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VIEWS: 116 PAGES: 32

									The Official
Newsletter of the

Society for
Personality and
Social Psychology

    Volume 25, No. 2                                                               Fall 2010
       Fall, 2010                                                   Co-Editors: Diane Quinn & Hart Blanton

Inside the Current                           Come on Down to Texas in January!
Committee                        The 12th annual SPSP conference will be held in San Antonio, Texas on January
Reports:                         27-30, 2011 at the Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center. San Antonio is typi-
                                 cally “sunny and 60s” in late January, which should make strolling on the River-
Convention            1, 3
                                 walk a delight. Indoor promises to be even more pleasurable, as we have an out-
Diversity & Climate   24         standing lineup of activities and events on the conference agenda.
Training              1,2
                                 As usual, pre-conferences will be held during the day on Thursday (January 27).
Publication           5          The actual conference activities commence that evening with the Presidential
APA                   13, 16     symposium, a welcome reception, and the first poster session. The Presidential
Graduate Student      18, 19     symposium is entitled “2020: Visions for the next decade of social and personal-
Executive             11, 31
                                 ity psychology“ and will feature talks by Susan Fiske, David Funder, and Jona-
                                 than Haidt.
Interview with        6,7,9,
Janet Swim            10, 11
                                 Friday and Saturday (January 28-29) bring full days packed with symposia,
Jennifer Crocker                 poster sessions, invited addresses, and social events. Highlights include award
                                 addresses by the Block award winner (Roy Baumeister), the Campbell award
Career Advice             4, 5
                                 winner (Russ Fazio), and a Presidential address by Todd Heatherton entitled:
David Kenny
                                 “How does studying the brain contribute to social and personality psychology?”
SISP Report           8          On Friday evening we welcome celebrated journalist and writer Malcolm Glad-
                                 well who will be giving a keynote address entitled “The magical year of 1975:
Psychology as a                  Modern wealth and the social relation paradigm.”
                      12, 13
                                                                                             Continued on p.3
STEM Discipline
Jack Dovidio                         How to Make an Enchilada: Continuities and
Travel Section        14, 22       Changes in Anticipation of the San Antonio SPSP
Bryant Marks

Tearing Down          24, 25
                                 By Marti Hope Gonzales, University of Minnesota & Michael D. Robinson,
Simine Vazire,
Matthias Mehl,
                                 North Dakota State University
Will Fleeson                     Enchiladas contain certain ingredients that should remain constant. Yet,
Still Counting        20, 21     eating the same enchilada again and again might stultify the taste buds.
Diane Quinn                      The SPSP Training Committee both retains and rotates its members from
                                 year to year in and effort to invent new food for thought at each SPSP con-
OppNet Informa-       26, 28     ference. We express our sincere thanks to Jamie Arndt (University of Mis-
                                 souri), who will rotate off the Committee at the close of this calendar year.
Word Salad            17         During his service as member, chair, and chair emeritus, Jamie’s wisdom,
                                 enthusiasm, and expertise were most welcome. At the Continued on p.2
Dear Me!              30
                                                             G       UE
How to Make an Enchilada: Training Committee Report                                           (continued from p. 1)

same time we are happy to report        by Michael Robinson and Rich            ers and to introduce clarity to
that Jennifer Bosson (University of     Gonzalez) is designed to address        methods that many would use if
South Florida) will join the Com-       this problem, and is relevant to        they only knew how.
mittee for the 2011 conference.         both graduate students and more           Our second sponsored event
  The Training Committee was            senior researchers. Scheduled           (chaired by Marti Hope Gonzales
given a new commission in 2010:         speakers are well known for their       and Stacey Sinclair) is a sympo-
For the first time, members of the      skills in teaching social-              sium, entitled Crossing the
Committee served as the selection       personality psychologists how to        Threshold: Personality and Social
committee for graduate student          use such methods in their own           Psychology Research Beyond the
applicants to the European Asso-        research, and we are grateful for       Laboratory. Research conducted
ciation of Experimental Social          their participation. Ulf-Dietrich       outside the laboratory affords a
Psychology (EAESP) summer pro-          Reips (University of Zurich) will       number of advantages to our sci-
gram. Congratulations to the fol-       cover the basics of using the Inter-    ence: more heterogeneous partici-
lowing winners: Dina Eliezer            net in research, a tool that has        pant samples, the systematic
(University of California-Santa         become more frequently used in          study of “real” behaviors in con-
Barbara), Amber Gafney                  recent years. Eddie Harmon-             text, and the opportunity to iden-
(Claremont Graduate University),        Jones (Texas A&M) will introduce        tify the limits of findings from the
Lydia Eckstein Jackson (University      the neurocognitive methods that         laboratory, all of which make for
of Tennessee), Jessica Salerno          have given rise to one of the hot-      sound theory testing and a so-
(University of Illinois-Chicago),       test areas of the field: social neu-    cially responsible science. More-
and Michael Slepian (Tufts Uni-         roscience. Rick Hoyle (Duke Uni-        over, from a practical standpoint,
versity). The two alternates were       versity) will explain how to use        as increasing numbers of young
Janice Adelman (Claremont               structural equation modeling pro-       personality and social psycholo-
Graduate University) and Amanda         cedures to better illuminate data       gists opt for careers outside the
Sesko (University of Kansas).           and key constructs. Mediation is a      academy, expertise in experimen-
                                        key conceptual tool in social-          tal and non-experimental meth-
  On other fronts, The SPSP             personality psychology, and David
Training Committee is excited to                                                ods outside the laboratory will
                                        MacKinnon (Arizona State Uni-           expand their arsenal of research
be sponsoring two events at the         versity) will introduce emergent
upcoming conference in San An-                                                  tools, enhancing their marketabil-
                                        recommended procedures for as-          ity in non-academic settings. The
tonio, January 27-29, 2011.             sessing it. Shelly Gable (University    Training Committee is pleased to
  The first is a pre-conference,        of California, Santa Barbara) will      present four distinguished speak-
How Does One Do That? Adding            cover the basics of multi-level         ers who are expert in the benefits
New Tools to the Research Tool-         modeling, a powerful tool for cap-      and liabilities of conducting
box. Methods and tools that             turing daily processes in experi-       methodologically sound and theo-
seemed exotic 20 years ago have         ence-sampling studies. Rich Gon-        retically exciting work outside the
become surprisingly common and          zalez (University of Michigan) will     laboratory. They will discuss their
user-friendly in recent years. Yet,     explain how to collect and analyze      own work and share their ideas
few social-personality PhD pro-         dyad-level data, of critical interest   about the benefits and difficulties
grams have the luxury of adding a       to relationship researchers. Talks      inherent in moving from the labo-
truly comprehensive methods             will involve a combination of ele-      ratory to the wider world outside:
component to their curricula. As        ments such as presentations,            Niall Bolger (Columbia University;
a result, powerful tools are left out   demonstrations, and handouts.           Geoff Cohen (Stanford Univer-
of the toolbox, perhaps perma-          The goal is not to teach attendees      sity); Sam Gosling (University of
nently so. The 2011 Training Com-       everything they need to know, but       Texas); and Daphna Oyserman
mittee Preconference (headed up         rather to provide concrete point-       (University of Michigan). Please
                                                    G         UE
join all of us for this exciting and   zales (Chair, University of Minne-     clair (Princeton University).
informative symposium on Friday,       sota), Jamie Arndt (Chair Emeri-       Please visit
January 28th, 9:45 - 11:00 a.m.        tus; University of Missouri), Mi-
Current members of Training            chael Robinson (North Dakota           psych/psychology/related/SISP/in
Committee are Marti Hope Gon-          State University), and Stacey Sin-     dex.php 

                            SPSP in Texas               (continued from p.1)
  We received 173 symposium            other disciplines, and we are eager    tips.” For a list of special events,
submissions this year, which is        for the inaugural run at SPSP.         see the conference website
essential the same number of sub-        We received 1,694 poster sub-        (
missions received in 2009, but         missions, which is again virtually       A few small changes are in place
somewhat lower than last year          identical to the number received       this year to encourage a “greener”
due to the “Vegas bump” in 2010.       in 2009, but somewhat lower than       SPSP conference. For example,
Each symposium proposal was            the 1,947 received in the 2010         registrants can now select to opt
evaluated by two members of the        “Vegas bump”. Each poster was          out of a paper program; even
program committee, comprising          evaluated by a member of the 21-       those who prefer the paper pro-
the following individuals: Grainne     person poster committee, com-          gram may be encouraged to know
Fitzsimmons, Cheryl Kaiser, Rich       prised primarily of assistant pro-     that a move to shorter poster ab-
Lucas, Jason Mitchell, Shige Oishi,    fessors, post-doctoral students,       stracts should reduce the size of
Emily Pronin, Valerie Purdie-          and advanced graduate students.        the program book. Finally, when
Vaughns, Michael Robinson,             We, as co-chairs, carefully read all   registering, please don't forget to
Diederik Stapel, Jessica Tracy, and    posters that were recommended          complete the survey questions
Kathleen Vohs. As co-chairs of the     for rejection by the poster com-       from the convention committee.
committee, we (Wendy Berry             mittee, and made final decisions       The committee would like to
Mendes and Andrew Elliot) made         accordingly. All individuals whose     know your preferences regard-
final decisions on the proposals       symposium proposals were re-           ing future convention sites, assess
based largely on these evalua-         jected were given the opportunity      your interest in on-site conven-
tions, but we also took into con-      to transform their talks into          tion child care, and get your input
sideration content issues (to en-      poster proposals; once these addi-     on other ways to make the confer-
sure adequate representation of        tional submissions were evaluated      ence even better.
research areas across social-          the final number of accepted post-
personality psychology). Our ac-                                                Conference and hotel registra-
                                       ers totaled 1792. For the second       tion are now open at the confer-
ceptance rate was 46.5%, which is      year in a row we have organized
somewhat higher than in recent                                                ence website. Attendance is ex-
                                       the poster sessions thematically       pected to be high again this year,
years; this increase was afforded      with seven poster sessions of vari-
by moving from 10 to 11 symposia                                              so it would be best to make your
                                       ous themes representing the            reservations right away (the
offerings per time slot.               broad areas of social and person-      Grand Hyatt is the headquarters
  In addition to standard sympo-       ality psychology.                      hotel; other nearby hotels are also
sia, we are excited to introduce a       In addition to the aforemen-         available). We are excited about
new symposium format to the            tioned, the conference will feature    the lineup for this year’s confer-
schedule – the “data blitz”. We        many other events, including Fac-      ence, and look forward to seeing
have invited 12 excellent young        ulty Mentor lunches, a Diversity       you in San Antonio!
scholars to present their findings     lunch, NIH and NSF funding pan-
in 5 minutes flat, with a maximum                                               By Andrew Elliot and Wendy
                                       els, a panel discussion on “beyond     Berry Mendes, Program Commit-
of 4 slides and 1 question per         funding” hosted by NCI, and a
speaker. Similar formats have                                                 tee co-chairs & Wendi Gardner,
                                       special symposium sponsored by         Convention Committee chair
been used with great success in        APA on “manuscript publishing
                                                           G       UE
                           Career Advice: Take it or Leave it
By David A. Kenny,                     more motivated to write and get       advancement. I know I have been
University of Connecticut              going on my research projects.        very lucky to have some excellent
                                       Another advantage of seeing the       collaborators and without them I
It is a well-known fact that people
                                       stars perform is that you can place   would have accomplished very
who give advice to others on how
                                       a face to the name, and it helps to   little. You want to find collabora-
to bet on sporting events do so
                                       keep people straight.                 tors who complement (note I did
because they cannot make any
                                                2. Work on big questions.    not say compliment!) you. All too
money betting for themselves. It
                                       All too often we get stuck working    often people collaborate with
is reasonable to think that those
                                       on puny, boring questions. If you     someone much too much like
who give advice are the very peo-
                                       are to spend a good chunk of your     themselves. The obvious way this
ple to whom you should never
                                       life working on a problem, find a     works is finding someone who
listen. Nonetheless because I was
                                       problem that will keep your inter-    knows something you do not
asked, I am going to offer some
                                       est for a long time. It is risky to   know. But it can be important to
advice. I need to add three addi-
                                       ask a big question, because there     find someone whose style is dif-
tional caveats. First, these are
                                       is no way in the world you are go-    ferent from yours. If you are com-
things that worked for me and
                                       ing to answer it quickly. But you     pulsive and careful, you want
may not work for you. Second,
                                       can initially over-simplify things    someone who is creative and not
these are things that worked as far
                                       and begin to conditionally answer     detail oriented. Part of the suc-
back as 40 years ago and my ad-
                                       it. Of course, the tough part is      cess that I had working with
vice might be as obsolete as the
                                       figuring out what to over-simplify    Charles Judd is that my writing
calculator on my desk. Finally, to
                                       and what not to over-simplify. Do     tends to be way too condensed
be totally honest some of the ad-
                                       not be in a hurry to answer the       whereas I can only describe his
vice I am giving, I myself have not
                                       question all at once and especially   writing as long-winded. He would
always followed.
                                       do not delude yourself that you       then have to flesh out my first
        1. Go to professional                                                drafts and I would have cut down
                                       have done so. Try to read widely
meetings. You already know this,                                             his. The other side of the coin is
                                       and even far a field. If you wait
but you think that you need to go                                            to avoid bad collaborators. Stop
                                       long enough, new ideas and theo-
to professional meetings to learn                                            working with people who are not
                                       ries will come along to help you.
about the latest research and to                                             smart, cut too many corners, and
                                       Sometimes the best way to solve a
network, but that is not why I                                               worst of all do not get their work
                                       problem is to stop working on the
think that it is important to go to                                          done. It is hard to appreciate
                                       problem for awhile. Realize that
meetings. It is important to go so                                           when you are early in your career,
                                       family and vacations are beneficial
that you can see the “stars” of our                                          but some of your most important
                                       for our work in that they pull us
field speak. Most of us are much                                             decisions are deciding on NOT
                                       away from obsessing about the
more impressive on paper than we                                             collaborating with someone.
                                       wrong way to solve a difficult
are in real life. Ten JPSP papers
                                       problem with which we are strug-              4. Get some good data.
and two books by someone make
                                       gling. When we come back to the       Here my advice may not be rele-
them seem to us beyond human.
                                       problem, sometimes years later,       vant for everyone, but if it exists,
But when you see them talk and
                                       we can approach it from a differ-     try to get your hands on extensive,
they get confused, have typos in
                                       ent direction and may come upon       large sample, well-conducted
their powerpoint slides, and fail to
                                       a solution.                           datasets. You may be the one who
comprehend even the simplest
                                               3. Have good collabora-       has to gather it, but try to find
question, they seem much more
                                       tors. I am sure your reaction is      such data. You want a luscious
human. You begin to say to your-
                                       “Duh, like I did not know this.”      dataset that you can go back to
self “Hey, I can do that” “He or
                                       However, we sometimes forget          again and again to answer ques-
she is not all that smart.” When I
                                       this obvious strategy for career      tions that you have not thought
was young, I always left a meeting
                                                     G          UE
of. For me this was important as        cies will recognize it and you will     reer I had 10 papers rejected in a
I acquired a dataset as a graduate      be successful. Good work is often       row. My advisor and APA presi-
student which I basically let sit for   not rewarded. Do not be sur-            dent Donald Campbell would say
10 years. Then, when I figured out      prised when reviewers pan you           that he could wallpaper his office
what to do with it, I published         work, editors reject your papers,       with rejection letters. I now real-
four papers, 3 JPSPs, that used the     and granting agencies turn you          ize that for Campbell his rejec-
dataset over the next 20 years.         down. They say a good baseball          tions were not an indicator of fail-
        5. Expect adversity. Most       player gets a hit one out of three      ure but that he was so far ahead of
of us are very naive about how          times. A top rate social and per-       the field. You and I cannot think
science works. We expect that if        sonality psychologist has a much        that way, but we can realize that
we do good work, then reviewers,        lower batting average. If you can-      we need to keep trying, find our
editors, colleagues, department         not accept adversity, you are in        primary satisfaction in our own
heads, deans, and granting agen-        the wrong field. Twice in my ca-        appreciation of our work, and per-
                                                                                haps eventually it will pay off. 

