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APPENDIX. BO Killed ami W o u n d e d during the Strife at T a r a n a k i of 1860-61. 40TH REGIMENT. KILLED AND MORTALLY W O U N D E D . —June 2 7 t h : Lieutenant B r o o k e ; Sergeant O'Callaghan; Corporals David V a h e y , Samuel McBurney, E d w a r d R y a n ; Privates William H i c k e y , T h o m a s D u m - pily, Patrick B r o d e r i c k , J. D o u g l a s , W a l t e r Scott, P a t r i c k Fagan, John Downs, Samuel A l r o y , W. F. Perry, James Gore, John W e b b e r , John Fillingham, W i l l i a m H a y e s , H . E . M a r t y n , T . B y r n e , J. A l l e n , A r c h . McCann, Peter M c C a b e , W i l l i a m Cliff, E d w a r d G. Harris, T . Gill, Geo. Marsden, W i l l i a m M a r k h a m , Francis R o b i n s o n , J. MacGuire. September 1 1 t h : Private R a m s a y . December 29th Private M . Lehane, J. Chinnery. January 23rd: L i e u t . Jackson Privates W . Gilbert, E . Gorrey. February 1 0 t h : Private J. L a w - rence. March 5th: Privates R . L a w s o n , T . W a t s o n , M . R o c h e , R . Jeffery. W O U N D E D . —June 2 7 t h : Privates J . Brian, severely, W . Bur- gess, d o . , C. Baker, d o . , J. Channing, d o . , J. H o g a n , d o . , M . H e a d , do., J. M c C a r t h y , d o . , J . M u r p h y , d a n g e r o u s l y , C . S m i t h , s e v e r e l y , J. Mitton, d o . , J. N e w m a n , dangerously, J. L y n c h , severely, J. L u c a s , dangerously, T h o s . L o g u e , severely, J. Smith, slightly, J. T o m n e y slightly, J. Fisher, severely, J. P l u n k e t , dangerously, P . O'Brien, slightly, A . F o r d , d o . , T , B u r k e , d o . August 9th: Private A . A , slightly. September 29th: Corporal T. O'Connor, severely; Pri- vates J. Nester, severely, R . Jones, d o . November 6th: Private R . McKay, slightly. December 29th: Sergeants P . Collins, severely, F. Maul, d a n g e r o u s l y : Privates B'. G r e e n w o o d , severely, R . F i t z - gerald, d o . , F. L u l w a n , d o . , J. M c B r e n , d o . , W. Caplice, d a n g e r - ously, J. Southwell, d o . , J . D a v y , slightly, J. A . F o x , d o . , J. Smith, dangerously, R . L y o n s , d o . Jan. 23rd, 1 8 6 1 : Privates J. M u l l i n s , slightly, T . Officer, d a n g e r o u s l y , H . W a k e f i e l d , severely, R . Mangan do. February 1 0 t h : Captain T . B. Richards, s l i g h t l y ; Private P. Cusack, severely. February 12th: Private H. Daffey, severely. February 26th: Corporal Franklin, slightly. March 4th: Privates G. Watton, severely, H. N u b o l e , d o . , A . M c M i l l a n , dangerously, C . APPENDIX. Spratt, severely. March 1 8 t h : Lieut. Rees, severely, Lieut. Whe 12TH REGIMENT. K I L L E D .—January 2 3 r d , 1 8 6 1 : Private E. Archer. 1 3 t h : Private Denis Manning, severely. W O U N D E D .— O c t o b e r December 2 9 t h : Private D . Leonard, severely. January 23rd, 1 8 6 1 : Captain Miller, slightly; Privates E. Crawfoot, severely, P. Cahill, do., E. Power, slightly. January 25th: Private W . Milson, severely. 14TH REGIMENT. WOUNDED.—March 15th and 1 6 t h : Private M. Lambert, se- verely, J. Dusket, slightly. 57TH REGIMENT. MORTALLY WOUNDED.— F e b . 27th, 1 8 6 1 : Private T. Brown. WOUNDED.—February 2 3 r d ; Private P. M. Hogan, severely. February 2 7 t h : Corporal R . Lewis, severely; Privates E. Durmett, severely, T . Heale, dangerously, Patrick T . Martin, slightly. 65TH REGIMENT. 17th, 1 8 6 0 ; Private K I L L E D AND M O R T A L L Y W O U N D E D . — M a r c h Corbett. November 6th: Privates McGivern, F. Rooney. January 16th, 1 8 6 1 : Private J. McKindry. January 2 3 r d : Corporal J. Howard. February 1 0 t h : Captain Strange; Private T. Munro. February 22nd: Sergeant T . Burnett. March 2nd: T. Hannah. W O U N D E D . — October 1 3 t h : Drummer Greaves. November 6th: Captain H . F. Turner, severely; Sergeant W . Knight, severely; Privates Bernard Boyhan, severely, Thomas Colman, do., Patrick Connolly, do., Dan. McBuerty, do., Cecil W . Ray, do., R. Whillow, do., George Wilmot, dangerously, Hugh Gibson, slightly. December 29th: P. F. Haggen, slightly, M. Kinsilla, severely, T . Weir, do. January 2 3 r d , 1 8 6 1 : Privates J. Robinson, severely, E. Smith, dangerously, F. Honnotton, severely. February 1 0 t h : Privates P. O'Heagen, slightly, W . Davis, severely. February 2 3 r d : Privates P. F. Bennett, slightly, J. Fumback, do., J. Glover, do. March i APPENDIX. 91 2 n d : Privates S. Fern, severely, L. Emerson, do., G. Hewitt, slightly, J. Taylor, do., J. Cartry, do. NAVAL BRIGADE. KILLED AND M O R T A L L Y W O U N D E D . —March 2 8 t h : Corporal Millard, R. M. December 2 9 t h : A. Broome, A. B. W O U N D E D . —March 2 8 t h : Lieut. Blake, severely; three sailors. June 27th: Commodore Seymour, severely; H. Jenkins, slightly, J. Freeman, do., G. Delbridge, severely, H. Baker, do., J. Belford, do., C. Churchill, do., W. Henford, do!, J. Mitchell, do.. J. Currie, do. September 1 1 t h : S. Jenkins, slightly. September 2 9 t h : W. Hundon, slightly, W. Henford, do.. February 8th: J. Fisher, dangerously, leg amputated. ROYAL ARTILLERY. KILLED AND M O R T A L L Y W O U N D E D . —June 27th: Gunner W . Weir. August 3rd: Gunner J. Gaffney. March 17th, 1 8 6 1 : Lieut. McNaughten. W O U N D E D . —June 2 7 t h : Gunners R . Rodgers, severely, W . West, do. September 1 1 t h : Gunner J. Sinclair, severely. December 2 9 t h : Gunners M. Smoker, severely, J. Wright, do. January 18th: Gunner H. Brett, severely. January 23rd: Gunner D . Bushnell, severely. February 1 0 t h : Gunners J. Green, slightly, A. Fradgley, dangerously. February 2 4 t h : Gunner J. Strood, severely. March 1 8 t h : Sergeant J. Christie, slightly; Gunner J. Tratford, severely. ROYAL ENGINEERS. K I L L E D . —January 23rd: Private G. Chubb. WOUNDED. —October 1 1 t h : Captain Pasley, severely; Sergeant Howatt, dangerously. December 2 9 t h : Private Thomas Johnson, slightly. January 1 6 t h : Private J. McKillop, slightly. March 3rd: Private G. Henwood, severely. MILITIA AND VOLUNTEERS. KILLED AND M O R T A L L Y W O U N D E D . —March 1 7 t h : J. Sarten. March 27th: S. Ford, II. Passmore, S. Shaw. March 2 8 t h : W. Fahey. May 2 6 t h : Captain R . Brown. June 2 9 t h : H. C. Harris. 