Killed ami Wounded during the Strife at Taranaki of 1860-61 by dfgh4bnmu


									                                             APPENDIX.                                                   BO

Killed ami W o u n d e d during the Strife at T a r a n a k i
                       of  1860-61.

                                    40TH        REGIMENT.

       KILLED AND MORTALLY                      W O U N D E D . —June 2 7 t h :             Lieutenant
B r o o k e ; Sergeant        O'Callaghan;            Corporals         David       V a h e y , Samuel
McBurney, E d w a r d R y a n ;             Privates William H i c k e y , T h o m a s D u m -
pily, Patrick B r o d e r i c k , J. D o u g l a s , W a l t e r Scott, P a t r i c k             Fagan,
John     Downs,          Samuel A l r o y ,        W.      F.    Perry,       James       Gore,       John
W e b b e r , John Fillingham, W i l l i a m H a y e s , H . E . M a r t y n , T . B y r n e ,
J. A l l e n , A r c h . McCann, Peter M c C a b e , W i l l i a m               Cliff, E d w a r d      G.
Harris, T . Gill, Geo. Marsden, W i l l i a m M a r k h a m , Francis R o b i n s o n ,
J. MacGuire.            September 1 1 t h : Private R a m s a y .                   December         29th
Private M . Lehane, J. Chinnery.                        January 23rd:              L i e u t . Jackson
Privates W . Gilbert, E .              Gorrey.          February        1 0 t h : Private J. L a w -
rence.       March 5th:          Privates R . L a w s o n , T . W a t s o n , M . R o c h e , R .

       W O U N D E D . —June 2 7 t h : Privates J . Brian, severely, W .                              Bur-
 gess, d o . , C. Baker, d o . , J. Channing, d o . , J. H o g a n , d o . , M . H e a d ,
 do., J. M c C a r t h y , d o . , J . M u r p h y , d a n g e r o u s l y , C . S m i t h , s e v e r e l y ,
 J. Mitton, d o . , J. N e w m a n , dangerously, J. L y n c h , severely, J. L u c a s ,
 dangerously, T h o s . L o g u e , severely, J. Smith, slightly, J. T o m n e y
 slightly, J. Fisher, severely, J. P l u n k e t ,                 dangerously, P .             O'Brien,
 slightly, A . F o r d , d o . , T , B u r k e , d o .          August 9th:         Private A .         A     ,
 slightly.      September 29th:             Corporal        T.     O'Connor,          severely;        Pri-
 vates J. Nester, severely, R . Jones, d o .                      November 6th:             Private R .
 McKay, slightly.             December          29th:      Sergeants P .          Collins, severely,
 F. Maul, d a n g e r o u s l y : Privates B'. G r e e n w o o d , severely, R . F i t z -
 gerald, d o . , F. L u l w a n , d o . , J. M c B r e n , d o . ,          W.     Caplice, d a n g e r -
 ously, J. Southwell, d o . , J . D a v y , slightly, J. A . F o x , d o . , J. Smith,
 dangerously, R . L y o n s , d o .             Jan. 23rd, 1 8 6 1 : Privates J. M u l l i n s ,
 slightly, T . Officer, d a n g e r o u s l y , H . W a k e f i e l d , severely, R . Mangan
 do.     February 1 0 t h : Captain T . B. Richards, s l i g h t l y ; Private                              P.
  Cusack, severely.              February         12th:      Private       H.    Daffey,       severely.
 February 26th:            Corporal Franklin, slightly.                    March        4th:      Privates
 G. Watton, severely, H. N u b o l e , d o . , A . M c M i l l a n , dangerously, C .

Spratt, severely.         March 1 8 t h : Lieut. Rees, severely, Lieut.                Whe

                                 12TH     REGIMENT.
     K I L L E D .—January        2 3 r d , 1 8 6 1 : Private E. Archer.
                              1 3 t h : Private Denis Manning, severely.
     W O U N D E D .— O c t o b e r

December     2 9 t h : Private D . Leonard, severely. January     23rd,
1 8 6 1 : Captain Miller, slightly; Privates E. Crawfoot, severely, P.
Cahill, do., E. Power, slightly. January 25th: Private W . Milson,

                                 14TH REGIMENT.
     WOUNDED.—March                   15th and 1 6 t h : Private   M.   Lambert, se-
verely, J. Dusket, slightly.

                                 57TH     REGIMENT.
     MORTALLY WOUNDED.— F e b .                27th, 1 8 6 1 : Private T. Brown.
     WOUNDED.—February                 2 3 r d ; Private P. M. Hogan, severely.
February 2 7 t h : Corporal R . Lewis, severely; Privates E. Durmett,
severely, T . Heale, dangerously, Patrick T . Martin, slightly.

                                 65TH     REGIMENT.
                                                       17th, 1 8 6 0 ; Private
     K I L L E D AND M O R T A L L Y W O U N D E D . — M a r c h

Corbett. November 6th: Privates McGivern, F. Rooney.                   January
16th, 1 8 6 1 : Private J. McKindry. January 2 3 r d : Corporal J.
Howard. February            1 0 t h : Captain Strange; Private T. Munro.
February 22nd:         Sergeant T . Burnett. March 2nd: T. Hannah.
     W O U N D E D . — October 1 3 t h : Drummer Greaves.    November 6th:
Captain H . F. Turner, severely; Sergeant W . Knight, severely;
Privates Bernard Boyhan, severely, Thomas Colman, do., Patrick
Connolly, do., Dan. McBuerty, do., Cecil W . Ray, do., R. Whillow,
do., George Wilmot, dangerously, Hugh Gibson, slightly.               December
29th: P. F. Haggen, slightly, M. Kinsilla, severely, T . Weir, do.
January 2 3 r d , 1 8 6 1 : Privates J. Robinson, severely, E. Smith,
dangerously, F. Honnotton, severely. February 1 0 t h : Privates P.
O'Heagen, slightly, W . Davis, severely. February           2 3 r d : Privates
P. F. Bennett, slightly, J. Fumback, do., J. Glover, do.                 March

                                      APPENDIX.                                91

2 n d : Privates S. Fern, severely, L. Emerson, do., G. Hewitt,
slightly, J. Taylor, do., J. Cartry, do.

                              NAVAL BRIGADE.
     KILLED     AND M O R T A L L Y     W O U N D E D . —March 2 8 t h : Corporal
Millard, R. M.        December 2 9 t h : A. Broome, A. B.
     W O U N D E D . —March 2 8 t h : Lieut. Blake, severely; three sailors.

June 27th: Commodore Seymour, severely; H. Jenkins, slightly, J.
Freeman, do., G. Delbridge, severely, H. Baker, do., J. Belford, do.,
C. Churchill, do., W. Henford, do!, J. Mitchell, do.. J. Currie, do.
September 1 1 t h : S. Jenkins, slightly. September 2 9 t h : W. Hundon,
slightly, W. Henford, do.. February 8th: J. Fisher, dangerously,
leg amputated.

