Docstoc

Globe Pattern

Document Sample
Globe  Pattern Powered By Docstoc
					    Globe : Pattern




View of completed model




                                                                                                               The moon measuring tape, showing the distance
                                                                                                               between the earth and the moon, is available as a
                                                                                                               separate file. Use it as a teaching aid or for other
                                                                                                               purposes.


Globe
Some 4.6 billion years ago, gas and debris swirling around the fiery sun coalesced to form a sphere. As the layers of gas and debris finally
separated and condensed, they formed small planetesimals, which repeatedly collided and combined with each other. These events led to the
formation of the earth and the other planets in the solar system. The young earth was constantly impacted with planetesimals, the energy of these
blows superheating areas near the surface of the earth and creating seas of magma. When the seas of magma finally began to cool, rain began to
fall, condensing from dense water vapor and carbon dioxide released from the magma, forming the primordial seas.

Life first appeared in these primordial seas some 4 billion years ago. Multicellular organisms appeared 600 million years ago; human ancestors
appeared 5 million years ago.

The sun and the moon are the heavenly bodies most familiar to those of us here on the earth. The moon formed approximately 4.5 billion years
ago from the combination of fragments that broke off when a meteor the size of Mars struck the young earth. The moon's diameter is about one-
fourth that of the earth; its volume is around 1/50. It revolves around the earth at a distance equivalent to about 40 times the earth's diameter. Use
this globe not just to look at the earth's continents, but to get a feel for the actual distance between the earth and the moon.

 Editor
Motomaro Shirao
Born in Tokyo in 1953; graduated from the Faculty of Science, Tohoku University; Master's degree (in volcanic geology) from the Graduate School
of Science at the University of Tokyo; now a photographer and science writer; focuses on promoting science and scientific education through
photography and writing on various subjects, from volcanoes to astronomy.


* This model was designed for Papercraft and may differ from the original in some respects.

     Parts list (pattern) : Thirteen A4 sheets (No. 1 to No. 13)                                   Optional sheets : 8

     No. of Parts : 19             Optional parts : 23

* Build the model by carefully reading the Assembly Instructions, in the parts sheet page order.




                                                                                  1
 Globe : Pattern

Northern hemisphere A




                                                 l
                                                   ga
                                           ain       tu    r
                                              Sp        Po

                                 K.
                                   U.

                                      d
                                       lan
                                           Ire
                                      nd
                                          enla
                                           Gre
                                                 da




                                                                    CA
                                             na




                 United States
                                                                    RI
                                          Ca




                                                                  E
                                                               AM


                                                                         s
                                                                         te
                                                                H


                                                                         a
                                                             RT


                                                                      St
                                                          NO


                                                                    d
                                                                 ite
                                                               Un




                                                                               o
                                                                              xic
                                                                              Me




               Hawaii




                                                          2
                                                  3
                                                        an
                                                                                   ines




                                                        Jap
                                                                                       lipp
                                                                                    Phi




                                                                            an




                                                              rea
                                                                            Taiw




                                                              h Ko
                                                               Sout




                                               Russia
                                                             ASIA
                                                                    China




          No rway
           Swed
                 en
       EUROP
             E
       Germ
            any
Fran
    ce
                                                                      a
                                                                     di
                                                                    In




         Italy
                              ey             n
                         Turk            Ira
                 Egypt                           ia
                                          rab
                                      di A
                                   Sau
AFRICA
                                                                                 Northern hemisphere B
                                                                                   Globe : Pattern
 Globe : Pattern

Northern hemisphere base

                                                                                      Reinforcement




                               Glue the center hole plate
                               in position along the blue
                               lines, ensuring the center
                               hole is centered.



                                                            Glue the reinforcements
                                                              to the reverse side.




                           4
 Globe : Pattern

Northern hemisphere base center hole plate




                                                 G
                                     de




                                                  lu
                                   si




                                                  e
                                   se




                                                   ar
                                  r




                                                     ea
                               ve
                             re




                                                       on
                            on




                                                          re
                                                          ve
                        ea




                                                            rs
                        ar




                                                               e
                     e




                                                               si
                    lu




                                                                  d
                    G




                                                                 e
                                                               Use scissors to indent the
                                                               globe core hole, after folding
                                                               down along the line. Unfold
                                                               after indenting.
                    e




                                                                   G
                        d




                                                                lu
                     si




                                                               e
                          se




                                                            ar
                        er




                                                            ea
                               v
                            re




                                                          on
                              on




                                                       re
                                                       ve
                                 ea




                                                   rs
                                   ar




                                                      e
                                    ue




                                                  si
                                       l




                                                 de
                                      G




                                             5
                                                       Peru
                                                                    SO
                                                                      UT
                                                                         H
                                                                                AM
                                                                                   ERI
                                                                                       CA
                                                                    Br
                                                                         az
                                                                           il
                                                        Argenti
                                                               na




                                                                                                     6
                                                TICA
                                             ARC
                                          ANT
                  Southern hemisphere A
Globe : Pattern




                                                                                             South
                                                                                            Africa
 Globe : Pattern

Southern hemisphere B




                                                                land
                                                             Zea
                                                       New
                           lia
                         tra
                           s




                                              IA
                        Au




                                              N
                                           EA
                                         OC




                           r
                               ca   s
                                 ga  a
                                        ad
                                          M




                                                   7
 Globe : Pattern

Southern hemisphere base

                                                         Reinforcement




                               Glue the reinforcements
                                 to the reverse side.




                           8
 Globe : Pattern

Globe stand

                        Stand side A




     Stand side B




                    9
 Globe : Pattern

Globe stand



  Stand base 1




                          Canon Creative Park Globe




                                                                       After folding down-
                                                                       ward, use scissors
                                                                       to cut a semicircle,
                                                                       then flatten out the
                                                                       part and glue in
                                                                       place.


                   Use scissors to indent the globe core hole, after folding down along
                   the line. Unfold after indenting.
  Stand base 2     Insert a pencil or similar item from the top surface and fold downward.




                                                  10
 Globe : Pattern

Globe stand




                   Stand base bottom




                   Use scissors to indent the globe core hole, after folding down along
                   the line. Unfold after indenting.
                   Insert a pencil or similar item from the rear surface and fold downward.




                                   11
 Globe : Pattern

Globe core




                   Moon




                     Moon body
                                 Near side




                                   Top




                                 Far side




                   Moon stand




                          12
 Globe : Pattern

Cross-section of the earth
                                                             Crust
                                                  Earth's surface (0 km) to 30 km
                                                         Granite and basalt

                       Upper mantle
                          Crust to 400 km                               Lower mantle
                 (670 km, including transition zone)
                             Peridotite                                     670 to 2890 km
                                                                           Silicate perovskite




                                                         Outer core
                                                         2890 to 5150 km
                                                           Molten iron




                                                         Inner core                                              Support
                                                         5150 to 6370 km
                                                               Iron

      Rock                              Iron
      Solid                   Liquid                   Solid                                     Cross-section
                                                                  6000km


                                                                  5000km


                                                                  4000km


                                                                  3000km


                                                                  2000km


                                                                  1000km




                                                          Earth
              Equatorial diameter 12,756.274 km                       Average density 5.515 g/cm3
              Equatorial radius 6,378.137 km                          Period of rotation 23.9345 hours
              Polar radius 6,356.752 km                               Equatorial tilt 23.45°
              Surface area 510,065,600 km2                            Distance to sun 150,000,000 km
              Mass 597,400 x 1018 kg                                  Distance to moon 384,400 km




                                                                             13

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Stats:
views:24
posted:8/26/2011
language:English
pages:13