West Nile Virus The West Nile virus is an illness that is transferred to humans when they are bitten by infected mosquitoes. Some people believe this is a type of virus that will only affect people in third world countries. Yet confirmed cases of it have been found in all areas of the world. In fact, any place where there are mosquitoes there is a risk of someone contracting West Nile. Since 1999 there have been confirmed cases of it in the United States. It is very important to do all you can to prevent West Nile cases from increasing. You nee to keep yourself and your family safe. Since it isn’t possible to stay indoors all the time when mosquitoes are around you have to be safe. Wearing long sleeved shirts and pants will help to prevent your body from being exposed. Use repellent with DEET even on your clothes and areas that are exposed. Some mosquitoes will attempt to bite through your clothing so don’t overlook this. There isn’t a vaccine for West Nile virus so you can’t just go to the doctor and get a shot to take care of it. You definitely will want to see a doctor though is you start to experience various types of symptoms. They include fever, fatigue, nausea, swollen glands, and a headache. They can appear in the weeks after being bitten by a mosquito. One of the best ways though to really control the spread of West Nile is to eliminate them. Take action to spray for mosquitoes and to kill their eggs that are in still water until they hatch. Getting rid of mosquitoes may seem impossible but if everyone puts some effort into it the number of them will be reduced. West Nile virus is the most serious for the elderly and for the very young. Actions should be taken to make sure they are using the right type of repellent. Individuals with weakened immune systems will have more severe problems with West Nile as well. All cases of it should be reported to the local health department. This way they can get efforts out to notify the public and to initiate more tactics to eliminate the mosquito population in the area.