Alt NRG d W ti h Pl C Alter NRG and Westinghouse Plasma Corp by gdf57j


									Alter     d Westinghouse Pl
Alt NRG and W ti h              C
                         Plasma Corp.
       The Plasma Gasification Process

        Calgary Regional Partnership Waste Summit
                      April 9, 2008
                                                         About Alter NRG

Alter NRG is a publicly traded (TSX-V: NRG) Canadian company providing clean
energy through gasification.
Vision: Become a senior energy producer and a leader in the development of
environmentally sustainable and economically viable gasification projects.
                                            Alter NRG – Waste-to-Energy

Alter NRG owns the world-leading plasma gasification technology.
Alter NRG can provide project developers with a fabricated plasma gasification
system or we can limit our involvement to the design of the plasma gasifier and the
delivery of the plasma torch systems.
                      The Basics of a Waste-to-Energy Project

                                   Westinghouse Plasma Corporation

Alter NRG purchased Westinghouse
Plasma Corporation (WPC) in April

• Commercially proven facilities
• WPC plasma technology developed with
       ti t d        illi in      funding
  an estimated $100 million i R&D f di

• Over 30 years experience in the design
  and application of plasma technology
• WPC has completed more than 100 pilot
  tests on a multitude of feedstocks

                                                WPC Plasma Cupola

                                   WPC – Development Experience

•   Westinghouse developed
    plasma over 30 years
    – Started with high
      temperature research
        • NASA and gas turbine
          blade coatings

    – Expanded to metal melting
      in 1980’s
    – Expanded to waste
      processing in 1990’s
    – Proven in waste processing
      in 2000

•   Available today to address
    our world’s growing waste
    storage & energy needs

                                                           What is Plasma?

  Plasma, often referred t as th “f th state of matter,” is the term given to a
• Pl        ft    f    d to   the “fourth t t f     tt ” i th t       i    t
  gas that has become ionized.
• An ionized gas is one where the atoms of the gas have lost one or more
                                       y    g
  electrons and has become electrically charged.
• The sun and lightning are examples of plasma in nature.

• By controlling gas through the
  plasma torch and with the aid of a
  magnetic field, energy from the
  electric arc is transferred to the
  process gas
• The superheated gas then exits the
  plasma torch at temperatures up to

                                          WPC Plasma Torch Systems


• Self-stabilized arc system
  Non transferred
• Non-transferred arc
• Flexible process heater - used for heating
  process gas to high temperatures, 1,500oC -
                                                      j              g
                                                   Projects using WPC Plasma
  Can         t         t      Air,
• C operate on most gases - Ai pure O    Oxygen,   Torches
  Nitrogen, Carbon-monoxide, Hydrogen, etc.        • WTE facilities in Japan
• Nominal Power 300 kW – 3,000 kW                  • GM Foundry in Defiance, Ohio
• Industrially-rugged design
             y gg          g                       • Alcan Aluminum Facility in Quebec
                                                   • Two hazardous waste facilities in India
• Proven in tough commercial environment           (2008)

                                                         Plasma Gasification

       g                                                 g            gy products.
Plasma gasification converts low-value feedstocks into high-value energy p

                                         Alter NRG Plasma Gasifier

• The Proprietary Alter NRG Plasma
  Gasifier        design is based on
  G ifi (APG) d i i b           d
  the Iron-Melting Cupola Furnace
     – Proven in harsh operating
     – Refractory lined steel vessel
     – Able to generate high operating
     – Low gas velocities reduce
     – Ash produced as vitreous non-
       leaching slag

• Typical reactor capacities vary by
MSW/Hazardous           500-750 tpd
Biomass                 500-750 tpd
Coal (sub-bituminous)   300-600 tpd

                                                Advantages of WPC PGR

•   Minimal feedstock preparation
     – Little shredding or crushing
     – Little segregation or sorting

•   Handles a wide range of feed compositions
     – High moisture content
     – High inert content

•   High reliability
     – Operates in rugged industrial applications

•   High Thermal Effi i
    Hi h Th    l Efficiency
     – Almost all carbon in MSW is converted into    WPC Plasma Torch in Cupola
       gas for energy recovery

                                                     Greenhouse Gas Advantage

“Organic materials that decompose in landfills can   “One technology which potentially can use
produce methane gas … methane is 21 times            various types of waste, produce electricity and
more potent than C02 as a greenhouse gas.” –         hydrogen without emitting dioxin, furan and
Environment Canada                                   mercury, is plasma arc technology.
                                                     Municipalities can install a plasma arc facility
                                                     which will eliminate land filling …” - EPA

