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The Pueblo of Sandia Technology Assessment

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					        From the 'virtual online office' of Evans Craig at http://www.evanscraig.com




                               First Draft Copy

        Tribal Digital Village
     Tribal Technology Assessment
Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                             October, 2001


               Evans Craig, Internet Technology Service, LLC
                       http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                             evans@evanscraig.com




        Via the 'virtual online company' at http://www. InternetTechnologyService.net
                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation


     The Tribal Philosophy of The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation is:

           To protect Sycuan’s sovereignty and preserve the well being of our people
         through self-sufficiency and responsible governance, while having a positive
                                              impact on our community.




                       The Philosophy of Internet Technology Service is:

        To provide & become a one-stop Internet Solution Provider for Tribes, American
       Indian organizations and American Indian businesses to include online marketing
     and online business solutions to help sustainability and promote Tribal Sovereignty.




                           The Philosophy of HP Tribal Digital Village is:

       To become a distributed Tribal Digital Community that mirrors and amplifies the
               community and kinship networks that have historically sustained Tribal
      Communities in the San Diego region by using new technologies to enable existing
     and new Tribal, community, and educational initiatives, partnerships, and programs
        to achieve a more efficient use of current resources and become more effective in
                                          meeting Tribal goals and objectives.




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                        2                       10/17/01

                                                  Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                               Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation


                                                      Table of Contents
    Executive Summary ...........................................................................................................6
        Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Technology Assessment ..................................6
        Tribal Digital Village - Vision and Principles of Community.......................................7
           The Vision: ...................................................................................................................7
           Principles of Community: ............................................................................................8
           Southern California Tribal Chairman’s Association Tribes .......................................9
               Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation ................................................................... 9
               Campo Band of the Kumeyaay Indians ................................................................... 9
        Initial Contact ...............................................................................................................10
               News Announcement via Steering Committee meeting on April 24, 2001: ......... 10
        Initial Assessment. On-Site..........................................................................................10
        Onsite Technology Assessment.....................................................................................11
        Compilation of Technology Assessment ......................................................................11
        Collaborative Websites:.................................................................................................11
        Solution Defined ...........................................................................................................13
           Technical Approach: ..................................................................................................14
               Phase 1 (6 Months): .............................................................................................. 15
               Phase 2 (6 Months): .............................................................................................. 16
               Phase 3 (12 Months): ............................................................................................ 17
        Recommendations in Using Common Technology .....................................................18
    Tribal Organizations .......................................................................................................19
                Defined dept. missions, needs, & Communication Technology ....................... 20
           System-Wide Needs Analysis Process ........................................................................21
           Problem Definition.....................................................................................................21
        The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation .................................................................23
           Sycuan’s History ........................................................................................................23
           Tribal Administrative Services ...................................................................................25


Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                               3                                                                   10/17/01

                                                      Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                    http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                              Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

           Sycuan Human Resources Department ......................................................................25
           Sycuan Fire Department ............................................................................................26
           Sycuan Department of Public Safety ..........................................................................30
           Sycuan Tribal Construction .......................................................................................30
           Sycuan Tribal Landscaping .......................................................................................30
           Sycuan Publishing ......................................................................................................31
           Sycuan Medical/Dental Center ..................................................................................31
           Sycuan Administrative Services (SAS) .......................................................................32
           DQ-University @ Sycuan ...........................................................................................32
           Mission Statement .....................................................................................................33
        What is D-Q University? ...............................................................................................33
        Statement of Philosophy ...............................................................................................33
    Sycuan Learning Center..................................................................................................35
           Sycuan Library ...........................................................................................................36
           Sycuan Recreation Center ..........................................................................................36
    Regional & National Organizations ...............................................................................39
        Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) - Sacramento Agency ...............................................39
           Office of Indian Education (OIEP) ............................................................................41
           DOINET .....................................................................................................................48
        Indian Health Service (IHS) of The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation,
        Albuquerque Area IHS .................................................................................................51
           Albuquerque Area Indian Health Service ..................................................................51
           Albuquerque Area Service Units ................................................................................52
           Albuquerque Service Unit ..........................................................................................52
             Albuquerque Indian Hospital ................................................................................ 52
           Albuquerque Service Unit Clinics ..............................................................................53
        Southwest Indian Polytechnic Institute (SIPI) ............................................................55
        University of New Mexico (UNM) ...............................................................................59
        All Indian Pueblo Council (AIPC) ...............................................................................62
        American Indian Higher Education Consortium (AIHEC) .......................................65
        UCAN Rural Systemic Initiative (UCAN RSI) ...........................................................76
           UCAN-RSI COALITIONS & THEIR TARGET SCHOOL LINKS ..............................77

Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                              4                                                                  10/17/01