92 APPENDIX. August 10th: R. Sarten. August 20th: E. Coad. August 23rd: J. Hurford, H. Crann. November 0th: H . Edgecombe, F. Brown. November 7th: J. Hawken. February 8th: Captain W. King. March 3 r d : E. Messenger. W O U N D E D . —March 28th: Lieut. Hammerton, severely; F, Rawson, dangerously, J. Hawken, severely, C. Messenger, sen., do., W . Bayly, do., W . Oliver, do., J. Climo, do. August 10th: W. Perry, severely. October 13th: G. Baker, slightly, J. Bishop, severely. November 6th: R . Langman, severely, J. Ward, slightly, W . Vercoe, do., Thos. Veale, do. January 18th, 1 8 6 1 : W. I. Grayling, slightly. February 10th: S. Rundle, severely. March 3rd: W . Smart, severely. S U M M A R Y OF K I L L E D A N D W O U N D E D . Regiment. Killed or died Wounded Totals. ° of wounds. 12th 1 7 8 14th 2 2 40th 40 56 96 57th :. 1 5 6 05th 8 28 36 Naval Brigade 2 16 18 Royal Artillery 3 12 15 Engineers 1 5 6 Militia and Volunteers 16 17 33 72 148 220 MAORI CASUALTIES. The return of Maori casualties annexed was kindly obtained by Mr G. W . Woon from various reliable sources. In many instances the numbers given in the body of the work will be found to differ, however—they were those currently reported at the time. The Maori's desire for keeping secret his casualties throws many difficulties in the way of ascertaining the truth. Maori List of Killed and W o u n d e d . Number Wounded NAMES of L E A D I N G CHIEFS that ENGAGEMENT. TRIBES. Killed. TOTAL. Engaged. have fallen. Waireka 600 17 25 42 Paori Kukutai, Paratene Te Kopara, Taranaki and Ngatiruanui. Taraia T e R u r u TakahiKare—Taranaki:T e R e i Hanataua, Whitik Iharaira—Ngatiruanui. Matiu T e Waero, W i Kingi's b r o t h e r ; Puketakauere 400 Waikatos and 6 8 14 Pahata T e W a r o , Hori T e Korupe—- Ngatiawas. Ngatiawa. Huirangi, Sept. 11th 100 Ngatiawa. 1 2 3 Te P o k a — N g a t i r u a n u i . Kaihihi 100 Taranaki. 1 1 2 Mahoetahi 150 Waikatos. 34 59 98 Te Wetini Taiporutu, Hemi Taiporutu, Te Paetae, M o k a u , T e Wharangi,Hakopa,Hemi Te Kairau and Matarikoriko 800 Waikatos and 7 5 12 Ahitana—Ngatiawa. N o . 3 Redoubt 1, 3 2 6 * Ngatiawas. 50 70 120 Paora T e Uata, Ratima Te Paewaka, Hare Turere, Hare Kimakima, Te Whikiriwhi, Te Retimana, Hori K a r e - wa, T e Poari Makere. T e Arei 2, 000 « 9 2 11 Wi R o p a t a , W i Kingi's b r o t h e r — N g a - tiawa: Hunia, Te W a k a — W a i k a t o . Skirmishes at different) Aperahama Wetoi, Ngatihaumia—Taranaki. l , 000 f Southerns. 7 6 ia places J * 456 only were engaged in the attack: large reserves were placed near Kairau, at Kotewaianaha, and on the left of Huirangi. f I t is stated that more than this number were encamped on Waireka H i l l and its vicinity during the operations at T e Arei. Note. — T h e above is a statement derived from native sources. — G . W. WOON. EM APPENDIX. Despatch to Governor Gore Browne, C. B., from the Duke of Newcastle, intimating his recall. To Governor GORE BROWNE, C. B . , &c, &c, &c. S I R , — I have perused with m u c h anxiety the intelligence r e - specting the progress o f the Native W a r which is contained in your despatches recently arrived. I cannot b u t perceive that, in spite o f some s y m p t o m s o f a desire on the part of the natives for the restoration o f peace, little effect has really been p r o d u c e d hitherto b y the military operations at Taranaki, and that, notwithstanding all the efforts o f yourself and y o u r advisers, the disaffection o f the Maories is e x t e n d i n g itself to those tribes whose a m i t y , or at least whose neutrality, has hitherto been hoped for, and is assuming a more organised form, and a more definite o b j e c t . I am far, indeed, from ascribing this u n t o w a r d course o f events to those w h o are responsible for the c o n d u c t o f affairs in N e w Zealand. O n the contrary, I recognise with pleasure the sound and impartial j u d g m e n t , the integrity, intelligence, and a n x i e t y for the p u b l i c g o o d , which have characterised y o u r g o v e r n m e n t o f the c o l o n y for nearly six years. T h e present c o n j u n c t u r e , h o w e v e r , renders it necessary for her M a j e s t y ' s G o v e r n m e n t to leave n o e x p e d i e n t untried which is calculated to arrest the course o f events now unhappily so u n p r o - mising, and at the same time to provide for the future difficulties which there is o n l y t o o much reason to anticipate, even if the war should h a p p i l y b e s o o n b r o u g h t to a c o n c l u s i o n . H a v i n g regard, therefore, to the peculiar qualifications and e x p e r i e n c e o f Sir G e o r g e G r e y , n o w governing the Cape o f Good H o p e , I have felt that I s h o u l d b e neglecting a chance o f averting a m o r e general and disastrous war, if I omitted to avail m y s e l f o f the remarkable authority which will attach to his name and character as Governor of New Zealand. I trust, therefore, that y o u will not feel it as a n y slight upon y o u r s e l f that I should have determined to place the G o v e r n m e n t of the islands in his hands at a m o m e n t when y o u r o w n term o f office has all b u t expired, and y o u w o u l d have n o opportunity of providing against those future difficulties to which I have referred. I hope that, in doing so, I shall not deprive the C r o w n for any l o n g period APPENDIX. of the advantage o f your services. 1 have communicated to Sir George Grey m y wish that, as the matter is one o f u r g e n c y , he should lose no time in proceeding t o N e w Zealand, for the purpose o f assuming the g o v e r n m e n t . My confidence in your p u b l i c spirit assures m e that, in transferring it to h i m , y o u will give him every assistance and information which is calculated to facilitate his dealings, whether with the local Govern- ment or with the friendly or hostile Maoris. I have o n l y to add that, in case y o u should b e disposed to accept another Australian G o v e r n - ment, it may be convenient that, instead o f repairing to this c o u n t r y , y o u should remain for a time at S y d n e y , until I am able to c o m m u - nicate with y o u more definitely u p o n that subject. I have, & c , Downing-street, 25th M a y , 1 8 6 1 . NEWCASTLE. Address to Governor Browne from Taranaki. T o His Excellency Colonel THOMAS GORE B R O W N E , Com- panion o f the M o s t Honourable Order o f the Bath, G o v e r n o r and C o m m a n d e r - i n - C h i e f in and over her M a j e s t y ' s C o l o n y o f New Zealand, and V i c e - A d m i r a l o f the same, & c , & c , & c . SIR, — W e , the undersigned inhabitants o f Taranaki, desire, u p o n your Excellency's approaching departure from N e w Z e a l a n d , t o express our appreciation of your administration of the G o v e r n m e n t o f the c o l o n y , and