From Bull Run to Antietam

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					                            Critics charged that President
                             Clinton changed his mind a bit too

Warm-up                      easily on key issues. He would
                             swing toward the conservative
                             viewpoint, they said, if he thought
                             that would help him politically.
                             During the 1996 presidential race,
                             that tactic made it more difficult for
                             conservatives like Bob Dole to brand
                             Clinton a liberal. Early in the race,
                             when this cartoon appeared, this
                             particular Clinton ―strategy‖ seemed
                             to be working.

                        1.   Do you think the movie titles are
                             appropriate to each candidate?
                             Explain.
                        2.   Do you think the cartoonist favors
                             one candidate over the other?
                             Explain.
                        3.   What might be other appropriate
                             captions for this cartoon?
    Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
Politics in Recent
       Years

               TEKS
  6(H), 8(A), 16(A), 20(C), 24(A),
               24(H)

                 Mr. Rivard
             Joshua High School
                           Listen
   Sweeping changes in world affairs in the early
    1990s changed the face of world politics.
    Although the Cold War was over, these
    developments offered new challenges to the
    United States, now the only superpower, and to
    the President. The United States also faced
    challenging issues at home, as immigration and
    an aging population changed the demographics
    of American society.

                Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
                            Listen
   When Democrat Bill Clinton won the White
    House in 1992, he proposed a far reaching
    government health care plan. But opposition in
    Congress doomed the health plan. Clinton did
    reduce the federal budget, but in 1994
    Republicans endorsed a, pledging to balance the
    budget, reduce taxes, cut back government, and
    eliminate many regulations. For a time, the clash
    shut down the government. Eventually, they
    compromised Contract with America on a
    balanced budget.
                 Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
                           Listen
   Clinton also compromised on a welfarereform
    program. Near the end of his second term, the
    economy showed a budget surplus for the first
    time since 1962. Clinton’s second term was
    marked by scandal. In the Whitewater affair,
    he was accused of taking part in fraudulent loan
    schemes in Arkansas and of taking illegal
    campaign contributions. Another scandal
    erupted when his inappropriate relationship with
    a White House intern led to a grand jury
    investigation and an impeachment trial. Despite
    all this, the economy continued to grow.

                Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
                           Listen
   The 2000 election between Vice President Al
    Gore and Governor George W. Bush was very
    close and became a battleground over
    recounting votes. The outcome was decided by
    the Supreme Court, which gave the election to
    Bush. The new President focused on a major tax
    cut and education reform, but other issues were
    put aside when on September 11, 2001, terrorist
    attacks on New York City and Washington, D.C.,
    killed thousands of people. The President and
    the American people now had a new challenge:
    defeating terrorism.

                Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
                        Politics in Recent Years
Chapter 27, Section 1




                         Begin Taking Notes
     1.      What led to Bill Clinton’s election in 1992, and
             what issues did he tackle during his first term?
     2.      Why did Republicans issue a Contract with
             America?
     3.      What scandals were debated during Clinton’s
             second term?
     4.      What were the results of the 2000 election,
             and what goals did the new President set?
     5.      How did America respond to the terrorist
             attacks in 2001?
                            Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
                 The 1992 Election
                                              Campaign Issues
The Candidates                                 Clinton campaigned on
   President George Bush, a                    the belief that
    Republican, sought a second
    term.                                       government was
   Texas billionaire H. Ross Perot,            necessary but that it
    an independent candidate,                   should be made smaller
    entered the race out of                     and more efficient.
    frustration over government
                                               Character issues,
    economic policies.
                                                including reports of a
   Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton,
    a Democrat, pledged to                      past affair, marred
    address the nation’s economic               Clinton’s campaign.
    problems.                                   Nonetheless, he won the
                                                election with 43 percent
                                                of the votes.
                      Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
              Clinton’s First Term
Economic Reform                            The Battle Over Healthcare
 Clinton tried to follow a middle          When Clinton took office,
   course in dealing with the                many Americans lacked access
   economy.                                  to affordable healthcare.
 To reduce the deficit, Clinton            Clinton proposed the creation
   proposed a budget including               of a government-supervised
   both spending cuts and tax                health insurance program that
   increases. Congress passed                would guarantee affordable
   the budget, but just barely.              coverage to every American.
 Neither the spending cuts nor             Despite popular support for
   the tax increases were well               healthcare reform, Clinton’s
   received by the public.                   proposal failed to gain the
                                             necessary votes in Congress.

                     Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
  The Republicans’ Contract With America
Balancing the Budget and Welfare Reform, 1994–1996
Contract With America
During the 1994 midterm elections, Georgia Representative Newt Gingrich called on
Republican candidates to endorse a Contract with America, a pledge to scale back the
role of the federal government, eliminate some regulations, cut taxes, and balance the
budget.
Congress Versus the President
In the 1994 elections, Republicans won majorities in both houses of Congress. Newt
Gingrich became Speaker of the House and proposed cuts in many social services to balance
the budget. The debate turned from whether or not to balance the budget to how to balance
it.
The Government Is Shut Down
At the end of 1995, Clinton and Gingrich were unable to compromise on budget issues. As a
result, budget allocations expired without reauthorization, leading to the temporary closure of
government offices and disruption of services to many Americans.
Welfare Reform
In August 1996, Congress and Clinton agreed on a sweeping reform of the nation’s
welfare system. The new law eliminated federal guarantees of cash assistance, gave
more authority to states, and placed limits on the length of time Americans could
receive welfare.


