Salmonid_Criteria_2005 by liwenting

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									                   Salmonid Effects Determination Criteria



                 Northwest National Fire Plan Project Design and Consultation Process




                                                January 2005


Explanatory Note: An executive memo was sent out on XX/YY/2004 explaining the decision to not commit
additional resources to updates of the Northwest National Fire Plan Project Design and Consultation Process.
This final update to the Salmonid Criteria portion of the process was done with the intent of prolonging the
criteria’s utility. Several minor comments were provided in early 2004, and this update addresses those
comments. In addition, this version of the criteria was converted to Microsoft Word. Concerns regarding
activity descriptions and other elements of the process in general are not addressed here, based on the
executive decision. Necessary supporting materials, including instructions, activity descriptions, and several
relevant attachments, are available online at www.or.blm.gov/esa and should be used with this document.
                                                     TABLE OF CONTENTS
                                 (CTRL button and mouse click will link to individual pages)

Activity Type: Abandoned Mine Restoration ......................................................................................................... 1
  Activity Component: Mine Site/Abandoned Mine Reclamation .................................................................... 1
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ...................................................................................... 1
     Work Element: Close mine opeinings, adits, and stopes - gates, foam sealant, backfilling, blasting ........ 2
     Work Element: Dredge tailings restoration - aerial surveys ....................................................................... 3
     Work Element: Groundwater control - test ................................................................................................. 4
     Work Element: Mine waste dump removal - Inventory and monitor ......................................................... 5
     Work Element: Mine waste dump removal - test ....................................................................................... 6
     Work Element: Mine waste dump removal - treat ...................................................................................... 7
  Activity Component: Mining Waste Cleanup................................................................................................. 8
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ...................................................................................... 8
Activity Type:    Access and Equipment Maintenance ...................................................................................... 9
  Activity Component: Access to work site ...................................................................................................... 9
     Work Element: Access by foot or pack animals ......................................................................................... 9
     Work Element: Access by helicopter/aircraft ........................................................................................... 10
     Work Element: Access by vehicle on roads, within normal use patterns ................................................. 11
     Work Element: Access by vehicle or ATV off roads or outside of normal use patterns .......................... 12
  Activity Component: Fueling/Maintenance .................................................................................................. 13
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted .................................................................................... 13
Activity Type:    Defensible Space ................................................................................................................... 14
  Activity Component: Fuels reduction ........................................................................................................... 14
     Work Element: Remove plants or plant parts ........................................................................................... 14
     Work Element: Replace flammable plants with less flammable plants .................................................... 15
  Activity Component: Structure modifications .............................................................................................. 17
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted .................................................................................... 17
Activity Type:    Forest Products...................................................................................................................... 18
  Activity Component: All except where otherwise noted .............................................................................. 18
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted .................................................................................... 18
  Activity Component: Firewood collection.................................................................................................... 19
     Work Element: Collect firewood from already downed sources .............................................................. 19
  Activity Component: Tree and Shrub Removal............................................................................................ 20
     Work Element: Complete or partial removal of trees or shrubs ............................................................... 20
Activity Type:    Insect and Disease Suppression ............................................................................................ 21
  Activity Component: Aerial survey and application of insecticides and pesticides ...................................... 21
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................... 21
  Activity Component: Fertilization ................................................................................................................ 22
     Work Element: Hand application of N frells ............................................................................................ 22
  Activity Component: Ground application of pesticides................................................................................ 23
     Work Element:    All except where otherwise noted .................................................................................. 23
  Activity Component: Ground Survey ........................................................................................................... 24
     Work Element: Walking survey................................................................................................................ 24
  Activity Component: Manual Treatments .................................................................................................... 25
     Work Element:    All except where otherwise noted .................................................................................. 25
  Activity Component: Mechanical Treatments .............................................................................................. 26
     Work Element: Harvest/removal of fire-damaged or other high-risk trees .............................................. 26
     Work Element: Slash disposal debark/chip/or fragment, machine pile and burn ..................................... 27
     Work Element: Young stand destruction, chaining, roller chopping........................................................ 29
  Activity Component: Population Assessment and Trapping ........................................................................ 30
     Work Element: Sampling and trapping..................................................................................................... 30
  Activity Component: Use of Fire .................................................................................................................. 31
December 2004                     Salmonid Criteria                                                                                                       i
     Work Element: Pulling back duff from legacy trees ................................................................................ 31
  Activity Component: Use of Pheromones .................................................................................................... 32
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................... 32
Activity Type:    Mechanical Treatments ......................................................................................................... 33
  Activity Component: Dust Abatement.......................................................................................................... 33
     Work Element: Water drafting.................................................................................................................. 33
  Activity Component: Harvest Prescription/Implementation ........................................................................ 34
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................... 34
     Work Element: Dead trees: salvage, hazard tree removal ........................................................................ 35
     Work Element: Understory/single story treatments: thinning ................................................................. 36
  Activity Component: Killing submerchantable trees .................................................................................... 38
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................... 38
  Activity Component: Logging Systems and Operations .............................................................................. 40
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................... 40
  Activity Component: Reducing Soil Compaction ........................................................................................ 41
     Work Element: Subsoiling ........................................................................................................................ 41
  Activity Component: Rehabilitation, removal of excess vegetation and slash .............................................. 43
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................... 43
  Activity Component: Skid Trail/Landing Rehab .......................................................................................... 45
     Work Element: Water bars........................................................................................................................ 45
  Activity Component: Tree Felling ................................................................................................................ 46
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................... 46
Activity Type:    Prescribed Fire – Miscellaneous Activities........................................................................... 47
  Activity Component: Fire Support................................................................................................................ 47
     Work Element: Fire/spike camp ............................................................................................................... 47
  Activity Component: Fireline Construction/Holding Actions ...................................................................... 48
     Work Element: “Black” line ..................................................................................................................... 48
     Work Element: “Wet” line-foam line ....................................................................................................... 49
     Work Element: Drafting to fill engines/tenders ........................................................................................ 50
     Work Element: Explosive built fireline .................................................................................................... 51
     Work Element: Hand built fireline ........................................................................................................... 52
     Work Element: Helicopter dipping ........................................................................................................... 53
     Work Element: Machine built fireline ...................................................................................................... 54
     Work Element: Natural barriers riparian/wetlands ................................................................................... 55
     Work Element: Pumping from streams/ponds using portable pumps ...................................................... 56
  Activity Component: Helicopter Landing Sites and other Operational Facilities ........................................ 57
     Work Element: Helicopter support sites; refuel, alumigel mix sites, etc.................................................. 57
  Activity Component: Ignition ....................................................................................................................... 58
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................... 58
  Activity Component: Mop-up ....................................................................................................................... 59
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................... 59
Activity Type:    Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types ...................................................................................... 60
  Activity Component: Aspen, Fire Regime III............................................................................................... 60
     Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ........................................................................................ 60
     Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity......................................................................................... 63
     Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity................................................................................. 66
     Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity............................................................................... 69
     Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity ............................................................................... 72
     Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity ....................................................................... 75
  Activity Component: Basin big sagebrush, Fire Regime III......................................................................... 78
     Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ........................................................................................ 78
     Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity......................................................................................... 81
     Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity................................................................................. 84
December 2004                                    Salmonid Criteria                                                                                     ii
    Work Element: Brushbeating/mow, High intensity .................................................................................. 87
    Work Element: Brushbeating/mow, Low intensity .................................................................................. 88
    Work Element: Brushbeating/mow, Moderate intensity .......................................................................... 89
    Work Element: Herbicide (Spike), High intensity.................................................................................... 90
    Work Element: Herbicide (Spike), Low intensity .................................................................................... 92
    Work Element: Herbicide (Spike), Moderate intensity ............................................................................ 94
  Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regime III ............................................ 96
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ........................................................................................ 96
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity......................................................................................... 98
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 101
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity............................................................................. 104
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity ............................................................................. 106
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity ..................................................................... 110
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity ................................................................ 113
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity................................................................. 115
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity......................................................... 119
  Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regimes IV, V ................................... 123
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 123
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 125
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 128
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity............................................................................. 131
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity ............................................................................. 134
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity ..................................................................... 137
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity ................................................................ 140
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity................................................................. 143
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity......................................................... 147
  Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regime III .......................................... 151
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 151
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 153
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 156
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity............................................................................. 159
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity ............................................................................. 161
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity ..................................................................... 164
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity ................................................................ 167
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity................................................................. 169
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity......................................................... 173
  Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regimes IV, V ................................... 177
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 177
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 179
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 182
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity............................................................................. 185
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity ............................................................................. 187
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity ..................................................................... 190
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity ................................................................ 193
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity................................................................. 195
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity......................................................... 199
  Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 3, Fire Regime III .......................................... 203
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 203
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 205
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 208
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity............................................................................. 211
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity ............................................................................. 213
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity ..................................................................... 216
December 2004                               Salmonid Criteria                                                                            iii
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity ................................................................ 219
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity................................................................. 223
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity......................................................... 227
  Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 3, Fire Regimes IV, V ................................... 231
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 231
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 233
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 236
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity............................................................................. 239
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity ............................................................................. 241
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity ..................................................................... 244
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity ................................................................ 247
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity................................................................. 249
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity......................................................... 253
  Activity Component: Lodgepole pine/Douglas-fir/true fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regimes III .............. 257
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 257
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 261
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 264
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity............................................................................. 267
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity ............................................................................. 271
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity ..................................................................... 274
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity ................................................................ 277
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity................................................................. 280
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity......................................................... 284
  Activity Component: Lodgepole pine/Douglas-fir/true fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regimes IV, V ......... 288
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 288
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 291
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 295
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity............................................................................. 299
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity ............................................................................. 302
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity ..................................................................... 306
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity ................................................................ 309
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity................................................................. 312
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity......................................................... 316
  Activity Component: Lodgepole pine/Douglas-fir/true fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regimes III .............. 320
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 320
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 324
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 327
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity............................................................................. 330
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity ............................................................................. 334
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity ..................................................................... 337
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity ................................................................ 340
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity................................................................. 343
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity......................................................... 347
  Activity Component: Lodgepole pine/Douglas-fir/true fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regimes IV, V ......... 351
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 351
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 354
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 358
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity............................................................................. 362
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity ............................................................................. 365
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity ..................................................................... 368
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity ................................................................ 371
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity................................................................. 374
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity......................................................... 378
December 2004                              Salmonid Criteria                                                                            iv
  Activity Component: Lodgepole pine/Douglas-fir/true fir, Condition Class 3, Fire Regimes III .............. 382
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 382
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 386
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 389
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity............................................................................. 392
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity ............................................................................. 396
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity ..................................................................... 399
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity ................................................................ 402
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity................................................................. 405
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity......................................................... 409
  Activity Component: Lodgepole pine/Douglas-fir/true fir, Condition Class 3, Fire Regimes IV, V ......... 413
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 413
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 417
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 420
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity............................................................................. 423
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity ............................................................................. 426
    Work Element: Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity ..................................................................... 429
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity ................................................................ 432
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity................................................................. 435
    Work Element: Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity......................................................... 439
  Activity Component: Mountain big sagebrush, Fire Regime II ................................................................. 443
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 443
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 446
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 449
    Work Element: Brushbeating/mow, High intensity ................................................................................ 452
    Work Element: Brushbeating/mow, Low intensity ................................................................................ 453
    Work Element: Brushbeating/mow, Moderate intensity ........................................................................ 454
  Activity Component: Mountain big sagebrush, Fire Regime III ................................................................ 455
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 455
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 458
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 460
    Work Element: Brushbeating/mow, High intensity ................................................................................ 462
    Work Element: Brushbeating/mow, Low intensity ................................................................................ 463
    Work Element: Brushbeating/mow, Moderate intensity ........................................................................ 464
  Activity Component: Oak woodlands/oak-maple/interior chaparral/mountain brush, Fire Regime II ...... 465
    Work Element: Activity fuel/pile/burn piles, Low intensity ...................................................................... 465
    Work Element: Activity fuels/pile/burn piles, High intensity .................................................................... 467
    Work Element: Activity fuels/pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity ............................................................. 469
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 471
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 472
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 473
  Activity Component: Pinyon-juniper and juniper woodlands, Fire Regime II ........................................... 474
    Work Element: Activity fuels/pile/burn piles, High intensity .................................................................... 474
    Work Element: Activity fuels/pile/burn piles, Low intensity ..................................................................... 476
    Work Element: Activity fuels/pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity ............................................................. 478
    Work Element: Activity fuels/scattered/ broadcast burn, High intensity ................................................... 480
    Work Element: Activity fuels/scattered/ broadcast burn, Low intensity .................................................... 484
    Work Element: Activity fuels/scattered/ broadcast burn, Moderate intensity ............................................ 488
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 492
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 495
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 498
  Activity Component: Ponderosa pine/Douglas fir/western larch/Jeffrey pine/lodgepole pine, Fire Reg. I 501
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 501
December 2004                              Salmonid Criteria                                                                             v
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 505
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 508
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Riparian areas ...................................................................................... 511
    Work Element: Thin/pile/burn piles, High intensity............................................................................... 513
    Work Element: Thin/pile/burn piles, Low intensity ............................................................................... 516
    Work Element: Thin/pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity ....................................................................... 520
    Work Element: Thin/pile/burn piles, Riparian areas .............................................................................. 524
    Work Element: Thin/scatter/broadcast burn, High intensity .................................................................. 527
    Work Element: Thin/scatter/broadcast burn, Low intensity ................................................................... 531
    Work Element: Thin/scatter/broadcast burn, Moderate intensity ........................................................... 535
    Work Element: Thin/scatter/broadcast burn, Riparian areas .................................................................. 539
  Activity Component: Ponderosa pine/Douglas fir/western larch/Jeffrey pine/lodgepole pine, Open forest
  objective, Fire Regime III ............................................................................................................................... 542
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 542
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 546
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 549
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, Riparian areas ...................................................................................... 552
    Work Element: Thin/pile/burn piles, High intensity............................................................................... 553
    Work Element: Thin/pile/burn piles, Low intensity ............................................................................... 556
    Work Element: Thin/pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity ....................................................................... 560
    Work Element: Thin/pile/burn piles, Riparian areas .............................................................................. 564
    Work Element: Thin/scatter/broadcast burn, High intensity .................................................................. 567
    Work Element: Thin/scatter/broadcast burn, Low intensity ................................................................... 571
    Work Element: Thin/scatter/broadcast burn, Moderate intensity ........................................................... 575
    Work Element: Thin/scatter/broadcast burn, Riparian areas .................................................................. 579
  Activity Component: Ponderosa pine/Douglas fir/western larch/Jeffrey pine/lodgepole pine,
  Seedling/sapling objective, Fire Regime III ................................................................................................... 582
    Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 582
  Activity Component: Riparian mid/upper elevation, Condition Class 1, Fire Regimes III, IV, V ............. 586
    Work Element: Broadcast burn (thinned or not), High intensity ............................................................ 586
    Work Element: Broadcast burn (thinned or not), Low intensity ............................................................ 590
    Work Element: Broadcast burn (thinned or not), Moderate intensity .................................................... 593
    Work Element: Thin small trees/hand pile/burn piles, High intensity.................................................... 596
    Work Element: Thin small trees/hand pile/burn piles, Low intensity .................................................... 599
    Work Element: Thin small trees/hand pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity ............................................ 603
  Activity Component: Riparian mid/upper elevation, Condition Class 2, Fire Regimes III, IV, V............. 607
    Work Element: Broadcast burn (thinned or not), High intensity ............................................................ 607
    Work Element: Broadcast burn (thinned or not), Low intensity ............................................................ 611
    Work Element: Broadcast burn (thinned or not), Moderate intensity .................................................... 614
    Work Element: Thin small trees/hand pile/burn piles, High intensity.................................................... 618
    Work Element: Thin small trees/hand pile/burn piles, Low intensity .................................................... 621
    Work Element: Thin small trees/hand pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity ............................................ 625
  Activity Component: Riparian mid/upper elevation, Condition Class 3, Fire Regimes III, IV, V ............. 629
    Work Element: Broadcast burn (thinned or not), High intensity ............................................................ 629
    Work Element: Broadcast burn (thinned or not), Low intensity ............................................................ 633
    Work Element: Broadcast burn (thinned or not), Moderate intensity .................................................... 636
    Work Element: Thin small trees/hand pile/burn piles, High intensity.................................................... 639
    Work Element: Thin small trees/hand pile/burn piles, Low intensity .................................................... 642
    Work Element: Thin small trees/hand pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity ............................................ 646
  Activity Component: Sagebrush/cheatgrass, Fire Regimes II, III, IV ........................................................ 650
    Work Element: Broadcast burn/seed (aerial), High intensity ................................................................. 650
    Work Element: Broadcast burn/seed (aerial), Low intensity .................................................................. 653
    Work Element: Broadcast burn/seed (aerial), Moderate intensity .......................................................... 656
December 2004                                     Salmonid Criteria                                                                                          vi
     Work Element: Broadcast burn/seed (drill), High intensity ................................................................... 659
     Work Element: Broadcast burn/seed (drill), Low intensity .................................................................... 662
     Work Element: Broadcast burn/seed (drill), Moderate intensity ............................................................ 665
     Work Element: Brushbeating/mow/seed (drill), High intensity ............................................................. 668
     Work Element: Brushbeating/mow/seed (drill), Low intensity .............................................................. 670
     Work Element: Brushbeating/mow/seed (drill), Moderate intensity ...................................................... 672
  Activity Component: Wyoming big sagebrush - Great Basin, Fire Regime IV ......................................... 674
     Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 674
     Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 677
     Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 680
     Work Element: Brushbeating/Mowing, High intensity .......................................................................... 683
     Work Element: Brushbeating/Mowing, Low intensity ........................................................................... 684
     Work Element: Brushbeating/Mowing, Moderate intensity ................................................................... 685
     Work Element: Herbicide (Spike), High intensity.................................................................................. 686
     Work Element: Herbicide (Spike), Low intensity .................................................................................. 688
     Work Element: Herbicide (Spike), Moderate intensity .......................................................................... 690
  Activity Component: Wyoming big sagebrush - Intermountain west, Fire Regime III ............................. 692
     Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 692
     Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 695
     Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 698
     Work Element: Brushbeating/mow, High intensity ................................................................................ 701
     Work Element: Brushbeating/mow, Low intensity ................................................................................ 702
     Work Element: Brushbeating/mow, Moderate intensity ........................................................................ 703
     Work Element: Herbicide (Spike), High intensity.................................................................................. 704
     Work Element: Herbicide (Spike), Low intensity .................................................................................. 706
     Work Element: Herbicide (Spike), Moderate intensity .......................................................................... 708
  Activity Component: Wyoming big sagebrush - Intermountain west, Fire Regime IV ............................. 710
     Work Element: Broadcast burn, High intensity ...................................................................................... 710
     Work Element: Broadcast burn, Low intensity....................................................................................... 713
     Work Element: Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity............................................................................... 716
     Work Element: Brushbeating/mow, High intensity ................................................................................ 719
     Work Element: Brushbeating/mow, Low intensity ................................................................................ 720
     Work Element: Brushbeating/mow, Moderate intensity ........................................................................ 721
     Work Element: Herbicide (Spike), High intensity.................................................................................. 722
     Work Element: Herbicide (Spike), Low intensity .................................................................................. 724
     Work Element: Herbicide (Spike), Moderate intensity .......................................................................... 726
Activity Type:    Range Infrastructure............................................................................................................ 728
  Activity Component: Fence Construction/Reconstruction/Maintenance ................................................... 728
     Work Element: Building rock jacks ........................................................................................................ 728
     Work Element: Clearing right of way..................................................................................................... 729
     Work Element: Digging post holes - manual/mechanical ...................................................................... 731
     Work Element: Onsite material cutting, gathering rocks, etc ................................................................. 732
     Work Element: Stringing wire ................................................................................................................ 733
  Activity Component: Rangeland Restoration ............................................................................................. 734
     Work Element: Chaining ........................................................................................................................ 734
     Work Element: Seeding - aerial .............................................................................................................. 735
     Work Element: Seeding disking, drilling, fertilizing, plowing .............................................................. 736
  Activity Component: Water Development Construction/Reconstruction .................................................. 737
     Work Element: All water developments - clearing................................................................................. 737
     Work Element: All water developments - constructing apron - rubber, metal, asphalt.......................... 738
     Work Element: All water developments - installing troughs, storage tanks, or pits .............................. 739
     Work Element: All water developments - transporting materials .......................................................... 740
     Work Element: Earthwork - cat, dragline, scraper ................................................................................ 741
December 2004                                   Salmonid Criteria                                                                                   vii
     Work Element: Pipelines - Trenching..................................................................................................... 742
     Work Element: Rock haul/material haul................................................................................................. 743
Activity Type:    Recreation Facilities and Operations .................................................................................. 744
  Activity Component: Existing Facilities Developed and Dispersed........................................................... 744
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 744
  Activity Component: Install/Remove toilets .............................................................................................. 746
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 746
  Activity Component: Installation of other site amenities ........................................................................... 747
     Work Element: Remove trees and ground vegetation, excavate, backfill .............................................. 747
  Activity Component: Obliteration/Rehabilitation of Recreation Sites ....................................................... 749
     Work Element: Install barriers (boulders, fencing, signs, etc.) .............................................................. 749
     Work Element: Remove any existing site furniture ................................................................................ 750
     Work Element: Rip surface, re-contour, topsoil, seed, mulch ................................................................ 751
  Activity Component: Water development .................................................................................................. 753
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 753
Activity Type:    Reforestation ....................................................................................................................... 754
  Activity Component: Access for Reforestation Activities.......................................................................... 754
     Work Element: Opening closed roads, including snowplowing ............................................................. 754
  Activity Component: Animal Damage Control .......................................................................................... 755
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted .................................................................................. 755
  Activity Component: Artficial Shade ......................................................................................................... 756
     Work Element: Shade cards .................................................................................................................... 756
  Activity Component: Collection of Plant Propagation Materials ............................................................... 757
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 757
  Activity Component: Hand plant upland/riparian....................................................................................... 758
     Work Element: Plant trees and shrubs with hoe, bar, auger ................................................................... 758
  Activity Component: Natural Regeneration Surveys ................................................................................. 759
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted .................................................................................. 759
  Activity Component: On site tree storage ................................................................................................... 760
     Work Element: Building and maintaining snow cache........................................................................... 760
  Activity Component: Return visits after planting ....................................................................................... 761
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 761
  Activity Component: Site preparation ........................................................................................................ 762
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 762
     Work Element: Hand scalp/grubbing...................................................................................................... 763
Activity Type:    Roads & Road Maintenance ............................................................................................... 764
  Activity Component: Decommissioning Roads.......................................................................................... 764
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 764
  Activity Component: New Construction/Reconstruction ........................................................................... 767
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 767
  Activity Component: Road Maintenance.................................................................................................... 768
     Work Element: Adding crossdrain culverts ............................................................................................ 768
     Work Element: Blading and grading ...................................................................................................... 769
     Work Element: Bridge maintenance - riprap, deck cleaning, guard rail repair, abutment repair ........... 770
     Work Element: Culvert maintenance ...................................................................................................... 771
     Work Element: Disposal site use ............................................................................................................ 773
     Work Element: Ditch cleanout................................................................................................................ 774
     Work Element: Dust abatement - water or chemical .............................................................................. 776
     Work Element: Roadside brushing ......................................................................................................... 778
     Work Element: Slide removal ................................................................................................................. 779
     Work Element: Surface rocking (rock replacement) .............................................................................. 780
     Work Element: Traffic control................................................................................................................ 781
  Activity Component: Road Restoration ...................................................................................................... 782
December 2004                                    Salmonid Criteria                                                                                    viii
     Work Element: Bridge replacement........................................................................................................ 782
     Work Element: Culvert installation and upgrade.................................................................................... 783
     Work Element: Installation of drainage dips and waterbars ................................................................... 785
     Work Element: Storm proofing .............................................................................................................. 786
     Work Element: Surface material processing - in place rock crushing .................................................... 787
     Work Element: Surface shaping and draining ........................................................................................ 788
Activity Type:    Threatened, Endangered Species Habitat Restoration ........................................................ 789
  Activity Component: Aspen Restoration .................................................................................................... 789
     Work Element: Mechanical root shearing .............................................................................................. 789
  Activity Component: Fish population Recovery/Enhancement ................................................................. 790
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 790
  Activity Component: Instream Restoration ................................................................................................ 791
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 791
     Work Element: Powersaw operation ...................................................................................................... 792
  Activity Component: Interpretation/Conservation Education .................................................................... 793
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 793
  Activity Component: Meadow Restoration ................................................................................................ 794
     Work Element: Mowing ......................................................................................................................... 794
  Activity Component: Monitoring Fish and Wildlife .................................................................................. 795
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 795
  Activity Component: Quarry Restoration ................................................................................................... 796
     Work Element: Waste storage ................................................................................................................ 796
  Activity Component: Riparian Improvement ............................................................................................. 797
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 797
  Activity Component: Snag Creation ........................................................................................................... 798
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 798
Activity Type:    Trails & Trail Maintenance ................................................................................................. 799
  Activity Component: Construction/Reconstruction/Heavy Maintenance .................................................. 799
     Work Element: Blasting - surface, subsurface, and aerial ...................................................................... 799
     Work Element: Bridge building .............................................................................................................. 800
     Work Element: Camping ........................................................................................................................ 801
     Work Element: Culvert installation ........................................................................................................ 802
     Work Element: Ford maintenance/construction ..................................................................................... 803
     Work Element: Gravel borrowing/borrow pit......................................................................................... 804
     Work Element: Horses/weed-free hay .................................................................................................... 805
     Work Element: Puncheon/turnpike construction .................................................................................... 806
     Work Element: Reseeding edges/banks .................................................................................................. 807
     Work Element: Trail decommissioning .................................................................................................. 808
     Work Element: Trail relocation away from meadows ............................................................................ 809
     Work Element: Tread construction ......................................................................................................... 810
  Activity Component: Light Maintenance ................................................................................................... 812
     Work Element: Debris removal (slough, rocks, roots) ........................................................................... 812
     Work Element: Excavating material (borrow pits, trenches).................................................................. 813
     Work Element: Excavating material near water (gravel bar) ................................................................. 814
     Work Element: Installation, clean out, and repair of drainage feature (waterbars, dips, etc) ................. 815
     Work Element: Log clearing and brushing - mechanical ....................................................................... 817
     Work Element: Log clearing and brushing - non mechanical ................................................................ 818
     Work Element: Minor tread reconstruction ............................................................................................ 819
     Work Element: Repair of land structures (punches, turnpike, steps) ..................................................... 820
     Work Element: Repair of structures near water (bridges, stream fords) ................................................ 821
     Work Element: Signing (blazes, rock cairns, sign posts) ....................................................................... 822
Activity Type:    Watershed Restoration ........................................................................................................ 823
  Activity Component: Hillslope Erosion Control ........................................................................................ 823
December 2004                                   Salmonid Criteria                                                                                   ix
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 823
     Work Element: Contour felling .............................................................................................................. 824
     Work Element: Road/landing ripping ..................................................................................................... 825
     Work Element: Terracing ....................................................................................................................... 826
     Work Element: Trenching....................................................................................................................... 827
  Activity Component: In-Channel Erosion Control ..................................................................................... 828
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 828
  Activity Component: Revegetation............................................................................................................. 829
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 829
     Work Element: Site prep - surface scarification, tilling, ripping ............................................................ 830
  Activity Component: Sediment Control ..................................................................................................... 831
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 831
  Activity Component: Watershed Monitoring ............................................................................................. 832
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 832
     Work Element: Install gage .................................................................................................................... 833
     Work Element: Instream water/sediment collection ............................................................................... 834
Activity Type:    Weeds and Chemical Treatments........................................................................................ 835
  Activity Component: Biological Control .................................................................................................... 835
     Work Element All except where otherwise noted .................................................................................. 835
     Work Element: Competitive seeding ...................................................................................................... 836
  Activity Component: Cultural Control ....................................................................................................... 837
     Work Element: Chaining ........................................................................................................................ 837
     Work Element: Fertilize - by hand, machine, or aerial ........................................................................... 838
     Work Element: Injection/cut stump ........................................................................................................ 839
     Work Element: Mulch - by hand or machine.......................................................................................... 840
     Work Element: Use grazing to control weeds, fencing or herding ......................................................... 841
  Activity Component: Herbicide Control ..................................................................................................... 842
     Work Element: Aerial application by fixed wing or helicopter .............................................................. 842
     Work Element All except where otherwise noted .................................................................................. 843
  Activity Component: Information............................................................................................................... 845
     Work Element: Education/outreach ........................................................................................................ 845
  Activity Component: Manual Control ........................................................................................................ 846
     Work Element: Hand clip seed heads or pull weeds............................................................................... 846
  Activity Component: Mechanical Control/Restoration .............................................................................. 847
     Work Element: All except where otherwise noted ................................................................................. 847
  Activity Component: Weed prevention ...................................................................................................... 849
     Work Element: Wash vehicles, water drafting ....................................................................................... 849

