VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 14 POSTED ON: 8/23/2011
Self Realisation Man desires for happiness. This desire of man for happiness is innate. None has taught him to desire it. It is known to him before the desire arose in him, even before he had any other idea of externals or internals. All beings spring up from the same substratum of bliss, existence, consciousness individable. So also in the case with man with the understanding and impression of bliss. This is the case only from the worldly point of view, for there is no rising or falling in reality. He has forgotten his true nature, but not lost. He can recollect his true nature from his first intuition. Man is aware of bliss. So awareness is innate in man. Existence, bliss and awareness are one and the same and are inherent in man. They are not received by man from any other external agency. Man has however, forgotten this. This forgetfulness is not in his real nature of reality or existence. The state of first intuition of man clearly shows that, there was no forgetfulness or nescience. He knows that state by intuition. He does not merely remember it by learning or hearing from any body else. Remembrance is derived from intuition. Here remembrance is not of the fact learnt or heard from others but of one’s own intuition. When man comes to mundane matters after deep sleep, he expresses his remembrance of experience, that he was happy and that he knew nothing in that state i.e. deep sleep. Man has intuition of bliss, existence and awareness knowingly or consciously. He expresses his knowledge of happiness with pure awareness of it in the waking state. That is why he wants to be knowingly happy and not unknowingly happy as in deep sleep or as in the states caused by sleep producing intoxicants such as marijuana, L. S. D., etc. Man forgetting his real nature of reality, tries to be happy in hundred and one ways through senses and sense objects and through intoxicants. But he on the contrary becomes more and more miserable. Moreover, very scarcely he realises that he is much more miserable instead of attaining perfect peace. He forgets the state of bliss, his own intuition, that peace is independent of external conditions i.e. the Universe or the world or worldly. Man in general, feels that he becomes happy through external Universe. Again he himself admits and avers that Universe is a creation and not self-existent. Consciousness cannot create consciousness itself. It may create any other thing other than consciousness. He says that Lord creates the Universe. So the seer must exist before the creation of the Universe by the Lord and the Lord Himself. For example, the potter had existence before the production of the pot he produced. A created thing is perishable, insentient and of the nature of misery. The Universe might have been created by somebody. Whoever the creating agency be, the witnessing consciousness must preexist to witness the creator, the creation and the means out of which or from which the creation was created. Granting the so called creation, he must be knower and self-existing. He cannot create his own self. If at all he has created anything, he must have created other things which are not of his own nature i.e. of the nature of bliss, consciousness, existence. For example, the potter is a conscious being. He creates insentient pot. The insentient cannot create sentient. The potter cannot create the potter himself. Consciousness cannot place consciousness in front of itself, analyse, observe and find out the constituents of consciousness and reconstitute them into consciousness mixing them in their proper proportions, as one does the insentient objects. Consciousness cannot be known by consciousness. There can be no consciousness other than it to know it. So the self cannot be the object of the self. Self is not the object of sense,. None has created existence, consciousness, bliss. Universe is insentient. Insentient cannot give happiness. The insentient cannot create happiness as the products of a factory. The consciousness cannot be digested, destroyed or deformed. No scripture of any sort exist in first intuition. Man is seeking happiness on the basis of his own first intuition, but not on the basis of external or internal agency. So one should not depend upon anything for happiness other than one’s first intuition. Do not take that as evidence or help or guide which is not existing in first intuition. There was no word or sound or anything but silence in first intuition. That which did not exist in first intuition has nothing to do with intuition. There is no other evidence in first intuition. So his desire for happiness through created Universe is a gross mistake. Man is suffering from heavy and deep misery simply because of the fact he has committed a heinous crime by seeking happiness in and through the world. Man must give up his attachment to the sense Universe external and internal, so that he attains real happiness in his own self-existing reality. He has to retrace his steps back to his origin knowingly, (if he wants to be happy) from whence he came, realizing for certain, once for all that Universe is bereft of happiness, that is only chaff, if at all it is anything. The Universe is non-existing. One has to know one’s self i.e. one has to be one’s self for knowing is being one self and not being any other thing external