                          Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
           Clinton’s Second Term
   Clinton won reelection in 1996, defeating Republican Bob Dole
    and Ross Perot of the newly created Reform Party.
   A strong economy improved Clinton’s popularity. In 1998, the
    government achieved its first budget surplus since 1969.
   Charges of scandal continued during Clinton’s second term. In
    what came to be known as the Whitewater affair, Clinton was
    accused of having taken part in fraudulent loans and land deals
    in Arkansas years earlier.
   A further scandal arose when Clinton denied a sexual
    relationship with White House intern Monica Lewinsky. In
    December 1998, the House voted to impeach Clinton on charges
    of perjury and obstruction of justice. In the Senate trial which
    followed, Clinton was acquitted.


                     Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
            The 2000 Election
   The mixture of a strong economy and a
    scandal-ridden presidency promised a
    close presidential election in 2000. Vice
    President Al Gore ran for the Democrats,
    while the Republicans nominated Texas
    Governor George W. Bush.
   Pre-election polls showed Gore and Bush
    virtually tied. On election night, votes in
    several states were too close to call.
               Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
              The 2000 Election
   One undecided state, Florida, could give either
    candidate enough electoral votes to win the
    presidency. Lawyers, politicians, and the media
    swarmed to Florida to monitor a recount of votes
    there.
   A series of court battles eventually reached the
    Supreme Court, which voted 5–4 to stop the Florida
    recounts, awarding the state’s electoral votes to Bush.
   Although Gore had won the popular vote, Bush won
    the election by 271 electoral votes to Gore’s 266.


                  Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
             The George W. Bush
               Administration
Change in Presidential Style                Bush on Domestic Policy
 Bush’s approach to the                     Early in his presidency, Bush
  presidency differed from that               received congressional
  of Clinton.                                 approval for a tax cut that
 Bush preferred a more formal                granted most taxpayers a $300
  atmosphere in the White                     rebate.
  House and began keeping a                  Bush also proposed an
  stricter schedule than the                  educational reform bill that
  former President.                           called for redirected funding
 Advisors, staff members, and                and increased accountability
  the Vice President, Dick                    from schools.
  Cheney, were granted more
  responsibility for setting policy
  under Bush’s administration.
                      Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
            Attack on America
   On September 11, 2001, terrorists hijacked four
    commercial airplanes. Two hit the Twin Towers
    of the World Trade Center in New York, causing
    both towers as well as several surrounding
    buildings to collapse. A third plane hit the
    Pentagon, and a fourth crashed in a field near
    Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
   Thousands died in the collapse of the towers,
    including hundreds of emergency workers who
    had rushed to the scene.

                Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
            Attack on America
   Americans responded to the tragedy with an
    outpouring of support for the victims.
    Meanwhile, President Bush vowed to bring
    justice to those responsible for the attack.
   On October 7, an American bombing campaign
    known as ―Operation Enduring Freedom‖ began
    against Afghanistan, whose ruling Taliban was
    believed to be harboring Saudi dissident Osama
    bin Laden, suspected of masterminding the
    attack.

                Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
         Politics in Recent Years—
                 Assessment
What was the Contract with America?
   (A)   Bill Clinton’s proposal to reduce the deficit
   (B)   Bush’s new approach to the presidency
   (C)   The American bombing campaign in Afghanistan
   (D)   A Republican pledge to scale back the federal government


What was the Supreme Court’s role in the 2000 election?
   (A)   Bringing lawyers, politicians, and the media to Florida
   (B)   Deciding whether to continue the recount in Florida
   (C)   Counting votes in states too close to call
   (D)   Deliberating on results of pre-election polls



                        Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
         Politics in Recent Years—
                 Assessment
What was the Contract with America?
   (A)   Bill Clinton’s proposal to reduce the deficit
   (B)   Bush’s new approach to the presidency
   (C)   The American bombing campaign in Afghanistan
   (D)   A Republican pledge to scale back the federal government


What was the Supreme Court’s role in the 2000 election?
   (A)   Bringing lawyers, politicians, and the media to Florida
   (B)   Deciding whether to continue the recount in Florida
   (C)   Counting votes in states too close to call
   (D)   Deliberating on results of pre-election polls



                        Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)
                              Work
Look over your notes from today.
1. Answer the 5 questions from today’s lecture.
2. In five sentences, write a brief summary of what we
   went over in class today. Use the highlighted key
   terms in your summary!
  Title the paper the same as the Lecture Notes.
  Make sure to put your Name, Date, and Period in the
   upper right hand corner of your page.
  Turn this in at the beginning of class tomorrow – put it
   in the hand-in/collection basket.
  Worth 25 out of 100 points for this week’s Daily grade.


                  Entering a New Era (1992 to the Present)

				
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