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					          Hernando County
Transit Development Plan (2010-2019)

                Major Update



                  Draft Report



                   Prepared for:

              HERNANDO COUNTY
     METROPOLITAN PLANNING ORGANIZATION
             20 North Main St., Room 262
                 Brooksville, FL 34601
        ph (352) 754-4057, fax (352) 754-4420




                   AUGUST 2009




         Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.
             1000 Ashley Drive, Suite 100
                  Tampa, FL 33602
        ph (813) 224-8862, fax (813) 226-2106
                                           TABLE OF CONTENTS


SECTION 1:          INTRODUCTION............................................................................                  1-1
                    Overview of TDP Requirements ..........................................................                   1-1
                    TDP Checklist ....................................................................................        1-3
                    Report Organization............................................................................           1-5

SECTION 2:          BASELINE CONDITIONS .............................................................                          2-1
                    Physical Description of Study Area ......................................................                  2-1
                    Population Characteristics ...................................................................             2-1
                    Demographic and Journey-to-Work Characteristics ...............................                            2-3
                    Commuting Patterns ...........................................................................            2-10
                    Development Activities .......................................................................            2-12
                    Existing Land Use .............................................................................           2-15
                    Roadway Conditions ..........................................................................             2-15
                    Regional Trends in Transit ..................................................................             2-15
                    Overview of Existing Services .............................................................               2-23

SECTION 3:          PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT PROCESS.................................................                                3-1
                    Public Involvement Components .........................................................                    3-1
                    On-Board Survey ...............................................................................            3-3
                    Public Comment Summary .................................................................                  3-10
                    Public Workshop/Event Survey ............................................................                 3-10
                    Consensus Building Workshop ............................................................                  3-18
                    TBARTA iTown Meetings ....................................................................                3-18

SECTION 4:          EVALUATION OF EXISTING SERVICES ........................................                                   4-1
                    Fixed-Route Trend Analysis .................................................................               4-1
                    ADA Ridership Trend...........................................................................            4-11
                    Fixed-Route Peer Review ....................................................................              4-11
                    Capacity Analysis ................................................................................        4-19
                    Farebox Recovery Monitoring ..............................................................                4-21

SECTION 5:          REVIEW OF PLANS, STUDIES, AND POLICIES .............................                                       5-1
                    Local..................................................................................................    5-1
                    Regional.............................................................................................      5-9
                    State..................................................................................................   5-11
                    Federal ..............................................................................................    5-13
                    Summary ...........................................................................................       5-15



Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                         Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                     i                                      Transit Development Plan
SECTION 6:          SITUATION APPRAISAL ...............................................................                   6-1
                    Regional Transit Issues .......................................................................       6-2
                    Socioeconomics ..................................................................................     6-3
                    Travel Behavior Trends and Implications ..............................................                6-5
                    Land Use Trends and Implications .......................................................              6-5
                    Policy Implications ..............................................................................    6-6
                    Organizational Issues..........................................................................       6-7
                    Technological Issues...........................................................................       6-7
                    Environmental Issues..........................................................................        6-8
                    Summary ...........................................................................................   6-8

SECTION 7:          TRANSIT DEMAND & MOBILITY NEEDS ......................................                                7-1
                    Ridership Trends ................................................................................     7-1
                    Ridership Forecasting..........................................................................       7-2
                    Transit Market Assessment..................................................................           7-3

SECTION 8:          GOALS, OBJECTIVES, AND POLICIES ..........................................                            8-1
                    Public Transit Mission Statement .........................................................            8-1
                    Goals, Objectives, and Policies.............................................................          8-1

SECTION 9:          TRANSIT ALTERNATIVES .............................................................                    9-1
                    Methods Used to Develop and Evaluate Alternatives ............................                        9-1
                    Transit Alternatives ............................................................................     9-3

SECTION 10: TEN-YEAR TRANSIT DEVELOPMENT PLAN .................................. 10-1
            Ten-Year TDP Alternatives .................................................................. 10-1
            Ten-Year Ridership Projections ............................................................ 10-7
            Coordination Requirements ................................................................. 10-9
            Key Implementation Strategies ............................................................ 10-9
            Performance Monitoring ...................................................................... 10-11
            Ten-Year TDP Needs........................................................................... 10-11
            Ten-Year Financial Plan....................................................................... 10-15

APPENDIX A:         PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT MATERIALS ............................................                             A-1
APPENDIX B:         ANNUAL FAREBOX RECOVERY RATIO REPORT - 2009 ................                                          B-1
APPENDIX C:         REVIEW OF RELEVANT STUDIES & PLANS ..................................                                 C-1
APPENDIX D:         PROS/CONS OF USING ALTERNATIVE FUEL
                    & SMALLER VEHICLES ..................................................................                 D-1




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                      Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                   ii                                    Transit Development Plan
LIST OF TABLES

Table 1-1:       TDP Checklist ........................................................................................      1-4
Table 2-1:       Population Characteristics, Hernando County
                (2000-2008) .........................................................................................        2-3
Table   2-2:     Labor Force Statistics .............................................................................        2-6
Table   2-3:     Where Hernando County Residents Work, by City .....................................                        2-10
Table   2-4:     Where Workers in Hernando County Work, by County ..............................                            2-10
Table   2-5:     Where Workers in Hernando County Live, by City .....................................                       2-11
Table   2-6:     Where Workers in Hernando County Live, by County ................................                          2-11
Table   2-7:     Major Private and Public Employers in Hernando County .........................                            2-12
Table   2-8:     Developments of Regional Impact in Hernando County ...........................                             2-13
Table   2-9:     Fixed Route Vehicles ..............................................................................        2-24
Table   2-10:    Paratransit Vehicles ................................................................................      2-24
Table   2-11:    Summary of Transit Service Operating Characteristics ...............................                       2-31
Table   3-1:     Survey Response Rate ............................................................................           3-5
Table   3-2:    THE Bus Rider Profile ...............................................................................        3-8
Table   4-1:     Performance Review Measures, THE Bus Trend Analysis
                (2003-2008) ............................................................................................     4-2
Table 4-2:       General Performance Indicators, THE Bus Trend Analysis
                (2003-2008) ............................................................................................     4-2
Table 4-3:       Effectiveness Measures, THE Bus Trend Analysis
                (2003-2008) ............................................................................................     4-5
Table 4-4:       Efficiency Measures, THE Bus Trend Analysis
                (2003-2008) ............................................................................................     4-7
Table   4-5:     Summary of Trend Analysis (2003-2008) ..................................................                   4-10
Table   4-6:     Performance Indicators, THE Bus Peer Analysis (2006) .............................                         4-13
Table   4-7:     Effectiveness Measures, THE Bus Peer Analysis (2006) ............................                          4-16
Table   4-8:     Efficiency Measures, THE Bus Peer Analysis (2006) ..................................                       4-17
Table   4-9:     Annual Seat Miles (2006) ........................................................................          4-19
Table   4-10:    THE Bus Peer Review Analysis Summary (2006) ......................................                         4-20
Table   4-11:    Utilized Capacity (2006) ..........................................................................        4-21
Table   4-12:    Excess Capacity (2006) ..........................................................................          4-21
Table   4-13:    Farebox Recovery Ratio Trend ................................................................              4-23
Table   4-14:    Proposed Fare Structure .........................................................................          4-24
Table   9-1:     TDP Service Alternatives .........................................................................          9-3
Table   10-1:    Current Fare Structure ...........................................................................        10-10
Table   10-2:    TBEST Ridership Projections ...................................................................           10-11
Table   10-3:    Ten-Year TDP Needs & Other Improvements ...........................................                       10-15
Table   10-4:    Implementation Schedule for TDP Transit Improvements .........................                            10-22


Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                       Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                    iii                                   Transit Development Plan
Table 10-5: Operating Costs for TDP Transit Improvements .......................................                       10-23
Table 10-6: Summary of Capital Needs for Fixed-Route Bus Service ............................                          10-24
Table 10-7: Summary of Projected Capital Cost for Fixed-Route
            Bus Service ............................................................................................   10-25
Table 10-8: Summary of Operating & Capital Costs for Fixed-Route
            & ADA Services ......................................................................................      10-25
Table 10-9: Summary of Operating & Capital Revenues for Fixed-Route
            & ADA Services ………………………………………………………………………………… .                                                           10-26

LIST OF MAPS

Map   2-1:Study Area ................................................................................................ 2-2
Map   2-2:Existing Population Density ........................................................................        2-7
Map   2-3:Existing Employment Density .....................................................................           2-8
Map   2-4:Existing Dwelling Unit Density ....................................................................         2-9
Map   2-5:Developments of Regional Impact .............................................................. 2-16
Map   2-6:Existing Land Use ...................................................................................... 2-17
Map   2-7:2008 Roadway Level of Service .................................................................. 2-18
Map   2-8:2013 Roadway Level of Service .................................................................. 2-19
Map   7-1:2000 Transit Orientation Index...................................................................           7-5
Map   7-2:2009 Density Threshold Assessment…………………………………………………………… 7-7
Map   7-3:2019 Density Threshold Assessment ...........................................................               7-8
Map   7-4:TBARTA Mid-Term (2035) Vision & Supporting Network............................... 7-10
Map   7-5:TBARTA Long-Term (2050) Vision & Supporting Network............................. 7-11
Map   7-6:TBARTA Mid-Term (2035) Vision & Supporting Network
          for Hernando County ................................................................................. 7-12
Map 7-7: TBARTA Long-Term (2050) Vision & Supporting Network
          for Hernando County……………………………………………………………………………… 7-13
Map 10-1: TDP Alternatives........................................................................................ 10-6
Map 10-2: TDP Programmed Projects ......................................................................... 10-17
Map 10-3: TDP Unfunded Needs................................................................................. 10-18

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure   2-1:   Demographic Characteristics ......................................................................       2-4
Figure   2-2:   Journey-to-Work Characteristics .................................................................        2-5
Figure   2-3:   Airport Area Industrial/Business Parks ........................................................         2-14
Figure   2-4:   TBARTA Regional Emphasis Networks.........................................................              2-20
Figure   2-5:   Spring Hill Circulator – Red Route...............................................................       2-26
Figure   2-6:   Spring Hill Circulator – Blue Route ..............................................................      2-27



Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                    Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                   iv                                  Transit Development Plan
Figure 2-7: Brooksville Shuttle – Green Route...............................................................              2-28
Figure 2-8: Brooksville Circulator .................................................................................      2-29
Figure 3-1: How much awareness is there in the community
            about transit? ...........................................................................................    3-12
Figure 3-2: What do you think of THE Bus transit service? ...........................................                     3-13
Figure 3-3: What is your perception of transit’s role in the
            community? ..............................................................................................     3-13
Figure 3-4: Are you willing to pay additional taxes for an
            expanded transit system? .........................................................................            3-14
Figure 3-5: Do you believe there is willingness in the community
            to consider additional local funding for transit?............................................                 3-14
Figure 3-6: Have you used Hernando County Transit Service? .......................................                        3-15
Figure 3-7: Do you think there is a need for additional transit service?...........................                       3-15
Figure 3-8: What is the type of service you would most like to see?...............................                        3-16
Figure 3-9: What do you think is a reasonable one-way fare to pay
            for transit service?.....................................................................................     3-16
Figure 3-10: How much must gas prices rise before you are willing
             to consider transit?...................................................................................      3-17
Figure 3-11: Which type of additional tax are you most willing to pay
             for an expanded transit system?................................................................              3-17
Figure 3-12: Your age is ..............................................................................................   3-18
Figure 3-13: What is the range of your total household income? ...................................                        3-18
Figure 3-14: What is the ZIP code of your residence?....................................................                  3-19
Figure 4-1: Service Area Population..............................................................................          4-3
Figure 4-2: Passenger Trips .........................................................................................      4-3
Figure 4-3: Vehicle Miles..............................................................................................    4-3
Figure 4-4: Revenue Miles ...........................................................................................      4-3
Figure 4-5: Passenger Fare Revenue ...........................................................................             4-3
Figure 4-6: Operating Expense.....................................................................................         4-3
Figure 4-7: Vehicle Miles Per Capita..............................................................................         4-5
Figure 4-8: Passenger Trips Per Capita .........................................................................           4-5
Figure 4-9: Passenger Trips Per Revenue Mile...............................................................                4-5
Figure 4-10: Passenger Trips Per Revenue Hour............................................................                  4-5
Figure 4-11: Number of Vehicle System Failures ..........................................................                  4-6
Figure 4-12: Revenue Miles Between Failures ...............................................................                4-6
Figure 4-13: Weekday Span of Service .........................................................................             4-6
Figure 4-14: Operating Expense Per Capita...................................................................               4-8
Figure 4-15: Operating Expense Per Passenger Trip .....................................................                    4-8
Figure 4-16: Operating Expense Per Revenue Mile ........................................................                   4-8
Figure 4-17: Farebox Recovery Ratio............................................................................            4-8



Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                      Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                     v                                   Transit Development Plan
Figure   4-18: Revenue Miles Per Vehicle Mile .................................................................            4-8
Figure   4-19: Average Fare ...........................................................................................    4-8
Figure   4-20: ADA Ridership Trend ................................................................................       4-11
Figure   4-21: Selected Peer Systems, THE Bus Peer
               Review Analysis ......................................................................................     4-13
Figure   4-22: Service Area Population ............................................................................       4-14
Figure   4-23: Service Area Population Density ................................................................           4-14
Figure   4-24: Passenger Trips ......................................................................................     4-14
Figure   4-25: Revenue Miles..........................................................................................    4-14
Figure   4-26: Revenue Hours ........................................................................................     4-14
Figure   4-27: Vehicles Operated in Maximum Service......................................................                 4-14
Figure   4-28: Operating Expense ...................................................................................      4-15
Figure   4-29: Passenger Fare Revenue ..........................................................................          4-15
Figure   4-30: Vehicle Miles Per Capita............................................................................       4-16
Figure   4-31: Passenger Trips Per Revenue Mile .............................................................             4-16
Figure   4-32: Weekday Span of Service .........................................................................          4-16
Figure   4-33: Operating Expense Per Capita...................................................................            4-17
Figure   4-34: Operating Expense Per Passenger Trip ......................................................                4-17
Figure   4-35: Operating Expense Per Revenue Mile ........................................................                4-18
Figure   4-36: Operating Expense Per Revenue Hour .......................................................                 4-18
Figure   4-37: Farebox Recovery ....................................................................................      4-18
Figure   4-38: Revenue Miles Per Vehicle Mile .................................................................           4-18
Figure   4-39: Average Fare ...........................................................................................   4-18
Figure   7-1: Monthly Ridership Trends (2003-2009)........................................................                 7-2




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                      Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                    vi                                   Transit Development Plan
Section 1: Introduction
The State of Florida Public Transit Block Grant Program was enacted by the Florida Legislature to
provide a stable source of State funding for public transportation. The Block Grant Program
requires public transit service providers to develop and adopt a 10-year Transit Development
Plan (TDP). Major TDP updates must be submitted to the Florida Department of Transportation
(FDOT) by September 1st of the year they are due. This FY 2010/2019 TDP is a major update,
which is required every five years; progress reports are required in the interim years. The TDP
is the source for determining the types of projects and their priority in the public transportation
component of the Hernando County Metropolitan Planning Organization’s (MPO) Transportation
Improvement Program (TIP). The plan must also be consistent with the approved local
government comprehensive plans and the MPO’s Long-Range Transportation Plan. The
Hernando County MPO is responsible for ensuring the completion of the TDP.

This plan meets the requirements for a major TDP update in accordance with Rule Chapter 14-
73, Florida Administrative Code (FAC).

OVERVIEW OF TRANSIT DEVELOPMENT PLAN (TDP) REQUIREMENTS

The purpose of this study is to undertake a major update of the Hernando County MPO’s TDP, as
required by State law. This update will result in a 10-year plan addressing transit and mobility
needs, cost and revenue projections, and community transit goals, objectives, and policies.

Florida Statutes (FS) mandate the preparation of a TDP for all transit systems that receive Block
Grants from the State of Florida. Relevant sections in the Florida Statutes are provided below.


Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                              Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    1-1                          Transit Development Plan
    (1) There is created a public transit block grant program which shall be administered by the
        department…. Eligible providers must establish public transportation development plans
        consistent, to the maximum extent feasible, with approved local government
        comprehensive plans of the units of local government in which the provider is located.
                                                                              Section 341.052

    (2) Where there is an approved local government comprehensive plan in the political
        subdivision or political subdivisions in which the public transportation system is located,
        each public transit provider shall establish public transportation development plans
        consistent with approved local government comprehensive plans.
                                                                                Section 341.071

On February 20, 2007, FDOT promulgated Rule 14-73.001, which substantially changed the TDP
requirements. The changes are documented below:
   • extended the planning horizon from 5 years to 10 years
   • required updates every 5 years instead of every 3 years
   • made the annual report, public involvement, and demand estimation requirements more
       explicit
   • required plan approval
   • established a deadline for said approval in order to qualify for funding

Key requirements in the TDP Rule, as outlined in the draft report "Guidance for Producing a
Transit Development Plan,” prepared by the USF Center for Urban Transportation Research
(CUTR) with Tindale-Oliver & Associates and Dan Boyle and Associates in 2008 for FDOT are
summarized below.

Key TDP Requirements

         Who: TDPs are required from all entities that apply for State Transit Grant Funds
         (Section 341.052, F.S)

         When: TDPs must be developed, adopted, and submitted on or before September 1st of
         the fiscal year for which funding is being sought. A major update is required every five
         years, and an annual update/progress report is required all other years.

         Where: Plans must be submitted to and on file with the appropriate District Office.

         Time Period: Plans must cover the fiscal year for which funds are being sought and the
         subsequent nine years. Plan submittal is a prerequisite to fund receipt.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                              Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     1-2                         Transit Development Plan
         Contents of TDP Major Update: Compliance will be evaluated by FDOT District staff
         based on the major elements outlined below:
            • Specification of an approved public participation process and documentation of its
                use
            • A situation appraisal that includes at least:
                    o effects of land use, state and local transportation plans, other
                       governmental actions and policies, socio-economic trends, organizational
                       issues, and technology
                    o estimation of the community’s demand for transit service using an
                       approved technique
                    o performance evaluation of service provided in the community
            • The agency’s vision, mission and goals
            • Consideration of alternative courses of action
            • 10-year implementation plan including:
                    o 10-year program of strategies and policies
                    o Maps indicating areas to be served and types and levels of service
                    o Monitoring program to track performance
                    o 10-year financial plan noting sources and expenditures of funds
            • Relationship to other plans and policies

         Contents of TDP Annual Update: Annual updates shall be in the form of a progress
         report on the 10-year implementation program and shall include:
            • Past year’s accomplishments compared to the original implementation program
            • Analysis of any discrepancies between the plan and its implementation for the
                 past year, and steps that will be taken to attain original goals and objectives
            • Any revisions to the implementation program for the coming year
            • Revised implementation program for the 10th year
            • Added recommendations for the new 10th year of the updated plan
            • A revised financial plan
            • A revised list of projects or services needed to meet the goals and objectives

         FDOT Review: Within 60 days of receipt, FDOT will notify the applicant regarding
         compliance and eligibility status.

TDP CHECKLIST

Table 1-1 is a list of TDP requirements from Rule 14-73.001. The table also indicates whether or
not the item was accomplished in this TDP.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                            Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    1-3                        Transit Development Plan
                                                Table 1-1
                                    Florida TDP Major Update Checklist
    Public Involvement Process
           Public Involvement Plan (PIP)
           PIP approved by FDOT
           TDP includes description of public involvement process
           Provide notification to FDOT
           Provide notification to Regional Workforce Board
           Provide notification to MPO
    Situation Appraisal
           Land use
           State and local Transportation Plans
           Other governmental actions and policies
           Socioeconomic trends
           Organizational issues
           Technology
           10-year annual projections of transit ridership using approved model
           Do land uses and urban design patterns support/hinder transit service provision?
           Calculate farebox recovery
    Mission and Goals
           Provider's vision
           Provider's mission
           Provider's goals
           Provider's objectives
    Alternative Courses of Action
           Development and evaluation of alternative strategies and actions
           Benefits and costs of each alternative
           Examination of financial alternatives
    Implementation Program
           10-year implementation program
           Maps indicating areas to be served
           Maps indicating types and levels of service
           Monitoring program to track performance measures
           10-year financial plan listing operating and capital expenses
           Capital acquisition or construction schedule
           Anticipated revenues by source
    Relationship to Other Plans
           TDP consistent with Florida Transportation Plan
           TDP consistent with Local Government Comprehensive Plan
           TDP consistent with MPO Long-Range Transportation Plan
           TDP consistent with Regional Transportation Goals and Objectives
    Submission
    TBD1       Adopted by BCC
           1
    TBD        Submitted by September 1, 2009 (FDOT granted extension to October 1, 2009.)
    1
        TBD - To Be Determined




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                   Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                         1-4                          Transit Development Plan
REPORT ORGANIZATION

This draft report, which is compiled to support the Hernando County MPO’s Ten-Year Transit
Development Plan (TDP) Major Update, is composed of ten major sections, including this
introduction. Each section is briefly described below.

Section 2 provides a review of the study area population, demographic, travel behavior,
commuting patterns, development activities, land use, and roadway conditions for Hernando
County. This includes tables and maps of study area baseline conditions, including population,
demographic, and journey-to-work characteristics from various sources. In addition, current and
planned development activities and growth are discussed. A review of land use and roadway
conditions is also included, followed by a review of regional trends in transit.

Section 3 presents an overview of the existing fixed-route transit services in Hernando County.
This includes summaries and descriptions of operating characteristics and capital equipment and
other operational features such as ADA complementary paratransit service currently offered.

Section 4 summarizes the public involvement activities that were undertaken as part of the TDP
update process and other related efforts by the MPO. Public involvement activities discussed
and/or summarized in this section include the on-board transit survey distributed to THE Bus
riders in 2008 and other activities that conducted as part of the TDP and/or the MPO’s 2035
Long Range Transportation Plan.

Section 5 presents the performance assessment conducted for fixed-route services. This
assessment includes a trend analysis in which performance is reviewed over time. The trend
analysis shows the positive and negative trends for the years analyzed. In addition, the section
provides the results of the fixed-route peer review analysis. This type of analysis compares the
performance of the public transportation system with other transit systems selected as having
similar characteristics at a given point in time. A capacity analysis is also conducted, followed by
a review and analysis of farebox recovery ratios.

Section 6 presents the situation appraisal for the TDP. The requirements for a major update of
a TDP include the need for a situation appraisal of the environment in which the transit agency
operates. The purpose of this appraisal is to help develop an understanding of the Hernando
County transit operating environment in the context of the following elements including regional
issues, socioeconomics, travel behavior, existing and future land use, policy issues,
organizational issues, technological issues, and environmental issues.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                               Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     1-5                          Transit Development Plan
Section 7 presents a review and evaluation of transit demand and mobility needs regarding
transit services in Hernando County. The evaluation was completed by reviewing three major
components, including ridership trends, ridership forecasting, and transit market assessment.

Section 8 provides the transit mission for Hernando County and the goals, objectives, and
policies to accomplish the transit mission. The mission, goals, objectives, and policies were
developed based on discussions with MPO staff, input through the public involvement process,
and the results of the technical evaluations.

Section 9 summarizes the potential transit alternatives developed as part of the 10-year
planning horizon of this TDP Update using public and MPO/THE Bus staff input, results of various
demand analyses, and policy guidance provided by County and MPO staff, administration, and
elected officials.

Section 10 presents the 10-year TDP for Hernando County, developed based on coordination
with MPO staff, public involvement, transit demand analysis, and other recent assessment and
evaluation studies conducted by FDOT District 7 and other agencies.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                            Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                   1-6                         Transit Development Plan
 Section 2: Baseline Conditions

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION OF STUDY AREA

Hernando County is located in western central Florida and is bordered on the north by Citrus
County, on the east by Sumter County, on the west by the Gulf of Mexico, and on the south by
Pasco County. According to the 2000 Census, the county is 589 square miles in area, with 478
square miles of land and 111 square miles of water. Map 2-1 provides an illustration of the
study area for the TDP.

The urbanized areas of West Hernando County include the municipalities of Brooksville and
Weeki Wachee and the unincorporated area of Spring Hill. These communities, which represent
the county’s largest concentration of urban development and population, are located along the
U.S. 19 coastal corridor.

The eastern section of the county is not as densely-populated as the western portion. East
Hernando includes the unincorporated communities of Ridge Manor and Hill N’ Dale. Central
Hernando remains sparsely populated except for Brooksville and the surrounding areas.

POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS

The population of Hernando County is expected to increase from 130,802 in 2000 to 164,907 in
2008, an increase of more than 26 percent. The data for 2000 and 2008 were compiled using


Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                          Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                  2-1                        Transit Development Plan
                                                                                                                               Hernando County MPO Transit Development Plan (2010 - 2019)
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                                                                                                                                   THE Bus Routes                                                                                                                      Municipalities & Communities
                            Map 2-1                                                                                                                                                   Blue Route                                                                                                             Brooksville                                                                                                                      Spring Hill
                   Study Area                                                                                                                                                         Green Route
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Masaryktown                                                                                                                       Spring Lake
                                                                                                                                                                                      Purple Route
                                                                                                                                                                                      Red Route                                                                                                              Ridge Manor                                                                                                                       Weeki Wachee
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Source: Hernando County MPO & Census                                                                                                                        Revised: 02.16.09
the 2000 Census of Population and Housing and the Florida Research and Economic Database
(FRED). Table 2-1 provides selected population characteristics for Hernando County for 2000
and 2008.

                                           Table 2-1
                  Population Characteristics, Hernando County (2000- 2008)

                                                                                           Change
                                                           2000           2008
                                                                                         (2000-2008)
         Persons                                          130,802        164,907               26%

         Households                                       55,425         76,898              38.7%*

         Workers                                          46,581         64,187               37.8%
         Land Area (square miles)                          478.3          478.3            No Change
         Water Area (square miles)                         110.8          110.8            No Change
         Persons per Household                               2.4            2.1                9.1%
         Persons per Square Mile of Land Area              273.5          344.8               26.1%
         * Indicates change from 2000 to 2007
         Source: 2000 Census, American Community Survey (2006), U.S. Census, and Florida Research and Economic Database



DEMOGRAPHIC AND JOURNEY-TO-WORK CHARACTERISTICS

Demographic and journey-to-work characteristics were compiled from the 2000 Census of
Population and Housing, the 2006 American Community Survey, and FRED. Both the Census
and the American Community Survey base these estimates on a sampling of total population.
The sample results are then interpreted to represent the whole population.

Figure 2-1 provides selected demographic data, and Figure 2-2 illustrates journey-to-work
characteristics for Hernando County. Many of the characteristics provided in Figure 2-1 and
Figure 2-2 were chosen because of their known influence on transit use.

