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					November 2008
 March 2007
                                     The 2008 California Master Gardener Conference
  University of                      Digging Deeper – Lessons in Sustainability
   California                                                                By Beatrice Etchison, MG & Stephanie Pocock

   Cooperative                       Beatrice Etchison:
    Extension                        Wow, what a place. So much to choose from, it boggles the mind. Riverside County was
                                     represented well by Stephanie Pocock, Shelley Waldrop, Cindy Peterson, Pat Robertson and
Riverside County
                                     My scenic inland drive up to Asilomar Conference Center, the
21150 Box Springs Rd                 site of the 2008 California Master Gardener Conference, with a
   Moreno Valley                     different route back down along the coast was very enjoyable.
   CA 92557-8781                     The accommodations and meals were exquisite and the overall
                                     conference was well organized to the last detail. The camarade-
                                     rie of over 300 attendees, the beautiful warm weather, even at the
951.683.6491 Ext 228                                                       beach, all made it so worth-
 FAX 951.788.2615                                                          while. It is not too early to
 TDD 951.276.9539                                                          start saving for the next one The beach was just one of the
          Email:                                                           in 2011!                      many activities Beatrice                                                                                    Etchison and Stephanie Po-
                                                                             The sessions I attended, 6 cock enjoyed at the Califor-
   Things To Do in                                                           out of about 50 possibilities, nia Master Gardener Confer-
                                                                                                             ence in Asilomar.
                                                                             were presented in a palatable
                                                                             format, and I added a little
 Late fall is the best time to       Conference attendees from l to r: Pat   niche in my brain for all this valuable information, some
 plant California natives and        Robertson, Cindy Peterson, Shelly
 other plants that thrive in our                                             new, some revived, some entertaining.
                                     Wardrop and Beatrice Etchison. Not
 Mediterranean climate.              pictured, Stephanie Pocock.
 Many salvias can be planted                                               What Happened and How to Cope was the title of my
 now: S. clevelandii, S. patha-                                            first session and some information is complimentary to
 cea, S. apiana, and S. leuco-       the Master Gardener Handbook. From the session, Diagnosing Plant Problems, I received
 phylla are easy to grow here.       a comprehensive Checklist handout which
 Fall is an excellent time to        is a very helpful resource. Color Theory
 compost leaves and garden           in the Garden was a delightful, entertain- In This Issue                                   Page
 clippings with grass.               ing presentation by a physical therapist that    2008 MG Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
 Sow wildflower seeds so they        provided meaning to the primary colors, Plant of the Month . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
 will germinate in the winter        secondary colors, and complimentary oppo- Pumpkins in the Garden. . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
 rains. CA natives include:          site colors in flowers and plants and their Stephanie’s Corner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
 Clarkia unguiculata, Esch-          effects when changing colors. Rainbow Scorch Disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
 scholzia californica, Gilia capi-   Gardening for Taste, Nutrition, and Rancho Santa Ana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
 tata, Layia platyglossa, Lim-       Beauty, says it all in its title, and present- Garden of the Month . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
 nanthes douglasii, Lupinus          ing the topic with slides and commentary Book Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
 succnlentus, Nemophila men-
                                     made for a meaningful presentation. Diag- Calendar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 & 9
 zieii, and Salvia columbariae.
                                     nosing Disorders in Vegetables presented Veteran’s Class Schedule . . . . . . . . . . 10
 (From 52 Weeks in the Cali-
 fornia Garden, by Robert            by a farm advisor from Salinas made a lot The Dutchman’s Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
 Smaus.)                             of sense. The information was overwhelm-
                                                                                                                    (Continued on page 2)
page 2                                       November 2008                                          Garden Views

