On July 19, 1919 Peace Processions were organised throughout the nation as the People‘s tribute to the
heroes of the war. By this time most of the servicemen had returned to Australia and would be able to
participate in these processions. One of the largest processions was in Sydney, NSW where the
Australian Mining Corps (later Tunnelling Companies) was formed and members took part in this
commanding parade. The historic occasion required intensive planning by the Peace Celebration
Committee to include all eligible men entitled to participate, including the Tunnelling Companies. Prior
arrangements had been made for their former Lieutenant-Colonel A.C. Fewtrell to lead the Engineers.
Sydney Morning Herald Friday July 12, 1919
Lieut-Colonel A.C. Fewtrell, D.S.O., is recovering from a very severe attack of pneumonic
influenza. Colonel Fewtrell, who was invalided home last year, left Australia as O.C. of the
Australian Mining Corps, and was afterwards O.C. of the 6th Pioneers and O.C. of the Light
Railways. He was to have led the Engineers in the procession on Peace Day, but, owing to illness,
other arrangements had to be made.
Approximately 5000 cadets were required to line the streets inside the barriers along the procession‘s
allocated route. Returned French soldiers were granted permission to march in uniform and overseas
munition and other war workers were welcome participants as were the Red Cross workers, V.A‘s,
branch representatives and depot workers. Cars were provided for invalid and wounded soldiers. The
march would be in double column of fours—eight abreast.
July 19, 1919
Route: Leave St Mary‘s gates, thence via Queen‘s-square through Macquarie-street, Bridge-street, Pitt-street,
Martin-place, George-street, Hay-street, Elizabeth-street, Park-avenue and College-street.
Saluting Base: Macquarie-street (Avenue of Allies) at Bent-street entrance to Domain. The Governor General to
take the salute. Senior cadets to form a guard of honour.
9.20 a.m. Procession of decorated cars, with wounded and invalid soldiers and army nurses.
9.45 a.m. Lieut. Stutt leaves Richmond Aviation School for flight over city, including exhibition ―stunts‖
10. a.m. Widows and mothers of fallen soldiers assemble at the Town Hall. To be entertained at 1p.m. by the
Joan of Arc Committee
10.15 a.m. Commodore Dumaresq to land at Man ‗o War Steps and proceed to saluting base
10.30-12.30 Chimes of city bells, to cease at 11.20 for 15 minutes in commemoration of fallen
10.30 a.m. His Excellency the Governor and Lady Davidson will arrive at the saluting base, where they will be
received by the Premier and a representative of the Federal Ministry.
10.45 a.m. Their Excellencies the Governor-General and Lady Helen Munro Ferguson will arrive at the saluting
base, where they will be received by the Premier and a representative of the Federal Ministry
10.45 a.m. Naval and military route march immediately followed by women war workers‘ peace pageant
Thirty bands will be distributed throughout the column and at the saluting base. Strong posts, consisting
of comforts funds, choral societies, bands, etc and numbering 124, will be along the line of march.
Senior naval and military cadets and boy scouts will also line the route.
The Order of March will be as follows with Brigadier-General J. Paton, C.B., C.M.G., V.D. general officer
G.O.C. Naval Units, Captain W.C. Comberiege, R.N. H.M.A.S. Australia
Royal Australian Navy
Naval details of Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force, including China Contingent and
Bridging Train and other returned naval details (Commander R.S. Laughton)
Soudan Contingent (Warrant-officer Mulready)
South African Contingent
Imperial Forces other than A.I.F. (Major E. Digby)
G.O.C. Brigadier-General C. Cox, C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O. V.D.
Australian Flying Corps (Lieutenant-Colonel W.O. Watt, O.B.E.)
Light Horse (Lieutenant-Colonel C.H. Granville, D.S.O.
Artillery (Lieutenant-Colonel R.S. Pearce)
Engineers (Lieutenant-Colonel J.M.C. Corlette, C.M.G., D.S.O)
First Division Infantry (Lieutenant-Colonel J.B. Stevens, C.M.G, D.S.O.)
Second Division Infantry (Colonel J. Lamrock, C.B.)
Third Division Infantry (Brigadier-General A. Jobson, D.S.O.)
Fourth Division Infantry (Brigadier-General S. Herring C.M.G., D.S.O.
Fifth Division Infantry (Lieutenant-Colonel P.W. Woods, D.S.O., M.C.)
Machine-gun Battalions (Lieutenant-Colonel A.C. Blacklow, D.S.O.
Pioneer Battalions (Lieutenant-Colonel H.G. Carter, D.S.O.)
Army Service Corps (Lieutenant-Colonel J.G. Tedder, V.D.)
Army Medical Corps (Colonel R. Roth, C.M.G., D.S.O., V.D.)
Other details (Colonel G.H. Holland, V.D.)
G.S.R. and 1918 Enlistment
11.20 Troops halt for three minutes in commemoration of fallen. Bands and choirs along route to render one
verse of Kipling‘s Recessional, public remaining bare-headed to join the singing. The ‗Last Post‘ to be sounded at
saluting base and at Town Hall.
Noon Salute of 21 guns in the Domain
1 p.m. Petersham Town Hall: King‘s Proclamation to be read.