Figure 2-1 shows that the county is becoming more ethnically diverse, both in terms of non-
whites and individuals of Hispanic origins. The education level in the county is increasing.
In 2000, 16 percent of residents had less than a 12th grade education, but in 2006 only 10
percent of the population was in this category. Income also has grown, with the percent of
residents with less than $10,000 annual income decreasing and the percent of residents with
incomes greater than $100,000 increasing substantially between 2000 and 2006.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                              Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                              2-3                                Transit Development Plan
                                       Figure 2-1
             Demographic Characteristics, Hernando County (2000 and 2006)
                                                                                                0%    10%      20%     30%   40%        50%    60%    70%   80%   90%   100%

                                                                                                                                        47.5%
                                                                                       Male
                                                                ender




                                                                                                                                        47.1%

                                                                                                                                              52.5%
                                                               G




                                                                                    Fem ale
                                                                                                                                              52.9%

                                                                                                                                                                     92.9%
                                                                                      White
                                                                                                                                                                    91.5%
                                                                thnic Origin




                                                                                                     4.1%
                                                                                       Black
                                                                                                     3.9%
                                                               E




                                                                                                     3.0%
                                                                                       Other
                                                                                                      4.6%

                                                                                    Not of                                                                              95.0%
                          rigin by
              Hispanic




                                                                                   His panic                                                                            95.4%
                                                               Race




                                                                                Of His panic         5.0%
                         O




                                                                                   Origin            4.6%

                                                                                                               15.5%
                                                                                 <15 Years

                                                                                                                17.3%
                                                                               15-34 Years
                                                               Age




                                                                                                                                36.4%
                                                                               35-64 Years

                                                                                                                          30.8%
                                                                                 65+ Years
                                                                                                                       25.8%

                                                                                  Les s than          5.3%
                          ducation Level (persons age 25 and




                                                                                  9th grade           4.6%

                                                                                9th grade to                16.0%
                                                                                12th grade,              10.9%

                                                                               High s chool                                     37.7%                                            2000
                                                                                graduate                                        38.6%
                                                               over)




                                                                                                                                                                                 2006
                                                                                College < 1                             28.0%
                                                                                  year to                                 31.3%

                                                                                 Bachelor's             8.2%
                                                                                  degree                 9.9%

                                                                               Profes s ional        4.6%
                         E




                                                                                 s chool,            4.7%

                                                                                  Les s than            7.9%
                                                                                   $10,000            5.3%

                                                                                 $10,000 to                     17.6%
                                                                                  $19,999
                                                                                 $20,000 to                       19.8%
                                                                                  $29,999
                                                                                 $30,000 to                             27.1%
                                                                    e




                                                                                  $49,999
                                                               Incom




                                                                                 $50,000 to                     17.6%
                                                                                  $74,999
                                                                                 $75,000 to           5.3%
                                                                                  $99,999                10.6%

                                                                               $100,000 or            4.8%
                                                                                  m ore                   10.7%

                                                                                 Median
                                                                                Hous ehold
                                                                                     Above                                                                         89.7%
                          overty




                                                                                                                                                                  87.6%
                                                                tatus




                                                                                     Poverty
                                                                                     Below               10.3%
                                                               S
                         P




                                                                                     Poverty              12.4%



          Source: 2000 Census and 2006 American Community Survey




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                                 Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                                                                                      2-4                                           Transit Development Plan
                                      Figure 2-2
           Journey-to-Work Characteristics, Hernando County (2000 and 2006)
                                                                                                          0%         20%      40%      60%     80%      100%

                                                                                                                                             66.7%
                                    lace of Work                      Worked inside county of residence

                                                                                                                              32.2%
                                                                    Worked outside county of residence

                                                                                                            1.1%
                                   P




                                                                      Worked outside State of residence

                                                                                                                                                     81.5%
                                                                         Car, truck, or van - drove alone

                                                                                                                     13.4%
                                                                           Car, truck, or van - carpooled
                                                 rtation To W rk
                                                             o




                                                                                                            0.2%
                                                                                    Public transportation

                                                                                                            0.3%
                                                                                             Motorcycle
                                             nspo




                                                                                                            0.1%
                                                                                                 Bicycle
                                   M ns o Tra
                                         f




                                                                                                            0.8%
                                                                                                 Walked
                                    ea




                                                                                                            0.8%
                                                                                           Other means

                                                                                                               2.9%
                                                                                        Worked at home

                                                                                                               2.4%
                                                                                    Less than 5 minutes

                                                                                                                 8.3%
                                                                                          5 to 9 minutes

                                                                                                                      15.1%
                                                                                        10 to 14 minutes
                                   Travel Tim to Work




                                                                                                                      16.2%
                                                                                        15 to 19 minutes
                                             e




                                                                                                                      14.0%
                                                                                        20 to 24 minutes
                                                                                                                                                         2000
                                                                                                                5.8%                                     2006
                                                                                        25 to 29 minutes

                                                                                                                              35.4%
                                                                                     30 or more minutes

                                                                                                               2.9%
                                                                                        Worked at home
                                   Tim to W rk




                                                                                                                                            62.2%
                   D pa re
                                           o




                                                                                         6 a.m. to 9 a.m.
                    e rtu
                                      e




                                                                                                                               37.8%
                                                                                             Other times

                                                                                                                5.0%
                                                                                                   None
                   H useh V icle
                         old eh




                                                                                                                                    46.7%
                                   O ne ip




                                                                                                    One
                                    w rsh




                                                                                                                               36.6%
                                                                                                    Tw o
                    o




                                                                                                                   11.7%
                                                                                          Three or more

                                                                                                                                                     81.5%
                                                                                            Drove alone

                                                                                                                  10.9%
                                                                                       2-person carpool
                                                   ccu ncy
                                    rivate V icle O pa




                                                                                                               2.1%
                                                                                       3-person carpool

                                                                                                            0.3%
                                                                                       4-person carpool
                                            eh




                                                                                                            0.1%
                                                                                  5- or 6-person carpool
                                   P




                                                                                                            0.0%
                                                                              7-or-more-person carpool

                                                                                                                5.1%
                                                                   Other means (including w ork at home)




          Source: 2000 Census and 2006 American Community Survey




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                 Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                                                                    2-5                                             Transit Development Plan
Figure 2-2 shows that public transit mode share has increased slightly since 2000. This is
consistent with the 2008 on-board survey findings and continued annual increases in THE Bus
ridership. Driving alone has also increased slightly. Carpooling and working at home have
decreased, while walking to work has increased. Travel times have decreased slightly, with a
smaller percentage of people traveling more than 30 minutes in 2006 than in 2000.

Maps 2-2 through 2-4 provide selected characteristics for Hernando County that are particularly
relevant to the TDP process. The maps display population, employment, and dwelling unit
data. Map 2-2 shows population densities by Traffic Analysis Zone (TAZ) for 2009. The higher
densities in the county continue to be on the western side of the county in the Spring Hill area,
except in the Brooksville area. Map 2-3 displays employment density by TAZ. Employment
density is highest in and around the city of Brooksville. A few areas along major roadways in
the Spring Hill area also have higher employment densities. May 2-4 displays dwelling units per
TAZ. As expected, dwelling unit density closely resembles the population density shown in Map
2-2.

Labor Force and Employment


Current labor force, employment, and unemployment data also were analyzed for the Hernando
County, as shown in Table 2-2. These figures, not seasonally adjusted, show a relatively high
unemployment rate when compared to the state as a whole. Due to the prevailing economic
conditions, it is expected that the unemployment rates will either remain at the current rates or
increase in the near future.
                                                Table 2-2
                                 Labor Force Statistics (November 2008)
                               Civilian Labor              Number                   Number       Unemployment
            Area
                                    Force                 Employed                Unemployed         Rate
     Hernando County                 64,187                  57,637                  6,550            10.2%

           Florida                  9,304,000              8,626,000                677,000            7.3%

    Source: Labor Market Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics Program




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                 Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                  2-6                               Transit Development Plan
                                                                                                                                Hernando County MPO Transit Development Plan (2010 - 2019)
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                                                                                                                                                                                                            THE Bus Routes                                                                                                                                        Persons per Acre
                               Map 2-2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0-1
      2009                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2-3
Population Density                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4-5

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Source: Hernando County MPO                                                                                                            Revised: 02.24.09
                                                                                                                                Hernando County MPO Transit Development Plan (2010 - 2019)
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                               Map 2-3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0-1                                                 6-7
      2009
Employment Density                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2-3                                                 8+
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Source: Hernando County MPO                                                                                                             Revised: 02.24.09
                                                                                                                                 Hernando County MPO Transit Development Plan (2010 - 2019)
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                                Map 2-4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0-1
        2009                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2-3
Dwelling Unit Density
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Source: Hernando County MPO                                                                                                             Revised: 02.24.09
COMMUTING PATTERNS

Table 2-3 summarizes the commuter flows for workers living in Hernando County. The analysis
of 2006 Census Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) database worker flow data
indicates that 38.7 percent of the workers residing in Hernando County also work in Hernando
County, with most commuting to the city of Brooksville. The remaining 61.3 percent of workers
commute to neighboring counties, with Hillsborough and Pasco counties having the two largest
percentages of outward commuters.

                                       Table 2-3
                   Where Hernando County Residents Work, by City (2006)
                      City of Employment                     Total              Share
                            Brooksville                      7,933              13.7%
                            Spring Hill                      6,869              11.9%
                              Tampa                          3,451              6.0%
                          St. Petersburg                     1,218               2.1%
                            Clearwater                       1,157               2.0%
                       All Other Locations                  37,332              64.5%
                           Total Jobs                       57,960              100%
                 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, LEHD Origin-Destination Database




                                       Table 2-4
                 Where Hernando County Residents Work, by County (2006)
                    County of Employment                     Total              Share
                           Hernando                         22,426              38.7%
                          Hillsborough                       7,847              13.5%
                              Pasco                          7,767              13.4%
                             Pinellas                        5,597              9.7%
                             Orange                          2,030              3.5%
                              Citrus                         1,589              2.7%
                      All Other Locations                   10,704              18.5%
                          Total Jobs                        57,960              100%
                 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, LEHD Origin-Destination Database



Table 2-4 summarizes the labor shed for workers commuting to Hernando County. The analysis
of 2006 Census LEHD database worker flow data indicates that 58.6 percent of the workers
residing in Hernando County also work in Hernando County. The remaining 41.4 percent of
workers commute from neighboring counties, with Hillsborough and Pasco counties having the
two largest percentages of inward commuters.


Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                          Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                               2-10                          Transit Development Plan
                                        Table 2-5
                   Where Workers in Hernando County Live, by City (2006)
                       City of Residence                    Count               Share
                            Spring Hill                     12,684              33.1%
                            Brooksville                      1,478              3.9%
                         Weeki Wachee                         723               1.9%
                              Tampa                           505               1.3%
                            Shady Hills                       431               1.1%
                            Brookridge                        392               1.0%
                       All Other Locations                  22,066              57.6%
                           Total Jobs                       38,279              100%
                 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, LEHD Origin-Destination Database


                                       Table 2-6
                 Where Workers in Hernando County Live, by County (2006)
                     County of Residence                    Count               Share
                            Hernando                        22,426              58.6%
                               Pasco                         4,097              10.7%
                           Hillsborough                      1,951              5.1%
                               Citrus                        1,698              4.4%
                              Pinellas                       1,318              3.4%
                                Polk                          761               2.0%
                       All Other Locations                   6,028               14%
                           Total Jobs                       38,279              100%
                 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, LEHD Origin-Destination Database




Major Employers

As part of the baseline conditions analysis, data on major employers in Hernando County also
were reviewed and summarized. The major industries in Hernando County include distribution,
manufacturing, and healthcare. Major employment centers include healthcare centers such as
Spring Regional Medical Center and Oak Hill Hospital and the Wal-Mart Distribution center.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                          Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                               2-11                          Transit Development Plan
                                         Table 2-7
               Major Private and Public Employers in Hernando County (2008)
                                                              Number of                Business
                               Company
                                                              Employees               Type/Sector
                                 Major Private Non-Retail Employers
 Wal-Mart Distribution Center                                   1,044               Distribution Center
 Oak Hill Hospital                                                930                   Healthcare
 Spring Hill and Brooksville Regional Hospitals                   900                   Healthcare
 Sparton Electronics                                              325                  Manufacturer
 Florida Crushed Stone                                            300                      Mining
 Accuform Signs, Inc.                                             210                  Manufacturer
 Evergreen Woods, Inc.                                            160                Residential Care
 Gale Insulation                                                  160                  Construction
 Commercial Carrier Corporation                                   145                 Transportation
 SunTrust Bank                                                    113                     Banking
                                     Top Private Retail Employers
 Wal-Mart Super Centers                                         1,966                     Retail
 Wendy’s                                                         875                      Retail
 Publix                                                          850                      Retail
 Winn Dixie                                                      550                      Retail
 McDonald’s                                                      305                      Retail
 CVS Pharmacy                                                    176                      Retail
 Sam’s Club                                                      175                      Retail
                                       Public Sector Employers
 Hernando County Schools                                        3,162                  Education
 Hernando County Government                                     1,602                 Government
 Board of Commissioners                                          994                  Government
 Southwest Florida Water Management District                     736                  Government
 Hernando County Sheriff’s Office                                381                Law Enforcement
 City of Brooksville                                             153                  Government
 Hernando County Clerk of Court                                  132                  Government
Source: Enterprise Florida, Inc., and Greater Hernando County Chamber of Commerce



DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES

FDOT’s new TDP guidelines promote focus and review of ongoing and anticipated residential
and commercial development activities. Therefore, a review of development activities and
existing land uses in Hernando County was conducted and summarized.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                      Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                2-12                     Transit Development Plan
Table 2-8 and Map 2-5 present the approved Developments of Regional Impact (DRIs) and
Planned Development Districts (PDDs) in Hernando County for 2009.

                                           Table 2-8
                          Major Developments in Hernando County (2009)
                                                                                          Commercial/
                                                         Buildout             Dwelling
              Development               Status                      Acreage               Institutional
                                                          Date                 Units
                                                                                          Square Feet
Glen Lakes/Four Seasons Subdivision     Building             2015     990      2,885
Holland Spring DRI                      Building             2012    1,090     2,394
Seville Subdivision                     Building             2025    1,416     3,811
Southern Hills Subdivision              Building             2015    1,600     1,924
Timber Pines DRI                        Buildout             2012    1,420     3,453         350,000
Seven Hills DRI                       Near Buildout          2008    1,139     2,522        1,200,000
Spring Hill Subdivision               Near Buildout          2012   16,192     32,293
Airport PDD                            Approved              2025    4,406                  9,657,688
Brooksville Regional Medical Center    Approved              2020     140                    566,402
PDD
Hickory Hill PDD                       Approved              2020    2,766     1,750          50,000
I-75/SR 50 PDD                         Approved              2050    5,021     10,695       17,676,000
Sunrise DRI                            Approved              2015    1,381     4,800         500,000
World Woods PDD                        Approved              2020    2,142     1,600
Brooksville Quarry Proposed DRI         Proposed             2020    4,250     6,000        1,542,000
Hernando Oaks DRI                       Proposed             2020    1,250     2,500
Lake Hideaway Proposed DRI              Proposed             2015     885      3,420         100,000
LandMar/McAteer                         Proposed             2020     456       999
Majestic Oaks/ Q2 Subdivision           Proposed             2015              1,300
Milk-A-Way Farms Subdivision            Proposed             2015
TCB Acquisitions/DeMaria                Proposed             2020
Source: Hernando County MPO


It should be noted that currently there is no adopted ordinance that formalizes the inclusion of
transit improvements within new developments in Hernando County.                      Such transit
improvements may include sidewalks, curb cuts, bus pullouts, bicycle racks, trash receptacles,
shelters, a place for bus information, bus stop sign poles, lighting, landscaping, or park-and-ride
facilities.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                   Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                           2-13                       Transit Development Plan
                                                                                                                                    Hernando County MPO Transit Development Plan (2010 - 2019)
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 LAK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    E LIN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      CITRUS WAY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  SNOW MEMORIAL HWY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         DSE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Y RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 41
                                                                              COMMERCIAL WAY (US19)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Y RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           US
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              DSE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         E LIN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           (
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      LAK




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      DALY RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               OA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Sumter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               LAKE LINDSEY RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             BR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Brooksville Quarry Proposed DRI                                                           WILLOW ST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            NO
Glen Lakes/
                                                                                                                                  CENTRALIA RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              BL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     CYRANO AV




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ET
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ON
Four Seasons Subdivision
                                                                                                                                         SUNSHINE GROVE RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  CR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    OO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  PONCE DE LEON BLVD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Lake Hideaway




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  DEMPSEY RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        RD
                                                                                                                         HEXAM RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Proposed DRI




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   WEATHERLY RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 RD
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        OO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      CR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               CROO
                                                                                                                                                SUNSHINE GROVE RD
                        PIN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           MCINTYRE RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                COBB RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           L AV
                            E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    M RI
                                                                                                                                                                                                SUNCOAST PKWY
                         ISLA




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            EL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     TAL RD
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          JEFFERS                                                                                                                MONDON HILL RD


                                       Holland Spring DRI
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                                              BL                         RID                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  TE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        V D (U
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                I-75




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   AN BL
                                                                                                                                        CORTEZ BLVD                                                             WISCON RD                               WISCON RD                                                                                                                                  CO
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      CEDAR LN
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     M   AN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  CALIFORNIA ST




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                                                                                                                                 BLV




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  Timber Pines DRI                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hickory Hill PDD
                                                                        NO
                                                                          RT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             POWELL RD
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                                                                               LIF




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                                                 W




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             L RD
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  SPRING HILL DR
                                                               LT
     SHOAL LINE BLVD




                                           CI




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            POWER LINE RD
                                                             DE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             HICKORY HILL RD
                                        ER




                                                                                                               LINDEN DR
                                       M
                                       M
                                     CO




                                                                                                         MARINER




                                                                                                                                                                             ANDERSON SNOW RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Pasco
                                VD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    HAYMAN RD
                           AW BL
                       OSOW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            CULBREATH RD




                                 SP
                                   RIN
                                                                                                                 BLVD




                                      GH


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Airport PDD
                                        ILL
                                              DR                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        HAYMAN RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     AYERS RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   CHURCH RD


                  Seven Hills DRI




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  MYERS RD
                                                                          COUNTY LINE RD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2.5                             1.25       0        2.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Miles




                                                                                                                                               THE Bus Routes
                                 Map 2-5                                                                                                                                         Blue Route
Major Developments in                                                                                                                                                            Green Route
                                                                                                                                                                                 Purple Route
  Hernando County                                                                                                                                                                Red Route
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Source: Hernando County MPO                                                                                                              Revised: 02.24.09
Airport Area Industrial/Business Parks

The Spring Hill Airport area has three industrial/business parks including the Airport Industrial
Park, Corporate AirPark, and RailPark. Figure 2-3 shows the three indistrial/busines parks in the
airport area. In addition, a description of each park is presented below.

    •    Hernando County Airport Industrial Park - The Hernando County Airport Industrial
         Park is a 155-acre industrial park located in the Spring Hill area of Hernando County
         near the Suncoast Parkway. Hernando County currently owns and operates this park.
         Attractive lease programs continue to push this park to continue growing, leading to
         more jobs in the area. Designed for manufacturing and distribution firms, the park
         currently house more than 60 businesses, including Accuform Signs, Inc., Manzi Metals,
         and Innovative Technology. The most recent addition to the park includes Chasco
         Machine and Manufacturing, Inc., which has finalized plans in 2008 for a new 24,800 sf
         facility in the Hernando County Airport Industrial Park.

                                              Figure 2-3
                                Airport Area Industrial/Business Parks




                                    Airport Industrial Park




                            Airpark
                                                           Railpark




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                         2-15                   Transit Development Plan
    •    Hernando County Corporate AirPark - The Corporate AirPark is a 250-acre industrial
         park located next to the Airport Industrial Park in Hernando County. Adjacent to the
         Suncoast Parkway, the AirPark offers a convenient and cost-effective location with easy
         access to the major regional economic hubs south of Hernando County. Designed for
         higher-scale buildings such as corporate facilities, the AirPark area already has several
         tenants, including HNA Computer Systems, PAR Worldwide, Omni Circuits International,
         and Kinematics Corporation.

    •    Hernando County RailPark - The RailPark, located in the airport area west of the
         Corporate AirPark and south of the Airport Industrial Park, is a 155 acre site with direct
         access to trackside loading and unloading. Located along US 41 with CSX rail service,
         this park is currently under development and provides an excellent option for businesses
         requiring rail service.

Brooksville/Hernando County Enterprise Zone

The Brooksville/Hernando County Enterprise Zone Program was established by the State in
1981 to target a specific area for economic revitalization. Financial incentives are offered to
businesses and property owners to encourage private investment and creation of jobs for the
residents in the zone. The Enterprise Zone boundary amendment was approved by the State in
2005, increasing the size of the Enterprise Zone from 1.3 to 3.7 square miles and adding 1,198
parcels, of which 252 are business parcels. Portions of the Enterprise Zone are located within
the city of Brooksville and unincorporated Hernando County.

EXISTING LAND USE

Hernando County has established land use and zoning maps to guide development in the
county. Map 2-6 provides a snapshot of the existing (last updated in 2003) land use and zoning
in Hernando County.

ROADWAY CONDITIONS

Map 2-7 shows the 2008 Roadway Level of Service (LOS) for Hernando County, and Map 2-8
shows 2013 projected LOS. In 2008, an approximately five-mile segment of County Line Road
from US 19 to Mariner Boulevard and an approximately three-mile segment of Deltona
Boulevard from Spring Hill Drive to Forest Oaks Boulevard were ranked as failing or LOS grade
“F,” while most of the other roadways operated in acceptable conditions.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                               Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     2-16                         Transit Development Plan
                                                                                                                                Hernando County MPO Transit Development Plan (2010 - 2019)
                                                         Citrus




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         RD
                                                                                                         THRASHER AVE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  LINGLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              LAK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 E LIN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  CITRUS WAY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SNOW MEMORIAL HWY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      DSE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Y RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             41
                                                                          COMMERCIAL WAY (US19)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Y RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       US
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          DSE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     E LIN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       (
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Sumter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           LAKE LINDSEY RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         BR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       WILLOW ST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         NO
                                                                                                                              CENTRALIA RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           BL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CYRANO AV




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ET
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ON
                                                                                                                                     SUNSHINE GROVE RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               CR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 OO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PONCE DE LEON BLVD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              DEMPSEY RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     RD
                                                                                                                     HEXAM RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               WEATHERLY RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   YONTZ RD                                                              M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    OO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  CR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            CROO
                                                                                                                                            SUNSHINE GROVE RD
                    PIN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       MCINTYRE RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            COBB RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       L AV
                        E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 M RI
                                                                                                                                                                                            SUNCOAST PKWY
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        EL




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ON ST W
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                EMERSON RD




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                                                                                                                                    CORTEZ BLVD                                                             WISCON RD                               WISCON RD                                                                                                                                  CO
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                                   M
                                   M
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                                                                                                     MARINER




                                                                                                                                                                         ANDERSON SNOW RD




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                            VD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    HAYMAN RD
                       AW BL
                   OSOW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        CULBREATH RD




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                                    ILL
                                          DR                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        HAYMAN RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 AYERS RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CHURCH RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               MYERS RD
                                                                      COUNTY LINE RD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3                                       1.5   0            3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Miles



                                                                                                                                THE Bus Routes                                                                                                                 Existing Land Use
                                Map 2-6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Agriculture                                                                             Mobile Homes                                                                           Single Family
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Commercial                                                                              Multi-Family                                                                           Utilities

       2003                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Conservation                                                                            Private Institutional                                                                  Vacant


Existing Land Use
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Education                                                                               Publicly Owned                                                                         Water and Wetlands
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Industrial                                                                              Recreation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Mining                                                                                  Right of Ways
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Source: Hernando County Property Appraiser                                                                                                                     Revised: 02.24.09
                                                                                                                               Hernando County MPO Transit Development Plan (2010 - 2019)
                                                        Citrus




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       RD
                                                                                                        THRASHER AVE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                LINGLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            LAK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               E LIN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CITRUS WAY




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    DSE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Y RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            41
                                                                         COMMERCIAL WAY (US19)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Y RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      US
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         DSE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    E LIN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      (
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 LAK




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 DALY RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          OA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Sumter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          LAKE LINDSEY RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        BR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      WILLOW ST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       NO
                                                                                                                             CENTRALIA RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         BL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CYRANO AV




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ON
                                                                                                                                    SUNSHINE GROVE RD




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               OO
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 M
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   RD
                                                                                                                    HEXAM RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              WEATHERLY RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            RD
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   OO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CR




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           COBB RD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      L AV
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                                 CO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          JEFF
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                              Map 2-7                                                                                                                               Level of Service
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  A                                          D
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                  B                                          F
Level of Service
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  C                                             No Data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Source: Hernando County MPO                                                                                                             Revised: 02.24.09
                                                                                                                               Hernando County MPO Transit Development Plan (2010 - 2019)
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                              Map 2-8                                                                                                                               Level of Service
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    A                                          D
 2013 Roadway
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    B                                          E                                                             No Data
Level of Service
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    C                                           F
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Source: Hernando County MPO                                                                                                            Revised: 02.24.09
In 2013, however, several LOS “E” and “F” graded road segments are forecasted. Broad Street
from US 98 to Mildred Avenue is projected to have an LOS “E” grade, with numerous segments
of County Line Road, Deltona Boulevard, and Mariner Boulevard in Spring Hill projecting an LOS
“F” grade.

REGIONAL TRENDS IN TRANSIT

The most significant effort towards a more intermodal region in the Tampa Bay area began in
July 2007 with the creation of the Tampa Bay Area Regional Transportation Authority (TBARTA)
by the Florida Legislature. The goal of TBARTA is to plan and implement a multi-modal
transportation system that will connect the counties within the greater Tampa Bay region,
including Citrus, Hernando, Pasco, Hillsborough, Pinellas, Manatee, and Sarasota. TBARTA has
developed a Regional Transportation Master Plan for the six-county area, which was adopted in
May 2009. The supporting future local transit network identified by TBARTA for 2035 in
Hernando County is presented in Figure 2-4. In addition, the regional transit networks
identified by TBARTA for the mid-term and long-term are presented in Maps 2-9 and 2-10,
respectively.

                                           Figure 2-4
                             Hernando County Support Transit Network
                                TBARTA Mid-Term (2035) Networks




     Source: TBARTA




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                           Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                   2-20                       Transit Development Plan
                                    Map 2-9




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                Hernando County MPO
August 2009                           2-21    Transit Development Plan
                                    Map 2-10




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                 Hernando County MPO
August 2009                           2-22     Transit Development Plan
OVERVIEW OF EXISTING SERVICES

Fixed-Route Service


With the start of fixed-route transit service in October/November 2002, followed by service
expansions in both Brooksville and Spring Hill in May 2004, a large portion of the population
within the county’s urbanized area lives within ¼-mile of a transit route. Service is also being
coordinated with the specialized services available to the county's transportation disadvantaged
population.


