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Bang-Sup Song, Ph.D., Charles Lee Powell Endowed Electrical and l Chair in Wireless Communications The Undergraduate Programs Computer David Sworder, Ph.D., Associate Dean, OGSR Mohan Trivedi, Ph.D. The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) Charles W. Tu, Ph.D., Chair Alexander Vardy, Ph.D. Engineering offers undergraduate programs lead- ing to the B.S. degree in electrical engineering, Andrew J. Viterbi, Ph.D., Emeritus (not in-residence) engineering physics, and computer engineer- OFFICES: Harry H. Wieder, Ph.D., Research Professor- ing. Each of these programs can be tailored to Undergraduate Affairs, Room 2705 in-Residence provide preparation for graduate study or Graduate Affairs, Room 2718 Jack K. Wolf, Ph.D., Stephen O. Rice Professor of employment in a wide range of fields. Engineering Building Unit 1, Warren College Electrical and Computer Engineering The Electrical Engineering Program has a com- http://www.ece.ucsd.edu (Endowed Chair) mon lower-division and a very flexible structure in Professors Edward T. Yu, Ph.D. the upper-division. After the lower-division core, all Paul Yu, Ph.D. students take six breadth courses during the junior Anthony S. Acampora, Ph.D. Kenneth A. Zeger, Ph.D. year.They must then satisfy a depth requirement Victor C. Anderson, Ph.D., Emeritus (not in- which can be met with five courses focused on residence) Associate Professors some speciality, and a design requirement of at Peter M. Asbeck, Ph.D. Paul Chau, Ph.D. least one project course.The remainder of the pro- H. Neal Bertram, Ph.D., CMRR Endowed Chair II Pamela C. Cosman, Ph.D. gram consists of six electives which may range as William S. C. Chang, Ph.D., Research Professor Sujit Dey, Ph.D. widely or as narrowly as needed.The Electrical William A. Coles, Ph.D. Ian Galton, Ph.D. Engineering Program has been accredited by the Rene L. Cruz, Ph.D. Sadik C. Esener, Ph.D. Clark C. Guest, Ph.D. Accreditation Board of Engineering and Techno- Shaya Fainman, Ph.D. George J. Lewak, Ph.D., Emeritus (not in-residence) logy (ABET). Jules A. Fejer, D.Sc., Emeritus (not in-residence) Bill Lin, Ph.D. The Engineering Physics Program is conducted Carl W. Helstrom, Ph.D. Emeritus Anthony V. Sebald, Ph.D., Associate Dean, Jacobs in cooperation with the Department of Physics. Its Ramesh Jain, Ph.D., Research Professor School of Engineering structure is very similar to that of electrical engi- Andrew B. Kahng, Ph.D. Kenneth Y. Yun, Ph.D. neering except the depth requirement includes Kenneth Kreutz-Delgado, Ph.D. seven courses and there are only four electives. Adjunct Professors Walter Ku, Ph.D. The Computer Engineering Program is con- Lawrence E. Larson, Ph.D., CWC Industry Endowed C. K. Cheng, Ph.D., Computer Science and ducted jointly with the Department of Computer Chair in Wireless Communications Engineering Science and Engineering. It has a more prescribed S. S. Lau, Ph.D. Pankaj K. Das, Ph.D., Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute structure. The program treats hardware design, Sing H. Lee, Ph.D. Karen L. Kavanagh, Ph.D., Simon Fraser University data storage, computer architecture, assembly Yu Hwa Lo, Ph.D. Robert Hecht-Nielsen, Ph.D., Hecht-Nielsen languages, and the design of computers for engi- Robert Lugannani, Ph.D. Neurocomputing Corporation neering, information retrieval, and scientific Huey-Lin Luo, Ph.D. Michael J. Heller, Ph.D., Nanogen research. Elias Masry, Ph.D. John A. Hildebrand, Ph.D., Marine Physical For information about admission to the pro- D. Asoka Mendis, Ph.D., Research Professor Laboratory, Scripps Institution of Oceanography gram and about academic advising, students are Laurence B. Milstein, Ph.D., Academic Senate William S. Hodgkiss, Ph.D., Marine Physical referred to the section on ECE departmental regu- Distinguished Teaching Award Laboratory, Scripps Institution of Oceanography lations. In order to complete the programs in a Farrokh Najmabadi, Ph.D. James U. Lemke, Ph.D., Center for Magnetic timely fashion, students must plan their courses Truong Q. Nguyen, Ph.D. Recording Research carefully, starting in their freshman year. Students Alon Orlitsky, Ph.D. John Proakis, Ph.D., Northeastern University should have sufficient background in high school Kevin B. Quest, Ph.D. James Zeidler, Ph.D., SPAWAR (formerly Naval mathematics so that they can take freshman cal- Bhaskar Rao, Ph.D. Ocean Systems Center) culus in the first quarter. Ramesh Rao, Ph.D. Associate Adjunct Professor For graduation, each student must also Barnaby J. Rickett, Ph.D. Anthony Weathers, Ph.D., Overland Data, Inc. satisfy general-education requirements deter- Manuel Rotenberg, Ph.D., Research Professor mined by the student’s college. The five colleges M. Lea Rudee, Ph.D., Research Professor Associated Faculty at UCSD require widely different numbers of gen- Victor H. Rumsey, PhD., Emeritus (not in-residence) Vitali Shapiro, Ph.D. Gustaf O. S. Arrhenius, Ph.D., Professor, eral-education courses. Students should choose Paul H. Siegel, Ph.D., Director, Center for Magnetic Scripps Institution of Oceanography their college carefully, considering the special Recording Research George Tynan, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, nature of the college and the breadth of educa- Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering tion required. They should realize that some col- leges require considerably more courses than 1 others. Students wishing to transfer to another SOPHOMORE YEAR Upper-Division Requirements (total of 72 units) college should see their college adviser. Math. 20F Math. 21D Math. 20E Recommended Schedule Phys. 2C Phys. 2D ECE 60L Graduates of community colleges may enter ECE 30 ECE 60A ECE 60B FALL WINTER SPRING ECE programs in the junior year. However, transfer GER GER GER JUNIOR YEAR students should be particularly mindful of the ECE 101 ECE 107 Elective (c) * 8A must be taken before 8B. freshman and sophomore course requirements ECE 102 ECE 108 Depth #1 when planning their programs. Additional Notes: ECE 103 ECE 109 Depth #2 GER GER GER These programs have strong components in 1. Students can take CSE 11 either in the winter SENIOR YEAR laboratory experiments and in the use of comput- or spring quarter of their freshman year. Depth #3 Depth #4 Depth #5 ers throughout the curricula. In addition, the Students taking CSE 8A-B should enroll in CSE Elective (c) Eng. Design (b) Elective (c) department is committed to exposing students to 8A in the winter quarter of their freshman year. Elective (c) Elective (c) Elective (c) the nature of engineering design. This is accom- GER GER GER 2. ECE 20A and 20B are offered every quarter; plished throughout the curricula by use of open- therefore, some students will be able to take ended homework problems, by exposure to ECE 20A in the fall quarter (enrollment limited Summary by Discipline engineering problems in lectures, by courses and priority for transfer students). Other stu- which emphasize student-initiated projects in dents will postpone taking ECE 20A until the both laboratory and computer courses, and finally a. Electrical Engineering BREADTH Courses (24 winter or spring quarter of their freshman year. by senior design-project courses in which teams units) of students work to solve an engineering design 3. Students taking CSE 8A-B may take ECE 20A in Courses required of all electrical engineering problem, often brought in from industry. the spring quarter and ECE 20B in the fall quar- majors: IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT STUDENTS DISCUSS ter of their sophmore year. ECE 30 will be post- The six courses, ECE 101, 102, 103, 107, 108, and THEIR CURRICULUM WITH THE APPROPRIATE poned to the winter quarter of the sophmore 109 are required of all electrical engineering DEPARTMENTAL ADVISER IMMEDIATELY UPON year. majors and they are an assumed prerequisite ENTRANCE TO UCSD, AND THEN AT LEAST 4. Students with AP Math credit are strongly for senior-level courses, even if they are not ONCE A YEAR UNTIL GRADUATION. advised to take Math. 20B in the fall quarter, explicitly required. They are taught in two leaving room for a GER in the winter quarter. phases as shown below. Although the courses B.S. Electrical Engineering Program 5. The ECE undergraduate student handbook are largely independent, there are some pre- Students must complete 180 units for gradua- shows several scheduling options. Please refer to requisites. ECE 102 is a prerequisite for ECE 108, tion, including the general Education Require- the handbook and consult with the staff adviser and ECE 101 and 103 should be taken either ments (GER). Note that 144 units (excluding GER) in the undergraduate office, EBUI, room 2705. concurrently or before ECE 102. Students who are required. delay some of the breadth courses into the spring should be careful that it does not delay Lower-Division Requirements (total of 72 units) Summary by Discipline their depth sequence. Please note that electrical engineering stu- Fall and Winter Mathematics (24 units): Math. 20A-B, 21C-D, and dents cannot take CSE 11 or 8A in the fall quarter 20E-F. Students will be allowed to use another ECE 101 Linear Systems Fundamentals of the freshman year. The fall quarter enrollment in mathematics sequence only if they transfer from ECE 102 Introduction to Active Circuit CSE courses is reserved for computer science and another department on campus, junior college, or Design computer engineering majors. Electrical engineer- other university. ECE 103 Fundamentals of Devices and ing students can follow the recommended sched- Physics (16 units): Phys. 2A-B-C-D or Phys. 4A-B- Materials ule listed below or make up alternate schedules according to the course offering (See the addi- C-D-E. Math. 20A is a prerequisite for Phys. 2A. Winter and Spring tional notes and the ECE undergraduate hand- Students whose performance on the mathemat- ECE 107 Electromagnetism book.) ics placement test permits them to start with Math. 20B or higher may take Phys. 2A in the fall ECE 108 Digital Circuits Recommended Schedule quarter of the freshman year. ECE 109 Engineering Probability and FALL WINTER SPRING Chemistry (4 units): Chem. 6A. Statistics FRESHMAN YEAR Computer Science (4 units): CSE 11 or 8B*. b. Electrical Engineering DESIGN Course Math. 20A Math. 20B Math. 21C (4 units) Chem. 6A Phys. 2A Phys. 2B Electrical Engineering (24 units): ECE 20A-B GER ECE 20A ECE 20B (should be completed by the end of the freshman Note: In order to fulfill the design requirement, stu- GER CSE 11 or 8B* GER year), ECE 30, ECE 60A-B, and ECE 60L. dents must complete one of the following courses with a grade C– or better. The electrical engineering design requirement can be fulfilled in any of the following three ways: 2 1. Take ECE 191: Engineering Group Design approval of their faculty adviser. Some of the tional notes and the ECE undergraduate hand- Project approved sequences have lower-division prereq- book.) 2. Take ECE 192: Engineering Design uisites and thus list six courses. Students choosing FALL WINTER SPRING This course requires the department stamp. one of these sequences will have only two “pro- FRESHMAN YEAR Specifications and enrollment forms are avail- fessional” electives. Guidelines for meeting the Math. 20A Math. 20B Math. 21C able in the undergraduate office. depth requirement can be obtained from the Chem. 6A Phys. 2A Phys. 2B undergraduate office. GER ECE 20A ECE 20B 3. Take one of the following courses: GER CSE 11 or 8B* GER Electronics Circuits and Systems: • ECE 111: Advanced Digital Design Project SOPHOMORE YEAR ECE 163, 164, 165, and any two of ECE Math. 20F Math. 21D Math. 20E • ECE 118: Computer Interfacing 111, 118, 161A, 161B, 161C, and 166. Phys. 2C Phys. 2D ECE 60L • ECE 155B or 155C: Digital Recording Electronic Devices and Materials: ECE 30 ECE 60A ECE 60B Projects GER Phys. 2DL GER ECE 135A, 136L, 135B, 139, and 183. • Phys. 121: Experimental Techniques Controls and Systems Theory: * 8A must be taken before 8B. Students who wish to take one of these ECE 171A, 174, 171B, 118, and 173. Additional Notes: courses to satisfy the design requirement must Machine Intelligence: fill out an enrollment form and have depart- 1. Students can take CSE 11 either in the winter ECE 173, 174, 172A and any two of ECE 175, mental approval for the design credit. The proj- or spring quarter of their freshman year. 161A, 187, 253A, 285, and COGS 108C. ect must meet the same specifications as Students taking CSE 8A-B should enroll in CSE Photonics: 8A in the winter quarter of their freshman year. ECE 192. ECE 181, 182, 183, 184, and 185. c. Electrical Engineering ELECTIVES 2. ECE 20A-B are offered every quarter; therefore, Communications Systems: some students will be able to take ECE 20A in (24 units) ECE 161A, 153, 154A-B-C. the fall quarter (enrollment limited and priority • Three upper-division engineering, mathe- for transfer students). Other students will post- Networks: matics, or physics courses. pone taking ECE 20A until the winter or spring ECE 161A, 153, 159A, 158A-B. • Three additional electives which students quarter of their freshman year. Queuing Systems: may use to broaden their professional 3. Students taking CSE 8A-B may take ECE 20A in ECE 171A, 174, and 159A-B-C. goals. Normally these will be upper-division the spring quarter and ECE 20B in the fall quar- courses in engineering, mathematics, or Computer Design: CSE 12, 21, and 141, ECE 158A, 111 or 118, and ter of their sophmore year. ECE 30 will be post- physics. Students may also choose upper- poned to the winter quarter of the sophmore division courses from other departments, 165. year. such as humanities, social sciences, or arts, Software Systems: provided that they fit into a coherent pro- CSE 12, 21, 100, 101, 141, and 120. 4. Students with AP Math credit are strongly fessional program. In such cases a lower- advised to take Math. 20B in the fall quarter, division prerequisite may be included in B.S. Engineering Physics leaving room for a GER in the winter quarter. the electives. Courses other than upper- The engineering physics degree combines a 5. The ECE undergraduate student handbook division engineering, mathematics, or strong program in physics with most of the shows several scheduling options. Please refer to physics must be justified in terms of such a requirements for a B.S. degree in electrical engi- the handbook and consult with the staff adviser program, and must be approved by a fac- neering. Students must complete a total of 180 in the undergraduate office, EBUI, room 2705. ulty adviser. units for graduation, including the general-educa- (For additional information, please refer to tion requirements. Note that 146 units are Summary by Discipline the section on “Elective Policy for required for the major. Electrical Engineering and Engineering Mathematics (24 units): Math. 20A-B, Math. 21C- Lower-Division Requirements (total of 74 units) Physics Majors.”) D, and 20E-F. Students will be allowed to use Please note that engineering physics students d. Electrical Engineering Depth Requirement another mathematics sequence only if they trans- cannot take CSE 11 or 8A in the fall quarter of the (20 units) fer from another department on campus, or com- freshman year. (The fall quarter enrollment in CSE Students must complete a “depth requirement” munity college, or other university. courses is reserved for computer science and com- of at least five quarter courses to provide a focus puter engineering majors). Electrical engineering Physics (16 units): Phys. 2A-B-C-D or Phys. 4A-B- for their studies. This set must include a clear students can follow the recommended schedule C-D-E. Math. 20A is a prerequisite for Phys. 2A. chain of study of at least three courses which listed below or make up alternate schedules Students whose performance on the mathemat- depend on the “breadth” courses. Students may according to the course offering (See the addi- ics placement test permits them to start with choose one of the approved depth sequences Math. 20B or higher may take Phys. 2A in the fall listed below, or propose another with the quarter of the freshman year. 3 Physics Lab (2 units): Phys. 2DL is required. an enrollment form and have departmental Bioengineering: The following series of courses Chemistry (4 units): Chem. 6A. approval for the design credit.The project must will provide “core” preparation in bioengineering meet the same specifications as ECE 192. and will satisfy the ECE technical elective Computer Science (4 units): CSE 11 or 8B. c. Engineering Physics ELECTIVES (16 units) requirements: Electrical Engineering (24 units): ECE 20A and • One upper-division engineering, mathe- • BILD 1, BILD 2, BE 100, BE 140A-B. 20B (should be completed by the end of the fresh- matics, or physics course. The bioengineering department will guarantee man year), ECE 30, ECE 60A, ECE 60B and ECE 60L. admission to these courses for ECE students who • Three additional electives which students Upper-Division Requirements (72 units) meet the eligibility requirements listed in the may use to broaden their professional Undergraduate Handbook. FALL WINTER SPRING goals. Normally these will be upper-division JUNIOR YEAR courses in engineering, mathematics, or • Students may use BE 186B to satisfy the ECE Math. 110 ECE 101 ECE 108 physics. Students may also choose upper- design requirements. Phys. 110A ECE 102 ECE 109 division courses from other departments, CSE: The following courses are excluded as elec- ECE 103 ECE 107 Phys. 130A GER GER GER such as humanities, social sciences, or arts, tives: CSE 1, 2, 5A-B, 8A-B, 11, 140 (duplicates ECE SENIOR YEAR provided that they fit into a coherent pro- 20B or 81), 140L (duplicates ECE 20B or 82), 143 ECE 123 Elective (d) ECE 166 fessional program. In such cases a lower- (duplicates ECE 165). CSE 12, 20, and 21 will count Phys. 130B Eng. Design (c) Elective (d) division prerequisite may be included in toward the three professional electives ONLY. Phys. 140A Elective (d) Elective (d) the electives. Courses other than upper- GER GER GER Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (MAE): division engineering, mathematics, or Credit will not be allowed for MAE 105, 139, 140, physics must be justified in terms of such a 141A, or 170. program, and must be approved by a fac- Summary by Discipline ulty adviser. Special Studies Courses 195–199: At most four units of 195–199 may be used for elective credit. (For additional information, please refer to a. Engineering Physics BREADTH Courses 2. Professional Electives: the section on Elective Policy for Electrical (24 units) Normally these will be upper-division courses Engineering and Engineering Physics The electrical engineering breadth courses ECE in engineering, mathematics, or physics. Students Majors.) 