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  Section I

Ideals of the Constitution
      Agree To Be Governed
 What   gives the Gov’t the right to
  govern you??
 When the pilgrims landed they were
  arguing, so they decided to form
 Rules became Government
  – Mayflower Compact
       We The People
 Government    gets its power from its

 Popular   Sovereignty

 Appears   in the Preamble
    The 6 Goals of the Constitution
Form  a more perfect union
Establish justice

Insure domestic tranquility

Provide for the common
Promote the general welfare

Secure the blessings of liberty
How do we accomplish these goals?
Limited Government
Majority rule
 –Minority rights

Rights    of the people
         The Federal System
   Needed to juggle need for strong central
    gov’t, and the importance of individual
    states’ gov’ts

   Constitution created division of powers

   Top layer is the Federal Government

   Bottom layer is the State Government
        Federal Powers
 “Delegated   Powers”
  – Print money
  – Control trade
  – Provide defense

 Remember!  The Articles of
 Confederation didn’t allow this, so this
 made the National Govovernment
 STRONGER than ever before
           State Powers
 “Reserve      Powers”
  – All powers not given to the Feds in the Constitution

 Conduct  ALL elections
 Establish Schools

 Drinking Age

 Seatbelt laws

 Reg. trade b/w states

 Reciprocity for college

 Establish local gov’t
          Watch Out!
 In   Minnesota…
  – It is illegal to stand around any building
    without a good reason to be there.
  – All men driving motorcycles must wear shirts.
  – You can get married at age 16 without the
    consent of a parent. Age 18 without consent.
  – Sales tax – 6.5%
  – Blood Alcohol Level for a DUI: .08%
  – It is now illegal to text while driving
  – Drivers license?
      Shared Powers
 “Concurrent   Powers”
  – Raise money through TAXES

  – Borrow money

  – Establish courts, banks

  – Enforce laws, provide for health and
     Get Organized!

Federal   .
          Shared   State
         States Make Laws Too
 Each state has its own constitution
 What happens if a state’s law
  contradicts The Constitution?

 It’s No Good!
 Section II
The Three Branches of
      Separation of Powers
 Why??...Many people feared an all-
 powerful government

      the government into three
 Split
 separate sections, or “branches”
  – One to write laws
  – One to enforce laws
  – One to interpret laws
The Three Branches of
Legislative, Executive, and
 “Congress”     – bicameral

 WRITES     the laws
  – Described in great detail in Article I of Const.

 Also controls the money for the
 national government, can impeach
 the Pres/judges, override a veto,
 ratifies treaties, confirm
       Executive Branch
   “That’s MISTER President to YOU!”
     – President is the head of the executive
     – 15 departments that advise Pres.
     – Article II of Constitution
   Can propose laws to Congress, veto laws,
    appoint federal judges, grant pardons, call
    sessions of Congress.
    Judicial Branch
 INTERPRETS   the Law
  – Also determines punishment
 Supreme     Court
 Established in Article III

 Can determine executive action
  Unconstitutional, Judges appointed
  for life, Judicial Review
     Balance of Powers
 With a “balance of powers” one
 branch cannot get too strong and
 rule the other two branches.

 Checks   and Balances

 How do the three
  branches keep each other in check?
Section III
An Enduring Document
     Change is good
 Framers   left room for change

 Change    is hard…why??

 Amendments    vs Gov’t acts/customs
      Amending the Constitution
A   written change to the Constitution
  – Article V

¾  of states must agree…not an easy

      have only been 27
 There
 amendments in 220 years!
     How It’s Done
Congress             Legislatures
propose by 2/3       from 2/3 states
vote in BOTH         can ask congress
houses               to propose

Proposed            Sent to state
Amendment sent      conventions for
to state leg. for   consideration
   OOPS! New Amendment Doesn’t
 If an amendment leads to effects
  that the people of America don’t
  like… they can repeal it
 Only amendment to be repealed was
  the 18th (Repealed by the 21st)
          Extensions of the
   Congress can pass laws that are not
    specified in the Const. but they use
    amendments as an umbrella

   Supreme Court reviews law to see if it is

   If the Court rejects the law, it may be re-
    written until passed

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