                                                     Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                   http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                               Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    Appendix A .......................................................................................................................84
        Cost Analysis .................................................................................................................85
           Current LAN Equipment Replacement/Upgrade Estimates .......................................87
           Website Estimates ......................................................................................................89
           Microwave estimates: ................................................................................................91
           Fiber Optic Estimates: ...............................................................................................93
           Wireless Estimates: ....................................................................................................95
        Presentation Layouts ....................................................................................................97
           Economic Development Model ..................................................................................98
           Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Map...............................................................99
           Tribal Tele-Community Model .................................................................................101
           Proposed Tribal LAN/WAN ....................................................................................102
           Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Organizational Chart .................................104
                   Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Organizational Chart ......................... 105
                Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Work Areas ....................................... 106
           Existing Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Tribal Enterprise Network ...........107
           Dept. of Interior Network (DOInet) .........................................................................109
           IHS LAN/WAN.........................................................................................................110
    APPENDIX B .................................................................................................................113
             Work Breakdown Charts - .............................................................................. 113
           Tribal Community Network Model ..........................................................................114
           Tribal Community Network......................................................................................115
           Existing Tribal Community Work Areas ..................................................................116
           Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Tribal Administration .................................117
           Sycuan Tribal Facilities ...........................................................................................118
           Sycuan Education Staff/Teachers.............................................................................119
           Sycuan Educational Students ...................................................................................120
           Sycuan Tribal Community........................................................................................121
    Technology Documentation...........................................................................................122
                   Memo .............................................................................................................. 123




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                               5                                                                  10/17/01

                                                      Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                    http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation


    Executive Summary

              Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Technology Assessment

    Danny Tucker, Vice Chairman of the Sycuan Band of The Kumeyaay Nation and Shirley
    Murphy, Director of D-Q University at Sycuan, requested a Tribal Community Technology
    Assessment. The Southern California Tribal Chairman‘s Association (SCTCA) applied for and
    was awarded a Hewlett Packard Digital Village Grant to create a ―Tribal Digital Village,‖ a
    digital community encompassing 18 American Indian reservations in the San Diego and
    southern Riverside counties. Jack Ward, Director of Human Resources of SCTCA,
    spearheaded the effort to have an Internet Technology Consultant, Evans Craig of Internet
    Technology Service, LLC to be interviewed to conduct the Regional Southern California
    Technology Assessment. The initial visit laid out the Technology Assessment process for the 18
    member Tribes of SCTCA in three phases over twelve months and an alternate process of
    Technology Assessments per Indian reservation: The following process is for a single Tribal
    Community over 3 months:


              Phase 1 Onsite Assessment - An on-site Technology Assessment of the Sycuan Band
              of Kumeyaay, one of 18 member Tribes of SCTCA in October, 2001 will be used to
              identify & survey the community resources available.

              Phase 2 Technology Assessment Compilations - A system-wide technology
              assessment compilation in October - November, 2001 will be used to satisfy initial
              technology & educational grant opportunities to pool the resources of the Sycuan Band
              of The Kumeyaay Nation Communities and the Southern California Tribal Chairman‘s
              Association in the State of California. The Sycuan Band of The Kumeyaay Nations‘
              Technology Assessment will identify the current local resources, as well as future
              resources needed and provide a Technology Plan to create “DQ – Distance Education”
              capabilities utilizing the Tribal Digital Villages‘ "Regional Southern California Tribal
              Broadband Network."




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                       6                                  10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

              Phase 3 Collaborative Websites1 - A Collaborative Website, hosted for one year,
              designed and implemented, that connects the separate member Bands of The Kumeyaay
              Nations‘ both Tribal & educational capabilities:

     The Tribal website utilizes an "Online Economic Development" model and a "Tribal
      Cooperative Store" model to create the community-based hubs for an "Online Kumeyaay
      Nation eCommerce website." The collaborative website will become the hub for eServices
      in the “Tribal Digital Village.”

     The DQ – Distance Education website will form an ―Online Virtual University‖ model,
      while utilizing collaborative tools, such as Online Lectures, Collaborative Desktops,
      Synchronous Classrooms, and Asynchronous Classes. The collaborative website will
      become the hub for Student Educational eServices in the “Tribal Digital Village.”