                         ROYAL          ARTILLERY.
     KILLED    AND M O R T A L L Y W O U N D E D . —June    27th:   Gunner W .
Weir.   August 3rd:           Gunner J. Gaffney.           March    17th, 1 8 6 1 :
Lieut. McNaughten.
        W O U N D E D . —June 2 7 t h : Gunners R . Rodgers, severely, W .
West, do. September 1 1 t h : Gunner J. Sinclair, severely.      December
2 9 t h : Gunners M. Smoker, severely, J. Wright, do. January 18th:
Gunner H. Brett, severely. January 23rd: Gunner D . Bushnell,
severely. February 1 0 t h : Gunners J. Green, slightly, A. Fradgley,
dangerously. February 2 4 t h : Gunner J. Strood, severely.         March
1 8 t h : Sergeant J. Christie, slightly; Gunner J. Tratford, severely.

                        ROYAL          ENGINEERS.
     K I L L E D . —January   23rd:    Private G. Chubb.
     WOUNDED. —October 1 1 t h : Captain Pasley, severely; Sergeant

Howatt, dangerously. December 2 9 t h : Private Thomas Johnson,
slightly. January 1 6 t h : Private J. McKillop, slightly.   March
3rd: Private G. Henwood, severely.

                 MILITIA AND VOLUNTEERS.
     KILLED AND M O R T A L L Y W O U N D E D . —March       1 7 t h : J. Sarten.
March 27th: S. Ford, II. Passmore, S. Shaw.                  March    2 8 t h : W.
Fahey.   May 2 6 t h : Captain R . Brown.         June 2 9 t h : H. C. Harris.
92                             APPENDIX.

August 10th: R. Sarten. August 20th: E. Coad. August 23rd:
J. Hurford, H. Crann. November 0th: H . Edgecombe, F. Brown.
November 7th: J. Hawken. February 8th: Captain W. King.
March 3 r d : E. Messenger.
     W O U N D E D . —March 28th: Lieut. Hammerton, severely; F,
Rawson, dangerously, J. Hawken, severely, C. Messenger, sen., do.,
W . Bayly, do., W . Oliver, do., J. Climo, do. August 10th: W.
Perry, severely. October 13th: G. Baker, slightly, J. Bishop,
severely. November 6th: R . Langman, severely, J. Ward, slightly,
W . Vercoe, do., Thos. Veale, do. January 18th, 1 8 6 1 : W. I.
Grayling, slightly. February 10th: S. Rundle, severely.    March
3rd: W . Smart, severely.

         S U M M A R Y OF K I L L E D A N D W O U N D E D .

           Regiment.       Killed or died   Wounded      Totals.
             °              of wounds.
     12th                          1            7             8
     14th                                       2             2
     40th                         40           56            96
     57th                 :.       1            5             6
     05th                          8           28            36
     Naval Brigade                 2           16            18
     Royal Artillery               3           12            15
     Engineers                     1            5             6
     Militia and Volunteers       16           17            33

                                  72          148           220

                       MAORI CASUALTIES.
     The return of Maori casualties annexed was kindly obtained by
Mr G. W . Woon from various reliable sources.       In many instances
the numbers given in the body of the work will be found to differ,
however—they were those currently reported at the time. The Maori's
desire for keeping secret his casualties throws many difficulties in the
way of ascertaining the truth.
                                     Maori List of Killed and W o u n d e d .

                           Number                                      Wounded              NAMES of L E A D I N G CHIEFS that
   ENGAGEMENT.                                TRIBES.        Killed.             TOTAL.
                           Engaged.                                                                  have fallen.

Waireka                       600                               17       25        42     Paori Kukutai, Paratene Te Kopara,
                                         Taranaki and Ngatiruanui.
                                                                                          Taraia T e R u r u TakahiKare—Taranaki:T e R e i       Hanataua, Whitik
                                                                                          Matiu T e Waero, W i Kingi's b r o t h e r ;
Puketakauere                  400          Waikatos and          6        8        14     Pahata T e W a r o , Hori T e Korupe—-
                                            Ngatiawas.                                    Ngatiawa.

Huirangi, Sept. 11th          100            Ngatiawa.          1         2         3     Te P o k a — N g a t i r u a n u i .
Kaihihi                       100            Taranaki.          1         1         2
Mahoetahi                     150            Waikatos.         34        59        98     Te Wetini Taiporutu, Hemi Taiporutu,
                                                                                          Te Paetae, M o k a u , T e Wharangi,Hakopa,Hemi Te

Kairau and Matarikoriko       800          Waikatos and         7         5        12     Ahitana—Ngatiawa.
N o . 3 Redoubt             1, 3 2 6 *      Ngatiawas.         50        70       120     Paora T e Uata, Ratima Te Paewaka,
                                                                                          Hare Turere, Hare Kimakima, Te
                                                                                          Whikiriwhi, Te Retimana, Hori K a r e -
                                                                                          wa, T e Poari Makere.
T e Arei                    2, 000               «               9        2        11     Wi R o p a t a , W i Kingi's b r o t h e r — N g a -
                                                                                          tiawa: Hunia, Te W a k a — W a i k a t o .
Skirmishes at different)                                                                  Aperahama Wetoi, Ngatihaumia—Taranaki.
                            l , 000 f        Southerns.          7        6        ia
  places              J

     * 456 only were engaged in the attack: large reserves were placed near Kairau, at Kotewaianaha, and on the left of
       f I t is stated that more than this number were encamped on Waireka H i l l and its vicinity during the operations at
  T e Arei.
      Note. — T h e above is a statement derived from native sources. —             G .   W.    WOON.
EM                                             APPENDIX.

Despatch           to Governor          Gore       Browne,           C. B., from         the Duke    of
                             Newcastle, intimating his recall.
              To    Governor         GORE       BROWNE,         C. B . ,   &c,     &c,     &c.

        S I R , — I have perused with m u c h anxiety                        the intelligence r e -
specting the progress o f the Native W a r which is contained in your
despatches recently arrived.
        I cannot b u t perceive that, in spite o f some s y m p t o m s o f a desire
on the part of the natives for the restoration o f peace, little effect has
really been p r o d u c e d hitherto b y the military operations at Taranaki,
and that, notwithstanding all the efforts o f yourself and y o u r advisers,
the disaffection o f the Maories is e x t e n d i n g itself to those tribes whose
a m i t y , or at least whose neutrality, has hitherto been hoped for, and
is assuming a more organised form, and a more definite o b j e c t .
        I am far, indeed, from ascribing this u n t o w a r d course o f events
to those w h o are responsible for the c o n d u c t o f affairs in N e w Zealand.
O n the contrary, I recognise with pleasure                            the sound and impartial
j u d g m e n t , the integrity, intelligence, and a n x i e t y for the p u b l i c g o o d ,
which have characterised y o u r g o v e r n m e n t o f the c o l o n y for nearly
six years.          T h e present c o n j u n c t u r e ,    h o w e v e r , renders it necessary
for her M a j e s t y ' s G o v e r n m e n t to leave n o e x p e d i e n t          untried which
is calculated to arrest the course o f events now unhappily so u n p r o -
mising, and at the same time to provide for the future difficulties which
there is o n l y t o o much reason to anticipate, even if the war should
h a p p i l y b e s o o n b r o u g h t to a c o n c l u s i o n .
       H a v i n g regard, therefore, to the                    peculiar         qualifications     and
e x p e r i e n c e o f Sir G e o r g e     G r e y , n o w governing the Cape o f                Good
H o p e , I have felt that I s h o u l d b e neglecting a chance o f averting a
m o r e general and disastrous war, if I omitted to avail m y s e l f o f the
remarkable authority which will attach to his name and character as
Governor of New Zealand.
       I trust, therefore, that y o u will not feel it as a n y slight                            upon
y o u r s e l f that I should have determined to place the G o v e r n m e n t                       of
the islands in his hands at a m o m e n t when y o u r o w n term o f office
has all b u t expired, and y o u w o u l d have n o opportunity of providing
against those future difficulties                   to which          I have referred.           I hope
that, in doing so, I shall not deprive the C r o w n for any l o n g period

