Melaku Michael Ancient India Terms and Questions: Read through the Terms and Identifies and then answer the questions first. You should be able to find definitions as you go through the different sites. Keep this information as part of your notes. Terms and Identifies: Monsoon-A monsoon is a seasonal prevailing wind that lasts for several months. Karma- Karma is the concept of "action" or "deed" in Indian religions understood as that which causes the entire cycle of cause and effect. Caste System- Describes the social stratification and social restrictions in the Indian Culture. Reincarnation- The belief that one who has died will come back in the form of an aimal. Dharma- Indian for someone’s righteous term. Arayans- A member of the people who spoke the parent language of the Indo-European languages. Siddharta Gautama- was a spiritual teacher in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent Indo-Gangetic Plain- Indian River Plain is a large and fertile plain What are the geographic boundaries of India that make it a subcontinent? What are the two major rivers that support their population? See map below. The geographic boundaries of India that make it a subcontinent include the very large Himalaya mountains. The Indus and the Ganges River are the two rivers that support he Indian population. What are the characteristics and contributions of the early Indus Valley civilization? The Indus Valley Civilization have contributed a very large portion of the Mathematics that we know today. How did the Arayans influence life in Northern India? The aryans broght a brand new language and belief system to India. They also brought in the caste system. 4. How did the Mauryan Dynasty develop and how was their government set-up initially? -The Mauryan Dynasty developed a new Idea to many counties in that they needed to create a boundary line for the territory that they own. The government initially did not have any boundary lines and created a very strict religious value to their culture. 5. Describe Ashoka's style of rule and the spread of Buddhism during his reign. -The emperor Ashoka's style of rule was a very fierce and powerful ruling over his people and even his territory enforcing strict laws and enforced a sever punishment for people who did not follow. What are the major contributions of the "Golden Age" of the Gupta dynasty? - The Golden Age contributed to the Gupta Dynasty by using the powerfull knowledge of astronomy, mathematics, and religion.