    For complimentary research, see "Wireless/Satellite Internet Access Connection &
    Community-wide Node Models - Creating the Pathway to a New Statewide Wireless Tribal
    Broadband Network" at http://www.eot.ahpcc.unm.edu/Community/New
    StatewideWirelessTribalBroadbandNetwork2.html


              Tribal Digital Village - Vision and Principles of Community


                        The Vision:

    The tribal communities in the San Diego region are separated by geographic location from
    useful resources and from each other. The time and effort required to overcome these distances
    could be better used to strengthen family and community ties. In partnership with Hewlett-
    Packard, the Digital Village Grant will create a distributed tribal digital community that mirrors
    and amplifies the community and kinship networks that have historically sustained tribal
    communities in the San Diego region. We will use new technologies to enable existing and
    new tribal, community, and educational initiatives, partnerships, and programs to achieve a
    more efficient use of current resources and become more effective in meeting their own goals
    and objectives. Connecting reservation lands digitally will promote richer interaction and


    1
              A Collaborative Website utilizes high-speed broadband internet access to create multimedia-based online community utilization
              For more info on ‗Online Collaborative Tools‘ see: http://www.eot.ahpcc.unm.edu/Community/GridTech.htm


Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                               7                                                                   10/17/01

                                                        Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                      http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    collaboration among tribal members. The project will also allow educational training and
    cultural activities to transcend geographical separation.2


    1)        The project will build a high-speed, broadband connection between each of the
              reservations in San Diego county, and to the Internet. We will build the backbone for a
              digitally enabled distributed tribal community following the lead of the HPWREN
              (High-Performance Wireless Research and Education Network) project at the UCSD
              San Diego Supercomputer Center. HPWREN has recently established a high-speed,
              broadband, wireless internet connection to the Pala Education Center on the Pala
              reservation, and also to the La Jolla and Rincon reservations.

    2)        Each tribe will develop an assessment and implementation plan in partnership with the
              Tribal Digital Village project. The plan will determine what technologies and resources
              are needed to extend the high-performance internet connection from a central location,
              as desired by the tribe. Tribal plans could include internet connections to tribal offices,
              community, health, and educational centers, area schools, and individual homes.

    3)        A distributed digital tribal network will allow individuals to share experiences with
              others not physically present. With this in mind, a major Project goal is to research,
              teach, document, and propagate intemet community-building techniques and "best
              practices" for using the intemet connectivity to enhance both the individual and the
              collective tribal community.


                        Principles of Community:

    •         All Tribal Digital Village project components will involve tribal members and tribal
    community members.


    •         Tribal Digital Village project components will be cleared with the appropriate tribal
    governments).


    • Tribal Digital Village project components will incorporate assessment and documentation in
                   order to ensure processes that can be sustained and replicated.




    2
              Quoted from the HP Tribal Village Meeting Handouts on 4/25/2001.


Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                             8                               10/17/01

                                                      Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                    http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    • Tribal Digital Village project decisions will emerge from discussion and consensus rather
    argument and competition.


                        Southern California Tribal Chairman‘s Association Tribes

    The Southern California Tribal Chairman‘s Association consists of eighteen separate
    reservation member bands of The Kumeyaay Nations. The two Tribes that will be looked at for
    the overall ‗Distance Education‘ capabilities are:


                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

              Chairman: Georgia Tucker
              Tribal Office: 5459 Dehesa Road, El Cajon, CA 92021
                                  (619) 445-2613, Fax (760) 445-1927
              Location: 34 miles east of San Diego. Take I-8 east to El Cajon, CA, exit CA Route 54
              south, right on Dehesa Rd for 8 miles.


                                  Campo Band of the Kumeyaay Indians

              Chairman: Ralph Goff
              Tribal Office: 36190 Church Road, Suite 1, Campo, CA 91906
                                  (619) 478-9046, Fax (619) 478-5818
              Location: 49 miles east of San Diego on CA Route 94.


              A Sycuan Band of The Kumeyaay Nation Technology Assessment of the Southern
              California Tribal Chairman‘s Associations‘ Tribal Digital Village Systems would
              consist of the Sycuan Band of The Kumeyaay Nations‘ Reservation in Southern
              California within the Sycuan Reservation to identify educational and business
              opportunities to remote reservation locations.




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                       9                                   10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

              Initial Contact


    Presentation made on March 19, 2001:
           HP Tribal Digital Village Meeting at the SCTCA Resource Center on the San Pasqual
           Reservation
           Keynote Speaker Evans Craig of Internet Technology Service, LLC on “Bringing Technology
           Home.”

    News Announcement via Steering Committee meeting on April 24, 2001:
           HP Tribal Digital Village Meeting on the La Posta Reservation
           Quick Start Plan introduced

    Presentation made on August 2, 2001:
           Tribal Digital Village Technology Meeting at the HP Center in Rancho Bernardino
           Speaker Evans Craig of Internet Technology Service, LLC on “Collaborative Technologies in the
           Classroom.”

    Initial Proposal / Introductions made on August 20, 2001:
           D-Q Sycuan Meeting at the Education Center on the Sycuan Band of Kumeyaay Reservation
           Evans Craig of Internet Technology Service, LLC presented „Tribal Technology Assessment
           Process‟ proposal.




