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									UNIDOScope 8 - 14 June, 2003

                  UNIDOscope                                     weekly internet newsletter
                                                                 8 - 21 June
                        CONTENTS:                                                                             current month
                                                                                                              8 - 21 June
                        "all environment" issue for environment day, 5 June
                                                                                                              1 - 7 June
                            World Environment Day - Pakistan UNIDO and TetraPak launch recycling campaign
                                                                                                              past months
                            UNIDO ITPO Tokyo launches Kyoto Protocol CDM Delegate Programme
                            Nigeria capacity building: small / mini / micro hydro power                       Apr-2003
                            COMING SOON                                                                       Mar-2003
                            OTHER INDUSTRY NEWSLETTERS                                                        Feb-2003
                            Feature Story: UNIDO Business Partnerships Programme                              Nov-2002
                            PRINT-FRIENDLY VERSIONS of UNIDOScope

                        World Environment Day - Pakistan
                        UNIDO and TetraPak launch recycling programme

                        Lahore, Pakistan, 5 June, 2003
                                                                                          Around the world, 5 June, World
                                                                                          Environment Day was celebrated,
                                                                                          or observed, with street rallies,
                                                                                          bicycle parades, green concerts,
                                                                                          essay and poster competitions in
                                                                                          schools, tree planting, recycling
                                                                                          efforts, etc.. At the Vienna
                                                                                          International Centre, the location of
                                                                                          UNIDO's headquarters in Austria,
                                                                                          in addition to an exhibition of
                                                                                          UNIDO's environmental work,
                                                                                          activities included a butterfly dance
                                                                                          by an Indonesian folk group and a
                                                                                          Digeridoo performance.

                                        recycling Tetra Paks to school desks
                        UNIDO Pakistan and Tetra Pak Pakistan (a joint venture between Pakistan's Packages
                        Limited and Tetra Pak International) celebrated the day by launching Proud Pakistanis
                        Recycle. Other partners in the programme are the the Punjab government, Packages Limited,
                        CDL, Nestle, Husnain CPD, Maaher Foods, Juice Pak, Shezan, Royal Dairies, Green Earth
                        Recycling Plant and an NGO, Waste Busters. Speaking on the occasion, Tetra Pak Pakistan
                        Marketing Director Khaled Ismail said, “Tetra Pak’s One Step Ahead programme aims to
                        make every Tetra Pak company an environmental leader. We want to set environmental
                        directions for the packaging industry and recycling is our priority.” Punjab Environment
                        Minister Makhdoom Ashfaq Ahmad was the chief guest while Education Minister Mian Imran
                        Masood was the guest of honour at the launching.

                        From July to December 2003, Environment Protection Agencies, planners, managers,
                        community representatives, municipalities, scavengers associations, NGOs/CBOs and policy
                        makers involved in the logistic of solid waste collection & treatment, muncipal engineers, in
                        short, anyone involved in waste management technology, resource recovery and ultimate
                        disposal of waste, will be invited to recycling conferences in Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar,
UNIDOScope 8 - 14 June, 2003

                        Quetta and Sialkot.

                        The conferences will assist local officials develop cost-effective strategies for solid waste
                        management. To achieve this, the UNIDO National Cleaner Production Centre (NCPC)
                        Pakistan and Tetra Pak Pakistan, have developed an awareness programme for industry and
                        the community on waste segregation, classification and recycling.

                        Each conference will be organized by the NCPC for two days at each site with Tetra-Pak as
                        main sponsor (Tetra Pak has invested over 5,0 Mio Rs (100,000 USD) in the campaign). A
                        final, national conference will be organized in Islamabad, to present the findings of the
                        previous conferences and recommendations to the Government of Pakistan on policy
                        approaches to recycling that are basically financially self-supporting.

                        The project will publish a Decision Maker’s Guide to Recycling of Municipal and Industrial
                        Solid Waste for making a preliminary assessment and a Technical Guidance Report to make
                        a detailed evaluation of solid waste recycling systems. UNIDO Pakistan will be promoting the
                        opportunities for employment generation and creation of SMEs in the recycling industry. The
                        UNIDO Pakistan website will keep track of the campaign.

