaziland. 97,900 all countries. Alt Name:
Comores Swahili, Comorian, Comoro, Komoro, Maore Comorian (though not found in Comoros)
2 speakers out of 120 in ethnic group (in 1977)




200,000 speakers in Chile




Jama Mapun, Bajau Kagayan … a people of the Philippines. Cagayan de Sulu and Palawan islands. Also in
Malaysia (Sabah). East coast of Sabah, Sandakan; west coast of Sabah, Banggi, Marudu, Kudat, Kota Kinabalu.
Alt Names: Mapun, Bajau Kagayan, Cagayan, Cag




Maquiritari, Pawana … a people and language of Venezuela, Bolivar and Amazonas States, near the Brazilian
border on the mid-Paragua, Caura, Erebato, upper Ventuari, upper Auaris, Matacuni, Cuntinano, Padamo, and
Cunucunuma rivers. Also in Brazil, Roraima
Mara … a people and language of Australia. 15 (1991 M. Sharpe). Alt Names: Leelalwarra, Leelawarra, Mala,
Marra. Related to Wandarang (wnd). Most also use Kriol (rop) or English. Intermarry with Yanyuwa (jao).
Nearly extinct (Ethnologue 16).




Mara Chin … a people and language of India. Mizoram, Chhimtuipui District. 60 villages. Also in Myanmar
(Lushai Hills). Alt Names: Lakher, Mara, Maram, Mira, Zao. Also use Mizo (lus) or English. Latin script. A
Scheduled Tribe in India. Subgroup of Mizo (
Abu Sharib … one of the seven Tama-speaking peoples of Sudan and Chad. They live today in Chad and are
surrounded by the Tama (109768) to the east, the Marari (106316) to the southeast, the Maba (105960) to the
south and west, and the Mimi (106637) to the




Marari … the Mararis (Mararits, Maraits) are one of the Tama-speaking peoples of Sudan and Chad. They are
very closely related to the neighboring Abu Sharibs (100027). They live mostly on the Chad side of the border,
and their population today is approxim




Agri … a community of India. The Agri are a subdivision of the Kunbi and a subgroup of the Koli. At present,
they are distributed in Rajasthan, Delhi, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Gujarat and Maharashtra. Alt Names: Ager,
Noongar, Kharwal, Sisodia Rajput, Mith
Arya … a community of India, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi and
Uttar Pradesh. They are variously known as Maratha, Are Maratha, Arya Maratha, Arya Maratta, Maratta, etc.
They speak Marathi (mar) as their mother ton




Bhand, Hindu … a community of India. They are mainly distributed in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar,
Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Delhi and West Bengal. Alt Names: Alt Names: Bhanr, Bhangat, Bhand Raja
(POI Vol. IV, pp. 373-377 / OMID).
Chaturtha Jain … a community of India: Karnataka and Maharashtra. One of the major groups of the Jain, the
Chaturtha Jain inhabit the rural areas of north Karnataka and the districts of Sangli, Sholapur and Kolhapur in
south Maharashtra. Marathi (mar) is
Gowari … a community of India, they are distributed in the Nagpur, Bhandara, Amravati and Garhchiroli
districts of Maharashtra. Theya re also settled in the Balaghat and Seoni districts of Madhya Pradesh. The
Gowari of Maharashtra sepak Marathi (mar) amon
Holar … a community of India. Maharashtra. They are concentrated in the districts of Solapur, Sangli, Satara
and Pune. They speak Marathi (mar) and practice Hinduism. Alt Names: Holeya, Holiya, Holra, Holia, Holer
(OMID).




Jew, Marathi Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish c
Kasar … a community of India, spread over the states of West Bengal, Orissa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya
Pradesh, Bihar and Goa. The name Kasar or Kansara has been derived from the metal kansa (bell-metal), which
they use to make vessels for household us
Mahratta … a community of India, Maharashtra and Karnataka. Language is Marathi (mar). Religion is
Hinduism. Also in Pakistan, Sind Province. Language is Sindhi (snd). Relgion is Hinduism (OMID).




Mana … a people of India, Maharashtra, Chandrapur and Gadchiroli districts. Alt Names: Mane, ManiLanguage
is Marathi (mar). Hindu (POI Vol. V., pp. 2168-2139)
Rangrez, Hindu … a community of India. Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka. Alt Names: Rangum,
Rangsaz, Rangariju, Bhavsar, Simpi, Bahusar, Bhavasarigi, Wannakar, Rangari, Rangirigi, Kshatriya Bhavsar. They
speak Marathi (mar) or Oriya (ori) an
Saithwar … a community of India. Maharashtra. They are one of the numerically dominant group of the
Digambar Jain in Maharashtra. Concentrated in the Solapur, Latur, Parbhani, Osmanabad, Aurangabad, Bid,
Puna, and Ahmednagar districts. Alt Names: Saitwal.




Samagara … a scheduled caste of India. Also known as Chamagar or Chambar, they are mainly distributed in the
Belgaum district of Karnataka and the Kasargod district of Kerala. They speak the Marathi (mar) language
within the family and Kannada (kan) with
not related to Kulung in Nigeria




Kulung is a place name




Marendje … a people and language of Mozambique, western Zambezia. 90,000 (2006). Alt Names: Emarendje,
Marendje. Related to Lolo (llb) and Kokola (kzn).
15,000 monolinguals




Mari … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, East Sepik Province, near Mari Lake and on Salumei River.
Different from 106329 - Mari (hob) of Madang Province and 102717 - Dorro (mxw) of Western Province.




Mari … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Madang Province, upper Ramu River. 4 villages. Different
from 114876 - Mari (mbx) of East Sepik Province and 102717 - Dorro (mxw) of Western Province.




Maria … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Central Province, Marshall Lagoon to Mt. Brown;
remote. Alt Names: Manubara.
Maricopa … a people and language of the United States, near Phoenix, Arizona. Associated with the Pima (ood)
on Gila River and Salt River reservation. Ethnic population: 400 (1997 SIL). Maricopa (mrc) speakers: 160 (2000
census). Also use English (eng). A




Maring, Yoadabe-Watoare … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Western Highlands Province, Hagen
District; a few in Madang Province in the Bismarck Range. 18 villages. 11,000 (1998 SIL). Alt Names: Maring,
Mareng, Yoadabe-Watoare. Swidden agricultur




Maring … a people and language of India, Manipur, southeast, Laiching; mountainous regions along Chandel
District north border, Tengnoupal Subdivision. 17,400 (2001 census). Language name: Naga, Maring (nng).
Bengali script. A scheduled tribe. Swidden agr
Marka …. a people and language of Burkina Faso. Kossi and Mouhoun provinces, northwest, Nouna, Dedougou
areas. Also in Mali. Koula, Diarani, Yelene, Kuna, Dialassagou, Ouenkoro, Bai village areas. Alt Names: Marka
Dafing, Meka, Dafing. 	 ‘Marka’ is used fo




Some list Sambirir separately, Endo and Sambirir are 2 dialects of Endo lang
Grouped with the Endo sometimes -- speak a dialect of Endo language
Alwar … a community of India. Maharashtra. Population estimated at 100. Language is Marwari (rwr). Hindu.
Bania, Bijabargi … a community of India: Rajasthan. Also known as Vijabargiya, Vijavat, Vajabargiya and
Vijabargiya. They speak Marwari (rwr) and Hindi (hin) and use the Devanagari script.




Bania, Marwadi … a community of India: Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh. Marwadi denotes a
cluster of different castes from Marwar (Rajasthan) who have migrated to different parts of India in search of
better business prospects. Marwadi are a




Khandelwal … a major community of India, concentrated in the states of Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh,
Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat and in major cities including Delhi. They claim that they are from
Khandela, a place in Rajasthan, hence the name Khan




Nyaria … a community of India. Rajasthan. Largest concentrations in Nagaur and Jodhpur districts. Alt Names:
Nyargar, Niyargaran, Pathan, Shaikh Niyariya. They speak Marwari (rwr) and follow Islam (OMID).




Pajabgar … a community of India. Rajasthan, Bikaner District. They speak Marwari (rwr) and follow Islam
(OMID).
Bhil Mina … a community of India; a Scheduled Tribe of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. Alt Names: Meena.
They are believed to be a mixture of the Bhil and the Mina. They are concentrated in the southern part of
Udaipur and in Dungarpur district. Their mothe




Bishnoi … a community of India, Rajasthan, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh states. Also in Pakistan, Sind and
Punjab province. Bishnoi (Vishnoi) is derived from the words bis (twenty) and nau (nine), and thus denotes the
twenty-nine tenets of their faith. They
Bilingual in Ilocano




Maasai … a people and language of Kenya, Rift Valley Province, Kajiado and Narok districts. Also in Tanzania,
north central, on Kenya border, east of Serengeti national Park. Baraguyu from Indian Ocean nearly to Malawi.
Budugum ... one of nine dialects of Masana, a language of Chad, Mayo-Kebbi Est region, Mayo-Boneye
Department, Bongor Subprefecture, along Logone River. Also in Cameroon, Far North Province, southeast
Mayo-Danay Division, Yagoua area (Ethnologue 16).




Dami ... a people of Papua New Guinea, Madang Province, Madang District, Gogol River area inland. 10 villages.
Alt Names: Marik, Ham. Agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).




Masa ... a people of Chad, Mayo-Kebbi Est region, Mayo-Boneye Department, Bongor Subprefecture, along
Logone River. Also in Cameroon, Far North Province, southeast Mayo-Danay Division, Yagoua area (Ethnologue
16).




Cujareno … a Panoan-speaking group of Amerindians who live in the Peruvian Amazon. Their tribal homeland is
concentrated along the Cujar and Mishagua rivers. They are a highly isolated, nomadic group of foragers and
hunters, whose tribal population today




not related to Mashi Bushman of Zambia
Masikoro … a people of Madagascar. Agropastoral. Cultivate manioc. Live alongside the Mikea (106631) in
southwestern Madagascar. Mikea are active participants in Masikoro society … and belong to the same clans,
intermarry freely, and participate in the sa
Some sources may have separate entries for Matipuhy (Matipu) and Nahukwa (Nafukwa) … cf. provisional
117377 … use 106404 for Matipuhy
105,000 speakers of Tougan dialect




Mawa … a language of Chad, Guéra region, Guéra Department, Bitkine Subprefecture, about 30 km south of
Bitkine, centered around the village of Mahoua. Southeast of the Mukulu. 6,560 (2000). Alt Names: Mahoua,
Mahwa. Dialects 'Gurara' and 'Roffono' ('Reup
Mahi … a people and language of Benin, Collines Province (formerly north Zou Province), Dassa-Zoume,
Savalou, Bante, Glazoue, and Ouessi subprefectures. Also in Togo. Central region and northwest Plateau region,
north and south of Atapkame, some linguisti




2006 verification research indicates this term does not represent a valid current ethnicity. An old language
name from the 1950s.




Mayo … a people and language of Mexico, coastal south Sonora around Navojoa (Huatabampo); north Sinaloa
(Los Mochis, Guasave, San Jose Rios, north of Guamuchil). 100 villages or more. 40,000 speakers of Mayo (mfy)
(1995 census). Ethnic population: 100,000
not in most sources; speak other languages of peoples they live around. May not be a discrete ethnciity any
more




Mazagway … a people and language of Cameroon, North Province, Mayo-Louti Division, northwest of Guider,
Mazagway: Guider, Baila, Boula Ibbi, Tam Djidde; Far North Province, southwest corner of Diamare Division,
Ndoukoula District, Kpala: Dagaï; Mayo-Tsana




24 monolinguals




Bilingual in Farsi.




2,200 monolinguals
Mbalantu … a subgroup of the Ambos of Namibia (Olson 1996, p. 380). Alt Names: Mbalanhu, Mbaanhu,
Mbaluntu (Ethnologue 16).
Mbara … a people and language of Chad, Chari-Baguirmi region, Baguirmi Department, Massenya
Subprefecture, and Mayo-Kebbi Est region, Mayo-Boneye Department, Bongor Subprefecture and Mayo Lemie
Department, along Chari River, around Guélengdeng. Alt Names:




Gwa, Mbato … a people and language of Côte d’Ivoire, Southern Department, Petit Alepe Subprefecture. Alt
Names: Mbato, Goaa, M'bato, Mbatto, Mgbato, N-Batto, Ogwia, Potu. 25,000 (1993 SIL). Christian, Muslim,
traditional religion (Ethnologue 16).




Sara Mbai … a people and language of Chad, Mandoul region, Barh Sara Department; around Moïssala. The
traditional area is on the border of Chad and Central African Republic. Also in Central African Republic,
Markounda and Batangafo subprefectures, and in
Ambede, Mbede … a people of Congo, Cuvette-West region, Kelle and north Ewo districts. Also in Gabon.
Upper Ogooue Province, Okondja area. Alt Names: Mbere, Limbede, Mbede, Mbete. The people are called
'Ambede'. The language is Mbere (mdt). Traditional re
Mbo … a people and language of Cameroon. Mbo plain, Littoral Province, Moungo Division, Nkongsamba and
Melong subdivisions; West Province, Menoua Division, Santchou Subdivision and Upper Nkam Division, Kekem
Subdivision. Alt Names: Mboo, Sambo. Different




Mbo … a people and language of Democratic Republic of the Congo. Orientale Province, Ituri District, Mambasa
Territory, Bombo Collectivite. Alt Names: Imbo, Kimbo. Different from Mbo (mbo) of Cameroon [114979],
which is Bantu (Ethnologue 16).




Mboa … a people and language of Cameroon. East Province, Lom-and-Djerem Division, near Betare-Oya. Alt
Names: Mbonga (Ethnologue 16).
Mbu … a people and language of Cameroon, North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Subdivision,
northeast of Wum, Mbu' village (Ethnologue 16).




Mbugu … an ethnic group who arrived in Tanzania beginning in the seventeenth century. They were a non-
Bantu people then speaking a Cushitic language. The Mbugus settled in the Pare mountain region. Since that
time, the Mbugus have become thoroughly Bantu-
May be a part of Susu people -- speak Susu (sus)
Includes Bodi and Tishena.
Meglenite … a people and language of Greece, Kilkis Prefecture, Meglen region, north of Salonika. Also in
Macedonia. 3,000 in Greece (2002 N. Nicholas). 2,000 in Macedonia (Nicholas 2002). Alt Names: Romanian,
Megleno (Ethnologue 16).
Loi … a scheduled caste of India, Manipur. Alt Names: Lois. The term Loi refers to the people who were
banished to penal colonies for violating kinship norms. They speak Chakpa, a dialect of the Meitei (mni)
language. The Loi are predominantly cultivators




Manipuri … a community of India. A conglomeration of migrant groups from Manipur, the Manipuri are
distributed in Assam and Tripura. In Assam, the Manipuri are divided into three subgroups, namely the Meitei,
Bishnupriya and the Panan. In Tripura, the Man




Speakers bilingual in indonesian
Melo … a people and language of Ethiopia. North Omo region, Malo-Koza area, northeast of Basketo (bst). Alt
Names: Malo (Ethnologue 16). The Malos are a subgroup of the Welamo peoples of Ethiopia (Olson 1996, p.
363).




Seim … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Sandaun Province, Nuku District, Torricelli range hills
sloping toward Sepik River plains south. 15 villages east of Mehek. Alt Names: Mende. Latin script. 'Wamsak' is
a village name. Swidden agriculturali




Source is Guinea National Research Network
8 speakers;Wisconsin
Lametin … a people and language of Vanuatu, Central Santo, north of Morouas, between Lape and Ora rivers.
Ethnic population: 570. Alt Name: Merei. 'Merei' is self name (Ethnologue 16). Animists 55% (WCD).
Meru, Kimeru … a people and language of Kenya, Eastern Province, meru District, northeast of Mt. Kenya.
Different from Meru (rwk) of Tanzania. Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Deshantri … a community of India. Referred to as Deshantri only in the Marwar region of Rajasthan, the
Deshantri are also identified as Saoni in Jaisalmer, Jotshi Brahman in Nagaur, Dankrishi or Dakot in Jaipur, and
Bhartiya in the bordering areas of Paki




Deshwali, Muslim … a community of India. A small community in Rajasthan, the Deshwali derive their name
from the terms 'desh', meaning country and 'wali', meaning lord. Most of the Deshwali were Rajput Kshatriya.
Reportedly, most of those serving in the a
Hiranbaj … a community of India. Rajasthan, Ajmer, Nagaur and Bikaner districts. Largest concentration in
Ajmer district. Alt Names: Bepari, Mertia, Kabai. They speak Merwari (wry) and practice Hinduism (OMID).




Jarrah … a community of India. Rajasthan. They speak Merwari (wry) and practice Hinduism (OMID).




Lek … a community of India. Rajasthan. They speak Merwari (wry) and practice Hinduism (OMID).




Neria … a community of India. Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh. They speak Merwari (wry) and practice Hinduism
(OMID).




Salotri … a community of India. Rajasthan. They speak Merwari (wry) and practice Hinduism (OMID).




Sarabara … a community of India. Rajasthan. They speak Merwari (wry) and practice Hinduism (OMID).




Sowan … a community of India. Rajasthan. They speak Merwari (wry) and practice Hinduism (OMID).
1,800 speakers; Mescalero res. New Mexico




800 speakers; Iowa, Kansas- Nebraska, Oklahoma




Mesmes … a people and language of Ethiopia. Gurage, Hadiyya, Kambatta regions. The Mesmes (mys) language
is now extinct (Ethnologue 16).




Arab, Iranian … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in Iran.
Arab, Iraqi … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in Iraq.
74.4% of population of Iraq; most sources include both Mesopotamian Arabic (ACM) and Bnorth
Mesopotamian Arabic (AYM) speakers; total 17-20 mil




Iran only; Sources differ widely on entries in Iran by this name, Iranian Arab & Nawar; some consider this
Iranian Arab, some as Gypsy with Arabic, some as Gypsy with Domari




Mesqan … a people and language of Ethiopia, West Gurage region, Mareqo woreda, principal villages:
Mikayelo, Mesqan, and Hudat. Alt Names: Masqan, Meskan (Ethnologue 16). Christians, Animists, Muslims
(WCD).




A community of Rajasthan, the Daroga are also known as Chela, Pasban, Hazuri, Wazir or Khawashwal. They
are widely distributed in Rajasthan, but they hide their identity and claim to be Rajput. The speak Mewari
(mtr), Marwari (rwr) and Hindi (hin), and us
Many becoming bilingual in Indonesian
Had been mixed with Miapa in Indonesia, part of Biak, speaking BHW25




unrelated to Pila in Togo and Benin
Hmong Leng … a people of China. Approximately 250,000 Hmong Leng live in southern and southeastern
Yunnan Province, including 30,000 in Jinping County alone. Others are scattered in Pingbian County, parts of
Wenshan Prefecture, and as far north as Kaiyuan




Hmong, White … a people of East and Southeast Asia. 233,000 in China, south and southwest Guizhou,
northwest Guangxi, southeast and southwest Yunnan. 170,000 in Laos, north Laos. 32,400 in Thailand,
Petchabun, Tak, Maehongson, Chiangmai, Pitsanalok, Loei




Miao Nationality. Polytheist, Christian.




Red Meo (Meo Do) … a people of Vietnam, northwest Tonkin Province. Also in Thailand. Autoglossonym: meo-
do. In China the Hmong are called "Miao". In Vietnam the Hmong are called "Meo". The Red Meo likely
migrated to Vietnam from Guizhou, China in several




Bilingual in English; no French lang; Turtle Mountain Res. N Dakota; Pop 500 in both countries (2004)
http://www.native-languages.org/michif.htm




French name for "mixed" in Canada
all countries 874,000,000 first language speakers, 1,052,000,000 including second language speakers of
Mandarin Chinese
Banda, Mid-Southern … a people and language of Central African Republic. Alindao, Mobaye, Mingala, Kembe,
Kouango subprefectures. Also in Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan. Alt Names: Banda Central Sud.
Dialects: Bongo, Dukpu, Yakpa (Yacoua, Yakpwa,




Dukpu … one of four dialects of Mid-Southern Banda (bjo), a language of Central African Republic (Ethnologue
16).




Wasa … one of four dialects of Mid-Southern Banda (bjo), a language of Central African Republic. Alt Names:
Ouassa (Ethnologue 16).




Yakpa … one of four dialects of Mid-Southern Banda (bjo), a language of Central African Republic. Alt Names:
Yacoua, Yakpwa, Yakwa, Bayaka (Ethnologue 16). Not related to Bayaka (Yaka) Pygmies. Only OW has separate
pop for entry under this name




Jongor … a people and language of Chad, Guera region, Guera Department, Mongo Subprefecture, east of
Mongo, Abou Telfane Canton centered in Baro, around Abu Telfan. Alt Names: Migaama, Dionkor, Djonkor,
Djonkor Abou, Dyongor, Migama, Telfane. Most also us
496 speakers;S Florida




2,100 speakers in US; Boston, NY, Canada
Chinese, Min Bei … a language of China, North Fujian Province, 7 counties around Jian'ou. Also in Singapore. Alt
Names: Min Pei, Northern Min. 10,300,000 in China (1984). Population total all countries: 10,304,000.
Buddhist, Taoist, Christian (Ethnologue
includes only expatriate Taiwanese




Siraya … an indigenous people of Taiwan, coastal plains in the southwest part of the island (Tainan County) and
east coast (Taidong County). The Siraya are one of Taiwan's Pingpu peoples--occupants of flat coastal regions
rather than mountain areas. They




This was an early ethnic name in listings, and an early Ethnologue alternate name; some sources now use Mina,
which is also now the Ethnologue lang name




3.3% of Indonesian population
Minz Zhuang … native to China, southeast Yunnan Province, Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous
Prefecture, Funing County, Langheng District (Ethnologue 16). Former sub-group of Zhuang, Southern 114376
[Retired].




Some sources include Matawari in Saramaccan 108714
Miri … a people and language of India. Assam, North Lakhimpur, Sonitput, Dhemaji, Dibrugarh, Sibsagar, Jorhat,
Golaghat, Tinsukia districts; Arunachal Pradesh, Lower Subansiri District, Ziro Subdivision, a few villages near
Pasighat, on both sides of Kaml




Mirpur Punjabi … a people of India, Mirpur area, Kashmir near Pakistan border. Also in Pakistan; 35,000 in
Britain. Hindus 90%, Sikhs 9% (WCD). Alt Names: Mirpuri (Ethnologue 16).
Young people are Japanese speakers




Soruba … a subgroup of the Somba people of Benin and Togo. Their contemporary population is approximately
50,000 people, most of whom are farmers, raising maize, millet, plantains, and cassava (Olson 1996, p. 533).
Alt Names: Bijobe. Language is Miyobe (s




Mizo … a scheduled tribe of India. Mizo is a generic term used to denote several tribes of Mizoram who identify
themselves as Mizo from the time the Lushai Hills District (Change of name) act, 1954 was enacted. Seventeen
communities inhabiting Mizoram hav




Mizo, Lushai … a scheduled tribe of India, Mizoram. The Lushai are distributed throughout the state except the
northern parts of Aizawl district and in the southern Chhimatuipui district. There are also some Lushai in Tripuri
where they migrated from Mizo
Some are nomadic




Bilingual in Indonesian
No monolinguals
Arab, Cypriot … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in
Cypress. 1,300 speakers of Cypriot Arabic.




Cypriot, Greek … refers tot eh ethnic Greek population of Cyprus, forming the island's largest ethnolinguistic
community. Greek Cypriots are mostly members of the Church of Cyprus, part of the Greek Orthodox Church.
Greek Cypriots trace their origins to t




Greek … a people and language of Greece, widespread, especially in Greek Macedonia. Also in Albania,
Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bulgaria, Canada, Congo, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of
the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, France, Georgia,
Jew, Greek Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish com




Romany, Greek … a people and language of Greece. Alt Names: Romano-Greek, Hellenoromani. Structured on
Greek (ell) with heavy Romani lexicon. Used only as a secret language in public. Romano-Greek language (rge)
is nearly extinct (Ethnologue 16).
234 speakers; California-Arizona




1,200 speakers




Moi … a people and language of Congo, Oubangui River west bank, Alima River mouth, south of Mossaka.
3,020 (2000). Alt Names: Lemoi (Ethnologue 16).




Moi, Mosana … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), Salawati Island, west Bird's Head around Sorong. 9
villages. 4,600 (1993 R. Doriot). Alt Names: Mekwei, Mooi, Mosana. Different from Mekwei (msf) dialect.
Fishermen; agriculturalists; traders; lumb
Language related to Yoruba but culture to Baatonu.
Molima … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Milne Bay Province, ’Esa’ala District, west Fergusson
Island, Salakahadil, Ebadidi, and Ni’ubuo area inland villages, central west coast (Fagululu), central south coast
(Molima). Alt Names: Ebadidi, Fagu




Aunalei … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Sandaun Province. Between East Bewani and West
Torricelli ranges, West Waipei Division, Molmo, Wisoli, Anononti, Laurela, Pusa villages. 500 (2000). Alt Names:
One, Molmo; Molmo; Onele, Oni. Also use To
Mon, Talaing … a people and language of Myanmar, eastern delta region from east of Rangoon as far as Ye in
Southern Mon state. Also in Thailand, on Myanmar border, Kanchanaburi, Pathum Thani, Rat Buri, Surat Thani,
Lopburi, Khorat; north and south of Bang




All speak Portuguese; language extinct




Mongol … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. East Sepik Province. Related to Langam (lnm) and Yaul
(yla) (Ethnologue 16). Not related to Mongol of Mongolia or China.
an ethnic cluster, but three languages, not mutually--intelligible … Redefine 101792 as Buriat, Mongolia (bxm)
and add new codes for Buriat, China (bxu) and Buriat, Russia (bxr)




0.5% of population




Mono, Mon-Non … a people of Cameroon, North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, north of Rey-Bouba, Kongrong
area along Mayo-Godi River. Alt Names: Mon-Non. Distinct from Mono (mnh) in Democratic Republic of the
Congo (106765) in Banda group (Ethnologue 16).




Mono, Amono … a people and language of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equateur Province, Nord Ubangi,
Bosobolo Territory; some in Libenge Territory. Bili is center. Alt Names: Amono. Most also use Lingala (lin) or
Sango (sag) (Ethnologue 16).




Mono, Alu … a people of the Solomon Islands, Treasury Island (Mono), Shortland Island (Alu, Alo), Fauro Island
(Fauro). Alt Names: Alu, Mono-Alu (Ethnologue 16).




Mono … a people of the United States, east central California. Ethnic population: 600 (2000 A. Yamamoto); 103
(2000 US Census). Mono (mnr) moving toward extinction. Language use shifting to English. Alt Names: Monachi
(Ethnologue 16).
8,000 speakers
4,500 speakers




Morerebi … a language of Brazil, Amazonas, Rio Preto and Marmelos. 2 villages. Very similar linguistically to
Amundava [adw], Tenharim [pah], and Uru-eu-wau-wau [urz]. A family group that has not lived with the
Tenharim for many years, and does not want c
Chagossian … (Ilois or Chagos Islander) an ethnic group that originated in the Chagos Islands, British Indian
Ocean Territory. The Chagossians resided in the islands of Diego Garcia, Peros Banhos, and the Salomon island
chain of the Chagos Archipelago. IN




no language specified … this and other Diaspora Indian codes need review
name of general population not Chinese or Indian




Arab, Moroccan … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in
Morocco.




Ghomara … a Berber group in northern Morocco. North and west of Tamazight, a small region near
Chechaouen, west Rif mountains, Oued Laou Valley. Their heart language was Ghomara (gho) but that
language is now extinct, with language use having shifted to M




"Harratine" is reserved in ROP for the Moroccan Arabic speaking Black Moors in Morocco




Jebala … a people of Morocco. Alt Names: Jbala, Yebala. Refers to the inhabitants of the north-western region
of Morocco. The word 'Jbala' comes from Arabic 'Jbel' which means 'mountain'. Thus Jbala means mountain
people. The Jebala are of Berber origin.
Mosiro … a people and language of Tanzania. Alt Names: Dorobo, Ndorobo. Hunter-gatherers (Ethnologue 16).




a Moose subgroup. Name not in most sources.




a Mosse subgroup
Mouk-Aria … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, West New Britain, southeast coast to northwest
coast, Kandrian District. 630 (1982 SIL). Alt Names: Aria-Mouk (Ethnologue 16). Not related to Mok 106720 in
Thailand




Language nearly extinct




Itneg, Moyadan … a people and language of the Philippines, Luzon, Abra Province. Alt Names: Tinggian,
Tinguian (Ethnologue 16).
Nearly extinct
Chin, Mro … native to Myanmar, Rakhine (Arakan) state. 138,000 (2000).




Mru … native to Bangladesh, Bandarban District. Also in India, Myanmar. 30,000 in Bangladesh (2007).
Population total all countries: 51,230. Alt Name: Maru, Mrung, Murung




Kotoko-Kuseri … a people of Cameroon. Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, Kousseri Subdivision.
Also in Chad. Town of N’Djaména, Cameroon border near N’Djaména. Alt Names: Kouseri, Kousseri, Kuseri,
Klesem. Muslim (Ethnologue 16).
Live east of Iriga City




Mubi … one of the many ethnic groups in Chad. Virtually all of the 40,000 or so Mubi are Muslims. Theya re
part of the larger Nilotic cluster of Sudanese peoples. Most Mubi make their living as small farmers, laborers,
and semi-nomadic and nomadic pastora
Chin, Cho … a people and language of Myanmar. Chin Hills, west. Alt Names: Mün Chin, Cho, Mindat, Mün,
Ng’men. Latin script. ‘Yawdwin’, ‘Chinbok’, ‘Tsinbok’, ‘Chinme’, ‘Chinbe’ are old colonial names referring to
people groups of current south Chin state




Mun Chin … a people and language of Myanmar. Chin Hills, west. Alt Names: Mün Chin, Cho, Mindat, Mün,
Ng’men. Latin script. ‘Yawdwin’, ‘Chinbok’, ‘Tsinbok’, ‘Chinme’, ‘Chinbe’ are old colonial names referring to
people groups of current south Chin state a
Munda … a people of India. A scheduled tribe of Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Tripura and Madhya Pradesh.
Spoken language varies by location but Munda (unx) is considered primary. Also known as Horo-hon, Mura,
Manki, Mudas, and haroko (POI Vol. V, pp. 2389-




Mundari, a people of India, Orissa, Sundargarh District. They speak Mundari (unr) and practice Hinduism.
Population: 39,699 (OMID).
Munduruku … a language of Brazil, Para, Amazonas, middle and upper Tapajos and middle Madeira rivers. 22
villages. 10,100 (2002 FUNASA). Alt Names: Caras-Pretas, Monjoroku, Mundurucu, Paiquize, Pari, Weidyenye.
Traditional religion, Christian (Ethnologue




Muniche … originally lived between the Marahon and Huallagua rivers in the Amazonian jungles of north
central Peru. Probably Tukano. The Muniche call themselves the Monichi. Alt Names: Munichi, Otanave,
Otanabe, Munitsche, Munichino (Olson 1991, p. 249).
Muslim. Related to Yidgha (Pakistan) but little contact.




Muong … a people and language of Vietnam, mostly north central mountain, Hoa Binh, Thanh Hoa, Vinh Phu,
Yen Bai, Son La, Ninh Binh provinces. An official ethnic community. Traditional religion, Christian (Ethnologue
16). 50%-75% literate




Murkim … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), Pegunungan Bintang Regency, Batom subdistrict,
southeast of Yetfa [yet], Mot and Milki villages (Ethnologue 16).
Musasa … a language of Nepal, Janakpur zone, Sindhuli, Dolakha, Mahotari, Dhanusa districts; Koshi zone,
Morang, Sunsari districts: Sagarmatha zone, Siraha, Saptari districts. Alt Names: Musahar, Rishaidep. Dialects:
Bantar. Similar to Saptari (thq). Also




Banana … a people and language of Chad, Mayo-Kebbi Est region, Kabbia and Mont d’Illi departments (Gounou
Gaya, Fianga) and Tandjilé region, Tandjile Ouest Department (Kélo). Gounou Gaya is commercial and
administrative center. Also in Cameroon. Alt Name




Mousgoum … a people and language of Cameroon. Far North Province, Mayo-Danay Division, Maga
Subdivision. Also in Chad. Mayo-Kebbi Est region, Mayo-Boneye Department, Bongor Subprefecture, and
N’Djaména town. Between Chari and Logone rivers, west of Guélen




Lematang … one of thirteen dialects of Musi (mui), a language of Indonesia (Sumatra). South Sumatra Province,
Musi River upstream to Bukit Barisan mountains, downstream to eastern coastal swamplands (Ethnologue 16).
Musi Sekayu … one of thirteen dialects of Musi (mui), a language of Indonesia (Sumatra). South Sumatra
Province, Musi River upstream to Bukit Barisan mountains, downstream to eastern coastal swamplands
(Ethnologue 16).




Palembang … one of thirteen dialects of Musi (mui), a language of Indonesia (Sumatra). South Sumatra
Province, Musi River upstream to Bukit Barisan mountains, downstream to eastern coastal swamplands
(Ethnologue 16).




Pegagan … one of thirteen dialects of Musi (mui), a language of Indonesia (Sumatra). South Sumatra Province,
Musi River upstream to Bukit Barisan mountains, downstream to eastern coastal swamplands (Ethnologue 16).




Penesak … one of thirteen dialects of Musi (mui), a language of Indonesia (Sumatra). South Sumatra Province,
Musi River upstream to Bukit Barisan mountains, downstream to eastern coastal swamplands (Ethnologue 16).




Rawas … one of thirteen dialects of Musi (mui), a language of Indonesia (Sumatra). South Sumatra Province,
Musi River upstream to Bukit Barisan mountains, downstream to eastern coastal swamplands (Ethnologue 16).
113 061 May be a portion of this




Tibetan Nationality
Comorian, Mwali … native to Comoros, Moheli Island. Also in Madagascar and Reunion. 28,700 all countries.
Mwera, Chimwera … a people and language of Tanzania, southeast Tanzania, mostly Lindi region, Nachingwea,
Ruangwa, and Lindi Urban and Rural districts, north of Makonde. Alt Names: Chimwera, Cimwera, Mwela.
Similar to Mwera (mjh) in the Ruvuma region, but




Mwera, Nyasa … a people and language of Tanzania, southwest Tanzania, Ruvuma region, Mbinga District,
Mbamba Bay, Lake Nyasa shore. Alt Names: Kinyasa, Nyanza, Nyasa. Similar to Mwera (mwe) in the Lindi
region, but not the same (Ethnologue 16).




Mwimbi-Muthambi … a people and language of Kenya. Eastern Province, Central Meru District. Dialects:
Mwimbi (Kimwimbi), Muthambi. People may be able to use Meru (mer) literature. Christian (Ethnologue 16).




‡Khomani … the last surviving indigenous San community in South Africa, Andriesvale, Witdraai, Olifantshoek,
Upington, Kalksloot, Raaswater, and at Kang (southern Botswana, near Tsabong). Only 12 remaining speakers
of N|u (ngh). Ethnic population: 500 (19
Na … a community of India. Arunachal Pradesh, Upper Subansiri District (OMID). Language is Na - (nbt).
Speakers also use Hindi (hin) or English (eng). Agriculturalists: terrace cultivation; hunter-gatherers. Buddhist
(Mahayana), traditional religion (Ethn




Bilala … although culturally and linguistically of Arab origins, the Bulalas (Bilalas) have mixed with a variety of
other groups over the centuries. They are concentrated today around Lake Fitri and the city of Yao in Chad.
They can also be found in other
Nadeb Maku … a people and language of Brazil. Amazonas, 3 locations on Uneiuxi River: a tributary of Negro
River, on Japura and Negro rivers. Alt Names: Anodöub, Kabari, Kabori, Makú Nadëb, Makunadöbö, Nadeb
Macu, Nadöbö, Xiriwai, Xuriwai. Hunter-gatherer




Dompo … native to Ghana, Brong-Ahafo region, Banda quarter called Dompofie. Dompo is people name.
Dompo (doy) speakers estimated at 65 (Blench 1999), decreasing. Ethnic Pop 965 (2000 WCD). Also use
Nafaanra (nfr).




Senufo, Nafana (Nafaanra) … a people and language of Ghana, West border, east of Bondoukou. Also in Côte
d'Ivoire. Alt Names: Banda, Dzama, Gambo, Nafaara, Nafana, Pantera-Fantera. 'Banda', 'Banafo', or 'Nafana' are
names for the people. Intensive agricul




Duwinna … a people of Tunisia. In the South in isolated villages near Jerba. Duwinna spoken only in the home.
Sunni Muslims (WCD). Duwinna (Tamezret) is one of three dialects of Nafusi (jbn). Alt Names: Duwinna Berber,
Jbali-Tamezret. Pacha, old Medina, a
Jabal Nafusah … a people and language of Libya, West, Jabal Nafusah region, Tripolitania, Nalut and Yafran area
isolated; Zuara coast, west of Tripoli. Also in Tunisia. Dialect: Zuara, Tamezret, Jerbi. Alt Names: Nafusi, Djerbi,
Jabal Nafusi, Jbel Nafus




Jerba … one of three dialect groups of the Nafusi (jbn) language of Libya. West, Jabal Nafusah region,
Tripolitania, Nalut and Yafran area isolated; Zuara coast, west of Tripoli. Also in Tunisia. Dialect name is Jerbi.
Alt Names: Jerba. Arabic script. M




Tamezret … one of three dialect groups of the Nafusi (jbn) language of Libya. West, Jabal Nafusah region,
Tripolitania, Nalut and Yafran area isolated; Zuara coast, west of Tripoli. Also in Tunisia. Dialect name is
Tamezret. Alt Names: Duwinna. Arabic s




a village name; Jerba area




Zuwarah … one of three dialect groups of the Nafusi (jbn) language of Libya. West, Jabal Nafusah region,
Tripolitania, Nalut and Yafran area isolated; Zuara coast, west of Tripoli. Also in Tunisia. Ethnologue 16 dialect
name is Zuara. Alt Names: Zouara,
Najdi Arabic (ARS) speakers




Language Nearly Extinct




Nakai … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), east of upper Digul River, Awimbom village in the center
of 5 other villages extending toward Ok Sibil northeast, and southwest toward Iwur. Alt Names: Na’ai, Na’i,
Nagai (Ethnologue 16).
Nama … a language of Namibia, south central to Orange River, Great Namaland. Also in Botswana and South
Africa. Alt Names: Berdama, Bergdamara, “Hottentot” , Kakuya Bushman, “Khoekhoegowab” ,
“Khoekhoegowap” , Maqua, Namakwa, Naman, Namaqua, Nasie, Rooi N




Nama, Gimsbok … a dialect of Nama (naq) spoken only in South Africa. 50,900 in South Africa (2006). Alt
Names: Berdama, Bergdamara, Dama, Damaqua, Damara, "Hottentot", Kakuya Bushman, Khoekhoe,
Khoeknoegowap, Khoi, Namakwa, Naman, Namaqua, Nasie, Rooi Nas




Nama … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Western Province, Morehead District, east of Morehead,
Ngaraita, Mata and Daraia villages. 1,200 (2003 SIL) (Ethnologue 16).
Namat … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Western Province, Morehead District, Mibini village
south of Morehead. 180 (2000 census) (Ethnologue 16).




Na Meo … a people and language of Vietnam. Northwest Lang Son Province, Trang Dinh District, Cao Minh and
Khuoi Phu Dao villages, Khanh Long Hamlet; Thach An District, Ca Liec village. Possible immigrants from
Guangxi Province in China (Ethnologue 16). Al




Namiae … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Inland Oro Province, Afore District, Managalas Plateau,
Kuae, Kokoro, Tahama, Sorefuna, Ubuvara villages. 1,200 (2003 SIL). Alt Names: Namiai. Swidden
agriculturalists. Christian, traditional religion (E
Dorro … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Western Province, Morehead District, south coast and
inland, Mari and Tais villages. Alt Names: Namo, Mari. Different from 114876 - Mari (mbx) of East Sepik
Province, and 106329 - Mari (hob) of Madang Pro




Appears to be DUPLICATE of 102717 Dorro (mxw) of Papua New Guinea, Western Province
Tibetan Nationality




Nande … a people and language of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nord-kivu Province, mainly Beni and
Lubero territories. 903,000 (1991 UBS). Alt Names: Banande, Bayira, Kinande, Kinandi, Nandi, Ndande,
Northern Nande, Orundande. The Konzo (Bakonzo) in U




Sanza … a dialect of Nande (nnb), a language of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nord-kivu Province, mainly
Beni and Lubero territories (Ethnologue 16).




Swaga … a dialect of Nande (nnb), a language of Democratic Republic of the Congo, mainly Beni and Lubero
territories (Ethnologue 16).




Yira … a dialect of Nande (nnb), a language of Democratic Republic of the Congo, mainly Beni and Lubero
territories (Ethnologue 16).
Most are bilingual in Santa Cruz




Cogapacori (Kugapakori, Pucapacuri) … a subtribe of the Machiguenga, an Arawakan Amerindian group living in
the Upper Amazon basin of southeastern Peru, especially on the Misahua, Alto Urubamba, Camisea, Manu, and
Alto Madre de Dios rivers (Olson 1991, p.




Nanubae … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, East Sepik Province, Karawari Rural District;
Imanmeri, Wambrumas and Yamandim villages. 1,270 (2005). Alt Names: Kapagmai, Aunda. Also use Tok Pisin
(tpi) (Ethnologue 16).
Nau Phu … a people and language of Nepal. Gandaki zone, Manang District, Nar Valley north of Manang Valley,
Nar (Nargaon) and Phu (Phugaon) villages. Alt Names: Nar-Phu, Narphuba. Language is related to Chantyal
(chx), Gurung, Manangba (nmm), Tamang and T




reports in Ethiopia appear to be an old data error; there are north of Kunama in Eritrea; not related to Nara in
Papua New Guinea 114936
see also related 107307 Nharo




Nasal … a people and language of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), Bengkulu Province, Kaur Regency, Tanjung
Betuah, Gedung Menung, Tanjung Baru (Ethnologue 16).
400 speakers




Amis, Nataoran … an indigenous people of Taiwan, Hualien area and north of Fenglin. Alt Names: Nataoran,
Natawran, Tauran. Dialects: Nataoran, Sakizaya (Sakiray, Sakiraya), Kaliyawan (Kaliyuawan), Natawran,
Cikosowan, Pokpok, Ridaw. Not generally understo




Quite bilingual in Jula
148,530 speakers; Arizona, New Mexico, Utah
Nao … a tiny ethnic group of Ethiopia. They live in the southern reaches of the country where they make their
living as subsistence farmers. The Naos speak an Omotic language (Olson 1996, p. 419). A people and language
of Ethiopia. Decha Awraja, Kafa regi
Consider themselves ethnically Mfumte
Bandasa is grammatical plural name in the lang, more known locally




some may include with the Shona; some sources may also include Tonga, who speak a dialect of Ndau ndc04,
or include them with Tonga 114838 toi; only WCD reports Ndau in Malawi




Not related to Tonga people of Mozambique, Zimbabwe or Zambia or Tongans of Tonga




Tonga people speaking Tonga dialect of Ndau language; some include under Ndau 107152
Includes Nindi. Nindi speech was given its own code in Ethnol 15 -- nxi




Okebu … a people and language of Uganda. Northwest. Mahigi is center. Also in Democratic Republic of the
Congo. Orientale Province, Mahagi and Aru territories, south of Lowa River, west and northwest of Djalasiga.
Oke'bu on Uganda border. Alt Names: Kebu,
not related to Gbaya-Ndogo (Kresh) of Sudan




Ndonga … a subgroup of the Ambo people of Namibia (Olson 1996, p. 424). A language of Namibia,
Ovamboland. Also in Angola. Alt Names: Ambo, Ochindonga, Oshindonga, Osindonga, Otjiwambo, Owambo.
Highly acculturated. Christian, traditional religion (Ethnolo




Ndoro … a people and language of Nigeria. Taraba state, Bali, Gashaka, Sardauna LGAs. Also in Cameroon.
Adamawa Province, Faro-and-Deo Division, south Mayo-Baleo Subdivision, upper Mayo-Deo River, Dodeo
village near Nigeria border; North West Province, Do
Ndunda … a people and language of Nigeria, Taraba state, Sardauna LGA, near Mvanip, 5 km from Yerimaru,
past Kakara on Tea Estate Road, northwest of Gembu (Ethnologue 16).