Supporting Information

Background and Instructions

Activity Descriptions

Activity Type Lists

Attachments 1-15




December 2004                                   Salmonid Criteria                                                                                     x
                                                          Activity Type: Abandoned Mine Restoration

Activity Component: Mine Site/Abandoned Mine Reclamation
Work Element:       All except where otherwise noted This Work Element includes:• Restore surface flow / Floodplain reclamation • Mine
     shaft backfilling • Removal of hazardous waste (Hazmat) • Wetlands reclamation – Remove contaminated soil • Wetlands reclamation –
     Restore stream channel • Wetlands reclamation – Construct repository • Tailings impoundment rehab – Water management • Tailings
     impoundment rehab – Cap impoundment • Dredge tailings restoration – Tailings redistribution • Dredge tailings restoration – Restore
     channel flow • Groundwater control – Reroute • Groundwater control – Treat
Conditional Statement                     Effects Pathway     Potential Effect      Project Criteria            Rationale                             Final Effect
The action occurs in watersheds with      Water quality and   Potentially Adverse   No criteria.                  Consult locally.                      Potentially
at-risk fish species or with designated   habitat elements                                                                                              Adverse
critical habitat or unoccupied habitat                                                                            The complexity of these
critical to species recovery.                                                                                     activities requires site specific
                                                                                                                  information.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect             No criteria.                  No at risk salmonids and/or           No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with no   habitat elements                                                        habitat present.
designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to species
recovery. Criteria applied using this
conditional statement assume that
activity effects inside these
watersheds would not be transferred
downstream and affect at-risk fish or
their occupied habitats.




December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                         Activity Type: Abandoned Mine Restoration                                     Page 1 of 849
Activity Component: Mine Site/Abandoned Mine Reclamation

Work Element:              Close mine opeinings, adits, and stopes - gates, foam sealant, backfilling, blasting

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No foam sealant applications, no       Foam sealants are potentially    Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species       habitat elements                            blasting, and no backfilling within    toxic to salmonids. Blasting     Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat                                                    RHCAs.                                 and backfilling has potential
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                             for debris/sediment to impact
species recovery.                                                                      Prevent and minimize erosion from      waters. Shock waves from
                                                                                       closing mine activities by designing   blasting has potential impacts
                                                                                       and maintaining proper BMPs.           to Salmonids.

                                                                                       No refueling with RHCA
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Blasting and backfiling will only be   RHCAs are adequate as a          Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                            allowed in areas where materials       buffer to prevent foam           Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated                                                        (rocks) and or sediment may not        sealant applications from
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                         potentially reach live waters.         adversely affecting
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                         (contaminating) streams.
                                                                                       Prevent and minimize erosion from
                                                                                       closing mine activities by designing
                                                                                       and maintaining proper BMPs.

                                                                                       For fueling, SEE: Access and
                                                                                       Equipment Maintenance Activity
                                                                                       Type, Fueling/Maintenance,
                                                                                       Fueling/Maintenance of light
                                                                                       equipment on site.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or      No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                                   habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Abandoned Mine Restoration                                             Page 2 of 849
Activity Component: Mine Site/Abandoned Mine Reclamation

Work Element:             Dredge tailings restoration - aerial surveys

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway      Potential Effect      Project Criteria          Rationale                      Final Effect
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.              This action is small enough   No Effect
with at-risk fish species or with         habitat elements                                                   and located where effects
designated critical habitat or                                                                               would not be expected.
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.              No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                                                   habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                      Activity Type: Abandoned Mine Restoration                                Page 3 of 849
Activity Component: Mine Site/Abandoned Mine Reclamation

Work Element:             Groundwater control - test

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No drilling or heavy equipment use   Sampling and testing is small   Not Likely to
with at-risk fish species or with         habitat elements                            within the RHCA.                     enough and located where        Adversely Affect
designated critical habitat or                                                                                             effects would not be
unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                             expected.
species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                         No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                                                                 habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Abandoned Mine Restoration                                          Page 4 of 849
Activity Component: Mine Site/Abandoned Mine Reclamation

Work Element:             Mine waste dump removal - Inventory and monitor

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway      Potential Effect      Project Criteria          Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.              Inventories and analyses have   No Effect
with at-risk fish species or with         habitat elements                                                   no ground disturbances.
designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.              No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                                                   habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                      Activity Type: Abandoned Mine Restoration                                  Page 5 of 849
Activity Component: Mine Site/Abandoned Mine Reclamation

Work Element:             Mine waste dump removal - test

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                 Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No drilling or heavy equipment   Sampling and testing is small   Not Likely to
with at-risk fish species or with         habitat elements                            within the RHCA.                 enough and located where        Adversely Affect
designated critical habitat or                                                                                         effects would not be
unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                         expected.
species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                     No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                                                             habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Abandoned Mine Restoration                                      Page 6 of 849
Activity Component: Mine Site/Abandoned Mine Reclamation

Work Element:              Mine waste dump removal - treat

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria             Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No criteria                  Consult locally                   Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       habitat elements                                                                                           Adverse
or with designated critical habitat                                                                                 Mine-wastes and related
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                   contaminants have the
species recovery.                                                                                                   potential to produce
                                                                                                                    serious/severe adverse
                                                                                                                    affects.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No criteria                  Risks of                          Potentially
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                                                         contamination/transport to        Adverse
fish species or with designated                                                                                     streams are minimal but
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                      toxicity of contaminants is
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                               great enough to justify local
                                                                                                                    consultation - consult locally.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                 No at risk salmonids and/or       No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                         habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Abandoned Mine Restoration                                      Page 7 of 849
Activity Component: Mining Waste Cleanup

Work Element:      All except where otherwise noted        This Work Element includes:• Junk removal • Preliminary Assessments, Inventories, Analyses •
      Contaminated soil removal • Barrel removal • Reclamation plan implementation

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria             Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                 Consult locally.                Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       habitat elements                                                                                         Adverse
or with designated critical habitat                                                                                 Mine-wastes and related
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                   contaminants have the
species recovery.                                                                                                   potential to produce
                                                                                                                    serious/severe adverse
                                                                                                                    affects.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                 Consult locally.                Potentially
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                                                                                         Adverse
fish species or with designated                                                                                     Risks of
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                      contamination/transport to
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                               streams are minimal but
                                                                                                                    toxicity of contaminants is
                                                                                                                    great enough to justify local
                                                                                                                    consultation.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                 No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                         habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Abandoned Mine Restoration                                    Page 8 of 849
                                                   Activity Type:            Access and Equipment Maintenance

Activity Component: Access to work site

Work Element:             Access by foot or pack animals

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                         Rationale                         Final Effect
In watersheds with at-risk fish           Sediment and       Potentially Adverse     Stay on designated trails.               Criteria are sufficient to       Not Likely to
species or with designated critical       turbidity                                                                           avoid potential adverse          Adversely Affect
habitat or unoccupied habitat                                                        Stock handling facilities, camp          affects. Avoids sediment
critical to species recovery.                                                        facilities and improvements will be      delivery by keeping facilities
                                                                                     located at least 300 feet from lakes,    well away from streams.
                                                                                     streams, and springs.

                                                                                     Stock handlers will be educated on
                                                                                     at-risk fish including identification,
                                                                                     Endangered Species Act, and how
                                                                                     to minimize adverse affects to the
                                                                                     species and their assiociated
                                                                                     habitat.
The action occurs in watersheds           Sediment and       No Effect               No criteria.                             No at risk salmonids and/or      No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      turbidity                                                                           habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Access and Equipment Maintenance                                         Page 9 of 849
Activity Component: Access to work site

Work Element:             Access by helicopter/aircraft

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                       Final Effect
In watersheds with at-risk fish           Sediment and       Potentially Adverse     No landing of helicopters or aircraft   Criteria are sufficient to     Not Likely to
species or with designated critical       turbidity                                  within RHCAs.                           avoid potential adverse        Adversely Affect
habitat or unoccupied habitat                                                                                                affects. Avoids sediment
critical to species recovery.                                                        No construction of helicopter pads      delivery (see Attachment 1).
                                                                                     within RHCAs.

                                                                                     No fueling within RHCAs.
The action occurs in watersheds           Sediment and       No Effect               No criteria.                            No at risk salmonids and/or    No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      turbidity                                                                          habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Access and Equipment Maintenance                                      Page 10 of 849
Activity Component: Access to work site

Work Element:             Access by vehicle on roads, within normal use patterns

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                      Final Effect
In watersheds with at-risk fish           Sediment and       Potentially Adverse     Access is only allowed on existing   Criteria are sufficient to    Not Likely to
species or with designated critical       turbidity                                  open roads.                          avoid potential adverse       Adversely Affect
habitat or unoccupied habitat                                                                                             effects. Avoids sediment
critical to species recovery.                                                        Travel must cease when damage to     delivery.
                                                                                     the road surface will result or is
                                                                                     occurring.

                                                                                     No ground disturbances during
                                                                                     spawning and incubation periods.
The action occurs in watersheds           Sediment and       No Effect               No criteria.                         No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      turbidity                                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Access and Equipment Maintenance                                  Page 11 of 849
Activity Component: Access to work site

Work Element:             Access by vehicle or ATV off roads or outside of normal use patterns

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                    Rationale                      Final Effect
The action occurs in watersheds           Sediment and       Potentially Adverse     Off-road activities by vehicle or   Criteria are sufficient to    Not Likely to
with at-risk fish species or with         turbidity                                  ATV are not allowed within          avoid potential adverse       Adversely Affect
designated critical habitat or                                                       RHCA.                               affects. Avoids sediment
unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                           delivery (see Attachment 1)
species recovery.                                                                    Outside the RHCA, activities will   and fuel delivery (see
                                                                                     only be conducted on slopes of      Attachment 2).
                                                                                     20% or less. (see Attachment 1 -
                                                                                     Riparian Area (RHCA) Literature
                                                                                     Summary).

                                                                                     No fueling of machines within
                                                                                     RHCA's
The action occurs in watersheds           Sediment and       No Effect               No criteria.                        No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      turbidity                                                                      habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Access and Equipment Maintenance                                 Page 12 of 849
Activity Component: Fueling/Maintenance
Work Element:          All except where otherwise noted This Work Element includes:• Fueling/Maintenance of small equipment on site •
      Fueling/Maintenance of heavy equipment on site
Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                      Rationale                      Final Effect
In RHCA in watersheds with                Water quality,     Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                          Consult locally.              Potentially
at-risk fish species or with              take, channel                                                                                                  Adverse
designated critical                       morphology and                                                                   The complexity of these
habitat or unoccupied habitat             habitat elements                                                                 activities requires site
critical to species recovery.                                                                                              specific knowledge.
Action occurs outside the RHCA in         Water quality,     Potentially Adverse     All helicopter fueling operations     Criteria are sufficient to    Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish              take, channel                              require an approved transportation,   avoid potential adverse       Adversely Affect
species or with                           morphology and                             storage, and                          effects.
designated critical habitat or            habitat elements                           emergency spill plan.
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery.                                                                    Other heavy equipment fueling
                                                                                     operations will
                                                                                     consist of a slip-tank not greater
                                                                                     than 250 gallons.

                                                                                     Maintenance operations must have
                                                                                     spill containment and cleanup
                                                                                     provisions.

                                                                                     Apply PACFISH/INFISH Standard
                                                                                     and Guideline RA-4 (fuel storage
                                                                                     within RHCAs) for activities
                                                                                     outside the RHCA.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality,     No Effect               No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      take, channel                                                                    habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         morphology and
unoccupied habitat critical to            habitat elements
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Access and Equipment Maintenance                                   Page 13 of 849
                                                                   Activity Type:               Defensible Space

Activity Component: Fuels reduction

Work Element:              Remove plants or plant parts

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                    Consult locally.                  Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       habitat elements                                                                                              Adverse
or with designated critical habitat                                                                                    The complexity of this
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                      activity requires knowledge
species recovery.                                                                                                      of site specific conditions and
                                                                                                                       project design. This is
                                                                                                                       anticipated to be an
                                                                                                                       infrequent action requiring
                                                                                                                       formal consultation.

                                                                                                                       Removal of plant materials
                                                                                                                       could have an adverse effect
                                                                                                                       on the attainment of RMOs.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                    The small scale (30 to 120        No Effect
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                                                            feet surrounding a facility),
fish species or with designated                                                                                        limits the potential for
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                         adverse affects.
habitat critical to species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                    No at risk salmonids and/or       No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                            habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Defensible Space                                                 Page 14 of 849
Activity Component: Fuels reduction

Work Element:             Replace flammable plants with less flammable plants

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No plant removal within RHCA.           Planting and watering            Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species   habitat elements                                                                    vegetation would not             Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat                                                No removal of riparian vegetation.      adversely affect at risk fish.
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                          Riparian plant species are
species recovery.                                                                  Where possible, replant using           resistant to fire. As native
                                                                                   native species.                         species are replaced by exotic
                                                                                                                           plants, alterations in habitat
                                                                                   For water withdrawl:                    can result from reduced
                                                                                   No instream alteration of substrate.    streambank protection, loss
                                                                                   Water withdrawal via hose pipes         of undercut bank cover, loss
                                                                                   (less than 1" diameter) will not        of overhanging vegetation
                                                                                   reduce stream flow from the             cover, reduced pool depth
                                                                                   original wetted width.                  and volume, increased
                                                                                                                           erosion and fine sediment
                                                                                   Screen pump or hose intake.             deposition on the substrate,
                                                                                   Drafting of water for will be           increased stream width and
                                                                                   restricted to an area identified by a   thermal relationships, and
                                                                                   fishery biologist and/or hydrologist    decreased detrital and
                                                                                   to prevent the potential for "take”.    nutrient inputs to the stream
                                                                                                                           (see Attachment 4).
                                                                                   For plant removal, SEE: Defensible
                                                                                   Space Activity Type, Fuels              Screening of pump intake
                                                                                   Reduction Activity Component,           will prevent juvenile
                                                                                   Remove Plants Work Element.             entrainment.
The action occurs in watersheds        Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Do not replace riparian plant           Planting and watering            Not Likely to
with at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                            species. Where possible, use native     vegetation would not             Adversely Affect
designated critical habitat or                                                     species within RHCAs.                   adversely affect at risk fish.
unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                             Riparian plant species are
species recovery.                                                                  No instream alteration of substrate.    resistant to fire. As native
                                                                                   Water withdrawal via hose pipes         species are replaced by exotic
                                                                                   will not reduce stream flow from        plants, alterations in habitat
                                                                                   the original wetted width. Screen       can result from reduced
                                                                                   pump or hose intake. Drafting of        streambank protection, loss
                                                                                   water for will be restricted to an      of undercut bank cover, loss
                                                                                   area identified by a fishery            of overhanging vegetation
                                                                                   biologist and/or hydrologist to         cover, reduced pool depth
                                                                                   prevent "take”. For plant removal,      and volume, increased
                                                                                   SEE: Defensible Space Activity          erosion and fine sediment
                                                                                   Type, Fuels Reduction Component,        deposition on the substrate,
                                                                                   Remove Plants Work Element.             increased stream width and

December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Defensible Space                                                     Page 15 of 849
                                                                                                            thermal relationships, and
                                                                                                            decreased detrital and
                                                                                                            nutrient inputs to the stream
                                                                                                            (see Attachment 4).

