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Cognitivism Cognitivism Will you remember Renee Talmich and Ryan Lucas

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Cognitivism Cognitivism Will you remember Renee Talmich and Ryan Lucas Powered By Docstoc
					Cognitivism
 Will you remember?

          Renee Talmich and Ryan Lucas
                 Cognitivism
                             Definition
    Summary
                     1. A retreat from behaviorism.
                     2. An understanding of the
                        organization of thinking
    Examples
                     3. Learning is not always
                        indicated by behavior
    Historical
   Perspective

Concluding Remarks
                 Cognitivism
                                Summary
    Summary
                     • Cognitive processes influence
                     learning
                     • As children grow, they become
    Examples         capable of increasingly more
                     sophisticated thought
                     • People organize the things that
    Historical       they learn
   Perspective

Concluding Remarks                               More
                 Cognitivism
                              Examples
    Summary
                     1. Mnemonic Effect
                     2. Meaningful Effect
    Examples         3. Serial Position Effect
                     4. Practice Effect
    Historical       5. State Dependant Effect
   Perspective

Concluding Remarks
               Cognitivism
                     Historical Perspective
    Summary
                     • Jean Piaget
                     • Lev Vygotsky
    Examples         • Edward Tolman


    Historical
   Perspective

Concluding Remarks
                 Cognitivism
                                Summary
    Summary
                     •New information is most easily
                     acquired when people can
                     associate it with the things they
                     have already learned
    Examples
                     • People control their own learning
                     • The more meaningful the
    Historical       information is, the easier it is
   Perspective       learned and remembered

Concluding Remarks
                 Cognitivism
                         Mnemonic Effect
    Summary
                     • Silly Songs (ABC)

                     • Please Excuse My Dear Aunt
                     Sally
    Examples
                     • Rhymes (e-i)


    Historical
   Perspective
                                            Back
Concluding Remarks
                 Cognitivism
                         Meaningful Effect
    Summary
                         Meaningful information is
                             retained easier
                     • Fractions—too abstract unless
    Examples         related to something that students
                     are already familiar with (e.g. pizza
                     or pie)

    Historical
   Perspective
                                                 Back
Concluding Remarks
                 Cognitivism
                      Serial Position Effect
    Summary
                     Items at the beginning of a list or
                          at the end are easier to
                                 remember
    Examples         • Classroom directions
                     • Driving directions
                                   Unless…
    Historical
   Perspective       • If item in the middle is distinctively
                     different (e.g. blue, red, yellow,
                     brown, cat, orange, purple, pink,
Concluding Remarks
                     green)
                                                      Back
                 Cognitivism
                           Practice Effect
    Summary
                      Perfect practice makes perfect
                     • Spelling words are learned easier
                     by writing, visualizing, and orally
    Examples         spelling rather than just one context



    Historical
   Perspective
                                                Back
Concluding Remarks
                 Cognitivism
                     State Dependent Effect
    Summary
                     Learning in one context is easier
                       to remember in that context
                     • Informative posters on the wall
    Examples
                     • Informative Bulletin Boards


    Historical
   Perspective
                                                Back
Concluding Remarks
               Cognitivism
                            Jean Piaget
    Summary
                     • Focused on logical
                     reasoning and the
                     structure of knowledge
    Examples
                     • People are intrinsically
                     motivated to make sense of
                     the world (i.e. learn)
    Historical
   Perspective       • There are different “stages”
                     of learning              Back
Concluding Remarks
               Cognitivism
                            Lev Vygotsky
    Summary
                     • Russian psychologist
                     and philosopher
                     • Learning = social and
    Examples
                     collaborative activity
                     • Thought and language
    Historical       develop independently of each
   Perspective       other (until 2 years old)
                                               Back
Concluding Remarks
               Cognitivism
                         Edward Tolman
    Summary
                     • Learning can occur
                     without a reward
                     (reinforcement)
    Examples
                     • Learning occurs because of
                     organization
    Historical       • Most behavior is intentional
   Perspective       (not reactive)
                                            Back
Concluding Remarks
               Cognitivism
                           Conclusion
    Summary
                     Weakness—
                     Student learns one way, but
                     may not be the best way.
    Examples
                     Strength—
                     Produces consistency.
    Historical
   Perspective
                     Everyone accomplishes the
                     task the say way.
Concluding Remarks
Cognitivism
 Did you remember?

				
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