Comorian, Ndzwani … native to Comoros, Anjouan Island. Also in Madagascar and Reunion. 275,000 all
countries.
Neme … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Western Province, Morehead District, northeast of
Morehead, Keru and Mitere villages. 300 (2002 SIL) (Ethnologue 16).




Nen … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Western Province, Morehead District, Bimadeben village,
between Nambo (ncm) and Idi (idi). 250 (2002 SIL) (Ethnologue 16).




Russian as second language
Bhotia, Sikkim … a community of India. A generic term, the name Bhotia is used for several of the groups of
people living in the foothills of the Himalayas (POI Vol. IV, pp. 456-458). They are distributed in Uttaranachal,
West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh, wi




Chhairottan … an ethnic group of Nepal. The 200 Chhairottan people make up one of the smallest ethnic
groups in Nepal. They live around the Chhairo village in the Mustang (Lo Manthang) District of Dhawalagiri
Zone in north-central Nepal. The Chhairottan p
Damai … a community of India. A migrant community settled in the hills of Siliguri, Kalimpong, Kurseong and in
the Sadar subdivision of Darjeeling district, and the Alipurduar subdivision of Jalpaiguri district, the Damai of
West Bengal are also known as




Dumi ethnic group speak Nepali lang
Gyasumdoba … a people of Nepal. Lower Manang valley. Tibeto-Burman, Manangba branch. Number of
speakers unknown; language is endangered. Gyasumdo is part of the Tamangic language group in Nepal. All
Gurung language communities are abandoning the language




Not related to Kami in Nigeria lang kmi, Kami in Tanzania 114077-kcu
Kau … a people of Nepal (OMID). GeoID 234327 previously misassigned to ROP 112461 Kau of Indonesia.




Khas … a people of India and Nepal. Also known as Khasa or Khasha, they are distributed in Shimla, Sirmour,
parts of Kullu and Kinnaur districts of Himachal Pradesh and the Tehre, Kumaon and Garhwal areas of Uttar
Pradesh. Khaskura is their mother tongue




Kusunda … a people of Nepal, Gandaki zone, Tanahu District, west hills, Satto Bhatti west of Chepetar, and
possibly the jungle south of Ambhu; Kireni, near Kumhali. An official nationality. Alt Names: Kusanda, Ban Raja,
Mihaq. Their heart language was Kus




name used in Bhutan




58.3% of pop. National Language
The two main sub-divisions of Kiranti people of east Nepal are the Rai and Limbu. Rai settlements are spread
along the valley slopes of the Dudh Kosi and Arun rivers and their tributaries. most Rai settlements lie at
altitudes of three to six thousand fee




Sonowar … a people of India, distributed in Sikkim and Uttar Pradesh. They are largely engaged in cultivation.
The Konicha (???) language is their mother tongue, but most of them speak Nepali (nep) and use the
Devanagari script. They are Hindu (POI Vol. V
Tajpuriya … a people of Nepal. Mechi zone, Jhapa District; Koshi zone, Morang District. They speak the Tajpuria
dialect of Rajbanshi (rjs) (Ethnologue 16).




Tokpegola … a people of Nepal, Mechi zone, Topke Gola village. Topkegolas live in Tokpegola situated at the
top of the Mewa River to the west of Walung in Taplejung District. Locally, Tokpegolas are called Dhhokpyas.
Their major occupation is trade. The l
697 speakers; N Idaho




Matu Chin … a people and language of Myanmar. Also in India. 40,000 in Myanmar. 20,000 in India. Alt Names:
Thlan Tan, Matupi. Language is Nga La (hlt). Many also use Chin Haka (cnh) (Ethnologue 16). The Matu Chin
tribe is one of the biggest tribes among
Some sources have one entry covering 107224 and 107225
Ngala, Kara … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, East Sepik Provicne, Ambunti District, 1 village. 180
(2003 SIL). Alt Names: Kara, Sogap, Swagup (Ethnologue 16).




Some may count them under Ngam, Kle, dialect of Ngam they now speak.




Ngamambo … a people and language of Cameroon, North West Province, Momo Division, east and southeast
Mbengwi and east Batibo subdivisions; Mezam Division, Santa Subdivision, Bafuchu and Nja village areas. Alt
Names: Bafuchu, Banja, Mbu, Mungyen, Nga, Ngem
Sara Ngambai … a people and language of Chad. Logone Occidental region; Logone Oriental region, Lanya
Department (Bébedjia), La Nya Pendé Department, Goré Subprefecture; Mayo-Kebbi Ouest region, Mayo-
Dallah Department. Centered in Moundou area. Also in Ca




Most bilingual or monolingual in Russian




Ngando, Dingando … a people and language of Central African Republic, Mbaiki Subprefecture. Alt Names:
Bagandou, Bangandou, Bodzanga, Dingando, Ngando-Kota. Not related to Ngando (nxd) of Democratic
Republic of Congo or Bangandu (bgf) of Congo and Cameroo




Ngando … a people and language of Democratic Republic of Congo, Equateur Province, Maringa River area,
north of Ikela. Alt Names: Longandu, Ngandu. Not related to Ngando (ngd) of Central African Republic
(Ethnologue 16).
Comorian, Ngazidja … a people and language of Comoros, Grande Comore. Also in Madagascar, Reunion.
300,000 in Comoros. Population total all countries: 312,000. Alt Names: Ngazidja, Shingazidja. Muslim
(Ethnologue 16).




Ngbinda language is extinct. Sources report about 4200 members of the ethnic group.
Nkriang is their self-name; closely related to 111242 Ngae




language and people closely related to Khlor 107361
Ngile … a people and language of Sudan. North, Kordofan Province, Nuba Mountains, Mesakin Hills, outlying
hills. Alt Names: Daloka, Darra, Masakin, Mesakin, Taloka (Ethnologue 16).
May include several small groups with various Kanum cluster langs




Different people and language is in a different family from Ngombe 107278 in Congo




"Ngombe" in Cen Afr Rep and Dem Rep Congo are separate peoples
Ngondi … a people and language of Congo, Sangha region, east of Ouesso. Also in Central African Republic. Alt
Names: Ingundi, Ngondi (Ethnologue 16). Distinct from 103568 Gundi Pygmy of Middle Africa.
Teke, Northeast … a people of Congo, Plateaux Province, Gamboma District. Alt Names: Engungwel,
Ngangoulou, Ngungulu, Ngungwel (Ethnologue 16).
Batu … a dialect of Nias (nia), a language of Indonesia (Sumatra), off west coast of Sumatra, Batu Island. Also
use some Indonesian (ind). Christian (Ethnologue 16). not related to Batu in 101142 Nigeria




Niassan … a dialect of Nias (nia), a language of Indonesia (Sumatra), off west coast of Sumatra, Nias and Batu
islands. Dialects: Northern Nias, Southern Nias. Christian (Ethnologue 16). Autoglossonym: Wider Nias (WCD).




name based on Ethnologue lang name; related to but different from Mambila in Cameroon 106196
Bororo …a subgroup of the Fulbes of the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria, and Chad. They
are a pastoral, cattle-raising people. The Bororos are a nomadic tribe of more than 100,000 people; they herd
their cattle over broad stretches of t




Nigerian Creole … urban slum dwellers who have lost or abandoned tribal roots, culture, language. Alt Names:
Detribalized Pidgin (WCD). Nigerian Pidgin (pcm) is a trade language. Increasing in importance and use. A creole
with native speakers, as well as
Nimbari, Nyamnyam … a people of Cameroon, North Province, Benoue Division, Basheo Subdivision, Gorimbari
village; Mayo Louti Division, Guider Subdivision, Padjara-Djabi and Badjire villages. Originally spoke Nimbari
(nmr). Nimbari is now an extinct langua
Ninam … a people and language of Brazil, Mucajai, upper Uraricaa, and Paragua rivers, Roraima. Also in
Venezuela. Alt Names: Crichana, Jawaperi, Jawari, Kasrapai, Shiriana Casapare, Xiriana, Yanam. Dialects:
Southern Ninam (Shirishana, Mukajai), Northern




Nindi … a people and language of Tanzania, south, Ruvuma region, East Songea District, near Mozambique
border, south of Ndendeule (dne). Virtually unknown outside the District (Ethnologue 16).




Ningye … a people and language of Nigeria, Kaduna state, Jema’a LGA, Ningeshen Kurmi village and 3 small
settlements: Akwankwan, Kobin, and Ningeshen Dutse (Ethnologue 16).
2,500 speakers
New from Omid, 7/20/01
Taram … a community of India, Arunachal Pradesh. Language is Nisi (dap). GeoID 235784 previously
misassigned to ROP 113745 Taram of Cameroon.




Almost all speak English as a second language




Ethnologue spelling is Njalgulgule; no new data since 1977; language may be extinct
Njyem … a people and language of Cameroon, East Province, Upper Nyong Division, Ngoila Subdivision. Also in
Congo, Sangha region, Souanke District, along paths leading north to Cameroon. Alt Names: Djem, Dzem,
Ndjem, Ndjeme, Ndzem, Ngyeme, Njem, Nyem (Eth




Nkongho … a people and language of Cameroon, South West Province, Kupe-Muanenguba Division, Nguti
Subdivision. Alt Names: Kinkwa, Lekongo, Upper Mbo (Ethnologue 16).
Some sources list sub-group Shasha 108919 and Lukolwe 105919 separately




most sources include Shasha and Lukolwe 105919 under main group and language Nkoya 107360
Bilingual in Kituba




Nubian, Fedicca-Mahas … a people of the Nile River valley: Sudan, Northern Province, north from Burgeg to
Egypt border at Wadi Halfa; Kassala Province, new Halfa. Also in Egypt, Upper Nile Valley, mainly near Kom
Ombo; scattered in cities. 295,000 in Suda




Liju Nocte … a community of India. Arunachal Pradesh, Changlang and Tirap districts. Alt Names: Lisu Nocte,
Lisu. They speak Nocte Naga (njb) or Nisi (dap) and practice Hinduism (OMID).
Nong Zhuang … native to China, southeast Yunnan Province, Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous
Prefecture, Guangnan, Yanshan, Wenshan, Maguan, Xichou, Malipo counties. 600,000 ethnic population
(Ethnologue 16). Former sub-group of Zhuang, Southern 114376 [R




600 speakers. Bilingual in English




2,300 monolinguals
3,500 speakers; Norton Sound Alaska to MacKenzie Delta Canada




Yair … a people of Indonesia (Papua), south coast west side of Digul River; south of Kombai (tyn), east of
Central Awyu (awu). Awyu, North (yir). Alt Names: Awyu, Djair, Jair, Yair. Fishermen; agriculturalists. Christian,
traditional religion (Ethnologue




Language probably extinct
18,452 Monolinguals; Apolo subgroup pop 38,897 in one source




From Comimex; new entity for newly defined language entity from SIL, June 2003




7,000 monolinguals
Arab, Lebanese … a people of Lebanon. 3,900,000 in Lebanon (1991). 93% of population.




Arab, Levantine … is a group of Arabic varieties spoken in the 100 km-wide eastern-Mediterranean coastal strip
known as the Levant, i.e. in western Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Palestine, Israel, and western Jordan. This
corresponds to the western wing of the




Arab, Syrian … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in Syria.




no longer reported in Togo
Trade Language




Muyu, North … an indigenous people of Indonesia (Papua): south coast border area, north of South Muyu (kts)
and east of Wambon (wms). Alt Name: Kataut, Kati-Ninanti, Moejoe, Niinati, Ninatie, North, North Kati,
Yonggom, Yongkom, Yongom. 8,000 (2002 SIL)




Slavey, Northern … a people and language of Canada, Northwest Territories, Mackenzie District, middle
Mackenzie River from Fort Norman north, around Great Bear Lake; Mackenzie Mountains in Deline, Fort Good
Hope, Tulita, Colville Lake, Norman Wells; Yello
Nearly extinct; ethnic group scattered




Pashayi, Northeast … a people and language of Afghanistan, Kunar Province west of Asadabad, side valleys
between Kunar and Pech rivers. 54,400 (2000). Muslim (Ethnologue 16).
Ageer … a dialect of Dinka, Northeastern (dip), a language of Sudan. South, northeast of the Sudd, both sides of
White Nile, along Sobat River. 13,500 Ageer (Ethnologue 16).




Thai, Northeastern … a people and language of Thailand, northeast; 17 provinces. Kalerng in Sakon Nakhon and
Nakhon Phanom. Alt Names: Isaan, Isan, Issan, Thai Isaan, Lao Isaan. The people are called 'Isan'. Buddhist
(Ethnologue 16). At least 1,000,000 i




Teleut … a Turkic-speaking people who live along the Great Bachat River and the Little Bachat River in the
Kemerovo region of Russia. They speak a southern Altai dialect that is closely related to Kyrgyz. Russian
ethnographers have long classified them as
Young people are Japanese speakers




Betsimisaraka, North … a language of Madagascar, east coast, Toamasina Province, Mananara Avaratra,
Soanierana-Ivongo, Genoarivo Antsinana, Vavatenina, Toamasina districts. 1,000,000 (2006 SIL) (Ethnologue
16). Alt Name: Betanimena. Betanimena … a subgrou




Catanduanes is a Province name
65,000 monolinguals




Distinct from Southern Dagaari in Ghana




5,000 speakers




Embera, Northern … a people and language of Panama. 	  Southeastern Panama, Darién area, lowland jungle.
Also in Colombia. Atrato River basin in Chocó Department, Pacific coastal rivers from Cabo Corrientes, to
Antioquia (Rio Verde) Department. Alt Names: A
Older Ethnologue Grebo entities are the basis of the ROP ethnic entities from the sources. As they retain
separate populations, they are kept here.




223,000: All Grebo in Liberia




223,000: All Grebo in Liberia




Grouping = HMONGIC (MIAO)




Few speakers of either Haida Northern or Southern




25 fluent speakers
Gakkhar … a fiercely independent and warlike clan now located in Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Jhelum, Kashmir,
Gilgit, Balistan, Chitral, Khanpur (NWFP) and Mirpur regions in modern day Pakistan. Alt Names: Gakhar,
Ghakhar, Ghakkar. They formed a feudal aristoc




Gujjar … an ethnic group in India and Pakistan. Alt Names: Gurjara, Gujar, Gurjjara, Gurjara, Gurjar. In Pakistan
the Gujjar are mainly found in Azad Kashmir and Northwest Frontier Province. In India, they are mainly found in
Jammu and Kashmir (OMID).




Karal, Muslim … a Rajput tribe found in large numbers along the valley of the Ravi, in Pakistan's Punjab region.
Alt Names: Kharral. More fanatic than other Muslim tribes, they submitted with the greatest reluctance to
Hindu rule (Rose 1999, Vol. 2, pp. 4




Northern Hindko (Hindki) … a people of Pakistan. Hazara Division up to Kohistan. Language is Northern Hindko
(hno). Few bilinguals. 99% Sunni Muslim (WCD).




Tanaoli … a people of Pakistan. Northwest Frontier Province, Mansehra, Abbottabad, Haripur, Kohistan,
Batagram districts. Language is Northern Hindko (hno). Religion is Islam (OMID). Alt Names: Tanoli, Tanol, Tol,
Tholi, Tahola, Tarnoli. A tribe in Hazara
Northern Khmer … a people and language of Thailand. Northeast, mainly Surin, Sisaket, Buriram, Khorat
province. Alt Names: Khmer Lue, Thailand Khmer (Ethnologue 16). 50% to 75% literate.




related to Southern Kissi of Liberia and Sierra Leone




Some sources may count Herki in Kurmanji (Northern Kurd)
new entity part of old entity Luri, Northern 105933, retired due to new research and analysis; see also 114987,
114988
1,400 monolinguals




One, Northern … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Sandaun Province. Between East Bewani and
West Torricelli ranges, Lumi District, West Waipei Division, Romei, Parara, Wolwale, Koiniri, Karantu villages.
2,000 (2000 Crowther). Alt Names: Aunalei,




2,000 speakers; Nevada, Oregon, California, Utah




Attar … a community of Pakistan, Northwest Frontier Province, Peshawar, Charsadda, Nowshera districts.
Pashto, Northern (pbu). Muslim (OMID).




Bashkar … a community of Pakistan, Northwest Frontier Province, Swat, Buner, Shangla districts. Torwali (trw),
Khowar (khw), Northern Pashto (pbu), Northern Hindko (hno). 131,215 (OMID 2010).
Nilabi … a people of Pakistan. Northwest Frontier Province, Mohmand district. Language is Northern Pashto
(pbu). Religion is Islam (OMID). Nilari, Nilabi …Nirali, Nilgar, a dyer, see Lilari (Rose 1999, Vol. 3, p. 170). Hardly
distinguishable from the Rang




Pashtun, Northern … a people of Pakistan. The Pashtun (also known as Pushtun, Pakhtun, Pukhtun, Pashtoon,
Pathan) are an Eastern Iranian ethnolinguistic group with populations primarily in Afghanistan and
northwestern Pakistan. The Pashtuns are typically




Wotapuri-Katarqalai … a people of Afghanistan, Nuristan, south of Waigali area, Wotapuri and Katarqalai
towns. The language (wsv) is extinct. Language use has shifted to Pashto, Northern (pbu) or Pashto, Southern
(pbt). Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Counted with the Tibetan nationality; speak a Pumi language; see also Pumi 108172




Number of speakers is for Southern and Northern Pumi.
Qiang, Cimulin … an ethnically Qiang people speaking the Cimulin dialect of Northern Qiang (cng)




Qiang, Luhua … an ethnically Qiang people speaking the Luhua dialect of Northern Qiang (cng)




Qiang, Mawo … an ethnically Qiang people speaking the Mawo dialect of Northern Qiang (cng)




Qiang, Yadu … an ethnically Qiang people speaking the Yadu dialect of Northern Qiang (cng)
Tibetan, Heishui … an ethnically Tibetan people primarily located in Heishui county, Sichuan province, China
who speak Northern Qiang (cng). This code is distinct from 114285, 114290, 114291, and 114295 each of which
identifies an ethnically Qiang people




Xiangcheng … a people of mixed Tibetan, Naxi and Subi ancestry who inhabit a valley in and around the
township of Xiangcheng in southwest Sichuan Province. They speak a language that is thought to be part of the
Northern Qiang family. Most also use Kham T




25%-50% literate




maybe 40,000 ethnic Saami in Norway. 'Lapp' is derogatory term.




Sorsogon is a Province name
300 speakers of Tarahumara. Spanish is primary language




Huay … a people of Thailand. North, Nan Province, Thung Chang District, Ban Nam Lieng, Ban Pang Hok, Ban
Peen and Ban Huey Kohn villages, not far from the Thailand-Laos border. They share their four villages with
Thai and Lu people, but the Huay retain th




Tai Wang … a people of Laos (Central, Savannakhet Province, Viraburi District) and Thailand (Northeast, Sakhon
Nakhon Province, in and around the city of Phanna Nikhom). In Laos the government does not recognize the
Tai Wang as a distinct people group but




87.5% use Northern Thai in the home.




927 speakers; New Mexico
Tusyan, Northern … a people of Burkina Faso, Comoé Province, north, east, and south of Oradara (Ethnologue
16). The Tusyans (Tousias, Toussians) are a subgroup of the Lobi people of Burkina Faso in West Africa. They
are primarily farmers, raising corn, ri




450 speakers. Biloingual in english




All speak Yakut; below 50s use Russian as second Language




4,000 speakers; Alaska




Baya, Gbaya … a people and language of Central African Republic. Bouar, Baboua, Bocaranga, Paoua
subprefectures. Also in Cameroon. Vast area: North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, south of Touboro; Adamawa
Province, Mbere Division, Meiganga Subdivision; Djer




2,195 monolinguals
Pashayi, Northwest … a people and language of Afghanistan, Kapisa and Laghman provinces, Gulbahar to
Nuristan on Alingar River, Alisheng Valley, valleys north of Sarobi. Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Fars, Northwestern … native to Iran, Fars Province. 7,500 (2006). Language distinct from Farsi (prs) or (pes).




people and language was formerly called Northern Ojibwa




Tamang, Northwestern … a language of Nepal, Bagmati zone, Nuwakot District, central mountainous strip.
Migrations to the Terai (Ethnologue 16).




Jew, Norwegian Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish
Norwegian … a people and language of Norway. Dialects: Bokmal, Nynorsk. Norwegian has 2 written standards,
both have which are assigned codes in the ISO 639-3 standard: Bokmål Norwegian [nob] and Nynorsk
Norwegian [nno]. Draws lexicon and syntax from both




Ethnologue 16th Notre (bly) a language of Benin … aka Boulba, Bulba, Burusa, Nootre




Most speak Sar.
Songo … a subgroup of the Mbundu people of north-central Angola (Olson 1996). Songo (nsx) is a language of
Angola, north central, Cuanza River area south of Malanje. Possibly the same as Songo (soo), a language of
Democratic Republic of Congo, Bandundu Pr




Had been assigned to Bassari 101114, and duped in provisional116015




In Kenya bilingual in Swahili. Possibly have now become separate ethnic entities now in Kenya and Uganda.




self-name of the "Nuer" people
Evasive hunters
includes Nunku, Gwantu and Numbu




Ethnologue - Nung (nun) … a language of Myanmar … North Myanmar. Thanlwin (Salween) (Nu) River. Also in
China. Different from 110266 Nung (Tulung, Drung)
Nung … a people and language of Myanmar, north Myanmar. Thanlwin (Salween) (Nu) River. Also in China,
Yunnan, middle reaches of Nu (Salween) River, Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture, Fugong County border
region. Language is Nung (nun). Distinct from Nung




Nung, Highland … a people and language of Vietnam, Cao Bang, Lang Son provinces; also now in Ho Chi Minh
City, Dong Nai, Lam Dong, and Dac Lac. Also in Australia, Canada, Laos, United States (Ethnologue 16). Not the
same as Tibeto-Burman people called Nun




Nupbi … a people of Bhutan, Trongsa area. 2,200 (2006). Alt Names: Trongsakha (Ethnologue 16).
Language barely used.




Chaobon is Tai name and is derogatory. 75% to 100% literate.




Nyakyusa, Ngonde
Nimbari … a people of Nigeria. The Nimbari, also known as Nyamnyam, Miamniam, and Bari, are one of
Nigeria's hundreds of ethnic groups. They spek an Adamawa language and live in the Gashaka District of the
Mambilla Division of Gongola State. Nyamnyams can




Molo … a people and language of Sudan. South, Western Equatoria Province, southeast of Beli, northeast of
Morokodo. Dialects: Nyamusa, Molo (Ethnologue 16). Another Jebel south of the Ingessana Hills is Malkan:
here are found a few hundred people speaking
Some databases may include Iwa and Tambo peoples in Mwanga




Some databases may include Iwa and Tambo peoples in Mwanga




Some databases may include Iwa and Tambo peoples in Mwanga
different from 107541 Nyanga-Li




2006 verification research indicates this term does not represent a valid current ethnicity. An old language
name from the 1950s.
Different sources include different Nyanja-speaking groups under Chewa, Nyanja or Maravi (see 113951)




CPPI includes Mang'anja and Maravi "Nyanja"




Different from the Hima people (Igbirra or Ebira) 103962 in Nigeria




Turu … a people and language of Tanzania, Singida region, Iramba and Singida Rural districts, north central,
south of Singida, west of Wembere River. Alt Names: Nyaturu, Keremi, Kinyaturu, Kiremi, Kirimi, Limi, Remi,
Rimi, Turu. Traditional religion, Chri
Nyemba … a people and language of Angola. South central, Cuchi River area, southeast. Also in Namibia,
Zambia. Alt Names: Gangela, Ganguela, Ganguella, Ngangela, Nhemba. Latin script (Ethnologue 16).




Nyengo … part of the larger cluster of Luyana peoples of Zambia. The Luyanas are part of the Lozi group. The
Nyengos can also be found across the border in eastern Angola. The Nyengo population in Zambia today
exceeds 15,000 people (Olson 1996, p. 456).




Nyenpa … a people of Bhutan, Mandi (Tongsa) District, Tongsa town Sephu Geo area; Black River passes below
their villages: Taktse, Usar and Tashidingkha, Phobjikha, Ridha, Dangchhu; surrounding hamlets SE of
Wangdiphodrang District. 10,000 (Van Driem 1993




Nyiha, Malawi … a people and language of Malawi, Northern Province, Chitipa Division, villages around the
town of Kameme. Alt Names: Shinyiha, Kinyiha. Different from Nyika (nyf) of Kenya and Nyiha (nih) of Tanzania
(Ethnologue 16).
Nyika … a people and language of Malawi, Northern Province, Chitipa Division, Chisenga area villages. Also in
Zambia, Northern Province, Isoka District, Mulekatembo village area. Alt Names: Chinyika, Kinyika (Ethnologue
16).




Nyika, Tanzania … a people and language of Tanzania, Rukwa region, Sumbawanga Rural District, mainly
Sandulula Ward; Mollo Ward. Alt Names: Kinyiha, Kinyika (Ethnologue 16).




Mubako … a people and language of Cameroon. North West Province, Ngo-Ketunjia Division, Balikumbat
Subdivision, near Ndop Plain in Balikumbat, Baligansin, and Baligashu villages; Mezam Division, Baligham. Also
in Nigeria. Adamawa state, Mayo Belwa LGA. 6
Obanliku … a people and language of Nigeria, Cross River state, Obanliku LGA. 65,000 (Faraclas 1989). Alt
Name: Abanliku.




Obokuitai … a people of Indonesia (Papua), Lakes Plain just north of mid-Rouffaer River, Obogwi village. Alt
Names: Aliki, Ati (Ethnologue 16).
All speak French as first or second language




Provencal … one of five dialects of Occitan (oci), a language of France. Auvergne, Gascogne, Languedoc,
Limousin, and Provence provinces. Also in Italy, Monaco, Spain. Alt Names: Provençal, Mistralien, Provençal,
Prouvençau (Ethnologue 16).
Not related to Busa (Busa-Boko) in Benin and Nigeria or 114946 Boko in Dem Rep of Congo




Odoodee … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Western Province, middle Rentoul River south bank
past middle Tomu River to Wawoi Falls; Lake Campbell, Hasalibi, Kalamo (Wawoi Falls) villages. Alt Names:
Kalamo, Nomad, Ododei, Tomu, Tomu River. Swidd
2,800 monolinguals




3,000 speakers including USA. Bilingual in English




Young people are Japanese speakers
Okpe, Olama … a people and language of Nigeria, Edo state, Akoko-Edo LGA. Language is Okpe (okx), which is
Northwestern Edoid. Related to Oloma (olm). Distinct from Okpe (oke), which is Southwestern Edoid
(Ethnologue 16)
Olubogo … a people and language of Sudan. South, Eastern Equatoria Province, 50 km east of Nile River. Main
town is Lokiliri, between Juba-Torit and Juba-Nimule roads. Alt Names: Lolubo, Luluba, Lulubo, Olubogo,
Oluboti, Ondoe (Ethnologue 16).




Khayo … a subgroup of the Luhya people of Kenya and Uganda. They are a Western Bantu people who live
today north of Lake Victoria on both sides of the Kenyan-Ugandan border (Olson 1996, p. 283). Western
Province, Busia District (Ethnologue 16).




Marachi … a subgroup of the Luhya people of Kenya and Uganda. They speak a Western Bantu language and
live today north of Lake Victoria on both sides of the Kenyan-Ugandan border (Olson 1996, p. 371). Western
Province, Busia District (Ethnologue 16).




Marama … a subgroup of the Luhya people of Kenya and Uganda. live north of Lake Victoria on both sides of
the Kenyan-Ugandan border (Olson 1996, p. 371). Western Province, Butere-Mumias District (Ethnologue 16).
Kisa … a subgroup of the Luhya people of Kenya and Uganda. They are a Western Bantu people who today live
north of Lake Victoria on both sides of the Kenyan-Ugandan border (Olson 1996, p. 289). Western Province,
Butere-Mumias District (Ethnologue 16).




102 speakers




Tsoto … a subgroup of the Luhya people of Kenya and Uganda. They are a Western Bantu people who live
today north of Lake Victoria on both sides of the Kenyan-Ugandan border (Olson 1996, p. 567). Western
Province, Kakamega District (Ethnologue 16).




Wanga … a subgroup of the Luhya people of Kenya and Uganda. They are a Western Bantu people who today
live north of Lake Victoria on both sides of the Kenyan-Ugandan border (Olson 1996, p. 588). Western
Province, Butere-Mumias District (Ethnologue 16).




May be none left; All in Peru were bilingual in Spanish or Cocama; probably none left in Brazil




6200 Omaha; 4100 Ponca; English mother tongue; 110 speak Omaha-Ponca; Nebraska, Oklahoma




Speak same language as Omaha; separate people; tribal census 4200
Arab, Omani … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in Oman.
50 speakers in US; NY, Winsconsin




Ethnologue name used for the language




Birale … a people and language of Ethiopia. Southeast Omo region, west bank of Weyt'o River. 1 village. 89
people (2000). 8 remaining speakers of Ongota (bxe). Ethnic group members who do not speak Ongota
conduct their affairs in Tsamai (tsb). Alt Names:
15 speakers in US; NY
Nearly extinct




Buldit … a dialect of Opuuo (lgn), a language of Ethiopia. The Buldit dialect is only found in Sudan, Daga River
area, villages Paitath and Tedibi (Ethnologue 16).




Langa … a tiny ethnic group living today in Ethiopia. They speak a Nilo-Saharan language and make their living
as pastoralists. The current Langa population in Ethiopia exceeds 2,500 people (Olson 1996). Ethnologue
Opuuo (lgn) … encompasses Buldit and Kus




Oraon, Sadri … a people and language of Bangladesh. Throughout Rajshahi Division; Sylhet Division,
Moulvibazar and Habiganj districts; Khulna Division, Jhenaidah District (Jhenaidah Subdistrict, Moheshpur
Subdistrict), Kushtia District (Mirpur Subdistrict
Bilingual in Spanish




Gallong (Galong) is a dialect of Adi (adi), a language of India, Arunachal Pradesh (Ethnologue 16). A scheduled
tribe of Arunachal Pradesh (POI Vol. IV., p. 12).
Amat … a scheduled caste of India, Orissa, Mayurbhanj district; Bihar, Madhubani, Darbhanga, Madhepura and
Saharsa districts. Alt Names: Amant, Amaut, Amanat. The speak the Oriya (ori) language. Agriculturalists.
Hinduism (POI Vol. IV., pp. 76-77).




Ammakaipa … a community of India. Orissa. Language is Oriya (ori). Hindu.
Bahai … a minority community of Orissa, the Bahai are followers of a new, indepenent world religion or faith,
who believe in Baha-u-allah as the manifestation of God. The Bahai faith originated in Iran in 1844. The Bahai
are found all over Orissa but are




Banka … a community of India, Orissa, Chhattisgarh and Karnataka states. Major concentration in Orissa state,
Kalahandi and Nuapada districts. Oriya (ori). Hindu (OMID). Banka … a warrior community of Orissa. Locally
known as Banki-Rajput. Oriya (ori) is
Chakali … a scheduled caste of India, Orissa. They are migrants from Andhra Pradesh. Telugu (tel) is spoken
amongst themselves and the Telugu script is used. The regional language, Oriya (ori), and the Oriya script are
used for communication with other lo
A scheduled caste of India. A community of Orissa, their name, Dandasi, comes from the danda (stick) and asi
(sword) that they carried. They are concentrated in Ganjam district of Orissa and Srikakulam, Vizianagaram,
Vishakhapatnam, East Godavari, Chittoo
Dari … a community of India. Orissa State, Ganjam and Gajapati districts. Language is Oriya (ori). Religion is
Hinduism (OMID). Dari … surname, reported as Telugu caste name in 1881 census
Dhera … a community of India. Distributed in Ganjam, Gajapati and Sundargarh districts in Orissa (OMID), the
Dhera use Patra and Haripatra as surnames. They speak Oriya (ori), but are also conversant with Telugu (tel).
They use the Oriya script. The econo
Dom … a community of India. The Dom are a scheduled caste of Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. They
are also known as Domb, Dombara, or Domban. Oriya (ori) is their mother tongue but they are also conversant
in Telugu (tel). They are Hindu (POI Vol.
Ganda … a people of India, a scheduled caste of Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Alt Names: Gara,
Gandi. They speak Oriya (ori). Agricultural labor is their largest occupation. They are Hindu (POI Vol. IV, pp. 941-
942).
Gauda … a community of India. The Gauda are widely distributed in Orissa. They have four sub-groups: Nanda,
Magadha, Juria and Loria. Mainly distributed in Balangir and in the adjoining areas of Orissa, they have
migrated from the Magadh area. Oriya (ori)




Girigiria … one of the least-known communities of Orissa, India; along the banks of the Brahmani river. They
speak Oriya (ori) and use the Oriya script. The Girigiria are traditionally fishermen and ferrymen (POI Vol. V, pp.
1016-1017).
Gokha, Hindu … a community of India. A schedule caste of Orissa, Balasore, Cuttack and Puri districts. The word
Gokha derives from the words go and kha, meaning cow-eater. They speak Oriya (ori) at home but are also
conversant with the Hindi (hin) and Ben
Haddi … a community of India. Distributed in the districts of Puri and Cuttack in Orissa, the Haddi (Hadi) have
surnames like Nayaka, Guchhait and Behera. Their mother tongue is Oriya (ori). They profess Hinduism. The
Haddi are a scheduled caste in Orissa
Jayapore … a community of India. Orissa, Koraput, Nabarangapur, Rayagada and Malkangiri districts. They
speak Oriya (ori) and practice Hinduism (OMID).
Khati … a community of India, distributed in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa and Haryana. Also known as
Lohar. The term Khati has been derived from the Sanskrit word Lauha-kara, meaning a worker in iron. In
Madhya Pradesh they are concentrated in Indo
Mali/Malis … a scheduled tribe of India, Andhra Pradesh. A hill-dwelling community, they believe that their
ancestors migrated from Kashi and settled in the Koraput district of Orissa and the Vishakapatnam district of
Andhra Pradesh. They have been declar
Naksia … a community of India. Also referred to as Nagasia, the Naksia derive their name from the word
'nagasa', meaning snake. They are a migrant group widely distributed in Sambalpur and Sundargarh districts of
Orissa, and in some parts of Madhya Prades
Odiya … a community of India. Orissa, Ganjam District. They speak Oriya (ori) and practice Hinduism (OMID).
Pan … a community of India. Orissa. Concentrated in Anugul, Cuttack, Kendujhar, Dhenkanal, and Baleshwar
districts. Alt Names: Tantabai, Sut Bauri, Samasi, Pantanti, Sawasi, Tanti. They speak Oriya (ori) and practice
Hinduism (OMID).
Parja … a community of India. Orissa, Koraput, Nabarangapur, Rayagada, and Malkangiri districts. Alt Names:
Porja, Poroja, Bonda, Daruva, Didua, Diduva, Mundili, Parangiperja, Pengu, Poroja, Pundi, Saliya. They speak
Oriya (ori), Bhatri (bgw) or Pengo (pe
Sannyasi … a community of India. Orissa. Concentrated in the districts of Cuttack, Puri, Balasore and
Dhenkanal. Alt Names: Dasnami Sanyasi, Sanyasi. They speak Oriya (ori) and use the Oriya script. Some are
also conversant with Hindi (hin). They practic
Tamadia … a people of India, Orissa. Sundargarh and Kendujhar districts. They speak Oriya (ori) and practice
Hinduism (OMID).
Tharua … a scheduled tribe of India, inhabiting northern Orissa, especially the Balasore district. They speak
Oriya (ori) and profess Hinduism (POI Vol. VI, p. 3491).
600 monolinguals




Munyoyaya … a subgroup of the Pokomo people of Kenya. Alt Names: Munyo Yaya (Olson 1996, p. 411).
Munyo (Korokoro, Munyo Yaya) is one of three dialects of Orma (orc), a language of Kenya. North Eastern and
Coast provinces, Garissa and Tana River districts




Orma … one of the major subgroups of the Oromo people of Ethiopia. They are among the southern cluster of
the Oromos. Most of the Ormas are egalitarian pastoralists who live near the Tana River in southeastern Kenya
(Olson 1996, p. 467). A people and lang
Ormu … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua). North coast area just west of Jayapura, north of Cyclops
Mountains, Ormu Besar, Ormu Kecil villages. May also use Indonesian (ind). Fishermen; agriculturalists.
Traditional religion, Christian (Ethnologue




Urmuri … a people and language of Pakistan, Kaniguram, a pocket in Mahsud Pashto area northwest of Dera
Ismail Khan, Wazirstan. Also in Afghanistan, Logar, Baraki-Barak. Alt Names: Baraki, Baraks, Bargista, Ormui,
Ormur, Ormuri, Oormuri. 1,000 in Pakistan




Speakers use Wari as second language




Under 20s speak only Russian
Group is merging with others thru intermarriage.




Kundu, Bakundu … one of nine dialects of Oroko (bdu), a language of Cameroon, South West Province, Meme
Division, Kumba Subdivision, west, north, and south of Kumba; Ndian Division, east Ekondo-Titi Subdivision
(Ethnologue 16). Around Kumba, South West Pr




Lundu (Bolundu, Londo) … a people of Cameroon. West Oroko. Central part of Ndian Division, South West
Province. 70% Christian. 30% Animist. Language is Oroko (bdu). Culture is "Eastern Bantoid (Benue)" (WCD).
Ottawa … a north American indigenous people found in Canada, islands, areas surrounding Lake Huron, from
Manitoulin Island to southern Ontario north of Lake Erie. Walople Island Reserve. West of a north south line
through base of Bruce Peninsula. Also in
80% Monolingual




Oyda … a small ethnic group living today in southern Ethiopia. They speak an Omotic language and make their
living as subsistence farmers. Many ethnologists classify the Oydas as part of the Welamo cluster of peoples
(Olson 1996, p. 475). A people and lan
260 monolinguals




Pa Di … a people and language of China, Yunnan Province, Honghe Hani and Yi prefectures, Hekou and Jinping
counties. Also in Vietnam, Lao Cai Province, Muong Khuong District. Alt Names: Padi (Ethnologue 16). A sub-
group of the Tay people of Vietnam [10990




Language nearly extinct. Few individuals in one family.
Probably extinct lang and people; only 250 elderly speakers in 1974




600 speakers; Alaska - Kodiak Island, alaska Peninsula, alaska coast




15%-25% literate




The Paez (Paece) Indians are a Paezan-speaking group of farmers who live on the eastern slopes of the Central
Cordillera mountain range of Colombia, east of the department of Cauca, in the municipalities of Paez and Inza.
The Paez call themselves the "Nas




Bewani … one of two dialects of Pagi (pgi), a language of Papua New Guinea, Sandaun Province, Vanimo
District, Bewani subdistrict, east and southeast of Kilmeri (kih). 2,140 (2003 SIL). 5 villages. Alt Names: Bembi,
Pagei, Western Pagi. Dialects: Western




Imbinis … one of two dialects of Pagi (pgi), a language of Papua New Guinea, Sandaun Province, Vanimo
District, Bewani subdistrict, east and southeast of Kilmeri (kih). 5 villages. 2,140 (2003 SIL) . Alt Names: Bembi,
Pagei, Eastern Pagi. Dialects: Wester
Pago (Pagu, Pagoe) … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), north Maluku, interior North Halmahera
south of Modole (mqo) to the mouth of Kao River.




Punjabi Pahari … a people of Pakistan, Murree Hills north of Rawalpindi, and east to Azad Kashmir; north in the
lower half of the Neelum Valley (Ethnologue 16)>




Muslim
Included as Bunu group in the Yao nationality. Related to Pa Then (107723) and Baheng, Liping (100766).
Most Paite Chin speakers in India are Christian




Pakaasnovos …a tribe of Amerindians who are part of the isolated Txapakura (Chapakuran) language group
between the Guapore and Jiparana rivers in the states of Rondonia and Mato Grosso in Brazil. The Pakaanovas
(Pacahanova, Pacaa Novos, Pacaanova), also k
Abasakur … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Madang Province. Alt Name: Pal. Related to Kobol
(kgu). 1,160 (2000 census) (Ethnologue 16).




1,500 monolinguals




Bilingual in English




Creole spoken mainly by older speakers. People speak Spanish but are culturally distinct
not related to Pana (Phana) 114840 in Laos and China
Panawa … a people and language of Nigeria. Bauchi state, Toro LGA. 5 villages. Alt Names: Bugel, Bujiye
(Ethnologue 16).
Katukina, Panoan … a people and language of Brazil. Amazonas, Acre. Alt Names: Catuquina, Kamanawa,
Kamannaua, Katukina do Juruá, Waninnawa. Dialects: Arara-Shawanawa (Shawanawa-Arara), Ararapina,
Ararawa, Sanainawa (Saninawacana). Possibly intelligible




Karen, Pa'o … a people and language of Myanmar. Southwestern Shan state and east of the Gulf of Martaban in
Taninthayi (Tenasserim) Division. Also in Thailand. Alt Names: Black Karen, Northern Taungthu, Pa Oh, Pa'o, Pa-
O, Pa-U (Ethnologue 16).
Papiamentu … a language of Netherland Antilles, Curacao, St. Maarten, Bonaire Islands (off Venezuela coats).
Also in Aruba, Netherlands, Puerto Rico, United States, U.S. Virgin Islands. Alt Names: Curacoleno, Curassese,
Papiam, Papiamen, Papiamento, Papia




Malay, Papuan … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), Papua (Ethnologue 16).




Gaviao do Maranhao … a Ge-speaking, Timbira tribe of Amerindians who live in Brazil. They are divided into
two separate groups. The Gaviao of the state of Para (107881), concentrated near the city of Jacunda on the
right bank of the Tocantins River, are k
Gaviao do Para … a Ge-speaking, Timbira tribe of Amerindians who live in Brazil. They are divided into two
separate groups. The Gaviao of the state of Para, concentrated near the city of Jacunda on the right bank of the
Tocantins River, are known as the P




Muslim. About 500 speakers of Language




Parauk, also called Wa (Wa official nationality in China)
Parkari Kachchhi … a people and language of Pakistan, Sindh, southeast tip bordering India, Tharparkar District,
Nagar Parkar. Most of the lower Thar Desert, west as far as Indus River, bordered north and west by
Hyderabad, to south and west of Badin (Eth
Parsee … a people and language of Iran. Also in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Canada, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka,
Tajikistan, United Kingdom, United States, and Uzbekistan. Alt Names: Parsee-Dari, Parsi-Dari, Parsi. Language
in Iran is Parsi-Dari (prd). Report




Pasi … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Sandaun Province, southeast corner, Wan Wan Division. 3
villages. 360 (2000 census). Alt Names: Besi. Similar to Ayi (ayq) (Ethnologue 16).




Dengalu … a dialect sub-group of Patep (ptp), a language of Papua New Guinea. Morobe Province, Mumeng
District (Ethnologue 16).
Patep … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Morobe Province, Mumeng District. Alt Names: Ptep.
Dialects: Dengalu. In Mumeng dialect chain. Some intelligibility with Gorakor (goc) and Zenag (zeg). Latin script.
Swidden agriculturalists (Ethnologue 1




Pattani Malay … a people of Thailand. East coast below Songkhla. Sunni Muslims (WCD).