KEY TO STRONG POSTS SHOWN ON MAP
1 1st and 53rd Battalion C.F. in front of 8 17th Battalion C.F. in front of 16 G.U.O.O.F. Chief Secretary‘s Corner
St Mary‘s Gates. Queen‘s Statue. 17 Conservatorium Orchestra,
2 2nd and 54th Battalion C.F. in front of 9 19th Battalion C.F. top of King-st Hurstville Band
St Mary‘s Gates. 10 Strathfield ‗Strong Post‘, both sides 18 19th Battalion C.F. in front of
3 Registrar-General‘s Choir at R.G.‘s entrance to Macquarie Street. Treasury in Macquarie-st.
Office 11 Sydney Madrigal Society, next to 10 18A R.S.S. and I.L.A. Girls‘ ‗Strong
4 Catholic School Children‘s Choir at 12 South Sydney Brass Band, opposite Post‘
St Mary‘s Cathedral Crown Law Office 19 Haberfield ‗Strong Posts‘ near Tram
5 Philharmonic Choral Society, in 13 Saluting Base, Military Firemen‘s, Yard Bridge-st
square in front of R.G.‘s Office. Newtown, and Lidcombe Brass Bands. 20 Neutral Bay and Killara ―Strong
6 41st and 42nd Battalion C.F. opposite 14 Roseville Committee, opposite Posts‘ Public Works Corner.
No 5. Public Library 21 Army Veterinary Corps, C.F.
7 110th Howitzer Battery C.F. opposite 15 Drummoyne Committee, in front of Pastoral and Finance Corner.
No 5. Warrigal Club
22 Pension‘s Office ‗Strong Post‘ 55 A.S.C. No 1 C.F. Watson‘s corner 92 55th Battalion C.F. corner of
corner Young-st east side. 56 A.B.C. Bank corner, Eastern Suburbs Liverpool and George-sts, Casey‘s
23 30th Battalion C.F. opposite 22. Band Hotel.
24 Education Dept Choir, etc 57 Patriotic Musical Party, Belfield‘s 93 Band on Liverpool and George-sts
25 35th Battalion C.F. Loftus-st west corner corner, east side, Ashfield District
side 58 A.S.C. No 2 C.F. near Strand Arcade Band, Edith Cavell Memorial Fund
26 Red Cross Kitchen, in Macquarie- 59 Hordern Bros‘ staff, opposite Committee.
place Park. Hordern Bros. 94 Voluntary Workers C.F. opposite 93
27 Sydney Choral Society, Exchange- 60 Flying Corps ‗Strong Post‘ opposite 95 4th D.A.C. next to band
place, Manly ‗Strong Post‘, Manly Band strand 96 Bankstown ‗Strong Post‘ in front of
28 18th and 45th Battalion C.F. opposite 61 Soldiers‘ Club Ball and Welsh
Exchange Corner 62 Leichhardt ‗Strong Post‘ opposite 97 Lakemba ‗Strong Post‘ opposite 96
29 50th Battalion C.F. opposite Soldier‘s Club 98 Siege Battery C.F. in front of
Queensland Insurance Company 63 Merrylands ‗Strong Post‘ next 61 Anthony Hoderns‘
30 1st Light Horse Regiment, Kelly‘s 64 Lidcombe ‗Strong Post‘ opposite 63 99 T.M.B. C.F. opposite 98
Exchange Corner. 65 Petersham ‗Strong Post‘ corner of 100 Wireless, etc C.F. Mesopotamia, at
31 Pioneer C.F. Exchange side of Pitt-st George and Market-sts Horderns corner, Rockdale Band
32 Paddington C.F. opposite A.M.P. 66 7th and 14th Companies, F.E. C.F. 101 I.C.C. C.F. opposite corner
Corner Roberts‘ corner 102 Centre for Soldiers‘ Wives and
33 Canterbury, south side of Spring-st 67 Queen Victoria Markets corner, Mothers, Goulburn-st corner, west side.
34 Master Builders, in front of A.M.P. Drummoyne Citizens‘ Band 103 Belmore ‗Strong Post‘
35 12th Light Horse C.F. in front of 68 Granville ‗Strong Post‘ next to 67 104 38th and 39th Battalions C.F.
‗Herald‘ 69 Angus and Coote‘s ‗Strong Post‘ 105 Canterbury Band at Campbell-st
36 Pioneer Battalions, Empire Hotel opposite 68 106 Lowe‘s staff, corner Hay and
corner 70 Balmain and Rozelle ‗Strong Post‘ George-sts
37 Palmer‘s ‗Strong Post‘ opposite main entrance, Queen Victoria Markets 107 ―Busy Bee‖ Club, opposite 106
Empire Hotel 71 Marcus Clark Choir and Orchestra, 108 Band on Hay and George-sts corner
38 Y.W.C.A., in front of Stock next 70 Darlinghurst Band
Exchange 72 South Kensington ‗Strong Post‘ 109 Band at Hotel Sydney, at Campbell-
39 Technical College ‗Strong Post‘ in opposite 72 st
front of Raine and Horne 73 St Peters ‗Strong Post‘ next 72 110 Belmore Park for children and
40 Relatives of Sailors‘ and Soldiers‘ 74 Newtown ‗Strong Post‘ corner parents
C.F. opposite Angel-place. Queen Victoria Markets 111 Band, Wentworth-avenue, Dulwich
41 1st F.A.B. C.F. Pitt and Moore-sts 75 Auburn ‗Strong Post‘ opposite 74 Hill Band
east side. 76 Centre for Soldiers‘ Wives and 112 Goulburn and Elizabeth-sts,
42 Mosman Musical Society, in Moore- Mothers, corner of Park and George-sts, Western Suburbs‘ Band
st, facing Martin-place, Marrickville Muslock Corner 113 3rd Battalion C.F.
Band 114 4th and 50th Battalions and 1st
43 C.T.A. and Government Savings 77 5th F.A.B. and Mining Corps C.F. M.G.C., C.F.
Bank ‗Strong Post‘ Mutual Life corner Druitt-st 115 5th and 14th M.G.C. C.F.