more especially o f the measures taken b y y o u r E x - cellency in connection with the natives o f this district. Although great suffering and loss to o u r c o m m u n i t y have r e - sulted from the hostilities which afterwards ensued in this P r o v i n c e , we cannot hesitate to express our conviction that the measures referred to were proper and necessary, and consistent with the rights and interests of both races. Compelled, as we had b e e n , for years to b e passive spectators o f the lawlessness o f the natives towards ourselves, and latterly of their o w n internecine feuds, we hailed with unqualified satisfaction the announcement o f your E x c e l l e n c y ' s determination t o put an end to so disastrous a state of affairs. That your Excellency's intentions were not more a b l y seconded we have had ample cause t o 96 APPENDIX. deplore, but we l o o k forward with confidence to the eventful success o f the p o l i c y with which y o u r E x c e l l e n c y ' s name will always be associated, believing that it is founded in strict justice, and that it will confer on b o t h races a degree o f prosperity and happiness that c o u l d n o t otherwise be attained. I n bidding y o u r E x c e l l e n c y farewell, and expressing a hope that health and happiness m a y attend y o u r E x c e l l e n c y in y o u r new c o m - m a n d , we w o u l d wish to associate the name of Mrs Gore B r o w n e . W e have the h o n o r , & c , Y o u r E x c e l l e n c y ' s obedient and faithful servants. ( S i g n e d b y nearly the whole of the male population. ) N e w P l y m o u t h , Taranaki, A u g u s t 2 6 , 1 8 6 1 . This Address elicited the following a n s w e r : — Government House, A u c k l a n d , September 30th, 1 8 6 1 . S I R , — I have the honor to a c k n o w l e d g e the receipt o f an Address signed b y almost all the male inhabitants of y o u r P r o v i n c e , and I b e g y o u to accept and c o n v e y to those who signed it m y most sincere thanks for this gratifying p r o o f o f their g o o d w i l l . I have always felt that the colonists o f Taranaki desired o n l y the suppression o f lawless violence and the permanent establishment o f law and o r d e r ; and b y their gallantry, and the patience with which they have endured suffering and l o s s , they have p r o v e d that they were and are willing to risk all men value most dearly in order to secure them. T h a t neither time nor suffering has altered their s e n - timents, or weakened their determination, is as honorable to them as it is gratifying to m e . I earnestly h o p e d to have seen the settlers o f Taranaki re-occupying fear o f interruption, and I l o o k e d forward to a not distant future when an increased prosperity (the result o f established order) would make them forget the past, and consider their exertions not ill requited. It is a subject o f very great regret to me that I am obliged to leave N e w Zealand without seeing the fulfilment of this e x p e c t a t i o n ; but I earnestly h o p e and believe that the time is n o t far distant when APPENDIX. 97 they will e n j o y the blessings o f permanent peace and prosperity, for which they have, and will always h a v e — m y earnest prayers and m o s t sincere wishes. I have, & c . , T. GORE BROWNE. His H o n o r the Superintendent, Taranaki. Address from Taranaki to Sir George Grey, K. C. B. T o His E x c e l l e n c y Sir GEORGE GREY, K. C. B., Knight, Commander o f the Most Honourable Order o f the Bath, Administrator o f the G o v e r n m e n t o f the C o l o n y of New Zealand and its Dependencies, & c , & c . S I R ,— W e , the undersigned inhabitants o f the P r o v i n c e o f T a r a - naki, desire, upon y o u r E x c e l l e n c y ' s return to N e w Z e a l a n d , t o express our respect for the high motives which have led y o u r E x c e l - lency to resume the g o v e r n m e n t o f the c o l o n y at the present critical period, and confidence that y o u r E x c e l l e n c y will be enabled to extricate the C o l o n y from i t ? difficulties. Your Excellency's desire for the improvement o f the Native race, and intimate k n o w l e d g e of its character, assure us that every effort will be made to bring a b o u t a peaceful solution of those difficulties; failing this, j our E x c e l l e n c y ' s known determination and energy gives us confidence that the Natives will be compelled to submit to her M a j e s t y ' s authority. Should, unhappily, war b e unavoidable, we b e g to assure y o u r Excellency that we shall continue to render the cordial support we afforded the Imperial Government, during the administration o f y o u r predecessor, in the effort to establish law and order. This pledge from us m a y be considered as of more weight since our losses and sufferings f r o m the war have already been heavier than those which usually fall to the lot of British subjects. A p a r t from the devastation o f our farms and homesteads b y the rebels, there are few o f us w h o have n o t to deplore the loss o f a relative or near c o n n e c t i o n b y the great mortality that has ensued therefrom. W e therefore l o o k to your Excellency with hope and confidence, under our calamities, that peace m a y b e established on such terms as shall ensure the permanent g o o d o f b o t h Oti APPENDIX. races. W e have, & c . T a r a n a k i , O c t o b e r 25th, 1 8 6 1 . Sir G . G r e y returned the following answer to the A d d r e s s : — Government House, A u c k l a n d , 2nd N o v e m b e r , 1 8 6 1 . G E N T L E M E N , — I thank y o u m o s t cordially for y o u r Address o f w e l c o m e , which M r J. C. R i c h m o n d has placed in m y hands. Y o u tell me that y o u l o o k to me with h o p e and confidence, under y o u r calamities, that peace m a y b e established on such terms as shall ensure the permanent g o o d o f b o t h races. I can o n l y reply that I am well aware of the noble patience with which y o u have borne those calamities, and o f the great exertions y o u have made to struggle against difficulties, and that I hope I m a y be strengthened to fulfil the h o p e s reposed in m e , which I should, under any circumstances, from a sense of d u t y , strive to d o ; b u t to b e an instrument in restoring to Taranaki prosperity and happiness would b e a peculiarly grateful and m o s t enviable task to m e , from a r e m e m - brance o f many h a p p y days I have passed in it, and from a sense o f strong personal regard to m a n y o f its inhabitants. G. GREY. T o the Gentlemen signing the Address from Taranaki. Feelings existing between the Native and European Populations. T h e Maories have b e c o m e dissatisfied with their connection with the British Government, n o t from any mutual unkindness or misun- derstandings that have ensued, b u t from the painful truth that has been so forcibly and gradually breaking upon them. They cannot close their eyes to the fact, that whilst the English are daily increasing in numbers and prosperity, they, on their part, are sinking into insig- nificance. Certain pseudo-philanthropists have o f late amused audiences in E n g l a n d b y relating, with exaggeration and wilful falsehood, tales o f the wickedness o f the white p o p u l a t i o n , and the exalted and almost perfect character o f the M a o r i . O n this subject Bishop S e l w y n , the APPENDIX. 