Nearly Extinct
Language nearly extinct




200 speakers. Bilingual in Spanish
Is confused in some databases with Pai of Nigeria. Language is Pei (Code PPQ)




Under Jingpo Nationality in China
Different from the Patamona, also called "Ingariko" by the Macushi; "Ingariko" means "bush people"




100,000 first language speakers (incl. Canada)
A Malay-speaking Chinese ethnic group in Indonesia. Language is Peranakan Indonesian (pea). Alt Names: Baba
Indonesian, Chinese Indonesian, Peranakan. Language is based on Indonesian (ind) and Javanese (jav), with
Mandarin (chm) elements in contrast to Ba




Bilingual in Halh Mongolian




220 monolinguals
Philippine Nationals




not related to Pana people 114841 in Mali and Upper Volta
Phimbi … a people and language of Mozambique. Central, Zambezi River banks above the Sena. Alt Names:
Pimbi. Some also use Nyanja (nya) or Nyungwe (nyu) (Ethnologue 16).




Pula … a people and language of China. Yunnan Province, Yuanjiang, Shiping, Honghe counties, along
confluence of Yuanjiang (Honghe) and Xiaohedi rivers. Alt Names: Bola, Flowery Phula, Hua Phula, Phula,
Phulepho, Tsha Phula. Polytheist (Ethnologue 16).




Kahha … a scheduled tribe of India. A Naga group of Nagaland, the Phom Naga prefer to call themselves Kahha.
Inversion of temperature produces clouds, which envelop the Phom area every now and then. This climatic
condition attracted the attention of their




Phutai … a people of Thailand. Nakhon Phanom, Sakhon Nakhon, Mukdahan and Kalasin provinces. Alt Names:
Phu Tai, Poutai, Putai. Those living in Thailand all came from Khammuan province of Laos across the Mekong
River. The Phutai are Buddhists (Schliesinge




Tai Gapong … a people of Thailand. Sakhon Nakhon province, Ban Varit, Waritchaphum districts. Also in Laos.
Bolikhamsai province, Ban Nahuang district, Ban Nape town. Alt Names: Tai Kapon, Tai Kapong, Tai Capong,
Phu Tai Gapong. Ancestors of the Tai Gapon
Outsiders call them "Puguli"




Phula, Phuka … a people and language of Vietnam, Lao Cai Province, near Lao Cai City; Hà Giang Province, Xin
Mun District, 1 village; Lai Chau and Son La provinces. Also in China, Yunnan Province, southeast Maguan,
southwest Malipo counties. Alt Names: Fu




Phunoi … a people and language of Laos. North central, Phony Saly area. Also in Thailand. Chiangrai. Alt Names:
Phounoy, Phu Noi, Punoi. Dialects: Black Khoany, White Khoany, Mung, Hwethom, Khaskhong. Similar to Bisu
(bzi), Pyen (pyy), and Mpi (mpz). List
At least 100,000 second language speakers
Pima Bajo, Chihuahua … a language of Mexico, Central Sonora-Chihuahua border, scattered. 1,000 (1989 SIL).
Alt Names: Lower Piman, Mountain Pima, Nevome (Ethnologue 16).
2,200 monolinguals




Pira-Tapuia … a people and language of Brazil. Amazonas. Also in Colombia. Amazonas, Papuri River and lower
Vaupes. Most near Roman Catholic mission at Teresita. Other scattered groups. Alt Names: Pira-Tapuya,
Uaiana, Uaicana, Uaikena, Uainana, Waikhara,




Australia: South Australia, Lake Callabonna in the middle-northeast of SA (Moseley 2007, p. 479). Extinct
language and people (OBJ). While the Pirlatapa (bxi) language has been extinct for some time (no remaining
speakers in the 1960s) (Ethnologue 16) it
Pisabo … a tiny group of Amerindians who today live in the Peruvian and Barzilian Amazon. They are part of the
Panoan language group. A tropical forest people who have been extremely isolated and intent on avoiding
contact with neo-Peruvians and neo-Brazi




Tepehua, Pisaflores … a language of Mexico, Veracruz, Pisaflores, Ixhuatlan de Madero, one other town. Also
use some Spanish (spa) (Ethnologue 16).




17,000 Saami in Sweden. "Lapp" is derogatory term.
Ambandi is self-name




35,000 speakers




All Krumen: 48,300




Antaifasy … considered by some African ethnologists to be a subgroup of the Antaisaka (100376) people of
Madagascar. The contemporary Antaifasy population exceeds 140,000 people, and most of them live in and
around the coastal city of Farafangana in Fiana




Taimanambondro (Antaimanambondro) listed as a dialect of Malagasy (MEX) in Ethnologue 14. No
corresponding reference in Ethnologue 15 or 16. People Group appears in JP, WCD and CPPI.




Antaimoro … a subgroup of the Antaisaka (100376) people of Madagascar. Their contemporary population is
approximately 500,000 people, most of whom live in the valleys and barren hills of Fianarantsoa Province on
the east coast of the island. They claim to
Antambahoaka … a subgroup of the Antaisaka (100376) people of Madagascar. Their population today is
approximately 50,000 people, most of whom live in the lower Mananjary River Valley. They claim to be
descended from a single ancestor, King Ramina, who sup




Betsileo … an ethnic group living today in Madagascar. Like the Merinas (106560), with whom they share many
cultural elements, the Betsileos live in the Central Highlands of the island. Their current population exceeds 1.3
million people, and they are div




Bezanozano … an ethnic group of Madagascar. Their current population exceeds 100,000 peoples, most of
whom live in the upper and middle Mangoro River Valley between the Merinas (106560) and the
Betsimisarakas (101295/101302). The Merinas conquered them in




Karimbola … a subgroup of the Antandroy (100382), inhabiting western Antandroy, the area between the
Menarandra and the Manambovo rivers (Bethwell A. Ogot, Africa from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century,
pp. 868, 886).




Kimoso … possibly an early kingdom of Madagascar, present-day Ibara. (Raymond K. Kent, Early Kingdoms in
Madagascar, 1500-1700, p. 221).




Place name on the Sisaony River; associated with Betsileo in most sources
Masianaky … a people of Madagascar. Central Malagasy. Ethnoreligionists (WCD).




Merina … Madagascar's largest ethnic group, with an estimated population of four million. The Merina inhabit
the central highlands, in and around the capital, Antananarivo. Their arrival in Madagascar and passage to the
island's center have never been pre




May be part of Antaimoro (100375). Onjatsy is a town and commune in Madagascar, Fianarantsoa Province,
Vatovavy-Fitovinany Region, Vohipeno district (Sourced Wikipedia article). Alt Names: Angoaty, Anjoaty.




Sahafatra … a subgroup of the Antaisaka (100376) peoples of the east coast of Madagascar (Olson 1996).




Sahavoay … a tribe of Madagascar, west of the Taifasy (The Chronicle of the London Missionary Society,
February 1890, p. 40).




on the Isle of Nosy Boraha, also called Sainte-Marie
Sihanaka … a tribe of Madagascar, inhabiting the Antsihanaka Province. Probably a mixture of the Hova and
Bezanozano tribes (The Antananarvio annual and Madagascar magazine, Volume 4, Issue 14, 1890, pp. 212-
219). Sihanaka is one of five dialects Malagasy




Tanala … an ethnic group in Madagascar. Their population today is approximately 400,000 people, most of
whom live in the southern third of the eastern mountain chain of the island. They are divided into two
subgroups: the Menabes and the Ikongos. Traditio




Vakinankaratra … a region or district name in the southern part of the Antananarivo Province, inhabited
primarly by the Merina (106560) people (Oyvind Dahl, Meanings in Madagascar: cases of intercultural
communication, p. 5). Listed separately in some sou




Vazimba … a tribe of pale, dwarf-like people believed to be the first inhabitants of the Grande Ile. Name of
proto-Malagasies. Ancestors of the Merina (106560). No current ethnic identity. Obscure reference to a
Vazimba clan (Bethwell A. Ogot, Africa fro




Vorimo … an eastern ethnic group in Madagascar (Elizabeth E. Prevost, The Communion of Women: Missions
and Gender in Colonial Africa and the British Metropole, p. 45). Vorimo is a hill in Fianarantsoa, Madagascar.




Zafisoro … one of 22 ethnic group divisions of the Malagasy. East-coastal Madagascar (B-Globin Haplotype
Analysis Suggests That a Major Source of Malagasy Ancestry is Derived from Bantu-Speaking Negroids, in
American Journal of Human Genetics 58:1303-1308




19,000 bilingual in German
Mennonite German




Naga, Pochury … a scheduled tribe of India, southeast Nagaland. Phek District, Meluri Subdivision. 27 villages.
Language is Pochuri Naga (npo). Also use Naga Pidgin (nag). Pochury is an amalgamation of 3 place-names:
Sapo, Kechuri, Khury (Ethnologue 16).




On outer islands and Ngafik atoll
100,000 Polish speakers. Jewish




Romany in Poland with Polish mother tongue
Pongyong … a people of Nepal, Mechi zone, Ilam District, Kannyam Panchayat, Ambikau. No population
estimate available. Alt Names: Kulung Pun, Ponyon Kulung, Samakulung. Language similar to Kulung (kle) and
Sampang (rav). Pongyong language nearly extinct (




Pontic … a people and language of Greece. Throughout Macedonia, especially Salonica, a borough of
Kalamaria. Also in Azerbaijan, Canada, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russian Federation (Europe), Turkey (Europe),
United States. Alt Names: Pontic Greek. Standard Gr
Akuntsun … native to Brazil, southeastern Rondonia, Terra Interditada Igarape Omere. Alt Name: Akuntsu,
Akunt'su, Akunsu. Tupari language family. Heart language seriously endangered with only seven monmolingual
speakers (Moseley 2007, p. 105).




Different from Karipuna Creole French speakers
Apiaca (Apiaka) … a people and language of Brazil, Northern Mato Grosso, upper Rio Tapajos, near confluence
of Sao Manoel, near the border between Para and Mato Grosso. Largely assimilated into Brazilian culture.
Originally spoke Apiaka (api). Shifted to




Aranã … native to Brazil, Minas Gerais. Pop. Est. 54 (Funasa, 2006)




Members of ethnic group speak Portuguese




Entered in some databases as Uamue, the name of their extinct language. All speak Portuguese.




Brazilian … a people of Brazil. Brazilians (brasileiros or brasílicos in Portuguese) are all people born in Brazil.
Brazilians are mostly descendants of colonial and post-colonial Portuguese settlers and immigrants. A Brazilian
may also be a person born a




Brazilian Mulato … refers generally to rural communities of blacks whose way of life, due to geographic, racially
based and/or socioeconomic isolation, is distinct from Brazil’s mass society and reflects the African
antecedents of its inhabitants. Alt Na
Portuguese-speaking White Brazilian of pure Portugese or other European origin




Campe … a tiny remnant of a once much larger group of Amerindians. Their language was part of the Makurap
(105447) family of languages, which is part of the larger Tupi group. A tropical forest tribe who survived
historically by fishing and garden horticu




Carib, Galibi do Uaca … one of two subgroups of Galibi Indians, the Galibi do Uaca live in a single village on the
Uaca River in Amapa, Brazil. The Galibi Indians of Brazil and French Guiana are part of the Karib (101886)
linguistic family. A slash-and-bu




Eurafrican … people of mixed European and African descent.
Guinea Bissau, Portuguese Speaking … Guinean immigrants (from Guinea Bissau) of undetermined ethnicity
who share a common Guinean cultural identity in their host country. Portuguese (por), the official language of
Guinea-Bissau, is likely to be spoken.




Ethnologue considers this another name for Kanamanti ethnic group; CPPI and OW have separate entries, both
with more pop than total of Ethnol for Jamamadi/Kanamanti
Japanese, Brazilian … people of Japanese descent born in Brazil who have returned to Japan to escape the
economic instability in South America. Alt Names: Dekasegi (Japanese word translated as "working away from
home". Some are bilingual in Japanese and P




Ethnologue considers this another name for Jamamadi ethnic group; CPPI and OW have separate entries, both
with more pop than total of Ethnol for Jamamadi/Kanamanti
All speak Portuguese; language extinct




Speak only Portuguese. Also spelled Carapoto.




Speak Portuguese, Karipuna (KUQ) almost extinct.




Kariri-Xoco … refers to a group of Brazilian Amerindian languages that once included Kamaru, Dzubukua, Kipea,
and Sapuya. Today there are descendents of those groups living in the municipality of Itabuna in the southern
reaches of the state of Bahia. They




small, uncertain whether diminishing, stable or increasing




Kiriri-Xoco … today there are approximately 1,000 people living near Mirandela in the state of Bahia, Brazil,
who are aware of their Kiriri Indian ancestral heritage. A mestizo people who work as subsistence farmers or
laborers, the Kiriri retain none of




Latin American Branco … Portuguese-speaking Latin American whites (original European descent), mainly from
Brazil. Also known as Brazilian White (Bronco).
11,500 second language speakers. National Language




Spanish form of "Mestizo" is used for all, to follow English usage, and for consistency of entries




mixed Portuguese-African; unrelated to "Mestizo" groups in the Americas
Nawa … native to Brazil, Acre. Pop. Est. 423 (Correia, 2005). Alt Name: Náua




Nukuini … an extinct language of Brazil. Ethnic Population: 425 (1999 ISA). Alt Names: Nuquini. Language use
shifted to Portuguese (por) (Ethnologue 16).




All speak Portuguese; language extinct




All speak Portuguese; language extinct. People may be extinct.




All speak Portuguese; language extinct. People may be extinct.




in Instituto Socioambiental 1999 (2001 report)




Pankarare (pax) … an extinct language of Brazil … Shifted to Portuguese (por) … Bahia region … Alt Name:
Pankare … Ethnic Popuation 1,500
Pankararu … a group of approximately 3,000 people who are descendants of the Pankarara tribe of
Amerindians. Most anthropologists think the Pankararu represent a case of recent ethnogenesis, in which
descendants and survivors of several tribal groups gath




All speak Portuguese; language extinct




All speak Portuguese; language extinct




Pipipa (Pipipã) … an indigenous people of Brazil. the Pipipa live in the semi-arid rgion of the state of
Pernambucco, near Ibimirim. In September of 2004 they reoccupied a 3,600 hectare Fonseca ranch, located in
the municipality of Floresta. There are abo




Pitaguari … a people of Brazil, Ceara State, Maracanau Municipality, Pitaguari Mountain, Terra Indigena
Pitaguari. Historically related to the Potiguara (Moseley 2007, p. 162).
Potiguara … a people of Brazil, north coast of Paraiba State, Baia de Traicao, Marcacao and Rio Tinto
municipalities, Terra Indigena Potiguara, Terra Indigena Jacare de Sao Domingos and Terra Indigena Potyguara
de Monte-Mor. Today all Potiguara speak Port




All speak Portuguese; language extinct




Portuguese speaking River Peoples in Brazil




Brazilian Mestico … Alt Names: Brazilian Black, Sertanejos, Interior Northeasterners.
All speak Portuguese; language extinct




All speak Portuguese; language extinct




All speak Portuguese; language extinct




All speak Portuguese; language extinct




Tukumanfed language now extinct




Tumbalalá … native to Brazil, Bahia. Pop. Est. 1,469 (Funasa, 2006)




Extinct. Now they are all Nhenghatu
All speak Portuguese; language extinct




All speak Portuguese; language extinct




All speak Portuguese; language extinct




All speak Portuguese; language extinct




All speak Portuguese; language extinct




All speak Portuguese; language extinct
All speak Portuguese; language extinct




Xipaia … a people of Brazil, Para State, Altamira Municipality, Terra Indigena Curua; on the left bank of the Iriri
River, Terra Indigena Xipaia, in the village of Tukama, and in the town of Altamira. Tupian, Juruna. Alt Names:
Xipaya, Shipaya. Not the sa




Xiriana, Guaica … a people of Brazil, Amazonas. Not to be confused with the Xiriana of the northwestern Rio
Branco region of Brazil along the Venezuelan border, the Xiriana are a tiny, isolated group of Arawakan-
speaking Amerindians who live along several




Xukurú … native to Brazil, Alogoas, Bahia, Pernambuco states. Pop. Est. 10,536 (Funasa, 2007). The Xukurú are
descendants of a tribe of Amerindians who once lived in what is today the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. As late
as the 1930s, they still had a sep




Xukurú-Kariri … a people of Brazil, Alagoas. Until the 1930s, the Natu, Xoko, and Xukurú were separate tribal
entities of Amerindians living in the states of Pernambuco and Alagoas, Brazil. During the last thirty years,
those three groups ceased to functi




All speak Portuguese; language extinct




Yakarawakta … an uncontacted tribe of Brazil, Mato Grosso Norte, between the rios Aripuana and Juruena.
Tupi-Guarani. Probably an Apiaka sub-group. See APFT Pilot Report - Uncontacted Ethnic Groups.
200 speakers in US; Michigan, Wisconsin, Oklahoma




Prai … a people and language of Thailand. North, Nan Province, Thung Chang, Chalerm Prakiat, Chiang Klang, Bo
Klua, Pua districts. Also in Laos, Xaignabouli Province, Hongsa, Xaignabouli, Xiang Hon, and Phiang districts.
They speak Prai (prt). Most Prai a




Prasuni … a people and language of Afghanistan, Nuristan, Prasun (Parun) Valley on upper reaches of Pech
River, Shupu (Ishtivi, Shtevgrom), Sech, Ucu, Ushut, Zumu villages. Alt Names: Parun, Prasun, Veron, Verou,
Veruni, Wasi-Veri. 1,000 (2000). Muslim (E




Pray … a people and language of Thailand. Interspersed in Thung Chang and Pua districts among the Mal (mlf).
One dialect more distinct. Separate from Prai [108003] and Lua [105893]. Also use Mal (mlf) (Ethnologue 16).
Kapsiki … a people and language of Cameroon, Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, southwest Mokolo
Subdivision. Also in Nigeria. Alt Names: Psikye, Kamsiki, Ptsake.




Part of Kapsiki or Angas? Status unclear. Only in CPPI (pop 1000) and WCE (pop 1896)




This ethnic entity is not viable. Puelche language has been reported as "nearly extinct" since at least 1992.




Bukabukan … a people and language of Cook Islands. Pukapuka and Nasau islands, northern Cook Islands; some
in Rarotonga. Also in Australia, New Zealand. Alt Names: Pukapuka, Pukapukan. Fishermen; agriculturalists;
copra production (Ethnologue 16).
Fula Toro … a people of Senegal. Located in the Futa Toro region of northeastern Senegal. Also in Mali. Alt
Names: Fulbe Jeeri, Fula Forro, Fula Jeeri. They speak Pulaar (fuc) and practice Sunni Islam (JPL). The Fulbes
(Fula, Fulfulde, Fullah, Fulani, Fou




Fulakunda … a West African ethnic group. Fulacunda (Fulakunda, Fulkunda) is one of two major dialects of
Pulaar (fuc), a language of Senegal. The Fulakunda are primarily found in the Upper Casamance region, west of
Kolda to Gambia River headwaters east, f




Tukulor … a West African ethnic group whose population in the early 1990s exceeded 750,000 people, the vast
majority of whom are Muslims. Alt Names: Toucouleurs, Tokolors, Takruris, Tekarirs, Torodos, Toncoulerus,
Tukurs. They are also known as the Takari




Fula Jalon … a people and language of Guinea. Northwest, Fouta Djallon area. Also in Gambia, Guinea-Bissau,
Mali, Senegal, Sierra Leone. Alt Names: Foula Fouta, Fouta Dyalon, Fulbe, Fulfulde Jalon, Fullo Fuuta, Futa Fula,
Futa Jallon, Fuuta Jalon, Jalon.
Purepecha … a people and language of Mexico. Michoacan. Also in the United States. California, North
Carolina, Oregon, Tennessee. Alt Names: Phorhepecha, Porhe, Tarascan, Tarasco. Latin script (Ethnologue 16).
Tibetan Muslims




Purubora … part of the Tupi language group, the Purubora (Burubora) once numbered several thousand people
and lived at the headwaters of the Sao Miguel River in what is today the state of Rondonia, Brazil. A tropical
forest people, they were devastated by
Few speakers of Putai; ethnic group is large.
name based on Ethnologue main language name




"White Karen" is used for several ethnolinguistic groups




Karen, Pwo Western … a people and language of Myanmar. Ayeyawaddy (Irrawaddy) Delta. Alt Names: Bassein
Pwo Karen, Delta Pwo Karen, Mutheir, Phlong Sho. Dialects: Bassein, Tuan Tet, Maubin. Myanmar (Burmese)
script. Traditional religion, Christian, Buddhi




All Krumen: 48,300
Laqua … a people and language of Vietnam. Hà Giang Province, Viet Nam-Yunnan-Kwangsi border, upper Clear
River valley, Dunshi, Pugao, Pula, Pubang, Manong; Yên Minh and Mèo Vac districts; Dông Van District, Phô Là
and Sung Chang villages. Also in China (Y




Many are bilingual in Farsi




only about 12-20 left




Dembiya is a dialect of Qimant (ahg) … a language of Ethiopia. See 104819 Qimant. MANI Data Review of Africa
recommends DELETION of this code. (Further Review Needed: Consider merging into 104819 - Qimant).
Ethnologue indicates no Falasha in Sudan; Most sources do not have Falasha in Sudan; probably based on old
data; they were refugees in Sudan before airlift to Israel in 1975




Qimant … a people and language of Ethiopia. Northwest Amhara Region, north of Lake Tana. Communities of
Qwara or Kayla are near Addis Ababa and in Eritrea. None in Sudan. Alt Names: Kimanteney, Western Agaw.
Dialects: Qimant (Kemant, Kimant, Kemanat, Kama




Qiubei Zhuang … native to China, southeast Yunnan Province, Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous
Prefecture, western edge of Guangnan county; Qujing Municipal Prefecture, Shizong and Luoping counties
(Ethnologue 16). Former sub-group of Zhuang, Northern 114




34 speakers; Oklahoma




343 speakers; California
180 monolinguals




900 monolinguals




Rhade … a people of Vietnam, Cac Lac, part of Phu Yen and Khanh Hoa provinces, Banmethuot area. Also in
Cambodia, United States (Ethnologue 16). 50%-75% literate;
Raji … a people and language of Nepal, Bheri zone, Surkhet, Banke and Bardiya districts; Seti zone, Kailali,
Achham districts; Mahakali zone, Kanchanpur District; Rapti zone, Dang District. Alt Names: Rajibar (Ethnologue
16)




Rajong … a people and language of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), Central Flores, Manggarai, Wae Rana, Ngad’a,
and Rembong areas. 2 enclaves. Alt Names: Razong (Ethnologue 16).




This refers to Arakanese; Ethnologue says they are Buddhist, but Bangladesh sources refer to them as Muslim
Arakanese/Rohinga
Rakhine, Arakanese … a people and language of Myanmar. Southwest, Rakhine (Arakan) state. Also in
Bangladesh (Cox's Bazaar, Patuakhali, and Barguna districts). Alt Names: Rakhain, Rakkhaine, Mogh. Buddhist,
Muslim, Hindu (Ethnologue 16).




24 speakers




Leboni, Rampi … a people and language of Indonesia (Sulawesi), south Sulawesi, Luwu Utara District, Masamba
subdistrict. 6 isolated mountain villages; Central Sulawesi, Poso, Donggala districts, Sabbang Limbong, Wotu,
and Mangkutana subdistricts. 15 villa




Tharu, Rana
Tharu, Rana Thakur … a people and language of Nepal, Mahakali zone, Kanchanpur District; Seti zone, Kailali
District. Also in India. 336,000 in Nepal (2006). Population total all countries: 486,000 (Ethnologue 16).




Ranglong … a people and language of India, Tripura, Joitang village; Assam, Mizoram. 8,000 (BI 2003). Alt
Names: Ronglong. Slash and burn agriculture. Christian, traditional religion (Ethnologue 16). JPL lists in
Myanmar, not in India. Singh lists Ranglon




Rajbanshi … a people of India, West Bengal, Jalpaiguri, Uttar Dinajpur, Koch Bihar, Darjeeling districts; Assam,
Dhubri and Kokrajhar districts. Alt Names: Kamtapuri, Rajbangsi, Rajbanshi, Rajbongshi, Goalparia, Koch
Rajbanshi. 5,000,000 in India (2007).




Rajbansi … a people of India, West Bengal, Jalpaiguri, Uttar Dinajpur, Koch Bihar, Darjeeling districts; Assam,
Dhubri and Kokrajhar districts. Alt Names: Kamtapuri, Rajbangsi, Rajbanshi, Rajbongshi, Goalparia, Koch
Rajbanshi. 5,000,000 in India (2007). T
Raute … a people and language of Nepal, mainly west, Seti zone, Accham, Doti districts; Bheri zone, Surkhet,
Jajarkot, Banke districts; Rapti zone, Pyuthan District; Karnali zone, Jumla, Dolpa districts. Since 2001 nomadic
movement limited to Surkhet and
Most have Spanish mother tongue; about 2,000 mother-tongue speakers of Rayon Zoque including 20
monolinguals
Gelao, Red … native to Vietnam, Yen Minh District. 20 speakers of Red Gelao (gir). Language use shifting to
Mandarin. An official nationality. Not mutually intelligible with White Gelao (giw).




Bothar … a people of Papua New Guinea, Western Province, Morehead District. Bothar (bow) language (Rema)
now extinct.
Rendille … a people of Kenya. Custhitic speakers with close cultural and linguistic ties to the Somalis and Sonis.
Today, they live in northern Kenya, especially between Lake Turkana and Mount Marsabit. The Rendille
population is approximately 25,000 peop




25%-50% literate
Resigaro … a group of Amerindians who in recent years have become almost completely detribalized. Today
there are hundreds of Resigaro Indians living along the Ampiyacu, Yaguasyacu, and Putumayo rivers in the
districts of Pebas and Putumayo in the provinc




Retta … a people and language of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), south Pura Island Kalabahi Bay mouth; south
Ternate Island.




no longer reported by CPPI to be in Mauritius
Riang … a people and language of India, north and central Tripura; Mizoram, Aizawl, Lunglei, Chhimtuipui
districts, Karnafuli River bank area, 30 villages; Assam, Karimganj District. Also in Bangladesh, Rangamati
District. Alt Names: Kau Bru, Reang, Tipra




Riang-Lang … a language of Myanmar, Shan state, northeast Myanmar. Also in China. Different ethnicity and
language from the Riang in India & Bangladesh (108370, ria)




Rien … a people and language of Laos (Ethnologue 16). The Rien speak a language in the Tai language family.
Ringgou … a people and language of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), Rote Island east tip, Ringgou, Landu and Oepao
areas. Alt Names: Eastern Rote, Rikou, Rote, Rote Timur, Roti, Rotinese (Ethnologue 16).




High intelligibility with Sango




Rogo … a people and language of Nigeria, Niger state, Rafi and Mariga LGAs, Ucanja town area, 30 km
northwest of Kagara; Kaduna state, Birnin Gwari LGA. Alt Names: Burogo, Ucanja Kamuku, Urogo (Ethnologue
16).




Rohingya … a people and language of Myanmar. Rakhine state. Also in Bangladesh. Cox's Bazaar District. Also in
Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Thailand. Alt Names: Akyab, Arakan, Rohinja, Rohinga. Migrated from Bangladesh
several generations ago. 250,000 refugees
on Maluku in Indonesia




Romam … a people and language of Vietnam, Vietnam-Cambodia border. An official ethnic community.
Traditional religion (Ethnologue 16).




Romanian … a nation and ethnic group native to Romania. They speak Romanian (ron).




Gypsy, Serbian Rom … a people and language of Serbia. Alt Name: Tent Gypsy. 172,000 (2006) (Ethnologue 16).
small sub-gorup of Chala (Ron); most soruces do not list this seaprately; Speak a Challa dialect.




Also called Ron-Bokkos or Chalal; not related to Chala 114964 in Ghana




Ethnologue dialect alternate name for Monguna dialect of Ron CLA
Rongga … a people and language of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), South central Flores, between Manggarai and
Ngad’a, and south of Wae Rana (Ethnologue 16).




Rotokas … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Bougainville Province, Central Bougainville District,
central mountains. 28 villages. 4,320 (Wurm and Hattori 1981). Swidden agriculturalists; intensive
agriculturalists: cocoa and other cash crops (Eth
Trade language; 16,000 seconf language speakers




De'ang, Pale … a language of Myanmar, spoken by the De'ang nationality in China. 50% of the De'ang
nationality speak Pale (pce). Some speakers of other languages use it as L2. Agriculturalists; weavers; metal
workers; potters; construction workers. Buddhi




Silver Palaung … a people of Myanmar, Southern Shan state area near Kalaw. 10,000 square mile area. In
Kyawkme area in the northern Shan state. Lashio up to the China border. East of Lashio to the Salween. Some
villages east of Salween River in Kokaing ar




Drukai … native to Taiwan, south central mountains, Ping Tung area, 11 villages; Taitung area, 2 or 3 villages;
west of the Puyuma (pyu). Primary language is Rukai (dru): 10,500 (Council of Indigenous Peoples 2002) of
10,543 in ethnic population.
Hutu … the dominant ethnic group in Rwanda and Burundi in East Africa. Also known as Abahutus, Bahutus,
and Wakhutus. Their population numbers more than six million people. The predominant languge is Rundi
(run). Approximately half of the Hutus are Roman
Buriat, Russia … native to Russian Federation (Asia), Siberia, east of Lake Baikal, bordering on Mongolia.
369,000. Ethnic population: 445,175 (2002 Russian census).




Some are Doukhobors and Molokans




Chelkan … one of three tribal sub-groups of the Northern Altai branch of the Altai (100235) people. The
Chelkans (Lebedin) live in the Lebed' River Basin in the Siberian region of eastern Russia (Olson 1994). They
speak Russian (rus).




Even … an ethnic group of Russia. Alt Names: Ewen. Before the revolution they were known as the Lamuts.
They have also been known as the Orochen, Tungus, Tongus, Birar, Manegir, and Manegry. The Even are
scattered across over a vast area of eastern Siberi




Jewish




Kumandin … one of three tribal sub-groups of the Northern Altai branch of the Altai (100235) people. The
Kumandins--also known as the Kumandas, Kuvandy, Kuvandyg, Kuvandykh, Kuvanty, and Kumandy--live on the
Bija, Isha, and Kozha rivers and speak on of th
137,397,000 Ethnic Russians, 16,300,000 others who speak Russian as Mother Tongue




Tubalar … one of three tribal sub-groups of the Northern Altai branch of the Altai (100235) people. The
Tubalars live primarly along the left bank of the Bya River and along the northwestern coast of Lake Teletskoe,
the largest lake in the mountains of so




Ruthene … a people and language of Ukraine, Transcarpathian Oblast. Possibly in Romania. Also in Belarus,
Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Serbia, Slovakia. Alt Names: Carpathian, Carpatho-Rusyn, Ruthenian.
Rusyn (rue) is called a dialect of Ukr
This name is the Ethnologue language name




Meru … a people of Tanzania, Arusha region, Mt. Meru area. Alt Names: Rwa, Kirwo, Rwo. Distinct from Kimiiru
(mer) of Kenya (Ethnologue 16)




Nearly extinct
Bunun-speaking




Some sources seem to have a language entered as an ethnicity here. Mainly a trade language. Very few native
speakers, from mixed marriages.




Sabanes … one of three groups of Nambiquara. The Nambiquara, who live in western Mato Grosso and
southern Rondonia, Brazil. They live on the Parecis Plateau between the tributaries of the Juruena and Guapore
rivers, up to the headwaters of the Ji-Parana a
Badaik (Baraik) … a schedule caste of India, the Badaik are a community of Orissa. Also called Chik or Chik
Badaik. Their mother tongue is Sadri (sck) but they also speak Oriya (ori) and use the Oriya script. The Badaik
religion contains elements from Hin
Use Lao as Second Language
ROP name matches an Ethnologue alternate language name




Saho … a people and language of southern Eritrea. Also in Ethiopia, Tigray Province. Alt Names: Sao, Shaho,
Shiho, Shoho. Language is very similar to Afar (aar). Latin script. Ethnic group names are Asa'orta, Hadu (Hazu),
Miniferi. Nomadic. Do not accept




Sahu … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), north Maluku, southwestern north Halmahera Island.




Arab, Saidi … a people and language of Egypt. Cairo south edge to Sudan border. Middle Egypt in Bani Sweef,
Fayyuum, and Gizeh; Upper Egypt from Asyuut to Edfu and south. Dialects: Middle Egypt Arabic, Upper Egypt
Arabic. Similar to Sudanese Arabic [apd],
French creole population; entity name based on Ethnologue lang name




Some assimilated to Atayal (Taai), many speak Haka chinese




Aka … a scheduled tribe of India, Arunachal Pradesh, West Kameng District, Thrizino circle, Jamiri, Husigaon,
Gohainthan, Buragaon, Karangonia, Raindogonia, Yayom, Gijiri, Dijungonia, Tulu, Polatari, Raghupam, Tania,
Khuppi, Bhalukpong, Balipho, Palizi vi
Sake, Asake … a people and language of Gabon. Central, Ogooue-Iwindo Province, Booue area. Alt Names:
Asake, Shake. Threatened and undocumented linguistically (Ethnologue 16). This code also encompasses
groups some sources (Olson 1996, pp. 517-518) identi




Sakirabia … a people and language of Brazil. Rondonia, Cerejeira and Colorado do Oeste muicipalities, Mequens
River. Alt Names: Sakirabiat, Sakirabiap, Sakiriabar, Sakirabiak, Sakirap, Mekens. Nearly extinct (Ethnologue 16).




Bilingualism in Chinese, Uyghur and Tibetan is high. Sunni Muslim
Salchuq … a people and language of Iran. Language is probably a dialect of Azerbaijani (azb). Muslim
(Ethnologue 16).




Saliba … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Milne Bay Province, China Strait, Sariba and Rogeia
islands, mainland areas across from Rogeia island. 2,500 (2007 Oetzel), increasing. Also use English (eng), Tok
Pisin (tpi), or Suau (swp). Copra produ
Saluma … a tropical forest tribe of Amerindians who today live on the upper Anamu River in the northwestern
region of the state of Para, Brazil, and across the border in Surinam. Only about 150 members of the tribe are
still alive and functioning as a gro
Chamba Leko … a people and language of Nigeria, Adamawa state, Ganye, Fufore, Wukari, and Takum LGAs.
Also in Cameroon, North Province, Faro Division, between Tchamba and Mayo-Louti River, west of Poli; south
Beka Subdivision along Nigeria border. 62,000




Ariaal Rendille … a group of nomadic Rendille people who live in interdependent relationship with the Samburu
and speak Samburu (saq). Kenya. Marsabit District, between Lake Turkana and Marsabit Mt., Eastern Province.
Semiarid desert. Pastoralists: camels
Most speak Samburu




Samburu language also spoken by Ariaal Rendille, El Molo and Chamus.




Samo, Supei … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Western Province, Lake Murray District, south
Upper Strickland Census District, east of Strickland River, north of Nomad. 900 (2001 SIL). Alt Names: Daba,
Nomad, Supei. Also use Hiri Motu (hmo). Swi




86% of population
Samtao … a people and language of Myanmar. East Shan state. Alt Names: Samtau, Samtuan. Also in China.
Southwest Yunnan, Xishuangbanna Prefecture. May be Bulang nationality. Also in Laos, Thailand (Ethnologue
16).




19 monolinguals
900 speakers




7 monolinguals




3,100 monolinguals
1,800 monolinguals
226 monolinguals




448 speakers




584 monolinguals
Sanga, Luba Garenganze … a people of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Katanga Province, north of Likasi,
widely dispersed in Lubudi, Mitwaba, and Pweto territories. Alt Names: Kisanga, Luba-Garenganze, Luba-Sanga,
Southern Luba (Ethnologue 16). Not the s




Sanga … a people and language of Nigeria, Bauchi state, Toro LGA. Alt Names: Asanga, Isanga (Ethnologue 16).
Not the same as 115384 Sanga, Luba Garenganze of Democratic Republic of Congo.
Also in Philippines




Sanglechi … a people and language of Afghanistan, Sanglechi valley (villages: Sar-Sanglech, Esketul, Takya,
Faruq, Flaxmadek, Dashte Rebat), Zebok district, Badakhshan province. GPS of Sar-Sanglech: N: 36 17'02", E: 71
10'60"




Central African immigrants of undetermined ethnicity who share a common Central African cultural identify in
their host country. French (fra), the offical language, or Sangho (sag), the national language of the Central
African Republic, are most likely to
Rapidly spreading creole: est. 4,900,000 speakers




Masangu … a people and language of Gabon, Ngounie Province, Mimongo and Iboundji area. Alt Names:
Chango, Isangu, Shango, Yisangou, Yisangu. The people are called ‘Masangu’ or ‘Massangou’. Not related to
Sangu [sbp] of Tanzania or Sango [sag] of Central A




Sangu, Sango … a people and language of Tanzania, Mbeya region, Mbarale District, Usangu Plains. Alt Names:
Eshisango, Kisangu, Rori, Sango. Different from Sango [sag] of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central
African Republic, and Chad, or from Sanga




Ati … a people of China, Yunnan Province, Huaning County, just south of Kunming City. A few also live in
Jianshui County. One of dozens of distinct tribes classified by Chinese authorities as Yi. The Ati language is part
of the Southeastern Yi language fa
Maranse (Maransi) … an ethnic group living near Djibo, Aribinda, and Dori in Burkina-Faso (Olson 1996, p. 372).




A Malinke (Maninka) group
176 monolinguals




New entity for this village, considered separate in Comimex data, and newly defined language entity from SIL,
June 2003




9 monolinguals
Santal … the third largest schedule tribe in India, the Santal are distributed in Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa and
Tripura. Santal origins are in the Chotanagpur plateau and the surrounding plains south of the river Damodar.
The Santal migration started aft
Transitioned Kaingang; need adapted literature. Most use Portuguese as second language




Spanish form of "Mestizo" is used for all, to follow English usage, and for consistency of entries




5 speakers
nearly extinct




Some sources have separate entries for sub-groups: No, Nar, Majingai
Similar background to Aukaans
Sarangani Bilaan … a people and language of the Philipines, Mindanao, South Cotabato Province, Sarangani;
Davao Del Sur Province. 90,800 (2000). Alt Names: Balud, Bilaan, Tumanao. Also use Cebuano (ceb), Sarangani
Manobo (mbs), Tboli (tbl), Sangil (snl),




Gurani, Sarli … a people and language of Iraq, Kirkuk Province, north of Mosul; many displaced. Alt Names:
Sarliya. Fewer than 20,000. Agriculturalists. Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




50 speakers. Bilingual in English




But Monpa … a Monpa group (see 113086) who inhabit the Nafra circle of the West Kameng district in
Arunachal Pradesh, India. They speak the Matchopa Nagnoo dialect of the Monpa language (POI Vol. V, pp.
2356-2357). Language is Sartang (onp), Arunachal Pra




Sarwa … a people and language of Chad, Chari-Baguirmi region, Loug-Chari Department, Bousso Subprefecture,
between Bousso and Miltou, along Chari River. Alt Names: Saroua, Sarwa. Different from Sharwa [swq] in
Cameroon. Traditional religion, Christian (Et
1.2% of population of Indonesia
Patnulkaran … a community of India. Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. They are also known as Saurashtra, a name
derived from the Saurashtra region of Gujarat, and in Pondicherry as Chetty. Local people refer to them as
Patnulkaran as they deal in Pattunul silk




Sauria Paharia … a community of India. Jharkhand, north part of former Santhal Pargana District, Rajmahal hills,
Sahibganj and Godda districts, Pakaur District, Litipara block; West Bengal, Bankura, Barddhaman, and
Murshidabad districts. Also in Banglades




Muslim
Savo Islander … a people of Solomon Islands, Central Solomons, north of Guadalcanal, Savo Island. Language
use declining among the younger generation. Also use Pijin [pis] (Ethnologue 16).




Includes 3000 Weda, sometimes counted separately.
14 monolinguals




Gullah … the descendants of African slaves, the Gullah today live mostly on the remote barrier islands of South
Carolina and Georgia. The Gullah have preserved significant elements of their West African culture, such as
their African-based Creole language




Kunda, Seba … a people and language of Democratic Republic of Congo, Katanga Province, Kasenga Territory.
Alt Names: Kunda, Seba, Sewa, Shishi. Distinct from Kunda dialect of Lusengo (lse), the Kunda (kdn) of
Zimbabwe and Mozambique in the Senga-Sena grou




Gurage, West … a people and language of Ethiopia, West Gurage region. Chaha in Emdibir area; Gura in Gura
Megenase and Wirir areas; Muher in Ch'eza area, mountains north of Chaha and Ezha; Gyeto south of Ark'it' in
K'abul and K'want'e; Ezha in Agenna. Alt
40 speakers. Bilingual in English




25%-50% literate
Segeju … a people and language of Tanzania, Tanga region, Muheza District, narrow strip of northeast coast
between Tanga and Kenya border. Many ethnic Segeju do not speak the language; they speak Swahili (swh) or
Chidigo (dig) as L1. People were historica




Ninigo … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Western Manus Province, Ninigo and Anchorite Islands.
Alt Names: Seimat (Ethnologue 16).
25 speakers in Canada. Bilingual in English




Tangbe … a people of Nepal, Dhaulagiri zone, Mustang District, Chuksang, Tsaile, Tangbe, Tetang, Gyakar
villages; Jomsom and Pokhara. They speak the Tangbe dialect of Seke (skj) and practice Tibetan Buddhism
(Ethnologue 16).




Seke … a people and language of Vanuatu, Central Raga Island (Ethnologue 16).




Seki … a people and language of Equatorial Guinea, Coastal. Also in Gabon, northwest coast, Cocobeach area.
Alt Names: Beseki, Bulu, Seke, Sekiana, Sekiani, Sekiyani, Sekyani, Sheke, Shekiyana (Ethnologue 16).
Russian as second language; 1570 speak Selkup; 2030 Russian
different form Syenara in Mali
Senaya … a people and language of Iran, Tehran and Qazvin. Originally in Sanandaj, Kordestan Province. Also in
Australia, United States (Ethnologue 16). Chaldean Christian; some may count with 101983




200 speakers; NY, Oklahoma
Bakhri … a community of Pakistan, Punjab Province, Bahawalpur and Multan Districts. Seraiki (skr). Muslim
(OMID).




Bhut … a community of Pakistan, Punjab Province, Bahawalpur and Bahawalnagar districts. Language is Seraiki
(skr) (OMID). Muslim.




Gadra … a people of Pakistan. Baluchistan Privince, Lasbela district. Language is Seraiki (skr). Religion is Islam
(OMID).




Ghallu … a tribe of Pakistan, southwest corner of the Multan district. Also found in Bahawalpur and Ahmadpur
districts of Bahawalpur state. They were named after a Hindu Rajput converted to Islam by Makhdum Jahanian.
The Ghallus in Bahawalpur are both lan
Gidri … reputed immigrants from Hindustan and Bikaner, the Gidris are now found mainly in the Bahawalpur
state of Pakistan. Closely resembling the Sansis of the Punjab Proper, the Gidris are split up into various camps
which are supposed to meet once a ye




Khohanra … a tribe of the Sammas, found in Bahawalpur. The Sang branch of the Sammas has a tradition that
in ancient times the Sammas had two grades, one superior and genuine, the other comprising 13 inferior septs
who were 'wazirs' of the Sammas. The the




Southern Punjabi … a people of Pakistan, South Punjab and north Sind, Indus River valley, Jampur area.
Derawali in Dera Ismail Khan, Tank, Bannu, and Dera Ghazi Khan. Also in India, United Kingdom (Ethnologue
16).




Toba … a people of Pakistan. Punjab Province, Multan, Kanewal, Lodhran districts. Language is Seraiki (skr).
Religion is Islam (OMID). Toba, a well-digger; also called 'ghotakhor' i.e. diver, in Ludhiana (Rose 1999, Vol. 3, p.
471).




Usta … a community of Rajasthan, India. They are distributed in the districts of Bikaner, Chittorgarh, Bhilwara,
Udaipur and Jaipur. They speak Seraiki (skr), a language of Pakistan, and use the Perso-Arabic script. The Usta
are also conversant with Hindi




Waiha … a people of Pakistan. Punjab Province, Bahawalpur District. Language is Seraiki (skr). Religion is Islam
(OMID). Waiha, Veha, a tribe found mainly in the 'kardari' of Sadiqabad and the Allahabad 'peshkari' in
Bahawalpur. They trace their origin to




Gorani … a south Slavic ethnic group inhabiting the Gora region of the Balkans, located at the triangle between
Albania, Kosovo and Macedonia (wikipedia). They speak Serbian (srp). The majority reside within Kosovo.
Jew, Serbian Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish c




Montenegrin … a South Slavic people.




