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Contents Bournemouth Borough Council by liaoqinmei

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									                                Contents

7. Fostering
7.1    Fostering:   Allegations or Complaints of Abuse Against Foster Carers

7.2    Fostering:   Approval of Foster Carers

7.3    Fostering:   The Childrens‟ Guide and Information about their
                    Placements

7.4    Fostering:   Complaints by Foster Carers or Young People in
                    Placement

7.5    Fostering:   Different Types of Foster Placements

7.6    Fostering:   E-Safety

7.7    Fostering:   Exit Interviews

7.8    Fostering:   Fostering Allowances

7.9    Fostering:   Fostering Panel

7.10   Fostering:   Insurance Claims

7.11   Fostering:   Making Placements Outside of Registration Approval

7.12   Fostering:   Matching Process

7.13   Fostering:   Pathways Carer Scheme

7.14   Fostering:   Pet Assessments

7.15   Fostering:   Physical Intervention

7.16   Fostering:   Placement of children

7.17   Fostering:   Placement with Family or Friends

7.18   Fostering:   Positive Behaviour Management

7.19   Fostering:   Private Foster Care

7.20   Fostering:   Recruitment of Foster Carers

7.21   Fostering:   Review of Approval
7.22   Fostering:   Short Break Scheme

7.23   Fostering:   Smoking

7.24   Fostering:   Supervision, Development and Support of Foster Carers

7.25   Fostering:   Transition from foster carer to pathways carer

7.26   Fostering:   Risk Assessments and Foster Carers
Reviewed                  August 2011
Agreed by CSMT            TBC
Next Review Date          September 2014


7.        Fostering
7.1       Fostering : Allegations or Complaints of Abuse Against Foster Carers

         Objective                            To ensure that any complaints made against the Foster Carer are fully
                                               investigated following the Council‟s complaints procedure.
                                          




         Legal & Policy Status                The Children Act 1989
                                              The Children Act 2004
                                              Care Standards Act 2000
                                              National Minimum Standards 2002 (2011)
                                              Fostering Regulations 2002
                                              The Children Act 2004
                                              Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                              Working Together to Safeguard Children 2010


                                                                                                     Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     Foster carers should be aware of the possible implications of any allegations
               made against them. In serious cases where the allegation is considered to
               have substance, it may result in a criminal prosecution. Foster carers are
               therefore strongly recommended to seek legal advice from the outset either
               independently, or via Foster Talk.
         2     It must be accepted that the abuse of children may be perpetrated by all
               sections of the community, including foster carers. In dealing with any
               allegation it should, however, be acknowledged that foster carers are in a
               particularly vulnerable situation, perhaps having children in their care who
               have previously been abused and may be especially challenging and testing in
               their behaviour. It will therefore be important for foster carers to have
               received appropriate guidance on acceptable methods of control and risk
               management.
         3     Allegations of abuse made against foster carers will be dealt with in                 Child Protection
               accordance with the general principles of child protection and, if an                 Introduction
               investigation is necessary, it will be undertaken within the requirements of
               the child protection procedures.
         4     A formal review of the foster carer‟s approval will be carried out following an       Foster Carer‟s
               investigation of alleged abuse. The review will be presented to the first             Reviews
               available Fostering Panel. Where the allegations are unfounded or                     Foster Panel
               withdrawn, a review will allow the Council and the foster carers to reflect
               upon the events and discuss the basis of the foster carer‟s future service.
         5     No additional children will be placed with foster carers during (a) the process
               of any investigation and (b) until a subsequent review has been held.


                                                                                                     Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     When any allegation is made which could constitute abuse, the member of
               staff who first becomes aware of such an allegation must ensure that it is
               immediately passed on to the Team Manager responsible for the supervision
               of the child and the Team Manager of the Fostering & Placements Team.
         2     The Team Managers will make recommendation to their Service Managers as
               to whether the incident should be responded to as a child protection referral
               or as an inappropriate care referral. The Service Manager will take the
               ultimate decision. Adequate information needs to be gained in order to reach
               this decision.
         3     If the decision is to treat the incident as a matter of inappropriate caring,
               the Service Manager, Family Support and Placement Services, in conjunction


Section 7: 7.1 Fostering; Allegations or Complaints of Abuse Against Foster Carers                              1
Reviewed                  August 2011
Agreed by CSMT            TBC
Next Review Date          September 2014

                                                                                                  Cross-Referencing
         Standards
               with the child‟s Team Manager and the Fostering and Placements Manager,
               will decide an action plan as to how the matter will be followed up, and the
               Service Manager must be informed in writing of the outcome. On receipt of
               this written report, the Service Manager must seek the Service Director‟s
               agreement to the conclusions.
         4     In circumstances where it is clear that child protection procedures should be
               instigated (whether or not the process outlined has been followed), the
               following will apply:
               a) Team Managers inform respective Service Managers.
               b) Service Manager, Family Support & Placement Services, informs Service
                    Director, Children's Social Care.
               c) The Service Director, Children's Social Care will inform the Executive
                    Director, Children, Schools and Families.
         5     Any allegations of abuse must be dealt with by a Service Manager, Team             Child Protection
               Manager and social work staff independent of the responsibility to supervise       Introduction
               the placement of any children concerned, usually the assessment and
               safeguarding team will lead the investigation. If possible, the investigating
               team should be free of significant previous involvement with the foster
               family concerned. Consideration should be given to using an independent
               agency if appropriate.
         6     The investigating Team Manager is responsible for informing their own
               Service Manager (if he/she is not already aware).
         7     The independent Service Manager will ensure that a strategy discussion is co-
               ordinated which may include a planning meeting. This must include liaison
               with both the Team Manager who has responsibility for the supervision of the
               child and any other children in placement and the appropriate Supervising
               Social Worker.
         8     Depending upon the circumstances, legal advice may need to be sought at
               this stage.
         9     There may be occasions when a child living in a foster home is involved in
               allegations of abuse against another child either within or outside of the
               foster home. In such cases the principles for investigation will be no different
               to those outlined previously, irrespective of whether the child is a foster
               child or a child of the foster carers. However if the foster carers live outside
               of Bournemouth the social services for the area they live will be involved.
         10    In situations where it is alleged that any child within the foster home has        Hold Strategy
               been abused by a child or adult who is not a member of the foster home, the        Discussion
               same principles of independent investigation outlined previously will also
               apply to the children within the foster home.


                                                                                                  Cross-Referencing
         Investigations into Allegations of Abuse
         13    Following the strategy discussion if the independent Service Manager/Team          Section 47
               Manager confirm that an investigation under Section 47 of the Children Act         enquiries
               1989 is required, then such an investigation should be conducted as agreed
               during the strategy discussion and (if there has been one) planning meeting.
         14    If there is a disagreement between the independent Service Manager/Team
               Manager and supervising Service Manager/Team Manager as to whether an
               investigation under Section 47 of the Children Act 1989 should be
               undertaken, the case should be immediately referred to the Services
               Director, Children's Social Care for a decision.
         15    Where it has been decided that a full investigation is necessary, a strategy       Section 47
               discussion will have included consideration of:                                    enquiries
               a) Whether there are any reasons for asking another agency to investigate.
               b) Who will investigate


Section 7: 7.1 Fostering; Allegations or Complaints of Abuse Against Foster Carers                             2
Reviewed                  August 2011
Agreed by CSMT            TBC
Next Review Date          September 2014

                                                                                                 Cross-Referencing
         Investigations into Allegations of Abuse
               c) Who should be interviewed and where should the interview take place.
               d) Whether the child and any other children should remain in the placement
                    whilst the investigation takes place.
               e) How the investigation process will be recorded and who will receive
                    copies.
               f) How the child‟s own parent(s) will be informed.
               g) How previous history of the child and foster carers will be collated.
               h) Gathering information about the context of previous allegations made by
                    the child or allegations made against any person within the foster home
                    concerning the current or any previous placements.
               i) The process and outcome of any previous enquiry or investigations about
                    any person within the foster home or allegations made by the child.
               j) Details of the investigation process.
               k) Arrangements for considering the outcome of the investigation.
         16    During the course of an investigation, a decision will need to be made as to
               whether there are grounds for interviewing any children who have previously
               lived in the foster home.
         17    When the investigation is complete, a written report should be submitted by
               the investigating social worker to his/her Team Manager and Service
               Manager.
         18    The independent Service Manager will ensure that this information has also
               been shared with the supervising Team Manager/Service Manager,
               Placements Services, and the Service Director.
         19    A child in foster care should not automatically be removed following an
               allegation of abuse. Removal is, however, always necessary where the child
               is considered to be at risk of suffering significant harm. The prime purpose of
               any investigation is to protect children within the household in accordance
               with the child protection procedures and to progress the investigation of
               possible criminal offences.
         20    Following the investigation and agreement of the staff identified, the
               investigating Social Worker will inform the foster carers of the outcome of
               the investigation and provide them with a written copy of the investigation
               report‟s conclusions.
         21    Following any investigation, case needs to be presented to the Fostering          Fostering Panel
               Panel by the supervising Social Worker.

         22    Where a child has been removed as a result of an allegation of abuse, and
               the foster carers are being paid a fee in respect of that child, the fee will
               continue to be paid until a formal decision has been taken that the child will
               not return. Any such decision must be notified immediately to the Foster
               Carers in writing by the Team Manager.



                                                                                                 Cross-Referencing
         The Role of the Supervising Social Worker
         23    Within these procedures, the primary duty of Children‟s Social Care is to
               address the welfare and safety of the children in foster care and any other
               child in the household. There is also, however, a responsibility to any foster
               carers against whom allegations of abuse have been made.
         24    It is the role of the Supervising Social Worker to provide any appropriate
               support to the foster carer who is the subject of allegations.
         25    While the Supervising Social Worker‟s role is one of support and guidance,
               he/she is a member of the Council and not in a position to keep information
               confidential which is relevant to any enquiry or investigation. Similarly the
               Supervising Social Worker may well be aware of information which cannot be


Section 7: 7.1 Fostering; Allegations or Complaints of Abuse Against Foster Carers                          3
Reviewed                  August 2011
Agreed by CSMT            TBC
Next Review Date          September 2014

                                                                                                         Cross-Referencing
         The Role of the Supervising Social Worker
               divulged to the foster carer.
         26    When a Supervising Social Worker receives information that could constitute
               child abuse it is not their role to investigate the matter. The information
               should be immediately passed on to the Team manager responsible for the
               supervision of the child and the Fostering and Placements Team Manager.



                                                                                                         Cross-Referencing
         Records
         32    A copy of any allegations made against foster carers, together with a
               summary of the enquiry or investigation and a copy of all documentation
               should be placed on the foster carer‟s file.


        No Task                                                            Responsible      Record required   Performance
                                                                           officer          on RAISE          standard
        1     Complaint made against Foster Carer or                       Child‟s Social   Case Recording    Immediately
              member of household.                                         Worker/          Sheet             on receipt of
                                                                           Supervising                        complaint
                                                                           Social Worker
        2     If complaint meets Section 47 of Children Act                Team Manager,                      Immediately
              1989 criteria, then refer to Child Protection                Assessment
              Procedures.                                                  Team
        3     If complaint does not warrant Section 47                     Supervising      Stage 1 Complaints Immediately
              enquiry it will be considered as inappropriate               Social           Form (D0322) or
              care or under the councils complaints                        Worker/Team      case notes
              procedure.                                                   Manager




Section 7: 7.1 Fostering; Allegations or Complaints of Abuse Against Foster Carers                                 4
    Reviewed              New
    Agreed by CSMT        January 2011
    Next Review Date      April 2012


7.2       Fostering : Approval of Foster Carers

Objective                                 To ensure that prospective foster carers are assessed and approved in
                                           accordance with legislation, regulations and guidance
                                          To ensure that there is an adequate number of suitable foster families
                                           to provide safe care and to meet the assessed needs (including
                                           religion, ethnicity, language and culture) of Bournemouth children in
                                           need of foster placements
                                          To ensure that prospective foster carers are treated fairly, openly and
                                           with respect throughout the adoption process
                                 




Legal & Policy Status                     Children Act 1989, 2004
                                          Adoption and Children Act 2002 and accompanying Guidance;
                                          National Standards for Fostering Services 2003 and amendments 2005;
                                           (2011) Standards to be implemented once issued.
                                          DfES Practice Guidance on Preparing and Assessing Prospective Foster
                                           Carers
                                          Bournemouth‟s Equality and Diversity Policies
                                          Equalities Act 2010
                                          Care Planning, Placement and Review Regulations 2010
                                          Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient
                                           Accommodation for Looked After Children 2010

                                                                                               Cross-Referencing
Key Points
1       Applications will be considered from those living in the Bournemouth area
        and further afield, with priority given to those who can best meet the needs
        of Bournemouth children in need of foster placements. In most cases we
        would expect foster carers to live within a 20 mile radius of Bournemouth.
2       Applications will be considered from married and unmarried couples, single             Council equal
        people, heterosexual, lesbian or gay couples, those who are able bodied and            opportunities and
        those who are disabled.                                                                diversity policies
3       All assessments and preparation of foster carers will fit within a framework            As above
        of equal opportunities and anti discriminatory practice.
4       The primary consideration in any decision about accepting an application and
        in any assessment will be the capacity of an applicant to meet the needs of a
        looked after child in a safe and effective capacity during placement. This is
        in the context of the needs of looked after children, most of whom will have
        experienced some degree of loss, trauma, emotional or physical abuse or
        neglect or disruption in their early lives, which will inevitably have had an
        impact on their functioning and development. Few situations therefore are
        straightforward.
5       There is a legal minimum age to foster, which is 21 years of age. There is no
        upper age limit to foster either in law or as part of Bournemouth policy, but
        children will usually be matched with prospective foster carers who are
        within the usual age range to parent a particular child i.e. the older the
        prospective adopter, the older the child they are likely to be matched with.
6       Assessments will be completed on BAAF Form F1. F3. Medicals should be
        completed using BAAF Form AH. All assessments will be undertaken by
        experienced supervising social workers.
7       Approval as a foster carer does not guarantee the placement of a child.



                                                                                              Cross-Referencing
Standards
1      All of those interested in fostering will be welcomed without prejudice,


Section 7: 7.2 Fostering: Approval of Foster Carers                                                                 1
Reviewed                  New
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012

                                                                                        Cross-Referencing
Standards
      responded to promptly, given clear information about recruitment,
      assessment and approval, and treated fairly, openly and with respect
      throughout the process.
2     Information about the relevant policies will be given to all applicants at the
      information evening. No applicant will automatically be excluded, except in
      the case of certain criminal convictions which are laid down in legislation.
      There are no blanket bans.

3     Written information will be sent in response to an enquiry within 2 working
      days.
4     Applicants will have an invitation to attend an information evening within 1
      month of their initial enquiry.
5     Assessments will be completed, and a decision made following the
      presentation of the report to the fostering panel, within 6 months of receipt
      of the formal application. Where this does not happen, the reasons will be
      explained clearly to applicants, discussed with the fostering team manager
      and recorded on the case file.
6     Those working within Children's Social Care in Bournemouth who seek to
      foster, would usually be advised to approach another fostering agency for
      reasons of confidentiality and to ensure impartiality. It will rarely be
      appropriate for an employee to seek approval in respect of a child he or she
      knows through their employment. Those working in other areas of the
      council are free to apply.
7     Prospective foster carers will be expected to attend all sessions of the Skills
      to Foster course. All will be given adequate notice of the dates, times, and
      venue.
8     References for each carer will be required.
9     Previous partners must be contacted where there have been children of the
      relationship. Adult children of such relationships must also be contacted.
10    A reference from the applicant‟s current employer must be obtained as well,
      as references from previous employers where an applicant has worked with
      children.
11    Checks must be made with all Councils where an applicant has previously
      lived, as they may have useful information in their social care records,
      education records, or child protection registers. Checks must also be
      undertaken with the probation service and NSPCC, along with enhanced CRB
      check. If an applicant already has children, checks should be made with the
      relevant health authority for information from the health visitor and GP.
12    Checks should be made with regard to the accommodation, both with regard
      to health and safety checks and also that all rent or mortgage payments are
      up to date.
13    A pet health and safety questionnaire must be completed for all applicants
      with dogs. Any concerns raised having done so, or in completing the general
      health and safety check, should be raised with the team manager of the
      Fostering and Placements Team and, if appropriate, advice sought from one
      of the health and safety officers in the Council.
14    An enhanced CRB check must be obtained in relation to the applicants, all
      adult members of the household and those who will have significant and
      regular responsibility for caring for a child e.g. a grandparent who will
      provide some of the day to day care.
15    Applicants will be kept informed of progress throughout and will receive a
      copy of their assessment report. They will be invited to send in their views on
      the report in writing within 10 working days of the date it was sent. They will
      have the opportunity to comment on the report and be encouraged to attend
      fostering panel.
16    Panel recommendations will be conveyed orally to applicants within 24 hours

Section 7: 7.2 Fostering: Approval of Foster Carers                                                         2
Reviewed                  New
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012

                                                                                       Cross-Referencing
Standards
      of the meeting.
17    Decisions will be made by the agency decision maker within 7 working days of
      the panel meeting, conveyed orally to applicants within 24 hours and
      confirmed in writing within 7 working days, other than by exception.
18    If the decision maker is minded not to approve an application, the applicants    IRM Process
      will be informed in writing that the agency proposes not to approve them,
      with the reasons for that decision (unless prevented by third party
      information). Applicants will then have 40 working days, starting with the
      date on which the notification was sent to either submit any representations
      they wish to the agency, or to apply to the Independent Review Mechanism
      (IRM).
      If they apply to the IRM, they will consider the matter and any other
      information submitted and will make a recommendation. The decision,
      however, remains with the decision maker of the original agency.
19    A review will be undertaken by the allocated supervising social worker 6         Foster Carer
      months after approval, and then annually.                                        Review

No Task                                                Responsible       Record required      Performance
                                                       officer           on RAISE             standard
1     Initial enquiry. Information pack.               Duty social       Initial Inquiry Form Within 2
                                                       worker                                 working days
2     Invitation to and attendance at an information   administration    Information          Within 1
      evening. Application received.                   staff in team     evening records      month of
                                                       and Social Work   and referral         initial enquiry
                                                       Assistant.        Application form
3     Follow up initial home visit.                    Senior            Case recording and Within 1
                                                       Practitioner      initial visit form   month.
4     Allocation for assessment.                       Team manager,     Case recording       Within 2
                                                       supervising                            weeks
                                                       social worker,
                                                       prospective
                                                       adopters
5     Carry out CRB checks and medicals. Also          Supervising       Copy of forms on
      statutory checks.                                social worker     file
                                                                         Case Recording
6     Complete forms as per key points in policy       Supervising       Copy of forms on     As per policy
      above e.g. Form F, Health & Safety checks,       social worker     file
      references, etc.                                                   Case recording
7     Complete draft form F shared with Fostering      Supervising       Case recording       As soon as it is
      Services team manager (including third party     social worker                          completed
      information).
8     Send completed draft form F to prospective       Supervising       Case recording       10 days before
      foster carers (excluding third party             social worker                          panel meeting
      information) for their comments and
      submissions to panel.




Section 7: 7.2 Fostering: Approval of Foster Carers                                                        3
Reviewed                 New
Agreed by CSMT           January 2011
Next Review Date         April 2013



7.3         Fostering : The Children’s Guide and Information about their Placement


         Objective                           To make sure that children and young people who become looked after in
                                              Bournemouth understand their rights and what it means to be looked
                                              after.
                                         




         Legal & Policy Status               The Children‟s Act, 1989 and 2004
                                             Care Planning, Placement and Review Regulations 2010
                                             Bournemouth Borough Council Complaints Process
                                             Fostering Regulations 2002 Sec 3 (3)
                                             National Minimum Standards (pending issuing newer Standards 2011)


                                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     The point at which a child or young person becomes looked after can be very
               frightening and confusing for them. It is very likely that they will not
               remember everything they have been told about being looked after, the
               placement they are going to, or their rights.
         2     All foster carers are asked to provide information about themselves and their
               families, in accessible format. This should be available to the child pre
               placement. Even in the case of emergency placements, the child/young
               person should have some basic information about the placement they are
               going to.
         3     The Council‟s fostering service has a Children‟s Guide which children/young
               people can keep, to help them understand about the service and their rights.
               This is available in paper copy, but DVDs are being developed during 2010.
               There will be versions for younger and older children.


                                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     The foster carer profile should be given to the child, and where appropriate
               their parents, in advance of placement whenever possible.
         2     The Children‟s Guide should be given to a child or young person as soon as
               they become looked after. The child‟s social worker and the foster carer
               should agree which of them will make sure the child understands the
               content.
         3     In the case of planned placements, change of placement and respite
               placements, introductory visits should be arranged whenever possible,
               including visits for meals and overnight stays.
         4     In the case of emergency placements, the child or young person should know
               as a minimum:-
                     The names of the carers
                     Whether they have other children
                     What sort of place they live in
                     Whether they have animals

        No Task                                                           Responsible      Record required       Performance
                                                                          officer          on RAISE              standard
        1     At the point of identifying the placement, the              Child‟s social   Case recording        Pre placement
              child/young person (and parent where                        worker
              appropriate) should be provided with a copy of
              the foster carer profile
        2     The worker should ensure the child understands Child‟s social                Case recording        Pre placement
              the information and should answer as many      worker

Section 7: 7.3 Fostering: The Children‟s Guide & Information about their Placements                                   1
Reviewed                 New
Agreed by CSMT           January 2011
Next Review Date         April 2013
        No Task                                                           Responsible   Record required   Performance
                                                                          officer       on RAISE          standard
              questions as possible
        3     In the case of planned placement, change of     Child‟s social            Case recording    Pre placement
              placement and respite placement, introductory worker
              visits should be arranged.                      Supervising
                                                              social worker
        4     A copy of the Children‟s Guide should be given Child‟s social             Case recording    At point of
              to the child/young person when placed with      worker                                      placement
              carer.
        5     There should be agreement about whether         Child‟s social            Case recording    At point of
              child‟s social worker or foster carer will make worker                                      placement
              sure the child understands the content.