                   Report on Publication Committee Activities
By Wendy Wood                           ing PSPB #7 out of 50 journals in       fession.
                                        social psychology).                        This year, the publications com-
  SPSP’s journals and the newslet-
ter continue to flourish. Ensuring        Mark Leary is completing his          mittee is asking the editors to col-
that they do is the central job of      first year as editor of Personality     lect additional, new data on the
the SPSP Publications Committee,        and Social Psychology Review,           process of revise-and –resubmits
with members Duane Wegener              with an editorial team of Deborah       at their journals. The spsp listserv
and Daniel Cervone, and myself,         Prentice and Bernadette Park.           discussion of the review process
Wendy Wood, as Chair. The suc-          PSPR received 34 new submis-            raised this as a particular concern.
cess of our publications is due not     sions as of June 30, 2010, which is     Listserv members felt that editors
only to the efforts of all of us as     a slight reduction from last year.      sometimes were too cautious in
researchers, providing the inven-       Mean editorial lag is an impres-        (a) soliciting too many revisions
tive empirical findings and theo-       sive 7.7 weeks. PSPR continues to       and (b) repeatedly soliciting com-
ries to publish, but also to the        have the highest impact factor          ments from reviewers on each
amazing folks who edit our jour-        among social psychology journals.       round of revisions while being
nals. At the next conference, we          Vincent Yzerbyt is finishing the      unwilling to make solo decisions
should all thank the folks below        end of his first full year as editor    themselves. The publications
for their time and leadership           of Social Psychology and Person-        committee wanted to get data on
….thank your editor!                    ality Science, a short-articles jour-   the revision process so that we
                                        nal sponsored by ARP, EAESP,            can evaluate this at each of our
   Shinobu Kitayama has now
                                        SESP, and SPSP. The journal is a        journals. The committee will
been editor of Personality and So-
                                        marked success, with current sub-       share with you what we learn.
cial Psychology Bulletin for almost
two years. Shinobu has two senior       mission rates at about 500 new            The new chair of this committee
associate editors, and nine associ-     papers a year. The journal ap-          for 2011 will be Duane Wegener,
ate editors. PSPB continues to set      pears to be meeting its goal of         who will be joined by Dan Cer-
records for new submissions.            speedy decisions on manuscripts,        vone and Diane Mackie. I’ve en-
They received 310 new submis-           with a mean editorial decision lag      joyed serving on this committee
sions through the first half of         of about 5 weeks.                       both learning about, and strug-
2010. Editorial lag time continues        Diane Quinn and Hart                  gling with, various publication
to be impressive (at 10 weeks as of     Blanton continue to edit the            issues . Duane has been serving
June 30, 2010). The impact factor       ever-entertaining and informative       on the committee for the past two
of PSPB has stabilized at a high        Dialogue. This is a great outlet        years, so I know the committee
level (rising to 2.58, in 2009, rank-   informing all of us about our pro-      will be in good hands as he takes
                                                                                over as chair for 2011. 
                                                            G       UE
       The Accidental Leader: Janet Swim and the APA Climate
                        Change Task Force
By Jennifer Crocker                    mate change. We spent a year           council meetings. Sandra Shull-
     I decided to devote this presi-   meeting, mostly by conference          man, who was leading the training
dential column to the story of         calls. We reviewed the literature      asked, “Thinking of your sphere of
Janet Swim’s work on the APA           and wrote a report on psychologi-      influence, what can you do on
Task Force on Psychological Di-        cal dimensions of climate change,      Council?” I had just started on
mensions of Global Climate             framed around human causes,            council, so I said to myself, “I’ll be
Change for several reasons. For        consequences, and responses. I         here for 3 or 6 years, what can I
one thing, Janet’s story exempli-      started with a rough outline of        do?”
fies how social psychology can         what I thought should be covered,           I came up with a list of 3 pos-
make a difference for a pressing       took those ideas to the group, and     sible things I could work on while
social problem. But mainly, I was      we talked through them. Each           I was on Council. One was cli-
really inspired by her story--how      member of the task force was re-       mate change. I showed the list to
she became motivated to do             sponsible for a different section of   Steve Breckler [a social psycholo-
something about the issue of cli-      the report. We wrote the report,       gist who heads APA’s Science Di-
mate change, how she effectively       had it reviewed by people in psy-      rectorate], and he said, pointing
used her position as one of Divi-      chology and other disciplines, and     to the climate change item on my
sion 8’s APA Council Representa-       revised it. In August, 2009, the       list, “That’s the one.” During my
tives (which most SPSP members         APA Council officially accepted        sabbatical I did a lot of reading on
consider onerous and avoid like        the report. Then we polished it        the psychology of climate change.
the plague) to a very positive end,    up and submitted it to American        I thought I would try to get APA
how she overcame obstacles that        Psychologist. With the help of         Council to pass a resolution,
would have defeated many of us,        APA, we brought a lot of attention     something along the lines of,
and how it transformed her career      to the psychology of climate           “APA recognizes that climate
and thrust her into the limelight      change.                                change is a problem, we know a
in ways she never anticipated or           How did you get involved in        lot about attitudes and how to
sought. I think there are lessons      this effort?                           change behaviors, and therefore
in this story for other people who         I had been interested in envi-     we should apply and share our
want to make a difference in the       ronmental issues for awhile, but       knowledge.” When I started
world. Also, Janet is too modest       hadn’t really embraced it. I had       working on the process of getting
to tell this tale herself.             planned to go to see Al Gore’s         the resolution passed, I thought it
    I interviewed Janet by phone       movie, An Inconvenient Truth, for      would be a simple thing.
on October 25, 2010, to get the full   a year before I got around to it.           People who had been on
story, and I asked Lynne Cooper,       I’d been studying prejudice and        council for awhile said, “You’re
also a Division 8 Council rep, for     sexism for my whole career, and        trying to do two things-- review
her thoughts. What follows is a        when I finally saw the movie, I        the literature and get council to
lightly edited version of our con-     thought, “Sexism, schmexism, the       endorse it.” So I backed up and
versations. My questions appear        polar bears are dying. What can I      said, we’ll do a task force report
in bold.                               do?” People like Bill Cross talk       first, along the lines of Bernice
                                       about identity models where you        Lott’s task force report on socio-
                                       have an encounter experience and       economic status. I proposed a
   Interview with Janet Swim           then immerse yourself in that          resolution requesting that Council
    First of all, can you fill me      identity. Seeing that movie was        provide funding for a task force.
in on what you accomplished?           like an encounter experience for            Lynne Cooper helped write
                                       me.                                    the resolution that went to coun-
   I got a group of eight people
together to summarize what we              APA includes diversity train-      cil for a vote. We had to write a
know about psychology and cli-         ing workshops as part of the           resolution, get signatures from
                                                         G          UE
other council members and divi-            the report.                               ing.
sions (such as 8, 9, 34) indicating            When it went to council in Au-             It’s not just me giving inter-
their support, then it went to the         gust, 2009, the report was accepted.      views, the other committee members
Board, they sent it out to the APA         APA did a press release on the re-        of the task force are also doing the
committees to see if they had any-         port. That was interesting because        same thing. I try not to do it all my-
thing to add or subtract, then it          we spent a lot of time on the com-        self. Often other people on the task
went to council. Lynne was really          mittee trying to decide who our tar-      force are experts in a particular area
helpful with that entire process.          get audience was. Do we know              and they can speak better than I can
The resolution to fund the task            enough to tell people how much we         about certain questions.
force passed.                              know? Do we know enough to go                 Were you intimidated about
                                           public? We all agreed that psycholo-      being front and center of a major
     I wanted to show that the task        gists need to think about this as a
force was relevant to everyone in                                                    issue?
                                           topic area. We didn’t agree that we
APA. I thought there should be rep-        were ready to tell the rest of the             Ignorance is bliss. I didn’t an-
resentation from each of the 5 major       world. We wrote it for psycholo-          ticipate the consequences down the
APA boards and various divisions.          gists, but APA carried it to the world    road; it didn’t even occur to me that
This self-imposed criterion meant          who appeared to be hungry for it.         people would be calling me from
that the task force grew to be a large                                               major newspapers when the report
committee. People applied to be on             What was the media response?          came out. I had chances to back out
it and I worked with Steve Breckler             The day it was accepted by           of it; I didn’t have to be on the task
to select the task force members so it     Council, I got phone calls from jour-     force. But it was important enough
would have broad representation.           nalists, including the New York           that I wanted to make sure it hap-
    What was challenging for you           Times and newspapers in Toronto,          pened. It was a new experience. I’m
in doing the report?                       where APA was meeting. There              almost 50, I’ve been doing other
                                           were too many media interviews to         stuff for a long time; it’s great to be
     I wasn’t an expert in psychologi-     keep track of; more than a year later     involved in something I feel passion-
cal dimensions of climate change;          they keep coming--The Washington          ate about. I didn’t know where it
other people on the committee knew         Post, environmental magazines.            was going to lead.
a lot more than I did, and had been        Lately it’s overseas media outlets. I
doing this work for years. Being the                                                     Were there other consequences
                                           wish I had training on how to talk to     for you?
one who doesn’t know a lot is chal-        the media. SPSP is planning to do
lenging. It was like having many           some media training associated with           I’ve also done lots of traveling as
mentors directing me. People told          the annual convention, and I wish I       a result of the task force report.
me at times, ―That doesn’t make            had had it before the task force re-      Sometimes I wonder, ―How did they
sense, you’re oversimplifying.‖ It         port was released. Some interviews        think to call me up?‖ For example, I
felt like I was writing another thesis.    went well, some were just OK. I           was invited to go to South Africa. A
There were times it was difficult for      realized I was too detail-oriented and    group in Germany helped organize
me, but there are a lot of day to day      I needed a good story line. I also felt   an event where city council members
difficulties in a lot of stuff we do. It   it would be useful to have an anal-       from major cities in the southern
was an opportunity to really learn         ogy to help people understand the         hemisphere meet to talk about what
what I wanted to learn anyway. I           report, that’s what people often do in    they are doing about climate change.
didn’t do all of the work, but I did       radio interviews. Psychology and          With the exceptions of a couple of
feel responsible to make sure the          climate change is like X and Y,           Germans who helped sponsor the
product was good.                          that’s what people remember when          conference, I was the only person
    So then what happened with             they listen to an interview. Better       from the northern hemisphere at the
the report?                                interviews have an image that viv-        conference. When they invited
    Once the task force report was         idly captures the message. As Dan         me, I didn’t know what I was get-
written, it was reviewed and revised.      Gilbert said, ―If only gay sex or ter-    ting into; the meeting was really
We had reviewers from a lot of disci-      rorists caused global warming, peo-       applied. So I thought about what
plines--geography, communications,         ple would respond with passion.‖ It       psychology actually has to say to a
sociology. You think you have eve-         did get easier over time. After a         city council in another country.
rything covered and discover you           while, you start getting your stories     The city council members weren’t
don’t. I had to think about people’s       that you say over and over again.         sure that I
ideas, and help incorporate them into      The questions become less surpris-        should be           Cont. on p. 9
                                                            G      UE
                       Summer Institute in Social Psychology
Mark your calendars! The SISP          •John Levine, Department of Psy-      tice and Nicole Shelton. They
Steering Committee is pleased to       chology and Learning Research         look forward to accepting applica-
announce the 2011 Summer Insti-        and Development Center, Univer-       tions from students in January,
tute in Social Psychology, July 24 –   sity of Pittsburgh                    2011. More information about the
August 6, 2011 at Princeton Uni-       SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL IN-              2011 SISP can be found at
versity. Students will spend two       TERVENTION                  
weeks on the picturesque Prince-                                             ~psych/psychology/ related/SISP/
ton campus engaged in the inten-       •Hart Blanton, Department of Psy-
                                       chology, University of Connecti-      index.html
sive study of one of five topics.
They will also choose from among       cut                                     Students and instructors alike
three one-day methodology work-        •Deborah Prentice, Department of      have raved about past SISPs.
shops. We have an outstanding          Psychology, Princeton University      Speaking as a former instructor
line-up of courses and workshops.                                            (’03), I can say it was really inspir-
Thanks to all who accepted our                                               ing (and, ok, a little exhausting) to
invitations to teach!                           WORKSHOPS:                   be around so many smart, moti-
                                                                             vated students. We look forward
                                                                             to another fun and stimulating
            COURSES:                   IMPLICIT MEASUREMENT                  experience.
                                       •Keith Payne, Department of Psy-       The SISP Steering Committee is
                                       chology, University of North          Sam Gosling, Tiffany Ito, Charles
                                       Carolina at Chapel Hill               Judd, Iris Mauss, Harry Reis, and
RELATIONS                              INTRODUCTION TO SECON-                Eliot Smith. 
                                       DARY DATA ANALYSIS
•David Funder, Department of
Psychology, University of Califor-     •Kali Trzesniewski, Human and               ADVERTISEMENT
nia, Riverside                         Community Development Depart-
                                       ment, University of California,        Postdoctoral Fellowship in
•Tessa West, Department of Psy-
                                       Davis                                   Alcohol Research at the
chology, New York University
                                       MISSING DATA: ANALYSIS                 University of Washington
                                       AND RELATED ISSUES IN SO-             The fellowship will provide train-
•Sally Dickerson, Department of        CIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL RE-
Psychology & Social Behavior,
                                                                             ing for individuals who wish to
University of California, Irvine                                             pursue a career in alcohol re-
                                       •John Graham, Department of           search, with an emphasis on the
•Traci Mann, Department of Psy-        Biobehavioral Health and Preven-      etiology and prevention of prob-
chology, University of Minnesota       tion Research Center, The Penn-
                                                                             lem drinking and alcohol depend-
SELF-KNOWLEDGE AND UN-                 sylvania State University
                                                                             ence. For more information
DERSTANDING                              The 2011 SISP will be the 5th of-   please see our website:
•David Dunning, Department of          fering, following successful sum-
                                       mer schools at the University of
Psychology, Cornell University
                                       Colorado (2003), University of        /newweb/postdoc.html
•Simine Vazire, Department of          Michigan (2005), University of
Psychology, Washington Univer-         Texas at Austin (2007) and North-
sity                                   western University (2009). All
SOCIAL INFLUENCE IN                    were made possible by generous
GROUPS                                 funding from the National Science
•Fabrizio Butera, Department of        Foundation.
Social Psychology, University of        The 2011 Princeton activities will
Lausanne                               be coordinated by Debbie Pren-
                                                    G          UE
Interview with Janet Swim                         (continued from p. 7)
there, but the people in Germany           In our field, we’re trying to            I always try to stay grounded
thought I should. My talk was          figure out psychological proc-          in what’s important beyond me.
moved from 1 hour at the start of      esses, we are interested in media-      If it was just about me, I don’t
the conference to 30 minutes at        tors. This experience made me           think I could keep doing it. The
the end. When I started to speak,      ask, “Is that what we really need       climate change problem is every-
the light bulb burnt out on the        to be doing?” Like Bob Cialdini         where. Sometimes I wonder,
projector. I was standing in front     wrote in his article on breaking up     should I even be traveling to all
of people from all over the world,     with social psychology, we need to      these places? But I do think the
thinking, “Now what?” In the           take what we know and apply it          issue is important.
end, I gave the talk without slides.   somewhere.                                 What has been the effect on
I just told them what we knew.            You don’t strike me as               your own research?
People in the audience said, “This     someone who likes to be the
is great, it was probably better                                                   My research has shifted to
                                       center of attention, who seeks          psychological dimensions of cli-
than with the powerpoint.”             out fame and glory. How did             mate change, and it’s multidisci-
     After, they asked me what ad-     you pull all this off?                  plinary. I’m just starting to pub-
vice I would give to the city coun-         When I go places, I spend a lot    lish in this area. I’m still doing lab
cils. I told them, “Gather data.       of time listening before I say          studies, but I’m also trying to do
Think about intergroup issues.” I      something. I’m trying to figure         field studies, which is new for me.
was struck by how little discus-       out where everyone else is, and         How do you actually start working
sion there was about the intersec-     how I can communicate with              with housing on campus to
tion of gender and race, and who       them and relate to what they are        change students’ behaviors? I just
is affected by climate change,         doing. In South Africa, I was glad      returned from a conference on
who’s in the decision making           that I was last on the program.         religion and climate change. How
process, who’s represented on the      When I’m last I know the audi-          do you work within religious com-
decision making bodies. Yet, post      ence a little better, what language     munities to engage that popula-
apartheid, it was fascinating to be    they use, what issues they are          tion in climate change issues? I
in South Africa. They want to talk     concerned with.                         now go to the health literature for
about that experience. In South                                                interventions to change behavior
Africa, they know climate change             I’ve been trying to figure out,
                                       What do I know? I am an expert,         in community settings. I need to
is a problem; it’s not debated. In-                                            know so much more.
stead, they ask, “How do we deal       and there are limits to my exper-
with climate change with millions      tise. At first I felt tied to the re-        I’m not as passionate about
of people living in townships?         port and what others had said in        my previous work as I used to be.
How do we deal with it in the          the report. I was representing the      It is interesting. There’s security
context of our other problems?”        task force, and I wanted to be true     in doing what you have done in
They are rebuilding homes so           to that. As time went on, I felt        the past, and a lot of social forces
people aren’t living in shacks and     like I was doing a better job when      to keep you going that way. Peo-
they are putting solar panels on       I was being more authentic and          ple in my department are asking,
them to heat water. Everyone in        said what I actually thought. I’m       “What’s happened to Janet?” I’m
the impoverished townships who         moving more toward talking              still publishing research on preju-
goes to the city to work would         about my research. When I’m             dice and sexism because I want to
love to have cars. They are ask-       asked to speak on climate change,       support my students and they
ing, “How can we help them get to      I’ll ask, “Is it OK if I present what   came expecting to do that re-
work but not increase emissions?”      I’m doing instead of the task force     search. There will be at least 5
They are trying to figure out their    report?” The less I’m speaking for      more years of that. You can’t just
other social problems while si-        someone else, and the more I’m          leave what you’ve done. People
multaneously addressing climate        speaking really about what I’m          apply to graduate school to work
change.                                thinking, the easier it is.             with me on sex-
                                                                                                   Cont. on p. 10
                                                                               ism and preju-
                                                            G       UE
                  Interview with Janet Swim                        (continued from p. 9)
dice. I tell them, if you can relate      Any advice for others who               How was Janet able to be so
it to conservation, we can talk.       want to make a difference?             effective at Council?
This is happening. I’m exploring           Look around, see what others            Janet has a constituency on
new areas while also integrating       are doing, and find a community        council, the social justice divi-
may past work with my current          of people who are interested in        sions. She’s been really involved
interests.                             what you’re doing. Just do it.         with that group. They coalesced
     Now I’m working with people       Don’t think too much about it.         behind her. It wasn’t a hard ini-
on my campus in Geography, Re-         Tom Cook once told me, “Find           tiative to get through. People were
ligion, ethicists, and climate sci-    your passion.” Find your passion       mostly supportive from the out-
entists, as well as housing, resi-     and you’ll do well.                    set. It was timely and important.
dent life, and our physical plant.         In August, 2009, Janet was         But Janet also worked very effec-
I’m working with people in com-        awarded a an APA presidential          tively behind the scenes.
munications and law, meeting           citation for her work on Global           Is there anything else the
people on campus as well as            Climate Change.                        SPSP membership should
around the world. On campus                                                   know?
I’m the token social scientist who
gets called into all meetings on       Comments from Lynne Cooper                  One thing that’s amazing is
climate change and sustainability.                                            how quickly the task force turned
                                            I think Janet’s story is a very   that report out--in almost record
The university did some strategic
                                       cool story. Janet and I were talk-     time, as I understand it. I do
planning on sustainability, and
                                       ing after the EC (SPSP Executive       know that the report dominated
asked me to put together an argu-
                                       Committee) meeting, and I told         her life for that period of time.
ment on why they should budget
                                       her, “I admire what you’ve done.       She was tremendously proactive
money for the social sciences.
                                       It’s an amazing story and an           and involved in writing that re-
    Sometimes I feel like a wolf in    amazing transformation.” I mean,       port. And I know it was really
the wilderness, howling alone. Is      how many people really change          hard at times, because she wasn’t
anyone in social psychology lis-       what they do at that stage of their    an expert which made for some
tening to me? People around the        career? And then to become so          awkward interactions. It was
world are listening to me, but I’m     immediately visible, to attain such    really stressful at times for her.
not sure people in the field are.      notoriety, in a completely new         But she obviously pulled some-
I’m trying to figure out how to        area … this just doesn’t happen        thing extremely valuable together
help students who want to do en-       very often. Janet’s work, and the      with the help of other people. I
vironmental psychology. How            Task Force Report, really struck a     also believe that the task force
can graduate students learn what       chord. It was the right thing at the   report will continue to have a lot
the faculty know, yet do some-         right time.                            of impact. What we have seen so
thing that’s a little different? How                                          far is only the “tip of the iceberg.”
                                          Janet says that you played a
do we as faculty accommodate                                                  For example, I suspect that the
                                       supportive role in all of this.
environmentalists?                                                            topic of psychology’s role in global
                                            I played an instrumental back-
    I’m more optimistic about cli-                                            climate change may end up play-
                                       ground role in helping her shape
mate change than many others in                                               ing an important role in the Psy-
                                       the proposal to get the money for
the field. Drawing on the re-                                                 chology as a STEM Discipline ini-
                                       the task force. She wrote a draft
search on intergroup relation-                                                tiative, too. Climate change is a
                                       and I revised it and helped her
ships, I have more hope than oth-                                             prime area for forging alliances
                                       polish it, and then she was off and
ers do, because I think we’ve                                                 with STEM disciplines.
                                       running. I helped her behind the
made major strides in addressing                                                  Speaking of which, I think
                                       scenes when it came back to
prejudice and I hope that we’ll                                               there’s another important lesson
                                       Council for approval. But once
have similar success addressing                                               here as well ... Janet’s experience
                                       the task force was funded, it was
climate change.                                                               is an illustration of the unique
                                       all Janet.
                                                                              potential that APA has to make
                                                      G          UE
things happen that no other or-          was a principled stand on Janet’s        way that sometimes can be over-
ganization within psychology is          part; they weren’t going to burn         bearing. She’s really down to
positioned to do. APA occupies           fossil fuels to have meetings. I         earth, a lot of fun, and she’s been
that niche between policy, advo-         believe it's the first time any task     great to work with on Council. I
cacy, and science that is unique.        force has worked virtually. She          will miss her!
It's a really good example of what       put solar panels on the roof of her          Janet, on behalf of the Soci-
APA is uniquely situated to do.          house. She turns out all the lights      ety, thanks for your service as
    I guess the last thing I would       in her hotel room and turns down         our Council Rep, and for show-
say is that Janet really tries to live   the heat or air-conditioning be-         ing all of us that it’s possible to
this work. Unlike most task              fore leaving . It’s started to rub off   make a difference! 
forces, hers met virtually, which        on me. But Janet isn’t “pc” in a

