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The Alabama Shakespeare Festival 2009 Activity Guide for

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									The Alabama Shakespeare Festival
     2009 Activity Guide for




   Adapted from Alexandre Dumas' novel
             by Chuck Morey


   Director          Geoffrey Sherman   Activity Guide written by        Kristi Wiley
   Set Design        Paul Wonsek                                         kwiley@asf.net
   Costume Design    Patrick Holt
   Lighting Design   Phil Monat         Contact ASF: 1/800/241-4273, www.asf.net


   ASF SchoolFest is sponsored by a major grant from ALFA Insurance
                     The Three Musketeers
                        Activity Guide

                         TABLE OF CONTENTS



Pre-Performance Activities                                    3

Post-Performance Questions and Activities                     4

Curriculum Connection                                         5

Map of France Activity (for Curriculum Connection activity)   6

Curriculum Connection (cont.)                                 7




                                                                  2
pre-performance activities
1. Get Aquainted with The Three Musketeers:             writing about this as a follow up.
Ask students if they have ever read the story or    •   Ask students to look for information on the
seen a film of the story. If any student has, ask       Internet about the King’s musketeers at this
them what they remember.                                time. Get feedback from the whole class.

2. Discuss Background and Themes:                   4. Write, discuss and predict:
Historical context: The play is set at the          Write FRANCE, THE YEAR 1625 on the
beginning of the seventeenth century in France.     board. Tell students that the story takes place in
Alexandre Dumas often mixed historical              this period. Ask them to make a list of all the
fact with fantasy. King Louis XIII, Cardinal        things they think will be in the play. Give them
Richelieu and the Duke of Buckingham were           the example swords. Put the students in small
real people, and the fighting between the French    groups and ask them to compare their lists,
Catholics and the Protestant Huguenots did take     saying if they agree with each other about what
place. However, many of the characters and          will be in the play or not.
plots in the Dumas’ book are products of the
author’s imagination.                               5. Relationships:
                                                    Who likes / loves / hates who? Work in pairs.
Friendship and loyalty: The rallying cry of the
musketeers, ‘One for all, all for one,’ sums up     D’Artagnan             The Queen
their relationship. Although very different in      Athos                  The King
character, they form a tightly knit group who       Porthos                The Duke of Buckingham
rely on each other implicitly. Ask students to      Aramis                 Constance Bonacieux
translate the expression and/or explain it in       The Cardinal           Rochefort
other words.

Intrigue, action, love and blackmail: The play
is full of swashbuckling action, secret and open
love affairs and intrigue. Indeed, it could be
described as a pirate adventure on dry land.
The scheming Cardinal Richelieu and the evil
Milady provide the intrigue.

3. Research:
• In groups, have students find out as much as
    they can using books and the Internet about
    the Huguenots in France in this period.
    Tell them that Cardinal Richelieu really
    existed and that they should concentrate
    their research on the battle of La Rochelle
    in 1627. Get feedback from the whole class
    and then ask the students to do a piece of

                                                                                                         3
Post-performance activities
        Discussion:                                       Role Play:
        1. Discuss students’ reactions to the play. Who   1. Ask students to work in pairs to role play
        were their favorite characters and why? Did       a scene in which d’Artagnan is challenged to
        they have a favorite part? What important         a fight. D’Artagnan does something which
        lessons did they learn? Did the show meet         makes the other person angry and after a
        their expectations?                               number of insults from one to the other, the
                                                          two men arrange a time and a place for the
        2. The three musketeers—Athos, Porthos and        fight.
        Aramis—are often thought of collectively, yet
        each of them is a unique individual. Discuss      2. Put the students into pairs and ask them to
        their individual differences.                     think about why the men at the inn laughed at
                                                          d’Artagnan’s horse. Then, Student A plays the
        3. Discuss the significant occurrences (events,   role of one of the men and Student B the role
        happenings, adventures, coincidences) which       of d’Artagnan. Student A tells Student B why
        allow d’Artagnan, a simple young boy, to          his horse is so funny, and Student B argues
        become a man of position and power.               with him.
        4. Discuss the correlation between the duke
                                                          3. Put students in groups of four to role
        of Buckingham’s love for Queen Anne and
                                                          play the following scene: Athos, Porthos,
        d’Artagnan’s love for Constance Bonacieux.
                                                          Aramis and d’Artagnan meet again after 20
        5. Discuss Milady as the pure essence, or         years. They tell each other what they have
        quintessence, of evil.                            done.

        Write:                                            4. Put the students in groups of three. Tell them
        1. Tell the students to imagine they are          to act out the conversation between the King,
        d’Artagnan. Ask them to write a letter back       the Queen and the Cardinal. Remind them that
        to his parents telling them what has happened     the King is angry, the Queen is happy and the
        since he left home.                               Cardinal is afraid and worried.