or internal. One is absolutely sure of the fact that one experiences happiness in one’s motionless state of mind i.e. when one is quite aware and in the state of silence by intuition. Silence is the state to be attained, sine qua non by one if one wants to be happy. One has to remove everything that seems to have stuck to one due to nescience. Nescience and its various effects seem to affect one when one is in the state of mundane wakefulness. In reality it is not so. To see the sky one need not ascend to a mountain top. One can see it at any place with motionless mind and the eyeballs without vacillating. Similarly one can enjoy peace with motionless mind. What one has to do to be silent? One has to remove the impressions regarding sensual pleasures which stimulate one to run after sensory objects. Silence is the key note. The mind has got to be motionless to enjoy peace. For example, to see the sky only the eye-balls have got to be motionless, if not other objects are perceived or come to sight. Every one knows silence. None is required to deliver learned orations on silence to teach it. By intuition one knows silence. Silence or bliss in between two thought waves is known to all. Silence is neither learning nor forgetting anything. To be silent, one is not required to learn anything anew as one learns thousand and one things to become happy in the waking state, nor anything has to be forgotten as it is done in deep sleep to be happy. To be silent is to be as one is and not to become anything else. Silence is bliss. One has to practice unlearning the learnt knowingly, but not merging the learnt as in deep sleep unknowingly. To be silent due to tiresomeness or weariness is one thing and to be silent purposefully and knowingly, unlearning the learnt is another thing. One is always one only. One has to remove the false understanding by dispelling nescience which seems to cover one’s existence or one’s reality. Due to nescience one seems to be affected by various effects of nescience, which appears to be on account of not understanding one’s own reality. To be really happy man has to be dead sure of his absolute reality. He has to make an effort to know his reality. Man has to be, in the first place absolutely sure of his being miserable in his mundane endless efforts of making himself happy through objects and conditions worldly or other-worldly. The discriminative power in man must be aroused as to what is absolutely beneficial and what is not so to him. i.e. what is beneficial to him invariably, categorically and concomitantly. Thereby dispassion in man towards wordly or other-worldly objects or states or conditions is effected. Man is not attracted any more by any of these as they become devoid of flavour or insipid to him. In asceticism or monasticism dispassion arises in his heart. An ascetic is one who retires or returns back from the world and the worldly to his heart, finding no happiness in them. Heart of retired soul is monastery, not merely a building or cottage erected in wilderness. Wherever or however the body be, it is dispassion that goes to make asceticism. Asceticism does not depend upon any external insignia, neither dress, nor colr, nor the dwelling place of the body etc. but asceticism depends essentially on absolute desirelessness for external and internal objects. So an ascetic is one who has maintained dispassion unswervingly in one’s own heart irrespective of caste, creed or colr. One may be with wife, children etc. i. e. family or without it. That is a different matter altogether. Similar is the case with matha. Matha does not mean a building away from the haunts of people in general, but it is a dwelling place of one who is established in eternal bliss, for matha means eternal bliss. It may be taken as an example of transferred epithet from a man in eternal bliss to the building where such a man dwells. No external symbols or insignia can indicate that such and such a person is in eternal bliss or has attained eternal bliss. One may dwell in a palatial building or in a cottage as one’s pecuniary matters allow one to do so. It has been already expressed that bliss or peace is independent of external conditions. Bliss is not a compound, a mixture, nor a chemical effect, nor a particular state. It is an entity itself. So it cannot be displayed by anything external which is mere show of illusion. The self- existent can never be represented by a created thing i.e. the Universe. None can create or produce it by any means whatsoever, in any laboratory. Experiments to attain eternal bliss can be performed only in one’s own dispassionate heart. It is the only laboratory, where one can find proper instruments with which one can perform experiments to one’s benefit and satisfaction. To name the instrument here it is internal sense i. e. the mind well purified, purified of its gross dross in the form of carnal desire inter alia through discrimination, dispassion and constant practice. Consciousness, bliss, existence is not a production in any way of the four forms of production. After all, it is the mind that wants to be happy and not the soul or the self which is ever bliss perfect itself. The mind has to direct itself towards ever existing bliss. When the mind gets purified by discrimination, it becomes equipped with dispassion and burning desire for bliss. The mind is misguided by delusion. Peace is within