Cardiac-Rehab by liwenting


                What is
           Cardiac Rehab???

Cardiac rehabilitation (rehab) is a medically
   supervised program that helps improve
  the health and well-being of people who
            have heart problems.

    Rehab programs include exercise training,
     education on heart healthy living, and
    counseling to reduce stress and help you
             return to an active life.
                         What is the
 Cardiac rehab helps people who have heart problems:
• Recover after a heart attack or heart surgery.
• Prevent future hospital stays, heart problems, and death
  related to heart problems.
• Address risk factors that lead to CAD and other heart
   – These risk factors include HTN, hypercholesterolemia, being
     overweight or obese, diabetes, smoking, lack of physical activity,
     depression and other emotional health concerns.
• Adopt healthy lifestyle changes. These changes may include
  a heart healthy diet, increased physical activity, and
  learning how to manage stress.
                    Cardiac Rehab
• Doctors (family doctor,
  a heart specialist,
  and/or a surgeon)
• Nurses
• Exercise specialists
• PT and OT
• Dietitians or
• Psychologists or other
  mental health
                  Who Needs
               Cardiac Rehab???

      Rehab may help people who have had:

•A MI                    •A heart transplant
•An angioplasty          •A lung transplant
                         •Stable angina
•Heart valve repair or
replacement              •Heart failure
        When does rehab begin???

Usually the patient will be seen while still in the
  hospital to start the rehab process AND then
  after being discharged they will continue the
      process at a rehab outpatient center.
             What do patients learn???
• Increase their physical activity and
  exercise safely
• Follow a heart healthy diet
• Reduce risk factors for future heart
• Improve their emotional health
      Increasing Physical Activity
  The rehab team will work with the patient to
       create an easy-to-follow exercise plan.
• It will include time for a warm-up, flexibility
  exercises, and cooling down.
• It also may include aerobic exercise and
  muscle-strengthening activities.
             Aerobic Exercise

• Typically, aerobic exercise are done 3 to 5
  days per week for 30 to 60 minutes.
• Examples of aerobic exercise are walking
  (outside or on a treadmill), cycling,
  rowing, or climbing stairs.
              PRACTICE TIME


• Muscle-strengthening activities are done for 2
  or 3 days per week.
• An exercise plan will show how many times to
  repeat each exercise.
• Muscle-strengthening activities may include
  lifting weights (hand weights, free weights, or
  weight machines), using a wall pulley, or using
  elastic bands to stretch and condition your
Lifting Weights
      Equipment Used

•   Treadmills
•   Bicycles (stationary)
•   Weights
•   Elastic bands
•   Walking tracks
•   EKG monitor
•   BP cuff
•   And much more…
              Heart Healthy Diet
  This diet will help the patient reach their rehab goals!

     Heart Healthy Diet Guidelines -- you should eat:

•8-10% of the day's total calories from saturated fat.
•30% or less of the day’s total calories from fat.
•Less than 300 milligrams of dietary cholesterol a day.
•Limit sodium intake to 2400 milligrams a day.
•Just enough calories to achieve or maintain a healthy
weight and reduce your blood cholesterol level.
     (Ask your doctor or registered dietitian what is a
            reasonable calorie level for you.)
     Reducing Risk Factors to
     Prevent Future Problems
Risk factors include high blood pressure,
 high blood cholesterol, overweight or
     obesity, diabetes, and smoking.

 Talk with your table and come up with ways
 that patients you can reduce the risk factor
            that is handed to you.
          Improving Emotional
   FACT…Psychological factors increase the risk of
        getting heart disease or make it worse.
FACT…Depression, anxiety, and anger are common
    among people who have heart disease or have
               had a MI or heart surgery.
FACT…Depression is linked to complications such as
  irregular heartbeats, chest pain, a longer recovery
  time, the need to return to the hospital, and even
              an increased risk of death.
What types of things can you do to get the
 most out of your rotation with Cardiac

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