                                                                                                            Screening of pump intake
                                                                                                            will prevent juvenile
                                                                                                            entrainment.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect     No criteria.                    No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                                                  habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                  Activity Type: Defensible Space                                               Page 16 of 849
Activity Component: Structure modifications

Work Element:        All except where otherwise noted                     This Work Element includes: • Replace flammable roof materials • Remove ignitable materials
      surrounding structures
Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway      Potential Effect      Project Criteria                Rationale                      Final Effect
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.                    Removing flammable and        No Effect
with at-risk fish species or with         habitat elements                                                         ignitable products does not
designated critical habitat or                                                                                     pose a risk to salmonids or
unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                     habitat.
species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.                    Removing flammable and        No Effect
with at-risk fish species or with         habitat elements                                                         ignitable products does not
designated critical habitat or                                                                                     pose a risk to salmonids or
unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                     habitat.
species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.                    No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                                                         habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.                    No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                                                         habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                         Activity Type: Defensible Space                                             Page 17 of 849
                                                                    Activity Type:               Forest Products

Activity Component: All except where otherwise noted

Work Element:         All except where otherwise noted      This Work Element includes all Work Elements within the following Activity Components:•
      Fruits, berries and nut harvest • Greenery harvest – total removal • Moss harvesting • Mushroom harvesting • Seed collection
Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                 Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No camping within RHCAs.         The scale of this activity        Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species       habitat elements                                                             small enough to avoid             Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat                                                    For Access: SEE - Access and     potential adverse affects, with
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                      Equipment Maintenance Activity   the exceptiong of camping
species recovery.                                                                      Type, Access to Work Sites       and access.
                                                                                       Activity Component.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                     Scale of activity is small        No Effect
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                                                             enough to have no potential
fish species or with designated                                                                                         adverse affects.
critical habitat or unoccupied
habitat critical to species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                     No at risk salmonids and/or       No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                             habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Forest Products                                                   Page 18 of 849
Activity Component: Firewood collection
Work Element:              Collect firewood from already downed sources (e.g. hazard tree removal, road maintenance, etc.)
Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                  Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No firewood cutting within the    Criteria are sufficient to        Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species       habitat elements                            RHCA.                             avoid potential adverse           Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat                                                                                      effects. Prevents disturbances
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                      SEE: Mechanical Treatment         that potentially impact LWD
species recovery.                                                                      Activity Type; Harvest            recruitment,
                                                                                       Prescription/Implementation       erosion/sedimentation, and
                                                                                       Activity Component; Dead Trees;   root strength/bank stability.
                                                                                       Salvage and Hazard Tree Removal
                                                                                       Work Element
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                      These activities do not pose      No Effect
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                                                              the potential for adverse
fish species or with designated                                                                                          effect to at-risk fish species.
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                           Because the RHCA is an
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                    adequate buffer so that there
                                                                                                                         is no measurable effect from
                                                                                                                         disturbances associated with
                                                                                                                         the activity.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                      No at risk salmonids and/or       No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                              habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Forest Products                                                    Page 19 of 849
Activity Component: Tree and Shrub Removal

Work Element:              Complete or partial removal of trees or shrubs

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria               Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                   Criteria for these activities     Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       habitat elements                                                           cannot be developed at this       Adverse
or with designated critical habitat                                                                                   scale because of the
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                     complexity.
species recovery.
                                                                                                                      Consult locally.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Do not exceed an Equivalent    These activities do not pose      Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                            Clearcut Area (ECA) of 15%     the potential for adverse         Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated                                                        (NMFS 1995 LRMP BO).           affect to at-risk fish species,
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                        because the RHCA is
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                 adequate to buffer effects
                                                                                                                      from ground disturbances
                                                                                                                      associated with the activity.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                   No at risk salmonids and/or       No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                           habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Forest Products                                                 Page 20 of 849
                                                        Activity Type:               Insect and Disease Suppression

Activity Component: Aerial survey and application of insecticides and pesticides

Work Element:          All except where otherwise noted       This Work Element includes:• Fixed wing/helicopter flights and application below 1500 foot
      altitude • Fixed wing/helicopter flights and application above 1500 foot altitude
Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                   Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     The complexity of this action      Consult locally.                  Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       habitat elements                            within RHCAs requires local                                          Adverse
or with designated critical habitat                                                    consultation.                      For programmatic
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                         application of this action in
species recovery.                                                                      Only Aerial surveys are allowed.   RHCAs, the complexity of
                                                                                                                          the activity requires
                                                                                                                          extreme precautions, and may
                                                                                                                          be mediated by site specific
                                                                                                                          landscape and climatic
                                                                                                                          conditions.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     The complexity of this action      Consult locally.                  Potentially
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                            requires local consultation.                                         Adverse
fish species or with designated                                                                                           For programmatic
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                         Only Aerial surveys are allowed.   application of this action, the
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                     complexity of the activity
                                                                                                                          requires
                                                                                                                          extreme precautions, and may
                                                                                                                          be mediated by site specific
                                                                                                                          landscape and climatic
                                                                                                                          conditions.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No Criteria.                       No at risk salmonids and/or       No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                               habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Insect and Disease Suppression                                      Page 21 of 849
Activity Component: Fertilization

Work Element:              Hand application of N frells

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                      Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Chemical           Potentially Adverse     When PACFISH/INFISH standards         Implementing this criteria       Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species       contaminants and                           & guidelines RA3 and RA4 are          avoids adverse affects to fish   Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat        nutrients                                  met, then add the following: do not   by preventing application
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                     apply within 25 feet of streams and   into water. This is not a
species recovery                                                                      supersaturated soils. Apply by        ground disturbing activity
                                                                                      following labeling instructions.      and therefore not require a
                                                                                                                            sediment buffer.
The action occurs outside the              Chemical           No Effect               No criteria.                          Hand application outside the     No Effect
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            contaminants and                                                                 RHCA will not result in
fish species or with designated            nutrients                                                                        delivery of fertilizer to the
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                              stream.
habitat critical to species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds            Chemical           No Effect               No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or      No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       contaminants and                                                                 habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or          nutrients
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Insect and Disease Suppression                                        Page 22 of 849
Activity Component: Ground application of pesticides

Work Element:          All except where otherwise noted                   This Work Element includes:• Backpack spraying or inoculation of individual trees with
      insecticide • Borax treatment of freshly cut stumps
Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria               Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in             Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                   Consult locally.                Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species      habitat elements                                                                                           Adverse
or with designated critical habitat                                                                                  The range of conditions and
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                    chemical compounds requires
species recovery                                                                                                     site-specific analysis.
The action occurs outside the             Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                   Consult locally.                Potentially
RHCA in watersheds with listed            habitat elements                                                                                           Adverse
fish species or with designated                                                                                      The range of conditions and
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                       chemical compounds requires
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                site-specific analysis. Until
                                                                                                                     such time as the risk
                                                                                                                     assessments and fate and
                                                                                                                     transport models are
                                                                                                                     available, broad criteria
                                                                                                                     cannot be provided.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                   No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                                                           habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Insect and Disease Suppression                                Page 23 of 849
Activity Component: Ground Survey

Work Element:             Walking survey

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway      Potential Effect      Project Criteria            Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.                The scale of this activity is   No Effect
with at-risk fish species or with         habitat elements                                                     small enough to have no
designated critical habitat or                                                                                 potential adverse affects.
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.                No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                                                     habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                      Activity Type: Insect and Disease Suppression                                Page 24 of 849
Activity Component: Manual Treatments

Work Element:        All except where otherwise noted      This Work Element includes:• Thin, selecting against species/conditions • Burning infested tree •
      Topping or otherwise killing and removing infested trees • Slash disposal, lop and scatter, pile or cover hand pile and burn • Pruning
Conditional Statement             Effects Pathway     Potential Effect   Project Criteria                 Rationale                   Final Effect
                                 For mechanical
                                 removal of
                                 infested trees
                                 SEE: Activity
                                 Type -
                                 Mechanical
                                 Treatments;
                                 Activity
                                 Component -
                                 Harvest
                                 Prescription/Impl
                                 ementation; Work
                                 Element - Dead
                                 trees: salvage and
                                 hazard tree
                                 removal; thinning
                                 understory/single
                                 story treatments.

                                 For burning SEE:
                                 Activity Type -
                                 Prescribed Fire;
                                 Activity
                                 Components - all
                                 Vegetation types;
                                 Work
                                 Element - burning
                                 piles




December 2004                 Salmonid Criteria                     Activity Type: Insect and Disease Suppression                          Page 25 of 849
Activity Component: Mechanical Treatments

Work Element:              Harvest/removal of fire-damaged or other high-risk trees

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality,      Potentially Adverse     Consult locally on these activities:   Criteria for these activities   Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       take, channel                               regeneration harvest, clearcutting,    cannot be developed at this     Adverse
or with designated critical habitat        morphology and                              seed tree harvest, shelterwood,        scale because of the
or unoccupied habitat critical to          habitat elements                            overstory removal, partial overstory   complexity.
species recovery.                                                                      removal, sanitation, or selection
                                                                                       harvest.

                                                                                       See Silvicultural Considerations in
                                                                                       Attachment 1 - RHCA Silvicultural
                                                                                       Management Options
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Do not exceed an Equivalent            Harvest activities will not     Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                            Clearcut Area (ECA) of 15%             alter the timing, magnitude     Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated                                                        (NMFS 1995 LRMP BO).                   duration, and spatial
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                                distribution of peak, high,
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                         and low flows.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                                   habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Insect and Disease Suppression                                        Page 26 of 849
Activity Component: Mechanical Treatments

Work Element:              Slash disposal debark/chip/or fragment, machine pile and burn

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Treatment will be conducted to         Criteria are sufficient to      Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species       habitat elements                            avoid adverse affects to               avoid potential adverse         Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat                                                    streambanks and riparian               affects by filtering sediment
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                      vegetation and affects to streamside   produced by the disturbance
species recovery.                                                                      shade.                                 (see Attachment 2).

                                                                                       Treatment will occur at least one
                                                                                       site-potential tree height from the
                                                                                       active channel or 100 feet
                                                                                       (whichever is greater); (See
                                                                                       Attachment 2 - Extent of effect for
                                                                                       stream side disturbances).

                                                                                       Hand piling or lopping and
                                                                                       scattering only, one site potential
                                                                                       tree height away from the active
                                                                                       channel, and covering no more than
                                                                                       10 percent of the RHCA within the
                                                                                       action area.

                                                                                       To avoid compaction, soils will be
                                                                                       dry and/or frozen during treatment.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Dozer piling on slopes < or equal to   Activities associated with      Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                            40% will be limited to:                piling using these criteria,    Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated                                                        ·Excavator;                            will reduce potential for
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                         ·Rubber-tire skidder with grapple;     sediment to reach streams.
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                  ·Low soil compacting /ground           The RHCA acts as an
                                                                                       disturbing equipment.                  adequate buffer.

                                                                                       Piling on slopes >40% will be          See Attachment 1, Figure
                                                                                       limited to:                            4.26.
                                                                                       ·Hand pile only.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Insect and Disease Suppression                                     Page 27 of 849
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect     No criteria.                   No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                                                 habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                  Activity Type: Insect and Disease Suppression                              Page 28 of 849
Activity Component: Mechanical Treatments

Work Element:              Young stand destruction, chaining, roller chopping

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Riparian veg.      Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                         Consult locally.                 Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       condition,                                                                                                       Adverse
or with designated critical habitat        temperature,                                                                    The complexity of this
or unoccupied habitat critical to          large woody                                                                     activity requires knowledge
species recovery.                          debris, water                                                                   of site-
                                           yield and                                                                       specific conditions and
                                           sediment yield.                                                                 project design.

                                           For water
                                           drafting (SEE:
                                           Activity Type -
                                           Prescribed Fire;
                                           Activity
                                           Component -
                                           Water Drafting).
The action occurs outside the              Riparian veg.      Potentially Adverse     No on-site draining of antifreeze    These activities do not pose     Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            condition,                                 from roller drums used for roller-   the potential for adverse        Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            temperature,                               chopping.                            affect to at-risk fish species
critical habitat or unoccupied             large woody                                                                     because the RHCA is large
habitat critical to species recovery.      debris, water                                                                   enough to prevent adverse
                                           yield and                                                                       affects of
                                           sediment yield                                                                  erosion/sedimentation.
                                                                                                                           Changes in flow regime
                                                                                                                           would not result from the loss
                                                                                                                           of young stands which have
                                                                                                                           minimal or no influence on
                                                                                                                           site
                                                                                                                           hydrology/evapotranspiration.
The action occurs in watersheds            Riparian veg.      No Effect               No criteria                          No at risk salmonids and/or      No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       condition,                                                                      habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or          temperature,
unoccupied habitat critical to             large woody
species recovery. Criteria applied         debris, water
using this conditional statement           yield, and
assume that activity effects inside        sediment yield.
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Insect and Disease Suppression                                       Page 29 of 849
Activity Component: Population Assessment and Trapping

Work Element:             Sampling and trapping

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway      Potential Effect      Project Criteria            Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.                The scale of this activity is   No Effect
with at-risk fish species or with         habitat elements                                                     small enough to have no
designated critical habitat or                                                                                 potential adverse affects.
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.                No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                                                     habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                      Activity Type: Insect and Disease Suppression                                Page 30 of 849
Activity Component: Use of Fire

Work Element:              Pulling back duff from legacy trees

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway      Potential Effect      Project Criteria            Rationale                      Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.                Using rakes and shovels       No Effect
watersheds with at-risk fish species    habitat elements                                                     would create little or no
or with designated critical habitat                                                                          disturbance.
or unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery.
The action occurs outside the           Water quality       No Effect            No criteria.                RHCA widths are adequate to   No Effect
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk                                                                              buffer the stream (based on
fish species or with designated                                                                              Attachment 1).
critical habitat or unoccupied
habitat critical to species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds         Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.                No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with    habitat elements                                                     habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                       Activity Type: Insect and Disease Suppression                              Page 31 of 849
Activity Component: Use of Pheromones

Work Element:              All except where otherwise noted             This Work Element includes:• Anti-aggregate bubble caps • Trap tree baiting and removal
Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway      Potential Effect      Project Criteria                Rationale                       Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.                    Use of insect pheromones       No Effect
watersheds with at-risk fish species    habitat elements                                                         will have no effect on
or with designated critical habitat                                                                              Salmonids or their habitats.
or unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery.
The action occurs outside the           Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.                    RHCA widths are adequate to    No Effect
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         habitat elements                                                         buffer the stream (based on
fish species or with designated                                                                                  Attachment 1).
critical habitat or unoccupied
habitat critical to species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds         Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.                    No at risk salmonids and/or    No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with    habitat elements                                                         habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                          Activity Type: Insect and Disease Suppression                                Page 32 of 849
                                                              Activity Type:              Mechanical Treatments

Activity Component: Dust Abatement

Work Element:             Water drafting

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                      Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Drafting of water for dust            Applies National Marine          Not Likely to
with at-risk fish species or with         habitat elements                            abatement and road compacting         Fisheries Service criteria for   Adversely Affect
designated critical habitat or                                                        will be restricted to an area         entrainment avoidance.
unoccupied habitat critical to                                                        identified by a fishery biologist
species recovery.                                                                     and/or hydrologist to prevent         These criteria were derived
                                                                                      "take”.                               from previous programatic
                                                                                                                            consultations (Salmonid
                                                                                      Any draft suction hose used will be   Species Team). They were
                                                                                      equipped with a screen of 3/32 inch   designed to avoid adverse
                                                                                      mesh or less and will have an         affects to the pathway
                                                                                      intake flow of less than 1            elements. There will be a
                                                                                      foot/second to prevent entraining     negligible risk of incidental
                                                                                      juvenile fish.                        take caused by pump
                                                                                                                            entrainment or screen
                                                                                      Also SEE Prescribed Fire Activity     impingement. Water
                                                                                      Type; Fireline                        drafting/pumping will
                                                                                      Construction/Holding Actions          maintain a continuous surface
                                                                                      Activity Component; Drafting to       flow of the stream, without
                                                                                      fill engines/tenders Work Element.    altering the original wetted
                                                                                                                            width.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or      No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                                                                  habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Mechanical Treatments                                                 Page 33 of 849
Activity Component: Harvest Prescription/Implementation

Work Element:        All except where otherwise noted     This Work Element includes:• Regeneration harvest: clearcut, seed tree, shelterwood •
      Overstory treatments: overstory removal, partial overstory removal, sanitation • Selection - all stand layers
Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality,      Potentially Adverse     Consult locally on these activities:   Criteria for these activities   Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       take, channel                               regeneration harvest, clearcutting,    cannot be developed at this     Adverse
or with designated critical habitat        morphology and                              seed tree harvest, shelterwood,        scale because of the
or unoccupied habitat critical to          habitat elements                            overstory removal, partial overstory   complexity.
species recovery.                                                                      removal, sanitation, or selection
                                                                                       harvest.                               Consult locally.

                                                                                       See Silvicultural Considerations in
                                                                                       Attachment 1 - RHCA Silvicultural
                                                                                       Management Options.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Do not exceed an Equivalent            Harvest activities will not     Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                            Clearcut Area (ECA) of 15%             alter the timing, magnitude     Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated                                                        (NMFS 1995 LRMP BO).                   duration, and spatial
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                                distribution of peak, high,
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                         and low flows.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                                   habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Mechanical Treatments                                                 Page 34 of 849
Activity Component: Harvest Prescription/Implementation

Work Element:              Dead trees: salvage, hazard tree removal

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No felled trees within 25 feet of the   Leaving felled trees retains    Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species       habitat elements                            edge of the bankfull channel, or .3     nutrients and potential LWD;    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat                                                    site-potential tree height, whichever   other actions avoid erosion
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                      is greater, (Attachment 1).             and sediment delivery.
species recovery.
                                                                                       Felled trees will not be removed
                                                                                       from the RHCA (See Attachments
                                                                                       1 and 2).

                                                                                       Directionally fell trees towards the
                                                                                       stream and retain fallen trees on
                                                                                       site.

                                                                                       Follow PACFISH/INFISH
                                                                                       Standard and Guideline RA-2 for
                                                                                       reference to hazard tree removal.

                                                                                       FOR SALVAGE: No salvage
                                                                                       activities within the RHCA.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Do not exceed an Equivalent             Criteria avoids sediment        No Effect
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                            Clearcut Area (ECA) of 15%              delivery from skid trails and
fish species or with designated                                                        (NMFS 1995 LRMP BO).                    landings - RHCA buffer plus
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                                 disconnection from road-
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                  No skid trails and/or landings          related flow paths.
                                                                                       located where
                                                                                       erosion/sedimentation would
                                                                                       intercept road drainage ditches.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                            No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                                    habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.



December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Mechanical Treatments                                                  Page 35 of 849
Activity Component: Harvest Prescription/Implementation

Work Element:             Understory/single story treatments: thinning

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                         Rationale                      Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          Water quality,     Potentially Adverse     No thinning, except: thinning in         These criteria were derived   Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species   take, channel                              RHCAs will be only where present         from previous programatic     Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    morphology and                             and future woody debris needs are        consultations. They were
or unoccupied habitat critical to      habitat elements                           met, and where harvest will not          designed to avoid adverse
species recovery.                                                                 prevent attainment of RMOs, and          affects to the pathway
                                                                                  adverse affects to at-risk fish can be   elements.
                                                                                  avoided (PACFISH/INFISH
                                                                                  TM1a).

                                                                                  The requirement to complete a
                                                                                  watershed analysis for this activity
                                                                                  shall include key questions relevant
                                                                                  to achieving RMOs and acquiring
                                                                                  required vegetation characteristics
                                                                                  within the RHCA

                                                                                  Apply silvicultural practices to
                                                                                  acquire desired characteristics
                                                                                  needed to attain RMOs
                                                                                  (PACFISH/INFISH TM1b).

                                                                                  To achieve shade and woody debris
                                                                                  needs, thinning should not be
                                                                                  allowed within 1 site-potential tree
                                                                                  height of the stream channel
                                                                                  (Attachment 1).

                                                                                  No skidding and no landings within
                                                                                  the RHCA.

                                                                                  SLASH: Hand piling or lopping
                                                                                  and scattering only, one site
                                                                                  potential tree height away from the
                                                                                  active channel.

                                                                                  All fueling and fuel storage areas as
                                                                                  well as service landings will be
                                                                                  located outside the RHCA.



December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Mechanical Treatments                                              Page 36 of 849
                                                                                       See Silvicultural Considerations in
                                                                                       Attachment 1 - RHCA Silvicultural
                                                                                       Management Options.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Do not exceed an Equivalent           Harvest activities will not   Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                            Clearcut Area (ECA) of 15%            alter the timing, magnitude   Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated                                                        (NMFS 1995 LRMP BO).                  duration, and spatial
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                               distribution of peak, high,
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                        and low flows.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                                  habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Mechanical Treatments                                              Page 37 of 849
Activity Component: Killing submerchantable trees

Work Element:              All except where otherwise noted         This Work Element includes ALL activities within this Activity Component
Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                         Rationale                      Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          Water quality,     Potentially Adverse     No thinning, except: thinning in         These criteria were derived   Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species   take, channel                              RHCAs will be only where present         from previous programatic     Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    morphology and                             and future woody debris needs are        consultations. They were
or unoccupied habitat critical to      habitat elements                           met, and where harvest will not          designed to avoid adverse
species recovery.                                                                 prevent attainment of RMOs, and          affects to the pathway
                                                                                  adverse affects to at-risk fish can be   elements.
                                                                                  avoided (PACFISH/INFISH
                                                                                  TM1a). The requirement to
                                                                                  complete a watershed analysis for
                                                                                  this activity shall include key
                                                                                  questions relevant to achieving
                                                                                  RMOs and acquiring required
                                                                                  vegetation characteristics within the
                                                                                  RHCA.

                                                                                  Apply silvicultural practices to
                                                                                  acquire desired characteristics
                                                                                  needed to attain RMOs
                                                                                  (PACFISH/INFISH TM1b).

                                                                                  To achieve shade and woody debris
                                                                                  needs, thinning should not be
                                                                                  allowed within 1 site-potential tree
                                                                                  height of the stream channel
                                                                                  (Attachment 1).

                                                                                  No skidding and no landings within
                                                                                  the RHCA.

                                                                                  SLASH: Hand piling or lopping
                                                                                  and scattering only, one site
                                                                                  potential tree height away from the
                                                                                  active channel.

                                                                                  All fueling and fuel storage areas as
                                                                                  well as service landings will be
                                                                                  located outside the RHCA.




December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Mechanical Treatments                                              Page 38 of 849
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Do not exceed an Equivalent   Harvest activities will not   Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                            Clearcut Area (ECA) of 15%    alter the timing, magnitude   Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated                                                        (NMFS 1995 LRMP BO).          duration, and spatial
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                       distribution of peak, high,
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                and low flows.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                  No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                          habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Mechanical Treatments                                      Page 39 of 849
Activity Component: Logging Systems and Operations

Work Element:       All except where otherwise noted     This Work Element includes:• Ground based logging • Helicopter • High Lead • Skyline •
      Hauling • Loading • Landing construction and location
Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                      Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in             Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No criteria                           The complexity of these         Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species      habitat elements                                                                  activities requires site        Adverse
or with designated critical habitat                                                                                         specific knowledge. Consult
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                           locally.
species recovery.
The action occurs outside of              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Skidding trails will not be located   The RHCA is adequate as a       Not Likely to
RHCAs in watersheds with at-risk          habitat elements                            on slopes exceeding 40%. No skid      buffer for potential sediment   Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated                                                       trails perpendicular to the RHCA      delivery associated with the
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                        within 500'.                          activity (see Attachments 1
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                       and 2).
                                                                                      No skid trails or landings on
                                                                                      unstable slopes. Avoid sediment
                                                                                      routing from skid trails and
                                                                                      landings into streams.

                                                                                      No sediment routing from skid
                                                                                      trails landings into streams.

                                                                                      Prevent sediment production and
                                                                                      delivery to streams by using
                                                                                      standard erosion and sediment
                                                                                      control measures.

                                                                                      No log hauling during wet weather
                                                                                      on non-paved roads.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria                           No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                                                                  habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Mechanical Treatments                                                Page 40 of 849
Activity Component: Reducing Soil Compaction

Work Element:             Subsoiling

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Ensure that PACFISH/INFISH             Criteria will prevent            Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species   habitat elements                            standards & guidelines RM1             significant sediment input       Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat                                                through RM3 are met.                   into the stream, and potential
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                         adverse affects on rooting
species recovery.                                                                  Avoid ground disturbances during       strength so important to bank
                                                                                   spawning and incubation periods,       stability.
                                                                                   then add the following: Avoid
                                                                                   applying this action within 25'
                                                                                   away from the bankful channel or
                                                                                   .3 site potential tree height
                                                                                   (whichever is greater).

                                                                                   Avoid erosion (e.g. ripping on steep
                                                                                   slopes) and transport that have the
                                                                                   potential to deliver sediment to the
                                                                                   stream (i.e. use silt fences). Use
                                                                                   the following buffers:

                                                                                   <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer
                                                                                   6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer
                                                                                   11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer
                                                                                   16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer
                                                                                   21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer
                                                                                   26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer
                                                                                   31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer
                                                                                   41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer
                                                                                   51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer
                                                                                   >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer

                                                                                   Use ripping and re-contouring only
                                                                                   if it would lessen the existing
                                                                                   erodability.

                                                                                   For mulching, SEE: Watershed
                                                                                   Restoration Activity Type;
                                                                                   Revegetation Activity Component;
                                                                                   Mulch application Work Element.




December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                             Activity Type: Mechanical Treatments                                               Page 41 of 849
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Dozer subsoiling will only be         Activity outside the RHCA        Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                            conducted on slopes of 20% or less.   on gentle slopes does not        Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated                                                                                              pose the potential for adverse
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                               effect to at-risk fish species
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                        by restricting potential
                                                                                                                             erosion and sediment
                                                                                                                             delivery (Attachment 1,
                                                                                                                             Figure 4.26).
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or      No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                                  habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Mechanical Treatments                                                 Page 42 of 849
Activity Component: Rehabilitation, removal of excess vegetation and slash

Work Element:          All except where otherwise noted      This Work Element includes:• Furrowing • Patch scarification, mechanically or by hand • Dozer
      scarification • Dozer piling • Grapple piling • Hand piling • Piling at landings
Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Treatment will be conducted to         Criteria are sufficient to      Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species       habitat elements                            avoid adverse affects to               avoid potential adverse         Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat                                                    streambanks and riparian               affects by filtering sediment
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                      vegetation and affects to streamside   produced by the disturbance
species recovery.                                                                      shade.                                 (see Attachment 2).

                                                                                       Treatment will occur at least one
                                                                                       site-potential tree height from the
                                                                                       active channel or 100 feet
                                                                                       (whichever is greater);(See
                                                                                       Attachment 2 - Extent of effect for
                                                                                       stream side disturbances).

                                                                                       Hand piling or lopping and
                                                                                       scattering only, one site potential
                                                                                       tree height away from the active
                                                                                       channel, and covering no more than
                                                                                       10 percent of the RHCA within the
                                                                                       action area.