one’s own heart and not without. Mind runs after sensory objects for bliss. Mind has enjoyed peace when it was quiet and motionless. Bliss is as it is, ever constant, eternal entity, never changing, never decreasing, nor increasing, however a great number of beings, men, birds, beasts may enjoy it continuously. One enjoys bliss as it is. One does not enjoy it after preparing it oneself or after getting it prepared by anybody else, just like sweetmeats or edible or drinkable things. So the summum bonum of man’s life is to attain eternal bliss. It is only the mind that has strayed away and is suffering. Holy books or scriptures of whatever clime, country or language which are intended to guide man to eternal bliss, are productions of pure mind, which enjoys or knows by intuition. Intuition is prior to expression and it is internal experiment. It is immediate knowledge, not mediate. There is no medium at the time of intuition or intuition has no medium in any form, in the form of individual person, thing, reasoning, language, words, or world perception, God or any agency, no sense of time, space or causality, but intuition independent of anything else. So, one has to resort to or to take shelter in intuition alone. It is sine qua non for eternal bliss. It is man alone who can and who has to make experiments for himself. Ipso facto he himself has to calm his passionate mind with the help of his own discrimination and dispassion. Knowledge of Universe is no knowledge, for it does not dispell nescience which seems to envelop one’s self and makes one unable to realise one’s self. The knowledge of one’s self leading to liberation is true knowledge. Self is self. Bliss is bliss. It is even and not uneven. “ I am I”. The complement is “I” nothing else can be complement here. Knowledge of mundane matters, however extensive or intensive cannot dispell nescience which is the root cause of misery. One in many thousands realises that nescience is the root cause of all misery. Again it is very rare to find a man putting forth sincere and earnest efforts to realise his own self, for he is so strongly enamoured of the beauty of external things that he can scarcely dream of the self. One has no name, form and action. All these are creations of nescience, which is a mere appearance on the substratum, the self. For this realisation one has to resort to intuition and ruminate over it deeply with due deference and attention. One desirous of pure eternal bliss has to think of nothing else, but one’s own intuition. Did anybody teach you to desire for happiness? No. One desires for happiness depending on the evidence on the evidence of one’s own intuition, but not on others instruction or preaching. One is one’s own preceptor. No other preceptor or world preceptor exists in one’s own intuition of bliss. Intuition is quite different from deep sleep. The two are poles apart from one another. Intuitionalism would be the most appropriate catch-hold method for realizing Truth or eternal bliss. Deep sleep is the state of nescience and is attained through soothing sensation, the thread of deep sleep, gradual forgetfulness ending in deep forgetfulness. Study of deep sleep reveals that one is existence, consciousness, bliss. One is complete in oneself, not requiring any other thing external of the Universe, to make one complete. Undoubtedly, indubitably and incontrovertibly one is existence, consciousness, bliss in deep sleep though appearing enveloped by nescience which is an appearance on the substratum. From remembrance it is crystal clear that one is completely happy having no reference to or connection or relation whatsoever with waking or dream states. No proof is required to show that one is so in deep sleep. Same is the ccase with one’s existence, consciousness, in deep sleep. None is wanted to tell one that one is existing and one has consciousness in deep sleep. One is dead sure of this fact. If on the other hand, anybody avers that there was somebody to make one aware of one’s enjoyment of bliss, existence and consciousness in deep sleep, then it would never be sleep at all. Even in the waking state none is required to tell one that one enjoys complete bliss in sleep, one is aware of one’s existence in sleep and one has knowledge of deep sleep. In deep sleep no phenomena can remain manifested. One, on waking, says that one did not know anything in deep sleep. Ipsissima Verba show that one has consciousness of knowing nescience. Nescience though envelops consciousness is known in the form that one did not know anything in deep sleep. Envelopment of nescience is there in deep sleep, no body can deny it. One should remember the fact that one enters into deep sleep due to grip or hold of soothing sensation of forgetfulness, or oblivion, the child or the progeny of nescience. One falls a prey to deep sleep being caught by the snares of oblivion. One is allured by temptation of deep sleep. (Temptation is an offspring of nescience). This allure is known to one going to sleep, who expresses the feeling of oblivion or obliviscence, in the form of soothing sensation. When the feeling is very thin, one asks others if any be nearby to keep silent or not to disturb one’s sleepy mood or sleep. This fact is also crystal clear. No external evidence or proof is required. The experience of bliss goes on in deep sleep but is not known to one that one is enjoying