Section 7: 7.3 Fostering: The Children‟s Guide & Information about their Placements                             2
Reviewed                 September 2010
Agreed by CSMT           January 2011
Next Review Date         April 2012


7.4      Fostering : Complaints by Foster Carers or Young People in Placement

         Objective                           To ensure that foster carers and other people involved including young
                                              people in placement or their families are able to make effective
                                              representations, including complaints, about any aspect of the fostering
                                              service, whether it is provided directly by Bournemouth Borough Council
                                              or by a contracted Authority or Agency.
                                         




         Legal & Policy Status               The Children Act 1989 S26 (3)
                                             The Children Act 2004
                                             Children Act Guidance & Regulations Vol. 3
                                             Care Standards Act 2000
                                             The Fostering Services Regulations 2002
                                             National Minimum Standards 2002
                                             Care Matters : Implementation Plan 2008
                                             The Children and Young Person‟s Act 2008
                                             Bournemouth Borough Council‟s Complaints procedure
                                             Working Together to Safeguard Children 2010


                                                                                                    Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     On first approval as a foster carer the carer(s) should be given a copy of the       Complaints &
               “Have We Got It Right?” leaflet. This should be used by all foster carers and        Representation
               social workers throughout the process of any complaint.                              Policy
         2     When foster carers are not satisfied with the Children‟s Social Care they            Children‟s Social
               should have the right to complain and receive a satisfactory response if:            Care Complaints
               (a) They have been unable to deal with the problem themselves informally,            Procedure
                   involving the Supervising Social Worker, child‟s social worker or others,
               (b) They believe the problem is important and they have not been able to
                   resolve it in any other way,
               (c) They feel the issue is having an adverse effect on them or the child living
                   with them,
               (d) They have a complaint about a general fostering issue that is affecting a
                   number of foster carers.
               (e) Complaints can be made on a child‟s behalf but this must be done using
                   the Statutory Complaints Procedure through the young person‟s social
                   worker or the Council‟s complaints officer.


                                                                                                    Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     On approval Foster Carer are given a “How to comment or complain about
               Children's Social Care” leaflet. Parents and young people have complaints
               leaflets available for them.
         2     In the first instance any complaint should be discussed with the child‟s social
               worker or the supervising social worker. Staff are expected to listen carefully
               to what is said and try to resolve the complaint as it arises. This would
               involve discussion with the Team Manager.
         3     If the matter cannot be resolved in this way, the complainant can request
               that the complaint is logged at Stage 1 of the complaints procedure. The
               Children's Complaint Procedure is detailed in their leaflet.
         4     The complainant can request this either from the people who provide the
               service or contact the Complaints Officer. It is helpful if the complainant can
               say the outcome they are hoping for.
         5     The detail of the complaint will then be recorded and they will receive a            Children‟s Social
               letter of acknowledgement from the complaints officer,                               Care Complaints
               if the complainant is a Foster Carer:-                                               Procedure


Section 7: 7.4 Fostering: Complaints by Foster Carers or Young People in Placements                            1
Reviewed                 September 2010
Agreed by CSMT           January 2011
Next Review Date         April 2012

                                                                                                            Cross-Referencing
         Standards
                a) With a brief description of their concerns
                b) Confirming that their complaint has been logged at Stage 1 of the
                    complaints procedure.
                c) Advising the complainant that the complaint has been passed to a Service
                    Manager to arrange for the complaint to be investigated.
                If the complainant is a Young Person:-
                an independent investigator appointed as well as an advocate if after 14 days               Advocacy
                    the complaint has been looked into and is not resolved.
         6     The member of staff investigating the complaint will then make enquires,
               talk to staff concerned, read relevant records and may wish to talk to the
               foster carer or their representative.
         7     Within 14 days of the letter of acknowledgement, s/he will write to tell the
               complainant what has been found and what has been done about the
               complaint. If s/he is unable to keep to this time scale, s/he should write and
               tell the complainant why and say when they can expect the response.
         8     If the Service Manager hasn‟t resolved the complaint to the complainants
               satisfaction and they want to take it further, they should contact the
               Council's Complaints Officer within 28 days of receiving the response.

        Fostering : Complaints by Foster Carers
        No Task                                                 Responsible                  Record required      Performance
                                                                officer                      on RAISE             standard
        1     Complaint is made to the child‟s social worker Social Worker /                 Case Recording       Attempt to
              or the fostering social worker or their           Supervising                  Sheet                deal with
              respective managers.                              Social Worker or                                  complaint
                                                                Respective                                        immediately.
                                                                Team Manager
        2     If it is not possible not deal with the complaint Team Manager                 Case Recording       Within 48
              immediately, log complaint at Stage 1, letter                                  Sheet                hours
              sent to the complainant, detailing the
              complaint to be investigated. A copy to be sent
              to the Designated Complaints Officer.
        3     A full response to be sent to the complainant. Team Manager /                  Case Recording       Within a
              Send papers and Complaints Form D0322 to the Service Manager                   Sheet                further 10
              Designated Complaints Officer                                                  Stage 1 Complaints   days.
                                                                                             Form (D0322)
        4     If the complainant wants to progress complaint              Team Manager       Case Recording       Immediately
              then advise the Designated Complaints Officer.              and                Sheet
              The Designated Complaints Officer and the                   Designated
              relevant Team Manager to decide whether                     Complaints
              Statutory or Corporate Complaints Procedure is              Officer
              appropriate.
        5     If the complaint is not satisfied with the Stage            Designated         Case Recording       Independent
              1 resolution, then the Independent Investigator             Complaints         Sheet                Investigator
              investigates at Stage 2 and the procedure will              Officer            Leaflet "How to      will produce a
              be followed as in the leaflet “Have We Got It               Independent        Comment or           Report and
              Right?”                                                     Investigator       Complain About       Service
                                                                                             Children's Social    Director will
                                                                                             Care"                respond to
                                                                                                                  complaint.
        6     If the complainant is not satisfied, he/she has             Designated         Letter of            Within
              the opportunity to move to Stage 3                          Complaints         Notification         Designation
              Independent Review Panel                                    Officer                                 Time Scale
                                                                          and                Case Recording
                                                                          Service Director   Sheet



Section 7: 7.4 Fostering: Complaints by Foster Carers or Young People in Placements                                    2
Reviewed                 September 2010
Agreed by CSMT           January 2011
Next Review Date         April 2012
        Fostering : Complaints by Foster Carers
        No Task                                                           Responsible        Record required   Performance
                                                                          officer            on RAISE          standard
              Or
              If Corporate Complaint Procedure then follow 1 Designated       As 1 - 4 above                   As 1 - 4 above
              to 4 above and continue as described in        Complaints       (Case Recording
              Bournemouth Borough Council leaflet            Officer          Sheet)
              "Comments, Compliments, Complaints"            and
                                                             Service Director

        Fostering : Complaints by Young People in Placement
        No Task                                             Responsible                      Record required   Performance
                                                            officer                          on RAISE          standard
        1   Child / Young Person makes a complaint to       Social Worker /                  Case Recording    Attempt to
            Social Worker or the Fostering Social Worker or Supervising                      Sheet             deal with
            their respective Managers.                      Social Worker or                                   complaint
                                                            their Respective                                   immediately.
                                                            Managers.                                          If not possible
                                                                                                               follow 2 - 6
                                                                                                               below
        2     Offer an Independent Advocacy Service to child Social Worker /                 Case Recording    Immediately
              (Action for Children)                          Fostering Social                Sheet
                                                             Worker or their
                                                             Respective
                                                             Managers.
        3     Logged at Stage 1, letter sent to complainant  Team Manager                 Case Recording       Within 48
              detailing the complaint to be investigated.                                 Sheet                hours
              A copy to be sent to the Designated Complaints                              Letter to
              Officer.                                                                    Complainant
        4     A full response to be sent to the complainant. Team Manager /               Case Recording       Within a
              Send papers and Complaints Form D0322 to the Service Manager                Sheet                further 10
              Designated Complaints Officer                                               Stage 1 Complaints   days
                                                                                          Form (D0322)         If Complainant
                                                                                          Letter               not satisfied:
        5     If the complainant wants to progress the                    Team Manager / Case Recording        Independent
              complaint, advise the Designated Complaints                 Service Manager Sheet                Investigator
              Officer who will instruct the Stage 2                                                            will produce
              Independent Investigator                                                                         Report (28
                                                                                                               days) and
                                                                                                               Service
                                                                                                               Director will
                                                                                                               respond to
                                                                                                               complaint.
                                                                                                               If complaint
                                                                                                               not satisfied:
        6     Complainant has opportunity to move to Stage                Designated                           Panel produce
              3 Independent Review Panel.                                 Complaints                           report –
                                                                          Officer                              Service
                                                                          and                                  Director
                                                                          Service Director                     responds (28
                                                                                                               days)




Section 7: 7.4 Fostering: Complaints by Foster Carers or Young People in Placements                                  3
Reviewed                  New
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012


7.5      Fostering:          Different Types of Foster Placements

         Objective                            To make sure all staff and foster carers understand the purpose and
                                               protocols and processes for all types of fostering arrangements.
                                          




         Legal & Policy Status                The Children Act 1989, 2004
                                              The Placement of Children Regulations 1991
                                              Children Act Guidance
                                              Foster Placement (Children) Regulations 2002
                                              Arrangements for placement of children (General) 1991
                                              Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                              Care Standards Act 2000
                                              National Minimum Standards for Fostering Services 2002 and 2011 once
                                               issued
                                              Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient Accommodation for
                                               Looked After Children 2010
                                              The Care Planning, Placement and Review Regulations 2010
                                              Short Breaks: Statutory Guidance on how to safeguard and promote the
                                               welfare of Disabled Children using Short Breaks 2010
                                              Breaks for Carers of Disabled Children Regulations 2011


                                                                                                     Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     Children who become Looked After Children have need of a range and choice             Matching process
               of placement, dependent on their needs
         2     The following placement „types‟ are available from the Council‟s fostering
               service:
               a. Short Term:
                   - Placements provided whilst a core assessment, parenting assessment or
                   the Court process is underway. This type of placement will meet the
                   child‟s needs whilst permanence planning takes place.
                   - Sometimes a short term placement will be used when a family is in
                   crisis, for example, where a single parent needs hospitalisation.
                   - children could return home from this type of placement, or move to a
                   permanent placement once the permanence plan has been agreed.
               b. Permanent (sometimes referred to as long term):
                   - where a permanent substitute family is needed for children and young
                   people who are unable to return home. Such young people will usually,
                   but not always, be the subject of a Care Order.
                   - within such a placement it is intended that the child/young person can
                   develop new attachments, that this becomes their family for life.
               c. Remand Fostering:
                   - is short term in nature and is needed when the Court remands a young
                   person to the Council‟s care, rather than place the young person in
                   custody.
               d. Respite Care:
                   - is available under Section 20 of the Children‟s Act 1989. This can be for
                   part of the week, or for a block of time, for example 2 weeks. This is
                   used where it is recognised that a short period of accommodation will
                   enable a child/young person to remain living successfully with her/his
                   family.
                   - respite care can also be available for children already placed with
                   foster carers, for example, if there is a crisis in the foster carer‟s own
                   family.
               e. Short breaks or shared care:
                   - these are the terms generally used to describe fostering arrangements           Short breaks


Section 7: 7.5 Fostering: Different Types of Foster Placements                                                  1
Reviewed                  New
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012

                                                                                                 Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
                  for disabled children and their families. Children may stay with a foster      criteria
                  carer for a short break up to 75 nights in any one year as long as no one
                  break lasts for more than 17 days.
                  - where the disabled child is using the foster placement for significantly
                  more than 75 days per year, the arrangement may be called „shared
                  care‟.
               f. Placements with Family and Friends, sometimes known as Kinship Care:           Placement with
                  - Councils are expected to ensure a child needing a placement can be           Family and Friends
                  placed with a relative, friend or other connected person, wherever             Care Planning,
                  possible. Only where it is clearly impossible should alternative carers be     Placement and
                  identified.                                                                    Review Regulations
               g. Day Care:                                                                      2010
                  - by a foster carer can be arranged for a child placed with another foster
                  carer if the latter needs to:
                          - attend a training course
                          - deal with a family crisis
                          - address a specific issue/attend a meeting in relation to another
                            child placement


                                                                                                 Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     All referrals to ART for placement finding must be clear about the type of        ART
               placement required. For all but permanent placements, the intended
               duration of the placement should also be stated.
         2     The approval process for all types of foster placement is the same.               Assessment and
                                                                                                 approval
         3     Supervision, development requirements and support available is the same for       Supervision,
               all types of foster carers, dependent on their skills level.                      development and
                                                                                                 support of foster
                                                                                                 carers
         4     Visiting requirements to both child and foster carer may depend on the type       Visiting
               of placement.                                                                     arrangements

         5     Arrangements for the child will, in all cases, be recorded in the child‟s care    Supervision,
               plan (or for occasional short breaks in the „child in need‟ plan). This will be   development and
               reviewed in accordance with the „review of arrangements‟ policy.                  support of foster
                                                                                                 carers.
                                                                                                 Short breaks
                                                                                                 guidance
                                                                                                 Review of
                                                                                                 arrangements
         6     Financial arrangements (allowances) will be laid out in the Individual            Fostering
               Placement contract and in accordance with the fostering allowances policy         allowances
                                                                                                 IPC
         7     Where foster carers offer regular and ongoing respite arrangements for a          IPC
               child placed with another foster carer, the Individual Placement Contract
               covering that respite arrangement will specify what proportion of the
               allowance comes to the respite carer, as well as confirming
               roles/responsibilities during the respite period. For example, it would be
               unlikely that respite carers would need to purchase clothing for the child, so
               this element of the allowance would not be transferred.
         8     Where a foster carer is offering day care for a child placed with another
               foster carer, financial arrangements will depend on the nature of the
               arrangement.
         9     All arrangements, whatever the reason, must be agreed with the supervising


Section 7: 7.5 Fostering: Different Types of Foster Placements                                              2
Reviewed                  New
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012

                                                                                                  Cross-Referencing
         Standards
               social worker and the child‟s worker.
         10    The general principle is that the Council will not „double fund‟ for a child, so
               agreement will be made with the main carer about the proportion of the
               child‟s allowance released to cover the cost of the day care, in advance of
               the event.
         11    Where the arrangement is needed because the main foster carer needs to
               attend training or deal with a specific issue/attend a meeting in relation to
               another child placed, the current recommended rate will be paid.
         12    However, occasionally one foster carer may ask another to provide day or
               evening care for a personal reason. In such circumstances the two foster
               carers are free to make their own arrangements, but must notify the
               supervising social worker and child‟s social worker.

        No Task                                               Responsible         Record required      Performance
                                                              officer             on RAISE             standard
        1     When a child needs a placement the referral     Child‟s social      Referral form        As soon as
              form should clearly state the type of placement worker                                   needed for
              needed and expected duration                                                             placement
                                                                                                       identification
        2     When the applicants are presented to fostering Supervising          Report to Panel      For Panel
              panel, the assessing social worker will make a Social Worker
              recommendation on the type of provision that
              applicant can offer.




Section 7: 7.5 Fostering: Different Types of Foster Placements                                               3
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012


7.6       Fostering : E- Safety

         Objective                        To ensure that the Bournemouth Borough Council Fostering Service
                                           maintains a high standard of e-safety.
                                     




         Legal & Policy Status            Children Act 1989
                                          Children Act 2004
                                          Data Protection Act 1998
                                          Sexual Offences Act 2003
                                          Protection of Children Act 1978 (section 1) as amended by Sec 84 of the
                                           Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994
                                          Obscene Publications Act 1959 & 1964
                                          Protection from Harassment Act 1997
                                          Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000
                                          Computer Misuse Act 1990 (sections 1 – 3)
                                          Malicious Communications Act 1988 (section 1)
                                          Public Order Act 1986 (sections 17 – 29)
                                          Copyright, Design and Patents Act 1988
                                          Police & Justice Act 2006
                                          Racial & Religious Hatred Act 2006
                                          Communications Act 2003 (section 127)
                                          National Minimum Standards for Fostering Services
                                          Every Child Matters – Staying Safe Outcome Area
                                          Care Matters – Implementation Plan 2008
                                          Bournemouth Borough Council‟s Promise to Looked After Children and
                                           Young People (leaflets „Our promise to you‟ and „What you can expect
                                           from us‟)
                                          Crime and Disorder Act 1998
                                          Privacy & Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regs 2003
                                           NB – With thanks to Kent County Council for sharing their good practice
                                          Children & Young Person‟s Act 2008
                                          Working Together to Safeguard Children 2010


                                                                                                 Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     The use of information and communication technologies (ICT) brings great
               benefits to children and young people. They use mobile phones and the
               internet widely, and experience a range of opportunities, attitudes and
               situations
         2     ICT can offer many positive educational and social benefits to children and
               young people, but unfortunately there are some dangers. As in any other
               area of life, children and young people are vulnerable and may expose
               themselves to danger, whether knowingly or unknowingly. Recognising e-
               safety issues and planning accordingly will help to ensure appropriate,
               effective and safe use of electronic communications.
         3     Electronic communication includes:
                internet collaboration tools – social networking sites and web-logs (blogs)
                internet research – websites, search engines and web browsers
                mobile phones, personal digital assistants (PDAs) and camera phones
                internet communications – e-mail and Instant Messaging (IM)
                webcams and videoconferencing
                wireless games consoles
                portable media players
         4     Risks include:
                receiving inappropriate content
                predation and grooming by paedophiles
                requests for personal information


Section 7: 7.6 Fostering: E-Safety                                                                          1
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012

                                                                                                Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
                viewing „incitement‟ sites
                bullying and threats
                identity theft
                publishing inappropriate content
                online gambling
                misuse of computer systems
                publishing personal information
                hacking and security breaches
                corruption or misuse of data
         5     There are a range of effective technological tools to safeguard children,
               young people and everyone in the household. These include:
                A firewall and virus protection
                Monitoring systems, to keep track of who downloaded what, and when
                Filtering and content control, to minimise access to inappropriate
                    content
               There are a range of products to help in these processes. Foster carers should
               seek advice when purchasing new technology. For existing technology, and if
               foster carers are in need of advice, they should discuss initially with their
               supervising social worker, who will be able to access helplines etc. Also see
               points 13, 18 and 19 below, for useful information.
         6     The right balance must be achieved between controlling access, setting
               rules, and empowering children and young people to use this technology
               responsibly. This is an issue for all settings, homes, libraries, schools, and
               youth clubs.
         7     As part of the Promise made to Looked After children and young people, the
               Council expects all school aged children and young people to have access to a
               computer, and guided access to the internet, in their placement, as a
               resource for homework and other school related activity, and for fun.
         8     The Internet is an unmanaged open communications channel. The World Wide
               Web, e-mail, blogs and social networking sites all transmit information using
               this infrastructure at low cost. Anyone can send messages, discuss ideas, and
               publish material with little restriction. Much is published for an adult
               audience and some is unsuitable for children and young people. In addition
               there is information on weapons, crime, drugs and racism, access to which
               would be more restricted elsewhere.
         9     Children and young people must also learn that publishing personal
               information could compromise their security and that of others. Social
               networking sites such as Bebo, My Space, Facebook and Piczo allow children
               to set up an account and create a web page in minutes. Information given by
               users is not checked and there are very limited safeguards. Children are
               often told by other children (often teenagers) to look at their sites
         10    Nationally the Child Exploitation and Online Protection Centre (CEOP) has
               been set up by the Home Office to „safeguard children‟s online experiences
               and relentlessly track down and prosecute offenders‟.
         11    Many quite young children have access to mobile devices. The use of
               handheld and internet-enabled mobile phones is increasing rapidly. The most
               ICT capable children or young people may be the most vulnerable. Children
               who have poor social skills may be more at risk from inappropriate online
               contact.
         12    Most internet use is safe, purposeful and beneficial to children and young
               people and supports their learning. There is always an element of risk
               though; even an innocent search can occasionally turn up links to adult
               content or violent imagery.
         13    There is excellent advice on safe searching at the Guardian‟s NetClass :


Section 7: 7.6 Fostering: E-Safety                                                                        2
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012

                                                                                                  Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
               http://education.guardian.co.uk/netclass. Click on „I can‟t find what I
               want‟. However please note that NO filter-based search engine is completely
               safe.
         14    Children and young people need to understand the rules given to them must
               be followed. They need to learn e-safety rules in a way that does not frighten
               them and which gives them confidence to know what to do in certain
               situations. They need to understand the rules will change and develop as
               they get older. They need to learn how to apply strategies which will help
               them avoid certain „risks‟.
         15    There are certain aspects of the above that are particularly challenging for
               children and young people with additional needs. Some common difficulties
               may be:
                they may still be developing their social understanding of safety and so
                    may relate better to strategies used with younger children
                they are likely to find it hard to apply the same rules in different
                    situations
                most safety principles rely on children being able to explain what
                    happened or to ask for help
                some children may have poor recall and difficulties with learning through
                    experience
         16    In the case of pornography, there is no doubt the Internet plays host to a
               large amount of legal and illegal material. Curiosity about pornography is a
               normal part of sexual development but young people may be shocked by
               some of the matter online. It is not known what the long term effects of
               exposure to such images may be.
         17    A criminal minority make use of the Internet and chat rooms to make contact
               with young people, with the intention of building relationships that will lead
               to sexual activity. Paedophiles will often target specific individuals by posing
               as young children with similar interests; these online „friendships‟ may
               develop over days, weeks, months or years, as the paedophile gains the trust
               and confidence of the child or young person, perhaps progressing to other
               forms of contact, such as text messaging, as a prelude to meeting in person.
               These techniques are often known as „online enticement‟, „grooming‟ or
               „child procurement‟
         18    Online bullying is also an unfortunate feature of increased access to
               technology. It is perceived as providing an anonymous method by which
               bullies can torment their victims at any time of day or night. While a young
               person may not be in physical danger, they may receive e-mail, chat, or text
               messages that make them feel embarrassed, upset, depressed or afraid. This
               can damage their self-esteem and pose a threat to their psychological
               wellbeing. Foster carers need to be aware of the potential for this, and, if
               they become concerned that a child or young person is becoming involved in
               this, as a victim or a perpetrator, the child‟s social worker should be
               informed immediately. „Bullying Online‟ is an online help and advice service
               combating all forms of bullying. The „Staying Safe in Cyberspace‟ section
               gives tips for staying safe in chat rooms. There is also a section on mobile
               phone bullying, giving tips on how to protect yourself and information on how
               the law can help. You can find this at http://www.bullying.co.uk
         19    BECTA (The British Educational Communications and Technology Agency) has
               produced three booklets that are Essential reading;
                         Safeguarding Children in a Digital World – ref BEC1-15401
                         E-safety (revised) – ref BEC1-15402
                         Signposts to Safety, key Stages 3 + 4 – ref BEC1-15274
               In addition the Home Office provides guidance on keeping children safe on


Section 7: 7.6 Fostering: E-Safety                                                                          3
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012

                                                                                                    Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
               the Internet. A useful booklet is available to download online –
               http://www.thinkuknow.co.uk/parents.htm
               The Get Safe Online website gives expert advice on how to protect against
               threats on the Internet – http://www.getsafeonline.org. The Parentscentre
               website also has detailed safety information and links to websites for
               parents/carers – http://www.parentscentre.gov.uk
               Childline International provides a range of information –
               http://www.childnet-int.org/safety/parents.aspx
               NCH IT OK providers information for parents/carers/schools on safe internet
               use – http://www.careforthefamily.org.uk/supportnet
         20    The e-safety „lead‟ for Children‟s Social Care is the Service Manager,
               Safeguarding and Quality Assurance
         21    All services have a responsibility to educate staff and carers as to acceptable
               online behaviours. Inappropriate activity may result, for foster carers, in de-
               registration, and for staff in disciplinary action.