                                                                                       To avoid compaction, soils will be
                                                                                       and/or frozen during treatment.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Dozer piling on slopes < or equal to   Activities associated with      Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                            40% will be limited to:                piling using these criteria,    Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated                                                        ·Excavator;                            will reduce potential for
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                         ·Rubber-tire skidder with grapple;     sediment to reach streams.
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                  ·Low soil compacting /ground           The RHCA acts as an
                                                                                       disturbing equipment.                  adequate buffer.

                                                                                       Piling on slopes >40% will be          See Attachment 1, Figure
                                                                                       limited to:                            4.26.
                                                                                       ·Hand pile only.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Mechanical Treatments                                              Page 43 of 849
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect     No criteria.                  No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                                                habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                  Activity Type: Mechanical Treatments                                      Page 44 of 849
Activity Component: Skid Trail/Landing Rehab

Work Element:              Water bars

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                    Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Turbidity and       Potentially Adverse     WATER BARRING or installing         Water barring reduces            Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species       suspended                                   drain dips is allowed only within   sediment delivery potential if   Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat        sediment                                    spacing specifications from the     applied as per the criteria
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                      edges of the stream channel as      (Riparian Road Guide 1994).
species recovery.                                                                      prescribed by the Riparian Road
                                                                                       Guide (1994) in Attachment 7
                                                                                       (page 11).
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   No Effect                No criteria.                       Waterbars are intended to        No Effect
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                                                                improve road surface
fish species or with designated                                                                                            drainage. RHCAs are
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                             adequate to buffer any
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                      associated sediment
                                                                                                                           production.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                        No at risk salmonids and/or      No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                                habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Mechanical Treatments                                               Page 45 of 849
Activity Component: Tree Felling

Work Element:               All except where otherwise noted               This Work Element includes:• Hand • Mechanical
Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                       Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No felled trees within 25 feet of the   Leaving felled trees retains   Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species       habitat elements                            edge of the bankfull channel,           nutrients and potential LWD;   Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat                                                    or .3 site-potential tree height,       other actions avoid erosion
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                      whichever is greater, (Attachment       and sediment delivery.
species recovery.                                                                      1).

                                                                                       Felled trees will not be removed
                                                                                       from the RHCA (See Attachments
                                                                                       1 and 2).

                                                                                       Directionally fell trees towards the
                                                                                       stream and retain fallen trees on
                                                                                       site.

                                                                                       Follow PACFISH/INFISH
                                                                                       Standard and Guideline RA-2 for
                                                                                       reference to hazard tree removal.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     Do not exceed an Equivalent             Harvest activities will not    Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                            Clearcut Area (ECA) of 15%              alter the timing, magnitude    Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated                                                        (NMFS 1995 LRMP BO).                    duration, and spatial
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                                 distribution of peak, high,
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                          and low flows.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                            No at risk salmonids and/or    No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                                    habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Mechanical Treatments                                                 Page 46 of 849
                                              Activity Type:           Prescribed Fire – Miscellaneous Activities

Activity Component: Fire Support

Work Element:             Fire/spike camp

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCA's in          Take, water        Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                    Activity is too complex to        Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species,   quality and                                                                develop criteria at this scale.   Adverse
or with designated critical habitat     habitat elements
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                  Consult locally.
species recovery.
The action occurs outside the           Water quality      No Effect               No criteria.                    RHCA widths are adequate to       No Effect
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk                                                                                    buffer the stream (based on
fish species or with designated                                                                                    Attachment 1).
critical habitat or unoccupied
habitat critical to species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds         Take, water        No Effect               No criteria.                    No at risk salmonids and/or       No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with    quality and                                                                habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or       habitat elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                             Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Miscellaneous Activities                       Page 47 of 849
Activity Component: Fireline Construction/Holding Actions

Work Element:              “Black” line

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Shade, sediment    Potentially Adverse     No blackline construction            The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species       and temperature                            perpendicular to the stream          affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat                                                   channel.
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                     Non-mechanized black line            the extent of the burn is not
species recovery.                                                                     construction is allowed within the   sufficient to elevate sediment
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity    delivery;
                                                                                      guidelines in Attachment 12 (and
                                                                                      summarized below).                   does not consume (size or
                                                                                      Fire severity should not exceed a    amount) of large woody
                                                                                      rating of “low” for 90% of the       debris to a level that would
                                                                                      RHCA. No more than 10% in a          affect stream function;
                                                                                      moderate severity. No more than
                                                                                      5% mortality of overstory trees      does not cause mortality to
                                                                                      within the RHCA of perennial         overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                      streams. In the RHCA of              such that stream temperatures
                                                                                      intermittent streams, mortality of   and water yield are
                                                                                      overstory trees shall not exceed     significantly affected.
                                                                                      20%. (See Attachment 12, page 5,
                                                                                      for descriptions of fire severity
                                                                                      ratings).
The action occurs outside the              Shade, sediment    Potentially Adverse     No blackline construction            Blackline running upslope        Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at risk            and temperature                            perpendicular to the RHCA (up the    has the potential to create      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated                                                       slope) within 500 feet of any        erosion paths with delivery to
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                        stream channel (see Attachment 1).   stream channels. The buffer
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                      of 500 feet is based upon
                                                                                                                           concentrated delivery
                                                                                                                           distances from research
                                                                                                                           (Attachment 1).
The action occurs in watersheds            Shade, sediment    No Effect               No criteria.                         No at risk salmonids and/or      No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       and temperature                                                                 habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Miscellaneous Activities                           Page 48 of 849
Activity Component: Fireline Construction/Holding Actions

Work Element:              “Wet” line-foam line

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                   Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality       Potentially Adverse     No foam lines or water with        Criteria is sufficient to avoid   Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species                                                   surfactants (wet lines) within     potential adverse effects         Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat                                                    RHCAs.                             because it would prevent the
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                         introduction of chemical
species recovery.                                                                      For water drafting, SEE:           additives to the water
                                                                                       Prescribed Fire Activity Type;     column.
                                                                                       Fireline Construction/Holding
                                                                                       Actions Activity Component;
                                                                                       Drafting to fill engines/tenders
                                                                                       Work Element.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality       No Effect               No criteria.                       RHCA widths are adequate to       No Effect
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk                                                                                           buffer the stream (based on
fish species or with designated                                                                                           Attachment 1).
critical habitat or unoccupied
habitat critical to species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                       No at risk salmonids and/or       No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                               habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Miscellaneous Activities                          Page 49 of 849
Activity Component: Fireline Construction/Holding Actions

Work Element:              Drafting to fill engines/tenders

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                      Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality,     Potentially Adverse     The determination of whether the      These criteria were derived     Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species       take, channel                              pumping activity would occur in       from previous programatic       Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat        morphology and                             streams with at-risk fish, will       consultations. They were
or unoccupied habitat critical to          habitat elements                           require fisheries biologist review    designed to avoid adverse
species recovery.                                                                     and approval.                         affects to the pathway
                                                                                                                            elements. There should be a
                                                                                      Water drafting/pumping will           negligible risk of incidental
                                                                                      maintain a continuous surface flow    take caused by pump
                                                                                      of the stream, without altering the   entrainment or screen
                                                                                      original wetted width.                impingement. Water
                                                                                                                            drafting/pumping will
                                                                                      Follow the National Marine            maintain a continuous surface
                                                                                      Fisheries Service guidelines for      flow of the stream, without
                                                                                      screening pump intakes (May 1996:     altering the original wetted
                                                                                      Juvenile Fish Screen Criteria for     width.
                                                                                      Pump Intakes).

                                                                                      No dams or channel alterations for
                                                                                      pumping in streams occupied by at
                                                                                      risk fish.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality,     No Effect               No criteria.                          Pumping/drafting cannot         No Effect
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            take, channel                                                                    occur outside of the RHCA.
fish species or with designated            morphology and
critical habitat or unoccupied             habitat elements
habitat critical to species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality,     No Effect               No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       take, channel                                                                    habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or          morphology and
unoccupied habitat critical to             habitat element
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Miscellaneous Activities                           Page 50 of 849
Activity Component: Fireline Construction/Holding Actions

Work Element:              Explosive built fireline

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                   Rationale                           Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality,     Potentially Adverse     No criteria                        The complexity of this             Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       take, channel                                                                 activity requires knowledge        Adverse
or with designated critical habitat        morphology and                                                                of site specific conditions and
or unoccupied habitat critical to          habitat elements                                                              project design.
species recovery.
                                                                                                                         Consult locally.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality,     Potentially Adverse     Blasting will only be allowed in   These activities do not pose       Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            take, channel                              areas where materials (rocks and   the potential for adverse          Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            morphology and                             dirt) and or sediment may not      affects to at-risk fish species.
critical habitat or unoccupied             habitat elements                           potentially reach live waters.     RHCA buffers are adequate
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                    to prevent delivery of
                                                                                                                         sediment.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality,     No Effect               No criteria.                       No at risk salmonids and/or        No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       take, channel                                                                 habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or          morphology and
unoccupied habitat critical to             habitat elements
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Miscellaneous Activities                           Page 51 of 849
Activity Component: Fireline Construction/Holding Actions

Work Element:              Hand built fireline

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                         Rationale                      Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No fireline within RHCAs, except:        Hand-built firelines built    Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species       habitat elements                                                                     perpendicular to the stream   Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat                                                    Natural barriers,                        and lacking water bars have
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                      hand-build line parallel to the          the potential to deliver
species recovery.                                                                      stream channel and at least one-site     sediment. See Attachment 2
                                                                                       potential tree or 100 feet distance      (sediment delivery).
                                                                                       from the stream (whichever is
                                                                                       greater).

                                                                                       Or,
                                                                                       Hand-build fireline perpendicular
                                                                                       to the stream channel with
                                                                                       waterbars and located at least one
                                                                                       site-potential tree height or 100 feet
                                                                                       from the edges of the channel
                                                                                       (whichever is greatest).
The action occurs outside the              Water quality       No Effect               No criteria.                             RHCA widths are adequate to   No Effect
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk                                                                                                 buffer the stream (based on
fish species or with designated                                                                                                 Attachment 1).
critical habitat or unoccupied
habitat critical to species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                             No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                                     habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Miscellaneous Activities                            Page 52 of 849
Activity Component: Fireline Construction/Holding Actions

Work Element:             Helicopter dipping

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                      Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in             Take               Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                          The complexity of this            Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species                                                                                       activity requires knowledge       Adverse
or with designated critical habitat                                                                                        of site specific conditions and
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                          project design.
species recovery.
                                                                                                                           Consult locally.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality,     Potentially Adverse     No helicopter dipping from waters     No at risk salmonids and/or       Not Likely to
without at-risk fish species or with      take, channel                              that are known to be (or may be)      habitat present.                  Adversely Affect
no designated critical habitat or         morphology and                             contaminated with diseases or
unoccupied habitat critical to            habitat elements                           exotic species (including: whirling
species recovery. Criteria applied                                                   disease, zebra mussels, noxious
using this conditional statement                                                     aquatic weeds).
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Miscellaneous Activities                           Page 53 of 849
Activity Component: Fireline Construction/Holding Actions

Work Element:              Machine built fireline

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Water quality,      Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                         The complexity of this            Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       take, channel                                                                    activity requires knowledge       Adverse
or with designated critical habitat        morphology and                                                                   of site specific conditions and
or unoccupied habitat critical to          habitat elements                                                                 project design.
species recovery.
                                                                                                                            Consult locally.
The action occurs outside the              Water quality and   Potentially Adverse     No machine built fireline within     With these criteria, these        Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            habitat elements                            500 feet of any channel, including   activities do not pose the        Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated                                                        intermittent channels (see Figure    potential for adverse effect to
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                         4.26 and "Importance of small        at-risk fish species because
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                  streams" in Attachment 1).           minimal disturbances beyond
                                                                                                                            500 feet of the stream
                                                                                       No machine built firelince           channel has extremely small
                                                                                       construction perpendicular to the    chance of delivering
                                                                                       RHCA (up the slope) within 500       sediment.
                                                                                       feet of any stream channel (see
                                                                                       Attachment 1).
The action occurs in watersheds            Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                         No at risk salmonids and/or       No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       habitat elements                                                                 habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Miscellaneous Activities                            Page 54 of 849
Activity Component: Fireline Construction/Holding Actions

Work Element:             Natural barriers riparian/wetlands

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway      Potential Effect      Project Criteria             Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.                 Using natural barriers to       No Effect
watersheds with at-risk fish species   habitat elements                                                      design fuel breaks should not
or with designated critical habitat                                                                          require any mechanical or
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                            hand-built firelines.
species recovery.
The action occurs in watersheds        Water quality and   No Effect            No criteria.                 No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with   habitat elements                                                      habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                       Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Miscellaneous Activities                     Page 55 of 849
Activity Component: Fireline Construction/Holding Actions

Work Element:             Pumping from streams/ponds using portable pumps

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                      Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in             Water quality,     Potentially Adverse     The determination of whether the      These criteria were derived     Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species      take, channel                              pumping activity would occur in       from previous programatic       Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat       morphology and                             streams with at-risk fish, will       consultations. They were
or unoccupied habitat critical to         habitat elements                           require fisheries biologist review.   designed to avoid adverse
species recovery.                                                                                                          affects to the pathway
                                                                                     Water drafting/pumping will           elements. There should be a
                                                                                     maintain a continuous surface flow    negligible risk of incidental
                                                                                     of the stream, without altering the   take caused by pump
                                                                                     original wetted width.                entrainment or screen
                                                                                                                           impingement. Water
                                                                                     Follow the National Marine            drafting/pumping will
                                                                                     Fisheries Service guidelines for      maintain a continuous surface
                                                                                     screening pump intakes (May 1996:     flow of the stream, without
                                                                                     Juvenile Fish Screen Criteria for     altering the original wetted
                                                                                     Pump Intakes).                        width.

                                                                                     No dams or channel alterations for
                                                                                     pumping in streams occupied by at
                                                                                     risk fish.
The action occurs outside RHCAs,          Water quality,     No Effect               No criteria.                          Pumping/drafting cannot         No Effect
in any watershed (those both with         take, channel                                                                    occur outside of the RHCA.
at-risk fish species or with              morphology and
designated critical habitat or            habitat elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery; and in
watersheds without at-risk fish
species or with no designated
critical
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality,     No Effect               No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      channel                                                                          habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         morphology and
unoccupied habitat critical to            habitat element
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.


December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Miscellaneous Activities                           Page 56 of 849
Activity Component: Helicopter Landing Sites and other Operational Facilities

Work Element:             Helicopter support sites; refuel, alumigel mix sites, etc.

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs within the RHCA         Water quality,      Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                            Consult locally.                  Potentially
in watersheds with at-risk fish           take, channel                                                                                                         Adverse
species or with designated critical       morphology and                                                                      The complexity of the action
habitat or unoccupied habitat             habitat elements                                                                    requires site-specific
critical to species recovery.                                                                                                 analysis.
The action occurs outside the             Water quality,      Potentially Adverse     No hauling during wet weather on        Criteria is sufficient to avoid   Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk           take, channel                               non-paved roads.                        potential adverse affects         Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated           morphology and                                                                      because it would prevent the
critical habitat or unoccupied            habitat elements                            Short spurs with no instability         introduction of chemicals
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 concerns, will be obliterated and re-   and/or fuels to the water
                                                                                      vegetated immediately after activity    column.
                                                                                      is completed.

                                                                                      All helicopter fueling/mixing
                                                                                      operations require an approved
                                                                                      transportation, storage, and
                                                                                      emergency spill plan.

                                                                                      Other fueling operations will
                                                                                      consist of a slip-tank not greater
                                                                                      than 250 gallons.
The action occurs in watersheds           Water quality and   No Effect               No criteria.                            No at risk salmonids and/or       No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements                                                                    habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Miscellaneous Activities                               Page 57 of 849
Activity Component: Ignition

Work Element:               All except where otherwise noted              This Work Element includes:• Hand ignition • Mechanical ignition • Aerial ignition
Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                          Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              Shade, sediment    Potentially Adverse     Intentional ignition in RHCAs will        These activities do not pose    Not Likely to
watersheds with at-risk fish species       and temperature                            be designed so as not to prevent          the potential for adverse       Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat                                                   attainment of RMOs.                       affects to at risk salmonid
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                               species or their habitats.
species recovery.                                                                     No aerial ignition within RHCA.           (References: SEE
                                                                                                                                Attachment 2 for information
                                                                                      No refueling within any RHCA.             on prescribed fire).

                                                                                      SEE: Prescribed Fire Activity
                                                                                      Type; All Vegetation Treatments
                                                                                      for the effects of prescribed fire to
                                                                                      vegetation.
The action occurs outside the              Shade, sediment    Potentially Adverse     SEE: Prescribed Fire Activity             SEE: Prescribed Fire Activity   Not Likely to
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            and temperature                            Type; All Vegetation Treatments           Type; All Vegetation            Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated                                                       for project criteria of prescribed fire   Treatments for the rationale
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                        to vegetation.                            of prescribed fire to
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                                           vegetation.
The action occurs in watersheds            Shade, sediment    No Effect               No criteria.                              No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with       and temperature                                                                      habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Miscellaneous Activities                               Page 58 of 849
Activity Component: Mop-up

Work Element:              All except where otherwise noted              This Work Element includes:• Engine • Hand tool • Hose lays
Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                      Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in watersheds           Shade, sediment    Potentially Adverse     The determination of whether the      These criteria were designed      Not Likely to
with at-risk fish species or with         and temperature                            pumping activity would occur in       to avoid adverse affects to the   Adversely Affect
designated critical habitat or                                                       streams with at-risk fish, will       pathway elements.
unoccupied habitat critical to                                                       require fisheries biologist review.
species recovery.
                                                                                     Water drafting/pumping will
                                                                                     maintain a continuous surface flow
                                                                                     of the stream, without altering the
                                                                                     original wetted width.

                                                                                     Follow the National Marine
                                                                                     Fisheries Service guidelines for
                                                                                     screening pump intakes (May 1996:
                                                                                     Juvenile Fish Screen Criteria for
                                                                                     Pump Intakes).

                                                                                     No dams or channel alterations for
                                                                                     pumping in streams occupied by at
                                                                                     risk fish.
The action occurs in watersheds           Shade, sediment    No Effect               No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or       No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      and temperature                                                                  habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Miscellaneous Activities                             Page 59 of 849
                                                       Activity Type:          Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types

Activity Component: Aspen, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Broadcast burn, High intensity

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                            Killing above-ground aspen       Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       quality, habitat                                                                   by burning would have an         Adverse
or with designated critical habitat        elements                                                                           adverse short-term effect on
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                             shade, temperature, and
species recovery.                                                                                                             nutrient input to the stream.
                                                                                                                              See Attachment 13 for
                                                                                                                              information on effects of fire
                                                                                                                              to aspen.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 25% in the            buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 An ECA limitation of 15% will be        to be treated is not expected
                                                                                      applied within the range of listed      to result in adverse erosion
                                                                                      anadromous salmonids addressed          and sediment delivery to
                                                                                      within the 1995 & 1998 Biological       stream channels.
                                                                                      opinions for Snake and Upper
                                                                                      Columbia Rivers Chinook &
                                                                                      Steelhead.

                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                      flows.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      appropriate biological opinions.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the

December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                    Page 60 of 849
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For fencing, SEE: Range
                                                                           Infrastructure Activity Type; Fence
                                                                           Construction/Reconstruction
                                                                           Activity Component.

                                                                           For aspen restoration, SEE
                                                                           Threatened & Endangered Species
                                                                           Habitat Restoration Activity Type;
                                                                           Aspen Restoration Activity
                                                                           Component
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present..
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                  Page 61 of 849
Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Conservation Recommendation                                   Rationale
The action occurs in RHCAs in            large woody        Treat aspen stands in riparian areas to achieve desired    The INFISH/PACFISH goals emphasize diverse and
watersheds with at-risk fish species     debris             vegetation characteristics that have the following         productive riparian vegetation characteristic of
or with designated critical habitat or   recruitment,       beneficial effects (both long and short term):             natural ecosystems, or characteristic of conditions
unoccupied habitat critical to species   sediment, water    1. Increases potential shade long-term;                    under which the riparian communities developed.
recovery                                 quality, habitat   2. Increases LWD recruitment short-term;                   Therefore prescribed fires should be designed to
                                         elements, water    3. Increases pool frequency short-term;                    move natural, seral aspen communities, from their
                                         yield              4. Increases width/depth ratio long-term;                  present condition dominated by conifers and shrubs,
                                                            5. Improves sediment regime long-term;                     back to their historic natural condition of even-aged
                                                            6. Improves stream flow regime long-term;                  stands reflective of fire disturbance regimes under
                                                            7. Increases nutrient input long-term.                     which they developed.

                                                            See Attachment 13 for information on effects of fire       See Attachment 13 for information on the beneficial
                                                            on aspen.                                                  effects of treating aspen stands.

                                                            Livestock grazing will be excluded from prescribed
                                                            burn units for a time period previously agreed upon
                                                            during consultation, or a time period which would
                                                            allow the riparian vegetation to regeneration to a stage
                                                            that can withstand grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                            with woody shrubs. In no case shall either of the
                                                            above time period be less than two years.




December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                          Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                     Page 62 of 849
Activity Component: Aspen, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Broadcast burn, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                            Killing above-ground aspen       Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       quality, habitat                                                                   by burning would have an         Adverse
or with designated critical habitat        elements                                                                           adverse short-term effect on
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                             shade, temperature, and
species recovery.                                                                                                             nutrient input to the stream.
                                                                                                                              See Attachment 13 for
                                                                                                                              information on effects of fire
                                                                                                                              to aspen.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 25% in the            buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 An ECA limitation of 15% will be        to be treated is not expected
                                                                                      applied within the range of listed      to result in adverse erosion
                                                                                      anadromous salmonids addressed          and sediment delivery to
                                                                                      within the 1995 & 1998 Biological       stream channels.
                                                                                      opinions for Snake and Upper
                                                                                      Columbia Rivers Chinook &
                                                                                      Steelhead.

                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                      flows.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      appropriate biological opinions.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,

December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                    Page 63 of 849
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For fencing, SEE: Range
                                                                           Infrastructure Activity Type; Fence
                                                                           Construction/Reconstruction
                                                                           Activity Component.

                                                                           For aspen restoration, SEE
                                                                           Threatened & Endangered Species
                                                                           Habitat Restoration Activity Type;
                                                                           Aspen Restoration Activity
                                                                           Component
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 64 of 849
Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Conservation Recommendation                                   Rationale
The action occurs in RHCAs in            large woody        Treat aspen stands in riparian areas to achieve desired    The INFISH/PACFISH goals emphasize diverse and
watersheds with at-risk fish species     debris             vegetation characteristics that have the following         productive riparian vegetation characteristic of
or with designated critical habitat or   recruitment,       beneficial effects (both long and short term):             natural ecosystems, or characteristic of conditions
unoccupied habitat critical to species   sediment, water    1. Increases potential shade long-term;                    under which the riparian communities developed.
recovery                                 quality, habitat   2. Increases LWD recruitment short-term;                   Therefore prescribed fires should be designed to
                                         elements, water    3. Increases pool frequency short-term;                    move natural, seral aspen communities, from their
                                         yield              4. Increases width/depth ratio long-term;                  present condition dominated by conifers and shrubs,
                                                            5. Improves sediment regime long-term;                     back to their historic natural condition of even-aged
                                                            6. Improves stream flow regime long-term;                  stands reflective of fire disturbance regimes under
                                                            7. Increases nutrient input long-term.                     which they developed.

                                                            See Attachment 13 for information on effects of fire       See Attachment 13 for information on the beneficial
                                                            on aspen.                                                  effects of treating aspen stands.

                                                            Livestock grazing will be excluded from prescribed
                                                            burn units for a time period previously agreed upon
                                                            during consultation, or a time period which would
                                                            allow the riparian vegetation to regeneration to a stage
                                                            that can withstand grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                            with woody shrubs. In no case shall either of the
                                                            above time period be less than two years.




