hinduism by liwenting


The world’s oldest living tradition

•    History and
     Development of
    – 3 Major Movements
        that Influence
        Hindu Thought
    – Islam’s Influence
    – Practices Of
•    Objective of Human
    – Reincarnation
    – Karma
    – Caste Systems
    – Role of Family
          History of Hinduism

•Hinduism is not considered a religion or a
philosophy, but a way life
•Hindu is the Persian Name of the Indus
•First Encountered in the Old Persian word
Hindu, which corresponds to Vedic Sanskrit
•Earliest evidence of religion in India dates
back to 5500-2600 BCE
  How did Hinduism Develop?

• Modern Hinduism developed primarily
  from the Vedas
• Vedas are large body texts that
  originated from Ancient India
• Vedas concentrate on worship of
  – Ex: Indra, Varuna, Agni, and Soma ritual.
     The Three Major Movements That
        Influenced Hindu Thought
• Upanishadic
   – Hindu scriptures that consist of the core
     teachings of Vedanta
   – Dated to the Early Middle Ages around the 3rd
     to 8th centuries AD

• Jaina
   – Practices Non-Violence and also gave rise to
     Buddhism Created the concept of Puja
• “Pu”= Flower and “ja”= Offering

• Buddhist
   – Influenced Moksha and Karma in Hinduism
   – Followed philosophical streams of thought
   – Shramana Religion
    When Islam Came to India
• Islam was introduced to India in the early 7th
• Arab traders
• Conquest of Sindh
• Rapid Decline in Buddhism
• Hindus converting to Islam
• During this time Muslim rulers destroyed Hindu
  temples and persecuted non-Muslims leading to
  drastic changes in how many people practiced
  the Hindu religion
          Practices of Hinduism
• Practices involve
  seeking awareness of
  God and blessing
  from Devas
• Hinduism has
  developed many
  practices meant to
  help one think of
  divinity in everyday
• Puja is an act of worship or veneration
• Puja can be performed at home in a
  room that is dedicated to sacred
  religious practices or at a temple
• Visiting temples is not required
• Hindus also do not claim to belong to
  any denomination
Violence and Diet

• Most Hindus
  advocate the
  practice of ahi or
  non-violence and
  respect for all life
     Violence and Diet Cont…
• Hindus embrace
  vegetarianism to
  respect higher forms
  of life.
• Note: Vegetarianism
  is not a requirement
• Most avoid meat on
  holy days
• Cow-slaughter is
  legally banned in
  almost all states of
    Objectives of Human Life
• The objectives of human life is known
  as Dharma
• Dharma Includes
  – Righteousness
  – Livelihood
  – Wealth
  – Sensual Pleasure
  – Liberation, Freedom
                The Soul
• The soul is know as
  atman and is
  dependent on god
• The soul is one’s
  true self
• Upanishads states
  that one a person
  becomes fully aware
  of their atma
  realizes an identity
  with Brahman and
  thereby reaches

• Reincarnation dates
back to 800 BCE
within the Upanishads
• The soul is immortal
in the Hindu religion
• Only the body is
capable of birth and
    Reincarnation and Karma
• Karma is the sum of ones actions
• Karma in existing life determines your
  place in the next: referred to as Samsara
Karma and Caste
• Karma can determine placement
With in a certain caste
• Brahmins (intelligentsia, priests)
• Kshatriyas (kings, nobility)
• Vaishyas (merchants, cultivators)
• Sudras (artisans, workers and
Service providers
• Dalita (untouchables) (cleaned
Human excretion, moved dead bodies
         The Power of Caste
• A person power within
  their society is
  determined by the
  knowledge of their

• Brahman’s hold the
  most power within
            Role Of Family
• The Hindu view of caste, ashramas, and
  family are inseparable
• Ahramas is the four stages of life
• When a man marries he pays three debts he
  owes to his ancestors, the gods, and his
• Debts are paid by having children (boys are
  more favorable), prayer, and passing along
  knowledge and wisdom to his children
Hinduism in the World Today

• Hinduism is the
  world’s third largest
• With one billion
  practicing Hindus,
  of which 905 million
  practice and live in
  India today
• Wikipedia-
• <ahref="http://family.jrank.org/pages/768/
  Family.html">Hinduism - Hinduism And
  The Family</a>
• Kevin Reilly (The West and the World)

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