of the advantage o f your services.
     1 have communicated to Sir George Grey m y wish that, as the
matter is one o f u r g e n c y , he should lose no time in proceeding t o
N e w Zealand, for the purpose o f assuming the g o v e r n m e n t .                 My
confidence in your p u b l i c spirit assures m e that, in transferring it to
h i m , y o u will give him every assistance and information which is
calculated to facilitate his dealings, whether with the local                   Govern-
ment or with the friendly or hostile Maoris.                I have o n l y to add that,
in case y o u should b e disposed to accept another Australian G o v e r n -
ment, it may be convenient that, instead o f repairing to this c o u n t r y ,
y o u should remain for a time at S y d n e y ,       until I am able to c o m m u -
nicate with y o u more definitely u p o n that subject.
                                                   I have, & c ,
Downing-street, 25th M a y , 1 8 6 1 .                                 NEWCASTLE.

             Address to Governor Browne from                    Taranaki.
             T o His Excellency Colonel THOMAS GORE B R O W N E ,                    Com-

                 panion o f the M o s t         Honourable        Order o f the Bath,
                  G o v e r n o r and C o m m a n d e r - i n - C h i e f in and over her
                  M a j e s t y ' s C o l o n y o f New Zealand, and V i c e - A d m i r a l
                  o f the same, & c , & c , & c .
        SIR, — W e , the undersigned inhabitants o f Taranaki, desire, u p o n
 your     Excellency's     approaching departure           from N e w Z e a l a n d , t o
express our appreciation of your administration of the G o v e r n m e n t o f
 the c o l o n y , and more especially o f the measures taken b y y o u r E x -
 cellency in connection with the natives o f this district.

        Although great suffering and loss to o u r c o m m u n i t y have r e -
 sulted from the hostilities which afterwards ensued in this P r o v i n c e ,
 we cannot hesitate to express our conviction that the measures referred
 to were proper and necessary, and consistent with the rights and
 interests of both races.       Compelled,       as we had b e e n , for years to b e
 passive spectators o f the lawlessness o f the natives towards ourselves,
 and latterly of their o w n internecine feuds, we hailed with unqualified
 satisfaction the announcement o f your E x c e l l e n c y ' s determination t o
 put an end to so disastrous a state of affairs.            That your Excellency's
 intentions were not more a b l y seconded            we have had ample cause t o
96                                        APPENDIX.

deplore, but we l o o k forward with confidence to the eventful success
o f the p o l i c y   with which y o u r E x c e l l e n c y ' s   name will always be
associated, believing that it is founded                in strict justice, and that it
will confer on b o t h races a degree o f prosperity and happiness that
c o u l d n o t otherwise be attained.
       I n bidding y o u r E x c e l l e n c y farewell, and expressing a hope that
health and happiness m a y attend y o u r E x c e l l e n c y in y o u r new c o m -
m a n d , we w o u l d wish to associate the name of Mrs Gore B r o w n e .
                                       W e have the h o n o r , & c ,
               Y o u r E x c e l l e n c y ' s obedient and faithful servants.
                        ( S i g n e d b y nearly the whole of the male population. )
N e w P l y m o u t h , Taranaki, A u g u s t 2 6 , 1 8 6 1 .

       This Address elicited the following a n s w e r : —

                                    Government House,
                                                  A u c k l a n d , September 30th, 1 8 6 1 .
        S I R , — I have the honor to a c k n o w l e d g e the receipt o f an Address
signed b y almost all the male inhabitants of y o u r                   P r o v i n c e , and I
b e g y o u to accept and c o n v e y to those who signed it m y most sincere
thanks for this gratifying p r o o f o f their g o o d w i l l .
        I have always felt that the colonists o f Taranaki desired o n l y the
suppression o f lawless violence and the permanent establishment o f
law and o r d e r ; and b y their gallantry, and the patience with which
they have endured suffering                and l o s s , they have p r o v e d that they
were and are willing to risk all men value most dearly in order to
secure them.           T h a t neither time nor suffering has altered their s e n -
timents, or weakened their determination, is as honorable to them as
it is gratifying to m e .

        I earnestly h o p e d to have seen the settlers o f Taranaki                          re-occupying
fear o f interruption, and I l o o k e d forward to a not distant future when
an increased prosperity (the result o f established order) would make
them forget the past, and consider their exertions not ill requited.                         It
is a subject o f very great regret to me that I am obliged to leave
N e w Zealand without seeing the fulfilment of this e x p e c t a t i o n ;                but
 I earnestly h o p e and believe that the time is n o t far distant when
                                           APPENDIX.                                         97

they will e n j o y the blessings o f permanent peace and prosperity,                        for
which they have, and will always h a v e — m y earnest prayers and m o s t
sincere wishes.
                                                   I have, & c . ,
                                                                     T.   GORE BROWNE.

His H o n o r the Superintendent,             Taranaki.

        Address from Taranaki to Sir George Grey,                              K. C. B.

            T o His E x c e l l e n c y     Sir GEORGE       GREY,        K. C. B.,   Knight,
                      Commander o f          the   Most Honourable             Order o f     the
                      Bath, Administrator o f the G o v e r n m e n t o f the C o l o n y
                      of New Zealand and its Dependencies, & c , & c .

     S I R ,— W e ,    the undersigned inhabitants o f the P r o v i n c e o f T a r a -
naki, desire, upon y o u r E x c e l l e n c y ' s return to N e w Z e a l a n d , t o
express our respect for the high motives which have led y o u r E x c e l -
lency to resume the g o v e r n m e n t o f the c o l o n y at the present critical
period, and confidence            that y o u r E x c e l l e n c y    will    be   enabled    to
extricate the C o l o n y from i t ? difficulties.           Your Excellency's            desire
for the improvement o f the Native race, and intimate k n o w l e d g e                       of
its character, assure us that every effort will be made to bring a b o u t
a peaceful solution of those difficulties; failing this, j our E x c e l l e n c y ' s
known determination and energy gives us confidence that the Natives
will be compelled to submit to her M a j e s t y ' s authority.                       Should,
unhappily, war b e unavoidable, we b e g to assure y o u r                         Excellency
that we shall continue to render the cordial support we afforded                             the
Imperial Government, during the administration o f y o u r predecessor,
in the effort to establish law and order.                 This pledge from us m a y
be considered as of more weight since our losses and sufferings f r o m
the war have already been heavier than those which usually fall to
the lot of British subjects.              A p a r t from the devastation o f our farms
and homesteads b y the rebels, there are few o f us w h o have n o t to
deplore the loss o f a relative or near c o n n e c t i o n b y the great mortality
that has ensued therefrom.                W e therefore l o o k to           your Excellency
with hope and confidence, under our calamities, that peace m a y b e
established on such terms as shall ensure the permanent g o o d o f b o t h
Oti                                         APPENDIX.

                                                  W e have, & c .
T a r a n a k i , O c t o b e r 25th, 1 8 6 1 .