44 Commercial Bank ‗S.P.‘ Pitt-st 116 1st Railway Unit C.F.
corner of G.P.O. 78 Town Hall Choir and Apollo Club, 117 8th A.S.C. and 1st D.A.S.P. (Motor
44a Randwick ‗Strong Post‘ front of Town Hall, Leichhardt District Transport)
45 Albert College of Music corner Band 118 A.N.& M.E.F.
G.P.O. and M.L.C. ‗Strong Post‘ with 79 Marrickville ‗Strong Post‘ opposite 119 6th and 7th A.L.H. C.F.
Band Town Hall 120 Sydney Harmonic Choral Society,
46 Arncliffe, Rockdale and Bexley 80 French-Australian League of Help, on site old Recruiting Depot, Waverley
‗Strong Post‘ in front of Bank of between Town Hall and St Andrew‘s Band
Australasia 81 Australian Nurses and Convalescent 121 Association Band, at Bathurst-st
47 St George Musical Society, George- Soldiers‘ C.F. in front Cathedral 122 School children, Hyde Park
st G.P.O. corner 82 Annandale ‗Strong Post‘ opposite 123 Welsh Choral Society, Elizabeth-st
48 Commercial Bank ‗Strong Post‘ in Cathedral and Park-avenue, Kilties Band
front of Bank. 83 Drummoyne Musical Society, corner 124 Kensington Choral Society, centre
49 David Jones‘ Staff, David Jones‘ George and Bathurst-sts, Cathedral side of Park-avenue, at steps.
corner, St George District Band. 84 Five Dock ‗Strong Post‘ Riley‘s
50 Bondi ‗Strong Post‘ between David corner Further particulars can be obtained from
Jones‘ and Bears, Watson‘s. 85 Baptist Voluntary Aid, bank corner Mr Downes Johnstone, Boomerang
51 Ashfield ‗Strong Post‘ opposite 50. 86 7th F.A.B. C.F. opposite bank corner House 130 King-street.
52 54th Battalion C.F. in front of Beard 87 Flying Corps C.F. opposite Crystal
Watson‘s Palace, N.S.W. Tramway Band Positions of ambulances are indicated
53 Sargent‘s ‗Strong Post‘ in front of 88 9th Brigade M.G.C. C.F. in front of by a cross.
Sargents Crystal Palace
54 Newington College and Divisional 89 54th Battalion C.F. Map appeared in the Sydney Morning
Engineers and Signallers‘ C.E. and E.S. 90 1st R.A.N. Bridging Train Herald on Friday July 18, 1919.
and A. Bank 91 3rd Divisional Cyclists Co C.F. Description follows:
Monday July 21, 1919
PEOPLE’S TRIBUTE TO WAR HEROES
Three and a quarter miles of khaki and of blue uniformed men of the sea, a vast stretch of white, with the
little red cross symbolising the great work of the voluntary aids, the navy and blue of the Red Cross, the
crash of music, the cheers of the mighty torrents of people swept into the scene by one common feeling.
The scene was worthy of the historic occasion.
We, in our time fortunate to have been spectators of the great human moving picture ribboning its way
through dense masses of people, will perhaps never see the like of it again. To our historian—the man
who lived with our men and share their dangers, the man who was able to penetrate the hearts and souls
of men in war—falls the task of telling posterity of the great day, of ringing down the corridors of time
the story not only of our men‘s deeds and the work of our women at home, but of this great manifestation
of a people‘s thanks. It should not be a difficult task.
It was out of the great and seemingly inextricable mass, brought together in the Domain by something of
organising genius, that this wonderful picture was evolved. In the early days of the war our men crept
silently away in the dark hours. Of 415,000 odd who enlisted, nearly 350,000 embarked. Some will
never return. Others have yet to come home. But those who are with us were accorded the wonderful
reception befitting those who had helped to make the day possible.
The first to catch the eye was the general officer commanding Brigadier-General J. Paton, C.B. C.M.G.
with staff officers, immediately followed by a group of Allied sailors and soldiers each carrying the
colours of his nation. It was a striking picture. There could be no mistaking the fact that some at least of
them, or perhaps most of them, were actually soldiers of our Allies, although there looked something
strikingly suggestive of the big raw-boned Australian about the American who carried Uncle Sam‘s
colours and wore his uniform.
THE MEN IN BLUE
Then came Captain W.C. Cumberiege, of H.M.A.S. Australia, and behind him as far as the eye could
reach the men in blue—the sturdy blue-jackets who have held us in their safekeeping for four anxious
years, and have kept faithful watch on men and under it. From the crowded streets, from windows, from
balconies, from roofs and every other vantage point, a mighty cheer as in concert broke forth as they
swung into sight. The men of the North Sea, of Jutland and Dogger Bank, of the seven seas! Thoughts
raced back to those days as men passed by. They were representative of the Royal Navy, the Royal
Australian Navy, naval details, including the China contingent, and the bridging train. There were the
men of H.M.A.S. Sydney, to take us back to the days when the Emden‘s piratical raids were ended by that
vessel, the marine band, men whose white helmets and red facings recalled the old days of the pomp and
circumstances of peace parades, the men of Lord Jellicoe‘s ship, whose white straw hats distinguished
them from other ships, the bright red coats of British marines who marched like clock work; there were
our future sailors, the Tingira boys, and the veterans of past wars. It was one long ribbon of blue, with a
splash of red to make it more effective. Guns from the fleet in harbour, with a shine typical of the sailor‘s
habit of polishing up, were drawn by some of the men. Others carried innocent-looking Lewis guns over
their shoulders. Then came the pipers‘ band and behind them the historic New South Wales Soudan
contingent of 1885, under W.O. Mulready. Some of the old chaps marched with all the zest of
youngsters. The next to swing along in this long line of over 400 veterans of other campaigns were the
South African men, under Captain A.C.C. Stevens. Cheer after cheer, too greeted the Imperial reservists,
under Major E. Digby, the little body of smart-looking New Zealanders, and the men who played no
mean part at Rabaul, commanded by Major J. Smith. But it was the Anzac, the ―digger,‖ who had the
spotlight on this great occasion. All eyes peered down the long line for them. Then came Brigadier-
General Cox, C.B. C.M.G., D.S.O., mounted –―Fighting Charlie.‖ There were few who did not know
him. The A.I.F. could not be far behind one of the big men who had been in thick of things with them.