                                                                                                    Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     It is an offence to store images showing child abuse and to use e-mail, text or
               Instant Messaging (IM) to „groom‟ children and young people.
         2     All settings need to ensure that reasonable actions have been taken and
               measures put in place to protect users; a disclaimer is not sufficient to
               protect a service from a claim of personal injury.
         3     Any allegation of inappropriate behaviour must be reported to senior                 Sec. 47
               management under safeguarding procedures, and investigated with great                investigation
               care; an innocent explanation may well exist.
         4     It is suggested that children and young people are alerted to the dangers in
               this way:
                         If one of your friends, or an older person, tells you about a site they
                         want you to see, think carefully. If someone sends you a link, don’t
                         open it unless you are sure it’s safe. If you are worried, tell an adult
                         where you live, or a teacher at school.
         5     In fostering settings computers should be placed in family rooms, rather than
               in children‟s bedrooms. This simple strategy enables carers to be aware of
               how the child or young person is using the computer, but in a relaxed and
               non intrusive manner. In addition, users intending to „groom‟ children and
               young people will be deterred if they see a family setting.
         6     Children and young people should not upload photos and videos of themselves
               or other children and young people. They must not publish personal
               information, such as location and contact details. Consideration should be
               given to advising children and young people to use an anonymous „cyber
               name‟ where logging into sites is essential.
               They should also be advised not to accept offers to be on „lists of friends‟ on
               social networking sites as this could lead to false interpretation.
         7     For the youngest children the greatest risk is through inadvertent access.
               Foster carers should be advised to:
                         Close or minimise the image or window immediately. Don’t try to
                         navigate away. If the child saw the page, talk to them about what
                         has happened, and reassure them. Later, investigate the history of
                         visited sites and how the child got there.
               Children of primary school age should be supervised at all times when using
               the Internet. Foster carers should be aware that networked computers are
               generally online at all times when a user is logged on.
         8     Foster carers should think very carefully about allowing children of primary


Section 7: 7.6 Fostering: E-Safety                                                                             4
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012

                                                                                                 Cross-Referencing
         Standards
               school age to use Internet-wide search engines such as Google. If Google is to
               be used at all they must make sure that strict filtering is applied. Go to
               www.google.co.uk and click preferences. The BBC search engine is a safer
               approach for children : http://search.bbc.co.uk .
         9     Image searches are especially risky. If children or young people are requiring
               these for homework or school related activity, that the foster carer
               downloads the images in advance and stores them in a shared folder.
               Alternatively, use Microsoft‟s clipart library, which automatically adds
               downloaded images to Clipart : http://office.microsoft.com/clipart/.
         10    Whilst tagged image browsers are fun to explore they will accept
               inappropriate keywords, so use by children and young people is not
               recommended. Links such as this must not be stored in shared folders
               accessible by children and young people.
         11    Foster carers, in conjunction with supervising social workers and children‟s      Risk assessment.
               social workers will need to complete risk assessments, to ensure                  Risk management
               acknowledgement of risks in Internet use, and mitigation of those risks for       plans
               individual children and foster carers. Within the risk management plan, there
               should be a section outlining how children and young people can cope if they
               come across inappropriate material. The aim is to recognise and seek to
               develop the skills when children and young people need when communicating
               and using these technologies properly, whilst keeping safe, and secure, and
               acting with respect for others.
         12    Children and young people should be encouraged to adhere to the generally
               accepted rules of network etiquette (netiquette). This include, but are not
               limited to the following:-
                be polite
                use appropriate language
                do not use abusive language in your messages to others
                do not reveal the address, phone number or other personal details of
                   yourself or other users
                do not use the network in such a way that would disrupt the use of the
                   network by other users
                illegal activities are strictly forbidden
                note that e-mail is not guaranteed to be private
                messages relating to or in support of illegal activities may be reported to
                   the authorities
         13    Foster carers should always keep passwords secure and limited to those on a
               „need to know‟ basis. Do not leave computers running when you leave the
               room; wherever possible lock the computer by pressing Ctrl-Alt-Del and press
               K for the duration of any absence. Encouraging children and young people to
               employ these safety mechanisms will help them to keep safe.
         14    Foster carer should not store personal or confidential information on their
               mobile phones, and they should encourage children and young people to do
               the same.

        No Task                                                Responsible      Record required       Performance
                                                               officer          on RAISE              standard
        1     Supervising social workers will, during the      Supervision      Form F                Within
              assessment process discuss the expectation       social worker                          assessment
              that school age children can access computers                                           time scales
              in their placement. They will explore e-safety
              and advise prospective foster carers of advice
              websites etc
        2     When supervising approved foster carers,         Supervision      Case recording        Within agreed


Section 7: 7.6 Fostering: E-Safety                                                                         5
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012
        No Task                                                 Responsible      Record required      Performance
                                                                officer          on RAISE             standard
              supervising social workers will continue to       social worker                         visiting
              advise on and monitor e-safety                                                          patterns
        3     Supervising social workers, and the child‟s       Supervising      Risk assessment /    At pre-
              social worker will consider e-safety issues as    social worker,   management plan      placement
              part of the risk assessment at pre-placement      Child‟s social                        meeting or at
              meetings                                          worker                                latest 72 hour
                                                                                                      meeting
        4     If at any time foster carers are concerned        Foster carer     Foster carer diary   Next working
              about a child or young person‟s safety in                                               day at latest
              relation to technology, they must raise it with
              their supervising social worker and the child‟s
              social worker as soon as possible
        5     Any allegation that a foster carer has accessed   Supervising      Case recording       Immediately
              technology inappropriately must be reported to    social worker or
              senior managers immediately and dealt with        child‟s social
              within safeguarding procedures                    worker,
                                                                whoever
                                                                becomes aware




Section 7: 7.6 Fostering: E-Safety                                                                         6
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2013


7.7         Fostering : Exit Interviews

         Objective                             To discover what carers thought of their experience after fostering for
                                                Bournemouth Borough Council in order to improve the service provided to
                                                children and families.
                                            




         Legal & Policy Status                 Care Standards Act 2000
                                               National Minimum Standards 2002, 2011 once issued
                                               Fostering Services Regulations 2002
                                               Bournemouth Borough Council Personnel Handbook


                                                                                                    Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     All carers should be offered the opportunity to complete an exit
               questionnaire and attend an interview.
         2     The exit interview provides an opportunity to gather information relating to
               practice in Bournemouth. The learning outcomes should be collated and used
               to improve the service.


                                                                                                    Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     If an Exit interview is to take place it should be conducted between 1 or 2
               months after the carer has resigned.
         2     The team manager or senior practitioner of the Fostering and Placements
               Team will conduct the exit interview or request that the carers complete and
               return the exit interview form.
         3     There may be exceptional circumstances where it is not appropriate to
               conduct an exit interview. In these circumstances the reasons will be fully
               recorded on the foster carers file and signed by the team manager.
         4     Exit interview details should be shared at Fostering Panel.

        No Task                                                      Responsible      Record required     Performance
                                                                     officer          on RAISE            standard
        1     Written resignation received by Fostering and
              Placements Team.
        2     Contact the carers who wish to resign                  Supervising      Carer case file     Within 7 days
              explaining that the Council likes to conduct           Social Worker    Case Recording
              exit interviews for people who are resigning                            Sheet
              from the service.
        3     Send foster carer exit interview form to carer.        Senior           Carer case file     Within 21 days
                                                                     Practitioner     Case Recording
                                                                                      Sheet
        4     Receive form (if they send it back) and                Team Manager     Exit Interview      Immediately
              consider its implications. Where possible              or Senior        Form                on receipt
              investigate any areas of concern before the            Practitioner                         of completed
              interview.                                                                                  exit
                                                                                                          interview form
        5     Arrange foster carer exit interview if person in       Team Manager     Carer case file     With 14 days
              agreement.                                             or Senior        Case Recording      of form
                                                                     Practitioner     Sheet               being returned
        6     Send a copy of exit interview form to                  Senior           Carer case file     Within 21 days
              Supervising Social Worker                              Practitioner     Case Recording
                                                                                      Sheet
        7     Add exit interview form to agenda of next              Supervising      Carer case file     Immediately
              Fostering Panel meeting.                               Social Worker    Case Recording
                                                                                      Sheet


Section 7: 7.7 Fostering: Exit Interviews                                                                      1
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2013
        No Task                                                 Responsible    Record required   Performance
                                                                officer        on RAISE          standard
        8     Copy to foster carer‟s file.                      Admin          Carer case file   Within 21 days
                                                                               Case Recording
        9     Statistics and records of resignations will be    Senior         Panel record      Every 3
              collected on a quarterly basis and presented to   Practitioner   Fostering Panel   months
              panel and reported to the Service Director,                      Minutes
              Children‟s Social Care.
        10    Annual statistics will be presented in the        Senior         Panel record      Annually
              annual report of the fostering service.           Practitioner   Fostering Panel
                                                                               Minutes




Section 7: 7.7 Fostering: Exit Interviews                                                             2
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2013


7.8      Fostering : Fostering Fees and Allowances
         Objective                              To ensure consistency of practice in relation to payment of allowances.
                                          




         Legal & Policy Status                  Children Act 1989 Sec 22 (3)
                                                Children Act 2004
                                                Foster Placement (Children) Regulations 1991
                                                Care Standards Act 2000
                                                Fostering Service Regulations 2002
                                                National Minimum Standards 2002
                                                Bournemouth Borough Council‟s Financial Framework
                                                Fostering Network‟s Annual Recommended Rates


                                                                                                       Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     All Councils pay a fostering allowance to their Carers in respect of children
               placed with them; the payment being made under the general duty to
               safeguard and promote the child‟s welfare and pursuant of Regulations.
         2     The cost of providing a fostering service is made up from the actual costs of
               the direct care for the child. The payment made is an allowance for each
               child placed in her or his care, based on the child‟s age and requirements and
               in accordance with the costs of caring for a foster child within a family.
         3     An annual appraisal of the costs of looking after a child in a family setting is
               based on the Government‟s Family Expenditure Survey and National
               Equivalence Scales. Fostering Network circulates information to all Councils
               on the minimum allowances that would be needed to meet the costs of
               caring for the different ages of children being looked after. This is for
               guidance only.
         4     The Council takes account of these rates when setting allowances each year.
               Affordability is determined when the budget is set and the Cabinet has
               approved the proposal. It should also be noted, the amount set is not a
               young person‟s entitlement but a maximum amount that a carer can spend to
               make sure the child/young person‟s needs are met.
         5     However, in Bournemouth we are moving to more flexible arrangements in
               order to make sure:-
                We do not set allowances so high that we make successful return home to
                    family difficult
                That as young people become older they can gradually take more
                    responsibility themselves for certain aspects of their allowances, for
                    example, personal and clothing elements.
                That young people approaching transition to adulthood do not have a
                    sudden drop in „disposable income‟ because allowances at 17 are set
                    higher than Job Seekers Allowance.
         6     A fee is paid to the foster carers in accordance with their status/skill level.
                         Level 1 carer
                         Level 2 carer
                         Level 3 carer
                         Specialist carer
                         Shared carer
               Fees will be increased in line with public sector pay awards.
         7     An application can be made for payment for a foreign holiday once in the
               child‟s care history. A costing of the holiday should be submitted to the
               child‟s social worker prior to booking or three months prior to the proposed
               date of the holiday, whichever is the sooner.
         8     Approved Foster Carers will receive Holiday, Birthday and Religious Festival
               allowance for each child in their care.



Section 7: 7.8 Fostering: Fostering Allowances                                                                    1
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2013

                                                                                               Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     Payments to carers will be made on time and at the Council‟s agreed rates.
               The social worker must ensure the necessary paperwork is completed to
               timescale to ensure the carer has the money to look after the child on behalf
               of the Council. No assumption should be made that the carer can wait for
               the money.
         2     An assessment for additional payments based on the special or exceptional
               needs of a child may take time to process. The payment of the basic
               allowance should not be held up whilst waiting on this decision.
         3     The breakdown of allowances and the way they will be administered will be       Individual
               confirmed within the Individual Placement Contract.                             Placement
                                                                                               Contract
         4     The Council issues its rates and allowances payable to Foster Carer‟s
               annually, at the beginning of April.



        No Task                                                Responsible      Record required     Performance
                                                               officer          on RAISE            standard
        1     When a new placement has been agreed an          Field Social     I.P.C               Immediate
              Individual Placement Contract (IPC) will be      Worker
              completed with the foster carers to identify
              the level of support required to meet the needs
              of the child.
        2     Child‟s social worker enters payment details on Social worker  RAISE                  By midday of
              RAISE following placement being made.                                                 Thursday
        3     Inform all carers of new fostering allowances, Finance Section Letter                 By the end of
              enhancements, grants, rates etc.                                                      April each
                                                                                                    year
        4     Inform the Joint Financial Assessment and        Social worker    RAISE               As soon as
              Benefits team if there is any change to the                                           known
              child‟s legal status e.g. adoption, residence
              order or entitlement to child benefit.
        5     Inform the Joint Financial Assessment and        Social worker    RAISE               As soon as
              Benefits team when a child is discharged from                                         known
              a placement.




Section 7: 7.8 Fostering: Fostering Allowances                                                              2
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012


7.9       Fostering : Fostering Panel

         Objective                             To ensure the Council complies with Regulations in relation to the
                                                approval and review of Foster Carers.
                                            




         Legal & Policy Status                 The Children Act 1989
                                               The Children Act 2004
                                               Children Act Guidance & Regulation Vol. 3
                                               Fostering Services Regulations 2002
                                               National Minimum Standards 2002
                                               Children and Young Person‟s Act 2008
                                               The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                               The Independent Review and Determination (Adoption & Fostering)
                                                Rregulations 2009


                                                                                                      Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     Decision making about the approval or otherwise of foster carers is delegated
               within the Council‟s constitution to the Service Director, Children‟s Social
               Care. The Fostering Panel is not a decision making body, it makes
               recommendations to the Service Director, Children‟s Social Care in respect of
               foster care applicants and any other matter referred by Service Director,
               Children‟s Social Care.
         2     The membership, role and function of the Fostering Panel is defined in
               statute under Regulation 24 and 26 of the Fostering Service Regulations 2002.
         3     The Fostering Panel does not make recommendations on the proposed or
               actual placement of children, (except when looking at permanence
               arrangements).
         4     Membership requirements prescribed under Regulation 24 are as follows:
               a) Members can be appointed for up to 3 years and be re-appointed for a
                   second term.
               b) Membership is limited to 10 in total and must include:-
               c) A Chair – an independent person with expertise in fostering services.
               d) 2 Social workers employed by the Council; one with child care expertise
                   and one with expertise in fostering services.
               e) At least one Elected Member
               f) 4 independent members – at least one to be a foster parent for another
                   agency
               g) a Vice Chair to act in the Chair‟s absence.
         5     In Bournemouth the Fostering Panel will also consider matching
               recommendations, where it is proposed that a child be placed for
               permanence with a Bournemouth foster carer.


                                                                                                      Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     The Panel has a primary responsibility to act in the best interests of children
               and young people looked after in foster care by the Council.
         2     Each Panel member is subject to relevant statutory checks.
         3     Induction and ongoing training for Panel members is mandatory.
         4     For the Panel to be quorate the chair or a vice-chair plus four other members
               must be present, including two who are not from Children's Social Care.
         5     The Panel will call on specialist advice to clarify any aspect of the
               assessment or approval review report when required.
         6     Panel members will observe the confidential nature of Panel proceedings.
         7     Full and accurate written minutes of the discussion, decision and/or
               recommendations are taken at each meeting of the Panel and placed on


Section 7: 7.9 Fostering: Fostering Panel                                                                            1
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012

                                                                                                  Cross-Referencing
         Standards
               foster carer files.
         8     Each applicant is informed personally of the Panel recommendation &
               decision and receives written confirmation.
         9     Applicants may appeal against the recommendation of the Fostering Panel to
               the Service Director, Children‟s Social Care or through the IRM process.
         10    The Fostering Panel usually convenes the fourth Wednesday of the month but
               can be convened at any other time as required.
         11    The Panel must consider and recommend terms and conditions under which
               applicants are approved and recommend whether applicants are suitable.
         12    The Panel must consider submissions by prospective foster carers who have
               been refused approval.
         13    The Panel must consider and recommend at first review whether foster
               carers are suitable to continue.
         14    The Panel must consider and recommend, if asked to do so by the Service
               Director, Children‟s Social Care, the suitability of foster carers following any
               subsequent review.
         15    The Panel must consider submissions by foster carers when approval has been
               withdrawn.
         16    The Panel must oversee the conduct and quality of foster carer assessments.
         17    The Panel must monitor the range and type of foster carers available in
               relation to needs of children locally.
         18    The Panel must advise on the overall management of the services and other
               matters referred by the Service Director, Children‟s Social Care.
         19    If Panel defers the decision, this will automatically be brought before the
               next Panel, unless there is some reason for further delay.
         20    If the applicant is unhappy with the recommendation they can appeal to the
               IRM (full)

        No Task                                                Responsible        Record required      Performance
                                                               officer            on RAISE             standard
        1     Supervising Social Worker or Field Social        Supervising        Child Care -
              Worker contacts the panel administrator in the Social Worker or     Fostering Panels
              Fostering and Placements Team.                   Field Social       Agenda Item
                                                               Worker
        2     Supervising social worker or Field social worker Panel              Form F/ BAAF         Informed
              is given the date of the panel and informed      Administrator      Review Document      immediately
              that all documents must be received by the
              panel admin in Placements Team 10 working
              days before the panel meeting.
        3     There are different reasons for the panel to
              meet; approval of foster carers, annual review,
              update, variation of approval, resignation,
              consideration of Regulation 38 carers,
              consideration following on an allegation. For
              details of paperwork see appendix attached.

        4     Agenda is sent out detailing time for presenting Panel              Agenda               7 days before
              workers re: attendance at Panel.                 Administrator                           Panel
                                                                                                       meeting
        5     Distribute papers to Panel member.                Panel             N/A                  Papers
              Invite Foster Carers to attend                    Administrator                          delivered 7
              -       Approval                                                                         days before
              -       First Review                                                                     Panel meeting
              -       Following an allegation or complaint
        6     Send minutes of panel meeting to panel            Panel                                  Within 7 days


Section 7: 7.9 Fostering: Fostering Panel                                                                   2
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012
        No Task                                                 Responsible     Record required     Performance
                                                                officer         on RAISE            standard
              members, Chair and Service Director,              Administrator
              Children‟s Social Care.
        7     Notify carers of Panel decision.                  Supervising     Carer‟s case file   Within 48
                                                                social worker   Case Recording      hours of
                                                                                Sheet               approval being
                                                                                                    granted
        8     Letter, 2 copies of new foster carer agreement Panel              Carer‟s case file   Within 21 days
              sent to carers.                                Administrator      Case Recording
                                                                                Sheet
        9     Where the recommendation of Panel has been        Panel           Carer‟s case file   Within 28 days
              de-registration. Foster carers may appeal in      Administrator   Case Recording
              writing up to 28 days of being notified. This                     Sheet
              will then return to the next panel.
        10    Foster Carers may choose to apply to the
              Secretary of State for a review of the „Quality
              Determinative‟ by an independent review
              panel.
              If the foster carer chooses to go the IRM the
              final determination should be postponed until
              the IRM panels recommendation is reviewed.
              The recommendation of the IRM panel must be
              taken into account along with the full steering
              panels recommendation, when reading a final
              determination.
        11    Consideration to be given to providing            Fostering &     Carer‟s case file   Immediate
              independent support for foster carers.            Placements      Case Recording
                                                                Team Manager    Sheet




Section 7: 7.9 Fostering: Fostering Panel                                                                3
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012


Paperwork Checklist for Fostering Panel

Assessments

BAAF form F – all sections. Copy with all signatures on it.
                                                                                                         
Health and Safety report
                                                                                                         
Fire Inspection
                                                                                                         
2nd Opinion visit
                                                                                                         
Personal references
                                                                                                         
Medicals
                                                                                                         
Foster carer profile – to include carers photograph
                                                                                                         
Any previous panel minutes and F&F assessment i.e panel minutes for initial consideration.
                                                                                                         
Initial consideration of F&F Carers

Minimum of Part A form and F and a summary from the childcare social worker regarding why the
child is being placed with the carers.                                                                   
Childcare social worker to attend panel, along with assessing social worker.
De-Registration / Resignation

A4 report – summary of reasons why the carer(s) is resigning or being de-registered. Signed by SSW
and team manager, also carer‟s signature.                                                                
Most recent review.
                                                                                                         
First annual review

Review documents to include:
                                                                                                         
IRO report
                                                                                                         
SSW report
                                                                                                         
Foster Carer Profile
                                                                                                         
Health & Safety
                                                                                                         
Safe Care Plan
                                                                                                         
Foster Carer comments
                                                                                                         
Childcare SW comments
                                                                                                         
LAC Education comments
                                                                                                         
LAC nurses comments
                                                                                                         
Risk Assessments and Risk Management
                                                                                                         

Section 7: 7.9 Fostering: Fostering Panel                                                            4
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            January 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012
Copy of initial form F assessment
                                                                                                       
Previous panel minutes
                                                                                                       
Chronology
                                                                                                       
Complaint / Allegation

Most recent review (see below)
                                                                                                       
Chronology
                                                                                                       
Simple report using complaints section from review template if less than 6 months since previous
review.                                                                                                
If more than 6 months since previous review, complete full review document.
IRO visit whenever there is a complaint or allegation.
                                                                                                       
Change of Status – long-term / short-term / specific child

Review documents to include:
IRO report
                                                                                                       
SSW report
                                                                                                       
Foster Carer Profile
                                                                                                       
Health & Safety
                                                                                                       
Safe Care Plan
                                                                                                       
Foster Carer Comments
                                                                                                       
Childcare SW comments
                                                                                                       
LAC Education comments
                                                                                                       
LAC nurse comments
                                                                                                       
Risk Assessment and Risk Mana gement
                                                                                                       
CPR or other agreed paperwork re child / young person e.g. up to date core assessment,
chronology.                                                                                            
Matching report.
                                                                                                       
Permanence Support Plan                                                                                




Section 7: 7.9 Fostering: Fostering Panel                                                          5
Reviewed                  Sept 2010
Agreed by CSMT            Jan 2011
Next Review Date          April 2013


7.10 Fostering : Insurance Claims

         Objective                           To reimburse foster carers for damage or loss by their foster child.
                                          




         Legal & Policy Status               Foster Care Agreement Service Specification



                                                                                                     Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     The Council will, in exceptional circumstances, pay an ex gratia payment for
               reimbursement of loss or damage that cannot be claimed from another
               source and is upheld as a legitimate claim.
         2     Claims should not be made for anything that could be covered by carer‟s own
               insurance.
         3     If following a successful claim on their own insurance, a carer has their
               premium increased as a result this increase may be reimbursed by the
               Council if the cause of the increase was due to damage or loss incurred by a
               child in placement.
         4     Each claim made to the Council is judged on individual merit and a payment
               is made without admission of liability.
         5     Claims by carers should be processed through the Field Social Worker if
               damage caused by child, or Supervising Social Worker if appropriate.
         6     A recommendation for payment should be based on current estimated value
               of the lost or damaged property, after deducting an amount for depreciation
               due to age and condition of the item.
         7     Payment through this scheme should not be confused with the Council‟s
               public liability insurance scheme. If a carer has reason to believe that the
               Council has acted negligently they should make a claim in writing to the
               Service Director, Children‟s Social Care.
         8     Sometimes the cost of the damage caused, or loss, will be less than the
               policy excess. In this case the Council will reimburse the carer.