Serb … a South Slavic ethnic group mostly living in Central Europe and the Balkans, between the Balkan and
Carpathian mountains in the east and the Adriatic sea in the west. They are located mainly in Serbia,
Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Croati




Serere-Sine … a people and language of Senegal, west centra; Sine and Saloum River valleys. Also in Gambia.
1,130,000 in Senegal. Population total all countries: 1,161,900. 'Sereer' is their name for themselves.
Traditional religion, Muslim, Christianity
majority of Seychelles population
new entity resulting from Ethnologue update




Seze … a people and language of Ethiopia. West Oromo region, near Begi, north of Hozo (hoz). Alt Names: Sezo
(Ethnologue 16).




Shabak … a people and language of Iraq, north of Mosul, Ali Rach, Yangija, Khazna, Talara villages; many
displaced since 1980's (Ethnologue 16).
Shabo … a people and language of Ethiopia. Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region, Sheka zone;
Gambella region, Majangir zone between Godere and Mashi, among Majang (mpe) an Shekkacho (moy). Alt
Names: "Mekeyer", "Mikair", "Mikeyir", Sabu, "Sh
Shan … a people and language of Myanmar: Shan state, southeast Myanmar. Kokang Shan is in Kokang area,
north Wa area, Shan state; Tai Mao is on Burma-Yunnan border, centered at Mu'ang Mao Long or Namkham,
Myanmar. Also in China, Thailand. Not the same as




Tai Sam … a people of Laos. The Tai Sam speak a language in the Tai language family.
part of the Panoan language family, the Sharanahua live near the upper Purus River in eastern Peru and
western Brazil (Olson 1991)




Sharwa … a people and language of Cameroon, Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, South Bourrah
Subdivision; a few in North Province, Mayo-Louti Division. Alt Names: Sarwaye, Sherwin, Tchevi. Different from
Sarua [swy] (Sarwa) of Chad. Muslim (Ethnol




Shau … an indigenous people of Nigeria: Bauchi state, Toro LGA, Shau and Mana villages. Alt Names: Lishau,
Sho, Shawawa. 2,280 (CPPI 2006)




234 speakers; Oklahoma
Shakacho, Mocha … a people and language of Ethiopia. North Kafa region, Maasha area. Alt Names: Mocha,
Shakacho, Shekka, Shekkacho. Ethiopic script. Latin script. 'Shekkacho' is their self name. Traditional religion,
Christian (Ethnologue 16). The Mochas,




Sheko … an ethnic group of approximately 28,000 people who live today in southern Ethiopia. They speak an
Omotic language and make their living as small farmers (Olson 1996, pp. 520-521). A people and language of
Ethiopia. Kafa region, Shako District. Alt




Shelta … a people and language of Ireland. Also in United Kingdom, United States. Alt Names: Cant, Gammon,
Irish Traveler Cant, Sheldru, The Cant. Based largely on Irish (gle) with influence from an undocumented source.
The secret language, or cryptolect,
May be a section of 113588




Shi … a people and language of Democratic Republic of the Congo. Sud-Kivu Province, north, west, and south of
Bukavu. Alt Names: Mashi. Different from Mashi (mho) of Zambia (Ethnologue 16).
Tibetan Nationality




Soligar … a scheduled tribe of India, they inhabit the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Among themselves
they speak Sholaga (sle). They also speak Kannada (kan). They worship community deities (POI Vol. VI, pp. 3332-
3333 Soliga/Soligaru).
some sources include under Shona 108959




sub-gorup of Shona; Some sources inlcude Zezuru under Shona 108959
2,284 speakers; E California, Nevada, Wyoming




Shua (Hiechware) … a people of Botswana. In Nata. Eastern Khoe Bushmen. Many dialects. Ethnoreligionists
(WCD).




Shua, Deti, Ganadi … a people and language of Botswana. Central District, Tutume Subdistrict, Nata, Gweta;
Boteti Subdistrict, Motopi, Popipi, Mokoboxane, Mmatshumu, Letlhakane. Alt Names: Mashuakwe, Shua-
Khwe, Tshumakwe. Dialects: Shua-Khwe (Mashuakwe),
Muslim




500 speakers. Bilingual in English




Golden Palaung … a people of Myanmar, Northern Shan state, centered in Nam Hsan. Also in China. 148,000 in
Myanmar (1982). Population total all countries: 150,000. Alt Names: Ta-Ang Palaung, Shwe Palaung, Liang,
Ta’ang Samlung, Red Da’ang (Ethnologue 16).
Previously thought of as "Mande"




Hakoa … a people of Papua New Guinea. Simbu Province, Goroka District. Close to Siane. Christians, Animists
(WCD). Most sources do not have this entity; only in old data; name is based on Dalby language name (OBJ). If
the Hakoa exist as a distinct people
Yi Nationality. Polytheist, some Christians.
called "Tagba" (regional name) by outsiders.




Sadama … a people and language of Ethiopia. South central, Sidamo zone, northeast of Lake Abaya and
southeast of Lake Awasa. Alt Names: Sidamo, Sidaamu Afoo, Sidaminya, Sidamo 'Afo. Ethiopic script. Latin
script. Sidaamu Afoo is the self-name. Sidaminya i




150 monolinguals




Nahuatl, Sierra Negra … an indigenous Mesoamerican people living today in Central Mexico. Their language
belongs to the Uto-Aztecan language family (sourced Wikipedia article). South Puebla. 13 towns. Dialects:
Coyomeapan, Zoquitlan. Most similar to South




Sighu … a people and language of Gabon, Ogooue-Lolo Province, Koulamoutou-Lastourville area. Alt Names:
Lesighu, Mississiiou. Language is threatened and undocumented linguistically (Ethnologue 16).
Bhotia means "speaking Tibetan languages" -- Ethnologue




9,000 speakers
Not related to Sila (Daju, Dar Sila, Bokoruge) 101553 in Chad




1,500 monolinguals




Silesian … a linguistic group with roots in Silesia, a historical region of Central Europe located mostly in Poland,
with smaller parts also in the Czech Republic, and Germany. Alt Names: Szlonzokian. Most also use Polish (pol).
Language is not the same a
Gurage, East … a Semitic-language people who live in the southwestern reaches of Shoa Province in Ethiopia.
They are divided into fourteen distinct subgroups. Their particular homeland is bordered by Lake Zway to the
east and the Awash River to the west.




Simba (Shimba) … a small ethnic group living today in the heavy forests of the lower Offoue River and the
upper Ikoyi River in N'Gounie Province of Gabon. The speak an Okande language. Most Shimbas are small
farmers (Olson 1996, p. 522).
Ager … a community of Pakistan, Sind Province, Malir, Dadu, Ghotki, Hyderabad, Jacobabad, Karachi, Karachi
Junub, Karachi Maghrib, Karachi Mashriq, Badin, Larkana, Umarkot, Mirpur Khas, Naushahro Firoz, Nawabshah,
Sanghar, Shikarpur, Sukkur, Tharparkar, T




Bagdi, Muslim … a community of Pakistan, Sind and Punjab Provinces. Largest communities in Sind Province,
Ghotki and Hyderabid districts, and Punjab Province, Multan District. Sindhi (snd) and Panjabi, Western (pnb)
are spoken. Muslim (OMID).




Bania, Ulro … a people of Pakistan. Language is Sindhi (snd). Religion is Islam.




Dahur, Muslim … a people of Pakistan. Sind Province, Larkana, Sanghar, Dadu, Thatta, Karachi Mashriq,
Hyderabad, Karachi, Karachi Maghrib, Khairpur, Umarkot, Mirpur Khas districts. Language is Sindhi (snd).
Religion is Islam (OMID). Distinct from 111863 -
Jew, Sindhi Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish co




Kasar (Kassar) … a Mughal tribe and one of the three major land-owning tribes in the Dhani country of Chakwal
District in Punjab Province, Pakistan. They hold the greater part of the north-west quarter of Chakwal. They
claim to descent from the Mughal emp




Koli of Sind, Muslim … a people of Pakistan. Sind Province, Larkana, Sanghar, Thatta, Hyderabad, Karachi
Mashirq, Karachi, Karachi Maghrib and Khairpur districts. Language is Sindhi (snd). Religion is Islam (OMID).




Unclear what this entity is -- old CPPI entry, no longer in CPPI in any country; but Ethnol has a language Lari LRL
in Iran only, with no pop




Sindhi … an ethnic group originating from Sindh, a province of Pakistan. Sindhis were heavily influenced by
Islam after the Arab conquest of 712 A.D. and in more recent centuries by exposure to cultural, religious and
linguistic influence from Islamic Per
Sindhi Khaikheli … a people of Pakistan. Sind Province, Hyderabad, Mirpur Khas, Dadu, Sanghar, Nawabshah,
Larkana, Badin, Ghotki, Tharparkar districts. Language is Sindhi (snd). Religion is Islam (OMID).




Talabda … a people of Pakistan. Sind Province, Mirpur Khas district. Language is Sindhi (snd). Religion is Islam
(OMID).
Talavia … a people of Pakistan. Sind Province, Mirpur Khas district. Language is Sindhi (snd). Religion is
Hinduism (OMID).




Sindhi Bhil … a people of Pakistan, Sindh Province, Mohrano, Badin-Matli-thatta, Ghorabari (on west). Sindhi
Meghwar are scattered in an area from Badin-Matli to Tando Allahyar (WCD).




Language almost extinct




Rodiya … a dialect of Sinhala (sin), a language of Sri Lanka. The Rodiya dialect is spoken by low caste Rodiya
people. Sinhala script. Buddhist, Christian (Ethnologue 16).
400 monolinguals




Hmong Shuad … a people of China. Western Guizhou Province, Dafang, Guanling, Nayong, Pu'an, Puding,
Qianxi, Qinglong, Shuicheng, Xingren, Zhenning, Zhijin, and Ziyun counties; southeastern Yunnan Province,
Wenshan, Honghe prefectures; northwestern Guangxi




Second language is Moore




Romany, Sinte … a language of Serbia, Kosovo. Also in Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy,
Kazakhstan, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Slovenia, Switzerland.




In Fur cultural group
Different from Sisaala in Ghana
100 speakers; Washington




"Lapp" is derogatory




Slovak … a language of Slovakia, western uplands, Bratislava area. Also in Austria, Canada, Croatia, Czech
Republic, Hungary, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Ukraine, United States (Ethnologue 16).
Gha-Mu … a people and language of China. Southwestern China. Alt Names: Atse, Ghab-Mvb Ghab-Svd, Ghuab-
Hmongb Ghuab-Soud, Xiao Hua Miao, Hsiao Hwa Miao. Similar to Large Flowery Miao (Ethnologue 16).




Kanum, Smarky … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), south coast border area, east of Merauke,
southeast of Marind [mrz] and the other Kanum language areas. Yanggandur, Tomer, Tomerau, Rawa Biru, and
Kondo villages, bordering Papua New Guinea. Alt




So, Fo … a people and languge of Cameroon, Center Province, Nyong-and-Mfoumou Division, Akonolinga
Subdivision, Melan and Emvane cantons; East Province, a few in Upper Nyong Division. Alt Names: Fo, Shwo,
Sso. Different from So [soe] (Heso) of Democratic




Soko … a people and Democratic Republic of Congo, Orientale Province, north of Basoko. Alt Names: So, Eso,
Gesogo. Heso, Soa, Soko. Distinct from So (sox) of Cameroon. May also be in Uganda (Ethnologue 16).
725 monolinguals




Sokoro … one of the Hadjeray peoples of the mountainous regions of Guera Prefecture in Chad. They descend
from refugees who were driven into the mountains. They speak a Chadian language and practice the margai
cult of place and site spirits. In spite of m




Yalna … an ethnic group in Chad. Many of the 50,000 or so Yalnas are Muslims. They are part of the larger
Nilotic cluster of Chadian peoples. Most Yalnas make their living as small farmers, laborers, and semi-nomadic
and nomadic pastoralists (Olson 1996,
Digil … one of the six primary clans of the Somali people of Somalia. The Digils (Dighils) are closely related to
the Rahanwayns. Like all Somalis, they calim descent from Samaale, the mythical founder of the entire ethnic
group. Also like all other Somal




Garreh … a subtribe of the Garreh-Ajuran tribe, a Somali tribe in Kenya, North Eastern Province, Mandera and
Wajir districts.
Former Maasai group, now speak Somali, are ethnically distinct form both; some databases have not yet
separately lkisted them. See Maasai 105956




Shabelle … former Bantu peoples now acculturated to Somali. Refugees from Somalia. Sunni Muslims (WCD).




Somali … one of Africa's largest, homogeneous ethnic groups. They occupy the Horn of Africa, speak a single
language, worship as Sunni Muslims of the Shafi school, and claim a common heritage. Their population
exceeds eight million people, of whom nearly




Somali-Sab … one of the two primary lineage groups of the Somali people of Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia, and
Djibouti. Some consider the world "Sab" to be derogatory and resent its use to describe them. The so-called
Sabs are of Bantu extraction and constitut




Somrai … a language of Chad, Tandjilé region, Tandjilé Est Department, Laï Subprefecture, northeast of Laï,
Domogou center. Alt Names: Sibine, Somre, Somrei, Soumrai, Soumray, Sounrai, Sumrai.




Related to Chong.
Sorkhei … a people and language of Iran. Semnan Province, Sorkheh, southwest of Semnan. Language is related
to Lasgerdi (lsa). Most also use Western Farsi (pes). Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Ethnologue form of language name




may be counted in one large Kanum group in some sources




Awyu, South … a people of Indonesia (Papua), southeast near coast, north of lower Digul River. Alt Names:
Jenimu, Oser, Siagha, Sjiagha, Syiagha, Yenimu. Hunter-gatherers; agriculturalists. Christian, traditional religion
(Ethnologue 16).




Some may count this in 100677 Azeri, South




Aynallu … one of twelve dialects of South Azerbaijani (azb), a language of Iran. Alt Names: Inallu, Inanlu. 5,000
speakers estimated as of 1993 (Ethnologue 16). The Aynallu are a tribe of Oghuz settled mainly in the eastern
Zagros Mountains of Fars provin
Baharlu … native to Iran. Baharlu (Kamesh) is one of twelve recognized dialects of Azerbaijani, South (azb)
(Ethnologue 16).




Moqaddam … one of twelve dialects of South Azerbaijani (azb), a language of Iran. 1,000 speakers estimated as
of 1993 (Ethnologue 16).




Nafar … one of twelve dialects of South Azerbaijani (azb), a language of Iran. 3,500 speakers estimated as of
1993 (Ethnologue 16).




Pishagchi … one of twelve dialects of South Azerbaijani (azb), a language of Iran. 1,000 speakers estimated as of
1993 (Ethnologue 16).
37.1% of population; same as South Bolivian. Pop is same as Eth QUH
Appears to be duplicate of 102991




Arab, Israeli … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in Israel.
Primarily Palestinian, but citizens of Israel; listed separately due to growing cultural differences and political
orientation




Arab, Jordanian … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in
Jordan.
This term is used in ROP to designate Palestinians who are not Israeli citizens (Palestinian Authority territories);
Muslim, Christian. 90% literate in Arabic, 60% in Hebrew.




Awlad Hassan … an ethnic group of Sudan. It is an Arabic-speaking minority. Predominantly Muslim.




Languages now South Levantine Arabic and Hebrew; Samaritan (SMP) & Samaritan Aramaic (SRA) as liturgical
language.




Muyu, South … an indigenous people of Indonesia (Papua): south coast, just north of Fly River border between
Papua, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Alt Name: Digoel, Digul, Kati Metomka, Metomka, Moejoe, Ok Bari,
South, South Kati, Yonggom, Yongkom, Yongo
National Language




Slavey, South … a people and language of Canada, Northwest Alberta, Great Slave Lake, upper Mackenzie River
and drainage in Mackenzie District; northeast British Columbia in Fort Liard, Fort Providence, Fort Simpson,
Fort Smith, Hay River, Hay River Dene




Asheninka, South Ucayali … a people and language of Peru, Upper Ucayali River and tributaries (Southernmost
part of Ucayali Department). 14,000 (2002 SIL) (Ethnologue 16).




Dangal … one of two dialects of South Watut (mcy), a language of Papua New Guinea. Morobe Province, lower
or south Watut River. 5 villages. Dialects: Maralango (Maralangko), Dangal (Danggal) (Ethnologue 16).




Maralango … one of two dialects of South Watut (mcy), a language of Papua New Guinea. Morobe Province,
lower or south Watut River. 5 villages. Dialects: Maralango (Maralangko), Dangal (Danggal) (Ethnologue 16).
Watut, South … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Morobe Province, lower or south Watut River. 5
villages. Dialects: Maralango (Maralangko), Dangal (Danggal) (Ethnologue 16).




IzonAn Ijo (Ijaw) people




Pashayi, Southeast … a people and language of Afghanistan, Upper and Lower Darrai Nur Valley, Damench,
Shale (Shari); Nangarhar Province, north of Shewa; south Laghman Province, Alingar Valley area. Alt Names:
Pashai. 54,400 (2000). Arabic script. Muslim
4,075 monolinguals




Nahuatl, Southeastern Puebla … an indigenous Mesoamerican people living today in Central Mexico. Their
language belongs to the Uto-Aztecan language family (sourced Wikipedia article). Southeast Puebla, Tehuacán
region, Chilac and San Sebastián Zinacatepec




includes subgroup Chinatu (village in Chihuahua)




The 1989 census of the Soviet Untion listed the Altai population at 71,317 people. That figure is deceptive,
however, because the Altais remain highly divided in terms of subgroup loyalties. Tribal loyalties remain strong
as do linguistic differences betw
Young people are Japanese speakers




Limited bilingualism; one source reports recent research indicates no distinct "Southern Aymara" are found in
Bolivia, only Peru




Baluchi, Southern … a people and language of Pakistan, South Balochistan, south Sind, Karachi. Also in Iran,
Oman, United Arab Emirates. Alt Names: Baloci, Balochi, Baluci, Makrani. Sunni Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Med … a people of Pakistan. Baluchistan, Lasbela, Makran, Panjgur and Gwadar districts. Language is Southern
Balochi (bcc). Religion is Islam (OMID).




Antaisaka … (Taisakas, Tesakis) are the largest of the southeastern ethnic groups in Madagascar. Today, the
Antaisaka population exceeds 650,000 people, and they are divided into a number of subgroups, including the
Antaimoros (100375), Antambahaoka (1003




Betsimisaraka, South … a language of Madagascar, east coast, Toamasina Province, Mahanoro District;
Fianarantsoa Province, Nosy Varika, Mananjary, Manakara Atsimo districts. 1,830,000 (2006 SIL). Alt Name:
Antesaka (Ethnologue 16). The Bestsimisarakas are
Birifor, Southern … a people and language of Ghana. Northwest corner. Also in Côte d'Ivoire. Alt Names: Birifo,
Ghana Birifor. Traditional religion (Ethnologue 16). The Birifors are one of the "stateless" peoples who live in
northern Ghana, southern Burki




311,691 speakers (Ethnol 15). Including 10,000 Zara (Bobo Jula) Dialect Speakers




500 speakers




Catanduanes is a Province name




includes Maranon Quechua, former 106312, a separate entity in Ethnol 13




Related people to Dagaaba, Burkina F, different but related language
2.200 speakers




Galle Gurung … a language of Nepal, Gandaki zone, Gorkha District, hills sount of Macha Khola. Alt Names:
Southern Ghale, Lila, Ril-Lila (Ethnologue 16).




223,000: All Grebo in Liberia




223,000: All Grebo in Liberia
Hindko, Southern … a people and language of Pakistan. Punjab Province, Attock District, into southernmost
Hazara Division, NWFP; Kohat and Peshawar districts, NWFP. Dialects: Peshawar Hindko (Peshawari), Attock
Hindko (Attock-Haripur Hindko), Kohat Hindko




some include 101992 Central Kurd (Mukri) here
In Iraq, speak Sourthern Kurdish sdh, formerly associated with Luri LRI 105933




new entity replacing part of older entity Luri 105933 due to updated ethnic and language analysis
Nambiquara, Southern … one of three groups of Nambiquara, who live in western Mato Grosso and southern
Rondonia, Brazil. They live on the Parecis Plateau between the tributaries of the Juruena and Guapore rivers,
up to the headwaters of the Ji-Parana and




Sarare … occasionally referred to as Kabixi (though not the Karib-speaking Kabixi), the Sarare are a subtribe of
the Nambiquara Indians. There are fewer than 100 of them living on the Sarare River in the southern reaches
of the state of Mato Grosso, Brazi
One, Southern … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Sandaun Province, Lumi District, West Waipei
Division, between East Bewani and West Torricelli ranges, Romei, Parara, Wolwale, Koiniri, Karantu villages.
200 (2000 Crowther). Alt Names: Aunalei, O




Pashtun, Southern … a people of Afghanistan. The Pashtun (also known as Pushtun, Pakhtun, Pukhtun,
Pashtoon, Pathan) are an Eastern Iranian ethnolinguistic group with populations primarily in Afghanistan and
northwestern Pakistan. The Pashtuns are typical




Andoa … an Amerindian group whose language is part of the Zaparo linguistic family. They are concentrated on
the Pastaza River, in the province of Algo Amazonas, Loreto, in Peru. Alt Names: Shimigae, Shemigai, Semigai,
Gae, Chimigae, Ando (Olson 1991, pp.




386 monolinguals




107 speakers; Washington
17,000 Saami in Sweden. "Lapp" is derogatory term.




Sorsogon is a Province name




Sotho … a people and language of Lesotho. Also in Botswana, South Africa, Swaziland. Alt Names: Southern
Sotho, Sesotho, Sisutho, Souto, Suthu, Suto. Christian, traditional religion (Ethnologue 16).




Taung … nationalational review group says the Taung (Sotho, Taung) are not found in Lesotho




Mostly on Mindanao, some on Luzon
Thai Islam, Southern … a people of Thailand. Language is Southern Thai (sou). What distinguishes this entity
from 109517 - Thai, Southern is their Islamic faith. While a majority of Southern Thai speakers in Thailand are
Thervada Buddhists--the term "Thai




Includes 1,500,000 Muslim Tai (Thai Malay)




Thai, Tak Bai … a people of Thailand. Narathiwat, Pattani and Yala provinces. The majority are found in
Narathiwat province, Pron sub-district, Tak Bai district, Sudhirin, Sungai Padi districts. Tak Bai is one of two
dialects of Southern Thai (sou). The T




1631 speakers; New Mexico




Tusyan, Southern … a people of Burkina Faso, Comoé and Houet provinces, halfway between Banfora and Bobo-
Dioulasso; Toussiana is center area. Also in Côte d’Ivoire (Ethnologue 16). The Tusyans (Tousias, Toussians) are
a subgroup of the Lobi people of Burk
Hanafi Sunni Muslim




Russian as second language




Pashayi, Southwest … a people and language of Afghanistan, northeast of Kabul, north of Sarobi, Tagau (Tagab)
Valley. 108,000 (1982). Muslim (Ethnologue 16).
Ethnologue 16th - Fars, Southwestern (fay) 7,500 (2006) … Distinct from Farsi (prs) or (pes).




Tamang, Southwestern … a language of Nepal, Narayani zone, west Makwanpur and Chitawan districts, and
south and southwest. Possibly in Bagmati zone, west and northwest Kathmandu District area. Migrations to the
Terai (Ethnologue 16).
1,000 monolinguals




6,000 monolinguals




322 language speakers




Argentineans of indeterminate African descent. Notable Afro-Argentine communities are reported in the
Buenos Arires district of San Telmo.




Bolivians of indeterminate African descent.
Dominicans of indeterminate African descent.




Afro-Ecuadorian ... Ecuadorians of indeterminate African descent. Afro-Ecuadorians are descendants of black
African slaves brought to South America by the Spanish during the times of conquest of the region. Afro-
Ecuadorians make up a substantial percentag




An estimated 2% of Hondura's population is "black". The actual number of Hondurans of African descent is
much larger, but classified as "mestizo." Most of the country's Afro-Honduran population resides on the
Caribbean coast and was originally brought the




Paraguayans of indeterminate African descent.




Peruvians of indeterminate African descent.




Puerto Ricans of indeterminate African descent.




Uruguayans of indeterminate African descent.
8.9% of population




Used by some sources for entities in several South and Central American countries. Here, Costa Rica and El
Salvador; perhaps should be 2 entities.




Some sources include these under general Mexican, Spanish-speaking




Angosturas Tunebo … a people and language of Colombia, Northern Colombia, southeast of Tunebo Central,
north of Tunebo Barro Negro. 71% intelligibility between Eastern Tunebo (tbn) and Angosturas Tunebo.
Language use shifting to Spanish. Angosturas Tunebo
Bare … The Baré (Barré ) Indians once lived on the Guainia River in the Vaupes drainage region of Colombia
and Venezuela. They were an Arawakan-language people who lived in a horticultural economy revolving
around the production of manioc and other crops




Bilingual in Spanish. Language almost extinct.




Berber, Canary Islands … a people of Spain, Canary Islands. Alt Name: Guanches. Guanche is now extinct as a
language and the Guanches people no longer persist as a distinct people group. The Guanches were the first
known inhabitants of the Canary Islands,




Cakchiquel, Southwestern, Acatenango … a people and language of Guatemala. Municipality of Akatenango
(Ethnologue 16).




Cañamomo … an indigenous people of Colombia, Lomaprieta Indian Reservation. They live on the left bank of
the River Cauca, municipalities and Supia Riosucio, Caldas department. Heart language has been lost. Spanish
source: Arango y Sánchez. Los pueblos in
25 speakers only.




Language extinct. People located near towns of Tocancipa, Cota, Gachancipa, Tenjo.




Consider changing "Chicano" to "Mexican American" … see WCE "USA Mestizo (Chicano)".




275 speakers




Chilean, Spanish-Speaking … a people of Chile. Ethnolinguistic family is Latin-American White (Blanco). Alt
Name: Chilean White, Chileno. Language is Spanish (spa). Majority religion is Christianity - Roman Catholic.
Persons of Italian, Spanish descent (W




Chinocholo (Mulatto) … mixed-race Spanish-speaking Mulattos of Peru (WCD). Various sources suggest
Chinocholo is a mixture of Chinese (Chino) and South American Indian (Cholo). In modern-day Peru, "cholo" is a
widely used term which generally refers to pe




Chorotega … native to Costa Rica, Tuturrialba. Also in El Salvador and Hondoras. Chorotega (cjr) language
classified as extinct before 1950 (when Ethnologue began). Language use shifted to Spanish (spa) but ethnic
identity remains. (Olson 1991, pp. 93-94)
National Language




National Language




Language extinct




preferred name




only WCE distinguishes "Black" from "White" Cubans. Some sources show ONLY "Cuban Whhite" for any
outside Cuba.




Diaguita … Amerindian group native to northwestern Argentina. The Diaguita and their major tribe, the
Calchaqui, are today a highly assimilated Amerindian group in northwestern Argentina. Today there are
approximately 100,000 people of Diaguita-Calchaqui
Dujo … an indigenous people of Colombia, western Colombia on the outskirts of Neiva. Agriculturalists.
Animists. Native language has been lost and they speak Spanish (spa).




Guanaca … an indigenous people of Colombia, located in the municipality of Inza, Tierradentro region, in the
east of the department of Cauca. Population is estimated at 723. Traditional religions. Part of the Regional
Indigenous Council of Cauca-CRIC. Agr
In Peru, about 25,000 have mother tongue Spanish




Language extinct




Itza … a people of Guatemala, north central, north of Lake Peten Itza in San Jose Peten, 15 minutes by auto
from Flores. Also in Belize. Ethnic population: 1,800 (2001). Only 12 speakers of Itza' - (itz) remain in Guatemal
and none in Belize. The ethnic g
JWC … unclear who this code is supposed to represent




Jew, Spanish … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near East. The
Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in the
formation of diverse Jewish communitie




Language probably extinct




Kamba … a people of Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul, near Corumba. Ethnic group came from Bolivia. Original
language was Kamba (xba), now extinct. Language use shifted to Spanish (spa). Ethnic population: 2,000 (1986
SIL) Alt Names: Camba (Ethnologue 16).




Kankuamo … an indigenous people of Colombia, southwest of the Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta. One of four
indigenous groups that live in the region of the Sierra Nevada. Original language was in the Chibchan family,
but they now speak Spanish (spa). Populat




Kunza (kuz) … an extinct language of Chile, Peine, Socaire (Salar de Atacama), and Caspana. Ethnic Population:
2,000 (2000 W. Adelaar). Alt Names: Atacameno, Likanantai, Lipe, Ulipe. Language use shifted to Spanish (spa)
(Ethnologue 16).




Latin American … people of original European descent whose recent roots are in the Spanish-speaking
countries of Central and South America. This code represents immigrant peoples from Latin American countries
dispersed throughout the world.
Few speakers. All bilingual in Spanish




Language extinct




Mixed-race immigrants-workers from Chile and other countries




Mixed-race immigarnts of various national origins. Formerly misplaced by a source under 109534 Spaniard




in US, immigrants, refugees, seasonal workers -WCE




in the US only, Mixed American-White from several countries
Chilean … a people of Chile. Ethnolinguistic family is Mestizo (Spanish). Alt Name: Chileno. Code users who do
not differentiate between Chilean Mestizo and Chilean White should use this code. Language is Spanish (spa).
Majority religion is Christianity -




had been included previously under 106571, due to an error from a source




formerly assigned in error from source to 105669




name in Europe




majority of Panamanians; had been previously misfiled by a source under 106571




in US; Mixed Amerindian-White from various South American countries -WCE
Many may use Spanish as second language in Belize




some sources include this with Venezuelan, Spanish-speaking for all races of Spa\nish-speaking Venezuelans




National Language




33 monolinguals




2,000 monolinguals




800 monolinguals
78 monolinguals




2 monolinguals




Language extinct.




86.5% of population. This is probably too broad for the various countries included in the ROP Geopolitical
Index. Needs review.




Language extinct. Spanish is used




National Language




Pacabuy … an indigenous people of Colombia, in Caribbean coastal region of Colombia. They are located in the
municipalities of El Banco and San Martín in the departments of Magdalena and Bolivar. Agriculturalists.
National Language




National Language




20 speakers of Paraujano in 1975




Pasto … a large tribe of the Cauca Valley in southwestern Colombia at the time of the Spanish conquest, they
did not survive as a tribal entity. The last speakers of the aboriginal Pasto language died in the mid-1800s, and
the language died with them. Bu




Consider name change to "Afro-Peruvian" for standardization




National Language
Piajao … a people of Colombia. Tolima Region. Piajao (pij) language extinct in 1950s. Language use shifted to
Spanish (spa). Christian, traditional religion (WCD).




20 speakers; language almost extinct




Quichua, Mestizo … Quechua are an indigenous people (descendants of the Incas and the tribes they
conquered) found throughout the Andean mountains of western South America. Mestizo is a Spanish term
designating people of mixed European (Spaniard) and Amer




Quillacinga (Quillasinga, Killacinga) … a large Amerindian tribe living in southwestern Colombia and
northeastern Ecuador at the time of the Spanish conquest. Although neither the tribal language nor group
social identity survived the conquest, the Indian




Language nearly extinct
Language extinct




Totoro … a subtribe of the indigenous Paez Indians of Colombia. The Paez (Paece) Indians are a Paezan-
speaking group of farmers who live on the eastern slopes of the Central Cordillera mountain range of
Colombia, east of the department of Cauca, in the mu




National Language




National language
Yamana … a people and language of Chile. Patagonia, Isla Navarino, Puerto Williams, Ukika hamlet. Alt Names:
Tequenica, Yagan, Yaghan. Ethnic population: 100. Only 1 remaining speaker of Yamana (yag). Language use
has shifted to Spanish (Ethnologue 16).




Yanacona … an indigenous people whose ancient origins are likely with the Quechua of Peru but who today
reside in the department of Cauca's Colombian Massif, where the Central Cordillera mountain range and the
Magdalena, Caqueta, Cauca, and Patia rivers b




The Zenú or Sinú are a Colombian Amerindian tribe whose ancestral territory is composed of the valleys of the
Sinu and San Jorge rivers and the coast of the Caribbean around the Gulf of Morrosquillo. These lands lie within
the departments of Córdoba and S




50 speakers; Washington




20 speakers
Language of wider communication




Arab … a panethnicity of peoples of various ancestral origins, religious backgrounds and historic identities,
whose members on an individual basis, identify as such on one or more of linguistic, cultural, political, or
genealogical grounds (sourced Wikipe




Only in Kenya and Tanzania; Swahili-speaking
1,000 speakers




107 speakers; Washington
Suba speaking Suba (a Bantu) language as mother tongue




Suba-Simbiti … a people and language of Tanzania, Mara region, Tarime District, Nyamagaro, Nyamtinga,
Nyahongo, Kisumwa, Komuge, Nyamunga and Kyang'ombe Wards; Musoma Rural District, Nyankanga Ward;
Musoma Urban District, Bweri Ward. Alt Names: Kisuba, Ki




Subia … a people of Namibia, East Caprivi. Also in Botswana, Northwest District, Chobe Subdistrict, and in
Zambia, Western Province, southeast corner. 'Subiya' is the Tswana (tsn) name (Ethnologue 16).




Arab, Sudanese … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in
Sudan.
They speak Sudanese Arabic (APD). Berti language extinct.
Hamar … an ethnic group in the larger cluster of Kawahlas, who themselves are members of the Juhayna Arabs
of Sudan. The Juhaynas are a large group of Arabs in the Sudan, Chad, and Libya. They claim descent from
Arabs who colonized the Nile Valley during
Jew, Sudanese Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish
Manasir … the product of ethnogenesis between the Arab and the Nubian peoples of Sudan. Their population
today numbers more than one million people, most of whom are small farmers and workers living in north-
central Sudan. Virtually all of them are Muslim




some list these under Saudi Arab 108748; they have been a separate people since migration from the Saud
wars in mid-1800s; dialect still somewhat connected with South Hijazi Arabic ACW
Rubatab … the product of ethnogenesis between the Arab and the Nubian peoples of Sudan. Their population
today numbers more than one million people, most of whom are small farmers and workers living in north-
central Sudan. Virtually all of them are Muslim
Tobanga … a people and language of Chad, Tandjilé region, Tandjilé Est Department, Deressia Subprefecture
(Ethnologue 16).




Tunjur … a once powerful kingdom in Sudan whose power was eclipsed by the rise of the Fur empire in the
seventeenth century. A smaller Tunjur kingdom existed at the same time in the Wadai region of what is today
Chad. In Darfur Province of Sudan, there ar




It is unclear how sources intend this entity in relatoin to other "Arab" entities.
13.6% of Indonesian Population




Sunwar … a people and language of eastern Nepal, Janakpur zone, Ramechhap and Dolakha districts, east hills;
Sagarmatha zone, northwest Okhaldhunga District. Alt Names: Koyktsa, Koynts Lo, Kwoico Lo, Mukhiya,
Sonowal, Sonowar, Sunbar, Sunuwar, Sunwari, Ki
Related to Sa'och, Samre, Pear




not in Ivory Coast




Includes Dhuak, Dama & Chai. May include Tirma in Sudan in some databases




May be counted with Suri in some databases
Name "Mudjeterte" is offensive




This people may be considered as part of the Susu people now
May be a part of Susu people -- speak Susu (sus)




This people may be considered as part of the Susu people now




Source is Guinea National Research Network




Source is Guinea National Research Network




Bullom speaekrs with Susu language
Sundi … a people and language of Congo, Bouenza and Niari regions, Kimongo area, south and southeast from
Makabana to Democratic Republic of the Congo border. Alt Names: Suundi, Kisuundi, Suundi de Kimongo. A
member of the Kongo subgroup (Ethnologue 16).




Some databases may have separate entries for speakers of two dialects, Suwawa and Bunda




Possibly extinct




Svanetian … a people and language of Georgia, Svantetia region. Christian (Ethnologue 16).
Bajun … a people of mixed descent--Arab, Portuguese, and Somali--living along the coast of the Lower Juba
Region of Somalia, south of Kismayu, and in coastal Kenya. The Bajuni (Tikuu, Bajun), are a Swahili-speaking
people. Their population today is approx




Black African, generic … assimilated immigrants from Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, and countries across Africa (WCD).
Use this code to classify Black African diaspora peoples, undifferentiated by native country or language. Use
this code only where more detailed




Jew, Swahili Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish c




Pemba … one of the subgroups of the Shirazi (108953) people of the island of Zanzibar, off the coast of
northeastern Tanzania (Olson 1996).




Shirazi … a Swahili-speaking people of Tanzania. Their current population exceeds 280,000 people, all of whom
are Muslims. They occupy the islands off the northeastern coast of the country. The Shirazis descend from
Persian traders who arrived in the regi




Swahili … a people whose ethnogenesis is a relatively recent phenomenon, and ethnologists have had difficulty
describing them. Today, their population is approaching three million people, most of whom live on the islands
of Lamu, Mombasa, Pemba, Zanzibar,
Tumbato … one of the subgroups of the Shirazi (108953) people of the island of Zanzibar, off the coast of
northeastern Tanzania. Alt Name: Tumbatu (Olson 1996).




Zanzibari … also known as Hadimu … one of the subgroups of the Shirazi (108953) people of the island of
Zanzibar, off the coast of northeastern Tanzania. The Hadimus are considered by some to be indigenous to
Tanzania. They are of mixed ethnic origins, ha




Dalecarlian (dlc) is a language of Sweden. Speakers also use Swedish. With Ethnologue 16, this language code
has been retired and merged in Swedish (swe) as one of eight dialects of Swedish (swe).




Finns, Swedish-speaking … maintain a strong identity and are seen as a distinct subgroup of the Finnish people
or as a separate ethnic group or even a distinct nationality. Swedish-speaking Finns constitute a linguistic
minority in Finland (sourced Wikipe
Jew, Swedish Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish c




German, Swiss … a language of Switzerland. Alt Names: 'Schwyzerdutsch' in Switzerland, 'Allemanisch' in
Germany and Austria, 'Alsatian' in France'. 4,640,000 in Switzerland (2000 census). Population total all
countries: 6,469,000 (Ethnologue 16). Covers A




Not in Ivory Coast; Some sources confuse with Shenaara 107309 or Cebaara 109516 (which has a dialect
Ethnologue calls Southwest Senari
Sylhetti Bengali … a people and language of Bangladesh, districts of Sylhet, Sunamganj, Habiganj, Moulvibazar.
Also in Australia, Canada, India, Italy, Malaysia (Peninsular), Myanmar, Singapore, United Kingdom, United
States. Alt Names: Sileti, Siloti, Sy




Some people have separate listing for Taabwa, Rungu (109677) and separate sub-group Shila (Sila) 108644




Tabaru … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), north Maluku, Ibu, Jailolo, and Oba districts.
40 speak Tabasco Zoque (ZOQ). Rest speak Spanish as mother tongue
Berber, Tekna … a Sahrawi tribal confederation of Lamta Sanhaja Berber origins in southern Morocco and parts
of northern Western Sahara, but traditionally with wider migration routes. The Tekna tribes speak Hassaniya
Arabic (mey) and Berber Tachelhit (shi




ROP name based on language name
National Language
Jew, Tagalog Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near
East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in
the formation of diverse Jewish c




formerly DUPLICATED in 107710




Aborlan Tagbanwa … a people and language of the Philippines, Palawan, in scattered communities ranging
from about 120 kms. south to 60 kms. north of Puerto Princesa, on both sides of the island. 10,000 (2002 SIL).
Alt Names: Tagbanwa, Apurawnon, Tagbanua.




Includes two sub-groups; most sources count them together -- JP has separate populations 20000 Iberogan and
15000 Igdalen
Language nearly extinct




Tuareg, Ajjer … a dialect of Tamahaq, Tahaggart (thv), a language of Algeria, South Hoggar (Ajjer) Mountain
area, Hoggar, Tamanghasset area and south to Niger border. Alt Names: Hoggar, Ahaggaren, Tahaggart. 20,000
Hoggar. 'Tuareg' are the people. Muslim




Tuareg, Ifora … a people of Algeria. 'Tuareg' are the people. 'Iforas' is a region in western Tuareg country.
Camel nomads. Muslims 100% (WCD).




Tuareg, Tamastairt … a people and language of Algeria. Hoggar dialect in south Hoggar (Ajjer) Mountain area
around Tamanghasset and south to the Niger border. The Ghat dialect is in southeast Algeria around Ganet and
west. Also spoken in Libya, Niger. 'Tu
40 speakers. Bilingual in English




Tai … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Madang Province, southwest, Dundrom village. 900 (1990
UBS). Alt Names: Tay (Ethnologue 16).




Tai Daeng, Red Tai … a people and language of Vietnam. North central, Thanh Hoa Province, south of Sam
Nuea. Also in Laos (Northeast, near Vietnam border), Thailand, and the United States. Alt Names: Daeng, Môc-
Châu, Red Tai, Tai Deng, Tai Rouge, Táy-Môc-




50%-75% literate
Tay Jo … a people and language of Vietnam. North. Alt Names: Tai Do, Tay Muoi, Tay Quy Chau, Tay Yo, Tay-Jo.
Latin script (Ethnologue 16). May be same as Tai Yo of Khamouan Province, Laos (OBJ).




Tai Don, White Tai … a people and language of Vietnam. Northern Vietnam, along the Red and Black rivers;
south now settled mainly in Tung Nghia (Lam Dong Province). Alt Names: Tai Don, Tai Blanc, Tai Kao, Tai Lai,
Tay Khao, Thai Trang, White Tai. The Tai




Tai Kao … a people and language of Vietnam. Northern Vietnam, along the Red and Black rivers; south now
settled mainly in Tung Nghia (Lam Dong Province). Alt Names: Tai Don, Tai Blanc, Tai Kao, Tai Lai, Tay Khao,
Thai Trang, White Tai. The Tai Don have st




Traditional religion.
more common people name listing; Ethnologue spells the language name Tai Loi




Tai Long … a people and language of Laos. May be the same as Mao (nbi) (Tai0Long, Tai-Mao, Maw, Mau) on
Burma-Yunnan border, a variety of Dai in China (Ethnologue 16). This is not the same as ROP 115525 "Tai Mao"
of China and Thailand.




Tai Mao … a people of China and several neighboring Southeast Asian nations. The majority live in the Dehong
Dai Autonomous Prefecture in China's Yunnan Province. They are part of the official Dai nationality in China. In
Myanmar they are known as Mao Sha




Current sources do not report in Vietnam. Under Dai in China. Hinayana Buddhist, Polytheist.




Tai Pong … a dialect of Tai Nüa - (tdd), a language of China.
Jewish, Tajiki mother tongue -- some sources may combine with Bukharic Jew (Bukharic mother tongue)
104244
Hanafi Sunni Muslim




Bilingual in Farsi.
Many bilingual in Muna.
IlTalut … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku). Southwest Maluku, south central Wetar Island north of
East Timor, Hiay, Ilputih, Ilwaki villages. Alt Names: Talur, Galoleng, Iliwaki, Ilmedu, Ilwaki, Lir Talo. Swidden
agriculturalists: maize. Christ




Some speak Zaqatala dialect of North Azerbaijani.




Mostly integrated with Coreguaja. Language extinct




Tamagario … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), south coast area, south and east of Kayagar (kyt) and
west of Yaqay (jaq). Alt Names: Buru, Tamaraw, Wagow, Wiyagar. Fishermen; sago-gatherers. Christian,
traditional religion.