Vehicles

Fixed-route service was initiated in 2002 using four medium-duty Blue Bird 25 ft. T-2000 buses,
with a fifth vehicle acquired as a spare.


In 2005, the number of vehicles was expanded by adding one large cutaway bus to use as a
shuttle between Brooksville and Spring Hill, along with four small cutaway vans for
complementary ADA service.           These acquisitions were the result of major service
enhancements. By 2006, the County had acquired two low-floor Blue Bird ULF vehicles.


Fixed-Route
Four vehicles are currently dedicated to the circulator route serving the Spring Hill area, one
vehicle is used for the Brooksville Shuttle, another is used for the Brooksville Circulator, and
four vehicles are being kept as spares, for a total fixed-route fleet of 10 vehicles. Of these, two
are ultra low-floor buses, with funding available for the purchase of an additional low-floor bus.


Table 2-9 provides a summary of the transit vehicles owner by Hernando County. As shown in
the table, the County-owned fleet consists of 10 vehicles for fixed-route operations and 4
paratransit vehicles for ADA service.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                               Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    2-23                          Transit Development Plan
                                               Table 2-9
                                          Fixed Route Vehicles
    Number                                             ADA
                                                                         Fuel     Seating     Standing
      of                    Description             Accessible
                                                                         Type     Capacity    Capacity
    Vehicles                                        Equipment
                       2003 Blue Bird 25 ft,
         7                                                 Lift          Diesel       26          10
                           CIFE2509C
                       2004 Champion 25ft,
         1                                                 Lift          Diesel       16          10
                          CH250RLFW
                       2005 Blue Bird 30 ft,                             Diesel
         1                                         Low Floor Ramp                     26          10
                           L4RE2911C
                       2006 Blue Bird 30 ft,
         1                                         Low Floor Ramp        Diesel       26          10
                           L4RE2911C



Paratransit
Complementary ADA service began in 2005 with three vehicles operating under the paratransit
coordinated system and one van kept in reserve. In 2007/08, vehicles for ADA fleet service
were increased to 4 operating, with 12 TD paratransit vehicles and 1 in reserve for ADA service.


                                              Table 2-10
                                          Paratransit Vehicles
    Number                                                       ADA
                                                                                  Fuel        Seating
      of                        Description                   Accessible
                                                                                  Type        Capacity
    Vehicles                                                  Equipment
                        2004 Champion Crusader,
         3                                                        Lift            Diesel         13
                              CR210RLFS
         1              2007 Turtle Top, CG33503                  Lift            Diesel         12



Mid Florida Community Services is the Community Transportation Coordinator (CTC) for the
Transportation Disadvantaged (TD) in Hernando County.                    The Hernando County Board of
County Commissioners contracts with Mid Florida Community Services to operate the fixed-
route and ADA service. In addition to the County-owned paratransit vans, the operator has a
minimum of 15 vans available for ADA service.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                        Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                         2-24                              Transit Development Plan
Other Capital Equipment

Over the past four years, the system has grown to include the following transit infrastructure:


    •    Shelters and Benches - Three shelters have been purchased and placed at selected
         major locations. Shelters are located at the Mariner Blvd/SR 50 transfer station and the
         High Point and Brooksville City Hall transfer points.     Shelters are metal and glass
         enclosures, open on one side, and are approximately 5 ft. x 10 ft. in size. Additionally,
         the County has initiated a bench program, with benches scheduled to be stationed at
         approximately one-half of the existing stops. At this time, benches have been placed at
         the Mariner Blvd/Northcliffe Blvd and Deltona Blvd/Forest Oaks stops.


    •    Route Signage - As of 2007, the system’s flag-stop policy was discontinued in favor of
         placing bus stop signs along all fixed routes. Hernando County Planning Department
         staff developed the initial mapping in cooperation with the operator.      The County’s
         Department of Public Works performed the installation and placement of signs and
         provides ongoing maintenance. Furthermore, adjustments due to safety were made by
         Public Works. Signs have now been installed at all bus stops along the routes.


    •    Other Ancillary Equipment - Other equipment at the shelters includes trash and
         cigarette receptacles, bike racks, and map frames.


Existing Route System

Current Routes

The overall routing system is depicted in Figures 2-5 through 2-8, including the system’s three
main components: the Spring Hill Circulator (Red and Blue routes), the Brooksville Shuttle
(Green Route), and the Brooksville Circulator (Purple Route).

Major Route Connections

Several connecting points function as route anchors. These locations are major attractors of
transit trips, which serve as schedule time points and allow for coordination of route transfers.
The connecting points are as follows:




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                              Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    2-25                         Transit Development Plan
                               Figure 2-5: Spring Hill Circulator - Red Route




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                  Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                       2-26                          Transit Development Plan
                               Figure 2-6: Spring Hill Circulator - Blue Route




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                   Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                       2-27                           Transit Development Plan
                                    Figure 2-7: Brooksville Shuttle




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                        Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    2-28                   Transit Development Plan
                                    Figure 2-8: Brooksville Circulator




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                           Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                      2-29                    Transit Development Plan
    •    Major Transfer Facility - Mariner Square Shopping Center (SE corner of Mariner Blvd and
         SR 50)
    •    Lakewood Plaza - NW corner of Lake in the Woods Dr & US 19
    •    Mariner Crossings - NW corner –of Mariner Blvd and Northcliffe Blvd
    •    Hernando West Plaza - SW corner of US 19 and Spring Hill Dr
    •    YMCA - 1300 Mariner Blvd
    •    Brooksville City Hall – NW corner of Main St and Ft. Dade Ave


Operational Characteristics

The basic characteristics of the existing transit system are summarized in Table 2-10.


Hours and Days of Service
Days of operation for both the circulator and shuttle service are Monday through Friday,
approximately 6:00 am to 7:00 pm.


Headways
The Spring Hill Circulator service provides headways of 60 minutes and operates buses in both
directions, and the Brooksville Shuttle service operates with headways of 60 minutes in the
peak periods and 120 minutes in the off-peak periods. The Brooksville Circulator operates one
vehicle with headways of 60 minutes.

Weekend Service and Holidays
The Hernando Board of County Commissioners (BOCC) sets policy for weekend and holiday
service for THE Bus. Currently, no service is available on weekends and the following holidays:
    •    New Years Day
    •    Martin Luther King Jr. Day
    •    Presidents' Day
    •    Good Friday
    •    Memorial Day
    •    Independence Day
    •    Labor Day
    •    Veterans’ Day
    •    Thanksgiving Day and the day after Thanksgiving
    •    Christmas Eve & Christmas Day (if applicable)




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    2-30                        Transit Development Plan
                                                         Table 2-10
                                     Summary of Transit Service Operating Characteristics

                                           Spring Hill Circulator
    Operating Characteristic                                                      Brooksville         Brooksville
                                                                                    Shuttle             Route                    Total
                                       Clockwise           Counter-
                                                                                 (Green Route)      (Purple Route)
                                      (Red Route)         Clockwise
                                                         (Blue Route)

Vehicles in Service                        2                   2                       1                   1                       6

Number of Spare Vehicles                                                    2                                                      2

Headways (minutes)                         60                  60                      60                  60                      --

Days of Service                         Mon - Fri           Mon - Fri               Mon - Fri           Mon - Fri                  --

Hours of Service                    6:00 am - 7:00 pm   6:00 am - 7:00 pm       6:30 am - 6:30 pm   6:30 am - 5:30 pm              --

Annual Revenue Miles of Service         117,167              96,384                  51,204              44,427                309,182

Annual Vehicle Miles of Service         126,001             105,067                  52,099              45,342                328,509




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                                           Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                         2-31                                                Transit Development Plan
                           THE Bus has now acquired two low-floor vehicles.




              Four small cutaway vehicles are used to provide complementary ADA
                              service for the fixed-route system.


Other Operational Features

ADA Service

Service for persons qualifying under ADA was implemented in March 2005. The ADA
transportation service complements the existing public transportation service, THE Bus. ADA
services are for residents who live within ¾-mile on either side of the fixed-route system but
are unable to access the fixed-route transit system due to a disability.


Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                      2-32                         Transit Development Plan
ADA Service Information
ADA Paratransit Service functions as a shared-ride service with multiple passengers. Origins
and destinations must be within ¾-mile on either side of the fixed-route system.

To use the ADA service, an ADA Eligibility Photo Identification Card must be obtained. The
Center for Independent Living processes all ADA Para-Transit applications.

Trans-Hernando provides and schedules the appointments for the service, and an appointment
must be scheduled one day prior to the trip and during office hours, Monday-Friday, 7:00 am to
6:00 pm. Each scheduled trip must have an appointment time and destination address.

Pickup times can be scheduled between 6:00 am and 5:00 pm with ADA trips having a one-hour
pickup window. Multiple appointments in a single day can be scheduled at one-hour intervals.

ADA-eligible riders do not pay anything to ride THE Bus.1 The correct fare is required at the
time of each trip. ADA card holders are able to ride THE Bus for free. ADA riders are required
to show their ADA Eligibility Photo Identification Card to the driver each time they ride THE Bus.

Visitors in Hernando County whose ADA eligibility has been determined by another transit or
public agency are also able to use their ADA Eligibility Identification Card while visiting
Hernando County. Visitors must provide proof of eligibility prior to using the ADA service.

Qualification Process
Trans-Hernando maintains the following qualification process for persons requesting ADA
service:


    1. Persons applying for an ADA Eligibility Photo Identification Card must first contact the
         Center for Independent Living at (877) 232-8261 to schedule an appointment.                The
         Center evaluates applicants and determines eligibility for the ADA transportation service.


    2. When eligible for ADA transportation services is determined, the applicant receives a
         written notification of eligibility, along with an ADA Eligibility Photo Identification Card.


    3. Upon receipt of the ADA Identification Card, trips are scheduled by contacting Trans-
         Hernando at a special reservation line. ADA trip reservations must be scheduled one
         day prior to the planned trip.



1
Obtained from THE Bus website 6-1-2009


Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                   Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                       2-33                           Transit Development Plan
Bus Stop Placement

    •    General Location - Bus stop placement and spacing have a major influence on the
         performance of bus service. There is an inherent tradeoff between close stops (every
         block or 0.125 to 0.25 mile) with short walk distances but more frequent stops and a
         longer bus trip and stops further apart with longer walk distances but more infrequent
         stops, higher speeds, and therefore, shorter bus trips.


With the planned discontinuation of the current flag-stop policy, staff will work over the next
several months with the operator to identify bus stop locations and sign these locations
accordingly.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                            Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     2-34                      Transit Development Plan
 Section 3: Public Involvement Process
A Public Involvement Plan was developed for the TDP to provide numerous opportunities for
public involvement as well as involvement on the part of local agencies and organizations. This
plan, developed in accordance with the MPO’s Public Involvement Plan, is presented in
Appendix A. This section summarizes the public involvement activities that were undertaken as
part of the TDP update and other related efforts by the MPO. The components of the public
involvement activities are presented below.


PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT COMPONENTS

Project Kick-Off Meeting

A kick-off meeting was conducted with the MPO Transit Technical Committee (TTC) to review
the scope of services and project schedule, discuss data and document needs, and review other
issues related to the project.

Transit Technical Committee Meetings

Two discussion groups were held with the MPO’s Transit Technical Committee, which consists of
County, City of Brooksville, and agency representatives that work closely with groups who




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                           Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                   3-1                        Transit Development Plan
depend on transit. Use of the Transit Technical Committee ensures that a broad spectrum of
agencies, including those representing groups of individuals who are underserved and/or under-
represented, are included throughout the TDP development process.

Community Transit Workshop

The MPO endeavored to coat-tail on a community event, which has been hugely successful.
One such event that is held in Brooksville and is specifically oriented to families and caretakers
of children is the “Week of the Young Child,” which is designed to reach local organizations
working to improve opportunities for all young children. The event presents a unique
opportunity to reach social service organizations and community groups that overlap with a
population that is traditionally oriented to transit use. At the last such event, more than 100
persons visited the display for THE Bus and provided comments regarding existing service and
proposed enhancements. In 2009, the “Week of the Young Child” took place from April 19-25.

Environmental Justice Program

The Environmental Justice Program has become an established part of the MPO’s public
involvement process. The MPO has developed an extensive list of contacts of persons and
agencies associated with the low-income and minority populations of Hernando County. For the
most part, these populations are concentrated in Brooksville. These groups were contacted
during the major update of the TDP and encouraged to participate in meetings and other
related activities.

Transit Surveys

Two surveys assisted in assessing the needs of users and non-users. An on-board survey that
was conducted in April 2008, which is summarized later in this section, was used to assess the
needs of transit users. A second survey administered through the MPO at public events targeted
individuals who do not necessarily use transit.

Meet with Airport Employers

Meetings with representatives of employers within the Hernando Airport Planned Development
District were held to identify transportation issues within this important and growing economic
development zone.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                              Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    3-2                          Transit Development Plan
Presentations

Presentations were made to the TAC, CAC, and MPO Board. Input from these public
involvement activities are documented in the remainder of this section. Appendix A provides
materials used in the public involvement process, including public notices/flyers, surveys, and
other related material.

ON-BOARD SURVEY


In April 2008, the Hernando County MPO, which oversees THE Bus fixed-route transit services,
conducted a bus on-board survey to assess the travel characteristics of bus riders, ascertain the
perceptions of current bus riders, and obtain information on potential service improvements.
Feedback received from the survey was used by the MPO and Hernando County in evaluating
the current state of bus service as perceived by riders and in determining and prioritizing future
transit needs in Hernando County. The Hernando County MPO conducted a similar on-board
survey in 2003, one year after the system began operations. Where applicable, input from this
previous survey is presented to provide a comparative analysis between 2003 and 2008. This
section documents the methodology and results of the April 2008 on-board survey.

Survey Methodology

The method utilized for surveying bus riders was the distribution of a self-administered on-
board survey to all persons boarding buses on the day of the survey. The survey questionnaire
was similar in format and content to the survey instruments previously used as part of the 2003
THE Bus on-board survey. This was done to allow for comparative analysis of current and
historical survey results. In addition to including questions similar to the 2003 survey, the 2008
survey includes several new questions determined to be of interest to the MPO.

Two surveys were administered to bus riders. A full-length survey was administered to all who
boarded each bus. A shorter survey was administered to each boarding passenger who had
already completed one or more of the full-length surveys on previous trips. The short version
asked respondents about several characteristics of their current trip only. Previous surveys for
other transit agencies have shown that distribution of a shorter version of the survey can be
successful in increasing the overall response rates of bus riders.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                              Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     3-3                         Transit Development Plan
The on-board survey was distributed by a team of trained survey personnel, including staff from
the Hernando County MPO and THE Bus system and volunteers. Prior to the day of the survey,
a training session was conducted to instruct surveyors about their duties and responsibilities
and to address issues or concerns that they may have had about the process.

A special effort was made to reach the Hispanic population in Hernando County. To sample a
larger portion of the Hispanic population using bus service, both survey instruments were
translated into Spanish. To easily distinguish between Spanish and English surveys, surveys
were printed on color-coded cardstock. Both survey instruments can be found in Appendix A.


The survey was conducted on all fixed-route runs for a typical weekday of service. A total of
790 surveys were provided to the surveyors for distribution, and 447 were completed. Table 3-
1 presents the survey response rates for each bus route and for the survey effort as a whole.


                                             Table 3-1
                                Survey Response Rate (April 24, 2008)
                                      # of     % of                               Survey
                            # of                          Total      Surveys
             Route                   Runs      Runs                              Response
                            Runs                        Ridership   Completed
                                    Covered   Covered                              Rate
        Route 1 -
                              12       12      100%       206          148          72%
        Red
        Route 2 -
                              12       12      100%       214          137          64%
        Blue
        Route 3 -
                              11       11      100%        82          73           89%
        Purple
        Route 4 -
                              12       12      100%       123          89           72%
        Green
             Total            47      47      100%        625         447          72%




Questions on the on-board survey can be organized into five major analysis categories:

    •    Trip characteristics – questions in this category address the characteristics of each
         respondent’s individual trip

    •    Rider demographics – respondent’s age, gender, income, etc.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                               Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                      3-4                         Transit Development Plan
    •    Travel behavior – respondent’s use of various bus services, such as use of
         schedules/website access and fare options

    •    Rider satisfaction – rider opinions on a five-point scale to measure satisfaction with
         various aspects of THE Bus services

    •    Potential service improvements – rider input on desired service improvements to
         existing transit services

The results of the on-board survey, which summarizes rider input for both short- and long-form
surveys, are presented in Appendix A.

Survey Summary

The key findings of the on-board survey are organized and summarized below by each survey
analysis category, including trip characteristics, rider demographics, travel behavior, rider
satisfaction, and potential service improvements.

Trip Characteristics

    •    The majority of bus riders walk to and from THE Bus stops. The distance riders are
         willing to walk to access a bus has increased since 2003. More people walk 1/8 or more
         miles to the bus stops.

    •    Most of bus riders continue to use THE Bus for their shopping/errands and work travel.
         The percent of riders using THE Bus for their travel to and from work has increased
         significantly from 2003 to 2008.

    •    Only 26 percent of respondents indicated that their trip involved a transfer to another
         bus route.

    •    A majority of riders reach their final destinations without having to transfer to another
         bus, indicating that a larger share of bus riders can use a “one-seat trip” to reach their
         final destination.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                               Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     3-5                          Transit Development Plan
Rider Demographics

    •    An increasing number of riders are between the ages of 25 and 59. The number of
         female riders continues to represents the majority of THE Bus ridership since 2003.

    •    More than 60 percent of respondents indicated a total household income of less than
         $20,000 in 2007; more than half of those households had a total household income of
         less than $10,000.

    •    The percent of respondents that do not have access to a personal vehicle to make the
         trip has increased from 75 percent in 2003 to nearly 80 percent in 2008.
    •    Survey respondents were primarily full-time residents of Hernando County. While the
         percent of full-time residents using THE Bus has decreased slightly from 2003 to 2008,
         the percentage of short-term residents and tourists/visitors has increased significantly.

    •    A majority of respondents come from Brooksville area and from the area south of Cortez
         Blvd/US 19 in Spring Hill.

Table 3-2 provides a quick profile of the typical 2008 THE Bus rider.


                                              Table 3-2
                                     THE Bus Rider Profile (2008)
                                                             Typical Rider
                                     Characteristic
                                                                Profile
                                    Age                          25-59
                                    Gender                      Female
                                    Annual household
                                                               < $20,000
                                    income
                                    Vehicle ownership             No
                                    Trip purpose             Shopping/Work
                                    Visitor/resident           Resident




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                               Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                            3-6                   Transit Development Plan
Travel Behavior

    •    More than 40 percent of the respondents indicated that they use the standard adult fare
         rather than an alternative fare payment option.

    •    In 2008, nearly half of the respondents indicated that they use the service five days per
         week, a significant increase compared to less than 25 percent in 2003. More people
         using the service three to five days per week and fewer occasional/first time riders in
         2008 indicate a solid ridership base for THE Bus.

    •    For more than 70 percent of respondents, the most important reasons for riding THE
         Bus was because they did not have a car or do not drive. There also is an increase in
         the percentage of persons using the bus as a cost-effective mode of travel.

    •    In the event THE Bus service is not available, the majority indicated they would not
         make the trip or would either walk or ride with someone. Approximately 7 percent of
         riders indicated that they would have to drive, and more than 5 percent would have to
         use the Transportation Disadvantaged service.

    •    A large portion of the respondents use THE Bus during most of the year, with 67
         percent of respondents indicating that they used the bus service for more than six
         months.

    •    More than 63 percent of respondents indicated they use the bus schedule to get service
         information. More than 76 percent of the respondents use the bus schedule, phone, or
         internet to get the bus service information.

    •    The most prevalent suggestion by respondents on how THE Bus can make its printed
         bus schedule easier to use was adding route maps into the schedule.

Rider Satisfaction

    •    The “ability to go where you want” and “convenience and reliability” were the most liked
         characteristics of the bus service, while “limited service span,” “frequency,” “lack of
         weekend service,” and “travel times” were the least liked characteristics.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                              Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     3-7                         Transit Development Plan
    •    Based on input from riders about their level of satisfaction with various characteristics of
         the bus service, “bus driver courtesy and driving ability,” “value of bus fare (service you
         get for what you pay),” “safety/security when riding,” and “availability of seats on the
         buses” scored the highest satisfaction scores.

    •    Characteristics that scored lowest include the hours and frequency of service, travel
         times, and the number of transfers.

    •    None of the system characteristics scored below a 3 (on a scale of 5) in overall rider
         satisfaction; overall satisfaction with the THE Bus service was 4.3.

    •    The three system characteristics that were most important to the respondents include
         frequency of service, ability to reach their desired destination, and service span during
         weekdays.

Potential Service Improvements

    •    An overwhelming majority of respondents identified a need for additional bus service
         improvements.

    •    Saturday service, later service on existing routes, and more frequency on existing routes
         were the potential service improvements that were selected most often.

    •    Of the respondents who selected increased coverage area as their choice of
         improvement, most identified Pasco County and the Hernando County Airport as areas
         for additional coverage.

    •    Other improvements often identified by respondents included installing additional bus
         stops, benches, and shelters and providing bus service on holidays.

Survey Conclusions and Implications

A number of conclusions were made based on the results of the 2008 and 2003 on-board
surveys conducted for THE Bus services in Hernando County. In addition, as Hernando County
was contemplating three transit service reduction scenarios at the same time of the survey, the
potential implications of these reduction scenarios on existing transit patrons were also
discussed.



Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                      3-8                          Transit Development Plan
Conclusions

The most significant conclusions drawn from the on-board survey analysis are summarized
below.

    •    Bus riders are generally satisfied with the service provided by THE Bus. Any
         dissatisfaction expressed by survey respondents was associated with the desire for more
         transit service improvements, including weekend service, expanded hours of service,
         and increased frequency of service.

    •    About 80 percent of THE Bus patrons are “captive” riders, those who do not have a
         vehicle and/or come from households with incomes below, at, or near federal poverty
         thresholds. However, increases in the percentage of persons stating that their
         onlydreason to ride THE Bus is because the “bus is economical” indicates that more
         discretionary or “choice” riders are accessing the system.

    •    THE Bus is capturing an increasing number of work trips, increasing from about 12
         percent in 2003 to more than 21 percent in 2008. The proportion of shopping trips has
         increased modestly over time, from 23 percent in 2003 to 27 percent in 2008.

    •    THE Bus riders are generally regular customers of the service. Nearly 47 percent of
         riders use the system five days per week. More than 90 percent use the service two or
         more days a week.

    •    In terms of longevity of transit use, more than 67 percent of respondents have been
         using the service for more than six months, clearly indicating a strong and dedicated
         core ridership on the system.

    •    About 28 percent of riders use a monthly pass rather than pay cash on the bus.
         However, only 2 percent make use of the daily pass, indicating that this type of pass is
         not effective in meeting the patron needs as currently marketed.

    •    An overwhelming majority of riders identified the need for additional transit system
         improvements (weekend service, more evening service, and increased frequencies).




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    3-9                         Transit Development Plan
PUBLIC COMMENTS

To gather public responses to the proposed near-term bus service reductions (reducing service
frequency from 1-hour to 2-hours in FY 2010), the Hernando County Board of County
Commissioners initiated a public comment period in May 2009. The responses to the Notice of
Public Comment Period initiated on May 4, 2009, received via telephone and email to MPO staff,
are summarized below. The telephone comments have been summarized to represent the
overall view of the caller.

Summary of Public Comments

Of the responses received during the 30-day Public Comment period, the majority (82%) are in
favor of keeping the fixed-route system. They are in favor of maintaining current one-hour
headways, and several expressed interest in expanding the days and hours of service and
operation.

The most common complain was major inconvenience if the headways were degraded to two-
hours. Other comments centered on current economic conditions and the resulting increased
dependency on transit. In particular, many elderly residents stated that they would not be able
to use the system if the two-hour headways were implemented. Comments also stated a desire
that the system should be expanding instead of contracting.

Seven of the respondents (18%) were opposed to the continuation of any kind of fixed-route
transit. They cited a waste of taxpayer money and lack of ridership as reasons. These
respondents did not address specific operational issues. All comments are summarized in
Appendix A of this report.

PUBLIC WORKSHOP SURVEY

A survey was distributed to participants at an event called the "Week of the Young Child" at the
Jerome Brown Center in Brooksville on April 18, 2009. This social service event for parents and
children was selected by MPO staff to inform the public on THE Bus transit services and obtain
input. A summary of the survey results for each surveyed question based on input from 16
respondents is presented below. A total of 81 percent responded that they had moderate
transit awareness, and 19 percent had high transit awareness.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                            Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                   3-10                        Transit Development Plan
                                   Figure 3-1
How much awareness is there in the community about transit/public transportation?


              Do not know     0%



                None at all   0%



                 Moderate                                                             81%



                      High                     19%


                            0%                  25%                50%         75%            100%




A large majority of the respondents (81%) said that THE Bus must be provided, and 19 percent
said it might be useful. None of the surveyed public said it does not matter, not sure or that
they do not need THE Bus.
                                         Figure 3-2
                       What do you think of THE Bus transit service?


                    We do not need it     0%


                  Not sure it is useful   0%


              It does not matter to me    0%


                    It might be useful                19%


                  It must be provided                                                  81%


                                      0%              25%                50%    75%           100%




    In responding to their perception of transit’s role in the community, all respondents
    surveyed stated that THE Bus is absolutely necessary in the community.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                          Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                 3-11                        Transit Development Plan
                                         Figure 3-3
                 What is your perception of transit’s role in the community?


                       Unnecessary     0%



              Somew hat unimportant    0%



                Somew hat important    0%

                                                                               100%
               Absolutely necessary


                                      0%    25%           50%         75%         100%




    More than 69 percent of those surveyed said they definitely would be willing to pay
    additional taxes, and 31 percent stated they would be somewhat open to the idea to paying
    additional taxes to support transit.

                                        Figure 3-4
         Are you willing to pay additional taxes for an expanded transit system?


              Do not know      0%



                 Not at all    0%



               Somew hat                            31%



                 Definitely                                                      69%


                              0%            25%                 50%                75%




A total of 63 percent of survey respondents stated there was willingness in the community to
consider additional local funding for transit; 36 percent said there was somewhat of willingness,
and 1 percent said not at all for willingness for additional local funding.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                              Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                       3-12                      Transit Development Plan
                                         Figure 3-5
     Do you believe there is willingness in the community to consider additional local
                                    funding for transit?