                      News of the Society: Tackling Questions
  The executive committee (EC)           How can we better engage                 several other major conferences offer
of SPSP meets twice each year,           the media in our science?                this service. To have better data on
once directly after the SPSP             How can we let the public                this question, a survey was added to
conference, and again in Au-             know about our work?                     this year’s registration to SPSP.
gust. At each meeting, the com-            These important questions have         Why the box lunch? Will the
mittees that have been working           been tackled by a special public out-    box lunch ever end?
hard on SPSP business all year           reach task force, chaired by Jennifer      The simple answer to the question
report on the outcomes of their          Eberhardt. The task force made a         is that when trying to feed thousands
work, any questions or prob-             number of important recommenda-          of people in a short span of time, the
lems are discussed, and new              tions. First, personality and social     box lunch in the only practical op-
initiatives are launched. In or-         psychologists could use additional       tion. Giant buffets are not possible.
der to keep SPSP members in-             training on how to write top-notch       However, the convention committee
formed of the workings of the            editorial articles for local and na-     is giving some thought to some other
society, the main gist of each of        tional news outlets. To address this     options, including whether people
the committee reports are                need, op-ed special training sessions    can elect to get drink tickets instead
printed here in Dialogue. For            will be added to SPSP. Next, it was      of the box lunch, to be used at eve-
example, if you want to find out         recommended that SPSP hire a pub-        ning poster sessions. Stay tuned!
what the Graduate Student                lic outreach consultant whose job
                                         will be to get our work to media out-    Who will be helping to run
Committee has been up to                                                          SPSP in the future?
(quite a lot!) then you will find        lets. This may be especially impor-
their report on p. 18. Likewise,         tant during the conference, but also       In case you missed the outcomes
                                         throughout the year. Finally, the        of the recent elections, Trish Devine
the report for the Publication
                                         taskforce recommended that we give       was elected the next (2012) president
Committee (p. 5), the Diversity
                                         a Media Achievement Award to the         of SPSP. Wendi Gardner and Sam
and Climate Committee (p. 24),
                                         journalist who wrote the best article    Gosling were elected new Members
the Training Committee (p. 1)            or book on social and personality        at Large. Tim Wilson has agreed to
and the Convention Committee             research. The first Media Achieve-       serve as the SPSP representative to
(p. 1) can all be found here in          ment Award will be given to Mal-         FABBS (Federation of Associations
Dialogue. In addition to the im-         com Gladwell at the SPSP confer-         in Behavioral and Brain Sciences).
portant work done by the com-            ence in San Antonio.
mittees, the executive commit-                                                    Those giant programs are
                                         Do we want childcare avail-              heavy and a waste of paper!
tee discusses a number of
                                         able at future conventions?              Can they go?
broader issues. Here are some
of the major (and minor!) ques-           Several people noted that having          In response to concerns about the
tions that arose in the past ses-        childcare available would make the       SPSP programs, you may have no-
sion:                                    conference more accessible to people     ticed when you regis-
                                         with childcare needs. Moreover,          tered for the confer- Cont. on p. 31
                                                            G       UE
                        Psychology as a Core STEM Discipline
By Jack Dovidio                        included as a STEM discipline, it      (which I chaired) to articulate the
                                       is often excluded. In addition,        rationale for why psychology is a
   The fact that psychology is a
                                       earlier this year the National Re-     core STEM discipline and develop
science is rarely debated within
                                       search Council, Board on Science       strategies for re-defining psychol-
our discipline today. The general
                                       Education, released a draft report     ogy as a STEM discipline. The
public, however, views psychology
                                       for public comment that outlined       other members of the task force
quite differently. Whereas 80% of
                                       the agenda for science education       were Frank Durso, David Francis,
the respondents to a representa-
                                       for grades K-12. This plan signifi-    David Klahr, Jennifer Manly and
tive survey conducted in 2009 for
                                       cantly shapes the nature of sci-       Valerie Reyna. The task force was
APA believed that a “strong foun-
                                       ence education, the public’s per-      jointly staffed by the Science Di-
dation in scientific methods and
                                       ceptions of science, and funders’      rectorate (Steve Breckler and
techniques” was important for
                                       views of core science disciplines.     Howard Kurtzman) and Educa-
physicians and engineers, only
                                       Psychology was virtually excluded      tion Directorate (Cynthia Belar
60% thought it was important for
                                       from the report as a core scientific   and Rena Subotnik). The report
psychologists. Moreover, when
                                       discipline, although psychology's      was formally accepted by APA
asked how psychology “attempts
                                       contributions to understanding         Council in August (see
to understand the way people be-
                                       fundamental principles of learn-
have,” only 30% of the respon-
                                       ing were acknowledged. There           t/psa/2010/09/stem-
dents agreed with the statement
                                       were coordinated efforts by sev-       discipline.aspx).
that it does so “through scientific
                                       eral behavioral science organiza-        The report was written for pol-
research,” whereas 52% agreed
                                       tions (including APA and the Fed-      icy makers and funders. It makes
with the statement that it does so
                                       eration of Associations in Behav-      the case that psychology is not
“by talking to them and asking
                                       ioral and Brain Sciences; FABBS)       simply scientific in its approach, it
them why they do what they do.”
                                       to explain the value of including      is a core STEM discipline. The re-
These misperceptions have major
                                       psychology, or at least the regular    port described psychology's key
consequences. Politicians, policy
                                       inclusion of psychological exam-       contributions, for example, in de-
makers, and leaders in the private
                                       ples and principles, in the core K-    signing new technologies and im-
sector are members of the
                                       12 science curriculum. We will         proving public health with basic
"general public."
                                       learn in a few months about how        and applied research. It noted,
  Recent developments in STEM          successful those efforts were.         "Technological solutions to large-
initiatives (initiatives relating to   Meanwhile, psychology was also         scale problems routinely fail when
Science, Technology, Engineering,      essentially excluded in a recent       they do not consider how people
and Mathematics) illustrate the        document for improving STEM            interact and behave in different
impact of public perceptions of        education for grades K-12 released     contexts. The failures can be dra-
psychology on the discipline, in       by the President’s Council on Sci-     matic as with Three-Mile Island,
the present and the future. Global     ence and Technology                    Chernobyl, and the recent oil spill
competitiveness on a national          (         from the off-shore platform in the
level continues to rely on scien-      inistration/eop/ostp/pcast).           Gulf of Mexico. Even when pro-
tific and technological innovation.
                                         While the challenges to psychol-     jects do not fail outright, quality,
As a consequence, a number of
                                       ogy being fully recognized as a        productivity, and efficiency can
programs, and millions of dollars
                                       science are significant and press-     often be substantially improved
in funding, have been devoted
                                       ing, we were not unprepared.           by considering human capacities
within the United States to fund-
                                       James Bray, who was President of       and behavior."
ing education, infrastructure, and
                                       APA in 2009, is a strong advocate        The STEM Task Force Report
research in STEM disciplines. Al-
                                       of promoting psychology as a sci-      concluded with a series of recom-
though psychology is sometimes
                                       ence. He appointed a task force
                                                   G        UE
mendations for action by APA.         work are direct and easily com-       and the general public makes it
These recommendations involve         prehended, we have often shied        clear that explicit attention to the
efforts not only to increase gen-     away from emphasizing the prac-       applications of our research en-
eral recognition of psychology as a   tical applications of our work be-    hances rather than dilutes the sci-
core STEM discipline, but also to     cause we sense it will diminish       entific reputation of our disci-
enhance the scientific core of psy-   our scientific standing. Our sub-     pline. Being “transformative” is a
chology in secondary school, un-      disciplines are often described as    good thing, and not just because
dergraduate education, and            “soft science.” Nevertheless, the     of recent funding initiatives. Em-
graduate training, as well as in      exclusion of psychology as a cen-     bracing the transformative es-
practice and application. The         tral element of science education     sence of our scholarship will help
changes have to be in terms of the    and frequently as a core STEM         make it clearer to others outside
scientific substance of the disci-    discipline is partially due to our    of our discipline how we address
pline; it is not simply an issue of   own failure to make the case to       issues of public, national, and in-
public perception.                    the public about the relevance of     ternational concern. Personality
                                      our work to the “real world.” The     and social psychologists can, and
  The roles of personality and so-
                                      APA STEM Task Force Report and        should, play an important leader-
cial psychology are pivotal for the
                                      the effort of FABBS to educate        ship role in helping psychology be
recognition of psychology as a
                                      government officials, policy mak-     consistently recognized as a core
core STEM discipline. Although
                                      ers, funding agencies, educators,     science and a STEM discipline. 
the societal implications of our