Dayak, Taman … native to Indonesia (Kalimantan), west Kalimantan Province, Kapuas Hulu regency, Kapuas
River, upriver from Putussibau. Alt Name: Taman Dayak. Not the same as 109774 Tamiang (which lists "Taman
Dayak" as Alt Name).
Different from Ghadames, who speak a different language




Tuareg, Kidal … a people of Mali, Central, Timbuktu area, and northeast mali. Also in Algeria, Burkina Faso.
Adi Dravida … a scheduled caste of India, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Pondicherry. The name means "first
Dravidians". They speak Tamil (tam) and use the Tamil script. Alt Names: Madiga, Chakkiliyan. There are both
Hindu and Christian communities (POI Vol. I




Agamudaiyan … a community of India, Tamil Nadu, Kerala. The Agamudaiyan (Aghamudiyar) are a subgroup of
Maravar. They speak Tamil (tam) and write in the Tamil script (POI Vol. V., pp. 2220-2224). Alt Names:
Agambadia, Ambalakaram, Maruar, Marumaravar, Mu
Bania, Chetti … a community of India: Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. They
speak Tamil (tam) and use the Tamil script.
Idayan … a community of India. In Tamil Nadu, they are also known as Konar, Yadava, Ydaiyan. They speak
Tamil (tam) and use the Tamil script. In Maharashtra, the Konar are also called Idaiyar or Yadavar. They are
Hindu (POI Vol. V, pp. 1302-1303).




Possible DUPLICATE of 109788 Tamil
Kaikolan … a community of India. A large community, they are distributed in Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Kerala
and Andhra Pradesh. In Tamil Nadu, the Kaikolan inhabit the South Arcot, North Arcot, Chengleput, Madurai,
Dharmapuri and Thanjavur districts. They




Kallan … a community of India. Also known as Mukkulathor, a dominant community of Tamil Nadu, they claim
that the term kallar refers to a master or landlord. (Kallan in OMID; Kallar in POI). The Kallar of Thanjavur, also
called Kallen, Thanchai Kallar or
Kuda Korava … a semi-nomadic community found in Tamil Nadu. They prefer to call themselves Korava or Kuda
Korava and are also known as Yerukulavandhi and Korchavandhi. They speak Tamil (tam) and use the Tamil
script. Basket-weaving is the main occupation




Maha Malasar … a community of India. Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu. They speak Tamil (tam) and practice
Hinduism. Alt Names: Malai Malasar, Mala Arasar, Kumatti, Makkal (OMID).
Malayali … a community of India. The Malayali are a scheduled tribe of Tamil Nadu. They also call themselves
Malaikaran or Male Gounder, while others refer to them as Malai Jati, Malai Gounden or Malaikaran. They are
predominantly found in the Jawadi hill
Pattanavan … a community of India. Tamil Nadu (Tirunelveli, South Arcot and Chennai districts) and
Pondicherry (coastal belt). Alt Names: Karaiyan, Meenavar. They speak Tamil (tam) and use the Tamil script.
They practice Hinduism. Fishing is the tradition
Rawther … a community of India: Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry and Kerala. They are one of four Tamil-speaking
Muslim groups. The Rawther belong to the Sunni sect of Muslims and the Hanafi school of belief. They are said
to have come to India as horse traders fr
Tamil Hindu … a linguistic and ethnic group native to Tamil Nadu, a state in India and the north-eastern region
of Sri Lanka. They speak Tamil (tam), with a recorded history going back two millennia. Emigrant communities
are found across the world, notabl




Tamil Muslim … a linguistic and ethnic group native to Tamil Nadu, a state in India and the north-eastern region
of Sri Lanka. They speak Tamil (tam), with a recorded history going back two millennia. Emigrant communities
are found across the world, notab




Tamil, Sri Lankan … a Tamil community with historic roots in Sri Lanka. Alt Name: Ceylon Tamil, Eelam Tamil,
Jaffna Tamil. According to anthropological evidence, Sri Lankan Tamils have lived on the island since the 2nd
century BCE. Most modern Sri Lankan




Thigala … a community of India. Karnataka. Bangalore, Kolar and Tumkur districts. Alt Names: Agnikula
Kshatriya, Vannikula Kshatriya, Tigala. They speak Tamil (tam) and Kannada (kan) and use the Kannada script.
They practice Hinduism (POI Vol. VI, pp. 350
Valaiyar … a community of India. They are distributed only in the coastal part of Ramanathapuram district of
Tamil Nadu. The Valaiyar derive their name from the Tamil word valai, meaning net. Their traditional
occupation is fishing. They speak Tamil (tam)




Vannan … a community of India. Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Pondicherry. In Tamil Nadu, the Vannan identify
themselves as Peru Vannan, Tulukku Vannan or Pandya Vannan. They speak Tamil (tam) and use the Tamil
script. In Pondicherry, the Vannan are also known as




Vanniyan … a community of India. Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh. Alt Names: Vaniyar, Vania Chetti,
Vaniga Vaisya, Konkani Vaisya, Vanika Vaisya, Chakkan, Chekkan, Vanika Chetti, Vinia Vysya. They speak Tamil
(tam) and practice Hinduism (OMID).
Taram
Taram, Temki … a subgroup of Sokoro (109379), Taram, Temki are found in Chad, Guera region, Bahr Signaka
Department, Melfi Subprefecture, about 60 kms. northeast of Melfi. Tamki village. Language is Tamki (tax), not
inherently intelligible with Sokoro (so




Related to Laman, also to Bahnar (Viet nam) and alak 1 (Laos)
18 speakers; Alaska




Tanapag … a people and language of Northern Mariana Islands, west central coast of Saipan, Tanapag
community. Alt Names: Northern Carolinian, Tallabwog (Ethnologue 16).




Nearly extinct language




Antandroy … The Antandroy (Tandruy), or "people of the thorn bush," live between the Mandrare and Menara
rivers in far southern Madagascar. Their contemporary population exceeds 600,000 people. Many ethnologists
classify the Antanosy as a subgroup of the




Mahafaly … The Mehafaly (Mahafali) people are one of Madagascar's ethnic groups. With a population today
of approximately 150,000 people, they are concentrated west of the Antandroy (100382) people, between the
Manarandra and Onilahy rivers. Their ethnic




Tanalana … not to be confused with the Tanala (109805) of eastern Madagascar, the Tanalanas are a small
ethnic group of western Madagascar who live in close proximity, economically and geographically, with the
Vezus, a subgroup of the Sakalavas (108531).




Language is extinct; all speak Pijin or Teano
Tangko … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), West of Nakai (nkj), Kawemaot village (Ethnologue 16).
Speak same language as Retuama




Antanosimboahangy … a small tribe of Madagascar, in the town of Anosimboahangy (Sibree 1893), a town of
4,000 - 5,000 inhabitants (Rabenoro, p. 478) in the district of Andilamena, which is a part of Alaotra-Mangoro
Region in Toamasina Province. Related to




Antanosy … a subgroup of the Antandroy (100382) peoples of the plains of Madagascar. Their population today
exceeds 350,000 people, most of whom live in and around Faradofay. They can also be found in the Onilahy
River Valley and northward in Manja, Miand




Tapei … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, East Sepik Province, Karawari Rural District; Awim and
Imboin villages, Arafundi River area. 290 (2005). Also use some Tok Pisin (tpi) (Ethnologue 16).
Only a few elderly speakers. Use Ticano or Nhengatu




Berber, Rifi … a people of Morocco, northern Morocco. Also in Algeria, Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands,
Spain. 1,500,000 in Morocco (1991). Population total all countries: 1,700,000. Fishermen. Muslim (Ethnologue
16).




Truku … one of fourteen indigenous tribes recognized by the Council of Indigenous People in Taiwan. The Truku
are found in central Taiwan; mountains north, Puli area; coast south of Hualien. Alt Names: Bu-Hwan, Che-
Hwan, Daiya-Ataiyal, Hogo, Iboho, Paran,
470 monolinguals




All speak at least one other Tucanoan language
Somewhat bilingual in Spanish
Tavoyan … a language of Myanmar, southeast. 400,000 (2000 D. Bradley). A better known variety of
nonstandard Burmese with profound pronunciation and vocabulary differences from Burmese (mya). Buddhist
(Ethnologue 16).




Tawande … one of several subgroups of Northern Nambiquara (107453), an Amerindian people of Brazil,
Rondonia, Pyrineus de Souza village, near Vilhena town. Nearly extinct (Ethnologue 16).
Tawang Monpa … a group of the Monpa who inhabit the Tawang district of Arunachal Pradesh, India. They
refer to themselves as Brahmi Monpa. They speak the Monkit dialect of Monpa, another name for Monpa,
Tawang (twm). The Tawang Monpa follow the Lamaistic




High degree of bilingualism and acculturation in Viet nam. Related to Nung, and to Zhuang, Southern in China.
Tho is a derogatory name.
mixed French-Vietnamese (Annamese is another name for Vietnamese)




Tay Khang … a people and language of Laos, Khammouan Province. Possibly in Vietnam. Some problem in
classification and confusion with Khang (kjm) of Vietnam (Ethnologue 16).




Tay Sa Pa … a people and language of Vietnam. Lao Cai Province, Muong Khuong District. Alt Names: Tai Sa Pa
(Ethnologue 16).




Tuareg, Air … one of the Tuareg peoples of Niger. Central, Agadez area. The Tuareg are a nomadic people.




see also




ROP name based on language name; Tuat and Gourara, the two dialect names (commonly entered as people
names), are Oasis names
Tchitchege … a people and language of Gabon, Mboua village, on the road south from Franceville to Boumango
(Ethnologue 16).




Tchumbuli … a people and language of Benin, Departement des Collines, Save and Ouessi subprefectures, 3
villages: Okounfo, Edaningbe, and Gbede. 2,500 (2000 SIL). Alt Names: Basa, Chombulon, Tchombolo,
Tshummbuli. Also use Ede Cabe (cbj), Maxi Gbe (mxi),




Teanu is preferred name.




Dogon (102662) retired and 14 new "Dogon" entries created. Dogon, Tebul Ure … a people native to Mali,
Mopti region, Koro Circle, Diankabou District (Ethnologue 16).




Totonaca, Tecpatalan … an indigenous Mesoamerican people living today in east central Mexico, northeast
Puebla state, Tecpatlan village, 2 communities NW on tributary of Necaxa River. Most similar to Upper Necaxa
Totonac [tku]. The 600 member community of
Tee … a people and language of Nigeria, Rivers state, Tai LGA. Alt Names: Tai. Previously regarded as a dialect
of Khana (ogo). Has a number of sounds not found in Khana (Ethnologue 16).
in Patagonia; Thought to be extinct; maybe one or two individuals




2 monolinguals




Aboo … a people of Congo, Pool region east to Congo River. Also in Democratic Republic of the Congo. Alt
Names: Bamboma, Boma, Boo, Central Teke, Eboo Teke, Eboom, Iboo, Teke-Boma (Ethnologue 16). Previously
recognized as a dialect of Central Teke and ass




Teke, South Central … a people of Congo, Pool region. Fuumu is north of Brazzaville; Wuumu is north and
northwest to Lefini River. Alt Names: Kiteke, Teke du Pool (Ethnologue 16).




Teke, Southern … a people of Congo, Plateaux Province, Lekana District, east of Leketi River. Alt Names: Teke-
Kukuya, Chikuya, Kikuwa, Koukouya, Kukwa (Ethnologue 16).




Teke-Laali … a people of Congo, Lekoumou region, south of Komono. Alt Names: Ilaali (Ethnologue 16).
Previously recognized as a dialect of Western Teke and associated with 110806 Teke, Western.




Teke, Central … a people of Congo, Plateaux region, around Djambala. Alt Names: Njiunjiu, Njyunjyu, Teke-
Nzikou (Ethnologue 16). Former Boo dialect of Teke, Central splits away as ROP 115380 Aboo, speaking Teke-
Eboo (ebo), following Ethnologue 15.
Teke, Northern … a people of Congo, Cuvette region, Ewo and Okoyo districts; Plateaux region, Abala District,
west of Mpama River. Also in Gabon. Alt Names: Teke-Tege, Iteghe, Teghe, Teke Alima, Teke Kali (Ethnologue
16).




Teke, Western … a people of Congo, North Lekoumou region, east of Mossendjo. Also in Gabon. Alt Names:
Tsaayi, Getsaayi, Tsaya, Tsaye, Tsayi (Ethnologue 16).




Teke-Tyee … a people of Congo, Lekoumou region, Bouenza. Alt Names: West Teke (Ethnologue 16). Previously
recognized as a dialect of Western Teke and associated with 110806 Teke, Western.




Tectiteco … a people and language of Guatemala. Area of Tectitan, Cuilco. Also in Mexico. Chiapas,
Amatenango de la Frontera and Mazapa de Madero. Alt Names: Tektiteko, Maya-Tekiteko, Teco, Tectitan
Mam, Tectitec, Tectiteco, "Teko". Latin script (Ethnolog




Adi Andhra … a scheduled caste of India, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Orissa. Alt Names: Mala,
Madiga, Panchama, Thoti. Telugu (tel) is the mother tongue but most also speak one or more regional
languages including Kannada (kan), Tamil (tam), O
"Kshatriya" is one of the four Hindu societal classes (Varna) and refers to "warriors, nobility, and
administrators, wielding political power." A number of communities claim the status of Kshatriya but the
number of such communities apart from the Rajput
Bandi in India have no relation to Bandi in Liberia
Bania, Komti … a community of India: Orissa, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Referenced in POI as
Vaisya/Vysya. Vaisya is a preferred term in northern, western and eastern India. In southern India, Bania is the
preferred term. In the listed states




Bania, Lingayat … a community of India: Karnataka, also in the urban areas of Madhya Pradesh. Also known as
Vani Bania, they are mostly followers of the Lingayat cult of Shaivism and are called Lingayat Vani. The speak
Marathi (mar) and use the Devanagari




Bania, Trivarnika Vaisya … a community of India: Andhra Pradesh. Also called Trivarnika Vaishnava, Trinikha and
Traivarnikulu. Telugu (tel) is their mother tongue. They are multi-lingual and are conversant with the Kannada
(kan), tamil (tam), Urdu (urd) a




Bazigar, Hindu … a community of India. The Bazigar are distributed in Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir,
Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and the union territories of Chandigarh and Delhi. In Uttar Pradesh, the
Bazigar speak Hindi (hin). In Jammu and Kash




Bedar, Hindu … a community of India, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh. Alt Names: Boya,
Chundinayakulu, Donga Boya, Dora, Kavelivaru, Nishada, Sabari, Talari. A scheduled Caste of Maharashtra.
Agriculture is their main occupation. Endoga
Boya … a community of India. Synonymously known as Bestha, Kirathaka, Nayakudu, Sabari, Nishad, Talari, etc.,
the Boya are spread throughout Andhra Pradesh but their larger concentration is in the Kurnool, Anantapur,
Cuddapah and Guntur districts. The Boy




Budabukkala … a community of India: Andhra Pradesh, Rayalaseema region. Speak Telugu (tel) and use Telugu
script. Alt Names: Dasarivandlu, Budabukkalollu, Budabudike (POI Vol. IV, p. 563).
Dakkal … a community of India. They are distributed in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. Alt
Names: Dakkaliga, Dakkala, Dakkalwar, Dakaleru, Dokkalwar. Telugu (tel) is their mother tongue, but they are
also conversant with the Urdu (urd) and Hind




Devanga … a community of India. The Devanga inhabit Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
and the union territory of Pondicherry. This community is spread over fifty-four districts of the country. Their
two main linguistic social groups, T
Different from Dom Gypsy with Domari lang and Dom peoples of India




Gandla … a community of India. Karnataka, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Kerala. Alt
Names: Gandalla, Tilikula, Ganiga, Ganugavandlu, Onteddu, Rendeddula, Saduchetti, Chakkan, Gandli,
Garpagari. They speak Telugu (tel) and use its script
Gangani … a backward caste of India, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.




Idiga … a community of India. In Karnataka, they have synonymns like Halepaid, Ediga and Iliga. They inhabit
the Bangalore, Chikmagalur, Chitradurga, Shimoga, Hassan and Tumkur districts. They speak Kannada (kan) and
use the Kannada script. In Andhra Prad
Kaikala … a community of India. A Telugu-speaking community, the Kaikala live in the coastal and Rayalaseema
districts of Andhra Pradesh. They are also referred to as Kaikala, Kykala and Kaikalollu, but they prefer to
address themselves as Karikala Bhakth
New from Omid, 7/20/01




Kampa … a community of India, Orissa. Claim to be migrants from Andhra Pradesh. Name derives from the
word "Kapu" meaning a watchman. Their mother tongue is Telugu and they use the Telugu (tel) script. They are
also conversant with the regional language O
Konda Dhora … a community of India. Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. Mainly concentrated in Visakhapatnam and
Vizianagaram districts of Andhra Pradesh. Alt Names: Chinna, Konda Dora, Kondora, Kondra, Kalandi Vaishnab.
They speak Telugu (tel) and practice Hindui




Konda Reddi … a scheduled tribe of India. Also known as Pandava Reddi, they inhabit Andhra Pradesh. The
name Konda Reddi is derived from the words konda meaning hill, and reddy meaning headman. They are
distributed in the East and West Godavari districts




Kummari … a community of India. Alt Names: Kummara, Kumbara, Kummeri. They are also known as Kulala or
Salivahana in Andhra Pradesh. The term 'kummara' is derived from the Sanskrit word 'kumbhakar', meaning
potter. There are two subgroups under the Telugu
Mala … a scheduled caste of India. They are mainly concentrated in Andhra Pradesh but are also found in Tamil
Nadu, Pondicherry, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh. Telugu (tel) is the mother tongue but most
also speak one or more regional languag
New from Omid, 7/20/01
Mala Sanyasi … a community of India. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra. They speak Telugu (tel) and
practice Hinduism (OMID).




Mangala … a community of India, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra. Alt Name: Mangali. The Mangala
are the barber community. They speak Telugu (tel) and use its script. (POI Vol. V, pp. 2176-2179). GeoID
234771 previously misassigned to ROP 112848 M
Mukha Dhora … a community of India. They are also referred to as Nooka Dora and Mukha Dora. They are
distributed in the Vishakapatnam, Srikakulam and Vizianagaram districts of Andhra Pradesh. They speak Telugu
(tel) both within the family and with others.




Munnur … a community of India. Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Telengana regions. Also in Bangladesh.
They speak Telugu (tel) and use the Telugu script. Alt Names: Kapu, Munnuru. There are both landowning and
landless people among the Munnur. They practic




Muthrasi … a community of India. Andhra Pradesh (Cuddapah, Nellore, Prakasam, Anantapur, Chittoor, Krisna,
Guntur and Kurnool districts) and Tamil Nadu (Trichy, Thanjavur and Pudukkottai districts). Alt Names:
Muthuraja, Muthuracha, Muttiriyan, Muttiriyar
Pichakuntla … a community of India. Also known as Vartanakapu, Ghantavaru, Pichukuntala, Pitchiguntala and
Pitchiguntla, the Pichakuntla are found in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. In Andhra Pradesh, the Pichiguntla
are distributed in Rayalaseema and Tela
Razu … a community of India. Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu. Concentrated in the West Godavari and East
Godavari distircts of Andhra Pradesh. Alt Names: Surava, Raju, Rachawar, Rajawar, Chitrakar. They speak
Telugu (tel) and practice Hinduism (OMID).




Reddi Dhora … a community of India. A scheduled tribe of Andhra Pradesh. the inhabit the agency tracts of the
Vishakapatnam district. They speak Telugu (tel) and use the Telugu script (POI Vol. VI, p. 3005).




Reddiyar … a community of India. Alt Names: Reddy, Reddiar, Kapu. A large dominant community of Andhra
Pradesh, the Reddy are also distributed in Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Karnataka, Kerala, Orissa and Maharashtra
and are concentrated in 36 districts. Telu
Sarekari … a community of India. Maharashtra, Raigarh District. Alt Names: Sare. They speak Telugu (tel) and
practice Hinduism (OMID).
A community of India: Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. They speak Telugu (tel) as their mother tongue. In
Karnataka they also speak Kannada (knn). Also known as Kapu, Naidu or Dora (POI Vol. VI, pp. 3459-3460).




Telugu … a major ethnolinguistic people group of India, Andhra Pradesh and neighboring states. Also in
Bahrain, Canada, Fiji, Malaysia (Peninsular), Mauritius, Singapore, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, United
States. Telugu (tel) is the state languag
Valmiki … a community of India; a Scheduled Tribe of Andhra Pradesh. They are concentrated in the
Vishakhapatnam district. The Valmiki speak Telugu (tel). The majority follow Hinduism, but a number of Valmiki
have embraced Christianity (POI Vol. VI, pp. 3
Many may have shifted to Arabic




Only 100 speakers. Most speak Portugese
Tembo … a people and language of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sud-Kivu and Nord-Kivu provinces,
Kalehe Territory. Alt Names: Chitembo, Kitembo, Nyabungu. Different from Tembo [tmv] in the Ngombe group,
Tembo [mwn] (Tambo) in the Nyika-Safwa group, an




Tembo, Motembo … a people and language of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equateur Province, Sud
Ubangi, Equateur, Budjala and Bomongo districts, Libanza, Bokele, and Bosanga villages on Banga-Melo River; 1
or 2 villages on Mongala River southwest of Ak




Sonjo … a people and language of Tanzania. Arusha region, Ngorongoro District, north central near Kenya
border, Maasai area. 7 villages: Sale (Eroghata), Mdito, Samunge (Soyeta), Digodigo (Ebwe), Kisangiro (Raghari),
Mugholo (Gheeri), Oldonyo Sambu (Kura)




Semi-Nomadic




850 monolinguals
Dogon (102662) retired and 14 new "Dogon" entries created. Dogon, Tene Kan … a people native to Mali,
Bankass nearly to Koro (Ethnologue 16).




Ethnically distinct




Diahoi … native to Brazil, Amazonas, Rio Marmelos. Diahoi is one of six recognized dialects of Tenharim (pah).
Alt Name: Jahui, Giahoi. Also use Portuguese (por)




Parintintin … native to Brazil, Amazonas. Parintintin is one of six recognized dialects of Tenharim (pah). Also use
Portuguese (por)




Tenharim … native to Brazil, Amazonas. Tenharim is one of six recognized dialects of Tenharim (pah). Alt Name:
Tenharem, Tenharin). Alsu use Portuguese (por)




200 speakers; Oregon
850 monolinguals




2,500 monolinguals
Krumen, Tepo … a people and language of Côte d’Ivoire, southwest, Tabou and Grabo subprefectures. Also in
Liberia. 28,300 in Côte d’Ivoire. Population total all countries: 31,210. All Krumen: 48,300. Alt Names:
Kroumen, Kru, Krumen, Southern Krumen, South




Lapp is derogatory; only 6 still speak Saami; Russian Mother tongue




Buin … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, southern Bougainville Province, Buin District. Alt Names:
Terei, Rugara, Telei




Many speak limited Portuguese
5 speakers in Costa Rica




Terik … a people and language of Kenya, Rift Valley Province, Uasin Gishu District; Nandi District. 262,000
(2007), increasing. Alt Names: Nyang'ori. Similar to Nandi (niq). Also use Kiswahili (swh) (Ethnologue 16). A sub-
group of the Kalenjin (104472) cl




Ethnologue 16th - Termanu (twu) … a language of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara) … 30,000 (2002 UKAW) … Central
Rote Island, Termanu, Keka, Talae, Korbafo, Bokai domains; Kupang, West Timor, and Jakarta




Ternate … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), north Maluku, Ternate, Kayoa, Bacan, Obi islands,
coastal communities on western Halmahera. Ternate (tft) is similar to Tidore (tvo). 20,000 second Language
users
Mening … a people of Uganda, East, Katakwi (mainly), Soroti, Kaberamaido, Kumi, Pallisa, and Tororo districts.
Mening is one of two dialects of Teso (teo). Mening in Madial area, Nangeya Mountains north end (Ethnologue
16).




thousands of second language users.
Second language speakers throughout East Timor




260 monolinguals; rest highly bilingual, ome native Spanish speakers




Tewa … native to Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), central Pantar. 5,000 (Wurm and Hattori 1981). Not the same as
Tewa (109984) in United States (Ethnologue 16).




Tewa … native to United States, New Mexico, North of Santa Fe; Arizona at Hano on Hopi Reservation. 1,300
(2000 census), decreasing. Not the same as Tewa (115035) in Indonesia
427 speakers




850 monolinguals




Tha … a people and language of Nigeria, Taraba state, near Lau. Alt Names: Joole Manga, Kapawa (Ethnologue
16).




Kuki, Changsen … a tribal community of India, Assam state, Cachar district. The Changsen are a sub-tribe of the
Kuki (OMID), a scheduled tribe of Assam, Nagaland and Tripura. Kuki is a generic term used for the people who
migrated to different parts of no




Kuki, Chongthir … a tribal community of India, Assam, Nagaland and Tripura states. The Chongthir are a sub-
tribe of the Kuki (OMID), a scheduled tribe of Assam, Nagaland and Tripura. Kuki is a generic term used for the
people who migrated to different par




Kuki, Kholhang … a tribal community of India, Assam state, Cachar district. The Kholhang are a sub-tribe of the
Kuki (OMID), a scheduled tribe of Assam, Nagaland and Tripura. Kuki is a generic term used for the people who
migrated to different parts of no
Kuki, Khongsai … a tribal community of India, Assam state, North Cachar Hills district. The Khongsai are a sub-
tribe of the Kuki (OMID), a scheduled tribe of Assam, Nagaland and Tripura. Kuki is a generic term used for the
people who migrated to different




Kuki, Lengthang … a tribal community of India, Nagaland state, Kohima and Dimapur districts. The Lengthang
are a sub-tribe of the Kuki (OMID), a scheduled tribe of Assam, Nagaland and Tripura. Kuki is a generic term
used for the people who migrated to dif




Kuki, Lnykin … a tribal community of India, Nagaland and Tripura states. The majority are found in the Kohima
and Dimapur districts of Nagaland. The Lnykin are a sub-tribe of the Kuki (OMID), a scheduled tribe of Assam,
Nagaland and Tripura. Kuki is a ge




Kuki, Singjit … a tribal community of India, Nagaland and Tripura states. The majority are found in the Kohima
and Dimapur districts of Nagaland. The Singjit are a sub-tribe of the Kuki (OMID), a scheduled tribe of Assam,
Nagaland and Tripura. Kuki is a




Kuki, Sokte … a tribal community of India, Manipur state, Senapati and Ukhrul districts. The Sokte are a sub-
tribe of the Kuki (OMID), a scheduled tribe of Assam, Nagaland and Tripura. Kuki is a generic term used for the
people who migrated to different p
Jew, Thai Speaking … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in the
formation of diverse Jewish comm




Lao Ti … a people of Thailand. Ratchaburi province, Chom Bung district, Ban Goh and Non Ban Gau villages. The
Lao Ti originate from Vientiane in Laos where they were ox-cart drivers who transported goods and materials.
Their ancestors where taken as slave




Thai Islam, Central … a people of Thailand. Language is Central Thai (tha). What distinguishes this entity from
101940 - Thai, Central is their Islamic faith. While a majority of Central Thai speakers in Thailand are Thervada
Buddhists--the term "Thai" is




Official Language. Medium of Education and most mass communications Including 400,000 Khorat; 4,704,000
ethnic Chinese who speak Thai as mother tongue.




Thai, Khorat … a people of Thailand. Central, Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Chok Chai District, Ban Nung Thap
Prang and Ban Nong Samrong villages. Also in smaller villages in and around Nakhon Ratchasima City. The
Khorat Thai report that their ancestors wer




Chimtan … an ethnic group of Nepal. Though the Chimtan number only around 300, they have been
acknowledged as one of the 61 official people groups of Nepal. The Chimtan inhabit one of the villages
between Kagbeni and Tukche in the District of Mustang. The
Panchgaunle … a people of Nepal. Dhaulagiri zone, Mustang District, Thak Khola, mid Kali Gandaki Valley, with
Annapurna Himal on one side and Dhaulagiri Himal on the other, Tatopani village south to Jomosom north.
Many live outside the area. Tukche is cul




Thakali … a people and language of Nepal, Dhaulagiri zone, Mustang District, Thak Khola, mid Kali Gandaki
Valley, with Annapurna Himal on one side and Dhaulagiri Himal on the other, Tatopani village south to
Jomosom north. Many live outside the area. Tukc




Thakali Marphali … a people of Nepal, Dhaulagiri zone, Mustang District, Narpha village. The Marphali are
recognized as an official nationality. They speak the Marpha dialect of Thakali (ths) and practice Tibetan
Buddhism (Ethnologue 16).




Thakali Syantan … a people of Nepal, Dhaulagiri zone, Mustang District, Syang, Thini, Chhairo and Chimang
villages. The Syangtan are recognized as an official nationality. They speak the Syang (Yhulkasom) dialect of
Thakali (ths) and practice Tibetan Budd




Taiwanese-speaking
Tho … a people of Vietnam, mainly found in Nghe An and Thanh Hoa provinces. This Tho group is distinct from
the group named Tho [109909] comprised of the Tay that previously lived in the Viet Bac region. The Tho live
at the crossroads between the plains a




500 speakers. Bilingual in English




Thu Lao … a people and language of Vietnam. Central and northeast, near the China border, Cao Bàng, Lang
Son, Hà Giang, Tuye Quang, Bác Thái, Quang Ninh, Hà Bac, Lam Dòng provinces. Some settled south in Tung
Nghia and Song Mao. Possibly also in Laos. Tra
Bhotia, Buddhist … a community of India. A generic term, the name Bhotia is used for several of the groups of
people living in the foothills of the Himalayas (POI Vol. IV, pp. 456-458). Alt Names: Bhutia of Sikkim, Ronhkip,
Mutanchi. They are distributed
Bhotia, Buddhist Tibetan … a community of India. A generic term, the name Bhotia is used for several of the
groups of people living in the foothills of the Himalayas (POI Vol. IV, pp. 456-458). Alt Names: Bhotia of Tibet.
They are distributed in Assam, Mi




Hsifan … a people of Myanmar. Refugees, settlers from Tibet, most since 1950. Alt Names: Muli. Language is
Horpa (ero). Lamaist Buddhists (WCD)
Tibetan Nationality




Tikuna … a people and language of Brazil. West Amazonas. Also in Colombia (Amazon River) and Peru
(Northeast Amazon River region, from Chimbote in Peru to San Antonio do Ica in Brazil). Alt Names: Ticuna,
Tukuna, Maguta. Latin script (Ethnologue 16).




Two sub-groups, Tidikelt and Tit; name absed on Ethnologue name
Tidong … a people and language of Indonesia (Kalimantan). East Kalimantan Province, Bulungan Regency,
Sembakung and Sibuka rivers, coast and islands around Tarakan and interior, Malinau River. Also in Malaysia
(Sabah). Alt Names: Camucones, Tedong, Tidoen




Tidore … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), north Maluku, Tidore, Maitara, Mare, north half of Moti
Islands; Halmahera west coast areas. Tidore (tvo) is similar to Ternate (tft). About 20,000 second language
speakers




Only 1,000 first language speakers; others speak Jula




Mainly in Mali
Mbembe, Tigon … a people and language of Cameroon. North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Ako
Subdivision, north of Nkambe. Also in Nigeria. Taraba state, Sardauna LGA, Kurmi District. Alt Names: Akonto,
Tigon, Tigong, Tigum, Tigun, Tikun. Distinct




Mensa … one of the principal ethnic groups of the Hamasen District in the central region of Eritrea and in
Ethiopia. They speak the Tegrigna language and placed a central role in the Eritrean secessionist movement
and Ethiopian civil war in the 1970s. Alt




Tigre … nomadic pastoralists who live in northern and western Eritrea and Tigre provinces in Ethiopia. Their
population numbers several million. Most of them are Muslims. As a people they are closely related to the
Tigrinya. The Tigres raise cattle, camel




Tigray-Tigrigna … a people and language of Ethiopia. Tigray Province. Also in Canada, Djibouti, Eritrea (South
and central), Germany, and Israel. Alt Names: Tigray, Tigrinya, Tigrai. Ethiopic script. Christian, Muslim
(Ethnologue 16). People are called by




Rotinese, Tii … a people and language of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), Rote Island southwest, Tii domain, east of
Dela-Oenale, west of Lole, south of Dengka. Alt Names: Rote, Rote Barat, Roti, Rotinese, Thie, Ti, Western Rote
(Ethnologue 16).




800 monolinguals
Nearly extinct




900 monolinguals
Languages of Sambal and Ayta group are similar; ethnicities may be referred to by either name in sources
Ikalahan, Kalanguya … a people of the Philippines, Luzon, Hungduan, Tinoc barrio. Alt Names: Tinoc Kalangoya
(Ethnologue 16).
Tirahi … a people and language of Afghanistan, southeast of Jalalabad, west of Khyber Pass, Nangarhar village.
Few elderly Speakers of language (tra); most have shifted to Southern Pashto (pbt). Ethnic population: Possibly
5,000. Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Tururay … a people and language of the Philippines, Upi, Cotabato, Mindanao. 50,000 (2002 SIL). Ethnic
Population: 50,000. Alt Names: Teduray, Tirurai (Ethnologue 16).
Entity formerly designated in Ethnologue as dialect Tlapaneco, Malinaltepec




550 monolinguals




135 speakers
Mixe, Tlahuitoltepec, Oaxaca … a people and language of Mexico, Northeast Oaxaca; central Oaxaca, around
Albarradas Zapoteco. 3 towns. 5,000 (1991 SIL). Alt Names: West Central Mixe. Agriculturalists (Ethnologue
16).




135 speakers in Canada
Tobian … a people and language of Palau. Tobi (Hatohobei) Island and near the capitol. Alt Names: Hatohobei,
Tobi. Official language in state of Tobi (Ethnologue 16).




Different frpom Assurini do Xingu
Moro Hills (Tacho) … a people and language of Sudan. North, Talodi, Moro Hills. Alt Names: Tocho, Tacho,
Toicho. Also use Sudanese Arabic (apd). Latin script (Ethnologue 16).




different from Tagbu people in Dem Rep of Congo




11,819 speakers; Arizona and Mexico
7,700 monolinguals




Young people are Japanese speakers
300 tol speakers. Others speak Spanish




Tolaki, Asera … a people and language of Indonesia (Sulawesi). Asera is one of five dialects of Tolaki (lbw).




Tolaki, Konawe … a people and language of Indonesia (Sulawesi). Konawe is one of five dialects of Tolaki (lbw).
Southeast Sulawesi, Konawe, South Konawe, Kolaka and North Kolaka districts (Ethnologue 16).




Tolaki, Laiwui … a people and language of Indonesia (Sulawesi). Laiwui is one of five dialects of Tolaki (lbw).




Tolaki, Mekongga … a people and language of Indonesia (Sulawesi). Mekongga is one of five dialects of Tolaki
(lbw). Mekongga in Mekongga Mountains, near west edge Soroako (Ethnologue 16).




Tolaki, Wiwirano … a people and language of Indonesia (Sulawesi). Wiwirano is one of five dialects of Tolaki
(lbw).
Dogon (102662) retired and 14 new "Dogon" entries created. Dogon, Tomo Kan … a people native to Mali,
large area southwest of Bankass. Also in Burkina Faso (Ethnologue 16).




Not related to Tonga people of Malawi, Zimbabwe or Zambia or Tongans of Tonga




Language extinct; they speak Tongan




Some sources may include with Tonga 104835
Some sources may include with Tonga 104835




same lang as Tonga Zambezi in Zimbabwe but different enough to be separate ethnicity




different from Tonga group speaking Ndau language 114838
Only 40 speakers
Dogon (102662) retired and 14 new "Dogon" entries created. Dogon, Toro So … a people native to Mali, cliff
dwellers from Yendoumman to Idyeli (Ethnologue 16).




Dogon (102662) retired and 14 new "Dogon" entries created. Dogon, Toro Tegu … a people native to Mali, east
of Douentza 80 km along a paved road. Approximately 15 villages (Ethnologue 16).




Language nearly extinct
Turvali … a people and language of Pakistan, Swat Kohistan, both sides of Swat River, beyond Madyan north to
Asrit (between Mankjal and Peshmal); Chail Valley east of Madyan. Bahrain and Chail are centers. 60,000
(1987). Alt Name: Torwali. Also use Pashto




Ethnologue does not report on Tosk or Gheg ethnicity or lang in Greece or Italy, but others report recent
refugees




259 with Zapoteco mother tongue; rest speak Spanish




870 monolinguals




Mixe, Totontepec, Oaxaca … a people and language of Mexico, Northeast Oaxaca, north of Zacatepec. 10
towns. 5,200 (1990 census). 870 monolinguals. Some also speak a Zapotec or Chinantec variety in
Chinantequilla. Alt Names: Ayuk, Northwestern Mixe. Peasan
Danish Traveller … a people and language of Denmark. Romani people were transported to Denmark by James
IV of Scotland in July 1505. Independent language developed based on Danish (dan) with heavy lexical
borrowing from Romani. Not inherently intelligible




not Gypsies




Scottish Traveller … a people and language of the United Kingdom. Also in Australia, United States. Alt Names:
Scottish Cant, Scottish Traveller Cant. Blend of High Romani and Elizabethan Cant. Earliest texts go back to 16th
century. Not Gypsies. Nomadic
Tregami … a people and language of Afghanistan, Nuristan, Tregam Valley, Katar and Gambir villages. Alt
Names: Trigami. 1,000 (1994). Muslim (Ethnologue 16).




Trimuris … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), Jayapura Regency, Mamberamo Tengah subdistrict,
Mamberamo River east bank, between Kauwera [xau] and Bagusa [bqb] (Ethnologue 16).




Tring … a people and language of Malaysia (Sarawak). Lower Tutoh River, Long Terawan village. Distinct from
Tringgus-Sembaan Bidayuh (trx) (Ethnologue 16).




Tringus … a people and language of Malaysia (Sarawak). Southwest of Kuching, south of the Bau Bidayuh (sne),
on Kalimantan border. Also in Indonesia (Kalimantan). This people and language is different from ROP 115549
Tring who speak Tring (tgq) (Ethnologu




Trinidadian, Creole-Speaking … a people and language of Trinidad and Tobago. Creole English is spoken
primarily in urban areas of Trinidad. Some rural speakers' speech may be more similar to Tobagonian Creole
(Ethnologue 16).
Tsemai … a people and language of Ethiopia. Omo region, lowlands west of Lake Chamo. Alt Names: Bago
S’aamakk-Ulo, Cule, Kuile, Kule, S’amai, Tamaha, Ts’amay, Tsamakko, Tsamako. Primary language is Tsamai
(tsb). Also use Konso (kxc). Peasant agriculturali
Tseku … a people and language of China, Tibetan Autonomous Region. Also in Bhutan and Nepal, Mechi zone,
Panchthar District. 12,600 in China (2000). 6,400 in Bhutan (2006). 4,790 in Nepal (2000). Alt Names: Tsuku,
Tzuku. Buddhist (Ethnologue 16).




Dirang Monpa … a Monpa group (see 113086) who inhabit the Dirang circle of the West Kameng district of
Arunachal Pradesh, India. They speak the Tsangla (tsj) dialect of the Monpa language, which belongs to the
Bhotia group of the Tibeto-Burman language fa




Sharchop … a collective term for the populations of mixed Southeast Asian and South Asian descent that live in
the eastern districts of Bhutan and constitute around 45 percent of the Bhutanese population. They have
largely adopted the cultural practices o




Tsikimba, Auna-Agaraiwa Kambari … a people and language of Nigeria. Niger state, Magama and Mariga LGAs,
Auna and Wara areas, west of Kainji Lake on Niger River. Alt Names: Agaushi, Akimba, Auna, Kambari,
Kamberchi, Kamberri, Kimba. Dialects: Agaunshe, As
Marofotsy … a tribe of Madagascar, of mixed origins (George Eric Burton, Present and Future in Madagascar,
Livingston Press, 1947, pp. 10, 23).




Tsimehety … or Tsimihety, whose contemporary population exceeds 700,000 people, are an ethnic group living
today in Madagascar. They claim to be descendants of the Sihanakas (108994) who fled into the high valleys of
the eastern coast of the island for is




210 speakers in Canada. Bilingual in English
Tsoa, Hiechware … a people and language of Botswana. Central District, especially Mahalapye, Serowe
subdistricts; northeast District. Primarily cattleposts and settlements. Also in Zimbabwe. Alt Names: Chuwau,
Chware, G||abake, Gabake-Ntshori, Haitshuari,




Tsonga … a people and language of South Africa. Transvaal. Also in Mozambique (south of Maputo, most of
Maputo and Gaza provinces), Swaziland, and Zimbabwe (southeast near Mozambique border). Alt Names:
Shangaan, Shangana, Shitsonga, Thonga, Tonga. A lang




Young people speak Mandarin




Possibly the same as Lao official Ethnic Community, with "Lao Boc" and "Lao Noi". Survey Needed
Tswana … a large ethnic group living in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe. Sometimes referred to
as the Western Sotho. Their current population exceeds three million people. The largest Tswana settlements
are near water sources on the edge of t




Tswana, Hurutshe … one of several dialects of Tswana (tsn). The Tswana, sometimes referred to as the
Western Sotho, are a large ethnic group living in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe (Olson 1996,
pp. 567-568). The Hurutshe are found in Botswa




Tswana, Kgatla … one of several dialects of Tswana (tsn). The Tswana, sometimes referred to as the Western
Sotho, are a large ethnic group living in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe (Olson 1996, pp. 567-
568). The Kgatla are found in Botswana a




Tswana, Kwena … one of several dialects of Tswana (tsn). The Tswana, sometimes referred to as the Western
Sotho, are a large ethnic group living in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe (Olson 1996, pp. 567-
568). The Kwena are found in Botswana and
Tswana, Malete … one of several dialects of Tswana (tsn). The Tswana, sometimes referred to as the Western
Sotho, are a large ethnic group living in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe (Olson 1996, pp. 567-
568). The Malete are found in Botswana a




Tswana, Ngwaketse … one of several dialects of Tswana (tsn). The Tswana, sometimes referred to as the
Western Sotho, are a large ethnic group living in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe (Olson 1996,
pp. 567-568). The Ngwaketse are found in Bots




Tswana, Ngwato … one of several dialects of Tswana (tsn). The Tswana, sometimes referred to as the Western
Sotho, are a large ethnic group living in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe (Olson 1996, pp. 567-
568). The Ngwato are found in Botswana a




Tswana, Rolong … one of several dialects of Tswana (tsn). The Tswana, sometimes referred to as the Western
Sotho, are a large ethnic group living in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe (Olson 1996, pp. 567-
568). The Rolong are found in Botswana a




Tswana, Seleka … one of several subgroups of Tswana (tsn). The Tswana, sometimes referred to as the
Western Sotho, are a large ethnic group living in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe (Olson 1996,
pp. 567-568). The Seleke are found only in Bots




Tswana, Tawana … one of several dialects of Tswana (tsn). The Tswana, sometimes referred to as the Western
Sotho, are a large ethnic group living in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe (Olson 1996, pp. 567-
568). The Tawana are found in Botswana,




Tswana, Tlhaping … one of several dialects of Tswana (tsn). The Tswana, sometimes referred to as the Western
Sotho, are a large ethnic group living in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe (Olson 1996, pp. 567-
568). The Tlhaping are found in Botswa
Tswana, Tlharu … one of several dialects of Tswana (tsn). The Tswana, sometimes referred to as the Western
Sotho, are a large ethnic group living in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe (Olson 1996, pp. 567-
568). The Tlharu are found in Namibia an




Tswana, Tlokwa … one of several dialects of Tswana (tsn). The Tswana, sometimes referred to as the Western
Sotho, are a large ethnic group living in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe (Olson 1996, pp. 567-
568). The Tlokwa are found in Botswana a




Tu Nationality




Arapaso … a people of Brazil. Amazonas, São Gabriel, Iauarete. Alt Names: Arapaço, Araspaso, Koneá. Ethnic
Population: 268 (1992 ALEM). Original language was Arapaso (arj). Arapaso (arj) is now extinct. Language use
has shifted to Tucano (tuo) (Ethnologue
Miriti-Tapuia … a people and language of Brazil, Pari-Cachoeira, Taracua, Amazonas. Ethnic Population: 55
(1995 AMTB). Alt Names: Miriti Tapuyo, Miriti-Tapuia, Neenoa. Miriti (mmv) language is extinct. Language use
shifted to Tucano (tuo) (Ethnologue 16).