                Do not know



                     Not at all        1%



                    Somew hat                                    36%



                     Definitely                                                      63%


                                  0%              25%                        50%             75%




A total of 63 percent stated they have used THE Bus, and 37 percent responded that they have
never used THE Bus.

                                            Figure 3-6
                          Have you used Hernando County Transit Service?


               No                                          37%




              Yes                                                                  63%



                    0%                      25%                        50%                  75%




More than 99 percent of those surveyed stated there was a need for additional transit service in
Hernando County, and 1 percent said there was not.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                      Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                             3-13                        Transit Development Plan
                                       Figure 3-7
    Do you think there is a need for additional transit service in Hernando County?


               No        1%



                                                                               99%
              Yes



                    0%                   25%            50%     75%              100%




    Based on survey responses, 68 percent would like to see weekend service added, followed
    by 50 percent stating they would like more frequent bus service; 43 percent stated they
    would like either an increased coverage area or night service.



                                            Figure 3-8
                     What is the type of service you would most like to see?

                                     Other              20%


                         Carpools/Vanpools        1%


               Increased Coverage Area                         43%


                              Night Service                    43%


                          Weekend Service                                       68%


              More Frequent Bus Service                              50%


                                             0%          25%     50%              75%




    A total of 56 percent stated that $0.51 to $1 was a reasonable amount to pay for one-way
    fares; 37 percent stated that they would pay between $1.01 and up to $2.00 for a one way
    fare on THE Bus.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                            3-14                Transit Development Plan
                                      Figure 3-9
       What do you think is a reasonable one-way fare to pay for transit service?

              More than $2.00       0%


                $1.51 to $2.00               12%


                $1.01 to $1.50                         25%


                $0.51 to $1.00                                                 56%


                $0.00 to $0.50          1%


                                   0%                25%                50%                 75%




Based on survey results, 37 percent of those who participated stated that gas prices would
need to rise to $4 a gallon, and 18 percent stated gas would have to reach $5 per gallon before
they would consider using transit.

                                   Figure 3-10
   How much must gas prices rise before you are willing to consider using transit?

                 Do not know                                            25%


              I'll never sw itch        1%


                 $8 per gallon


                 $6 per gallon          1%


                 $5 per gallon                                    18%


                 $4 per gallon                                                            37%


                               0%              10%                20%         30%           40%


Of those surveyed, 56 percent were most willing to pay more sales tax, and 25 percent were
willing pay increased gasoline taxes.



Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                       Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                3-15                      Transit Development Plan
                                          Figure 3-11
                    Which type of additional tax are you most willing to pay
                               for an expanded transit system?

                None of the above          1%


              Special Assessment           1%


                      Property tax     0%


                           Gas tax                             25%


                          Sales tax                                                56%


                                      0%                  25%               50%                 75%


Over 50 percent of those who responded to the survey were between the ages of 40 and 60, 36
percent were between 18 and 40, and 12 percent were over age 60.

                                                        Figure 3-12
                                                       Your age is…

               Over 60                           12%
                                                                                             50%
               40 to 60


               30 to 40                                  18%


               18 to 30                                  18%


              Under 18    0%


                      0%                   10%           20%          30%         40%           50%




From the responses collected, 31 percent stated they had a household income of less than
$10,000 annually, 25 percent said $30,000 - $39,000, and 18 percent stated their household
income was $50,000 or more annually.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                           Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                3-16                          Transit Development Plan
                                           Figure 3-13
                        What is the range of your total household income?

              $50,000 or greater                               18%


              $40,000 - $49,999         1%


              $30,000 - $39,999                                           25%


              $20,000 - $29,999     0%


              $10,000 - $19,999                     12%


              Less than $10,000                                                       31%


                                   0%         10%               20%             30%             40%




    Of those surveyed, a total of 43 percent stated they resided within ZIP code 34601, 25
    percent within 34609, and 18 percent within 34606.

                                                 Figure 3-14
                                   What is the ZIP code of your residence?

             34609                                            25%


             34606                              18%


             34604      1%


             34603      1%


             34601                                                                      43%


                   0%                   10%      20%                30%         40%            50%




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                          Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                            3-17                             Transit Development Plan
CONSENSUS-BUILDING WORKSHOP

The Consensus-Building Workshop was held on June 24, 2009 at the Hernando County Utilities
Building in Brooksville. The participants were invited by the Hernando County MPO staff. The
workshop was attended by 21 participants included Board exercises, which were completed as a
large group, and small group exercises. The Board exercises covered mode finance and revenue
options.    The small group exercises covered cross sections, roadway priorities, public
transportation, trail facilities, preservation of corridors, and congested intersections. The results
of the workshop are summarized below.

Public Transportation

The workshop participants were asked to identify which type of public transportation service
was important and to check all that apply from the following service options:

    •    Local circulator service that operates within a small area
    •    County connector service that connects Brooksville and Spring Hill together
    •    Regional service that connects to Citrus County
    •    Regional service that connects to Pasco County
    •    Regional service that connects to Hillsborough and Pinellas counties
    •    None of the above are important

Participants indicated that all of the services were important, but when asked to rank the
services that are important by timing of implementation, the participants indicated they would
like to have a local circulator service and a county connector service first. Regional service was
noted as important but not the top priority. Service to Pinellas and Hillsborough counties was
the top regional priority, and service to Citrus County was the least important to participants.

TBARTA iTOWN MEETINGS

In April 2009 in Hernando County, TBARTA conducted an iTownHall meeting, a meeting format
that uses telephone, email, internet, and instant messaging systems to communicate with the
public, The meeting was held to discuss the importance of the TBARTA Master Plan, the mid-
term regional and supporting networks, long-term regional and supporting networks, and the
benefits of having a balanced transportation system will have for the region. Participants in the
meeting were invited to ask questions.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     3-18                          Transit Development Plan
Commonly-raised concerns were Hernando County connectivity to Orlando and Tampa and the
implementation of a rail system within the region. A detailed summary of these questions is
provided in Appendix A.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                        Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                3-19                       Transit Development Plan
Section 4: Evaluation of Existing Services
This section presents the evaluation conducted for fixed-route transit services in Hernando
County. This includes the results of a trend analysis where THE Bus performance is reviewed
over time and a peer review analysis to compare its performance with other similarly situated
transit agencies. In addition, a capacity analysis is also conducted followed by a review and
analysis of THE Bus farebox recovery ratios.

FIXED-ROUTE TREND ANALYSIS

A trend analysis was conducted to examine the performance of Hernando County’s fixed-route
bus service. Data were compiled based on the information received from the fixed-route transit
service provider (THE Bus/Trans-Hernando) and Hernando County MPO for five years from
2003 through 2008. This analysis includes statistical tables and graphs that present selected
performance indicators, and effectiveness and efficiency measures for the selected time period.
Table 4-1 lists the measures used in this performance trend analysis. Highlights of the trend
analysis are presented below.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                           Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                   4-1                        Transit Development Plan
                                                        Table 4-1
                                              Performance Review Measures
                                            THE Bus Trend Analysis (2003-2008)
          General Performance                            Effectiveness                                    Efficiency
     Service Area Population                    Vehicle Miles Per Capita              Operating Expense Per Capita
     Passenger Trips                            Passenger Trips Per Capita            Operating Expense Per Capita (in 2003$)
     Vehicle Miles                              Passenger Trips Per Revenue Mile      Operating Expense Per Passenger Trip
     Revenue Miles                              Passenger Trips Per Revenue Hour      Operating Expense Per Passenger Trip (2003$)
     Total Operating Expense                    Number of System Failures             Operating Expense Per Revenue Mile
     Total Operating Expense (2003$)            Revenue Miles Between Failures        Operating Expense Per Revenue Mile (2003$)
     Passenger Fare Revenue                     Weekday Span of Service                Farebox Recovery
                                                                                       Revenue Miles per Vehicle Mile
                                                                                       Average Fare




       Performance Indicators

       Performance indicators are used to present the data that are reported directly in the National
       Traffic Database (NTD) reports and relate to overall system performance.              Selected
       performance indicators are presented in Table 4-2 and Figures 4-1 through 4-6.

                                                        Table 4-2
                                              General Performance Indicators
                                            THE Bus Trend Analysis (2003-2008)
                                                                                                                               Change
           Indicator                   2003             2004          2005          2006         2007            2008
                                                                                                                             (2003-2008)
                                                            General Performance
Service Area Population               65,494           74,041         85,000        87,500       89,295          86,145         31.5%
Passenger Trips                       33,009           78,320        133,750       158,224      140,436         154,369         367.7%
Vehicle Miles                       not available      248,580       338,897       336,288      332,664         328,509         32.2%*
Revenue Miles                         102,102          228,134       309,695       314,464      307,266         309,182         202.8%
Total Operating Expense              $554,917         $966,302      $1,082,142   $1,070,841    $1,214,198      $1,294,135       133.2%
Total Operating Expense (2003$)      $554,917         $940,353      $1,010,016     $970,091    $1,081,585      $1,063,472       91.6%
Passenger Fare Revenue              not available      $22,200       $35,794       $41,638      $54,999         $72,014       224.4%*
* Percent change from 2004 – 2008
  Sources: Trans-Hernando and Hernando County MPO




       Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                     Hernando County MPO
       August 2009                                                   4-2                                  Transit Development Plan
                                Figure 4-1                                                   Figure 4-2

                         Service Area Population                                             Passenger Trips

    100,000                                                         180,000
                                                                    160,000
     80,000                                                         140,000
                                                                    120,000
     60,000                                                         100,000
                                                                     80,000
     40,000
                                                                     60,000
     20,000                                                          40,000
                                                                     20,000
         0                                                                0
                FY        FY       FY     FY       FY        FY                  FY       FY       FY     FY       FY      FY
               2003      2004     2005   2006     2007      2008                2003     2004     2005   2006     2007    2008




                                Figure 4-3                                                      Figure 4-4

                                Vehicle Miles                                                   Revenue Miles
     400,000                                                         350,000
     350,000                                                         300,000
     300,000
                                                                     250,000
     250,000
                                                                     200,000
     200,000
                                                                     150,000
     150,000
                                                                     100,000
     100,000
      50,000                                                          50,000

          0                                                                 0
               FY 2004    FY 2005    FY 2006    FY 2007   FY 2008               FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008




                           Figure 4-5                                                           Figure 4-6

                      Passenger Fare Revenue                                                 Operating Expense
    $80,000                                                            $1,400,000
    $70,000                                                            $1,200,000
    $60,000                                                            $1,000,000
    $50,000
                                                                          $800,000
    $40,000
                                                                          $600,000                               Total Operating
    $30,000
                                                                                                                Expense
                                                                          $400,000                               Total Operating
    $20,000
                                                                          $200,000                              Expense (in 2003$)
    $10,000                                                                                                      T lO        i
        $0                                                                      $0
               FY 2004   FY 2005    FY 2006    FY 2007    FY 2008                    FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                                  Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                         4-3                                         Transit Development Plan
The following is a summary of the trends that are evident among the performance indicators
provided in Table 4-2 and Figures 4-1 through 4-6.

    •    Service area population for THE Bus increased from 69,494 persons in 2003 to 86,145 in
         2008, an increase of more than 31 percent.

    •    Passenger trips for THE Bus increased significantly from 33,009 in 2003 to 154,369 in
         2008, an increase of more than 367 percent.

    •    Total vehicle miles of service increased from 248,580 miles in 2004 to 338,897 in 2005,
         and then decreased since 2005 to 328,509 in 2008.

    •    Similarly, revenue miles of service also increased from 228,134 in 2004 to 314,464 in
         2006, and since have decreased to 309,182 in 2008.

    •    Total operating expense increased from $554,917 in 2003 to $1,294,135 in 2008, an
         increase of more than 133 percent. However, the real dollar increase (adjusted for
         inflation) in total operating expense is 91 percent.

    •    Passenger fare revenue increased from $22,200 in 2004 to $72,014 in 2008, an increase
         of more than 224 percent.

Effectiveness Measures

Effectiveness measures indicate the extent to which service-related goals are being met. For
example, passenger trips per capita are a measure of the effectiveness of a system in meeting
the transportation needs of the community. Selected effectiveness measures are presented in
Table 4-3 and Figures 4-7 through 4-13.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    4-4                         Transit Development Plan
                                                                 Table 4-3
                                                          Effectiveness Measures
                                                    THE Bus Trend Analysis (2003-2008)
                                                                                                                                                      Change
             Measure                        2003               2004         2005                2006               2007             2008
                                                                                                                                                    (2003-2008)
Service Supply
Vehicle Miles Per Capita                     n/a                3.36         4.00               3.80               3.70                 3.80          13.2%
Service Consumption
Passenger Trips Per Capita                   0.50               1.06         1.60               1.80               1.60                 1.80          257.1%
Passenger Trips Per Revenue Mile             0.32               0.34         0.43               0.50               0.46                 0.50          54.4%
Passenger Trips Per Revenue Hour         not available          5.71         7.13               8.99               8.06                 8.73          52.8%
Number of System Failures                     2                  4       not available      not available     not available     not available         100%**
Revenue Miles Between Failures              54,509             57,680    not available      not available     not available     not available         5.5%**
Weekday Span of Service (in hours)           9.00              13.00        14.00               14.00              14.00            14.00             55.6 %
* Indicates percent change from 2004 to 2008
** Indicates percent change from 2003 to 2004
Sources: Trans-Hernando and Hernando County MPO



                                   Figure 4-7                                                               Figure 4-8

                               Vehicle Miles Per Capita                                                Passenger Trips Per Capita
              4.50                                                                  2.00
              4.00                                                                  1.80
              3.50                                                                  1.60
              3.00                                                                  1.40
              2.50                                                                  1.20
                                                                                    1.00
              2.00
                                                                                    0.80
              1.50
                                                                                    0.60
              1.00                                                                  0.40
              0.50                                                                  0.20
              0.00                                                                  0.00
                     FY 2004   FY 2005    FY 2006    FY 2007   FY 2008                      FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008




                                         Figure 4-9                                                          Figure 4-10

                           Passenger Trips Per Revenue Mile                                     Passenger Trips Per Revenue Hour
              0.60                                                                  10.00
                                                                                     9.00
              0.50
                                                                                     8.00
              0.40                                                                   7.00
                                                                                     6.00
              0.30                                                                   5.00
                                                                                     4.00
              0.20
                                                                                     3.00
              0.10                                                                   2.00
                                                                                     1.00
              0.00                                                                   0.00
                     FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008                         FY 2004     FY 2005   FY 2006    FY 2007     FY 2008




          Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                             Hernando County MPO
          August 2009                                                    4-5                                         Transit Development Plan
                        Figure 4-11                                                                   Figure 4-12

                  Number of Vehicle System Failures                                       Revenue Miles Between Failures
     5                                                                      80,000

     4
                                                                            60,000

     3
                                                                            40,000
     2

                                                                            20,000
     1


     0                                                                           0
         FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008                             FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008


         Note: System failure data not available after 2004.                         Note: System failure data not available after 2004.



                                                               Figure 4-13

                                                       Weekday Span of Service (in hours)
                                           16.00
                                           14.00
                                           12.00
                                           10.00
                                            8.00
                                            6.00
                                            4.00
                                            2.00
                                            0.00
                                                   FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008




The following is a summary of the trends that are evident among the effectiveness measures
presented in Table 4-3 and Figures 4-7 through 4-13.

    •      Vehicle miles per capita increased over 13 percent from 2004 through 2008.

    •      Passenger trips per capita increased from 0.50 trips per capita in 2003 to 1.80 trips per
           capita in 2008, an increase of 257 percent.

    •      Passenger trips per revenue mile increased from 0.32 trips in 2003 to 0.50 trips in 2008,
           an increase of 54 percent.

    •      Passenger trips per revenue hour increased from 5.71 trips in 2004 to 8.73 trips in 2008,
           an increase of 53 percent.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                                    Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                           4-6                                         Transit Development Plan
    •    The number of vehicle system failures increased from 2 in 2003 to 4 in 2004. The
         revenue miles between failures, however, increased by nearly 6 percent, due to a much
         greater increase in revenue miles during the same period.

    •    Service availability increased from 9 hours per day to 14 hours per day, an increase of
         more than 55 percent between 2003 and 2008.

Efficiency Measures

Efficiency measures are designed to measure the level of resources necessary to achieve a
given level of output and are presented in Table 4-4 and Figures 4-14 through 4-19.

                                                  Table 4-4
                                            Efficiency Measures
                                    THE Bus Trend Analysis (2003-2008)
                                                                                                                Change
                   Measure                         2003        2004     2005     2006     2007         2008     (2003-
                                                                                                                 2007)
                                                        Cost Efficiency
Operating Expense Per Capita                       $8.47       $13.05   $12.73   $12.24   $13.60      $15.02     77.3%
Operating Expense Per Capita (in 2003$)            $8.47       $12.70   $13.10   $11.09   $12.11      $12.35     45.7%
Operating Expense Per Passenger Trip               $16.81      $12.34   $8.09    $6.77    $8.65        $8.38     -50.1%
Operating Expense Per Passenger Trip (in 2003$)    $16.81      $12.01   $7.55    $6.13    $7.70        $6.89     -59.0%
Operating Expense Per Revenue Mile                 $5.43       $4.24    $3.49    $3.41    $3.95        $4.19     -22.9%
Operating Expense Per Revenue Mile (in 2003$)      $5.43       $4.12    $3.26    $3.08    $3.52        $3.44     -36.7%
                                                      Operating Ratios
Farebox Recovery Ratio                            not avail.   2.30%    3.31%    3.89%    4.53%       5.56%     142.2%*
                                                      Vehicle Utilization
Revenue Miles per Vehicle Mile                    not avail.    0.92     0.91     0.94     0.92        0.94       2.6%
                                                               Fare
Average Fare                                      not avail.   $0.28    $0.27    $0.26    $0.39        $0.47     64.6%*
 * Indicates percent change from 2004 to 2008
 Sources: Trans-Hernando and Hernando County MPO




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                     Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                    4-7                                 Transit Development Plan
                               Figure 4-14                                                               Figure 4-15

                       Operating Expense Per Capita                                      Operating Expense Per Passenger Trip
    $16.00                                                                    $18.00
    $14.00                                                                    $16.00
    $12.00                                                                    $14.00

    $10.00                                                                    $12.00
                                                                              $10.00
        $8.00
                                                                               $8.00
        $6.00                                 Operating Expense Per
                                                                               $6.00                      Operating Expense Per
                                             Capita
        $4.00                                                                                            Passenger Trip
                                              Operating Expense Per            $4.00
        $2.00                                Capita (in 2003$)                                            Operating Expense Per
                                                                               $2.00                     Passenger Trip (in 2003$)
        $0.00                                                                  $0.00
                  FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008                        FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008


                              Figure 4-16                                                               Figure 4-17

                    Operating Expense Per Revenue Mile                                               Farebox Recovery Ratio

         $6.00                                                                  6.00%

         $5.00                                                                  5.00%

         $4.00                                                                  4.00%

         $3.00                                                                  3.00%
                                               Operating Expense Per
         $2.00                                                                  2.00%
                                              Revenue Mile
         $1.00                                 Operating Expense Per            1.00%
                                              Revenue Mile (in 2003$)
         $0.00                                                                  0.00%
                   FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008                         FY 2004   FY 2005    FY 2006    FY 2007   FY 2008



                               Figure 4-18                                                               Figure 4-19

                          Revenue Miles Per Vehicle Mile                                                   Average Fare
                                                                                 $0.50
           1.00
                                                                                 $0.45
           0.80                                                                  $0.40
                                                                                 $0.35
           0.60                                                                  $0.30
                                                                                 $0.25
           0.40                                                                  $0.20
                                                                                 $0.15
           0.20                                                                  $0.10
                                                                                 $0.05
           0.00                                                                  $0.00
                    FY 2004    FY 2005   FY 2006   FY 2007   FY 2008                       FY 2004    FY 2005   FY 2006    FY 2007   FY 2008




The following is a summary of the trends that are evident among the cost efficiency measures
presented in Table 4-4 and Figures 4-14 through 4-19.

    •      Operating expense per capita increased by 77 percent from $8.47 in 2003 to $15.02 in
           2008. The real dollar increase, however, is 45 percent.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                                     Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                             4-8                                        Transit Development Plan
    •    Operating expense per passenger trip decreased from $16.81 in 2003 to $8.38 in 2008,
         a decrease of more than 50 percent in nominal dollars and a decrease of 59 percent in
         real dollars.

    •    Operating expense per revenue mile decreased from $5.43 in 2003 to $4.19 in 2008, a
         decrease of 23 percent in nominal dollars and a decrease of 36.7 percent in real dollars
         from 2003 to 2008.

    •    Farebox recovery increased from 2.30 percent in 2004 to 5.56 percent in 2008, an
         increase of 142 percent.

    •    Revenue miles per vehicle mile remained relatively constant at 0.92 in 2004 and 0.94 in 2008.

    •    The average fare increased from $0.28 in 2004 to $0.47 in 2008, an increase of 64
         percent.

Summary Results of Trend Analysis

The trend analysis is only one aspect of transit performance evaluation. However, when
combined with the peer review analysis, the results provide a starting point for understanding
the trends in a transit system’s performance over time and compared to other systems with
similar characteristics.

Some of the key trends are described below.

Service Consumption - Passenger trips per capita, passenger trips per revenue mile, and
passenger trips per revenue hour have shown positive trends, with significant gains over a
relatively short period, from 2003 to 2008. This shows that there are more people accessing
the system in comparison to the amount of service being supplied.

Service Supply - Vehicle miles per capita (service supply) has increased through 2008.

Quality of Service - The measures analyzed in this category have indicated positive trends
from 2003 to 2008. Despite the increase in the total number of vehicle system failures, revenue
miles between vehicle system failures have increased.

Cost Efficiency - Cost efficiency over the six-year period was measured by analyzing both the
nominal and real dollar changes in costs. To analyze the costs in real dollars, all costs were
deflated to 2003 dollars using annual deflation rates of 2.69 percent for 2004, 3.39 percent for



Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                  Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                       4-9                           Transit Development Plan
2005, 3.24 percent for 2006, 2.85 percent for 2007, and 3.85 percent for 2008 which are based
on the Consumer Price Index (CPI).

Table 4-5 summarizes the trend analysis showing the positive and negative trends identified in
that analysis.
                                         Table 4-5
                       Summary of Trend Analysis (2003-2008)

                             Measure/Indicator                            Change (2003-2008)

                                           General Performance
            Service Area Population                                                31.5%
            Passenger Trips                                                       367.7%
            Vehicle Miles                                                         32.2%**
            Revenue Miles                                                         202.8%
            Total Operating Expense                                               133.2%
            Total Operating Expense (in 2003$)                                     91.6%
            Passenger Fare Revenue                                                224.4%*
                                               Service Supply
           Vehicle Miles per Capita                                               13.2%**
                                           Service Consumption
           Passenger Trips per Capita                                             257.1%
           Passenger Trips per Revenue Mile                                        54.4%
           Passenger Trips per Revenue Hour                                       52.8%**
                                          Quality of Service
           Number of Vehicle System Failures                                     111.2%***
           Revenue Miles Between Vehicle System Failures                          5.5%***
                                              Availability
           Weekday Span of Service                                                 55.6%
                                            Cost Efficiency
           Operating Expense Per Capita                                             77.3%
           Operating Expense Per Capita (in 2003$)                                  45.7%
           Operating Expense Per Passenger Trip                                    -50.1%
           Operating Expense Per Passenger Trip (in 2003$)                         -59.0%
           Operating Expense Per Revenue Mile                                      -22.9%
           Operating Expense Per Revenue Mile (in 2003$)                           -36.7%
                                           Operating Ratios
            Farebox Recovery Ratio                                                142.2%*
                                             Vehicle Utilization
            Revenue Miles per Vehicle Mile                                         2.6%**
                                                      Fare
            Average Fare                                                          64.6%**
         *% change from 2004 to 2008   ** % change from 2004 to 2008   *** % change from 2003 to 2004




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                          Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                           4-10                              Transit Development Plan
ADA RIDERSHIP TREND

In addition to regular fixed-route trips, THE Bus’s complementary ADA paratransit trips also
have increased significantly. Since the ADA service was instituted in March 2005, a total of
49,480 ADA passenger trips have been provided through 2008. As shown in Figure 4-20, ADA
passenger trips increased significantly since fiscal year 2006, the first full year of service. In
2008, a total of more than 19,000 trips were provided, a significant increase from 12,000 trips
in 2006. Due to the growing awareness of THE Bus’s complementary ADA service, the demand
has increased more than 58 percent since 2006.

                                                Figure 4-20
                                        THE Bus ADA Ridership Trend

                                              THE Bus ADA Ridership

                      25,000



                      20,000



                      15,000



                      10,000



                       5,000



                           0
                                    FY 2005      FY 2006        FY 2007   FY 2008




FIXED-ROUTE PEER REVIEW

A peer review analysis was conducted for THE Bus to compare its performance at a given point
in time with other similar agencies. The peer review was conducted using 2006 NTD data, the
most current validated NTD data available in the 2008 Florida Transit Information System
(FTIS) database for all selected peers.       Selected performance indicators, effectiveness
measures, and efficiency measures are provided throughout this section in tabular and
graphical formats to illustrate the performance of the fixed-route system relative to the peer
group.    For each selected indicator and measure, the tables provide THE Bus value, the
minimum value among the peer group, the maximum value among the peer group, the mean of




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                      Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                           4-11                          Transit Development Plan
the peer group, and the percent that system’s values are away from the mean.                 The
methodology used to select the peer systems is discussed below.

Peer System Selection Methodology

The peer selection was conducted using the 2008 FTIS with validated 2006 NTD data. The
peers were identified through an objective assessment of five standard variables in NTD. The
variables include:

    •    Geography (selected southeastern United States)
    •    Service Area Population
    •    Operating Expense
    •    Revenue Miles
    •    Vehicles Operated in Maximum Service

First, the peer group selection was based on geographic location; the states included were
Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia,
and Florida. Fixed-route systems operating in these southeastern states were identified. The
systems meeting this criterion then were analyzed based on the three remaining variables.
Figure 4-21 presents the transit systems selected for the peer review analysis.

