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Informative Speech Outline - DOC

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					Outline                                                      Sullivan


  Kristyn Sullivan
  Informative Speech Outline


  The affects on our society from drinking and driving
  Introduction (1 minute)
  I. Questions for the Audience:
       i. Have any of you ever driven under the influence?
      ii. Have any of you ridden in a car with a driver under the
          influence?
     iii. Have you been in a car crash involving a drunk driver?
     iv. Do you know anyone who has been severely injured or even
         died from a motor vehicle accident involving a drunk
         driver?
  II. The reason I chose this topic is because
      i. Recently some of my friends were involved in a car crash
         with a drunk driver on their way back home from being up
         here at state college to visit me
     ii. Our age group is especially effected by this crime and
         especially as college students we have to be aware of the
          crime
    iii. The statistics that I have found about this topic have
          amazed me, I had no idea drunk driving effected our
          society soooo much
     iv. I think this topic applies to all of us especially young
          adults and teenagers our age in our positions
      v. Story (1 minute)
  Students/under age (1 minute)
       I. Underage teens drink
           i. As far as under age drinking goes about 41% of teens
              ages 12-17 have consumed alcohol sometime in their
              lifes and about 21% are still currently using it.
          ii. In those violent crimes that have been recorded by
              the police where alcohol was a factor, about 9% of
              the offenders and nearly 14% of the victims were
              under age 21. We need to be aware of the fact that
              this subject is one that should not be taken lightly
            especially because we are so heavily involved in the
            age bracket.
       iii. Drinking and Alcohol Violations on college campuses
            is not taken easily.
        iv. In 1994 an estimated 13% of 2- and 4- year colleges
            reported on-campus arrests for liquor law
            violations. These violations exclude public
            drunkenness offenses and DUI/DWI.
         v. About 63% of public four year universities reported
            arrests for liquor violations compared to 17% of
            private four year schools.
        vi. National estimates of the number of arrests on
            campus for 1994 were 20,430. That’s a lot of people.
            It all depended on what type of school, how big it
            was, or where it was located. (Source: Laurie Lewis
            and Elizabeth Farris, Campus Crime and Security at
            Postsecondary Education Institutions, Washington,
            D.C.: National Center for Education Statistics,
            January 1997 (NCES 97-402).)
        vii. Public universities more often reported the
             availability of alcohol education programs and
             services than universities that were privately
             operated.(Source: Brian A. Reaves and Andrew L.
             Goldberg, Campus Law Enforcement Agencies, 1995,
             Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Justice Statistics,
             December 1996 (NCJ-161137).)
Alcohol in general (1 minute)
I. Did you know that each year there are about 3 million crimes
   that occur involving persons under the influence of alcohol.
   35% of violent victimizations were believed to have involved
   an assailant who had been drinking.
II. About 1 in 18 persons age 18 or older describe themselves
   as consuming two or more drinks per day but national estimates
   of annual per capita consumption of alcoholic beverages have
   dropped about 10% since 1990. Even with this decline,
   aggregate consumption translates into about one drink per day
   for every resident.
III. The violent crimes committed between 11pm and midnight are
   most likely to involve alcohol.
Drinking and Driving (1 minute)
I. 2.1 million fatal motor vehicle accidents that occurred over
   the last 2 decades involved drunk drivers.
II. In 1996, local law enforcement agencies nationwide made an
   estimated 1,467,300 arrests for driving under the influence.
   The highest number of arrests for DUI was made in 1983 with
  1.9 million arrests.
          o In 1997, 513, 200 offenders were on probation or in
             jail or prison for driving while intoxicated by
             alcohol. Laura M. Maruschak, “Bureau of Justice
             Statistics Special Report: DWI Offenders under
             Correctional Supervision”, U.S. Department of
             Justice: Washington D.C., June 1999.
III. Declines in DUI arrest rates have occurred for every age
   group, especially for those under the age of 21. In 1980
   people between 16 and 20 years old were 10% of licensed
   drivers but 15% of DUI arrestees. Then in 1996 they were 7% of
   drivers and 8% of DUI arrestees.
IV. In 1996 there were 17,126 alcohol-related traffic
   fatalities, that was 40.9% of all traffic fatalities that
   year. That is lower than 10 years before though.
V. An estimated 32% of fatal accidents involved an intoxicated
   driver or pedestrian (more drivers) with a blood alcohol
   concentration of at least .1 grams of alcohol per deciliter of
   blood, aka intoxication.
VI. Over the last decade the rates of intoxication in fatal
   accidents have decreased greatly over every age group.
Conclusion (1 minute)
I. We need to do our part to contribute to society
II. We don’t want our family or friends getting hurt
III. This happens all around us, in state college (The Centre
   Daily Times)
IV. I hope you all understand the major effects drunk driving
   can have on our society and I hope you have all learned new
   things about it
V. Maybe you wont drink and drive, maybe you will, always
   remember you can make a difference, no matter how big or
   small, it can all start here


Primary Sources:
Government Documents
       Lawrence A. Greenfeld, “Alcohol and Crime: An Analysis of
        National Data on the Prevalence of Alcohol Involvement
        Crime”, U.S. Department of Justice: Washington D.C.,
        April 5-7, 1998.
      Laura M. Maruschak, “Bureau of Justice Statistics Special
       Report: DWI Offenders under Correctional Supervision”,
       U.S. Department of Justice: Washington D.C., June 1999.
Newspaper
       Bosak, Pete. “Man shows up drunk to DUI hearing, has to
        sober up in cell< Judge accepts guilty plea”. June
        2,2006. Centre Daily Times (State College, PA)
Introduction                                       7/6/2006 11:12:00 AM