December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                          Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                     Page 65 of 849
Activity Component: Aspen, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                            Killing above-ground aspen       Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       quality, habitat                                                                   by burning would have an         Adverse
or with designated critical habitat        elements                                                                           adverse short-term effect on
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                             shade, temperature, and
species recovery.                                                                                                             nutrient input to the stream.
                                                                                                                              See Attachment 13 for
                                                                                                                              information on effects of fire
                                                                                                                              to aspen.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 25% in the            buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 An ECA limitation of 15% will be        to be treated is not expected
                                                                                      applied within the range of listed      to result in adverse erosion
                                                                                      anadromous salmonids addressed          and sediment delivery to
                                                                                      within the 1995 & 1998 Biological       stream channels.
                                                                                      opinions for Snake and Upper
                                                                                      Columbia Rivers Chinook &
                                                                                      Steelhead.

                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                      flows.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      appropriate biological opinions.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,

December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                    Page 66 of 849
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For fencing, SEE: Range
                                                                           Infrastructure Activity Type; Fence
                                                                           Construction/Reconstruction
                                                                           Activity Component.

                                                                           For aspen restoration, SEE
                                                                           Threatened & Endangered Species
                                                                           Habitat Restoration Activity Type;
                                                                           Aspen Restoration Activity
                                                                           Component
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 67 of 849
Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Conservation Recommendation                                   Rationale
The action occurs in RHCAs in            large woody        Treat aspen stands in riparian areas to achieve desired    The INFISH/PACFISH goals emphasize diverse and
watersheds with at-risk fish species     debris             vegetation characteristics that have the following         productive riparian vegetation characteristic of
or with designated critical habitat or   recruitment,       beneficial effects (both long and short term):             natural ecosystems, or characteristic of conditions
unoccupied habitat critical to species   sediment, water    1. Increases potential shade long-term;                    under which the riparian communities developed.
recovery                                 quality, habitat   2. Increases LWD recruitment short-term;                   Therefore prescribed fires should be designed to
                                         elements, water    3. Increases pool frequency short-term;                    move natural, seral aspen communities, from their
                                         yield              4. Increases width/depth ratio long-term;                  present condition dominated by conifers and shrubs,
                                                            5. Improves sediment regime long-term;                     back to their historic natural condition of even-aged
                                                            6. Improves stream flow regime long-term;                  stands reflective of fire disturbance regimes under
                                                            7. Increases nutrient input long-term.                     which they developed.

                                                            See Attachment 13 for information on effects of fire       See Attachment 13 for information on the beneficial
                                                            on aspen.                                                  effects of treating aspen stands.

                                                            Livestock grazing will be excluded from prescribed
                                                            burn units for a time period previously agreed upon
                                                            during consultation, or a time period which would
                                                            allow the riparian vegetation to regeneration to a stage
                                                            that can withstand grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                            with woody shrubs. In no case shall either of the
                                                            above time period be less than two years.




December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                          Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                     Page 68 of 849
Activity Component: Aspen, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                            Killing above-ground aspen       Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       quality, habitat                                                                   by burning would have an         Adverse
or with designated critical habitat        elements                                                                           adverse short-term effect on
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                             shade, temperature, and
species recovery.                                                                                                             nutrient input to the stream.
                                                                                                                              See Attachment 13 for
                                                                                                                              information on effects of fire
                                                                                                                              to aspen.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 25% in the            buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 An ECA limitation of 15% will be        to be treated is not expected
                                                                                      applied within the range of listed      to result in adverse erosion
                                                                                      anadromous salmonids addressed          and sediment delivery to
                                                                                      within the 1995 & 1998 Biological       stream channels.
                                                                                      opinions for Snake and Upper
                                                                                      Columbia Rivers Chinook &
                                                                                      Steelhead

                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                      flows.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                      appropriate biological opinions.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:

December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                    Page 69 of 849
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For fencing, SEE: Range
                                                                           Infrastructure Activity Type; Fence
                                                                           Construction/Reconstruction
                                                                           Activity Component.

                                                                           For aspen restoration, SEE
                                                                           Threatened & Endangered Species
                                                                           Habitat Restoration Activity Type;
                                                                           Aspen Restoration Activity
                                                                           Component

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.


December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 70 of 849
Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Conservation Recommendation                                   Rationale
The action occurs in RHCAs in            large woody        Treat aspen stands in riparian areas to achieve desired    The INFISH/PACFISH goals emphasize diverse and
watersheds with at-risk fish species     debris             vegetation characteristics that have the following         productive riparian vegetation characteristic of
or with designated critical habitat or   recruitment,       beneficial effects (both long and short term):             natural ecosystems, or characteristic of conditions
unoccupied habitat critical to species   sediment, water    1. Increases potential shade long-term;                    under which the riparian communities developed.
recovery                                 quality, habitat   2. Increases LWD recruitment short-term;                   Therefore prescribed fires should be designed to
                                         elements, water    3. Increases pool frequency short-term;                    move natural, seral aspen communities, from their
                                         yield              4. Increases width/depth ratio long-term;                  present condition dominated by conifers and shrubs,
                                                            5. Improves sediment regime long-term;                     back to their historic natural condition of even-aged
                                                            6. Improves stream flow regime long-term;                  stands reflective of fire disturbance regimes under
                                                            7. Increases nutrient input long-term.                     which they developed.

                                                            See Attachment 13 for information on effects of fire       See Attachment 13 for information on the beneficial
                                                            on aspen.                                                  effects of treating aspen stands.

                                                            Livestock grazing will be excluded from prescribed
                                                            burn units for a time period previously agreed upon
                                                            during consultation, or a time period which would
                                                            allow the riparian vegetation to regeneration to a stage
                                                            that can withstand grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                            with woody shrubs. In no case shall either of the
                                                            above time period be less than two years.




December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                          Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                     Page 71 of 849
Activity Component: Aspen, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                            Killing above-ground aspen       Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       quality, habitat                                                                   by burning would have an         Adverse
or with designated critical habitat        elements                                                                           adverse short-term effect on
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                             shade, temperature, and
species recovery.                                                                                                             nutrient input to the stream.
                                                                                                                              See Attachment 13 for
                                                                                                                              information on effects of fire
                                                                                                                              to aspen.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 25% in the            buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 An ECA limitation of 15% will be        to be treated is not expected
                                                                                      applied within the range of listed      to result in adverse erosion
                                                                                      anadromous salmonids addressed          and sediment delivery to
                                                                                      within the 1995 & 1998 Biological       stream channels.
                                                                                      opinions for Snake and Upper
                                                                                      Columbia Rivers Chinook &
                                                                                      Steelhead

                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                      flows.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                      appropriate biological opinions.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:

December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                    Page 72 of 849
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For fencing, SEE: Range
                                                                           Infrastructure Activity Type; Fence
                                                                           Construction/Reconstruction
                                                                           Activity Component.

                                                                           For aspen restoration, SEE
                                                                           Threatened & Endangered Species
                                                                           Habitat Restoration Activity Type;
                                                                           Aspen Restoration Activity
                                                                           Component

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.


December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 73 of 849
Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Conservation Recommendation                                   Rationale
The action occurs in RHCAs in            large woody        Treat aspen stands in riparian areas to achieve desired    The INFISH/PACFISH goals emphasize diverse and
watersheds with at-risk fish species     debris             vegetation characteristics that have the following         productive riparian vegetation characteristic of
or with designated critical habitat or   recruitment,       beneficial effects (both long and short term):             natural ecosystems, or characteristic of conditions
unoccupied habitat critical to species   sediment, water    1. Increases potential shade long-term;                    under which the riparian communities developed.
recovery                                 quality, habitat   2. Increases LWD recruitment short-term;                   Therefore prescribed fires should be designed to
                                         elements, water    3. Increases pool frequency short-term;                    move natural, seral aspen communities, from their
                                         yield              4. Increases width/depth ratio long-term;                  present condition dominated by conifers and shrubs,
                                                            5. Improves sediment regime long-term;                     back to their historic natural condition of even-aged
                                                            6. Improves stream flow regime long-term;                  stands reflective of fire disturbance regimes under
                                                            7. Increases nutrient input long-term.                     which they developed.

                                                            See Attachment 13 for information on effects of fire       See Attachment 13 for information on the beneficial
                                                            on aspen.                                                  effects of treating aspen stands.

                                                            Livestock grazing will be excluded from prescribed
                                                            burn units for a time period previously agreed upon
                                                            during consultation, or a time period which would
                                                            allow the riparian vegetation to regeneration to a stage
                                                            that can withstand grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                            with woody shrubs. In no case shall either of the
                                                            above time period be less than two years.




December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                          Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                     Page 74 of 849
Activity Component: Aspen, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                       Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                            Killing above-ground aspen       Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species       quality, habitat                                                                   by burning would have an         Adverse
or with designated critical habitat        elements                                                                           adverse short-term effect on
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                             shade, temperature, and
species recovery.                                                                                                             nutrient input to the stream.
                                                                                                                              See Attachment 13 for
                                                                                                                              information on effects of fire
                                                                                                                              to aspen.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 25% in the            buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 An ECA limitation of 15% will be        to be treated is not expected
                                                                                      applied within the range of listed      to result in adverse erosion
                                                                                      anadromous salmonids addressed          and sediment delivery to
                                                                                      within the 1995 & 1998 Biological       stream channels.
                                                                                      opinions for Snake and Upper
                                                                                      Columbia Rivers Chinook &
                                                                                      Steelhead

                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                      flows.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                      appropriate biological opinions.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:

December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                    Page 75 of 849
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For fencing, SEE: Range
                                                                           Infrastructure Activity Type; Fence
                                                                           Construction/Reconstruction
                                                                           Activity Component.

                                                                           For aspen restoration, SEE
                                                                           Threatened & Endangered Species
                                                                           Habitat Restoration Activity Type;
                                                                           Aspen Restoration Activity
                                                                           Component

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.


December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 76 of 849
Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Conservation Recommendation                                   Rationale
The action occurs in RHCAs in            large woody        Treat aspen stands in riparian areas to achieve desired    The INFISH/PACFISH goals emphasize diverse and
watersheds with at-risk fish species     debris             vegetation characteristics that have the following         productive riparian vegetation characteristic of
or with designated critical habitat or   recruitment,       beneficial effects (both long and short term):             natural ecosystems, or characteristic of conditions
unoccupied habitat critical to species   sediment, water    1. Increases potential shade long-term;                    under which the riparian communities developed.
recovery                                 quality, habitat   2. Increases LWD recruitment short-term;                   Therefore prescribed fires should be designed to
                                         elements, water    3. Increases pool frequency short-term;                    move natural, seral aspen communities, from their
                                         yield              4. Increases width/depth ratio long-term;                  present condition dominated by conifers and shrubs,
                                                            5. Improves sediment regime long-term;                     back to their historic natural condition of even-aged
                                                            6. Improves stream flow regime long-term;                  stands reflective of fire disturbance regimes under
                                                            7. Increases nutrient input long-term.                     which they developed.

                                                            See Attachment 13 for information on effects of fire       See Attachment 13 for information on the beneficial
                                                            on aspen.                                                  effects of treating aspen stands.

                                                            Livestock grazing will be excluded from prescribed
                                                            burn units for a time period previously agreed upon
                                                            during consultation, or a time period which would
                                                            allow the riparian vegetation to regeneration to a stage
                                                            that can withstand grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                            with woody shrubs. In no case shall either of the
                                                            above time period be less than two years.




December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                          Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                     Page 77 of 849
Activity Component: Basin big sagebrush, Fire Regime III

Work Element:             Broadcast burn, High intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water     Potentially Adverse     Within the RHCAs having slopes         The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality,                                    greater than 10%, do not exceed a      affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    temperature,                                fire severity rating of “moderate”     1. Does not result in death or
or unoccupied habitat critical to      turbidity, shade,                           (See Attachment 12, page 5, for        injury to individual fish.
species recovery.                      riparian veg.                               descriptions of fire severity          2. Fire does not expose or
                                       condition,                                  ratings).                              disturb land areas sufficient
                                       channel                                                                            to elevate sediment delivery
                                       morphology,                                 Ensure that the project does not       such that habitat/fish are
                                       large woody                                 prevent or retard attainment of        harmed.
                                       debris, habitat                             RMOs and is consistent with            3. Does not consume (size or
                                       elements (in-                               appropriate biological opinions.       amount) large Woody debris
                                       stream), take                               Ensure that the project does not       to a level that would affect
                                                                                   retard progress towards "properly      stream function.
                                                                                   functioning" condition of the          4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                   following relevant indicators in the   overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                   Watershed Condition Pathway:           such that stream temperatures
                                                                                   Road Density, Disturbance History,     and water yield are
                                                                                   Riparian Condition, and                significantly affected.
                                                                                   Disturbance Regime (see                5. Does not impact the
                                                                                   Attachment 3).                         ecological (potential natural
                                                                                                                          condition) conditions in
                                                                                   Burning within RHCAs will require      riparian area.
                                                                                   hydrologist/fish biologist review      6. By controlling the severity
                                                                                   and approval to determine that the     of fire on steeper slopes,
                                                                                   project will be timed to avoid         erosion and transport of
                                                                                   disturbance of all life stages of      sediment to fish-bearing
                                                                                   listed salmonids.                      streams would be avoided.
                                                                                   No burning within the following
                                                                                   buffers from the edge of the
                                                                                   bankfull channel.

                                                                                   <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer
                                                                                   6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer
                                                                                   11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer
                                                                                   16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer
                                                                                   21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer
                                                                                   26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer

                                                                                   31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer
                                                                                   41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                             Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                  Page 78 of 849
                                                                                     51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer
                                                                                     >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer

                                                                                     - Livestock grazing will be
                                                                                     excluded from prescribed burn
                                                                                     units for a time period previously
                                                                                     agreed upon during consultation, or
                                                                                     a time period which would allow
                                                                                     the riparian vegetation to
                                                                                     regeneration to a stage that can
                                                                                     withstand grazing, especially in
                                                                                     riparian sites with woody shrubs. In
                                                                                     no case shall either of the above
                                                                                     time period be less than two years

                                                                                     RMOs:
                                                                                     -Pool frequency
                                                                                     -Water temperature
                                                                                     -Large woody debris
                                                                                     -Bank stability
                                                                                     -Lower bank angle
                                                                                     -Width/depth ratio
                                                                                     -Surface fine sediment
                                                                                     -Cobble embeddedness

                                                                                     Project will be timed to avoid
                                                                                     disturbance to spawning fish, redds,
                                                                                     and pre-emergent fry. Project will
                                                                                     be timed to ensure that local refugia
                                                                                     are available.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water   Potentially Adverse     No burning unless native perennial      Fire does not expose or           Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality (ash)                             plants are adequately present to        disturb land areas sufficient     Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated                                                      respond. Limit area of burn to          to affect sediment delivery or
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                       <25% of watershed. Use approved         water quality.
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                ignition techniques to moderate fire
                                                                                     intensity adjacent to the RHCA.         Nitrate nitrogen is the
                                                                                                                             primary component of post-
                                                                                     Ensure that the project does not        fire nutrient increases in
                                                                                     prevent or retard attainment of         streams. This effect is
                                                                                     RMOs and is consistent with             associated with a large
                                                                                     appropriate biological opinions.        amount of burned biomass.
                                                                                     Ensure that the project does not        This criteria ensures that
                                                                                     retard progress towards "properly       plants are left in the burned
                                                                                     functioning" condition of the           area to take up excess nitrates
                                                                                     following relevant indicators in the    that would otherwise be
                                                                                     Watershed Condition Pathway:            delivered to the stream.


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                          Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                    Page 79 of 849
                                                                          Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                          Riparian Condition, and
                                                                          Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                          Attachment 3).

                                                                          Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                          from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                          time period previously agreed upon
                                                                          during consultation, or a time
                                                                          period which would allow the
                                                                          vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                          stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                          effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                          maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                          erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                          the above time period be less than
                                                                          two years.

                                                                          In stream systems with elevated
                                                                          nutrient levels, do not exceed a fire
                                                                          severity rating of “moderate”. See
                                                                          Attachment 12, page 5.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water   No Effect     No criteria.                            No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, water                                                          habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         yield, chemical
unoccupied habitat critical to            contaminants
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                   Page 80 of 849
Activity Component: Basin big sagebrush, Fire Regime III

Work Element:             Broadcast burn, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water     Potentially Adverse     Within the RHCAs having slopes         The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality,                                    greater than 10%, do not exceed a      affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    temperature,                                fire severity rating of “moderate”     1. Does not result in death or
or unoccupied habitat critical to      turbidity, shade,                           (See Attachment 12, page 5, for        injury to individual fish.
species recovery.                      riparian veg.                               descriptions of fire severity          2. Fire does not expose or
                                       condition,                                  ratings).                              disturb land areas sufficient
                                       channel                                                                            to elevate sediment delivery
                                       morphology,                                 Ensure that the project does not       such that habitat/fish are
                                       large woody                                 prevent or retard attainment of        harmed.
                                       debris, habitat                             RMOs and is consistent with            3. Does not consume (size or
                                       elements (in-                               appropriate biological opinions.       amount) large Woody debris
                                       stream), take                               Ensure that the project does not       to a level that would affect
                                                                                   retard progress towards "properly      stream function.
                                                                                   functioning" condition of the          4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                   following relevant indicators in the   overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                   Watershed Condition Pathway:           such that stream temperatures
                                                                                   Road Density, Disturbance History,     and water yield are
                                                                                   Riparian Condition, and                significantly affected.
                                                                                   Disturbance Regime (see                5. Does not impact the
                                                                                   Attachment 3).                         ecological (potential natural
                                                                                                                          condition) conditions in
                                                                                   Burning within RHCAs will require      riparian area.
                                                                                   hydrologist/fish biologist review      6. By controlling the severity
                                                                                   and approval to determine that the     of fire on steeper slopes,
                                                                                   project will be timed to avoid         erosion and transport of
                                                                                   disturbance of all life stages of      sediment to fish-bearing
                                                                                   listed salmonids.                      streams would be avoided.

                                                                                   No burning within the following
                                                                                   buffers from the edge of the
                                                                                   bankfull channel.

                                                                                   <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer
                                                                                   6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer
                                                                                   11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer
                                                                                   16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer
                                                                                   21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer
                                                                                   26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer
                                                                                   31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer
                                                                                   41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                             Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                  Page 81 of 849
                                                                                       51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer
                                                                                       >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer

                                                                                       - Livestock grazing will be
                                                                                       excluded from prescribed burn
                                                                                       units for a time period previously
                                                                                       agreed upon during consultation, or
                                                                                       a time period which would allow
                                                                                       the riparian vegetation to
                                                                                       regeneration to a stage that can
                                                                                       withstand grazing, especially in
                                                                                       riparian sites with woody shrubs. In
                                                                                       no case shall either of the above
                                                                                       time period be less than two years
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water     Potentially Adverse     Ensure that the project does not       These activities do not pose    Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, water                              prevent or retard attainment of        the potential for adverse       Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            yield, turbidity,                           RMOs and is consistent with            effects to at-risk fish.
critical habitat or unoccupied             temperature,                                appropriate biological opinions.       Because the RHCA is an
habitat critical to species recovery.      chemical                                    Ensure that the project does not       adequate buffer so that there
                                           contaminants                                retard progress towards "properly      is no measurable effect from
                                                                                       functioning" condition of the          disturbances associated with
                                                                                       following relevant indicators in the   the activity.
                                                                                       Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                       Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                       Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                       Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                       Attachment 3).

                                                                                       Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                       from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                       time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                       during consultation, or a time
                                                                                       period which would allow the
                                                                                       vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                                       stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                                       effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                                       maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                                       erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                                       the above time period be less than
                                                                                       two years.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 82 of 849
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water   No Effect     No criteria.                   No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, water                                                 habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         yield, chemical
unoccupied habitat critical to            contaminants
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                          Page 83 of 849
Activity Component: Basin big sagebrush, Fire Regime III

Work Element:             Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water     Potentially Adverse     Within the RHCAs having slopes         The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality,                                    greater than 10%, do not exceed a      affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    temperature,                                fire severity rating of “moderate”     1. Does not result in death or
or unoccupied habitat critical to      turbidity, shade,                           (See Attachment 12, page 5, for        injury to individual fish.
species recovery.                      riparian veg.                               descriptions of fire severity          2. Fire does not expose or
                                       condition,                                  ratings).                              disturb land areas sufficient
                                       channel                                                                            to elevate sediment delivery
                                       morphology,                                 Ensure that the project does not       such that habitat/fish are
                                       large woody                                 prevent or retard attainment of        harmed.
                                       debris, habitat                             RMOs and is consistent with            3. Does not consume (size or
                                       elements (in-                               appropriate biological opinions.       amount) large Woody debris
                                       stream), take                               Ensure that the project does not       to a level that would affect
                                                                                   retard progress towards "properly      stream function.
                                                                                   functioning" condition of the          4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                   following relevant indicators in the   overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                   Watershed Condition Pathway:           such that stream temperatures
                                                                                   Road Density, Disturbance History,     and water yield are
                                                                                   Riparian Condition, and                significantly affected.
                                                                                   Disturbance Regime (see                5. Does not impact the
                                                                                   Attachment 3).                         ecological (potential natural
                                                                                                                          condition) conditions in
                                                                                   Burning within RHCAs will require      riparian area.
                                                                                   hydrologist/fish biologist review      6. By controlling the severity
                                                                                   and approval to determine that the     of fire on steeper slopes,
                                                                                   project will be timed to avoid         erosion and transport of
                                                                                   disturbance of all life stages of      sediment to fish-bearing
                                                                                   listed salmonids.                      streams would be avoided.

                                                                                   No burning within the following
                                                                                   buffers from the edge of the
                                                                                   bankfull channel.

                                                                                   <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer
                                                                                   6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer
                                                                                   11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer
                                                                                   16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer
                                                                                   21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer

                                                                                   26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer
                                                                                   31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                             Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                  Page 84 of 849
                                                                                       41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer
                                                                                       51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer
                                                                                       >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer

                                                                                       - Livestock grazing will be
                                                                                       excluded from prescribed burn
                                                                                       units for a time period previously
                                                                                       agreed upon during consultation, or
                                                                                       a time period which would allow
                                                                                       the riparian vegetation to
                                                                                       regeneration to a stage that can
                                                                                       withstand grazing, especially in
                                                                                       riparian sites with woody shrubs. In
                                                                                       no case shall either of the above
                                                                                       time period be less than two years
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water     Potentially Adverse     prevent or retard attainment of        These activities do not pose    Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, water                              RMOs and is consistent with            the potential for adverse       Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            yield, turbidity,                           appropriate biological opinions.       effects to at-risk fish.
critical habitat or unoccupied             temperature,                                Ensure that the project does not       Because the RHCA is an
habitat critical to species recovery.      chemical                                    retard progress towards "properly      adequate buffer so that there
                                           contaminants                                functioning" condition of the          is no measurable effect from
                                                                                       following relevant indicators in the   disturbances associated with
                                                                                       Watershed Condition Pathway:           the activity.
                                                                                       Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                       Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                       Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                       Attachment 3).

                                                                                       Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                       from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                       time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                       during consultation, or a time
                                                                                       period which would allow the
                                                                                       vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                                       stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                                       effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                                       maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                                       erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                                       the above time period be less than
                                                                                       two years.




