Welcome SMS by yaofenjin

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									Welcome SMS
Welcome SMS in Erlang.
Experiences of Rapid Deployment
in a GSM network
The Requirement

   Send out SMS messages to One 2 One customers
    when they arrive in a foreign network.
   Don’t send them any more messages for at least two
    weeks.
   Different messages depending on destination Country.
   “Marketing” usable GUI configuration.
   Option to send messages to roaming customers when
    they arrive in the UK.
   Ultra reliability not a hard requirement
      Except NOT sending multiple messages
The Timescale

   8 (yes, 8) weeks from start of design to launch of
    service.
Access to Customer Behaviour?

   Monitor all international c7 signalling links.
   Extract contents of MAP messages:
      Where is the customer? (VLR Address)

      Whose customer is it (IMSI)

      Who should receive the SMS? (MSISDN)

   VLR address and IMSI are in Location Update,
    MSISDN is in Insert Subscriber Data. These messages
    can even take different physical routes...
Business Logic

   Decide which message to send
      Different depending on class of customer (prepay,
       postpay, wholesale)
      Different depending on destination Country

      Different for inbound roamers

   Have we sent them one already in this country?
   Have they elected not to receive these messages
Operational Requirements

   Integrated with existing alarm management system
    (SNMP Traps)
   Generate statistic reports of system activity into
    existing stats database.
   Load balancing between SMS service centres
   Ability to on the fly reconfigure which SMS service
    centres are active and the load balancing between
    them.
Design Options

   Commercial c7 probes to do automatic correlation of
    all messages for a particular activity.
      Best supplier delivery time longer than entire project
        duration.
      Time taken to integrate.. Who knows.

   Option to exercise Synergy across T-Mobile
    International group.
      Several useful design ideas shared. Again,
        timescales not lined up
   Standard commercial systems - expensive, don’t meet
    all requirements, integration time huge
Design Options 2

   Use Erlang?
      But what about c7 probes?



   Possibility to use standard test set (MPA 7400) to
    extract all c7 messages as raw data and send out as
    UDP
   Two spare (but old) 4 CPU Sun machines about to be
    de-commissioned

   Lead times of all elements OK. Now to work...
    Design Overview
                                                  SMS Service
   Customer Database
                                                    Centres
      Also Erlang!


TCP (Internal Protocol)                       TCP (GIP Protocol)


                    Erlang - A   Erlang - B

                                     UDP c7
                      UDP c7

            C7 Probe                          C7 Probe
      Erlang Nodes
                                                       SMS Service Centre




               wsms_logic@bruce                                    wsms_logic@burns
                                         sms                                                  sms

                 db_read                     inets                  db_read
                                                                                                  inets
                                            mnesia                                               mnesia
Customer dB                                  stats                                                stats
                                            snmp       Failover                                  snmp
                             logic                                               logic



                      correlator@bruce                                      correlator@burns
                                                       Failover
                           correlator                                           correlator


              gn_agent1@bruce     gn_agent2@bruce                 gn_agent1@burns     gn_agent2@burns

                 C7 decode              C7 decode                    C7 decode               C7 decode

              Bruce                                               Burns
                           Active                                           Standby
                                     UDP c7 messages
Some screenshots
Some screenshots
Some screenshots
Problems encountered

   Bug with restart of one process starting up too many
    sms sending processes.
   LAN Latency - both for UDP and dB reads.
      Fixed by tuning concurrency and timeouts.

   One module not permanently loaded in the customer
    Database.
   Scanning an Mnesia table to delete some rows is
    pretty heavy..
What else have we been up to?

   Oracle Call Interface Binding to Erlang
     Multithreaded Driver

     Pools of Sessions

     Decent Performance (> 1000 selects per second)

     1500 lines of C (so far!)

     Garbage collection of stale handles
What else have we been up to?

   Oracle Call Interface Binding to Erlang
    N = “447956123456”,
    F=fun() ->
       case oci:exec(“select name, balance from cust where telno = :e”, [N]) of
          [{Name, Amount}] ->
              A1 = Amount - 10.0,
              oci:exec(“update cust set balance = :e where telno = :e”,[A1, N])
          [] ->
              oci:abort(“Customer not found”)
       end,
    oci:transaction(Connection, F).
What else have we been up to?

   Generic “behaviour” for tcp/ip clients
           link management (using heartbeats)
           simple callbacks for protocol implementation
           model is all transactions multiplexed down 1 socket
           time taken to implement new protocol down to a few days
   Call Data Record - record and playback
What else have we been up to?

   The Original Project used to justify the use of Erlang
    never got into service. All hardware has been re-
    deployed for other Erlang applications!

								
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