Noxwsá7aq Indian Tribe
SNEE NEE CHUM
Nooksack Treaty Day!
Governors Office of Indian Affairs The Nooksack language was predominant in much
Nooksack Indian Tribe of the upper Fraser River Valley in British Colum-
History bia. In the spring and summer the village groups
The Nooksack people were not able to attend the would split up to fish, hunt, dig clams, gather
Point Elliott Treaty Council on January 22, 1855 roots and herbs and to trade with neighboring vil-
because of bad weather. In 1873 an effort was lage peoples. In the mid-1930s the Nooksack tribe
made by the treaty to move the Nooksacks to the voted to accept the Wheeler-Howard Act and be-
Lummi Reservation. However, the Nooksacks didn’t gan working on a tribal constitution. Since they
want to move to Lummi and returned to their up- lacked a tribal land base they were not given Fed-
river sites because Nooksacks were not closely eral recognition by the Bureau of Indian Affairs
related through linguistics or kinship ties to the until 1973.
Lummi. On the lower and middle parts of the
Nooksack River where the Nooksacks lived the Government
whites began to settle in there. This caused many In 1973 the Nooksack Tribe received full federal
conflicts between the Nooksacks and the whites. recognition and reservation status was estab-
Although Nooksack Tribe did not sign the Point lished on one acre of land in Deming, WA. Since
Elliott Treaty in 1855, the federal courts have that time, the Tribe's land holdings have in-
determined that the Nooksack Tribe was included creased to 2,500 acres including 65 acres of tri-
in the Treaty of Point Elliot. bally owned trust land. The tribe conducts busi-
Historically, the Nooksack people relied on fish- ness by the Tribal Council of the Nooksack Tribe.
ing, hunting, clam digging, root gathering and The Nooksack were a party in the suit Duwamish
trading with neighboring villages for their subsis- vs. U.S. in 1934 in which they sought payment for
tence. Wealth and prestige within the Coast lands taken by the government. The Nooksack
Salish system were closely allied with the expan- weren't officially part of the Point Elliott Treaty,
sion of a family's network of kinship, trading and which meant they weren't recognized as having
ceremonial ties. original title to the lands involved.
Community Breakfasts are held on the 2nd Table of Contents
Saturday of each month from 9 AM to 11 AM at the
Nooksack Community Building, 6746 Mission Road, Council Information 1-4
Department News 5-16
Regular Nooksack Tribal Council
Other News/Info. 17-24
meetings held on the 1st TUESDAY of each month
at the Nooksack Tribal Center/Council Chambers.
January/February 2007 SNEE-NEE-CHUM
Tribal Office Directory TRIBAL COUNCIL CALENDAR OF EVENTS
Administrative Office 360.592.5176 January 9, 2007 @ 10:00, Nooksack Tribal
Tribal Clinic Office 360.966.2106 Council Meeting, Council Chambers.
Tribal Council Office 360.592.4313 January16-18, 2007, California Nations Indian
Counseling Center 360.966.4150
Gaming Association, 12th Annual Western Indian
Dental Clinic 360.306.5151
Education Department 360.592.6727 Gaming Conference, Temecula, CA
Elders Office 360.592.0100 January 20, 2007 Community Breakfast,
Genesis II Office 360.966.7704
Department Informational Booths
Health & Social 360.592.0135
Housing 360.592.5163 January 23,24, 2007, National Congress of
House of Children 360.592.5583 American Indians Tribal Leaders
House of Children 360.966.0523 Strategy Session, Wash. DC
Police Department 360.592.9065
Legal Department 360.592.4158 January 24-26, 2007, Coast Salish Gathering,
Natural Resource 360.592.5176 Duncan, BC
Planning Department 360.592.4362
Social Services 360.592.0135 February 2, 2007, 10:00 am—3:00 pm. Tribal
Tribal Council Office 360.592.4313 Leaders Congress on Education at
Tribal Gaming 360.592.5472 Skokomish Tribal Center
Tribal Veterans 360.592.4360 February 8, 2007, Tribal Chairman Meeting
Tribal Works 360.592.0162
Youth & Family Srvs. 360.592.5523
February 12-15, 2007, Affiliated Tribes of
Northwest Indians, Portland, OR
February 20-21, 2007, 8:30 am—4:30 pm,
Potlatch Fund, Education Building.
OFFICE SCHEDULED CLOSURES
January 15, 2007 - Martin Luther King Jr. ENROLLMENT REMINDER:
Birthday Day The Nooksack Tribe only meets with the Nooksack
January 22, 2007 - Nooksack Treaty Day Tribal Council every three (3) months regarding enroll-
February 19,,2007 - President Day ment applications. Below is the timeline for submitting
applications for enrollment.
Application Dateline To Tribal Council
Article deadline is: March 26, 2007 April 2007
Wed, March 14, 2007. June 26, 2006 July 2007
Email: email@example.com with ar- September 26, 2007 October 2007
tile/information. December 26, 2007 January 2008
Phone: 360-592-4158 ext.3004
Please note that September 26, 2007 will be the last
Tribal website: www.nooksack-tribe.org chance to turn in your enrollment Application, in order to
be eligible for the Christmas Gift.
SNEE-NEE-CHUM January/February 2007
Council / National News
Congratulations Carmen National Native News Headlines
Solomon for completing the _______________________________________
Emergency Management Tuesday, January 9, 2007
Institute, FEMA Certifi-
cate for National Incident This week marks the fifth anniversary of
Management System The No Child Left Behind Act. It was de-
signed to improve student achievement lev-
(NIMS) els in schools across the country. Yet, many
people believe it's not working. Including
some educators in Indian Country who say
“Take the first steps in Faith, you don’t have to see the the law is not benefiting Native children.
whole staircase, just take the first step.” Martin Luther
Thursday, January 11, 2007
~Nooksack Tribal Update Lawmakers say President Bush's new strat-
egy for Iraq will impact Native Americans.
The Tribal Council wishes you all a
The president told the nation last night he
wants to increase the number of troops in
prosperous New Year in 2007. We are
Iraq by more than 20,000.
grateful for year 2006 providing Nook-
sack to a new level of achievement for
our economic growth and unity.