bliss, with a peculiar modified state of mind of waking state, the adjunct of individual soul. Similarly nescience is known to one in sleep, but one does not know that one is knowing nescience in the particular modified adjunct or mind of waking state Individual merges as it were, in its own cause nescience in deep sleep, retaining its capacity of experience. The individual soul or consciousness merges as it were in the universal soul during deep sleep. All the living beings have the same adjunct in deep sleep. Men, birds and beasts—all enjoy bliss in deep sleep with a peculiar adjunct, a peculiar modification of the mind or intellect which may be called as a mood of nescience. To one with this mood of nescience, nescience becomes an object. This mood of nescience reverts back to the state of waking mind with the impression of complete bliss and of not knowing anything in that sleep. So the state of experience of bliss unknowingly in sleep leaves an impression on the mind. This mind regaining its waking state recollects the bliss, it had enjoyed in the mood of modified nescience in deep sleep. The same situation with that of recollecting nescience, one has knowledge of nescience unknowingly in deep sleep. The knowledge talked of in waking state about deep sleep depends on remembrance and recollection of deep sleep. The individual soul or consciousness merges as it were in the universal soul during deep sleep. While in the state of self realisation, the individual realises that it is the witness of all the three states of nescience, i.e. waking, dream and deep sleep, transcending them all. The individual soul merges in universal soul in self-realisation. This witness-consciousness-state also vanishes and only reality remains. The witness state is the state of consciousness wherein one gets perfect knowledge of one’s reality unaffected by anything as there is nothing else, - no time, space, causation, no other entity etc. Nescience appears on consciousness and envelops the same consciousness. It creates distorted visions, the dream and waking states, to be really existing and the really existing consciousness as non- existing as it were. Consciousness is always the same, never changing in any of the states or effects of nescience. It is only nescience that displays or exhibits diversity, endless on the eternal truth. Equipoise of mind is attained when one is satisfied in one’s own natural state (reality). Complete motion-less state of mind is obtained by constant practice of discrimination and dispassion. This state of consciousness is dead to the world and worldly, but wakeful to one’s own reality. This is immediate wakefulness to bliss and reality, not depending at all on any reasoning or mediacy of any sort. This may be called as intuition or super-consciousness. This consciousness is transcendental, immanent and immune. In the state in which proposing and disposing tendencies of the mind are dispelled through the practice of discrimination and dispassion, bliss is enjoyed. All the beings in all states enjoy bliss with different adjuncts. But bliss is as it is. It is not the enjoyed, not the enjoyer, not the enjoyment. There are no triads, but only existence, knowledge, bliss. Hence this state has to be taken as the thread of reality which is pure, perfect bliss, consciousness and existence. Perfect intensity of this thread would be the actual realisation of one’s own self, when there is no appearance of nescience as in deep sleep. The two states namely deep sleep and super-consciousness state are to be distinguished or are sharply distinct from one another. Sleep is the state of nescience while super-consciousness state is the state of consciousness. One may require a preceptor or may not, according to the individual’s qualification may be. It depends upon the impressions of study of oneself in the past or present life. One may begin the study of one’s self with immediate remembrance and recollection of impressions of past study in previous life and proceed further and attain perfection or one may approach a worthy preceptor to have guidance on the way of reality. No hard and fast rule can be laid down, regarding the requirement of a preceptor or non- requirement of a preceptor. One may of one’s own accord become a scientist in spiritual field and make researches in it for one’s own self. So, one may put one’s experiences to the test of intuition. One may propose some hypothesis for one self for attaining eternal bliss and put it into crucial test of intuition and accept the same as valid if it stands the test or one may receive the guidance of one established in one’s own real bliss, consciousness, existence and follow it with one’s own crucial test of intuition. Any way it varies with individual’s qualifications. Waveless conscious state of the mind is the thread or the means to study and attain reality for man in his very waking state. Constant uninterrupted study of this conscious waveless state of mind leads him to superconscious state. This is a thoughtless state which lies in between two thought waves of the mind, between one thought wave rising, and the other subsiding. This conscious state is very very difficult to attain, no doubt, but it has to be attained. It is a peculiar state of conscious mind wherein nothing of the universe occupies it, or appears in it, nor nescience takes hold of the mind. Nescience which