            Report from APA Council: August 2010 Meeting
By Lynne Cooper &                     Arm. APA Publisher Gary R. Van-       quality in our scholarly publica-
Janet Swim                            denBos, PhD, briefed Council on       tions and databases, but con-
                                      the association's publishing pro-     sumer expectation for the latest
  APA Council held its semi-
                                      gram and the evolution of science     technology features is making the
annual meeting in conjunction
                                      publishing over the last three dec-   publishing business more com-
with the APA annual convention
                                      ades. VandenBos reported that         petitive on a daily basis." As a re-
in San Diego. Council took several
                                      APA enjoys international recogni-     sult, “we have to continually in-
steps of importance to
                                      tion for its PsycINFO database        vest in our technology platforms"
SPSP/Division 8 members.
                                      and PsycNET platform and the          to keep pace.
  Psychology as a Stem (Science,      overall quality and impact rating       APA Goes Green! Council fol-
Technology, Engineering, Mathe-       of its journals. At the same time,    lowed up on recommendations of
matics) Discipline. Council re-       APA must also keep pace with          the APA Task Force Report on
ceived the Report of the 2009         changes in the information indus-     global climate change, chaired by
Presidential Task Force on the        try. APA's publishing revenue has     Div 8/SPSP member Janet Swim,
Future of Psychology as a STEM        increased from $45 million in         by adopting a resolution aimed at
Discipline, chaired by Div 8/SPSP     2000 to close to $80 million this     reducing APA’s contribution to
Executive Officer, Jack Dovidio.      year, but the rate of the program's   greenhouse gas emissions. As
This report articulates the ration-   overall revenue growth is slowing     specified in the resolution, APA’s
ale for the inclusion of psychology   as competition from other tech-       CEO, Norman Anderson, will de-
as a STEM discipline and recom-       nology platforms has increased.       velop a plan specifying how APA
mends strategies for advancing        Approximately 60 percent of           can: 1) track and reduce emissions
psychology’s recognition as a         APA's publishing revenue comes        from its wider business and gov-
STEM discipline with funding and      from the sale of licenses to the      ernance practices (especially by
governmental agencies as well as      association's electronic databases.   reducing emissions from trans-
among other disciplines.              He specifically noted, "APA enjoys    portation) and
                                      a well-deserved reputation for                          Cont. on p. 16
 Report on APA’s Publishing                                                 2) establish
                                                             G       UE
                                            Travel Section
In this edition of Travel Section, Bryant Marks discusses his own career odyssey
             and what it is like to work at a Historically Black College

                 Full Circle: Reflections on a Plan Interrupted
     By Bryant T. Marks,                also a hopeful acceleration of my     my advisors and department in-
       Morehouse College                career path, not in terms of pro-     vested in me. My feeling when
                                        motion, but of type of institution,   on the job market was that a re-
                                        that being to a Historically Black    search university was the next
  ―I’m leaving the college and          College/University (HBCU).            natural step in my career trajec-
moving to Atlanta.‖ It was a cold                                             tory and that I needed to establish
                                                I am a graduate of More-
but sunny Chicago day in early                                                myself as a researcher and grant
                                        house College, the only all male
February of 2004 when I spoke                                                 rainmaker. Once established, I
                                        predominantly Black college in
these words to the chair of the                                               would then take my extensive
                                        the United States. While attend-
psychology department at the                                                  vita, connections, grants (if trans-
                                        ing Morehouse, students are
University of Illinois-Chicago. I                                             ferable), and general productivity
                                        ―Men of Morehouse‖, and upon
was an assistant professor in the                                             to an HBCU that had an apprecia-
                                        graduation, they become
fourth year of my tenure track                                                tion of a healthy balance between
                                        ―Morehouse Men.‖ As a More-
job. I assured my chair that I had                                            research and teaching. It seemed
                                        house Man I retained a significant
a very positive experience in the                                             like a good and reasonable plan at
                                        connection with the college. My
department and that my decision                                               the time. Nobody in my graduate
                                        Morehouse identity continues to
was a personal one. His surprise                                              program directly or indirectly
                                        be an important part of my self-
was compounded when I told him                                                suggested that I avoid HBCUs as
                                        concept. I had a very positive
that not only did I have no job                                               most folks were well aware of my
                                        and transformative undergraduate
offers in Atlanta, but that I had                                             affinity for them. In the end,
                                        experience and wanted to partici-
yet to apply for any. Due to vari-                                            however, my plan came to frui-
                                        pate in that process ―on the other
ous life circumstances and prefer-                                            tion albeit on an unexpected time-
                                        side‖ via the professoriate.
ences (e.g., proposing to my girl-                                            line.
friend the next month who would         “Wasted” Training?
                                                                              The HBCU Experience
finish her masters program in             One might ask, why didn’t you
May, wanting to be closer to my         just apply to HBCUs coming out          There are currently 105 HBCUs
and her aging parents who lived         of graduate school if working at      in the United States. They were
in Atlanta and Mississippi respec-      one was your ultimate goal? The       primarily founded in the mid to
tively, and a desire to raise chil-     answer is both practical and psy-     late 1800’s by churches, or
dren near family members), I had        chological. On the practical side,    church-affiliated groups, to edu-
simply decided that it was time to      I did not think I would be able to    cated freed slaves. Like Predomi-
move on and figured I’d let him         publish my dissertation and estab-    nantly White Institutions (PWIs),
know immediately in case he             lish and maintain an active lab at    HBCUs are quite diverse. They
wanted to conduct a search for a        an HBCU. Psychologically, I felt      include community colleges, lib-
new hire. While some may call           that my Michigan Ph.D. required       eral arts colleges and universities,
my decision rash or just plain stu-     me to transition to a highly          are private and public, range from
pid, I considered it a leap of faith,   ranked research University; any-      400 to 11,000 students, are lo-
a calling; yes, although a scien-       thing else would have under-          cated in urban and rural areas,
tist, I am also a person of faith.      mined the rigor of my training        and have open enrollment as well
But in all honesty, the move was        and the time and resources that       as selective admissions proce-
                                                     G        UE
dures. There are, however, sev-         drew on popular culture and my        main married, both have college
eral characteristics that are some-     personal experience when teach-       degrees, I took advanced place-
what universal or within a limited      ing. Like most educated African       ment classes and held member-
range: on average, African              Americans, I am bi-cultural—I         ships in honor societies. The
American students comprise over         have an intermediate awareness        HBCU classroom, however, af-
90% of the student body, endow-         of many of the general tenets,        forded me the latitude to share
ments are less than forty million       practices, and experiences of         myself and connect with students
dollars (and thus, HBCUs are            White Americans and proficiency       in a deep and profound manner.
typically tuition-driven), most are     in African American culture.          So much so that on several occa-
co-ed (1 all-male and 2 all-            Thus, teaching classes comprised      sions, I have given a workshop
female), the faculty are very di-       of mostly white students was not      entitled ―Incorporating the Afri-
verse (much more so than PWIs),         difficult. I used movie clips, mu-    can American Male Experience
and most are located in the south       sic, TV shows, celebrities, and       Into the Classroom‖ at More-
and mid-Atlantic states (although       academic references reflective of     house’s faculty retreat; a presen-
there are several in the mid-west       the White experience to which         tation based on Carter G.
and one in the U.S. Virgin Is-          most of my students had been ex-      Woodson’s approach of truly
lands). Faculty and staff salaries,     posed. However, I noticed that        knowing one’s students and meet-
high school gpa’s, SAT/ACT              references to sources from Afri-      ing them where they are. And to
scores, and the quality of the          can American culture often led to     be clear, being African American
physical plant, however, are be-        awkward silence and then to           is a not a prerequisite for knowing
low the national averages. Posi-        teachable moments. My teaching        one’s students; it is really just a
tive relationships with support         experience at Morehouse, how-         matter of sincere interest and a
staff are critical to success as is a   ever, was in a word, liberating. I    willingness to listen.
tolerance for occasional ineffi-        felt completely free to draw upon       Although I have only taught at
ciency. Although a mere 4% of           the totality of all my multi-         Morehouse, my research includes
all four-year institutions in U.S.,     cultural knowledge and experi-        an examination of the psychologi-
HBCUs confer over 22% of the            ences and the students were with      cal impact of the Black College
bachelor’s degrees awarded to           me every step of the way.             experience. As such, I am aware
African Americans (and roughly            As for sharing my personal life,    of the general characteristics of
34% of STEM degrees). Notable           which is a significant part of my     HBCUs and feel comfortable of-
HBCU graduates include Oprah            teaching style, I was a rapper        fering a broad description regard-
Winfrey, David Satcher, Ed Brad-        during high school and college, I     ing teaching. This description is
ley, Thurgood Marshall, Toni            played basketball, I grew up in an    very similar to the description of
Morrison, Spike Lee, Ruth Sim-          urban setting, several of my          liberal arts colleges described by
mons, and Martin Luther King Jr.        neighborhood friends sold drugs,      Oleson and Weisz in the previous
  Teaching. In addition to re-          were incarcerated, or murdered,       issue of Dialogue as the vast ma-
search, I have always enjoyed           and I stepped in Black Fraternity     jority of HBCUs enroll less than
teaching, and having received           step-shows. Sharing such infor-       4000 undergraduates. The typical
teaching awards as a graduate stu-      mation at a PWI (and in this arti-    HBCU teaching load is 3/3 or 4/4.
dent and as an assistant professor      cle) was risky in that it supported   Teacher-student ratios hover
at the University of Illinois-          many stereotypes held by White        around 14:1. Anywhere from 15-
Chicago, it seems that I wasn’t         Americans (although I did tell        30% of courses are taught by ad-
half bad at it. The irony of the        them that my rapper name was          junct professors. Exams include
awards is that I always felt            ―B-Slamma‖). Consequently, I          multiple choice, short answer, and
slightly restricted when teaching       shared other aspects of myself at     essay items, and a significant
at PWI’s, not in the form of time,      the PWI: I was raised in a work-      amount of time is spent grading
support, or physical resources, but     ing/middle class two-parent           papers and lab reports. TA’s re
in relational resources. I often        home, my parents were and re-         very rare, 3-4 fac- Cont. on p. 22
                                                            G       UE
                               APA Report             (Continued from p. 13)
and implement decision criteria        Hyatt became the target of criti-      council at its August meeting, re-
for business and governance pri-       cism by gay rights and other con-      views the available research and
orities and operations that explic-    cerned groups because of financial     notes that while children and
itly consider impact on green-         contributions made by the devel-       their families caught in or dis-
house gas emissions. Dr. Ander-        oper, Doug Manchester, in sup-         placed by war endure great
son will establish a working group     port of Proposition 8, a ballot        trauma and adversity, they also
of senior staff to assist with the     proposition that passed in Nov of      demonstrate profound strength
development of the plan and            2008 making same-sex marriage          and resilience in their coping
identify existing academic, corpo-     illegal in the state of California.    mechanisms and ability to adapt,
rate, and nonprofit resources to       The Council of the APA voted at        often to completely unfamiliar
assist in establishing the plan. Dr.   its February 2010 meeting to join      environments.
Anderson has been asked to re-         in a boycott of the hotel, despite       More research on the multi-
port back to council on progress       the more than $100,000 in penal-       dimensional aspects of being a
toward developing the plan no          ties APA was set to incur as a re-     refugee is needed, concludes the
later than August 2011.                sult of breaking its contract with     report, but some treatment pro-
  APA Votes to Re-Affirm Mar-          the Hyatt. The good news is that       grams are showing promise, in-
riage Equality. At the opening of      APA was able to negotiate these        cluding comprehensive services,
its meeting, the council reaf-         penalties down to $0! And the          individual treatment methods,
firmed its 2004 policy statement       even better news is that Proposi-      family therapy and group work in
in support of civil marriage for       tion 8 has since been overturned       schools and community settings.
same-sex couples. "As the world's      by the California State Supreme        Community engagement and col-
largest organization of psycholo-      Court.                                 laboration and culturally in-
gists, we felt it was important to       Task Force Report on Psychoso-       formed practice are particularly
make a statement here and now          cial Effects of War on Children        important for the refugee client
to demonstrate APA's unwavering        and Families. Council also voted       population, the report notes.
support of marriage equality," said    to receive the report of the Task      "Training for psychologists work-
APA President Carol D. Good-           Force on the Psychosocial Effects      ing with refugee populations
heart. "With the issue playing out     of War on Children and Families        should include non-traditional
so prominently in California, we       who are Refugees from Armed            elements, such as interfacing and
are using the opportunity pre-         Conflict Residing in the United        collaborating with other agencies,
sented by our annual convention        States. Tens of thousands of refu-     including cultural organizations
to present the growing body of         gees leave their home countries        not traditionally seen as 'service
science that is the foundation for     due to war and violence each year      providers,' [such as community-
our position, and that has influ-      and resettle in the United States;     based mutual assistance organiza-
enced many of the legislators,         40 percent of those refugees are       tions] and working with language
judges and other public officials      children. In an effort to more fully   interpreters, cultural brokers and
who are working to achieve this        understand and remediate the           paraprofessionals," the report
goal."                                 impact of armed conflict, dis-         states. Refugee TF link:
  By way of background, APA            placement and resettlement on
found itself in the middle of a        children's development and well-       /10/refugees.aspx.
controversy around this issue          being, the APA Task Force on the
early last year because it had con-    Psychosocial Effects of War on
tracted with the Manchester            Children and Families who are          In other action, the Council:
Grand Hyatt in San Diego to serve      Refugees from Armed Conflict           • Approved the 2011 preliminary
as one of its main hotels for the      Residing in the United States was      revenue and expense budget,
2010 convention. Subsequent to         created in 2008.                       which estimated $103,193,200 in
APA’s signing the contract, the         The group's report, received by       revenues and $103, 311,800 in ex-
                                                    G         UE
penses. That small operating defi-     organizations and APA divisions        sions, such as Div 8/SPSP, which
cit is expected to be corrected by     at 162 while also ensuring that        currently have two or more seats
February before Council is asked       each group has at least one voting     on Council with the loss of one or
to approve the final budget.           representative. The proposal re-       more of those seats. As such, pas-
• Suspended the annual Con-            quires a bylaws change and there-      sage of this bylaw change could
sumer Price Index dues increase,       fore the approval of the full mem-     further reduce the number of
holding member dues steady             bership. A ballot will be distrib-     members on council with primary
through the end of 2013. In 2011,      uted to all voting members this        allegiance to science as opposed
member dues will be $287.              fall that includes a pro/con state-    to practice. 
                                       ment. Although this proposal ad-
• Approved a proposal for a            dresses a difficult and problematic
modified council representation        issue for constituencies that must
plan that keeps the number of          share a seat on Council and hence
representatives from state, territo-   split a single vote, it nevertheless
rial and provincial psychological      potentially threatens science divi-