                        Part of the awareness programme will focus on recycling 7% of the post consumer waste
                        (98,000,000 packs) from the total production of Tetra Pak Pakistan which will be 1.4 billion
                        packs in 2003. The campaign starts in Lahore and will have five three-month phases covering
                        the five major cities of the Country. Redemption Centres will be set up markets and special
                        waste collection bins placed schools. The NGO Green Earth will recycle the waste collected
                        into school furniture which will be donated to one school each in Lahore & Islamabad.

                        Tetra Pak is part of the Tetra Laval Group, which comprises three industrial groups with
                        23,550 employees: Tetra Pak: processing, packaging and distribution systems for liquid food
                        products; employs 18 900 people. Sales 2001 amounted to EUR 7,6 billion. Tetra Pak Hoyer:
                        supplier of processing and packaging solutions to the Ice Cream Industry; employs 800
                        people. DeLaval: systems, equipment and supplies for dairy farming and animal husbandry;
                        employs 4 850 people. Sales 2001 amounted to EUR 0,8 billion. Total group sales for 2001
                        were EUR 8,4 billion.

                        UNIDO is working with Tetra Laval on Global Compact - related activities.
                                      Carlos Chanduvi, UNIDO Representative, Pakistan E-mail: E-mail:
                                      Asif Hasnain, (Global Compact) Tel: +43 1 26026 / 3390, E-mail:

                        UNIDO ITPO Tokyo launches Kyoto Protocol
                        CDM Delegate Programme

                        Tokyo, Japan 12 - 31 May, 2003
                        In its commitment to the Kyoto Protocol, Japan has targeted to reduce its emissions by 6% by
                        2012. This target, which is based on 1990 emission levels, has now ballooned to 16% in real
                        terms, due to increasing emissions registered since 1990. As it is virtually impossible for
                        Japan to achieve this target internally, the option of carbon mitigation through the CDM (Clean
                        Development Mechanism) and JI (Joint Implementation) mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol is
                        of crucial importance to the country. The Japanese government has a proactive policy to
                        promote CDM and JI projects to reach its emissions’ targets.
UNIDOScope 8 - 14 June, 2003

                        The CDM (Cleaner Development Mechanism) is one of three international "flexibility"
                        mechanisms included in the Kyoto Protocol to facilitate the cost-effective fulfilment of national
                        emissions- reduction commitments for industrialized countries. The mechanisms provide
                        incentives for these countries to meet their greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets.

                        By connecting Kyoto Protocol "host countries" and "Annex 1 investor countries" through its
                        Delegate Programme, UNIDO Investment Technology Promotion Office (ITPO) Tokyo
                        launched a "global first" in Kyoto Protocol Cleaner Development Mechanism history. The first
                        of the delegates to visit ITPO Tokyo (12 - 21 May) was from "host country" Brazil: Professor
                        Jose Roberto Moreira, professor of Energy at the University of Sao Paolo and member of the
                        International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The second delegate, in Tokyo from 21 to 31
                        May, was Mr. Stefan Raubenheimer, from South Africa. A lawyer by training, Mr
                        Raubenheimer is Chief Executive Officer of South South North (SSN), a non profit
                        organization working to develop capacity and CDM projects South Africa, Brazil, Indonesia
                        and Bangladesh.

                                                                    As a part of preparatory activities for the placement
                                                                    of delegates, two publications were prepared by
                                                                    UNIDO’s Kyoto Protocol specialists: CDM Investor
                                                                    Guide for Brazil and CDM Investor Guide for South
                                                                    Africa. The Guide for Brazil is available here for
                                                                    viewing or downloading. The Guide for South Africa
                                                                    is expected by July, 2003. Both publications contain
                                                                    wealth of material on the industrial and energy
                                                                    sectors that are likely to become priority sectors for
                                                                    greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation projects as well
                                                                    as on regularly, institutional and capacity building
                                                                    issues pertaining to the CDM process in South
                                                                    Africa and Brazil.