                                                                                                     Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     All foster carers must be advised about insurance issues and that they must
               be told to inform their own insurance company that they are now fostering.
         2     The decision to make a payment is taken by the Service Manager.
         3     A claim must meet the criteria. It should have attached to it receipts or
               estimates and have a supporting statement appended and signed by the
               relevant worker/manager.
         4     No payment will be made for an item or property thought to be coverable by
               insurance or other source.
         5     Claims will be processed by the finance department within 14 days of receipt
               of all necessary paperwork and appropriate authorisation.

        No Task                                                      Responsible      Record required      Performance
                                                                     officer          on RAISE             standard
        1     Damage caused by foster child.                         Foster Carer /   Foster Carer‟s       On day of
                                                                     Supervising      Diary                damage
                                                                     Social Worker    Case recording       occurring
        2     Consultation with carer‟s own insurance                Foster Carer     Letter from foster   Within 48
              company                                                                 carer                hours of
                                                                                                           damage
                                                                                                           occurring.
        3     Carers to discuss situation with their                 Foster carer     Letter and           Within 7 days


Section 7: 7.10 Fostering: Insurance Claims                                                                      1
Reviewed                  Sept 2010
Agreed by CSMT            Jan 2011
Next Review Date          April 2013
        No Task                                             Responsible      Record required       Performance
                                                            officer          on RAISE              standard
              Supervising Social Worker. Damaged good to be                  Estimates by Foster   of incident
              shown to the Supervising Social Worker. If                     Carer to              occurring
              appropriate estimates replacement or repair of                 Supervising social
              broken goods to be obtained and sent to the                    worker
              supervising social worker.
        4     Write report supporting or rejecting the claim Supervising       Carer‟s file     Within 14 days
              and send to Service Manager.                   Social Worker     Case Recording
                                                                               Sheet
        5     Decision made as to whether the claim is made Service Manager Note on Carers file Within 7 days
              through the Council‟s Public Liability Insurance
              Scheme. If it is, send to Insurance Section of
              the Council.
        6     Make decision as to whether the claim should     Service         Carer‟s file     Immediately
              be reimbursed.                                   Manager, Family
                                                               Support and
                                                               Placements
                                                               Services
        7     Notify carers of decision.                       Service         Carer‟s file     Within 14 days
                                                               Manager, Family Case Recording
                                                               Support and     Sheet
                                                               Placements
                                                               Services
        8     If request is upheld complete invoicing process. Field Social    Carer‟s file     Within 7 days
                                                               Worker or       Recommendations
                                                               Supervising     for payment of
                                                               Social Worker   monies




Section 7: 7.10 Fostering: Insurance Claims                                                            2
Reviewed                 Jan 2011
Agreed by CSMT           Jan 2011
Next Review Date         April 2012


7.11 Fostering : Making Placements Outside of Approval Approval

         Objective                           In exceptional circumstances, carers are sometimes used to care for
                                              children outside of their approval
                                         




         Legal & Policy Status               Care Standards Act 2000
                                             National Minimum Standards for Fostering 2002 updated 2011


                                                                                                        Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     In exceptional circumstances it is sometimes necessary to place children with
               foster carers outside of their registration.
         2     Age or gender or number will be the focus of the request.
         3     Any requests made, need to have taken into consideration the views of the
               Social Workers of any other children in the placement.
         4     Exemptions to approval may be agreed by the Service Manager, Family
               Support and Placement Services.
         5     Where the out of approval is ongoing – this will require ratification by the
               service borne cross via fostering panel


                                                                                                        Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     The National Standard is that no more than 3 children should be placed with
               foster carers at any one time, except when the children are siblings.
               Requests should only be made in exceptional circumstances in order that
               foster carers can continue to provide a high level of care.
         2     Foster Carers must be able to demonstrate that they can meet the needs of
               all the children in placement, not only the child to be placed outside of
               registration.
         3     Any placements made, should be for as short a time as possible.

        No Task                                                           Responsible     Record required     Performance
                                                                          officer         on RAISE            standard
        1     A suitable match is identified using the                    Supervising     Matching form       Within 24
              matching form and in consultation with                      Social Worker                       hours of
              Fostering and Placements Team Manager                                                           request
        2     Foster Carer approached and agreeable to                    Supervising     Case Recording      Within 24
              taking child outside of their registration                  Social Worker   Sheet               hours of
                                                                                                              request
        3     Supervising Social Worker contacts Social                   Supervising     Case Recording      Within 24
              Worker for child/ren already in placement to                Social Worker   Sheet               hours of
              seek their views regarding an additional                                                        request
              potential placement
        4     Supervising Social Worker completes 'Outside of             Supervising     Outside of          Within 24
              Approval form' detailing reasons for the request            Social Worker   Registration Form   hours of
                                                                                                              request
        5     Team Manager (Fostering and Placements                      Team Manager    Case Recording      With 24 hours
              Team) seeks approval from Services Manager                  Fostering and   Sheet               of request
              (Family Support & Placement Services) or the                Placements
              covering Service Manager                                    Team
        6     If the duration of the placement extends                    Supervising     Case Recording      Within 28 days
              28 days or more, the Fostering and Placement                Social Worker   Sheet
              Team Worker must present the case to the                                    Report to Fostering
              Fostering Panel                                                             Panel




Section 7: 7.11 Fostering: Making Placements Outside of Registration Approval                                      1
Reviewed                 Jan 2011
Agreed by CSMT           Jan 2011
Next Review Date         April 2012


7.12 Fostering : Matching Process
         Objective



                                         




         Legal & Policy Status



                                                                                                  Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     Councils are expected to make sure that when they place Looked After
               Children, those children are placed with carers who are able to meet their
               needs.
         2     It is preferred that placements are planned rather than made in an
               emergency as planned placements allow for better matching and this leads to
               better outcomes for the child.
         3     It is recognised that emergency placements are needed, and it expected that
               the matching process in undertaken in respect of these placements.
         4     Prior to any referral for foster placements, the child‟s social worker will have
               satisfied him/herself that there are no friends or family carers who could
               care for the child.
         5


                                                                                                  Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     The matching process will consider the child‟s needs especially regarding the
               following key area‟s:-
                     education
                     Contac with family and friends where appropriate.
                     Identity / race/ culture / religion
                     History
                     Behaviour
                     Health
                     The focus and purpose of the placement
         2     The matching process should also consider the carers‟ availability and their:-
                     experience
                     strengths
                     family composition
                     distance to school
                     other children in placement
                     the carers‟ children
         3     In most family setting there would not be „same age‟ infants / toddlers
               unless they were multiple births. Therefore as part of the matching process
               there will be at least a 9 month growth gap between children placed and the
               service must be confident that the emotional and development needs of all
               young children placed can be met by the carer.

        No Task                                                 Responsible       Record required      Performance
                                                                officer           on RAISE             standard
        1     Referral and risk assessment sent to ART          CC Social         Referral
              requesting placement.                             Worker
        2     ART forward the referral to the Fostering         ART               Email
              family worker.
        3     Duty Worker identifies possible placements and Family               Matching Form


Section 7: 7.12 Fostering: Matching Process                                                                 1
Reviewed                 Jan 2011
Agreed by CSMT           Jan 2011
Next Review Date         April 2012
        No Task                                                 Responsible   Record required   Performance
                                                                officer       on RAISE          standard
              completes matching form.                          Development
                                                                worker
        4     Once best match is identified, gaps are           Family        Matching Form
              discussed and resources identified to fill in the Development
              gaps.                                             worker
        5     Family Development Worker contacts the            Family        Case note
              identified carer to discuss placement and any     Development
              gaps.                                             worker
        6     If placement to go ahead, ART and CC Social       Family        Case note
              Worker to be advised of details and given a       Development
              view.                                             worker
        7     If placement declined this to be noted and        Family        Case note
              meeting from an alternative placement to be       Development
              identified.                                       worker
        8     If not match can be identified, team managers
              and ART to be advised.
        9     Matching forms to be copied and placed on
                    carers file
                    matching file
        10    If placement is declined – not to be put on the
              covers events form.




Section 7: 7.12 Fostering: Matching Process                                                         2
Reviewed                 Jan 2011
Agreed by CSMT           Jan 2011
Next Review Date         April 2012




Section 7: 7.12 Fostering: Matching Process   3
Reviewed                 Jan 2011
Agreed by CSMT           Jan 2011
Next Review Date         April 2012


7.13 Fostering : Pathways Carer Scheme

         Objective                          To offer an alternative accommodation option for care leavers, and
                                             looked after young people of 16+, who are not ready for full
                                             independence, and for whom hostel accommodation would not be
                                        

                                             appropriate
         Legal & Policy Status              The Children Acts 1989 & 2004
                                            The Children (Leaving Care) Act 2000
                                            The Children (Leaving Care) (England) Regulations 2001
                                            Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                            The Children and Young Persons Act 2008.
                                            Every Child Matters 2003
                                            The Care Standards Act 2000
                                            National Minimum Standards for Fostering 2002
                                            Fostering Regulations 2002
                                            The Care Planning, Placements and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                            Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient Accommodation
                                             for Looked After Children 2010
                                            Planning Transition to Adulthood for Looked After Children guidance 2010



                                                                                                  Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1    Once a looked after young person reaches 18, the Council has no further legal
              responsibilities to them as a looked after young person. Rather, its duties are     Leaving Care
              to them as a care leaver.
         2    The Council takes its responsibility to care leavers seriously and is eager to
              develop a range of accommodation options that may meet their needs post
              18. The pathways carer scheme is one such option
         3    There is no legal framework for a young person to remain in a foster
              placement, once 18.
         4    Many Councils seek to provide supportive lodgings placements for those
              young adults who are not ready to move to total independence, and equally
              are not suited to the hostel environment. In Bournemouth supportive
              landlords and landladies are known as „pathways carers‟.
         5    Pathways carers are approved via Fostering Panel, and the Agency Decision           Fostering panel
              Maker, to offer placements to young people from 16 – 21.
         6    Usually placements with pathways carers will occur when a young person
              becomes a care leaver at 18. However, there are occasions when a younger
              person is placed:-                                                                  Legal section
                    where the young person is 16/17 and previously accommodated under
                       sec. 20 of the Children Act 1989 but has now decided they no longer
                       wish to remain accommodated
                    where a young person of 16/17 remains looked after, on a Care
                       Order, and the decision is that a „lighter touch‟ placement is better
                       suited to their needs
         7    Assessment of suitability as a pathways carer is undertaken by the
              accommodation worker based in the Fostering/Placements Team. These                  Fostering Panel
              assessments are „lighter touch‟ than a full fostering assessment in recognition
              of the different role, and fewer responsibilities. Reports recommending
              approval are placed before Fostering Panel, then approved by the Agency
              Decision Maker
         8    National minimum standards for supportive lodgings are being developed.
              These will be applied in Bournemouth as soon as they are available. Quality         Annual reviews
              of placement, against these standards will be monitored through supervisory
              visits from the accommodation worker and through annual review, conducted
              by the IRO for the fostering service


Section 7: 7.13 Fostering: Pathways Carer Scheme                                                             1
Reviewed                 Jan 2011
Agreed by CSMT           Jan 2011
Next Review Date         April 2012

                                                                                                Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         9    Access to a pathways placement is through the Access To Resources Team.
              Pathways carers, once approved, are subject to a „matching‟ process within
              which the young person‟s worker and the accommodation worker consider
              the needs of the young person, against the skills and family situation of the
              pathways carer.
         10   Financial arrangements are different from fostering financial arrangements.
              Instead of a fee + allowance, pathways carers receive rent of £150 per week.
              This is made up as follows:-
                    £65 local housing allowance ( generally this comes direct to the
                       pathways carer)
                    ££65 from Children‟s Social Care
                    £20 contribution from the young person themselves if the pathways
                       carer is providing food. Alternatively the young person will
                       purchase/prepare their own food themselves
              For this the pathways carer is expected to provide a comfortable and
              adequately furnished room, food, or access to kitchen facilities, washing and
              laundry facilities, and an agreed level of support, dependent on the young
              person‟s identified needs.
              Where the young person is not yet eligible for local housing allowance, CSC
              will make payment of £130pw. until such time as they are eligible.
         11   Allowances are paid direct to the young person. The allowance will be the
              equivalent of Jobseekers Allowance, currently £50.95 per week.
         12   CSC routinely encourages young people to remain in their foster or
              residential placement until they are 18. However where, at 16/17, their wish
              to move to a pathways placement whilst still accommodated, either under
              sec. 20 or under a Care Order, is supported by their worker, and set up, they
              too will receive allowances in line with job seekers allowance, rather than
              the full fostering allowance. This is in recognition that such an arrangement
              will be part of preparation for independence, at which point they will have
              to manage within the jobseekers allowance, unless they gain paid                  Pocket money and
              employment. However CSC will continue to save on their behalf at a rate in        savings
              line with the pocket money and savings policy, until they are 18. The young
              person‟s social worker will arrange for 5% of the total fostering allowance to    Child Trust Funds
              be put in a deposit account with 90 day access facilities, or in the future, in
              their Child Trust Fund.
              In addition young people who remain looked after may receive the following
              support:-
                    transport costs to education, work and contact
                    additional monies to purchase clothing for interviews/work
                    additional monies to purchase items related to further education
                    EMA
                    Further Education Discretionary Fund Grant (if attending a college) or
                       the Learner Support Fund (if attending 6th Form). Both available
                       from Support Services for Further Education.
         13   In some cases young people, once 18, will wish to remain with existing foster
              carers. Where the foster carers are in agreement with this they can convert       Transition from
              the placement to that of a pathways carer placement. Financial                    foster carer to
              arrangements in such circumstances will be as outlined above                      pathways carer


                                                                                                Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1    Timescales for assessment of prospective pathways carers will be agreed
              between the accommodation worker and the Fostering/placement team                 Assessment of
              manager                                                                           carers
         2    Assessments, once complete, will be presented to the next available               Fostering Panel


Section 7: 7.13 Fostering: Pathways Carer Scheme                                                           2
Reviewed                 Jan 2011
Agreed by CSMT           Jan 2011
Next Review Date         April 2012

                                                                                                  Cross-Referencing
         Standards
              Fostering Panel and their recommendation will be presented to the Agency
              Decision Maker
         3    The criteria agreed by the Fostering Panel will be used as a basis for
              assessment, until such time as national minimum standards for supportive
              lodgings are produced. At that point the existing criteria will be amended as
              necessary
         4    Once approved, pathways carers will receive supervisory visits from the
              accommodation worker at the same level as foster carers receive from                Supervision of
              supervising social workers, unless agreed otherwise with the team manager           carers
         5    All pathways carers will be subject to annual review by the dedicated IRO for       Annual reviews
              fostering
         6    Levels of support pathways carers give to young people placed will be agreed        IPC
              within the Individual Placement Contract and the pathway planning                   Pathway planning
              document
         7    The wishes and feelings of young people, in relation to what they would want
              to do after their 18th birthday in respect of accommodation will be listened
              to. Wherever possible their preferred housing option will be made available
         8    Once 18, young people are expected to apply for benefits, including local
              housing allowance. They must arrange for the pathways carer to be paid,
              either directly, or by themselves on receipt of LHA.

        No Task                                                 Responsible      Record required       Performance
                                                                officer          on RAISE              standard
        1    Accommodation worker completes assessment                            Assessment           See
             of suitability for pathways care, and presents     Accommodation                          assessment
             to Fostering Panel                                 worker
        2    Once available for placements, requests pass
             via the Access to Resources Team to the            Young person‟s   Access to          Asap
             accommodation worker, as part of the               worker           Resources Referral
             matching process                                                    form
        3    The young person‟s worker completes a Needs
             Audit Form for the pathways carers scheme to       Young person‟s   Needs Audit form      asap
             determine what level of support needs the          worker
             young person has. This is taken into account as
             part of the matching process
        4    Once placement agreed, introductions should        Young person‟s
             be made. Details of the introduction period will   worker +         Case recording        See case
             vary.                                              accommodation                          recording
                                                                worker
        5    IPC completed                                      Young person‟s                         See IPC
                                                                worker           IPC
        6    Placement begins. The relevant notification to     Young person‟s                         Immediately
             activate the pathways carers payment is made       worker    RAISE record
        7    Placement is reviewed through the pathway                    Review paperwork
                                                                Young person‟s
             planning process, or LAC process, where a          worker                                 See review
             young person remains looked after                                                         timescales
        8    The pathways carer is supervised by the        Accommodation Supervisory                  See
             accommodation worker and is subject to annual worker and IRO (statutory) visit            supervisory
             review by the IRO                                            report                       visit
                                                                          Annual review                Review
                                                                                                       annually




Section 7: 7.13 Fostering: Pathways Carer Scheme                                                              3
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010


7.14 Fostering : Pet Assessments

         Objective                          To ensure compliance with the Dangerous Dogs Act.
                                            To uphold best practice in relation to safeguarding children looked after.
                                         




         Legal & Policy Status              Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 (DDA Amendments 1997)
                                            National Minimum Standards for Fostering 2002
                                            Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                            The Children Act 1989 and 2004


                                                                                                    Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     Following a number of high profile reported incidents relating to dog attacks
               on children, the Council has decided that as part of the fostering assessment
               the worker undertaking the fostering assessment will undertake a risk
               assessment on all household dogs in the carer‟s home.
         2     The suitability of all dogs in fostering situations needs to be carefully
               considered:
               Any applicants who have dogs classified under the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991
               are advised against pursuing their interest in fostering.
         3     The assessment includes the dog‟s exercise, toileting and feeding routines
               and any other associated environmental health issues.
         4     A pro forma is used by the supervising social worker compiling the foster
               carer‟s assessment.
               Dangerous Dogs Act 1991: Extracts from the Act
               The following dogs, and also cross-bred pit-bulls, are dangerous dogs under
               the meaning of the Act:
               a) Pit Bull Terrier
               b) Japanese Tosa
               c) Dogo Argentino
               d) Fila Braziliero
               It is illegal to possess such a dog without a certificate of exemption, which is
               granted once the dog is neutered, insured, and has a transponder implant.
               Assessment of risk relating to other unusual or rare pets i.e. snakes, potbelly
               pigs, etc is at the discretion of the Fostering and Placements Team Manager
               and decided on a case-by-case basis.


                                                                                                    Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     As part of a foster care assessment, the worker will identify what pets the
               household has.
         2     The prospective carers will be given a copy of the BAAF article “Placing
               Children with Dog Owning Families” if they have a dog in the family or have
               regular visitors to the home with dogs.
         3     The Dog Owner‟s Questionnaire will be completed by the supervising social
               worker undertaking the assessment and the prospective foster carers.
         4     The suitability of any other pets in the household and consideration of any
               risk they may pose should be discussed by the supervising social worker and
               the Fostering and Placements Team Manager and recorded as part of the
               assessment.
         5     All foster carers are advised they must be responsible for ensuring all animals
               kept in the family home are kept safely and that all children and young
               people are appropriately supervised when in contact with them.
         6     Supervising social workers will confirm with all foster carers with dogs that
               young children should be supervised at all times.



Section 7: 7.14 Fostering: Pet Assessments                                                                      1
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010
        No Task                                                Responsible     Record required   Performance
                                                               officer         on RAISE          standard
        1     Establish what pets prospective foster carers    Supervising     Case Recording    On first home
              have.                                            Social Worker   Sheet             visit
        2     If the family care for dogs, identify what       Supervising     Case Recording    On first home
              breed.                                           Social Worker   Sheet             visit
        3     Counsel out if the family have a dog under the   Supervising     Case Recording    During first
              „Dangerous Dog Act‟.                             Social Worker   Sheet             home visit and
                                                                                                 confirm in 7
                                                                               Formal Letter     days
        4     If the family have dogs complete dog owners      Supervising     Dog Owners        Within first 3
              questionnaire for each dog and leave BAAF        Social Worker   Questionnaire     months of the
              article “Placing Children with Dog Owning                                          assessment
              Families”.                                                                         being
                                                                                                 undertaken
        5     If the family have other pets, gather details    Supervising     BAAF Form F       Within first 3
              and assess any risks they may pose.              Social Worker                     months of the
                                                                                                 assessment
                                                                                                 being
                                                                                                 undertaken
        6     As part of the assessment share all information Supervising      BAAF Form F & Dog By completion
              at Fostering Panel.                             Social Worker    Owners            of assessment
                                                                               Questionnaire




Section 7: 7.14 Fostering: Pet Assessments                                                             2
Reviewed                  March 2009
Agreed by CSMT            April 2009
Next Review Date          March 2010


7.15 Fostering : Physical Intervention

         Objective                            To offer guidance on the use of restrictive physical intervention in foster
                                               care settings, in order to assist children to develop socially acceptable
                                               behaviour, and to keep children safe in high risk situations. (Children
                                               placed for adoption are still Looked After Children; this policy applies
                                               equally to them.)
                                          




         Legal & Policy Status                Fostering Services Regulations 2002, Regulation 13
                                              The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989, ratified
                                               in the UK 1991
                                              Human Rights Act 1998
                                              Common Law
                                              The Children Act 1989
                                              The Children Act 2004
                                              Care Standards Act 2000
                                              ADCS: a protocol for local children‟s services authorities on restrictive
                                               physical interventions in schools, residential and other care settings for
                                               children and young people
                                              Working Together to Safeguard Children 2010
                                              Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                              The Care Planning, Placements and Case Review Regulations 2010


                                                                                                       Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     Physical Interventions are defined as:-
               “the use of force to restrict movement or mobility or the use of force to
               disengage from dangerous or harmful physical contact initiated by a service
               user” (DOH & DfES, 2002).
         2     Use of physical interventions falls under the umbrella of Human Rights                  Fostering Services
               legislation. In addition, the criminal law covers the use of all forms of               Regulations 2002,
               physical contact and the unauthorised use of force constitutes an assault.              Reg. 13
               However, in certain circumstances the use of a restrictive physical                     Common Law
               intervention can be justified, and common law allows reasonable and
               proportionate intervention in certain circumstances.
         3     When anyone considers restraining a child they are faced by two demands;
               first, the child‟s right to freedom of movement, and second, the duty of care
               towards the child. In addition, consideration of self and others is necessary.
         4     Some types of physical intervention provide the child with varying degrees of           Positive Behaviour
               freedom and mobility. Holding a child firmly but in a way that a child retains          Management
               a degree of mobility and enables the child to disengage, if determined, is one
               example. Positive touch, leading, guiding, ushering or blocking a child is
               another. The presence of an adult is sometimes sufficient to deter
               misbehaviour. Control by physical presence involves emphasising verbal
               instructions/directions, gesturing or using visual aids, such as pictorial cards.
               It may include standing in the way of a child who is not responding to verbal
               instruction or is loosing control, and likely to cause injury without
               intervention.
         5     Some children in foster care benefit from spending time alone, or quiet time            Positive Behaviour
               to calm down, sometimes called „time out‟ (for details see policy on positive           Management
               behaviour management). Not all children will be able to recognise they need
               this time, but may demonstrate behaviours that alert foster carers to their
               need for quiet time. Any such periods must be part of a written plan, agreed
               at the placement planning meeting, and should not be used to isolate
               children or as a punishment. Such periods should be time limited and
               children must be regularly observed and have easy access to foster carer
               support.