                                                              Creek dogwood can be grown in Sunset zones A1 to
Plant of the Month                                           A3, 1 to 9, and 14 to 21. With regular water it will do
CREEK DOGWOOD                                                well in our inland area. It is not drought tolerant and
                                                             will like partial shade inland and can adapt to any soil.
                           by Donna Claypool, MG             Creek dogwood eventually becomes a large spreading,
                                                             many-stemmed shrub, that grows rapidly and vigor-
 Creek dogwood is a good garden choice; it is found          ously. It can be propagated from seed, rooted layers, or
everywhere except in deserts and above 9000 feet. It is      tip cutting.
colorful all year long, with beautiful white flowers in
                                        spring, attrac-      “The creek dogwood does not have bracts like other
                                        tive white or        dogwoods, but has small cream colored flowers with
                                        blue berries in      four petals in two to three inch wide clusters in the
                                        late summer,         spring. It spreads by creeping underground stems.
                                        and        red       Unless controlled, it will grow into a thicket. It can
                                        branches     in      grow to a maximum of fifteen feet tall. However, most
                                        the      win-        shrubs will grow from seven to nine feet tall. The red
                                        ter. Best of         branches are whip-like with smooth stems.”
                                        all is the fall
                                        color of the         The green, oval leaves are white underneath and are two
                                        leaves. His-         to three inches long. They turn bright red in the au-
torical note: this dogwood was among the plants that         tumn. The fruit is a white drupe with a stone, which
Lewis and Clark collected in 1802 while on their fa-         matures in late summer. Creek dogwood is generally
mous expedition.                                             free of diseases and pests.
This is a plant of many names in many places: creek          Creek dogwood is good as a border for lawns; it is also
dogwood, red-twig dogwood, kinnikinnik, red-osier            good as a stabilizer for banks. In winter the wine red
dogwood, red dogwood, American dogwood, and Colo-            stems stand out against light-colored walls. The
rado dogwood. Creek dogwood is in the family Corna-          branches are attractive when used in winter floral bou-
ceae. There are six species of Cornus that are native to     quets.
California, two of them are closely related; Cornus
sericea and C. stolonifera. They are cross-referenced        It requires little maintenance except for pruning in the
in a couple of texts. I am sure that there is some differ-   dormant season to control size. The new growth will be
ence between the two, but the descriptions, common           a brighter stem color than the old branches. Some Na-
names, and uses are the same. Another similar species        tive Americans use the stems for making baskets. Birds
is C. occidentalist. There are many cultivars, notably       are attracted to the fruits.
‘Stinson Beach’, which has purple-red stems.

MG Conference Continued...                                   people who share your interests and talking with other
(Continued from page 1)                                      nators
ing, but then again, it was timely and one cannot get        a n d
enough information when dabbling in the garden every         volun-
day. Garden (landscape) Design reminded me of the            teers was
many aspects to look for when redesigning my small           i     n      -
front lot. Some of the words like invent, think big,         valuable;
simplicity, depth, theme, Yes-list No-list, left an im-      there is
pression on me. Sadly it was the last session of the         much to
day, but oh how entertaining it was.                         b           e
Stephanie Pocock:                                            through
I attended all of the Coordinator track presentations,       t h e
and while I enjoyed the presentations which included                         These beautiful baskets were created by MG
                                                             sharing of Pauline Pedigo and raffled off to raise funds at
‘Policy Updates’, ‘Best Practices for Working with           t h o u g h t s the MG Conference.
Volunteers’, and ‘Getting the most from Group                and ideas.
Dynamics’, I wish I had taken some of the gardening          Something I found myself explaining was how big our
sessions. Live and learn! One of the benefits of             county really is and one thing confirmed was that we are
attending any conference is the chance to meet with          all so similar. Photos by Pat Robertson, MG
Garden Views                                 November 2008                                                 page 3

                                                            and runners, or secondary vines will proliferate along
Pumpkins in the Garden                                      the main vine. These should be encouraged, but limit
                         By Jeri Kuoppamaki MG              their length or they could become too long and not
                                                            enough nutrients will get to the pumpkins further along
From carved Halloween pumpkins to the traditional           the vine.
pumpkin pie, pumpkins have had a popular following
since the first Thanksgiving. Now pumpkins are used in      Along with proper pruning, it is important to train the
soups, delicious cookies and nut breads, cheese cake,
pies, ice cream, vegetable dishes, drinks, seeds, oils,
animal feed, and who knows what else. Pumpkins are
here to stay, and are becoming increasingly popular all
over the world.