THE KHAKI LINE
Immediately following was the great khaki line. Hats went into the air, mighty cheers broke forth. First
came the Flying Corps—about 150 in all, the men who have been broadly classed as the eyes and the
scouts of the army, the photographers and reporters of enemy doings, and the combatants in the air. Here
we saw just a few of our great voluntary army who winged their way into the air to meet Germany‘s
formidable organisation which aimed at pillaging and devastation on a scale that the world had never seen
before. Here was the most scientific phase of the great army that Australia built up from all parts of the
continent, and with these men was one of the most distinguished of our airmen—Lieutenant-Colonel
It was a stirring sight. Men of Anzac, of Messines, of Amiens.
Amiens! It recalled the gratitude of the French, as expressed b the Bishop of Amiens, to these gallant
men. His beautiful tribute was recalled as these men swung past: ―I owe to you and your illustrious dead
my heartfelt thanks. You have delivered my diocese by the sacrifice of your blood. During the painful
days of invasion, behind which you shielded and saved the last shreds of my territory. Later, when
victory at last began to smile upon our arms, the Australian army distinguished itself by the audacity of its
attacks, by the utter disregard of death, by its doggedness and by the rapidity of its advances. I offer you
my heartfelt gratitude and admiration.
This was a French tribute; little wonder that we were stirred to our depths as these men swung past.
Hemal, Bullecourt, Polygon Wood, Pozieres, Gaza, Beersheba, famous as a sacred shrine in the days of
old. Little perhaps the average ―digger‖ knew of its Biblical associations. But it will always remain as a
shrine sacred to Australians.
FROM DAN TO BEERSHEBA
From every famous battlefield were these sturdy, typical-looking Australians in this historic picture—
from Passchendaele, from Broodseinde, Merris, Jericho, Jerusalem, Damascus, Mont St Quentin, Villers-
Bretonneux, from the famous Hindenburg line itself, and a score of other fields. There was the village of
Fleurbaix, too, where on this historic day of the year back in 1916, the Australians first went over the top
of the Western front. In itself it marks a notable anniversary, but Sydney was honouring generally an
even greater event—the final triumph, won for us in no small measure in towns, villages, and valleys
unknown to many of us before, but which will ever be inseparably associated with the name of our
Heading the Light Horse, close on 450 of all ranks and commanded by Lieut-Colonel C.H. Granville,
D.S.O. were the Lancers‘ Band with the black feathers flying from hats and two Turkish guns captured by
our men in Palestine. Next came the well-set-up artillery about 650 of all ranks, under Lieut-Colonel R.S.
Pearce, with 18-pounder quick firers and limbers, and to the stirring music of the Militia Artillery Band,
the men under Colonel Rabett. Artillerymen, and still more artillerymen, and then the ―heavies‖—the
Siege Battery. Coming up behind them were the Engineers, 430 of all ranks, under Lieut-Colonel H.M.C.
Corlette, C.M.G., D.S.O., the signalling engineers and the miners—the men who made history with
THE FAMOUS FIRST
Twenty-two minutes had elapsed, and there were still dense columns—infantry divisions and others. But
the day was young and the hearts of the crowd were light. There was wild cheering when the first of
about 1700 of the famous First Division came into view. They were the same light-hearted crowd,
although very much fewer in numbers, that first went out. Wattle decked their hats, and old pals looking
on were greeted regardless of stern military etiquette. Eight abreast, they made a fine picture with Lieut-
Colonel A.B. Steven, C.M.G., D.S.O., at their head. Chaplain McKenzie, ―Fighting Mac,‖ was quickly
picked out at the head of one of the battalions, and he was vociferously greeted.
Here one saw a big, robust chap struggling along on crutches, and with only one leg. He could have
ridden in a motor car for the asking, like the rest of his incapacitated pals. He could have been greeted at
the saluting base, and escorted with full honours to the stand. But he struggled on over that three and a
quarter miles, looking as happy as a sandboy. He had helped to make the show, and he wanted to be part
of it. A German howitzer that had been belching forth death and destruction in France, until the
Australians captured it, was gazed at with curiosity as it went along. It was the real thing. On it was the
grime that comes of hard wear, while the camouflaged markings were still visible.
THE ILLUSTRIOUS DEAD
Colonel Lamrock‘s 2nd Division was moving down the line when a hush swept over the scene. The music
of the bands died gradually away; all that could be heard was the rhythmic tread of thousands of feet.
Suddenly there was a halt everywhere. Bands and choirs played and sang Kipling‘s ―Recessional.‖ All
heads were bared, and thousands joined with the choirs all along the line in the stirring words. Another
dramatic silence, and then ―The Last Post‖ sounded at the saluting base and at the Town Hall.
In three minutes the vast army was again on the move, but it was a great and fitting moment for the
commemoration of the valiant dead.