      Do you know anyone who has been severely injured or even
 died from a motor vehicle accident involving a drunk driver? I
 do. And I’m sure many of you do.
      Three things I would like to discuss throughout my speech
 are drinking in general, I’d like to touch on underage drinking,
 and finally my main point: drunk driving.
      The statistics I found when I started to research this
 topic amazed me. Over the last 2 decades 2.1 million fatal car
 accidents have involved drunk drivers. Lawrence A. Greenfeld,
 “Alcohol and Crime: An Analysis of National Data on the
 Prevalence of Alcohol Involvement Crime”, U.S. Department of
 Justice: Washington D.C., April 5-7, 1998.
      Recently some of my friends were in a car accident
 involving a drunk driver. This was, in fact, last weekend. They
 had come up here to Penn State to visit me, on their way home,
 they were side-swiped by a drunk driver. They spun out into a
 wall. Although the car was totaled, my friends were luckily
 alright.
      That is unfortunately not the only connection I have with
 drunk driving. I also had a friend that   was hit and killed by a
 drunk driver. The drunk driver, was our   age. Young underage
 drinkers causing crashes and killing or   hurting innocent people.
 Now that you can hopefully see why this   topic is important to
 me, let’s get started.
Middle Gushy Stuff                               7/6/2006 11:12:00 AM

    Underage Drinking is a big problem in our society. As far as
 under age drinking goes statistically, according to The U.S.
 Government Document: “Alcohol and Crime” about 41% of teens ages
 12-17 have consumed alcohol sometime in their lifes and about
 21% are still currently using it. In violent crimes that have
 been recorded by the police where alcohol was a factor, about 9%
 of the offenders and nearly 14% of the victims were under age
 21.
    We need to be aware of the fact that this subject is one that
 should not be taken lightly especially because we are so heavily
 involved in the age bracket. Drinking and Alcohol Violations on
 college campuses is not taken easily. Colleges are beginning to
 crack down on this. Drinking on college campuses is terribly
 increasing. In 1994 an estimated 13% of 2- and 4- year colleges
 reported on-campus arrests for liquor law violations. These
 violations don’t include DUI/DWI. The numbers for all of these
 facts are amazing.
    It effects our society so much yet we don’t here much about
 it. About 63% of public four year universities reported arrests
 for liquor violations compared to 17% of private four year
 schools. 20,430. That’s the number of arrests made on college
 campuses in a year for something alcohol related. That’s a lot
 of people. It all depended on what type of school, how big it
 was, or where it was located. Public universities more often
 reported the availability of alcohol education programs and
 services than universities that were privately operated.


   Alcohol is more involved in our society than most of us think.
 Did you know that each year there are about 3 million crimes
 that occur involving persons under the influence of alcohol. 35%
 of violent victimizations were believed to have involved an
 assailant who had been drinking. That number is pretty sad. To
 think that alcohol can really influence a person that much.
    The majority of our country drinks. About 1 in 18 persons age
 18 or older describe themselves as consuming two or more drinks
 per day but national estimates of annual per capita consumption
of alcoholic beverages have dropped about 10% since 1990. Even
with this decline, aggregate consumption translates into about
one drink per day for every resident, which is still rather
ridiculous.


   Drinking and Driving is something that has effected me
personally. It has effected a lot of people personally. 2.1
million fatal motor vehicle accidents that occurred over the
last 2 decades involved drunk drivers. Driving under the
influence is a big deal. And we see it a lot. In 1996, local law
enforcement agencies nationwide made an estimated 1,467,300
arrests for driving under the influence.
   In 1997, 513, 200 offenders were on probation or in jail or
prison for driving while intoxicated by alcohol. Laura M.
Maruschak, “Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report: DWI
Offenders under Correctional Supervision”, U.S. Department of
Justice: Washington D.C., June 1999. The highest number of
arrests for DUI was made in 1983 with 1.9 million arrests.
Luckily this number has started to decrease and continues to do
so. Declines in DUI arrest rates have occurred for every age
group, especially for those under the age of 21. In 1980 people
between 16 and 20 years old were 10% of licensed drivers but 15%
of DUI arrestees.
   Then in 1996 they were 7% of drivers and 8% of DUI arrestees.
Those are people under the age and they are making a big impact.
Underage drunk drivers make made up 15% of all DUI arrests.
That’s such a sad number when you try to consider where in the
world they got the alcohol from. In 1996 there were 17,126
alcohol-related traffic fatalities, that was 40.9% of all
traffic fatalities that year. That is lower than 10 years before
though.
   But can you imagine how many people had to go through losing a
loved one. How many people lost a mother, father, sister,
brother… it’s not right. Over the last decade the rates of
intoxication in fatal accidents have decreased greatly over
every age group. This is the start to a better community.
Conclusion                                          7/6/2006 11:12:00 AM

   Driving under the influence is all around us. MAN SHOWS UP
 DRUNK TO DUI HEARING, HAS TO SOBER UP IN CELL< JUDGE ACCEPTS
 GUILTY PLEA. Pete Bosak, June 2,2006. Centre Daily Times
 (State College, PA). It even happens here in state college. In
 conclusion,We need to do our part to contribute to society.
   We don’t want our family or friends getting hurt. I hope
 you all understand the major effects drunk driving can have on
 our society and I hope you have all learned new things about
 it. Maybe you wont drink and drive, maybe you will, always
 remember you can make a difference, no matter how big or
 small, it can all start here.   We can help prevent this, this
 is our time, let’s make a difference. Thank you.

				
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