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					Global Campaign
for Decent Work,
Decent Life for
         Global Campaign for
  Decent Work, Decent Life for Women


• Decent work for

• Gender equality in
  trade union
  structures, policies
  and activities
             Decent Work:
Access to productive work in conditions of
freedom, equality, security, and dignity.

The four pillars of Decent Work:
1. Standards and rights at work,
2. Employment creation
3. Social protection
4. Social dialogue.
        Background of the Campaign

1.2 billion women are
working today (40%) –
yet women:
• earn 12 to 60% less and do
   not have the same level of
   social protection as their
   male counterparts;
• account for an increasing
   proportion (60% - 70%) of the
   world‟s poor and working
    Background of the Campaign

• Face a higher level of unemployment
  than ever before (81.8 million women in
• Are concentrated in low-paid,
  unprotected, temporary or casual work;
• lack maternity protection rights and
  face violence and sexual harassment at
  or near the workplace;
 Why Campaigns targeting women
Desk studies and surveys of previous
campaigns show e.g.:
• Increase in women membership rates up to
• Increase of women in elected positions;
• Unions pushed to prioritise advocacy work
  on gender equality at work e.g. maternity
  protection, child care, pay equity and
  protection from sexual harassment.
           Campaign actions 1

Calling for a review of national labour
legislation and urging governments to
ratify and implement ILO Conventions e.g. :
• C. 183, Maternity protection
• C. 156, Workers with Family responsibilities
• C. 100, Equal Remuneration
• C. 111, Discrimination
           Campaign Actions 2

• CEDAW (United Nations Convention on the
  Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against
  Women), international statement of women‟s
  rights signed by 185 countries
• The Beijing Global Platform for Action which
  commits governments to “ensuring that
  gender perspective is reflected in all our
  policies and programmes” and the Beijing
  Declaration which includes „Section F‟ on
  Women and the Economy.
• The UN Millennium Development Goals
         Campaign Actions 3

Gender Equality in trade unions:
• Policy coherence of affiliated national
  centres with the ITUC Constitution
• Encouraging women to stand for
• Organizing women workers
• Inclusion of gender equality issues on
  the collective bargaining agenda and
  social dialogue
  Since the launch of the Campaign on
                8 March 2008
• 82 National Centers in 56 Countries joined
  the Campaign

• Events and marches took place to kick of the
  Campaign focusing on:
  Maternity protection rights
  Child care facilities,
  Pay Equity
  Work – life balance
  Gender equality in trade unions
 52nd Session of the UN Comission
      on the Status of Women
• 40 ITUC-PSI-EI women trade union
  delegation negotiated successfully for
  the inclusion of decent work in the
  Agreed Conclusions;
• The delegation lobbied successfully on
  the basis of the trade union Statement
  on „Investing in Decent Work, Decent
  Life for Women‟.
Burkina Faso
South Korea
ITUC Global Gender Wage
      Gap Report
 ITUC Gender Wage Gap Report

• Worldwide media coverage - released
  on 7 March 2008 in > 20 countries

• Analysis of pay gap in 63 countries; 30
  European, 33 across the rest of the
ITUC Asia Pacific
  International Women's Day panel
  organized by the ILO on 7 March

• Global Union message on pay equity
  and the role of collective bargaining in
  reducing the gender pay Gap

• Presentation of the ITUC‟s Gender
  Wage Gap Report
Visualizing the global pay gap
Visualizing the European pay gap
         ITUC Global
    Gender Wage Gap Report
• Worldwide pay gap of 16.5%;
• More educated women face a bigger
  pay gap compared to men with similar
• Trade union membership has a positive
  influence on the gender pay gap.
            Global data 2

• Pay gap is higher in female-dominated work
  environments than in typical male dominated
  work environments
• Results generally more positive in Europe,
  Oceania and Latin America, with Europe
  taking the lead
• Data deficiencies in a number of countries,
  particularly across Africa and Asia
               Global data 3
• Europe -
  • Average pay gap of 14.5 per cent
  • Overall decline in pay gap over the last decade
  • Job segregation by gender has a negative effect
    on pay gap (i.e. UK)

• Americas -
  • North America: lack of official data
  • Larger pay gap in Canada (27.5%) & USA (22.4%)
    than world average
  • Latin America: mixed picture due to large informal
                  Global data 4
• Oceania -
   • Pay gap lower than world average:
      • Australia 14.1% & New Zealand 13.8%
   • Mixed picture on progress

• Africa -
   • Insufficient data

• Asia -
   • Pay gap significantly higher than world average
   • Large variation due to the nature of individual country
     labour markets and quality of official data, i.e. Bahrain (-
     40%), Japan (33.4%), Mongolia (16.1%) and Sri Lanka (7.3%)
       Methodological issues
•   Defining the gender pay gap
•   Calculating earnings
•   Availability and reliability of data
•   Sample size/response rate
•   Type of employee
•   Data collection
Next Key Dates of the Campaign

• 7 October:   ITUC World Day for
               Decent Work
• 25 November: UN Day for Elimination of
               Violence Against Women
• 8 March 2009

• Campaign webpage:,
  click on „equality‟ and „women‟ for the
  Campaign Guide, Wage Gap Report and
• Campaign email list – send your email
  addresses to
• World Day for Decent Work website:, click on „ Campaigns‟

Decent Work,
Decent Life for Women

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