―Gentlemen, your dead were great men, and among the most illustrious, because they obeyed the highest
Again the striking words of the Bishop of Amiens came to one. His prayers were for our men resting in
his beloved Picardy and on the borders of the Somme. But Australians knows of honoured graves on
every field. It sustained a far greater loss of lives than did heroic Belgium itself. It suffered more
casualties—the loss of more of its men in the flower o‘ their day—than did the British in the Crimean and
Our illustrious dead were not forgotten in the midst of the great pageant. Nor did the historic 53 rd
Battalion forget the glorious achievements of its own dead at Fleurbaix, for it carried a laurel wreath at
the top of its battalion colours.
Following over 1300 men and 80 officers of the Second Division came Brigadier-General Jobson‘s Third
Division. Brigadier-General Herring‘s Fourth Division, and Lieutenant-Colonel P.W. Wood‘s Fifth
Division of Infantry, then the machine-gun battalions, under Lieutenant-Colonel A.C. Blacklow, the
pioneer battalions, about 170 strong, with Lieutenant-Colonel H.G. Carter in command, the Army service
Corps (20 officers and 240 other ranks), with a fine turn out of wagons, under Lieutenant-Colonel J.G.
Tedder, then a Turkish captured gun, a ferocious-looking British bulldog covered with flags, the Army
Medical Corps, nearly 1550 strong, under Colonel R.E. Roth C.M.G., D.S.O. and other details, not
forgetting the veterinary section. In the horse ambulance was a horse nobly looking its part as patient,
with its neck bandaged and just a dab of red ink to give a little realism to the business.
Apart from the men in blue and the marines, and 1700 participants in the Peace pageant, 7800 men in the
military and 560 officers and 386 bandsmen, passed the saluting base, or a total in all in the march of over
10,500. This is part from bands all along the line of route, and 124 strong posts, including all the Sydney
musical societies and other bodies. There can never be another sight like it.
THE PEACE PAGEANT
No less striking was the Peace pageant of women and other war workers who have worked at home no
less heroically than the men have fought. Gone are the days when, as in the old romantic times, women
simply prayed and waited for their menfolk to come home from war. Nowadays they pray for them and
they work for them. There must have been several-thousand women, with a sprinkling of munition
workers, in the pageant.
First came the Y.M.C.A. workers, then the voluntary aids, some 1300 more, and led by Lieutenant-
Colonel T. Murdoch, C.M.G. to complete the picture. Rightly, their place was at the head of the pageant,
but an effective ―curtain‖ was wanted—a picture that would close fittingly the great scene—and they
unselfishly brought up the rear. First among them came the Red Cross in the outdoor and indoor
uniforms of this organisation, and then spreading itself over the whole scene, the white uniforms and
small red crosses of the voluntary aids. It made a magnificent sight, especially from above, with the sun
shining down and giving added splendour to it. Eight abreast, these women, young and old, marched
with all the precision of seasoned soldiers. A wonderful reception greeted them everywhere.
The Red Cross is all-embracing. Women well up in years and young women were there, but even the
youngsters have also played their part in this great organisation, the junior Red Cross, embracing toddlers
and older youngsters, being also well represented. It was a magnificent living picture of the great Red
Cross, and would have been an even more striking display, numerically, but for the necessarily hurried
arrangements and the fact that many of the Red Cross workers remained at their posts in the hospitals and
The procession and pageant leaving the Domain through St Mary‘s gates, went via Queen‘s Square
through the Avenue of allies, Bridge-street, Pitt-street, Martin-place, George-street, Hay-street, Elizabeth-
street, Park-avenue and College-street.
VIEWED FROM MACQUARIE-STREET
From the ways in which people disposed themselves to view the procession, the music and the
arrangements to give cheeriness to the commencement of the display, Macquarie-street was the most
picturesque thoroughfare in the city in which to lavish decorations, and the adjacent palms and gardens
made a fascinating setting for the dense masses that congregated along that part of the route. Sightseers
overflowing from the densely congested pavements and vantage points provided by windows and
balconies, crowded even roofs of perilous heights. Giddy elevations had no terrors for even women and
girls, for they ventured on to parapets, and looked down upon the fascinating cavalcade passing below
with all the effervescent joyousness that would have been displayed in a safer situation. Many of the
spectators were over-daring in their venturesomeness, though it did not result in any mishap. Chaffing,
laughing interchanges with the crowds below and to the processionists served to enliven the gaiety of the
whole scene. Public as well as private buildings—the Crown Law Offices Mint, Parliament House, Chief
Secretary‘s block, and Treasury—were seized upon in this way as vantage points. Half a dozen bands
along the route maintained a succession of music. The South Sydney Band, close to which was the
Sydney Madrigal Society, greeted the procession at the entrance to Macquarie-street. At the saluting base
the Firemen‘s Newtown, Lidcombe, and Military bands were stationed, and lower down were the
Conservatorium Orchestra and Hurstville Band. Strong posts and victory committees were interspersed.
Strathfield, Roseville, Hornsby, Drummoyne, R.S.S. and I.L.A. Girls, and 19th Battalion Comforts Fund
were represented in this way, and their banners bore greetings to the men who have done their part in the
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BUILDINGS
AVENUE OF ALLIES
An outstanding feature was the street decorations, consisting of flags, pennants, and banners hung across
the thoroughfares, with festoons of electric lights that added to the beauty of the scene after sunset. It was
a gay scene by day, with the countless flags and the miles of bunting; and it was a blaze of glory by night,
a brilliant celebration of the most historic of events. The striking effect produced was the result of the co-
operation of many willing workers, the business houses making a notable response to the appeal for the
decoration of premises. Besides the many repetitions of ―Peace‖ and ―Victory‖ no end of novel effects
caught one‘s eye. For weeks past the Government and citizens had been preparing for this day of
rejoicing, and the general effect must have been pleasing to all concerned. Many conspicuous designs on
private buildings, which called forth the admiration of the people, went to show how universal was the
desire to make the gala dressing of the city worthy of the great occasion.