99 great friend of the M a o r i , r e m a r k s : — " I must not be supposed to be speaking now of acts o f violence, injustice, or oppression, o f which Christian nations have been g u i l t y , as if such charges lay at the d o o r o f this c o l o n y . E x a g g e r a t e d state- ments drawn from other countries m a y have been applied to us as if we had been guilty o f the same evil deeds. I n defence o f the colonists of New Zealand, o f w h o m I am o n e , I say most distinctly and solemnly that I have never k n o w n , since the c o l o n y began, a single act of wilful injustice or oppression committed b y any one in authority against a New Zealander. I t m a y have been difficult to persuade some few individuals that the natives were entitled to equal rights with ourselves, b u t in practice their rights and liberties have been maintained inviolate, and the result is, that the N e w Zealanders, almost to a man, l o o k u p o n it as their highest privilege to b e united with ourselves in one faith and in one law. " Regarding the c o n d u c t of the G o v e r n o r in the late war, Chief Justice Arney, in his address to the Grand Jury at Taranaki, em- phatically stated that " n o wrong had been done the natives at the ( Waitara. " # In allusion to the subject o f force being requisite to teach the natives their position, M r C. W . R i c h m o n d , the Colonial Treasurer under the late Administration, in his masterly answer to Sir W. Martin's pamphlet, goes on to s a y — " There are n o politicians in N e w Z e a l a n d w h o maintain, as he (Sir William Martin) alleges, that the Natives can o n l y be g o v e r n e d by demonstrations o f physical force, and that justice in. our dealings with them m a y be dispensed with as a needless refinement. Sir William Martin m a y safely be challenged to m a k e g o o d his w o r d s . He may be challenged to adduce one single act, or declaration, of any man of standing in the C o l o n y , which w o u l d justify his i m p u t a - tions. No one can check the passions o f two such races as have met in New Zealand, can w h o l l y rely u p o n moral influence. Sir W i l l i a m Martin himself appears to stipulate for a moderate force. This is all which anyone has ever asked for. " None desire to place exclusive trust in force, b u t there are not a few who hold that without it our justice will never be believed i n ; 100 APPENDIX. that without it o u r moderation will continue to be mistaken b y the majority for w e a k n e s s ; that without it our ' plain promises' cannot b e ' plainly k e p t , ' that the weak will continue to b e the prey o f the strong, and those w h o are ready for friendly union be overborne b y a savage horde which forbids escape from the barbarism o f tribal l i f e ; that without force our p o l i c y cannot b e c o m e , what it should b e , 1 p e r f e c t l y open and friendly, and straightforward, ' b u t will remain timid and s h i f t y ; that we can never • deal with the Natives as our f e l l o w - s u b j e c t s , ' until they b e c o m e such, n o t in name o n l y , b u t in deed. " I f the h o p e o f such a consummation is n o t to be abandoned, the G o v e r n o r must b e enabled to maintain the just and safe position which he has assumed u p o n the Waitara question, and a mistaken enthusiasm must n o t b e suffered to compass the ruin o f the C o l o n y , and the ultimate destruction o f the Maori p e o p l e . T o have saved and civilized the Native R a c e , w o u l d deserve to be reckoned amongst the highest achievements of Christian civilization. Sir W i l l i a m Martin assumes that Success in this great work lies in our p o w e r . It m a y b e so- T h i s , at least, is certain, that success will require the exercise o f the active, as m u c h as o f the passive virtues, and that acquiescence in the anarchy o f a race which we have undertaken to g o v e r n , m a y b e as selfish, and almost as shameful as tyrrany itself. " Native Character, from various Authorities. T h e f o l l o w i n g is reprinted from the fourteenth R e p o r t o f the Directors o f the N e w Zealand C o m p a n y : — " 3. O f the character o f the natives o f N e w Zealand there has a l w a y s been m u c h misapprehension. I t has p r o b a b l y arisen in the p r o p e n s i t y o f mankind to run into extremes on all s u b j e c t s ; and to g o from one to the other with the greatest facility. 1 Dum vitant stulti vitia, in contraria currunt, ' and the opinion in E u r o p e o f these natives is a notable e x a m p l e o f it. T h e c o l d - b l o o d e d and wholesale massacres reported n o t b y English alone, b u t b y Frenchmen, D u t c h - m e n , and Spaniards, h a d made the w o r d s N e w Zealander and m u r - derer almost s y n o n y m o u s . A U resort to the islands for commercial purposes was nearly at an e n d ; the S o u t h Sea whalers renewed the intercourse and prepared the w a y for the missionaries. T h e other APPENDIX. 