Performance Indicators

Selected performance indicators for the peer review are presented in this section. Categories of
performance indicators include population, population density, ridership, revenue miles, and
vehicles. Table 4-6 and Figures 4-22 through 4-27 present the performance indicators for THE
Bus peer review analysis.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                            Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                   4-12                        Transit Development Plan
                                            Figure 4-21
                                       Selected Peer Systems
                                    THE Bus Peer Review Analysis


                                           Forth Smith Transit
                                           Arkansas

                                                           Johnson City Transit System (JCT)
                                                           Tennessee




                                                                             Spartanburg Transit System (SPARTA)
                                                                             South Carolina

                                                                             SunTran
                                                                             Florida

                                    Bay Town Trolley                              Indian River Transit (IRT)
                                    Florida                                       Florida

                                                            THE Bus
                                                            Florida

                                             Table 4-6
                                      Performance Indicators
                                    THE Bus Peer Analysis (2006)

                                                            Peer    Peer            Peer       THE Bus:
                 Indicator                 THE Bus         Group   Group           Group        % from
                                                          Minimum Maximum          Mean        the Mean

 Service Area Population                    87,500         49,381      88,391      78,065       12.09%

 Service Area Population Density             1,367         1,115       1,780       1,486        -7.99%

 Passenger Trips                            158,224       158,224     542,021     332,043      -50.87%

 Revenue Miles                              314,464       243,941     420,927     321,658       -2.24%
 Revenue Hours                              17,608         17,608      24,096      22,297      -21.03%

 Vehicles Operated in Maximum Service          6             6          10             8       -23.64%

 Operating Expenses                       $1,070,841 $808,632 $1,645,650 $1,206,738             -4.78%

 Passenger Fare Revenue                     $41,638        $7,245     $192,823    $119,974     -65.29%
  Source: 2008 FTIS




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                    Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                        4-13                           Transit Development Plan
                                         Figure 4-22                                                                                                  Figure 4-23
                                    Service Area Population                                                                           Service Area Population Density
                                                                                                                                           (persons/square mile)
        Fort Smit h Transit                                                                                Fort Smith Transit

                  THE Bus                                                                                              THE Bus




                                                                                                                                                                                    Mean
                                                                             Mean
                  SunTran                                                                                              SunTran

      Indian River Transit                                                                               Indian River Transit

                 SPARTA                                                                                             SPARTA

        Bay Town Trolley                                                                                    Bay Town Trolley

                        JCT                                                                                                 JCT


                                0   20,000    40,000       60,000      80,000         100,000                                     0           500               1,000             1,500              2,000




                                         Figure 4-24                                                                                          Figure 4-25
                                     Passenger Trips                                                                                        Revenue Miles

    Fort Smith Transit                                                                               Fort Smith Transit


              THE Bus                                                                                         THE Bus
                                                           Mean




               SunTran                                                                                         SunTran




                                                                                                                                                                                    Mean
   Indian River Transit                                                                          Indian River Transit


              SPARTA                                                                                         SPARTA


     Bay Town Trolley                                                                                Bay Town Trolley


                   JCT                                                                                             JCT


                            0       150,000      300,000          450,000           600,000                                 0           100,000       200,000           300,000            400,000




                                    Figure 4-26                                                                                              Figure 4-27
                                      Revenue Hours                                                                    Vehicles Operated in Maximum Service

  Fort Smith Transit                                                                             Fort Smith Transit

            THE Bus                                                                                         THE Bus

             SunTran
                                                                                                                                                                    Mean




                                                                                                             SunTran
                                                                        Mean




 Indian River Transit
                                                                                                Indian River Transit

            SPARTA
                                                                                                            SPARTA
   Bay Town Trolley
                                                                                                  Bay Town Trolley
                 JCT
                                                                                                                 JCT
                        0            7,500        15,000            22,500             30,000
                                                                                                                        0                         5                        10                        15




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                                                   4-14                                                         Transit Development Plan
                                Figure 4-28                                                                                      Figure 4-29
                                    Operating Expense                                                                Passenger Fare Revenue

     Fort Smith Transit                                                                   Fort Smith Transit


               THE Bus                                                                              THE Bus




                                                            M ean




                                                                                                                                         Mean
                SunTran                                                                              SunTran

    Indian River Transit                                                                 Indian River Transit


               SPARTA                                                                               SPARTA

      Bay Town Trolley                                                                     Bay Town Trolley

                    JCT                                                                                  JCT

                           $0    $400,000   $800,000    $1,200,000   $1,600,000                                 $0     $60,000      $120,000    $180,000   $240,000




The following is a summary of the peer review analysis performance indicators, based on the
information presented in Table 4-7 and Figures 4-22 through 4-29.

    •          Service area population for THE Bus is more than the peer group average, 12 percent
               above the mean, while the population density is more than 7 percent below the mean.

    •          The passenger trips for THE Bus are more than 50 percent below the peer group mean.

    •          Revenue miles for THE Bus are 2.24 percent below the peer group mean.

    •          THE Bus’s vehicles operated in maximum service are below the peer group average by
               nearly 24 percent.

    •          Operating expense for THE Bus is less than the peer group average by 4.7 percent,
               while passenger fare revenues are below the peer group average by more than 65
               percent.

Effectiveness Measures

Categories of effectiveness measures include service supply, service consumption, and quality
of service. These categories are each represented by one variable: vehicle miles per capita,
passenger trips per revenue mile, and weekday span of service. Table 4-7 and Figures 4-30
through 4-32 present the effectiveness measures for THE Bus peer review analysis.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                                                         Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                                       4-15                                                 Transit Development Plan
                                                               Table 4-7
                                                        Effectiveness Measures
                                                  THE Bus Peer Review Analysis (2006)
                                                                                                    Peer                                 Peer                                Peer          THE Bus
                                                                                    THE            Group                                Group                               Group          % From
                                Measure                                             Bus           Minimum                              Maximum                              Mean            Mean
 Vehicle Miles Per Capita                                                           3.84                  2.81                                 6.73                         4.49           -14.35%
 Passenger Trips Per Revenue Mile                                                   0.50                  0.50                                 2.00                         1.04           -51.80%
 Weekday Span of Service (in hours)                                                 14                       10                                  18                          13             8.59%
Source: 2008 FTIS


                                        Figure 4-30                                                                                                                         Figure 4-31
                                 Vehicle Miles Per Capita                                                                            Passenger Trips Per Revenue Mile

   Fort Smith Transit                                                                                   Fort Smith Transit


             THE Bus                                                                                              THE Bus




                                                                                                                                                                     Mean
                                                           Mean




              SunTran                                                                                              SunTran


  Indian River Transit                                                                                 Indian River Transit


             SPARTA                                                                                               SPARTA


    Bay Town Trolley                                                                                     Bay Town Trolley


                  JCT                                                                                                  JCT

                         0.00        2.00         4.00                       6.00              8.00                           0.00             0.50          1.00            1.50   2.00      2.50




                                                                                         Figure 4-32
                                                                            Weekday Span of Service (in hours)

                                                Fort Smith Transit


                                                          THE Bus


                                                           SunTran
                                                                                                                                                      Mean




                                               Indian River Transit


                                                          SPARTA


                                                 Bay Town Trolley


                                                                  JCT

                                                                        0                  4                       8                      12                    16




The following is a summary of the effectiveness measures for the peer review analysis.

      •         Vehicle miles per capita for THE Bus are more than 14 percent below the peer group
                mean.

      •         Passenger trips per revenue mile for THE Bus are more than 51 percent below the peer
                group mean.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                              Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                                                           4-16                                                                  Transit Development Plan
         •         Weekday span of service for THE Bus in hours is more than 8 percent above the peer
                   group mean.

    Efficiency Measures

    Categories of efficiency measures include cost efficiency and operating ratios. Table 4-8 and
    Figures 4-33 through 4-39 present the efficiency measures for THE Bus peer review analysis.

                                                                Table 4-8
                                                          Efficiency Measures
                                                  THE Bus Peer Review Analysis (2006)

                                                                                     Peer                        Peer                           Peer                    THE Bus
                                                                                    Group                       Group                          Group                    % From
                         Measure                            THE Bus                Minimum                     Maximum                         Mean                      Mean
Operating Expense Per Capita                                  $12.24                  $9.46                          $21.13                    $14.98                   -18.28%
Operating Expense Per Pass. Trip                                  $6.77               $2.44                          $10.40                      $4.10                  65.02%
Operating Expense Per Revenue Mile                            $3.41                   $1.92                          $5.23                       $3.59                  -5.07%
Operating Expense Per Revenue Hour                            $60.82                 $33.56                          $93.46                    $50.94                   19.38%
Farebox Recovery Ratio (%)                                    3.89%                  0.86%                           9.17%                    10.63%                    -63.42%
Revenue Miles per Vehicle Mile                                    0.94                  0.90                          0.99                           0.95               -1.54%
Average Fare                                                  $0.26                   $0.02                          $0.63                       $0.39                  -33.58%
Source: 2008 FTIS


                                            Figure 4-33                                                                       Figure 4-34
                                   Operating Expense Per Capita                                      Operating Expense Per Passenger Trip

          Fort Smith Transit                                                        Fort Smith Transit

                    THE Bus                                                                   THE Bus
                                                                  Mean




                                                                                                                                              Mean




                     SunTran                                                                   SunTran

         Indian River Transit                                                      Indian River Transit


                    SPARTA                                                                    SPARTA


           Bay Town Trolley                                                          Bay Town Trolley


                         JCT                                                                       JCT


                           $0.00         $5.00    $10.00    $15.00        $20.00                     $0.00   $1.00    $2.00   $3.00   $4.00     $5.00   $6.00   $7.00   $8.00




    Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                                                      Hernando County MPO
    August 2009                                                              4-17                                                       Transit Development Plan
                                             Figure 4-35                                                                                                            Figure 4-36
                                Operating Expense Per Revenue Mile                                                                      Operating Expense Per Revenue Hour

      Fort Smith Transit                                                                                           Fort Smith Transit


                THE Bus                                                                                                      THE Bus




                                                                                                                                                                            Mean
                                                                                    Mean
                 SunTran                                                                                                      SunTran


    Indian River Transit                                                                                         Indian River Transit


               SPARTA                                                                                                       SPARTA


       Bay Town Trolley                                                                                             Bay Town Trolley

                     JCT                                                                                                          JCT


                       $0.00         $1.00     $2.00                   $3.00           $4.00             $5.00                      $0.00           $20.00      $40.00          $60.00      $80.00     $100.00




                                              Figure 4-37                                                                                                    Figure 4-38
                                      Farebox Recovery                                                                                     Revenue Miles Per Vehicle Mile

     Fort Smith Transit                                                                                           Fort Smith Transit


               THE Bus                                                                                                      THE Bus




                                                                                                                                                                                                Mean
                                                   Mean




                SunTran                                                                                                      SunTran

    Indian River Transit                                                                                         Indian River Transit


               SPARTA                                                                                                       SPARTA

      Bay Town Trolley                                                                                             Bay Town Trolley

                    JCT                                                                                                          JCT


                           0%       5%       10%              15%            20%           25%           30%                        0.00           0.20      0.40        0.60        0.80      1.00      1.20




                                                                                                   Figure 4-39
                                                                                                         Average Fare

                                                           Fort Smith Transit

                                                                     THE Bus
                                                                                                                          Mean




                                                                      SunTran


                                                          Indian River Transit

                                                                     SPARTA

                                                            Bay Town Trolley

                                                                          JCT


                                                                            $0.00                $0.20              $0.40                  $0.60             $0.80




The following is a summary of efficiency measures for the peer review presented above.

    •         Operating expense per capita for THE Bus is more than 18 percent below the peer group
              mean.

    •         Operating expense per passenger trip for THE Bus is 65 percent above the peer group
              mean.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                                                                4-18                                                            Transit Development Plan
    •    Operating expense per revenue mile for THE Bus is 5 percent below the mean, while
         operating expense per revenue hour is slightly more than 19 percent above the mean.

    •    Farebox recovery for THE Bus is below the peer group average, at more than 63 percent
         below the mean.

    •    Revenue miles per vehicle mile for THE Bus are slightly below the peer group average,
         at 1.5 percent below the mean.

    •    Average fare for THE Bus is more than 33 percent below the mean.

Summary Results of Peer Review Analysis

Table 4-9 provides a summary of the peer review analysis for THE Bus fixed-route system. The
summary includes the percent that THE Bus is away from the peer group mean for each
performance measure.

CAPACITY ANALYSIS

The process used to estimate capacity for the THE Bus fixed-route system examines the
number of routes in operation and the size and number of vehicles in use to determine the
number of potential person trips that can be carried per year. There are more sophisticated
methods of determining system wide capacity; however, based on the size of THE Bus system
and the demographic make-up of Hernando County, a more simplified method was chosen.
The methodology for the system-wide capacity estimation is presented below. The following
analysis was based on data from FY 2006.


Step 1: Calculate Annual Seat Mile Capacity. The estimated annual seat miles were
calculated by multiplying revenue miles by the average vehicle capacity. The annual seat miles
measure provides a measure of potential route capacity based on the actual revenue miles of
service and the maximum number of passengers that can be transported. Data on annual
revenue miles were provided by THE Bus.

                                                      Table 4-10
                                            Annual Seat Miles (FY 2006)
                                         Annual Revenue Miles      314,464
                                       Average Vehicle Capacity       22
                                           Annual Seat Miles       6,918,208
                                    Source: THE Bus




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                 Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                             4-19                   Transit Development Plan
                                           Table 4-9
                         THE Bus Peer Review Analysis Summary (2006)
                            Performance                           Percent Away
                         Indicators/Measures                       From Mean
                                                   Indicators
                 Service Area Population                            12.09%
                 Service Area Population Density                     -7.99%
                 Passenger Trips                                    -50.87%
                 Revenue Miles                                       -2.24%
                 Revenue Hours                                      -21.03%
                 Vehicles Operated in Maximum Service               -23.64%
                 Total Operating Expense                             -4.78%
                 Passenger Fare Revenue                             -65.29%
                                              Service Supply
                 Vehicle Miles per Capita                           -14.35%
                                            Service Consumption
                 Passenger Trips per Revenue Mile                   -51.80%
                                           Quality of Service
                 Weekday Span of Service (in hours)                  8.59%
                                             Cost Efficiency
                 Operating Expense per Capita                       -18.28%
                 Operating Expense per Passenger Trip               65.02%
                 Operating Expense per Revenue Mile                  -5.07%
                 Operating Expense per Revenue Hour                 19.38%
                                           Operating Ratio
                 Farebox Recovery Ratio                             -63.42%
                                           Vehicle Utilization
                 Revenue Miles per Vehicle Mile                      -1.54%
                                                  Fare
                 Average Fare                                       -33.58%
                 Vehicle Miles per Capita                           -14.35%



   •   Step 2: Calculate Utilized Capacity. To determine the utilized capacity on THE Bus
       system, estimated passenger miles were compared to the estimated annual seat miles to
       determine the percent of the capacity being used.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                   Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                           4-20                       Transit Development Plan
                                                 Table 4-11
                                       Utilized Capacity (FY 2006)
                                    Annual Seat Miles          6,918,208
                                    Passenger Miles             617,024
                                    Utilized Capacity            8.9%
                                    Source: THE Bus



   •   Step 3: Calculate Excess Capacity. Once the percentage of capacity being used was
       determined, excess capacity was calculated at 91.1 percent.


                                                Table 4-12
                                       Excess Capacity (FY 2006)
                                       Total Capacity          100.0%
                                       Utilized Capacity        8.9%
                                       Excess Capacity         91.1 %



Based on the estimated capacity analysis, THE Bus is actually using 8.9 percent of its capacity.
This shows that the existing bus service has substantial capacity remaining. Excess capacity is
not necessarily a weakness in the system. Expecting full buses to operate in a county with the
density and land area of Hernando County is unrealistic.

FAREBOX RECOVERY MONITORING

Requirement

House Bill 985 was approved and passed into law by the Governor on June 19, 2007. The bill
requires that:

         Each public transit provider shall establish productivity and performance
         measures, which must be approved by the department and which must be
         selected from measures developed pursuant to s. 341.041(3). Each provider
         shall by January 31 of each year report annually to the department relative to
         these measures. In approving these measures, the department shall give
         consideration to the goals and objectives of each system, the needs of the local
         area, and the role for public transit in the local area. The report shall also




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                             4-21               Transit Development Plan
         specifically address potential enhancements to productivity and performance
         which would have the effect of increasing farebox recovery ratio.
                                                                    HB 985, Section 46

While the TDP as a whole fulfills this requirement, this section fulfills the specific requirement to
track the farebox recovery ratio and the effect that potential changes will have on this ratio. A
one-page farebox recovery ratio analysis is presented in Appendix B of this report to fulfill the
requirements for FDOT.

The fare policy for small bus systems like Hernando County’s is an extremely important political
and public relations decision that should be kept in a proper perspective. That perspective is
one of balancing the financial revenue created with how attractive the system will be to the
potential rider. Attracting potential riders and building recurring ridership are major goals of
new transit systems. Yet, a solid financial footing cannot be overstressed with funding agencies
and governing boards.

Background Information

In 2006, Hernando County initiated a public review process on proposed bus fare increases.
Public workshops were held at several locations around the county, and no comments for or
against the bus fare increases were received. At the time, full and reduced bus fares were
$0.50 and $0.25, respectively, and had not increased since the start-up of operation. However,
operating costs had not been static, and the transit operator contract budget had received
incremental annual increases. Although the operator indicated that the impact on revenue was
difficult to calculate, additional fare box revenue was deemed necessary to keep pace with
operating expenses. The primary reason for the increase was higher-than-expected fuel prices,
along with expenses connected with expanding demand on complementary ADA paratransit van
service.

In 2007, the regular fare was increased by 50 cents to $1.00 and the discounted fare from 25
cents to $0.50. While the County recognized that some initial ridership reduction typically
occurs with fare increases, it was felt this would be temporary and total fare receipts would
increase with the change in fares. However, to reduce the initial impact on ridership, the
monthly pass rates of $15.00 and $7.50 were not changed for the first six months.

Fares were increased again in October 2008. The regular fare was increased to $1.25 and the
discounted fare was increased to $0.60, while monthly pass rates for the regular pass and the
reduced fare pass were increased to $25 and $12.50, respectively.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     4-22                          Transit Development Plan
System Fare Information

The standard fare is $1.25, with reduced fares available for passengers with disabilities, senior
citizens, and students; children under the age of six ride THE Bus for free. The total fare
revenues collected in fiscal year 2008 exceeded $72,000, collected from more than 154,000
fixed-route passenger trips.

THE Bus requires passengers to pay cash or show passes upon boarding. As a safety
precaution, operators do not carry cash and, therefore, passengers are required to have exact
change. Fixed-route passes can be purchased by mail order, by calling THE Bus administrative
office, or by visiting one of several alternate locations.

Farebox Recovery Ratio System Trend

Table 5-14 shows the farebox recovery ratio trend for THE Bus between 2004 and 2008, with
2005 being the year that major routing adjustments were put into operation. The farebox
recovery ratio has increased by more than 142 percent between 2004 and 2008.


                                            Table 4-13
                               THE Bus Farebox Recovery Ratio Trend
         Performance                                                           Change
                                FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008
           Measure                                                           (2004-2008)

       Farebox Recovery             2.3%   3.3%    3.9   4.5      5.5%          142.2%

    Source: National Transit Database



FARE ENHANCEMENTS AND CHANGES

Proposed Fare Changes for the Upcoming Years

A fare change was implemented on October 1, 2008. Based upon an analysis conducted by
Hernando County staff, it was determined that a fare increase was needed to provide adequate
revenue to meet an anticipated County budget shortfall in FY 2008/09.

To receive public comment on the proposed increase, three public workshops were held over a
three-day period at key transfer points along the route and at the County Government Complex
in Brooksville.



Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                       4-23                     Transit Development Plan
As shown in Table 4-14, the proposed changes would modify the fare structure in the following
ways:

    •    Raise regular one-way fares from $1.00 to $1.25
    •    Increase the reduced fare from $0.50 to $0.60
    •    Eliminate all daily passes
    •    Offer bundles of 12 or 18 tokens at a reduced rate
    •    Raise regular monthly passes from $15 to $25
    •    Increase reduced fare monthly passes from $7.50 to $12.50
    •    Charge $40 for a student 10-week summer pass

                                              Table 4-14
                                        Proposed Fare Structure
                            Fare Type                          Existing           7/1/09
    One-Way Fares/Regular                                        $1.25             $1.50
    One-Way Fares/Reduced*                                       $0.60             $0.75
    Children (age 6 and under)                                    Free              Free
    Daily Pass/Regular                                         Eliminated        Eliminated
    Daily Pass/Reduced*                                        Eliminated        Eliminated
    ADA Eligible (THE Bus)                                        Free              Free
    Transfers                                                    $0.50           Eliminated
    12 Tokens (Token = 1 fare)                                  $10.00            $10.00
    18 Tokens                                                   $15.00            $15.00
    Monthly Pass – Regular                                      $25.00            $30.00
    Monthly Pass – Reduced*                                     $12.50            $15.00
    Summer Pass (Students – 10 Weeks)                           $40.00            $50.00
  * Reduced Fares: Seniors (65 and over) and students


With the proposed increase, fare receipts are expected to rise to approximately $145,000 in
2008/09.

Potential Long Term Changes to the Fare Policy

The Board of County Commissioners has requested that an additional fare increase be
examined, with the intent of enacting the change on July 1, 2009. This additional graduated
increase would help to offset additional anticipated reductions in the County’s general revenue



Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                              Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                             4-24                Transit Development Plan
as well as expected hikes in fuel expenditures. Further proposed changes to the fare structure
are also shown in Table 4-14.

FAREBOX SUMMARY

THE Bus farebox recovery ratio has significantly climbed since the inception of the service in
2002 due to both an increase in ridership and a significant fare hike in 2007. However, as
mentioned above, additional financial pressures have necessitated an evaluation to further raise
fares beginning in FY 2008/09.

This 2009 TDP identifies several strategies that will be used to maintain or increase the farebox
recovery ratio, including the following:

    •    Monitor key performance measures for individual fixed routes.
    •    Conduct an annual assessment on increasing the charge for bus fares and present to the
         Board of County Commissioners for further consideration.
    •    Ensure that transit serves major activity centers, potentially increasing the effectiveness
         of service.
    •    Increase ridership by continuing to transition transportation disadvantaged services
         patrons to fixed-route service.
    •    Minimize the costs required to operate and administer transportation services.
    •    Determine the most cost-effective service type on all major corridors, given demand,
         routings, and coverage areas.
    •    Review maintenance costs relative to total system costs.
    •    Increase ridership through enhanced marketing and community relations activities.
    •    Ensure that bus passes can be purchased at locations that are convenient to the riders.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     4-25                          Transit Development Plan
 Section 5: Review of Plans, Studies, & Policies

A major component of the TDP Update is the review and assessment of relevant plans, studies,
and policies. The results of this effort provide information to support an understanding of
transit planning issues in Hernando County and, more importantly, support the performance of
a situation appraisal, which is an assessment of the operating environment for the transit
system (see Section 6 of the TDP). This section reviews transit policies at the local, regional,
state, and federal levels of government. For the sake of brevity, the most important documents
in terms of their relevance to transit are summarized below, while many other documents are
summarized in Appendix C.

KEY LOCAL DOCUMENTS

Hernando County Transit System Assessment (February 2009)

In February 2009, an assessment of Hernando County’s transit system was completed under
the direction of the FDOT District 7 Public Transportation Office in close coordination with
Hernando County staff. The purpose of this assessment was to evaluate the effectiveness of
THE Bus’s current operations and identify opportunities for improvements through changes to
its operations, marketing, or administration. This assessment also included a peer comparison
as a guide. This was accomplished through a comparison with peer transit agencies and
current performance relative to past performance trends of THE Bus. Peer agencies were
selected from among both Florida and national transit systems based on system similarities to
THE Bus in terms of number of vehicles operated and the volume (hours and miles) of service




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                            Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                   5-1                         Transit Development Plan
provided; selected peers also serve areas that are similar in area and population size to
Hernando County. The results of the peer and trend review concluded the following:

    • THE BUS is operating somewhat more service than is warranted by the number of
      passengers it is carrying. Given the demographic profile of THE Bus passengers, it is
      likely that the transit system is already capturing a large portion of the transit-dependent
      market. Given the current economic climate, which affects both transit ridership and the
      County’s ability to support transit service financially, the most likely course of action to
      improve the cost-related performance of the system is to reduce the volume of service.

    • The cost of transit service is somewhat higher than the peer group relative to the volume
      of service being operated. While some of this could be the result of regional or other
      variation between THE Bus and peer agencies, the result suggests that an examination of
      the efficiency of the service provider’s operation may be appropriate.

    • Fare revenue is also low relative to the cost and volume of service, which is primarily
      caused by the low overall ridership relative to the volume of service and costs. Farebox
      recovery can be improved only by increasing fares or increasing ridership on the system.

The transit system assessment also included a quantification of the impact of the current
system on the TD operations and cost. Since as much as 80 percent of current fixed-route
riders could be eligible for TD service, removal of some or all existing fixed-route service would
result in a need for increased TD service, the cost per trip for which is much higher than for
fixed-route service ($30+ per trip for TD service, compared to less than $9 per trip for fixed-
route service). In addition, the TD service is currently operating at full capacity and is currently
constrained by both vehicle availability and funding for operators. Due to a lack of availability
and higher costs, it is unlikely that TD service would work well as a replacement for fixed-route
and ADA service.

Since the peer analysis indicated that fixed-route ridership is too low for the volume of service
offered, coupled with the Hernando County Board of County Commissioners having expressed a
desire to lower the cost of operating costs associated with THE Bus, the transit system
assessment included four options for reducing costs. These four options, along with the
anticipated annual costs savings, are as follows:

    •    Option 1: Operate all routes on four-day weeks (estimated reduction in annual costs =
         $165,000 plus possible ADA savings, $56,000 from local funds)




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                               Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     5-2                          Transit Development Plan
    •    Option 2: Operate on two-hour headways and combine Brooksville routes during early
         morning and late afternoon (estimated reduction in annual costs = $195,000, $66,000
         from local funds)

    •    Option 3: Operate Spring Hill routes on two-hour headways during early morning and
         late afternoon; operate Brooksville routes on two-hour headways all day (estimated
         reduction in annual costs = $260,000, $88,000 from local funds)

    •    Option 4: Operate all routes on two-hour headways all day (estimated reduction in
         annual costs = $420,000, $142,000 from local funds)

The transit system assessment concluded that Option 4, which would reduce all services to two-
hour headways, would generate the most cost savings while maintaining the existing days and
span of service. The Hernando County BOCC has since voted to implement Option 4.