appears on and covers the soul, is dispelled here in this state. Nescience and its effects, in the form of three states waking, dream and deep sleep, have no place here in this state of completely purified mind. The real self of man is crystal clear to such a superconscious mind which is bereft of its gross dross of nescience. It is a state of being awake and thoughtless. It is a state of being silent and experiencing happiness knowingly or consciously. When the mind is externalised it is uneven and when it is introverted and thoughtless it is even. The “I” or individual consciousness is consciousness itself. So this “I” or individual has to be merged in the consciousness. If “I” or the individual tries to know consciousness, the individual has to be merged in consciousness itself. Knowing is being. When the equipoise of the mind is firm and motioneless, one can realise that one is witness to the whole mirage of Universe along with body consciousness and “I” consciousness. Now one becomes dead sure of the fact that one’s real self was not, is not and cannot be affected in any way by appearance of the Universe on the reality, just as silver appearing on the mother of pearl, (Nacre) or mirage on sandy desert cannot affect their respective substratum. This state if witness also is not reality. It only helps one to realise one’s reality and vanishes after making one admantine in one’s consciousness, existence and bliss. When the known disappears, the knower is also no more. It is a state of enjoying bliss knowingly or consciously and there is no soothing sensation of nescience as in the case of deep sleep. It is like a mirror to show one, one’s reality. One may remain in that very state of witness or in that which transcends it, i.e. in one’s own reality throughout one’s mundane life. One remaining in one’s own reality would naturally be dead to the world having no states of nescience i.e. waking, dream and deep sleep. One who is in the state of witness may become a guide or torch-light to other human beings on the way to eternal bliss or may not, as the circumstances of that particular liberated soul and the other human beings that come in contact with him, would decide the situation. It all depends upon mutual circumstances. A liberated soul may lead a quiet life of witness without the contact of other beings or he may come to light and be of great help to humanity. It is very difficult to make out who is a liberated soul. But at the same time it is very easy as well to recognize him for the media for attaining liberation are characteristics of liberation i.e. discrimination and dispassion etc. It is again a knotty problem to find out whether one possesses these characteristics for these, de facto are not external symbols and cannot be detected. They pass detection. That is why you find a great number of fake ones and become disappointed after a long time of personal contact with those fakes and frauds. There are many who go by the name of saints, but they are destitutes, sycophants or parasites, sometimes they gather smattering knowledge of philosophical terms and terminology, masquarade as great saints and deftly defraud people in general. That is why it is usually said “sin is committed under saintly brow.” Genuine saints or liberated souls are difficult to find as said above. Only genuine liberated souls and saints can cater to the moral and spiritual needs of humanity. The fakes and frauds being far away from the bliss of God realisation, defraud people in general, by dry discussion of various schools of philosophy and make their living of loaferdom. People in general should be aware of such fakes and frauds or hypocrites. The two main characteristics (discrimination and dispassion) of real saints are accompanied by conviction, patience, compassion, and similar virtues. The three states waking, dream, and deep sleep are only for the subconscious or unconscious mind. An individual soul has to revolve in three states alone, while the fourth state i.e. the superconscious state is for that one who transcends the three ordinary states by one’s pure modified condition of mind or intellect. This fourth state is attained by the mind when it drops off its inert and fickle nature by discrimination and dispassion through introversion and introspection. Mere table philosophy would not be of any use in attaining eternal bliss. This is sine qua non for one intending to attain eternal bliss. Finding out the impurities of one’s mind by introspection one has to drop them off. Mere intellectual analysis and dry discussion of the three common states cannot stand one in good stead in the attainment of reality or eternal bliss. At the most they make one perfect in the art of news report or information of reality, an expert member of information bureau regarding reality. One would be like a ladle in the broth. Mere intellectual training or advancement is not sufficient in self realisation. One may be or become an intellectual giant, at the same time a pigmy in matters intuitional. One may secure highest score intellectually but at the same time only a zero morally and spiritually or even some points below zero. Moral equipment along with development of sharp intellect is quite essential. It may be acquired gradually but it is a must, otherwise the impurities of intellect cannot be shed off and so one cannot attain superconscious state to realise