101 side o f the question was h e a r d ; and reason was given in some i n - stances for suspecting that outrages previously supposed to spring from purely wanton barbarity, had their origin o n l y in a thirst for sanguinary and indiscriminate revenge. This k n o w l e d g e and the natural efforts of missionaries to enhance the effects of their l a b o u r s b y making the most of the supposed change in the character o f the natives, and of land speculators o f all kinds to raise the value o f their purchases by removing the horror with which their character was regarded, have turned E u r o p e a n opinion quite round, and driven it into excess on the other side. S o that ' harmless' and 1 inoffensive' are the epithets most c o m m o n l y applied, in public documents e s p e - cially, to the once-abused natives. A n d any attempt to c h e c k this over-estimation is sure to be regarded with suspicion. There is a fashion in these m a t t e r s : and l o n g ago as 1 7 8 4 , the great and g o o d Samuel Johnson was p r o v o k e d to e x c l a i m , ' D o n ' t cant in defence o f savages. '* T h e cant then was in defence o f the Otaheitians, and in praise chiefly o f their external condition and circumstances. N o w , it is of the New Zealanders, and extols their moral qualities. Never- theless, it is p r o b a b l e t h e y were not quite so bad as believed formerly, nor are quite as g o o d as thought at present. L e t us consider this a little. " A great external change in the native manners has indeed been produced b y the missionaries, in those parts where they have carried on their labours. Cannibalism is there nearly e x t i n c t , or entirely kept out of sight. A n d warfare, o n c e so c o m m o n , is very m u c h less frequent. B y this, the colonization o f N e w Zealand has been r e n - dered more feasible, and greatly accelerated. B u t whether or in what degree this change is internal and influential upon the native character is still a question, Sudden conversions have always been regarded by the wisest teachers o f religion with a suspicious e y e . A n d among savages these are more questionable than among the unconverted o f a civilized race. * * * " The N e w Zealanders' so-called taste for war is rather a desire for revenge without risk, for surprise and murder than for danger and contest. Their very courage is questionable. Opinions on this * See Boswell's " L i f e of Johnson, " vol. iv. 102 APPENDIX. point differ almost irreconciliably. Dr Dieffenbach says, ' the New Zealander is no coward, ' & c . ; M r Nicholas, ' Native courage they possess in an eminent d e g r e e ; ' * M r C a m p b e l l , 1 T h e y are great c o w - ards if they are aware y o u have fire-arms or other weapons of defence a b o u t y o u ; ' f M r B i d w e l l , ' T h e y are such cowards that they would never fight without some such adventitious e x c i t e m e n t ; ' and the R e v . M r Y a t e declares that 1 to call them a brave people were a sad mistake, unless a few instances of utter recklessness may be d e n o m i - nated b r a v e r y . ' Again, ' B u t however brave they may have been represented as a p e o p l e , they are the most arrant cowards, trembling at their o w n shadows, and never venturing to attack e x c e p t greatly superior in numbers or in arms and ammunition. They have been represented as brave, because noisy and f u r i o u s ; they have been considered b o l d , because at times reckless and t h o u g h t l e s s : but their general character o n l y requires to be k n o w n to enable any one to distinguish the broad marks o f treachery and c o w a r d i c e which are stamped upon it. ' § T h e truth seems to b e , they are only b o l d when under great excitement, and may then b e c o m e utterly reckless. The boldness under command o f the r e a s o n — t h e cool courage, which even in E u r o p e b e l o n g s more to the northern than the southern nations, they have nothing of. This peculiarity is quite consistent with the rest of their character. T h e quickness o f intellectual per- c e p t i o n — t h e flexibility o f manners—the openness to impressions, are all, e q u a l l y with the want of hardy courage, and the taste for the wildest cruelty, the result o f a soft temperament. They are the Italians o f the savage r a c e s — t h e very reverse o f the North American Indians. S o that the change from a state o f warfare to one o f peace was n o t likely to c o s t themselves or their teachers a very violent struggle. " B u t it was not so easy to alter the character so as to p r o d u c e this external conformity in manners and customs to new doctrines. T h e moral tuition o f savages requires, in an especial degree, a profound k n o w l e d g e o f human n a t u r e — a penetrating, subtle, and vigorous * " Narrative, " page 308. f " Present State, & c , of New Zealand, " page 2 9 . % " R a m b l e s in New Zealand, " page 8 3 . § " A c c o u n t of New Zealand, " pages 114, 128. APPENDIX. 103 intellect. With uncultivated members of a civilized c o m m u n i t y , the agency o f civilization, though they are u n c o n s c i o u s o f it, has d o n e half the w o r k . T h e fundamental moral truths are with them conventialism jority o f those that have lived a m o n g , fight on the side o f the teacher in the case o f the civilized savage, against him in that o f the u n c i v i - lized. T h e teacher himself has to d o in the case o f the latter what a thousand external influences have d o n e in that o f the former. And if the savage, usually so called, have great natural intelligence, though this renders the task lighter to a teacher o f an e q u a l l y powerful, cultivated mind, it renders it hopeless almost and insurmountable to one o f duller natural powers and l o w cultivation. F o r the g r o u n d s of all morals must be argued and d e f e n d e d — t h e e x c e l l e n c e o f general effects and l o n g results b e clearly shown to p r o v e the excellence o f self-denying individual virtues. A n d with n o e x a m p l e s o f these effects to point t o , h o w difficult must b e this task ! " Hursthouse, in his " Britain o f the S o u t h , " thus describes their moral c h a r a c t e r : — " B y superficial observers w h o have had o n l y slight means o f judging, the N e w Zealanders have been b o t h overrated and u n d e r - rated. The enthusiastic 1 missionary-smitten' visitor has entered a picked village, and b o l d l y proclaimed them a n o b l e p e o p l e , equal t o the highest c a r e e r ; the ' anti-aborigines' visitor has entered another village, and denounced them as greedy savages, fit o n l y for e x t i r p a - tion. T h e g o o d qualities o f the Maori have, however, been far more overrated than underrated. Captivated b y his bravery, we have forgotten his f e r o c i t y ; charmed with his missionary conversion, w e have excused his mercenary c u n n i n g ; and dazzled with his aptitude for civilization, h a v e n o t cared to see his lingering inherent fondness for barbarism. Towards him it has n o t been 1 nothing extenuate nor aught set down in malice, ' — b u t , ' b e to his virtues very k i n d , a n d to his failings very blind. ' " In their present