BAHASA INGGRIS II
(ENGLISH FOR COMPUTER)
What is a computer?
Computer is a machine that can accept
data and process it according to a stored
program of instructions and then give the
result via output devices. An electronic
symbol-manipulating system that’s
designed and organized to automatically
accept and store input data, process them,
and produce output results under the
direction of detailed step-by-step stored
program of instructions.
How a computer works can be explained
with this simple block diagram:
For example you input any data using
input devices, 5 + 4. Then this data will be
processed in a computer. This process will
be held by a device called processor. After
the process is completed, the result will be
held by an output device. Sometimes, the
computer needs to save the process for a
particular need. For example for further
use in the future. In this case the computer
will save the process to a device called
storage. That’s the way computer works.
Find the synonym from the passage (Slide 2 - 4)
which mean the same as:
1. Keep/save : _________________
2. Through : _________________
3. Commands : _________________
4. Made : _________________
5. Arranged : _________________
6. Instruments : _________________
7. Very definite : _________________
8. As stated by : _________________
9. Finished : _________________
10. Necessity : _________________
Now have a look at all devices in that
process. First one is input device. There
are many kinds of input devices. The most
commonly used is keyboard. Others are
mouse, light pen, microphone, track ball,
camera (for example webcam), etc. We
can say that input device is any kinds of
devices that can be used to input any data
to a computer.
The second device is the processor.
This is the brain of the computer which
holds all data processing in a computer.
The processor is created based on
semiconductor material like Germanium
(Ge) and Silicon (Si). The form of
processor was not like the form we see the
processor nowadays. There are evolution
in creating a processor until we get the
form of processor today.
For the first time, computer used vacuum
tube, an electronic device to hold computation.
Vacuum tube is in big size. And one computer
may consist of tens even hundreds of vacuum
tube. That’s why it is no wonder if the first
generation of computer may have a very big size
like a house.
The second generation of computer began
with the invention of transistor to replace the
use of vacuum tube. The effect of this invention
is the reduce on the size of computer. The size
of transistor may be like a peanut-size. That’s
why there is a significant reduce in the size of
The next generation is the use of Integrated
Circuit (IC) to replace transistor. One IC may
consist of thousands of transistor. Finally the IC
also gets evolution into VLSI which consists of
thousands of IC. That’s about the processor.
The third device is output device. Output
device is any device that can produce
information as the result of computer process.
This information can be displayed in a monitor,
or can be listened via speaker, or can be read
such as in printing form like paper.
Recently there are two kinds of monitor, the
first is CRT monitor which is use electronic tube
that’s why the size is big. The second is LCD.
LCD has slim form since it has flat monitor, the
technology that is used also for notebook and
The last device is storage. Actually this
device is used to store or save any information
from a processor. The most common of storage
device are hard disk, flash disk, floppy disk, CD-
ROM (optical disk), magnetic tape, etc.
The use of computer in daily activities
Recently computers are used by people for the
1. Data Processing. Computers are used in
financial and commercial works such as billing,
inventory control, etc.
2. Scientific Processing. Computers are used to
support science such as nuclear engineering,
3. Multimedia. Examples in this area are for
composing music, creating film animation,
editing film and video, etc.
Show whether the followings statements
are true or false (T/F) from Slide 6 - 11.
1. Any kind of instruments that can be used to put
any data into a computer is input device.
2. The form of processor is always the same.
3. The first generation computer used many
4. Today’s processor is using transistor to
replace vacuum tubes.
5. CRD technology is not used for notebook.
(Cathode Ray Tube)
(Liquid Crystal Display)
Is an electronic device that
uses glass tube to house electronic
circuits. The working of which are
dependent on the vacuum within
the tube. Later, this device was
replaced by transistor.
ENIAC vacuum tube.
This is the further
development of transistor.
Consisting hundreds of
transistor in each which
makes computation faster.
Is a semiconductor device
used to amplify a signal or open VLSI
and close a circuit. In digital (Very Large Scale Integration)
computers, it functions as an Is the packing of hundreds
electronic bridges the gap of thousands of electronic
between two wires and allows components on a single
current fo flow. This device was semiconductor chip.
invented by William Schockley,
Walten Brattain, and John
Barden. This device has three
feet namely the basis, the
emittor, and the collector.