Tucano … a people and language of Brazil, Amazonas. Primarily in Yacayaca village. Also in Colombia, Upper
Papuri River and tributaries. 2,630 in Brazil (1986 SIL). 2,000 in Colombia. Alt Names: Daxsea, Takuna, Tukana,
Betaya, Betoya, Dachsea, Dasea, Tuka




Tugutil … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), north Maluku, north Halmahera Island, inland around
Kusuri, inland in Kecamatan Tobelo, Taboulamo area in Kecamatan Kao, the pass between Lolobata and Buli in
Kecamatan Wasilei, Dodaga and Tutuling ri
Hasalaru … a community of India, Karnataka. Also referred to as Halsar, Halsavar, Halasavar, hasla and Muger,
they inhabit the hilly tracts of the Chikmagalur, Shimoga, Dakshin, Kannad and Uttar Kannad districts of
Karnataka. The speak Tulu (tcy), a Dravi




New from Omid, 7/20/01




Maleru … a community of India; a scheduled tribe of Karnataka. The term 'maleru' in both Kannada and Tulu
refers to the people living in the hilly regions. They are also referred to as Malettaya. The Maleru are mainly
distributed in the hilly tracts of th
Moger … a people of India, a scheduled caste of Karnataka, concentrated in the Dakshin Kannad district. They
are also found in Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Alt Names: Mugger, Moger, Mogayar, Mogaveera. They speak Tulu
(tcy) and Kannada (kan) and follow Hinduism
Tulu … a people and language of India, Karnataka, South Kanara (Dakshina Kannada) and Udipi districts; Kerala,
Kasargod District; scattered in other states in India (Ethnologue 16).




Bohuai … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Manus Province, Bohuai, Peli Island, Pelipowai. Alt
Names: Bohuai, Bohuai-tulu, Bowai, Pahavai, Pelipowai, Pohuai (Ethnologue 16).




Senga … an ethnic group living today in the Luangwa Valley of eastern Zambia. They speak a Tumbuka language
and have a population of approximately 50,000 people. They originated in the Katanga region of Zaire nearly
three centuries ago (Olson 1996, p. 514
Berber, Mozabite … a Berber ethnic group living in M'zab in the northern Sahara. They speak Tumzabt (mzb).
Most of them are Ibadi Muslims. Nearly all of them read and write Arabic, though they use the Zenata dialect
of the Berber language, for which they




Nen … a people of Cameroon, Center Province, Mbam Division, Ndikinimeki and Makenene subdivisions;
Littoral Province, Nkam Division, south to east Yingui Subdivision. 35,300 (1982 SIL). Alt Names: Tunen, Banen,
Banend, Nenni Nyo'o, Penin, Penyin. Distinct
Arab, Tunisian … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in
Tunisia.




Tunni … a people and language of Somalia. Lower Shabeelle and Middle Jubba regions, Dhiinsoor, Baraawe, and
Jilib districts. Alt Names: Af-Tunni. Tunni (tqq) is distinct from Somali (som) or Jiiddu (jii), usually grouped under
the Digil dialects or langua
All speak Portuguese; Turiwara language extinct.
Khalaj … a people and language of Iran. Central Province, northeast of Arak. Alt Names: Turkic Khalaj. Not a
dialect of Azerbaijani (azb) as previously supposed. Khalaj is an independent language distinct from other
extant Turkish languages. Most also use




Gajal … a Turkic subgroup, closely related to the Gagauz. Alt Names: Gadzhal. Unlike the Gagauz, who are
Orthodox Christians, the Gajal are Sunni Muslims. Some 14,000 Gajal reside in northwestern Turkey since
immigrating from the Western Balkans. They are




Hemshinli … a Turkish speaking Muslim community with historic roots in the Hemşin district in the province of
Rize, Turkey. They are originally Armenian. Alt Names: Hamsheni, Homshentsi (see Hemshinli: The Forgotten
Black Sea Armenians, by Bert Vaux, Harv




Turkish mother tongue in Turkey -- about 450,000
Turk … a people and language of Turkey (Asia). Widespread in Turkey as L1 or L2. Also in Australia, Austria,
Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Denmark, Egypt, El Salvador, Finland,
France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hon




Included in some sources under Teke or Turkmen




Turkmen … a people and language of Turkmenistan. Also in Afghanistan, Germany, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian Federation (Asia), Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey (Asia), United States, Uzbekistan. Alt
Names: Trukhmen, Trukhmeny, Turkmani,




Turks and Caicos Creole English Speakers … a people and language of Turks and Caicos Islands (Ethnologue 16).




Turoyo … a people and language of Turkey (Asia). Southeast, Mardin Province (originally). Also in Argentina,
Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Germany, Iraq, Lebanon, Netherlands, Sweden, Syria, United States
(Ethnologue 16).




48% use Brunei Malay with their children
817 speakers




Nearly Extinct; Oregon




Tuvaluan … a people and language of Tuvalu. 7 of the 9 inhabited islands of Tuvalu. Also in Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru,
New Zealand. Alt Names: Ellice, Ellicean, Tuvalu. North Tuvaluan (Nanumanga, Nanumea, Niutao), South
Tuvaluan (Nukufetau, Vaitupu, Funafuti,




Tsaatan … a small Turkic speaking tribe of reindeer herders in remote northern Mongolia. The Tsaatans are
Turkic people from Tannu Tuva, a republic belonging to Russia, just across the border from Huvsgul province in
Mongolia (Mongolia Today online magazi




Tuvinian … a small ethnic group who live in a large area on both sides of the Yenesei River in the Tuvinian
Autonomous Oblats. They call themselves the Tuva (Tuvan), Tuwa, and Tyva, and were known historically as
the Soyons, Soyots, and Uriankhais. The Tu
Second languager: Tucano or Waimaha




one of the Tyap-speaking ethnicities




one of the Tyap-speaking ethnicities




one of the Tyap-speaking ethnicities




different from the Kagoro in Mali, a Manding people moving to Bambara (Bamanakan) language; one of the
Tyap-speaking ethnicities
one of the Tyap-speaking ethnicities




one of the Tyap-speaking ethnicities
4,226 speakers including 58 monolinguals




Based on Ethnologue language name




Based on Ethnologue language name




Under Blang Nationality
Asheninca Ucayali-Yurua … a people and language of Peru. Ucayali River tributaries (Pachitea, Arruya,
Shahuaya, Sheshea, Cohengua, Inuya), Yurua River. Also in Brazil. Acre. Alt Names: Ucayali Asheninca, Campa,
Kampa (Ethnologue 16).
Udin … a people and language of Azerbaijan. Oghuz town, Qabala, Nic, and Mirzabeyli villages. Also in Georgia,
Russian Federation (Asia), Turkmenistan. Alt Names: Udi, Uti. Dialects: Oghuz (Vartashen), Nidzh (Nij, Nic, Nizh),
Oktomberi. Oktomberi dialect




only 100 speak Udihe (Udekhe) lang




Speakers are bilingual in Rovinia
Spoken by 100 adults as language of home; most speak Thai




Sunni Muslim
Russian has become primary language




Ulithian … a people and language of Micronesia. Ulithi, Ngulu, Sorol, Fais islands, eastern Caroline Islands. Also
in the United States. 85% intelligibility with Woleaian (woe). Latin script. Christian, traditional religion
(Ethnologue 16).
Umalung … a people and language of Indonesia (Kalimantan), East Kalimantan Province, Malinau regency
mostly, Pimping, Long Setulang, Batu Kajang, Long Uli, Long Belua villages. Alt Names: Oma Longh (Ethnologue
16).




50 speakers; Oregon
Ume Saami … a people and language of Sweden. Lycksele, Mala, Tarna, and Sorsele, along Ume River. Alt
Names: "Lapp", Saami, Ume. "Lapp" is derogatory term. Ethnic population: 1,000 (Krauss 1995). Original
language was Ume Saami (sju). Only 20 speakers rem
10 speakers; Oklahoma, New Jersey, Delaware Valley




Guaigun … a people of China. Yunnan Province, southern Zhenyuan County, Tianba, Santai, Lianhe, and
Minjiang villages. The Guaigun are one of the smallest components of the official Yi nationality in China.
Classification of the Guaigun language is uncert




Jiarong, Southern … a people and language of China, north central Sichuan. Language is as yet uncoded, but
recent linguistic surveys support reclassifying Jiarong (jya) as three separate mutually unintelligible language:
Northern, Central and Southern (CP




Kuki, Taraor … a tribal community of India, Manipur state, Chandel district. The Sokte are a sub-tribe of the
Kuki (OMID), a scheduled tribe of Assam, Nagaland and Tripura. Kuki is a generic term used for the people who
migrated to different parts of nort




Mel … a people of Cambodia. The Mel people live along the Krieng River 100 KM away from Kracheh. Language
is undetermined. Religion is Buddhism.




Between 500 to 1,000 members of the Salao ethnic group live in the Pakxong District of Champasak Province in
southern Laos. The Salao are a newly discovered group. Laurent Chazee, in his 1995 ethnographic survey of
Laos, listed them as having a population




Tibetan, Shanyan … an ethnic Tibetan group of China, northwestern Sichuan Province, Baiyu County, Shanyan
District. Culturally and ethnically distinct from the neighboring Khampa Tibetans, the Shanyan trace their roots
to far western Tibet. Their language
Unde (Kaili, Unde) … a people and language of Indonesia (Sulawesi), Central Sulawesi, Banawa, Palu and
Tawaeli subdistricts; south Sulawesi, Pasangkayu subdistrict. Alt Names: Banava, Banawa




2 speakers; Bilingual; in English
140 speakers; Alaska
250 speakers; Alaska




Ta'oih, Upper … a people and language of Laos. Saravan Province, Ta-Oy District. Also in Vietnam (Thua Thien-
Hue, Quang Tri provinces) and the United States. Alt Names: Kantua, Ta Hoi, Ta-Oi, Ta-Oy, Tau Oi. Not
intelligible with Lower Ta'oih (tto) until s
Aboriginal Malays , speaking unique Malay language




Somewhat bilingual in Spanish




Abdul (Abdal / Dafali) … a community of India. The Abdal or Dafali are distributed in the states of Gujarat,
Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Alt Names: Abdal, Dafali, Bediya, Badal, Beria,
Dafalange, Dholakwala, Dholwala, Hashmi, H
Agaria (Agharia) … a community of India: Madhya Pradesh and Orissa. The Agharia believe that their ancestors
fled from Agra and settled down in the Chhattisgarhi region. They speak Chhattisgarhi (hne) and use the
Devanagari script. Some of them can speak




Ansari … a community of India, Gujarat, Ahmedabad city; Bihar, Ranchi, Hazaribagh and Singhbhum districts;
Tamil Nadu. Alt Names: Mominson, Momin, Julaha. The Ansari claim Arab origins. Urdu (urd) is their mother
tongue but they are conversant with the lo




Atishbaz … a community of India, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh. Also described as Barudgir, the Atishbaz
have been traditionally manufacturing explosives (barud); literally, Atishbaz means playing with fire. The
originally settled in the Sirmur district




Badhai (Barhai) … an occupational community of India, the Badhai derive their name from the Sanskrit word
vardhna or vardhika, meaning cutting. The Barhai are largely engaged in carpentry. They are known as
Chourasia, Barahai, Badhai, Jangid Brahman, Khat




Badhi (Badi) … a schedule caste of India distributed in some areas of Saharanpur district and in parts of western
Uttar Pradesh and in the districts of Dungarpur and Banswara in Rajasthan. They speak Hindi (hin) (POI Vol., IV.,
pp. 162-163).
Bahelia (Baheliya) … a scheduled caste of India. Also known as Boila, Baila, Bailia and Bahila, the Bahelia are
distributed in the Nadia district of West Bengal. The Baheliya are also found in central and western Uttar
Pradesh where they are also known as
Bania, Muslim … a tribe of Urdu speaking Muslims that reside in Afghanistan.




Bansphor, Muslim … a community of India, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Largest concentrations in Uttar
Pradesh, Moradabad District and Uttarakhand, Hardwar District. Language is Urdu (urd). Also in Pakistan, Sind
Prvince, Sukkur and Ghotki districts. Lan




Urdu speaking Muslim Bari community
Bazigar, Muslim … a community of India. The Bazigar, Muslim are distributed in Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab,
Rajasthan, and Haryana. Depending on location, they primarily speak Dogri (dgo), Kashmiri (kas), Punjabi (pan)
or Urdu (urd) (POI Vol. IV, pp. 339-3




Bengali, Muslim … a community of India. Also known as Bangali, this people group represents Bengali-speaking
people or those who migrated from Bengal and settled in different states. The Bengali do not represent one
single ethnic group but a conglomeratio




Bhand, Muslim … a community of India. They are mainly distributed in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand,
Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Jammu and Kashmir, and Uttaranachal. Alt Names: Bhanr, Bhangat, Bhand Raja
(POI Vol. IV, pp. 373-377 / OMID).




Bhangi, Muslim … a community of India. A scheduled caste in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Daman and Diu,
Goa, Assam, West Bengal and Delhi. The community name, Bhangi, has been derived from the Sanskrit word
'bhangi,' meaning hemp; it appears to be an




This entity does not appear to be in Bangladesh. Bhat, Hindu 111555 appears to be the Bhat entity in
Bangladesh
Chamar, Muslim … a community of India. One of the major communities, the Chamar live in almost all the
states of northern, central and western India. They are known differently in different areas and as such include
many groups. Alt Names: Chambhar, Ram D




Chapparband, Muslim … a community of India, Karnataka. Alt Names: Chapparbasi. They speak a dialect of the
Marathi (mar) language among themselves and Urdu (urd) and Kannada (kan) with others. The Kannada and
Perso-Arabic scripts are used (POI Vol. IV, pp




Chhimba, Muslim … a community of India. Haryana, Punjab, Uttaranachal, Chandigarh. They speak Urdu (urd)
or Punjabi (pan). Alt Names: Tank Suryavanshi Kaith, Darzi, Chimbe (OMID).
Chhipa, Muslim … a community of India. Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar. They speak Urdu (urd)
or Gujarati (guj). Alt Names: Chhipigar, Bhavsar (OMID).




Chungar … a people of Pakistan. Sind Province, Hyderabad, Karachi districts. Language is Urdu (urd). Religion is
Islam (OMID).




Darzi (also known as Darji), the community name is derived from the Persian word "darzan", meaning to sew.
The Darzi are an occupational community distributed in several states of India: Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra
Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh,
Dhari, Muslim … a numerically small and localized community of Uttar Pradesh, India. While Urdu (urd) is their
mother tongue, they speak Hindi (hin) with the non-Muslim. They use the Perso-Arabic and Devanagari scripts
(POI Vol. IV, p. 820).




Different from Dom Gypsy with Domari lang and Dom 111979
Gaddi … a scheduled tribe of India. A community predominantly distributed in the north-western and
northernmost parts of the country. The generic term "gaddi" encompassesa number of groups of unequal
status, including the Barhman and Rajput and the artisa




Ghasi, Muslim … a community of India. Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow district. They speak Urdu (urd). Alt Names:
Ghassal (OMID).
Gond, Muslim … a community of India, distributed in the districts of Betul, Hoshangabad, Raisen and
Chhindwara in Madhya Pradesh. The present-day Gond Muslim are a section of the Raj Gond of Deogarh who
embraced Islam during the reign of Aurangzeb (1659-1
Jhojha … a people of Pakistan. Sind Province, Hyderabad and Karachi. Language is Urdu (urd). Religion is Islam
(OMID).




Jhojha, Hindu … a community of India. Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranachal. They are concentrated in the
Muzaffarnagar and Saharanpur districts of Uttar Pradesh and the Hardwar district of Uttaranachal. They speak
Hindi (hin) and practice Hinduism (OMID).




Jhojha, Muslim … a community of India. They Jhojha are a Muslim community of Uttar Pradesh. They are
distributed in the Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar, Bijnor and Bulandshahar districts of western Uttar Pradesh. Urdu
(urd) is their mother tongue and they use t




Jogi, Muslim … a community of India. Jogi is a community which covers a large variety of people belonging to
diverse linguistic, ethnic, cultural and regional backgrounds. The word jogi is a generic term, literally meaning a
devotee, a performer of jog or
Kachera, Muslim … a community of India. Also called Kacher or Kachera, they have both Hindu as well as
Muslim Kacher among them; the Hindu bangle-sellers are called Kacher, while the Muslim bangle-sellers are
called Kachera. Both the terms have been deriv




Kahar … a community of India. They are distributed in a number of north Indian states like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh,
Delhi, Rajasthan and West Bengal. Alt Names: Rawani, Ramani, Kamkar, Chandrabansi, Dhimar, Mehra, Raj
Bhoi. Heart language varies by state wit




Kanchan … a community of India. They are believed to have migrated from Rajasthan to various parts of the
country to escape proselytization by Mughal conquerors. In the past the Kanjar were notorious for their
criminal activities. The Kanjar are a schedul
Khati, Muslim … a community of India. Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh. Alt Names: Chikwa, Chikvi. They speak
Urdu (urd) and profess Islam (OMID).




Khatik, Muslim … a community of India. In Himachal Pradesh and Punjab, the Khatik are divided into Hindu and
Muslim religious groups. The Hindu Khatik are given scheduled caste status. The Muslim Khatik speak Urdu
(urd) and use the Perso-Arabic script (PO
Kumhar, Muslim … a community of India, Chandigarh. The Muslim Kumhar of Chandigarh have two subgroups,
namesly Jasowali and Deswali. Urdu (urd) is their mother tongue and they are conversant with Panjabi (pan)
and Hindi (hin) as well. The Perso-Arabic and




Kunjra … a people of Pakistan. Sind Province, Hyderabad, Karachi, Dadu, Khairpur, Badin, Jacobabad, Malir,
Sanghar, Ghotki districts. Language is Urdu (urd). Religion is Islam (OMID). Kunjra, Karunjra, a hawker of
vegetables, kunjra is a purely occupation




Labana, Muslim … a community of India. Also referred to as Lavana Banjara by their neighboring communities.
Muslim Labana are primarily found in Jammu & Kashmir (POI Vol. V, pp. 1972-1978).
Lakhera … a community of India. The Lakhera are a widely distributed community found in Rajasthan, Gujarat,
Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar and the union territory of Delhi. In Gujarat they are identified as
Lakhara, and in Bihar as Laheri. Th




Machhi, Hindi … a community of India. The Machhi derive their name from the word 'machhi', meaning fish.
They are found in Daman and Diu, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Delhi. Gujarati (guj) is their mother tongue but
they are also conversant with Hindi (hin).




Machhi, Muslim … a community of India. Alt Names: Machhiyara. The Muslim Machhi are concentrated in
Gujarat and Delhi. In Gujarat they speak Kachchi (kfr) among themselves and Gujarati (guj) with outsiders. In
Delhi they speak Urdu (urd) and Hindi (hin) a
Mahratta, Muslim … a people of Pakistan. Northwest Frontier Province, Karak and Hangu districts. Language is
Urdu (urd). Religion is Islam (OMID).




Makh … a people of Pakistan. Sind Province, Hyderabad and Karachi. Language is Urdu (urd). Religion is Islam
(OMID).
Mirasi, Muslim … a community of India. Distributed all over the northern and northwestern states of the
country (POI Vol. V, pp. 2299-2306). They are concentrated in the states of Haryana, Punjab, Jammu and
Kashmir. They speak Urdu (urd) or Eastern Panjab




Mochi, Muslim … a community of India. Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand,
Jammu and Kashmir, PUnjab. Majority located in Gujarat, Vadodara district. They speak Gujarati (guj) or Urdu
(urd). Alt Names: Sajgar, Raighar, Rehgar, J




Moghal … a community of India and Pakistan. Also known as Mughal or Mogul. They are a well-known Muslim
community of north India. Originally from Mongolia, they came to India along with the Mughal emperor Babar,
the founder of the Mughal empire in India.
Muhajir … a term primarily used by and for those people of Pakistan who are predominantly native Urdu (urd)
speaking Muslims who escaped from the partition riots of India and settled in Pakistan after independence in
1947. This entry encompasses Muhajir i




Nai, Muslim … a community of India, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and
Andhra Pradesh. Alt Names: Hajam, Hajjam, Navid, Nai, Jarrah, Nava, Khabas, Khalifa. Reportedly, they are
distributed in 105 districts in the country and
Nat, Muslim … a community of India. In Bihar the Nat Muslim are also referred to as Netua. They migrated
from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), and identify themselves with Nar, Naitak, or Natak. Urdu (urd) is their
mother tongue and they use the Perso-Arab




Pinjara … a community of India. The name Pinjar has been derived from 'pinjala', meaning cotton weaving.
They belong to both Muslim and Hindu faiths and are identified in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka,
Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Chandigarh.
Qalandar … a people of Pakistan. Sind Province, Hyderabad, Karachi districts. Language is Urdu (urd). Religion is
Islam (OMID). Aalandari, the Kalender of the 'Arabian Nights', is properfly a holy Muhammadan ascetic who
abandons the world and wanders abou
Rangrez, Muslim … a people of India. Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Rajasthan,
Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa. Alt Names: Chhipa, Nilgar, Lalgarh, Sabbagh, Lilgar. The Rangrez are
dyers. The word 'rangrez' is a Persian eq
Sayyid … a community of India. Alt Names: Syed, Saiyed, Sayyad. The Sayyid hold the foremost position among
the four classes of Muslims in general, namely Syed, Sheikh, Mughal and Pathan. The Syed are spread over one
hundred and thirty-one districts of th
Tamboli, Muslim … a community of India. Also known as Barai, Panwari, and Chourasia. They are distributed in
Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. They speak Hindi (hin) and use the Devanagari script (POI Vol. IV,
pp. 291-294).
May have all left Afghanistan




"Sobo" is offensive.
Language nearly extinct




Urubu … a people and language of Brazil, Maranhao, Gurupi River. 8 to 10 villages scattered over 2,800 sq. mi.
Language is Kaapor (urb). Alt Names: Caapor, Ka'apor, Kaaporte, Urubu, Urubu-Kaapor.




Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau … native to Brazil, Rondonia. Pop. Est. 100 (Funasa, 2006). Alt Name: Uraparaquara
2,200 monolinguals
1,984 speakers; California; Includes Ute and Southern Paiute groups




"Evhro" is offensive
Arab, Uzbeki … people of Arab ancestry with a more localized ethnic identity tied to their recent roots in
Uzbekistan.




Use Western Farsi as second language




Vaghri … a people and language of Pakistan, Sindh, in Sukkur, Karachi (Bhes Colony), Nawabshah, Sakrand,
Hala, Sanghar, Tando Adam, Tando Mohammed Khan, Badin, Matli, Tando Ghulam Ali, Digri, Noakot, Jang Sai,
Mirpur Khas, and Tando Allahyar. 10,000 (1998
Tana … one of two dialect groups of the Vale (vae) language of Central African Republic, Batangafo, Kabo, and
Kaga Bandoro subprefectures (Ethnologue 16).




Vale … a people and language of Central African Republic, Batangafo, Kabo, and Kaga Bandoro subprefectures.
Dialects: Vale, Tana (Tane, Tele). Also use Sango (saq). No report of this language in Chad (Ethnologue 16).
Speakers use Marovo as second language




Also, Manimo, Sko. Only in PN Guinea sincee 1960s




Language extinct; people speak Pijin or Teano
Vengoo … a people and language of Cameroon, North West Province, Ngo Ketunjia Division, north of Ndop on
Ndop Plain. 27,000 (2008). Alt Names: Vengo, Babungo, Nge, Ngo, Nguu, Ngwa, Pengo, Vengi, Vengoo. Their
name for themselves is 'Vengoo' (Ethnologue 16




Only 2.320 speakers of Veps




Jula is second language




Jing … a people of China. The Jing are one of the 55 official minorities of China. Some scholars classify them
simply as "Vietnamese in China." The name 'Jing' comes from the word 'Kinh' which is the self-name of the
Vietnamese people. After more than 500
National Language. 86.7% of population.




Vili … a people and language of Congo, Kouilou Province, coast between Angola and Gabon borders; Yoombe
Island. Also in Gabon, extreme south, on the coast near Mayumba. The people are called 'Bavili' (Ethnologue
16).
English Creole mother tongue




Virgin Islanders … a West Indian people. While English (eng) is the official language, Virgin Islands Creole English
(vic) is more widely spoken in the U.S. Virgin Islands as well as the British Virgin Islands and Netherlands Antilles
(Ethnologue 16).




Vitou … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), Papua Province, Sarmi Regency, Pantai Timur subdistrict,
Takar village. Alt Names: Takar (Ethnologue 16).




Probably needs to be reviewed, sources compared, in regard to Dutch 102787, majority in Belgium
covers Vlach dialects and sub-groups other than Lovari and Kalderash




Language almost extinct
Unidentified people group in Achang cluster




Va … a people of China, Southwest Yunnan, Lincang Prefecture, Yongde and Zhenkang counties. Also in
Myanmar, Shan State, upper Salween river area, Kengtung City. Alt Names: Wa, Kawa, Va, Vo. Under Wa
nationality in China.




Waama … a language of Benin, Atakora Province, at least 20 villages. Natitingou is cultural center. Several
thousand in Cotonou, Parakou area, and west Nigeria. Alt Names: Yoabou, Yoabu.
Tharadari Koli … a people of Pakistan, Lower Thar Desert, west to Mirpur Khas. Hindus 90%, Animists 5%,
Muslims 4% (WCD).




Wadiyara Koli … a people and language of India, Gujarat, near Wadhyar town. Also in Pakistan, Sind, bounded
by Hyderabad, Tando Allahyar and Mirpur Khas north, Matli and Jamesabad south. Alt Names: Wadaria,
Wadhiara. 404,000 in India (2000). 75,000 in Pak
Kuwama … a dialect of Wadjiginy (wdj) … a language of Australia, southwest of Darwin along coast and inland
along Finniss River. Wadjiginy (wdj) nearly extinct. Ethnic group members speak Kriol (rop).




Wadjiginy … a language of Australia, southwest of Darwin along coast and inland along Finniss River. Wadjiginy
(wdj) nearly extinct. Ethnic group members speak Kriol (rop).




Wae Rana … a people and language of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), South central Flores, between Manggarai
and Ngad’a (Ethnologue 16).




Waema … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Milne Bay Province, Alotau District, Huhu Local
Government Area, Giligili Estates to Turnbull War Memorial, near Milne Bay head north to, but not crossing,
East Cape coastal range. 1,020 (2000 census). Al
Bunkar … a community of India. Rajasthan. The Bunkar are distributed in the Udaipur, Dungarpur and Banswara
districts. The term 'bunkar' means one who weaves and the Bunkar were traditionally weavers. Of late, the
community has shifted totally to daily-wa




Nagda … a community of Rajasthan, India. The Nagda claim to be the Kshatriyas who embraced Jainism under
the influence of the Jain Acharyas. They live in Udaipur, Dungarpur, Banswara and Chittor districts. Wagdi (wbr)
is their mother tongue. They are conv




Narsingpura … a community of Rajasthan, India. Also known as Narsipura, the Narsingpura community owes its
origin to the name of a place called Narsipur, in the northern region of Rajasthan. They are widely distributed
in the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat
Waigali … a people and language of Afghanistan, southeast Nuristan, Central Kunar Province north of Pech.
Varjan in north Waigal Valley, Waigal, Zonchigal, Jamach, Ameshdesh villages, and east in Veligal Valley villages;
Chima-Nishey in lower valley villa




Roro … a dialect of Waima (rro), a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Central Province, Bereina
District, near Kairuku, Hall Sound shores, between Yule Island and mainland, northwest of Port Moresby. Alt
Names: West Roro (Ethnologue 16).
Waima … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Central Province, Bereina District, near Kairuku, Hall
Sound shores, between Yule Island and mainland, northwest of Port Moresby. Waima is the principal dialect.
Roro and Paitana are smaller, scattered di




Northern Barasano … a people and language of Colombia, southeastern Vaupés region, tributaries of mid and
upper Pira-Paraná, upper Papurí and Tiquié, Mitú. Also in Brazil, Amazonas, Prelazia Rio Negro. Alt Names:
“Bará” , Barasano, Northern Barasano, Bara




Waioli … a people and language of Indonesia (Maluku), north Maluku, north Halmahera, between Sahu (saj)
and Ibu (ibu) languages. Alt Names: Wajoli, Wayoli.




Katawian … native to Brazil, Amazonas, Para, Roraima. Also in Guyana. A dialect of Waiwai (waw). Alt Name:
Katwena, Katawina, Catawian, Catauian, Parucutu, Parukutu, Katuena, Cachuena, Tunayana, Tonayana




Oyanpik … Oyanpik (Oyampik, Oyampi, Oaimpik, Oyambi, Aipi, Aiapi, Uajapi, Oaiapi, Guyapi, Ayapi, Guaiapy,
Waiapi, Wayampi, and Wayapi) are a small group of Tupi-speaking Amerindians who once lived in Surinam and
on the Brazilian coast north of the mouth o
Wai-Wai … a people and language of Brazil. Amazonas, Para, Roraima. Also in Guyana. Southwest Guyana,
headwaters of the Essequibo River. Alt Names: Ouayeone, Uaieue, Uaiuai. Dialects: Katawian. Latin script.
Hunters; fishermen (Ethnologue 16). The Waiwai,
Guhjali, Wakhi … a people and language of Pakistan. Northeasternmost part of Chitral, called Baroghil area; in
glacier neighborhood. Gojal in upper Hunza valley, Gulmit to the Chinese and Afghanistan borders, and
Shimshal and Chupursan valleys, upper Yark
100 speakers; Oregon




Wallisian … a people and language of Wallis and Futuna, original home is Uvea Island. Also in Fiji, New
Caledonia, Vanuatu. Some dialect divergence between Wallis Islands and New Caledonia (Ethnologue 16).




Dogon (102662) retired and 14 new "Dogon" entries created. Dogon, Walo Kumbe … a people native to Mali,
Mopti region, Douentza Circle, Douentza District (Ethnologue 16).
Massachusett language extinct; current Massachusetts speak Wampanoag; SE Massachusetts
Wancho … a scheduled tribe of India. The Wancho live in the Tirap district of Arunachal Pradesh. They migrated
from the Tangnu and Tsangnu areas of Nagaland to their present habitat. Those who came from Tangnu are
known as Tangjan and those who migrated f




Kirawa … a people of Nigeria, Borno state, Damboa, Bama, Gwoza, and Konduga LGAs. A dialect of Wandala
(mfi), a language of Cameroon, Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, east of Mora, north and northwest in a
semicircle, to Nigeria border. Also in Nig
Wanggom … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), Upper Digul River area. East of Kombai (tyn), west of
Wambon (wms) areas. Alt Names: Wanggo, Wangom (Ethnologue 16).
Abinsi … a people and language of Nigeria, Benue state, Makurdi Division, Iharev District, Abinsi town. 4,000. A
few thousand (1998 A. Storch). Alt Names: Wannu, Awannu, Jukun Abinsi, River Jukun. A member of the
Kororofa language subgroup. Tradition reli
Waorani … a people and language of Ecuador. Eastern jungle between the Napo and Curaray rivers. Alt Names:
Auca, Sabela. "Auca" means 'non-Quichua' in Quichua. Swidden agriculturalists. Traditional religion, Christian
(Ethnologue 16). Also in Peru (www.pe




Wapixana … an Arawak-speaking people who migrated north from the Rio Negro area, up the Branco River,
and across what is today the political boundary with Brazil and onto the southern savannas of Guyana by the
early 1800s. Large numbers are concentrated o




Limited proficiency in Jula
Warduji … a people and language of Afghanistan. Northeast, Werdoge River area west of Ishkashim. Language
is probably a Western Farsi (pes) dialect. Muslim (Ethnologue 16).
Wasa … a people and language of Ghana, southwest. Alt Names: Wasaw, Wassa, Wassaw. Also use Akan (aka),
less in rural areas. Traditional religion (Ethnologue 16).




69 speakers; Oregon
Wauyai … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), southwest Waigeo Island, Wauyai village (Ethnologue
16).




not all agree these are Han Chinese, language unclassified, some consider them Miao




Oiampi … a small group of Tupi-speaking Amerindians who once lived in Surinam and on the Brazilian coast
north of the mouth of the Amazon River. In the eighteenth century, the Oyanpik (Oyampik, Oyampi, Oaimpik,
Oyambi, Aipi, Aiapi, Uajapi, Oaiapi, Guyapi,
Wayoro … a people and language of Brazil, Rondonia, Poroca Post, Guapore River. 80 (2000 SIL). Alt Names:
Ajuru, Ayuru, Uaiora, Wajaru, Wayuru (Ethnologue 16).




Vayu … a people of Nepal, Janakpur zone, Ramechhap District, Mudajor and Sukajor villages; Sindhuli District,
Mandeihi village. Alt Names: Hayu, Wayu, Wayo. Distinct from Chepang (cdm). Language reported to be nearly
extinct in the mid-19th century, but i




Guajiro … a people and language of Colombia. Guajira Peninsula, Caribbean coast. Also in Venezuela. Zulia
state, Guajira Peninsula. Alt Names: Wayuu, Goajiro, Guajira, Wayu, Uaira, Waiu, Wayuu, Wayuunaiki.
Pastoralists (Ethnologue 16). The self-designatio




not in Togo
Welsh Gypsy … a people of the United Kingdom. England and Wales. Language is Welsh Romani (rmw), not
inherently intelligible with Angloromani (rme). Ethnic groups: Volshanange, Kala. Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Berawan, West … native to Malaysia (Sarawak). 720 (2007) … Alt Name: Berawan, Long Terawan … With
115049 and 115050 replaces Berawan 101270
Banda … a people and language of Central African Republic, Bambari, Bakala (Dakpa), Grimari (Gbi, Wojo), Kaga
Bandoro (Wojo), Bamingui (Gbaga-Nord) subprefectures. Also in Sudan, between Wau and Mboro. 4,500 in
Central African Republic (1996). 3,000 in Su




Azebu … also known as Rayas, the Azebos are one of the major Oromo subgroups in northern Ethiopia. Most of
them are Sunni Muslims, Shafi school, who work as sedentary farmers in Wollo Province and in southern Tigre
Province (Olson 1996, p. 493).




Macha … one of the primary subgroups of the Oromo peoples of northern Ethiopia. Most of them are Sunni
Muslims of the Shafi school. They live in western Shoa Province and northern Kafa Province and work as
sedentary farmers. Alt Names: Mech'a (Olson 1996,




Raya … one of the major Oromo subgroups in northern Ethiopia. Alt Names: Azebo. Most of them are Sunni
Muslims, Shafi school, who work as sedentary farmers in Wollo Province and in southern Tigre Province (Olson
1996, p. 493).
Tulama … one of the major subgroups of the Oromo peoples of Ethiopia. Most of them are concentrated in
Shoa Province, in and around Addis Ababa; they work primarily as sedentary farmers (Olson 1996, p. 569).




Wallega … a major subgroup of the Oromo peoples of Ethiopia. Alt Names: Wellega, Walaga. Most of them live
in Wellege and Ilubabor provinces and work as mixed agriculturalists (Olson 1996, p. 592).




Wallo … one of the major Oromo subgroups in Ethiopia. Most of them are Muslims who live in Wollo Province
and work as mixed agriculturalists (Olson 1996, p. 594). Alt Names: Wello, Wollo.




Yejju … one of the major Oromo subgroups in northern Ethiopia. Most of them are Sunni Muslims of the Shafi
school, who work as sedentary farmers in Wollo Province and southern Tigre Province (Olson 1996, p. 604).
Lembata, West … a people and language of Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara), west end of Lembata (Lomblen) Island,
west of Levuka. Both mountain and coastal villages around the base of a volcano. Alt Names: Labalekan,
Mingar (Ethnologue 16).
East Central Arizona; includes 300 San Carlos




Baluchi, Western … a people and language of Pakistan, Northwest Balochistan Province. Also in Afghanistan,
Iran, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan. Alt Names: Baloci, Balochi, Baluci. Arabic script, Nastaliq style, used in
Afghanistan. Balochi is the official spel




Guarani, Western Bolivian … a people and language of Bolivia. Chuquisaca Department, south to Pilcomayo
River, east to Cuevo, north to Monte Agudo. Traditional religion, Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Western Bukidnon Manobo … a people and language of the Philippines. Mindanao, southern Bukidnon
Province. Dialects: Ilentungen, Kiriyenteken, Pulangiyen. Latin script. Formerly swidden agriculturalists: upland
rice; hunter-gatherers. Presently peasant agr
Inuktitut, Western Canadian … a language of Canada. Dialects include Copper Inuktitut, Caribou Eskimo,
Netsilik, and Siglit.




50.2% of population in Iran. Used in all schools.




Jew, Judeo-Persian … an ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated. The Jewish diaspora resulted in the
formation of diverse Jewish comm
23% of population




Western Gurung … a people and language of Nepal, Gandai zone, Kaski, Syangja districts; Dhaulagiri zone,
Parbat District. Possibly in Myanmar. Also in Bhutan and India. Alt Names: Gurung, Tamu Kyi. 125,000 in Nepal
(2007). Population total all countries:
900 monolinguals




Related to Tarascan (Purepecha) (109855), but languages are not mutually intelligble
Literacy only 1-5% in Kayah. Some sources may have only one entry for all Kayah.




3,391 speakers; NC New Mexico




30,000 Blang Nationality; 45,000 Va Nationality.




Magar, Western … a language of Nepal, Bheri zone, Surkhet, Banke, and Dialekh districts, West of Pokhara,
Tansen highway; Gandaki zone, Pokhara (Kaski) and Syangja districts; Koshi zone, Morang and Dhankuta
districts; Lumbini zone, Nawalparasi District. S
Kalanke … a people and language of Gambia. Part of Manding family. Close to Mandinka. Language is Western
Maninkakan (mlq). 95% Sunni Muslims. 5% Animists.




This entity is mixed in some sources with 106265 Maninka, Eastern




Mari, High (Hill Mari) … a language of Russian Federation (Europe), Mari El Republic, south of the Volga, Gorno-
Mariy; Bashkortostan. Alt Names: Western Mari, Cheremis, Gorno-Mariy, Hill Mari, Mari-Hills. Also use Russian
(rus) or Meadow Mari (mhr)




Syrian Christian village name




Melkite Christian and Sunni Muslim
Heavily influenced by Gourmanche, they do not understand other Fulani languages.




Western Fulani … one of several subgroups of the Fulbe, the world's largest community of nomadic herders.
Their original home was between the Senegal River Valley and eastern Guinea (Olson 1996, pp. 181-182).
Fulfulde is a linguistic descriptor. Fula, Ful




formerly included Chippewa elements in language-based data from Ethnologue; see 114918 Chippewa




Ahir ... a community distributed all over India, the Ahir are variously known as Yadav, Yadava, Golla, Golkar,
etc. They are a pastoral caste, with animal husbandry continuing to be the occupation of a majority of the Ahir.
Hindi (hin) is the most widely




Bahai … a religious community of Pakistan.
Daudpotra … a Muslim sept (clan division) that resides primarily in Bahawalpur, Rahimyar Khan and
Bahawalpur districts of Punjab, Pakistan (Rose 1999, Vol. 2, pp. 224-225). The Daudpotra are Nawabs (Muslim
nobles) and claim descent from the Abbasside dyna




Gujar … an ethnic group in India, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Alt Names: Gujjar, Gurjara, Gujur. The Gujar are
classified under the Other Backward Classes (OBC) category in some states in India. The Hindu Gujar today are
assimilated into several varnas of H




Jat, Muslim … a dominant peasant community of north-west India. Muslim Jat are concentrated in the Punjab
and Sind states in Pakistan and Gujarat in India. Most likely the word 'jat' is derived from 'jatta', a generic term
for cattle-grazers and camel-bre




Jhandir … a tribe of Qureshi Arabs, found in the Punjab region of Pakistan. Qureshi is a family name that
originates from Arabs in Saudi Arabia, particularly from the city of Mecca (unsourced Wikipedia article). They
own land in the extreme south of the J




Kajla … a gotra of Jats found in India. Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana. Also in Pakistan, Punjab region, Dera
Ghazi Khan district. Randhawa, Saran and Kajla are gotras of Jats related with each other. Kajala gotra is
derived from the Saran clan. The Saran




Kakuana … a people of Pakistan, Punjab region, Jhang district. Kakuana is the term for Kumhars in the Sandal
Bar in Jhang. They are found as cultivators in many hamlets, and also have hamlets of their own to which they
have gathered to avoid the forced la




Kanchan … a tribe of Pakistan, Punjab region, eastern districts. The Kanchan are a wandering Jat clan whose
name means "pimp or prostitute." The name comes from their practice of dividing their girls into two classes;
one they marry themselves, and the ot
Khattar … Khattar (Urdu: ‫ ) کھتر‬is an upper caste Punjabi tribe in Punjab where it is variously classified as Rajput
or Jatt, and is a Jatt and Khatri caste in India. The Khattars claim kinship with the Awans and the western
Khokhars. The Khattars are gen




Madari … a community of India, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh states. Also
referred to as Musalman Garudi, the Madari were converts from the Hindu Garudi who took their community
name from Muhammedan Madari. The Madari earn t




Maliar … a people of Pakistan. Punjab of Pakistan and Northwest Frontier Province. Language is Western
Panjabi (pnb). Religion is Islam (OMID). The Maliar are a tribe found in the Potohar region of Punjab, Pakistan
as well as the Peshawar valley of the No




Marija, Muslim … a people of Pakistan. Punjab of Pakistan and Sind Province. Language is Western Punjabi
(pnb) or Seraiki (skr). Religion is Islam (OMID).




Pherera, Muslim … a people of Pakistan. Punjab state, Jhelum district. Language is Western Panjabi (pnb).
Religion is Islam (OMID).




Pujari … a people of Pakistan. Punjab state, Rahimyar Khan, Bahawalpur and Bahawalnagar districts. Language
is Western Panjabi (pnb). Religion is Islam (OMID).




Punjabi, Western … the Punjabi are an ethnic group originating from the fertile region of Punjab, straddling the
border between India and Pakistan. Western Punjabi (pnb) is a major language of Pakistan that is also spoken
by significant numbers of people
Santia … a community of Pakistan. Punjab, Mianwali and Bhakkar districts (OMID). Also, a scheduled caste of
India. Rajasthan, Kota and Jhalawar districts. The Santia migrated to Rajasthan from the Suhet tehsil of Raipur
district in Madhya Pradesh. They sp




Thori, Muslim … a people of Pakistan. Punjab Province, Rahimyar Khan, Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar district.
Language is Western Panjabi (pnb). Religion is Islam (OMID). Distinct from 113779 - Thori, Hindu primarily on
basis of religion.




Wagha … a people of Pakistan. Punjab Province, Gujranwala District. Language is Western Panjabi (pnb).
Religion is Islam (OMID). Wagha, a small tribe which used to graze in the Central Bar under the Kharrals, but
unable to meet their exactions it establis




Kham-Magar … a people and language of Nepal, west central, Rapti Zone, Rolpa districts. Taka-Shera is the
center. 24,500 (2003 SIL), increasing. Alt Names: Western Parbate, Takale Kham, Takale. Different from the
Khams of eastern Tibet as spoken by the Kh
Subanon, Western … a tribal community of the Philippines, Mindanao, Zamboanga Peninsula. Alg Names:
Siocon. Dialects: Siocon, Western Kolibugan (Western Kalibugan). Lexical similarity: 89% between the Siocon
and Western Kolibugan dialects. Similar to Koli




Tamang, Western … a language of Nepal, Bagmati zone, west Nuwakot, Rasuwa, Dhading; Gandaki zone, parts
of Gorkha District; districts west and possibly southwest, central mountainous strip. Migrations to the Terai.




Tawbuid, Western … a people and language of the Philippines, Central Mindoro; Occidental Mindor, mainly
Sablayan and Calintaan municipalities; Oriental Mindoro, Bongabon Municipality. 6,810 (2000). Alt Names:
Batangan Taubuid, Fanawbuid, Western Taubuid.