state o f semi-civilization ( b u t assuming that further civilization will educe more g o o d than bad qualities) I should call the Maori race artful, overreaching, suspicious, and d e s i g n i n g ; 104 APPENDIX. singularly mercenary* and u n g r a t e f u l ; and still somewhat passionate, capricious, and revengeful. B u t n o t dishonest, f generally merry and g o o d - h u m o u r e d , high spirited, and ( t o each other) neither ungenerous nor u n k i n d ; sensitive o f ridicule but fond o f a j o k e , inquisitive, and so femininely communicative as to b e incapable o f k e e p i n g even a life secret. " M r F . A . Carrington, formerly Chief Surveyor o f the settlement o f Taranaki, in a pamphlet o n " T h e L a n d Question o f Taranaki, " remarks on the Maori c h a r a c t e r — " I n conclusion, let me draw y o u r public notice to the following paragraphs, coinciding within m y own observations, taken from F e n - ton's w o r k , published b y the Government in 1 8 5 9 , for the purpose o f drawing ' attention to the state o f the native population, — e s p e c i a l l y to its decrease in n u m b e r s , — w i t h a view to invite inquiry as to the cause, and suggestions o f a remedy. ' " M r H . Halse, late Assistant Native Secretary at Taranaki, w r i t e s — ' I am unable to report in any w a y favourably o f the g o o d condition o f the natives o f the N e w P l y m o u t h district. ' " T h e R e v . C . H . Schnackenburg w r i t e s : — ' T h e greatest cause o f decrease, I believe, is uncleanness, inwardly and o u t w a r d l y , in diet, dress, and habitation, in b o d y and m i n d , in all their thoughts, w o r d s , and actions. ' " M r Fenton s a y s : — ' T h e social condition o f the Maories is inferior to what it was five years a g o . Their houses are worse, their cultivations more neglected, and their m o d e o f living n o t i m p r o v e d . T h e mills in m a n y places have n o t run for some time, and the poverty o f the p e o p l e generally is e x t r e m e . ' " I t also appears " that, with the exception o f the debased social habits which usually attend a l o w condition o f civilization, ' inquiry * I trust the reader will not think I relate the following anecdote as any proof of the mercenary disposition of the R a c e — i t is merely an amusing individual instance of the " no pay no work. " A gentleman, riding near A u c k l a n d , suffered his horse to escape. A Maori approaching on the road caught the beast, and shouted out to the pursuer to know how m u c h he would give him not to let it go again. I mean in the sense o f not being thieves or pilferers. Sovereigns might lie about your floor, and the native would not steal o n e ; but if he could " d o " y o u in any bargain, I think he generally would. APPENDIX. 105 has hitherto failed ( c o n c l u s i v e l y ) to account for the causes o f decrease in numbers. " R a p i d l y and i g n o b l y are the Maories passing a w a y : uncleanness think that an aboriginal population must perish, and a civilized c o m - munity be made to suffer needless privations, through the avarice, obstinacy, and ingratitude o f these unrelenting, indolent, decaying natives, when it is in the power o f G o v e r n m e n t , with little effort, to rescue the one and to redress the other. " A t the very time that the Colonial Government are publishing authenticated facts, showing the deplorable social condition o f the aborigines, and while they are inviting suggestions to r e m e d y these evils, is it not surprising that her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Colonies should be so little informed on these important matters as to pen, on the 18th o f M a y last, to the G o v e r n o r o f this C o l o n y , the following w o r d s : — ' Native affairs, the administration o f which has been, up to the present "time, considering the difficulties and intricacies of the subject, crowned with a very remarkable success, and is paving the way towards that complete civilization a n d c o n s o - lidation o f the native race with the English colonists which her M a - jesty's Government, not less than the local Government, desire to see effected. ' " The remarks of the authors quoted g o far to p r o v e that the Maori has not, to the present time, succeeded in passing the confines of savage life, notwithstanding the romantic ideas that have been formed to the contrary in E n g l a n d . A truthful parallel may be drawn between barbarism, in its c o n - nection with the human species, and the picturesque in beauty o f scenery. In the latter case, some cottage ruins, rising with its dila- pidated thatched roof, or, may b e , a rudely constructed pigstye, lends perfection to the scene as viewed from the distance. But let us approach, and the discomfort visible around at once dispels all the charms given by mere position. And so it is with barbarism. To sit b y a comfortable fireside and to speak of the grandeur o f the primeval forests, with their babbling streams; reclining beneath the shadows o f the luxuriant overhanging trees are the free children o f IOC APPENDIX. Nature, utterly regardless of the troubles and anxieties attached to civilized life, governed only b y their own wills and inclinations, and free as the bird of the mountain from all those superfluous conven- tionalisms considered so necessary for the government o f polite society. But on a close inspection o f the reality, on finding dirt, filth, and excess of immorality, these ideas are soon wofully changed. Computed amount of Property destroyed during the War, with the relative amounts of Land held by the White and Maori Population. T h e amount o f property destroyed is computed b y the G o v e r n - ment a t — £ s. d. Buildings 4 2 , 5 1 0 18 4 Fences 3, 7 6 4 1 6 Cattle, &c 3 5 , 732 7 6 Crops, &c 41, 601 7 10 Total £ 1 2 3 , 608 15 2 The number o f acres o f land owned b y the English in the Province o f Taranaki is 74, 0 0 0 , one-sixth o n l y o f which is clear and open land, the remaining five-sixths being bush, through which no p l o u g h could pass until the timber has not only been fallen, but the stumps b y excessive labour also removed. N e w P l y m o u t h being a small farm settlement, where it is e x - pected that a man will be enabled to obtain a living off his 50 acres. T a k i n g the population to be between 2 , 500 and 2, 7 0 0 , there will be of cleared land something considerably short o f five acres to the individual. T h e bush being but little regarded b y the Maori, and o n l y rendered of value to the white man b y a heavy expenditure of capital and labour. T h e natives' land possessions in the Province, with a population of 3 0 1 5 , is the large a m o u n t o f 2, 3 0 0 , 0 0 0 acres, giving above 762 acres to each individual, the greater portion of their lands being clear and o p e n . Similar proportions will be found to h o l d good throughout the whole o f the Northern Island. APPENDIX. 