Section 7: 7.15 Fostering: Physical Intervention                                                                   1
Reviewed                  March 2009
Agreed by CSMT            April 2009
Next Review Date          March 2010

                                                                                                  Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
               Low stress environments, in terms of both noise and stimulation, will be
               helpful generally where children are anxious or likely to become agitated.
               Equally an awareness of „mirroring‟ and using one‟s own facial expressions,
               low and warm voice, tone etc., and the positive impact on potentially
               difficult situations is important.
         6     Restrictive physical intervention should only be used as a last resort, when
               other strategies have been tried and failed, or when the risk of not
               intervening is outweighed by the value of doing so. It must not be used as a
               punishment, as a means of enforcing compliance with instructions, or in
               response to challenging behaviour which does not give rise to reasonable
               expectation of injury to someone or serious damage to property.
         7     In all cases the use of restrictive physical intervention has to be justified by
               there being:-
                The likelihood of injury to the child or young person
                The likelihood of injury to others
                The likelihood of serious damage to property
         8     The behaviour of a small number of children or young people may give rise to
               concern, prior to their placement. Some children may develop such
               behaviours after they have been placed with foster carers. In either case a
               written plan to manage the child or young person‟s behaviour must be
               developed/implemented.
         9     It is also important to determine whether there are any medical conditions
               which might place the child at risk should particular techniques or methods
               of physical intervention be used. If so, this must be drawn to the attention
               of those looking after the child, and it must be stated in the child‟s plan.
               The absence of a written plan does not prevent foster carers acting as they
               see fit when confronted with unforeseen situations, as long as the actions
               they take are consistent with the principles and procedures contained within
               this document.
         10    Measures of control and discipline are based on establishing positive
               relationships with children and young people. All measures must be fair and
               consistently applied.
         11    Physical interventions must not involve:-
               a) Sitting on the child
               b) The use of any item to restrict movement
               c) Holding a child face downwards on the floor
               d) Any pressure against the joints
               e) Any restriction of breathing
               f) Holdings breasts or genital areas
         12    It is important to promote self-mastery in children and young people. If the
               adults caring for them demonstrate self control themselves, control children
               in ways that do not involve punishment, invite co-operation, respect
               legitimate interests and encourage discussion and reflection, then the need
               for restraint will be minimised.


                                                                                                  Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     Restrictive physical interventions must only be used when a situation
               warrants immediate action.
         2     Wherever possible de-escalation techniques must be used to avoid restrictive
               physical intervention.
         3     De-escalation techniques must always be appropriate to the child or young
               person.
         4     The intervention must be appropriate to the child or young person, and:            Risk Assessment
               a) Be in the best interests of the child or young person


Section 7: 7.15 Fostering: Physical Intervention                                                            2
Reviewed                  March 2009
Agreed by CSMT            April 2009
Next Review Date          March 2010

                                                                                                Cross-Referencing
         Standards
               b) Be reasonable and proportionate to the circumstances
               c) Be based on a comprehensive risk assessment (reviewing initial plan
                    within one month and regular review thereafter)
               d) Use the minimum force necessary for the minimum time
               e) Respect the safety and dignity of all concerned
         5     Foster carers should seek to reduce the need for restrictive physical
               intervention as far as practicable. The following will help to achieve this:
               a) Maintaining a positive culture
               b) Promoting ethical practice
               c) Maintaining a child centred approach
               d) Understanding high risk behaviour
               e) Promoting an awareness in foster carers of their own reactions to
                    challenging behaviour and the effect of their mood on others
               f) Promotion of self control and an ability to positively manage their
                    behaviour in children
               g) Appropriate use of authority
               h) Maintaining a policy to manage behaviour positively.
               i) Promoting positive relationships
         6     Where the need for physical intervention is anticipated a written plan to        Behaviour
               manage the child‟s behaviour must be developed; this must include agreed         Management Plan
               intervention strategies. The plan must be agreed within a „Team Around The
               Child‟ meeting, to include the child‟s social worker, the foster carer‟s
               supervising social worker, and must be chaired by a team manager or senior
               practitioner; the child must be involved in developing the plan, and should
               have access to the advocacy service for this. Anyone with Parental
               Responsibility must be consulted. The plan should be consistent with similar
               plans in other settings, such as school settings.
         7     Restrictive physical interventions should only be carried out by foster carers
               if they have received appropriate and current training. Bournemouth‟s
               agreed model is Team Teach. Regular reaccreditation should be undertaken
               every two years.
         8     Unplanned restrictive physical intervention may become necessary if a child
               or young person behaves in an unexpected and dangerous manner; they may
               not have a behaviour management plan, and foster carers may not have
               received training. In such situations common law supports the use of physical
               intervention, if it is reasonable, proportionate and using the minimum force
               necessary. Such incidents must be reported to the child‟s social worker and
               the foster carer‟s supervising social worker immediately.
         9     In all cases where physical intervention is necessary, detailed records must
               be made by the foster carer immediately or as soon as is practicable, and
               made available to the Fostering & Placement team as well as the child‟s
               social worker. This serves several purposes:-
               a) Compliance with statutory requirements
               b) Monitoring the welfare of children and young people
               c) Monitoring performance of the fostering service
               d) Identifying training needs
               e) Contributing to service audits and evaluations
         10    The child‟s social worker will be responsible for informing parents of the
               incident.
         11    Separate de-briefs with the child and foster carer involved should take place
               after any incident. The child should be given the opportunity to give their
               opinion regarding the incident and how it was handled. This should take
               place as soon as possible after the incident, but mindful of the individual
               needs of the child, who may want space and time after an incident. Foster
               carers should be given the opportunity to review their intervention and its
               effectiveness. The child should be able to discuss the incident with their


Section 7: 7.15 Fostering: Physical Intervention                                                          3
Reviewed                  March 2009
Agreed by CSMT            April 2009
Next Review Date          March 2010

                                                                                                     Cross-Referencing
         Standards
               social worker and, if appropriate, and independent advocate.
         12    If an allegation is made or concerns are raised about the foster carer‟s              LADO
               management of a child‟s behaviour this should be dealt with under separate            Allegations against
               policies.                                                                             foster carers
         13    These standards apply to anyone in a substitute caring role, for example,
               babysitter, or anyone else living in the household.

        No Task                                                   Responsible      Record required        Performance
                                                                  officer          on RAISE               standard
        1     If a physical intervention has been used, stop      Foster Carer     Detailed record in     Immediate
              as soon as it is safe to do so, ensure the child is                  foster carer diary
              calm and unhurt, then after allowing the child                       as soon as
              a period of reflection, as soon as possible,                         practicable after
              discuss the incident in a constructive way,                          the incident
              enabling the child to state how they felt
              throughout the incident.
        2     Contact the child‟s social worker and the           Foster Carer     Foster carer diary     Immediate or
              supervising social worker as soon as possible                                               as soon as
              after a physical intervention has been used.                                                practicable
        3     Inform the child‟s parent.                          Child‟s social                          As soon as
                                                                  worker                                  possible

        4     Complete a detailed report. This must include       Foster Carer     Incident report        Immediate or
              the name of the child, date, time and location,                                             as soon as
              details of the behaviour requiring use of                                                   practicable
              physical intervention, the type of intervention
              and its duration, name of the foster carer using
              the intervention, names of anyone (adult or
              child) witnessing the intervention, whether or
              not anyone was hurt or distressed, and the
              views of the child. The report should contain
              contextual information, and should indicate
              whether a pattern of behaviour is developing.
              To be sent immediately to the supervising
              social worker and the child‟s social worker.
        5     Both child and foster carer will have the           Child‟s social   Case Recording         Within 2 days
              benefit of a de-brief, with the child‟s social      worker.          Sheet                  of incident
              worker in the case of the child, and the            Supervising
              supervising social worker in the case of the        social worker,
              foster carer. These de-briefs should take place     or alternative
              separately. If necessary an independent             worker
              advocate will be made available for the child.      identified by
              If needed, other children who witnessed the         the team
              event will be seen and offered a de-brief. That     manager if
              child‟s social worker will be advised they have     child‟s worker
              witnessed the incident.                             absent.
        6     Discuss incident during the next visit made by      Supervising      Case Recording         Within 5
              the child‟s worker and the supervising social       social worker.   Sheet                  working days
              worker. This should include discussion on           Child‟s social   Positive Behaviour     of the incident
              whether a review of the child‟s written             worker.          Management Plan
              behaviour management plan is needed. Any            Foster Carer
              change to the plan will be discussed with all
              mentioned in Standard 6 above.
        7     The team manager of the Fostering and               Team Manager Database                   Monitored
              Placements Team will keep records of any            Service Manager                         monthly
              physical intervention. These will be collated


Section 7: 7.15 Fostering: Physical Intervention                                                                4
Reviewed                  March 2009
Agreed by CSMT            April 2009
Next Review Date          March 2010
        No Task                                           Responsible      Record required   Performance
                                                          officer          on RAISE          standard
              and monitored by the Service Manager, Family
              Support and Placement Services.
        8     Annual reporting to the Corporate Parenting   Team Manager   Report format     Annually
              Panel and the LSCB will be by the team
              manager, Fostering and Placements.
        9     If, following restraint, the child or young                                    Complaints
              person wants to make a formal complaint, they
              should be supported in doing so.




Section 7: 7.15 Fostering: Physical Intervention                                                  5
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010


7.16 Fostering : Placement of Children

         Objective                           To ensure the arrangements for each individual child are clearly
                                              understood and agreed to by all parties.
                                         




         Legal & Policy Status               The Children Act 1989
                                             The Children Act 2004
                                             Fostering Services Regulation 2002
                                             National Minimum Standards for Fostering 2002
                                             Care Standards Act 2000
                                             Care Matters: Implementation Plan 2008
                                             Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                             Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient Accommodation for
                                              Looked After Children 2010
                                             The Care Planning, Placements and Case Reviews Regulations 2010
                                             Breaks for Carers of Disabled Children Regulations (2011) (in force from
                                              April 2011)


                                                                                                    Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     The Council will not accommodate children over 10 years of age unless:               Family Group
               a) Threshold for Care Proceedings are met                                            meetings
               b) Intensive support over a period of time by the FaST has failed to address         Care Procedures
                    the issues.
               c) Family Group Meeting Process has failed to identify a more suitable
                    alternative.
         2     Prior to accommodation or a child becoming Looked After being agreed a
               Family Group Meeting should have been convened.
         3     If it is agreed a child should be accommodated or Looked After a planning            Placement Plan
               meeting should be convened prior to placement. The planning meeting                  (Part 1) &
               should include the foster carers or residential worker, field social worker and      Essential
               supervising social worker. The Placement Plan should be completed at this            Information Record
               meeting along with the Essential Information Record.                                 (Part 1)
         4     The Placement Plan should contain all the information necessary to enable            Placement Plan
               the foster carer to care for the child, especially: the Council‟s plan for the
               child and what they seek to achieve; the child's personal history, religion,
               culture and linguistic background and racial origin. the child‟s current health
               and any need for health care and oversight; the child‟s educational needs.
         5     The Placement Plan is to be available at the time of placement, and where
               this is not possible, within 48 hours.
         6     An Individual Placement Contract (IPC) to be completed as soon as possible           IPC
               after placement by field social worker with foster carer.
         7     The Placement Plan must also cover the Council financial arrangements for
               supporting the child during placement. Arrangements for delegating medical
               consents for examination and treatment.
         8     Arrangements for contact should also be included stating who can have
               contact, the frequency, duration and venue.
         9     The involvement of the social worker and the pattern of visiting should also
               be included along with the arrangements for reviewing the child ‟s
               placement.
         10    The process to change or review the agreement needs to be explicit.
         11    Allocation of resources and the processing of requests for placements is the
               responsibility of the Fostering and Placements Team Manager. Planned
               placements will be considered at resource meetings and emergencies are
               dealt with by the Fostering duty worker or the brokerage service within the
               Contracts Team.



Section 7: 7.16 Fostering: Placement of Children                                                                 1
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010

                                                                                              Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     All carers must be approved by the Fostering Panel/Agency Decision Maker.      Placement with
                                                                                              Family and Friends
         2     Except in exceptional circumstance placements should be planned.
         3     Planning meetings should take place prior to placement and the Placement       Blue Files
               Plan and Essential Information Record should be in place prior to placement.
               The child should have a blue A4 file containing all LAC paperwork and this
               should be moved with the child to any future carers.
         4     A Placement Plan Part 2, Essential Information Record 2 and Care Plan should   Placement Plans
               be available within 48 hours of a placement being made.                        EIR 1 & 2
                                                                                              Care Plans
         5     Approval for emergency placements under Regulation 38 should be sought         Placement with
               from the Child Care Service Manager.                                           Family and Friends
         6     Visits by the child‟s social worker should be in accordance with statutory
               visiting requirements.
         7     The young person‟s placement should be initially reviewed within 28 days
               under the Looked After Children Review Standards and thereafter in
               accordance with Regulations.

        No Task                                                 Responsible     Record required    Performance
                                                                officer         on RAISE           standard
        1     Requests for placements must always be made       Field social    Resource request   Immediately
              in conjunction with a team manager and with       worker          form
              the explicit agreement of the relevant Service
              Manager. Field Social Workers should always
              explore the possibility of placement with
              extended family in the first instance, and a
              Family Group Meeting should have been
              undertaken with no successful outcome in
              terms of family/friends placement.
        2     Alert Fostering duty worker if there is a         Field social    N/A                Immediately
              possibility of a placement being required in an   worker
              emergency.
              See below for planned placements.
        3     Check available resources for likely match.       Fostering &     Matching pro forma Immediately
                                                                Placements
                                                                team duty
                                                                worker
        4     If placement not required contact Placements      Field social    N/A                Immediately
              team duty worker.                                 worker
        5     Determine appropriate levels of contact.          Field social    Case Recording     Before
              NB Don‟t restrict contact unless good reason      worker          Sheet              placement
              but don‟t presume that contact will always                                           begins
              happen in foster home or Children‟s home.
        6     If emergency placement is required fax or take Field social                          Immediately
              a referral/initial information/Court report and worker
              initial assessment form to Fostering &
              Placements team signed by the field social
              worker and team manager.
        7     Identify a placement in in-house fostering.     Fostering &       Case Recording     Immediately
                                                              Placements        Sheet
                                                              team duty
                                                              worker
        8     If no in-house placements available, Fostering Contracts/broke
              & Placement Team will refer to brokerage        rage worker
              service in the contracts team.
        9     Contact relevant carer to obtain agreement.     Fostering &       Case Recording     Immediately

Section 7: 7.16 Fostering: Placement of Children                                                           2
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010
        No Task                                              Responsible      Record required    Performance
                                                             officer          on RAISE           standard
              Give some initial information over the         Placements       Sheet
              telephone.                                     team duty
                                                             worker
        10    Contact field social worker and inform them of Fostering &      Duty diary/log     Immediately
              potential placement.                           Placements
                                                             team duty
                                                             worker
        11    Field social worker telephones relevant        Field social     Case Recording     Immediately
              resource for more detailed information sharing worker           Sheet
              discussion and plan with the resource provider
              re the movement of the child/ren.
        12    Complete relevant LAC paperwork. As a          Field social     * LAC forms        Before
              minimum this should be: Essential Information worker            * Placement Plan   placement
              Record Part 1 and Placement Plan Part 1. If                     part 1 & 2         begins
              possible EIR part 2 should also be completed.                   * Essential
                                                                              Information
                                                                              Record(EIR)
                                                                              Part 1 & 2
        13    Complete Essential Information Record Part 2     Field social   * LAC forms        Within 14 days of
              and Placement Plan Part 2 if it has not been     worker         * Placement Plan   placement
              possible to complete before placement begins,                   part 2             commencement
              with copies to the foster carers and the child‟s                * Essential
              blue book.                                                      Information
                                                                              Record(EIR)
                                                                              Part 2
        14    Set up placement planning meeting with          Field social    Case Recording     Before
              parent, Foster Carer/Residential Social Worker, worker          Sheet              placement
              Supervising Social Worker and Social Worker.                                       begins, or agree
                                                                                                 date before
                                                                                                 placement
        15    Hold placement planning meeting with parent, Field social      Minutes on case
              Foster Carer/Residential Social Worker,      worker            file;
              Supervising Social Worker and Social Worker.                   Individual
                                                                             Placement
                                                                             Contract (IPC)
        16    Prepare LAC care plan.                          Field social   * LAC               Within 14 days of
                                                              worker         * Care Plan         placement
                                                                             Documentation       commencing
        17    Visit to be made within one week and then visit Field social   Case Recording      Within 7 days
              according to statutory visiting requirements.   worker         Sheet
        18    Convene initial Looked After Children Review    Field social   LAC Review of       Within 28 days of
              within 4 weeks of commencement of               worker/Reviewi Arrangements        commencement
              placement.                                      ng Officer                         of placement




Section 7: 7.16 Fostering: Placement of Children                                                      3
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010


7.17 Fostering : Placement with Family or Friends

         Objective                           To ensure that when the immediate placement of a child with family or
                                              friends is necessary, the requirements of Regulation 38(2) of the Fostering
                                              Services regulations are met.
                                         




         Legal & Policy Status               The Children Act 1989 Section 59
                                             The Children Act 2004
                                             Fostering Services Regulations 2002
                                             The Care Standards Act 2000
                                             National Minimum Standards for Fostering Services (Standard 32)
                                             Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                             Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance for Securing Sufficient Accommodation
                                              for Looked After Children 2010
                                             Support for All: The Families and Relationships Green Paper 2009
                                             The Care Planning, Placements and Case Review Regulations 2010


                                                                                                     Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     A child may be placed with a family member or friend in unforeseen                    Approval of foster
               circumstances under the requirements of Regulation 38(2) of the Fostering             carers
               Services Regulations 2002 without the carers being approved foster parents.
         2     If an immediate placement of a child with a family member or friend is                Placements with
               expected to exceed 6 weeks, or does exceed 6 weeks, then the carers must              family or friends.
               be assessed as prospective foster parents under Regulation 27 of the                  Immediate
               Fostering Services Regulations 2002.                                                  Placements
         3     If Children's Social Care places a child under Regulation 38(2) in another
               Council area then that Council must be informed of the placement.
         4     Where it is intended to place a child with a family member or a friend as a
               planned process, the prospective carers should be assessed as prospective
               foster parents in the usual way, under the requirements of Regulation 27 of
               the Fostering Services Regulations 2002.
         5     The Council to place a child with a family member or a friend lies with the
               Fieldwork Service Manager


                                                                                                     Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     A field social worker interviews the carer/s, inspecting the accommodation
               and obtaining information about other people in the household, completing
               the necessary forms and satisfactory statutory checks and references.
         2     A written agreement should be entered into committing the carers to care              s34 contact
               for the child as if they were a member of their own family. To permit any
               person authorised by the Council to visit the child at any time. That explicit
               understanding of the need for discretion and confidentiality to ensure no
               disclosure of information. Finally, to allow parental contact with the child
               where agreed by the Council.
         3     Bournemouth‟s policy is that information gathering should include RAISE               s8 contact
               checks, checks of partner agencies such as Police, Health and Education.
               Local police checks should be initiated before the child is placed. Criminal
               Record Bureau checks should be undertaken and fostering assessment should
               commence when it becomes apparent that the placement may last for more
               than 6 weeks.
         4     This regulation is intended to enable placements with relatives or friends in
               an emergency and on a short term basis. When it is possible to foresee that a
               child who needs to be looked after will be best placed with relatives or
               friends then normal fostering procedures concerning assessment should be


Section 7: 7.17 Fostering: Placement with Family or Friends                                                       1
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010

                                                                                              Cross-Referencing
         Standards
               applied promptly in order to avoid placements taking place which are
               subsequently found to be unsuitable.
         5     If an immediate placement exceeds six weeks then the relative or friend        Immediate
               must be approved as a foster parent otherwise there is no legal Council for    placements
               the placement to continue.
         6     Following presentation to Fostering Panel by the fieldworker, the
               responsibility for undertaking the assessment is passed to the Fostering and
               Placements Team and a worker is identified.

        No Task                                                Responsible      Record required   Performance
                                                               officer          on RAISE          standard
        1     To confirm a relative/friend placement as a      Field Social     Case Recording    Immediately
              reg. 38 placement the relevant social worker     Worker           Sheet             placement is
              must gain permission from Fieldwork Service                                         identified
              Manager by sending a referral/initial
              information and initial assessment form.
        2     If emergency placement complete relevant LAC     Field Social     LAC - Placement   Before
              paperwork. As a minimum this should be:          Worker           Plan Part1        placement
              Essential Information Record Part 1 and                                             begins
              Placement Plan                                                                      completed.
              Part 1. If possible EIR part 2 should also be
        3     Complete Essential Information Record Part 2     Field Social     LAC - Placement   Within 14 days
              and Placement Plan Part 2 if it has not been     Worker           Plan Part2        of placement
              possible to complete before placement begins.                                       commencement
        4     Set up placement planning meeting with           Field Social     Case Recording    Before
              parent, relative and social worker.              Worker           Sheet             placement
                                                                                                  begins, or agree
                                                                                                  date before
                                                                                                  placement
                                                                                                  begins
        5     Undertake basic statutory checks.            Field Social
                                                           Worker
        6     Hold placement planning meeting with parent, Field Social         Minutes on case   Within 7 days of
              relative and social worker.                  Worker               file              placement
                                                                                                  commencing
        7     Prepare LAC care plan.                           Field Social     LAC - Care Plan   Within 14 days
                                                               Worker                             of placement
                                                                                                  commencing
        8     Visit weekly and see child and carer.            Field Social     Child‟s file      Every 7 days
                                                               Worker           Case Recording
                                                                                Sheet
        9     Commence Form F2 assessments.                    Field Social     Child‟s file      Within first 6
                                                               Worker           Case Recording    weeks
                                                                                Sheet
        10    In the event that the placement will last for    Field Social
              more than six weeks then a referral needs to     Worker
              be made to the Fostering & Placements Team
              and Fostering Panel.
        11    Complete BAAF Form F2, Part 1, consent form      Field Social     BAAF Form F2,     Within 10 days
              and complete statutory checks.                   Worker           Part 1            of panel
                                                                                Case Recording    meeting
                                                                                Sheet
        12    Attend panel meeting.                          Field Social        Minutes of Panel
                                                             Worker             Meeting
        13    In the event that the panel agree to placement Panel decision     Panel minutes
              continuing, allocated a Placements Worker.