       Sir G . G r e y returned the following answer to the A d d r e s s : —

                                 Government House,
                                                      A u c k l a n d , 2nd N o v e m b e r , 1 8 6 1 .
       G E N T L E M E N , — I thank y o u m o s t cordially for y o u r               Address o f
w e l c o m e , which M r J. C. R i c h m o n d has placed in m y hands.
       Y o u tell me that y o u l o o k               to me with h o p e and confidence,
under y o u r calamities, that peace m a y b e established on such terms
as shall ensure the permanent g o o d o f b o t h races.
       I can o n l y reply that I am well aware of the noble patience with
which y o u have borne those calamities, and o f the great exertions y o u
have made to struggle against difficulties, and that I hope I m a y                                 be
strengthened to fulfil the h o p e s reposed in m e , which I should, under
any circumstances, from a sense of d u t y , strive to d o ;                        b u t to b e an
instrument in restoring to Taranaki prosperity and happiness                                  would
b e a peculiarly grateful and m o s t enviable task to m e , from a r e m e m -
brance o f many h a p p y days I have passed in it, and from a sense o f
 strong personal regard to m a n y o f its inhabitants.
                                                                                  G.    GREY.

 T o the Gentlemen signing the Address from Taranaki.

      Feelings existing between the Native and European Populations.
         T h e Maories have b e c o m e dissatisfied with their connection with
 the British Government, n o t from any mutual unkindness or misun-
 derstandings that have ensued, b u t from the painful                            truth that has
 been so forcibly and gradually breaking upon                            them.         They    cannot
 close their eyes to the fact, that whilst the English are daily increasing
 in numbers and prosperity, they, on their part, are sinking into insig-

         Certain pseudo-philanthropists have o f late amused audiences in
  E n g l a n d b y relating, with exaggeration and wilful falsehood, tales o f
  the wickedness o f the white p o p u l a t i o n , and the exalted and                        almost
  perfect character o f the M a o r i .              O n this subject Bishop S e l w y n , the
                                        APPENDIX.                                       99

great friend of the M a o r i , r e m a r k s : —
      " I must not be supposed to be speaking now of acts o f violence,
injustice, or oppression, o f which Christian nations have been g u i l t y ,
as if such charges lay at the d o o r o f this c o l o n y .    E x a g g e r a t e d state-
ments drawn from other countries m a y have been applied to us as if
we had been guilty o f the same evil deeds.            I n defence o f the colonists
of New Zealand, o f w h o m             I   am o n e , I say most distinctly           and
solemnly that I have never k n o w n , since the c o l o n y began,            a single
act of wilful injustice or oppression committed b y any one in authority
against a New Zealander.           I t m a y have been         difficult to persuade
some few individuals that the natives were entitled to equal                        rights
with ourselves, b u t in practice their rights and liberties have                    been
maintained inviolate, and the result is, that the N e w Zealanders,
almost to a man, l o o k u p o n it as their highest privilege to b e united
with ourselves in one faith and in one law. "
      Regarding the c o n d u c t of the G o v e r n o r in the late war, Chief
Justice Arney, in his address to the Grand Jury at Taranaki,                          em-
phatically stated that " n o wrong had been done the natives at the                            (

Waitara. "                          #

      In allusion to the subject o f force being requisite to teach                    the
natives their position, M r C. W . R i c h m o n d , the Colonial             Treasurer
under the late Administration, in his masterly answer to Sir                            W.
Martin's pamphlet, goes on to s a y —
      " There are n o politicians in N e w Z e a l a n d w h o maintain, as he
(Sir William Martin) alleges, that the Natives can o n l y be g o v e r n e d
by demonstrations o f physical force, and that justice in. our dealings
with them m a y be dispensed with as a needless refinement.                             Sir
William Martin m a y safely be challenged to m a k e g o o d his w o r d s .
 He may be challenged to adduce one single act, or declaration,                          of
 any man of standing in the C o l o n y , which w o u l d justify his i m p u t a -
 tions.   No one can check the passions o f two such races as have met
in New Zealand, can w h o l l y rely u p o n moral influence.              Sir W i l l i a m
Martin himself appears to stipulate for a moderate force.                   This is all
which anyone has ever asked for.
       " None desire to place exclusive trust in force, b u t there are not
a few who hold that without it our justice will never be believed i n ;
 100                                         APPENDIX.

 that without it o u r moderation will continue to be mistaken b y the
majority for w e a k n e s s ; that without it our ' plain promises' cannot
b e ' plainly k e p t , ' that the weak will continue to b e the prey o f the
strong, and those w h o are ready for friendly union be overborne b y
a savage horde which forbids                  escape from the barbarism o f tribal
l i f e ; that without force our p o l i c y cannot b e c o m e , what it should b e ,
    p e r f e c t l y open and friendly, and straightforward, ' b u t will remain
timid and s h i f t y ; that we can never • deal with the Natives as our
f e l l o w - s u b j e c t s , ' until they b e c o m e such, n o t in name o n l y , b u t in deed.
        " I f the h o p e o f such a consummation is n o t to be abandoned,
the G o v e r n o r must b e enabled to maintain the just and safe position
which he has assumed u p o n the Waitara question, and a mistaken
enthusiasm must n o t b e suffered to compass the ruin o f the C o l o n y ,
and the ultimate destruction o f the Maori p e o p l e .                      T o have saved
and civilized the Native R a c e , w o u l d deserve to be reckoned amongst
the highest        achievements         of    Christian       civilization.       Sir W i l l i a m
Martin assumes that Success in this great work lies in our p o w e r .                            It
m a y b e so-      T h i s , at least, is certain, that success will require the
exercise o f the active, as m u c h as o f the passive virtues, and that
acquiescence in the anarchy o f a race which we have undertaken to
g o v e r n , m a y b e as selfish, and almost as shameful as tyrrany itself. "

                 Native      Character, from various Authorities.
       T h e f o l l o w i n g is reprinted from the fourteenth R e p o r t o f the
Directors o f the N e w Zealand C o m p a n y : —

       " 3. O f the character o f the natives o f N e w Zealand there has
a l w a y s been m u c h misapprehension.                I t has p r o b a b l y arisen in the
p r o p e n s i t y o f mankind to run into extremes on all s u b j e c t s ; and to
g o from one to the other with the greatest facility.                             1
                                                                                      Dum vitant
stulti vitia, in contraria currunt, ' and the opinion in E u r o p e o f these
natives is a notable e x a m p l e o f it.           T h e c o l d - b l o o d e d and wholesale
massacres reported n o t b y English alone, b u t b y Frenchmen, D u t c h -
m e n , and Spaniards, h a d made the w o r d s N e w Zealander and m u r -
derer almost s y n o n y m o u s .       A U resort to the islands for commercial
purposes was nearly at an e n d ; the S o u t h Sea whalers renewed the
intercourse and prepared the w a y for the missionaries.                               T h e other
                                        APPENDIX.                                      101

side o f the question was h e a r d ; and reason was given in some i n -
stances for suspecting that outrages previously                  supposed to       spring
from purely wanton barbarity, had their origin o n l y in a thirst for
sanguinary and indiscriminate revenge.                   This k n o w l e d g e and    the
natural efforts of missionaries to enhance the effects of their l a b o u r s
b y making the most of the supposed change in                   the character o f the
natives, and of land speculators o f all kinds to raise the value o f their
purchases by removing the horror with which their character was
regarded, have turned E u r o p e a n opinion quite round, and driven it
into excess on the other side.            S o that ' harmless' and       1
are the epithets most c o m m o n l y        applied, in public documents e s p e -
cially, to the once-abused natives.              A n d any attempt to c h e c k this
over-estimation is sure to be regarded with suspicion.                       There is a
fashion in these m a t t e r s : and l o n g ago as 1 7 8 4 , the great and g o o d
Samuel Johnson was p r o v o k e d to e x c l a i m , ' D o n ' t cant in defence o f
savages. '*     T h e cant then was in defence o f the Otaheitians, and in
praise chiefly o f their external condition and circumstances.                   N o w , it
is of the New Zealanders, and extols their moral                   qualities.    Never-
theless, it is p r o b a b l e t h e y were not quite so bad as believed formerly,
nor are quite as g o o d as thought          at present.       L e t us consider this a

