Alcohol As A Drug by ghkgkyyt

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									                       Alcohol As A Drug
Alcohol use definitions

  Term                                    Definition

  Current use                             At least one drink in the past 30 days (includes
                                          binge and heavy use).

  Binge use                               Five or more drinks on the same occasion at least
                                          once in the past 30 days. A pattern of drinking
                                          that brings bloo d alcohol concentration to 0.08
                                          gm% or above. For the typical adult, this pattern
                                          corresponds to consuming five or more drinks
                                          (male), or four or more drinks (female), in about
                                          two hours.

  Heavy use                               Five or more drinks on the same occasion on at
                                          least f ive different days in the past 30 days.

  Drink                                   A 12-ounce can or bottle of beer or wine cooler, a
                                          5-ounce glass of wine, or 1.5 -ounces of 80 proof
                                          (40% alcohol) distilled spirits.
Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2003b;   National Institute on Alcohol
Abuse and Alcoholism, 2005.
Alcohol Ingested and Blood Alcohol Levels (BAL)
  Table 3. Blood alcohol level (gm%) estimations for men and women.


                                               BAL for Men

                                                      Body Weight (lb)
  Drinks            100        120         140         160         180    200     220    240
  1                 0.04       0.03        0.03        0.02        0.02   0.02    0.02   0.02
  2                 0.08       0.06        0.05        0.05        0.03   0.03    0.03   0.03
  3                 0.11       0.09        0.08        0.07        0.06   0. 06   0.05   0.05
  4                 0.15       0.12        0.11        0.09        0.08   0.08    0.07   0.06
  5                 0.19       0.16        0.13        0.12        0.11   0.09    0.09   0.08
  6                 0.23       0.19        0.16        0.14        0.13   0.11    0.10   0.09
  7                 0.26       0.22        0.19        0.16        0.15   0.13    0.12   0.11
  8                 0.30       0.25        0.21        0.19        0.17   0.15    0.14   0.13
  9                 0.38       0.31        0.27        0.23        0.21   0.19    0.17   0.16

                                             BAL for Women

                                                      Body Weight (lb)
  Drinks            100        120         140        160     180         200     220    240
  1                 0.05       0.04        0.03        0.03        0.03   0.02    0.02   0.02
  2                 0.09       0.08        0.07        0.06        0.05   0.05    0.04   0.04
  3                 0.14       0.11        0.10        0.09        0.08   0.07    0.06   0.06
  4                 0.18       0.15        0.13        0.11        0.10   0.09    0.08   0.08
  5                 0.23       0.19        0.16        0.14        0.13   0.11    0.10   0.09
  6                 0.27       0.23        0.19        0.17        0.15   0.14    0.12   0.11
  7                 0.32       0.27        0.23        0.20        0.18   0.16    0.14   0.13
  8                 0.36       0.30        0.26        0.23        0.20   0.18    0.17   0.15
  9                 0.41       0.34        0.29        0.26        0.23   0.20    0.19   0.17
  10                0.45       0.38        0.32        0.28        0.25   0.23    0.21   0.19
  Subtract 0.01% gm% for each 40 min of drinking.
  1 drink = 1.25 ounce 80 Proof liquor, 12 ounce beer, or 5 ounce wine.
  [http://www.alcohol.vt.edu/Students/alcoholEffects/estimatingBAC/]
Behavioral Effects of Ethanol
            Maintenance of Drinking
• Opponent Process
    • Drinking for mood control can backfire
                        Alcohol Addiction
•  Tolerance
    –  Individuals drink large amounts of alcohol (12-20 drinks per day)
    –  Blood alcohol levels far beyond the legal limit
    –  Delirium tremens: hallucinations, high fever
•  Withdrawal
    –  Tremor, sympathetic activation, hyperthermia
    –  Anxiety, dysphoria
    –  Delirium tremens: hallucinations, high fever
•  Substance taken in larger amounts than intended
    –  Loss of control over intake
•  Persistent desire or unsuccessful attempt to cut down
    –  Repeated relapses to excessive drinking
•  Neglect of activities
    –  Impairment in social, occupational and recreational functioning
    –  Late for work, absentism
•  Time spent
    –  Filling work and home with sources of alcohol so to never be without
•  Continued use despite problems
    –  Loss of job
    –  Loss of spouse
    –  Medical illnesses: Pancreatitis, liver failure

								
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