Section 7: 7.17 Fostering: Placement with Family or Friends                                               2
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010
        No Task                                               Responsible     Record required   Performance
                                                              officer         on RAISE          standard
        14    Complete BAAF Form F2, Part 2.                  Supervising     BAAF Form F2,     Within 3–6
                                                              Social Worker   Part 2            months of Panel
                                                                              Case Recording    attendance
                                                                              Sheet




Section 7: 7.17 Fostering: Placement with Family or Friends                                            3
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010


7.18 Fostering : Positive Behaviour Management

         Objective                          To ensure that foster carers are clear and confident in applying a range of
                                             positive behaviour management techniques, controls and sanctions in
                                             order to assist children and young people to develop socially acceptable
                                             behaviour and self discipline. (Children placed for adoption are still
                                             Looked After Children; this policy applies equally to them.)
                                        




         Legal & Policy Status              Fostering Services Regulations 2002, Ref. 13, 28
                                            The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989, ratified
                                             in UK 1991
                                            Human Rights Act 1998
                                            Common Law
                                            The Children Act 1989
                                            The Children Act 2004
                                            Care Standards Act 2000
                                            National Minimum Standards for Fostering
                                            The Care Planning, Placements and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                            Children and Young Persons Act 2008


                                                                                                    Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1    It is unreasonable not to expect children to misbehave from time to time.
              Whether it is toddlers exhibiting temper tantrums or direct challenges to a
              carer‟s authority by an adolescent, there will always be times when carers
              need to employ the use of control and discipline.
         2    Children have a right to be healthy and safe.
         3    Good order is also a necessary aspect of family life, to enable children to
              develop in a safe and secure environment. Looked After Children have
              particular needs; their experience of adult expectations will be inconsistent
              and in terms of their attachment experiences they may be adversely affected
              by some management strategies.
         4    No two children or carers are identical and in applying this policy carers will
              need to be mindful of the individual needs of specific children and young
              people. They will also need to be aware that diffusing confrontation and
              rewarding good behaviour rather than punishing bad are often the most
              successful techniques available.
         5    Foster carers must not administer corporal punishment to any child. Corporal
              punishment includes smacking, slapping, shaking, forcing children to have
              cold showers and all other humiliating forms of treatment or punishment.
         6    In addition none of the following should be used as a form of control or
              discipline:-
               Any punishment relating to the consumption of food or drink
               Any restrictions, other than one imposed by a Court on:
                   a) a child‟s contact with their parents, relatives or friends
                   b) a child‟s communication with their solicitor, any officer appointed to
                       them from CAFCASS, their social worker, advocate or independent
                       visitor, or an OFSTED inspector
               Their access to any telephone helpline providing counselling for children
               Any requirement that a child should wear distinctive or inappropriate
                   clothes.
               Discrimination on the grounds of race, sexual orientation or religion.
               The use or withholding of medication, or medical or dental treatment
               The imposition of any financial penalty other than a requirement for
                   payment of a reasonable sum as reparation and with the agreement of
                   the child‟s social worker
               Locking a child in a room.


Section 7: 7.18 Fostering: Positive Behaviour Management                                                        1
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010

                                                                                               Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
                  Any intimate physical examination of the child
                  Any measure which punishes more than one child for the behaviour of an
                   individual child
         7    Relationships between foster carers and children should be based on mutual
              respect, understanding and clear personal and professional boundaries which
              are effective for all. These boundaries should be safe and consistent in
              relation to acceptable behaviour. Positive facial expression and warmth in
              the tone of a carer‟s voice can significantly reduce a child or young person‟s
              anger, and enable some boundaries to be maintained.
         8    Expectations of behaviour for both foster carers and children should be
              clearly understood and negotiated by those living in the foster home, and
              with the child‟s social worker.
         9    In day to day decision making, foster carers should demonstrate an
              appropriate balance between:-
               Each member of the household‟s wishes and preferences
               The needs of individual children
               The needs of the group of children resident at the time
               The protection of others (including the public) from harm
         10   All children in the home must be treated fairly, without favouritism or
              prejudice.
         11   Where children require personal care, their choice of which carer (where
              more than one) provides that care should be maximised.
         12   Normal and positive touching is a part of everyday child care, and foster
              carers should feel able to express affection to children in their care. This
              can include giving a „goodnight‟ kiss or hug, if agreed within the care plan,
              and regularly reviewed. However, some children and young people will have
              experienced abusive touching, which may result in them being worried or
              frightened, or of misinterpreting positive touches. During the pre-placement
              meeting the foster carer should ascertain, through discussion with the child,
              other professionals and previous carers, the significance for the child of
              physical contact. If the child is not comfortable with physical contact, it
              would not be used as a method of control or affection. Cultural factors will
              also be significant.
         13   Children should be assisted to develop socially acceptable behaviour through
              encouragement of positive behaviour and constructive adult responses to
              inappropriate behaviour. They should also be encouraged to develop a
              proper awareness of their rights and responsibilities in relation to others in
              the home and in their community. Carers should accept „acting sorry‟ is as
              good, sometimes better, than „saying sorry‟, and should not always feel the
              need to demand a verbal apology.
         14   Fostering services are required to ensure that foster carers‟ training covers
              managing challenging and difficult behaviour. Supervising social workers
              should ensure they pay attention to the training needs of foster carers and
              other members of the household, addressing these in the appraisal of
              training/development needs, which must be documented in the annual
              review report.


                                                                                               Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1    Carers should respond positively to acceptable behaviour and where the
              behaviour of the child is regarded as unacceptable, it should be responded to
              by constructive, acceptable and known disciplinary measures. Carers are
              encouraged to use language that will diffuse and calm a situation; for
              example, rather than telling a child off, share responsibility by saying (for
              example) „I‟m sad that‟s happened, we all need to calm down a bit‟.


Section 7: 7.18 Fostering: Positive Behaviour Management                                                 2
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010

                                                                                                 Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         2    Measures of control and discipline must be based on establishing positive
              relationships with the child, and which are designed to help them.
         3    In order to provide the best possible care for a child it is important that care   Risk Assessment
              plans, risk assessments and specific behaviour management plans identify any       Care Plans
              known behaviours. These will be monitored and updated as foster carers
              build relationships with children and get to know an individual‟s behaviour.
              The child‟s placement plan and individual behaviour management plan will
              address risk to the child, other children and foster carers.
         4    A multi-agency approach must be used when gathering information required
              for the child‟s behaviour management plan, and will include the views of the
              child, and their parents where possible.
         5    Discussions will take place at the placement planning meeting about a child‟s      Placement of
              behaviour and routine and how this will be managed by the foster carer. The        children
              behaviour management plan will be reviewed by the child‟s social worker at
              least quarterly, but more often if required. The plan will be formally
              reviewed in conjunction with each Looked After Children‟s review.
         6    Measures of control and discipline must be fair and consistently applied.
              Carers may encourage the child to apologise and make up for what they have
              done wrong, and reduce the likelihood of negative behaviour becoming the
              focus of attention. As noted above, „acting sorry‟ is sometimes more
              meaningful than saying sorry. Carers should avoid „guilt trips‟ at all costs.
         7    Carers should make clear to the child the consequence of unacceptable
              behaviour. Any measures applied should be relevant to the incident,
              reasonable and carried out as close to the time of the incident as possible.
              Examples of using language positively might include, „Oh dear, you made the
              wrong choice there….let‟s see what we can do to get back to normal‟.
         8    Any measures taken to respond to unacceptable behaviour must be
              proportionate and appropriate to the age, understanding and individual
              needs of the child, for example, by taking into account that it may be the
              result of illness, bullying, certain impairments, such as autism, or
              communication difficulties.
         9    Sanctions and physical restraint must not be excessive or unreasonable.            Physical Restraint
         10   Individual foster carers must discuss the forms of control and discipline to be
              used within their home with supervising social workers, and the social worker
              for the child placed. Factors that will need to be taken into account
              include:-
               The usual forms of control and discipline used with the carer‟s own
                   children
               The carer‟s own experience of what works well for them
               The carer‟s own experience of control and discipline as a child
               The age and ability of children to be placed
               The child‟s history, including any experience of abuse
               Any needs arising from the child‟s disability
               Religious and cultural issues
              It may well be that carers have to change or adapt methods they have used
              with their own children in the past. It is important for their own children,
              and any children placed with them, that methods of control and discipline
              are fair and equitable for all in the household, whilst being responsive to
              individual circumstances.
         11   A number of forms of control and discipline are generally acceptable in foster
              placements; this does not mean that any specific measures are appropriate
              or acceptable in all circumstances. Carers should think carefully before
              employing any of the measures listed below, and discuss them as part of the
              behaviour management planning process. Any measures should be
              proportionate to the behaviour exhibited. It does happen that, as adults, we
              can, in the heat of the moment, impose a sanction that is heavier than the


Section 7: 7.18 Fostering: Positive Behaviour Management                                                    3
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010

                                                                                                Cross-Referencing
         Standards
              behaviour warrants. If on reflection, carers believe this to be the case, they
              act as excellent role models if they discuss this with the child/young person,
              and negotiate a more appropriate sanction.
         12   The foster carer can use their physical presence as a deterrent to
              misbehaviour. A look or gesture may send out signals to a child which help to
              keep behaviour within acceptable limits. This could include standing in front
              of a child who is ignoring instructions or losing control, and may be
              reinforced further by placing a hand on the child‟s arm. The effect of this
              may be to restrict a child‟s movement without the use of physical restraint.
              However, this may be counter productive if the child‟s anger or distress
              increases. Its effectiveness is likely to depend upon the degree of respect
              that a child has for the foster carer. The following principles apply to the
              use of an adult‟s physical presence:-
               It must be likely to be effective by virtue of the overall authority carried
                   by the adult, and not simply their physical presence
               It must be used in the context of trying to engage the child in discussion
                   about the significance and implications of the child‟s behaviour
               It should not be persisted in if the child physically resists. In this case a
                   decision will be needed about whether another form of intervention is
                   justified.
         13   Small children may frequently be held for a number of reasons not directly
              concerned with control. There are also occasions when control can be
              maintained by holding a child in a manner which does not carry the force of
              physical restraint. For example, a carer may insist on holding a child‟s hand
              when crossing the road. A child may be successfully diverted from
              destructive behaviour by being led away by the hand, arm, or by means of an
              arm around their shoulder. Children having an argument or a fight which in
              itself is not likely to cause serious harm, but is nonetheless disruptive and
              detrimental to their well-being, or that of other children, may be
              successfully separated by being held firmly and guided away. The main
              factor separating „holding‟ from „physical restraint‟ is the manner of
              intervention and the degree of force applied. Physical restraint uses the
              degree of force necessary to prevent the child from harming themselves,
              others or property. Holding would discourage but would not prevent such
              action. This technique is more likely to be used where children placed are
              younger, and in particular where children are unlikely to respond to verbal
              influence alone, however, even young adults may be successfully engaged in
              this way.
         14   Delay of pocket money, in extreme circumstances could be used. But for no
              more than 48 hours.
         15   Privileges may be withdrawn for unacceptable behaviour. This may include
              denial of recreational activities but should not normally include denial of
              attendance at a regular out of school activity, such as swimming, cubs or
              brownies. Looked after children are often less skilled than their peers, or
              socially isolated, and the use of such a sanction may further disadvantage the
              child.
         16   A child can be denied permission to leave the house for a set period
              (sometimes known as grounding or gating) or in specific circumstances. As
              with withdrawal of privileges, the carer will still need to ensure the child is
              allowed to attend specific activities.
         17   An early bedtime can be used positively in order for the child to reflect upon
              their behaviour. This should be no more than one hour before their regular
              bedtime.
         18   Time out should be used to affect positive change. It should be used as an
              opportunity to restore order in the child and home and enable a child to
              reflect upon their behaviour. Care must be taken to ensure the child is safe,


Section 7: 7.18 Fostering: Positive Behaviour Management                                                  4
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010

                                                                                                   Cross-Referencing
         Standards
              and not overly frightened by the strength of their own emotions. Quite short
              periods (no more than a minute for every year of the child‟s life, and no
              more than 10 minutes for any child) are the most effective. Whilst the child
              may be by themselves in a safe place, preferably not in the child‟s bedroom,
              the carer should always unobtrusively keep an eye on them and have
              oversight. This technique should not be used to isolate children or as a
              punishment. The end of the period should be managed with emotional
              warmth, and a positive move forward, rather than continued „telling off‟.
              The impact of this strategy can have a negative affect on children who have
              attachment difficulties and it may require sitting with the child to reassure
              them. Rather than using this technique punitively, it is suggested carers use
              it as a time for all parties to calm down; often it is the adult who needs
              space to count to 10.
         19   Withdrawal involves removing a child from a situation which places the child
              or another person at risk of injury or to prevent damage to property, to a
              location where s/he can be observed or supervised until ready to resume
              normal activities.
         20   Children have a right to their own clothes, toiletries and other possessions,
              however, personal belongings may be removed if they are deemed harmful to
              the child or others, or if they are being misused and likely to be damaged.
              Carers may also restrict access to the use of personal possessions, for
              example, a PlayStation or personal stereo, as a sanction for a specified
              period. Comfort items, such as a favourite doll or bear should never be
              removed from a child as a sanction. If children have mobile phones, and
              dependent on the situation, they could be removed for brief periods, but the
              child should always be allowed to use a land line if they wish to contact their
              parents, advocate or social worker.
         21   Subject to the usual security measures of households, such as locking
              external doors at night, children should never be locked in a room. It may be
              appropriate to deny a child access to a particular room or specific area, such
              as the garden occasionally and this may be achieved in a number of ways,
              such as verbal requests, standing in the way, or locking the door, whilst
              taking care to avoid physical confrontation. It must be emphasised though
              that Looked After children should be able to access all communal areas of
              the house, such as living room, dining room, kitchen and garden as a routine,
              only being forbidden to do so for a specific reason. It is acceptable to lock
              office or storage areas, to which the child is not normally expected to gain
              access.
         22   It is acceptable to use mechanisms or modifications to a foster home which           Foster Care
              are necessary for security, for example, on external exits or windows, so long       Agreement
              as this does not restrict the child‟s mobility or ability to leave the premises if   Placement Plans
              it is safe for them to do so. If any such mechanisms are used, they must be
              agreed by the Team Manager of the Fostering Service and the Team Manager
              responsible for the child, and set out in the Foster Carer Agreement, and the
              child‟s Placement Plan. In the very rare event that this is not sufficient to
              promote a child‟s safety, a „Team around the child‟ meeting, chaired by a
              Service Manager will need to be convened to consider options on an
              individual basis.
         23   Tagging of children in all but the most exceptional circumstances is not
              permitted, i.e. by Court Order for youth offending. If this strategy is
              considered for any other reason, permission must be sought from the Head of
              Business Unit.
         24   Safe care guidelines must be produced for every foster home, and these must          Safe Care Plans
              be approved by the supervising social worker and the child‟s social worker.
              They must also be explained to the child in an age appropriate and
              constructive manner. Methods of control and discipline used within the home


Section 7: 7.18 Fostering: Positive Behaviour Management                                                      5
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010

                                                                                                   Cross-Referencing
         Standards
              should be detailed within these, and referred to in the Placement
              Agreement, and the child‟s behaviour management plan. (Cross ref.)
         25   Where foster carers become concerned about changes in a child‟s behaviour,
              or where current methods of behaviour management are no longer effective,
              the foster carer should report this to the supervising social worker and the
              child‟s social worker, so that a multi-agency review of the behaviour
              management plan can be convened. The child, and where possible the
              child‟s parents, will be encouraged to contribute to this process.
         26   Some children may have prescribed medication to assist them with managing
              their behaviour. All medication must be given as prescribed. Where
              medication is prescribed „as needed‟ the foster carer must clarify with the
              prescribing physician the circumstances under which the medication should
              be given and obtain this advice and the method for administration of the
              medication in writing. If there is any remaining doubt, the specialist nurses
              for Looked After children and the child‟s social worker should be consulted.
         27   Foster carers should record any rewards/sanctions or discipline and control
              mechanisms, in their fostering log, and share this with both supervising social
              worker and the child‟s social worker. If any action outside of the agreed
              behaviour management plan has taken place, or if the child has become
              distressed after any sanction, the respective workers should be contacted
              immediately or at the first feasible moment.
         28   These standards apply to anyone in a substitute caring role, for example,
              baby sitter, or anyone else living in the household.

        No Task                                                  Responsible      Record required       Performance
                                                                 officer          on RAISE              standard
        1     Discussions with prospective foster carer, pre- Assessing Social    Assessment            Within
              approval, about policy and practice relating to Worker              document              assessment
              behaviour management. Assessment of                                                       period agreed
              prospective foster carers‟ ability to use positive                                        by Fostering
              behaviour management techniques in a range                                                Team
              of circumstances.                                                                         manager.
        2     Pre Approval, Safe Care Plan developed with        Supervising      Safe Care Plan        Pre Approval
              foster carers.                                     Social Worker
        3     The pre-placement meeting must cover the           Supervising  Case Recording            Before the
              foster carer‟s safe care plan in relation to the Social Worker +Sheet                     placement
              specific child, and the child‟s specific                        Pre-placement
                                                                 Child‟s Social                         begins
              behaviour management needs, to ensure the          Worker       meeting
              placement will be able to meet the child‟s                      documentation.
              needs. From this discussion a behaviour                         Care Plan.
              management plan is developed.                                   Risk Management
                                                                              Plan.
                                                                              Positive Behaviour
                                                                              Management Plan
        4     If a child is placed in an emergency, 3 above   Supervising     Case Recording            Within 72
              must be covered within the planning meeting     Social Worker + Sheet                     hours of the
              (72 hour meeting).                              Child‟s Social  72 hour meeting           placement
                                                              Worker          record.                   commencing.
                                                                              Positive Behaviour
                                                                              Management Plan
        5     Discussion with social workers on the impact of                 Case Recording            See visiting
              the behaviour management plan should form                       Sheet                     schedule for
              part of every visit to the foster carers.                                                 supervising
                                                                                                        social
                                                                                                        workers, and
                                                                                                        the child‟s


Section 7: 7.18 Fostering: Positive Behaviour Management                                                     6
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010
        No Task                                                 Responsible      Record required      Performance
                                                                officer          on RAISE             standard
                                                                                                      worker.
        6    All incidents where discipline and control                          Foster Carer diary   Immediately
             strategies have been required must be
             recorded by the foster carer, as soon as is
             practicable, after the incident.
        7    Significant incidents must be discussed with the                    Case Recording       By the end of
             child‟s social worker and the supervising social                    Sheet                the working
             worker as soon as is practicable, after the                                              day, or first
             incident.                                                                                thing the next
                                                                                                      morning.
        8    The supervising social worker and child‟s social   Child‟s Social   Case Recording       Within 5
             worker will discuss with the foster carer          Worker           Sheet                working days
             whether the current behaviour management           Supervising      Positive Behaviour
             plan has been effective, or whether it needs       Social Worker    Management Plan
             review.
        9    Review of the behaviour management plan and        Child‟s Social   Case Recording       Every three
             safe care plans should be undertaken every         Worker           Sheet                months from
             quarter. Formal review should be linked to the     Supervising      Positive Behaviour   issue of the
             LAC Review process.                                Social Worker    Management Plan      initial plan.
                                                                                 LAC Review
                                                                                 documentation
        10   If actions outlined in Standards 22 and 23 are     Team Manager     Report
             considered, in exceptional circumstances, a                         Case Recording
             written report covering reason for request,                         Sheet
             other strategies considered/dismissed,
             consultation and legal opinion must be
             submitted to Service Manager or Head of
             Business Unit.




Section 7: 7.18 Fostering: Positive Behaviour Management                                                    7
Reviewed                  March 2009
Agreed by CSMT            April 2009
Next Review Date          March 2010


7.19 Fostering : Private Foster Care

         Objective                              To ensure that private fostering arrangements do not leave children at
                                                 risk from significant harm.
                                          




         Legal & Policy Status                  The Children Act 1989
                                                The Children Act 2004
                                                The Children Act 1989 Guidance and Regulations, Volume 8
                                                National Minimum Standards for Private Fostering 2003
                                                Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                                Provision of Accommodation for 16/17 year old Young People who may be
                                                 Homeless and/or require Accommodation 2010


                                                                                                       Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     Private Fostering is an arrangement made by the parents of a child under the
               age of 16 years (18 years if the child has a disability) to be cared for and
               accommodated for a period of more than 28 days by someone who is not
               his/her parent, relative or any other person who does not have parental
               responsibility.
         2     Please note that it is not relevant whether the private foster parents are
               being paid or not.
         3     A child/young person is not privately fostered when:                                    Accommodation
               a) She/he is looked after by the Council:                                               Supervision Order
               b) She/he is in accommodation provided by a voluntary organisation:
               c) She/he is in a residential school in which he/she is having full-time
                     education
               d) She/he is in hospital, residential care home, nursing or psychiatric unit:
               e) She/he is in the care of any other person in compliance with a
                     Supervision Order.
               f) She/he is placed for adoption by an adoption agency.
         4     An assessment of suitability must be undertaken of the proposed Foster Carer
               by the Council.
         5     If it comes to the notice of the Council that a child is in a private fostering
               placement, the child's social worker needs to undertake police & statutory
               checks immediately before notifying the Fostering & Placement Team
         6     A particular pressure, in Bournemouth, relates to the high number of
               language schools, some of which offer placements to young people that fall
               within Private Fostering Regulations.


                                                                                                       Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     Before the assessment can begin the person who proposes to privately foster
               a child must inform the Council of the proposed care arrangements. This
               notification should be made in writing not less than six weeks and not more
               than 13 weeks before the child is due to be placed in a private fostering
               arrangement.
         2     Assistance must be given by the Council should parent(s) and/or carers
               require assistance and this would usually be given by the assessment duty
               social worker or the Supervising Social Worker.
         3     In an emergency the carer(s) and parent(s) must notify the Council in writing
               within 48 hours of the child moving to the private fostering arrangements.
         4     All children in private foster care will be supported by an assessment of their
               private foster placements undertaken by the Supervising Social Worker,
               monitoring their arrangements, including visiting the child and advising the
               carers.