      " A great external change in the native manners has indeed been
produced b y the missionaries, in those parts where they have carried
on their labours.        Cannibalism is there nearly e x t i n c t , or entirely
kept out of sight.          A n d warfare, o n c e so c o m m o n , is very m u c h less
frequent.      B y this, the colonization o f N e w Zealand has been r e n -
dered more feasible, and greatly accelerated.                 B u t whether or in what
degree this change is internal and influential upon the native character
is still a question,        Sudden conversions have always been                 regarded
by the wisest teachers o f religion with a suspicious e y e .                A n d among
savages these are more questionable than among the unconverted o f a
civilized race.         *         *      *
      " The N e w Zealanders' so-called taste for war is rather a desire
for revenge without risk, for surprise and murder than for danger and
contest.      Their    very     courage is questionable.            Opinions    on    this

                      * See Boswell's " L i f e of Johnson, " vol. iv.
102                                         APPENDIX.

point differ almost irreconciliably.             Dr     Dieffenbach says, ' the New
Zealander is no coward, ' & c . ;            M r Nicholas,      ' Native courage          they
possess in an eminent d e g r e e ; ' * M r C a m p b e l l ,     1
                                                                      T h e y are great c o w -
ards if they are aware y o u have fire-arms or other weapons of defence
a b o u t y o u ; ' f M r B i d w e l l , ' T h e y are such cowards that they would
never fight without some             such adventitious e x c i t e m e n t ; '       and the
R e v . M r Y a t e declares that       1
                                            to call them a brave people were a sad
mistake, unless a few instances of utter recklessness may be d e n o m i -
nated b r a v e r y . '   Again,    ' B u t however brave             they may have been
represented as a p e o p l e , they are the most arrant cowards, trembling
at their o w n shadows, and never venturing to attack e x c e p t greatly
superior in numbers or in arms and ammunition.                            They    have been
represented as brave, because noisy and f u r i o u s ; they have                         been
considered b o l d , because at times reckless and t h o u g h t l e s s : but their
general character o n l y requires to be k n o w n            to enable any one              to
distinguish the broad marks o f treachery and c o w a r d i c e which are
stamped upon it. ' §          T h e truth seems to b e , they are only b o l d when
under great excitement, and may then b e c o m e utterly reckless.                        The
boldness under            command o f the r e a s o n — t h e         cool courage,     which
even in E u r o p e b e l o n g s more to the northern than the                      southern
nations, they have nothing of.                This peculiarity is quite consistent
with the rest of their character.              T h e quickness o f intellectual per-
c e p t i o n — t h e flexibility o f manners—the openness to impressions, are
all, e q u a l l y with the want of hardy courage, and the taste for the
wildest cruelty, the result o f a soft temperament.                           They    are the
Italians o f the savage r a c e s — t h e very reverse o f the North American
Indians.         S o that the change from a state o f warfare to one o f peace
was n o t likely to c o s t themselves or their teachers a very                         violent
        " B u t it was not so easy to alter the character so as to p r o d u c e
this external conformity in manners and customs to new                               doctrines.
T h e moral tuition o f savages requires, in an especial degree, a profound
k n o w l e d g e o f human n a t u r e — a penetrating,              subtle, and     vigorous

        *   " Narrative, " page 308.
        f   " Present State, & c , of New Zealand, " page 2 9 .
        %   " R a m b l e s in New Zealand, " page 8 3 .
        §   " A c c o u n t of New Zealand, " pages 114, 128.
                                        APPENDIX.                                    103

intellect.     With uncultivated members of a civilized c o m m u n i t y , the
agency o f civilization, though they are u n c o n s c i o u s o f it, has d o n e
half the w o r k .     T h e fundamental moral truths are with them                          conventialism
jority o f those that have lived a m o n g , fight on the side o f the teacher
in the case o f the civilized savage, against him in that o f the u n c i v i -
lized.     T h e teacher himself has to d o in the case o f the latter what a
thousand external influences have d o n e in that o f the former.                   And
if the savage, usually so called, have great natural intelligence, though
this renders the task lighter to a teacher o f an e q u a l l y powerful,
cultivated mind, it renders it hopeless almost and insurmountable to
one o f duller natural powers and l o w cultivation.               F o r the g r o u n d s
of all morals must be argued and d e f e n d e d — t h e e x c e l l e n c e o f general
effects and l o n g results b e clearly shown to p r o v e         the excellence o f
 self-denying        individual   virtues.    A n d with n o e x a m p l e s   o f these
 effects to point t o , h o w difficult must b e this task ! "

         Hursthouse, in his " Britain o f the S o u t h , " thus describes their
moral c h a r a c t e r : —

         " B y superficial observers w h o have had o n l y         slight means o f
judging, the N e w Zealanders have been              b o t h overrated and u n d e r -
 rated.      The enthusiastic     1
                                      missionary-smitten' visitor has entered a
 picked village, and b o l d l y proclaimed them a n o b l e p e o p l e , equal t o
 the highest c a r e e r ; the ' anti-aborigines' visitor has entered           another
 village, and denounced them as greedy savages, fit o n l y for e x t i r p a -
 tion.     T h e g o o d qualities o f the Maori have, however, been far more
 overrated      than underrated.          Captivated b y his bravery, we have
 forgotten his f e r o c i t y ; charmed with his missionary conversion, w e
  have excused his mercenary c u n n i n g ; and dazzled with his aptitude
 for civilization, h a v e n o t cared to see his lingering inherent fondness
 for barbarism.         Towards him it has n o t been      1
                                                               nothing extenuate nor
 aught set down in malice, ' — b u t , ' b e to his virtues very k i n d , a n d to
 his failings very blind. '
         " In their present state o f semi-civilization          ( b u t assuming    that
 further civilization will educe more g o o d than bad qualities) I should
 call the Maori race artful, overreaching,            suspicious, and d e s i g n i n g ;
104                                      APPENDIX.

singularly mercenary* and u n g r a t e f u l ; and still somewhat passionate,
capricious, and revengeful.              B u t n o t dishonest, f generally merry and
g o o d - h u m o u r e d , high spirited, and ( t o each other) neither ungenerous
nor u n k i n d ; sensitive o f ridicule but fond o f a j o k e , inquisitive, and
so femininely communicative as to b e incapable o f k e e p i n g                even a
life secret. "
      M r F . A . Carrington, formerly Chief Surveyor o f the settlement
o f Taranaki, in a pamphlet o n " T h e L a n d Question o f Taranaki, "
remarks on the Maori c h a r a c t e r —
      " I n conclusion, let me draw y o u r public notice to the following
paragraphs, coinciding within m y own observations, taken from F e n -
ton's w o r k , published b y the Government in 1 8 5 9 , for the purpose o f
drawing ' attention to the state o f the native population, — e s p e c i a l l y
to its decrease in n u m b e r s , — w i t h a view to invite inquiry as to the
cause, and suggestions o f a remedy. '