In this great pageant that typified the joy and sentiment of the rejoicing people, the Avenue of Allies on
Macquarie-street occupied pride of place. It was by far the most ornate of all the decorative schemes. It
began with an imposing triumphal arch at Queen‘s-square, and ran the whole length of Macquarie-street
to Bridge-street, where there was another similar arch. These arches, massive structures of plastic art
work, were gifts of the Allied communities of Sydney. In their decoration the peace colours were
employed, and they were surmounted by the shields and flags of the Allies, festoons of greenery, very
artistically arranged, hanging from the inside of the arches. Golden wreaths, bearing the word ―Victory‖,
rested on pedestals at the base of the columns. Peace colours flying from the long double line of Venetian
masts, and Allied shields arranged as trophies combined with the decorative colour schemes along the
house fronts, to make a wonderfully picturesque spectacle that has not been surpassed since the famous
day when the Duke and Duchess of York came to Sydney. At night-time the avenue was ablaze with
electric scintillations that greatly enhanced the general effect.
The Customs-house and the huge block of Harbour Trust offices were conspicuous features of the
decorations at Circular Quay. The decoration of the Customs-house was unique, and it stood out
prominently as one of the few efforts that was truly symbolical. A figure of the Angel of Peace, some
15ft high stood on a globe of the world, as if having just arrived. On either side flags of the Allies were
artistically arranged with that of the League of Nations conspicuously interwoven. At night coloured
lights from the powerful lamps mounted on attractive pillars, illuminated the representation and produced
a delightful effect that arrested attention and aroused unrestrained admiration. The windows of the
extensive building were also profusely be flagged. The decorations on the Harbour Trust offices were
more of spectacular character. ―The Triumph of Liberty and Justice‖ was blazoned out in huge electric
letters on the corner of the coping, and an artistic arrangement of a large star and the Southern Cross
shone out beautifully against the dark field, whilst here and there palm leaves and flags wreathed tablets
bearing the names of the Dominions and the Allies. The building lines were marked out with strings of
lights and festoons swung in pleasing curves, and inter-twinings on two frontages. An illuminated picture
on an hotel effectively symbolised the unity and the friendship amongst the Allies. The ferry pavilions
also flew flags profusely, and at night there was a liberal display of illuminations.
THE TOWN HALL
Electric light having been excluded from the scheme of decorations at the Town Hall the officials were
confined to a day display, which took the form of a profuse use of flags and streamers. A couple of blue
bannerettes inscribed with the simple work ―Welcome‖ at the George-street entrances, did not seem civic
commemoration; in fact the only token of a war happily ended was a dotted flag suspended over the
porch, indicating the number of City Council employees who had given their services in the cause of the
The outstanding feature of the decorations in Bridge-street was the Woolbrokers‘-avenue, which covered
the portion of the street between Phillip and Loftus-streets. The four-main supporting pillars were of
while plaster with the word ―Peace‖ enclosed in a laurel wreath, and near the top of the pillar there were
on each side, in natural colours, a plaster cast of a true-bred merino ram‘s head, the whole being
surmounted by an illuminated globe, the four pillars bearing respectfully the words, France, Belgium
Gallipoli and Mesopotamia. There were four similar pillars at the Young-street intersection, but they
were surmounted with model aeroplane, warship, field gun and carriage, and tank respectively. The
whole section was freely decorated with evergreens and bunting, the combined effect being very pleasing.
The Government buildings in Bridge-street were all profusely covered with red, white and blue scrolls,
with the flags of the Allies, flowing from each building. The private firms in this section were all
profusely decorated in accordance with the general scheme, and at the Wool Exchange two sets of Allies
flags were run as an arch across the street. A prominent motto in Bridge-street was: ―Mercy and truth are
met together; righteousness and peace have kissed each other.‖
The decorations in Pitt-street were on a most elaborate scale, almost every building being covered largely
either with bunting or evergreen, the flags of Britain, Australia, and America being the most prominent.
The principal mottoes were ―Peace with Victory‖ and ―Peace with Honour,‖ most of the larger buildings
favouring the words ―Peace—Victory.‖ The remainder of Pitt-street was abundantly decorated, and
viewed from the Post Office it looked as if the entire street was one mass of bunting.
Moore-street was undoubtedly one of the most artistically decorated portions of the city. The two
splendid buildings on each corner abutting Pitt-street lend themselves to such displays, and those
responsible availed themselves of the facilities to the utmost possible extent. The whole scheme of
decorations in this street blended quite harmoniously, each as portion of a whole, the final effect being
particularly artistic. The flags of the Allies were used freely on all the buildings, and more especially on
the Commonwealth Bank, where they were held together by a portrait of Britannia with shield, the words
―Peace—Victory‖ showing out conspicuously. On the opposite side of the street the prominent words
were: ―Victory‖ on the bank premises, and then on the adjoining buildings ―Peace with Honour Gained.‖
The Government Savings Bank had also the Allied flags bunched and held together by a Britannia panel,
on which were the words: ―Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, India, united in thought and
aim.‖ There were also six special panels in honour of the principal districts in which the A.I.F. operated,
these being inscribed: Egypt—Ismailia; Palestine—Rafa, Ammah, Es Sault, Mazar, Jaffa, Gaza,
Mesopotamia—Kut-el-Amara; Gallipoli—Anzac Cove, Sedd-ul-Bahr, Suvla Bay, Gaba Tepe; France—
Pozieres, Messines, Villers Bretonneux, Bullecourt, Amiens, Crecy, Rhelms; Belgium—Ypres, Liege.
