HOW TO USE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
HAS / HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE
POSITIVE QUESTION NEGATIVE
I I I
We we We have not
You you You (haven’t)
They they They
finished. finished? finished.
He he He
She Has she She
It it It
1. It is used to talk about a situation (or activity) a) He’s had the car sinde he was eighteen. (He
which began in the past and is still continuing. still has the car that he bought when he was
When the tense has this meaning, it is usually eighteen.).
used with time words such as for, since, all day, b) He’s worked here for two years. (He is still
etc. working here.)
2. It is used to talk about an action which happened a) Have you ever been in a car crash?
in the past and is finished, but we are not b) I’ve never been to Perth.
interested in when. We are interested in the c) They’ve already seen that film.
experience as part of someone’s life.
A: “Have you ever had a car accident?”
Note that if the time is talked about, and if more
B: “Yes, I have.”
details are given, the tense changes to the past
A: “When did it happen?”
simple and past continuous.
B: “In 1989. I was driving down a road when a
car came out in front of me.”
3. It is used to talk about a past action and shows a) The taxi has arrived. (It’s outside the house
the result of that action in the present. now).
b) I’ve recovered from my illness.(I’m better
He lives in Adelaide for ten years. He has lived in Adelaide for ten years.
I have seen him yesterday. I saw him yesterday.
When have you started your new job? When did you start your new job.
You can use this space for your own grammar notes:-
Self Access Centre Victoria University Online Grammar Review