Since I mentioned Halloween pumpkins, an interesting
tidbit of information is that Halloween wasn’t always
synonymous with these large orange gourds. The cus-
tom used to be to make a lantern out of a turnip or
swede. However, when the Irish came to America,
there was a distinct lack of such things, so they substi-
tuted pumpkins instead. And even more interesting,
according to ancient Celtic tradition, the carved face
and a burning light placed inside was used to welcome       vines to grow out and away from the main vine and from
home the spirits of ancestors.                              the fruit. Avoid crossing the runners or letting the fruit
                                                            grow on top of them. Tertiary vines grow off the secon-
The pumpkin is a gourd-like squash of the genus Cu-         dary vines, and should be pruned vigorously to promote
curbitaceae. The word pumpkin originates from the           fruit growth verses plant growth. Trimming a vine is
word pepon, which is Greek for “large melon”. The           best done by burying the cut end under a shovel of soil.
French adapted this word to pompon, which the British       It will minimize moisture loss and the possibility of dis-
changed to pompion, and the American colonists              ease entering. Fertilize with more potassium and less
changed that to the word commonly used today,               nitrogen to further encourage the growth of fruit instead
“pumpkin”.                                                  of vines and leaves.
                                                            Secondary roots can grow on the vine at the base of each
Pumpkins generally weigh 9-18 pounds, with some             leaf stem. Encourage this as much as possible. The
varieties having miniature versions, and others reaching    secondary roots can add enormous weight to your fruit.
                          giant and even gargantuan         They also help anchor the plant in the ground. How-
                          sizes. The pumpkin varieties      ever, keep secondary roots from growing near the fruit,
                          can also vary greatly in          as this causes the vine to be anchored to the ground and
                          shape, ranging from oblate        unable to move with the growth of the pumpkin.
                          through oblong. The rind is
                          smooth and usually lightly        Although we encourage organic gardening with minimal
                          ribbed. Although pumpkins         use of chemical dusts, and sprays, sometimes it is neces-
                          are usually orange or yellow,     sary to use chemicals with pumpkins. Common insect
                          some fruits are dark green,       and bug problems include the Cucumber Beetle and
                          pale green, white, red, and       other beetle varieties, snails and slugs, vine borers, and
                          gray.                             the Squash Bug. In addition, there are diseases that can
                                                            quickly destroy your pumpkin plants. Powdery Mildew,
                            Pumpkins are monoecious,        a fungal infestation, and Bacterial Wilt are the two main
                            which means the plants have     diseases that you may have to protect against. One good
                            both male and female flow-      rule is to water only in the morning or during the day
ers. Honey bees play a significant role in fertilization.   when the sun will quickly dry the leaves. Better yet,
Inadequately pollinated pumpkins usually start grow-        apply water only to the roots and vines. A soaker hose,
ing, but abort before full development.                     facing down, is effective. But to be on the safe side,
                                                            apply sprays or dusts to control diseases before they get
Pumpkins are a warm-weather crop, usually planted in        started. If you do sustain damage from disease, remove
early July. The soil should be at least 60 degrees Fahr-    the diseased plant from the garden, and do not compost;
enheit within the first 3 inches, and be able to hold wa-   toss out in the trash.
ter well. Use garden soil mixed with composted materi-
als, and keep it moist. The pumpkins grow on vines                                                 (Continued on page 5)
page 4                                                             November 2008                                                                   Garden Views

Please let us know when you change your address, phone
number or email. Contact Marc Chacon, Membership Coor-                                        Stephanie’s Corner...
dinator, at a meeting or call him at 951.781.6771. He will                                        By Stephanie Pocock, Volunteer Services Coordinator
make sure the information gets changed on the membership                                                 951.683.6491 x230 or
roster so you will not miss out on newsletters and emails.
  UCCE Riverside County MASTER GARDENERS                                                       Volunteer Hours
    Advisory Board Members and Coordinators                                                       I have been inputting MG volunteer hours
              July 2007 - June 2008                                                            to more accurately reflect the time and en-
                                                                                               ergy you have given to the program. We had
 Eta Takele                   UCCE Riverside County                                            only 24,000 total hours recorded before I
                              Director 951.683.6491, ext. 243                                  started digging through the stacks of volun-
 J. Michael Henry             Environmental Horticulture Advisor
                                                                                               teer hours forms. What I have discovered is
                              951.683.6491, ext. 222
                                                                  that the Master Gardeners of Riverside
 Stephanie Pocock             Volunteer Services Coordinator                                   County have contributed more than 51,000
                              951.683.6491 x230                                                hours since 1985 and I still have more to en-
                                                                                                  Congratulations, give yourself a pat on the
                     Advisory Board Members                                                    back! We can’t stop there, let’s set a goal of
   Beatrice Etchison                 Chair                      951.784.1880                   100,000 by 2010. Are you up to it? Do you
   Walt Bieszczad                    Chair Elect                951.940.0842                   see how important it is to record your hours?
   Patti Bonawitz                    Secretary                  951.354.4230
   Elaine Byrd                       Fiscal Officer             951.735.6329                   MG Website
   Bruce Reynolds                    Past-Chair                 951.341.8148
                                                                                                  The Master Gardener website is not only
                        Member Coordinators                                                    for you to record your hours, it is a place to
                                                                                               start or contribute to a discussion, add a rec-
  Marc Chacon                 Membership          951.781.6771
  Renate Heyner               Volunteer Programs  951.784.1011                                 ipe or write some poetry. You can check the
  Renate Heyner               Social Programs     951.784.1011                                 calendars for events and volunteer opportu-
  Pauline Pedigo              Telephone Squad     951.689.7419                                 nities, read the Garden Views in living color;
  Elizabeth Cooper            Speakers Bureau     951.341.3980                                 you can even personalize your own site, add
  Cindy Dupree                Tours               951.201.7761                                 a picture and pick the topics that interest
  Shelley Wardrop             Recognition/Awards 951.788.8197                                  you. This is your site and I want all of you to
  Shelley Wardrop             Properties        MG Website                                     benefit from using it.
  Lucy Heyming                The Master Gardener website
  Cindy Peterson              is not only for you to record
  Bruce Reynolds                                                                               Reappointment
                                                                                                  Seventy-one of you have returned your
   The Garden Views newsletter is published monthly, September                                 reappointment papers. If you have not re-
   through June, by U.C. Master Gardeners, Cooperative Extension,
   University of California, Riverside County. All reporters are
                                                                                               ceived papers, please let me know either by
   Master Gardeners or Master Gardeners in training.                                           email, or give me a call. I know not all of you
                                                                                               have received the needed forms. If I did not
                                  Editor                                                       receive forms from 2007-2008 you probably
   Lucy Heyming               3555 Crowell Ave, Riverside, 92504                               did not receive 2008-2009 forms. Also if you
                              951.353.0119/                                    were not previously listed on the MG web-
                                                                                               site, you also probably did not receive forms.
  Darlene Alari-             Yvonne Hemenway                 Beverley Scray
  Donna Claypool             Jeri Kuoppamaki
                                                                                               Without your input, I have no way of knowing
                                                             Linda Sun
  Melinda Flores             Pat Robertson                                                     if you still want to be a part of the program.
                                                                                               Please let me know if you need forms. I don’t
                                                                                               want to lose any of you.
   To simplify information, trade names have been used. No en-
   dorsements of name products is intended, nor is criticism implied
   of similar products which are not mentioned.