Notice: Due to the weather conditions
we have had to reschedule some of
the regular events, for safety Vietnam Combat Veterans, LTD
purposes. “Moving Wall” to be
hosted/displayed at the
Tribal Council Strategy Update Meetings: Nooksack IndianTribe
Held every firstTuesday at 8:00 am in the
Casino Lounge. Attending participants, Coun- The Nooksack Indian Tribe will host the Vietnam
cil Members, Casino Management, and Admin- Combat Veterans, LTD “Moving Wall.” This
istrative Directors. If you would like to at- memorial will be displayed, in this area (TBD),
from May 3rd to 9th, 2007. A small initial group
tend, please contact Agripina Smith, Tribal
of individuals now form an organizing committee.
Secretary at 592-4313.
If you have any questions, please contact Bill
Coleman @ 592-5176.
Council News—Nookasck River Casino
Buffet renovation makes room for a service corridor!
Renovation construction is well underway. A pony wall has been constructed around the bar.
Slot machines that are in front of the buffet will surround the bar area on the new pony
wall. Once that move is made, the buffet will move out 10 feet towards the pit. New car-
pet will be laid in the buffet and several panels of etched glass will be installed on the pony
wall. This will create a sense of separation and quieter space for the diners at the buffet.
February 5, construction will begin on the service corridor. The service corridor will run
from the kitchen to the bar. Tile flooring and lots of storage shelves will create a signifi-
cant storage area for the kitchen and make serving our customers much more efficient.
Below is the finished addition made to the Casino. More improvements are being made at
Clinic News— Dana Harkins
The smoking rate continues to drop according
to a survey released by Washington Depart-
ment of Health. Washington’s rate is the fifth Flu Shots Available
lowest in the nation.
The Flu has hit Whatcom County and the Nooksack
Health Clinic is encouraging all members of the
The health-destroying effects of smoking are Nooksack Community and ALL tribal employees to
well documented. Lung cancer, emphysema, get a flu shot. We have information on flu symp-
heart damage, and links to other diseases are toms and what steps people should be taking to
commonly known to kill. help prevent getting the flu, and also what steps to
take if you do get the flu.
Still, choosing to smoke or not is a decision we
allow adult members of our community to make. Help keep the community and your home healthy.
Our clinic helps by educating about the dangers Get your flu shot!!
and offering services such as individualized
counseling, quit bags, and education on how to
use the free Tobacco Quit Line (877-270- For more information, you can contact the Clinic @
STOP) that help people who make the smart 360.966.2106.
decision to stop.
Many tribes are passing a ban on smoking in the
workplace and distancing smoking from build-
ings. This results in making smoking less con-
venient and helps make it easier to quit, and
saves non-smokers from the dangers of second
We are glad that more and more adults are
choosing not to smoke. And we encourage any
smokers reading this to consider quitting. The
staff at the clinic is happy to assist anyone who
would like to quit or who would like to talk
about some of the options available to assist
them in this process. Your body, your family
and your friends will be happy you did.
January/February 2007 SNEE-NEE-CHUM
Education News—Donia Edwards
NOOKSACK INDIAN EDUCATION NOOKSACK TRIBAL LEARNING OPPORTU-
The Nooksack Education Department needs your
leadership for the education of our tribal children. We have information on careers, employment, com-
If you are a parent or guardian of a Nooksack puter programs, etc. We work in conjunction with
Tribal child who is attending one of the local public the Nooksack Tribal Library, and the Computer Lab.
school systems, we need your leadership! If you
want quality education for our Tribal children, the Students grades 1 to 6: The LOC works in all areas
Education Department needs you to serve on the of learning that the individual student is having diffi-
Indian Education Committee. culty in. This is between the hours of 4:00 p.m. to
5:00 p.m. (Parents or guardians needs to provide
Once the Indian Education Committee has been their own transportation).
selected and has acquired some understanding of
its role and responsibilities, it is ready to begin Grades 7-12: The LOC works in any area the indi-
carrying out its specific responsibilities and tasks. vidual student needs help in. (We will tutor if
Some of the Indian Education Committee’s author- needed). In this age division, we have a number of
ity and responsibilities include: students doing Credit Retrieval, one of our main
points of focus. This is between the hours of 2:30
p.m. to 4:00 p.m.
⇒ Plan, develop and approval all supplemental
programs and expenditures of funds for eligible
Indian students. For those students outside the main stream public
schools, we offer full services in occupational learn-
ing, General Education Degree (GED), computer pro-
⇒ Develop an Education Plan.
grams, etc. This is between the hours of noon and
2:30 p.m. Otherwise you are welcome at any time.
⇒ Help with the needs assessment of identifying
learning needs of our Indian children affected
in our community. We also offer an adult Literacy program. If a tutor is
required, this will need to be scheduled in advance
so that tutors will be available.
⇒ Have access to records and other program and
budget related documents to carry out duties
and to help the program remain in compliance We also have programs just for those individuals
that want to learn for personal knowledge and pleas-
ure. Come check out your new Learning Opportunity
Request periodic reports and evaluations regarding Center, se what we have to offer.
JOM (Johnson O’Malley).
We would like to start the Education Committee TRAFFIC SAFETY EDUCATION CLASS
from scratch. We have a few parents who signed Driver’s Education
up at the Community Breakfast, but we need more
help. Stop by or call the Education Department to The first class has finished the classroom portion.
pick up a package describing your potential leader- The in-car driving completion is in progress. So far
ship role. two groups out of 8 groups have completed the in-
car portion. We are also now driving on Saturdays,
starting at 8:00 a.m. and going till 5:00 p.m.
The Learning Opportunity Center (LOC) works with
all students from ages 6-85. We have a full cur-
riculum from preschool through adults. If you are interested in signing up for Driver’s Ed,
please stop by the LOC and sign up. This class
should be underway in February. We will be taking
only 12 students per class, starting with the oldest
down to 15 ½ years of age.
START YOUR OWN BUSINESS For new potentially owned businesses
Is your idea practical, will it fill a need?
Continued from page 6 What is your competition?