Section 7: 7.19 Fostering: Private Foster Care                                                                    1
Reviewed                  March 2009
Agreed by CSMT            April 2009
Next Review Date          March 2010


        No Task                                                   Responsible       Record required    Performance
                                                                  officer           on RAISE           standard
        1     When contacted by the private foster carer          Duty worker       DoH Referral and   Immediately
              collect the following information:                                    Information Record
               The name, gender, date of birth, religious,
                  racial origin, culture and linguistic                             Private Fostering -
                  background of the child/young person.                             Initial Notice (A)
               The name, address and any previous
                  address(es) within the last 5 years of the                        Private Fostering
                  proposed carer.                                                   Initial Notice (B)
               The proposed commencement date and
                  intended duration of the arrangement.
               The name and address of the parent(s),
                  anyone with parental responsibility, and/or
                  any other significant people in the child‟s
                  life.
        2     Ask the proposed carers for their permission for Duty worker          DoH Referral and    Immediately
              the following checks to be made:                                      Information Record
               Police checks                                                       Adult BAAF Form
               Health checks on the carer(s) from the                              AH
                  family doctor                                                     Private Fostering -
               Contact with other agencies i.e. health,                            Children's Act 1989
                  school to obtain any comments that may                            Service Manager's
                  have about the carer‟s ability to parent.                         Acceptance Letter
                                                                                    Children's Act 1989
              Checks should be made automatically on all                            - Private Fostering
              members of the household.                                             Letter
                                                                                    CRB Form
              If any concerns or offences become apparent                           Children's Act 1989
              these must be discussed with a team manager
              immediately.
        3     Allocate the Assessment Suitability to a            Placements     Notification of          Prior to
              Supervising Social Worker and allocated the         Team Manager Amendments                 placement or
              child to a Field Social Worker.                     &                                       within 48
                                                                  Fieldwork Team                          hours of child
                                                                  Manager                                 being placed
                                                                                                          or authority
                                                                                                          being
                                                                                                          informed of
                                                                                                          placement
        4     Assess the arrangements by making a home            Supervising       Case Recording        Within 7days
              visit. Satisfy themselves that the welfare of the   Social Worker     Sheet                 of placement
              child is being satisfactorily safeguarded and                                               being made
              promoted. Provide appropriate advice to the
              carers.
        5     The social worker must ensure the assessment        Supervising       Case Recording        Within 14 days
              of such placements includes obtaining and           Social Worker     Sheet                 of allocation
              recording the views of the carer(s), the                              DoH Inter-Agency
              parent(s), the child(ren) and other relevant                          Referral
              people, in particular the school or nursery,
              family doctor and health visitor.
        6     Any refusal to provide permission for the social    Supervising       Case Recording        Immediately
              worker to complete an assessment should be          Social Worker /   Sheet
              viewed with serious concern and consideration       Fostering &
              about application for a court order must be         Placements
              considered.                                         Team Manager
        7     The assessment including a recommendation           Supervising       Assessment of         Within 6
              about the suitability of the placement must be      Social Worker     Suitability Report    weeks

Section 7: 7.19 Fostering: Private Foster Care                                                                  2
Reviewed                  March 2009
Agreed by CSMT            April 2009
Next Review Date          March 2010
        No Task                                                   Responsible     Record required        Performance
                                                                  officer         on RAISE               standard
              completed. This assessment must be passed to                        Report on              of case being
              the Fostering & Placements Team Manager, and                        Suitability of         allocated
              Service Manager Family Support and                                  Prospective Private
              Placements Services for information and                             Foster Parents and
              comment.                                                            Household
        8     During the assessment process should any            Supervising     Case Recording         During
              concerns arise about the suitability of the         Social Worker   Sheet                  assessment,
              placement, these must be discussed with the                         Private Fostering -    within 6 weeks
              Fostering & Placements Team Manager as a                            Declaration            of referral
              matter of urgency. A decision about the most                        Regarding
              appropriate course of action will need to be                        Suitability to         the report has
              made and may include:                                               Foster a Child         to be
               Informing the child‟s parents of the                              Privately              completed
                  concerns and requesting that they remove                                               within 6 weeks
                  their child.                                                    Statutory Enquiries
               The Council may need to remove a child                            of Other Agencies
                  against the wishes of the parent(s) and/or                      in Respect of
                  carers and therefore a court order allowing                     Prospective Private
                  the Council to remove a child will need to                      Fostering Parent/
                  be obtained.                                                    Independent
               Imposing requirements with time limits on                         Visitors
                  the carers, e.g. the Council may require
                  the carers to improve their standard of
                  hygiene within their home.
               Or applying for a prohibition order. This
                  will mean obtaining a court order which
                  would prohibit a person from caring for any
                  child within Bournemouth.
              The social worker must always seek advice
              from the placements team manager and legal
              team should such concerns exist and agreement
              from Service Manager, Family Support and
              Placement services will be required before any
              application is made before the court.
        9     Private Fostering - if the Private Foster Carer     Fieldwork       The Children's Act -   As soon as
              has more than 3 children placed, then notify        Service Manager Schedule 7 Letter      Social Services
              them of the need for specific approval.                             Template               are notified
                                                                                  Application for
                                                                                  Exemption from
                                                                                  the Usual Limit of
                                                                                  Three Fostering
                                                                                  Placements
        10    Visit the placement as follows:                     Child's Social  Private Fostering -    In accordance
               Within 1 week of the placement starting.          Worker          Report on              with statutory
               Once every week whilst assessment being                           Fostering              visiting
                   completed                                                      Placement (A)          patterns
               Once every 6 weeks within the first year of                       Private Fostering -
                   placement                                                      Report on
               Once every 3 months thereafter.                                   Fostering
              These are the minimum requirements and must                         Placement (B)
              be increased if appropriate.                                        Case recording
                                                                                  Sheet
        11    A written detailed report must be completed in      Supervising     Case recording         In accordance
              line with Council guidelines after each visit and   Social Worker   Sheet                  with statutory
              kept on the child‟s file.                                                                  visiting
                                                                                                         patterns
        12    Review suitability of placement annually.           Supervising     Private Fostering      Annually

Section 7: 7.19 Fostering: Private Foster Care                                                                 3
Reviewed                  March 2009
Agreed by CSMT            April 2009
Next Review Date          March 2010
        No Task                                               Responsible      Record required     Performance
                                                              officer          on RAISE            standard
                                                              Social Worker    Report on
                                                                               Fostering
                                                                               Placement (A)
                                                                               Private Fostering
                                                                               Report on
                                                                               Fostering
                                                                               Placement (B)
        13    If Private Foster Carers have a change of       Private Foster   Private Fostering - Immediately
              circumstances, formal notification is needed.   Carer            Change in
                                                                               Circumstances /
                                                              Supervising      Removal of a Child
                                                              Social Worker




Section 7: 7.19 Fostering: Private Foster Care                                                         4
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            October 2010
Next Review Date          October 2011


7.20 Fostering : Recruitment of Foster Carers

         Objective                           To ensure access to a supply of foster carers which meets the range of
                                              needs of children and young people who are looked after.
                                             To provide a choice of family environments providing a range of skills to
                                              meet the needs of the children looked after.
                                          




         Legal & Policy Status               The Children Act 1989 Schedule 2
                                             Fostering Services Regulations 2002
                                             Care Standards Act 2000
                                             National Minimum Standards for Fostering Services
                                             Equalities Act 2010
                                             Equality Impact Needs Assessment Guidance 2010
                                             Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient Accommodation for
                                              Looked After Children 2010


                                                                                                     Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     Publicity and recruitment campaigns should aim to reach all groups in the
               community, especially where there is a need for foster carers from a
               particular racial, cultural or religious group.
         2     Bournemouth will maintain (and/or contract though other agencies) a range
               of foster carers to ensure suitable placements for each child/young person
               placed in foster care.
         3     Priority is given to placing children within their local area, except when this
               is inappropriate to the assessed needs of the child/young person.
         4     The service should provide a sufficient range of carers able to meet the
               needs of the child, i.e. emotional, behavioural, racial, ethnic, cultural,
               linguistic and religious, as well as any needs relating to disability, gender or
               sexuality.
         5     The Council provides resources to implement the recruitment strategy and to
               meet specifically identified needs in relation to family placements for
               children looked after.
         6     The recruitment strategy should include agreed procedures to be used when             Placement with
               assessing the possibility of relatives or friends of each child as appropriate        Family & Friends
               foster carers. Foster placements made with family or friends in an emergency
               must comply with Regulation 38.
         7     Approved foster carers and children who have been fostered have
               considerable experience to bring to the planning and implementation of
               recruitment strategy/activity. Their input should be encouraged.
         8     The Fostering Service Team Manager completes an Equalities Impact Needs
               Assessment update annually to ensure recruitment is compliant with
               Equalities legislation.


                                                                                                     Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     The recruitment strategy is to be reviewed annually with all recruitment
               methods and their effectiveness being scrutinised and evaluated to provide a
               comprehensive report of the recruitment strategy.
         2     An enquiry from prospective foster carer applicants should be responded to
               within 24 hours with an information pack forwarded to them; monitoring of
               response times will ensure that prospective foster carers are not lost due to a
               failure to respond promptly.
         3     A further telephone contact should be made within 7–10 days of the pack
               being sent to ascertain whether the applicant wishes to proceed a referral
               should be completed. If they do the recruitment worker should visit the

Section 7: 7.20 Fostering: Recruitment of Foster Carers                                                          1
Reviewed                  September 2010
Agreed by CSMT            October 2010
Next Review Date          October 2011


                                                                                               Cross-Referencing
         Standards
               applicant‟s home to discuss the implications of fostering in more detail.
         4     If, following this visit, the applicant still wishes to proceed and the         Assessment of
               recruitment worker thinks that the applicant may be suitable, their name is     Foster Carers
               put forward to the next training course and the case papers are prepared for
               reallocation to a worker to undertake the assessment (within one month).
         5     Assessments will be completed using (BAAF) Form F within 6 months of
               application.
         6     Exit interviews forms, to a standard pro-forma, should be held with each        Exit Interviews
               carer who drops out during the assessment process.

        No Task                                             Responsible         Record required      Performance
                                                            officer             on RAISE             standard
        1     On receipt of enquiry, the Recruitment Worker Recruitment         Enquiry Form         Within 24
              sends an information pack.                    Worker                                   hours of
                                                                                                     receiving
                                                                                                     enquiry
        2     Within 7 - 10 days of the pack being sent, ask      Recruitment     If yes, a DoH      Within 7 - 10
              applicant whether they wish to proceed.             Worker          Referral and       days of the
                                                                                  Information Record pack being
                                                                                                     sent
        3     Recruitment worker makes initial visit.             Recruitment     Case Recording     Within week
                                                                  Worker          Sheet              of
                                                                                                     confirmation
                                                                                                     to proceed
        4     If applicant wishes to proceed following the        Supervising     Case recording     Allocation
              initial visit, details are to be put forward to the Social Worker / Sheet              within
              next training session.                              Recruitment     BAAF Form F        one week.
                                                                  Worker          Notification of    Assessment
                                                                                  Amendments         completed
              Papers to be allocated to a worker to                                                  within 5
              undertake the assessment.                                                              months from
                                                                                                     allocation.
        5     Exit interviews should be held for all              Recruitment     Exit Interview Pro Within 14 days
              prospective Foster Carers who do not proceed Worker                 forma              of notification
              through assessment. These forms will be
              collated to help us better understand the
              impediments, and if necessary address.




Section 7: 7.20 Fostering: Recruitment of Foster Carers                                                    2
Reviewed                 September 2010
Agreed by CSMT           October 2010
Next Review Date         October 2011


7.21 Fostering : Review of Approval

         Objective                             To ensure by annual formal review that the Council remains satisfied that
                                                a fostering household has the capacity to fulfil the fostering task
                                                appropriately.
                                         




         Legal & Policy Status                 The Children Act 1989
                                               The Children Act 2004
                                               Fostering Services Regulation 2002 Regulation 29
                                               National Minimum Standards for Fostering Services
                                               Care Standards Act 2000
                                               Every Child Matters 2003
                                               Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                               Children and Young Person‟s Act 2008


                                                                                                      Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     National Minimum Standards require formal review of fostering arrangements
               at least annually. In Bournemouth the requirement is for formal review at
               intervals of not more than 10 months.
         2     The review of fostering approval process should:
                satisfy the approving Council of the continuing capacity of the foster
                    carer(s) to carry out the fostering task,
                provide the foster carer(s) with an opportunity to give feedback,
                contribute to essential information on the quality and range of services
                    provided by the approving Council,
                and inform recruitment, assessment and training strategies,
                take place annually or following an allegation, change of circumstances
                    including health grounds or to alter approval.
         3     The format of the review should take into account the written views of:                Supporting and
                the foster carer(s),                                                                 Training of Foster
                the foster carer‟s children,                                                         Carers
                any foster children who have been placed with the foster carers in the
                    review period.
                the child‟s social worker,
                the Virtual School Head,
                LAC Nurses,
                any responsible Council, other than Bournemouth Borough Council, who
                    have placed a child with the foster carer(s) since the previous review or
                    who have a continuing placement with the foster carer(s).
         4     The review should also consider the view of the fostering social worker.
         5     The review should also assess the foster carers capacity to promote outcomes
               (5 ECM) for children, and establish the skill level at which the foster carers
               are working.
         6     At the conclusion of the review it is presented to the fostering panel if it is        Fostering Panel
               the first review since registration or if the carers are seeking a change of
               approval or following an allegation. All other reviews are approved by the
               Service Manager, Family Support and Placement Services. A letter along with
               new placement agreements is sent to the carers with details of their re-
               approval.


                                                                                                      Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     Reviews will be undertaken by an independent IRO.                                      IRO – Annual
                                                                                                      Review of Foster
                                                                                                      Carers


Section 7: 7.21 Fostering: Review of Approval                                                                    1
Reviewed                 September 2010
Agreed by CSMT           October 2010
Next Review Date         October 2011

                                                                                                   Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         2     A programme of reviews should be planned by the fostering service, ensuring
               each foster carer is reviewed in line with statutory expectations and the
               Council‟s complaints procedure.
         3     The review is a process which includes the Foster Carer, Fostering Worker
               and Chair Person. The views of the young people in placement should be
               sought and incorporated.
         4     The review should follow the standardised format ensuring all requirements
               are checked and recorded.
         5     Training needs should be assessed by referral to the foster carers personal
               development portfolio.
         6     The foster carer(s) should receive copies of all written submissions in
               advance of the review and have the opportunity to contribute their own
               written comments.
         7     The foster carer(s) should be given the opportunity to read and sign the
               Review report before it is presented to the Fostering Panel or sent to the
               Service Manager.
         8     As part of the review process the supervising social worker will ensure that
               CRB clearance is compliant with Council standards and that all fire, health
               and safety and risk assessments are up to date, and that there are safe care
               plans in place.
         9     All reports from the review meeting and its outcome are recorded on the
               foster carers‟ file.
         10    A review should be convened following any significant incident, complaint or
               allegation of abuse or neglect or following a period of significant ill health.

        No Task                                                  Responsible        Record required     Performance
                                                                 officer            on RAISE            standard
        1     Complete foster carer review form, previous        Fostering Social   Foster Carers       Papers
              review recommendations and comments                Worker             Review Form and     delivered 10
              collated from the children placed.                                    Previous            days before
              If the review does not need to be presented to                        Recommendations     Panel meeting
              Fostering Panel, it is passed to Service Manager                      on Carer‟s Case
              Family Support and Placement Services (FRPS)                          File
              for approval.
        2     Paperwork sent to IRO for review process, to be    Fostering Social
              completed. IRO to review previous review           Worker
              documents taking note of recommendations
              made.
        3     If the review is to be presented to the            Panel              Child Care -        Informed
              Fostering Panel, the Fostering Social Worker is    administrator      Fostering Panels    immediately
              given the date of the panel and informed that                         Agenda Item
              all paperwork must be received by the panel
              administrator within 10 days of the panel
              meeting, signed by the Foster Social Worker,
              Placements Team Manager and Foster Carers.
        4     Distribute reviews to Panel member.                Panel              N/A                 Papers
                                                                 administrator                          delivered 7
                                                                                                        days before
                                                                                                        Panel meeting
        5     Time is given re: attendance of presentation to    Panel              Agenda              7 days before
              panel.                                             administrator                          Panel meeting
        6     Send minutes of panel meeting to panel             Panel              Carer‟s case file   Within 1
              members one week before prior to next panel.       administrator                          month
        7     Notify carers of Panel recommendation subject      Panel              N/A                 Same day as
              to Service Director/Agency Decision Maker‟s        administrator                          Panel
              approval.

Section 7: 7.21 Fostering: Review of Approval                                                                2
Reviewed                 September 2010
Agreed by CSMT           October 2010
Next Review Date         October 2011
        No Task                                                 Responsible     Record required   Performance
                                                                officer         on RAISE          standard
        8     Notify carers of approval by Service Director /   Panel           Letter            1 week
              Agency Decision Maker‟s.                          administrator
        9     Letter and 2 copies of new agreement sent to      Panel           Letter            1 week
              carers.                                           administrator   Placement
                                                                                Agreement




Section 7: 7.21 Fostering: Review of Approval                                                          3
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010


7.22 Fostering : Short Break Scheme

         Objective                             To provide family based care for children under Section 20 of the
                                                Childrens Act 1989.
                                         




         Legal & Policy Status                 Children Act 1989
                                               Children Act 2004
                                               Aiming High for Disabled Children 2007
                                               Support for All: The Families and Relationships Green Paper 2009
                                               The Care Planning, Placements and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                               Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                               Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient Accommodation for
                                                Looked After Children 2010
                                               Breaks for Carers of Disabled Children Regulations (2011) (from April
                                                2011)


                                                                                                      Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1    A short break is defined as an arrangement whereby children who are
              dependent on regular carers for at least some aspect of their primary care
              and support, are provided with a break from their carer for a short period.
               It will provide at least one night of care but no single placement will
                  exceed more than 4 weeks of continuous care.
               The total duration of the placements is not to exceed 120 days in any
                  period of 12 months.
         2    Children whose behaviour could pose a potential risk to themselves and                  Risk Assessments
              others will be considered for Short Breaks, depending on the results of a risk
              assessment. This also includes children who require moving and handling and             Invasive Medical
              children who have additional health needs                                               Treatment
         3    Carers have an assessment of suitability undertaken on them using BBAF
              Form1 or 2 guidelines.
               Carers who provide less than 24 hours care in their own home are
                  assessed to the same standard as foster carers offering overnight care.
         4    Equipment is purchased and loaned to the carers to enable them to perform
              their caring role. (e.g. bedding)
         5    Referrals to Occupational Therapy service can be made for assessment of the
              child‟s care in the carers home where the child is disabled and subject to
              approval, equipment and minor adaptations to the carer‟s home can be
              made, to enable them to continue to provide care to a child.


                                                                                                      Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1    Choosing to Foster Training is completed by all carers, providing overnight             Invasive Medical
              care.                                                                                   Treatment
               In addition to this Short Break carers should attend First Aid refresher              paperwork
                  training yearly.
               If providing physical care, Moving and Handling training should be
                  undertaken.
               If providing invasive healthcare, training on specific procedures will be
                  put in place.
         2    The arrangements recognise that the parents/main foster carers, remain the              LAC paperwork
              primary carers for the child and care must be with agreement of all parties.
         3    Carers should meet the child before the placement commences, attending                  LAC paperwork
              planning meetings and be provided with information on the child‟s health,
              special needs, diet and acts of daily living.
         4    Payments are made to carers, based on the amount of time they care for the


Section 7: 7.22 Fostering: Short Break Scheme                                                                       1
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010

                                                                                             Cross-Referencing
         Standards
              child and also travel expenses.
              Payments will be made within 1 month of making the claim.

        Applicant to the Scheme
        No Task                                                Responsible     Record required      Performance
                                                               officer         on RAISE             standard
        1     Prospective carers make contact and a referral Supervising       Referral and         As appropriate
              is taken                                         Social Worker   Information Record
        2     Supervising Social Worker make initial visit and Supervising     Case Recording       Within 1
              the Short Breaks Scheme is explained.            Social Worker   Sheet                month of
                                                                                                    allocation
        3     Assessment commences completing BAAF Form        Supervising     BAAF Form 1 or 2     Within 1
              1 or BAAF Form 2 (if the applications is for a   Social Worker                        month of
              specific child)                                                                       allocation
              Completed applications are presented to Foster  Supervising       BAAF Form 1 or 2    On completion
        4     Panel, who make a recommendation to the         Social Worker                         of assessment
              Service Director, Children's Social Care about  Foster Panel                          at next foster
              their approval.                                 Service                               panel
                                                              Director,                             (held monthly)
                                                              Children's Social
                                                              Care
        5     In the case of applicants offering less than 24 Supervising                           Within 4
              hours, the application is presented to Services Social Worker                         months
              Manager.                                        Service Manager
        6     The applicants approval is matched against the Supervising                            Within 2
              list of children for a service, considerations  Social Worker                         weeks of post
              include:                                                                              approval
               Time available – day care or overnights
                   required
               Ethnicity
               Religion
               Culture
               Age range of approval
               Geographical location including educational
                   establishments
               Skills match (e.g. medical knowledge)
               Carers choice
               Wishes and feelings of the child
               Wishes of the parents
        7     Meeting arranged with potential carers,         Supervising       Meeting             Within 1
              Supervising Social Worker, child‟s social       Social Worker     Case Recording      month of the
              worker, parents/main carers of the child, the                     Sheet               match being
              child.                                                                                identified
        8     If proceeding subsequent visits are arranged    Child‟s Social    LAC Forms           Prior to
              and statutory paperwork completed e.g. LAC      Worker            Information for     placement
              or Information for carers forms                                   Carers              commencing
        9     The carers receive contact supervision and      Supervising       Case Recording      Monthly
              support from the Supervising Social Worker      Social Worker     Sheet               supervision.
              monthly and are reviewed annually in line with                                        Review
              Foster Carer Regulations                                                              annually or
                                                                                                    before if there
                                                                                                    is a change of
                                                                                                    circumstances


        Social Worker to the Scheme

Section 7: 7.22 Fostering: Short Break Scheme                                                             2
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010
        No Task                                                 Responsible      Record required        Performance
                                                                officer          on RAISE               standard
        1     Referral request made by the child‟s social       Child‟s Social   Referral Form for      Immediately
              worker by completion of the Referral Form for     Worker           all Resource           upon request
              all resource requests.                                             Requests
        2     Referrals are held on a waiting list pending      Supervising      Referral Form for      As appropriate
              matching to potential carers.                     Social Worker    all Resource
                                                                                 Requests
        3     The list of children waiting is reviewed on the   Supervising      List of the children   Monthly
              week following the foster panel                   Social Worker    waiting on
                                                                                 computer
        4     The referring social workers, team and service    Supervising      List of the children   Monthly
              managers are notified of any possible changes     Social Worker    waiting on
              as a result of this.                                               computer
        5     Of no match has been found after 6 months of      Supervising      Request for update     6 monthly /
              waiting, an update is requested as to whether     Social Worker                           yearly
              this request is still required.
        6     Unmet need is recorded and monitored by           Supervising     List of the children Monthly
              management                                        Social Worker   waiting on
                                                                Team Manager computer
                                                                Service Manager




Section 7: 7.22 Fostering: Short Break Scheme                                                                3
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010


7.23 Fostering : Smoking

         Objective                       To ensure that children and young people placed in foster care have a
                                          healthy living environment and good role models.
                                      