      " M r H . Halse, late Assistant Native               Secretary at Taranaki,
w r i t e s — ' I am unable to report in any w a y favourably            o f the g o o d
condition o f the natives o f the N e w P l y m o u t h district. '
      " T h e R e v . C . H . Schnackenburg w r i t e s : — ' T h e greatest cause
o f decrease, I believe, is uncleanness, inwardly and o u t w a r d l y , in diet,
dress, and habitation, in b o d y and m i n d , in all their thoughts, w o r d s ,
and actions. '
      " M r Fenton s a y s : — ' T h e social        condition    o f the Maories is
inferior to what it was five years a g o .           Their houses are worse, their
cultivations more neglected, and their m o d e o f living n o t i m p r o v e d .
T h e mills in m a n y places have n o t run for some time, and the poverty
o f the p e o p l e generally is e x t r e m e . '

      " I t also appears " that, with the exception o f the debased social
habits which usually attend a l o w condition o f civilization, '               inquiry

    * I trust the reader will not think I relate the following anecdote as any proof
of the mercenary disposition of the R a c e — i t is merely an amusing individual instance
of the " no pay no work. " A gentleman, riding near A u c k l a n d , suffered his horse
to escape. A Maori approaching on the road caught the beast, and shouted out to
the pursuer to know how m u c h he would give him not to let it go again.
        I mean in the sense o f not being thieves or pilferers. Sovereigns might lie
about your floor, and the native would not steal o n e ; but if he could " d o " y o u in
any bargain, I think he generally would.
                                     APPENDIX.                                     105

has hitherto failed ( c o n c l u s i v e l y ) to account for the causes o f decrease
in numbers.

     " R a p i d l y and i g n o b l y are the Maories passing a w a y :                  uncleanness
think that an aboriginal population must perish, and a civilized c o m -
munity be made to suffer needless privations, through                  the avarice,
obstinacy, and ingratitude o f these unrelenting,             indolent, decaying
natives, when it is in the power o f G o v e r n m e n t , with little effort, to
rescue the one and to redress the other.

      " A t the very time that the Colonial Government are publishing
authenticated facts, showing the deplorable social condition                   o f the
aborigines, and while they are inviting suggestions to               r e m e d y these
evils, is it not surprising that her Majesty's          Principal    Secretary       of
State for the Colonies should be so little informed on these important
matters as to pen, on the 18th o f M a y last, to the G o v e r n o r          o f this
C o l o n y , the following w o r d s : — ' Native affairs, the administration o f
which has been, up to the present "time, considering the                   difficulties
and intricacies of the subject, crowned with a very remarkable success,
and is paving the way towards that complete civilization a n d c o n s o -
lidation o f the native race with the English colonists which her M a -
jesty's Government, not less than the local Government, desire to
see effected. ' "

      The remarks of the authors quoted g o far to p r o v e that the Maori
has not, to the present time, succeeded in passing the confines                     of
savage life, notwithstanding the romantic ideas that have been formed
to the contrary in E n g l a n d .
      A truthful parallel may be drawn between barbarism, in its c o n -
nection with the human species, and the picturesque in beauty o f
scenery.     In the latter case, some cottage ruins, rising with its dila-
pidated thatched roof, or, may b e , a rudely constructed pigstye, lends
perfection to the scene as viewed from the distance.                   But let us
approach, and the discomfort visible around at once dispels all the
charms given by mere position.           And so it is with barbarism.              To
sit b y a comfortable     fireside   and to speak of the grandeur o f the
primeval forests, with their babbling streams; reclining beneath the
shadows o f the luxuriant overhanging trees are the free children o f
IOC                                APPENDIX.

Nature, utterly regardless of the troubles and anxieties attached to
civilized life, governed only b y their own wills and inclinations, and
free as the bird of the mountain from all those superfluous                 conven-
tionalisms     considered    so necessary for the government o f                polite
society.     But on a close inspection o f the reality, on            finding      dirt,
filth, and excess of immorality, these ideas are soon wofully changed.

Computed amount of Property           destroyed during the War, with the
 relative amounts of Land held by the White and Maori Population.
      T h e amount o f property destroyed is computed b y the G o v e r n -
ment a t —

                                                            £         s.   d.
           Buildings                                     4 2 , 5 1 0 18     4
           Fences                                          3, 7 6 4   1     6
           Cattle, &c                                    3 5 , 732     7    6
           Crops, &c                                     41, 601      7 10

                    Total                             £ 1 2 3 , 608 15      2

      The number o f acres o f land owned b y               the English in the
Province o f Taranaki is 74, 0 0 0 , one-sixth o n l y o f which is clear and
open land, the remaining         five-sixths   being bush, through which no
p l o u g h could pass until the timber has not only been fallen, but the
stumps b y excessive labour also removed.
      N e w P l y m o u t h being a small farm settlement, where it is e x -
pected that a man will be enabled to obtain a living off his 50 acres.
T a k i n g the population to be between 2 , 500 and 2, 7 0 0 , there will be
of cleared land something considerably             short o f five acres to the
individual.         T h e bush being but little regarded b y the Maori, and
o n l y rendered of value to the white man b y a heavy expenditure of
capital and labour.
      T h e natives' land possessions in the Province, with a population
of 3 0 1 5 , is the large a m o u n t o f 2, 3 0 0 , 0 0 0 acres, giving above       762
acres to each individual, the greater portion of their lands being
clear and o p e n .     Similar proportions will be found             to h o l d    good
throughout the whole o f the Northern Island.
                                       APPENDIX.                                            107

     The following statistical notes relating to the Maories and their
territory is b y M r Charles H e a p h y : —
     " The area o f the Northern Island of New Zealand, the seat o f
If of the total Maori population, is about 29, 688, 4 8 0 a c r e s ; and o f
this area about 7, 0 6 4 , 6 6 0 are in the hands o f the British—while
22, 623, 320 acres remain to the n a t i v e s ; the latter, then, have an
extent o f land equal in area to three times that which they have
alienated.     The numbers o f each race, b y the last census, were, o f
Maories 53, 0 5 6 , and o f Europeans 4 2 , 4 2 0 .                  *       *         *      *
     "       *       *         The tribes that commenced and fed the rebel-
lion are all in possession of very extensive territories, and some with
but an insignificant fraction of their land alienated to the British.
     " The       Ngatiawa, Wiremu Kingi's                tribe, hold about 4 6 0 , 8 0 0
acres, with a population of 1, 4 6 6 souls.          Their country, which is very
fertile, extends from the Waitara river northward to M o k a u , a district
to which they returned in 1 8 4 8 , and on which the white people have
never shown any intention of encroaching. y                      *       *         *
     " The Taranaki and Ngatiruanui tribes were, b y the murder of
the unarmed settlers and boys, the               first     to c o m m e n c e    hostilities.
They were entirely unconnected with Kingi's land dispute, and had
no land grievance o f their o w n ; but for many years they had been
inimical to the settlers, and had openly discussed a plan for ' driving
the white people into the sea, ' and o c c u p y i n g their cultivations.
These tribes inhabit the fertile and almost plain country                        extending
southward from the N e w Plymouth settlement along about 97 miles
of coast, from the Hauranga stream to within a few miles o f Wanganui.
Their population is a b o u t 2, 0 4 9 ;    and, o f a territory which comprises
1, 236, 482 acres, they         have sold     152, 3 2 0 acres, J        leaving,          them
1, 084, 160, or rather more than 529 acres to each person.

       f The Ngatiawa     in this Province, who before the war resided at Waitara, the
immediate followers of    W i Kingi, do not number 300 souls. M r Heaphy must
include the Puketapus     and Huirangi natives, who, we are informed, properly speak-
ing, are not Ngatiawas.   —AUTHOR.
       I The Waitotara b l o c k , near Wanganui, the purchase of which is not yet
concluded, and which comprises a large portion of the land ceded b y the Ngatiruanui
and Ngarauru (the Waitotara tribe), is no doubt included in this statement.      The
only land yet sold b y the Taranaki tribe is the Tataraimaka block, comprising
12, 000 acres. — A U T H O R .