101, 102, 103, 107, 108, and 109, are also required may also choose upper-division courses from d. Engineering Physics DEPTH Courses other departments, such as humanities, social of engineering physics majors. However, because (28 Units) sciences, or arts, provided that they fit into a of the scheduling of Math. 110, Phys. 110A and 130A, they can only be taken in the order sched- All B.S. engineering physics students are coherent professional program. In such cases, a uled above. required to take Phys. 110A, 130A-B, 140A, Math. lower-division prerequisite may be included in 110, ECE 123, and ECE 166. the electives. Courses other than upper-division b. Engineering Physics DESIGN Course (4 units) engineering, mathematics, or physics must be jus- Note: In order to fulfill the design requirement, Elective Policy for Electrical tified in terms of such a program, and must be students must complete one of the following courses approved by a faculty adviser. Engineering and Engineering with a grade C– or better. Physics Majors Biology and Chemistry: Of the three electives The engineering physics design requirement intended to allow for the professional diversity, can be fulfilled in any of the following three ways: 1. Technical Electives: one lower-division biology or chemistry course 1. Take ECE 191: Engineering Group Design Project Certain courses listed below are not allowed as from BILD 1, 2, Chem. 6B-C may be counted for electives because of overlap with ECE courses. credit. Furthermore, this will count only if the stu- 2. Take ECE 192: Engineering Design This course requires the department stamp. Physics: Students may not receive upper-division dent can demonstrate to a faculty adviser that Specifications and enrollment forms are avail- elective credit for any lower-division physics they constitute part of a coherent plan for profes- able in the undergraduate office. courses. Students may not receive credit for both sional/career development. Phys. 100A and ECE 107, Phys. 100B and ECE 107, Upper-division biology and chemistry courses 3. Take one of the following courses: Phys. 100C and ECE 123. will count toward the three professional electives • ECE 111: Advanced Digital Design Project Mathematics: Math. 180A-B overlap ECE 109 and but not the three math/physics/engineering • ECE 118: Computer Interfacing 153, and therefore will not qualify for elective electives. • ECE 155B or 155C: Digital Recording credit of either type. Math. 183 will not be allowed Economics: Suitable electives would include: Projects as an elective. Math. 163 will only be allowed as a Economics 1A or 2A followed by courses in one professional elective. All lower-division mathe- of the following tracks: • Physics 121: Experimental Techniques matics is excluded from elective credit of either Students who wish to take one of these courses • Law, Economics and Policy: Select 2— type. to satisfy the design requirement must fill out Economics 118A-B, 130, 131, 132. 4 • Labor and Human Resources: Select 2— SOPHOMORE YEAR b. In addition, all B.S. computer engineering stu- Economics 136, 138A-B, 139. Math. 21D Math. 20F ECE 109 dents must fulfill the following upper-division CSE 30 Phys. 2C Phys. 2D • Urban Economics: Economics 133, 135. ECE 53A ECE 53B Phys. Lab ECE requirements: GER CSE 21 or GER • Engineering Probability and Statistics • Microeconomics: Select 2—Economics 100A-B, Math. 15B 170A ECE 109. This course can be taken in the * 8A must be taken before 8B. sophomore year. • Finance Track (MBA) I: Must complete all 3— Economics 4, 173, and 1 upper-division • Electronic Circuits and Systems ECE 102 Economics elective. Summary by Discipline and 108. The department recommends that these courses be taken in the junior year. • Finance Track (MBA) II: Economics 100A, 175. Mathematics (20 units): Math. 20A-B, 21C-D, and • Linear systems ECE 101 and 171A or 161A. • Operations Research: Must complete 172 A— 20F. c. Technical electives: All B.S. computer engineer- Economics 172A and (172B or 172C). Physics (16 units): Phys. 2A-B-C-D, or Phys. 4A-B- ing majors are required to take six technical Economics 1B or 2B followed by courses in one C-D. Math. 20A is a prerequisite for Phys. 2A. electives. of the following tracks: Students whose performance on the mathemat- • One technical elective must be either ECE • Monetary Economics: Economics 111 and 1 ics placement test permits them to start with 111 or ECE 118. upper-division Economics Elective. Math. 20B or higher may take Phys. 2A in the fall quarter of the freshman year. • Of the remaining five technical electives, • Macroeconomics: Economics 110A-B. four must be ECE or CSE upper-division or Note: Economics 120A, and 158A-B will not be Physics lab (2 units): Phys. 2BL or 2CL or 2DL. The graduate courses. allowed as professional electives. lab course should be taken concurrently with the Phys. 2 or Phys. 4 sequence. • The remaining course can be any upper- division course listed under the non- B.S. Computer Engineering Computer Science (20 units): CSE 11 or 8B*, 12, CSE/ECE electives. (See the section on CSE 20 or Math. 15A, CSE 21 or Math. 15B, and Students wishing to pursue the computer electives below.) CSE 30. engineering curriculum must be admitted to *8A must be taken before 8B. either the ECE or CSE department. The set of Electives required courses and allowed electives is the Electrical Engineering (12 units): ECE 53A-B, ECE 109. The discipline of computer engineering inter- same in both departments; please note that the acts with a number of other disciplines in a mutu- curriculum requires twenty upper-division Upper-Division Requirements ally beneficial way. These disciplines include courses. The Computer Engineering Program (total of 76 units) mathematics, computer science, and cognitive requires a total of 146 units (not including the science. The following is a list of upper-division general-education requirements). FALL WINTER SPRING courses from these and other disciplines that can The Computer Engineering Program offers a JUNIOR YEAR ECE 102 ECE 108 GER be counted as technical electives. strong emphasis on engineering mathematics CSE 100 or CSE 101 or CSE 105 or At most four units of 197, 198, or 199 may be and other basic engineering science as well as a Math. 176 Math. 188 Math. 166 used towards technical elective requirements. firm grounding in computer science. Students CSE 140# CSE 141* CSE 120 should have sufficient background in high school ECE/CSE 195 cannot be used towards course CSE 140L# CSE 141L* T.E. mathematics so that they can take freshman cal- requirements. Undergraduate students should get SENIOR YEAR culus in their first quarter. Courses in high school instructor’s permission and departmental stamp ECE 101 T.E. GER physics and computer programming, although CSE 131A CSE 131B T.E. to enroll in a graduate course. helpful, are not required for admission to the T.E. T.E. ECE 171A or 161A Students may not get duplicate credit for program. GER GER T.E. equivalent courses. The UCSD General Catalog # CSE 140 and 140L must be taken concurrently. should be consulted for equivalency information Lower-Division Requirements and any restrictions placed on the courses. * CSE 141 and 141L must be taken concurrently. (total of 70 units) Recommended Schedule Additional restrictions are noted below. Any devi- ation from this list must be petitioned. FALL WINTER SPRING FRESHMAN YEAR Summary by Discipline Mathematics: All upper-division courses except Math. 20A Math. 20B Math. 21C Math. 168A-B, 179A-B, 183, 184A-B, 189A-B, and CSE 11 or 8B* CSE 20 or CSE 12 a. All B.S. computer engineering students are 195–199. If a student has completed CSE 167, then Math. 15A GER Phys. 2A Phys. 2B required to take CSE 100 or Math. 176, CSE 101 he or she cannot get elective credit for Math. GER GER GER or Math. 188, CSE 105 or Math. 166, CSE 120, 155A. Students may receive elective credit for only 131A-B, 140, 140L, 141, 141L. one of the following courses: CSE 164A, Math. 174, Math. 173, Phys. 105A-B, MAE 107, CENG 100. No credit for any of these courses will be given if 5 Math. 170A-B-C is taken. Students will receive Music: Computer Music II 172, Audio Production: Electrical Engineering and Engineering Physics credit for either Math. 166 or CSE 105 (but not Mixing and Editing 173. majors: both), either Math. 188 or CSE 101 (but not both), Psyschology: Engineering Psychology 161. and either Math. 176 or CSE 100 (but not both). 1. Math. 20A-B, 21C Computer Science and Engineering: All CSE 2. Phys. 2A-B upper-division courses. Students will receive Minor Curricula 3. ECE 20A-B credit for either CSE 123A or ECE 158A (but not 4. CSE 11 or 8B ECE offers three minors in accord with the gen- both) and CSE 143 or ECE 165 (but not both). eral university policy that a minor requires five Computer Engineering majors: Cognitive Science: Cognitive Theory and upper-division courses. Students must realize Phenomena 101A-B-C, Cognitive Neuroscience that these upper-division courses have extensive Admission to the computer engineering major 107A-B-C, Theory of Computation and Formal lower-division prerequisites (please consult the is currently restricted as described in the section Systems 108A, Symbolic Modeling of Cognition ECE undergraduate office). Students should also “Admission to the School of Engineering.”The 108B, Neural Network Models of Cognition I 108C, consult their college provost’s office concerning only way to become a computer engineering (CE) Everyday Cognition 130, Distributed Cognition the rules governing minors and programs of con- major is to be directly admitted as an entering 131, Cognitive Engineering 132, Semantics 150, centration. freshman or as an entering transfer (Transfer stu- Language Comprehension 153, Natural and dents, see TRANSFER STUDENTS section below). Electrical Engineering: 20 units chosen from the Artificial Symbolic Representational Systems 170, Space permitting and at its sole discretion, the breadth courses ECE 101, 102, 103, 107, 108, 109. Neural Network Models of Cognition II 181, electrical and computer engineering department Artificial Intelligence Modeling II 182, Multimedia Engineering Physics: 20 units chosen from the may periodically grant admission to the computer Design 187A-B. junior year courses Phys. 110A, 130A, Math. 110, engineering (CE) major to a small number of aca- Students may not get credit for both CSE 150 ECE 101, 102, 103, 107, 108, 109. demically exceptional UCSD undergraduate stu- and Neural Network Models of Cognition I 108C Computer Engineering: 20 units chosen from dents who were not admitted to this major as or for both CSE 151 and Artificial Intelligence the junior year courses ECE 102, 108, CSE 100, 101, entering students. Exceptional admission will be Modeling II 182. 105, 120, 140, 140L, 141, 141L. considered for students having an overall UCSD Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (MAE): The department will consider other mixtures of GPA of 3.5 or better who have taken at least two All upper-division MAE courses except MAE 140, upper-division ECE, CSE, physics, and mathematics CSE, math, or science courses demonstrating spe- and MAE 195-199. courses by petition. cial aptitude for the CE curriculum. Applications Students may receive elective credit for only for exceptional admission must include submis- one of the following courses: CSE 164A, Math. 174, sion of a course plan demonstrating ability to sat- Math. 173, Phys. 105A-B, CENG 100, MAE 107. Undergraduate Regulations isfy graduation requirements and a personal Students may only get credit for one of the two and Requirements statement addressing the applicant’s motivation courses, CSE 167 or MAE 152. to join the CE major, in addition to other criteria Economics: Microeconomics 100A-B, Game Theory Because of heavy student interest in depart- established by the department. 109, Macroeconomics 110A-B, Mathematical mental programs, and the limited resources avail- Economics 113, Econometrics 120B-C, Applied able to accommodate this demand, maintenance Transfer Students Econometrics 121, Management Science of a high quality program makes it necessary to The B.S. in Computer Engineering is a heavily Microeconomics 170A-B, Decisions Under limit enrollments to the most qualified students. impacted major and admission is limited to appli- Uncertainty 171, Introduction to Operations Admission to the department as a major, pre- cants who have demonstrated a high level of Research 172A-B-C, Economic and Business major, transfer, minor, or to fulfill a major in achievement commensurate with the prospect of Forecasting 178. another department which requires (Dept) success in this major. Successful applicants must courses is in accordance with the general require- have completed substantial training at the com- Students cannot take Economics. 120A since it ments established by the School of Engineering. munity college and must have achieved a high duplicates ECE 109. These requirements and procedures are level of academic performance there. For exam- Linguistics: Phonetics 110, Phonology I 111, described in detail in the section on “Admission to ple, the required minimum of ninety quarter Phonology II 115, Morphology 120, Syntax I 121, the School of Engineering” in this catalog. transfer units must include eighteen quarter units Syntax II 125, Semantics 130, Mathematical of calculus, twelve quarter units of calculus-based Analysis of Languages 160, Computers and Admission to ECE Majors physics, and the highest level computer science Language 163, Computational Linguistics 165, Admission to upper-division ECE courses is course offered at their community college. Psycholinguistics 170, Language and the Brain based on the GPA in required lower-division Although the actual required GPA cutoff depends 172, and Sociolinguistics 175. courses. on the number of openings, at least a 3.2 GPA in Engineering: Team Engineering 101 Students must complete the following courses the community college transfer courses, and a in order to apply to the Department of Electrical 3.4 GPA in math, physics and computer science and Computer Engineering: courses, are likely to be needed to gain admission. 