How Electronic Gadgets are Recycled
With only a few states having passed their own e-waste recycling laws, it is no surprise that only 21
percent of the consumers recycle their electronics. But with the increasing number of people who
replace their computers, video game consoles, mobile phones, and televisions each year, it might be a
good idea to join the people who recycle. Not only do these waste contain valuable materials which can
be reused profitably, they are also made up of hazardous components. While each gadget may only
contain a very small amount, when added in a waste incinerator or landfill, and you end up with a great
potential for air and water pollution that places a health risk on surrounding communities.
Recycling Electronic Waste
To better understand the electronic waste recycling process, it is crucial that you understand that these
recycling firms are interested in both sparing these devices from the landfills and getting the most out of
its material components. Electronics like televisions, mobile phones and computers are made with
valuable metals including gold and copper, which can still be sold and reused in the making of other
From an environmental viewpoint, the fact that these things are reused is more important than its
monetary benefits. However, there are recyclers that are recycling and reusing materials that aren’t as
valuable. Around 99 percent of the materials derived from electronics are sold or reused in another
capacity. The plastic components of these electronics can be used in the making of wood composites
The Processing Strategy
In most developed countries, the process of electronic waste initially involves dismantling the device
into its smaller components such as circuit boards, power supplies, metal frames, and plastics). This can
be done by hand. The device is sorted with the use of human’s skill to recognize and save repairable and
working parts such as transistors, RAM, and chips.
In another system, a hopper segregates material for shredding into a mechanical separator, with
granulating and screening machines to separate its plastic and metal parts, which are then sold to plastic
recyclers or smelters. The recycling machine is usually enclosed and features a dust collection system.
Emissions are caught by screens and rubbers. Eddy currents, magnet and trommel screens are used to
separate plastic, glass and ferrous/non ferrous metals and further segregated at the smelter.
Today you can find phone recyclers and computer recycling firms that makes recycling better by giving
consumers a form of monetary incentive. Find a mobile phone recycling site or e-waste recycling centre
near you and start getting rid of electronic clutter at home.