December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 85 of 849
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water   No Effect     No criteria.                   No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, water                                                 habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         yield, chemical
unoccupied habitat critical to            contaminants
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                          Page 86 of 849
Activity Component: Basin big sagebrush, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Brushbeating/mow, High intensity

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in watersheds           water quality,      Potentially Adverse     No brushbeating/mowing within          The buffer is designed to       Not Likely To
with at-risk fish species, or with        habitat elements,                           100 feet or one site-potential tree    avoid potential sediment        Adversely Affect
designated critical habitat or            sediment                                    height (whichever is greater) from     transport and reduced rooting
unoccupied habitat critical to                                                        the stream channel. (See               strength of riparian
species recovery.                                                                     Attachment 2 - Extent of effect for    vegetation adjacent to
                                                                                      stream side disturbances).             streams.
                                                                                                                             Brushbeating/Mowing will be
                                                                                      To avoid compaction, soils will be     conducted to avoid adverse
                                                                                      dry and/or frozen during treatment.    effects to streambanks and
                                                                                      Cutting equipment is to be held at     riparian vegetation and
                                                                                      12" or higher above the soil           effects to streamside shade.
                                                                                      surface.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                      appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
The action occurs in watersheds           water quality,      No Effect               No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements,                                                                  habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         sediment
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                    Page 87 of 849
Activity Component: Basin big sagebrush, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Brushbeating/mow, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in watersheds           water quality,      Potentially Adverse     No brushbeating/mowing within          The buffer is designed to       Not Likely To
with at-risk fish species, or with        habitat elements,                           100 feet or one site-potential tree    avoid potential sediment        Adversely Affect
designated critical habitat or            sediment                                    height (whichever is greater) from     transport and reduced rooting
unoccupied habitat critical to                                                        the stream channel. (See               strength of riparian
species recovery.                                                                     Attachment 2 - Extent of effect for    vegetation adjacent to
                                                                                      stream side disturbances).             streams.
                                                                                                                             Brushbeating/Mowing will be
                                                                                      To avoid compaction, soils will be     conducted to avoid adverse
                                                                                      dry and/or frozen during treatment.    effects to streambanks and
                                                                                      Cutting equipment is to be held at     riparian vegetation and
                                                                                      12" or higher above the soil           effects to streamside shade.
                                                                                      surface.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                      appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
The action occurs in watersheds           water quality,      No Effect               No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements,                                                                  habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         sediment
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                    Page 88 of 849
Activity Component: Basin big sagebrush, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Brushbeating/mow, Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway      Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in watersheds           water quality,      Potentially Adverse     No brushbeating/mowing within          The buffer is designed to       Not Likely To
with at-risk fish species, or with        habitat elements,                           100 feet or one site-potential tree    avoid potential sediment        Adversely Affect
designated critical habitat or            sediment                                    height (whichever is greater) from     transport and reduced rooting
unoccupied habitat critical to                                                        the stream channel. (See               strength of riparian
species recovery.                                                                     Attachment 2 - Extent of effect for    vegetation adjacent to
                                                                                      stream side disturbances).             streams.
                                                                                                                             Brushbeating/Mowing will be
                                                                                      To avoid compaction, soils will be     conducted to avoid adverse
                                                                                      dry and/or frozen during treatment.    effects to streambanks and
                                                                                      Cutting equipment is to be held at     riparian vegetation and
                                                                                      12" or higher above the soil           effects to streamside shade.
                                                                                      surface.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                      appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
The action occurs in watersheds           water quality,      No Effect               No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or     No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      habitat elements,                                                                  habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         sediment
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                    Page 89 of 849
Activity Component: Basin big sagebrush, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Herbicide (Spike), High intensity

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria               Rationale                      Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           water quality,     Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                   The complexity of this        Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species    habitat elements                                                          activity requires knowledge   Adverse
or with designated critical habitat                                                                               of site-specific conditions
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                 and project design. Consult
species recovery                                                                                                  locally.
The action occurs outside the           water quality,     Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                   The complexity of this        Potentially
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         habitat elements                                                          activity requires knowledge   Adverse
fish species or with designated                                                                                   of site-specific conditions
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                    and project design. Consult
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                             locally.
The action occurs in watersheds         water quality,     No Effect               No criteria.                   No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with    habitat elements                                                          habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                          Page 90 of 849
Conditional Statement                     Effects Pathway      Conservation Recommendation                                 Rationale
The action occurs in watersheds with      Water quality and   Use the Herbicide Risk Assessments (2002) to             For programmatic application of this action in
at-risk fish species or with designated   habitat elements    develop BAs. (Consider using the following criteria      RHCAs, the complexity of the activity requires
critical habitat or unoccupied habitat                        to reduce effects: No application of herbicides,         extreme precautions, thus the need to restrict
critical to species recovery.                                 except:                                                  methods and types of herbicide application.
                                                              use only wipers for herbicide application within
                                                              RHCAs. Restricted to the following herbicides:           See Attachment 4 (Glyphosate Risk Assessment &
                                                              Rodeo. Within 15 feet of live waters or shallow water    Noxious Weed Risk Assessment).
                                                              table, the only herbicide authorized is Rodeo, without
                                                              surfactants.

                                                              Equipment used for transportation, storage, or
                                                              application of chemicals shall be maintained in a leak
                                                              proof condition.

                                                              No herbicide storage, mixing or post-application
                                                              cleaning would be authorized within the RHCA.

                                                              Trained personnel would monitor weather conditions
                                                              at spray sites during application.
                                                              ●All herbicide labels would be strictly enforced
                                                              ●No broadcast spraying would occur when wind
                                                              velocity exceeds 5 miles per hour within 100 feet of
                                                              open water.
                                                              ●No broadcast spraying would occur when wind
                                                              velocity exceeds 8 miles per hour.
                                                              ●No spraying would occur if precipitation is occurring
                                                              or is imminent (within 24 hours).
                                                              ●No spraying would occur if air turbulence were
                                                              sufficient to affect the normal spray pattern.)




December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 91 of 849
Activity Component: Basin big sagebrush, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Herbicide (Spike), Low intensity

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria               Rationale                      Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           water quality,     Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                   The complexity of this        Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species    habitat elements                                                          activity requires knowledge   Adverse
or with designated critical habitat                                                                               of site-specific conditions
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                 and project design. Consult
species recovery                                                                                                  locally.
The action occurs outside the           water quality,     Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                   The complexity of this        Potentially
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         habitat elements                                                          activity requires knowledge   Adverse
fish species or with designated                                                                                   of site-specific conditions
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                    and project design. Consult
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                             locally.
The action occurs in watersheds         water quality,     No Effect               No criteria.                   No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with    habitat elements                                                          habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                          Page 92 of 849
Conditional Statement                     Effects Pathway      Conservation Recommendation                                 Rationale
The action occurs in watersheds with      Water quality and   Use the Herbicide Risk Assessments (2002) to             For programmatic application of this action in
at-risk fish species or with designated   habitat elements    develop BAs. (Consider using the following criteria      RHCAs, the complexity of the activity requires
critical habitat or unoccupied habitat                        to reduce effects: No application of herbicides,         extreme precautions, thus the need to restrict
critical to species recovery.                                 except:                                                  methods and types of herbicide application.
                                                              use only wipers for herbicide application within
                                                              RHCAs. Restricted to the following herbicides:           See Attachment 4 (Glyphosate Risk Assessment &
                                                              Rodeo. Within 15 feet of live waters or shallow water    Noxious Weed Risk Assessment).
                                                              table, the only herbicide authorized is Rodeo, without
                                                              surfactants.

                                                              Equipment used for transportation, storage, or
                                                              application of chemicals shall be maintained in a leak
                                                              proof condition.

                                                              No herbicide storage, mixing or post-application
                                                              cleaning would be authorized within the RHCA.

                                                              Trained personnel would monitor weather conditions
                                                              at spray sites during application.
                                                              ●All herbicide labels would be strictly enforced
                                                              ●No broadcast spraying would occur when wind
                                                              velocity exceeds 5 miles per hour within 100 feet of
                                                              open water.
                                                              ●No broadcast spraying would occur when wind
                                                              velocity exceeds 8 miles per hour.
                                                              ●No spraying would occur if precipitation is occurring
                                                              or is imminent (within 24 hours).
                                                              ●No spraying would occur if air turbulence were
                                                              sufficient to affect the normal spray pattern.)




December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 93 of 849
Activity Component: Basin big sagebrush, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Herbicide (Spike), Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria               Rationale                      Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           water quality,     Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                   The complexity of this        Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species    habitat elements                                                          activity requires knowledge   Adverse
or with designated critical habitat                                                                               of site-specific conditions
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                                                 and project design. Consult
species recovery                                                                                                  locally.
The action occurs outside the           water quality,     Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                   The complexity of this        Potentially
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         habitat elements                                                          activity requires knowledge   Adverse
fish species or with designated                                                                                   of site-specific conditions
critical habitat or unoccupied                                                                                    and project design. Consult
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                                             locally.
The action occurs in watersheds         water quality,     No Effect               No criteria.                   No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with    habitat elements                                                          habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                          Page 94 of 849
Conditional Statement                     Effects Pathway      Conservation Recommendation                                 Rationale
The action occurs in watersheds with      Water quality and   Use the Herbicide Risk Assessments (2002) to             For programmatic application of this action in
at-risk fish species or with designated   habitat elements    develop BAs. (Consider using the following criteria      RHCAs, the complexity of the activity requires
critical habitat or unoccupied habitat                        to reduce effects: No application of herbicides,         extreme precautions, thus the need to restrict
critical to species recovery.                                 except:                                                  methods and types of herbicide application.
                                                              use only wipers for herbicide application within
                                                              RHCAs. Restricted to the following herbicides:           See Attachment 4 (Glyphosate Risk Assessment &
                                                              Rodeo. Within 15 feet of live waters or shallow water    Noxious Weed Risk Assessment).
                                                              table, the only herbicide authorized is Rodeo, without
                                                              surfactants.

                                                              Equipment used for transportation, storage, or
                                                              application of chemicals shall be maintained in a leak
                                                              proof condition.

                                                              No herbicide storage, mixing or post-application
                                                              cleaning would be authorized within the RHCA.

                                                              Trained personnel would monitor weather conditions
                                                              at spray sites during application.
                                                              ●All herbicide labels would be strictly enforced
                                                              ●No broadcast spraying would occur when wind
                                                              velocity exceeds 5 miles per hour within 100 feet of
                                                              open water.
                                                              ●No broadcast spraying would occur when wind
                                                              velocity exceeds 8 miles per hour.
                                                              ●No spraying would occur if precipitation is occurring
                                                              or is imminent (within 24 hours).
                                                              ●No spraying would occur if air turbulence were
                                                              sufficient to affect the normal spray pattern.)




December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 95 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Broadcast burn, High intensity

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                            The complexity of this            Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species    quality, habitat                                                                   activity requires knowledge       Adverse
or with designated critical habitat     elements, water                                                                    of site specific conditions and
or unoccupied habitat critical to       yield                                                                              project design.
species recovery.
The action occurs outside the           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to       Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on       Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated         elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied          yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                              Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at high intensity
                                                                                   of the remaining overstory trees in     is not expected to result in
                                                                                   the project area.                       adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                                                           delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                   Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                   overstory mortality will not
                                                                                   adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                   the project scale.

                                                                                   Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                   magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                   distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                   flows.

                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                   RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                   appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                   functioning" condition of the
                                                                                   following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                   Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                   Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                   Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                   Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                   Attachment 3).

                                                                                   Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                   from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                   time period previously agreed upon

December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                     Page 96 of 849
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 97 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regime III

Work Element:             Broadcast burn, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require    The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review    affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements                                   and approval to determine that the   1.Does not result in death or
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                 project will be timed to avoid       injury to individual fish.
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of    2. Fire does not expose or
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                    disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                                                       to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  No burning within the following      such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the         harmed.
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                    3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                                                       amount) large Woody debris
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer            to level that would affect
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer       stream function.
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer      4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer      overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer      such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer      and water yield are
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer      significantly affected.
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer      5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer      ecological (potential natural
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer           condition) conditions in
                                                                                                                       riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a    Attachment 2 – Prescribed
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the       Fire).
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a
                                                                                  moderate severity.

                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed
                                                                                  10%. (See Attachment 12, page 5,
                                                                                  for descriptions of fire severity
                                                                                  ratings).

                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                Page 98 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at low intensity
                                                                                      of the remaining overstory trees in     is not expected to result in
                                                                                      the project area.                       adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                                                              delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                      flows.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                   Page 99 of 849
                                                                           appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 100 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regime III

Work Element:             Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require    The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review    affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements                                   and approval to determine that the   1.Does not result in death or
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                 project will be timed to avoid       injury to individual fish.
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of    2. Fire does not expose or
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                    disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                                                       to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  No burning within the following      such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the         harmed.
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                    3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                                                       amount) large Woody debris
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer            to level that would affect
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer       stream function.
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer      4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer      overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer      such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer      and water yield are
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer      significantly affected.
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer      5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer      ecological (potential natural
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer           condition) conditions in
                                                                                                                       riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a    Attachment 2 – Prescribed
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the       Fire).
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a
                                                                                  moderate severity.

                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed
                                                                                  20%. (See Attachment 12, page 5,
                                                                                  for descriptions of fire severity
                                                                                  ratings).

                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                               Page 101 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to     Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on     Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at moderate
                                                                                      of the remaining overstory trees in     intensity is not expected to
                                                                                      the project area.                       result in adverse erosion and
                                                                                                                              sediment delivery to stream
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the        channels.
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                      flows.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 102 of 849
                                                                           appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                                                                                            Riparian Condition, an
                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 103 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                            The complexity of this            Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species    quality, habitat                                                                   activity requires knowledge       Adverse
or with designated critical habitat     elements, water                                                                    of site specific conditions and
or unoccupied habitat critical to       yield                                                                              project design.
species recovery.
The action occurs outside the           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to       Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on       Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated         elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied          yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                              Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at high intensity
                                                                                   of the remaining overstory trees in     is not expected to result in
                                                                                   the project area.                       adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                                                           delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                   Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                   overstory mortality will not
                                                                                   adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                   the project scale.

                                                                                   Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                   magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                   distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                   flows.

                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                   RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                   appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                   functioning" condition of the
                                                                                   following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                   Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                   Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                   Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                   Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                   Attachment 3).

                                                                                   Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                   from prescribed burn units for a


December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                   Page 104 of 849
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                             Page 105 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regime III

Work Element:             Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require    The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review    affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements, water                            and approval to determine that the
or unoccupied habitat critical to      yield                                      project will be timed to avoid       1.Does not result in death or
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of    injury to individual fish.
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                    2.Fire does not expose or
                                                                                                                       disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                  No burning within the following      to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the         such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                    harmed.
                                                                                                                       3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer            amount) large woody debris
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer       to level that would affect
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer      stream function.
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer      4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer      overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer      such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer      and water yield are
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer      significantly affected.
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer      5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer           ecological (potential natural
                                                                                                                       condition) conditions in
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a    riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the       Attachment 12 – Prescribed
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a          Fire).
                                                                                  moderate severity.
                                                                                                                       Criteria will enhance
                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of         longterm channel stability
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of   and sediment storage by
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of    managing for a silvicultural
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of   condition that maximizes
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed     large woody debris
                                                                                  10%. (See Attachment 12, page 5,     recruitment.
                                                                                  for descriptions of fire severity    (See Attachment 1 – Riparian
                                                                                  ratings).                            Area [RHCA] Literature
                                                                                                                       Summary)
                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                               Page 106 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.

                                                                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                                                                      Activity Component;
                                                                                      Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                                      thinning Work Element.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       The amount of area expected
                                                                                      of the remaining overstory trees in     to be treated at low intensity
                                                                                      the project area.                       is not expected to result in
                                                                                                                              adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the        delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                  Page 107 of 849
                                                                           magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                           distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                           flows.

                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                           RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                           appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect


December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 108 of 849
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                    Salmonid Criteria   Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types   Page 109 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regime III

Work Element:             Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require      The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review      affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements, water                            and approval to determine that the
or unoccupied habitat critical to      yield                                      project will be timed to avoid         1.Does not result in death or
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of      injury to individual fish.
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                      2.Fire does not expose or
                                                                                                                         disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                  No burning within the following        to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the           such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                      harmed.
                                                                                                                         3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer              amount) large woody debris
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer         to level that would affect
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer        stream function.
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer        4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer        overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer        such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer        and water yield are
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer        significantly affected.
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer        5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer             ecological (potential natural
                                                                                                                         condition) conditions in
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a      riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the         Attachment 12 – Prescribed
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a            Fire).
                                                                                  moderate severity (See Attachment
                                                                                  12, page 5, for descriptions of fire   Criteria will enhance
                                                                                  severity ratings).                     longterm channel stability
                                                                                                                         and sediment storage by
                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of           managing for a silvicultural
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of     condition that maximizes
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of      large woody debris
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of     recruitment.
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed       (See Attachment 1 – Riparian
                                                                                  10%..                                  Area [RHCA] Literature
                                                                                                                         Summary)
                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 110 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.

                                                                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                                                                      Activity Component;
                                                                                      Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                                      thinning Work Element.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to     Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on     Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at moderate
                                                                                      of the remaining overstory trees in     intensity is not expected to
                                                                                      the project area.                       result in adverse erosion and
                                                                                                                              sediment delivery to stream
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the        channels.
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 111 of 849
                                                                           magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                           distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                           flows.

                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                           RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                           appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 112 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                           The complexity of this          Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species    quality, habitat                                                                  activity requires knowledge     Adverse
or with designated critical habitat     elements, water                                                                   of site-specific conditions
or unoccupied habitat critical to       yield                                                                             and project design. Consult
species recovery                                                                                                          locally.
The action occurs outside the           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Hydrologist will insure that the       Activities will not alter the   Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         quality, habitat                           overstory mortality will not           timing, magnitude, duration,    Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated         elements, water                            adversely alter the flow regimes at    and spatial distribution of
critical habitat or unoccupied          yield                                      the project scale.                     peak, high, and low flows.
habitat critical to species recovery.
                                                                                   No more than 5% mortality of
                                                                                   overstory trees.

                                                                                    Overstory mortality shall not cause
                                                                                   the ECA to exceed 15% in the
                                                                                   watershed.

                                                                                   Burned acres cannot exceed 3% of
                                                                                   the project area.

                                                                                   Understory vegetation must be
                                                                                   adequate to prevent erosion
                                                                                   associated with the treatment prior
                                                                                   to additional treatments in stands
                                                                                   within the watershed.

                                                                                   Burned area does not expose or
                                                                                   disturb land areas sufficient to
                                                                                   elevate sediment delivery such that
                                                                                   habitat/fish are harmed.

                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                   RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                   appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                   functioning" condition of the
                                                                                   following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                   Watershed Condition Pathway:

December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                Page 113 of 849
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.

                                                                           For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type;
                                                                           Rehabilitation, removal of excess
                                                                           vegetation and slash Activity
                                                                           Component.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements, water
unoccupied habitat critical to            yield
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                             Page 114 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regime III

Work Element:             Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway       Potential Effect         Project Criteria                      Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, riparian   Potentially Adverse     Burn piles at a time when fuel        The streamside buffer and         Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   veg. condition,                              moisture levels are sufficient to     minimal area treated are          Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    large woody                                  limit creep to within 10 feet of a    sufficient to avoid delivery of
or unoccupied habitat critical to      debris                                       pile.                                 sediment to the stream by
species recovery.                                                                                                         controlling erosion and
                                                                                     Minimize disturbance to riparian     delivery.
                                                                                    ground cover and vegetation.

                                                                                    Burning within RHCAs will require
                                                                                    hydrologist/fish biologist review
                                                                                    and approval to determine that the
                                                                                    project will be timed to avoid
                                                                                    disturbance of all life stages of
                                                                                    listed salmonids.

                                                                                    No burning within the following
                                                                                    buffers from the edge of the
                                                                                    bankfull channel.

                                                                                    <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer
                                                                                    6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer
                                                                                    11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer
                                                                                    16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer
                                                                                    21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer
                                                                                    26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer
                                                                                    31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer
                                                                                    41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer
                                                                                    51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer
                                                                                    >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer

                                                                                    No more than 5% of the treated
                                                                                    acres within the RHCA will be
                                                                                    burned.

                                                                                    No more than 5% scorch damage of
                                                                                    overstory trees within the RHCA of
                                                                                    perennial streams. In the RHCA of
                                                                                    intermittent streams, scorch
                                                                                    damage of overstory trees shall not
                                                                                    exceed 10%.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                              Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 115 of 849
                                      Pile burning will cover no more
                                      than 5% of the RHCA within the
                                      project area.

                                      Understory vegetation must be
                                      adequate to prevent erosion
                                      associated with the treatment prior
                                      to additional treatments in stands
                                      within the watershed.

                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                      appropriate biological opinions.
                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                      functioning" condition of the
                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                      Attachment 3).

                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                      during consultation, or a time
                                      period which would allow the
                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                      with woody shrubs. In no case
                                      shall either of the above time
                                      period be less than two years.

                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                      Treatments Activity Type;
                                      Harvest
                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                      Activity Component;
                                      Understory/single story
                                      treatments: thinning Work
                                      Element.


December 2004   Salmonid Criteria   Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types   Page 116 of 849
                                                                                      For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                                      Treatments Activity Type;
                                                                                      Rehabilitation, removal of
                                                                                      excess vegetation and slash
                                                                                      Activity Component.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No more than 5% mortality of           RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           overstory trees.                       buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                                                                   Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                      Burned acres cannot exceed 5% of       The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 the total watershed acres in a 5th     to be treated at low intensity
                                                                                      (anadromous) or 6th                    is not expected to result in
                                                                                      (nonanadromous) code HUC in a          adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                      given year.                            delivery to stream channels.

                                                                                      Understory vegetation must be
                                                                                      adequate to prevent erosion
                                                                                      associated with the treatment prior
                                                                                      to additional treatments in stands
                                                                                      within the watershed.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                      appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                                      stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                                      effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                                      maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                                      erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                                      the above time period be less than

December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 117 of 849
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.

                                                                           For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type;
                                                                           Rehabilitation, removal of excess
                                                                           vegetation and slash Activity
                                                                           Component.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements, water
unoccupied habitat critical to            yield
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                             Page 118 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regime III

Work Element:             Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway       Potential Effect         Project Criteria                      Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, riparian   Potentially Adverse     Burn piles at a time when fuel        The streamside buffer and         Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   veg condition,                               moisture levels are sufficient to     minimal area treated are          Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    large woody                                  limit creep to within 10 feet of a    sufficient to avoid delivery of
or unoccupied habitat critical to      debris                                       pile.                                 sediment to the stream by
species recovery.                                                                                                         controlling erosion and
                                                                                    Minimize disturbance to riparian      delivery.
                                                                                    ground cover and vegetation.

                                                                                    Burning within RHCAs will require
                                                                                    hydrologist/fish biologist review
                                                                                    and approval to determine that the
                                                                                    project will be timed to avoid
                                                                                    disturbance of all life stages of
                                                                                    listed salmonids.

                                                                                    No burning within the following
                                                                                    buffers from the edge of the
                                                                                    bankfull channel.

                                                                                    <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer
                                                                                    6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer
                                                                                    11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer
                                                                                    16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer
                                                                                    21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer
                                                                                    26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer
                                                                                    31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer
                                                                                    41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer
                                                                                    51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer
                                                                                    >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer

                                                                                    No more than 5% of the treated
                                                                                    acres within the RHCA will be
                                                                                    burned.

                                                                                    No more than 5% scorch damage of
                                                                                    overstory trees within the RHCA of
                                                                                    perennial streams. In the RHCA of
                                                                                    intermittent streams, scorch
                                                                                    damage of overstory trees shall not
                                                                                    exceed 20%.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                              Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 119 of 849
                                      Pile burning will cover no more
                                      than 5% of the RHCA within the
                                      project area.

                                      Understory vegetation must be
                                      adequate to prevent erosion
                                      associated with the treatment prior
                                      to additional treatments in stands
                                      within the watershed.

                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                      appropriate biological opinions.
                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                      functioning" condition of the
                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                      Attachment 3).

                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                      during consultation, or a time
                                      period which would allow the
                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                      with woody shrubs. In no case
                                      shall either of the above time
                                      period be less than two years.

                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                      Activity Component;
                                      Understory/single story treatments:
                                      thinning Work Element.