6 When planning their programs, students should among physics, mathematics, problem solving, shown that most students who are not familiar be mindful of lower-division prerequisites neces- and computation. All later courses are specifically with programming and take CSE 11 have to sary for admission to upper-division courses. designed to build on this foundation. All transfer retake the class because the accelerated pace Effective fall 2001 applicants seeking admis- students should understand that the lower- makes it difficult to learn the new material. sion as transfer students will be considered for division curriculum is demanding. Transfer Note: Transfer students are encouraged to consult direct admission into the Computer Engineering students will be required to take all lower- with the ECE undergraduate office for academic (CE) major in the Department of Electrical and division requirements or their equivalent. planning upon entrance to UCSD. Computer Engineering (ECE). The only way to bec- • Transfer students should start with ECE 20A ome a Computer Engineering (CE) major is to be in the fall quarter. Transfer students will be directly admitted as an entering transfer student. allowed to take ECE 20B and 60A concurrently. ECE Honors Program Students who wish to enter in the Electrical The recommended schedule for the lower- Engineering or Engineering Physics major must The ECE Undergraduate Honors Program is division ECE course is as follows: intended to give eligible students the opportunity apply to the department before the beginning of the fall quarter, submitting course descriptions and Recommended Schedule to work closely with faculty in a project, and to transcripts for courses used to satisfy their lower- FALL WINTER SPRING honor the top graduating undergraduate students. division requirements. Normally, admission will be ECE 20A ECE 20B ECE 60B for the fall quarter; students entering in the winter ECE 60A ECE 60L Eligibility for Admission to the or spring quarter should be aware that scheduling CSE 11 or 8B* Honors Program: difficulties may occur because upper-division * 8A must be taken before 8B. 1. Students with a minimum GPA of 3.5 in the sequences normally begin in the fall quarter. Junior Year: ECE 30 requires ECE 20B as a pre- major and 3.25 overall will be eligible to apply. requisite and thus should be taken in the fall Students may apply at the end of the winter Grade Requirement in the Major quarter of their junior year and no later than quarter of the junior year, concurrently with the A GPA of 2.0 is required in all upper-division the end of the second week of fall quarter of upper-division breadth courses ECE 101, 102, courses in the major, including technical electives. their senior year. No late applications will be and 103. No more than two courses with a D grade may be accepted. counted towards the major.The grade of D will not 2. Students must submit a project proposal be considered an adequate prerequisite for any New Transfer Students in (sponsored by an ECE faculty member) to the ECE course.The engineering design requirement Computer Engineering honors program committee at the time of must be completed with a grade of C– or better. application. Recommended Schedules 3. The major GPA will include ALL lower-division Advising FALL WINTER SPRING required for the major and all upper-division Students are required to complete an aca- FIRST YEAR* required for the major that are completed at demic planning form and to discuss their cur- CSE 11 CSE 12 CSE 30 the time of application (a minimum of twenty- riculum with the appropriate departmental CSE 20 (or CSE 121 (or ECE 109 four units of upper-division course work). adviser immediately upon entrance to UCSD, Math. 15A) Math. 15B) ECE 53B ECE 53A and then every year until graduation. This is Requirements for Award of Honors: FIRST YEAR** intended to help students in: a) their choice of CSE 8A CSE 8B CSE 20 (or depth sequence, b) their choice of electives, c) ECE 53A ECE 53B Math. 15A) 1. Completion of all ECE requirements with a keeping up with changes in departmental CSE 12 CSE 30 minimum GPA of 3.5 in the major based on requirements. An adviser will be assigned by the ECE 109 grades through winter quarter of the senior ECE department undergraduate office. * Recommended schedule for students with programming year. experience. This schedule will require students to get clear- 2. Formal participation (i.e., registration and ance from the CSE department to take CSE 8B and CSE 20 attendance) in the ECE 290 graduate seminar New Transfer Students in concurrently program in the fall quarter of their senior year. Electrical Engineering and ** Recommended schedule for students with no program- Engineering Physics ming experience.This schedule will require students to get 3. Completion of an eight-unit approved honors clearance from the CSE department to take CSE 8B and CSE project (ECE 193H: Honors Project) and submis- 12 in the winter quarter, and CSE 20 and CSE 30 concurrent- sion of a written report by the first day of The entire curriculum is predicated on the idea ly in the spring quarter. CSE 21 should then be taken during of actively involving students in engineering from the summer sessions or the following fall quarter. spring quarter of the senior year. This project the time they enter as freshmen. The freshman must contain enough design to satisfy the ECE Students who do not have any programming BS four-unit design requirement. course “Introduction to Engineering” has been experience are encouraged to take the CSE 8A-B carefully crafted to provide an overview of the 4. The ECE honors committee will review each sequence instead of CSE 11. Experience has engineering mindset with its interrelationships project final report and certify the projects 7 which have been successfully completed at the warded by the department to the UCSD Office of senior year may be counted toward the B.S. honors level. Graduate Studies and Research. Each student requirements or the masters degree require- must submit the regular graduate application fee ments, but not both. Procedure for Application to the at this time for their application to be processed. The five-year schedule assumes that the student Honors Program: Students who have been accepted into the B.S./ is participating in the M.Eng. program or the M.S. Masters program will automatically be admitted Plan 2 (comprehensive exam) program. This Between the end of the winter quarter of their for graduate study in the appropriate program option requires that the student complete four junior year and the second week of the fall quar- (M.S. or M.Eng.) beginning the following fall pro- units of ECE 297 (project) and pass the depart- ter of their senior year, interested students must vided they maintain an overall GPA through the mental comprehensive exam at the M.S. level. advise the department of their intention to partic- fall quarter of the senior year of at least 3.0. Students may also elect to participate in the M.S. ipate by submitting a proposal for the honors Upper-division (up to twelve units) or graduate Plan 1 (thesis) program, which requires twelve project sponsored by an ECE faculty member. courses taken during the senior year that are not units of research and completion of a masters’ Admission to the honors program will be formally used to satisfy undergraduate course require- thesis. However, the Plan 1 program is generally approved by the ECE honors committee based on ments may be counted towards the forty-eight more time-consuming than the Plan 2 program. GPA and the proposal. units required for the M.S. or M.Eng. degree. Note that of forty-eight units required for the M.S, degree, thirty-six must be graduate level, the Unit Considerations Continuation in the Program remainder may be undergraduate level. Except for the two-unit graduate seminar, this Once admitted to the B.S./Masters program, honors program does not increase a participant’s total unit requirements. The honors project will students must maintain a 3.0 cumulative GPA in The Graduate Programs all courses through the fall of the senior year and satisfy the departmental design requirement and in addition must at all times maintain a 3.0 cumu- The department offers graduate programs students may use four units of their honors proj- lative GPA in their graduate course work. Students leading to the M.Eng., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in ect course as a technical elective. not satisfying this requirement may be re- Electrical Engineering. The M.S. and Ph.D. are evaluated for continuation in the program. To research programs whereas the M.Eng. is a termi- Five-Year B.S./Masters Program complete the program requirements within five nal professional degree program aimed at work- years, students are expected to have satisfied all ing engineers. Undergraduates in the ECE department who B.S. degree requirements by the end of their In addition, the department offers M.S. and have maintained a good academic record in both fourth year, and to have been awarded their B.S. Ph.D. programs in Computer Engineering jointly departmental and overall course work are encour- degrees prior to the fall quarter of their fifth year. with CSE; and a Ph.D. program in Applied Ocean aged to participate in the five-year B.S./Masters Students who have not received their B.S. degree Science jointly with MAE and Scripps Institution program offered by the department. Participation are not eligible to enroll as graduate students in of Oceanography. in the program will permit students to complete the department. Admission to an ECE graduate program is in the requirements for either the M.Eng. or the M.S. Admission for graduate study through the accordance with the general requirements of the degree within one year following receipt of the B.S./Masters program will be for the M.Eng or UCSD graduate division, and requires at least a B.S. degree. Complete details regarding admission M.S. degree only. Students wishing to continue B.S. degree in engineering, physical sciences, or to and participation in the program are available towards the Ph.D. degree must apply and be mathematics with a minimum upper division GPA from the ECE undergraduate affairs office. evaluated according to the usual procedures of 3.0. Applicants must provide three letters of and criteria for admission to the Ph.D. program. recommendation and recent GRE General Test Admission to the Program scores. TOEFL scores are required from interna- Students should submit an application for the Curriculum tional applicants whose native language is not B.S./Masters program, including three letters of Students in the five-year B.S./Masters program English. Applicants should be aware that the recommendation, by the program deadline dur- must complete, as appropriate, the same require- University does not permit duplication of ing the spring quarter of their junior year. Applica- ments as those in the regular M.S. or M.Eng. degrees. tions are available from the ECE Undergraduate programs. Completion of the masters degree Support: The department makes every effort Affairs office. No GRE’s are required for application requirements within one year following receipt of to provide financial support for Ph.D. students to the B.S./Masters program. A GPA of at least 3.0 the B.S. degree will generally require that stu- who are making satisfactory progress. Support both overall and in the major, and strong letters dents begin graduate course work in their senior may take the form of a fellowship, teaching assist- of recommendation are required for admission to year, perhaps continuing in the summer with antship, research assistantship, or some combina- the program. Students should indicate at that work on a research project in preparation for the tion thereof. International students will not be time whether they wish to be considered for the M.S. project. All requirements for the B.S. degree admitted unless there is reasonable assurance M.S. or the M.Eng. degree program. should be completed by the end of the senior that a research assistantship can be provided for In the fall of the senior year, applications of (fourth) year, and the B.S. degree awarded prior to the duration of their Ph.D. program. Students in students admitted to the program will be for- the start of the fifth year. Courses taken in the the M.Eng. and M.S. programs may also obtain 8 support through teaching or research assistant- breadth requirement is intended to provide 2. Communications and Signal Analysis: ships, but this is less certain. protection against technical obsolescence, Allied Ph.D. research areas: Communication Advising: Students should seek advice on open up new areas of interest, and provide for Theory and Systems, Intelligent Systems, requirements and procedures from the depart- future self-education. The minimum breadth Robotics, and Control, Magnetic Recording, mental graduate office and/or the departmental requirement is eight units (two quarter Signal and Image Processing. Web site http://www.ece.ucsd.edu. All students courses) of ECE/CSE graduate courses selected ECE 153. Random Processes will be assigned a faculty academic adviser upon from among the courses listed below, in an admission and are strongly encouraged to discuss area distinctly different from that of the focus ECE 250. Random Processes their academic program with their adviser imme- requirement. ECE 251AN-BN-CN-DN. Digital Signal diately upon arrival and subsequently at least 3. Technical Electives: (two courses) Two techni- Processing once per academic year. cal electives may be any graduate courses in ECE 252A-B. Speech Compression and ECE, CSE, Physics, or Mathematics. Other techni- Recognition Master of Engineering cal courses may be selected with the approval ECE 253A-B. Digital Image Analysis The Master of Engineering (M. Eng.) program is of the faculty adviser. Technical electives may include a maximum of four units of ECE 298 ECE 254. Detection Theory intended primarily for engineers who desire Master’s level work but do not intend to continue (Independent Study), or ECE 299 (Research). ECE 255A. Information Theory with Ph.D. Ievel research. It differs from the M.S. 4. Professional Electives: (three courses) The ECE 255B-C. Source Coding program as it is a terminal professional degree, three professional electives may be used in ECE 256A-B. Time Series Analysis whereas the M.S. may serve as an entry to a Ph.D. several ways: for a series in business, manage- program. Salient features of the M.Eng. program ECE 257A-B. Wireless Communications ment, and finance; for undergraduate technical include the following: it can be completed in one courses to improve preparation for graduate ECE 258A-B. Digital Communications year at full-time or two years at half-time; it does work; or for additional graduate technical ECE 259AN-BN-CN. Channel Coding not require a thesis, a research project, or a com- courses. ECE 273A-B-C. Optimization in Linear prehensive exam; it has flexible course require- Scholarship Requirement: The forty-eight Vector Spaces ments; and it has an option of three courses in units of required course work must be taken ECE 275A-B. Statistical Parameter business, management, and finance. for a letter grade (A-F), except for ECE 298 or 299, Estimation Course Requirements: for which only S/U grades are allowed. Courses for ECE 285. Special Topic: Computer Vision; which a D or F is received may not be counted. The total course requirements are forty-eight Pattern Recognition (offerings vary annually) Students must maintain a GPA of 3.0 overall. units (twelve quarter courses). The choice of 3. Electronic Circuits and Systems courses is subject to general focus and breadth requirements. Students will be assigned a faculty Master of Engineering Program Allied Ph.D. Research areas: Computer Engineering, Electronic Circuits, and adviser who will help select courses and approve Focus Courses Systems. exceptions as necessary. 1. The Focus Requirement: (five courses) The Please consult the ECE graduate office or the ECE 222A-B-C. Applied Electromagnetic M.Eng. program should reflect, among other ECE Web site http://www.ece.ucsd.edu for the cur- Theory things, a continuity and focus in one subject rent list of focus areas and courses. ECE 230A-B-C. Solid State Electronics area. The course selection must therefore 1. Applied Physics ECE 236A-B-C. Semiconductor Hetero- include at least twenty units (five quarter Allied Ph.D. research areas: Photonics, structure Materials courses) in closely related courses leading to Electronic Devices and Materials, Radio ECE 250. Random Processes the state of the art in that area. The require- Space Science, Magnetic Recording. ment may be met by selecting five courses ECE 260A-B-C. VLSI Circuits from within one of the focus areas listed ECE 222A-B-C. Electromagnetic Theory ECE 263A-B-C. Fault Tolerant Computing below. In some cases it may be appropriate to ECE 230A-B-C. Solid State Electronics ECE 264A-B. Analog IC Design select five closely related courses from two of ECE 236A-B-C-D. Semiconductors ECE 265A-B. Wireless Circuit Design the areas listed below. Such cases must be ECE 238A-B. Materials Science CSE 240, 241. Computer Architecture approved by a faculty adviser. MS 201A-B-C. Materials Science CSE 242, 243. Computer Aided Design 2. The Breadth Requirement: (two courses) A graduate student often cannot be certain of ECE 240A-B-C. Optics 4. Professional Electives his or her future professional career activities ECE 241A-B-C. Optics IP/Core 401. Managerial Economics and may benefit from exposure to interesting opportunities in other subject areas. The IP/Core 420. Accounting IP/Core 421. Finance 9 Master of Science may consist of four or eight units of ECE 299 passed the preliminary exam. They should plan on (Research). The engineering project is intended to taking the University Qualifying Examination The ECE department offers an M.S. program in demonstrate advanced technical proficiency, about one year later. The University does not per- electrical engineering and an M.S. program in preferably by applying some aspect of one’s grad- mit students to continue in graduate study for computer engineering, the latter jointly with the uate course work to a realistic engineering prob- more than four years without passing this exami- Computer Science and Engineering department. lem. The project proposal must be approved in nation. At the Qualifying Examination the student The M.S. programs are research oriented, are advance by a committee consisting of the project will give an oral presentation of the thesis pro- intended to provide intensive technical prepara- instructor and another instructional faculty mem- posal to a campus-wide committee. The commit- tion and can serve as a foundation for subsequent ber, at least one of whom must be an Academic tee will decide if the proposal has adequate pursuit of a Ph.D. Students whose terminal degree Senate member in the ECE department. The proj- content and reasonable chance for success. They goal is at the master’s level may also consider the ect requires a written report which will be pre- may require that the student modify the proposal M.Eng. program which is more flexible in nature. sented to the committee members and defended and may require a further review. The M.S. degree may be earned either with a the- orally. The report and its defense will serve as the The final Ph.D. requirements are the submis- sis (Plan 1) or with a research project followed by M.S. Plan 2 comprehensive examination. For both sion of a thesis, and the thesis defense (as a comprehensive examination (Plan 2). However Plan 1 and Plan 2, no more than eight units of ECE described under the “Graduate Studies” section of entry to the Ph.D. program requires a comprehen- 299 may count towards the thirty-six unit gradu- this catalog). sive examination so most students opt for Plan 2. ate course requirements. Course Requirements: Course Requirements: Transfer to the Ph.D. Programs: M.S. students wishing to continue in the Ph.D. program should The total course requirements for the