Individual consultation is offered FREE through the Help you create a demand for your business
Small Business Development Center with Western
Washington University. Kevin Hoult, MBA is a certi-
fied business advisor and the NAEOP Coordinator for Location
the Small Business Development Center (SBDC) Legalities
through the College of Business and Economics OF Accounting
Western Washington University. The SBDC is lo-
cated in the Bellingham Towers in downtown Belling- Develop a business plan
You can call the Education Department to set up
⇒ What is the Small Business Development Center an appointment or call him directly at:
Kevin Hoult, MBA
⇒ Provides free one one-on-counseling Small Business Development Center
119 N. Commercial Street #196 (Bellingham Tow-
⇒ Information about financing, marketing, human ers)
resources and management Bellingham, WA 98226-4455
Technical assistance and training (360) 733-4014 Ext. 24
Kevin.firstname.lastname@example.org or visit his website at
Just starting out? www.cbe.wwu.edu/sbdc
Already in Business
The Small Business Development Center can help
NOOKSACK TRIBAL HIGHER EDUCATION
reach your goals .
The Nooksack Tribal Council recognizes that one of
Kevin Hoult, Business Advisor for the SBDC was at the keys to achievement or the purpose and goals
the community breakfast in January. Kevin is the set by the Education Department is the develop-
local Tribal advisor for other Tribes such as Lummi ment of well-trained technical persons who have
and Swinomish. If you missed him, no worries. an interest in one of the many fields of study re-
You can set up an appointment with him. He wants lated to their own well-being, cultural and eco-
to help you start your own business and has agreed nomic self-sufficiency. The Nooksack Tribal Coun-
to meet with you not only at your convenience, but cil is instrumental in providing higher education
will also come to you. He provides: assistance to their enrolled tribal members. The
BIA receives funds appropriated by Congress to
For existing Native owned businesses provide assistance to enrolled tribal members. In
part, the Nooksack Tribal Council will supplement
⇒ Free and confidential business assistance and the budget or to support tribal members who are
support for Native Americans enrolled in higher education.
⇒ Solve business problems and explore new oppor- Priority funding will be provided to Nooksack
tunities Tribal members who complete the higher
⇒ Work one-on-one with a no-cost business education application by or before February
advisor 28, 2007 by 4:30 p.m.
⇒ Set goals that help you achieve success Applications must be postmarked by Feb. 28th
or dropped off at the Education building by
Continued from page 7
WANTED SCHOLARSHIP COMMITTEE
FAFSA WORKSHOP MEMBERS
PAYING FOR COLLEGE
January 30, 2007 - 3:00 p.m. to 6:00 If you want to help our tribal members become edu-
cated, autonomous and self-sufficient, we need you to
serve on the Scholarship Committee.
Get your financial aid process done early and
you could qualify for priority funding with your If you have ideas and support Higher Education, we
school. Once you complete your FAFSA, you need you to serve on the scholarship Committee! You
can start applying for scholarships. Mike Fen- will help the Education Department select scholarship
tress, NWIC Financial Aid Director will be avail- recipients. You will help with building the scholarship
able on January 30th from 3 to 6 p.m. at the fund in fundraising. You will support our future lead-
Education Building to help you file your Free ers.
Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA).
Get involved! Serve on this committee and be a
You will actually complete your FAFSA on line. leader within our community. Contact Elouise in the
The Education Department has a worksheet Education Department.
from FAFSA which will help filing on line much
simpler. Come prepared to the FAFSA work-
shop on January 30th by bringing your W2 or INTEREST CLASSES
your completed 2006 tax return.
If you have an interest and would like to either teach
If you are planning or even just thinking about or attend a class of your interest, contact the Educa-
returning to school, make this FAFSA workshop tion Department.
SCHOLARSHIP PORTFOLIO WORKSHOP Loren Roberts is currently teaching conversational
January 31, 2007 5:00 p.m. @ the Halkomelem on Tuesday and Thursday nights at 6:00
Nooksack Education Department p.m. at the Education Building.
There are thousands of scholarships available Nurse Diane from the Nooksack Tribal Clinic wants
each year to anyone who take the time to find tribal members to consider entering the field of nurs-
them and apply. The Nooksack Education De- ing. She graciously and generously volunteered her
partment invites you to take advantage of services as a mentor and if and when you enter the
those opportunities to have part or all of your field will become your tutor if you choose the field of
education paid for by organizations and indi- nursing. She explained that there are many, many
viduals who generously offer free money for funding opportunities for the field of medicine and
your educational expenses. nursing is included. The Indian Health Service Schol-
arship is available and the Education Department has
A portfolio is your history. This portfolio will
not guarantee that you receive ever scholar-
OUR CHILDREN NEED BASKETBALL
ship you apply for. However, at a minimum,
by attending this workshop you will learn what
materials are vital to you portfolio. A portfolio
simplifies the scholarship application process.
The Mount Baker School District is willing to send out
a basketball coach to teach tribal volunteers how to
Materials will be provided by the Education De- teach basketball fundamentals to our tribal children.
partment to the first 10 people who RSVP by The MB Coach will offer pointers on what the coaches
January 24th. are looking for in basketball fundamentals when your
Continued from page 8 Top 5 Reasons Why People Give
Child tries out for the “C” Team, JV or Varsity bas- 1. Because they are asked, or presented a giving
ketball team. opportunity
2. Compassion for those in need
3. Personally believe in the cause
We need parents or other volunteers who want to 4. Affected by the cause
help our tribal children get the fundamentals so
that they can compete with the school team. 5. To give back to their community
The first meeting will be held on Thursday, Febru- There is no other training like
ary 1st at 6:30 p.m. at the Nooksack Education
this available in Indian country!
