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Simple Letter of Purchase

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					Stages of Spelling Development


         Spelling is all about
             PATTERNS.
    Children need to be taught to
   see the patterns so they learn
   patterns instead of memorizing
     every single letter of every
             single word.

                                    1
WORD STUDY IS DEVELOPMENTAL


 Word  study teaches students to
  examine and discover
  regularities, patterns, and rules

 Word study increases specific
  knowledge of words--the spelling
  and meaning of individual words

                                      2
THE BASIS FOR WORD STUDY


                      Alphabetic--represents
                       the relationship
                       between letters and
                       sounds
 Three Layers of
      English         Patterns--guide the
                       grouping of letters
   Orthography
                      Meaning--groups of
                       letters represent
                       meaning directly


                                                3
Standards Addressed by Word
 Study/Word Sort Activities:




                               4
Stages of Spelling Development


Emergent
Letter-Name
Within Word Pattern
Syllable Juncture
Derivational Constancy

                                 5
Emergent--Pre-K to Middle of 1st


  Scribble letters and #’s
  Lack concepts of words

  Lack letter-sound
   correspondence
  Pretend to read and write



                               6
Emergent Word Study Focus

 Develop concept sorts
 Play w/ speech sounds to develop
  phonological awareness
 Plan alphabet activities
 Sort pictures by beginning sounds
 Encourage fingerpoint memory of
  rhymes, dictations, and simple
  pattern books
 Encourage invented spellings

                                      7
Letter-Name--K to Middle of 2nd


  Represents  beginning and
   ending sounds
  Has functional concept of
   word
  Reads word by word in
   beginning reading materials

                                 8
Early Letter Name--Word Study Focus


 Collect known words for word banks
 Sort pictures and words by beginning
  sounds
 Study word families (rimes) that
  share a common vowel
 Study beginning consonant blends
  and digraphs
 Encourage invented spelling

                                         9
     Middle to Late Letter Name--
         Word Study Focus


 Sort pictures and words by different
  short vowel word families
 Sort pictures and words by short
  vowel sounds and CVC patterns
 Continue to examine consonant
  blends and digraphs
 Begin simple sound sorts comparing
  short and long vowel sounds
 Collect known words for word banks
  (up to 200)
                                         10
        Within Word Pattern--
      1st Grade to Middle of 4th



 Spells most single-syllable short
  vowel words correctly
 Spells most beginning consonant
  digraphs and 2-letter consonant
  blends
 Attempts to use silent-E markers
 Reads silently and more fluently
 Writes more fluently
 Can edit and revise

                                      11
          Within Word Pattern--
           Word Study Focus

   Complete daily activities in word study
    notebooks
   Sort words by long and short vowel sounds
    and by common long vowel patterns
   Compare words with r-controlled vowels
   After mastering common long vowels,
    explore less common vowels and
    diphthongs (OI, OU, AU, OW)
   Review lends and digraphs as needed and
    examine triple blends and complex
    consonant units (THR, STR, DGE, TCH,
    CK)
                                                12
Syllable Juncture--Grades 3-8

  Spells most single syllable words
   correctly
  Makes errors at syllable juncture and
   in unaccented syllables
  Reads with good fluency and
   expression
  Reads faster silently than orally
  Writes responses that sophisticated
   and critical
                                           13
Syllable Juncture--Word Study Focus


  Examine consonant doubling and
   inflected endings
  Focus on unaccented syllables such
   as ER and LE
  Join spelling and vocabulary studies;
   link meaning and spelling
  Explore grammar through word study
  Sort and study affixes
  Study stress or accent in two-syllable
   words
                                            14
Derivational Constancy--Grades 5-12


  Have mastered high-frequency words
  Make errors on low-frequency words
   derived from Greek and Latin
   combining forms
  Read with good fluency and
   expression
  Read faster silently than orally
  Write responses that are sophis-
   ticated and critical
                                    15
          Derivational Constancy--
            Word Study Focus


   Focus on words that students bring to word
    study from reading and writing
   Join spelling and vocabulary studies; link
    meaning and spelling
   Examine common and then less common
    roots, prefixes and suffixes
   Examine vowel alterations in derivationally
    related pairs (native, national; combine,
    combination)
   Explore etymology, especially in the content
    areas
   Examine content-related foreign borrowings
                                               16

				
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