Transit Development Plan, Major Update – 2007-2011 (June 2006)

The last major TDP update, submitted June 2006, provides a strategic guide for public
transportation in Hernando County for the five-year period from FY 2007 through FY 2011. TDP
updates must be submitted to FDOT on or before September 1st of each year, with major
updates required every five years and annual progress reports in the interim years. The FY
2007-FY 2011 TDP culminated with a list of service improvement recommendations, a five-year
implementation plan, and five-year financial plan. The five-year priority listing of service
enhancements included in the FY 2007-FY 2011 TDP, along with the intended timeframe of
implementation, includes the following:

    •    Maintain existing fixed-route bus service (on-going)
    •    Maintain existing ADA complementary paratransit van service (on-going)
    •    Add Saturday local bus service on all existing routes (2010)
    •    Implement West Pasco Connector (local bus service to Pasco County on US 19) (2011)
    •    Implement North-South Connector (local bus service on US 41) (beyond 2011)
    •    Implement Spring Hill/Airport Connector (local bus service on SR 50/Barclay Ave/Powell
         Rd/California St/Spring Hill Dr) (beyond 2011)
    •    Implement East Hernando Connector (local bus service on SR 50) (beyond 2011)
    •    Implement East Pasco Connector (local bus service to Pasco County on SR 50/US 98)
         (beyond 2011)

In addition, the FY 2007 TDP includes a Ten-Year Strategic Plan for Hernando County’s fixed-
route transit service.    The Ten-Year Strategic Plan includes fixed-route bus service,



Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    5-3                         Transit Development Plan
infrastructure, and other service related enhancements that are recommended beyond the
initial five years of the TDP. Service enhancements identified in the Ten-Year Strategic Plan
include expansion of the complementary ADA paratransit service and establishment of new bus
terminals; similarly policy initiatives identified in the Ten-Year Strategic Plan include an
evaluation of the fixed-route fare policy, coordination with Hernando County to develop transit-
friendly land uses and regulations, continued evaluation of transit concurrency, and exploration
of other policy strategies in key areas.

Transit Development Plan, 2008 Annual Progress Report (July 2008)

In July 2008, THE Bus submitted its annual progress report to FDOT, which included a financial
plan for FY 2009 thru FY 2013 concerning THE Bus service improvements identified in the TDP
Major Update. The report identified two transit service improvements from the TDP update that
will be delayed for implementation beyond FY 2013, due to budget shortfalls: local bus service
along the SR 50 corridor, and the East Pasco Connector, providing local bus service to Pasco
County via SR 50/US 98. In addition, the report identified capital/infrastructure and policy
alternatives that, due to budget shortfalls, are no longer included in the next five years, nor are
anticipated to be implemented beyond FY 2013 at this time. This includes the vehicle
acquisition and replacement program, expansion of the transit infrastructure program, and
evaluation of the fare policy.

Hernando Transit Organizational Assessment (August 2006)

The purpose of the Hernando County Transit Organizational Assessment was to identify current
operations, compile case studies of transit service delivery in Florida, and evaluate alternatives
for various organizational structures to support the effective and efficient administration of
transit services. The focus of the assessment was to identify and evaluate potential
organizational structures for delivering unified fixed-route and paratransit services in Hernando
County. To support this evaluation, case studies of five Florida counties were performed to
assist in determining the best organizational structure for Hernando County.

Hernando County Comprehensive Plan (December 2005)

The Hernando County Comprehensive Plan is the primary policy document concerning land use,
transportation, and other planning categories for the County. The goals and objectives of the
Comprehensive Plan were amended and re-adopted in December 2005, based on the issues
identified during the Evaluation and Appraisal Report process. The Comprehensive Plan was
most recently amended in June 2008. The comprehensive plan draft goals and objectives have
been updated to reflect a comprehensive view of public transportation since the implementation



Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                               Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     5-4                          Transit Development Plan
of the fixed-route system. The goal of Hernando County, with regard to public transportation,
is to move toward providing effective transit services to all portions of the population. Only the
goals and objectives that are relevant to public transit are included below (and therefore not
numbered sequentially).

Goal 2.02         Coordinate with the plans of Public Transportation Authorities; the plans for
                  transportation disadvantaged people; and the Florida Department of
                  Transportation’s adopted five-year work program.

                  Objective 2.02A:
                  Ensure that all assumptions and policies in the transportation element are consistent or
                  coordinated with other plan elements, the MPO Long Range Transportation Plan, FDOT
                  adopted five year work program, the long range and short range elements of the Florida
                  Transportation Plan, the Withlacoochee Strategic Regional Policy Plan, the
                  comprehensive plans of Brooksville, Weeki Wachee, and adjacent counties through
                  establishment of formal coordination mechanisms and other informal coordination
                  mechanisms.

                      Policy 2.02A(1): To utilize data from land use plans to update and maintain a
                      consistent Transportation Element.

                      Policy 2.02A(2): To review revised Florida legislation, as well as Florida
                      Department of Transportation (FDOT), Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO),
                      and Withlacoochee Regional Planning Council (WRPC) actions to identify necessary
                      modifications to the Transportation Element that will be required to ensure
                      consistency.

                  Objective 2.02B:
                  To coordinate with public transportation authorities for designating and establishing
                  scenic corridors.

                      Policy 2.02B(1): Hernando County supports the designation of the Suncoast
                      Parkway as a scenic corridor.

                      Policy 2.02B(2): Hernando County recognizes and supports the Suncoast Scenic
                      Parkway Corridor Advisory Group’s vision statement for the Suncoast Scenic Parkway
                      as rich in scenic and recreational resources, widely recognized as one of the world’s
                      more environmentally sensitive transportation facilities, and economically sound.

Goal 2.03         Plan for a safe, efficient, and cost-effective motorized and non-motorized
                  transportation system for the movement of people and goods within Hernando
                  County.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                       Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                          5-5                             Transit Development Plan
                  Objective 2.03A:
                  Maintain air quality standards, established for transportation related pollutants, by the
                  Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP), and the U.S. Environmental
                  Protection Agency.

                      Policy 2.03A(1): To evaluate air quality as it relates to the transportation model.

                      Policy 2.03A(2): Minimize air quality degradation through intersection design and
                      transportation management systems as developed by the MPO.

                  Objective 2.03E:
                  Maintain quantifiable standards and associated data for mobility through the Metropolitan
                  Planning Organization’s (MPO’s) Congestion/Mobility Management System (C/MMS)
                  program.

                      Policy 2.03E(1): The County will continue to cooperatively participate in the
                      annual update of the MPO’s Transit Development Plan (TDP) which documents
                      mobility needs within the urbanized area.

                      Policy 2.03E(2): The County will continue to assist the MPO with its annual
                      update of the Congestion/Mobility Management System (C/CMMS) Program and
                      utilize the information in the annual updates of the County’s Capital Improvement
                      Program (CIP) and the MPO’s Transportation Improvement Program (TIP).

                  Objective 2.03F:
                  To provide a multi-modal transportation system comprised of a variety of transportation
                  facilities.

                      Policy 2.03F(1): The transportation network shall consist of facilities designed for
                      motor vehicles, bicycles, mass transit, fixed guideway vehicles (railways) and
                      pedestrians.

Goal 2.06         Provide for future mass transit system features where they are determined to
                  be feasible.

                  Objective 2.06A:
                  Maintain support for the provision of transportation services to the transportation
                  disadvantaged.

                      Policy 2.06A(1): The County shall assist the designated Community
                      Transportation Coordinator in their planning of transportation services to the
                      transportation disadvantaged through the annual updates to the Transportation
                      Disadvantaged Service Plan (TDSP).




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                        Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                           5-6                             Transit Development Plan
                      Policy 2.06A(2): The County shall assist the designated transportation service
                      provided in the preparation of grant applications to FDOT and Federal Transit
                      Administration (FTA) to secure both operating and capital funds.

                      Policy 2.06A(3): As part of the annual budgeting process, the County shall
                      evaluate making a budget allocation for the designated transportation service
                      provider to support the operation of the services for the transportation
                      disadvantaged.

                  Objective 2.06B:
                  Coordinate comprehensive planning with mass transit planning by the MPO.

                      Policy 2.06B(1): Provide for the mobility needs of all segments of the county’s
                      population by providing effective transportation alternatives to the private
                      automobile.

                      Policy 2.06(2):    Support the development of all sectors of the county’s economy
                      through the development of financially feasible multimodal facilities and services.

                      Policy 2.06B(3):     Mass transit planning shall be coordinated with land-use
                      planning.

                      Policy 2.06B(4): Utilize mass transit planning to preserve and enhance
                      community social and environmental values.

                  Objective 2.06C:
                  Incorporate or reserve areas for mass transit system features in roadway improvements
                  or new development.

                      Policy 2.06C(1): By 2008, include review criteria in the land development
                      regulation approval process that address arterial and collector roadway design that is
                      conductive to later adaptation to mass transit.

                      Policy 2.06C(2): By 2008, the County shall establish standards for collector and
                      arterial roadways, which reserve sufficient right-of-way space for the safe and
                      efficient operation of circulator and feeder bus routes.

                  Objective 2.06D:
                  The County shall coordinate with public and private transit services which provide for
                  safe and available transit services.

                      Policy 2.06D(1): The County may establish regulations for taxicab companies in
                      order to maintain safe and efficient service levels.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                      Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                          5-7                            Transit Development Plan
                      Policy 2.06D(2): The County shall evaluate the possible expansion of inter-
                      county bus routes to link the County with other portions of the Tampa/St. Petersburg
                      area and other metropolitan areas of the state.


2025 Long Range Transportation Plan (December 2004)

The Hernando County MPO LRTP is the fundamental planning document for transportation in
Hernando County. While the Comprehensive Plan provides a vision of where the County wants
to go, the LRTP provides the year-by-year needs to reach the transportation-related goals.
Although these goals are determined at the local level, they must be consistent with federal-
and state-level requirements to maintain funding. The currently adopted LRTP, which includes
a planning horizon to 2025, was adopted in December 2004; however, it should be noted that
the Hernando County MPO is currently in the process of updating the 2025 LRTP, which will
include a planning horizon to 2035.


During the update of its 2025 LRTP, the Hernando County MPO conducted a comprehensive
reassessment of its goals and objectives. Developed to guide creation of the MPO's 2025 Long
Range Multi-Modal Transportation Plan, the goals and objectives were adopted by the MPO in
late 2003. In turn, these were used to develop a set of performance measures/evaluation
criteria that were used to measure the performance of various system alternatives in attaining
these goals. The 2025 LRTP included policies to be used in identifying and evaluating potential
mass transit services.

The mission of the MPO Plan is:

         The MPO Plan will provide a cost-effective multimodal transportation system
         which provides for the safe and efficient movement of people, goods, and
         services in Hernando County.

As part of the 2025 LRTP Update, the Hernando County MPO developed the 2025 Long Range
Transit Element (LRTE). The 2025 LRTE also is in the process of being updated to include a
planning horizon of 2035 in conjunction with the 2035 LRTP Update. The additional transit
services developed as part of this study will provide a basis for future updates to the TDP.

A brief description of the 2025 LRTE and corresponding elements of the 2025 Transit Needs
Plan are summarized below.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                     Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                         5-8                            Transit Development Plan
    •    2025 Long Range Transit Element – The Long Range Transit Element (LRTE), which
         serves as the transit component of Hernando County’s LRTP, also was updated as part
         of the 2025 LRTP process.        The 2025 LRTE includes proposed annual service
         improvements through the year 2025. In addition, a transit capital acquisition plan was
         developed to meet the requirements of the service plan. The focus of this planning
         effort was to develop a 2025 Transit Needs Plan, along with the revenues that would be
         necessary to fund the Needs Plan.

    •    Spring Hill Circulator Realignment Evaluation – Included in the evaluation was a
         status quo option and two realignment options that would transition Spring Hill service
         from a circulator route to a more traditional inbound/outbound radial local bus service.
         The advantages and disadvantages of the three options were identified to facilitate
         discussion and ultimately recommend a preferred option.

REGIONAL DOCUMENTS

A number of organizations within West Central Florida are putting forth effort to address
regional transportation issues and intermodalism. In addition to FDOT and the many agencies
and organizations at the County level, other organizations are striving for transportation goals
that are more regional in scope, such as the Tampa Bay Regional Planning Council (TBRPC),
Tampa Bay Regional Transportation Authority (TBARTA), and the West Central Florida MPOs
Chairs Coordinating Committee (CCC).

Tampa Bay Area Regional Transportation Authority
Master Plan (adopted May 22, 2009)

TBARTA was established by the Florida Legislature in July 2007.        The development of this
regional authority signified the priority of creating a more intermodal West Central Florida
Region, including an emphasis on public transportation. The goal of TBARTA is to plan and
implement a multi-modal transportation system that will connect the counties within the greater
Tampa Bay region, from Citrus County in the north to Sarasota County in the south. TBARTA
adopted its Regional Transportation Master Plan and presented the Master Plan to the State of
Florida in May 2009.


Throughout each step in the development of its Master Plan, the technical analysis considered
four Guiding Principles when measuring the potential of regional connection to meet the transit
needs of the region. These Guiding Principles, adopted by the TBARTA Board, include the
following:




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    5-9                         Transit Development Plan
    •    How many people will ride it?
    •    Will it improve regional mobility?
    •    How many jobs and residents will it serve?
    •    What does the public think?

To develop a Regional Transportation Master Plan that reflects the interests and needs of the
community, the master planning process relied on an array of public involvement activities,
including presentations, community workshops, newsletters, flyers, brochures, website, surveys,
email notifications, stakeholder coordination meetings, and media outreach. In addition, to
complement the four guiding principles, the Master Plan examined the relationship between
transportation and land use, since the places that people live, work, and shop throughout the
region heavily influence where they travel.

The outcome of the TBARTA Master Plan is the development of a Long-Term Regional
Transportation Network for 2050 and a Mid-Term Network for 2035 that includes a mix of
transportation modes, supported by hundreds of miles of local or sub-regional transit service.
The TBARTA Master Plan has identified the following preliminary mid-term (2035) and long-
term (2050) improvements for Hernando County in its adopted Master Plan:

    •    Suncoast Parkway, Express Bus in Mixed Traffic (Stations). Mid-term vision identifies
         express bus stations along the Suncoast Parkway from the Citrus County line to the
         Pasco County Line.

    •    I-75 from North Port to Brooksville, Managed Lanes for Express Bus. Long-term vision
         identifies express bus stations on SR 50 from Brooksville to I-75 and a managed lane on
         I-75 from SR 50 to the Hernando/Pasco County Line.

    •    Brooksville – Tampa, Long Distance Rail. Long-term vision identifies a CSX corridor near
         US 41 between Brooksville and the Hernando/Pasco County Line.

    •    Inverness to Brooksville, Express Bus in Mixed Traffic (Stations). Long-term vision
         identifies express bus stations along US 19/SR 45 from the Citrus County Line to
         Brooksville.

West Central Florida 2025 Long Range Transportation Plan (2004)

The MPOs of eight counties (Hillsborough, Pinellas, Pasco, Polk, Citrus, Hernando, Manatee, and
Sarasota) are coordinating plans under the CCC. Coordination efforts resulted in the West



Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    5-10                        Transit Development Plan
Central Florida (WCF) MPO’s 2025 Long Range Transportation Plan (LRTP). The WCF LRTP
includes a list of viable inter-county travel markets, a regional needs assessment, system goals
and objectives, and a cost-affordable plan. The WCF MPO is currently conducting an update of
the LRTP with a planning horizon of 2035. The 2035 Regional LRTP will be integrated into the
Hernando County MPO’s 2035 LRTP and other local plans as appropriate.

STATE DOCUMENTS

Florida TDP Requirements (finalized December 20, 2007)

The State of Florida Public Transit Block Grant Program was enacted by the Florida Legislature
to provide a stable source of State funding for public transportation. The Block Grant Program
requires public transit service providers to develop and adopt a TDP. The TDP is the source for
determining the types of projects and their priority in the public transportation component of a
community’s TIP.       The plan must be consistent with the approved local government
comprehensive plans and LRTPs.

Finalized on December 20, 2007, the intent of the new TDP requirements is “to provide better
planned and, thus, improved public transit services, and to provide the State with improved
estimates of transit needs over a longer period of time.” The following identified changes were
made to the TDP requirements:

    •    Extends the planning horizon from 5 years to10 years
    •    Requires major updates every 5 years rather than every 3 years
    •    Requires a public involvement plan to be developed and approved by FDOT or to be
         consistent with the jurisdiction’s approved public involvement plan
    •    Requires that FDOT, the Regional Workforce Board, and the local MPO be advised of all
         public meetings where the TDP is presented and discussed, and that these entities be
         given the opportunity to review and comment on the TDP during the development of the
         mission, goals, objectives, alternatives, and 10-year implementation program
    •    Requires the estimation of the community’s demand for transit service (10-year annual
         projections) using the planning tools provided by FDOT or a demand estimation
         technique approved by FDOT
    •    Requires that annual updates be in the form of a progress report on the 10-year
         implementation program and include:
             o Past year’s accomplishments compared to the original implementation program
             o Analysis of discrepancies between the plan and its implementation for the past
                 year
             o Any revisions to the implementation program for the coming year



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August 2009                                   5-11                        Transit Development Plan
             o    Revised implementation program for the 10th year
             o  Added recommendations for the new 10th year of the updated plan
             o  Revised financial plan
             o  Revised list of projects or services needed to meet the goals and objectives,
                including projects for which funding has not been identified
    •    Allows for TDPs to be submitted to FDOT at any time but requires that they be
         submitted by September 1st, including annual progress reports


In addition to the State mandate, the TDP can also assist in meeting several objectives, as
indicated in the Manual for the Preparation of Transit Development Plans prepared by the USF
Center for Urban Transportation Research (CUTR) in October 1993. FDOT is currently working
on an update to this manual to document and support the new TDP requirements. Other
objectives of a TDP include the following:

    •    Assess the need for transit services
    •    Determine appropriate type and level of transit services
    •    Identify current and planned local transit resources
    •    Evaluate existing services
    •    Outline capital and operating expenses for proposed service development
    •    Identify potential and expected funding sources
    •    Identify a staged implementation plan supporting the cost affordable TIP

Chapter 341, FS, Public Transit Block Grants

Chapter 341 creates Public Transit Block Grants (PTBG) to be administered by FDOT. Block
grant funds are provided only to urban and rural providers designated by the United States
Department of Transportation and Community Transportation Coordinators, as defined in
Chapter 427, FS. Eligible providers must establish public transportation development plans
consistent, to the maximum extent feasible, with approved local government comprehensive
plans of the units of local government in which the provider is located. In developing public
transportation development plans, eligible providers must solicit comments from regional
workforce boards established under Chapter 445. The development plans must address how the
public transit provider will work with the appropriate regional workforce board to provide
services to participants in the welfare transition program. Eligible providers must provide
information to the regional workforce board serving the county in which the provider is located
regarding the availability of transportation services to assist program participants. Costs for
which PTBG program funds may be expended include:




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    5-12                        Transit Development Plan
    •    Costs of public bus transit and local public fixed guideway capital projects
    •    Costs of public bus transit service development and transit corridor projects
    •    Costs of public bus transit operations

All projects must be consistent, to the maximum extent feasible, with the approved local
government comprehensive plans of the units of local government in which the project is
located.

Chapter 341 also requires each public transit provider to establish public transportation
development plans consistent with approved local government comprehensive plans where
there is an approved local government comprehensive plan in the political subdivision or
political subdivisions in which the public transportation system is located. In particular, each
public transit provider must establish productivity and performance measures, which must be
approved by FDOT and which must be selected from measures developed pursuant to
§341.041(3). Each provider must report annually to FDOT relative to these measures. In
approving these measures, FDOT will give consideration to the goals and objectives of each
system, the needs of the local area, and the role for public transit in the local area. In addition,
each public transit provider must publish the productivity and performance measures
established for the year in the local newspaper of its area and a report that provides
quantitative data relative to the attainment of established productivity and performance
measures.

FEDERAL DOCUMENTS

SAFETEA-LU and Surface Transportation Reauthorization

The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, and Efficient Transportation Equity Act - A Legacy for Users
(SAFETEA-LU) continues and/or establishes numerous funding programs for transit. The
following relevant programs are from FDOT’s Resource Guide for Transit and Transit-Related
Programs (November 2005):

    •    Urbanized Area Formula Program
    •    Growing States and High Density States Program
    •    Bus and Bus Related Facilities Program
    •    Major Capital Investment Grants of $75 Million or More
    •    Major Capital Investment Grants of Under $75 Million
    •    New Freedom Program
    •    Job Access and Reverse Commute Program (JARC)
    •    Flexible Funding Programs



Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                               Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     5-13                         Transit Development Plan
    •    FHWA Discretionary Programs

SAFETEA-LU includes several different funding programs, many of which could be accessed with
innovative approaches and project ideas. It should be noted that any funds that are awarded
by FTA, regardless of the initial source of the funding, must be properly identified in the STIP
prior to the award being approved. With annual appropriations and allocations occurring each
year, appropriate adjustments to the FDOT Work Program are required to ensure that projects
are properly included in the STIP.

Federal support in public transportation continues to grow, and the number of funding
programs that can be used to develop transit systems expands with each federal transportation
reauthorization. To anticipate that federal support will be maintained is logical and should a
local area decide to move ahead with developing a high investment service such as bus rapid
transit, federal support should be attainable.


SAFETEA-LU is set to expire on September 30, 2009, requiring Congress to decide on the future
of this legislation; however, the current economic climate has required action from the federal
government prior to the initial reauthorization timeframe. As part of the economic stimulus
legislation, referred to as the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the federal
government has dedicated financial resources towards the construction of transportation
infrastructure in unprecedented levels. The Recovery Act includes an investment of $150 billion
in new infrastructure, representing the largest increase in funding of our nation’s roads,
bridges, and mass transit systems since the creation of the national highway system in the
1950s.

The U.S. House transportation reauthorization bill, “The Surface Transportation Authorization
Act of 2009,” was released in June 2009 as the blueprint for the upcoming reauthorization of
SAFETEA-LU and is the first look at what reauthorization may look like later this year. The
blueprint emphasizes the growing consensus on the need for a major overhaul of the federal
transportation program. The intent of the bill is to “transform Federal surface transportation
from an amalgamation of prescriptive programs to a performance-based framework for
intermodal transportation investment.” Regardless of the form that reauthorization takes, it is
clear that an even greater emphasis will be placed on national objectives for improving safety,
providing transportation choices, limiting adverse impacts on the environment, and promoting
the public health and livability of our communities.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                             Hernando County MPO
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SUMMARY

This section summarizes the most important plans, studies, policies, and legislative
requirements that are relevant to the major update of the TDP. Additional documents, which
offer useful and important information, also are summarized in Appendix C of this plan. A
general observation can be made that no apparent conflicts exist with regard to consistency
with other plans and programs.




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 Section 6: Situation Appraisal

The requirements for a major update of a TDP include the need for a situation appraisal of the
environment in which the transit agency operates. The purpose of this appraisal is to help
develop an understanding of the Hernando County transit operating environment in the context
of the following elements:

         Regional issues
         Socioeconomics
         Travel behavior
         Existing and future land use
         Policy issues
         Organizational issues
         Technological issues
         Environmental issues

The assessment of these elements resulted in the identification of possible implications for
Hernando County’s transit program. The assessment and resulting implications are drawn from
the following sources:

    •    Review of relevant plans, studies, and programs prepared at all levels of government
         (see Section 5).
    •    Results of technical evaluation performed as part of the transit development planning
         process (throughout the TDP).
    •    Outcomes of discussions with MPO and County staff.



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August 2009                                   6-1                        Transit Development Plan
    •    Comments and guidance from the MPO Board and the BOCC.

Issues, trends, and implications are summarized for each of the major elements in the
remainder of this section.

REGIONAL TRANSIT ISSUES

Regional transit issues are of critical importance to the future of public transit in Hernando
County and are highlighted below.

Regional Transit Planning and Implementation

On May 22, 2009, TBARTA adopted “A Connected Region for Our Future: Tampa Bay Area
Regional Transportation Master Plan Vision.” The vision reflects a significant future investment
in regional transit services in Hernando County, including express bus services (Suncoast
Parkway, I-75, SR 50, and US 41 north of Brooksville) and long-distance rail (parallel to US 41
south of Brooksville). In addition, the TBARTA Master Plan and the MPO’s Long Range
Transportation Plan both reflect a substantial local supporting bus network to feed the regional
network and provide local bus circulation throughout Hernando County.

         •   Implications – As TBARTA moves forward with funding and implementation of the
             regional master plan, it will be critical for Hernando County to continue participating
             in regional transit planning efforts and project implementation. The timeframe for
             implementation of regional transit services will be a critical consideration for
             Hernando County in its decisions regarding future local bus service and its
             connectivity to the regional transit network.

Regional Transit Governance

In addition to participation on the TBARTA Board and its committees, recent discussions among
decision-makers in Hernando, Pasco, and Citrus counties have been conducted regarding the
potential economies of consolidating transit governance and operations for two or all three of
these counties.

         •   Implications – Regional and sub-regional transit governance and operations may
             help achieve some economies of scale and increased efficiencies in the operation of
             transit services. Various regional transit concepts are to be further explored by the
             MPO in coordination with TBARTA, FDOT District 7, and the adjacent counties.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                      6-2                          Transit Development Plan
Commuting to Jobs South of Hernando County

Many workers living in Hernando County commute south to jobs in Hillsborough, Pasco, and
Pinellas counties. Bay Area Commuter Services (BACS) is a regional program that supports
commuter services and transportation demand management (TDM) strategies throughout the
five-county region (Citrus, Hernando, Hillsborough, Pasco, and Pinellas counties). Key TDM
strategies include carpooling, vanpooling, telecommuting, and alternative work hours, among
others.

         •   Implications – In an effort to promote commuting alternatives to the single-occupant
             vehicle, Hernando County is coordinating with BACS to promote commuter service
             programs and TDM strategies. Strategies with the greatest promise in Hernando
             County are likely to include vanpooling (for long-distance commutes to the south)
             and the Emergency Ride Home (ERH) program, which ensures that vanpoolers and
             transit riders will have an emergency ride home if it is ever needed. Coordination
             with BACS will be a critical near-term consideration and will complement the regional
             transit program as it is incrementally implemented over time.

SOCIOECONOMICS

Population and Employment Growth

From 2000 to 2008, the population of Hernando County increased by 25 percent. While the
rate of growth has been slower in recent years, population continues to grow. According to the
MPO’s 2035 LRTP (currently being developed), population is projected to increase from
approximately 166,000 in 2009 to nearly 309,000 people in 2035. Likewise, employment is
projected to increase from nearly 63,000 in 2009 to nearly 122,000 in 2035. This population
and employment growth will inevitably result in an increase in the demand for travel and
transportation infrastructure and services.

         •   Implications – As population and employment grow over time, the role of public
             transit in Hernando County will become an increasingly important component of the
             transportation solutions for the county, especially to help meet the transportation
             needs of citizens with limited or no transportation options (transit dependent
             population). A gradual increase in the emphasis on public transit will need to be
             reflected in Hernando County’s transportation plans, especially as it relates to
             connectivity to the future regional transit network.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                              Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     6-3                         Transit Development Plan
Demographics and Current Transit Markets

Transit markets can be organized into three major categories: traditional markets, discretionary
markets, and regional markets. The traditional market includes individuals who have no or
limited transportation alternatives and rely on public transit for essential and recreational trips.
This market includes the elderly, youth, low-income, and no/limited vehicle populations. The
discretionary market refers to individuals who have a choice of transportation alternatives and
may choose transit if the service is able to be competitive with the automobile in terms of travel
time, convenience, or some other reason. The regional market refers to the demand for
commuter travel to other counties in the region. This market was evaluated extensively as part
of the TBARTA regional transit planning process.