                                                                   With seven working days at their disposal, each
                                                                   delegate conducted approximately 30 meetings,
                                                                   including a seminar and roundtable discussion. The
                                                                   activities were attended by 81 and 64
                                                                   businesssmen and officials for Brazil and South
                                                                   Africa respectively. Brazil promoted 53 projects,
                            view or download BRAZIL investor guide and South Africa 23 projects. Some of the projects
                           SOUTH AFRICA GUIDE COMING SOON!         were already under implementation, while others
                                                                   were new opportunities looking for investors or
                        buyers of CERs (Certified Emission Reductions). The Ministry of Economy and Trade (METI)
                        and the New Energy and Technology Development Organization (NEDO) generously
                        supported the programme. The embassies of Brazil and South Africa in Tokyo respectively
                        provided utmost support to the programme.

                        The outcome of the meetings showed that the Japanese government and private sector
                        companies are keen to find opportunities to be involved in CDM or JI projects. As mentioned
                        earlier, this is reflected in a proactive policy of the government. At the moment, however, the
                        policy gives priority to the Asia Pacific region. Japanese companies, on the other hand, are
                        clearly interested in markets such as Brazil and South Africa, where large number of carbon
                        emissions can be mitigated through joint venture (thus investment) or through outright
                        purchase of CERs. Observing the interest of the Japanese private sector, the delegates
                        suggested that Japan could consider their countries as important partners for Japan’s
                        mitigation of carbon emissions, and encouraged capacity building activities by Japan in Brazil
                        and South Africa similar to those currently undertaken by EU governments, especially the
                        Netherlands, Denmark, Finland, etc.
UNIDOScope 8 - 14 June, 2003

                        Questions raised by the Japanese during the meetings concerned the situation in each
                        country of the Designated National Authority (DNA) for CDM, procedures, rules, and
                        regulations governing CDM transactions, availability of actual projects, and feasibility or
                        detailed information of those projects.

                        As CDM and the Kyoto Protocol represent new fields of global business activity, there is a
                        clear gap between various capacity building activities undertaken in both Host and Annex 1
                        countries, to identify and market projects relating to CDM. Judging from the enthusiasm of
                        participants, it is evident that UNIDO-ITPO CDM Delegate Programme has filled an important
                        gap in investment promotion vis-à-vis CDM. As Japan is an important Annex 1 advocate of
                        the Kyoto protocol, ITPO Tokyo was the natural choice to undertake the pilot project. But
                        UNIDO investment and Kyoto Protocol specialists involved in the effort are encouraged to
                        make further use of the organization's institutional capacity to undertake further such
                        programmes, and expand the promotional and delegate placement activities to include Joint
                        Implementation (JI) projects and other countries.

                        The Brazil and South Africa programmes and projects will be actively followed up. ITPO
                        Tokyo is already working on several requests for cooperation from Japanese companies. The
                        Kyoto Protocol specialists at HQ in Vienna are working on developing Phase II activities for
                        the UN Interagency Project that will include further expansion of the Investment Technology
                        Promotion Offices' involvement in UNIDO's work to strengthen national capacities for
                        implementation of CDM and JI.

                        The CDM Delegate Programme was organized as part of UNIDO’s participation in the UN
                        inter-agency project titled “Engaging the Private Sector in Clean Development Mechanism
                        Project Activities” and also as a follow-up activity after the holding of the UNIDO/MRI Forum
                        on CDM in Tokyo in June 2002 .
                                      ITPO Tokyo: Ferda Gelegen,
                                      UNIDO HQ: Marina Ploutakhina, Tel: +43 1 26026 / 5051, E-mail:

                        Nigeria capacity building
                        small / mini / micro hydro power

                        Owerri, Abia State, Nigeria 26 - 30 May, 2003
                        Engineers and Hydrologists from 12 Nigerian River Basin Authorities and ministries attended
                        a week long training of trainers programme from 26 to 30 May 2003 in Owerri, Abia State
                        under its small hydro power development initiative in Nigeria. The programme was organized
                        by UNIDO's Regional Industrial Development Centre (RIDC) in collaboration with the Energy
                        Commission of Nigeria. Among the participants were representatives from the Alternate
                        Energy Unit of Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development; Water Resources and
                        the National Water Resources Institute.

