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Science-Olympiad-Tryout-Test-2010

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					                                Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Avian Study (Birds)
What part of a bird contains barbs and hooks?
  a. The beak
  b. The gizard
  c. The feather
  d. The bones




This bird is most likely a
   a. Kingfisher
   b. Meadowlark
   c. Quail
   d. Grackle




The easiest way to tell male birds from female birds is:
   a. Males are usually larger.
   b. Males usually have longer talons.
   c. Males are usually more brightly colored.
   d. Males sing, females do not sing.
                              Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Anatomy
If the Gluteus Maximus muscle were flexed, what would happen to a person’s
body?
    a. The leg would move backward
    b. The leg would move forward
    c. The leg would move outward – sideways
    d. The leg would move inward – sideways




What is the main difference between smooth muscle and cardiac muscle?
  a. Smooth muscle has color bands, or striations, skeletal muscle does not.
  b. Skeletal muscle has color bands, or striations, smooth muscle does not.
  c. Skeletal muscle has only one nucleus per cell, smooth muscle has several
      nuclei.
  d. Smooth muscle has muscle fibers bundled together, skeletal muscle has
      single strands.




Where is the zygomatic arch located?
  a. Near the collar bone.
  b. Near the pelvis
  c. Near the spine
  d. Near the eyeball.
Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010
                                        Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Bio-Processes             (Please supply calculator)


                       Mosquito Abatement Summary Statistics for Weber County

                1990     1991     1992    1993     1994     1995   1996     1997     1998   1999
Precipitation
                31        38       35       49         47   32      29          30   34     35
    (cm)
Mosquitoes
                29        36       34       47         45   30      27          28   32     33
 (millions)




5- Using the data above, what can you infer?
       a. Mosquito population sizes are dependent on the amount of
          precipitation.
       b. Mosquitoes lay their eggs in standing water.
       c. Mosquitoes are an important food source for amphibians.
       d. Mosquito populations are decreasing in Weber County.




6- What was the average precipitation in Weber County during the 1990s?
     a. 34 centimeters per year
     b. 36 inches per year
     c. 36 centimeters per year
     d. there is not enough data to calculate the average
                                    Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Compute This

  Dissolved oxygen, water, unfiltered, milligrams per liter




7- What conclusion can you draw from this data?
     a. East Canyon Creek water is unsafe to drink.
     b. East Canyon Creek water temperature cycles each day and reaches a
        peak at about noon.
     c. East Canyon Creek Water oxygen content cycles each day and reaches a
        peak at about noon.
     d. More information should be provided in order to draw a conclusion.

8- If you were creating a chart of dissolved oxygen levels, and needed to compute
the average oxygen concentration for January 11th to January 18th, what
keystrokes would be the MOST EFFICIENT to use in the Excel program?
      a. first multiply all of the values [* key] then add the number of entries [+ key]
      b. first add all of the values on the calculator [start, programs, accessories, calculator]
         then divide by the number of entries [/ key]
      c. first highlight the row of values, then click on the sum tool from the toolbar[ > ] then
         divide by the number of entries [/key]
      d. It is not possible to compute the average dissolved oxygen using the Excel program
                 Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Crave the Wave
                                     Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Disease Detectives
11- Recently, the United States experienced an outbreak of disease caused by
Salmonella. Which of the following is the best hypothesis for controlling the
outbreak?
         a. If people perform better hand washing, the outbreak will be contained, because
Salmonella is passed by direct contact with infected people.
         b. If people cough and sneeze into their sleeves, the outbreak will be contained because
Salmonella is passed through the air from person to person.
         c. If people receive an inoculation, the outbreak will be contained, because Salmonella is
a virus.
         d. If people cook their food thoroughly, the outbreak will be contained, because
Salmonella is a food borne pathogen.



The following is a graph to show the differences in percentages of young people who tried
smoking, by three groups of parental restrictions (shown in the legend) and also by grade.




12- What is your interpretation of these survey results?
       a. Parents have a large influence on whether young people will try smoking or not.
       b. Parental influence does not make much difference on whether young people will try
           smoking or not – only age has an influence.
       c. If students are going to try smoking, they will do so by seventh grade.
       d. Smoking is more addictive if started at a younger age.
                               Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Dynamic Planet


13- What type of volcano is shown here?
a. shield
b. cinder
c. tuff
d. Hawaiian




14- On September 2, 1992 , a moderate earthquake with a magnitude of 5.8
occurred near St. Geroge, Utah. A seismic station at Dixie State College recorded
the quake at 4:26 am. The seismograph at Southern Utah University (120 km
away) recorded the quake at 4:32 am. What is the velocity of the P-wave of this
quake?
      a. 20 miles per hour
      b. 20 kilometers per minute
      c. 120 kilometers per hour
      d. 120 kilometers per minute
                                 Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Ecology
15- What type of adaptations would be found in both organisms living in a desert
ecosystem and organisms in a grassland ecosystem?
      a. Organisms from both environments would have adaptations to reduce
          water loss.
      b. Organisms from both environments would be adapted to low light levels.
      c. Organisms from both environments would be adapted to withstand
         freezing temperatures.
      d. Organisms from both environments would be adapted to blend in to
          their green surroundings.