                                                  University of California and U.S. Department of Agriculture Cooperating.
The University of California Prohibits discrimination against or harassment of any person employed by or seeking employment with the University on the basis of race,
color national origin religion, sex, physical or mental disability, medical condition (cancer related or genetic characteristics), ancestry, marital status, age, sexual orien-
tation, citizenship, or status as a covered veteran (special disabled veteran, Vietnam-ear veteran or any other veteran who served on active duty during a war or in a
campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge has been authorized). University Policy is intended to be consistent with the provisions of applicable State and
Federal laws. Inquires regarding the University’s nondiscrimination policies may be directed to the Affirmative Action/Staff Personnel Services Director, University of
California, Agricultural and Natural Resources, 1111 Franklin, 6th Floor, Oakland, Ca 94607-5200 (510) 987-0096.
Garden Views                                  November 2008                                                  page 5

Xylella Fastidiosa, a scorch                                  primary vector is the Glassy winged sharpshooter,
                                                              Homalodisca coagulate, (GWSS) a non host specific
disease in Liquidambars                                       insect feeding in xylem (water carrying tissues). Due to
                                  By Susan Sims, MG           the unlimited hosts that this insect feeds on carrying the
                                                              disease with it we find incidence of Xylella in many
Have you noticed the large quantity of sick Liquid-           hosts.
ambars in the Inland Empire? Liquidambars are the
hardest hit Southern California tree so far suffering         Parasites have been released and some of our native
                                        from      the         predators have found GWSS to be a food source. How-
                                        bacterial             ever populations can be found in many locations high
                                        disease Xy-           enough to severely stress trees just by their feeding. The
                                        lella    fas-         GWSS is a large, boat shaped insect, aware of your pres-
                                        tidiosa. Ol-          ence. When you approach it will move to the side of the
                                        ives     and          stem away from you. Since this insect feeds on the Xy-
                                        deciduous             lem it must process large amounts of nutrient weak xy-
                                        fruit   trees         lem fluids to satisfy its needs. The excess fluids are re-
                                        are also im-          leased falling from the tree like rain in heavily infested
                                        pacted heav-          trees. The released fluids are dry whitish when found on
                                        ily.                  leaves beneath feeding. The favored host for egg laying
                                                              is citrus leaves.
 Homalodisca coagulata, the glassy-        The disease
 winged sharpshooter, a major vector       expression in      Sims has performed trials on Olive trees infected by Xy-
 of Xylella fastidiosa.                    Liquidambars       lella. So far we’ve had very good results. Currently
                                           may vary; as       Sims has Liquidambar trials underway in the city of La
the bacteria infest the xylem tissue (water transport sys-    Mirada. Our trials compare differing rates and timing of
tem) water flow is restricted. On hot or dry days insuffi-    bactericides, growth regulators, beneficial organisms, and
cient water reaches the leaves, causing leaf scorch, die-     gypsum. Disease severity is a consideration in our deci-
back of stems, branches, and limbs.                           sion to treat or not. Our findings will be published when
                                                              the trials are completed.
Plant species and varieties vary greatly in their suscepti-
bility to the pathogen. Predisposition such as poor con-      Susan Sims, Sims Tree Health Specialists (951) 685-
dition is suspected as a major factor in marginal hosts       6662, FAX (951) 685-2267 or E-Mail Tree-
becoming infected. In olives a direct relationship seems
to exist between incidence of disease and heavy pruning
or relocation.                                                Pumpkins in the Garden continued...
I believe liquidambars are very susceptible because they      (Continued from page 3)
prefer a less alkaline soil, with a maximum pH of 7,          Just as Charlie Brown sought the Great Pumpkin in the
deep loamy soils, well mulched, and are best in cool to       pumpkin patch, people have pursued the art of cultivat-
mild climates. The Inland Empire is not ideal. Before         ing pumpkins of gargantuan sizes. 460 pounds held the
Xylella appeared we often identified Liquidambars suf-        world record for the largest pumpkin until 1981 when
fering from iron chlorosis caused by iron tie up from         Howard Dill of Nova Scotia broke the record with a
high pH.                                                      pumpkin near 500 pounds. Dill patented the seeds and
                                                              called them Dill’s Atlantic Giant seeds, drawing grow-
I have been involved in the detection of Xylella fas-         ers from around the world. Dill is accredited for all of
tidiosa in Southern California since it was identified in     the giant pumpkins today, most of which were devel-
Rancho Mirage, September 1995. This disease has               oped from crossing and re-crossing his patented seed
been present in California before. In 1892 more than          with other varieties. By 1994, the Giant Pumpkin
50,000 acres of grapes were lost in Orange County to          crossed the 1,000
“Anaheim’s” disease, today known as “Pierce’s dis-            pound mark. Then,
ease”. The central valley suffered losses in the past to      in 2007, Joe Jutras of
“Almond scorch”. The end of the 1990’s found Olean-           Rhode Island grew a
der leaf scorch destroying untold quantities of olean-        whopping       1,689
ders.                                                         pound cream-colored
                                                              pumpkin.     That is