              Initial Assessment. On-Site

    This assessment identified the current resources available to speed the implementation of
    having all The Kumeyaay Nation members become technologically literate, with reading, math,
    science, and other core academic skills that are essential for success in the 21st century. It will
    also suggest options available to identify needed resources to connect The Kumeyaay Nation
    leaders, administrators, teachers and Tribal members to work together, link members to careers,
    colleges, and community resources to provide lifetime learning opportunities anytime, as well
    as after school and during the summer. It will also identify the resources available and needed
    to co-locate on the TDV‘s "Southern California Tribal Wireless Broadband Network."


Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      10                                        10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    Identification of statewide resources available to all tribes (e.g. SCTCA, UCSD, SDSU, etc…) as
    well as affected Tribes will have to occur simultaneously. So the Organizational Assessment on
    SCTCA should be done prior to any of the Tribes Assessments. The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay
    Nations‘ Technology Assessment will identify the current local resources, as well as future
    resources needed to create “DQ – Distance Education” capabilities.


              Onsite Technology Assessment

    1)        Drive To/From Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation              1-day travel & initial
              on-site visit                                   (68 miles * 3 visits)
           Initial on-site visit – tour Tribal lands & date set
           Conduct on-site assessment interviews                           2 days on-site             3 days total
             & inventories
                                              GRAND TOTAL                   (204 MILES TOTAL)             3-5 DAYS TOTAL


              Compilation of Technology Assessment

    2)        Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation                                            3-5 days


                        ONE SITE                 3-5 DAYS                                   (1 WEEK TOTAL)

    Presentation of Results:

    3)        Drive To/From Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation.

        Present Technology Assessment                                      1 day on-site                     1 day total
         present next step, Collaborative Websites,
         probably taking half the initial time


              Collaborative Websites:

    4)        Collaborative Tribal website for Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation.



Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                         11                                                      10/17/01

                                                   Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                 http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

        On-site visit (Drive To/From Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation)
                                                                         1 day on-site                1 day total


        One Collaborative website                                       3-5 days total        5 days total


                        ONE WEBSITE                          5 DAYS                       (1 WEEKS TOTAL)

    Time Estimates - Phase I, II & III: 14 DAYS TOTAL
              Approximately :
              3 weeks (14 days) - Full time or
              6 weeks (over 42 day period) - Half-time




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      12                                                 10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation


              Solution Defined

    Our solution is to demonstrate the incorporation of these Tribal businesses and entities by using
    a "Native Community Economic Development Model," to utilize a “Tribal
    TeleCommunity Network Model,” designed and implement on the TDV‟s "Wireless
    Tribal Backbone Network." This model can then be applied to the other 350+ Tribal Nations
    (communities) across the US. This Tribal Community Network Archetype can be used as
    Tribal Intranet Nodes on the termination's of all the existing and future access points on the
    Southern California Tribal Digital Village: The 18 Mission Bands, State of California
    Universities, as well as other Tribal Native enterprises & businesses.


    The Tribal Digital Village‘ Tribal Communities are located in the State of California. California
    is the home of 300+ different Tribes. The Southern California Tribal Community will be able
    to demonstrate the best ways to:


         1. Create new ways of Inter-Tribal communicating with local, regional, and national
            Native Resources,
         2. Apply expertise, competitive skills, and leadership in telecommunications technology,
         3. Create new jobs in the Southern California Tribal Indian Reservations and nearby
            communities, through on-site & on-line training,
         4. Stimulate the Southern California Tribal Digital Village‘ Community economy by
            marketing Native produced arts and crafts electronically & developing and promoting
            tourist and recreational activities,
         5. Open up new opportunities for Southern California American Indian businesses to
            compete in regional, national, and international markets by providing access to existing
            infrastructure and eCommerce opportunities.




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      13                                    10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                        Technical Approach:

    The approach taken is to work in 3 phases over 2 years.


         1. The first phase will be to design and implement a „Tribal‟ TeleCommunity Local
              Area Network / Wide Area Network (LAN/WAN) Node model. This will be
              implemented at the Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation. The Tribal LAN/WAN
              ―Intranet Nodes‖ will interconnect the communities‘ agencies, businesses, and
              organizations to the Tribal Digital Village‘ Network on the Sycuan Band of the
              Kumeyaay Nation.


         2. The second phase is running concurrently to install the 45Mbs Wireless Backbone
              within the State of California in San Diego County, to interconnect the 18 Tribal Digital
              Village reservations and to facilitate an inter-tribal collaborative model. This will create
              the ‗Tribal Digital Village‘ Regional Network. This will be designed and implemented




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      14                                      10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

              by the Southern California Tribal Chairman‘s Association (SCTCA) HP Tribal Digital
              Village grant.