one’s reality. Only a pure heart can make intuitional experiments regarding reality. Observance of moral rules gradually takes one higher and higher in renunciation. When this observance of moral rules is yoked to discrimination, it will lead to dispassion which again is a must for one’s introversion. Then introspection would naturally ensue which in its turn would impel one to make intuitional experiments. This leads to self-realisation or eternal bliss, the summum bonum of human life, through the attainment of fourth state of superconsciousness. Observance of morality involves the primary state of renunciation or self denial. Primary state of self denial is sine qua non for co-operation in any and every sphere of society. Every individual in society has got to sacrifice something of individual selfishness to run the human society smoothly. If this is not done, individual interests clash among themselves and bitter struggle for existence would spring up. Self abnegation at least in some degree is quite essential even for a joint family to work smoothly. It is the back-bone of the joint family system. If a family runs on the principle of self-abnegation, it can look to the welfare of the individuals. If not, the joint family would naturally fall a prey to disruption. Tall talks of Universe as a family are carried on in season and out of season almost on platforms-religious, economical, social, philosophical, administrative which not but all to nothing, but hypocrisy and self aggrandizement rule the day. It is usually said “If one gets fresh milk everyday, why one should keep a cow?” Disruption of human society would be the result. Needless to draw attention to pages of world history, for it is known generally in every quarter that humanity is suffering heavily due to the lack or looseness of observance of moral rules. Renunciation begins at home. Charity begins at home. Truth is truth or honesty is honesty, every where, at all times and with all individuals. How it is possible for humanity to rise to spiritual heights when not ready to put into practice or observe even Alpha and Beeta of spiritual principles i.e. the moral rules- let alone the Omega of spirituality. Self abnegation then, is to be put into practice sincerely and earnestly by humanity. So this practicable principle of self abnegation, the foundation stone of morality and happy life is to be taught from the very childhood, to attain the birthright of humanity i.e. eternal bliss here and now. One-ness of soul or Atman is to be brought home to individuals or individual souls. Discrimination as to what is good and what is bad to one is the corner stone of morality. Mere external compulsion and thrusting the pills of morality into unwanted throats would not yield desired fruits. One should make one self sure of the fact that greedy attachment to transitory worldly objects and circumstances leads to unending misery. The desire to enjoy the worldly objects with intention of becoming happy eternally is the root cause or the source of misery. If this fact takes roots in one’s heart, one is forced to thought as to why one should yield to sensual pleasure and attach to sense objects simply for falling a prey to misery, why one should inflict pain on others simply for facing misery or suffering more and more, why should one incur the ill will of others and why one should not refrain from inflicting pain on others and be at peace and do good to them. The higher state of renunciation is the destruction of the ego. The ego is its own enemy. It makes itself heaven or hell. If it becomes introvert and stands still and steady, it attains its own heaven and if it gets extrovert and becomes agitated, it is doomed to hell. To be happy one has to renounce extroversion and distraction of the mind. So a renunciate is one who has renounced extroversion and distraction of the mind through distruction of impressions by discrimination and dispassion and not one who merely changes dress or colour of dress, ways of living, places of living, articles of food, keeping or increasing all the while fashionable ways of life. One may go on changing one’s ways of life like weather cock, suitable to the fashions of the day. But this is not renunciation. When the desire for enjoyment of worldly and otherworldly objects ceases, then only mind becomes calm. One has to find out whether one is happy eternally irrespective of externals. What renunciation is there if one depends upon externals for one’s happiness? One has neither to depend upon externals, nor upon internals, neither external objects nor internal ideas or thoughts of externals-casting off every thing that has been caught internally is the main point here in renunciation. The sense or feeling that one has renounced every thing, is also renounced here in renunciation. The mind has to perform austerities and to be purified of its dross to attain eternal bliss but not the skull, knee-bones, forest or clothes. The mind has to perform austerities and to be purified of its dross to attain eternal bliss. But the skull, knee-bones, forest and clothes have not to perform austerities or penance to get themselves purified of their dross namely desire, anger, greed etc. to attain eternal bliss. By observing the moral and spiritual rules, one becomes qualified to attain spiritualdom if not one descends to loaferdom.
"Self Realisation - Swami Atmanand"