In the past Xylella was limited to a crop because the         quite a challenge to
vector carrying the disease was host specific. Today the      match!
page 6                                         November 2008                                          Garden Views
                                                              know only too well that native soil therefore is unique to
Rancho Santa Ana Gardens                                      specific areas because of the many different kinds of
                                                              alluvial deposits layered over eons. The third area of the
Feature Native Plants                                         gardens is dedicated to plant communities. A few of the
                              By Beverley Scray, MG           many specimens in this area are a grove of four-needled
                                                              pinyon pine, California flannel bush and a Madrone tree.
The Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Gardens are unique
among the arboretums and botanic gardens in Southern          The Rancho Santa Ana Botanical Gardens actually
California. You will find only native plants in this gar-     started in Santa Ana in 1927 by Susanna Bixby Bryant.
den. The Huntington, Quail, and the LA Arboretum              In 1951 the gardens were moved to Claremont as part of
could be called international gardens since they have         the Claremont Colleges. Besides spending a wonderful
                                               gardens        day in these gardens as a visitor, I learned that there is a
                                               devoted        lot of behind the scenes research and outreach to the big-
                                               to sev-        ger world taking place in the garden’s preservation de-
                                               eral con-      partments. For example, the extensive Seed Program
                                               tinents        here works with national and international agencies to
                                               around         preserve and store seed collections. On site are -18 de-
                                               t h e          gree Celsius freezers for this purpose. These gardens
                                               world in       also work with California’s Department of Fish and
                                               t h e i r      Game and the US Fish and Wildlife Service to house
                                               Mediter-       germplasm collections, that is, genes of rare, threatened,
                                               ranean         and endangered native plant species. Other preservation
                                               gardens.       activities of the gardens include their living collections
                                               B o t h        of critically endangered and sometimes extinct in the
                                               O l d          wilds species, some of which have been sent to the Royal
                                               World          Botanic Gardens, Kew in England to be grown and hand
  RSABG plant community area (B. Eisenstein)   and New        pollinated for the Millennium Seed Bank.
cacti each have their separate gardens at the Quail. The      As is the case with other wonderful botanical gardens of
Rancho Santa Botanic Gardens, however, have a very            Southern California, the Rancho Santa Ana community
big job with displaying native California plants since        activities for visitors, members, and volunteers include
we have over 6,000 kinds of plants growing within our         seasonal garden walks, musical evenings, outdoor art
state. This is the largest number of plants when com-         exhibits, and a spring and fall plant sale. During my visit
pared to any other specific area of North America.            to their gift shop I found a clever package of kitchen
                                                              magnets featuring plants and animals and small statues
The Rancho Santa Ana Gardens share a mountain range           of backyard birds that would make great stocking stuff-
with the LA Arboretum. Both are nestled up against            ers for grandkids.
the San Gabriel Mountains. On an out wash plain of
the San Gabriels, the Rancho Santa Ana gardens have           I visited the gardens last spring on a cold and damp day.
been laid out in three distinct areas. The first is the       Once I paid a very reasonable entrance fee, I found my-
Indian Hill Mesa, which has dense clay soil and is            self walking right into what looked like a forest. The
planted with mature cultivars of wild lilacs and manza-       gloom of the day was lifted by the beauty of the many
nita. Several nature trails, a home demonstration gar-        manzanita and native grasses there. Every plant seemed
den, and a woodland area along the banks of a stream          to have realized it was spring and the flowering of so
are also located on the mesa. A native palm cluster,          many varieties was spectacular. The smaller plants
desert garden, coastal dune natives and Channel Island        seemed to be in the protective shadow of the larger spe-
native plants are found in the second area and the most       cies. I particularly appreciated to extensive labeling of
often visited section called the East Alluvian Gardens.       so many of the plants. The explanations on some of the
Of course, I had to reread the chapter on soil in our         labels added more information than I expected. As with
Master Gardener Handbook to get a better picture of           most other botanical gardens, I saw only a small portion
just what alluvial soil is. The chapter talks about           of the three distinct areas, in fact I am sure I saw only
“fertile alluvial soils formed from periodic flooding by      part of the Indian Hill Mesa area. Return visits to this
mountain streams and the accompanying deposits of             garden will be fun and easy to get to as well.
materials.” Reading on, I found a description of gray
colored soil” ...formed from “granitic alluvium flows.”       The Rancho Santa Ana Gardens are located at 1500
The Webster Dictionary defines alluvial soil as               North College Avenue, Claremont, Ca,91711. The web-
“deposits of clay, sand, silt, rock, and other like materi-   site is
als deposited by running water.” As home gardeners we
Garden Views                                November 2008                                                   page 7