                             Can you solve this DORSAL WAD Word Salad?
                                       a BLATANT HORN production

This stream of consciousness has phrases written in LACTATE TRIPLES (“capital letters”). Each is the
name of a social psychologist. For instance, if you were to see the sequence NUKE TWIRL, this would be
a reference to Kurt Lewin. THE STENCHY RASCAL would be a reference to Stanley Schachter. Many
of the anagrams have a single letter underlined. String them together and you can find a name that
might be primed by the storyline.

   It was only BY TEMERARIOUS presentation that the THE POSH BELLOWER was able to secure a
DAMN RARE JOB as his REWARDING END to a long search. With so many publications to his name,
it was only a matter of time before this PAGE KINGPIN would prevail. It might seem like the DIRTY-
CHEAP TRY of a GUNK LIAR who gave his own MAMA THE SLIP that he activated mortality salience
using a death PRIME, IN ONLY experimental settings. But the TROLLOPY LAD was able to activate
the PRICKLIEST DEAD cognitions, and thereby create bias against out-groups, that reliably ALIEN-
TATE, IF HELD. Sure, the strong emphasis on internal over external validity in his work resulted, at
best, in a WARM BORING STREAK at JPSP. It also should cause the author to DROP ALL LOFTY
claims to studying FINE EVENTS that might be relevant to human beings, rather than some DRAB,
UNABLE RAT. Perhaps I am just revealing my NAKED ENVY at the success of A NOTIONAL LOSER,
but I doubt a DRAB LOONIER RASCAL than THIS DRAB CRETIN could ever better MALIGNLY
MASTER psychological methods to better play the role of A HANDYMAN POSER in such a FLEETING
SNORE of a program of research as his. Besides, you just know he is reading into Type I errors, but this
HACK MINIMIZES A HIT SLYLY. Having said that? His underlying theory could have important ap-
plications in health psychology. If he had half the talent of Jamie Arndt, maybe then we’d see some
real-life DRAMA JET IN. I’d love to see someone take his results and advance A PITHY KEEN manu-
script exploring strategies of stopping addictions that ALCOHOLISE MAN and woman. Application of
this approach could, at VERY MOST, ASK us to drop twelve-step programs and, instead GLAMORIZE
A TEN HOPS approach.
                              Can’t solve the anagrams? See page 25 for the answers.
                                                               G        UE
                             So Tell Me…What Precisely is a GSC?
By Sean Hughes                           as well as where and how to locate        ships students develop throughout
                                         national and international funding        their studies, ranging from supervi-
  If you are a new-comer to SPSP
                                         opportunities. Thereafter, the precon-    sors to colleagues and potential col-
(or even a veteran student affiliate)
                                         ference will shift focus to the current   laborators.
you may be asking yourself what
                                         job market, and feature a series of
precisely a GSC is, and even more
                                         presentations on careers available to
importantly, what does it do? Surely                                               GSC Poster: Do Graduate Students
                                         students both within academia (e.g.
a GSC could not be something as                                                    Really Think Straight About Weird
                                         post-doctoral, faculty positions) and
exotic as a government secret coun-                                                Things?
                                         beyond its borders (e.g. private in-
cil, group of serious climbers or even
                                         dustry, government sector). This          Friday, January 28th, 8:00am -
the genius society of Cambodia? I
                                         event will close with a discussion of     9.30am Ballroom C
am afraid to inform you that it is
                                         academic hiring practices from pan-
something exceptionally more im-                                                   Throughout the summer we surveyed
                                         elists who have extensive experience
portant. As a committee of and for                                                 SPSP student members in order to
                                         serving as both departmental chairs
SPSP student affiliates, the Graduate                                              index the prevalence of popular mis-
                                         and on hiring committees.
Student Committee (GSC) is dedi-                                                   conceptions and inaccuracies about
cated to promoting the interests and                                               Psychology (e.g. "People only use
concerns of our fellow SPSP student      GSC Symposium: Developing the             10% of their brains; Hypnosis is an
members. For the better part of this     Tools of the Trade: Tips for Success      altered state of consciousness"). A
year we have been secretly toiling       as a Student Writer, Researcher and       growing body of research indicates
away in our various departments,         Collaborator                              that many students bring such mis-
concocting a program of events to                                                  conceptions to their studies and that
entertain and educate in equal parts!    Friday, January 28th, 8:15am -            these inaccuracies often remain in-
                                         9:30am, Ballroom B                        tact throughout their education (e.g.
Whether you are an eager and enthu-
siastic undergraduate ready for your     Successfully navigating graduate          Taylor & Kowalski, 2004). Over six
first SPSP experience, or a graduate     school requires that students quickly     hundred graduate students took up
student intent on presenting your        develop a toolbox of different skills,    the challenge of distinguishing psy-
research, networking, learning (or       some of which are explicitly taught       chological fact from fiction by com-
indeed a little of each), the GSC has    (e.g. writing for scientific publica-     pleting an online questionnaire
engineered a series of events sure to    tion) and others acquired more infor-     adapted from several published
make your time in San Antonio un-        mally (e.g. networking and forming        sources (e.g. Kowalski & Kujawski
forgettable. For a sneak-peak of what    collaborative links with other aca-       Taylor, 2009; Lilienfeld, Lynn, Rus-
exactly we have in store please take     demics). During SPSP 2011 we aim          cio & Beyerstein, 2010). Check out
a glance below.                          to equip students with an arsenal of      our poster at SPSP 2011 and see if
                                         abilities key to surviving and excel-     graduate students really do think
     SPSP Conference Events
                                         ling as a (graduate) psychology stu-      straight about weird things!
GSC Preconference: Show Me the           dent. Drawing on his experience as
Money (and Jobs): A Guide to the         editor of a top empirical journal in
Land of Funding and Employment           personality and social psychology              GSC Mentored Luncheon
Thursday, January 27th, 8:30am –         (Personality and Social Psychology        Friday 28th – Saturday 29th January,
4.45pm                                   Bulletin), Dr. Shinobu Kitayama will      1.00 - 2.00pm
                                         impart invaluable strategies for start-
This year’s GSC Preconference will                                                         If you are attending the An-
                                         ing out in the world of scientific
address two pressing concerns that                                                 nual Meeting in San Antonio, you
                                         publishing. Thereafter, Dr. Sam
graduate students face during these                                                won't want to miss the two Mentored
                                         Sommers will offer guidance for cul-
turbulent economic times. This event                                               Luncheons we have in store for you.
                                         tivating a vibrant and progressive
will open with a series of talks dedi-                                             The Mentored Luncheon is a highly
                                         research program. The symposium
cated to searching for and securing                                                popular (and free!) event which of-
                                         will conclude with Dr. Robert Sell-
research funding. Panelists will offer                                             fers approximately 200 students an
                                         ers' insight on how best to navigate
time-proven tips and advice on how                                                 informal opportunity to discuss re-
                                         the range of professional relation-
to craft a successful grant proposal,                                              search interests and career develop-
                                                       G          UE
ment with over 30 established pro-        GSC Outstanding Research Award          offers psychology students a viable
fessionals in their respective fields.    The GSC Outstanding Research            avenue to connect, collaborate and
Given the enormous popularity of          Award highlights cutting edge re-       network with their peers from other
the event, two separate Luncheons         search conducted at the graduate        institutions, as well as access to dis-
will be organised, one on Friday          level. Earlier this year over ninety    cussions, videos, pictures and news
28th and a second on Saturday 29th        eligible candidates submitted a com-    updates
January. We have a great variety of       prehensive spectrum of research         (!/S
topics and mentors organised for this     from all corners of social and per-     PSPGSC).
year, and hope that many of you will      sonality psychology. Following two                 GSC Elections
be able to take part in this event. Al-   closely fought rounds of review
though tables have yet to be as-                                                           Interested in becoming be
                                          (carried out by over fifty students)    the next GSC President or serving as
signed, pre-registration is required,     five winning applications were iden-
so you should keep an eye out for an                                              a Member-At-Large? Now is your
                                          tified. Each is the recipient of an     chance! From personal experience,
announcement in the coming weeks.         award of $500 to defray the cost of     the opportunity to actively partici-
    GSC Student Poster Award              travel associated with the confer-      pate in SPSP on the behalf of my
Friday 28th – Saturday 29th January       ence. Moreover, all winners are of-     fellow students has been a richly re-
                                          fered the opportunity to meet with a    warding one. I encourage anyone
                                          mentor of their choice during the       passionate about making a difference
Now in its ninth year, the GSC Stu-       conference. We extend our sincere
dent Poster Award is designed to                                                  in the SPSP community, becoming
                                          congratulations to this year’s win-     exposed to a diverse spectrum of
recognize research excellence, clar-      ners:
ity of presentation and the personal                                              different ideas and networking to run
knowledge of student presenters.             Erin P. Hennes - New York Uni-      for office. The GSC is now accept-
Several months before the confer-             versity                             ing nominations and campaign state-
ence proper, candidates submit both          Joey Cheng - University of Brit-    ments for the 2011-2012 Graduate
their poster and award statements to          ish Columbia                        Student Committee. Both graduate
be reviewed by student peers, result-                                             and undergraduate members of SPSP
                                             Bethany Kok - University of         are eligible for election. The election
ing in the selection of five finalists        North Carolina at Chapel Hill
for each poster session. Under the                                                period will start in November, and
employment of the GSC, a group of            Cynthia J. Najdowski - Univer-      the new GSC will take office on
secret judges will then examine the           sity of Illinois at Chicago         March 1, 2011.
chosen finalists during their poster         Laura B. Luchies - Northwestern
sessions at SPSP 2011. Winning en-            University                          And Finally…..
tries will receive a small monetary
                                                      The Forum                   Without the kind and generous assis-
prize and public recognition for their
achievement.                              Looking for a comprehensive series      tance of the following individuals
                                          of articles specifically tailored to    the GSC would not be able to func-
      GSC Business Meeting:                                                       tion successfully:
                                          your career, research and teaching
Interested in learning more about the     needs? How about funding and con-
GSC, offering advice or even taking       ference announcements, job opportu-
an active role in the committee? If so    nities, statistical resources and hot   • Dr. Yoel Inbar, Jeremy Cone and
we encourage you to check out the         off the press book reviews? Then        Christie Marvin who are infinitely
GSC Business Meeting taking place         you will want to read the Forum –       considerate and giving with both
at SPSP 2011. This open invitation,       the GSC’s quarterly magazine            their time and effort – we cannot
round table meeting will introduce        packed with up-to-date info on be-      thank you enough.
the GSC members to the student cau-       ginning, surviving and excelling dur-
cus and facilitate discussion about       ing your psychological studies          We are always eager to improve and
the past and future role as well as       (       are receptive to all comments, ques-
functions of the committee. All           m). All student members have free       tions, or suggestions. As such please
SPSP student members are welcome          access to the catalog of Forum back-    feel free to contact us anytime at
to attend!                                issues available via the link above. ♦♦♦
      Non-conference Events               Similarly, the GSC Facebook Page
                                                            G       UE
                                         Still Counting . . .
By Diane Quinn                         research intensive jobs. Thus they     former award winners before an-
                                       are still around, with excellent       nouncing the current winner.
  Arthur Ashe, the famous tennis
                                       liberal arts college jobs, but they    That is a long list of men’s names.
player, wrote in his autobiography
                                       are not as visible to me. There are    I often count how many names it
that when in a new context he
                                       many good and bad reasons              takes to get to the first woman’s
would count the number of Black
                                       women make these choices (or           name. (Answer: For the Distin-
people present. When I first en-
                                       have the choices foisted upon          guished Scientist Award, the first
countered this idea of counting, it
                                       them), but I am not writing an         20 are male. If we started at that
stood out to me because of its
                                       explanation. I am writing about        point, 1993, with the first female
poignancy, and, indeed, because
                                       numbers, about frequency, about        winner, and take it to the present
of my own research on stereotype
                                       the knowledge and potential            year 2010, only 5 out of 24 are fe-
threat. It did not occur to me at
                                       change that can come from hav-         male. If you think I am being un-
that point, however, to count
                                       ing the cold, hard facts. Although     fair and I should look at the dis-
women. Why would I? As a
                                       the disappearance of my graduate       sertation award winners instead
young graduate student in social
                                       school women from my profes-           then you have missed my point
psychology, I did not think any
                                       sional world was noted, I was still    about the disappearance of
such counting would be necessary
                                       not counting as a young assistant      women after graduate school. Go
for me. My graduate student
                                       professor. I got a job and my new      back and re-read the first para-
world was full of fantastic female
                                       location had two amazing female        graph.)
role models (thank you Jenny
Crocker, Barbara Fredrickson,          social psychologists (nice to meet       I just received the most recent
Brenda Major, Lynne Cooper,            you Felicia Pratto and Mary Craw-      issue of a magazine geared to-
Nancy Collins). My initial gradu-      ford) and the female to male ratio     wards psychological scientists.
ate school cohort was majority         was fairly even (3 women, 4 men).      The magazine includes color pic-
female—filled with bright and          Sure, they were all White, but on      tures of all of the important scien-
ambitious women. Little did I          the gender front they were fine.       tists mentioned in the issue, in-
know that my second year in            The pipeline was alive and well.       cluding column writers, award
graduate school would be the           (Update: 11 years later there are 3    winners, and speakers at an up-
maximum saturation point for the       women and 7 men. So much for           coming conference. Of the 28
number of women in my daily            the pipeline.)                         pictures of psychological scien-
professional world. I switched            So, when and why did the            tists, only 5 are of women.
schools between my second and          counting start? I cannot be certain       Perhaps the saddest counting I
third years of graduate school and     of the very first time I counted but   ever did occurred at a party at the
my new cohort was majority male.       it became increasingly hard to ig-     dean’s house. At that time, the
I was not overly concerned about       nore the fact that as I move up the    dean of the College of Liberal Arts
this as there were still female so-    career ladder there are less and       and Sciences invited all faculty
cial psychologists all around. Yet     less women. For those of you who       members who had recently been
going on the job market there was      have never felt the need to count,     promoted to either associate or
another worrisome sign. Female         I list a few illustrative examples     full professor level to an afternoon
social psychologists seemed to be      below. I end with the one that         reception at his home. Tenure
disappearing. Where did they go?       compelled me to write this edito-      was a hard-fought battle for me
Some of my former graduate             rial.                                  and I was looking forward to this