16- Using the food web diagram below, predict what will happen if plankton
populations are reduced due to pollution. Assume that the pollution is from a
chemical source and that the plankton are the most sensitive to this chemical.

      a. The salmon will be
         poisoned by the chemical
         pollution too.

      b. The population sizes of
         forage fish will decline.

      c. There will be more dead
         animals and plants for the
         plankton to eat.

      d. All life in this food web
         will cease.
                                Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Egg-O-Naut Rockets
17- Which of the following would MOST increase the time aloft for the egg
capsule?

      a. placing the fins of the rocket at an angle to make it spiral during flight

      b. making a parachute that deploys after reaching the highest point of the

        flight

      c. making a streamlined main rocket body

      d. placing weight in the nose cone of the rocket




18- Which of the following can NOT be used in the construction of an Egg-O-Naut
rocket?

      a. string

      b. hot glue

      c. more than one plastic bottle

      d. metal parts
                                Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Elevated Bridge


19- What is the maximum height for a bridge entered in this year’s competition?
     a. 10 cm
     b. 12 cm
     c. 15 cm
     d. 20 cm




20-
                                      A       B
If the block on this
bridge weighs 10 N,                       C            D
where is the greatest
gravitational force on this bridge?
a. A
b. B
c. C
d. D
                                Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Environmental Chemistry

21- How would you test soil for pH level?
      a. By using litmus paper.
      b. Microwave it then check the temperature.
      c. By testing to find out the levels of NOx
      d. The pH can only be tested when growing plants.




22- Ag science students at Utah State University are trying to create a corn maze
on an open field near the campus. They take several samples of soil and
determine that the pH is neutral, the sodium content is lower than normal, the
nitrogen content is lower than normal, the potassium is lower than normal, and
the magnesium is higher than normal. Which of the following chemicals should
the students apply to the soil to create good conditions for growing corn?


      a. NaCl
      b. MgO
      c. NH3
      d. KCl
                                Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Experimental Design

23- Gertrude and Helga are growing seeds in cups to determine if spitting in the
dirt each day will increase plant growth. They have 20 cups, ten of which they
grow normally, and ten of which they spit on daily. What is the control group in
their project?

a. the spitting

b. the ten cups grown normally

c. putting the 20 cups in the sunlight

d. the seeds




24- Gertrude and Helga are growing seeds in cups to determine if spitting in the
dirt each day will increase plant growth. They have 20 cups, ten of which they
grow normally, and ten of which they spit on daily. What is the independent
variable in their project?

a. adding water to all of the 20 cups each day

b. giving sunlight to the control group

c. spitting in the test group cups

d. planting the seeds at the same depth in all cups
                                  Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Fossils
25- Which of these methods of fossil preservation is most common?

      a. mummification

      b. encased in amber

      c. trapped in tar/asphalt

      d. mineral replacement




26- Fossils found in layers of limestone are most likely

      a. raptors

      b. trilobites

      c. saber tooth tigers

      d. pterodactyls
                                Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Meteorology
27- Why do we have seasons?

      a. It is colder in winter when the solar activity is lower due to sunspots.
      b. Seasonal change is due to the increasing/decreasing distance that Earth
         is from the Sun.
      c. Hot and cold changes are caused by tidal effects from both the Sun and
         the Moon.
      d. The tilt of the Earth faces different parts of the Earth towards the Sun at
         different times of the year.




28- Would the graph at right correspond more to a location that was a…

a. subtropical climate

b. tundra climate

c. desert climate

d. arctic climate
                                           Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Pentathlon
KEY to PHYLA in the ANIMAL KINGDOM
1. Body organized in a “wheel-like” way with parts radiating from a                go to 2
central hub (radial symmetry).

Body organized with two sides, a top and a bottom, and a front                     go to 3
(head) and rear region (bilateral symmetry).

2. Body soft and often jelly-like; tentacles with stinging cells          Phylum Cnidaria
arranged in a circle around a central opening that acts as a
mouth and anus.

Body hard or leathery with inner skeleton (endoskeleton); body        Phylum Echinodermata
parts usually in multiples of five; move with “tube feet” using
internal system of pressurized water.