We are assisting tribes in building relationships
In cooperation with the MB School District, we will
with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation,
be opening up the community building so that our
Paul G. Allen Foundation and Washington Mu-
kids can learn the fundamentals of basketball.
tual Foundation and much more. Learn how to
Look forward to this after-school activity.
become eligible for funding that will support
tribal economic development, cultural and lan-
guage projects, educational projects, daycares,
BY JUSTIN FINKBONNER
This is an invitation to all staff and tribal New News! All participants that attend this
members whom would like to attend the Pot- training will be eligible to apply for a $500.00
latch Funds "Journey to Successful Fundrais- mini grant from the Potlatch Fund following the
ing " training on February 20-21st, 2007 at training.
the Nooksack Education Training Cen-
ter. With over 450 natives trained so
far, come join this movement and educate
yourself about new funding opportunities for
tribes throughout the Pacific Northwest. RECAP OR CALENDAR OF EVENTS WITH THE
NOOKSACK EDUCATION DEPARTMENT:
The word is derived from the Greek language, JANUARY 2007
meaning, "love for mankind." Modern defini-
tions include the concept of voluntary giving ⇒30TH FAFSA WORKSHOP – FAFSA PAYING FOR A
by an individual or group to promote the COLLEGE EDUCATION
common good and improve the quality of life.
⇒ 31st Portfolio Workshop 3-6 P.M.
1/6th of 1% of total philanthropic dol- FEBRUARY 2007
lars donated went to Indian Country last
⇒ 1ST Volunteers and Mount Baker School District
The 5 Largest Private Foundations Coaches teaching basketball fundamentals to our
1. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation ($29.2 tribal children @ 6:30 p.m.
⇒ 20th to 21st Potlatch Fund Journey to Successful
2. The Ford Foundation ($11.6 billion) Fundraising 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
3. J. Paul Getty Trust ($9.6 billion)
4. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation ⇒ 28th Higher Education Applications due for the
2007-08 School years for priority funding @ 4:30
5. Lilly Endowment ($8.4 billion) p.m. Page 9
Education: G. Adams—Language Review
Qalát Sníchim: Sxwkw’eshám Nech’ó7 : (Review Words: Number
Iyá7qt-txw chaxw tíya sníchim tol7ílh ta Xwenítemqen ilh ta Lhéchalosem sníchim:
(You change these words from English to Nooksack Language words:)
(the) my _________________________________
friend or relative _________________________________
do, am, are _________________________________
Indian ways _________________________________
your (invisible) _________________________________
them, they (not specific) _________________________________
1. You are always cold.
(hint: //always// //“-ing”// //cold [as in body temp.]// //you//.)
2. Thank you my friend.
(hint: //thank-you// //(the) my// //friend or relative//.)
3. I am always thinking of my Indian ways.
(hint: //always// //“-ing”// //think// //(the) my// //Indian ways//.)
Language Review continues from pg 10
4. I am happy you bought meat.
(hint: //am// // I // //happy// //your(invisible)// //buy// //the// //meat//.)
5. Those are very good people.
(hint: //that’s// //very// //good// //them, they (not specific)//.
Iyá7qt-txw chaxw tíya sníchim tol7ílh ta Lhéchalosem ilh ta Xwenítemqen sníchim.
(You change these words from Nooksack Language to English words.)
6. Ówa, tl’os ánma qel.
7. Ilh a chaxw ay oxw ta skwol?
Language Review continued from page 11
8. Han7chá kwa7á lálam?
9. Ilh chan tol7ílh ta Noxwsá7aq.
10. Ilh a chalh hoy?
_______________ Qalát Sníchim: Sxwkw’eshám Nech’ó7 : (Review Words: Number One )
To make the Language Lessons more interested, we have turned it into a contest. Now it is your
time to see how much you have learned. For those of you that have been following the lessons and
are interested , all you need to do is fill in the answers of the Language Review (p11-13), and either
mail or email your answers to the follow address below.
ATTN: G. Adams (email address is: email@example.com)
POB 157, Deming, WA 98244 (ALL ANSWERS ARE IN LESSONS 1-8).
(Please fill this form in)
email address: (if have one)___________________________________________________
The prizes are as follows: 1st Prize: NRC Pendelton Blanket; 2nd Prize: Choice of Seafood or
Steak dinner @ Nooksack River Casino (NRC); 3rd Prize: Book called “Whatcom County Memories.”
Contest Reviews will appear in the newsletter every 6 Language Lessons.
Have fun and good luck!!
(Contest ends in March: Winner will be announced)
continued from previous column
Application Process: You may do this by request.
Request an Application The Enrollment Department is also responsible for
processing the Elders/Disable List for the Free
Return completed application with a copy of a Certi-
Casino meals. We do not make the decision on
fied Birth Record or hospital record showing the ap-
who is put on the list for disabled persons. We
plicants parent(s). and a copy of a social security card.
simply print the list of Elders and Disabled that are
approved by Administration.
Completed applications that meet the criteria are re-
viewed by Tribal Council.
BIA Treaty Hunting and Fishing cards are available
through the Bureau of Indian Affairs you can reach
Letter of Acceptance/Denial sent Certified to appli-
them at 2707 Colby Ave. Ste. 1101 Everett, WA
98201-3528 or by calling (425) 258-2651.
If applicant is denied 30 days to appeal is given from
date of denial letter.
Identification Cards: Genesis II—Staff
You can quit Smoking
Tribal Identification is available through this depart- So, you have made a New Resolution to quit smok-
ment the 1st card is free. Charges for additional ing. You are not alone in your decision, last year
cards is as follows:
over 55,000 Americans quit the habit, more are
expected to this year. Everyone has their own
2nd card within one year period reasons for wanting to quit smoking. The top 5
3rd card within one year period
• Improve health
4th card within one year period
• Fear of heart attacks, strokes and maybe
• For the health of those around them, espe-
If possible please call ahead to ensure someone is in cially their children.
to assist you.
• The possibility of a longer life.
• Extra money in their pockets.
But how do you quit? Here are the top 10 tips to
The Enrollment Department does not do extensive
research for applicants. The burden of proof is on
⇒ Identify your smoking triggers. (This means,
The Enrollment Department does have family trees know when you like to smoke. Maybe when
that individuals can obtain copies of. you have that morning cup of coffee, or as
Continue on next page
Continue on next column Page 13
January/February 2007 SNEE-NEE-CHUM
continued from page 13
you are driving to work, etc...etc. Knowing when you Additional Attorney Hired in the Legal
are most likely to smoke can help you quit. Change
from coffee to tea. Take the ashtrays out of your
car. Anything that will change your habits and pro-
mote a healthier habit.