                        The training focused on practical aspects of hydrological and topographical surveys,
                        identification of potential small hydro sites, preparation of viable project proposals and
                        introduction to computer tools. The trainees are expected to form teams of engineers and
                        hydrologists in their own organizations and undertake field surveys to identify feasible small /
                        mini / hydro sites and prepare viable proposals to be presented during an investor forum
                        scheduled for October this year. A project appraisal seminar in September will preceed the
                        investor forum in October.
UNIDOScope 8 - 14 June, 2003

                                                                                                     The programme took place
                                                                                                     at the Anambra-Imo River
                                                                                                     Basin Authority in Owerri,
                                                                                                     which is one of the two pilot
                                                                                                     small / mini hydro
                                                                                                     demonstration sites
                                                                                                     selected by UNIDO. The
                                                                                                     Permanent Secretary of the
                                                                                                     Federal Ministry of Water
                                                                                                     Resources Dr. L.C. Ibe
                                                                                                     opened the meeting, which
                                                                                                     was also attended by
                                                                                                     representatives from
                                                                                                     various state governments
                                                                                                     within the Anambra-Imo
                                                                                                     River Basin.
                             trainees will form teams in their organizations and prepare proposals
                                               for investor forum in October, 2003
                                                                                              Readers may recall (see
                        UNIDOScope 1- 7 December, 2002) that UNIDO organized a National Stakeholder’s Forum
                        on Renewable Energy for Rural Industrialization, 14 to 15 November 2002, in Abuja. The
                        objective was to formulate strategies to generate employment through rural industrialization,
                        by providing rural people (70% of the population) access to clean and reliable energy
                        services. The forum recommended (view or download recommendations) promotion of local
                        renewable resources such as small and mini hydro potential, agricultural residues, solar and
                        wind. The highlight of the November Forum was the signing of a Memorandum of
                        Understanding (MoU) between the Energy Commission of Nigeria and the UNIDO
                        International Centre for Small Hydro Power (IC-SHP), Hangzhou, China for further
                        cooperation in tapping the estimated potential of 740 MW of small/mini hydro power through
                        technical assistance, capacity building and establishing demonstration projects. The Embassy
                        of the People’s Republic of China offered turbines for 2 demonstration projects. Subsequently,
                        UNIDO and the Energy Commission visited 12 sites covered by four River Basin Authorities
                        and identified the two pilot project sites in Abia and Bauchi states.

                        The commissioning of two pilot small hydro projects for demonstration purposes is also in the
                        RIDC pipeline.
                                       Kandeh Yumkella, UNIDO Representative Nigeria,
                                       David Tommy, SIDO UNIDO Nigeria

                        COMING SOON
                                                      Africa Business Forum 2003: Building Partnerships &
                                                      Foundations for African BusinessDurban, South Africa 24 - 25
                                                      July 2003. A partnership between Financial Times Business
                                                      and Deloitte & Touché, the Forum will focus on the promotion of
                                                      intra-Africa trade and investment. The idea for the forum came
                                                      from delegates to the Second Africa-Asia Business Forum held
                                                      in Durban, South Africa in July, 2001, who saw an untapped
                                                      potential for intra-Africa trade and investment. The Second
                                                      Africa-Asia Business Forum realised approximately US$80
                                                      million of signed business, and organizers of July's Africa
                        Business Forum are confident of repeating that success. The Forum will be a concrete step in
                        supporting the economic and business mandates of the African Union, which seeks to create
                        a political and economic union of African States. The event has been endorsed by the NEPAD
                        and the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) of South Africa.
                        more coming events
UNIDOScope 8 - 14 June, 2003

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