                                      For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                      Treatments Activity Type;


December 2004   Salmonid Criteria   Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types   Page 120 of 849
                                                                                      Rehabilitation, removal of excess
                                                                                      vegetation and slash Activity
                                                                                      Component.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No more than 5% mortality of           RHCA widths are adequate to     Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           overstory trees.                       buffer the stream (based on     Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                                                                   Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                      Burned acres cannot exceed 3% of       The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 the total watershed acres in a 5th     to be treated at moderate
                                                                                      (anadromous) or 6th                    intensity is not expected to
                                                                                      (nonanadromous) code HUC in a          result in adverse erosion and
                                                                                      given year.                            sediment delivery to stream
                                                                                                                             channels.
                                                                                      Understory vegetation must be
                                                                                      adequate to prevent erosion
                                                                                      associated with the treatment prior
                                                                                      to additional treatments in stands
                                                                                      within the watershed.

                                                                                      Burned area does not expose or
                                                                                      disturb land areas sufficient to
                                                                                      elevate sediment delivery such that
                                                                                      habitat/fish are harmed.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                      appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                                      stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                                      effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                                      maintain natural rates of surface


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                Page 121 of 849
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.

                                                                           For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type;
                                                                           Rehabilitation, removal of excess
                                                                           vegetation and slash Activity
                                                                           Component.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements, water
unoccupied habitat critical to            yield
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                             Page 122 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:              Broadcast burn, High intensity

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                            The complexity of this            Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species    quality, habitat                                                                   activity requires knowledge       Adverse
or with designated critical habitat     elements, water                                                                    of site specific conditions and
or unoccupied habitat critical to       yield                                                                              project design.
species recovery.
The action occurs outside the           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to       Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on       Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated         elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied          yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                              Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at high intensity
                                                                                   of the remaining overstory trees in     is not expected to result in
                                                                                   the project area.                       adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                                                           delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                   Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                   overstory mortality will not
                                                                                   adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                   the project scale.

                                                                                   Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                   magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                   distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                   flows.

                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                   RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                   appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                   functioning" condition of the
                                                                                   following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                   Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                   Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                   Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                   Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                   Attachment 3).

                                                                                   Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                   from prescribed burn units for a


December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                   Page 123 of 849
                                                                                   time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                   during consultation, or a time
                                                                                   period which would allow the
                                                                                   vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                                   stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                                   effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                                   maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                                   erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                                   the above time period be less than
                                                                                   two years.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect             No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or      No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                                habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.


Conditional Statement                      Effects Pathway      Conservation Recommendation                                  Rationale
The action occurs in RHCAs in               large woody       For the RHCAs of intermittent streams, limit overstory     Criteria will enhance long-term channel stability and
watersheds with at-risk fish species        debris            mortality to no more than 30%.                             sediment storage by managing for a silvicultural
or with designated critical habitat or      recruitment                                                                  condition that maximizes large woody debris
unoccupied habitat critical to species                        Apply a silvicultural prescription that maximizes          recruitment.
recovery                                                      growth and reproduction of trees over 12” dbh within       (See Attachment 1 – Riparian Area [RHCA]
                                                              the intermittent RHCAs.                                    Literature Summary)

                                                              Within intermittent RHCAs, do not remove by fire or
                                                              other related treatment, boles greater than 12” dbh.

                                                              Livestock grazing will be excluded from prescribed
                                                              burn units for a time period previously agreed upon
                                                              during consultation, or a time period which would
                                                              allow the riparian vegetation to regeneration to a stage
                                                              that can withstand grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                              with woody shrubs. In no case shall either of the
                                                              above time period be less than two years.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                        Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                   Page 124 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:             Broadcast burn, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require    The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review    affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements                                   and approval to determine that the   1.Does not result in death or
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                 project will be timed to avoid       injury to individual fish.
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of    2. Fire does not expose or
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                    disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                                                       to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  No burning within the following      such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the         harmed.
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                    3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                                                       amount) large Woody debris
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer            to level that would affect
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer       stream function.
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer      4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer      overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer      such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer      and water yield are
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer      significantly affected.
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer      5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer      ecological (potential natural
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer           condition) conditions in
                                                                                                                       riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a    Attachment 2 – Prescribed
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the       Fire).
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a
                                                                                  moderate severity.

                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed
                                                                                  10%. (See Attachment 12, page 5,
                                                                                  for descriptions of fire severity
                                                                                  ratings).

                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                               Page 125 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at low intensity
                                                                                      of the remaining overstory trees in     is not expected to result in
                                                                                      the project area.                       adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                                                              delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                      flows.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                  Page 126 of 849
                                                                           appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 127 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:             Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require    The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review    affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements                                   and approval to determine that the   1.Does not result in death or
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                 project will be timed to avoid       injury to individual fish.
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of    2. Fire does not expose or
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                    disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                                                       to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  No burning within the following      such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the         harmed.
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                    3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                                                       amount) large Woody debris
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer            to level that would affect
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer       stream function.
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer      4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer      overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer      such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer      and water yield are
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer      significantly affected.
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer      5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer      ecological (potential natural
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer           condition) conditions in
                                                                                                                       riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a    Attachment 2 – Prescribed
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the       Fire).
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a
                                                                                  moderate severity.

                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed
                                                                                  20%. (See Attachment 12, page 5,
                                                                                  for descriptions of fire severity
                                                                                  ratings).

                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                               Page 128 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to     Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on     Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at moderate
                                                                                      of the remaining overstory trees in     intensity is not expected to
                                                                                      the project area.                       result in adverse erosion and
                                                                                                                              sediment delivery to stream
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the        channels.
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                      flows.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 129 of 849
                                                                           appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 130 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:              Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                            The complexity of this            Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species    quality, habitat                                                                   activity requires knowledge       Adverse
or with designated critical habitat     elements, water                                                                    of site specific conditions and
or unoccupied habitat critical to       yield                                                                              project design.
species recovery.
The action occurs outside the           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to       Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on       Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated         elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied          yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                              Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at high intensity
                                                                                   of the remaining overstory trees in     is not expected to result in
                                                                                   the project area.                       adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                                                           delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                   Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                   overstory mortality will not
                                                                                   adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                   the project scale.

                                                                                   Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                   magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                   distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                   flows.

                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                   RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                   appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                   functioning" condition of the
                                                                                   following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                   Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                   Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                   Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                   Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                   Attachment 3).

                                                                                   Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                   from prescribed burn units for a


December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                   Page 131 of 849
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                             Page 132 of 849
Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway    Conservation Recommendation                                   Rationale
The action occurs in RHCAs in            large woody       For the RHCAs of intermittent streams, limit overstory     Criteria will enhance long-term channel stability and
watersheds with at-risk fish species     debris            mortality to no more than 30%.                             sediment storage by managing for a silvicultural
or with designated critical habitat or   recruitment                                                                  condition that maximizes large woody debris
unoccupied habitat critical to species                     Apply a silvicultural prescription that maximizes          recruitment.
recovery                                                   growth and reproduction of trees over 12” dbh within       (See Attachment 1 – Riparian Area [RHCA]
                                                           the intermittent RHCAs.                                    Literature Summary)

                                                           Within intermittent RHCAs, do not remove by fire or
                                                           other related treatment, boles greater than 12” dbh.

                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded from prescribed
                                                           burn units for a time period previously agreed upon
                                                           during consultation, or a time period which would
                                                           allow the riparian vegetation to regeneration to a stage
                                                           that can withstand grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                           with woody shrubs. In no case shall either of the
                                                           above time period be less than two years.




December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                         Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                   Page 133 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:             Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require      The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review      affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements, water                            and approval to determine that the
or unoccupied habitat critical to      yield                                      project will be timed to avoid         1.Does not result in death or
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of      injury to individual fish.
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                      2.Fire does not expose or
                                                                                                                         disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                  No burning within the following        to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the           such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                      harmed.
                                                                                                                         3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer              amount) large woody debris
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer         to level that would affect
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer        stream function.
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer        4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer        overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer        such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer        and water yield are
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer        significantly affected.
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer        5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer             ecological (potential natural
                                                                                                                         condition) conditions in
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a      riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the         Attachment 12 – Prescribed
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a            Fire).
                                                                                  moderate severity (See Attachment
                                                                                  12, page 5, for descriptions of fire   Criteria will enhance
                                                                                  severity ratings).                     longterm channel stability
                                                                                                                         and sediment storage by
                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of           managing for a silvicultural
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of     condition that maximizes
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of      large woody debris
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of     recruitment.
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed       (See Attachment 1 – Riparian
                                                                                  10%..                                  Area [RHCA] Literature
                                                                                                                         Summary)
                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 134 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.

                                                                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                                                                      Activity Component;
                                                                                      Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                                      thinning Work Element.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                      Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 of the remaining overstory trees in     to be treated at low intensity
                                                                                      the project area.                       is not expected to result in
                                                                                                                              adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the        delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.
                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                  Page 135 of 849
                                                                           flows.

                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                           RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                           appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.


December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 136 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:             Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require      The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review      affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements, water                            and approval to determine that the
or unoccupied habitat critical to      yield                                      project will be timed to avoid         1.Does not result in death or
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of      injury to individual fish.
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                      2.Fire does not expose or
                                                                                                                         disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                  No burning within the following        to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the           such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                      harmed.
                                                                                                                         3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer              amount) large woody debris
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer         to level that would affect
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer        stream function.
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer        4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer        overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer        such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer        and water yield are
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer        significantly affected.
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer        5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer             ecological (potential natural
                                                                                                                         condition) conditions in
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a      riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the         Attachment 12 – Prescribed
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a            Fire).
                                                                                  moderate severity (See Attachment
                                                                                  12, page 5, for descriptions of fire   Criteria will enhance
                                                                                  severity ratings).                     longterm channel stability
                                                                                                                         and sediment storage by
                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of           managing for a silvicultural
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of     condition that maximizes
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of      large woody debris
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of     recruitment.
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed       (See Attachment 1 – Riparian
                                                                                  10%..                                  Area [RHCA] Literature
                                                                                                                         Summary)
                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 137 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.

                                                                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                                                                      Activity Component;
                                                                                      Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                                      thinning Work Element.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to     Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on     Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                      Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 of the remaining overstory trees in     to be treated at moderate
                                                                                      the project area.                       intensity is not expected to
                                                                                                                              result in adverse erosion and
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the        sediment delivery to stream
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not            channels.
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.
                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 138 of 849
                                                                           flows.

                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                           RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                           appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.


December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 139 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:              Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                           The complexity of this          Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species    quality, habitat                                                                  activity requires knowledge     Adverse
or with designated critical habitat     elements, water                                                                   of site-specific conditions
or unoccupied habitat critical to       yield                                                                             and project design. Consult
species recovery                                                                                                          locally.
The action occurs outside the           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Hydrologist will insure that the       Activities will not alter the   Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         quality, habitat                           overstory mortality will not           timing, magnitude, duration,    Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated         elements, water                            adversely alter the flow regimes at    and spatial distribution of
critical habitat or unoccupied          yield                                      the project scale.                     peak, high, and low flows.
habitat critical to species recovery.
                                                                                   No more than 5% mortality of
                                                                                   overstory trees. Overstory mortality
                                                                                   shall not cause the ECA to exceed
                                                                                   15% in the watershed.

                                                                                   Burned acres cannot exceed 3% of
                                                                                   the project area.

                                                                                   Understory vegetation must be
                                                                                   adequate to prevent erosion
                                                                                   associated with the treatment prior
                                                                                   to additional treatments in stands
                                                                                   within the watershed.

                                                                                   Burned area does not expose or
                                                                                   disturb land areas sufficient to
                                                                                   elevate sediment delivery such that
                                                                                   habitat/fish are harmed.

                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                   RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                   appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                   functioning" condition of the
                                                                                   following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                   Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                   Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                   Riparian Condition, and

December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                Page 140 of 849
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.

                                                                           For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type;
                                                                           Rehabilitation, removal of excess
                                                                           vegetation and slash Activity
                                                                           Component.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements, water
unoccupied habitat critical to            yield
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                             Page 141 of 849
Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway    Conservation Recommendation                                   Rationale
The action occurs in RHCAs in            large woody       For the RHCAs of intermittent streams, limit overstory     Criteria will enhance long-term channel stability and
watersheds with at-risk fish species     debris            mortality to no more than 30%.                             sediment storage by managing for a silvicultural
or with designated critical habitat or   recruitment                                                                  condition that maximizes large woody debris
unoccupied habitat critical to species                     Apply a silvicultural prescription that maximizes          recruitment.
recovery                                                   growth and reproduction of trees over 12” dbh within       (See Attachment 1 – Riparian Area [RHCA]
                                                           the intermittent RHCAs.                                    Literature Summary)

                                                           Within intermittent RHCAs, do not remove by fire or
                                                           other related treatment, boles greater than 12” dbh.

                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded from prescribed
                                                           burn units for a time period previously agreed upon
                                                           during consultation, or a time period which would
                                                           allow the riparian vegetation to regeneration to a stage
                                                           that can withstand grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                           with woody shrubs. In no case shall either of the
                                                           above time period be less than two years.




December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                         Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                   Page 142 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:             Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway       Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, riparian   Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require      The streamside buffer and         Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   veg. condition,                              hydrologist/fish biologist review      minimal area treated are          Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    large woody                                  and approval to determine that the     sufficient to avoid delivery of
or unoccupied habitat critical to      debris                                       project will be timed to avoid         sediment to the stream by
species recovery.                                                                   disturbance of all life stages of      controlling erosion and
                                                                                    listed salmonids.                      delivery.

                                                                                    Burn piles at a time when fuel
                                                                                    moisture levels are sufficient to
                                                                                    limit creep to within 10 feet of a
                                                                                    pile.

                                                                                    Minimize disturbance to riparian
                                                                                    ground cover and vegetation.

                                                                                    No more than 5% of the treated
                                                                                    acres within the RHCA will be
                                                                                    burned.

                                                                                    No more than 5% scorch damage of
                                                                                    overstory trees within the RHCA of
                                                                                    perennial streams. In the RHCA of
                                                                                    intermittent streams, scorch
                                                                                    damage of overstory trees shall not
                                                                                    exceed 10%.

                                                                                    Pile burning will cover no more
                                                                                    than 5% of the RHCA within the
                                                                                    project area.

                                                                                    Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                    prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                    RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                    appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                    Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                    retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                    functioning" condition of the
                                                                                    following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                    Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                    Road Density, Disturbance History,

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                              Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                  Page 143 of 849
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).

                                                                                      Understory vegetation must be
                                                                                      adequate to prevent erosion
                                                                                      associated with the treatment prior
                                                                                      to additional treatments in stands
                                                                                      within the watershed.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case
                                                                                      shall either of the above time
                                                                                      period be less than two years.

                                                                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                                                                      Activity Component;
                                                                                      Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                                      thinning Work Element.

                                                                                      For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                                      Treatments Activity Type;
                                                                                      Rehabilitation, removal of excess
                                                                                      vegetation and slash Activity
                                                                                      Component.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No more than 5% mortality of            RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           overstory trees.                        buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                                                                    Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                      Burned acres cannot exceed 5% of        The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 the total watershed acres in a 5th      to be treated at low intensity
                                                                                      (anadromous) or 6th                     is not expected to result in
                                                                                      (nonanadromous) code HUC in a           adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                      given year.                             delivery to stream channels.

                                                                                      Understory vegetation must be
                                                                                      adequate to prevent erosion
                                                                                      associated with the treatment prior


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                  Page 144 of 849
                                      to additional treatments in stands
                                      within the watershed.

                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                      appropriate biological opinions.
                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                      functioning" condition of the
                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                      Attachment 3).

                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                      during consultation, or a time
                                      period which would allow the
                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                      with woody shrubs. In no case
                                      shall either of the above time
                                      period be less than two years.

                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                      Activity Component;
                                      Understory/single story treatments:
                                      thinning Work Element.

                                      For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                      Treatments Activity Type;
                                      Rehabilitation, removal of excess
                                      vegetation and slash Activity
                                      Component.




December 2004   Salmonid Criteria   Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types   Page 145 of 849
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                   No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements, water
unoccupied habitat critical to            yield
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                      Page 146 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 1, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:             Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway       Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, riparian   Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require      The streamside buffer and         Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   veg condition,                               hydrologist/fish biologist review      minimal area treated are          Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    large woody                                  and approval to determine that the     sufficient to avoid delivery of
or unoccupied habitat critical to      debris                                       project will be timed to avoid         sediment to the stream by
species recovery.                                                                   disturbance of all life stages of      controlling erosion and
                                                                                    listed salmonids.                      delivery.

                                                                                    Burn piles at a time when fuel
                                                                                    moisture levels are sufficient to
                                                                                    limit creep to within 10 feet of a
                                                                                    pile.

                                                                                    Minimize disturbance to riparian
                                                                                    ground cover and vegetation.

                                                                                    No more than 5% of the treated
                                                                                    acres within the RHCA will be
                                                                                    burned.

                                                                                    No more than 5% scorch damage of
                                                                                    overstory trees within the RHCA of
                                                                                    perennial streams. In the RHCA of
                                                                                    intermittent streams, scorch
                                                                                    damage of overstory trees shall not
                                                                                    exceed 10%.

                                                                                    Pile burning will cover no more
                                                                                    than 5% of the RHCA within the
                                                                                    project area.

                                                                                    Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                    prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                    RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                    appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                    Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                    retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                    functioning" condition of the
                                                                                    following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                    Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                    Road Density, Disturbance History,

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                              Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                  Page 147 of 849
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).

                                                                                      Understory vegetation must be
                                                                                      adequate to prevent erosion
                                                                                      associated with the treatment prior
                                                                                      to additional treatments in stands
                                                                                      within the watershed.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case
                                                                                      shall either of the above time
                                                                                      period be less than two years.

                                                                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                                                                      Activity Component;
                                                                                      Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                                      thinning Work Element.

                                                                                      For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                                      Treatments Activity Type;
                                                                                      Rehabilitation, removal of excess
                                                                                      vegetation and slash Activity
                                                                                      Component.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No more than 5% mortality of            RHCA widths are adequate to     Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           overstory trees.                        buffer the stream (based on     Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                                                                    Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                      Burned acres cannot exceed 3% of        The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 the total watershed acres in a 5th      to be treated at moderate
                                                                                      (anadromous) or 6th                     intensity is not expected to
                                                                                      (nonanadromous) code HUC in a           result in adverse erosion and
                                                                                      given year.                             sediment delivery to stream
                                                                                                                              channels.
                                                                                      Understory vegetation must be
                                                                                      adequate to prevent erosion
                                                                                      associated with the treatment prior


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 148 of 849
                                      to additional treatments in stands
                                      within the watershed.

                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                      appropriate biological opinions.
                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                      functioning" condition of the
                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                      Attachment 3).

                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                      during consultation, or a time
                                      period which would allow the
                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                      with woody shrubs. In no case
                                      shall either of the above time
                                      period be less than two years.

                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                      Activity Component;
                                      Understory/single story treatments:
                                      thinning Work Element.

                                      For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                      Treatments Activity Type;
                                      Rehabilitation, removal of excess
                                      vegetation and slash Activity
                                      Component.




December 2004   Salmonid Criteria   Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types   Page 149 of 849
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                   No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements, water
unoccupied habitat critical to            yield
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                      Page 150 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Broadcast burn, High intensity

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                            The complexity of this            Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species    quality, habitat                                                                   activity requires knowledge       Adverse
or with designated critical habitat     elements, water                                                                    of site specific conditions and
or unoccupied habitat critical to       yield                                                                              project design.
species recovery.
The action occurs outside the           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to       Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on       Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated         elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied          yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                              Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at high intensity
                                                                                   of the remaining overstory trees in     is not expected to result in
                                                                                   the project area.                       adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                                                           delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                   Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                   overstory mortality will not
                                                                                   adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                   the project scale.

                                                                                   Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                   magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                   distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                   flows.

                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                   RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                   appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                   functioning" condition of the
                                                                                   following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                   Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                   Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                   Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                   Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                   Attachment 3).

                                                                                   Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                   from prescribed burn units for a


December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                   Page 151 of 849
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                             Page 152 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regime III

Work Element:             Broadcast burn, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require    The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review    affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements                                   and approval to determine that the   1.Does not result in death or
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                 project will be timed to avoid       injury to individual fish.
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of    2. Fire does not expose or
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                    disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                                                       to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  No burning within the following      such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the         harmed.
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                    3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                                                       amount) large Woody debris
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer            to level that would affect
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer       stream function.
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer      4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer      overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer      such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer      and water yield are
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer      significantly affected.
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer      5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer      ecological (potential natural
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer           condition) conditions in
                                                                                                                       riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a    Attachment 2 – Prescribed
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the       Fire).
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a
                                                                                  moderate severity.

                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed
                                                                                  10%. (See Attachment 12, page 5,
                                                                                  for descriptions of fire severity
                                                                                  ratings).

                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                               Page 153 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at low intensity
                                                                                      of the remaining overstory trees in     is not expected to result in
                                                                                      the project area.                       adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                                                              delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                      flows.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                  Page 154 of 849
                                                                           appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 155 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regime III

Work Element:             Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require    The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review    affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements                                   and approval to determine that the   1.Does not result in death or
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                 project will be timed to avoid       injury to individual fish.
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of    2. Fire does not expose or
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                    disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                                                       to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  No burning within the following      such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the         harmed.
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                    3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                                                       amount) large Woody debris
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer            to level that would affect
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer       stream function.
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer      4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer      overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer      such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer      and water yield are
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer      significantly affected.
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer      5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer      ecological (potential natural
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer           condition) conditions in
                                                                                                                       riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a    Attachment 2 – Prescribed
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the       Fire).
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a
                                                                                  moderate severity.

                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed
                                                                                  20%. (See Attachment 12, page 5,
                                                                                  for descriptions of fire severity
                                                                                  ratings).

                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                               Page 156 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to     Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on     Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                      Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 of the remaining overstory trees in     to be treated at moderate
                                                                                      the project area.                       intensity is not expected to
                                                                                                                              result in adverse erosion and
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the        sediment delivery to stream
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not            channels.
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                      flows.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                      appropriate biological opinions.


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 157 of 849
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at-risk species present.   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 158 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                            The complexity of this            Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species    quality, habitat                                                                   activity requires knowledge       Adverse
or with designated critical habitat     elements, water                                                                    of site specific conditions and
or unoccupied habitat critical to       yield                                                                              project design.
species recovery.
The action occurs outside the           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to       Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on       Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated         elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied          yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                              Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at high intensity
                                                                                   of the remaining overstory trees in     is not expected to result in
                                                                                   the project area.                       adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                                                           delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                   Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                   overstory mortality will not
                                                                                   adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                   the project scale.

                                                                                   Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                   magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                   distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                   flows.

                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                   RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                   appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                   functioning" condition of the
                                                                                   following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                   Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                   Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                   Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                   Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                   Attachment 3).

                                                                                   Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                   from prescribed burn units for a


December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                   Page 159 of 849
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                             Page 160 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regime III

Work Element:             Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require    The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review    affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements, water                            and approval to determine that the
or unoccupied habitat critical to      yield                                      project will be timed to avoid       1.Does not result in death or
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of    injury to individual fish.
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                    2.Fire does not expose or
                                                                                                                       disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                  No burning within the following      to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the         such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                    harmed.
                                                                                                                       3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer            amount) large woody debris
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer       to level that would affect
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer      stream function.
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer      4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer      overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer      such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer      and water yield are
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer      significantly affected.
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer      5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer           ecological (potential natural
                                                                                                                       condition) conditions in
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a    riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the       Attachment 12 – Prescribed
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a          Fire).
                                                                                  moderate severity.
                                                                                                                       Criteria will enhance
                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of         longterm channel stability
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of   and sediment storage by
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of    managing for a silvicultural
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of   condition that maximizes
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed     large woody debris
                                                                                  10%. (See Attachment 12, page 5,     recruitment.
                                                                                  for descriptions of fire severity    (See Attachment 1 – Riparian
                                                                                  ratings).                            Area [RHCA] Literature
                                                                                                                       Summary)
                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                               Page 161 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.

                                                                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                                                                      Activity Component;
                                                                                      Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                                      thinning Work Element.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                      Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 of the remaining overstory trees in     to be treated at low intensity
                                                                                      the project area.                       is not expected to result in
                                                                                                                              adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the        delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.
                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                  Page 162 of 849
                                                                           flows.