         3. The third phase will be running concurrently with the second phase, to install the relay
              links from the Tribal Digital Village‟ Community Network to the 45 Mbs. Wireless
              Backbone. These links will connect Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation to the
              Tribal Digital Village‘ Regional Network. The identified community participants are:
              The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Tribal Administration, Sycuan Community
              School‘s (Elementary, Middle, and High), Sycuan Health Clinic on the Sycuan
              Reservation, and the following Sycuan Tribal Enterprises (Sycuan Casino, Singing Hills
              Resort, and the Gaming Commission).


                                    Phase 1 (6 Months):

    Design And Implement A „Standard‟ Tribal Community Local Area Network / Wide
    Area Network (LAN/WAN) Intranet3 Node Model


    The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation currently utilizes a single T1 connection, distributed
    to the Tribal offices with Spread Spectrum Microwave links. The Sycuan Casino MIS
    Department manages the Tribal network, which consists of The Sycuan Casino Network, the
    Sycuan Tribal Administration Network, and the DQ University @ Sycuan & Fire Networks.
    One T1 can be used for Internet access through BIA/DOInet and KBand Satellite T1 access
    through AIHEC Satellite Network can be used for an Interactive Video Network. A Local Area
    Network is currently in place at the Vocational Rehabilitation / DQ University @Sycuan to
    serve the students and staff of Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation. The Secondary School
    networks needs to be installed in areas and upgraded to CAT5 standards in other areas. Either
    a Fiber Optic cabling needs to laid to and between the buildings or more Microwave links with

    3
              An Intranet is a local network based on Web technology. This creates a common 'point and click' interface, no computer platform
    dependencies, and an open system network for all of the community participants.




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                              15                                                                     10/17/01

                                                        Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                      http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    a combination of Wireless Spread Spectrum and Fiber Optics connections to State Schools
    needs to be installed to interconnect existing school buildings. Once the connections to the
    School’s are in, the School generates the design that is made available to the students, faculty,
    staff, and administration. The connections to the community will need to be approached on an
    individual basis to determine the design needed for the tribal community.


    An "Economic Development Model" (see Appendix A - Economic Development Model) will
    be used to address all entities involved in Native Communities, Tribes, businesses, and
    associations. The Economic Development Model used starts with World Wide Recognition via
    World Wide Web (WWW) Homepages development for generating commerce. Next, we move
    on to Infrastructure Development via a Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) for non-
    existent LAN‘s and an ―Open Systems Methodology‖ for migrating existing LAN‘s into a
    WAN. Finally, the technical training is facilitated via "Virtual Classroom" On-line Computer-
    Based Training (CBT) Modules, on and off-site, utilizing the Internet and microwave-based
    classes.


    The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation will use this ―Economic Development Model‖ to
    facilitate the design and implementation of a Tribal Community-based Network (see Appendix
    A - Community / Tribal Network Model) for The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation. (see
    Appendix A - Tribal Nation Network) The Tribal node will provide goods and services of the
    community to the world via a "Virtual Community Intranet" as the common interface to Tribal
    Community Services.


                                  Phase 2 (6 Months):

    Design And Implement A „Standard‟ Tribal Community Local Area Network / Wide
    Area Network (LAN/WAN) Node Model


    The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation currently utilizes a single T1 connection, distributed
    to the Tribal offices with Spread Spectrum Microwave links. The Sycuan Casino manages the


Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      16                                     10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    Tribal network, which consists of The Sycuan Casino Network, the Sycuan Tribal
    Administration Network, and the DQ University @ Sycuan & Fire Networks. Some of the
    participants have a need for upgrading their current computer systems to accept a TCP/IP
    protocol as a common interface. Some only need computer upgrades, while some need
    complete LAN upgrades. A technology coordinator for the Tribal community needs to be in
    place. This person will identify which model will be used at each participant‘s facility. Each
    entity will need access to a Tribal Technical Consultant to determine optimal use of existing
    networking strategies.




                                  Phase 3 (12 Months):

    Install the Connecting Links on the Tribal Digital Village‟ Regional Wireless Backbone


    As the participants are upgraded and/or install a LAN/WAN, the inter-community links will be
    installed concurrently. They will have an option of connecting to the Tribal Digital Village
    high-speed educational / non-profit network or to a commercial Internet Service Provider. All
    will need a wireless relay connection for accessing the high-speed Broadband Internet, or
    utilizing another Broadband source, such as COX Cable, for dialing out of their facility or a
    direct connection to one of the existing Internet nodes (Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation or
    COX Digital Cable Communications).


    As the connections within the community are in, each participant generates the common
    interface that is made available to the students, faculty, staff, and administration. The
    connections within the community will need to be approached on an individual basis to
    determine the access method needed for the community. These participants will need a
    feasibility and analysis study completed on the existing structures to determine the optimal
    design to be used.



Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      17                                  10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

              Recommendations in Using Common Technology

    The following recommendations are being presented to create a ―Tribal TeleCommunity
    Network‖ available to Tribal members, community members, and the general public.


                  Create a Tribal MIS Department to administer, manage, and maintain the Tribal
                   Administration Network & the DQ-University educational network.

                  upgrade existing elementary and secondary classrooms to include LAN‘s via
                   BIA/DOInet. (See BIA-DOInet section for future possibilities for “Two networked
                   workstations in every classroom, one administrative computer for each teachers’
                   desk, and a school-wide Student/Administration program for each school”)

                  install existing satellite network through AIHEC to include Tribal vocational and
                   continuing education. (See Appendix - Presentation Layouts - AIHEC diagram and
                   Tribal School district for future distance education program possibilities)

                  use the technology to serve unique Tribal needs by setting up a Tribal Member Web,
                   accessible by Tribal members, community members, and potential customers. (See
                   Appendix - Presentation Layouts - Tribal Tele-Community Model diagram for future
                   possibilities)

                  utilize the Community-wide accessible Tribal Network to integrate Tribal computer
                   systems. (See Appendix - Tribal Network section for future possibilities)

                  participate in the TDV Inter-Tribal network for broadband internet connectivity.

                  maximize access to resources through Tribal partners with off-reservation agencies,
                   and New Mexico/Tribal relations on human resources.

                  build allies with lobbyist‘s to address California and Tribal jurisdictions and use
                   strong political allies to address needs.

                  build community-wide responsibility for Tribal Strategic Planning by involving the
                   Tribal community in decision-making process.




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      18                                      10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation


    Tribal Organizations

    The Southern California Tribal Chairman‘s Association arranged for Evans Craig of Internet
    Technology Service, LLC to conduct on-site interviews with the following Sycuan Band of the
    Kumeyaay Nation representatives;

          Shirley Murphy, Director of DQ University                              Danny Tucker, Tribal Administrator
           @Sycuan
                                                                                  Jim Elafantaine, Sycuan Casino - Director
          John Bathke, DQ Program Development                                     of MIS
          Kalim Smith, Student Services Coordinator                              Jay Gnessin, Sycuan Casino – MIS
                                                                                   Administrator
          Chris Keyes, Rehabilitation Counselor
                                                                                  Roger Simpson, Director of Community
          Debbie Cuero, Campo Indian Education                                    Development
          Jerry Kein, DQ Instructor at Campo                                     Nubia Ruiz, Tribal Accounting
          Carmen Solom, Cuyamaca College                                         Tony Norton, Tribal Legal
          Will Boerman, Humanities Instructor at SDSU                            Celso Chavez, Tribal Publishing
    Also participating on onsite surveys are:


          Cody Martinez, Tribal Enrollment Department                            Frank Lowry, Dept. of Public Safety
          Mr. Murphy, Fire Chief                                                 XX XX, Tribal Health Department
          Laurie Bell, Office Mgr., Fire Dept.                                   XX XX, Headstart & Child Care
          Arlene Galvin, Sycuan Learning Center                             


    Telecommunications Infrastructure Demographics attained: the amounts of Internet
    connectivity possibly available on The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation reservation are as
    follows:


          1. Sycuan Casino                                               1 direct-connection T1
          2. Sycuan Tribal Admin.                                        1 Microwave link from T1


Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      19                                                  10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

         3. DQ University & Fire                                          1 Microwave link from T1
         4. Sycuan Facilities                                             1 Microwave link from T1
         5. Sycuan Accounting                                             1 Microwave link from T1

              Five Tribal Organizations                                   1 T1

    The identified resource needs of the Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation showed:

            Internet Resources                 Tribal Member Resources                           Staff Resources

    Internet Accessibility                    Self Sustained                              Departmental Meetings
    Bulletin Boards                           Improved Instruction                        Defined dept. missions,
    Tribal Administration                     Trained Staff                               needs, & Communication
    Communication                                                                         Technology
                                              Compatible Programs
    Video Conferencing                                                                    Central Distribution Center
                                              Culturally Relevant
    Distance Learning                         Curriculums                                 Resource People

    On-line Library                           Workshops for Members                       On-line Resources

    Computer Labs                             Programming Classes                         Student Tracking

    Financial Software                        Confidentially of Records                   Healthy Environment


                  Internet accessibility is adequate for the Tribal e-mail needs
                  Internet accessibility is not adequate for the educational interactive models, and
                   additional types of accessibility are needed to conduct eCommerce,
                  the consolidation of Regional Tribal and cultural resources,
                  the participation of the Regional Tribal community to a shared New Statewide
                   network.

