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898 tOPICB Or THE DAY. London, March 29, 1859. W OB OF XDICIL PRACITIMO . The Apothecaries Act of 1815 at once elevated the dispensers of prescriptions to the legal status of medical practitioners ;-a status which theyhad previously been by degrees assuming, without any effective, though amid much attempted, opposition from the physicians of that day. The successors of the apothecaries of 1815 are, to a great extent, men of the highest professional education. By them the supplying of medicines has been pretty generally disoontinued, and now, lfort natty, we think, there is not the twentieth part of the "open surge. ries" to which the less opulent were accustomed to resort. In place of the " open surgeries," however, there are the " open shops" of druggists, who, like the old apothecaries, are medical consultants in their back parlours and behind their counters. Many of them also visit sick customers at their own homes.' A prestige will be given to this new order of medical practitioners by Mr. Jacob Bell's Pharmacy Bill, and the long impending rumin of the humbler class of medical men will be consummated, should the Bill pass the legislature in its present form. At the same time, the whole of the profession will be injured; for the druggists will more and more be courted by young physicians, just as the apothecaries were courted by the " higher grades" of the profession some fifty years ago-just as solicitors (and their daughters) are now courted by hungry barristers. Can nothing be done to avert this impending moral degradation of many in our profession? We say YE ! If medical men will only combine, and get themselves represented by two or three men of their own order in the new Parliament. Seats, we believe, could be had, if candidates could be found capable of eilisting the support of the profession. By and bye, the learned professions will doubtless be represented in the legislature; but before that reform can possibly be accomplished, our profession may be destroyed. These remarks have been suggested by our having heard, on apparently good authority, that ihe committee of thirteen, to whom Mr. Bell's Bill has been referred, are likely to report in its favour, in consequence of the apathy of the profession. The only public notice which we have seen of the appoint. ment of this committee is the following, which appears (without a heading) in the Times report of the proceedings in the House of Commons on the 22nd March.-" On the motion of Mr. J. Bell, the following members were appointed the select committee on the Pharmacy Bill:-Mr. J. Bell, Mr. Ewart, Mr. Bouverie, Sir W. G. Craig, Mr. Cardwell, Sir H. Willoughby, Mr. Waldey, Mr. Deedes, Mr. Hindley, Mr. Jackson, Mr. Farrer, Mr. Wyld, and Mr. Bramston." EACKWLIDING OF THMCOL OF PHYICIANS. The Lancet (March 27) stes, upon apparently good authority, that under the Charter which the College of Physicians is trying to obtain, candidates for the Fellowship are to be admitted, only if they can, in addition to other accomplishments, prove themselves to be good classical scholars. We have always been advo- cates for a high standard of classical and mathematical attainments being exacted from licentiates ering the professon: but the Fellowship of the College of Physicians should be a professional distinction conferred upon eminent physicians, even though they may have become rusty in latin, Greek, and mathematics; and any measure which tends to make the College what it once was, a mere club of Oxford and Cambridge men, must be re- garded as an act of backsliding, opposed to the wishes of the most enlightened physicians, ad extremely detrimental to the interest of the public. CO TAX This creel inquisitorial impost, whieh weighs so unequally and so oppressively on the members of our profesion, is, upon an I DR. TuxSTATrx ,of Bath, calls attention to this in the Medical Times of March 13, p. 278. APPOItNtxESXTB-OBIT7ARY. 399 early occasion, to btbrought under the consideration of the Home Secretary of State, by an infIuential committee of the Provincial Medical and Surgical Association, appointed for that purpose at the annual meeting held at Brighton in August last. As the Home Secretary has promised, within a short period, to receive the committee, we earnestly call attention to the appeal for support which has been issued by that body, and from which the following is a short extract:- "The Committee will be thankful for the names of those who are willing to come forward and volunteer evidence before the Committee of the House of Commons. They will feel greatly obliged to any medical man, whose en- gagements will not permit him to take a more active part, to communicate his opinions to the Secretary of the Committee. And, lastly, should any individual desire that the facts onl* of his letter be made known, his commu- nication will be regarded as confidential, and his name not allowed to tran- spire. As the Committee are desirous to enlist every qualified member of the medical profession, and to obtain information from all, they would be glad to receiveSmith,communication upon this subject, addressed to their Secretary, Dr. any Portland House, Cheltenham." APPOINTXMENTS. CooswE.LL, Charles, M.D., has been appointed one of the Physicians to the St. Pancras General Dispensary. GRnTrrH, Samuel, M.D., has been appointed Physician to the Incorporated Society of Ancient Britons. OLrmE, Dr., has been appointed by His Excellency Lord Cowley, Physician to the British Embassy at Paris. PARTMRGE,Joseph Bowen, Esq., has been appointed House Surgeon to the Cumberland Infirmary. WADE, Willoughby, M.D., has been appointed Resident Physician and Tutor to the General Hospital, Birmingham, in the room of Dr. T. P. HESLOP, resigned. WORDswoRTH, John Cawood, Esq., Assistant-Surgeon to the London Hospital, was, on the 9th February, elected Assistant-Surgeon to the Royal London Ophthalmic Hospital, Moorfields, in the room of H. H. MKCKMUIDo, Esq., resigned. Waxoen, W., Esq., has been appointed Surgeon to the Whitehaven and WVest Cumberland Infirmary. OBITVARY. CumNG, James, M.R.C.S.Eng., and L.A.C. 1828, on the 16th January. Mr. Cumming and his son (a lad of ten or twelve years of age) were drowned at Matlock, in the river Derwent, in consequence-of its being swollen by floods. Their bodies were not found till fourteen days had elapsed, when they were discovered locked in each other's arms. Mr. Cumming left a widow, (since deceased), and seven children, in whose behalf a subscription is now being raised. Contributions are received by Messrs. Herries, Farquhar, and Co., bankers, St. James' Street, London. DEmY, Samuel, M.R.C.S.Eng. 1818, LS.A. 1819, Surgeon to the South Devon and East Cornwall Hospital, and one of the Apothecaries to the Plymouth Public Dispensary, on the 5th February, at Plymouth, in which town he had been a medical practitioner for twenty-five years. DOANE, A. S., M.D, Health Officer of New York, on the 27th January. He was remarkable for his diligence in translating first class French medical works, and for editing reprints of English books of the same description. He translated Dupuytren's Surgery, Meckel's Ajatosy, Maygrier's Midwifery, etc, and edited Mason Good's Study of Medline. DowmN, Sir Alexander Mackenzie, M.D., on the 3rd February, at Frankfort-on- the-Maine, aged 41. The deceased was a son of a clergymen of the Church of Scotland. He received the honour of knighthood in 1840 from the Queen, for his attention as physician to Her late ILH. the Landgravine of Hesse Homberg. During the same year, he was appointed Physician in Ordinary to H.R.H. the Duke of Cambridge. Latterly, he practised at Frantkfort, where he acted as Physician to the British Embassy.
". The Apothecaries Act"