3. Body externally segmented                                                        go to 4

Body not externally segmented                                                       go to 5


4. Body soft and cylindrical; body support by pressure from                 Phylum Annelida
internal fluid in a body cavity (hydrostatic skeleton); body a
series of segments that show little differentiation; head region
often without pronounced sense organs

Segmented bodies with hard outer skeleton (exoskeleton);                 Phylum Arthropoda
segments often organized into body regions (e.g., head, thorax,
abdomen); posses paired, jointed appendages (e.g., legs, pincers,
antennae); many possess wings; grow by molting exoskeleton;
many develop through metamorphosis


29 – To which phylum above do sea stars (starfish) belong?
      a. Cnidaria
      b. Echinodermata
      c. Annelida
      d. Arthropoda


30- A rough pebble is dropped into a graduated cylinder and it displaces 20
ml of water. The same pebble is placed on a triple beam balance and it
reads 62 grams. APPROXIMATELY what is the density of the pebble?
      a. 30 grams/ml
      b. 20 ml
      c. 3 grams/ml
      d. 2 grams/ml
                               Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Physical Science Lab

31- What creates electricity inside a wind turbine?

      a. a big thermometer

      b. a giant battery

      c. electrical differences between chemicals

      d. a big magnet




32- Wind power is…

      a. renewable

      b. clean

      c. safe

      d. all of the above
                             Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Solar System
34- Where would the sun be on the Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram below?

     a. white dwarf
     b. red giant
     c. supergiant
     d. main sequence
                                Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Road Scholar
35- Use the map to the right. At about what elevation is the tree located?

      a. 80 m

      b. 75 m

      c. 100 m

      d. not enough info




36- Identify the symbol to the right:

      a. winter recreation area

      b. excessive snowfall

      c. avalanche danger area

      d. snowline marker
                                Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Robo-Cross
37- The starting position of the robot is in which
zone of the playing field?

      a. A

      b. B

      c. C

      d. D




38- Which of the following is NOT a scorable item in the robo-cross event for
2009?

      a. golf ball

      b. C-Cell battery

      c. tennis ball

      d. nickel coin
                                 Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Science Crime Busters
39- Identify the fingerprint feature to the right.

         a.   Whorl
         b.   Tented arch
         c.   Arch
         d.   Loop



40- Samantha found a pile of metal shavings at a homicide. In the lab, she found
that the shavings had no reaction to water, fizzed when hydrochloric acid was
added, and had a shiny
luster. Using the table,
identify the metal          Metal    Color Density Water HCl Magnetic     Notes
found:

a. aluminum                                                                         delayed
                            Alunimum     gray    light   none     fizz     no    reaction with
                                                                                      HCl
b. iron

c. tin
                             Copper     copper   heavy   none     none     no    very easy to id

d. zinc
                                                                                    delayed
                              Iron      black    heavy   none     fizz     yes   reaction with
                                                                                      HCl



                               Tin       gray    light   none     little   no      yellow tint



                              Zinc       gray    heavy   none     fizz     no        shiny



                            Magnesium    gray    light   little   fizz     no         dull
                               Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Science Word
41- Which of the following phrases would be the most efficient way to describe
“refraction”?

      a. wave reflection

      b. light wave speed

      c. wave bending

      d. waves bouncing off




42- If your partner said the following phrase, “seismic event” what is the most
likely word you should guess?

      a. earthquake

      b. volcano

      c. supernova

      d. mudslide
                                Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Scrambler
43- For 2009, the energy used to propel the scrambler vehicle forward comes
from:

      a. a battery-powered motor

      b. a falling mass

      c. a non-metallic solid (such as rubber bands)

      d. compressed air




44- Which of the following rule infractions would cause the greatest penalty?

      a. a scrambler vehicle that is too big

      b. breaking the egg on the end barrier

      c. running outside of the lanes

      d. holding the scrambler vehicle at the start of the run
                               Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Trajectory
45- For 2009, the energy used to propel the projectile comes from:

      a. a battery-powered motor

      b. a falling mass

      c. a non-metallic solid (such as rubber bands)

      d. compressed air




46- Which of the following objects CANNOT be used as a projectile for 2009?

      a. tennis ball

      b. Hackie Sack

      c. bouncy ball

      d. racquetball
                                 Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Wright Stuff
47- The flight log presented to officials before the start of the event must include:

      a. motor size before windup

      b. number of turns on the motor at launch

      c. flight time

      d. all of these




48- The longest flight time would most likely result from which of these actions:

      a. creating a plane that flies in a straight line and is very light

      b. creating a plane that flies in a large circle and is very light

      c. aiming the plane with the nose upward at takeoff

      d. tilting the wings to one side at takeoff
                               Science Olympiad Tryout Test 2010

Write-It-Do-It


49- Which of the following instructions most accurately
depicts the contraption to the right?
      a. Cup flat, straw 3:00-6:00, bolt 1:00 on cup
      b. Insert the straw through the cup, place the
         bolt on top.
      c. Stick the straw crosswise in the cup, stick the
         bolt at the top of the cup.
      d. Take a plastic cup and make 2 holes in it. Put t
         the straw through the holes, then put the bolt above the straw.




50- According to the official rules, how many minutes does the writer have to
create a description of the abstract object?
      a. 15 minutes
      b. 25 minutes
      c. 30 minutes
      d. 50 minutes

				
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