    The six organizations will need common types of expertise to accomplish a community wide
    network:


                  a common Tribal MIS Administrator to design Tribal LAN nodes (Tribal
                   Intranet),




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                       20                                                    10/17/01

                                                 Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                               http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

                  a common high-speed accessibility node for the community to access the Tribal
                   community network,
                  a common Internet consultant to design accessible nodes to connect up to,
                  a common Community-Wide Network model to design towards,
                  a common local network provider or Internet Service Provider (ISP) to implement
                   the designs.

                  a common Instructional Designer to design distance education modules for class
                   curricula.

                        System-Wide Needs Analysis Process

    The process used to determine system-wide needs is a community approach:


              1. The community representatives were interviewed,


              2. The sites were assessed for available technology,


              3. The initial statewide assessment will be used for a Department of Commerce
                   technology grant to gain initial funding for a ―Statewide Tribal Broadband
                   Network,‖


              4. Each of the the final Tribal Technology Assessments will be submitted to each of
                   the Tribal representatives to obtain funding for a Tribal TeleCommunity Network.


                        Problem Definition

    The Tribal Digital Village Project is eliminating the distance between Tribes, schools and
    students by conducting Technology assessments to all 18 Tribal Digital Village Tribes and
    designing a regional Tribal Broadband Network that links to all of Tribal Digital Village
    reservations in the San Diego County. Under the current Technology Plan, computer links are
    being established in every Tribal department & Tribal organizations; allowing Tribal members,
    Tribal Administration, and school children to communicate with each other, such as students

Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      21                                   10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    and teachers within the Sycuan Tribal community, the Southern California region and the
    world.


    This led to the following needs being identified:


        Current Community-Wide Needs                             Future Community-Wide Needs

        Tribal Information Systems (IS)                          Self Sufficiency
         Department
                                                                  Local Control over Community
        Higher Education via Distance                             Systems
         Education
                                                                  Community-Wide Strategic Plan
        Shared Information & Resources                            (Currently in the process.)

        Training & Implementers                                  Telemedicine

        Common Integrated Technology Plans                       eMarketing

                                                                  eCommerce capabilities




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      22                                10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    The following organizations participated in an On-site Assessment of available technology on
    the Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation in San Diego County, CA, USA.


              The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    Contact:            Danny Tucker, Tribal Vice-Chairman                          dtucker@sycuan.com
              5459 Dehesa Road, El Cajon, CA 92021                       (619) 445-2613, Fax (760) 445-1927
    http://www.sycuan.com


         Shirley Murphy, Director, DQ-University @ Sycuan                           smurphy@sycuan.com
         John Bathke, Program Administrator                  jbathke@sycuan.com
         (619) 445-6917


                        Sycuan‟s History

    The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation is a tribe who have lived in the San Diego County
    region for centuries, Their ancestors, called Southern Dieguenos during the Mission era, were
    peaceful people who farmed, hunted, and fished for survival.

    The native language of the Kumeyaay is Ipaay, which means ―The People,‖ and is still spoken
    by band members today.

    With the arrival of the Spanish Missionaries in 1769, and following die influx of Mexican and
    American settlers, the Dieguenos gradually lost the lands where they had once lived. It was
    many years later that the Sycuan Band received the land rights to their present location.

    A treaty between San Diego County tribes and the United States Government was signed at
    Santa Ysabel on January 5, 1852+ A total of nineteen treaties were signed with San Diego
    Indian tribes, however, none were ratified by Congress. An Executive Order in 1875 formally
    established the existing San Diego reservations.

    The Citizenship Act of 1924 gave all American Indians citizenship rights while retaining Tribal
    citizenship.

    Today Tribal Council, elected to manage business and tribal matters, governs the Sycuan Band.
    However, major decisions must be voted on by the general Band membership. This ensures

Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      23                                           10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    each Band member has direct input into all relevant matters.

    The Sycuan Band has formed Articles of Association which are separate from, and in most
    cases supersede, the United States Constitution. Under these Articles, the Sycuan Band has
    established its own laws and civil jurisdiction with the highest authority being the Tribal
    Chairperson.

    During the last twenty years, Sycuan has built Fire and Public Safety Departments, providing
    services to the Sycuan Reservation and the neighboring communities.. In addition, Sycuan
    provides medical; dental, and day care services. These services are available to Sycuan Tribal
    Members, employees and the surrounding community.

    The success of Sycuan‘s Casino has provided financial independence and security for the
    Sycuan Band, and an end to dependence on government assistance for survival. The profits
    from the Casino have provided new homes, health care, a new church, and educational facilities
    for the residents of the reservation, as well as employment for members of the San Diego
    County community.