Hmong, Western Xiangxi … a people and language of China, northwest Hunan Province, Huadan, Fenghuang,
Baojing, Jishou, Guzhang, Longshan, Xinhuang Mayang counties; northeast Guizhou Province, Songtao County,
Tongren and southeast Chongqing municipalities;




Ethnologue 16th Edition … a language of Benin … 50,000 in Benin (2002 SIL). Population total all countries:
71,000 … South, Mono Province along west coast, Grand-Popo Subprefecture; Atlantique Province, Ouidali
Subprefecture; Littoral Province, Cotonou.
different form of Yiddish from 104247




Gelao, White … native to Vietnam, Yen Minh District, Pho La and Dong Van. 20 speakers of White Gelao (giw).
An offical nationality. Not mutually intelligible with Red Gelao (gir).




Lachi, White … a people and language of Vietnam, North, south of Maguan in China, Ha Giang Province,
Manbang and Manmei. Alt Names: Lipupo, White Lachi (Ethnologue 16).
Pilcomayo Mataco … a tribe of the Gran Chaco living between the Bermejo and Pilcomayo rivers in
northwestern Argentina, with several thousand living across the border in Bolivia and Paraguay. They have
been identified historically by the terms Chunupi, Gu
Almost entirely monolingual
Wolane … a people and language of Ethiopia, Gurage zone. Alt Names: Walane, Welene, Olane (Ethnologue
16).
Wolaitta … an ethnic group living between the Belati and Omo rivers in Ethiopia. They are part of the Omotic
cluster of peoples. Alt Names: Welamo, Wolayta (Olson 1996, pp. 591-592). A people and language of
Ethiopia. Wolaytta region, Lake Abaya area. Alt




Wolio … a people and language of Indonesia (Sulawesi). Southeast Sulawesi, southwest Buton Island, Bau-Bau.
Also in Malaysia (Sabah). Alt Names: Baubau, Buton, Butonese, Butung. Trade language. Former court
language of the Sultan at Baubau and a few surro




Wolof … a major ethnic group of West Africa. Approximately 2.5 million Wolofs live in the area from the
Senegal River in the north to the Gambia River in the south. Today the Wolofs constitute more than 36
percent of the total population in Senegal and 15




Wom … a language of Nigeria, Adamawa state, Fufore LGA. 5,000 (Blench 1989). Alt Names: Pere, Pereba,
Perema. Language is similar to Samba Leko (ndj). Reportedly they intermarry with Mom Jango (ver). 'Wom' is a
town name. Traditional religion, Christian,
Wom … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, East Sepik Province, Maprik District, east of Wara Sikau.
Torricelli Mountain foothills. 12 villages; Maprik Province, Dreikikir District, west northwest of Maprik. 4,260
(2003 SIL). Alt Names: Wam. Also us




Nearly Extinct
Waunana … a people and language of Panama. Southeast Panama, lowlands. Also in Colombia. San Juan River
basin. Alt Names: Woun Meu, Chanco, Chocama, Noanama, Noenama, Nonama, Waumeo, Waun Meo,
Waunana, Wounmeu. Latin script. Swidden agriculturalists (Ethn
Not related to Laka peoples in West Africa or Lakkia in China.
Wutung … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Sandaun Province, Vanimo District, coast bordering
Papua, Indonesia, including Sangke village. Alt Names: Udung (Ethnologue 16).
1 monolingual




Hamta … a people of Ethiopia. Surrounded by Amharic and Tigre speakers in Avergele District, Lasta and Waag
Regions. Alt Names: Khamta, Xamta. 60% Christians, 40% Animists (WCD). Probably same as 110887, Xamir.




Xamir … a people of Ethiopia. North Amhara region, Avergele District, Lasta and Waag zones, 100 km north of
Weldiya. Language is Xamtanga (xan). Alt Names: Agawinya, Khamtanga, Simt'anga, Xamir, Xamta. A few Xamir
do not speak Xamtanga, but most do. Ethio
Xavante … a people and language of Brazil. Mato Grosso. 6 noncontiguous reservations, 80 villages.




Only 3 speakers




National Language
Pingdi … a people of China, mountainous area where Hunan, Guangxi, and Guangdong provinces meet. The
geographical center of the Pingdi is Lipu Township in northern Guangxi. In the 1990 census about half of the
Pingdi were included under the Yao nationalit
Language extinct. Group speaks Spanish




Language is Afrikaans. Xiri language that was spoken by some Griqua is extinct.




An Arawakan people; different from Ninam, also called Yanomam Xirianá
250 Xokleng speakers.
Young people are Japanese speakers
15% bilingual in Spanish
not related to 111303 Aka in India




Yaka … a people of Congo, Lekoumou region, Sibiti area. Alt Names: Iyaka, West Teke, Yaa (Ethnologue 16).
Previously recognized as a dialect of Western Teke and associated with 110806 Teke, Western.




3,000 speakers; Washington
Yakha … a people and language of Nepal. Koshi zone, Terhathum District, Sankhuwasawa District, Dhankuta
District. East of middle Arun River between Hinuwankhola north and Leguwakhola south. Northern Yakha is in
south Sankhuwasawa District and adjoining st
Yahgan




Mbubem … a people and language of Cameroon. North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Central Nwa
Subdivision. Season immigrants in Nigeria, Mambila Plateau. Also in Nigeria. Taraba state, Sardauna and
Gashaka LGAs, Antere, and other border villages (E




25,000 active language speakers
Yaminawa … an Amerindian tribe of Panoan-speaking people scattered widely in several small villages in the
state of Acre, Brazil, along the lower Chandless River, the lower Iaco River, the Acre River above the town of
Brasilia; on the Jurua River, as well
Dogon (102662) retired and 14 new "Dogon" entries created. Dogon, Yanda Dom … a people native to Mali,
Mopti region, Koro Circle, Diankabou District (Ethnologue 16).




Amuesha … an Arawakan-speaking tribe of Amerindians who are closely related to the Campa and live in the
Peruvian montana along the Pozuzu, Churchuras, Huancabama, Palcazu, Pichi, Neguachi, Apuracayali, and
Mais rivers in the departments of Pasco and Juni




A Zhuang Tai tribe, in Funing County, southwest Guangxi




Yang Zhuang (Dejing) … native to China, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: Jingxi, Debao, Napo counties;
Yunnan Province: Funing county. Also in Vietnam (Ethnologue 16). Former sub-group of Zhuang, Southern
114376 [Retired].
Yangum Dey … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Sandaun Province, Nuku District. 180 (2000
census) (Ethnologue 16).




Yanomam, Waica … a people and language of Brazil. Roraima, Waicá post, Uraricuera River; Amazonas,
Toototobi post; Roraima, Catrimani River. Alt Names: Parahuri, Surara, Waicá, Waiká, Xurima, Yanoam,
Yanomam, Yanomamé. Latin script. Seminomadic (Ethnologu




Yanomam, Guaharibo … a people and language of Venezuela. Orinoco-Mavaca area. Eastern dialect in Parima
Mountains, east of Batau River; Western dialect in Padamo River basin, Ocamo, Manaviche, and upper
Orinoco rivers and south of Orinoco River up to head
Yao … an ethnic group of approximately one million people living in Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania. They
are not to be confused with the Pila Pila people of Benin who call themselves Yao (Olson 1996, pp. 602-603).
2 monolinguals




No permanent contact yet.
Zapoteco, Lachirioag … an indigenous Mesoamerican people living today in southern Mexico, Oaxaca, San
Cristobal Lachiruaj. Lachirioag Zapotec is one of two dialects of Yatee Zapoteco (zty). Also use some Spanish
(Ethnologue 16).




Zapoteco, Yatee … an indigenous Mesoamerican people living today in southern Mexico, Oaxaca, San
Francisco Yatee (4 towns). Yatee Zapotec is one of two dialects of Yatee Zapoteco (zty). Also use some Spanish
(Ethnologue 16).




Yau … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Sandaun Province. 1 village. Different from Yau (yuw) and
Yau dialect of Yessan-Mayo (yss) (Ethnologue 16).
4 monolinguals




The Iaualapiti, also known as the Iwalapiti, Yawalapiti, Yauapiti, and Yaulapiti, are a small tropical forest tribe
living near the headwaters of the Xingu River in central Brazil. The tribe speaks an Arawakan language,
although today it is laden with Kar




Shanenawa … native to Brazil, Acre. Shanenawa is a dialect of Yawanawa (ywn). 356 Shanenawa (2002 FUNAI).
Also use Portuguese.




Yawanawa … native to Brazil, Acre. 450 in ethnic group of which 356 speak Shanenawa dialect (115085). Alt
Name: Iauanaua, Jawanaua, Yahuanahua. Alsu use Portuguese.
Bilingual in Tajiki




Yey … a people and language of Indonesia (Papua), south coast border area, east of Marind along Maro River.
6 villages. Hunters; fishermen; agriculturalists. Christian, traditional religion (Ethnologue 16).
Yem … a people and language of Ethiopia. Southwest, Oromo region, northeast of Jimma, Fofa (main village);
mixed in Oromo villages; Sokoru, Saja, Deedoo, Sak'a, Jimma. Alt Names: "Janjerinya", "Janjero", "Janjor",
"Yangaro", Yem, Yemma, "Zinjero". Ethiopi
Yeniche … a people and language of Germany. Also in Austria, France, Netherlands, Switzerland. Alt Names:
German Travellers, Jenisch, Yenishe. Language is German with a heavy cryptolectal lexical influsion from
Traveller Danish (rmd), Western Yiddish (yih




8,000 speakers




Under Yao Nationality
Mayo-Yessan … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Sepik, Tama. 1,990 (2000 census). Alt Names:
Yessan-Mayo, Maio-Yesan, Mayo-Yesan, Yasyin, Yesan. Fishermen; swidden agriculturalists; hunter-gatherers.
Christian, traditional religion (Ethnologue 16




Jewish. Language Nearly Extinct.
Yidgha … a people of Pakistan. Northwest Frontier Province, Chitral, Dir Kohistan districts. Language is Yidgha
(ydg). Religion is Islam (OMID). Chitral, Upper Lutkuh Valley, west of Garam Chishma. Alt Names: Yidghal,
Lutkuhwar, Yidga, Yudga, Yudgha. Also




In some sources, may DUPLICATE one segment of 113900, Yimchungra; see also 113786, 112824




In some sources, may DUPLICATE one segment of 113900, Yimchungra; see also 111800, 113786
In some sources, may DUPLICATE one segment of 113900, Yimchungra; see also 111800, 112824




Ethnologue reports Tikhir and Chirr as dialects of one lang Yimchungru; Omid has alternate names, but
additional entities 113786, 112824 & 111800




Yinchia … a people and language of Myanmar. South Shan state. Alt Names: Black Riang, Ranei, Striped Karen,
Yinnet. Related to Riang Lang (ril). Not Karen. Called a type of Karen by the Burmese or Shan 'yin' or 'yang'
because of their colorful dress (Ethn




Piro … an Arawakan-speaking group of Amerindians who live in small scattered groups in the forests on the
Urubamba, Cushabatay, and Madre de Dios rivers in the Peruvian amazon and between the upper Iaco and
Acre rivers in the state of Acre, Brazil. They c
All Dida: 195,400
Pila … a people and language of Benin, Atakora Province, Djougou area. Alt Names: Yom, Kpilakpila, Pilapila.
74,000 (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Related to Nawdm of Togo. Traditional religion, Muslim, Christian
(Ethnologue 16).




Yombe … a subgroup of the Kongo people of Congo, Zaire, Zambia, and Angola. They are concentrated in the
Yombe mountain area of Congo, especially in and around Ncesse, Chimpeze, Kakamocka, and Mvouti. The
contemporary Yombe popualation in Congo exceeds 30




Young people are Japanese speakers
Northern Tai is secong language




Yongbei Zhuang … native to China, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, northern Yongning, Hengxian,
Bingyang, Wuming, Pingguo counties (Ethnologue 16). Former sub-group of Zhuang, Northern 114375
[Retired].




Some sources do not acknowledge a difference between Southern Kati and Southern Muyu in Yanggom




Yonggom … a people and language of Papua New Guinea, Western Province along Fly and Tedi (Alice) rivers
and toward Lake Murray. Alt Names: Yongkom, Yongom (Ethnologue 16).




Not a separate entity in most sources; may be part of Yonggom in some sources




Yongnan Zhuang … native to China, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: Yongning, Longan, Fusui, Shangsi,
Qinzhou, Fangcheng counties. Also in Vietnam (Ethnologue 16). Former sub-group of Zhuang, Southern
114376 [Retired].
Manu Park Panoan … a people of Peru. Manu Park, Panagua River; Mishagua River. May be some in Brazil.
Language is Yora (mts). Alt Names: Nahua, Parquenahua, Yoranahua, Yura. Language is similar to Yaminahua
(yaa) and Sharanahua (mcd). Yora (mts) is an off




Young people are Japanese speakers
240 monolinguals




Youjiang Zhuang … native to China, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Tiandong, Tianyang, Baise counties
(Ethnologue 16). Former sub-group of Zhuang, Northern 114375 [Retired].
Bilingual in Yucatoco of Yucatan; not in Spanish




88 monolinguals
unique ethnic character of Chinese in Mauritius




Chinese, Yue … a people and language of China. Guangdong (except Hakka speaking areas northeast, Min Nan-
speaking areas east, Hainan Island); Guangxi. Hong Kong and Macau. Also in Australia, Brunei, Canada, Costa
Rica, Honduras, Indonesia (Java and Bali),




Ngai … a people of Vietnam, Quang Ninh, Hai Phong, Ha Bac, Cao Bang, Lang Son, Bac Thai provinces, and Ho
Chi Minh City (JPL).




Yuhup … one of six linguistic groups among the Maku. The Yuhup (Yohop, Yahup, Desana Maku) total
approximately 300 people. They are different from the Cacua (Kakwa, Kama, Cubeo Maku), Jupda (Ubde,
Tukano Maku, Hupda, Hupdu), Maku-Bara, Nadeb, and the Guar




Yukpa … an Amerindian group of Karib extraction who today inhabit the river valleys of northwestern
Venezuela, in the state of Zulia, along the border with Colombia. Alt Names: Yucpa, Yupa, Chaques, Chakes.
They are divided into eight fiercely independent
Yulu … a people and language of Central African Republic. Ouadda-Djaléi and Ouadda subprefectures. Yulu are
in Central African Republic and Sudan; Binga are in Sudan and Democratic Republic of the Congo. Also spoken
in Democratic Republic of the Congo, Su




Yuqui … a tiny Amerindian group in eastern Bolivia who speak a Tupi-Guarani language. Today they can be
found south of the upper Ichilo River in the province of Carrasco in the department of Cochabamba. By the
mid-1980s, the Yuqui population had increased




Yuracare … a tribe of Amerindians living in the departments of El Beni and Cochabamba between the Sucre,
Ichilo, and Chapare rivers in Bolivia. Their language is from an isolated, independent family. Today the
Yuracare have a strong sense of ethnic identi




The Yuruti are a small, Eastern Tukanoan-speaking Amerindian people of the Vaupes River drainage are of
Colombia. They are particularly concentrated in the communities of San Luis and Consuelo on the Paca River
(Olson 1991, p. 422).




38 monolinguals




550 speakers, including 3 monolinguals, of 10,000 in ethnic gp
New language identified among Nahuatl (Aztec)




Only about 100 speakers left




Awlad Mana … an ethnic group of Sudan. A minority group that speaks Zaghawa (zag). Alt Name: Fanya, Awlad
Mana.




Bideyat … one of two sub-groups of the Beri (Kige), a large ethnic group who live on the border of Chad and
Sudan. The Zaghawa (111134) are the larger sub-group and account for roughly 90% of the Beri. Bideyat live in
the Ennedi hills of Chad (Olson 1996)




Zaghawa … one of two sub-groups of the Beri (Kige), a large ethnic group who live on the border of Chad and
Sudan. The Zaghawa sub-group accounts for roughly 90% of the Beri. Bideyat (101416) is the other sub-group.
The Zaghawa live in Chad's northeastern
Zaiwa … a people and language of China. Yunnan Province, Dehong Dai-Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture, Luxi,
Ruili, Longchuang, Yingjiang, Bangwa districts. Classified as Jingpo Nationality. Agriculturalists. Polytheist,
Daoist, Christian. Also in Myanmar. Kac




Zan Gula … a people and language of Chad, Melfi Prefecture, Chinguil Subprefecture, northwest of Lake Iro.
5,000 (2003 SIL). Alt Names: Goula, Gula Guera, Moriil, Morre. Most also use Chadian Spoken Arabic (shu).
Together with Bon Gula (103548) called 'Gu




Azande … a people and language of Democratic Republic of Congo, far north of Orientale Province, Bas-Uele
District. Also in Central African Republic, Sudan. Traditional religion, Christian (Ethnologue 16).




Zangskar … a people and language of India. Jammu and Kashmir, Zaskar Mts.; southernmost end of Kargil
District, between Himalayas and Indus River Valley, next to Leh-Ladakhi and Kargil-Purik areas. Alt Names:
Zanskari, Zaskari. Some also use the Leh Ladak
4 monolinguals




A large ethnic group, integrated with the Quichua; Quichua-speaking




Only few speakers




some sources include this under Zari 111156




some sources include this under Zari 111156




some sources include under this Zakshi 111136 and Boto 101640




Zerma … a people and language of Niger, Southwest. Also in Burkina Faso, Mali, Nigeria. 2,350,000 in Niger
(2006). 87,800 in Nigeria (2000). 600 in Burkina Faso (1987 SIL). Alt Names: Zarma, Adzerma, Djerma,
Dyabarma, Dyarma, Dyerma, Zabarma, Zarbarma, Za
Under Nu Nationality




Zay … a people and language of Ethiopia. Oromiya region, Lake Zway shores and east islands. Alt Names:
Gelilla, Lak'I, Laqi, Zway. Island children learn Zay, but lakeshore children learn Oromo (gax). 'Zway' refers to
the lake and town, 'Zay' to the people




Karen, Zayein … a people and language of Myanmar. Between the towns of Mobye and Phekon in southern
Shan state. Alt Names: Gaungtou, Khaungtou, Zayein. May be a subgroup of Latha Karen (kvt) (Ethnologue 16).




Zayse … an ethnic group living today in Ethiopia. Alt Names: Zayze, Zayze-Zergula. The Zayzes are part of the
Omotic cluster of peoples in southern Ethiopia. They plant ensete and other grains and practice animal
husbandry for a living. Like most other Om




Zergulla … an ethnic group living today in Ethiopia. They are part of the Omotic cluster of peoples in southern
Ethiopia. Zergulas raise ensete and other grains and practice animal husbandry for a living. Like most other
Omotic peoples in the region, the




Zeem … a language of Nigeria, Bauchi state, Toro LGA. Alt Names: Chaari. Shifting to Hausa (hau). Also use
Fulfulde (fuv), Izere (izr), or Tunzu (dza).
New from Omid, 7/20/01




Entry covers a cluster of Naga groups and speech forms




Zenag … a people and language of Papua New Guinea. Morobe Province, Mumeng District. Alt Names: Zenang.
Swidden agriculturalists (Ethnologue 16).




Masna … a tribe of the Hodh Ech Chargui region of Mauritania. The Masna managed the production and trade
of 'amersal' (earth salt) that supported trans-Saharan trade during the mid-nineteenth century (McDougall
2003). Central Mauritania. A Berber people w
Zenaga … a language of Mauritania, south, Mederdra to Atlantic coast. Also in Senegal. 200 in Mauritania,
decreasing. People are bedouins, reported to travel mainly in caravans. Racially, they are both white and black;
the latter are descendants of slaves




2,000 monolinguals




Under Tibetan Nationality




Zhoa … a people and language of Cameroon, North-West Province, Menchum Division, Fungom Subdivision. 1
village (Ethnologue 16).




new entity arising out of new language and ethnic analysis 2006-8. Zhuang (zha) represents unclassified
members of macrolanguage family … use this code for Zhuang subgroups not represented by 114994-115007
or 115009-115010




Zigwa … a people of Tanzania. Alt Names: Zigula, Zigalu. The Zigalu (Zigula) are one of the individual groups in
the Zaramo cluster of the Northeast Bantu-speaking people of East Africa. They live in the coastal lowlands of
Tanzania where most of them wo
Zirenkel … a people and language of Chad, Guera Department, Mongo Subprefecture, Canton Dadjo I,
Dambiro, Sirbodom, Nikel villages. 2,240 (1993 census). Most also use Chadian Spoken Arabic (shu). Some also
use Dar Sila Daju (dau) or Dangaleat (daa)(Ethnol
Zuoke … a people and language of China, Yunnan Province, southeast Wenshan, south Yanshan counties. Alt
Names: Cowtail Phula, Nimitso, Niuweiba Phula, Phula, Ruoke, Tshokha, Zekhe, Zokhuo. Also use Nong Zhuang
(zhn) or Mandarin Chinese (cmn)




400 in US; Ethnologue shows 1000 in Mexico, others 5000




Small Parsee group whose native tongue is a secret language called Gabri; they consider "Gabri" or "Gabar"
derogatory … Yezd and Kerman areas




'Zomi' is also used as a general name for all Chin.
Zulgo … a people and language of Cameroon, Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, Tokombere Subdivision,
east edge of Mandar Mountains, north of Maroua. 16 villages. Ethnologue 16 language name is Zulgo-Gemzek
(gnd). Alt Names: Gemjek, Guemshek, Zulgo. S




Zulu … a people and language of South Africa, Zululand and north Natal. Also in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi,
Mozambique, Swaziland. Alt Names: Isizulu, Zunda. Christian, traditional religion (Ethnologue 16).




Zumaya … a people and language of Cameroon, Far North Province, Diamara Division, Maroua Subdivision,
Ouro-Lamorde. Zumaya (zuy) language is nearly extinct.




Zuni … an indigenous people group of the United States, New Mexico, south McKinley County Reservation,
south of Gallup. Some children raised to speak the language (1998). Slowly shifting to English. Zuni (zun) is still
used exclusively in all Zuni religio
Zuojiang Zhuang … native to China, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: Tiandeng, Daxin, Chongzuo,
Ningming, Longzhou, Pingxiang, Jingxi counties; Yunnan Province: Funing county. Also in Vietnam (Ethnologue
16). Former sub-group of Zhuang, Southern 114376 [R




Zyphe … a people and language of Myanmar, Chin State, Thantlang Township. Also in India, Mizoram, Lakher
District. 17,000 in Myanmar (1994). 3,000 in India (2000). Alt Names: Zophei, Zoptei, Vawngtu. Also use Haka
Chin (cnh) or Mara Chin (mrh) depending o
    Source   EditDate    ROP2     CultureID           PLOC                     PROL




Various       29-Jul-10 C0252




WMC          03-May-11 C0109    BYG11d        Middle Africa     !O!ung - (oun)




PIN / SIL    10-Feb-11 C0109    BYG11d        Southern Africa   !Xóõ - (nmn)




WCE          03-May-11 C0109    BYG11d        Botswana          ||Ani - (hnh)




PIN / SIL    03-May-11 C0109    BYG11d        Botswana          ||Gana - (gnk)




PIN / SIL    03-May-11 C0109    BYG11d        Botswana          |Gwi - (gwj)




PIN / SIL    03-May-11 C0109    BYG11d        Botswana          ‡Hua - (huc)
PIN / SIL   03-May-11 C0109   BYG11d   Southern Africa    ‡Kx’au||’ein - (aue)




PIN / SIL   16-Jun-10 C0161   CMT33d   Ethiopia           Aari - (aiw)




                                       Tanzania, United
JP          01-Apr-10 C0109   BYG11b   Republic of        Aasáx - (aas)




PIN / SIL   02-May-11 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Abadi - (kbt)




PIN / SIL   02-May-11 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Abaga - (abg)




PIN / SIL   16-Jun-10 C0059   MSY44z   Malaysia           Abai Sungai - (abf)




PIN / SIL   16-Jun-10 C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria            Abanyom - (abm)
PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Cameroon           Abar - (mij)




PIN / SIL   16-Jun-10 C0152   AON10a   Papua New Guinea   Abau - (aau)




PIN / SIL   16-Jun-10 C0061   CEW17a   Eastern Europe     Abaza - (abq)




PIN / SIL   16-Jun-10 C0085   NAB59k   Côte d'Ivoire      Abé - (aba)




PIN / SIL   03-Feb-06 C0072   AUG05    Philippines        Abellen Ayta - (abp)




PIN / SIL   16-Jun-10 C0085   NAB59k   Côte d'Ivoire      Abidji - (abi)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON10a   Indonesia          Abinomn - (bsa)
PIN / SIL             C0152    AON10a   Indonesia          Abinomn - (bsa)




PIN / SIL   16-Jun-10 C0061    CEW17a   Western Asia       Abkhazian - (abk)




PIN / SIL   18-Jun-10 C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria            Abon - (abo)




PIN / SIL             C0085    NAB59a   Western Africa     Abron - (abr)




PIN / SIL   02-May-11 C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Abu - (ado)




PIN / SIL    30-Jul-10 C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria            Abua - (abn)




PIN / SIL   22-Dec-10 C0075    AON10e   Indonesia          Abui - (abz)
PIN / SIL   22-Dec-10 C0152   AON10a   Indonesia       Abun - (kgr)




PIN / SIL   22-Dec-10 C0085   NAB59k   Côte d'Ivoire   Abure - (abu)




PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria         Abureni - (mgj)




PIN / SIL            C0165    MIR38a   Mexico          Acatepec Me'phaa - (tpx)




PIN / SIL            C0201    MIR39e   South America   Achagua - (aca)




PIN / SIL   10-Aug-10 C0229   MSY50f   Eastern Asia    Achang - (acn)




AMO         11-Jan-11 C0229   MSY50f   China           Achang - (acn)
PIN / SIL            C0201    MIR39e   Paraguay        Aché - (guq)




CPPI        11-Jul-11 C0156   NAB66h   Sudan           Acheron - (acz)




PIN / SIL            C0165    MIR37b   Guatemala       Achi - (acr)




PIN / SIL            C0165    MIR37b   Guatemala       Achi - (acr)




PIN / SIL            C0002    MSY44b   Indonesia       Achinese - (ace)




OW                   C0201    MIR39d   South America   Achuar-Shiwiar - (acu)




PIN / SIL            C0154    MIR38a   United States   Achumawi - (acv)
PIN / SIL            C0153    NAB62a   Eastern Africa   Acoli - (ach)




PIN / SIL            C0217    AON10e   Timor-Leste      Adabe - (adb)




OW                   C0077    NAB56c   Mali             Adamawa Fulfulde - (fub)




PIN / SIL   09-Feb-11 C0077   NAB56c   Middle Africa    Adamawa Fulfulde - (fub)




PIN / SIL   09-Feb-11 C0077   NAB56c   Cameroon         Adamawa Fulfulde - (fub)




JP          01-Apr-10 C0075   AON10e   Indonesia        Adang - (adn)




ISPD                 C0085    NAB59f   Ghana            Adangme - (ada)
PIN / SIL            C0072    MSY44x   Philippines      Adasen - (tiu)




PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59b   Western Africa   Adele - (ade)




PIN / SIL   27-Apr-10 C0153   NAB62j   Eastern Africa   Adhola - (adh)




OMID        16-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India            Adi - (adi)




AMO         15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   Southern Asia    Adi - (adi)




OMID        15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India            Adi - (adi)




OMID        15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India            Adi - (adi)
OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)
OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID            C0004    MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID            C0004    MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)
OMID            C0004    MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID            C0004    MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID            C0004    MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID            C0004    MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID            C0004    MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




AMO    15-Jun-10 C0229   MSY50z   China   Adi - (adi)
OMID   16-Aug-10 C0044   NAB66c   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID            C0004    MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID            C0113    MSY50p   India   Adi - (adi)




AMO    15-Jun-10 C0229   MSY50z   China   Adi - (adi)




OMID            C0004    MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)
OMID            C0004    MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID            C0004    MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID   15-Jun-10 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID   22-Jan-04 C0004   MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID            C0004    MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID            C0113    MSY50p   India   Adi - (adi)




OMID            C0004    MSY50z   India   Adi - (adi)
PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59k   Côte d'Ivoire   Adioukrou - (adj)




OMID                 C0186    AUG06a   India           Adiwasi Garasia - (gas)




PIN / SIL            C0001    AUG02    Australia       Adnyamathanha - (adt)




JP          01-Apr-10 C0075   MSY44y   Indonesia       Adonara - (adr)




PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59c   Nigeria         Aduge - (adu)




PIN / SIL   13-Jul-10 C0061   CEW17a   Western Asia    Adyghe - (ady)




PIN / SIL            C0061    CEW17a   Turkey          Adyghe - (ady)
PIN / SIL   02-May-11 C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Adzera - (adz)




ISPD         01-Jul-10 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Aeka - (aez)




PIN / SIL   02-May-11 C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Aekyom - (awi)




ISPD        06-May-11 C0028    CNN25e   Pakistan           Aer - (aeq)




PIN / SIL             C0062    NAB60b   Western Africa     Afade - (aal)




PIN / SIL   12-May-11 C0276    CMT33z   Eastern Africa     Afar - (aar)




PIN / SIL             C0156    NAB62m   Sudan              Afitti - (aft)
PIN / SIL            C0079    CEW19a   Southern Africa    Afrikaans - (afr)




OW          10-Apr-06 C0173   NAN58    Namibia            Afrikaans - (afr)




OW                   C0173    NAN58    Southern Africa    Afrikaans - (afr)




OBJ                  C0123    NAN58    South Africa       Afrikaans - (afr)




PIN / SIL   03-May-11 C0109   BYG11d   Eastern Africa     Afrikaans - (afr)




PIN / SIL   14-Apr-10 C0253   NFB71b   Northern America   Afro-Seminole Creole - (afs)




PIN / SIL   02-May-11 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Agarabi - (agd)
PIN / SIL             C0044    NAB59z   Nigeria            Agatu - (agc)




PIN / SIL             C0010    MIR39d   Brazil             Agavotaguerra - (avo)




PIN / SIL             C0257    NAB57a   Cameroon           Aghem - (agq)




PIN / SIL    02-Jul-10 C0152   AON10a   Indonesia          Aghu - (ahh)




PIN / SIL   06-May-10 C0061    CEW17b   Eastern Europe     Aghul - (agx)




PIN / SIL   02-May-11 C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Agi - (aif)




PIN / SIL   02-May-11 C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Agob - (kit)
PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria          Agoi - (ibm)




PIN / SIL            C0165    MIR37b   Guatemala        Aguacateco - (agu)




OW          05-Nov-10 C0010   MIR39d   Peru             Aguaruna - (agr)




PIN / SIL            C0233    NAB59n   Western Africa   Aguna - (aug)




PIN / SIL   17-Nov-10 C0072   MSY44x   Philippines      Agusan Manobo - (msm)




JPL         17-Nov-10 C0072   MSY44x   Philippines      Agusan Manobo - (msm)




PIN / SIL            C0072    MSY44m   Philippines      Agutaynen - (agn)
PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria              Agwagwune - (yay)




ISPD                 C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria              Àhàn - (ahn)




PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59a   Ghana                Ahanta - (aha)




AMO         16-Jun-10 C0147   AUG03z   South-Eastern Asia   Aheu - (thm)




CPPI        06-May-11 C0023            Turkey               Ahirani - (ahr)




PIN / SIL            C0154    MIR38a   United States        Ahtena - (aht)




PIN / SIL   17-Dec-10 C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria              Ahwai - (nfd)
JPL         20-Dec-10 C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria            Ahwai - (nfd)




JPL         17-Dec-10 C0044   NAB56    Nigeria            Ahwai - (nfd)




PIN / SIL            C0054    MSY49z   China              Ai-Cham - (aih)




SIL         10-Feb-11 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Aighon - (aix)




PIN / SIL   11-Dec-03 C0201   MIR39z   Brazil             Aikanã - (tba)




PIN / SIL   02-Aug-10 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Aiklep - (mwg)




JPL                  C0007    CNT24z   Afghanistan        Aimaq - (aiq)
JPL                  C0007    CNT24z   Southern Asia      Aimaq - (aiq)




JPL                  C0007    CNT24z   Southern Asia      Aimaq - (aiq)




JPL                  C0007    CNT24z   Afghanistan        Aimaq - (aiq)




JPL         19-Oct-04 C0007   CNT24z   Southern Asia      Aimaq - (aiq)




PIN / SIL            C0007    CNT24z   Afghanistan        Aimaq - (aiq)




OW                   C0007             Iran               Aimaq - (aiq)




PIN / SIL   02-May-11 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Aimele - (ail)
OMID                 C0113    MSY50z   India              Aimol - (aim)




PIN / SIL   02-May-11 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Ainbai - (aic)




PIN / SIL            C0223    MSY41z   China              Ainu (China) - (aib)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Aiome - (aki)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON10a   Indonesia          Airoran - (air)




OMID                 C0191    MSY49c   India              Aiton - (aio)




PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59e   Western Africa     Aja (Benin) - (ajg)
PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59e   Togo               Aja (Benin) - (ajg)




PIN / SIL            C0203    NAB66e   Sudan              Aja (Sudan) - (aja)




PIN / SIL            C0151    AON09a   New Caledonia      Ajië - (aji)




PIN / SIL   07-Jun-04 C0201   MIR39a   Peru               Ajyíninka Apurucayali - (cpc)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Ak - (akq)




PIN / SIL   12-Jul-11 C0153   NAB62z   Sudan              Aka - (soh)




OW                   C0085    NAB59a   Ghana              Akan - (aka)
CPPI      19-Aug-04 C0085   NAB59a   Western Africa   Akan - (aka)




OW                 C0085    NAB59a   Ghana            Akan - (aka)




Various   11-Feb-04 C0085   NAB59a   Ghana            Akan - (aka)




Various   11-Feb-04 C0085   NAB59    Ghana            Akan - (aka)




OW                 C0085    NAB59a   Ghana            Akan - (aka)




OW                 C0085    NAB59    Western Africa   Akan - (aka)




OW                 C0085    NAB59a   Ghana            Akan - (aka)
OW                   C0085    NAB59a   Western Africa    Akan - (aka)




OW                   C0085    NAB59a   Ghana             Akan - (aka)




PIN / SIL   10-Feb-11 C0087   NAB56a   Togo              Akaselem - (aks)




PIN / SIL   09-Feb-11 C0136   MIR37b   Central America   Akateko - (knj)




PIN / SIL   11-Dec-03 C0201   MIR39c   South America     Akawaio - (ake)




PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria           Ake - (aik)




PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59b   Togo              Akebu - (keu)
PIN / SIL            C0227    AON09c   Vanuatu              Akei - (tsr)




PIN / SIL            C0089    MSY50i   South-Eastern Asia   Akha - (ahk)




AMO         02-Jul-10 C0089   MSY50i   South-Eastern Asia   Akha - (ahk)




AMO         02-Jul-10 C0089   MSY50i   Laos                 Akha - (ahk)




JP          01-Jul-10 C0089   MSY50i   Laos                 Akha - (ahk)




AMO         02-Jul-10 C0089   MSY50i   Laos                 Akha - (ahk)




AMO         02-Jul-10 C0089   MSY50i   Laos                 Akha - (ahk)
AMO   02-Jul-10 C0089   MSY50i   Laos                 Akha - (ahk)




AMO   02-Jul-10 C0089   MSY50i   Laos                 Akha - (ahk)




AMO   02-Jul-10 C0089   MSY50i   South-Eastern Asia   Akha - (ahk)




AMO   02-Jul-10 C0089   MSY50i   South-Eastern Asia   Akha - (ahk)




AMO   02-Jul-10 C0089   MSY50i   South-Eastern Asia   Akha - (ahk)




AMO   02-Jul-10 C0089   MSY50i   Laos                 Akha - (ahk)




AMO   02-Jul-10 C0089   MSY50i   Laos                 Akha - (ahk)
AMO                  C0089    MSY50i   China              Akha - (ahk)




JPL         04-Aug-10 C0229   MSY50i   Laos               Akha - (ahk)




PIN / SIL            C0061    CEW17b   Russia             Akhvakh - (akv)




ISPD                 C0074             Russia             Akkala Sami - (sia)




PIN / SIL            C0070    MSY44q   Philippines        Aklanon - (akl)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Akolet - (akt)




PIN / SIL            C0271    NAB57k   Cameroon           Akoose - (bss)
PIN / SIL   C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Akoye - (miw)




PIN / SIL   C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria            Akpa - (akf)




PIN / SIL   C0233   NAB59n   Nigeria            Akpes - (ibe)




PIN / SIL   C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Akrukay - (afi)




PIN / SIL   C0044   NAB56b   Cameroon           Akum - (aku)




PIN / SIL   C0201   MIR39c   Suriname           Akurio - (ako)




PIN / SIL   C0258   NAB57c   Congo              Akwa - (akw)
PIN / SIL   12-May-11 C0276   CMT33d   Ethiopia        Alaba-K’abeena - (alw)




OW          12-May-11 C0276   CMT33d   Ethiopia        Alaba-K’abeena - (alw)




PIN / SIL            C0154    MIR38a   United States   Alabama - (akz)




JP          01-Apr-10 C0072   AUG05    Philippines     Alabat Island Agta - (dul)




PIN / SIL            C0072             Philippines     Alabat Island Agta - (dul)




PIN / SIL            C0144    MIR37c   Mexico          Alacatlatzala Mixtec - (mim)




PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB59z   Nigeria         Alago - (ala)
                                       Tanzania, United
PIN / SIL   22-Feb-11 C0173   CMT33z   Republic of        Alagwa - (wbj)




PIN / SIL   17-Dec-03 C0147   AUG03z   Laos               Alak - (alk)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Alamblak - (amp)




PIN / SIL            C0072    MSY44x   Philippines        Alangan - (alj)




PIN / SIL            C0001    AUG02    Australia          Alawa - (alh)




PIN / SIL   07-Feb-11 C0144   MIR37c   Mexico             Alcozauca Mixtec - (xta)




PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria            Alege - (alf)
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Alekano - (gah)




PIN / SIL            C0223    MRY40a   Northern America   Aleut - (ale)




PIN / SIL   06-Aug-04 C0017   CMT30    Northern Africa    Algerian Arabic - (arq)




JPL         16-Aug-04 C0040   CMT30    Northern Africa    Algerian Arabic - (arq)




OW                   C0017    CMT32a   Northern Africa    Algerian Arabic - (arq)




JPL         09-Aug-04 C0045            Algeria            Algerian Arabic - (arq)




WCE                  C0041    CMT30    Egypt              Algerian Arabic - (arq)
OW                   C0219    CMT32h   Western Africa    Algerian Arabic - (arq)




                                                         Algerian Saharan Arabic -
OW          07-Apr-11 C0203   NAB66z   Sudan             (aao)




                                                         Algerian Saharan Arabic -
PIN / SIL            C0219    CMT32h   Northern Africa   (aao)




PIN / SIL            C0154    MIR38a   Canada            Algonquin - (alq)




                                       Central African
PIN / SIL            C0003    NAB66c   Republic          Ali - (aiy)




PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59k   Côte d'Ivoire     Alladian - (ald)




PIN / SIL            C0001    AUG02    Australia         Alngith - (aid)
PIN / SIL            C0234    MIR37f   Mexico          Aloápam Zapotec - (zaq)




JP          01-Apr-10 C0075   AON10e   Indonesia       Alor - (aol)




PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria         Alumu-Tesu - (aab)




PIN / SIL            C0130    MSY44v   Indonesia       Alune - (alp)




PIN / SIL            C0153    NAB62b   Middle Africa   Alur - (alz)




PIN / SIL            C0223    MSY48    Russia          Alutor - (alr)




CPPI                 C0212    CNT24z   Iran            Alviri-Vidari - (avd)
PIN / SIL            C0001    AUG02    Australia          Alyawarr - (aly)




                                                          Ama (Papua New Guinea) -
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   (amm)




                                                          Ama (Papua New Guinea) -
PIN / SIL            C0019    NAB62m   Sudan              (amm)




                                                          Ama (Papua New Guinea) -
PIN / SIL            C0156    NAB62m   Sudan              (amm)




PIN / SIL            C0130    MSY44v   Indonesia          Amahai - (amq)




PIN / SIL   11-Jul-11 C0201   MIR39d   South America      Amahuaca - (amc)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Amaimon - (ali)
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Amal - (aad)




PIN / SIL   18-Jun-10 C0152   AON10b   Papua New Guinea   Amanab - (amn)




PIN / SIL            C0083             Brazil             Amanayé - (ama)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Amara - (aie)




PIN / SIL            C0001    AUG02    Australia          Amarag - (amg)




PIN / SIL   05-Nov-10 C0201   MIR39a   Peru               Amarakaeri - (amr)




ISPD                 C0217    MSY44y   Indonesia          Amarasi - (aaz)
PIN / SIL            C0234    MIR37f   Mexico             Amatlán Zapotec - (zpo)




PIN / SIL            C0258    NAB57c   Eastern Africa     Amba (Uganda) - (rwm)




OW                   C0184             Uganda             Amba (Uganda) - (rwm)




PIN / SIL            C0197    AON09d   Solomon Islands    Amba (Uganda) - (rwm)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09e   Indonesia          Ambai - (amk)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Ambakich - (aew)




PIN / SIL   03-Feb-06 C0072   AUG05    Philippines        Ambala Ayta - (abc)
PIN / SIL   C0130   MSY44v   Indonesia            Ambelau - (amv)




PIN / SIL   C0044   NAB56b   Cameroon             Ambele - (ael)




PIN / SIL   C0227   AON09c   Vanuatu              Amblong - (alm)




PIN / SIL   C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria              Ambo - (amb)




PIN / SIL   C0130   AON09e   South-Eastern Asia   Ambonese Malay - (abs)




PIN / SIL   C0130            Indonesia            Ambonese Malay - (abs)




PIN / SIL   C0130            Indonesia            Ambonese Malay - (abs)
                                                           Ambo-Pasco Quechua -
PIN / SIL   05-Nov-10 C0185    MIR39g   Peru               (qva)




JP          01-Apr-10 C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Ambrak - (aag)




PIN / SIL   22-Dec-10 C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Ambulas - (abt)




PIN / SIL    15-Jul-10 C0175   NAB66z   Chad               Amdang - (amj)




AMO          26-Jul-10 C0216   MSY50r   China              Amdo Tibetan - (adx)




AMO          26-Jul-10 C0216   MSY50r   China              Amdo Tibetan - (adx)




AMO          26-Jul-10 C0216   MSY50r   China              Amdo Tibetan - (adx)
AMO    26-Jul-10 C0216   MSY50r   China   Amdo Tibetan - (adx)




AMO   26-Oct-04 C0216    MSY50r   China   Amdo Tibetan - (adx)




AMO   26-Oct-04 C0216    MSY50r   China   Amdo Tibetan - (adx)




AMO             C0146    MSY41y   China   Amdo Tibetan - (adx)




JPL   11-Nov-10 C0216    MSY50z   China   Amdo Tibetan - (adx)




AMO   26-Oct-04 C0216    MSY50r   China   Amdo Tibetan - (adx)




AMO             C0216    MSY50    China   Amdo Tibetan - (adx)
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON10b   Papua New Guinea   Amele - (aey)




PIN / SIL            C0072    MSY44x   Philippines        Amganad Ifugao - (ifa)




OW                   C0072             Philippines        Amganad Ifugao - (ifa)




PIN / SIL   12-May-11 C0068   CMT33a   Eastern Africa     Amharic - (amh)




PIN / SIL   18-May-11 C0068   NAB62z   Ethiopia           Amharic - (amh)




PIN / SIL            C0001    AUG02    Australia          Ami - (amy)




PIN / SIL            C0210    AUG01a   Eastern Asia       Amis - (ami)
PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria            Amo - (amo)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Amol - (alx)




PIN / SIL            C0144    MIR37c   Mexico             Amoltepec Mixtec - (mbz)




PIN / SIL            C0037    MSY44r   Indonesia          Ampanang - (apg)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Amto - (amt)