Garden of the Month                                         have to cut a single tree if it was not absolutely neces-
                                                            sary in his designs.
-Victoria’s Great Secret Garden
                             By Nancy Cullen, MG            Inside the vine covered castle, most rooms have heavily
                                                            paneled walls and parquet floors in exotic woods, stone
When you mention Victoria, British Columbia everyone        fireplaces, and Morris &
seems to ask…Are you going to visit “The Gardens”?          Co. stain-glass windows.
They are of course speaking of Butchart Gardens. But a      The windows’ simple
garden loving tourist has another great garden to add to    designs always show-
the BC itinerary. On the southern end of Vancouver          cased the magnificent
Island just 20 minutes from Victoria lies Hatley Park.      ivy and 90-year old wis-
Like Butchart Gardens it has been a spectacular estate      teria growing outside
for over 100 years.                                         them. James Dunsmuir
                                                            once said, “Money does-
Tucked away from the main highway, behind acres of          n’t matter, just build what I want”.
lush forest lies a glimpse of old Europe and images
found in a children’s storybook. This mature property       By 1912, the Dunsmuirs hired Boston, Mass. landscape
                                                            architects Franklin Brett and George D. Hall, students of
                                                            Frederick Law Olmstead, to develop the extensive site.
                                                            Their classic Edwardian design incorporates nine formal
                                                            garden “rooms” near the castle. These formal areas in-
                                                            clude a rose garden featuring over 200 rose varieties,
                                                            Japanese garden and ponds, Italian garden with stone
                                                            loggia, and croquet court. Further out from the castle,
                                                            the property extends to agricultural areas, recreational
                                                            areas with trails then into ancient forest spaces with first
                                                            and second growth Douglas fir and western red cedar.
                                                            The Dunsmuirs kept 100 gardeners and groundskeepers
                                                            working. Presently, about 50 full-time employees main-
                                                            tain the gardens.

complete with a castle overlooks the Esquimalt Lagoon       After the Dunsmuir children no longer lived at the castle
and the Strait of Juan de Fuca and the Olympic Moun-        it was purchased by the government to become a naval
tains in Washington. The 565 acres originally known as      training facility, then a military academy and today is
Hatley Park Farm was bought by the wealthy B.C.                                              known as Royal Roads
Lieutenant Governor James Dunsmuir to be his family                                          University. Hatley Park
home in 1906.                                                                                is mostly known today
                                                                                             for the castle made fa-
Dunsmuir commissioned Samuel Maclure, Victoria’s                                             mous in movies and tele-
leading Arts and Crafts architect to design a 15th cen-                                      vision. Most notably,
tury reproduction Edwardian castle on the site. The 40-                                      the manor house stars as
room castle boasting 22 bedrooms, 9 bathrooms, 6 liv-                                        the “Xavier School for
ing rooms, a billiard room, and ballroom was completed                                       the Gifted” in the X-Men
in 1908. In addition to his architectural success,          movies and as Lex Luthor’s mansion on Smallville.
Maclure became a leader in garden design, civic beauti-
fication, and tree conservation. Influenced by the natu-    Hatley Park, despite its primary functions as a univer-
                                     ral gardens of         sity, has remained as majestic and magical as it was 100
                                     Gertrude Jekyll and    years ago. The park is available for banquets, weddings,
                                     Thomas Mawson,         croquet, Whodunit dinners and GPS adventures. Visi-
                                     his designs ex-        tors have acres to explore, a wonderful museum and gift
                                     pressed the concept    shop. The castle is open for guided tours only, $18.00
                                     of the garden being    Canadian including garden admittance. Hours 10am-
                                     an extension of the    5pm. For details, pictures, and other Vancouver Island
                                     living      space.     information visit these websites:
                                     Maclure was also
                                     known to go to
                                     great lengths to not
 page 8                                        November 2008                                          Garden Views