The American Consulate flew three American flags and the Post Office the flags of all the Allies, whilst
as portion of the illumination scheme the words ―Peace—Victory,‖ in twelve-feet letters, were a
conspicuous feature on the building.
Lovely weather prevailed for Saturday‘s peace celebrations in Hobart, the sun shining with spring-like
warmth, and the various demonstrations passed off most successfully. The country districts postponed
their celebrations to enable the residents to come to Hobart, and as a result there were huge crowds in the
city, all previous records being far surpassed. The main streets were decorated with bunting, greenery,
and several arches, while numbers of buildings were illuminated by electric light at night. The General
Post Office decorations and illuminations were particularly fine. The morning was occupied with a
demonstration by 5000 school children and the presentations of peace medals. In the afternoon there was
a parade of returned soldiers and sailors and naval and military forces. The Governor presented military
crosses and a number of military medals and other decorations. There was also a very lengthy procession
of Red Cross and other women war workers, and decorated motor vehicles. In the evening there was a
procession of illuminated vehicles, and the streets were crowded until a late hour. The Mayor entertained
the Governor and a number of representative citizens at supper.
Peace celebrations in Brisbane were carried out in glorious weather. From an early hour in the morning
the city was astir. Queen-street was gaily decorated with flags and bunting. At short intervals were 26
tableaux emblematical of the Allies. Enormous crowds witnessed the peace procession, which was three
miles long. The procession was headed with tableaux, representing peace, members of the naval and
military forces followed, then the war workers, including 14 separate women‘s organisation, and many
elaborate and interesting displays. At noon the pageant halted for five minutes, as a tribute to the memory
of the heroic dead. Flags were dipped and choirs sang two verses of Kipling‘s Recessional, after which
the ―Last Post‖ was sounded. The afternoon was devoted to sports in the Domain. In the evening the city
was brilliantly illuminated. Queen-street was a blaze of light, and was thronged with people, while
50,000 gathered in the Domain to witness a fireworks display.
Glorious weather favoured the Peace celebrations in Adelaide on Saturday. Although practically the
whole of the city decorations scheme was confined to displays of flags, bunting, and streamers, and a few
conspicuous paintings of war leaders, record crowds thronged the thoroughfares. The principal event in
the morning was a procession, about three miles in length, which traversed the principal streets, and
aroused much enthusiasm. The procession included about 10,000 troops, representing a large number of
returned soldiers, naval men, military veterans, and cadet forces. The presence of six captured German
guns and spirited music from 20 brass bands added considerably to the general effect. The Governor (Sir
Henry Galway) took the salute in front of the Town Hall. In the afternoon a comprehensive programme
of military sports on the Adelaide Oval drew an attendance of about 35,000 and a large concourse
likewise thronged other ovals at which athletic sports were provided. In addition, there was a big crowd
at the military regatta on Torrens Lake. At Rose Park the Governor and other prominent citizens were
present at a ceremony of planting a large number of trees in this residential area in memory of fallen
soldiers. In the evening there was a brilliant display of fireworks at North Adelaide, and again a huge
gathering was attracted.
ENDS IN STREET RIOT
The demonstration in Melbourne on Saturday in celebration of the signing of peace was remarkable. The
streets were densely crowded. Flags fluttered gaily everywhere and great cheering greeted the men who
served abroad as they marched with colours flying to the strains of lively music. The day was cold and
gloomy, but neither threatening weather nor troublesome times could dim the enthusiasm which the
people imparted into their celebrations. From an early hour in the morning, large crowds poured into the
city by train and tram. Approximately 7000 sailors and soldiers took part in the victory march. They
were divided into 11 groups, each group being commanded by an A.I.F. officer of high fame, with the
State Commandant, Brigadier-General Brand in supreme command. Punctually at 10.15 a.m. the men of
the Royal Australian Navy, who were given pride of place in the procession, moved off from Prince‘s
Bridge. A number of captured German and Turkish guns and a tank figured in the procession. At the
saluting base at Federal Parliament House, the scene was one of great animation. Distinguished sailors
and soldiers, politicians, war workers, and relatives of deceased soldiers filled the enclosures on
Parliament House steps. Invalided soldiers were brought from the Caulfield Military Hospital to the base
in motor cars in order that they might see their more fortunate comrades on parade. A large body of army
nurses was also given a place of prominence. The Governor, Sir Arthur Stanley, took the salute in the
absence of the Governor-General, and among those at the base were the Acting Minister for Defence,
Senator Russell, and the Assistant Minister, Mr Wise, the Minister for Repatriation, Senator Millen, the
Minister for Customs, Mr Massy Greene, the Chief of the General Staff, Major-General Legge; the
Adjutant-General, Brigadier-General Selheim; and the Quartermaster-General, J.K. Forsyth; the Acting
First Naval member, Rear-Admiral Sir William Creswell; and others. Airmen performed thrilling
manoeuvres over the city during the procession. There was an impressive scene at 11 o‘clock when, for
two minutes, all stood with heads bared, while flags were dipped and the ―Last Post‖ was sounded as a
tribute to the memory of the gallant dead.