⇒ Consult your doctor about the many products
out there that may help you through with the
urge to smoke.
⇒ Ask your friends and family for their
⇒ Make a clean start. Throw away your ciga-
rettes and ashtrays. Clean your house, car and
clothes. —anything that helps break from the
⇒ Make a list of reasons to quit. Post them in a
place where you will see them several times a Tribal Prosecuting Attorney
day. Refrigerator or bathroom mirror. We are pleased to announce the addition of Ken
Levinson to the Nooksack Legal Department. Ken
⇒ Replace your cigarettes with carrot sticks, cin- is the new Prosecuting Attorney who will be doing
namon sticks, tootsie pops etc. the Tribe's criminal and civil prosecution, as well as
representing the Tribe's interest in other matters
including Indian Child Welfare Issues.
⇒ Drinks lots of water. Water will flush the
nicotine from your system. Ken comes to us with several years of experience
working with a local tribe.
⇒ Exercise. Not only will this help control
your weight, it will also increase your energy To speak with Ken you can call him at (360) 592-
and help keep your mind off smoking. 4158 ext. 3013 or stop by his office above the
Nooksack Market Centre.
⇒ Find a quit smoking group near you. Log onto
QuitNet.com or call your local cessation assis-
Welcome aboard Ken!
⇒ Find others you know who have quit and ask
Little Tibits of News
them for their support.
According to our dear friend—the ground-
You have made the decision, you are half way there hog, he came out of his hole and didn’t see
to a healthier and longer life. his shadow……... which means winter is Over
and SPRING IS COMING.
SNEE-NEE-CHUM January/February 2007
Natural Resources Department
Nooksack Fish Commission
Nooksack River Casino
February 28, 2007
The Nooksack Fish Commission will be holding elections for all Commission positions on
February 28, 2007 at 12:00 noon in the Casino fine dining area.
If necessary, the location will be changed to accommodate everyone and will be
announced on the information hotline message. That number is 592-5140.
All tribal members who are licensed to fish under the Nooksack Fishing Ordinance are
eligible to vote.
• Vice Chairman
• 2 Board members
• 2 Alternate Board members
January/February 2007 SNEE-NEE-CHUM
Social Services –LaJune Rabang
Nooksack Indian Tribe
Food Bank Schedule 2007——————
Where: Nooksack Social Services
Contact: Social Services at 592-0135
Nooksack Tribal Member
And or receiving TANF
Urgent Notice or shut off
In order to assist you in a timely manner please call the office ahead of time for an appointment.
Food Bank Days
January 19, 2007 July 20, 2007
February 16, 2007 August 17, 2007
March 16, 2007 September 14, 2007
April 20, 2007 October 19, 2007
May 18, 2007 November To Be Announced
June 15, 2007 December to Be Announced
Nooksack Social Service
Phone: 360 592-0135
Other News—Treaty of Point Elliott, 1855
Articles of agreement and convention made and concluded at Muckl-te-oh, or Point Elliott, in the territory of Washing-
ton, this twenty-second day of January, eighteen hundred and fifty-five, by Isaac I. Stevens, governor and superintendent
of Indian affairs for the saidTerritory, on the part of the United States, and the undersigned chiefs, head-men and dele-
gates of the Dwamish, Suquamish, Sk-kahl-mish, Sam-ahmish, Smalh-kamish, Skope-ahmish, St-kah-mish, Snoqual-
moo, Skai-wha-mish, N'Quentl-ma-mish, Sk-tah-le-jum, Stoluck-wha-mish, Sno-ho-mish, Skagit, Kik-i-allus, Swin-a-
mish, Squin-ah-mish, Sah-ku-mehu, Noo-wha-ha, Nook-wa-chah-mish, Mee-see-qua-guilch, Cho-bah-ah-bish, and othe
allied and subordinate tribes and bands of Indians occupying certain lands situated in said Territory of Washington, on
behalf of said tribes, and duly authorized by them.
The said tribes and bands of Indians hereby cede, relinquish, and convey to the United States all their right, title, and in-
terest in and to the lands and country occupied by them, bounded and described as follows: Commencing at a point on
the eastern side of Admiralty Inlet, known as Point Pully, about midway between Commencement and Elliott Bays;
thence eastwardly, running along the north line of lands heretofore ceded to the United States by the Nisqually, Puyallup,
and other Indians, to the summit of the Cascade range of mountains; thence northwardly, following the summit of said
range to the 49th parallel of north latitude; thence west, along said parallel to the middle of the Gulf of Georgia; thence
through the middle of said gulf and the main channel through the Canal de Arro to the Straits of Fuca, and crossing the
same through the middle of Admiralty Inlet to Suquamish Head; thence southwesterly, through the peninsula, and fol-
lowing the divide between Hood's Canal and Admiralty Inlet to the portage known as Wilkes' Portage; thence northeast-
wardly, and following the line of lands heretofore ceded as aforesaid to Point Southworth, on the western side of Admi-
ralty Inlet, and thence around the foot of Vashon's Island eastwardly and southeastwardly to the place of beginning, in-
cluding all the islands comprised within said boundaries, and all the right, title, and interest of the said tribes and bands
to any lands within the territory of the United States.
There is, however, reserved for the present use and occupation of the said tribes and bands the following tracts of land,
viz:the amount of two sections, or twelve hundred and eighty acres, surrounding the small bight at the head of Port
Madison, called by the Indians Noo-sohk-um; the amount of two sections, or twelve hundred and eighty acres, on the
north side Hwhomish Bay and the creek emptying into the same called Kwilt-seh-da, the peninsula at the southeastern
end of Perry's Island, called Shais-quihl, and the island called Chah-choo-sen, situated in the Lummi River at the point of
separation of the mouths emptying respectively into Bellingham Bay and the Gulf of Georgia. All which tracts shall be
set apart, and so far as necessary surveyed and marked out for their exclusive use; nor shall any white man be permitted
to reside upon the same without permission of the said tribes or bands, and of the superintendent or agent, but, if neces-
sary for the public convenience, roads may be run through the said reserves, the Indians being compensated for any dam-
age thereby done them.