         •   Implications – In today’s operating environment, the traditional market is the
             primary market for public transit in Hernando County. Existing conditions and the
             level/quality of transit service make it difficult to target discretionary and regional
             transit markets.     The challenge for Hernando County will be to meet the
             transportation needs of traditional transit dependent markets in the short term and
             then plan for increasing transit investments to respond to discretionary and regional
             transit markets in the long term. In planning for long-term transit investments
             targeted to discretionary and regional transit markets, land use and development
             patterns would need to evaluated and revised to become more transit supportive.

Persons with Disabilities

Since March 2005, when complementary Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) paratransit
service was implemented, nearly 50,000 ADA passenger trips have been provided through the
end of calendar year 2008 (19,000 trips were provided in 2008). As long as fixed-route bus
service is operated, Hernando County will need to continue providing complementary
paratransit service to eligible passengers traveling between origins and destinations within ¾-
mile of the fixed-route bus network. It is anticipated that the demand for ADA trips will
continue to grow over time, especially if the fixed-route service area is expanded.

         •   Implications – Hernando County must continue to provide door-to-door, ADA
             paratransit service that complements fixed-route bus service and provides this
             service to individuals who are unable to access the fixed-route bus service due to a
             disability. In doing so, it will be critical for Hernando County to enhance its efforts to
             encourage persons with disabilities to use the less-costly fixed-route bus service.
             Example strategies include enhanced travel training, more and better sidewalk




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                  Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                       6-4                           Transit Development Plan
             connections, low-floor buses, and service/infrastructure improvements implemented
             in areas with higher transit ridership.

TRAVEL BEHAVIOR

Growth Areas and Travel Demand

In recent years, population and employment growth has been accompanied by an increase in
travel demand. Residential growth has concentrated more in the Spring Hill area (from the
Pasco County line to north of SR 50) and employment growth has occurred in Spring Hill
between Barclay and US 41, especially at and near the Airport Industrial Park.

         •   Implications – Although growth has been limited in the current recession, population
             and employment growth is anticipated to occur during and following a future
             economic recovery. As growth occurs, it will become increasingly important to
             consider public transit options, including traditional service expansion and innovative
             service opportunities, such as flex-route service and vanpools.

Roadway Congestion

While congestion is not a significant problem in Hernando County today, it will become
increasingly prevalent as population and employment increase.

         •   Implications – As congestion becomes more prevalent, Hernando County will need to
             plan for the time when public transit will need to become a more viable
             transportation alternative, especially as it relates to connectivity with TBARTA’s
             regional transit network and commuter services to employment centers in Hernando
             County.

LAND USE

Existing and Future Land Use

In Hernando County, the existing land use and future land use plan generally do not reflect
development patterns, densities, and intensities that are supportive of transit, especially if
targeting the discretionary or choice transit markets. Given these land use and development
patterns, traditional transit dependent markets will continue to be the primary market for transit
in Hernando County.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                      6-5                          Transit Development Plan
         •   Implications – Despite the transit service delivery challenges posed by land use and
             development patterns in Hernando County, the demand for public transit services is
             anticipated to increase gradually over time commensurate with population and
             employment growth. Hernando County will need to continue its transit planning
             efforts to put itself in a position to respond to growth areas. In addition, Hernando
             County may choose to seek opportunities to encourage more transit friendly
             development or even offer incentives for Transit Oriented Development (TOD) in
             future updates of the County’s land development regulations.

POLICY ISSUES

Recent Assessment of THE Bus

In early 2009, an assessment of Hernando County’s transit system was completed under the
direction of FDOT District 7’s Public Transportation Office and in coordination with Hernando
County staff. The purpose of this assessment was to evaluate the effectiveness of current
transit operations and identify opportunities for improvements through changes to its
operations, marketing, or administration. The assessment offered several options for reducing
transit service along with the associated operating cost.

         •   Implications – Following the presentation of the study results to the Hernando BOCC,
             the Board has since voted to reduce the frequency of service from 60 minutes to 120
             minutes and the number of buses in operation from 6 to 3. This decision was
             estimated to result in a reduction in operating cost of $420,000, of which $142,000
             would have come from local funding sources and the balance from state and federal
             funding sources. This policy decision has been integrated into the operating and
             financial plans reflected in this TDP.

Transit Vehicles

The Hernando BOCC made the recent policy decision to decline urban transit stimulus funding
($1.5 million) from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). While this
funding could have been used to purchase new buses, the BOCC expressed concern about
making a commitment to fund the operation of these vehicles over the next ten (10) years,
which is the assumed life cycle of new vehicles. Hernando County is applying for and expected
to receive non-urbanized stimulus funding ($227,700), which is programmed for three (3) vans,
fare boxes, fare counters, and bike racks.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                              Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     6-6                         Transit Development Plan
         •   Implications – The buses used to operate fixed-route service are currently having
             recurring maintenance problems and need to be replaced or refurbished. At the
             policy direction of the BOCC, the County is in the process of refurbishing buses as
             necessary and within available funding. The vehicle refurbishment is expected to
             extend the operation of existing buses for four (4) years.

Surface Transportation Reauthorization

The U.S. House transportation reauthorization bill, “The Surface Transportation Authorization
Act of 2009,” was released in June 2009 as the blueprint for the upcoming reauthorization of
SAFETEA-LU and is the first look at what reauthorization may look like later this year. The
blueprint emphasizes the growing consensus on the need for a major overhaul of the federal
transportation program. The intent of the bill is to “transform Federal surface transportation
from an amalgamation of prescriptive programs to a performance-based framework for
intermodal transportation investment.” Regardless of the form that reauthorization takes, it is
clear that an even greater emphasis will be placed on national objectives for improving safety,
providing transportation choices, limiting adverse impacts on the environment, and promoting
the public health and livability of our communities.

         •   Implications – Many of the key themes in the reauthorization bill point to the
             importance of transit and its role in achieving the national objectives summarized
             above. The MPO and Hernando County will need to be prepared to respond to
             reauthorization as it evolves later this year. In particular, the emphasis on transit,
             safety, and greenhouse gas reduction will likely necessitate increased considerations
             for transit as part of the MPO’s Long Range Transportation Plan and other
             metropolitan planning programs.

ORGANIZATIONAL ISSUES

Transit Delivery Framework

The current transit delivery framework for Hernando County involves the MPO playing a day-to-
day planning and oversight role, in conjunction with Trans-Hernando (Mid Florida Community
Services) serving as the transit operator. Various transit governance and service delivery
options are used by other communities throughout Florida and the U.S.

         •   Implications – Hernando County and the MPO should identify and assess the various
             options for future transit governance and service delivery. Options can include
             regional, sub-regional, county department, and a privately-contracted operation,
             among others.


Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                               Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     6-7                          Transit Development Plan
TECHNOLOGICAL ISSUES

Alternative Fueled Vehicles

The Hernando County BOCC has expressed interest in assessing the feasibility of buses
powered with alternative fuels, as well as smaller vehicles that may better match the capacity
needed for a given type of service.

         •   Implications – A preliminary feasibility assessment of alternative fueled buses was
             conducted as part of the TDP Update. The pros and cons of hybrid electric buses
             are presented in Appendix D of this report. Pending financial feasibility, it is
             recommended that alternative fueled buses be purchased as part of vehicle
             replacement and service expansion reflected in the TDP. It is important to note,
             however, that vehicle technologies are evolving rapidly and, since vehicle acquisition
             is likely to be several years in the future, technologies should be reassessed prior to
             making the investment decision at that time.

             Hernando County also will consider the use of smaller vehicles, such as cutaway
             buses or shuttle-sized vehicles, as a way to optimize transit capacity and potentially
             reduce costs. The pros and cons of operating smaller transit vehicles also are
             presented in Appendix D of this report. To the extent possible, it is recommended
             that Hernando County make every effort to match vehicle size and capacity with the
             demand and nature of each bus route (e.g., smaller vehicles on flex routes).
             However, this objective will need to be balanced with the need for spare buses that
             must be available to replace buses requiring repair or maintenance.

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Air Quality Non-Attainment

In 2008, the Federal government reduced the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS)
for ozone. In March 2009, Florida’s governor submitted recommendations to the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) on the areas to be designated as Florida’s non-attainment areas. One
of the recommended areas designated as non-attainment is the Tampa-St. Petersburg-
Clearwater area consisting of Hernando, Pasco, Pinellas, and Hillsborough counties. EPA will
confirm the non-attainment area designations by March 12, 2010.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                      6-8                          Transit Development Plan
         •   Implications – While not yet officially designated as a non-attainment area for air
             quality, Hernando County will likely receive an official designation in March 2010.
             Receiving this official designation will have significant implications for the
             metropolitan planning requirements throughout the region. The strategies for
             responding to air quality deficiencies will likely include increased emphasis on
             mobility alternatives, including bus service in Hernando County.

SUMMARY

This situation appraisal was performed to document the current transit operating environment
and identify potential implications that should be considered by Hernando County in preparing a
major update to the ten-year TDP. The policy implications summarized in this section were
used to guide the transit development planning process, including the development and
evaluation of transit service and infrastructure alternatives, as well as the prioritization of
planned improvements and unfunded needs.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    6-9                         Transit Development Plan
 Section 7: Transit Demand & Mobility Needs

This section presents a review and evaluation of transit demand and mobility needs regarding
transit services in Hernando County. The evaluation was completed by reviewing three major
components, including:

    •    Ridership trends
    •    Ridership forecasting
    •    Transit market assessment

RIDERSHIP TRENDS

As shown in Figure 7-1, The Bus has seen an increase in monthly ridership, from approximately
4,000 monthly trips in November 2002 to approximately 11,000 monthly trips in March 2009.
Ridership has shown a steady upward trend, except for a drop due to a fare increase in 2007
and late 2008. The Spring Hill Circulator accounts for approximately 70 percent of total system
ridership and, similarly, has accounted for most of the increased ridership between 2002 and
2009. However, many of the area’s low-income and transit-dependent riders live in Brooksville,
contributing to the higher ridership relative to the total population served.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                           Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                   7-1                        Transit Development Plan
                                                         Figure 7-1
                                    Monthly Ridership Trends for THE Bus (2003 to 2009)

                                                                     Monthly Ridership
         16,000
                                   Spring Hill Circulator
                                   Brooksville Circulator
         14,000
                                   Brooksville/Spring Hill Shuttle
                                  Total
         12,000
 Transit Riders




         10,000

                  8,000

                  6,000

                  4,000

                  2,000

                     0
                                   2003




                                   2004




                                   2005




                                   2006




                                   2007




                                   2008
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                                       8
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                                 - 200
                             Jul -




                             Jul -




                             Jul -




                             Jul -




                             Jul -




                             Jul -
                            Jan -




                            Jan -




                            Jan -




                            Jan -




                            Jan -




                            Jan -




                            Jan -
                              -




                            May




                            May




                            May




                            May




                            May




                            May
                            Sep

                            Nov




                            Sep




                            Sep
                          Nov




                            Nov




                            Nov




                            Sep
                            Nov




                            Nov




                            Nov
                            Mar




                            Mar




                            Mar




                            Mar




                            Mar
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                            Sep
                            Mar




                            Mar
 Source: TOA analysis of THE Bus ridership data.




RIDERSHIP FORECASTING

FDOT approved a transit demand forecasting tool for TDPs, Transit Boardings Estimation and
Simulation Tool (TBEST), which was used to forecast future ridership demand in Hernando
County. Designed to provide near- and mid-term forecasts of transit ridership, TBEST is a
comprehensive transit analysis and ridership-forecasting model that is capable of simulating
travel demand at the individual stop-level. It also accounts for transit network connectivity,
spatial and temporal accessibility, time-of-day variations, and route competition and
complementarities.

Model Inputs/Assumptions and Limitations

TBEST uses various demographic and transit network data as model inputs. The inputs and the
assumptions made in modeling Hernando’s transit service in TBEST are presented below. It
should be noted, however, that the model is not interactive with roadway network conditions.
Therefore, ridership forecasts will not show direct sensitivity to changes in the roadway traffic
conditions or speeds.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                           Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                                 7-2          Transit Development Plan
        •    Transit Network - The transit networks for THE Bus coded in the base TBEST model
             were updated to reflect 2008 conditions, selected as the validation year for the model.
             The transit network in TBEST required various edits to reflect 2008 route alignments
             and service characteristics in Hernando County, including adding and editing routes,
             generating stops, editing service span, modifying headways and travel time, defining
             special generators, and other network considerations.

        •    Demographic Data - The demographics, including population and employment, used
             as the base input for the TBEST model are derived from the 2000 Census and InfoUSA
             spatial and tabular databases. The model uses a Census-Block-level personal
             geodatabase as the format for spatial distribution of population data.

        •    Population and Employment Growth Rates - TBEST uses a socio-economic data
             growth functionality to project population and employment data. Using this function,
             an annual population growth rate of 3.3 percent and an annual employment growth
             rate of 2.9 percent were used as input in TBEST.

        •    TBEST Model Limitations - According to Florida law, TBEST is the FDOT-approved
             model for transit ridership forecasting as part of Transit Development Plans in Florida.
             However, it is important to understand that TBEST is just one tool for evaluating
             improvements to existing and future transit services. Although TBEST provides
             ridership projections at the route and bus stop levels, its strength lies more in its
             ability to facilitate relative comparisons of ridership productivity for various transit
             network scenarios. As a result, the analyst should use caution and professional
             judgment when considering the absolute ridership projections resulting from the
             TBEST model. TBEST continues to be a work in progress and will become more and
             more useful as its limitations are addressed in future updates to the model.

Using these inputs, assumptions, and 2008 ridership data for THE Bus, the TBEST model was
validated for 2008. Using the validation model as the base model and TDP alternatives and
their corresponding implementation years, annual TBEST ridership forecasts for the 10-year
TDP were developed and are presented later in Section 10 of this report.

TRANSIT MARKET ASSESSMENT

Transit demand and mobility needs were assessed for THE Bus through a transit market
assessment. The transit market assessment for Hernando County includes an evaluation of
markets from three major perspectives. These include:

    •       Traditional Market - potential traditional transit users, including the elderly, youths,
            and persons in households who are low-income and/or have no vehicle.


Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                   Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                         7-3                          Transit Development Plan
    •    Choice Market - potential riders living in more densely-populated areas of the county
         and choosing to use transit as a commuting alternative.

    •    Regional Market – potential riders wishing to access destinations throughout the
         Tampa Bay area by using a connected regional transit system.

The first two perspectives reflect market segments from demographic and density perspectives.
The third perspective relates to market segments from a broader geographic perspective. By
identifying these three market perspectives, analysis tools can be used to understand market
segments and ultimately develop potential service improvement and policy strategies. It is
important to note that the analysis tools can offer applications for more than one market
perspective. The results of each market assessment are presented below.

Traditional Market

As indicated previously, the traditional transit market refers to population segments that have
historically had a higher propensity to use transit. Using 2000 Census data, a Transit
Orientation Index (TOI) was developed for Hernando County. The TOI categorizes each block
group in the county according to its relative ability to support transit based on the prevalence of
specific demographic characteristics. The block groups are rated as “Very High,” “High,”
“Medium,” “Low,” or “Very Low” in their respective levels of transit orientation. It should be
noted that the block groups with very low population densities (less than 100 persons per
square mile) were excluded from this analysis.

To create the TOI, data from the 2000 Census were compiled at the block group level. While it
is recognized that the 2000 Census data are nearly 10 years old, they are the most recent data
available. For this analysis, five population and demographic characteristics were used to
develop the TOI, each of which is a characteristic traditionally conducive to transit use. The
five characteristics that were used to produce the index include the following:

    •    population density (persons per square mile)
    •    proportion of the population age 60 and over (elderly)
    •    proportion of the population under age 16 (youths)
    •    proportion of the population below the poverty level
    •    proportion of households with no vehicle (0-vehicle households)

The 2000 TOI is illustrated in Map 7-1. The TOI analysis shows that, for the most part, block
groups in Hernando County have Low or Very Low transit orientation. The few areas with
Medium, High, or Very High transit orientation, with the exception of the Ridge Manor Area, are
already currently being served by transit.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                               Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     7-4                          Transit Development Plan
                                                                                                                                Hernando County MPO Transit Development Plan (2010 - 2019)
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                               Map 7-1                                                                                                                               Transit Orientation
                                                                                                                                                                         Major Road                                                                                                                                                                                                                               THE Bus Routes
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Very High                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Blue Route
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Green Route
Transit Orientation
                                                                                                                                                                                                            High

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Purple Route
    Index (TOI)                                                                                                                                                                                             Low
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Red Route
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Very Low*

                                                                                                                             * Population density is less than 100 persons per square mile.                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Source: 2000 Census & Hernando County MPO                                                                                                                                   Revised: 05.22.09
Choice Market

The choice market includes potential riders living in higher-density areas of the county and
choosing to use transit as a commuting alternative. As density increases, areas generally
become more and more supportive of transit.

To illustrate this relationship, a Density Threshold Assessment (DTA) was conducted based on
industry standard relationships between density and varying levels of transit investment.

The DTA examines population and employment densities by Traffic Analysis Zone (TAZ) and
categorizes TAZs with regard to their ability to support transit. The DTA categories relate to a
specific TAZ’s ability to support minimum, high, or very high levels of transit investment. It
should be noted that dwelling units are used as a proxy for population in this analysis.

To support minimum transit investment, a TAZ must have either 4.5 - 5 dwelling units per acre,
or no fewer than 4 employees per acre. To be considered supportive of high transit
investment, a TAZ would need 6 - 7 dwelling units per acre, or 5 - 6 employees per acre. For a
very high level of transit investment, the TAZ needs to have 8 or more dwelling units per acre,
or 7 or more employees per acre.

Map 7-2 illustrates the current (2009) DTA; Map 7-3 illustrates the future (2019) DTA.

In 2009, the only areas that qualify as transit supportive are in the population centers along SR
50 in Brooksville and in Spring Hill. One area that is supportive of high transit investment is in
downtown Brooksville. Of those that are supportive of bus, all are currently being served by
transit. Additional TAZs that would be considered transit supportive in 2019 are located in
Spring Hill off Cortez Boulevard in Spring Hill and near the intersection of California Street and
SR 50.

Similar to the traditional market, the results of the choice market assessment are used in
subsequent chapters to support the identification of transit needs, whether it be new routes or
increased frequencies.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                              Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    7-6                          Transit Development Plan
                    Hernando County MPO Transit Development Plan (2010 - 2019)
           Citrus
                                                                                                   Density Thresholds
                                                                                        Transit Service   Dwelling Unit Density   Employment Density
                                                                                        Threshold Level        Threshold              Threshold




                                                                                                           Sumter




                                                                                     Pasco



                    Employment Density Threshold   Dwelling Unit Density Threshold
     Map 7-2        (Emp/Acres)                    (DU/Acres)
       2009
Density Threshold
   Assesment
                    Hernando County MPO Transit Development Plan (2010 - 2019)
           Citrus
                                                                                                  Density Thresholds
                                                                                       Transit Service   Dwelling Unit Density   Employment Density
                                                                                       Threshold Level        Threshold              Threshold




                                                                                                          Sumter




                                                                                     Pasco



                    Employment Density Threshold
     Map 7-3        (Emp/Acres)
                                                   Dwelling Unit Density Threshold
                                                   (DU/Acres)
       2019
Density Threshold
   Assesment
Regional Market

Regional market refers to those riders who wish to access destinations throughout an area by
using a connected regional transit system. As discussed in previous sections, TBARTA was
created to develop a more regional approach to transportation in the Tampa Bay area,
specifically transit service. The TBARTA Regional Transportation Master Plan creates the
framework for development of an interconnected, linked transportation network consisting of a
variety of modes (highways, rail, bus, ferry). The TBARTA Master Plan recognizes that
improving the level of transit service in the Tampa Bay region is key to improving overall
connectivity and mobility, as well as enhancing the capacity of existing roadways.

The TBARTA Master Plan includes a Mid-Term Vision Network for the year 2035 and a Long-
Term Vision Network for the year 2050. The Vision Network is a regional network connecting
the eight counties included under TBARTA (Citrus, Hernando, Pasco, Polk, Hillsborough,
Pinellas, Manatee, and Sarasota). Connection to the Vision Network is backed by a supporting
network of localized transit routes. The Mid-Term Vision and Supporting Networks are to be
implemented by 2035. The implementation of the regional TBARTA transit network will require
coordination with local transit planning efforts, including future service alternatives presented in
this 10-year TDP.

The following map series illustrates the mid- and long-term networks included in the TBARTA
Master Plan.

    •    Map 7-4 presents the       TBARTA Mid-Term (2035) Vision and Supporting Network for the
         entire region.
    •    Map 7-6 presents the       TBARTA Long-Term (2050) Vision and Supporting Network for the
         entire region.
    •    Map 7-8 presents the       TBARTA Mid-Term (2035) Vision and Supporting Network for
         Hernando County.
    •    Map 7-9 presents the       TBARTA Long-Term (2050) Vision and Supporting Network for
         Hernando County.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                         7-9                       Transit Development Plan
            Map 7-4: TBARTA Mid-Term (2035) Vision and Supporting Network




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                 Hernando County MPO
August 2009                             7-10                   Transit Development Plan
           Map 7-5: TBARTA Long-Term (2050) Vision and Supporting Network




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                 Hernando County MPO
August 2009                             7-11                   Transit Development Plan
                                                                                                                               Hernando County MPO Transit Development Plan (2010 - 2019)
                                                        Citrus




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Source: TBARTA Draft Master Plan, April 2009                                                                                                                        Revised: 05.22.09
Section 8: Goals, Objectives & Policies
This section provides the transit mission for Hernando County’s Transit Development Plan
(2010-2019). The mission is followed by the goals, objectives, and policies designed to help
accomplish the transit mission. The mission, goals, objectives, and policies were developed
based on discussions with MPO staff, input through the public involvement process, and the
results of the transit development planning process, and are presented in the remainder of this
section.

PUBLIC TRANSIT MISSION FOR HERNANDO COUNTY

The public transit mission for Hernando County is “to provide safe, efficient, and accessible
transit services to citizens and visitors in need of transportation and to evolve into a system that
ultimately provides for the mobility of all residents and visitors in Hernando County, offering a
viable choice among travel modes.”

GOALS, OBJECTIVES, AND POLICIES

Goal 1 – Increase quality and level of transit services in Hernando County.

    Objective 1.1 - Expand the frequency of service one hour or better on all existing routes
    by 2015 and future routes by 2019.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                               Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     8-1                          Transit Development Plan
    Objective 1.2 - Establish inter-county, regional transit connectivity along at least two
    major transportation corridors by 2019.

    Objective 1.3 – By 2019, identify and implement innovative approaches to transit service
    in Hernando County, e.g., flex-route bus service, vanpools, etc.

              Policy 1.1 - Improve service headways to 60 minutes on existing routes by 2015.

              Policy 1.2 - Provide inter-county transit services on US 19, Suncoast Parkway, US
              4, and US 98.

              Policy 1.3 - Establish peak-hour commuter transit service from Spring Hill to the
              Airport Industrial Park area by 2019.

              Policy 1.4 - Implement flex-route bus services in the Airport Industrial Park area,
              Ridge Manor area, and south Brooksville area.

              Policy 1.5 - Implement weekend service on all existing routes by 2019.

              Policy 1.6 - Perform scheduled maintenance activities for all transit vehicles.

              Policy 1.7 - Evaluate the feasibility of regularly replacing the current bus fleet with
              alternative fuel vehicles.

              Policy 1-8 - Coordinate with Bay Area Commuter Services (BACS) to establish a
              vanpool program and an Emergency Ride Home program.

              Policy 1.9 - Operate a fleet of fixed-route vehicles with an average age of less
              than six years by 2019.

Goal 2 – Increase transit ridership and improve cost efficiency.

    Objective 2.1 - Increase the number of fixed-route passenger trips by 50 percent between
    FY 2010 and FY 2019.

    Objective 2.2 - Achieve and maintain an annual operating cost per one-way passenger trip
    of less than $4.00.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                 Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                       8-2                          Transit Development Plan
              Policy 2.1 - Increase the frequency of existing services to 60 minutes and expand
              THE Bus service area and service hours.

              Policy 2.2 – Improve existing transit services and implement new transit services,
              consistent with the 10-year transit needs identified in the 2009 TDP (2010-2019).

              Policy 2.3 – When acquiring new buses for service expansion, consider the
              purchase of smaller vehicles to match the capacity requirements of the new service.

              Policy 2.4 – When acquiring new buses for replacement or service expansion,
              consider alternative fuels prior to the purchase of any new buses.

              Policy 2.5 - Operate a fleet of fixed-route vehicles with an average age of less
              than six years by 2019.

Goal 3 - Increase the visibility and name recognition of transit services and THE Bus.

    Objective 3.1 - Increase marketing and public outreach efforts to educate citizens and
    visitors about the benefits, availability, and characteristics of existing and planned transit
    services.

              Policy 3.1 - Maintain an ongoing public involvement process through surveys,
              discussion groups, interviews, public workshops, and participation in public events.

              Policy 3.2 - Distribute bus schedules and system information in public places
              throughout the county for residents and visitors.

              Policy 3.3 - Maintain and regularly update THE Bus website with current service
              and schedule information.

              Policy 3.4 - Conduct an on-board survey at least every three years as part of
              major TDP updates to monitor changes in user demographics, travel behavior
              characteristics, and user satisfaction.

Goal 4 - Pursue coordination activities with regional entities and neighboring
counties.

         Objective 4.1- Ensure coordination and consistency with local and regional plans for
         the future provision of public transit service in Hernando County.



Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                 Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                      8-3                           Transit Development Plan
         Objective 4.2 - Identify areas for cooperative efforts with neighboring county transit
         systems including Pasco County Public transportation (PCPT) and Citrus County Transit
         (CCT).

                 Policy 4.1 - Meet at least annually with transit staff in neighboring counties to
                 better understand existing and future transit services and to identify coordination
                 requirements associated with public transit services across county lines.

                 Policy 4.2 – Participate on the TBARTA Board and its committees and regularly
                 coordinate with TBARTA staff periodically to coordinate and cooperate on the
                 TBARTA Master Plan implementation process.

                 Policy 4.3 – Meet as appropriate with staff from Hernando County and the City
                 of Brooksville to discuss the role of transit in their respective comprehensive
                 plans.

                 Policy 4.4 – Facilitate discussions with staff from FDOT District 7, TBARTA, and
                 adjacent counties regarding the future consolidation of transit management and
                 operations in the region.

Goal 5 - Pursue transit supportive land use and development.

         Objective 5.1 - Support land use planning and regulations that encourage transit-
         supportive development.