Large crowds thronged the city streets in the afternoon. They were, in the main, orderly and quiet, with
occasional horseplay. Large groups of sailors and soldiers, accompanied by a following, mainly
composed of youths, with a sprinkling of girls, marched unceasingly up and down the main
thoroughfares, waving flags. Several trams and motor cars were interfered with. Regrettable scenes of
violence, however, marred the concluding part of the Peace celebrations in the city at night. Inflamed by
the arrest or supposed arrest of a soldier by a mounted constable, a number of the more hot-headed among
the soldiers, encouraged by the small lawless element present in every crowd, pressed forward
menacingly towards the police around the door of the Town Hall basement in Swanston-street. They
were beaten back several times, and eventually resorted to the throwing of stones and bottles, where upon
the whole section of Swanston-street between Bourke and Collins streets, was cleared by foot and
mounted police using their batons. Several police were hurt by the missiles thrown at them, and a number
of the crowd had to be treated for minor injuries in the Town Hall basement and at the Melbourne
Hospital. It was not till half an hour after midnight that the streets were deserted sufficiently for the
police to be released from duty. During the excitement several plate-glass windows in the different
establishments were broken, apparently by the pressure against them of the crowds when being pushed
back by the police charges. The scenes in the streets in the earlier part of the evening gave no hint of the
exciting episodes that were to follow. Contrary to the expectations of many, the crowds in the city at
night were not as great as those which had paraded in the principal thoroughfares in the afternoon.
Moreover, they were quieter. There was an absence of the impromptu processions and occasional
horseplay which had prevailed earlier in the day, except in Swanston-street. The people, it was noticed,
wandered aimlessly along the pavements, presenting the appearance of the usual Friday night crowd. In
Swanston-street, the crowds were principally massed around the Town Hall, on the balcony of which a
band played spirited selections, but this diversion was soon over, for at 9.30 the National Anthem brought
the entertainments to a close.
No food or drink was the general rule in the city on Saturday. The hotels and wine cafes were closed by
the direction of the Federal Ministry under the War Precautions Act, while the great majority of the cafes
and refreshment rooms were closed voluntarily, this action being in keeping with the decision to make the
day a closed holiday.
The Peace celebrations were held yesterday in threatening but fine weather. A military procession was
held in the morning, the parade strength being 5500, including 1100 returned soldiers, representing all
arms of the services, and nurses. The parade subsequently formed on the Esplanade, where, in the
presence of a great crowd, the Lieutenant-Governor delivered a stirring address and distributed
decorations, including one D.S.O., eight D.C.M.‘s, three D.S.M.‘s, 25 Military Medals and several French
and Belgian medals. At night brilliant and lavish illuminations in the main streets, massed bands and
fireworks on the Esplanade, and a huge bonfire in King‘s Park were witnessed by immense crowds.
The patriotism and loyalty of Newcastle asserted itself yesterday. The city was brightly decorated with
flags and illuminated with electric lights. The feature of the celebrations was the procession through the
town in the evening by the returned soldiers, trainees, voluntary aids, and other war workers. These
marched to Pacific-road, where a large crowd had congregated. From a special platform the Mayor of
Newcastle (Alderman R. Gibson) read the King‘s proclamation, and addresses were given by Mr D.
Watkins, M.P., Mr A. Gardiner, M.L.A., and prominent citizens. The various speakers all urged the
necessity for unity, no less in peace than in war, and pledged themselves to see that those through whose
sacrifices were able to rejoice secured their reward. A touching tribute was paid to the dead by the
sounding by a returned soldier of the ―Last Post.‖
MRS. WHEELER AT WHITEHALL
Rockhampton Morning Bulletin October 4, 1919
Letter Mrs H.G. Wheeler 22/7/19
Portia is in Paris. She was to return tomorrow but I will
not be surprised if she has been tempted to stay longer. She
has visited the battle area. She has been to Villers-
Bretonneux and along Peronne-road, through La Motte,
Proyant, Bray, Corbie and Mericourt and back to Amiens.
I cannot tell you how delighted I am that she had this chance
of seeing the battlefield and going over the ground where
our dear brave lads fought and where so many of them have
laid down their lives.
Miss Campion and Mollie Hall are going to the King‘s
garden party for women workers tomorrow. Fifteen tickets
were sent to the Anzac Buffet and they were given to the
The victory march on Saturday was a wonderful sight.
My sister-in-law Miss Wheeler came up from Eastbourne
and we had a seat in a window in a Jew tobacconist‘s shop
for which we paid £1.1s each. Our seats had been sold
again, but that was a mere detail and we were evidently
expected to grin and bear it. However, we managed to see
quite comfortably. May Macdonald and sister Flora for The Cenotaph in Whitehall, London
10s.6d were allowed to stand on a chair outside a house a White Arrow points to Wreath laid by Mrs Wheeler
few doors from us. It was a wonderful sight—Foch, Haig
and all the Allied Generals and the old tattered flags. It was all very impressive.
Then Sir David Beatty and the naval men got a great reception. Never was there such cheering. But
somehow I felt sad. All the time I was thinking of the Rockhampton boys who lost their lives at the front
and all those boys who have made this victory march possible. There were very few from Australia in the
march, and I was disappointed that none of our sisters were there. The South African sisters looked very
well and the W.A.A.C.S. and W.R.E.N.S. were well represented. The weather kept fine during the march
but rain set in in the afternoon and rather spoilt the proceedings in the park. May and Flora Macdonald
heard the singing in the park but Aunt Portia and I did not go. At night we saw the fireworks from the
roof of this building.
Transcribed 2008 by Donna Baldey for www.tunnellers.net
Capt. William Lauchlan Sanderson O.B.E., M.C., CdeG
(Fra), 11th Field Artillery Brigade, brother of Maj.
Alexander Sanderson, D.S.O., M.C.+Bar, MiD, Officer
Commanding 3rd Australian Tunnelling Company, led the
Australian contingent on a white horse in the Victory parade
in London, and later was a founding member of the Flying
Doctor Service in Australia.
Research and Transcription by Donna Baldey – 2002-08