There is also reserved from out the lands hereby ceded the amount of thirty-six sections, or one township of land, on the
northeastern shore of Port Gardner, and north of the mouth of Snohomish River, including Tulalip Bay and the before-
mentioned Kwilt-seh-da Creek, for the purpose of establishing thereon an agricultural and industrial school, as hereinaf-
ter mentioned and agreed, and with a view of ultimately drawing thereto and settling thereon all the Indians living west
of the Cascade Mountains in said Territory. Provided, however, That the President may establish the central agency and
general reservation at such other point as he may deem for the benefit of the Indians.
The said tribes and bands agree to remove to and settle upon the said first above-mentioned reservations within one year
after the ratification of this treaty, or sooner, if the means are furnished them. In the mean time it shall be lawful for them
to reside upon any land not in the actual claim and occupation of citizens of the United States, and upon any land
claimed or occupied, if with the per-mission of the owner.
The right of taking fish at usual and accustomed grounds and stations is further secured to said Indians in common with
all citizens of the Territory, and of erecting temporary houses for the purpose of curing, together with the privilege of
hunting and gathering roots and berries on open and unclaimed lands. Provided, however, That they shall not take shell-
fish from any beds staked or cultivated by citizens. (Cont. pg. 14-15)
January/February 2007 SNEE-NEE-CHUM
Other News— Treaty of Point Elliott, 1855
In consideration of the above cession, the United States agree to pay to the said tribes and bands the sum of one hundred and fifty
thousand dollars, in the following manner - - that is to say: For the first year after the ratification hereof, fifteen thousand dollars; for
the next two year, twelve thousand dollars each year; for the next three years, ten thousand dollars each year; for the next four years,
seven thousand five hundred dollars each years; for the next five years, six thousand dollars each year; and for the last five years,
four thousand two hundred and fifty dollars each year. All which said sums of money shall be applied to the use and benefit of the
said Indians, under the direction of the President of the United States, who may, from time to time, determine at his discretion upon
what beneficial objects to expend the same; and the superintendent of Indian affairs, or other proper officer, shall each year inform
the President of the wishes of said Indians in respect thereto.
The President may hereafter, when in his opinion the interests of the Territory shall require and the welfare of the said Indians be
promoted, remove them from either or all of the special reservations hereinbefore make to the said general reservation, or such other
suitable place within said Territory as he may deem fit, on remunerating them for their improvements and the expenses of such re-
moval, or may consolidate them with other friendly tribes or bands; and he may further at his discretion cause the whole or any por-
tion of the lands hereby reserved, or of such other land as may be selected in lieu thereof, to be surveyed into lots, and assign the
same to such individuals or families as are willing to avail themselves of the privilege, and will locate on the same as a permanent
home on the same terms and subject to the same regulations as are provided in the sixth article of the treaty with the Omahas, so far
as the same may be applicable. Any substantial improvements heretofore made by any Indian, and which he shall be compelled to
abandon in consequence of this treaty, shall be valued under the direction of the President and payment made accordingly therefore.
The annuities of the aforesaid tribes and bands shall not be taken to pay the debts of individuals.
The said tribes and bands acknowledge their dependence on the Government of the United States, and promise to be friendly with all
citizens thereof, and they pledge themselves to commit no depredations on the property of such citizens. Should any one or more of
them violate this pledge, and the fact be satisfactorily proven before the agent, the property taken shall be returned, or in default
thereof, of if injured or destroyed, compensation may be made by the Government out of their annuities. Nor will they make war on
any other tribe except in self-defense, but will submit all matters of difference between them and the other Indians to the Govern-
ment of the United States or its agent for decision, and abide thereby. And if any of the said Indians commit depredations on other
Indians within the Territory the same rule shall prevail as that prescribed in this article in cases of depredations against citizens. And
the said tribes agree not to shelter or conceal offenders against the laws of the United States, but to deliver them up to the authorities
The above tribes and bands are desirous to exclude from their reservations the use of ardent spirits, and to prevent their people from
drinking the same, and therefore it is provided that any Indian belonging to said tribe who is guilty of bringing liquor into said reser-
vations, or who drinks liquor, may have his or her proportion of the annuities withheld from him or her for such time as the President
The said tribes and bands agree to free all slaves now held by them and not to purchase or acquire others hereafter.
The said tribes and bands further agree not to trade at Vancouver's Island or elsewhere out of the dominions of the United States, nor
shall foreign Indians be permitted to reside in their reservations without consent of the superintendent or agent.
To enable the said Indians to remove to and settle upon their aforesaid reservations, and to clear, fence, and break up a sufficient
quantity of land for cultivation, the United States further agree to pay the sum of fifteen thousand dollars to be laid out and expended
under the direction of the President and in such manner as he shall approve.
The United States further agree to establish at the general agency for the district of Puget's Sound, within one year from the ratifica-
tion hereof, and to support for a period of twenty years, an agricultural and industrial school, to be free to children of the said tribes
and bands in common with those of the other tribes of said district, and to provide the said school with a suitable instructor or in-
structors, and also to provide a smithy and carpenter's shop, and furnish them with the necessary tools, and employ a blacksmith,
carpenter, and farmer for the like term of twenty years to instruct the Indians in their respective occupations. And the United States
finally agree to employ a physician to reside at the said central agency, who shall furnish medicine and advice to their sick, and shall
vaccinate them; the expenses of said school, shops, persons employed, and medical attendance to be defrayed by the United States,
and not deducted from the annuities.
ARTICLE 15. Sats-Kanam, Squin-ah-nush tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
This treaty shall be obligatory on the contracting parties as soon Sd-zo-mahtl, Kik-ial-lus band, his x mark. (L.S.)
as the same shall be ratified by the President and Senate of the Dahtl-de-min, Sub-chief of Sah-ku-meh-hu, his x mark. (L.S.)
Sd'zek-du-num, Me-sek-wi-guilse sub-chief, his x mark. (L.S.)
Now-a-chais, Sub-chief of Dwamish, his x mark. (L.S.)