107 The following statistical notes relating to the Maories and their territory is b y M r Charles H e a p h y : — " The area o f the Northern Island of New Zealand, the seat o f If of the total Maori population, is about 29, 688, 4 8 0 a c r e s ; and o f this area about 7, 0 6 4 , 6 6 0 are in the hands o f the British—while 22, 623, 320 acres remain to the n a t i v e s ; the latter, then, have an extent o f land equal in area to three times that which they have alienated. The numbers o f each race, b y the last census, were, o f Maories 53, 0 5 6 , and o f Europeans 4 2 , 4 2 0 . * * * * " * * The tribes that commenced and fed the rebel- lion are all in possession of very extensive territories, and some with but an insignificant fraction of their land alienated to the British. " The Ngatiawa, Wiremu Kingi's tribe, hold about 4 6 0 , 8 0 0 acres, with a population of 1, 4 6 6 souls. Their country, which is very fertile, extends from the Waitara river northward to M o k a u , a district to which they returned in 1 8 4 8 , and on which the white people have never shown any intention of encroaching. y * * * " The Taranaki and Ngatiruanui tribes were, b y the murder of the unarmed settlers and boys, the first to c o m m e n c e hostilities. They were entirely unconnected with Kingi's land dispute, and had no land grievance o f their o w n ; but for many years they had been inimical to the settlers, and had openly discussed a plan for ' driving the white people into the sea, ' and o c c u p y i n g their cultivations. These tribes inhabit the fertile and almost plain country extending southward from the N e w Plymouth settlement along about 97 miles of coast, from the Hauranga stream to within a few miles o f Wanganui. Their population is a b o u t 2, 0 4 9 ; and, o f a territory which comprises 1, 236, 482 acres, they have sold 152, 3 2 0 acres, J leaving, them 1, 084, 160, or rather more than 529 acres to each person. f The Ngatiawa in this Province, who before the war resided at Waitara, the immediate followers of W i Kingi, do not number 300 souls. M r Heaphy must include the Puketapus and Huirangi natives, who, we are informed, properly speak- ing, are not Ngatiawas. —AUTHOR. I The Waitotara b l o c k , near Wanganui, the purchase of which is not yet concluded, and which comprises a large portion of the land ceded b y the Ngatiruanui and Ngarauru (the Waitotara tribe), is no doubt included in this statement. The only land yet sold b y the Taranaki tribe is the Tataraimaka block, comprising 12, 000 acres. — A U T H O R . * 108 APPENDIX. " F e w tribes in N e w Zealand had less cause to fear the encroach- ment o f the Pakeha than the Ngatimaniapoto at Kawhia. O u t of a ter- ritory o f 9 5 0 , 0 0 0 acres, not more than 5 3 , 005 acres have been alienated, leaving 9 0 0 , 395 acres, with a g o o d harbour and 50 miles o f coast, to a Maori population o f 2, 585 persons. T h e fixed white population of K a w h i a amounted, in 1 8 5 9 , to about 47 persons o n l y , and was n o t fast increasing. O f the three harbours lying in or abutting on the Ngatimaniapoto c o u n t r y , M o k a u is entirely without alienated terri- t o r y , and two o t h e r s — A o t e a and K a w h i a — h a v e but small missionary and trading stations on their b a n k s ; yet the natives of these places were the first to j o i n K i n g i ' s rebellion. O n the adjacent harbour of Whaingaroa, where half the land is E u r o p e a n , the natives, and their chief William N a y l o r , are conspicuous for their l o y a l t y . " A L P H A B E T I C A L LIST OF E U R O P E A N S E T T L E R S RESIDENT AT T A R A N A K I , N E W Z E A L A N D , WHOSE H O M E S T E A D S , & C , HAVE BEEN BURNED BY T H E REBEL M A O R I E S , B E T W E E N THE PERIODS OF THE 17TH MARCH, 1860, A N D T H E 31ST MARCH, 1861; SHEWING THE APPROXIMATE DISTANCE OF EACH H O M E S T E A D FROM THE NEAREST M I L I T A R Y POST OR G A R R I S O N . Names o f Approximate distance from the nearest Military Name of District. Settlers. Post by R o a d , and sundry other Remarks. A d a m s E . . . . Henui 11/2miles from Town, and 1 mile from F. N . pa. Allen T h o s . . . Omata do. do. do., Poutoko Andrews S . . . Grey Block 2 1/4 d o . do. and 21/4ms. from Omata Stkde Bell B l o c k 2 do. Bell Block Stockade. Armstrong J . . Omata 1 1/2 d o . Omata Stockade, and 3/4 mile from Friendly Natives' pa, Poutoko. Atkinson A . . . Carrington Road 5 do. Town. Atkinson II.. it 5 1/2 d o . do. — D a i r y burned. Atkinson W . . ti 5 J do. do. Autridge C . . Omata 2 do. Omata Stockade, and 1 from Poutoko Baldwin W . . . « 31/2.do. do. ti 21/4d o . do. Bayley J a s . . . Tataraimaka 7 do. any Military Post. Bayley T h o s . . 1/2 d o . C a m p . —Burned while troops were striking camp for Town. Blagdon 2 do. Town, and 11/2from Omata Stockade. Flour mill. \ mile from F. N. pa. n 2 do. d o . and H from Omata Stockade. —Residence to mill. • APPENDIX. 109 Approximate Distance from the nearest Military Name of District. Post by R o a d , and sundry other R e m a r k s . Blagdon 2 miles from Town, and 11/2from Omata Stockade. — F a r m house and Premises. 1 1/2 do. d o . and11/2from Omata Stockade. — H o u s e on road to Omata. Tataraimaka 1/2 do. Tataraimaka C a m p . — B u r n e d while troops were striking c a m p . Omata 2 1/2 d o . Omata Stockade, & 11/2from Poutoko Carrington Road 1 1/2 d o . T o w n — B u r n e d while flag of truce was flying at Waitara. Omata 6 do. Omata Stockade. 6 do. do. Tataraimaka 7 do. any Military Post. Omata 1 do. Omata Stockade. Grey Block 2 do. Town, and 11/2from Omata Stockade. Carrington Road 4 do. " and 3£ from N o . 6 blockhouse. — S a w mills. 4 do. " — F a r m House and premises. Omata 3 do. Omata Stockade. 21/4d o . Town, and 21/2from Omata Stockade. 2 do. Omata Stockade. 