         Objective 5.2 - Support the use of development incentives such as impact fee credits
         for developers and major employers to promote public transit.

              Policy 5.1 - Meet with Hernando County staff to discuss a more formal integration
              of transit considerations into the development review process.

              Policy 5.2 - Regularly attend development review meetings to express the
              importance of transportation and transit considerations.

             Policy 5.3 – Consider bus stop accessibility in the identification and prioritization of
             sidewalk and bicycle facility improvements.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                 Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                       8-4                          Transit Development Plan
Section 9: Transit Alternatives

The purpose of this section is to summarize the potential transit alternatives developed as part
of the 10-year planning horizon of this TDP Update.

METHODS USED TO DEVELOP AND EVALUATE ALTERNATIVES

Potential transit alternatives for Hernando County were developed and evaluated through a
number of methods. In addition to the use of public and MPO/THE Bus staff input, as well as
the results of various demand analyses completed for this TDP update, the initial identification
of alternatives also relied upon recent policy guidance provided by County and MPO staff,
administration, and elected officials regarding the future of public transit in Hernando County.
These methods are described in more detail below.

Public Involvement

As presented in Section 3, citizen involvement was emphasized extensively as part of the
preparation of the TDP. Efforts to facilitate public involvement included committee meetings,
public workshops, surveys, and community events.

Discussions with THE Bus and MPO Staff

Numerous discussions took place with MPO, THE Bus, and FDOT District 7 staff throughout the
TDP process, which resulted in an extensive amount of local knowledge that can be learned
only from living and working in Hernando County on a daily basis, particularly knowledge




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                            Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                   9-1                         Transit Development Plan
related to the day-to-day operation of THE Bus. This information also was used, as
appropriate, in the development and selection of transit alternatives for Hernando County.

Situation Appraisal

A situation appraisal was conducted for transit to enhance the understanding of the
environment in which the transit agency operates and to understand key trends and
implications that impact the approach that Hernando County will take in developing transit
service alternatives.

Transit Demand Estimation and Mobility Needs

Section 4 provides an assessment of the potential transit demand in Hernando County. The
assessment involves the use of several techniques, including a review of ridership trends,
results from TBEST demand modeling, and an assessment of transit markets, including
traditional markets, discretionary markets, and regional markets. The traditional market
includes individuals who have no or limited transportation alternatives and rely on public transit
for essential and recreational trips. This market includes the elderly, youth, low-income, and
no/limited vehicle populations. The discretionary market refers to individuals who have a choice
of transportation alternatives and may choose transit if the service is able to be competitive
with the automobile in terms of travel time, convenience, or other reason. The regional market
refers to the demand for commuter travel to other counties in the region. The results of the
transit market assessment were used to identify and select transit alternatives for Hernando
County.

Recent Policy Guidance

THE Bus Service Assessment

The policy guidance received as part of the recent service assessment conducted for THE Bus,
which was summarized previously in this report, was considered in the alternative development
and selection process. The purpose of this assessment was to evaluate the effectiveness of
THE Bus as it is currently operated and identify opportunities for improvement through changes
to various functions of THE Bus. One of the four service reduction options - reducing all service
to two-hour headways while maintaining the existing hours and days of service - was selected
for implementation by the Hernando County BOCC in April 2009.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                              Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    9-2                          Transit Development Plan
Vehicle Replacement/Refurbishment Policy

Maintenance of an aging vehicle fleet continues to be a problem. As part of the American
Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, signed into legislation by President Obama on
February 19, 2009, Hernando County had the opportunity to apply for federal stimulus dollars
to replace the county’s aging bus fleet. However, the BOCC declined federal stimulus dollars
due to concerns about being committed to funding the operation of new buses over their life
cycle of 10 years. Instead of using stimulus dollars to purchase new buses, the BOCC gave
direction to follow the original plan of refurbishing the existing fleet, with hopes of extending
the life of these buses by several years.

TRANSIT ALTERNATIVES

Table 9-1 lists the alternatives that were identified through the TDP process for possible
implementation between FY 2010 and FY 2019. The next section includes a detailed discussion
of the transit service, capital/infrastructure, and policy alternatives evaluated and included as
part of the TDP Update.

                                             Table 9-1
                            TDP Service Alternatives (FY 2010-FY 2019)
Alt. #                                              Alternative
  1       Implement two-hour headways
  2       Increase service frequency back to 60-minute headways
  3       Implement Airport Commuter Service on US 41
  4       Implement West Pasco Connector (local bus service to Pasco County on US 19)
  5       Add Saturday service to existing routes
  6       Implement East Hernando Connector (local bus service on SR 50)
          Implement Spring Hill/Airport Connector (local bus service on SR 50/Barclay Ave/Powell
   7
          Rd/California St/Spring Hill Dr)
  8       East Pasco Connector (local bus service to Pasco County on SR 50/US 98)
  9       Implement South Brooksville flex route
  10      Implement Spring Hill Airport area peak-hour flex route
  11      Implement Ridge Manor flex route
  12      Implement peak-hour commuter service to Brooksville, Spring Hill Airport Area, and Spring Hill
  13      Implement Express Bus on Suncoast Parkway
  14      Implement Express Bus on SR 50, from I-75 to Suncoast Parkway
  15      Implement Express Bus on I-75, from Pasco County Line to SR 50
  16      Provide Transportation Demand Management strategies
Note:   Complementary ADA paratransit service to will be provided on all existing and new routes.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                    Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                         9-3                           Transit Development Plan
Section 10: Ten-Year Transit Development Plan
Based on the information presented in Section 9, the following service alternatives and
implementation strategies are provided for the Hernando County 10-year TDP. The TDP
services represent the outcome of coordination with MPO staff, public involvement, transit
demand analysis, and other recent assessment and evaluation studies conducted by FDOT
District 7 and other agencies. These alternatives provide for the most viable service to be
provided to existing and potential transit users. Map 10-1 shows the service alternatives for the
TDP.


TEN-YEAR TDP ALTERNATIVES


    •    Implement Two-Hour Headways - In April 2009, the Hernando County BOCC voted
         to reduce THE Bus service to two-hour headways on routes while maintaining the
         existing service span and days of service. This new service will be implemented on
         October 1, 2009.

    •    Continue to Operate Complementary ADA Paratransit Service - As long as fixed-
         route service is operated in Hernando County, complementary paratransit service will be
         maintained, thereby serving the needs of the ADA-eligible transportation disadvantaged
         residents of Hernando County.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    10-1                        Transit Development Plan
                                                                                                                               Hernando County MPO Transit Development Plan (2010 - 2019)
                                                        Citrus                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Service Alternatives
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Flex Route Service Area
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                                                                                                                                   THE Bus Routes
                            Map 10-1                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Proposed Park-and-Ride Location
                                                                                                                                                                                      Blue Route
                  TDP Service                                                                                                                                                         Green Route                                                                                                            Pasco County Bus Routes
                  Alternatives                                                                                                                                                        Purple Route

                  (2010 - 2019)                                                                                                                                                       Red Route
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Source: Hernando County MPO, PCPT & TBARTA                                                                                                                                            Revised: 07.02.09
    •    Increase Service Frequency Back to 60-Minute Headways - The two-hour service
         frequencies to be implemented in FY 2009/10 as a cost-saving measure should be
         changed back to 60-minute headways when it becomes financially feasible. For the
         route structure, one of the following options is recommended:

             o    Option 1 - Maintain the existing route structure with the two circulator routes in
                  Spring Hill, the route connection between Spring Hill and Brooksville and the
                  Brooksville Circulator.

             o    Option 2 - Modify the existing route structure in Spring Hill by converting the
                  two circulator routes to four traditional local bus routes, as identified in the 2004
                  Hernando County Long Range Transit Element (Section 3, Spring Hill Circulator
                  Realignment Evaluation). The four routes will cover the same area currently
                  covered by the circulators but will operate as separate routes connecting to each
                  other. No alignment change is recommended for the route connecting Spring Hill
                  and Brooksville and the Brooksville Circulator.

    •    Implement Airport Commuter Service on US 41 - The transit demand assessment,
         including comments gathered through the public involvement activities, identified the
         need for a route along this corridor where employment growth has occurred and is
         expected to continue. This route will provide direct access to the Hernando County
         Airport and the Airport Industrial Park along the identified corridor for
         residents/commuters in the Spring Hill area.

    •    West Pasco Connector (local bus service to Pasco County on US 19) - There is
         demand for providing a local route connecting Hernando County to northwest Pasco
         County via US 19. This desire has been expressed during various public involvement
         activities conducted as part of the TDP updates in Hernando and Pasco counties. This
         also is confirmed by the population and employment densities along the US 19 corridor.
         This route would connect to Bayonet Point Plaza on US 19 in Pasco County, providing
         access to Pasco County Public Transportation (PCPT) routes.

    •    Add Saturday Service to Existing Routes (8 am to 5 pm) - Similar to the previous
         TDP Update, one of the most frequent requests expressed during the public involvement
         process is the need/desire for weekend transit service. All routes should be evaluated
         for Saturday service implementation. This service, however, will be provided only from
         8 am to 5 pm initially and, based on utilization and demand, will be expanded to match
         weekday service hours.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                  Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                       10-3                          Transit Development Plan
    •    Implement East Hernando Connector (local bus service on SR 50) - The
         previous TDP identified the need for transit service for residents of east Hernando.
         Based on public input and discussions with MPO staff, this service need was still found
         to be valid.

    •    Implement Spring Hill/Airport Connector (local bus service on SR 50/Barclay
         Ave/Powell Rd/California St/Spring Hill Dr) - The previous TDP update identified
         the need for a route along the SR 50/Barclay Ave/Powell Rd/California St/Spring Hill Dr
         corridor. Based on the transit demand assessment conducted for this TDP update, as
         well as future development plans for the Hernando County Airport Industrial Park,
         transit service providing direct access to the Hernando County Airport and the Airport
         Industrial Park for residents and commuters in the Spring Hill area is needed.

    •    East Pasco Connector (local bus service to Pasco County on SR 50/US 98) - A
         potential second route is identified, connecting THE Bus service to Pasco County’s PCPT
         services in east Pasco County. This route would provide service on SR 50 and US 98,
         connecting the east Hernando area to PCPT routes in northeast Pasco County.

    •    Implement Flex-Route Service - Flex-route service should be provided in areas
         where transit is currently not provided, such as the Ridge Manor area, south Brooksville,
         and the airport area connecting the current Spring Hill route on west side.

         Flex-route service is a hybrid service that
         combines the predictability of fixed-route
         bus service with the flexibility of demand
         response service. This service generally
         operates in suburban areas where the
         street and pedestrian networks are not
         conducive to fixed-route bus service. As
         shown in Figure 10-1, flex-route service
         originates from a fixed point, such as a                                   Figure 10-1
         transit center, where it connects with                                Flex-Route Service
         fixed-route buses or rapid transit service.
         The service areas of flex-route services
         are usually about seven square miles, in which one vehicle can offer service once per
         hour. Twelve-passenger, wheelchair-accessible cutaways are typically used for flex
         services.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                              Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    10-4                         Transit Development Plan
         Passengers transferring from a fixed-route bus to flex-route service simply board the
         vehicle and tell the driver their destination within the designated flex service area.
         Passengers traveling from the designated flex service area to connect to a fixed-route
         bus must call and make a reservation for the trip they desire based on its arrival time at
         the fixed transfer point. Reservations can be made on the same day of travel and do
         not require a prior day reservation, as is typical of demand response services. Same-
         day reservations are generally possible because the service areas are relatively small.

         The proposed flex routes in Hernando County include the following:

             o    Spring Hill Airport Flex Route (peak-hour service)
             o    South Brooksville Flex Route
             o    Ridge Manor Flex Route

    •    Expand Complementary ADA Paratransit Service to Complement New Service
         - Paratransit service should be expanded in conjunction with new fixed-route or flex-
         route service provided by THE Bus to continue serving the needs of the ADA-eligible
         transportation disadvantaged residents of Hernando County.

    •    Implement Peak-Hour Commuter Service Serving Brooksville, Airport Area,
         and Spring Hill - Express or limited stop service should be provided to serve
         commuters from Brooksville and Spring Hill to the Airport Industrial Park during the AM
         and PM peak commuting hours. Shared-use park-and-ride lots should be pursued in
         Brooksville and Spring Hill in conjunction with the new commuter service to maximize
         potential ridership.

    •    Implement Express Bus on the Suncoast Parkway, SR 50, and I-75 – The
         TBARTA Master Plan mid-term vision identifies express bus service operating every 15 to
         30 minutes during peak hour on the Suncoast Parkway from the Citrus County line to
         the Pasco County Line, on SR 50 from I-75 to the Suncoast Parkway, and on I-75 from
         Pasco County Line to SR 50.

    •    Provide Transportation Demand Management Strategies - Hernando County
         should coordinate with BACS to provide Transportation Demand Management (TDM)
         strategies aimed at reducing single-occupant vehicle trips. These strategies include but
         are not limited to carpooling, vanpooling, and an emergency ride home program. In
         addition to providing a continuing education program on TDM strategies, the Hernando
         County MPO should work with BACS to host commuter choice days in Hernando County.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                               Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                       10-5                       Transit Development Plan
Capital and Infrastructure Alternatives

The following capital and infrastructure alternatives were developed for the second five years of
the TDP’s 10-year planning horizon.

    •     Establish Park-and-Ride Lots - In conjunction with the proposed commuter service
          connecting the Spring Hill, Airport Industrial Park, and Spring Hill areas, shared-
          use/joint-use park-and-ride lots should be established as part of the expanded transit
          infrastructure program for the 10-year TDP. Two potential locations, one next to the
          Mariner Blvd/SR 50 intersection and the other next to the US 19/Spring Hill Dr
          intersection, have been identified by MPO staff.

    •     Vehicle Replacement and Acquisition - Vehicle replacement and acquisition is the
          most important component of transit infrastructure for THE Bus. Following an increase
          in service frequency to 60-minute headways, Hernando County should evaluate its
          vehicle replacement and acquisition plan.

    •     Add Shelters, Shaded Benches, and Other Transit Infrastructure - Hernando
          County should add transit infrastructure (e.g., purchase and installation of bus shelters,
          shaded benches, bike racks, etc.) as funding becomes available.

Policy Alternatives

The following policy alternatives were developed as part of the 10-year planning horizon of
each TDP Update.

     •     Evaluate Fare Policy - Fare policy is reviewed as part of each major update of the
           TDP. Given the fare increase that was implemented in 2008 and the current level of
           transit service, the existing fare policy and structure remains appropriate for Hernando
           County. Table 10-1 presents the current fare structure adopted by THE Bus.

                                                 Table 10-1
                                 THE Bus Current Fare Structure (May 2009)
                   Fare Category                    Regular                                             Discount *
         One-Way Trips                                $1.25                                                $0.60
         Set of 12 Tokens (Token = 1 Fare)             $10                                                  N/A
         Set of 18 Tokens (Token = 1 Fare)             $15                                                  N/A
         Monthly Passes                                $25                                                $12.50
         Children under 6 years (when accompanied by a paying adult)                                        Free
         * Senior, Student and Disabled discounts are available with proof of eligibility (driver's license, DMV identification
         card, birth certificate, Medicare card, student ID, letter stating disability signed by physician, etc.)




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                                       10-6                                     Transit Development Plan
    •    Evaluate the Use of Alternative Fuel Vehicles - Based on policy guidance received
         from Hernando County, a preliminary feasibility assessment of alternative fueled buses
         was conducted as part of the TDP Update. A preliminary assessment of the pros and
         cons of alternative fuel vehicles is presented in Appendix D. Pending financial feasibility,
         it is recommended that alternative fueled buses be purchased as part of vehicle
         replacement and service expansion reflected in the TDP. It is important to note,
         however, that vehicle technologies are evolving rapidly and, since vehicle acquisition is
         likely to be several years in the future, technologies should be reassessed prior to
         making the investment decision at that time.

    •    Evaluate the Use of Smaller Vehicles - In conjunction with the previous policy
         alternative, Hernando County will consider the use of smaller vehicles, such as cutaway
         buses or shuttle-sized vehicles, as a way to optimize transit capacity and potentially
         reduce costs. The pros and cons of operating smaller transit vehicles are presented in
         Appendix D. To the extent possible, it is recommended that Hernando County make
         every effort to match vehicle size and capacity with the demand and nature of each bus
         route (e.g., smaller vehicles on flex routes). However, this objective will need to be
         balanced with the need for spare buses that must be available to replace buses requiring
         repair or maintenance.

TEN-YEAR RIDERSHIP PROJECTIONS


The FDOT-approved transit demand forecasting tool for TDPs, TBEST, was used to forecast
future ridership demand in Hernando County. Designed to provide near- and mid-term
forecasts of transit ridership, TBEST is a comprehensive transit analysis and ridership-
forecasting model that is capable of simulating travel demand at the individual stop-level. It also
accounts for transit network connectivity, spatial and temporal accessibility, time-of-day
variations, and route competition and complementarities. Table 10-2 presents the ridership
projections for the TDP service alternatives. The ridership projections in Table 10-2 assume
implementation of all service alternatives irrespective of funding availability. The service
alternatives from the TBARTA 2035 Master Plan are excluded from the TBEST ridership
projections.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                      10-7                         Transit Development Plan
                                                                                Table 10-2
                                                                   TBEST Ridership Projections (2010 - 2019)

                 Route                        FY 2010          FY 2011         FY 2012        FY 2013        FY 2014         FY 2015        FY 2016        FY 2017        FY 2018        FY 2019

 Route 1 - Red                                    49,800           51,941         53,610         55,925          58,117         64,939         67,155         70,915         73,953          76,717

 Route 2 - Blue                                   52,489           55,029         56,921         59,411          61,976         69,247         72,335         78,236         82,369          85,955

 Route 3 - Purple                                 22,835           23,431         24,402         25,647          26,992         28,436         29,756         33,491         35,408          49,327

 Route 4 - Green                                  40,164           46,463         53,336         58,166          59,038         81,548         90,711         97,434         98,753        102,787

 West Pasco Connector                                                                                                                          12,891         14,918         19,188          19,593
 Peak-Hour Airport Commuter
 Service                                                                                                                                                      16,957         23,486          34,113
 Airport Area Peak-Hour
 Flex Route                                                                                                                                                   14,955         20,617          26,768

 East Pasco Connector                                                                                                                                                                         3,757

 Spring Hill Airport Connector                                                                                                                                                               31,628
 Airport Commuter Service on
 US 41                                                                                                                                                                                       21,424

 East Hernando Connector                                                                                                                                                                     21,364

 Ridge Manor Flex Route                                                                                                                                                                       5,393

 South Brooksville Flex Route                                                                                                                                                                21,140
 Total                                         164,838          176,865        188,269        199,150        206,122         244,169        272,847        326,905        353,774        499,966
  Notes:
1. For new improvements, it was assumed that ridership did not stabilize until the third year of operation. Ridership in the first year was assumed to be 60% of the ridership projected for
that year. Ridership in the second year was assumed to be 80% of the ridership projected for that year.
2. According to Florida law, TBEST is the FDOT-approved model for transit ridership forecasting as part of Transit Development Plans in Florida. However, it is important to understand
that TBEST is just one tool for evaluating improvements to existing and future transit services. Although TBEST provides ridership projections at the route and bus stop levels, its strength
lies more in its ability to facilitate relative comparisons of ridership productivity for various transit network scenarios. As a result, the analyst should use caution and professional judgment
when considering the absolute ridership projections resulting from the TBEST model. TBEST continues to be a work in progress and will become more and more useful as its limitations are
addressed in future updates to the model.




     Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                Hernando County MPO
     August 2009                                                                                10-8                                                               Transit Development Plan
COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS

As the role of public transportation expands in Hernando County, the need for coordination
becomes increasingly important, specifically as it relates to addressing the needs of residents
who need to travel between counties for work and shopping trips. Four major requirements are
identified for improving public transportation coordination in Hernando County over the next 10
years:

    •    The MPO will work closely to ensure that the TDP is implemented.          At a minimum,
         meetings will be held on a quarterly basis to review progress made toward implementing
         the plan. These efforts will also ease the preparation of the annual TDP progress report
         over the next five years until the time of the next major update.

    •    The MPO will encourage the Hernando County and the City of Brooksville to update their
         respective Comprehensive Plans to ensure consistency with the public transportation
         services provided within their planning area, as well as with the recommendations of the
         TDP in general.

    •    MPO staff will meet with transit systems in neighboring counties (Pasco, Citrus) to better
         understand existing and future public transportation services and to identify coordination
         requirements associated with public transportation services across county lines.         As
         shown in Map 10-1, two routes to Pasco County have been identified as transit
         alternatives.

    •    MPO staff will work with TBARTA to coordinate future regional connections. Hernando
         County will continue to be represented on the TBARTA Board and Transit Management
         Committee. The MPO will consider TBARTA’s Master Plan, adopted in May 2009, when
         pursuing changes to the THE Bus system and integrate the mid- and long-term vision
         plans into the 2035 LRTE.


KEY IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES


Several key strategies are identified in this section to assist in carrying out the 10-year
implementation plan. These strategies are outlined below.


    •    Take Ownership – The MPO must continue to take ownership of the plan to ensure its
         implementation in an efficient manner. This action requires a commitment to review



Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                               Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                     10-9                         Transit Development Plan
         and reference the plan on a regular basis to ensure that efforts are undertaken as
         appropriate.


    •    Hold Quarterly Meetings - As indicated in the discussion on monitoring performance, it is
         critical that MPO staff continue to hold regular meetings to review the progress made
         toward the implementation of the TDP.


    •    Enhance Marketing and Public Awareness - Despite limited resources, THE Bus has
         made some progress in transit marketing and education.             In addition to continuing
         existing efforts, however, new opportunities for public outreach must be sought.
         Further, additional resources need to be devoted to marketing to expand the countywide
         level of awareness regarding public transportation.


    •    Maintain Quality of Service – THE Bus conducted an on-board survey in 2008 in which
         respondents were asked to rate the system on several ridership satisfaction criteria,
         including driver abilities, seating availability, and bus cleanliness, reliability, and service
         frequency. The scores reflected an overall high level of satisfaction with the quality of
         transit services being provided.     It is important that on-board surveys be conducted
         periodically as part of service assessment and implementation. Since word-of-mouth is
         perhaps the most effective form of marketing, this quality of service must be maintained
         and improved to keep existing users satisfied and to ultimately attract new users over
         time.


    •    Expand Strategically - The emphasis in the next 10 years is to expand fixed-route bus
         services to meet the needs of transit-oriented and commuter populations.               Existing
         routes are serving the populations with characteristics most conducive to transit use.
         Serving these markets is the first priority, while expanding to new areas and
         implementing new bus routes is important but secondary over the next 10 years.


Regional Coordination - The TBARTA Master Plan outlines specific mid- and long-term transit
services for the Tampa Bay Region, with express and rail services identified in Hernando
County.     It is critical that MPO staff coordinate with Pasco and Citrus counties and other
regional partners as a part of the implementation of transit services that provide connections
within Hernando County and throughout the region.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                   Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                      10-10                           Transit Development Plan
MONITORING PROGRAM TO TRACK PERFORMANCE MEASURES

A significant part of a transit agency’s operation is continuously reviewing performance and
effectiveness.    MPO and THE Bus staff regularly collect and summarize ridership and
performance measures that are reviewed for effectiveness and analyzed against historical
performance data. The performance monitoring program includes routine collection and
reporting of the following information:


    •    Farebox revenues
    •    Passenger trips per revenue mile
    •    Operating cost per passenger trip
    •    Unlinked passenger trips for fixed-route services
    •    Total scheduled trips and operating costs for the ADA paratransit system
    •    Monthly marketing/public outreach activities
    •    Route alignments/changes
    •    Special activities/events
    •    Other outreach activities


TEN-YEAR TDP NEEDS


As indicated previously, transit alternatives for Hernando County were evaluated and prioritized
through a number of factors including the following:

    •    Public involvement
    •    Discussions with THE Bus and MPO staff
    •    Situation appraisal
    •    Transit demand estimation and mobility needs
    •    Recent policy guidance

Based on this evaluation, Table 10-3 presents programmed projects and unfunded needs for
the next 10 years in Hernando County. In addition, the table includes alternatives that were
determined to not be needed within the 10-year planning horizon.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                             Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                    10-11                       Transit Development Plan
                                  Table 10-3
    Ten-Year TDP Programmed Projects, Unfunded Needs, & Other Improvements

                                    Ten-Year Programmed Projects

   Implement two-hour headways                                                               2010

   Continue to operate complementary ADA paratransit service                                 2010

   Increase service frequency back to 60-minute headways                                     2015

   Implement West Pasco Connector (local bus service to Pasco County on US 19)               2016
   Implement peak-hour commuter service (service in Brooksville, Spring Hill Airport
                                                                                             2017
   Area, and Spring Hill)
   Implement Spring Hill Airport area peak-hour flex route                                   2017

   Provide Transportation Demand Management strategies (vanpools)                            2017

   Implement East Pasco Connector (local bus service to Pasco County on SR 50/US 98)         2019

                                      Ten-Year Unfunded Needs

   Add Saturday service to existing routes                                                    TBD

   Implement East Hernando Connector (local bus service on SR 50)                             TBD
   Implement Spring Hill/Airport Connector (local bus service on SR 50/Barclay Ave/
                                                                                              TBD
   Powell Rd/California St/Spring Hill Dr)
                                        Other Improvements

   Implement Airport commuter service on US 41                                                TBD

   Implement South Brooksville flex route                                                     TBD

   Implement Ridge Manor flex route                                                           TBD

   Implement Express Bus on Suncoast Parkway                                                  TBD

   Implement Express Bus on SR 50, from I-75 to Suncoast Parkway                              TBD

   Implement Express Bus on I-75, from Pasco County Line to SR 50                             TBD


Maps 10-2 and 10-3 show the 10-year transit needs for Hernando County. Map 10-2 shows the
programmed projects, and Map 10-3 shows the needs unfunded during the 10-year TDP
planning period.




Tindale-Oliver & Associates, Inc.                                                   Hernando County MPO
August 2009                                      10-12                           Transit Development Plan
                                                                                                                                Hernando County MPO Transit Development Plan (2010 - 2019)
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                                                                                                                             Programmed Projects
                             Map 10-2                                                                                                                    Yellow Route                                                                                                  Pasco County Bus Routes
                                                                                                                                                         Red Route                                                                                                     West Pasco Connector
TDP Programmed                                                                                                                                           Orange Route                                                                                                  Peak-Hour Commuter Service

    Projects                                                                                                                                             Blue Route                                                                                                    East Pasco Connector

  (2010 - 2019)
                                                                                                                                                         Green Route                                                                                                   Spring Hill Airport Area
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                                                                                                                                                         Purple Route                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Source: Hernando County MPO & PCPT                                                                                                                Revised: 07.02.09
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