In testimony whereof, the said Isaac I. Stevens, governor and Mis-lo-tche, or Wah-hehl-tchoo, Sub-chief of Suquamish, his x mark.
superintendent of Indian affairs, and the undersigned chiefs, (L.S.)
headmen, and delegates of the aforesaid tribes and bands of Indi- Sloo-noksh-tan, or Jim, Suquamish tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
ans, have hereunto set their hands and seals, at the place and on Moo-whah-lad-hu, or Jack, Suquamish tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
the day and year hereinbefore written. Too-leh-plan, Suquamish tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
Ha-seh-doo-an, or Keo-kuck, Dwamish tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
Issac I. Stevens, Governor and Superintendent. (L.S.) Hoovilt-meh-tum, Sub-chief of Suquamish, his x mark. (L.S.)
Seattle, Chief of the Dwamish and Suquamish tribes, his x mark. We-ai-pah, Skaiwhamish tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
(L. S.) S'ah-an-hu, or Hallam, Snohomish tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
Pat-ka-nam, Chief of the Snoqualmoo, Snohomish and other She-hope, or General Pierce, Skagit tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
tribes, his x mark. (L.S.) Chow-its-hoot, Chief of the Lummi and Hwn-lah-lakq, or Thomas Jefferson, Lummi tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
other tribes, his x mark. (L. S.) Cht-simpt, Lummi tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
Goliah, Chief of the Skagits and other allied tribes, his x mark. Tse-sum-ten, Lummi tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
(L.S.) Klt-hahl-ten, Lummi tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
Kwallattum, or General Pierce, Sub-chief of the Skagit tribe, his Kut-ta-kanam, or John, Lummi tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
x mark. (L.S.) Ch-lah-ben, Noo-qua-cha-mish band, his x mark. (L.S.)
S'hootst-hoot, Sub-chief of Snohomish, his x mark. (L.S.) Noo-heh-oos, Snoqualmoo tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
Snah-talc, or Bonaparte, Sub-chief of Snohomish, his x mark. Hweh-uk, Snoqualmoo tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
(L.S.) Peh-nus, Skai-whamish tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
Squush-um, or The Smoke, Sub-chief of the Snoqualmoo, his x Yim-ka-dam, Snoqualmoo tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
mark. (L.S.) Twooi-as-kut, Skaiwhamish tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
See-alla-pa-han, or The Priest, Sub-chief of Sk-tah-le-jum, his x Luch-al-kanam, Snoqualmoo tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
mark. (L.S.) S'hoot-kanam, Snoqualmoo tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
He-uch-ka-nam, or George Bonaparte, Sub-chief of Snohomish, Sme-a-kanam, Snoqualmoo tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
his x mark. (L.S.) Sad-zis-keh, Snoqualmoo, his x mark. (L.S.)
Tse-nah-talc, or Joseph Bonaparte, Sub-chief of Snohomish, his Heh-mahl, Skaiwhamish band, his x mark. (L.S.)
x mark. (L.S.) Charley, Skagit tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
Ns'ski-oos, or Jackson, Sub-chief of Snohomish, his x mark. Sampson, Skagit tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
(L.S.) John Taylor, Snohomish tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
Wats-ka-lah-tchie, or John Hobtsthoot, Sub-chief of Snohomish, Hatch-kwentum, Skagit tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
his x mark. (L.S.) Yo-i-kum, Skagit tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
Smeh-mai-hu, Sub-chief of Skai-wha-mish, his x mark. (L.S.) T'kwa-ma-han, Skagit tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
Slat-eah-ka-nam, Sub-chief of Snoqualmoo, his x mark. (L.S.) Sto-dum-kan, Swinamish band, his x mark. (L.S.)
St'hau-ai, Sub-chief of Snoqualmoo, his x mark. (L.S.) Be-lole, Swinamish band, his x mark. (L.S.)
Lugs-ken, Sub-chief of Skai-wha-mish, his x mark. (L.S.) D'zo-lole-gwam-hu, Skagit tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
S'heht-soolt, or Peter, Sub-chief of Snohomish, his x mark. Steh-shail, William, Skaiwhamish band, his x mark. (L.S.)
(L.S.) Kel-kahl-tsoot, Swinamish tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
Do-queh-oo-satl, Snoqualmoo tribe, his x mark. (L.S.) Pat-sen, Skagit tribe, his x mark. (L.S.)
John Kanam, Snoqualmoo sub-chief, his x mark. (L.S.) Pat-teh-us, Noo-wha-ah sub-chief, his x mark. (L.S.)
Klemsh-ka-nam, Snoqualmoo, his x mark. (L.S.) S'hoolk-ka-nam, Lummi sub-chief, his x mark. (L.S.)
Ts'huahntl, Dwa-mish sub-chief, his x mark. (L.S.) Ch-lok-suts, Lummi sub-chief, his x mark. (L.S.)
Kwuss-ka-nam, or George Snatelum, Sen., Skagit tribe, his x Executed in the presence of us - -
mark. (L.S.) M. T. Simmons, Indian agent.
Hel-mits, or George Snatelum, Skagit sub-chief, his x mark. C. H. Mason, Secretary of Washington Territory.
(L.S.) Benj. F. Shaw, Interpreter.
S'kwai-kwi, Skagit tribe, sub-chief, his x mark. (L.S.) Chas. M. Hitchcock.
Seh-lek-qu, Sub-chief Lummi tribe, his x mark. (L.S.) H. a. Goldsborough.
S'h'-cheh-oos, or General Washington, Sub-chief of Lummi George Gibbs.
tribe, his x mark. (L.S.) John H. Scranton.
Whai-lan-hu, or Davy Crockett, Sub-chief of Lummi tribe, his x Henry D. Cock.
mark. (L.S.) S. S. Ford, jr.
She-ah-delt-hu, Sub-chief of Lummi tribe, his x mark. (L.S.) Orrington Cushman.
Kwult-seh, Sub-chief of Lummi tribe, his x mark. (L.S.) Ellis Barnes.
Kwull-et-hu, Lummi tribe, his x mark. (L.S.) R. S. Bailey.
Kleh-kent-soot, Skagit tribe, his x mark. (L.S.) S. M. Collins.