school classmates left academia                                               party. There were a lot of men
altogether. I have kept in touch          Counting – A Few Examples
                                                                              there. So many men that I
with them and they are all doing         At the conference that is geared     started to count the number of
great – they are at the top of their   towards experimental social psy-       women just to get a rough esti-
respective careers, making double      chologists (I will not name names,     mate. As I walked around chatting
and triple my lowly academic sal-      but it rhymes with “lesp”), there is   and looking at people’s nametags
ary. Other women stayed in aca-        a time at each conference where        I learned that many (most??) of
demia but chose not to pursue          they list the names of all of the      the women present were not
                                                    G          UE
newly promoted faculty. They           day I checked in October. As              On a more optimistic note, I will
were the promoted men’s wives. I       good scientists you may wonder          give you an example of how
left the party sadder, wiser, and      about the base rate. For full mem-      counting can help. Several years
without an accurate count.             bers of SPSP, 48% are women.            ago, another counter, Cheryl Kai-
  There are many other places one      (For graduate students, 64% are         ser, noticed that women made up
could count – journal editors, up-     women. Again, this marks the            only 25% (5 out of the 20 tables)
per administration – but I want to     disappearance of women between          of the mentors at the SPSP men-
focus on one that should be near       graduate school and academic            toring lunch. This is a mentoring
and dear to the hearts of members      careers.) So, it is not the case that   lunch for graduate students who
of the Society for Personality and     the preconference speakers are          are, as the membership numbers
Social Psychology: Speakers at the     mirroring the pool of social psy-       above show, majority female!
annual conferences. The Las Ve-        chologists. Instead they are dis-       When the incoming chair of the
gas conference hotel                                                                            mentoring lunch,
ambiance notwith-                                                                               Sonia Kang, was
standing, personal-                                                                             made aware of the
ity and social psy-                                                                             numbers, she paid
chologists care                                                                                 attention and the
about social justice                                                                            next mentoring
and equality. Imag-                                                                             lunch was 54%
ine my surprise,                                                                                women mentors
then, when I looked                                                                             (19 out of 35 ta-
at the speaker lists                                                                            bles). When I
for the pre-                                                                                    asked Sonia about
conferences this                                                                                it she said:
year. Pre-                                                                                      “Another thing to
conferences are spe-                                                                            note is how EASY
cial insofar as the                                                                             it was to recruit
speakers are invited.                                                                           female mentors
In the first precon-                                                                            once I made that
ference I consid-                                                                               my goal. It's not
ered, only 2 out of                                                                             that they weren't
the 9 speakers were                                                                             out there, it's just
women. Although                                                                                 that no one had
this count did not                                                                              bothered to look
surprise me – just                                                                              for them.”
two years ago I no-
ticed a pre-
conference with only 1 female          proportionately male.                     And so I will keep counting. I
speaker in subfield that has plenty                                            am well aware of the implicit gen-
                                         In order to examine whether           der biases that guide both men’s
of excellent female researchers – I    there is a greater gender bias with
did at first think maybe it was just                                           and women’s cognition and be-
                                       invited speakers rather than sub-       havior. Perhaps counting is a par-
that particular pre-conference. As     mitted symposia, we analyzed the
Ableson (1995) said, “Chance is                                                tial control on such biases. Maybe
                                       gender rate of speaker and dis-         you should give counting a try. Be
lumpy.” So, I counted women in         cussants over the past 8 years of
all of the pre-conferences. Sadly I                                            warned, however, that once you
                                       the SPSP conference. Here there         start counting you will have to ask
must report that similar numbers       is a combination of graduate stu-
were found across the board, from                                              yourself how these differences
                                       dents and faculty speakers. As          came to be and what could be
attitudes to evolutionary to close     can be seen in the figure, the
relationships to identity. On the                                              done to change the numbers.
                                       numbers here are better, at least
whole, women make up only 32%          for speakers.                                          
of the speakers: 40 out of 126 pre-
conference speakers posted the
                                                            G      UE
Full Circle: Reflections on a Plan Interrupted (continued from p. 15)
ulty office hours per week are re-     cially freshmen and sophomores,       nered high-level administrative
quired and often attended, faculty     that can be trained long enough to    buy-in and support.
development workshops often            make moderate to significant con-       A competitive HBCU tenure
focus on teaching and are well-        tributions toward conducting re-      application in psychology in-
attended, and teaching plays a         search and writing manuscripts by     cludes 2-3 first-authored, peer
significant role in tenure deci-       their senior year (rare). Many        reviewed journal articles, one
sions.                                 HBCUs, however, have under-           book chapter or second-authored
  Most psychology professors           graduate research training pro-       journal article, and a couple of
teach at least one course outside      grams that will assist in screening   conference presentations. Most
of their degree area, and like most    talented students and providing       HBCUs have an IRB (that may or
institutions, teaching statistics      them with financial support.          may not meet consistently), but
and research methods provides          Most psychology departments           those that do not usually work
some leverage, even for junior         comprise 6-10 full time faculty       with an IRB at another local insti-
faculty. I use the same line of        members, each whom represent a        tution. Participant pools are un-
books and test banks at More-          specific psychology subfield, with    common, with the possible excep-
house that I used at PWIs. My          the exception of clinical and com-    tion of a few research institutions.
department, and the college in         munity psychology who are more        Start-up packages are also rare,
general, place significant empha-      plentiful. Thus, intra-department     but do exist at some HBCUs.
sis on obtaining an advanced de-       dialogue or collaboration may be      New hires in the sciences
gree. To that end, psychology          difficult. Effective collaboration    (including psychology) at More-
majors are required to take a 3-       and writing solutions include         house receive a competitive start-
course sequence in research meth-      maintaining contacts with gradu-      up package, lab space, and a 50%
ods and statistics (I teach the sec-   ate school colleagues and advi-       teaching reduction for their first
ond course) that includes factorial    sors, attending and networking        two years. These pleasantries are
design, mixed-methods, hierarchi-      effectively at conferences and        funded by external grants ob-
cal regression, MANOVA, AN-            with colleagues at local institu-     tained by a progressive dean who
COVA, and qualitative data             tions, being active in professional   firmly believes in developing,
analysis. Admittedly, such a se-       organizations, conducting secon-      investing in, and retaining junior
quence is rare at other HBCUs as       dary data analysis, and writing       faculty over the long-term (hiring
well as PWIs, but the point is that    one manuscript per summer.            mid-career and senior faculty is a
preparation for graduate school is     Also, incorporating college goals     significant resource challenge at
the norm at many HBCUs (nine           into one’s research can prove         HBCUs).
of the top ten undergraduate           fruitful. I direct the Morehouse
                                       Male Initiative, a research pro-        Grants. Traditional research
schools of African American                                                  grants are obtained by a minority
Ph.D.’s are HBCUs; Morehouse           gram designed to assess the fac-
                                       tors that contribute to the per-      of HBCU psychology faculty.
is one of them, so feel free to                                              Reasons vary from few faculty
come recruit!).                        sonal, academic, and leadership
                                       development of Morehouse stu-         actively conducting research, to
  Research. Given the heavy            dents specifically, and African       not needing funds to conduct re-
teaching requirements of HBCUs,        American college males in gen-        search, to not having the time to
being a relatively productive re-      eral via a national study. Given      craft a competitive proposal.
searcher is a challenge, though        the potential value of the data to    One of the more significant chal-
not impossible. The lack of psy-       document and enhance the More-        lenges is the lack of an office of
chology graduate students at most      house experience and serve as a       sponsored programs and/or grant
HBCUs translates into a quest for      national resource, our lab has gar-   management personnel. Many
talented undergraduates, espe-                                               HBCUs are not used to applying
                                                    G         UE
for and managing medium to             positive racial identity than their    apples. Thus, I ask three ques-
large research grants, which al-       White counterparts. The chal-          tions in every interview: 1) What
though not often openly stated, is     lenge at an HBCU is to maintain        is your understanding of the mis-
a something considered by review       the positive characteristics while     sion of Morehouse College
panels and program officers. I         developing college-level skills        (response indicates appreciation
have reviewed and discussed pro-       and knowledge in the first few         for the unique mission of an
posals that had very little chance     semesters such that a student can      HBCU, especially Morehouse)?
of project completion given the        successfully complete a major          2) What is your understanding of
teaching loads at HBCUs, the           and graduate with a competitive        the interests, hobbies, or experi-
lack of course buy-outs, and the       gpa. This is both a pedagogical        ences of young Black males
underestimation of time to com-        and student development issue.         (response indicates whether the
plete tasks and costs of various       Service at an HBCU involves            candidate knows something about
budget items. The irony is that        academic advising, student moti-       this unique population and can
many agencies want to fund pro-        vation, life counseling, tough-        meet them where they are)? And
jects at HBCUs. Thus, a faculty        love, advising a student organiza-     3) How would you respond if
member that can successfully           tion, attending their events, giving   your friends, colleagues, or fam-
carry out projects at an HBCU          them your cell phone number,           ily ask why you decided to teach
will likely experience a stream of     serving on panels and giving           at a Black school (response con-
funding and be sought after by         presentations, talking to parents,     veys the job or mission orienta-
PWIs wishing to collaborate with       and advocating for students when       tion)? Unfortunately, I have lost
a minority serving institution. I      appropriate.                           count of how many candidates
am PI or co-PI on $1.8 million           At the end of the day, the ques-     were stumped by the first ques-
dollars in research grants (that’s     tion is whether you see your posi-     tion.
really good at an HBCU) that in-       tion at an HBCU as a job or a            The Bottom Line. Being Afri-
cluded awards from NSF, the De-        mission. If it’s a job, then you       can American is not a prerequisite
partment of Education and the          teach class, hold your office          for a productive career at an
Mellon Foundation and I have           hours, meet your minimal obliga-       HBCU. Those that thrive at
had additional opportunities, but      tions, and go home. If it’s a mis-     HBCUs understand and believe in
no time to take advantage of           sion, you stay late, get to know       the mission of the college, sin-
them.                                  your students, become personally       cerely care about their students,
  Service. And now the dimen-          invested in their success, and         are personally invested in their
sion of the HBCU experience that       regularly go beyond the minimum        academic and personal develop-
is the most rewarding and poten-       requirements. If it’s a job, then      ment, are effective teachers and
tially the most challenging. Ser-      you probably applied to an             relatively productive researchers,
vice at an HBCU goes way be-           HBCU just like you applied to          possess interpersonal skills and
yond committee work. The data          several other schools when on the      patience with slight bureaucracy,
tell us that the average African       job market, not taking into ac-        maintain external networks, and
American college student has           count the unique mission and           aren’t in it for the money. It is
lower family income, attended a        function of HBCUs. Case in             my deepest and most fervent hope
lower quality high school, is less     point: I like serving on search        that those of you who fit these
academically prepared for col-         committees, regardless of the de-      criteria will be open to the possi-
lege, and is more likely to be a       partment. It is not because I en-      bility of serving on the faculty of
first generation college student       joy the power of hiring or declin-     one of these historic and noble
than a White college student. The      ing candidates, but because I see      institutions. 
data also tell us that Black college   new faculty as new family. And
students have higher self-esteem,      like family members, it is tough
resilience, leadership skills, and     to get rid of them if they are bad
                                        D IALOG
                      Diversity and Climate Committee Report
  The Diversity and Climate Com-        Antonio to honor the awardees. All       which you are particularly interested.
mittee (DCC) of SPSP has been busy      SPSP members are invited to attend       We also encourage everyone who is
since the last issue of Dialogue. Our   this reception on Friday evening dur-    comfortable doing so to report their
major Fall activity involves organi-    ing the 2011 conference. Also, we        social identity categories when pay-
zation of two travel award competi-     will co-host along with the GLBT         ing yearly dues (these questions are
tions - the Diversity Travel Award      Alliance in Social Psychology            included on the membership applica-
for graduate students and the Under-    (GASP) the second GASP Mentor-           tion and renewal pages), so that we
graduate Diversity Registration         ing Luncheon. This event provides        can keep track of the diversity of
Award for undergrad students. Our       GLBT community members and al-           SPSP's membership and to ensure
goal is to recognize stellar students   lies an opportunity to develop social    that diversity is represented in vari-
in social and personality psychology    and professional networks and fos-       ous leadership positions in our soci-
who belong to underrepresented          ters an inclusive and supportive cli-    ety.
groups and who need financial sup-      mate for all. Please refer to the con-     Finally, I would like to note that
port for their conference travel and    ference program for details on both      the DCC welcomes its newest mem-
attendance. The graduate student        the Diversity Reception and GASP         ber, Stephanie Fryberg of the Uni-
award application deadline was on       Mentoring Luncheon.                      versity of Arizona, who will serve
October 15 and awards announced           The DCC has also continued to          along with Rudy Mendoza-Denton
on November 15. The undergraduate       work towards the goal of expanding       (University of California, Berkeley)
award deadline is on December 1,        the pool of social and personality       and myself. The DCC also gives
earlier than in previous years to al-   psychologists who play important         hearty thanks to our outgoing mem-
low more time for students to make      roles within SPSP by serving on          ber Buju Dasgupta, who provided
travel plans. The Undergraduate Di-     various committees in our society. If    great leadership and guidance before
versity Registration awards will be     you are a full-time faculty member       ―passing on the torch‖ to us. We are
announced by December 31. This          who belongs to an underrepresented       carrying the fire! See you in San
year we have continued our efforts to   demographic group in psychology,         Antonio!
streamline the process of applying      and you would like to serve our soci-
for these awards, hoping to make it                                              ~Denise Sekaquaptewa,
                                        ety in some capacity, please send me
easier for students to apply.           an email (            Chair, Diversity and Climate
  Diversity Reception will be hosted    with your name, contact information,     Committee
by the DCC at the conference in San     and any particular service/issue in                     