PIN / SIL            C0083    MIR39e   Brazil             Amundava - (adw)




JP          01-Apr-10 C0087   NAB56a   Mali               Ana Tinga Dogon - (dti)
PIN / SIL   C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria            Anaang - (anw)




PIN / SIL   C0075   AON09e   Indonesia          Anakalangu - (akg)




OMID        C0113   MSY50p   Southern Asia      Anal - (anm)




PIN / SIL   C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Anam - (pda)




PIN / SIL   C0083   MIR39e   Brazil             Anambé - (aan)




PIN / SIL   C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Anamgura - (imi)




PIN / SIL   C0152   AON10a   Indonesia          Anasi - (bpo)
JP          01-Apr-10 C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria            Áncá - (acb)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Andai - (afd)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Andarum - (aod)




PIN / SIL            C0001    AUG02    Australia          Andegerebinha - (adg)




PIN / SIL            C0061    CEW17b   Russia             Andi - (ani)




PIN / SIL            C0103    MSY44p   Indonesia          Andio - (bzb)




PIN / SIL            C0201    MIR39d   Colombia           Andoque - (ano)
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Andra-Hus - (anx)




PIN / SIL            C0227    AON09c   Vanuatu            Aneityum - (aty)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Anem - (anz)




PIN / SIL   16-Jun-10 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Aneme Wake - (aby)




PIN / SIL   18-May-11 C0161   CMT33d   Ethiopia           Anfillo - (myo)




PIN / SIL   18-May-11 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Angaataha - (agm)




PIN / SIL   30-Mar-11 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Angal - (age)
CPPI                 C0152             Papua New Guinea   Angal Enen - (aoe)




ISPD                 C0152             Papua New Guinea   Angal Enen - (aoe)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Angal Enen - (aoe)




ISPD        16-Aug-10 C0152   AON10b   Papua New Guinea   Angal Heneng - (akh)




PIN / SIL   01-Apr-10 C0152   AON10b   Papua New Guinea   Angal Heneng - (akh)




OMID                 C0113    MSY50p   India              Angami Naga - (njm)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON10a   Indonesia          Angguruk Yali - (yli)
OMID                 C0091    CNN25g   India             Angika - (anp)




OMID                 C0051    CNN25c   India             Angika - (anp)




OMID                 C0043    CNN25c   Southern Asia     Angika - (anp)




OMID                 C0051    CNN25c   Southern Asia     Angika - (anp)




PIN / SIL   19-Aug-04 C0279   CNN25f   Northern Europe   Angloromani - (rme)




                                       Sao Tome and
ISPD        19-Mar-08 C0173   NAB57b   Principe          Angolar - (aoa)




                                       Central African
WCE                  C0003             Republic          Angolar - (aoa)
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Angor - (agg)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Angoram - (aog)




PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59    Togo               Anii - (blo)




PIN / SIL   28-Jun-10 C0085   NAB59b   Western Africa     Anii - (blo)




PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59a   Ghana              Animere - (anf)




PIN / SIL            C0001    AUG02    Australia          Anindilyakwa - (aoi)




CPPI / JP   15-Apr-10 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Anjam - (boj)
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Ankave - (aak)




PIN / SIL            C0001    AUG02    Australia          Anmatyerre - (amx)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Anor - (anj)




PIN / SIL            C0152    MSY44y   Indonesia          Ansus - (and)




PIN / SIL            C0001    AUG02    Australia          Antakarinya - (ant)




                                                          Antankarana Malagasy -
PIN / SIL   14-Jul-10 C0122   MSY44j   Madagascar         (xmv)




                                       Central African    Antankarana Malagasy -
CPPI                 C0003             Republic           (xmv)
                                                           Antigua and Barbuda Creole
PIN / SIL   18-Dec-03 C0254            Anguilla            English - (aig)




                                                           Antigua and Barbuda Creole
PIN / SIL   18-Dec-03 C0254   NFB68a   Antigua and Barbuda English - (aig)




                                                           Antigua and Barbuda Creole
ISPD                 C0254    NFB68b   Caribbean           English - (aig)




PIN / SIL            C0113    MSY50c   Myanmar (Burma)     Anu - (anl)




PIN / SIL            C0153    NAB62c   Eastern Africa      Anuak - (anu)




PIN / SIL   07-Feb-11 C0085   NAB59e   Western Africa      Anufo - (cko)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea    Anuki - (aui)
PIN / SIL            C0152    MSY44y   Indonesia         Anus - (auq)




PIN / SIL            C0197    AON09d   Solomon Islands   Anuta - (aud)




PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59a   Western Africa    Anyin - (any)




CPPI        10-Nov-04 C0085   NAB59    Côte d'Ivoire     Anyin - (any)




CPPI                 C0085    NAB59    Côte d'Ivoire     Anyin - (any)




CPPI        10-Nov-04 C0085   NAB59    Côte d'Ivoire     Anyin - (any)




CPPI        10-Nov-04 C0085   NAB59    Côte d'Ivoire     Anyin - (any)
CPPI        10-Nov-04 C0085   NAB59    Côte d'Ivoire   Anyin - (any)




CPPI        10-Nov-04 C0085   NAB59    Côte d'Ivoire   Anyin - (any)




CPPI        10-Nov-04 C0085   NAB59    Côte d'Ivoire   Anyin - (any)




CPPI        10-Nov-04 C0085   NAB59    Côte d'Ivoire   Anyin - (any)




PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59a   Côte d'Ivoire   Anyin - (any)




PIN / SIL   10-Nov-04 C0085   NAB59a   Côte d'Ivoire   Anyin Morofo - (mtb)




OMID                 C0113    MSY50p   India           Ao Naga - (njo)
PIN / SIL   C0059   MSY44e   Indonesia          Aoheng - (pni)




PIN / SIL   C0227   AON09c   Vanuatu            Aore - (aor)




PIN / SIL   C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Ap Ma - (kbx)




PIN / SIL   C0201   MIR39c   South America      Apalaí - (apy)




PIN / SIL   C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Apali - (ena)




PIN / SIL   C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Apalik - (apo)




                                                Apasco-Apoala Mixtec -
JPL         C0144   MIR37c   Mexico             (mip)
OMID                 C0188    MSY50q   India           Apatani - (apt)




ISPD                 C0201    MIR39d   Brazil          Apinayé - (apn)




PIN / SIL            C0227    AON09c   Vanuatu         Apma - (app)




PIN / SIL            C0112    NAB59j   Côte d'Ivoire   Aproumu Aizi - (ahp)




PIN / SIL   02-Dec-10 C0010   MIR39a   Brazil          Apurinã - (apu)




PIN / SIL            C0132    MSY44v   Indonesia       Aputai - (apx)




OW                   C0132             Indonesia       Aputai - (apx)
PIN / SIL            C0001    AUG02    Australia          Arabana - (ard)




PIN / SIL            C0010    MIR39d   Peru               Arabela - (arl)




PIN / SIL            C0202    CEW21k   Spain              Aragonese - (arg)




PIN / SIL            C0227    AON09c   Vanuatu            Araki - (akr)




PIN / SIL            C0056    MSY44p   Indonesia          Aralle-Tabulahan - (atq)




                                       Tanzania, United
PIN / SIL   10-Aug-07 C0109   BYG11b   Republic of        Aramanik - (aam)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON10b   Papua New Guinea   Arammba - (stk)
OMID        06-May-10 C0124   CNN23b   India           Aranadan - (aaf)




PIN / SIL            C0152    MSY44y   Indonesia       Arandai - (jbj)




PIN / SIL   01-Apr-10 C0010   MIR39d   Bolivia         Araona - (aro)




PIN / SIL            C0154    MIR38a   United States   Arapaho - (arp)




ISPD                 C0154    MIR38a   United States   Arapaho - (arp)




PIN / SIL   02-Dec-10 C0201   MIR39a   South America   Arawak - (arw)




PIN / SIL            C0083    MIR39e   Brazil          Araweté - (awt)
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Arawum - (awm)




PIN / SIL   15-Nov-04 C0008   CEW13    Italy              Arbëreshë Albanian - (aae)




PIN / SIL   12-May-11 C0276   CMT33z   Ethiopia           Arbore - (arv)




PIN / SIL   07-Feb-11 C0061   CEW17b   Russia             Archi - (aqc)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Are - (mwc)




PIN / SIL            C0197    AON09d   Solomon Islands    'Are'are - (alu)




PIN / SIL            C0001    AUG02    Australia          Areba - (aea)
PIN / SIL   15-Mar-11 C0147    AUG03z   South-Eastern Asia   Arem - (aem)




                                                             Arequipa-La Unión Quechua
PIN / SIL             C0185    MIR39g   Peru                 - (qxu)




PIN / SIL   18-May-11 C0068    CMT34a   Ethiopia             Argobba - (agj)




PIN / SIL             C0123    MSY44y   Indonesia            Arguni - (agf)




PIN / SIL             C0151    AON09a   New Caledonia        Arhâ - (aqr)




PIN / SIL    02-Jul-10 C0151   AON9a    New Caledonia        Arhö - (aok)




Various     10-Jan-06 C0201    MIR39e   Colombia             Arhuaco - (arh)
PIN / SIL    02-Jul-10 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Ari - (aac)




PIN / SIL             C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Aribwaung - (ylu)




PIN / SIL             C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Arifama-Miniafia - (aai)




PIN / SIL             C0233    NAB59n   Nigeria            Arigidi - (aqg)




PIN / SIL             C0010    MIR39z   Brazil             Arikapú - (ark)




JPL         17-Nov-10 C0203    NAB66g   Uganda             Aringa - (luc)




PIN / SIL             C0021    CEW14    Western Asia       Armenian - (hye)
OW                   C0021    CEW14    Uzbekistan         Armenian - (hye)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Arop-Lokep - (apr)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Arop-Lokep - (apr)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Arop-Sissano - (aps)




PIN / SIL   10-Feb-11 C0180   MPY55i   Melanesia          Arosi - (aia)




PIN / SIL            C0076    CEW21z   Western Europe     Arpitan - (frp)




OW                   C0076             France             Arpitan - (frp)
PIN / SIL            C0072             Philippines        Arta - (atz)




PIN / SIL   01-Apr-10 C0010   MIR39z   Brazil             Aruá (Rodonia State) - (arx)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Aruamu - (msy)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Aruek - (aur)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Aruop - (lsr)




PIN / SIL            C0201    MIR39d   South America      Arutani - (atx)




PIN / SIL   15-Nov-04 C0008   CEW13    Greece             Arvanitika Albanian - (aat)
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON10a   Indonesia          As - (asz)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Asaro'o - (mtv)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Asas - (asd)




Various     02-Dec-10 C0201   MIR39a   Peru               Asháninka - (cni)




JP          01-Apr-10 C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria            Ashe - (ahs)




Various     07-Jun-04 C0201   MIR39a   Peru               Ashéninka Pajonal - (cjo)




PIN / SIL   07-Jun-04 C0201   MIR39a   Peru               Ashéninka Perené - (prq)
OW                   C0159             Afghanistan          Ashkun - (ask)




PIN / SIL   13-May-10 C0159   CNT24d   Afghanistan          Ashkun - (ask)




PIN / SIL            C0113    MSY50c   South-Eastern Asia   Asho Chin - (csh)




AMO                  C0113             China                Asho Chin - (csh)




OMID                 C0113             Bangladesh           Asho Chin - (csh)




OMID        22-Jan-04 C0113            Southern Asia        Asho Chin - (csh)




PIN / SIL            C0212    CNT24z   Iran                 Ashtiani - (atn)
PIN / SIL            C0130    MSY44v   Indonesia             Asilulu - (asl)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea      Askopan - (eiv)




                                       Democratic Republic
PIN / SIL            C0184    BYG12    of Congo              Asoa - (asv)




OMID                 C0022    CNN25a   Southern Asia         Assamese - (asm)




PIN / SIL   24-Jun-10 C0022   CNN25a   Southern Asia         Assamese - (asm)




OMID                 C0022    CNN25a   India                 Assamese - (asm)




OMID        12-Jan-06 C0022   CNN25a   India                 Assamese - (asm)
OMID                 C0022    CNN25a   India              Assamese - (asm)




OMID                 C0091    CNN25g   India              Assamese - (asm)




OW                   C0170    MSY42a   French Polynesia   Assamese - (asm)




OMID                 C0022    CNN25a   India              Assamese - (asm)




JP / Omid   02-Dec-10 C0022   CNN25a   India              Assamese - (asm)




OMID                 C0022    CNN25a   India              Assamese - (asm)




OMID                 C0022    CNN25a   India              Assamese - (asm)
OMID            C0022    CNN25a   India   Assamese - (asm)




OMID   22-Jan-04 C0188   MSY50z   India   Assamese - (asm)




OMID            C0022    CNN25a   India   Assamese - (asm)




OMID            C0188    MSY50r   India   Assamese - (asm)




OMID            C0022    CNN25a   India   Assamese - (asm)




JP     12-May-10 C0058   MSY50b   India   Assamese - (asm)




OMID            C0022    CNN25a   India   Assamese - (asm)
OMID            C0142    MSY50z   India           Assamese - (asm)




JPL    12-Aug-10 C0022   CNN25a   India           Assamese - (asm)




CPPI   07-Feb-11 C0022   CNN25a   India           Assamese - (asm)




OMID            C0004    MSY50z   India           Assamese - (asm)




OMID   22-Jan-04 C0091   CNN25b   Southern Asia   Assamese - (asm)




OMID            C0216    MSY50r   Southern Asia   Assamese - (asm)




OMID            C0022    CNN25a   Southern Asia   Assamese - (asm)
OMID                 C0022    CNN25a   India              Assamese - (asm)




OMID                 C0022    CNN25a   India              Assamese - (asm)




JPL         25-Oct-06 C0175   NAB66d   Middle Africa      Assangori - (sjg)




OW                   C0175    NAB66d   Sudan              Assangori - (sjg)




PIN / SIL   15-Jul-10 C0175   NAB66d   Middle Africa      Assangori - (sjg)




PIN / SIL            C0154    MIR38a   Northern America   Assiniboine - (asb)




PIN / SIL            C0023    CMT31    Western Asia       Assyrian Neo-Aramaic - (aii)
ISPD                 C0158    NAB59m   Nigeria           Asu (Nigeria) - (aum)




PIN / SIL            C0259    NAB57e   Eastern Africa    Asu (Tanzania) - (asa)




PIN / SIL   02-Jul-10 C0152   AON10a   Indonesia         Asue Awyu - (psa)




PIN / SIL            C0197    AON09d   Solomon Islands   Asumboa - (aua)




                                                         Asunción Mixtepec Zapotec
PIN / SIL            C0234    MIR37f   Mexico            - (zoo)




OMID                 C0148    AUG04z   India             Asuri - (asr)




OMID                 C0091    CNN25g   Southern Asia     Asuri - (asr)
Ethnologue   03-Feb-06 C0072   MSY44x   Philippines        Ata Manobo - (atd)




PIN / SIL             C0001    AUG02    Australia          Atampaya - (amz)




PIN / SIL             C0144    MIR37c   Mexico             Atatláhuca Mixtec - (mib)




PIN / SIL             C0210    AUG01a   Taiwan             Atayal - (tay)




PIN / SIL             C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Atemble - (ate)




PIN / SIL    20-Jul-10 C0188   MSY50h   Nepal              Athpariya - (aph)




PIN / SIL             C0154    MIR38a   Canada             Atikamekw - (atj)
PIN / SIL   C0152   AON10a   Indonesia          Atohwaim - (aqm)




PIN / SIL   C0257   NAB57a   Cameroon           Atong - (ato)




PIN / SIL   C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria            Atsam - (cch)




PIN / SIL   C0154   MIR38a   United States      Atsugewi - (atw)




PIN / SIL   C0085   NAB59a   Côte d'Ivoire      Attié - (ati)




PIN / SIL   C0165   MIR37z   Mexico             Atzingo Matlatzinca - (ocu)




PIN / SIL   C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Au - (avt)
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   'Auhelawa - (kud)




PIN / SIL   22-Feb-11 C0254   NFB68b   South America      Aukan - (djk)




PIN / SIL            C0227    AON09c   Vanuatu            Aulua - (aul)




PIN / SIL            C0262    NAB57b   Eastern Africa     Aushi - (auh)




PIN / SIL            C0180    MPY55f   French Polynesia   Austral - (aut)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Auwe - (smf)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AUG05    Indonesia          Auye - (auu)
PIN / SIL            C0083    MIR39e   Brazil             Avá-Canoeiro - (avv)




PIN / SIL   24-Feb-11 C0061   CEW17b   Eastern Europe     Avaric - (ava)




PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59b   Ghana              Avatime - (avn)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Avau - (avb)




PIN / SIL            C0152             Papua New Guinea   Avau - (avb)




PIN / SIL   18-Jun-10 C0085   NAB59k   Côte d'Ivoire      Avikam - (avi)




PIN / SIL            C0203    NAB66g   Northern Africa    Avokaya - (avu)
                                                          Awa (Papua New Guinea) -
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   (awb)




PIN / SIL            C0201    MIR39e   South America      Awa-Cuaiquer - (kwi)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Awad Bing - (bcu)




OMID                 C0091    CNN25g   Southern Asia      Awadhi - (awa)




PIN / SIL            C0091             Nepal              Awadhi - (awa)




OMID        22-Jan-04 C0183            India              Awadhi - (awa)




OMID                 C0091    CNN25g   India              Awadhi - (awa)
OMID                 C0091    CNN25g   India              Awadhi - (awa)




OMID                 C0091    CNN25g   Southern Asia      Awadhi - (awa)




OMID                 C0051    CNN25g   India              Awadhi - (awa)




OMID        27-Jan-11 C0224   CNN25r   India              Awadhi - (awa)




CPPI        31-Mar-11 C0172   CNN25z   India              Awadhi - (awa)




PIN / SIL            C0003    NAB66c   Nigeria            Awak - (awo)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Awar - (aya)
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Awara - (awx)




CPPI / JP   20-Apr-10 C0152   AON10b   Indonesia          Awbono - (awh)




PIN / SIL   16-Nov-10 C0109   BYG11b   Eastern Africa     Aweer - (bob)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09e   Indonesia          Awera - (awr)




PIN / SIL            C0201    MIR39e   Brazil             Awetí - (awe)




PIN / SIL            C0257    NAB57a   Cameroon           Awing - (azo)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Awiyaana - (auy)
PIN / SIL   10-Feb-11 C0045   CMT32d   Libya              Awjilah - (auj)




PIN / SIL   12-May-11 C0068   CMT33a   Ethiopia           Awngi - (awn)




PIN / SIL   12-May-11 C0276   CMT33a   Ethiopia           Awngi - (awn)




PIN / SIL   19-May-11 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Awtuw - (kmn)




AMO                  C0229    MSY50i   China              Awu - (yiu)




PIN / SIL   19-May-11 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Awun - (aww)




PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59a   Ghana              Awutu - (afu)
AMO         C0229   MSY50    China       Awutu - (afu)




PIN / SIL   C0152   AON10a   Indonesia   Awyi - (auw)




PIN / SIL   C0227   AON09c   Vanuatu     Axamb - (ahb)




AMO         C0229   MSY50i   China       Axi Yi - (yix)




AMO         C0229   MSY50i   China       Axi Yi - (yix)




AMO         C0229   MSY50i   China       Axi Yi - (yix)




PIN / SIL   C0001   AUG02    Australia   Ayabadhu - (ayd)
PIN / SIL            C0185    MIR39g   Peru               Ayacucho Quechua - (quy)




PIN / SIL            C0234    MIR37z   Mexico             Ayautla Mazatec - (vmy)




ISPD                 C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria            Ayere - (aye)




PIN / SIL            C0229    MSY50z   China              Ayi (China) - (ayx)




                                                          Ayi (Papua New Guinea) -
JPL         03-Aug-10 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   (ayq)




PIN / SIL   18-Aug-10 C0197   AON09d   Solomon Islands    Ayiwo - (nfl)




PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59e   Benin              Ayizo Gbe - (ayb)
PIN / SIL   C0234   MIR37f   Mexico          Ayoquesco Zapotec - (zaf)




PIN / SIL   C0201   MIR39z   South America   Ayoreo - (ayo)




PIN / SIL   C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria         Ayu - (ayu)




PIN / SIL   C0144   MIR37c   Mexico          Ayutla Mixtec - (miy)




AMO         C0229   MSY50i   China           Azhe - (yiz)




PIN / SIL   C0165   MIR38a   Mexico          Azoyú Me'phaa - (tpc)




ISPD        C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria         Baan - (bvj)
PIN / SIL             C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria               Baangi - (bqx)




PIN / SIL             C0087    NAB56a   Western Africa        Baatonum - (bba)




PIN / SIL             C0257    NAB57a   Cameroon              Baba - (bbw)




JPL         10-Aug-10 C0065    MSY42a   South-Eastern Asia    Baba Malay - (mbf)




ISPD                  C0123             Singapore             Baba Malay - (mbf)




PIN / SIL    15-Jul-10 C0173   NAB66z   Chad                  Babalia Creole Arabic - (bbz)




                                        Democratic Republic
CPPI                  C0261             of Congo              Babango - (bbm)
PIN / SIL            C0257    NAB57a   Cameroon          Babanki - (bbk)




PIN / SIL            C0197    AON09d   Solomon Islands   Babatana - (baa)




PIN / SIL            C0154    MIR38a   Canada            Babine - (bcr)




ISPD        17-Nov-10 C0210   AUG01a   Taiwan            Babuza - (bzg)




PIN / SIL            C0062    NAB60b   Nigeria           Bacama - (bcy)




PIN / SIL            C0123    MSY44k   Indonesia         Bacanese Malay - (btj)




PIN / SIL            C0103    MSY44p   Indonesia         Bada (Indonesia) - (bhz)
PIN / SIL   C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria     Bada (Nigeria) - (bau)




OW          C0018   CMT30    Chad        Bada (Nigeria) - (bau)




OMID        C0104   CNN23a   India       Badaga - (bfq)




PIN / SIL   C0062   NAB60b   Nigeria     Bade - (bde)




PIN / SIL   C0178            Pakistan    Badeshi - (bdz)




ISPD        C0152            Indonesia   Bädi Kanum - (khd)




CPPI        C0062            Nigeria     Badimaya - (bia)
PIN / SIL            C0204    MSY44n   Indonesia         Badui - (bac)




PIN / SIL   10-Aug-10 C0024   NAB56c   Western Africa    Badyara - (pbp)




ISPD                 C0197    AON09d   Solomon Islands   Baeggu - (bvd)




ISPD                 C0197    AON09d   Solomon Islands   Baelelea - (bvc)




PIN / SIL            C0227    AON09c   Vanuatu           Baetora - (btr)




PIN / SIL            C0257    NAB57a   Cameroon          Bafanji - (bfj)




PIN / SIL            C0271    NAB57k   Cameroon          Bafaw-Balong - (bwt)
PIN / SIL   10-Feb-11 C0257   NAB57a   Cameroon        Bafia - (ksf)




OW                   C0257    NAB57a   Middle Africa   Bafia - (ksf)




PIN / SIL            C0257    NAB57a   Cameroon        Bafut - (bfd)




Research
Network     10-Feb-11 C0024   NAB56c   Guinea          Baga Binari - (bcg)




Research
Network              C0024    NAB56c   Guinea          Baga Manduri - (bmd)




Guinea
Research
Network              C0024             Guinea          Baga Sitemu - (bsp)




PIN / SIL            C0024    NAB56b   Guinea          Baga Sitemu - (bsp)
PIN / SIL   C0091            Nepal           Bagheli - (bfy)




OMID        C0091   CNN25g   India           Bagheli - (bfy)




OMID        C0091   CNN25g   Southern Asia   Bagheli - (bfy)




OMID        C0091   CNN25g   India           Bagheli - (bfy)




OMID        C0091   CNN25g   India           Bagheli - (bfy)




OW          C0175   NAB62m   Sudan           Bagheli - (bfy)




OMID        C0091   CNN25g   India           Bagheli - (bfy)
PIN / SIL   28-Jun-10 C0189   NAB66z   Middle Africa      Bagirmi - (bmi)




PIN / SIL   09-Feb-11 C0077   NAB56c   Middle Africa      Bagirmi Fulfulde - (fui)




PIN / SIL            C0087    NAB56a   Togo               Bago-Kusuntu - (bqg)




PIN / SIL            C0186    CNN25o   Pakistan           Bagri - (bgq)




OMID        22-Jan-04 C0183   CNN25n   India              Bagri - (bgq)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Bagupi - (bpi)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON10a   Indonesia          Bagusa - (bqb)
PIN / SIL   10-Feb-11 C0061   CEW17b   Russia             Bagvalal - (kva)




PIN / SIL            C0235    MSY49a   China              Baha Buyang - (yha)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON10a   Indonesia          Baham - (bdw)




                                                          Bahamas Creole English -
CPPI / JP   20-Apr-10 C0254   NFB68b   Bahamas, The       (bah)




PIN / SIL   18-Aug-10 C0013   CMT30    Western Asia       Baharna Arabic - (abv)




PIN / SIL            C0059    MSY44e   Indonesia          Bahau - (bhv)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Bahinemo - (bjh)
PIN / SIL            C0188             Nepal              Bahing - (bhj)




PIN / SIL            C0147    AUG03z   Vietnam            Bahnar - (bdq)




PIN / SIL            C0057    MSY44s   Indonesia          Bahonsuai - (bsu)




PIN / SIL   10-Feb-11 C0003            Sudan              Bai - (bdj)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Baibai - (bbf)




JP          01-Apr-10 C0217   MSY44y   Timor-Leste        Baikeno - (bkx)




PIN / SIL            C0216    MSY50r   China              Baima - (bqh)
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Baimak - (bmx)




PIN / SIL   13-Apr-10 C0024   NAB56c   Western Africa     Bainouk-Gunyaamolo - (bcz)




PIN / SIL            C0024    NAB56c   Guinea-Bissau      Bainouk-Gunyuño - (bab)




JP          01-Apr-10 C0024   NAB56    Senegal            Bainouk-Samik - (bcb)




PIN / SIL   12-May-11 C0276   CMT33z   Ethiopia           Baiso - (bsw)




JP          01-Apr-10 C0254   NFB68b   Barbados           Bajan - (bjs)




PIN / SIL            C0114    CNT24c   Iraq               Bajelani - (bjm)
PIN / SIL   10-Feb-11 C0184   BYG12    Middle Africa     Baka (Cameroon) - (bkc)




PIN / SIL   10-Feb-11 C0203   NAB66z   Northern Africa   Baka (Sudan) - (bdh)




PIN / SIL            C0201    MIR39c   Brazil            Bakairí - (bkq)




ISPD                 C0044    NAB56b   Cameroon          Bakaka - (bqz)




OW                   C0251    CNT24z   Iran              Bakhtiari - (bqi)




PIN / SIL            C0227    AON09c   Vanuatu           Baki - (bki)




PIN / SIL            C0271    NAB57k   Cameroon          Bakoko - (bkh)
PIN / SIL            C0271    NAB57k   Cameroon             Bakole - (kme)




PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria              Bakpinka - (bbs)




PIN / SIL            C0037    MSY44r   Indonesia            Bakumpai - (bkr)




PIN / SIL   02-Jul-10 C0184   NAB59j   Western Africa       Bakwé - (bjw)




PIN / SIL            C0103    MSY44p   Indonesia            Balaesang - (bls)




PIN / SIL            C0072    MSY44x   Philippines          Balangao - (blw)




PIN / SIL   10-Feb-11 C0071   MSY44z   South-Eastern Asia   Balangingi - (sse)
PIN / SIL            C0024    NAB56c   Western Africa        Balanta-Ganja - (bjt)




PIN / SIL            C0103    MSY44p   Indonesia             Balantak - (blz)




Research
Network              C0024    NAB56c   Western Africa        Balanta-Kentohe - (ble)




CPPI                 C0024             Guinea-Bissau         Balanta-Kentohe - (ble)




PIN / SIL            C0059    MSY44e   Malaysia              Balau - (blg)




PIN / SIL            C0062             Cameroon              Baldemu - (bdn)




                                       Democratic Republic   Bali (Democratic Republic of
PIN / SIL   25-May-10 C0262   NAB57b   of Congo              Congo) - (bcp)
PIN / SIL   25-May-10 C0003   NAB66c   Western Africa        Bali (Nigeria) - (bcn)




PIN / SIL            C0030    MSY44a   South-Eastern Asia    Balinese - (ban)




JPL         15-Nov-10 C0030   MSY44a   Indonesia             Balinese Malay - (mhp)




                                                             Balkan Gagauz Turkish -
PIN / SIL   14-Sep-05 C0009   MSY41j   Western Asia          (bgx)




PIN / SIL   17-Aug-04 C0279   CNN25f   Eastern Europe        Balkan Romani - (rmn)




PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Cameroon              Balo - (bqo)




                                       Democratic Republic
PIN / SIL   17-Aug-10 C0258   NAB57h   of Congo              Baloi - (biz)
OMID                 C0216    MSY50r   India              Balti - (bft)




PIN / SIL            C0216             Pakistan           Balti - (bft)




PIN / SIL   20-Aug-04 C0279   CNN25f   Eastern Europe     Baltic Romani - (rml)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Baluan-Pam - (blq)




PIN / SIL            C0257    NAB57a   Cameroon           Bamali - (bbq)




PIN / SIL            C0257    NAB57a   Cameroon           Bambalang - (bmo)




PIN / SIL   10-Feb-11 C0218   MSY44p   Indonesia          Bambam - (ptu)
PIN / SIL   18-Jun-10 C0127   NAB63a   Western Africa   Bambara - (bam)




JPL                  C0127    NAB63a   Mali             Bambara - (bam)




CPPI        18-Jun-10 C0127   NAB63a   Mali             Bambara - (bam)




CPPI        18-Jun-10 C0127   NAB63a   Mali             Bambara - (bam)




PIN / SIL   10-Feb-11 C0161   CMT33d   Ethiopia         Bambassi - (myf)




PIN / SIL            C0257    NAB57a   Cameroon         Bambili-Bambui - (baw)




PIN / SIL            C0257    NAB57a   Cameroon         Bamenyam - (bce)
PIN / SIL             C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea      Bamu - (bcf)




PIN / SIL             C0044    NAB56b   Cameroon              Bamukumbit - (bqt)




PIN / SIL    10-Feb-11 C0003   NAB66c   Cameroon              Bamun - (bax)




PIN / SIL             C0257    NAB57a   Cameroon              Bamunka - (bvm)




                                        Democratic Republic
PIN / SIL             C0258    NAB57c   of Congo              Bamwe - (bmg)




ISPD                  C0062    NAB60b   Cameroon              Bana - (bcw)




Ethnologue   11-Jan-06 C0072            Philippines           Banao Itneg - (bjx)
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Banaro - (byz)




Various     04-Nov-04 C0217   AON10e   Indonesia          Banda (Indonesia) - (bnd)




JPL         15-Nov-10 C0123   MSY44y   Indonesia          Banda Malay - (bpq)




                                       Central African
PIN / SIL   28-May-04 C0003   NAB66b   Republic           Banda-Bambari - (liy)




                                       Central African
CPPI        28-May-04 C0003            Republic           Banda-Bambari - (liy)




                                       Central African
CPPI        27-Sep-10 C0003            Republic           Banda-Bambari - (liy)




PIN / SIL   28-May-04 C0003   NAB66b   Middle Africa      Banda-Banda - (bpd)
PIN / SIL   28-Jun-10 C0003    NAB66b   Middle Africa     Banda-Mbrès - (bqk)




                                        Central African
OW          19-Aug-10 C0003             Republic          Banda-Mbrès - (bqk)




OW          19-Aug-10 C0003             Middle Africa     Banda-Mbrès - (bqk)




PIN / SIL    27-Jul-10 C0203   NAB66b   Middle Africa     Banda-Ndélé - (bfl)




                                        Central African
OW           27-Jul-10 C0203            Republic          Banda-Ndélé - (bfl)




                                        Central African
OW           27-Jul-10 C0203            Republic          Banda-Ndélé - (bfl)




                                        Central African
PIN / SIL             C0003    NAB66b   Republic          Banda-Yangere - (yaj)
OMID                 C0134             Liberia         Bandi - (bza)




Research
Network              C0134    NAB64c   Guinea          Bandi - (bza)




PIN / SIL            C0025    NAB56c   Senegal         Bandial - (bqj)




PIN / SIL            C0025    NAB56c   Senegal         Bandial - (bqj)




PIN / SIL            C0001    AUG02    Australia       Bandjigali - (bjd)




ISPD        02-Aug-10 C0258   NAB57c   Middle Africa   Bangala - (bxg)




PIN / SIL   10-Feb-11 C0258   NAB57h   Middle Africa   Bangandu - (bgf)
                                       Democratic Republic
PIN / SIL            C0203    NAB66z   of Congo              Bangba - (bbe)




PIN / SIL            C0218    MSY44p   Indonesia             Banggai - (bgz)




PIN / SIL            C0258    NAB57c   Middle Africa         Bangi - (bni)




CPPI / JP   22-Apr-10 C0087   NAB56a   Mali                  Bangi Me - (dba)




PIN / SIL            C0137    MSY44k   Indonesia             Bangka - (mfb)




PIN / SIL            C0257    NAB57a   Cameroon              Bangolan - (bgj)




                                       Democratic Republic
PIN / SIL            C0261    NAB57f   of Congo              Bangubangu - (bnx)
PIN / SIL            C0003    NAB66c   Nigeria              Bangwinji - (bsj)




PIN / SIL   17-Jun-11 C0010   MIR39a   South America        Baniwa - (bwi)




PIN / SIL            C0010    MIR39    Brazil               Baniwa - (bwi)




PIN / SIL            C0033    MSY44k   South-Eastern Asia   Banjar - (bjn)




PIN / SIL   13-Aug-10 C0126   NAB63z   Mali                 Bankagooma - (bxw)




PIN / SIL   18-Jun-10 C0271   NAB57k   Cameroon             Bankon - (abb)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea     Bannoni - (bcm)
PIN / SIL   20-Jul-10 C0188   MSY50h   Southern Asia      Bantawa - (bap)




PIN / SIL            C0140    MSY44l   Indonesia          Bantik - (bnq)




PIN / SIL            C0072    MSY44x   Philippines        Bantoanon - (bno)




PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59a   Côte d'Ivoire      Baoulé - (bci)




JPL         14-Jul-10 C0122   MSY44j   Madagascar         Bara Malagasy - (bhr)




PIN / SIL            C0216    MSY50r   Nepal              Baraamu - (brd)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON10b   Papua New Guinea   Barai - (bbb)
PIN / SIL   C0132   MSY44v   Indonesia             Barakai - (baj)




PIN / SIL   C0059   MSY44z   Malaysia              Baram Kayan - (kys)




PIN / SIL   C0271   NAB57k   Gabon                 Barama - (bbg)




                             Democratic Republic
PIN / SIL   C0258   NAB57c   of Congo              Barambu - (brm)




PIN / SIL   C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea      Baramu - (bmz)




PIN / SIL   C0152   AON10a   Indonesia             Barapasi - (brp)




PIN / SIL   C0103   MSY44p   Indonesia             Baras - (brs)
PIN / SIL   17-Jun-11 C0201   MIR39d   Colombia           Barasana-Eduria - (bsn)




PIN / SIL            C0112    NAB59j   Liberia            Barclayville Grebo - (gry)




PIN / SIL            C0001    AUG02    Australia          Bardi - (bcj)




PIN / SIL   15-Jul-10 C0062   NAB60b   Chad               Barein - (bva)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Bargam - (mlp)




PIN / SIL   28-Jun-10 C0153   NAB62e   Northern Africa    Bari - (bfa)




OW                   C0153    NAB62e   Sudan              Bari - (bfa)
PIN / SIL   10-Mar-11 C0010   MIR39a   South America      Barí - (mot)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Bariai - (bch)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Bariji - (bjc)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Barok - (bjk)




PIN / SIL            C0271    NAB57k   Cameroon           Barombi - (bbi)




PIN / SIL            C0201    MIR39e   Colombia           Barro Negro Tunebo - (tbn)




PIN / SIL            C0001    AUG02    Australia          Barrow Point - (bpt)
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Baruga - (bjz)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Baruya - (byr)




ISPD                 C0266    NAB57b   Mozambique         Barwe - (bwg)




                                                          Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic
ISPD        16-Aug-04 C0102   CMT35    Israel             - (bjf)




JP          01-Apr-10 C0271   NAB57k   Cameroon           Basa (Cameroon) - (bas)




PIN / SIL            C0085    NAB59j   Benin              Basa (Nigeria) - (bzw)




PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria            Basa (Nigeria) - (bzw)
PIN / SIL            C0112             Nigeria           Basa-Gumna - (bsl)




ISPD                 C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria           Basa-Gurmana - (buj)




PIN / SIL            C0059    MSY44e   Indonesia         Basap - (bdb)




PIN / SIL            C0031    CNT24b   Iran              Bashkardi - (bsg)




PIN / SIL   28-Jun-10 C0223   MSY41b   Eastern Europe    Bashkir - (bak)




PIN / SIL   17-May-11 C0161   CMT33d   Ethiopia          Basketo - (bst)




PIN / SIL            C0038    CEW16    Southern Europe   Basque - (eus)
PIN / SIL            C0038             France           Basque - (eus)




PIN / SIL            C0038             France           Basque - (eus)




PIN / SIL   15-Apr-10 C0112   NAB59j   Western Africa   Bassa - (bsq)




PIN / SIL            C0112             Nigeria          Bassa-Kontagora - (bsr)




PIN / SIL   28-Jun-10 C0024   NAB56c   Western Africa   Bassari - (bsc)




PIN / SIL            C0271    NAB57k   Cameroon         Bassossi - (bsi)




PIN / SIL            C0062    NAB60b   Western Africa   Bata - (bta)
OW                   C0062             Nigeria       Bata - (bta)




PIN / SIL            C0072    MSY44x   Philippines   Batad Ifugao - (ifb)




PIN / SIL            C0072    AUG05    Philippines   Batak - (bya)




JPL         12-Jul-10 C0002   MSY44b   Indonesia     Batak Alas-Kluet - (btz)




PIN / SIL   12-Jul-10 C0002   MSY44b   Indonesia     Batak Alas-Kluet - (btz)




PIN / SIL   12-Jul-10 C0002   MSY44b   Indonesia     Batak Alas-Kluet - (btz)




PIN / SIL   12-Jul-10 C0039   MSY44b   Indonesia     Batak Angkola - (akb)
PIN / SIL   12-Jul-10 C0039   MSY44b   Indonesia            Batak Dairi - (btd)




OW          12-Jul-10 C0039   MSY44b   Indonesia            Batak Dairi - (btd)




CPPI        12-Jul-10 C0039   MSY44b   Indonesia            Batak Karo - (btx)




PIN / SIL   12-Jul-10 C0039   MSY44b   Indonesia            Batak Mandailing - (btm)




PIN / SIL   12-Jul-10 C0039   MSY44b   Indonesia            Batak Simalungun - (bts)




PIN / SIL   12-Jul-10 C0039   MSY44b   South-Eastern Asia   Batak Toba - (bbc)




OW          12-Jul-10 C0039   MSY44b   Indonesia            Batak Toba - (bbc)
PIN / SIL   28-Jun-10 C0271   NAB57k   Middle Africa   Batanga - (bnm)




PIN / SIL            C0230    AUG05    Malaysia        Batek - (btq)




JPL                  C0107             Pakistan        Bateri - (btv)




PIN / SIL            C0186    CNN25o   Oman            Bathari - (bhm)




JP          28-Jun-10 C0271   NAB57k   Cameroon        Bati (Cameroon) - (btc)




PIN / SIL   28-Jun-10 C0075   AON09e   Indonesia       Bati (Indonesia) - (bvt)




PIN / SIL   28-Jun-10 C0061   CEW17d   Western Asia    Bats - (bbl)
PIN / SIL   22-Dec-04 C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria            Batu - (btu)




JP          01-Apr-10 C0218   MSY44p   Indonesia          Batui - (zbt)




PIN / SIL            C0132    MSY44v   Indonesia          Batuley - (bay)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Bau - (bbd)




OW                   C0059    MSY44y   Malaysia           Bau Bidayuh - (sne)




PIN / SIL            C0059    MSY44y   Malaysia           Bau Bidayuh - (sne)




PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria            Bauchi - (bsf)
OMID        22-Jan-04 C0183   CNN25n   India              Bauria - (bge)




PIN / SIL            C0197    AON09d   Solomon Islands    Bauro - (bxa)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Bauwaki - (bwk)




PIN / SIL   01-Apr-10 C0152   AON10a   Indonesia          Bauzi - (bvz)




OW          28-Jun-10 C0079   CEW19f   Western Europe     Bavarian - (bar)




OW          16-Nov-04 C0279   CNN25f   Austria            Bavarian - (bar)




PIN / SIL   28-Jun-10 C0113   MSY50z   Southern Asia      Bawm Chin - (bgr)
JPL         09-Dec-10 C0145    MSY50m   Southern Asia         Bawm Chin - (bgr)




                                        Democratic Republic
PIN / SIL             C0203             of Congo              Bay Miwok - (mkq)




PIN / SIL   08-May-06 C0019    CMT30    Sudan                 Baygo - (byg)




                                        Central African
CPPI                  C0003             Republic              Bayono - (byl)




JP          01-Apr-10 C0152    AON10b   Indonesia             Bayono - (byl)




PIN / SIL    26-Jul-10 C0025   NAB56c   Western Africa        Bayot - (bda)




PIN / SIL             C0001    AUG02    Australia             Bayungu - (bxj)
PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Beami - (beo)




PIN / SIL            C0154    MIR38a   Canada             Beaver - (bea)




JP          01-Apr-10 C0044   NAB56b   Cameroon           Beba - (bfp)




PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Cameroon           Bebe - (bzv)




PIN / SIL            C0258    NAB57c   Cameroon           Bebele - (beb)




PIN / SIL            C0152    AON09b   Papua New Guinea   Bebeli - (bek)




PIN / SIL            C0258    NAB57c   Cameroon           Bebil - (bxp)
PIN / SIL    26-Jul-10 C0042   CMT33z   Northern Africa       Bedawiyet - (bej)




JPL         17-May-11 C0042    CMT33z   Northern Africa       Bedawiyet - (bej)




JPL          11-Jul-11 C0042   CMT33z   Sudan                 Bedawiyet - (bej)




PIN / SIL             C0134    NAB64c   Senegal               Bedik - (tnr)




PIN / SIL             C0189    NAB66i   Chad                  Bedjond - (bjv)




PIN / SIL             C0152    AON10a   Indonesia             Bedoanas - (bed)




                                        Democratic Republic
PIN / SIL             C0258    NAB57c   of Congo              Beeke - (bkf)
PIN / SIL   01-Apr-10 C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria             Beele - (bxq)




PIN / SIL            C0258    NAB57h   Congo               Beembe - (beq)




PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Cameroon            Beezen - (bnz)




PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Cameroon            Befang - (bby)




CPPI                 C0271    NAB57k   Equatorial Guinea   Begbere-Ejar - (bqv)




PIN / SIL            C0044    NAB56b   Nigeria             Begbere-Ejar - (bqv)




PIN / SIL            C0059    MSY44e   Indonesia           Bekati' - (bei)
PIN / SIL   C0044   NAB56b   Nigeria          Bekwarra - (bkv)




PIN / SIL   C0258   NAB57c   Middle Africa    Bekwil - (bkw)




PIN / SIL   C0059   MSY44z   Brunei           Belait - (beg)




PIN / SIL   C0153   NAB62y   Sudan            Belanda Bor - (bxb)




PIN / SIL   C0203   NAB66z   Sudan            Belanda Viri - (bvi)




PIN / SIL   C0194   CEW22c   Eastern Europe   Belarusian - (bel)




PIN / SIL   C0188            Nepal            Belhariya - (byw)
                                                          Beli (Papua New Guinea) -
PIN / SIL   24-Jun-10 C0152   AON09b   Papua New Guinea   (bey)