                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                           RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                           appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.


December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 163 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regime III

Work Element:             Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require    The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review    affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements, water                            and approval to determine that the
or unoccupied habitat critical to      yield                                      project will be timed to avoid       1.Does not result in death or
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of    injury to individual fish.
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                    2.Fire does not expose or
                                                                                                                       disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                  No burning within the following      to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the         such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                    harmed.
                                                                                                                       3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer            amount) large woody debris
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer       to level that would affect
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer      stream function.
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer      4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer      overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer      such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer      and water yield are
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer      significantly affected.
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer      5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer           ecological (potential natural
                                                                                                                       condition) conditions in
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a    riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the       Attachment 12 – Prescribed
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a          Fire).
                                                                                  moderate severity.
                                                                                                                       Criteria will enhance
                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of         longterm channel stability
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of   and sediment storage by
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of    managing for a silvicultural
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of   condition that maximizes
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed     large woody debris
                                                                                  10%. (See Attachment 12, page 5,     recruitment.
                                                                                  for descriptions of fire severity    (See Attachment 1 – Riparian
                                                                                  ratings).                            Area [RHCA] Literature
                                                                                                                       Summary)
                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                               Page 164 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.

                                                                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                                                                      Activity Component;
                                                                                      Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                                      thinning Work Element.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to     Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on     Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                      Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 of the remaining overstory trees in     to be treated at moderate
                                                                                      the project area.                       intensity is not expected to
                                                                                                                              result in adverse erosion and
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the        sediment delivery to stream
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not            channels.
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.
                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 165 of 849
                                                                           flows.

                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                           RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                           appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.


December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 166 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regime III

Work Element:              Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway       Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           sediment, riparian   Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                           The complexity of this          Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species    veg condition,                                                                      activity requires knowledge     Adverse
or with designated critical habitat     large woody                                                                         of site-specific conditions
or unoccupied habitat critical to       debris                                                                              and project design. Consult
species recovery                                                                                                            locally.
The action occurs outside the           sediment, water      Potentially Adverse     Hydrologist will insure that the       Activities will not alter the   Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         quality, habitat                             overstory mortality will not           timing, magnitude, duration,    Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated         elements, water                              adversely alter the flow regimes at    and spatial distribution of
critical habitat or unoccupied          yield                                        the project scale.                     peak, high, and low flows.
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                No more than 5% mortality of
                                                                                     overstory trees.

                                                                                     Overstory mortality shall not cause
                                                                                     the ECA to exceed 15% in the
                                                                                     watershed.

                                                                                     Burned acres cannot exceed 3% of
                                                                                     the project area.

                                                                                     Understory vegetation must be
                                                                                     adequate to prevent erosion
                                                                                     associated with the treatment prior
                                                                                     to additional treatments in stands
                                                                                     within the watershed.

                                                                                     Burned area does not expose or
                                                                                     disturb land areas sufficient to
                                                                                     elevate sediment delivery such that
                                                                                     habitat/fish are harmed.

                                                                                     Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                     prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                     RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                     appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                     Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                     retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                     functioning" condition of the
                                                                                     following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                     Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                     Road Density, Disturbance History,

December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                              Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                Page 167 of 849
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.

                                                                           For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type;
                                                                           Rehabilitation, removal of excess
                                                                           vegetation and slash Activity
                                                                           Component.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements, water
unoccupied habitat critical to            yield
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                             Page 168 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regime III

Work Element:             Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway       Potential Effect         Project Criteria                      Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, riparian   Potentially Adverse     Burn piles at a time when fuel        The streamside buffer and         Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   veg. condition,                              moisture levels are sufficient to     minimal area treated are          Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    large woody                                  limit creep to within 10 feet of a    sufficient to avoid delivery of
or unoccupied habitat critical to      debris                                       pile.                                 sediment to the stream by
species recovery.                                                                                                         controlling erosion and
                                                                                     Minimize disturbance to riparian     delivery.
                                                                                    ground cover and vegetation.

                                                                                    Burning within RHCAs will require
                                                                                    hydrologist/fish biologist review
                                                                                    and approval to determine that the
                                                                                    project will be timed to avoid
                                                                                    disturbance of all life stages of
                                                                                    listed salmonids.

                                                                                    No burning within the following
                                                                                    buffers from the edge of the
                                                                                    bankfull channel.

                                                                                    <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer
                                                                                    6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer
                                                                                    11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer
                                                                                    16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer
                                                                                    21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer
                                                                                    26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer
                                                                                    31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer
                                                                                    41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer
                                                                                    51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer
                                                                                    >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer

                                                                                    No more than 5% of the treated
                                                                                    acres within the RHCA will be
                                                                                    burned.

                                                                                    No more than 5% scorch damage of
                                                                                    overstory trees within the RHCA of
                                                                                    perennial streams. In the RHCA of
                                                                                    intermittent streams, scorch
                                                                                    damage of overstory trees shall not
                                                                                    exceed 10%.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                              Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 169 of 849
                                      Pile burning will cover no more
                                      than 5% of the RHCA within the
                                      project area.

                                      Understory vegetation must be
                                      adequate to prevent erosion
                                      associated with the treatment prior
                                      to additional treatments in stands
                                      within the watershed.

                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                      appropriate biological opinions.
                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                      functioning" condition of the
                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                      Attachment 3).

                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                      during consultation, or a time
                                      period which would allow the
                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                      with woody shrubs. In no case
                                      shall either of the above time
                                      period be less than two years.

                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                      Activity Component;
                                      Understory/single story treatments:
                                      thinning Work Element.

                                      For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                      Treatments Activity Type;


December 2004   Salmonid Criteria   Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types   Page 170 of 849
                                                                                      Rehabilitation, removal of excess
                                                                                      vegetation and slash Activity
                                                                                      Component.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No more than 5% mortality of            RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           overstory trees.                        buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                                                                    Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                      Burned acres cannot exceed 5% of        The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 the total watershed acres in a 5th      to be treated at low intensity
                                                                                      (anadromous) or 6th                     is not expected to result in
                                                                                      (nonanadromous) code HUC in a           adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                      given year.                             delivery to stream channels.

                                                                                      Understory vegetation must be
                                                                                      adequate to prevent erosion
                                                                                      associated with the treatment prior
                                                                                      to additional treatments in stands
                                                                                      within the watershed.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                      appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case
                                                                                      shall either of the above time
                                                                                      period be less than two years.

                                                                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest

December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                  Page 171 of 849
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.

                                                                           For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type;
                                                                           Rehabilitation, removal of excess
                                                                           vegetation and slash Activity
                                                                           Component.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements, water
unoccupied habitat critical to            yield
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                             Page 172 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regime III

Work Element:             Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway       Potential Effect         Project Criteria                      Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, riparian   Potentially Adverse     Burn piles at a time when fuel        The streamside buffer and         Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   veg condition,                               moisture levels are sufficient to     minimal area treated are          Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    large woody                                  limit creep to within 10 feet of a    sufficient to avoid delivery of
or unoccupied habitat critical to      debris                                       pile.                                 sediment to the stream by
species recovery.                                                                                                         controlling erosion and
                                                                                    Minimize disturbance to riparian      delivery.
                                                                                    ground cover and vegetation.

                                                                                    Burning within RHCAs will require
                                                                                    hydrologist/fish biologist review
                                                                                    and approval to determine that the
                                                                                    project will be timed to avoid
                                                                                    disturbance of all life stages of
                                                                                    listed salmonids.

                                                                                    No burning within the following
                                                                                    buffers from the edge of the
                                                                                    bankfull channel.

                                                                                    <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer
                                                                                    6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer
                                                                                    11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer
                                                                                    16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer
                                                                                    21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer
                                                                                    26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer
                                                                                    31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer
                                                                                    41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer
                                                                                    51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer
                                                                                    >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer

                                                                                    No more than 5% of the treated
                                                                                    acres within the RHCA will be
                                                                                    burned.

                                                                                    No more than 5% scorch damage of
                                                                                    overstory trees within the RHCA of
                                                                                    perennial streams. In the RHCA of
                                                                                    intermittent streams, scorch
                                                                                    damage of overstory trees shall not
                                                                                    exceed 20%.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                              Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 173 of 849
                                      Pile burning will cover no more
                                      than 5% of the RHCA within the
                                      project area.

                                      Understory vegetation must be
                                      adequate to prevent erosion
                                      associated with the treatment prior
                                      to additional treatments in stands
                                      within the watershed.

                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                      appropriate biological opinions.
                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                      functioning" condition of the
                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                      Attachment 3).

                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                      during consultation, or a time
                                      period which would allow the
                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                      with woody shrubs. In no case
                                      shall either of the above time
                                      period be less than two years.

                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                      Activity Component;
                                      Understory/single story treatments:
                                      thinning Work Element.

                                      For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                      Treatments Activity Type;


December 2004   Salmonid Criteria   Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types   Page 174 of 849
                                                                                      Rehabilitation, removal of excess
                                                                                      vegetation and slash Activity
                                                                                      Component.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No more than 5% mortality of            RHCA widths are adequate to     Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           overstory trees.                        buffer the stream (based on     Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                                                                    Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                      Burned acres cannot exceed 3% of        The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 the total watershed acres in a 5th      to be treated at moderate
                                                                                      (anadromous) or 6th                     intensity is not expected to
                                                                                      (nonanadromous) code HUC in a           result in adverse erosion and
                                                                                      given year.                             sediment delivery to stream
                                                                                                                              channels.
                                                                                      Understory vegetation must be
                                                                                      adequate to prevent erosion
                                                                                      associated with the treatment prior
                                                                                      to additional treatments in stands
                                                                                      within the watershed.

                                                                                      Burned area does not expose or
                                                                                      disturb land areas sufficient to
                                                                                      elevate sediment delivery such that
                                                                                      habitat/fish are harmed.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                      appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case

December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 175 of 849
                                                                           shall either of the above time
                                                                           period be less than two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.

                                                                           For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type;
                                                                           Rehabilitation, removal of excess
                                                                           vegetation and slash Activity
                                                                           Component.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements, water
unoccupied habitat critical to            yield
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                             Page 176 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:             Broadcast burn, High intensity

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                            The complexity of this            Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species    quality, habitat                                                                   activity requires knowledge       Adverse
or with designated critical habitat     elements, water                                                                    of site specific conditions and
or unoccupied habitat critical to       yield                                                                              project design.
species recovery.
The action occurs outside the           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to       Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on       Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated         elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied          yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                              Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at high intensity
                                                                                   of the remaining overstory trees in     is not expected to result in
                                                                                   the project area.                       adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                                                           delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                   Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                   overstory mortality will not
                                                                                   adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                   the project scale.

                                                                                   Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                   magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                   distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                   flows.

                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                   RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                   appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                   functioning" condition of the
                                                                                   following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                   Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                   Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                   Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                   Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                   Attachment 3).

                                                                                   Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                   from prescribed burn units for a


December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                   Page 177 of 849
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                             Page 178 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:             Broadcast burn, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require    The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review    affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements                                   and approval to determine that the   1.Does not result in death or
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                 project will be timed to avoid       injury to individual fish.
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of    2. Fire does not expose or
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                    disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                                                       to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  No burning within the following      such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the         harmed.
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                    3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                                                       amount) large Woody debris
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer            to level that would affect
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer       stream function.
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer      4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer      overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer      such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer      and water yield are
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer      significantly affected.
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer      5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer      ecological (potential natural
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer           condition) conditions in
                                                                                                                       riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a    Attachment 2 – Prescribed
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the       Fire).
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a
                                                                                  moderate severity.

                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed
                                                                                  10%. (See Attachment 12, page 5,
                                                                                  for descriptions of fire severity
                                                                                  ratings).

                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                               Page 179 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at low intensity
                                                                                      of the remaining overstory trees in     is not expected to result in
                                                                                      the project area.                       adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                                                              delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                      flows.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                  Page 180 of 849
                                                                           appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 181 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:             Broadcast burn, Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require    The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review    affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements                                   and approval to determine that the   1.Does not result in death or
or unoccupied habitat critical to                                                 project will be timed to avoid       injury to individual fish.
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of    2. Fire does not expose or
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                    disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                                                       to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  No burning within the following      such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the         harmed.
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                    3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                                                       amount) large Woody debris
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer            to level that would affect
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer       stream function.
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer      4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer      overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer      such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer      and water yield are
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer      significantly affected.
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer      5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer      ecological (potential natural
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer           condition) conditions in
                                                                                                                       riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a    Attachment 2 – Prescribed
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the       Fire).
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a
                                                                                  moderate severity.

                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed
                                                                                  20%. (See Attachment 12, page 5,
                                                                                  for descriptions of fire severity
                                                                                  ratings).

                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                               Page 182 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to     Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on     Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at moderate
                                                                                      of the remaining overstory trees in     intensity is not expected to
                                                                                      the project area.                       result in adverse erosion and
                                                                                                                              sediment delivery to stream
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the        channels.
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.

                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                      flows.

                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                      RMOs and is consistent with


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 183 of 849
                                                                           appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 184 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:              Thin/Broadcast Burn, High intensity

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                        Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                            The complexity of this            Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species    quality, habitat                                                                   activity requires knowledge       Adverse
or with designated critical habitat     elements, water                                                                    of site specific conditions and
or unoccupied habitat critical to       yield                                                                              project design.
species recovery.
The action occurs outside the           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to       Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on       Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated         elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied          yield                                                                              The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                              Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       to be treated at high intensity
                                                                                   of the remaining overstory trees in     is not expected to result in
                                                                                   the project area.                       adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                                                           delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                   Hydrologist will insure that the
                                                                                   overstory mortality will not
                                                                                   adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                   the project scale.

                                                                                   Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                   magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                   distribution of peak, high, and low
                                                                                   flows.

                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                   RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                   appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                   functioning" condition of the
                                                                                   following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                   Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                   Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                   Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                   Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                   Attachment 3).

                                                                                   Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                   from prescribed burn units for a


December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                   Page 185 of 849
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                             Page 186 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:             Thin/Broadcast Burn, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require    The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review    affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements, water                            and approval to determine that the
or unoccupied habitat critical to      yield                                      project will be timed to avoid       1.Does not result in death or
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of    injury to individual fish.
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                    2.Fire does not expose or
                                                                                                                       disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                  No burning within the following      to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the         such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                    harmed.
                                                                                                                       3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer            amount) large woody debris
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer       to level that would affect
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer      stream function.
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer      4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer      overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer      such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer      and water yield are
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer      significantly affected.
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer      5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer           ecological (potential natural
                                                                                                                       condition) conditions in
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a    riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the       Attachment 12 – Prescribed
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a          Fire).
                                                                                  moderate severity.
                                                                                                                       Criteria will enhance
                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of         longterm channel stability
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of   and sediment storage by
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of    managing for a silvicultural
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of   condition that maximizes
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed     large woody debris
                                                                                  10%. (See Attachment 12, page 5,     recruitment.
                                                                                  for descriptions of fire severity    (See Attachment 1 – Riparian
                                                                                  ratings).                            Area [RHCA] Literature
                                                                                                                       Summary)
                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                               Page 187 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.

                                                                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                                                                      Activity Component;
                                                                                      Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                                      thinning Work Element.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to      Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on      Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                      Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 of the remaining overstory trees in     to be treated at low intensity
                                                                                      the project area.                       is not expected to result in
                                                                                                                              adverse erosion and sediment
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the        delivery to stream channels.
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.
                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                  Page 188 of 849
                                                                           flows.

                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                           RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                           appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.


December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 189 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:             Thin/Broadcast Burn, Moderate intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                     Rationale                         Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Burning within RHCAs will require    The criteria prevent adverse     Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   quality, habitat                           hydrologist/fish biologist review    affects to salmonids because:    Adversely Affect
or with designated critical habitat    elements, water                            and approval to determine that the
or unoccupied habitat critical to      yield                                      project will be timed to avoid       1.Does not result in death or
species recovery.                                                                 disturbance of all life stages of    injury to individual fish.
                                                                                  listed salmonids.                    2.Fire does not expose or
                                                                                                                       disturb land areas sufficient
                                                                                  No burning within the following      to elevate sediment delivery
                                                                                  buffers from the edge of the         such that habitat/fish are
                                                                                  bankfull channel.                    harmed.
                                                                                                                       3.Does not consume (size or
                                                                                  <5% slope, 115 ft. buffer            amount) large woody debris
                                                                                  6% - 10% slope, 165 ft. buffer       to level that would affect
                                                                                  11% - 15% slope, 210 ft. buffer      stream function.
                                                                                  16% - 20% slope, 250 ft. buffer      4. Does not cause mortality to
                                                                                  21% - 25% slope, 300 ft. buffer      overstory or other vegetation
                                                                                  26% - 30% slope, 325 ft. buffer      such that stream temperatures
                                                                                  31% - 40% slope, 350 ft. buffer      and water yield are
                                                                                  41% - 50% slope, 400 ft. buffer      significantly affected.
                                                                                  51% - 60% slope, 430 ft. buffer      5. Does not impact the
                                                                                  >60% slope, 450 ft. buffer           ecological (potential natural
                                                                                                                       condition) conditions in
                                                                                  Fire severity should not exceed a    riparian area (References: see
                                                                                  rating of “low” for 90% of the       Attachment 12 – Prescribed
                                                                                  RHCA. No more than 10% in a          Fire).
                                                                                  moderate severity.
                                                                                                                       Criteria will enhance
                                                                                  No more than 5% mortality of         longterm channel stability
                                                                                  overstory trees within the RHCA of   and sediment storage by
                                                                                  perennial streams. In the RHCA of    managing for a silvicultural
                                                                                  intermittent streams, mortality of   condition that maximizes
                                                                                  overstory trees shall not exceed     large woody debris
                                                                                  10%. (See Attachment 12, page 5,     recruitment.
                                                                                  for descriptions of fire severity    (See Attachment 1 – Riparian
                                                                                  ratings).                            Area [RHCA] Literature
                                                                                                                       Summary)
                                                                                  Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                  prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                  RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                  appropriate biological opinions.

December 2004                      Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                               Page 190 of 849
                                                                                      Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                      retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                      functioning" condition of the
                                                                                      following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                      Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                      Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                      Riparian Condition, and
                                                                                      Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                                      Attachment 3).
                                                                                      Non-mechanized blackline
                                                                                      construction is allowed with the
                                                                                      RHCA but within the fire severity
                                                                                      guidelines listed above.

                                                                                      Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                                      from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                                      time period previously agreed upon
                                                                                      during consultation, or a time
                                                                                      period which would allow the
                                                                                      riparian vegetation to regeneration
                                                                                      to a stage that can withstand
                                                                                      grazing, especially in riparian sites
                                                                                      with woody shrubs. In no case shall
                                                                                      either of the above time period be
                                                                                      less than two years.

                                                                                      For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                                      Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                                      Prescription/Implementation
                                                                                      Activity Component;
                                                                                      Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                                      thinning Work Element.
The action occurs outside the              sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Overstory mortality shall not cause     RHCA widths are adequate to     Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk            quality, habitat                           the ECA to exceed 15% in the            buffer the stream (based on     Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated            elements, water                            watershed.                              Attachment #1).
critical habitat or unoccupied             yield                                      Mortality shall not exceed 10-30%       The amount of area expected
habitat critical to species recovery.                                                 of the remaining overstory trees in     to be treated at moderate
                                                                                      the project area.                       intensity is not expected to
                                                                                                                              result in adverse erosion and
                                                                                      Hydrologist will insure that the        sediment delivery to stream
                                                                                      overstory mortality will not            channels.
                                                                                      adversely alter the flow regimes at
                                                                                      the project scale.
                                                                                      Activities will not alter the timing,
                                                                                      magnitude, duration, and spatial
                                                                                      distribution of peak, high, and low


December 2004                           Salmonid Criteria                           Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                 Page 191 of 849
                                                                           flows.

                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                           RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                           appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                           Ensure that the project does not
                                                                           retard progress towards "properly
                                                                           functioning" condition of the
                                                                           following relevant indicators in the
                                                                           Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                           Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                           Riparian Condition, and
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                           No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                        habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements
unoccupied habitat critical to
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.


December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                              Page 192 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:              Thin/machine pile/burn piles, High intensity

Conditional Statement                    Effects Pathway     Potential Effect         Project Criteria                       Rationale                        Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     No criteria.                           The complexity of this          Potentially
watersheds with at-risk fish species    quality, habitat                                                                  activity requires knowledge     Adverse
or with designated critical habitat     elements, water                                                                   of site-specific conditions
or unoccupied habitat critical to       yield                                                                             and project design. Consult
species recovery                                                                                                          locally.
The action occurs outside the           sediment, water    Potentially Adverse     Hydrologist will insure that the       Activities will not alter the   Not Likely To
RHCA in watersheds with at-risk         quality, habitat                           overstory mortality will not           timing, magnitude, duration,    Adversely Affect
fish species or with designated         elements, water                            adversely alter the flow regimes at    and spatial distribution of
critical habitat or unoccupied          yield                                      the project scale.                     peak, high, and low flows.
habitat critical to species recovery.
                                                                                   No more than 5% mortality of
                                                                                   overstory trees. Overstory mortality
                                                                                   shall not cause the ECA to exceed
                                                                                   15% in the watershed.

                                                                                   Burned acres cannot exceed 3% of
                                                                                   the project area.

                                                                                   Understory vegetation must be
                                                                                   adequate to prevent erosion
                                                                                   associated with the treatment prior
                                                                                   to additional treatments in stands
                                                                                   within the watershed.

                                                                                   Burned area does not expose or
                                                                                   disturb land areas sufficient to
                                                                                   elevate sediment delivery such that
                                                                                   habitat/fish are harmed.

                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   prevent or retard attainment of
                                                                                   RMOs and is consistent with
                                                                                   appropriate biological opinions.
                                                                                   Ensure that the project does not
                                                                                   retard progress towards "properly
                                                                                   functioning" condition of the
                                                                                   following relevant indicators in the
                                                                                   Watershed Condition Pathway:
                                                                                   Road Density, Disturbance History,
                                                                                   Riparian Condition, and

December 2004                       Salmonid Criteria                            Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                                Page 193 of 849
                                                                           Disturbance Regime (see
                                                                           Attachment 3).

                                                                           Livestock grazing will be excluded
                                                                           from prescribed burn units for a
                                                                           time period previously agreed upon
                                                                           during consultation, or a time
                                                                           period which would allow the
                                                                           vegetation to regeneration to a
                                                                           stage that can withstand grazing
                                                                           effects sufficiently to achieve and
                                                                           maintain natural rates of surface
                                                                           erosion. In no case shall either of
                                                                           the above time period be less than
                                                                           two years.

                                                                           For thinning - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type; Harvest
                                                                           Prescription/Implementation
                                                                           Activity Component;
                                                                           Understory/single story treatments:
                                                                           thinning Work Element.

                                                                           For piling - SEE: Mechanical
                                                                           Treatments Activity Type;
                                                                           Rehabilitation, removal of excess
                                                                           vegetation and slash Activity
                                                                           Component.
The action occurs in watersheds           sediment, water    No Effect     No criteria.                          No at risk salmonids and/or   No Effect
without at-risk fish species or with      quality, habitat                                                       habitat present.
no designated critical habitat or         elements, water
unoccupied habitat critical to            yield
species recovery. Criteria applied
using this conditional statement
assume that activity effects inside
these watersheds would not be
transferred downstream and affect
at-risk fish or their occupied
habitats.




December 2004                          Salmonid Criteria                 Activity Type: Prescribed Fire – Vegetation Types                             Page 194 of 849
Activity Component: Cedar/Hemlock/fir, Condition Class 2, Fire Regimes IV, V

Work Element:             Thin/machine pile/burn piles, Low intensity

Conditional Statement                   Effects Pathway       Potential Effect         Project Criteria                      Rationale                          Final Effect
The action occurs in RHCAs in          sediment, riparian   Potentially Adverse     Burn piles at a time when fuel        The streamside buffer and         Not Likely To
watersheds with at-risk fish species   veg. condition,                              moisture level