 From left to right our Three Musketeers
     and the young D’Artagnan: Nathan
   Hosner (Porthos), Jeffrey de Picciotto
(D’Artagnan), Michael Daniel Anderson
       (Aramis) and Chris Roe (Athos).
                                                                                                              4
Curriculum Connection

 Foreign Language                                Geography
 Brush up your French! Since The Three           Provide teams with the map of France
 Musketeers is set in France, there are many     provided on page 6, a yellow highlighter, and
 French words in the play you might now know.    crayons or colored pencils. Follow directions
 Define the following words:                     to mark D’Artagnan’s journey to Paris and
                                                 identify regions of France.
  monsieur               boudoir
  mon dieu               beaujolais              Directions:
  merde                  seigneur                a)     Write “France” at the center top of the
  gascon                 The Fleur de Lis               map.
  chevalier              monseigneur             b)     Find Paris, in the north central section
  rue                    carte blanche                  of the map. Highlight Paris in yellow.
  au revoir              merde                   c)     Now find Gascony (D’Artagnan’s
  the Louvre             count to 15 in French          home province), in the southwest
                                                        section of the map of France.
                                                        Highlight Gascony in yellow.
 Science                                         d)      Draw a line between Gascony and
 “Diamonds are a girl’s best friend,”                   Paris to show the journey that
 “Diamonds are forever,” and diamonds are               D’Artagnan made from home to
 the world’s hardest substance. Furthermore,            Paris. Use the legend to estimate how
 diamonds are a huge part of the plot in The            many miles and how long it would
 Three Musketeers. All of these factoids are            have taken by horseback.
 common cultural knowledge. But do you           e)     Find Brittany, in the northwest section
 know what a diamond is made of? Take this              of the map. Brittany is in the top left of
 opportunity to have your students look at the          the map. Color Brittany green.
 composition and structure of diamonds and       f)     Find Provence, in the southeast section
 basic mineral structures formed by the bonds           of the map. Color Provence blue.
 in the crystal structures created by nature.    g)     Find Berry (Athos’ home province),
                                                        in the center section of the map.
                                                        Color Berry red.
                                                 h)     Find Normandy, in the northwest
                                                        section of the map. Color Normandy
                                                        orange.
                                                 Also, make sure you find and mark the
                                                 following locales:

                                                        Marseilles            Calais
                                                        Meung                 Chantilly
                                                        Gascony               Bearn
                                                        La Rochelle           Amiens


                                                                                                     5
Name:_________________________________________________________________


Directions:
a)     Write “France” at the center top of the map.

b)     Find Paris, in the north central section of the map. Highlight Paris in yellow.

c)     Now find Gascony (D’Artagnan’s home province), in the southwest section of the map of France.

       Highlight Gascony in yellow.

d)     Draw a line between Gascony and Paris to show the journey that D’Artagnan made from home to Paris.

       Use the legend to estimate how many miles and how long it would have taken for D’Artagnan to

       get to Paris by horseback.

e)     Find Brittany, in the northwest section of the map. Color Brittany green.

f)     Find Provence, in the southeast section of the map. Color Provence blue.

g)     Find Berry (Athos’ home province), in the center section of the map. Color Berry red.

h)     Find Normandy, in the northwest section of the map. Color Normandy orange.

Also, make sure you find and mark the following locales; they are central to the action of the play:
       Marseilles           Calais
       Meung                Chantilly
       Gascony              Bearn
       La Rochelle          Amiens




                                                                                                            6
Curriculum Connection
                                 (cont.)
 Social Studies                                    Athos is always on the “right” side of the law.
 Throughout history the story of a secret fan      Example 2: Find the area of a right triangle
 language has been passed on from generation       with a base of 6 centimeters and a height of 9
 to generation. During this time period, it was    centimeters.
 very fashionable for ladies to carry a fan, and
 Milady de Winter carries one throughout the
 show. Research the secret language of the fan
 and then have students pair up and tell a story   Solution:
 using only a fan.                                        A = · (6 cm) · (9 cm)
                                                          A = · (54 cm2)
 The examples below will get you started:                 A = 27 cm2

 •	 THE FAN PLACED NEAR THE HEART:                 Porthos’ love of chicken makes him “obtuse.”
    “You have won my love.”                        Example 3: Find the area of an obtuse
 •	 TOUCHING THE FINGER TO THE TIP                 triangle with a base of 5 inches and a height of
    OF THE FAN: “I wish to speak with you.”
                                                   8 inches.
 •	 LETTING THE FAN REST ON THE
    RIGHT CHEEK: “Yes.”
 •	 LETTING THE FAN REST ON THE LEFT
    CHEEK: “No.”                                   Solution:
                                                          A = · (5 in) · (8 in)
 Math/Geometry                                            A = · (40 in2)
 Athos, Porthos and Aramis are as different               A = 20 in2
 as the three types of triangles. Study
 triangles Three Musketeers style!                 English/Creative Writing
                                                   2. Write on the relationship between adventure,
 Aramis has an “acute” eye for pretty women!       intrigue, love, and mystery throughout the
 Example 1: Find the area of an acute triangle     play.
 with a base of 15 inches and a height of 4
 inches.


                                                                                             Jeffrey de
 Solution:                                                                                   Picciotto
                                                                                             (D’Artagnan),
                                                                                             Michael Daniel
        A = · (15 in) · (4 in)                                                               Anderson
                                                                                             (Aramis), Nathan
        A = · (60 in2)                                                                       Hosner (Porthos),
                                                                                             and Chris Roe
        A = 30 in2                                                                           (Athos).


                                                                                                                 7
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