108                                        APPENDIX.

       " F e w tribes in N e w Zealand had less cause to fear the encroach-
ment o f the Pakeha than the Ngatimaniapoto at Kawhia.                          O u t of a ter-
ritory o f 9 5 0 , 0 0 0 acres, not more than 5 3 , 005 acres have been alienated,
leaving 9 0 0 , 395 acres, with a g o o d harbour and 50 miles o f coast, to
a Maori population o f 2, 585 persons.                  T h e fixed white population of
K a w h i a amounted, in 1 8 5 9 , to about 47 persons o n l y , and was n o t
fast increasing.           O f the three harbours lying in or abutting on the
Ngatimaniapoto c o u n t r y , M o k a u is entirely without alienated terri-
t o r y , and two o t h e r s — A o t e a and K a w h i a — h a v e but small missionary
and trading stations on their b a n k s ; yet the natives of these places
were the first to j o i n K i n g i ' s rebellion.         O n the adjacent harbour of
Whaingaroa, where half the land is E u r o p e a n , the natives, and their
chief William N a y l o r , are conspicuous for their l o y a l t y . "

A L P H A B E T I C A L        LIST       OF E U R O P E A N S E T T L E R S   RESIDENT    AT
       T A R A N A K I , N E W Z E A L A N D , WHOSE H O M E S T E A D S , & C , HAVE BEEN
       17TH MARCH,            1860,      A N D T H E 31ST     MARCH,      1861;    SHEWING

  Names o f                               Approximate distance from the nearest Military
                     Name of District.
   Settlers.                                Post by R o a d , and sundry other Remarks.

A d a m s E . . . . Henui            11/2miles from Town, and 1 mile from F. N . pa.
Allen T h o s . . . Omata                  do.                  do.        do.,   Poutoko
Andrews S . . . Grey Block           2 1/4 d o .   do.        and 21/4ms. from Omata Stkde
                    Bell B l o c k   2     do.     Bell Block Stockade.
Armstrong J . . Omata                1 1/2 d o .    Omata Stockade, and 3/4 mile from
                                                          Friendly Natives' pa, Poutoko.
Atkinson A . . .     Carrington Road 5     do.      Town.
Atkinson  II..              it       5 1/2 d o .      do. — D a i r y burned.
Atkinson W . .              ti       5 J do.          do.
Autridge C . .       Omata           2     do.      Omata Stockade, and 1 from Poutoko
Baldwin W . . .         «            31/               do.
                                     21/4d o .              do.
Bayley J a s . . .   Tataraimaka     7     do.      any Military Post.
Bayley T h o s . .                   1/2 d o .     C a m p . —Burned while troops were
                                                          striking camp for Town.
                     Blagdon         2     do.      Town, and 11/2from Omata Stockade.
                                                          Flour mill. \ mile from F. N. pa.
                          n          2     do.      d o . and H from Omata Stockade.
                                                         —Residence to mill.

                                 APPENDIX.                                         109

                               Approximate Distance from the nearest Military
          Name of District.
                                 Post by R o a d , and sundry other R e m a r k s .

          Blagdon             2 miles from Town, and 11/2from Omata Stockade.
                                                    — F a r m house and Premises.
1   1/2                             do.        d o . and11/2from Omata Stockade.
                                                    — H o u s e on road to Omata.
          Tataraimaka         1/2 do.          Tataraimaka C a m p . — B u r n e d while
                                                    troops were striking c a m p .
          Omata               2 1/2 d o .      Omata Stockade, & 11/2from Poutoko
          Carrington Road     1 1/2 d o .      T o w n — B u r n e d while flag of truce
                                                    was flying at Waitara.
          Omata               6     do.        Omata Stockade.
                              6     do.                do.
          Tataraimaka         7     do.        any Military Post.
          Omata               1     do.        Omata Stockade.
          Grey Block          2     do.       Town, and 11/2from Omata Stockade.
          Carrington Road     4     do.           "     and 3£ from N o . 6 blockhouse.
                                                          — S a w mills.
                              4     do.           " — F a r m House and premises.
          Omata               3     do.        Omata Stockade.
                              21/4d o .       Town, and 21/2from Omata Stockade.
                              2     do.        Omata Stockade.
                              23/4do.                 do.
          Bell Block          l 1/4 do.        Bell B l o c k Stockade. — B u r n e d in
                                                    broad daylight.
          Tataraimaka         7 do.           Tataraimaka C a m p .
          Omata               2 do.          Omata Stockade, and11/2from Poutoko
                              21/2do.          Omata Stockade.
          Moturoa             D o . do.              do.
          Henui               11/4do.          Town, and half a-mile from F. N. pa,
                                                 Henui. — B u r n e d in broad daylight.
      Man go rei               1    do.        Carrington Road Blockhouse.
      Omata                   21/2do.          Omata Stockade, and1/4from Poutoko
      Tataraimaka             D o . do.        from any Military post, 2 miles from
                                                    F. N . pa.
      Omata                   Within rifle range of Omata Stockade.
      Carrington Road         One mile and a-half from Town garrison, 3/4 mile
                                             from Town blockhouse.
      Omata                   3 miles from any Military Post.
      Mangorei                4     do.            do.
      Grey B l o c k          Two miles and a-half from Town.
      Tataraimaka             3 miles from any Military Post.
      Carrington Road         2     do.        Town Garrison.
      Omata                   2     do.                do.,          and one mile and a--
                                           half from Omata Stockade.
          Bell B l o c k      1     do.        Bell Block Stockade.
          Grey B l o c k      One mile and a-half from Town Garrison. — B u r n e d
                                          while flag of truce at Waitara.
          Town Belt           11/4miles from Town Garrison.
          Tataraimaka         4     do.       any Military Post.
          Henui               J     do.       Town Garrison,1/2mile from F . N . pa.
          Omata               One mile and a-half from Omata Stockade.
                              4 miles from any Military Post.
     110                                       APPENDIX.

       Names of                             Approximate Distance from the nearest Military
                        Name of District
        Settlers.                             Post by Road, and sundry other Remarks.