Sohn-heh-ovs, Skagit tribe, his x mark. (L.S.) Lafayetee Balch.
S'deh-ap-kan, or General Warren, Skagit tribe, his x mark. (L.S.) E. S. Fowler.
Chul-whil-tan, Sub-chief of Suquamish tribe, his x mark. (L.S.) J. H. Hall.
Ske-eh-tum, Skagit tribe, his x mark. (L.S.) Rob't Davis.
Patchkanam, or Dome, Skagit tribe, his x mark. (L.S.) S. Doc. 319, 58-2, vol 2 43
Ratified Mar. 8, 1859. Proclaimed Apr. 11, 1859. Page 19
January/February 2007 SNEE-NEE-CHUM
Addresses still missing
THE FOLLOWING TRIBAL MEMBERS DO NOT HAVE CURRENT ADDRESSES ON
FILE WITH THE ENROLLMENT OFFICE. IF YOU KNOW ANY OF THESE PEOPLE,
PLEASE INFORM THEM TO CONTACT DANYAL ZAPATA AT (360) 592-4158, EXTEN-
SION 3010 TO UPDATE THEIR CURRENT ADDRESS. WITHOUT CURRENT AD-
DRESSES ON FILE, THESE PEOPLE WILL NOT RECEIVE ELECTION NOTICES OR
OTHER OFFICIAL TRIBAL MAILINGS.
Marcos Ray Wallace
Margot Ginger Corpuz John Arthur Kleiven
Nadine Louise Rapada Kevin Lloyd Cheer
Paul Tommy Jr. Kolena Mara Self
Rita Mae Ortiz Kevin Michael-lamont Hunter
Roger Jay Cline Leonard Allen Fisher Jr.
Ruby Avis Self Louis Sylvester Peters
Samantha Endora Johnny Cheryl Miranda
Lincoln Lewis Villanueva Cynthia Ann James
Amelia Kay Celestine Chrystal Lynn Smith
Darren Michael Dixon Gary Wayne Neeley
Daniel James Friesen William Peter Savino
Delores Rose Merian Marvin Donald James
Shirley Janet Tom
Simon Media V
Thrisa Lee Belka
Teresa Marie Elkins
Melissa Renee Joe Opstad
Lisa Marie Elkins
Barbara Caroline Lewis
Brandy Marie Washington
The Nooksack Indian
Charles Kenneth-mark Her- Tribe would like to wish
nandez all those that have a
Diego Marion Villanueva Sr. birthday in “January &
Elizabeth Augustine Willie February” a very
James Dean Rapada
James Anthony Tommy
John Patrick Kelly
Myami Amelia Alena. Born
Jan. 1, 2007. 7lbs 2.5
ounces. Parents Angelita
Rabang, and Adam Davis.
Damien Vance Sulkanum Damien Vance Benjamin Jerami-Micheal– Born Jan 30,
Sulkanum Born Jan. 8, 2007 @ 2:49pm 2007 @ 1:47pm 6 lbs. 9 ozs. 20 inches
7lbs 20 inches long Parents: Kreg Sul- long. Parents are Jeremiah Johnny and
kanum and Rhonda Sam (Picture above) Jennifer George.
Grandparents are: Ken Johnny & Lorraine
Zapata. Jeff & Debbie George.
Virginia & Paul
January 27, 2007 at
the Suquamish Tribal
Frank “Bunk” Kalani Lane Jr. , passed away on Sunday, December 17, 2007, Services, December 23, 2007,
Lummi Wexliem Bldg. Son of Brenda Mata, Frank Lane.
Patricia Gail Williams “Sotia” passed away on Friday, January 5, 2007. Services, January 11, 2007, St. Mary’s
Church, Chilliwack, B.C.
Gilbert (Woody) Joe Grijalva passed away on Monday, January 8, 2007, Service was held at the Community
Building, Saturday, January 13, 2007.
Ivan “Ike” George passed away on Monday, January 8, 2007. Services for Ivan was held on Thursday, Janu-
ary 11, 2007 at the Nooksack Community Building.
Other News around Indian Country
Mortenson has been selected as the General Contractor for the Tulalip
Tribes to build the new Tulalip Tribes Hotel and Conference Center in
This exciting project which opens mid-2008 consists of a casino expan-
sion, hotel tower, conference center, pool, spa, restaurant and retail
Please contact Nadine Williams or Pat Alden at 360-654-2262 to inquire about construction em-
ployment related opportunities or to learn about our bidding schedule for upcoming subcon-
tracted work. All welcome!
Herb Cook commissioned to design etched on glass
According to information on the American Indian Art From The
Pacific Northwest website (www.ebuynativeart/Announcement.com)
At UBC’s Museum of anthropology, Herb worked on an exhibit titled “Written In the Earth” in which he
replicated and re-created ancient antler carvings of deer, elk, and moose-horn there were date 2000, 3000
and 4000 years old. Herb has also done carvings in yellow and red cedar and has created gold and silver
pendants. If you would like to see more of Herb Cook’s work, you can go to the website at
www.ebuynativeart/announcement.com, and click on his name.
There is a book titled “ Coast Salish Art & Culture written by Reg Ashwell and Dave Hancock that has more
information on Herb Cook’s work. If you’re interesting in purchasing Herb Cook’s art, please contact him at
An art show called “Salish Signature”, Mezanine Gallery as well as an opera of “Mozart Magic Flute,” was pre-
sented at the Vancouver Opera - Queen Elizabeth theater. The Salish Signature and Mezanine Gallery consisted
of native art.
Coast Salish artists as well their artwork was displayed. Native artwork was also used on costumes in produc-
The Mozart Magic Flute is an opera about two young people searching for meaning in their world and discover the
value of family and community. The performance is done by five rising young Canadian opera singers, a pianist
and a stage manager, and they travel throughout British Columbia performing on stage. This opera is for younger
January 07 SuDuko
February 07 SuDuko for Kids
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1 2 3 6 5 8 7 9 4
5 8 9 4 7 3 1 6 2
Decembers SuDoku Solution
January 2007 SuDoku Solution
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3 6 5 7 9 2 8 4 1
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