BOOK REVIEW                                                     erence that can help every gardener choose, from almost
                                                                100 species, the ones that are best suited for their par-
The New Book of Salvias – Sages for Every Garden                ticular garden style and micro climate.
                         By Yvonne Hemenway, MG
                                                                                       TO SALVIA
Betsy Clebsch loves salvias. This fact is hard to miss
when you peruse her extremely comprehensive book on                        In these times of fashionable rages
                      the genus Salvia. Betsy describes                       Let us honor enduring sages.
                      each species including their na-                      Known to cure, to mend, to ease,
                      tive habitat, cultural practices,                   Companions to cooks; splendid teas.
                      suggestions for companion plant-                    Hundreds of species our world adorn,
                      ings and a color photograph. She                     Richly diverse in flower and form.
                      also provides several useful lists                  Hail to Salvia, that scented salvation,
                      such as: where to buy salvias”,                     Worthy of study and our admiration.
                      flowering guide by season, geo-
                      graphic origin of species, cold                                               -Andy Doty
                      tolerance and shade tolerance
                      guides, salvias with especially           Editors note: The title of the first issue is A Book of Sal-
                      handsome foliage, etc.                    vias- Sages for Every Garden, 1997. Portland, Oregon:
                                                                Timber Press. The second edition is called The New
Many species of Salvia thrive in our Southern California        Book of Salvias, Sages for Every Garden, 2003. Port-
climate and they have become a popular garden peren-            land, Oregon: Timber Press. You can find either one
nial. Betsy Clebsch’ Book of Salvias is a wonderful ref-        online.

 The Advisory Board meets once per month, on the second Wednesday at 6:30 pm, at the UC Cooperative Extension
 office, 21150 Box Springs Road, Moreno Valley. The next meeting will be November 12. Everyone is welcome to at-

 See page 10 for the schedule of Veterans Classes.

 Garden Views Staff Meeting - Monday, November 3, at 7:00 pm at the home of Jeri Kuoppamaki, 2830 Anna St., Riv-
 erside. Call Jeri at 951.683.8559

                                      VOLUNTEER OPPORTUNITIES
 ONGOING- The UCR Botanic Garden welcomes any Master Gardener volunteers who want to work with Garden staff
 Monday through Friday from 8:00 to 4:00 pm. Please check in at the office for assignments.

 Ongoing – NEW, NEW, NEW Jurupa Mountain Cultural Center (JMCC), 7621 Granite Hill Drive, Riverside Cali-
 fornia 92509, 951.685.5818. Needs all MGs who will be on the “cutting edge” of this new outstanding propagation
 program. Our greenhouse is already brimming with seed plantings. Volunteers needed throughout the week and on Sat-
 urdays. Contact Bruce Reynolds at or Stephanie Pocock at 951.683.6491 x 230 or sapo-

 Ongoing - EXTRA, EXTRA, READ ALL ABOUT IT! In addition to our JMCC local propagation and fund raising
 program project, Riverside County MGs have been selected to participate in a State - wide experimental venture, “All
 Stars Natives” AKA “ CA 100.” In cooperation with UC Davis Botanic garden, we are one of only three State sites
 tasked to go forth and multiply CA with “little ones that are drought tolerant.” We receive our “pink and blue” slips
 from UCD this month. To help nurture these babies, MGs needed. Envision an “Adopt a Baby Plant” competition. We
 will be recording all the vitals of these new darlings over a long time period. Proud “parent” volunteers will compete to
 create MENSA - level drought tolerant and beautiful horticulture for the coming decades. Although there may be no
 stork involved, we get a bird’s eye view of the future. Contact Bruce Reynolds at or Stephanie Po-
 cock at 951.683.6491 x 230 or
Garden Views                               November 2008                                               page 9

November 14, 15, & 16, Lake Elsinore Home and Garden Show. Diamond Stadium, 500 Diamond Drive, Lake
Elsinore. Master Gardener table volunteers needed.