                              Here’s to Tearing Down Fences
By Simine Vazire, Matthias              ases and erase the false dichoto-        years towards welcoming person-
Mehl, and Will Fleeson                  mies that exist—mainly in our            ality psychology. Clearly, SPSP’s
                                        minds (and partly in our methods;        commitment to this goal is more
  Sitting on fences gets uncom-
                                        cf. Tracy, Robins, & Sherman,            than just talk. SPSP makes a con-
fortable after a while. As so-
                                        2009). It was a persuasive mes-          scious effort to represent person-
cial/personality psychologists who
                                        sage, and a powerful demonstra-          ality research in the journals it
have straddled the fence between
                                        tion of her commitment to inte-          sponsors, at its annual meetings,
personality and social psychology,
                                        grating social and personality psy-      and on its committees. The recent
we are grateful for Jennifer
                                        chology. Our primary reason for          collaboration on the new Social
Crocker’s contribution to tearing
                                        writing this reply is to express our     Psychological and Personality Sci-
down that fence in her column in
                                        appreciation for her bold action         ence journal is one exciting exam-
the last Dialogue. Crocker’s col-
                                        and her support of a unified field.      ple of a successful (international!)
umn was especially notable for its
                                          While we’re at it, we’d also like      cooperation within the field of
candor and boldness. We admire
                                        to recognize the remarkable ef-          social and personality psychology.
her self-insight and her call to the
                                        forts SPSP has made over recent          And a new Oxford Handbook of
rest of us to examine our own bi-
                                                      G         UE
Social and Personality Psychology        phor, pasturing within the same         ing signs of such cross-
edited by Mark Snyder and Kay            fence – has supported the resur-        fertilization. And the emergence
Deaux (in press) explicitly takes        gence of personality psychology.        of a stand-alone ARP conference
an integrative perspective. We           Happily, it has also strengthened       is another sign that both halves of
suspect that both social and per-        social psychology, a win-win            our field are thriving. Although
sonality research-- or maybe             situation.                              smaller conferences like ARP and
rather our field of psychology--will                                             SESP serve an important function
                                           Given that many personality re-       as a place to immerse ourselves in
benefit greatly from this integra-       searchers identify strongly with
tion.                                                                            our respective obsessions, they do
                                         SPSP, some readers of the Dia-          not eliminate, and may even ac-
  Although Crocker’s column was          logue may wonder why there is no        centuate, the need for a big-tent
mostly aimed at self-identified          longer a personality pre-               conference like SPSP.
social psychologists, we believe         conference at SPSP and why the
that personality psychologists also      Association for Research in Per-          In short, we echo Crocker’s call
bear an important responsibility         sonality (ARP) is now having            for recognizing the mutual value
(and deserve good credit) for            stand-alone meetings. We believe        that personality and social re-
making this integration happen.          these are both signs of progress.       search have for each other. We
Those of us who lean a bit to-           The spirit of pre-conferences is to     are impressed and pleased by her
wards the personality side have          explore a specific topic (e.g., emo-    frank acknowledgements about
special reason to value our rela-        tions, relationships, health, social    often unspoken biases and her
tionship with SPSP – personality’s       justice) from multiple perspec-         persuasive accounts of the
comeback (in journals, graduate          tives – without a personality pre-      strengths within personality psy-
training programs, on the job            conference, personality research-       chology. Without relinquishing
market, etc.) would have been            ers are now able to attend these        our strong identities with our sub-
slower and harder without the            content-specialized pre-                specialties, we hope that personal-
existence of an “umbrella” organi-       conferences and mingle with re-         ity and social psychologists can
zation like SPSP. The broad recog-       searchers who take different ap-        continue to tear down the fence
nition that social and personality       proaches to the same topic. The         that sometimes seems to divide
psychology are not in opposition         programs for the 2011 SPSP pre-         us.
but are—to stay within the meta-         conferences already show promis-                       

                                  ANSWERS TO WORD SALAD (on page 17)
        BY TEMERARIOUS: Roy Baumeister                         THE POSH BELLOWER: Phoebe Ellsworth
        DAMN RARE JOB: Brenda Major                            REWARDING END: Wendi Gardner
        PAGE KINGPIN: Kaiping Peng                             DIRTY-CHEAP TRY: Richard Petty
        GUNK LIAR: Laura King                                  MAMA THE SLIP: Pamela Smith
        PRIME, IN ONLY: Emily Pronin                           TROLLOPY LAD: Floyd Allport
        PRICKLIEST DEAD: Diedrick Stapel                       ALIENTATE, IF HELD: Elaine Hatfield
        WARM BORING STREAK: Bertram Gawronski                  DROP ALL LOFTY: Floyd Allport
        FINE EVENTS: Steven Fein                               DRAB, UNABLE RAT: Albert Bandura
        NAKED ENVY: Dave Kenny                                 A NOTIONAL LOSER: Elliot A Aronson
        DRAB LOONIER RASCAL: Dolores Albarracin                THIS DRAB CRETIN: Richard Nisbett
        MALIGNLY MASTER: Stanley Milgram                       A HANDYMAN POSER: Daphna Oyserman
        FLEETING SNORE: Leon Festinger                         DRAMA JET IN: Jamie Arndt
        PITHY KEEN: Keith Payne                                ALCOHOLISE MAN: Michael A. Olson
        VERY MOST, ASK: Amos Tversky                           GLAMORIZE A TEN HOPS: Marti Hope Gonzales
        HACK MINIMIZES A HIT SLYLY: Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi             Answer: Thomas A. Pyszczynski
                                                            G      UE
               Wondering where to seek funding for your research?
                          Do you know about OppNet?
In this interview with William Elwood of the National Institutes of Health, Steve Breckler
of APA gets answers about OppNet—the NIH Basic Behavioral and Social Science Oppor-
                         tunity Network.
Can you give an overview of the        and that build upon existing NIH      of OppNet works and how the
aims of the OppNet initiative?         investments without replicating       partner institutes are involved.
Dr. Elwood: Simply put, OppNet         them.‖                                 Dr. Elwood: All 24 NIH Insti-
is a truly trans-NIH initiative to       It seems OppNet and its part-       tutes and Centers (ICs) that fund
expand the agency’s extramural         ner institutes have made a            research and four program offices
funding of basic behavioral and        strong effort to involve re-          within the NIH Office of the Di-
social sciences research (b-           searchers in the decisions about      rector fund and manage this ini-
BSSR). All OppNet members              emerging opportunities in basic       tiative. Our Steering Committee
share a common aim: to increase        social and behavioral research.       consists of ICO Directors or their
NIH’s extramural research on ba-       What steps have you taken to          designees. Their suggestions and
sic mechanisms of behavior and         make sure OppNet fosters              questions consistently impress
social processes that relate across    timely basic social and behav-        me. Drs. Jeremy Berg (Director
NIH’s Institutes, Centers, and Of-     ioral health research?                of the National Institute of Gen-
fices (ICOs) and across public         Dr. Elwood: I wouldn’t say, ―It       eral Medical Sciences) and Rich-
health challenges. Toward that         seems.‖ I’d say, ―It’s true!‖ APA     ard Hodes (Director of the Na-
end, all OppNet’s funding oppor-       and its members — among other         tional Institute on Aging) are in-
tunities complement existing NIH       researchers — were among the          volved co-chairmen who also
initiatives and portfolios in b-       318 respondents to OppNet’s Re-       value NIH program directors and
BSSR.                                  quest for Information that ac-        our extramural communities for
  OppNet’s official mission state-     cepted data during January and        their respective expertise — but
ment and two main goals are as         February 2010. The more de-           the involvement of our other di-
follows: ―The mission of OppNet        tailed data analysis was a substan-   rectors might surprise you. For
is to pursue opportunities for         tive component in our planning.       example, when Dr. Larry Tabak,
strengthening basic behavioral         For example, the breadth and          NIH’s new Principal Deputy Di-
and social science research (b-        depth of responses regarding cir-     rector, met with a small OppNet
BSSR) at the NIH while innovat-        cadian rhythms and sleep issues       group regarding the final funding
ing beyond existing investments.       led a team of NIH program direc-      process for our Fiscal Year 2010
                                       tors to propose this topic for po-    grants, he made comments about
• “OppNet advances basic behav-                                              some of the research projects and
ioral and social science research      tential funding opportunities.
                                       With approval from our Coordi-        asked specific questions about
through activities and initiatives                                           others.
that build a body of knowledge         nating and Steering committees,
about the nature of behavior and       they now are Fiscal Year 2011           Our Coordinating Committee
social systems.                        funding opportunity announce-         has a program director-level
                                       ments (FOAs). We in OppNet            member for every ICO member.
• “OppNet prioritizes activities       definitely listen to our stake-       We also have a group that I refer
and initiatives that focus on basic    holders—extramural researchers        to as the ―OppNet friends,‖ NIH
mechanisms of behavior and so-         and advocates alike–and we in-        employees with expertise and/or
cial processes; that are relevant to   clude their views in our planning     interest in b-BSSR. The Friends
the missions and public health         process.                              often attend our meetings and
challenges of multiple NIH Insti-                                            participate on our
tutes, Centers and Offices (ICOs);      Tell us how the administration                           Cont. on p.28
               G   UE