                                                           Utashinai Air Emissions Data

The WPC Technology has successfully proven that it meets strict environmental
regulations                                                           2001
                                  Plant Regulated              Average Plant                 US EPA             from 95 US
                                       Value                     Data 2005                  Standard            WTE Plants

 Dioxin                         <10pg-TEQ/Rm3                <7pg-TEQ/Rm3              <260pg/dscm             50pg/dscm
 Sulfur Dioxide                 <100ppmv                     <2ppmv                    <30ppmv                 6ppmv
 Hydrogen Chloride              <200ppmv                     <10ppmv                   <25ppmv                 10ppmv
 Nitrous Oxides                 <150ppmv                    <100ppmv                   <180ppmv                170ppmv
 Particulate Matter             <10mg/Nm3                   <10mg/Nm3                  <24mg/dscm              4mg/dscm
 TEQ = is a dioxin Toxic Equivalent, calculated by looking at all toxic dioxins and furans and measuring them in terms of the most
 toxic form of dioxin, 2,3,7,8-TCDD
 N = 1atm & 0 Degrees C, also known as standard conditions
 R = 1atm, 25 Degrees C, 11% O2 and 0%H2O
 Mg/Nm3 = concentration in mg of a substance in a m3 (cubic meter) of air at standard conditions, i.e. 0 Degrees C & 1atm
 Pq-TEQ/Rm3 = concentration in pg of a substance in a m3 of air at R conditions or 1atm, 25 Degrees C, 11% O2 and 0%H2O for
 the data presented
 ppmv = parts per million by volume
 pg/dscm = picogram per dry standard cubic meter
 Average Plant Data is taken from six measurements except Dioxins, which is one measurement.

                                                 TCLP Data for Typical Slag

                              Regulation     TCLP       USEPA
                                TCLP1       Measure      TCLP
Compound        Unit              Limit        Val2      Limit

Cadmium         mg/L             < 0.01       <0.001      < 1.0    Slag tested by NJ DOT
Lead            mg/L             < 0.01       <0.005      < 5.0    and found suitable for
Arsenic         mg/L             < 0.01       <0.005      < 5.0    road bed use.
Hexavalent Cr   mg/L             < 0.05       <0.002       NA
Total Mercury   mg/L            < 0.0005     <0.0005      < 0.2
Selenium        mg/L             < 0.01      < 0.005      < 1.0

1. TCLP = Toxicity Characteristic Leachate Procedure
2 Data taken from TCLP performed on slag from the Hitachi Metals
  Mihama-Mikata PDMR System Report Dated January 10, 2003.

                                          Plasma Gasification:
                                 Part of the Waste Diversion Solution

•   Plasma gasification is a potential solution to municipal waste problems
    facing populated centers
•   Before waste is gasified recycling or waste diversion is always the initial
    step in waste management.
•   Pl          ifi ti       li
    Plasma gasification compliments a well-developed waste di
                                  t       ll d  l   d             i
                                                          t diversion program
    by converting the remaining waste into useable energy and also capturing
    renewable resources such as:
     – water
       ferrous     non-ferrous
     – ferro s and non ferro s metal
     – sulphur

                                          y           g       y    g
“Communities with WTE facilities are likely to have higher recycling rates than
the national average. Far from competing with recycling, WTE is part of an
integrated approach to solid waste management that includes recycling as a
core component. The average recycling rate for WTE communities across the
US is 33%, while the national average is 28%.”
                     Integrated Waste Services Association
                    -I t     t dW t S i          A      i ti

                                  Environmental Benefits to Regions

•   Security of a long term residual waste disposal contract that diverts
    waste from landfill disposal
•   Preservation of existing landfill capacity as a secondary or emergency
    disposal option
•   Reduction in GHG emissions by diverting waste from landfills
•   Provision of ‘Clean Energy’ to region through an environmentally
            ibl form of power generation
    responsible f      f              ti
     – Each tonne processed displaces ½ tonne of coal electricity

Typical Alter NRG WTE Facility

                                              WPC WTE in Japan - Utashinai

•   Hitachi Metals Ltd. chose the WPC technology for two commercial-scale
    Waste-to-Energy facilities in Japan.
•   The largest facility is named Eco-Valley and is located in Utashinai,
    Hokkaido. It was constructed in 2002 and has been fully operational since
     – The Eco-Valley facility can process up to 280 tpd of MSW and auto shredder
       residue and the facility’s net electricity output is delivered to the the grid.