November 15 - 9 am to 11 am, Victoria Avenue Forever: Tree Planting, Meet at Victoria Avenue between Stew-
art and Boundary Streets. Suggest you park on Boundary. Please bring a shovel, gloves, good humor, and a smile.
Rain or shine!!!

        Phone Squad: Monday through Friday from 9 am to 12 noon. Call Phone Squad Coordinator Pauline
        Pedigo to volunteer, 951.689.7419.

The IPM Kiosk is in the Nature Lab at the Riverside Metropolitan Museum until November 15. Call the Museum
for hours, 951.826.5273.

          November 8, 10 am–noon. Cooking with Sage Gail Herndon. Hands-on cooking
     class. by email or visit
          November 13, 2:30 pm. Garden Talk & Sale: From the Wild to Your Garden. A
     plant sale in the nursery will follow the talk
          November 16, 2 pm. Rose Garden Centennial Lecture, Danielle Hahn.

November 8, 9 & 11, 8:00 am-2:00 pm. MALOOFF GARDEN EVENT Fall planting and pruning and brown bag
seminars. Free. For more information contact Evelyn Brown at 909.980.0412 or

                                          FALL PLANT SALES

November 1 & 2- RANCHO SANTA ANA BOTANIC GARDEN FALL PLANT SALE. Featuring thousands of native
California plants. Saturday from 11:00 am – 4:00 pm (Members’ Preview: 8:00 am – 11:00 am, memberships avail-
able at the door) and Sunday from 9:00 am – 2:00 pm. 1500 N. College Avenue, Claremont, 909.625.8767, email:; web:

November 15, 9 am - 3 pm. NATIVE PLANT SALE by the local chapter of California Native Plant Society at the
Riverside Metropolitan Museum, 3580 Mission Inn Ave-
             PROGRAMS                                              Mark Your Calendars
Sponsored by Riverside County Waste Management De-                   International
                                                                    Master Gardener
partment. Visit their website at or call
951.486.3200 for detailed information about the Compost-
ing Workshop program.

     Nov. 15, 10 am, Palm Springs, Police Training Center,
     200 South Civic Drive.
Workshops are free. Composting units available to River-
side County residents for $35. Visit for            "New Frontiers" in
more info.
                                                                horticulture and gardening
                                                                  March 22 - 26, 2009
January 29, 2009, State of the Santa
Ana Watershed Conference, Ontario                                  Las Vegas, Nevada
Convention Center. Co-hosted by
Santa Ana Watershed Project Au-                         
thority, and Master Gardeners. Mark
your calendars now- details in next
                                                               November                 Garden

                               Riverside County
                                                                                  Veteran’s Classes in November

                                                               Veteran's Classes are held on the first and third Wednesdays of the month

                               Moreno Valley, CA 92557
                                                               from 7 pm - 9 pm at the UC Cooperative Extensioin office at 21150 Box
                                                               Springs Road, Suite 202, Moreno Valley.

                               21150 Box Springs Rd. Ste 202
                                                               November 5, 2008- Speaker: Dusty Ferguson

                               U.C. COOPERATIVE EXTENSION

                                                               Topic: Public Speaking
                                                               November 19, 2008 - Speaker: Buck Heming-
                                                               Topic: South African Adventure

                                                               The Dutchman’s Pipe
                                                                                                              By Darlene A. Alari, MG
                                                               The Dutchman’s Pipe is a very unusual plant. One of the things that make it
                                                               so unusual is its color and shape. It is also known for secreting an odor de-
                                                               scribed as foul. The stenches odor is so bad it draws flies to it. There are
                                                               some Dutchman plants that smell of lemons and of course those are the most
                                                               desirable. The plant blooms often and is more commonly seen as a vine
                                                               plant. There are others that grow as a tall bush or shrub. In any case, this
                                                               plant is beautiful with its dark maroon color body flecked with cream color
                                                               spots and a center in deep yellow.
                                                               In some areas the lemon scented plant draws butterflies (Polydamas), which
                                                               will lay their eggs and fill the vine with colorful butterflies as they come
                                                               alive and take flight.

                                                                                               At a recent visit to the UCR Botanic Gar-
                                                                                               dens I saw this flower dried and spread out
                                                                                               on top of a copy machine. It was very large
                                                                                               and lovely. It is categorized as a tropical
                                                                                               and is found across the United States.
                                                                                               As you can see in the lower right of this
                                                                                               photo the flower uncurls itself open much
                                                                                               like the Calla Lilly as it opens. I am al-
                                                               ways looking for that something unusual, this certainly qualifies.

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