         Legal & Policy Status           Health Act 2006
                                         Smoke Free ( Premises and Enforcement) Regulations 2006
                                         The Children Act 1989
                                         The Care Standards Act 2000
                                         National Minimum Standards for Fostering
                                         Every Child Matters: Being Healthy 2003
                                         Care Matters: Implementation Plan 2008
                                         Bournemouth Borough Council Smoking Policy (BORIS)
                                         BAAF Practice Note 51
                                         Fostering Network Guidance
                                         Children and Young Persons Act 2008
                                         Statutory Guidance on Promoting the Health and Well-being of Looked
                                          After Children 2010
                                         NICE/SCIE Guidance: The Physical and Emotional Health and Well-being of
                                          Looked After Children and Young People 2009


                                                                                                Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1  This policy applies to all staff working in the fostering service, to approved
            and potential foster carers and to the children and young people in their
            care.
         2  The health, safety and wellbeing of children and young people are
            paramount. This includes taking into consideration the effect of smoking on
            children who are in foster care, and recognising the important role foster
            carers and social workers have in protecting all aspects of a child‟s health
            while they are in care
         3  The rights of foster carers to smoke at home must be balanced against the
            rights of looked after children, who frequently have neglected or impaired
            health at the point at which they become looked after.
         4  There can be long term health and social implications for children and young
            people who have been exposed to passive smoking, or who come to regard
            smoking as the norm.
         5  A major concern for the Council is to address the differing „life outcomes‟ of
            looked after children compared with those who are adopted or who live in
            birth families. This approach acknowledges that poor health at the start of
            life can have a lifelong impact on a child.
         6  As a Council, we must be aware of potential legal action in the future if a
            child develops a smoking related disorder, or claims „normalisation‟ of
            smoking after being placed in a foster home
         7  Policies on smoking developed for use in Children‟s Social Care must be             Residential
            sufficiently consistent to ensure that children get similar protection,             Smoking Policy
            regardless of their care context
         8  Children‟s Social Care staff must never smoke around children and young             Bournemouth
            people. They should also be aware that the smell of smoke remains on the            Borough Council
            person and in cars, and should ensure they are doing everything they can to         Smoking Policy
            minimise the lingering effects of cigarette smoke.
         9  While a foster carer‟s home is not a workplace, recent legislation has been
            based on greater recognition that smoking in any enclosed space can be
            detrimental to the health of both the smokers and those around them.
         10 All staff involved in the recruitment/assessment of foster carers need to give


Section 7: 7.23 Fostering: Smoking                                                                         1
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010

                                                                                                Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
              the protection of children‟s health a high priority.
         11   A staged approach will be taken with regard to existing foster carers who
              smoke, as outlined in the standards, below, but every effort will be made
              and every support given to them to improve their own life expectations and
              those of children in their care, by reducing, managing or giving up smoking.
              Foster carers will be encouraged to reflect upon the example they are giving
              to children regarding smoking
         12   The PCT‟s Smokestop Service links directly with the Fostering & Placements
              Team, and will offer advice and support to anyone connected to the fostering
              task:-
                   foster carers
                   foster carers children/extended family members
                   looked after children and young people
                   staff within looked after children‟s services
              http://www.dorsetsmokestop.nhs.uk
              Foster carers have a responsibility with regard to their own health and that
              of their family. When they are offered smoking cessation support they have a
              duty to seriously consider the benefits of taking up that service
         13   Free practical help and advice about how to stop smoking is available on :-
                   telephone number 01202 541507
                   the website quitwithus.nhs.uk
                   by texting QUITIT to 64446 for a free call back
         14   The Council does not wish to create in smokers the feeling that applications to
              become foster carers would be unwelcome, however there will be a
              requirement to access the Smokestop course prior to assessment
         15   Nicotine poisoning may be caused in young children if they attempt to eat
              cigarettes, and the misuse of patches, gum and other aides to quitting also
              poses risks


                                                                                                Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     Information regarding the harmful effects of smoking will be included in
               information packs, and preparation/training programmes for prospective
               foster carers.
         2     Prospective foster carers who smoke will be asked to complete a Smokestop
               course prior to their assessment for fostering begins.
         3     The Council will only approve foster carers who smoke in exceptional
               circumstances, where the prospective foster carers have convinced the
               assessing worker, team manager and Fostering Panel that they will never
               smoke in the presence of looked after children.
         4     For existing foster carers who smoke, supervision visits will include
               encouragement to consider cessation of smoking with the support available.
         5     Existing foster carers should never smoke in the presence or sight of looked
               after children. Should carers have difficulty in adhering to this, the annual
               review process will include consideration of the impact on children placed,
               and will be put before the Fostering Panel.
         6     No child under five years old will be placed with non-related foster carers
               who smoke.
         7     When assessing relatives as foster carers for a specific child, there are        Family & Friends
               particular issues to consider if the applicants are smokers. Any risk to the     Care
               health of the child will be weighed against the potential benefits to that
               child in being placed with people who are part of their family/friends
               network and with whom they are likely to have a pre-existing bond. An
               assessment will be made in each case as to whether the best interests of the


Section 7: 7.23 Fostering: Smoking                                                                        2
Reviewed                 March 2009
Agreed by CSMT           April 2009
Next Review Date         March 2010

                                                                                                   Cross-Referencing
         Standards
               child would be served by living in that placement even if there is doubt about
               their ability to provide a smoke free environment.
         8     Disabled children who are physically unable to play outside, and children
               with respiratory problems, such as asthma, with heart disease, or glue ear
               will never be placed with foster carers who smoke.
         9     Foster carers must take full responsibility for implementing any changes in
               their household that reduce the risk of poisoning, burns and household fires
               caused by smoking.
         10    Foster carers‟ household rules will include expectations about non smoking
               and these will be made clear to young people coming into the placement, as
               well as extended family members and friends of the foster carers.
         11    Neither foster carers or members of staff will ever buy cigarettes for looked
               after children and young people.

        No Task                                                   Responsible     Record required       Performance
                                                                  officer         on RAISE              standard
        1     During the initial visit to prospective foster      Fostering &     Case recording        See case
              carers the Fostering & Placements Team              Placements                            recording
              worker will establish whether or not there are      Team worker                           standards
              smokers in the household.
        2     If there are smokers in the household, they will    Fostering &     Case recording        See case
              be asked to complete a Smokestop course prior       Placements                            recording
              to assessment.                                      Team worker                           standards
        3     If the prospective foster carers, are unable or     Team Manager    Supervision notes     Within 3 days
              unwilling to cease smoking with support, a          Fostering &                           of supervision
              decision must be made at team manager level         Placements
              about whether or not the assessment of              Team
              suitability should proceed.
        4     All existing foster carers who have a smoker in     Supervising     Case recording        See case
              the household will be asked, during visits by       Social Worker                         recording
              the supervising social worker, to undergo a                                               standards
              Smokestop course.
        5     If existing foster carers are unwilling or unable   Supervising     Case recording        See case
              to cease smoking, continued encouragement           Social Worker                         recording
              will be given during supervision visits, and the                                          standards
              foster carers will be required to demonstrate
              how they will manage their smoking habit
              without allowing the looked after children
              placed to witness them smoking.
        6     If foster carers are unable to do this, the         Supervising     Annual review         Within time –
              matter will be placed before Fostering Panel as     Social Worker   paperwork and         scales for
              part of the annual review process.                  and IRO         Panel Minutes         annual reviews
                                                                                                        and Panel
                                                                                                        Minutes
        7     Supervising social workers will make referrals  Supervising         Case recording        See case
              to the dedicated Smokestop worker in respect Social Worker                                recording
              of any family member of the fostering                                                     standards
              household and for any looked after children
              upon request.
        8     Consideration of smoking status will always be Duty worker          Case recording        See case
              part of the matching process, upon referral for                                           recording
              new placements.                                                                           standards




Section 7: 7.23 Fostering: Smoking                                                                            3
       Reviewed                 New
       Agreed by CSMT           November 2010
       Next Review Date         April 2012


7.24       Fostering : Supervision, Development and Support of Foster Carers

       Objective                           The Council in pursuit of best practice will supervise and support Foster
                                            Carers and provide development opportunities. This should not be
                                            confused with the duty the Council has to supervise the child placed with
                                            the carer.
                                       




       Legal & Policy Status               The Children Act 1989
                                           The Children Act 2004
                                           Children Act Guidance & Regulations Vol. 3
                                           National Fostering Minimum Standards 2002
                                           Care Standards Act 2000
                                           Care Matters: Implementation Plan 2008
                                           Children and Young Person‟s Act 2008
                                           Sufficiency: Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient Accommodation for
                                            Looked After Children 2010
                                           Fostering Services Regulations 2002
                                           CWDC Common Induction Standards 2008
                                           CWDC Common Core of Skills and Knowledge 2007
                                           Building a World Class Workforce for Children, Young People and Families
                                            CWDC 2006
                                           Towards and Integrated Qualifications Framework, Children‟s Workforce
                                            Network 2006


                                                                                                 Cross-Referencing
       Key Points
       1   It is important to distinguish the roles of workers involved in family
           placements. The role of the child‟s social worker is to safeguard the child
           and promote the best possible outcomes for them. The role of supervising
           social worker in the fostering service is to remain child centred yet, in the
           main to manage, supervise and support carers to further the carer‟s personal
           development. Children's Social Care's structure prevents one worker adopting
           the dual role of the child‟s social worker and the supervising worker for the
           foster carer thus avoiding conflicts of interest.
       2   It is important supervision is seen as developmental. Though it is a formal
           process, supervision should be a process of positive development and
           discovery for the carer. It is also a process within which the Council can
           make sure its service is a safe one.
       3   Supervision should take the form of a minimum of 4 weekly contact with the
           carer. Visits to the carers home should include discussion about daily
           routines, education, contact, health and the impact the child placed is
           having on family life.
       4   In addition to the pre-approval training it is important that carers realise
           from the onset that they will be expected to participate in ongoing post
           approval training and development activity and that supervision will be a
           forum for discussing this.
       5   Carers development needs should be identified and recorded as part of the             Review of Approval
           annual review and collated to formulate a fostering service training needs
           analysis as well as individual training needs development plans.
       6   Where there are two adult carers fulfilling the fostering role (e.g. husband
           and wife/partners) then the supervising social worker should ensure visits
           involving both carers take place regularly. However, whilst both carers
           should be met with, it is understood that sometimes both carers may not
           available to be visited together. In this situation, it is the responsibility of
           the supervising social worker to arrange separate but regular visits.
       7   There is a wide range of development activity available for foster carers
           including:



       Section 7: 7.24 Fostering: Supervision, Development & Support of Foster Carers                        1
Reviewed                 New
Agreed by CSMT           November 2010
Next Review Date         April 2012

                                                                                       Cross-Referencing
Key Points
           Forums
           Formal training
           Conferences
           E-learning directed reading/research
           Mentoring
           Shadowing
8    There are different training and development requirements dependent on            Skills Based
     skills level and whether a foster carer is the primary or secondary carer.        Scheme
     Development will capture this.
9    Training may lead towards recognised Vocational Qualifications.


                                                                                        Cross-Referencing
Standards
1     The anticipated minimum frequency of home visits should be stated in the          Foster Carer
      Foster Carers‟ agreement.                                                         Agreement
2     During such visits the supervising social worker will discuss children placed,
      foster carer‟s development activity and will note how the foster carer is
      supporting children in achieving across all outcome areas.
3     During visits the supervising social worker will inspect foster carer diaries,    Foster Carer Diary
      discuss the foster carers personal development plans and safe care issues.
4     Frequency of home visits will be determined according to regulations and          Recording Practice
      guidance, circumstance and need. Frequency will be further influenced by
      consultation with the carer. The frequency and the reasons for it and will be
      recorded.
5     Supervising social workers should plan most visits in advance, notifying the
      carer. However, there should be a minimum of one unannounced visit as per
      regulations and guidance.
      This number may increase if circumstances dictate and agreed in the
      supervising social workers supervision, but shall never go below the agreed
      minimum.
6     All visits should be recorded for the file and signed.
7     Records, signed by supervision social worker and foster carer, of supervision
      meetings will be held on the foster carer‟s file. Child specific records will
      also be held on the child‟s file. The foster carer will have copies of all
      records and will be required to return child specific copies at the end of the
      placement. All supervision notes in the child‟s home should be kept
      securely.
8     Foster carers will have completed Common Induction Standards by 1 st April
      2011. New foster carers will complete within the first year. The Personal
      Development Plan will reflect competence from this point.
9     All approved foster carers will be offered ongoing relevant                       Skills Based
      training/development activities to enable them to recognise and meet the          Scheme
      needs of the looked after children in their care. This will be dependent on
      skills level and status of carer (Primary or Secondary).
10    Supervising social workers and carers are encouraged to request
      training/development that they feel would assist them with caring for foster
      children
11    Carers will be encouraged to attend support groups along with other carers.
12    All foster carers will have a personal development plan outlining training and
      development priority for the forthcoming year.




Section 7: 7.24 Fostering: Supervision, Development & Support of Foster Carers                        2
Reviewed                 New
Agreed by CSMT           November 2010
Next Review Date         April 2012


No Task                                                          Responsible     Record required   Performance
                                                                 officer         on RAISE          standard
1    Supervising social worker to maintain regular               Supervising     Case Recording    Minimum 4
     contact at a minimum of 4 weekly.                           Social Worker   Sheet             weekly
2    Supervising social workers will provide                     Supervising     Supervision       Within 1
     supervision agreements.                                     Social Worker   agreement         month of
                                                                                                   approval
3    Supervising social worker is responsible for                Supervising     Case Recording
     recording supervision and making sure records               Social Worker   sheet
     are on appropriate files and sent to foster
     carers.
4    Encourage attendance at regular support                     Supervising     Case recording    Monthly
     groups.                                                     Social Worker   sheet
5    Encourage participation in appropriate training.            Supervising     Training Record   As per training
                                                                 Social Worker                     programme.




Section 7: 7.24 Fostering: Supervision, Development & Support of Foster Carers                         3
Reviewed                  January 2011
Agreed by CSMT            March 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012


7.25 Fostering : Transition from foster carer to pathways carer

         Objective                           To ensure young people in foster placements at 18 years if age, can have
                                              the facility to remain there under alternative arrangements, as adults, if
                                              believed to be in their best interests
                                         




         Legal & Policy Status               The Children Acts 1989 & 2004
                                             The Children (Leaving Care) Act 2000
                                             The Children (Leaving Care)(England) Regulations 2001
                                             Care Matters Implementation Plan 2008
                                             The Children and Young Persons Act 2008.
                                             Every Child Matters 2003
                                             The Care Standards Act 2000
                                             National Minimum Standards for Fostering 2002
                                             Fostering Regulations 2002
                                             The Care Planning, Placements and Case Review Regulations 2010
                                             Statutory Guidance on Promoting the Health and Well-being of Looked
                                              After Children 2010
                                             Planning Transition to Adulthood for Looked After Children Guidance 2010


                                                                                                     Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     Once a looked after young person reaches 18, the Council has no further legal         Leaving Care
               responsibilities to them as a looked after young person. Rather its duties to         chapter
               them are as care leavers.
         2     The Council is committed to young people remaining accommodated until                 Fostering Chapter
               they are 18, where appropriate. If however they unprepared for
               independence at that point, there is no legal framework for them to remain
               in a fostering placement.
         3     Nationally, the DCSF has supported „Staying Put‟ pilots, in a number of               Pathways carer
               Councils, to explore the potential for young people to remain in placement,           scheme
               past 18, with their existing foster carers, under a different set of
               arrangements. Bournemouth has not participated in these pilots, but has
               developed arrangements locally, whereby foster carers who are committed to
               a young person, and willing to act as a „supportive landlord/lady‟, known as a
               pathways carer, can „convert‟ the placement to that of a pathways
               placement, until such time as the young adult is ready to move towards
               independence
         4     The change of status will need to be presented to Fostering Panel, and the             Fostering Panel
               Agency Decision Maker, for approval
         5     It is possible, within this framework, to have dual approval as pathways
               carers for a named young person, and as foster carers for other children in
               placement. Once the young adult moves on, it is possible to convert that
               placement back to a fostering placement, again, through the panel process
         6     Financial arrangements will change, when the young adult is occupying a               Pathways carer
               pathways placement. The pathways carer will receive rent, for the                     scheme
               placement, but no allowances, as these will go to the young adult direct.
               Responsibilities to the young person will also lessen. Details can be found in
               the policy “Pathways Carers Scheme”. Levels of payment under the scheme
               will be agreed with the carer in advance of conversion of the placement.
         7     On rare occasions, a looked after young person approaching 18 may make a
               private arrangement with his/her foster carer, continue living with the carer.
               This may affect the carers existing status as a foster carer, and the matter
               will need to be presented to Fostering Panel and the Agency Decision Maker




Section 7: 7.25 Fostering: Transition from Foster Carer to Pathways Carer                                        1
Reviewed                  January 2011
Agreed by CSMT            March 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012

                                                                                                                 Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     Pathway planning with a young person should include discussion about                              Pathway planning
               accommodation needs post 18.
         2     Where a young person indicates a desire to remain living with existing foster
               carers, the young person‟s worker should inform the foster carer‟s
               supervising social worker, with a view to exploring the potential for this
         3     If the foster carer is in agreement to potential conversion, a needs
               assessment should be conducted to establish levels of support needed in the
               proposed new arrangement.
         4     The supervising social worker should prepare a report for the Fostering Panel,                    Fostering Panel
               making recommendation for conversion in relation to the specific young
               person
         5     Once Panel has supported the application and the Agency Decision Maker has
               agreed it, the Panel administrator will update RAISE, and the young person‟s
               worker will authorise new payments

        No Task                                                             Responsible      Record required          Performance
                                                                            officer          on RAISE                 standard
        1     Young person‟s worker discusses future                        Social worker or Pathway plan             See pathway
              accommodation needs within the pathway                        PSW                                       plans
              planning process
        2     When a young person expresses desire to                       Social worker or Case recording           See case
              remain with current carers, his/her worker                    PSW                                       recording
              discusses with the carer‟s supervising social
              worker
        3     If the foster carer is willing to convert to a                Supervising         Report for            See fostering
              pathways carer placement for the young                        social worker      fostering panel        panel
              person, the supervising social worker prepares
              report recommending conversion to pathways
              placement for that young person
        4     Once approval given the Panel administrator                    Panel             RAISE                  immediately
              updates RAISE                                                 administrator
        5     On the young person‟s 18th birthday the                       Young person‟s     RAISE record           Immediately
              relevant notification to cease the looked after               social worker or
              status and fostering payments is made                         PSW
        6     On young person‟s 18th birthday the relevant                  Young person‟s     RAISE record           Immediately
              notification to activate the pathways carers                  social worker or
              payment is made                                               PSW
        7     Where Housing Benefit is claimed, it is                       Young person‟s     Case recording         See case
              confirmed that the payment to the pathways                    social                                    recording
              carer reflects this, and that the carer is                    worker/PSW
              receiving the payment                                         Accommodation
                                                                            worker
        8      The carer will continue to receive support                     Case recording
                                                                            Supervising                               See
              from the supervising social worker if the carer               social worker                             supervising
              has dual approval as both foster and pathways                                                           social worker
              carer
        9     If the carer is solely approved as a pathways     Accommodation Case recording                          See pathways
              carer, responsibility for supervision and support worker                                                carer scheme
              will transfer to the accommodation worker
        10    These arrangements will be subject to annual IRO                Annual review                           See annual
              review, by the IRO for the fostering service                    documentation                           review




Section 7: 7.25 Fostering: Transition from Foster Carer to Pathways Carer                                                   2
Reviewed                  January 2011
Agreed by CSMT            March 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012

7.26 Risk Assessments and Foster Carers

         Objective                                To ensure foster carers and all staff understand the circumstances in
                                                   which the risk assessment process will be applied in fostering
                                                   situations.
                                               




         Legal & Policy Status                    Care Standards Act 2000
                                                  National Minimum Standards 2002, to be superceded by National
                                                   Minimum Standards 2011 when issued.
                                                  Bournemouth Borough Council policies.


                                                                                                      Cross-Referencing
         Key Points
         1     When social workers make a referral in respect of a child in need of                   ART
               accommodation they will also include a risk assessment with the referral.
               This will inform the matching process, and ensure any risks posed can be
               managed by foster carers.
         2     When supervising social workers complete safe care plans, they will discuss            Risk Assessment
               and agree measures that can be put in place to manage and reduce risks.
               This is very similar to the risk management process.
         3     There may be other occasions where the risk assessment process is applied
               for example:-
                    where a looked after child wants to engage in a potentially risky
                        activity, such as rock climbing, with their foster carer.
                    where a foster wants to take a child abroad for a holiday.
                    Where there has been a significant change to a foster carers‟ family
                        situation or the looked after child‟s family situation which has the
                        potential to increase risks to the children placed, the foster carers,
                        or their own family members.
         4     The other circumstances in which a risk assessment process will be applied, is         Risk Assessment
               when a foster carer becomes pregnant. For some time Bournemouth Borough
               Council has had a duty to undertake a maternity risk assessment for
               expectant / new mothers as part of the duty of care.
               Given the Fostering Service also has a duty of care to foster carers, from
               2010, we will be applying the same process to foster carers who are
               expectant / new mothers.


                                                                                                      Cross-Referencing
         Standards
         1     All referrals for accommodation of a child must be accompanied by a risk
               assessment to inform the matching process.
         2     Risks, apparent and potential will be discussed as part of the development of
               foster carers‟ safe care plans.
         3     Risk assessments will be undertaken when new activities are being                      LAC review
               considered for the child or when there is a significant change of circumstance         Review of Foster
               in either the child‟s or the foster carers‟ family.                                    Carers
         4     Risk assessment will be undertaken for all foster carers who become
               expectant mothers. Currently we will be using the Council‟s maternity risk
               assessment, pending development of a foster carer specific assessment.

        No Task                                                      Responsible      Record required       Performance
                                                                     officer          on RAISE              standard
        1     No Task.                                                                Required on RAISE
              Risk Assessment to be completed to inform              Child‟s Social   CSC Risk              To ART with
              placement finding process.                             Worker           Assessment            referral.
                                                                                      document
        2     Risk to be considered as part of Safe Care             Supervising      Safe Care Plan        See



Section 7: 7.26 Fostering: Risk Assessments & Foster Carers                                                       1
Reviewed                  January 2011
Agreed by CSMT            March 2011
Next Review Date          April 2012
        No Task                                                 Responsible      Record required   Performance
                                                                officer          on RAISE          standard
              planning.                                         Social Worker,                     „Placement of
                                                                Foster Carer                       Children‟ and
                                                                                                   „Review of
                                                                                                   Approval‟.
        3     Risk assessment to be completed in respect of     Supervising      Risk Assessment   See
              specific situation / requests / changes as they   Social Worker,                     „Placement of
              occur.                                            and Child‟s                        Children‟ and
                                                                Social Worker                      „Review of
                                                                                                   Approval‟.
        4     Maternity risk assessment to be conducted         Supervising      Maternity Risk    As required.
              when foster carer notifies Supervising Social     Social Worker    Assessment
              Worker of pregnancy.




Section 7: 7.26 Fostering: Risk Assessments & Foster Carers                                             2

								
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