                                                          G       UE
workgroups, including the teams
                                                    DIALO                   tors will review all the applica-
that wrote our FOAs. Your read-      tional Cancer Institute, also will     tions for responsiveness and for
ers always can find the list of      host the review panel. Most of         relevance to the 24 ICs. Applica-
committee members on our Web         our RFAs request letters of intent;    tions most relevant to NIA will
site.                                our program directors and scien-       keep their initial numbers; the
                                     tific review officers will use the     others will receive new numbers
 How is OppNet funded, and
                                     letters not simply to estimate the     that reflect their respective reas-
for how long?
                                     number of applications we’ll re-       signments. Applications with-
Dr. Elwood: NIH founded Opp-         ceive, but also to recruit as re-      drawn for lack of relevance or
Net as a five-year initiative to     viewers experts who apparently         that will not receive funding will
sunset at the end of Fiscal Year     plan not to apply!                     maintain NIA numbers regardless
2014. In our first year, we had                                             of focus. All applications will
$10 million in funds from the          Do you have any advice for
                                     scientists who are preparing           maintain their secondary OP des-
American Reinvestment and Re-                                               ignations, however.
covery Act and an additional $2      applications – what should be
million from the Office of AIDS      emphasized?                              Third, read each OppNet FOA
Research. If the Congress passes     Dr. Elwood: First, all OppNet’s        thoroughly. This is an overall
the OppNet-specific portion of       2011 funding opportunities are         grantspersonship tip; neverthe-
the President’s 2011 budget, the     one-time RFAs.                         less, it’s especially cogent for
NIH Director’s Office will fund                                             OppNet because the RFA frame-
                                       Second, scientists should search     work allows NIH to withdraw
half of our $20-million budget;      for OppNet FOAs by going to the
the other half will come from the                                           unresponsive applications before
                                     OppNet website or searching the        they ever get to the review proc-
24 ICs using an assessment based     NIH Guide for Grants and Con-
on each IC’s overall Congres-                                               ess. Confidentiality rules pre-
                                     tracts with ―OppNet‖ as a search       clude me from disclosing how
sional appropriation. The fact       term. OppNet has a discrete
that this assessment is based on                                            many OppNet applications we
                                     funding pool but cannot issue          withdrew in Fiscal Year 2010.
overall budget, not on an Insti-     funding opportunities using its
tute’s social/behavioral budget,                                            Nevertheless, I can tell you that I
                                     own two-letter code, ―OP.‖ In-         completed all the paperwork to
demonstrates a strong commit-        stead, we rely on our members to
ment to the behavioral and social                                           withdraw these applications and
                                     serve as ―Host ICs‖ that issue         contacted every investigator and
sciences. The plan for OppNet’s      FOAs with numbers that use each
final three years is $30 million                                            signing official for every applica-
                                     host IC’s two-letter code. The         tion. These tasks led me to con-
each year.                           NIH IC that issues an OppNet           clude that this is an important tip
  How will reviews for the ap-       FOA for public consideration is        to share with researchers.
plications be organized?             not necessarily the NIH Institute
                                     or Center that ultimately will          Fourth, write a one-page concept
Dr. Elwood: In FY2011, all Opp-                                             paper and send it to a program
Net’s funding opportunities are      manage a funded OppNet project.
                                     For example, the National Insti-       officer listed on the RFA. Obvi-
RFAs. Requests for applications                                             ously, this is good grantsperson-
almost without exception result in   tute on Aging (NIA), which has
                                     the code ―AG,‖ released our RFA        ship practice tip — but it’s superb
RFA-specific review panels.                                                 practice for OppNet if researchers
Consequently, NIH’s Center for       on self-regulation (RFA-AG-11-
                                     010), and NIA will provide the         want their respective applications
Scientific Review will convene                                              to make their way through the
special emphasis panels for all      initial grant number to all applica-
                                     tions that respond to this an-         peer review process for potential
our 2011 funding opportunities,                                             funding consideration afterward.
save OppNet’s R13 RFA (RFA-          nouncement; each application
CA-10-017) for funding scientific    also will have a secondary assign-      (This interview originally appeared in
                                     ment, ―OP,‖ for OppNet. After          the September 2010 issue of Psychologi-
meetings. CSR seldom reviews                                                cal Science Agenda, the newsletter of
the R13 mechanism, so the host       the receipt deadline and before
                                                                            the APA Science Directorate.) 
IC for this OppNet FOA, the Na-      funding, OppNet program direc-
               G   UE

                                                              G       UE
                                                  Dear Me!
  Do you find heuristic processing effortful? Do you take pleasure in others’ inability to experi-
ence Schadenfreude? Does not thinking about a white bear make you crave radishes? When you
try to strike a power pose, do you raise the testosterone levels of the people around you? Are you
unable to find a single correlation above r = 0.80, despite your reliance on brain-imaging tech-
  If any of this applies to you, you may need help and SPSP is at the ready. Email questions re-
garding your problems to With each issue of Dialogue, the editors will
choose one or more questions to be answered by an anonymous do-gooder. Just realize that all
answers are provided for entertainment purposes only. So, if the advice you receive falls flat,
take heart in knowing that your problems have entertained others.

Dear Me!                                 lished you are ready to start writ-   through a compelling statistic.
      Is there anything I can do to      ing and one strategy you might        For instance, did you know that
stop writer’s block?                     pursue is to start throwing down      10% of professional writers experi-
                                         the first thoughts that come to       ence writer’s block frequently?
Drawing Blanks                           mind not even worrying about          This amazing fact was found quite
Dear Blankie:                            punctuation or the aptness of the     easily, using the Internet. The
                                         way you have chosen to describe       Internet is full of numbers like
   There are many ways to get over
                                         the thing you’re writing about as     this, and maybe you can find one
writer’s block. The first thing you
                                         what you are saying should just be    that will help you get going. Be
should do is step back and ask
                                         put by you on the page as a means     careful, however. A recent study
yourself: What do I want to write
                                         of seeing the thoughts in your        reported over the Internet indi-
about? Imagine, for purposes of
                                         own head that might fill a page       cates that at least 78% of the sta-
illustration, it is your task to write
                                         and then you can go back later        tistics found online are not accu-
an advice column for Dialogue but
                                         and start editing.                    rate. Even if that estimate is com-
no one wrote you asking for ad-
                                           This strategy helps, because it     pletely wrong, it is still frightening
vice. So you find yourself staring
                                         forces you to put aside pretense      – especially since it was just given
at a blank page, trying to figure
                                         and just write. As the author         legitimacy in Dialogue.
out what to write. In such a situa-
tion, you should examine your            Anna Quindlin noted, “People            The Internet brings other chal-
own plight and give yourself some        have writer’s block not because       lenges that most stalled writers
advice for a change. Ask yourself        they can’t write, but because they    need to consider. It’s sad to say,
to write on writer’s block!              despair of writing eloquently.” It    but the computers we use to write
                                         is hard to make this point better     are the same computers that put
  Now that you have a topic, you
                                         than she did, and that highlights     us in contact with the distractions
need a deadline. Most academics
                                         yet another strategy for overcom-     we writers must avoid (email,
cannot begin writing until their
                                         ing writer’s block: Find a clever     news blogs, the opportunity to
final deadline has passed. For the
                                         “hook” – something that will grab     barter fresh eggs on FarmVille).
winter edition of Dialogue, all col-
                                         the reader and give you passage       This point was driven home by yet
umns absolutely, unequivocally
                                         into your own material. One           another statistic found on the
have to be finished by the first
                                         means of doing this is to find a      Internet. According to a recent
week of November. It so happens
                                         pithy quotation. Does this feel       study, over 99% of Facebook users
that the words you are now read-
                                         like cheating to you? It should       are telling the truth when they
ing were written in the second
                                         not. As Ralph Waldo Emerson           update their status feeds to indi-
week of November. Coincidence?
                                         opined, “By necessity, by procliv-    cate that they are procrastinating.
Not so much.
                                         ity, and by delight, we all quote.”   It is hard to get procrastinators to
 With topic and deadline estab-                                                do anything at all, but such is the
                                          Another way to find a “hook” is
                                                     G           UE
power of the Internet.                  you can dream in color. Was that         second glass or if the third is oh,
  It is with such concerns in mind      a snowflake you just saw? Too            nice, and while writing? You’re
that you might consider discon-         soon. Too soon.                          happy. And is this is a fourth
necting your computer from the            Alternatively, you might close         glass of wine? There it is! And
internet. If you live in New Eng-       the window shade to avoid all dis-       maybe it’s time to, Hello? Why
land, you might camp out near a         tractions. The only writing aid          no fifth glass? Are we empty?!!
big window. Take a few deep             you need is a good cup of coffee.          When you awaken from your
breaths as you soak in the view to      But be careful not to overdo it if       nap, you realize that your article
calm yourself before you write.         caffeine affects your moods and          is mostly written and your only
Notice how the falling leaves cre-      makes you angry, especially at all       remaining task is to figure out
ate a light rain of orange and yel-     the idiots in your department            how to bring it to a close. Here
low against the ever-graying tree       with all their silly departmental        you can seek guidance from the
line that frames your small town.       politics. They are the reason you        word-count feature of most word
In the distance, you hear Cana-         have to worry about writer’s block       processors. For the Dear Me! col-
dian Geese making their yearly          in the first place!! To avoid this?      umn, space constraints limit you
migration. You take comfort in          Maybe you should skip the coffee         to 1,000 words. You’ve already
their call but feel a chill. In just    and instead sip a nice, relaxing         written 996 words. Hope this
days, autumn will be but a mem-         glass of wine. Then the words will       helps!!
ory, lost seemingly forever, unless     start to flow, possibly after the         ~Me!

                         News of the Society (Continued from p. 11)

ence that you can now opt out of the    Whom should I be thanking                talks and was quite successful: Audi-
printed program! The program and        for their hard work on be-               ence attendance at Division 8 talks
convention committees are also          half of SPSP and Social and              was improved with an average dou-
looking into customizable on-line       Personality Psychology more              bling of the audience from previous
programs and phone apps for the         generally?                               years. Jennifer Tickle will be taking
future.                                                                          over the Division 8 APA program-
                                         The 2010 Award for Service to the       ming for 2011.
Where will conference be                Society was given to David Dun-
held in the future?                     ning this year in appreciation for his     Heather Kelly and Steve Breckler,
                                        many years of service to SPSP. The       from the APA Science Directorate
 The 2012 site for the SPSP confer-
                                        2010 Award for Distinguished Ser-        came to talk to the Division 8 execu-
ence is San Diego. The 2013 site is
                                        vice on Behalf of Social and Person-     tive committee. They reported that
New Orleans.
                                        ality Psychology was awarded to Ed       NIH funding was likely to be flat in
How diverse is the SPSP                 Diener and David Myers.                  the upcoming year, but that NSF
membership?                                                                      funding would increase by 8%. Bob
  If only you would tell us! Although                                            Kaplan, from UCLA, has become
the registration for SPSP member-          News from Division 8 of APA           the new OBSSR Director. Breckler
ship asks about race, ethnicity, and      Paula Pietromonaco is the next         urged Division 8 (and SPSP) mem-
gender, many members skip these         APA council representative for Divi-     bers to contact Kaplan to discuss the
questions or purposely leave them       sion 8. She is replacing the outgoing    role of personality and social psy-
blank. Thus, although we may want       Janet Swim. Thanks for your hard         chology in NIH programs. Breckler
to know how diverse the society is,     work, Janet!                             also encouraged members to submit
we have a lot of missing data. Next                                              proposals to NIH’s new OppNet pro-
                                          This past year, Diana Sanchez was      gram. An interview with Bill El-
time you renew you membership, we       the Division 8 Program Chair for the
encourage you to fill out this infor-                                            wood, the coordinator of OppNet
                                        APA conference. She did a great job      appears on p. 26 and explains how
mation!                                 putting together an excellent pro-       the OppNet program works.
                                        gram. In addition, Diana worked at
                                        increasing audience attendance at the                   
                                                                                             G       UE
               The O
                           of the
             News letter
                        y for
                 Societ         d                                                  2010 SPSP Officers and Committee Members
                        lity an
               P ersona          gy
                                                                      President                       Jennifer Crocker

              So  cial Ps                                             President-Elect                 Todd Heatherton
                                                                      Past President                  Rich Petty
                                Dialog                                Executive Officer               Jack Dovidio
                                           ue Miss
                                    Statem              ion           Deputy Executive Officer        Linda Dovidio
                     Dialogu                     ent
                    of the S is the official n                        Associate Executive Director    David Dunning
                                ociety fo                ewslette
                    Social P                  r                   r
                                sycholo Personality an                Executive Assistant             Christie Marvin
                   twice ev                gy                   d
                                ery yea . It appears                  Executive Committee             Jennifer Eberhardt, Laura King, Randy
                  and fall                  r, in the
                              . It                     sp
                  membe s intended rea ring                            Members at Large               Larson, John Lydon, Nicole Shelton
                              rs of the                d
                purpose                    Society. ership is         Secretary-Treasurer             Monica Biernat
                              o                        T
                news of f Dialogue is t he
                             th                      o
               debate e Society, stim report                          Editor, PSPB                    Shinobu Kitayama
                            on issue                 u
              inform                    s, and g late                 Editor, PSPR                    Mark Leary
                          and occ                  enerally
              Dialogu                 asionall
                           e                      ye
             about m publishes sum ntertain.                          Co-Editors, Dialogue            Diane Quinn, Hart Blanton
                           eetings                maries
             executiv                  o
                          e comm f the Society’s                      Convention Committee            Wendi Gardner (chair), Cynthia
            commit                    ittee an                                                        Picket, Toni Schmader
                        te                        d sub-
           announ es, as well as
          letters t                s, opinio                          SPSP Program Committee          Wendy Berry Mendes (co-chair),
                      o                         n
          other a the editor, hum pieces,                                                             Andrew Elliot (co-chair), Grainne
                    rticles o                    or, and
         persona                fg
                     lity and eneral interest                                                         Fitzsimons, Cheryl Kaiser, Richard
        psycholo                 social                  to
        publish ists. The Edito                                                                       Lucas, Jason Mitchell, Shige Oishi,
                   all relev                rs seek                                                   Emily Pronin, Valerie Purdie-
       approp                  ant and                to
       althoug te contributio                                                                         Vaughns, Michael Robinson,
                 h                         n
      right to the Editors rese s,                                                                    Diederik Stapel, Jessica Tracy,
                 determ                     rve the
     Conten                  in
               t may b e publishabilit                                                                Kathleen Vohs
     Editors                e solicit               y.
              or                       ed
    membe offered, unso by the                                        Diversity & Climate Committee Denise Sekaquaptewa (chair),
              rs.                      licit
    and Co News of the S ed, by                                                                     Nilanjana Dasgupta, Rudy Mendoza-
   reviewe               e Repor ociety
             d                       ts a                                                           Denton
  content for accuracy a re
             by offic                  nd
 chairs o                er                                           Publication Committee           Wendy Wood (chair), Duane
           f SPSP. s or committe
reviewe                All othe                  e                                                    Wegener, Daniel Cervone
           d                        rc
Editors. at the discretio ontent is
                                      n of the                        Training Committee              Marti Hope Gonzales (chair), Jamie
                                                                                                      Arndt, Michael Robinson, Stacey
                                                                      Fellows Committee               Dolores Albarracin (chair), Nalini
                    s at
               ct u            or                                                                     Ambady, Andrew Elliot, Steven
        C onta           .edu
                  conn                                                                                Heine
             n@u              u
         quin             n.ed
    ane.           ucon
                                                                      Graduate Student Committee      Sean Hughes (chair), Austin Lee
 di             n@
           anto                                                                                       Nichols, Kristin Dukes, Haylie Gomez,
  ha                                                                                            Robin Kaplan, Amy-Jo Lynch, Carmel
                                                                      SISP Steering Committee         Tiffany Ito (chair), Sam Gosling, Chick
                                                                                                      Judd, Iris Mauss, Harry Reis, Eliot
                                                                      APA Council Representative      Lynne Cooper, Janet Swim
                                                                      APA Division 8 Program Chair    Diana Sanchez
         s of                                                         Webmaster                       Jeremy Cone
                                           e 19

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