Ph.D. The total course requirements for the Master of note that the entrance requirement to the Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering are forty-eight Science degrees in electrical engineering and in program is eight units of ECE 299 (Research) with units (twelve quarter courses), of which at least computer engineering are forty-eight units a report and an oral examination. M.S. students thirty-six units must be in graduate courses. Note (twelve quarter courses) and forty-nine units, who are considering applying for transfer to the that this is greater than the minimum require- respectively, of which at least thirty-six units must Ph.D. program should advise the ECE graduate ments of the university. The department main- be in graduate courses. Note that this is greater office of their intention as early as possible. M.S. tains a list of core courses for each disciplinary than the minimum requirements of the university. students planning to transfer to the Ph.D. pro- area from which the thirty-six graduate course The department maintains a list of core courses gram must make sure that (a) they take the units must be selected. The current list may be for each disciplinary area from which the thirty- courses required of the appropriate discipline obtained from the ECE department graduate six graduate course units must be selected. The within the Ph.D. program, (b) they take eight units office or the official Web site of the department. current list may be obtained from the department of ECE 299 (Research), and (c) they identify a regu- Students in the interdisciplinary programs may graduate office or the official Web site of the lar ECE faculty member who agrees (in writing) to select other core courses with the approval of department. Students in interdisciplinary pro- be their research adviser. their academic adviser. The course requirements grams may select other core courses with the must be completed within two years of full-time approval of their academic adviser. The course The Doctoral Programs study. requirements must be completed within two Students in the Ph.D programs may count no years of full-time study. Students will be assigned The ECE department offers graduate programs more than eight units of ECE 299 towards their a faculty adviser who will help select courses and leading to the Ph.D. degree in ten disciplines core course requirements. approve exceptions as necessary. within electrical and computer engineering, as Students who already hold an M.S. degree in Scholarship Requirement: The forty-eight described in detail below. The Ph.D. is a research electrical engineering must nevertheless satisfy units of required course work must be taken for a degree requiring completion of the Ph.D. program the requirements for the core courses. However, letter grade (A-F), except for ECE 299 (Research) course requirements, satisfactory performance on graduate courses taken else where can be substi- for which only S/U grades are allowed. Courses for the ECE departmental preliminary examination tuted for specific courses with the approval of the which a D or F is received may not be counted. and University Qualifying Examination, and sub- academic adviser. Students must maintain a GPA of 3.0 overall. mission and defense of a doctoral thesis (as desc- Scholarship Requirement: The forty-eight Thesis and Comprehensive Requirements: ribed under the “Graduate Studies” section of this units of required courses must be taken for a let- The department offers both M.S. Plan 1 (thesis) catalog). Students in the Ph.D. program must pass ter grade (A-F), except for eight units of ECE 299 and M.S. Plan 2 (comprehensive exam). Students the departmental preliminary exam before the (Research) for which only S/U grades are allowed. admitted to the M.S. program may elect either beginning of the third year of graduate study. To Courses for which a D or F is received may not be Plan 1 or Plan 2 any time. Students in the M.S. Plan ensure timely progress in their research, students counted. Students must maintain a GPA of 3.0 1 (thesis) must take twelve units of ECE 299 are strongly encouraged to identify a faculty overall. In addition, a GPA of 3.4 in the core gradu- (Research) and must submit a thesis as described member willing to supervise their doctoral ate courses is generally expected. in the general requirements of the university. research by the end of their first year of study. Ph.D. Preliminary Exam: Ph.D. students must Students in the M.S. Plan 2 (comprehensive exam) Students should begin defining and preparing find a faculty member who will agree to supervise must undertake an engineering project, which for their thesis research as soon as they have 10 their thesis research. This should be done before time limits for the Ph.D. program, assuming entry lasers, and photodetectors. Current research the start of the second year of study. They should with a B.S. degree, are as follows: projects are focused on applications such as then devote at least half their time to research 1. The Preliminary Exam must be completed optical interconnects in high-speed digital sys- and must pass the departmental preliminary before the start of the third year of full-time tems, optical multidimensional signal and examination by the end of their second year of study. image processing, ultrahigh-speed optical study. * This is an oral exam in which the student networks, 3D optical memories and memory 2. The University Qualifying Exam must be presents his or her research to a committee of interfaces, 3D imaging and displays, and bio- completed before the start of the fifth year of three ECE faculty members, and is examined photonic systems. Facilities available for full-time study. orally for proficiency in his or her area of special- research in these areas include electron-beam ization. The outcome of the exam is based on the 3. Support Limit: Students may not receive and optical lithography, material growth, micro- student’s research presentation, proficiency financial support through the University for fabrication, assembly, and packaging facilities, demonstrated in the student’s area of specializa- more than seven years of full-time study (six cw and ferntosecond pulse laser systems, tion, and overall academic record and perform- years with an M.S. degree). detection systems, optical and electro-optic ance in the graduate program. Successful 4. Registered Time Limit: Students may not reg- components and devices, and electronic and completion of the Ph.D. preliminary examination ister as graduate students for more than eight optical characterization and testing equipment. will also satisfy the M.S. Plan 2 comprehensive years of full-time study (seven years with an 3. Communication Theory and Systems exam requirement. M.S. degree). Communications theory and systems con- * Students in the computer engineering disci- Half-Time Study: Time limits are extended by cerns the transmission, processing, and stor- pline may elect to take two written examinations one quarter for every two quarters on age of information. Topics covered by the in the Department of Computer Science and approved half-time status. Students on half- group include wireless and wireline commu- Engineering, in accordance with the CSE guide- time status may not take more than 6 units nications, spread-spectrum communication, lines, in place of the oral examination on a two- each quarter. multi-user communication, network proto- quarter sequence in ECE. They are then required cols, error-correcting codes for transmission to give a thirty to forty-five minute research pres- and magnetic recording, data compression, Ph.D. Research Programs: entation in the ECE department. time-series analysis, and image and voice Students who have passed the departmental 1. Applied Ocean Sciences: This program in processing. preliminary exam should plan to take the applied science related to the oceans is inter- 4. Computer Engineering consists of balanced University Qualifying Examination approximately departmental with the Graduate Department programs of studies in both hardware and soft- a year after passing the preliminary exam. The of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography ware, the premise being that knowledge and University does not permit students to continue (SIO) and the Department of Mechanical and skill in both areas are essential both for the in graduate study for more than four years with- Aerospace Engineering (MAE). It is adminis- modern-day computer engineer to make the out passing this examination. The University tered by SIO. All aspects of man’s purposeful proper unbiased trade-offs in design, and for Qualifying Examination is an oral exam in which and unusual intervention into the sea are researchers to consider all paths towards the the student presents his or her thesis proposal to included. The M.S. degree is not offered in this solution of research questions and problems. a university-wide committee. After passing this program. Toward these ends, the programs emphasize exam the student is “advanced to candidacy.”The 2. Applied Physics—Applied Optics and studies (course work) and competency (com- final Ph.D. requirements are the submission of a Photonics: These programs encompass a prehensive examinations, and dissertations or thesis, and the thesis defense (as described under broad range of interdisciplinary activities projects) in the areas of VLSI and logic design, the Graduate Studies section of this catalog). involving optical science and engineering, opti- and reliable computer and communication sys- Students who are advanced to candidacy may cal and optoelectronic materials and device tems. Specific research areas include: computer register for any ECE course on an S/U basis. technology, communications, computer engi- systems, signal processing systems, multipro- Departmental Time Limits: neering, and photonic systems engineering. cessing and parallel and distributed comput- Specific topics of interest include ultrafast opti- ing, computer communications and networks, Students who enter the Ph.D. program with an cal processes, nonlinear optics, quantum cryp- M.S. degree from another institution are expected computer architecture, computer-aided design, tography and communications, optical image fault-tolerance and reliability, and neurocom- to complete their Ph.D. requirements a year ear- science, multidimensional optoelectronic I/O lier than B.S. entrants. They must discuss their pro- puting. The faculty is composed of interested devices, spatial light modulators and photode- members of the Departments of Electrical and gram with an academic adviser in their first tectors, artificial dielectrics, multifunctional dif- quarter of residence. If their Ph.D. program over- Computer Engineering (ECE), Computer fractive and micro-optics, volume and Science and Engineering (CSE), and related laps significantly with their earlier M.S. work, the computer-generated holography, optoelec- time limits for the preliminary and qualifying areas. The specialization is administered by tronic and micromechanical devices and pack- both departments; the requirements are simi- exams will also be reduced by one year. Specific aging, wave modulators and detectors, lar in both departments, with students taking semiconductor-based optoelectronics, injection 11 the comprehensive exam, if necessary, given by optoelectronic, and photonic devices. suite of sensors, computers, and problem the student’s respective department. Extensive facilities are available for research in dynamics into one integrated system. 5. Electronic Circuits and Systems: This program this area, including several MBE and MOCVD Faculty affiliated with the ISRC subarea are involves the study and design of analog, mixed- systems; a complete microfabrication facility; involved in virtually all aspects of the field, signal (combined analog and digital), and digi- electron-beam lithography and associated including applications to intelligent communi- tal electronic circuits and systems. Emphasis is process tools for nanoscale fabrication; a cations systems; advanced human-computer on the development, analysis, and implementa- Rutherford backscattering system; x-ray diffrac- interfacing; statistical signal- and image-pro- tion of integrated circuits that perform analog tometers; electron microscopy facilities; exten- cessing; intelligent tracking and guidance sys- and digital signal processing for applications sive scanning-probe instrumentation; tems; biomedical system identification and such as wireless and wireline communication cryogenic systems; and comprehensive facili- control; and control of teleoperated and systems, test and measurement systems, and ties for DC to RF electrical device characteriza- autonomous multiagent robotic systems. interfaces between computers and sensors. tion and optical characterization of materials 8. Magnetic Recording is an interdisciplinary Particular areas of study currently include radio and devices. field involving physics, material science, com- frequency (RF) power amplifiers, RF low noise 7. Intelligent Systems, Robotics, and Control: munications, and mechanical engineering. The amplifiers, RF mixers, fractional-N phase-locked This information sciences-based field is con- physics of magnetic recording involves study- loops (PLLs) for modulated and continuous- cerned with the design of human-interactive ing magnetic heads, recording media, and the wave frequency synthesis, pipelined analog-to- intelligent systems that can sense the world process of transferring information between digital converters (ADCs), delta-sigma ADCs and (defined as some specified domain of interest); the heads and the medium. General areas of digital-to-analog converters (DACs), PLLs for represent or model the world; detect and iden- investigation include: nonlinear behavior of clock recovery, adaptive and fixed continuous- tify states and events in the world; reason magnetic heads, very high frequency loss time, switched-capacitor, and digital filters, echo about and make decisions about the world; mechanisms in head materials, characterization cancellation circuits, adaptive equalization cir- and/or act on the world, perhaps all in real- of recording media by micromagnetic and cuits, wireless receiver and transmitter lineariza- time. A sense of the type of systems and appli- many body interaction analysis, response of tion circuits, mixed-signal baseband processing cations encountered in this discipline can be the medium to the application of spatially circuits for wireless transmitters and receivers, obtained by viewing the projects shown at the varying vectorial head fields, fundamental high-speed digital circuits, and high-speed Web site http://swiftlet.ucsd.edu. analysis of medium nonuniformities leading to clock distribution circuits. The development of such sophisticated sys- media noise, and experimental studies of the 6. Applied Physics—Electronic Devices and tems is necessarily an interdiscipinary activity. channel transfer function emphasizing non- Materials: This program addresses the synthe- To sense and succinctly represent events in the linearities, interferences, and noise. Current sis and characterization of advanced electronic world requires knowledge of signal processing, projects include numerical simulations of high materials, including semiconductors, metals, computer vision, information theory, coding density digital recording in metallic thin films, and dielectrics, and their application in novel theory, and data-basing; to detect and reason micromagnetic analysis of magnetic reversal electronic, optoelectronic, and photonic about states of the world utilizes concepts in individual magnetic particles, theory of devices. Emphasis is placed on exploration of from statistical detection theory, hypothesis recorded transition phase noise and magneti- techniques for high-quality epitaxial growth of testing, pattern recognition, time series analy- zation induced nonlinear bit shift in thin metal- semiconductors, including both molecular- sis, and artificial intelligence; to make good lic films, and analysis of the thermal-temporal beam epitaxy (MBE) and metalorganic chemi- decisions about highly complex systems stability of interacting fine particles. cal vapor deposition (MOCVD); fabrication and requires knowledge of traditional mathemati- Research laboratories are housed in the Center characterization of materials and devices at the cal optimization theory and contemporary for Magnetic Recording Research, a national nanoscale; development of novel materials near-optimal approaches such as evolutionary center devoted to multi-disciplinary teaching processing and integration techniques; and computation; and to act upon the world and research in the field. high-performance electronic devices based on requires familiarity with concepts of control 9. Radio and Space Science: The Radio Science both Group IV and III-V compound semicon- theory and robotics. Very often learning and Program focuses on the study of radio waves ductor materials. Areas of current interest adaptation are required as either critical propagating through turbulent media. The pri- include novel materials and high-speed aspects of the world are poorly known at the mary objectives are probing of otherwise inac- devices for wireless communications; elec- outset, and must be refined online, or the cessible media such as the solar wind and tronic and optoelectronic devices for high- world is non-stationary and our system must interstellar plasma. Techniques for removing speed optical networks; high-power constantly adapt to it as it evolves. In addition the effects of the turbulent medium to restore microwave-frequency devices; heterogeneous to the theoretical information and computer the intrinsic signals are also studied. materials integration; novel device structures science aspects, many important hardware and for biological and chemical sensing; advanced software issues must be addressed in order to The Space Science Program is concerned with tools for nanoscale characterization and obtain an effective fusion of a complicated the nature of the sun, its ionized and super- metrology; and novel nanoscale electronic, sonic outer atmosphere (the solar wind), and 12 the interaction of the solar wind with various Information Engineering; and the Institute for ture, one hour of discussion, three hours of laboratory. (Lab fee: $35) Prerequisites: ECE 20A and Math. 20A with bodies in the solar system. Theoretical studies Neural Computation. grades of C- or better,Math.20B must be taken concurrently. include: the interaction of the solar wind with Department research is associated with the (F,W,S) K. Quest the earth, planets, and comets; cosmic dusty- Center for Astronomy and Space Science, the 30. Introduction to Computer Engineering (4) plasmas; waves in the ionosphere; and the Center for Magnetic Recording Research, the This course is designed to introduce the fundamentals physics of shocks. A major theoretical effort California Space Institute, and the Institute for of both the hardware and software in a computer sys- involves the use of supercomputers for model- Nonlinear Science. Departmental researchers also tem. Topics include: representation of information, computer organization and design, assembly and ing and simulation studies of both fluid and use various national and international laborato- microprogramming, current technology in logic design. kinetic processes in space plasmas. ries, such as the National Nanofabrication Facility (Students who have taken CSE 30 may not take ECE 30 and the National Radio Astronomy Laboratory. for credit.) Three hours of lecture, four hours of labora- Students in radio science will take measure- tory. Prerequisite: ECE 20B and CSE 11 or 8A-B with grades ments at various radio observatories in the U.S. The department emphasizes computational of C- or better. (F,W) K. Yun and elsewhere. This work involves a great deal capability and maintains numerous computer lab- 53A. Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering I (4) of digital signal processing and statistical oratories for instruction and research. One of the This is a coordinated lecture and laboratory course for analysis. All students will need to become NSF national supercomputer centers is located on students majoring in other branches of science and the campus. This is particularly useful for those engineering. It covers analysis and design of passive familiar with electromagnetic theory, plasma and active circuits. The course emphasizes problem- physics, and numerical analysis. whose work requires high data bandwidths. solving and laboratory work on passive circuits. Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion, one hour of 10. The Signal and Image Processing Program laboratory. Prerequisites: Math. 21C, Math. 21D must be explores engineering issues related to the COURSES concurrent, Phys. 2B or BS or 4C with grades of C– or bet- modeling of signals starting from the physics ter. (F,W) P. Cosman of the problem, developing and evaluating The department will endeavor to offer the 53B. Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering II (4) algorithms for extracting the necessary infor- courses as out lined below; however, unforeseen This is a coordinated lecture and laboratory course for circumstances sometimes require a change of students majoring in other branches of science and mation from the signal, and the implementa- engineering. It covers analog and digital systems and tion of these algorithms on electronic and scheduled offerings. Students are strongly active circuit design. Laboratory work will include oper- opto-electronic systems. Specific research areas advised to check the Schedule of Classes or the ational amplifiers, diodes and transistors. Two hours of department before relying on the schedule lecture, one hour of discussion, three hours of labora- include filter design, fast transforms, adaptive tory. Prerequisites: Phys. 2B or BS or 4C, ECE 53A, Math. filters, spectrum estimation and modeling, sen- below. The names appearing below the course 20C-D or 21C, 21D with grades of C– or better. (W,S) B. sor array processing, image processing, motion descriptions are those of faculty members in Rickett estimation from images, and the implementa- charge of the course. For the names of the 60A. Circuits and Systems I (4) tion of signal processing algorithms using instructors who will teach the course, please refer Voltage-current relationships for circuit elements, appropriate technologies with applications in to the quarterly Schedule of Classes. The depart- Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws, source transforma- tions, loop and node analysis, initial conditions, the sonar, radar, speech, geophysics, computer- mental Web site http://www.ece.ucsd.edut Laplace transform, inverse transforms, partial fraction aided tomography, image restoration, robotic includes the present best estimate of the sched- expansions. Three hours of lecture, one hour of discus- ule of classes for the entire academic year. sion, one hour of laboratory. Prerequisites: Math. 20A-B-C vision, and pattern recognition. or 21C and Math. 20F, ECE 20A and 20B with grades of C– LOWER-DIVISION or better. (F,W) R. Lugannani Research Facilities 60B. Circuits and Systems II (4) 1A-B-C. Mesa Orientation Course (1-1-1) Most of the research laboratories of the Students will be given an introduction to the engineer- Solution of network equations using Laplace trans- forms; convolution integral; the concept of impedance; department are associated with individual faculty ing profession and our undergraduate program. Thevenin’s and Norton’s theorems; transfer functions; members or small informal groups of faculty. Exercises and practicums will develop the problem- poles and zeros; two-port networks, steady state sinu- solving skills needed to succeed in engineering. One Larger instruments and facilities, such as those for and a half hours of lecture. Prerequisite: none.(F,W,S) M.L. soidal response; Bode plots. Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion. Prerequisite: ECE 60A and Math. 21D electron microscopy and e-beam lithography are Rudee with grades of C– or better. (W,S) W. Ku operated jointly. In addition the department oper- 20A. Introduction to Electrical Engineering I (4) ates several research centers and participates in Areas of electrical engineering from Ohm’s Law to semi- 60L. Circuits and Systems Laboratory (4) conductor physics to engineering ethics are discussed, Essential aspects of electrical engineering. Topics cov- various university wide organized research units. ered include transient and steady-state response of RLC demonstrated, and experienced. Principles introduced in The department-operated research centers are lectures are put to use as student lab teams build a work- circuits, transistor circuits, operational amplifiers, non- the NSF Industrial/University Cooperative ing system.The first quarter emphasizes analog electron- linear circuit components, power supplies, digital cir- ics. Two hours of lecture, one hour of discussion, three cuits and error analysis. The material complements the Research Center (I/UCRC) for Ultra-High Speed topics in ECE 60A and 60B. One and a half hours of lec- hours of laboratory. (Lab fee: $35) Prerequisite: Math. 20A Integrated Circuits and Systems (ICAS); must be taken concurrently. (F,W,S) A. Sebald ture, three and a half hours of laboratory. (Lab fee: $15) Optoelectronics Technology Center (OTC) spon- Prerequisites: ECE 20A-B, ECE 60A with grades of C– or bet- 20B. Introduction to Electrical Engineering II (4) ter. ECE 60B must be taken concurrently. (S) F. Najmabadi sored by the Advanced Project Research Agency; This continuation of ECE 20A emphasizes semiconductor the Center for Wireless Communications which is devices and digital electronics. Lab teams complete their 90. Undergraduate Seminar (1) system as they learn engineering design methods. This seminar class will provide a broad review of current a university-industry partnership; the Center for research topics in both electrical engineering and com- Students are prepared for proceeding toward their choice of an electrical engineering profession. Two hours of lec- puter engineering. Typical subject areas are signal pro- cessing, VLSI design, electronic materials and devices, 13 radio astronomy, communications, and optical comput- ture, one hour of discussion. Prerequisites: Math. 20A-B-C 136. Fundamentals of Semiconductor Device ing. One hour lecture. Prerequisite: none. (F,W,S) or 21C, 20D or 21D, 20F, with grades of C– or better. (ECE Fabrication (4) 101 recommended). (W,S) A. Acampora, R. Rao Crystal growth, controlled diffusion, determination of junction-depth and impurity profile, epitaxy, ion- UPPER-DIVISION 111. Advanced Digital Design Project (4) implantation, oxidation, lithography, chemical vapor Advanced topics in digital circuits and systems. Use of deposition, etching, process simulation and robust 101. Linear Systems Fundamentals (4) computers and design automation tools. Hazard elimi- design for fabrication. Three hours of lecture. Prere- Complex variables. Singularities and residues. Signal nation, synchronous/asnychronous FSM synthesis, syn- quisite: ECE 103 with a grade of C– or better. (S) P. Yu, E. Yu and system analysis in continuous and discrete time. chronization and arbitration, pipelining and timing Fourier series and transforms. Laplace and z-transforms. 136L. Microelectronics Laboratory (4) issues. Problem sets and design exercises. A large-scale Linear Time Invariant Systems. Impulse response, fre- Laboratory fabrication of diodes and field effect transis- design project. Simulation and/or rapid prototyping. tors covering photolithography, oxidation, diffusion, quency response, and transfer functions. Poles and Prerequisite: ECE 108 or CSE 140 with grades of C– or bet- thin film deposition, etching and evaluation of devices. zeros. Stability. Convolution. Sampling. Aliasing. Three ter. (F) K. Yun, B. Lin Two hours of lecture, three hours of laboratory. (Lab fee: hours of lecture, one hour of discussion. Prerequisites: Math. 20A-B-C or 21C, 20D or 21D, 20F, ECE 60B and 60L or $35) Prerequisite: ECE 103 with a grade of C– or better. 118. Computer Interfacing (4) (F,S) S. S. Lau ECE 53A and 53B with grades of C– or better. (F,W) K. Interfacing computers and embedded controllers to Zeger, P. Siegel the real world: busses, interrupts, DMA, memory map- 138L. Microstructuring Processing Technology 102. Introduction to Active Circuit Design (4) ping, concurrency, digital I/O, standards for serial and Laboratory (4) Nonlinear active circuits design. Nonlinear device mod- parallel communications, A/D, D/A, sensors, signal con- A laboratory course covering the concept and practice els for diodes, bipolar and field-effect transistors. ditioning, video, and closed loop control. Students of microstructuring science and technology in fabricat- Linearization of device models and small signal equiva- design and construct an interfacing project. Three ing devices relevant to sensors, lab-chips and related lent circuits. Circuit designs will be simulated by com- hours of lecture, four hours of laboratory. (Lab fee: $20) devices. Three hours of lecture, three hours of labora- puter and tested in the laboratory.Three hours of lecture, Prerequisites: ECE 30 or CSE 30 and ECE 60A-B-L or ECE tory. (Lab fee: $40) Prerequisite: upper-division standing one hour discussion, three hours of laboratory. (Lab fee: 53A-B. (S) C. Guest for science and engineering students. (W) S. S. Lau and Yu-Hwa Lo $15) Prerequisites: Math. 20A-B-C or 21C, 20D or 21D, 20F, Phys. 2A-B or 4A-C, ECE 60B and 60L or ECE 53A and 53B 120. Solar System Physics (4) 139. Semiconductor Device Design and Modeling (4) with grades of C– or better. (F,W) W. Coles, L. Larson General introduction to planetary bodies, the overall Device physics of modern field effect transistors and structure of the solar system, and space plasma physics. bipolar transistors, including behavior of submicron 103. Fundamentals of Devices and Materials (4) Course emphasis will be on the solar atmosphere, how structures. Relationship between structure and circuit Introduction to semiconductor materials and devices. the solar wind is produced, and its interaction with both models of transistors. CMOS and BiCMOS technologies. Semiconductor crystal structure, energy bands, doping, magnetized and unmagnitized planets (and comets). Emphasis on computer simulation of transistor opera- carrier statistics, drift and diffusion. p-n junctions, Three hours of lecture, four hours of laboratory. tion and application in integrated circuits. Three hours metal-semiconductor junctions. Bipolar junction tran- Prerequisites: Phys. 2A-C or 4A-D, Math. 20A-B, 20C or 21C of lecture. Prerequisites: ECE 135A-B with grades of C– or sistors: current flow, amplification, switching, non-ideal with grades of C- or better. (S) N. Omidi better. (W) P. Asbeck behavior. Metal-oxide-semiconductor structures, MOSFETs, device scaling. Three hours of lecture, one 123. Antenna Systems Engineering (4) 145AL-BL-CL. Acoustics Laboratory (4-4-4) hour of discussion. Prerequisites: Math. 20A-B-C or 21C, The electromagnetic and systems engineering of radio Automated laboratory based on H-P GPIB controlled 20D or 21D, 20E, 20F, Phys. 2A-D or 4A-E, ECE 60B and 60L antennas for terrestrial wireless and satellite communi- instruments. Software controlled data collection and or ECE 53A and 53B with grades of C– or better. (F,W) E.Yu, cations. Antenna impedance, beam pattern, gain, and analysis. Vibrations and waves in strings and bars of H-L Luo polarization. Dipoles, monopoles, paraboloids, phased electromechanical systems and transducers. Transmis- arrays. Power and noise budgets for communication sions, reflection, and scattering of sound waves in air 107. Electromagnetism (4) and water. Aural and visual detection. Two hours of lec- links. Atmospheric propagation and multipath. Three Electrostatics and magnetostatics; electrodynamics; ture, four hours lab. Prerequisite: ECE 107 with a grade of hours of lecture, one hour of discussion. Prerequisite: Maxwell’s equations; plane waves; skin effect. C– or better or consent of instructor. (F-W-S) J. Hildebrand Electromagnetics of transmission lines: reflection and ECE 107 with a grade of C– or better. (F) B. Rickett transmission at discontinuities, Smith chart, pulse prop- 146. Introduction to Magnetic Recording (4) 134. Electronic Materials Science of Integrated agation, dispersion. Rectangular waveguides. Dielectric A laboratory introduction to the writing and reading of Circuits (4) and magnetic properties of materials. Electromagnetics digital information in a disk drive. Basic magnetic Electronic materials science with emphasis on topics of circuits. Three hours of lecture, one hour of discus- recording measurements on state-of-art disk drives to pertinent to microelectronics and VLSI technology. sion. Prerequisites: Math. 20A-B-C or 21C, 20D or 21D, 20E, evaluate signals, noise, erasure, and non-linearities that Concept of the course is to use components in inte- characterize this channel. Lectures on the recording 20F, Phys. 2A-C or 4A-D, ECE 60B and 60L or ECE 53A and grated circuits to discuss structure, thermodynamics, 53B with grades of C– or better. (W,S) K. Quest, N. Bertram process will allow comparison of measurements with reaction kinetics, and electrical properties of materials. basic voltage expressions. E/M FEM software utilized to Three hours of lecture. Prerequisites: Phys. 2C-D with study geometric effects on the record and play trans- 108. Digital Circuits (4) grades of C– or better. (S) E. Yu ducers. One hour of lecture, three hours of laboratory. Digital integrated electronic circuits for processing technologies. Analytical methods for static and Prerequisite: ECE 107 with a grade of C– or better. (W) N. 135A. Semiconductor Physics (4) dynamic characteristics. MOS field-effect transistors Bertram Crystal structure and quantum theory of solids; elec- and bipolar junction transistors, circuits for logic gates, tronic band structure; review of carrier statistics, drift 153. Probability and Random Processes for flip-flop, data paths, programmable logic arrays, mem- and diffusion, p-n junctions; nonequilibrium carriers, Engineers (4) ory elements. Three hours of lecture, one hour of dis- imrefs, traps, recombination, etc; metal-semiconductor Random processes. Stationary processes: correlation, cussion, three hours of laboratory. (Lab fee: $20) junctions and heterojunctions. Three hours of lecture. power spectral density. Gaussian processes and linear Prerequisites: ECE 102, ECE 30 or CSE 30 with grades of C– Prerequisite: ECE 103 with a grade of C– or better. (F) H. L. transformation of Gaussian processes. Point processes. or better. (W,S) S. Esener, P. Chau Luo Random noise in linear systems. Three hours of lecture, 135B. Electronic Devices (4) one hour of discussion. Prerequisite: ECE 109 with a grade 109. Engineering Probability and Statistics (4) of C– or better. (F,S) R. Rao Axioms of probability, conditional probability, theorem Structure and operation of bipolar junction transistors, of total probability, random variables, densities, junction field-effect transistors, metal-oxide-semicon- ductor diodes and transistors. Analysis of dc and ac 154A. Communications Systems I (4) expected values, characteristic functions, transforma- Study of analog modulation systems including AM, SSB, characteristics. Charge control model of dynamic tion of random variables, central limit theorem. DSB, VSB, FM, and PM. Performance analysis of both behavior. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: ECE 135A Random number generation, engineering reliability, with a grade of C– or better. (W) H. L. Luo coherent and noncoherent receivers, including thresh- elements of estimation, random sampling, sampling old effects in FM.Three hours of lecture, one hour of dis- distributions, tests for hypothesis. Three hours of lec- 14 cussion. Prerequisite: ECE 153 with a grade of C– or better. 159C. Queuing Systems: Networks & Operation Research cussion, three hours of laboratory. (Lab fee: $10) (F) L. Milstein Applications (4) Prerequisite: ECE 108 with a grade of C– or better. (W) P. (Not offered 2001/2002.) Elements of computer-com- Chau 154B. Communications Systems II (4) munication networks; delay analysis, capacity, and flow Design and performance analysis of digital modulation assignments. Operation research applications, cost 166. Microwave Systems and Circuits (4) techniques, including probability of error results for models and optimization, a case study, introduction to Waves, distributed circuits, and scattering matrixmeth- PSK, DPSK, and FSK. Introduction to effects of intersym- inventory systems. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: ods. Passive microwave elements. Impedance match- bol interference and fading. Detection and estimation ECE 159B with a grade of C– or better. (S) E. Masry ing. Detection and frequency conversion using theory, including optimal receiver design and maxi- microwave diodes. Design of transistor amplifiers mum-likelihood parameter estimation. Three hours of 161A. Introduction to Digital Signal Processing (4) including noise performance. Circuits designs will be lecture, one hour of discussion. Prerequisite: ECE 154A Review of discrete-time systems and signals, Discrete- simulated by computer and tested in the laboratory. with a grade of C– or better. (W) L. Milstein Time Fourier Transform and its properties, the Fast Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion, three Fourier Transform, design of Finite Impulse Response hours of laboratory. Prerequisites: ECE 102 and 107 with 154C. Communications Systems III (4) (FIR) and Infinite Impulse Response (IIR) filters, imple- grades of C– or better. (S) P. Asbeck Introduction to information theory and coding, includ- mentation of digital filters. Three hours of lecture, one ing entropy, average mutual information, channel hour of discussion. Prerequisite: ECE 101 and 109 with 171A. Linear Control System Theory (4) capacity, block codes and convolutional codes. Three grades of C– or better. (F,S) W. Hodgkiss, B. Rao Stability of continous- and discrete-time single- hours of lecture, one hour of discussion. Prerequisite: input/single-output linear time-invariant control sys- ECE 154B with a grade of C– or better. (S) L. Milstein 161B. Digital Signal Processing I (4) tems emphasizing frequency domain methods. Sampling and quantization of baseband signals; A/D Transient and steady-state behavior. Stability analysis 155A. Digital Recording Systems (4) and D/A conversion, quantization noise, oversampling by root locus, Bode, Nyquist, and Nichols plots. This course will be concerned with modulation and and noise shaping. Sampling of bandpass signals, Compensator design. Three hours of lecture, one hour coding techniques for digital recording channels. Three undersampling downconversion, and Hilbert trans- of discussion. Prerequisite: ECE 60B or ECE 53-54 or MAE hours of lecture. Prerequisites: ECE 109 and 153 with forms. Coefficient quantization, roundoff noise, limit 140 with a grade of C– or better. (S) D. Sworder grades of C– or better and concurrent registration in ECE cycles and overflow oscillations. Insensitive filter struc- 154A required. Department stamp required. (F) J. Wolf tures, lattice and wave digital filters. Systems will be 171B. Linear Control System Theory (4) designed and tested with Matlab, implemented with Time-domain, state-variable formulation of the control 155B-C. Digital Recording Projects (4-4) DSP procesors and tested in the laboratory.Three hours problem for both discrete-time and continous-time lin- These courses will be concerned with modulation and of lecture, one hour of discussion, three hours of labo- ear systems. State-space realizations from transfer func- coding techniques for digital recording channels. In ratory. (Lab fee: $15) Prerequisite: ECE 161A with a grade tion system description. Internal and input-output winter and spring quarters, students will perform of C– or better. (W) W. Coles, P. Chau stability, controllability/observability, minimal realiza- experiments and/or computer simulations. One hour tions, and pole-placement by full-state feedback. Three lecture, four hours of laboratory. Prerequisites: ECE 109 161C. Digital Signal Processing II (4) hours of lecture, one hour of discussion. Prerequisite: and 153 with grades of C– or better and concurrent regis- Basic principles of adaptive algorithms. Algorithms for ECE 171A with a grade of C– or better. (F) D. Sworder tration in ECE 154B-C required. Department stamp adaptive FIR (gradient, LMS, recursive techniques) and required. (W,S) J. Wolf adaptive IIR filtering. Implementation issues. Introduc- 172A. Introduction to Intelligent Systems: Robotics and tion of fast transform algorithms (FFT, Winograd FFT, Machine Intelligence (4) 158A. Data Networks I (4) number theoric transforms, DCT). Fast convolution and This course will introduce basic concepts in machine Layered network architectures, data link control proto- correlation Algorithms simulated by MATLAB. Three perception.Topics covered will include: edge detection, cols and multiple-access systems, performance analy- hours of lecture, one hour of discussion, three hours of segmentation, texture analysis, image registration, and sis. Flow control; prevention of deadlock and laboratory. (Lab fee: $15) Prerequisite: ECE 161B with a compression. Prerequisite: ECE 101 with a grade of C– or throughput degradation. Routing, centralized and grade of C– or better. (S) P. Chau better, ECE 109 recommended. (F) M. Trivedi decentralized schemes, static dynamic algorithms. Shortest path and minimum average delay algorithms. 163. Electronic Circuits and Systems (4) 173. Theory and Applications of Neural Networks and Comparisons.Three hours of lecture, three hours of lab- Analysis and design of analog circuits and systems. Fuzzy Logic (4) oratory. Prerequisite: ECE 109 with a grade of C– or better. Feedback systems with applications to operational Theory of fuzzy logic, reasoning and control; mathe- ECE 159A recommended. (W) R. Rao amplifier circuits. Stability, sensitivity, bandwidth, com- matical aspects of neural architectures for pattern clas- pensation. Design of active filters. Switched capacitor sification, functional approximation, and adaptive 158B. Data Networks II (4) circuits. Phase-locked loops. Analog-to-digital and digi- estimation and control; theory of computer-assisted Layered network architectures, data link control proto- tal-to-analog conversion. Three hours of lecture, one learning (supervised, unsupervised and hybrid); theory cols and multiple-access systems, performance analy- hour of discussion, three hours of laboratory. (Lab fee: and practice of recurrent networks (stability, placement sis. Flow control; prevention of deadlock and $10) Prerequisites: ECE 101 and 102 with grades of C– or of equilibria); computer-aided design of fuzzy and neu- throughput degradation. Routing, centralized and better. (S) W. Coles ral systems, Bayes and minimax design. Four hours of decentralized schemes, static dynamic algorithms. lecture. Prerequisite: Math. 20F with a grade of C– or bet- Shortest path and minimum average delay algorithms. 164. Analog Integrated Circuit Design (4) ter. (S) A. Sebald Comparisons.Three hours of lecture, three hours of lab- Design of linear and non-linear analog integrated cir- oratory. Prerequisite: ECE 158A with a grade of C– or bet- cuits including operational amplifiers, voltage regula- 174. Introduction to Linear and Nonlinear Optimization ter. (S) R. Cruz tors, drivers, power stages, oscillators, and multipliers. with Applications (4) Use of feedback and evaluation of noise performance. The linear least squares problem, including constrained 159A. Queuing Systems: Fundamentals (4) Parasitic effects of integrated circuit technology. and unconstrained quadratic optimization and the rela- Analysis of single and multiserver queuing systems; Laboratory simulation and testing of circuits. Three tionship to the geometry of linear transformations. queue size and waiting times. Modeling of telephone hours of lecture, one hour of discussion, three hours of Introduction to nonlinear optimization. Applications to systems, interactive computer systems and the laboratory. Prerequisite: ECE 102 with a grade of C– or bet- signal processing, system identification, robotics, and machine repair problems. Three hours of lecture. ter. ECE 163 recommended. (F) I. Galton circuit design. Four hours of lecture. Prerequisite: Math. Prerequisite: ECE 109 with a grade of C– or better. (F) E. 20F with a grade of C– or better. (S) B. Rao Masry 165. Digital Integrated Circuit Design (4) VLSI digital systems. Circuit characterization, perform- 175. Elements of Machine Intelligence: Pattern 159B. Queuing Systems: Computer Systems ance estimation, and optimization. Circuits for alterna- Recognition and Machine Learning (4) Performance (4) tive logic styles and clocking schemes. Subsystems Decision functions. Pattern classification by distance Computer systems applications; priority scheduling, include ALUs, memory, processor arrays, and PLAs. and likelihood functions; deterministic and statistical time-sharing scheduling, modeling and performance of Techniques for gate arrays, standard cell, and custom trainable pattern classifiers; feature selection; issues in interactive multiprogrammed computer systems, a design. Design and simulation using CAD tools. machine learning. Four hours of lecture. Prerequisites: case study. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: ECE 159A (Students who have taken CSE 143 may not take ECE ECE 109 and ECE 174 with grades of C– or better. (W) K. with a grade of C– or better. (W) E. Masry 165 for credit.) Three hours of lecture, one hour of dis- Kreutz-Delgado 15 181. Geometrical Optics and Guided-wave Optics (4) Written final report required. Prerequisites: Students 222A-B-C. Applied Electromagnetic Theory (4) Electromagnetic optics, reflection, refraction, and strati- enrolling in this course must have completed all of the Electrostatics and dielectric materials. Uniqueness, reci- fied media. Geometrical optics, ray tracing, aberrations, breadth courses and one depth course. The department procity, and Poynting theorems. Solutions to Maxwell’s optical elements, and optical system design. Optical stamp is required to enroll in ECE 192. (Specifications and equations in rectangular, cylindrical, and spherical coor- instruments, photometry, radiometry, and interferome- enrollment forms are available in the undergraduate dinates. Waves in isotropic and anisotropic media, ters. Resonators, guided-wave and fiber optics. Labs: ray office.) transmission lines, wave-guides, optical fibers, and reso- tracing, interferometry, guided-wave and fiberoptics. nant structures. Radiation, propagation, and scattering Three hours of lecture, two hours of demonstration lab- 193H. Honors Project (4-8) problems. Scattering matrices, microwave circuits, and oratory. (Lab fee: $35) Prerequisites: ECE 103 and 107 with An advanced reading or research project performed antennas. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisites: ECE 107, grades of C– or better. (S) C. Guest under the direction of an ECE faculty member. Must 123, 124 or equivalent. (F,W,S) B. Rickett contain enough design to satisfy the ECE program’s 182. Physical Optics and Fourier Optics (4) four-unit design requirement. Must be taken for a letter 230A. Solid State Electronics (4) Diffraction: Kirchoff, Fraunhofer, and Fresnel. Fourier grade. May extend over two quarters with a grade This course is designed to provide a general back- and Fresnel Transform optics and optical information ground in solid state electronic materials and devices. assigned at completion for both quarters. Prerequisite: processing. Holography, Gaussian beams, coherence, Course content emphasizes the fundamental and cur- admission to the ECE departmental honors program. statistical optics and photon optics. Polarization and rent issues of semiconductor physics related to the ECE crystal optics. Labs: diffraction, Fourier and Fresnel 195. Teaching (2 or 4) solid state electronics sequences. Three hours of lec- Transforms, coherence. Three hours of lecture, two ture. Prerequisites: fundamentals of quantum mechanics, Teaching and tutorial activities associated with courses hours of demonstration laboratory. (Lab fee: $35) ECE 135A-B, or equivalent. (F) S.S. Lau and seminars. Not more than four units of ECE 195 may Prerequisites: ECE 103 and 107 with grades of C– or better. be used for satisfying graduation requirements. (P/NP (F) S. Lee and S. Fainman 230B. Solid State Electronics (4) grades only.) Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: con- Physics of solid-state electronic devices, including p-n 183. Optical Electronics (4) sent of the department chair. diodes, Schottky diodes, field-effect transistors, bipolar Quantum electronics, interaction of light and matter transistors, pnpn structures. Computer simulation of in atomic systems, semiconductors. Laser amplifiers 197. Field Study in Electrical and Computer Engineering (4, 8, 12, or 16) devices, scaling characteristics, high frequency per- and laser systems. Photodetection. Electrooptics and formance, and circuit models. Three hours of lecture. acoustooptics, photonic switching. Fiber optic commu- Directed study and research at laboratories and obser- Prerequisite: ECE 230A. (W) P. Asbeck nication systems. Labs: semiconductor lasers, semicon- vatories away from the campus. (P/NP grades only.) ductor photodetectors. Three hours of lecture, two Prerequisites: consent of instructor and approval of the 230C. Solid State Electronics (4) hours of demonstration laboratory. (Lab fee: $35) department. This course is designed to provide a treatise of semi- Prerequisites: ECE 103 and 107 with grades of C– or better. conductor devices based on solid state phenomena. (S) C. Tu 198. Directed Group Study (2 or 4) Band structures carrier scattering and recombination Topics in electrical and computer engineering whose processes and their influence on transport properties 184. Optical Information Processing and study involves reading and discussion by a small group will be emphasized. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: Holography (4) of students under direction of a faculty member. (P/NP ECE 230A or equivalent. (S) P. Yu Labs: optical holography, photorefractive effect, spatial grades only.) Prerequisite: consent of instructor. filtering, computer generated holography. Two and a 230E. Introduction to Superconductivity (4) half hours of lecture, four hours of laboratory. (Lab fee: 199. Independent Study for Undergraduates (2 or 4) Superconductivity phenomenon, two-fluid models and $35) Prerequisite: ECE 182 with a grade of C– or better. (W) Independent reading or research by special arrange- phenomenological theories, magnetic properties of S. Fainman and S. Lee ment with a faculty member. (P/NP grades only.) ideal superconductors, type II superconductors, tunnel- Prerequisite: consent of instructor. ing, microscopic theory, superconducting materials, 185. Lasers and Modulators (4) current developments. Three hours of lecture. Labs: CO2 laser, HeNe laser, electrooptic modulation, acoustooptic modulation, spatial light modulators. Two GRADUATE Prerequisite: consent of instructor. (F) H-L. Luo and a half hours of lecture, four hours of laboratory. (Lab 231. Thin Film Phenomena (4) fee: $35) Prerequisite: ECE 183 with a grade of C– or better. 200. Research Conference (2) This course is designed to provide a general survey of (S) S. Lee and S. Fainman Group discussion of research activities and progress of thin film processes pertinent to microelectronics.Topics group members. (S/U grades only.) Prerequisite: consent to be discussed include preparation methods, various 187. Introduction to Biomedical Imaging and of instructor. (F,W,S) Staff modern analytical techniques, physical properties, Sensing (4) 210. Information Systems in Manufacturing (4) growth morphology, interface reaction, and alloy for- Image processing fundamentals: imaging theory, image Basic problem solving and search techniques. mation and applications. Three hours of lecture. processing, pattern recognition; digital radiography, Prerequisite: consent of instructor. (W) S.S. Lau and H- computerized tomography, nuclear medicine imaging, Knowledge based and expert systems. Planning and decision support systems. Fuzzy logic and neural nets. L.Luo nuclear magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound imag- ing, microscopy imaging. Three hours of lecture, four Topics covered will include data models, query process- 232. The Field Effect and Field Effect Transistors (4) hours of laboratory. Prerequisite: Math. 20A-B-F, 20C or ing, distributed systems, enterprise computing and Physics of the field effect of elemental and III-V com- 21C, 20D or 21D, Phys. 2A-D, ECE 101 (may be taken con- intelligent agents, fuzzy logic, neural nets. Four hours of pound semiconductors related to the technology and currently) with grades of C– or better. (F) S. Fainman lecture. Prerequisite: basic engineering and introduction characteristics of Schottky barrier gate, insulated gate, to computers. (W) R. Jain and junction gate field effect transistors. Three hours of 191. Engineering Group Design Project (4) lecture. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. (S) H. Wieder Groups of students work to design, build, demonstrate, 211. Manufacturing Engineering Seminar and and document an engineering project. All students Laboratory (2) 233. X-Ray Diffraction Analysis of Materials (4) give weekly progress reports of their tasks and con- Combination of seminars, laboratory activities, and field This class will cover the physics of x-ray diffraction and tribute a section to the final project report.Two hours of trips. Seminars by top manufacturing engineers, man- its application to the analysis of crystal structure, grain discussion, eight hours of laboratory. Prerequisites: agers, and student interns.Visits to manufacturing facil- size, grain orientation, surface roughness, epitaxy, film Completion of all of the breadth courses and one depth ities. Techniques in accessing international technical thickness, etc. Experimental techniques to be discussed course. (W) C. Guest and patent databases. Prerequisite: none. M. Trivedi and will include theta-2theta diffractometry, high reso- lution x-ray rocking curves, Laue patterns, pole figures, 192. Engineering Design (4) 220. Space Plasma Physics (4) reflectivity, small angle scattering, laboratory experi- Students complete a project comprising at least 50 The nature of the solar wind interaction with different ments, and computer simulations. Three hours of lec- percent or more engineering design to satisfy the planets and comets leads to a variety of magnetos- ture, one hour of laboratory. Prerequisite: consent of following features: student creativity, open-ended for- pheres. This course will deal with both nature of the instructor. (S) K. Kavanagh mulation of a problem statement/specifications, con- solar wind as well as these interactions. Three hours of sideration of alternative solutions/realistic constraints. lecture. Prerequisite: ECE 107 or equivalent or consent of instructor. (W) A. Mendis 16 234A. Imperfections in Solids (4) 238B. Solid State Diffusion and Reaction Kinetics (4) poral coherance measurements. Design and fabrication Point, line, and planar defects in crystalline solids, Thermally activated processes. Boltzman factor, homo- of transmission, reflection, bleached, color, multiple including vacancies, self-interstitials, solute atoms, dis- geneous and heterogeneous reactions, solid state dif- exposure holograms. Prerequisites: ECE 181,182,183 or location interactions, stacking faults, grain boundaries, fusion, Fick’s law, diffusion mechanisms, Kirkendall consent of instructor. (This course is cojoint with ECE 184. and their effects on the properties of solids. Hardening effects, Boltzmann-Manato analysis, high diffusivity Graduate students will choose 50 percent of the experi- by localized obstacles, precipitates, and dispersoids. paths. Multiple listed with Materials Science 201B.Three ments and receive two units of credit.) (F) S. Lee and S. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. hours of lecture. Prerequisite: ECE 238A. (W) Staff Fainman (F) R.A. Asaro 239. Nanometer-Scale Probes and Devices (4) 241BL. Optical Signal Processing Laboratory (2) 234B. Advanced Study of Defects in Solids (4) Discussion of scanning tunneling microscopy, atomic Construction and characterization of Fourier/Fresnel Advanced topics in dislocation theory and dislocation force microscopy, and other high-resolution scanning transform, coherent/incoherent, imaging-processing dynamics. Defects and defects interactions. Atomistic probe techniques, including basic concepts, experi- systems. Design, coding, fabrication of spatial filters, and subatomistic effects. Physical models based on mental considerations, and applications. Fabrication computer-generated holograms. Experiments in non- microscopic considerations. Three hours of lecture. linear photorefractive phenomena and image-process- and properties of submicron structures, with emphasis Prerequisite: ECE 234A or consent of instructor. (W) R.A. ing applications. Construction of vector-matrix on the study of semiconductor materials and devices. Asaro multipliers. Optical systems design using Code-V. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Prerequisites: ECE 181, 182, 183, or consent of instructor. (F) Edward T. Yu (This course is cojoint with ECE 185. Graduate stduents will 236A. Semiconductor Heterostructure Materials (4) This course covers the growth, characterization, and choose 50 percent of the experiments and receive two 240A. Lasers and Optics (4) units of credit.) (W) S. Lee and S. Fainman heterojunction properties of III-IV compound semicon- Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction theory. Optical res- ductors and group-IV semiconductor heterostructures onators, interferometry. Gaussian beam propagation 241CL. Optoelectronics and Communications for the subsequent courses on electronic and photonic device applications. Topics include epitaxial growth and transformation. Laser oscillation and amplification, laboratory (2) techniques, electrical properties of heterojunctions, Q-switching and mode locking of lasers, some specific Operation and characterization of electro-optic, transport and optical properties of quantum wells and laser systems. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisites: ECE acousto-optic modulators. Polarization manipulation superlattices. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisites: ECE 123, 124 or equivalent; introductory quantum mechanics techniques. Heterodyne detection schemes. Para- 230A-B-C or consent of instructor. (F) C. Tu or ECE183. (F), P. Yu metrization of P-I-N and avalanche detectors, LED sources. Evaluation of optical fiber, thin film wave-guide 236B. Optical Processes in Semiconductors (4) 240B. Optical Information Processing (4) properties. Characterization of Hughes LCLV spatial Absorption and emission of radiation in semiconduc- Space-bandwidth product, superresolution, space-vari- light modulator. Prerequisites: ECE 181, 182, 183, or con- tors. Radiative transition and nonradiative recombina- ant optical system, partial coherence, image processing sent of instructor. Staff tion. Ultra-fast optical phenomena. Laser and with coherent and incoherent light, processing with photodetector devices will be emphasized.Three hours feedback, real-time light modulators for hybrid process- 242A. Optical Systems (4) of lecture. Prerequisites: ECE 230A and 230C or equivalent. ing, nonlinear processing. Optical computing and other Principles of optical system design. Modeling of optical (W) P. Yu applications.Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: ECE 182 and opto-electronic components, modules, and sys- or equivalent. (W) S. Lee and S. Fainman tems. Signal integrity analysis. Design optimization 236C. Heterojunction Field Effect Transistors (4) using CAD. Assembly and testing. System scalability Device physics and applications of isotype and aniso- 240C. Optical Modulation and Detection (4) and manufacturability. Opto-electronic packaging. type heterojunctions and quantum wells, including Propagation of waves and rays in anisotropic media. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisites: ECE 240A-B-C, or band-edge discontinuities, band bending and space consent of instructor. (W) S. Lee Electro-optical switching and modulation. Acousto- charge layers at heterojunction interfaces, charge trans- optical deflection and modulation. Detection theory. port normal and parallel to such interfaces, two-dimen- 244A. Statistical Optics (4) Heterodyne detection, incoherent and coherent detec- Introduction to statistical phenomena in optics includ- sional electron gas structures, modulation doping, tion. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisites: ECE 181,183 or heterojunction and insulated gate field effect transis- ing first order properties of light waves generated from equivalent. (S) S. Esener and P. Yu various sources. Coherence of optical waves, high-order tors. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. (S) H. Wieder coherence. Partial coherence and its effects on imaging 241A. Nonlinear Optics (4) systems. Imaging in presence of randomly inhomoge- Second harmonic generation (color conversion), para- 236D. Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors (4) metric amplification and oscillation, photorefractive neous medium. Limits in photelectric detection of light. Current flow and charge storage in bipolar transistors. effects and four-wave mixing, optical bistability; appli- Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: ECE 240A-B or con- Use of heterojunctions to improve bipolar structures. cations.Three hours of lecture. Prerequisites: ECE 240A, C, sent of instructor. (F) Y. Fainman Transient electron velocity overshoot. Simulation of or consent of instructor. (F) S.Fainman and S. Lee device characteristics. Circuit models of HBTs. 244B. Quantum Electronics of Femtosecond Optical Requirements for high-speed circuit applications. 241B. Optical Devices for Computing. (4) Pulses (4) Elements of bipolar process technology, with emphasis Application of electro-optic, magneto-optic, acousto- Femtosecond optical pulses in linear dispersive media. on III-V materials. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: optic, and electro-absorption effects to the design of Self-action of optical pulses. Parametric interaction of photonic devices with emphasis on spatial light modu- optical pulses. Self- and cross-phase modulation. Fast consent of instructor. (F) P. Asbeck lation and optical storage techniques. Three hours of phase control, compression and shaping of optical 237. Modern Materials Analysis (4) lecture. Prerequisites: ECE 240A, C, or consent of instructor. pulses. Optical solitons. Applications of femtosecond Analysis of the near surface of materials via ion, elec- (F) S. Esener optical pulses. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: ECE tron, and x-ray spectroscopes. Topics to be covered 240A-B-C or consent of instructor. (W) Y. Fainman include particle solid interactions. Rutherford backscat- 241C. Holographic Optical Elements (4) tering, secondary ion mass spectroscopy, electron Fresnel, Fraunhofer, and Fourier holography. Analysis of 245A. Advanced Acoustics I (4) thin and volume holograms, reflection and transmis- Boundary value problems in vibrating systems, wave energy loss spectroscopy, particle induced x-ray emis- sion holograms, color and polarization holograms. propagation in strings, bars, and plates. Fundamentals sion, Auger electron spectroscopy, extended z-ray Optically recorded and computer-generated hologra- of acoustical transducers. Three hours of lecture. absorption, fine structure and channeling. Three hours phy. Applications to information storage, optical inter- Prerequisite: concurrent registration in ECE 145AL recom- of lecture. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. (F) Staff connects, 2-D and 3-D display, pattern recognition, and mended. (F) J. Hildebrand 238A. Thermodynamics of Solids (4) image processing. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: ECE 182 or equivalent, or consent of instructor. (W) S. 245B. Advanced Acoustics II (4) The thermodynamics and statistical mechanics of Fainman Theory of radiation transmission and scattering of solids. Basic concepts, equilibrium properties of alloy systems, thermodynamic information from phase dia- sound with special application to ocean acoustics. 241AL. Lasers and Holography Laboratory (2) Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: ECE 245A or consent grams, surfaces and interfaces, crystalline defects. Laser resonator design, construction, alignment, char- Multiple listed with Materials Science 201A.Three hours of instructor. Concurrent registration in ECE 145BL recom- acterizations. Operation and evaluation of molecular, of lecture. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. (F) Staff mended. (W) J. Hildebrand gas, liquid dye, semiconductor lasers. Spatial and tem- 17 245C. Advanced Acoustics III (4) 251CN. Filter Banks and Wavelets (4) Series expansions and applications. Time series analy- Signal processing in underwater acoustics. Theory and Fundamentals of multirate systems (noble identities, sis; probability density, covariance and spectral estima- hardwave embodiments. Three hours of lecture. polyphase representations), maximally decimated filter tion. Inference from sampled-data, sampling theorems; Prerequisite: ECE 245B or consent of instructor. Concurrent banks (QMF filters for 2-channels, M-channel perfect equally and non-equally spaced data, applications to registration in ECE 145CL recommended. (S) J. Hildebrand reconstruction systems), paraunitary perfect recon- detection and estimation problem. Prerequisite: ECE 153. struction filter banks, the wavelet transform (multireso- (F,W) E. Masry 246A. Materials for Magnetic Recording (4) lution, discrete wavelet transform, filter banks and Properties of magnetic materials utilized as magnetic wavelet).Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: ECE 161B or 257A. Multiuser Communication Systems (4) recording media and heads; magnetic structure of equivalent. (F) B. Rao M/G/1, G1/M/1 queues, imbedded chains. Ergodic the- oxides and metals; fine particle magnetism: micromag- ory of Markov chains, classification, ergodic theorems. netic analysis; hysteresis and reversal mechanisms of 251DN. Array Processing (4) Multiple access systems, random access protocols, hard materials; dynamic processes and domain pat- The coherent processing of data collected from sensors capacity, stability, delay and control, reservation and terns of soft materials; thermal fluctuations; multilayer distributed in space for signal enhancement and noise hybrid schemes. Prerequisites: ECE 153 and 159A, or phenomena: giant magnetoresistance. Prerequisites: rejection purposes or wavefield directionality estima- equivalent. Note: ECE 159A is an integral part of this undergraduate electromagnetism and solid state physics tion. Conventional and adaptive beamforming. Matched course and should be taken in the fall quarter. (W) R. Rao or consent of instructor. (alternate years) H.L. Luo, N. field processing. Sparse array design and processing Bertram techniques. Applications to acoustics, geophysics, and 257B. Principles of Wireless Networks (4) electromagnetics. Prerequisite: 251AN, ECE 161 or 151A This course will focus on the principles, architectures, 246B. Analysis of the Magnetic Recording Process (4) (ECE 161, 162A-B series recently renumbered to ECE and analytical methodologies for design of multi-user In-depth analysis of the magnetic recording process. 161A-B-C), or consent of instructor. (F) W. Hodgkiss wireless networks. Topics to be covered include cellular Magnetic fields and Fourier transforms of fields and mag- approaches, call processing, digital modulation, adap- netized media and heads; playback process for single and 252A. Speech Compression (4) tive arrays, broadband networks, and wireless packet multiple transitions. Reciprocity theorem for inductive and Speech signals, production and perception, compres- access for multimedia service. Three hours of lecture. magnetoresistive heads; record process modeling; interfer- sion theory, high rate compression using waveform Prerequisites: ECE 159B and 154B. (S) A. Acampora ences and nonlinearities; medium noise mechanisms and coding (PCM, DPCM, ADPCM, . .), DSP tools for low rate correlations; signal to noise ratios. Prerequisites: undergradu- coding, LPC vocoders, sinusoidal tranform coding, 258A-B. Digital Communication (4-4) ate electromagnetic theory and mathematical methods or multi-band coding, medium rate coding using code Digital communication theory including performance consent of instructor. (alternate years) N.Bertram excited linear prediction (CELP). Prerequisite: ECE 161A of various modulation techniques, effects of inter-sym- or 161. (W) B. Rao bol interference, adaptive equalization, spread spec- 246C. Magnetic Recording Laboratory (4) trum communication. Prerequisites: ECE 154A-B-C and Basic measurements in magnetic recording. Fields and 252B. Speech Recognition (4) ECE 254 or consent of instructor. (W,S) L. Milstein Fourier transforms of head structures using resistance Signal analysis methods for recognition, dynamic time warping, isolated word recognition, hidden markov 259AN. Algebraic Coding (4) paper measurements and computer analysis; induc- models, connectedword, and continuous speech recog- Fundamentals of block codes, introduction to groups, tance and B-H loop measurements of recording heads nition. Prerequisites: ECE 109, ECE 262A. (S) B. Rao rings and finite fields, nonbinary codes, cyclic codes and core materials; recording system calibration and magnetization pattern investigation utilizing spectral such as BCH and RS codes, decoding algorithms, appli- 253A. Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing (4) cations. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: consent of measurements (FFT). Prerequisites: ECE 246B and labora- Image quantization and sampling, image transforms, tory experience. (alternate years) N. Bertram instructor. (F) J. Wolf or P. Siegel image enhancement, image compression. Prerequisites: ECE 109, 153, ECE 161 or ECE 161A. (W) P. Cosman 259BN. Trellis-Coded Modulation (4) 250. Random Processes (4) Random variables, probability distributions and densi- Coding theory developed from the viewpoint of digital 253B. Digital Image Analysis (4) communications engineering, information theoretic ties, characteristic functions. Convergence in probabil- Image morphology, edge detection, scene segmenta- ity and in quadratic mean, Stochastic processes, limits for basic channel models, convolutional codes, tion, texture analysis, registration and fusion, feature maximum-likelihood decoding, Ungerboeck codes, stationarity. Processes with orthogonal and independ- analysis, time-varying images. Prerequisite: ECE 253A or ent increments. Power spectrum and power spectral codes based on lattices and cosets, rotational invariance, consent of instructor. (S) P. Cosman performance evaluation, applications of modem design. density. Stochastic integrals and derivatives. Spectral representation of wide sense stationary processes, har- Three hours of lecture. Prerequisites: ECE 154A-B-C, ECE 254. Detection Theory (4) monizable processes, moving average representations. 259A or 259AN, or consent of instructor. (W) Hypothesis testing, detection of signals in white and Prerequisite: ECE 153 or equivalent or consent of instruc- P. Siegel colored Gaussian noise; Karhunen-Loève expansion, tor. (F) R. Lugannani estimation of signal parameters, maximum-likelihood 259CN. Advanced Coding and Modulation for Digital detection; resolution of signals; detection and estima- 251AN. Digital Signal Processing I (4) Communications (4) tion of stochastic signals; applications to radar, commu- Discrete random signals; conventional (FFT based) Advanced coding and modulation techniques for nications, and optics. Prerequisite: ECE 153. (F) R. spectral estimation. Coherence and transfer function bandwidth-efficient data transmission and recording; Lugannani estimation; model-based spectral estimation; linear constellation shaping by regions, Voronoi constella- prediction and AR modeling. Levinson-Durbin algo- 255AN. Information Theory (4) tions, shell mapping, coding for intersymbol-interfer- rithm and lattice filters, minimum variance spectrum Introduction to basic concepts, source coding theo- ence channels, precoding methods, multilevel coding; estimation. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisites: ECE 153 rems, capacity, noisy-channel coding theorem. Three coding for fading channels, applications to wireline and in addition to either ECE 161 or 161A, or consent of instruc- hours of lecture. Prerequisite: ECE 154A-B-C or consent of wireless communications, digital recording.Three hours tor. (W) W. Hodgkiss and B. Rao instructor. (F) Staff of lecture. Prerequisites: ECE 259A-B or 259AN-BN. (S) P. Siegel 251BN. Digital Signal Processing II (4) 255BN/CN. Source Coding I, II (4/4) Adaptive filter theory, estimation errors for recursive Theory and practice of lossy source coding, vector 260A. VLSI Digital System Algorithms and least squares and gradient algorithms, convergence quantization, predictive and differential encoding, uni- Architectures (4) and tracking analysis of LMS, RLS, and Kalman filtering versal coding, source-channel coding, asymptotic the- Custom and semicustom VLSI design from the system algorithms, comparative performance of Weiner and ory, speech and image applications. Three hours of designer’s perspective. VLSI system algorithms, parallel adaptive filters, transversal and lattice filter implemen- lecture. Prerequisite: ECE 250 and 259A or 259AN, or con- processing architectures and interconnection net- tations, performance analysis for equalization, noise sent of instructor. (W,S) K. Zeger works, and design mapping methodologies will be cancelling, and linear prediction applications. Three emphasized. VLSI computer-aided design (CAD) tools hours of lecture. Prerequisite: ECE 251AN. (S) W. Hodgkiss 256A-B. Time Series Analysis and Applications (4-4) will be introduced. Knowledge of basic semiconductor and J. Zeidler Stationary processes; spectral representation; linear electronics and digital design is assumed. Three hours transformation. Recursive and nonrecursive prediction of lecture. Prerequisites: undergraduate-level semicon- and filtering; Wiener-Hopf and Kalman-Bucy filters. ductor electronics and digital system design; ECE 165 or equivalent or consent of instructor. (F) P. Chau 18 260B. VLSI Integrated Circuits and Systems Design (4) 263C. Fault-Tolerant Computing and VLSI Testing II (4) mechanics). Prerequisites: ECE 174. ECE 273B requires Computer arithmetic, control and memory structures Fault tolerance and testability have the common objec- 273A and 273C requires 273B. (F,W,S) A. Sebald for VLSI implementations at logic, circuit, and layout tive of improving system reliability. The second part of level. Computer-aided design and performance simula- the course emphasizes systemwide design issues. 275A. Parameter Estimation I (4) tions, actual design projects for teams of two to three Topics include fault-tolerant architecture and systems, Linear last squares (batch, recursive, total, sparse, psue- students per team. Layout done on CAD workstations design for testability, and computer-aided reliability doinverse, QR, SVD); statistical figures of merit (bias, for project IC chip fabrication. Design projects will be evaluation. Current research issues in fault-tolerant consistency, Cramer-Rao lower-bound, efficiency); max- reviewed in class presentation. Three hours of lecture. computing and VLSI testing will be addressed. imum likelihood estimation (MLE); sufficient statistics; Prerequisite: ECE 260A. (W) P. Chau Prerequisites: ECE 263A-B or consent of instructor. (S) T. T. algorithms for computing the MLE including the expec- Lin tation maximation (EM) algorithm. The problem of 260C. VLSI Advanced Topics (4) missing information; the problem of outliers. Prere- Advanced topics seminar with issues from system the- 264A. CMOS Analog Integrated Circuits and quisites: ECE 109 and ECE 153 with grades of C– or better. ory, to new technologies, to alternative design method- Systems I (4) (F) K. Kreutz-Delgado ologies will be subject for review. Class discussion, Frequency response of the basic CMOS gain stage and participation and presentations of projects and special current mirror configurations. Advanced feedback and 275B. Parameter Estimation II (4) topics assignments will be emphasized. The testing stability analysis; compensation techniques. High- The Bayesian framework and the use of statistical pri- results of fabricated IC chips from other VLSI design Performance CMOS amplifier topologies. Switched ors; sufficient statistics and reproducing probability dis- classes will be presented in class and in a final report. capacitor circuits. Analysis of noise and distortion.Three tributions; minimum mean square estimation (MSE); Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: ECE 260B. (S) P. Chau hours of lecture, three hours of laboratory. Prerequisites: linear minimum mean square estimation; maximum a ECE 164 and 153 or equivalent courses. (W) I. Galton posteriori (MAP) estimation; minimax estimation; 261A. Design of Analog and Digital GaAs Integrated Kalman filter and extended Kalman filter (EKF) Baum- Circuits I (4) 264B. CMOS Analog Integrated Circuits and Welsh algorithm; Viterbi algorithm. Applications to Introduction to analytical and computer-aided design Systems II (4) identifying the parameters and states of hidden (CAD) techniques for microwave integrated circuits. Continuous-time filters: synthesis techniques and Markov models (HMMs) including ARMA, state-space, Design of active two-ports using scattering parameters. CMOS circuit topologies. Switched-capacitor filters: syn- and finite-state dynamical systems. Applications to Monolithic realization of low-noise amplifiers using thesis techniques and CMOS circuit topologies. parametric and non-parametric density estimation. GaAs FETs and HEMTs. Design of monolithic distributed Overview of CMOS samplers, data converters, mixers, Prerequisites: ECE 153 and ECE 275A with grades of C– or amplifiers. Design of monolithic power amplifiers and modulators, oscillators, and PLLs.Three hours of lecture. better. (W) K. Kreutz-Delgado mixers. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: consent of Prerequisites: ECE 264A and 251A or 251AN. (S) I. Galton instructor. (W) W. Ku 276A-B. Robot Kinematics, Dynamics, and Control (4-4) 265A. Communication Circuit Design I (4) Kinematics of rigid bodies and serial-chain manipula- 261B. Design of Analog and Digital GaAs Integrated Introduction to noise and linearity concepts. System tors. The forward and inverse kinematics problem. Circuits (4) budgeting for optimum dynamic range. Frequency Sufficient conditions for exact solvability of the inverse Introduction to GaAs digital integrated circuits (IC). plan tradeoffs. Linearity analysis techniques. Down- kinematics problem. Joint-space versus tank-space Design of simple digital GaAs ICs using DCFL. Design of conversion and up-conversion techniques. Modulation control. Path/trajectory generation. Newton-Euler and digital building blocks for complex multipliers, FET but- and de-modulation. Microwave and RF system design Lagrangian formulation of manipulatory dynamics. terfly chips, DDS, and oversampled A/D converters. communications. Current research topics in the field. Manipulability measures. Redundancy resolution by Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisites: consent of instruc- subtask functional optimization and side-constraint tor. (F) L. Larson satisfaction. Pseudo-inverse kinematic control of redun- (S) W. Ku dant manipulators. PID and feedback-linearizing trajec- 265B. Communication Circuit Design II (4) 262B. RPG of ASSPS (Rapid Prototyping and Generation tory and force control. Issues in path planning and Radio frequency integrated circuits: impedance match- of Applications-Specific Signal Processing compliant assembly. Three hours of lecture. ing concepts, low-noise amplifiers, AGCs. Mixers, filters. Systems) (4) Prerequisites: ECE 171A-B, ECE 174 must be completed Comparison between BJT, CMOS and GaAs technolo- Introduction to concurrent engineering which can only with grades of C– or better. (ECE 174 may be concurrent.) gies for radio frequency and microwave applications. be effectively treated through the employment of a (W-S) K. Kreutz-Delgado Device modeling for radio frequency applications. multiprocessing environment. Strategies for partition- Design tradeoffs of linearity, noise, power dissipation, 280. Special Topics in Electronic Devices and ing of signal processing system designs and optimiza- and dynamic range. Current research topics in the field. tion of scheduling of task assignments in a distributed Materials (4) Three hours of lecture. Prerequisites: ECE 164 and 265A or computing environment. Introduction to mixed-signal A course to be given at the discretion of the faculty at consent of instructor. (W) L. Larson systems and reduced complexity system design. which topics of interest in electronic devices and mate- Testing of rapid prototyped ASICS. Three hours of lec- 270A-B-C. Neurocomputing (4-4-4) rials will be presented by visiting or resident faculty ture, nine hours of laboratory. Prerequisite: ECE 262A. (S) Neurocomputing is the study of nonalgorithmic infor- members. It will not be repeated so it may be taken for P.Chau mation processing. This three-quarter sequence covers credit more than once. Three hours of lecture. neurocomputing theory, design, and application, Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Staff 263A. Reliable Design of Digital Systems (4) including sensor processing, knowledge processing, Fault tolerance and testability have the common objec- data analysis, and hands-on training with a neurocom- 281. Special Topics in Radio and Space Science (4) tive of improving the reliability of computer hardware. puter. Prerequisite: graduate standing in ECE or CSE, or A course to be given at the discretion of the faculty at Knowing the fault models, how faults manifest them- consent of instructor. (F,W,S) R. Hecht-Nielsen which topics of interest in radio and space science will selves, how to test fault existence, and how to keep sys- be presented by visiting or resident faculty members. It tem functioning when fault exists help the engineers 272A. Stochastic Processes in Dynamic Systems (4) will not be repeated so it may be taken for credit more choose different techniques in computing and VLSI sys- (Not offered 2001/2002.) Diffusion equations, linear and than once.Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: consent of tems designs. Prerequisite: completion of upper-division nonlinear estimation and detection, random fields, instructor. Staff ECE/CE courses or consent of instructor. (F) T. T. Lin optimization of stochastic dynamic systems, applica- tions of stochastic optimization to problems. 282. Special Topics in Optoelectronics (4) 263B. Fault-Tolerant Computing and VLSI Testing I (4) Prerequisites: ECE 250. (W,S) D. Sworder A course to be given at the discretion of the faculty at This course will cover all aspects of fault-tolerant com- which topics of interest in optoelectronic materials, puting and VLSI testing. Topics include fundamental 273A-B-C. Optimization in Linear Vector Spaces (4-4-4) devices, systems, and applications will be presented by concepts of fault-tolerant hardware design, test pattern (Not offered 2001/2002.) Hilbert spaces, Banach spaces, visiting or resident faculty members. It will not be generation, signature analysis, system diagnosis and projection theorem, dual spaces, Hahn Banach theo- evaluation, and fault tolerance in VLSI-based systems. repeated so it may be taken for credit several times. rem, hyperplanes, geometric form of H Banach theo- Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Prerequisite: ECE 263A or consent of instructor. (W) T.T. Lin rem, modern statistical optimization routines Staff (simulated annealing, evolutionary programming), approaches to large neural net problems derived from the physics literature (chaos, spin glass, basic statistical 19 283. Special Topics in Electronic Circuits and the direction of a member of the staff. (S/U grades only.) Systems (4) Prerequisite: consent of instructor. A course to be given at the discretion of the faculty at which topics of interest in electronic circuits and sys- 299. Research (1-16) tems will be presented by visiting or resident faculty (S/U grade only.) members. It will not be repeated so it may be taken for credit more than once. Three hours of lecture. 501. Teaching (1-4) Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Staff Teaching and tutorial activities associated with courses and seminars. Not required for candidates for the Ph.D. 284. Special Topics in Computer Engineering (4) degree. Number of units for credit depends on number A course to be given at the discretion of the faculty at of hours devoted to class or section assistance. (S/U which topics of interest in computer engineering will grade only.) Prerequisite: consent of department chair. be presented by visiting or resident faculty members. It will not be repeated so it may be taken for credit more than once.Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Staff 285. Special Topics in Robotics and Control Systems (4) A course to be given at the discretion of the faculty at which topics of interest in robotics and control systems will be presented by visiting or resident faculty mem- bers. It will not be repeated so it may be taken for credit more than once. Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Staff 287A,B. Special Topics in Communication Theory and Systems (4) A course to be given at the discretion of the faculty at which topics of interest in information science will be presented by visiting or resident faculty members. It will not be repeated so it may be taken for credit more than once.Three hours of lecture. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Staff 288. Special Topics in Applied Physics (1-8) Topics of interest in applied physics. Topics will vary from quarter to quarter. May be repeated for credit not more than three times. 290. Graduate Seminar on Current ECE Research (2) Weekly discussion of current research conducted in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering by the faculty members involved in the research projects. Staff 292. Graduate Seminar in Radio and Space Science (2) Research topics in radio astronomy, space plasmas, and solar system physics. (S/U grades only.) B. Rickett 293. Graduate Seminar in Communication Theory and Systems (2) Weekly discussion of current research literature. Staff 294. Graduate Seminar in Applied Solid State Physics (2) Research topics in applied solid state physics and quan- tum electronics. H-L. Luo 295. Graduate Seminar in Computer Engineering (2) Biweekly discussion of research topics in computer engineering. Computer engineering is currently the most impacted field both in industry and academia. Computer engineering is the science of searching for an optimum within constraints of available methods and resources. Three hours of seminar. Prerequisite: con- sent of instructor. (F,W,S) T. T. Lin 296. Graduate Seminar in Optical Signal Processing (2) Research topics of current interest in holography. S. Lee 298. Independent Study (1-16) Open to properly qualified graduate students who wish to pursue a problem through advanced study under 20

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