                                WPC WTE in Japan – Mihama-Mikata

•   Hitachi Metals 2nd project with
                                        Hitachi Metals’ Mihama-Mikata WTE Facility
     – Serves the two cities of
       Mihama & Mikata, Japan
     – Plasma gasification of 20 tpd
       of MSW and
       4 tpd of waste water sludge
     – Commissioned in 2002
•   Heat is provided to waste
      t t t        t f ilit
    water treatment facility

                                               WPC Technology – India & Turkey

Pune and Nagpur, India
•                        Limited, India s
    SMS Infrastructures Limited India’s largest
    civil engineering and infrastructure
    development company, is building two 68
    tonne-per-day hazardous waste-to-energy
    plants, located in Pune and Nagpur, India
     –   Each plant will handle a wide variety of
         hazardous waste and produce up to 5 MW
         of electricity.
     –   Construction of the Pune facility is expected
         to be completed by the fall of 2008.

Istanbul, Turkey
•   January 2008 - Kiplasma Industries and
    Trade Inc. of Istanbul, Turkey purchased
    plasma torch systems and the engineering
    design of the Plasma Gasification reactor
     –   The equipment and design will be used to
         process 144 tons/day of common hazardous
         waste materials for the production of
         electricity.                                    SMSIL project under construction in
     –   The facility is expected begin operations in    India – 68 tpd hazardous waste facility
                                                                     p                         y
         the fourth quarter of 2009.

                               WPC Technology – North America

• In North America, Alter NRG has had interest from every
  geographic region representing more than 40 projects.
   – More than 20 of those projects will use waste or industrial waste as
     the feedstock
   – Approx. 20 of these projects will produce power. Other project
     outputs include liquid fuels and syngas for industrial use. For a
     handful of projects, the output has y to be finalized.
                p j     ,        p       yet
• The average project throughput is approximately 1,000
  tonnes per day.



     Montemurro P Eng
Mark Montemurro, P.Eng. – President and CEO
•   Most recently VP, Thermal Operations at Deer Creek Energy Limited
•   More than 24 years in energy sector including senior management roles with PanCanadian and CS Resources Limited
•   Primary focus has been on application of new technologies and commercial development
    of conventional and thermal heavy oil

Jim Fitzowich, P.Eng. – Chief Operating Officer
•   20 years experience as an executive in the energy industry with companies like EPCOR Utilities Inc., TransCanada
    Pipelines and TransAlta Utilities Corp.
•   Proven track record developing energy projects
•   Experience building companies from early stages to the creation of public companies with sizeable market
•   In total he has been involved in the development, acquisition or sale of approximately $3 billion in power/industrial
    projects over the past 12 years in both Canada and the US

Daniel Hay, CA BComm – Chief Financial Officer
•   Most recently CFO and VP Finance for small public oil and gas companies; previously with Grant Thornton LLP as
    Senior Manager of the oil and gas business unit
•     p                    gas        g,             public company reporting
    Experienced in oil and g accounting, finance and p         p y p        g


Rick Bower, P.Eng. – VP Engineering
•   Founder of engineering consulting firm, Bower Damberger Rolseth (BDR) Engineering
•   More than 30 years engineering experience in the energy industry focused on the design of plants and facilities
•   Industry leader in application of modular engineering methodologies
•   Past projects for Renaissance, Deer Creek, Storm Energy, Peyto Exploration

Kevin Willerton, MBA P.Eng. – VP Business Development
•   Recently VP Business Development at ENMAX Corporation and over a decade with TransAlta Utilities
•                                                            development, marketing
    20 years in the electricity industry working in business development marketing, commodity risk management and

                                                                                        Key Technical Staff

Shyam V. Dighe, Ph.D., M.S., MBA - President & Chief Technology Officer, WPC
•      y       p
    32 years experience in chemical and high-temperature plasma engineering research
                                          g     p        p        g       g
•   Program Manager in development of plasma-fired cupola for melting foundry scrap and processing excavated landfill
•   Experience in toxic and hazardous waste treatment and conventional coal gasification
•   12 patents and has published research in plasma gasification

Pieter van Nierop, D.Sc., MBA – Senior Gasification Lead, Alter Nrg
•   15 years experience with Sasol - world leader in gasification technology, based in South Africa
•   Managing Director responsible for the Sasol-Lurgi Technology Company
•   Lead gasification roles with Alberta Research Council, Bantrel and Shell Canada

Alex Gorodetsky, P.Eng., MBA – Staff Gasification Engineer, Alter Nrg
•   Monetization of coal reserves via gasification technology
•   Evaluation and piloting of entrained flow low rank coal gasification and development of feed conditioning process for
    slurry fed gasification (Luscar)
•   Experienced in developing and commercializing high temperature plasma based coatings processes (Westaim)

Suite 700, 910 – 7th Avenue S.W.
    Calgary Alberta T2P 3N8

      Phone 403.806.3875
           403 806 3701
       Fax 403.806.3701
          TSX-V: NRG


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