    Grayling, W . I,    Omata              3 miles from Omata Stockade, J mile from Poutoko
    Greaves F . . . .      a              4     do.         any Military Post, back in the bush.
    Greenwood R,                          7     do.                do.     — V e r y extensive premises
    Ginger G . . . .                      7     do.                do.
    Grey W                                2 1/4 do.        Omata Stockade.
    Gilbert T . . . .                     One mile and a-half from Omata Stockade.
    Grylls J                               I mile from do.
    Hamblyn       C        Waiwakaiho     1 mile from Bell Block Stockade, J from F. N . p a .
    Harris E               Grey Block     Two miles and a-half from Town Garrison.
    Harrison J . . .       Omata           % mile from Omata Stockade.
    Harrison T . . .                      T w o miles and a-half from Omata Stockade.
    Harrison W . .                         2 miles from do., and half a mile from Poutoko.
    Hetley M r s . .                      2     do         do., and half a mile from do.
    Hart R                                One mile and a-half from do., a n d ; mile from d o .
    H a y Jas             Tataraimaka     7.miles from any Military Post.
    Hawke J                Grey Block     Three miles and a-half from Town.
    Hawke J               Moturoa         2 miles from Town, i mile from F . N . ' p a , Moturoa
    Hempton T . . .        Grey Block          do.         do.
    Hirst T                Bell B l o c k       do.        Bell Block Stockade,
    Hoby G                                      do.                  do.
    Hollis E                                    do.                  do.
    Hoskin A . . . .                            (lo.                 do.
    Hoskin W . . .                             do.                   d o . Burned in broad daylight
    Hulke W . . . .                            do.                   do.
                                               do.                   do.
    Hurford J . . . . Omata               Two miles and a-half from any Military Post, 3/4
                                               mile from Friendly Natives' pa, Poutoko.
    Hurlstone W . Carrington Road 21/4miles from Town.
    Ibbotson T . . . Bell Block           One mile and a-half from Bell Block Stockade.
    Ibbotson T . . . Henui                1 mile from Town,1/2from F. N. pa, Waiwakaiho.
    Jupp G                Omata           2 miles from Omata Stockade, 1 mile from Poutoko
    Jury J                                One mile and a-half from do., half a mile from d o .
    Jury R                                           Do.                    do.,           do.
1                    1/4
    Jury M r s . . . .                        mile from do.
    Jones W                               21/4miles from do.
    King H                Carrington Road 1     do.        Blockhouse. — B u r n e d at daylight
                                                  while flag of truce was up at Waitara.
    King T h o s . . .                    2     do.        any Military Post.
    King W . C...                         11/2miles from Town. —Burned in broad daylight.
    King R                Omata           5 miles from any Military Post.
    King A                Henui           1    do.         Town.
    Kingdon C . . . Omata                 T w o miles and a-half from Omata Stockade.
    Kingdon Mrs.                          21/4miles from do.
    Langman R . .                         1 mile from T o w n .
    Law R                                 Half-a-mile from Omata Stockade.
    Leatham W . .                         5 miles from any Military Post.
    Lethbridge R . Carrington Road One mile and a-half from Town.
                                 ti       1 mile from do.,3/4mile from nearest Blockhouse.
    Lethbridge R .
    M c D o n a l d J . . Tataraimaka     % do.         C a m p . — B u r n e d in broad daylight,
                                                            while camp was moving.
                                             APPENDIX.                                          111

                                          Approximate Distance from the nearest Military
                     Name of District
                                            Post by Road, and Sundry other Remarks.

    McKechney           Henui             One mile and a-half from Town.
    Messenger W . Omata                   3 J miles from Omata Stockade,
    M c K e l l a r Mrs                   3/4 do.                  do. — B u r n e d in open daylight
                                          j mile from do. — W o o l warehouse, a distance from
                                          3 miles from any Military Post.
                     Fitzroy B l o c k    One mile and a-half from Town.
                     Omata                5 miles from any Military Post.
                     Carrington R o a d   2    do.         Town.
                     Omata                3/4 do.         Omata Stockade. Store & Bakehouse
                                          Half a mile from do. — F a r m occupied by M r Good.
                                          1 mile from do. — F a r m occupied by M r Handy,
                                          3/4 do.       do. —Cottage in Omata Village.
                                          3/4 do.        do.              do.
1                  3/4
                     Bell B l o c k           miles from Bell Block Stockade.
1                  3/4
                     Henui                     do.         Town.
                     Carrington Road      One mile and a-half from T o w n .
                     Mangorei             6 miles from any Military Post.
                     Tataraimaka          7    do.                   do.
                     Omata                2    do.        Omata Stockade,
                                          3/4 do.                  do.
                    Waiwakaiho            One mile and a-half from T o w n .
                    Grey Block            4 miles from T o w n . —Steam saw mill and residence
                    Tataraimaka           7    do.       any Military Post.
                    Carrington R o a d    2 1/4do.       Town.
                    Tataraimaka           7    do.       any Military Post.
                             (            7    do.               do.
                     Omata                1 ] do.        Omata Stockade.
                                          1    do.                do.
                                          7    do.       any Military Post.
                     Moturoa              One mile and a-half from Omata Stockade, half a
                                               mile from Friendly Natives' pa, Moturoa.
                    Omata                 1 mile from do, half a mile from do.
                    Tataraimaka           7 miles from any Military Post.
                    Grey Block            4    do.       Town.
                    Omata                 2    do.       Omata Stockade.
                    Carrington Road       6    do.       any Military Post.
                    Mangorei              3    do.                 do.
                    Grey Block            2    do.       Town.
                    Bell Block            3/4 do.        Bell Block Stockade. — 3 separate
                                                              houses burnt.
                     Grey Block           5    do.        Town.
                                          One mile and a-half from Town.
                                          5 miles from Town. — D a i r y burned, house standing,
                                                      doors and windows destroyed.
                     Henui                One mile and a-half from T o w n .
                       it                        Do.                       do.
                     Omata                23/4miles from Omata Stockade,
                       «                  3/4 do.         Omata Stockade. — P u b l i c house.
                     Fitzroy B l o c k    1    do.         Town.
    112                                  APPENDIX.

                                  Approximate Distance from the nearest Military
              Name of District.
                                    Post b y Road, and sundry other Remarks.

               Fitzroy Block      3 miles from Town.
               Omata                    do.       Omata Stockade,
               Bell Block               do.       Bell Block Stockade. — 2 houses
                                                       burned in open daylight,
                                        do.         do.                         do.
                                        do.         do.
               Grey Block               do.       Town,
               Henui                    do.        do.
               Grey B l o c k           do.        do.
                                  One mile and a-half from Town.
               Omata              2 miles from Omata Stockade,1/2mile from Poutoko
               Moturoa            1 mile from do.,                   do.         do.
               Grey Block         One mile and a-half from do.
               Mangorei           5 miles and a-half from any Military Post.
               Grey Block         4 miles from Town.
               Bell Block         1     do.     Bell Block Stockade.
                    ti            13/4   do.               do.
               Omata              5     do.     any Military Post.
               Henui              1     do.      Town.
               Omata              2 1/4 d o .   Omata Stockade.
                                  3     do.      Town. 1 mile from Omata Stockade.
                                  3 miles and a-half from any Military Post.
                                  2 miles from Omata Stockade, J mile from Poutoko
                Bell Block        3/4 mile from Bell Block Stockade.
2            1/2                      miles from do.
               Grey Block         4 miles and a-half from Town.
               Omata              2 miles and a-half from Omata Stockade.
                                  2 J miles from do.
                                  (i miles from any Military Post.


                                    THE     END.

          PRINTED   BY   G.   W. WOON, NEW   P L Y M O U T H , N E W ZEALAND".

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