23/4do. do. Bell Block l 1/4 do. Bell B l o c k Stockade. — B u r n e d in broad daylight. Tataraimaka 7 do. Tataraimaka C a m p . Omata 2 do. Omata Stockade, and11/2from Poutoko 21/2do. Omata Stockade. Moturoa D o . do. do. Henui 11/4do. Town, and half a-mile from F. N. pa, Henui. — B u r n e d in broad daylight. Man go rei 1 do. Carrington Road Blockhouse. Omata 21/2do. Omata Stockade, and1/4from Poutoko Tataraimaka D o . do. from any Military post, 2 miles from F. N . pa. Omata Within rifle range of Omata Stockade. Carrington Road One mile and a-half from Town garrison, 3/4 mile from Town blockhouse. Omata 3 miles from any Military Post. Mangorei 4 do. do. Grey B l o c k Two miles and a-half from Town. Tataraimaka 3 miles from any Military Post. Carrington Road 2 do. Town Garrison. Omata 2 do. do., and one mile and a-- half from Omata Stockade. Bell B l o c k 1 do. Bell Block Stockade. Grey B l o c k One mile and a-half from Town Garrison. — B u r n e d while flag of truce at Waitara. Town Belt 11/4miles from Town Garrison. Tataraimaka 4 do. any Military Post. Henui J do. Town Garrison,1/2mile from F . N . pa. Omata One mile and a-half from Omata Stockade. 4 miles from any Military Post. 110 APPENDIX. Names of Approximate Distance from the nearest Military Name of District Settlers. Post by Road, and sundry other Remarks. Grayling, W . I, Omata 3 miles from Omata Stockade, J mile from Poutoko Greaves F . . . . a 4 do. any Military Post, back in the bush. Greenwood R, 7 do. do. — V e r y extensive premises Tataraimaka Ginger G . . . . 7 do. do. Grey W 2 1/4 do. Omata Stockade. Omata Gilbert T . . . . One mile and a-half from Omata Stockade. Grylls J I mile from do. Hamblyn C Waiwakaiho 1 mile from Bell Block Stockade, J from F. N . p a . Harris E Grey Block Two miles and a-half from Town Garrison. Harrison J . . . Omata % mile from Omata Stockade. Harrison T . . . T w o miles and a-half from Omata Stockade. Harrison W . . 2 miles from do., and half a mile from Poutoko. Hetley M r s . . 2 do do., and half a mile from do. Hart R One mile and a-half from do., a n d ; mile from d o . H a y Jas Tataraimaka 7.miles from any Military Post. Hawke J Grey Block Three miles and a-half from Town. Hawke J Moturoa 2 miles from Town, i mile from F . N . ' p a , Moturoa Hempton T . . . Grey Block do. do. Hirst T Bell B l o c k do. Bell Block Stockade, Hoby G do. do. Hollis E do. do. Hoskin A . . . . (lo. do. Hoskin W . . . do. d o . Burned in broad daylight Hulke W . . . . do. do. do. do. Hurford J . . . . Omata Two miles and a-half from any Military Post, 3/4 mile from Friendly Natives' pa, Poutoko. Hurlstone W . Carrington Road 21/4miles from Town. Ibbotson T . . . Bell Block One mile and a-half from Bell Block Stockade. Ibbotson T . . . Henui 1 mile from Town,1/2from F. N. pa, Waiwakaiho. Jupp G Omata 2 miles from Omata Stockade, 1 mile from Poutoko Jury J One mile and a-half from do., half a mile from d o . Jury R Do. do., do. 1 1/4 Jury M r s . . . . mile from do. Jones W 21/4miles from do. King H Carrington Road 1 do. Blockhouse. — B u r n e d at daylight while flag of truce was up at Waitara. King T h o s . . . 2 do. any Military Post. King W . C... 11/2miles from Town. —Burned in broad daylight. King R Omata 5 miles from any Military Post. King A Henui 1 do. Town. Kingdon C . . . Omata T w o miles and a-half from Omata Stockade. Kingdon Mrs. 21/4miles from do. Langman R . . 1 mile from T o w n . Law R Half-a-mile from Omata Stockade. Leatham W . . 5 miles from any Military Post. Lethbridge R . Carrington Road One mile and a-half from Town. ti 1 mile from do.,3/4mile from nearest Blockhouse. Lethbridge R . M c D o n a l d J . . Tataraimaka % do. C a m p . — B u r n e d in broad daylight, while camp was moving. APPENDIX. 111 Approximate Distance from the nearest Military Name of District Post by Road, and Sundry other Remarks. McKechney Henui One mile and a-half from Town. Messenger W . Omata 3 J miles from Omata Stockade, M c K e l l a r Mrs 3/4 do. do. — B u r n e d in open daylight j mile from do. — W o o l warehouse, a distance from house. 3 miles from any Military Post. Fitzroy B l o c k One mile and a-half from Town. Omata 5 miles from any Military Post. Carrington R o a d 2 do. Town. Omata 3/4 do. Omata Stockade. Store & Bakehouse Half a mile from do. — F a r m occupied by M r Good. 1 mile from do. — F a r m occupied by M r Handy, 3/4 do. do. —Cottage in Omata Village. 3/4 do. do. do. 1 3/4 Bell B l o c k miles from Bell Block Stockade. 1 3/4 Henui do. Town. Carrington Road One mile and a-half from T o w n . Mangorei 6 miles from any Military Post. Tataraimaka 7 do. do. Omata 2 do. Omata Stockade, 3/4 do. do. Waiwakaiho One mile and a-half from T o w n . Grey Block 4 miles from T o w n . —Steam saw mill and residence Tataraimaka 7 do. any Military Post. Carrington R o a d 2 1/4do. Town. Tataraimaka 7 do. any Military Post. C ( 7 do. do. Omata 1 ] do. Omata Stockade. 1 do. do. u 7 do. any Military Post. Tataraimaka Moturoa One mile and a-half from Omata Stockade, half a mile from Friendly Natives' pa, Moturoa. Omata 1 mile from do, half a mile from do. Tataraimaka 7 miles from any Military Post. Grey Block 4 do. Town. Omata 2 do. Omata Stockade. Carrington Road 6 do. any Military Post. Mangorei 3 do. do. Grey Block 2 do. Town. Bell Block 3/4 do. Bell Block Stockade. — 3 separate houses burnt. Grey Block 5 do. Town. One mile and a-half from Town. 5 miles from Town. — D a i r y burned, house standing, doors and windows destroyed. Henui One mile and a-half from T o w n . it Do. do. Omata 23/4miles from Omata Stockade, « 3/4 do. Omata Stockade. — P u b l i c house. Fitzroy B l o c k 1 do. Town. 112 APPENDIX. Approximate Distance from the nearest Military Name of District. Post b y Road, and sundry other Remarks. Fitzroy Block 3 miles from Town. Omata do. Omata Stockade, Bell Block do. Bell Block Stockade. — 2 houses burned in open daylight, do. do. do. do. do. Grey Block do. Town, Henui do. do. Grey B l o c k do. do. it One mile and a-half from Town. Omata 2 miles from Omata Stockade,1/2mile from Poutoko Moturoa 1 mile from do., do. do. Grey Block One mile and a-half from do. Mangorei 5 miles and a-half from any Military Post. Grey Block 4 miles from Town. Bell Block 1 do. Bell Block Stockade. ti 13/4 do. do. Omata 5 do. any Military Post. Henui 1 do. Town. Omata 2 1/4 d o . Omata Stockade. 3 do. Town. 1 mile from Omata Stockade. 3 miles and a-half from any Military Post. 2 miles from Omata Stockade, J mile from Poutoko Bell Block 3/4 mile from Bell Block Stockade. 2 1/2 miles from do. Do. Grey Block 4 miles and a-half from Town. Omata 2 miles and a-half from Omata Stockade. 2 J miles from do. (i miles from any Military Post. I THE END. PRINTED BY G. W. WOON, NEW P L Y M O U T H , N E W ZEALAND".
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