    Yet, while the Sycuan Band has gained success by modern day standards, tribal members retain
    their rich heritage as Native Americans. Traditional customs are still very much a part of
    everyday life for Sycuan Band members.4

         Some of Sycuan‘s long-term technological goals are:


        Network all Tribal programs                                        Assured room for growth in the new
                                                                             telephone system
        Broadband Internet access to all homes in
         the Pueblo                                                         Become our own Internet Service Provider
                                                                             (ISP)
        Long Distance Learning for higher
         education for Tribal programs and to better                        Immediate access to the educational
         serve the community                                                 profession for consultation with regard to
                                                                             distance education needs at the Sycuan
                                                                             Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




    4
              Quoted from ―Sycuan Casino & Resort Employee Handbook.‖




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                          24                                                   10/17/01

                                                    Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                  http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

                        Tribal Administrative Services

    The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation, like all federally recognized tribes, is a
    sovereign nation. Indian Nations are distinct political communities, having territorial
    boundaries, within which their authority is exclusive, and having a right to all the lands within
    those boundaries, which is not only acknowledged but guaranteed by the United States.
    (Worcester v. Georgia, 6 Pet. 515, 557, 8L. Ed. 483, 499 1832). Tribal sovereignty is
    guaranteed by treaties between Indian Nations and the US government. It is important to
    note that these treaties do not grant rights from the US government to Indian Nations, but rather
    from Indian Nations to the US government.


    The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation is responsible for providing many of the same
    services as states, and preserving our unique cultural identity. They have their own Accounting,
    HR, Insurance/Medical Claims, Public Safety, Community Development, Medical
    Administration, Medical Clinic, Janitor, Landscape, Recreation Center, Casino Construction,
    Tribal Construction, Tribal Enrollment, Day Care Center, Dental Clinic, Vocational
    Rehabilitation, & Fire Dept, as well as their own Tribal enterprises, such as Sycuan Casino,
    Sycuan Gaming Commission & Singing Hills Resort @ Sycuan.


                        Sycuan Human Resources Department

              Currently, the Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation employs approximately 1400
    people in gaming and tribal departments. With Sycuan casino expansion almost complete,
    Sycuan expects to approach a labor force of almost 1800 by the end o this year. Included in the
    tribal departments arc the Tribal government, Health Clinic services, F4ucariotiat and Day Care
    services, and Fire Protection and Public Safety services. The Casino departments include
    Finance, Food Service1 Facilities, Security, Customer Care, Marketing, Slots, Card Room and
    Bingo.




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      25                                     10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

              The Human Resources Department oversees recruitment and selection of all employees,
    training and development programs, performance management and compensation systems,
    benefits administration and a variety of other human resources-related programs. The Human
    Resources Department employs 1 2 staff members, and focusing on one or more areas of
    specialization in the human resources profession. The Human Resources Department will soon
    be relocating to the new administration building, near the Casino. The administration building
    houses a number of administrative departments, including the Gaming Commission,
    Accounting and Marketing.


                        Sycuan Fire Department

    A Brief History


              Sycuan Fire Department was established in October 1974 to provide the Reservation
    residents a much-needed service that was not provided by the non-reservation emergency
    service providers. The California Department of Forest and Fire Protection by agreement with
    the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Provided wildfire suppression only hut would respond to a
    structure fire because of a threat to woodland. Since this was for the six months of the fire
    season Indian Reservations were without any type of service for the winter months. A newly
    formed agency, The San Diego Office of Fire Service was forming Volunteer Departments
    within the County to provide Structural/EMS services to the back country residents who were in
    the same situation as the 18 Indian Reservations in the county. Fire Service Office provided the
    equipment, training and dispatch service with the local community providing the personnel.
    Sycuan entered into an agreement with a local Federal Manpower Training Program to pay for
    firefighters.


              In 1978 Sycuan sent 14 personnel to a 360 horn- fire academy at the Heartland Fire
    Training Center in El Cajon utilizing the Bureau of Indian Affairs Education Scholarship ‗for
    the tuition. All graduated as Fire Fighter-I and EMT/Mt These person‘s returned to Sycuan,



Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      26                                    10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    Rincon and Viejas Reservation to staff their fire engines. In 1989 Sycuan implemented an EMT
    Ambulance service (BLS) to the reservation and adjacent non-Indian communities


              Today Sycuan has a fleet of two Type-I Medic Engines, two Type-II Wild land Engines,
    one Water Tender, one Ambulance anti three Ambulances providing service to both reservation
    and reservation residents covering some 700 square miles. Sycuan also provides fire and
    emergency medical service to the Viejas Reservation and ambulance service, to the Deer Valley
    stationed at the U.S. Forest Service Station at Lake Henshaw providing service to the residents
    of the lake including Santa. Ysabel, Aesn Gmude~ Los Cyotes, LaJolla. reservations. The two
    brush engines in the summer of 2000 were called to Wyoming for a period of 21 days and also
    during the same year did a 21 day tour In San Luis Obispo.


    History


              Founded in 1974, with a small group of volunteers and a nominal budget the Sycuan
    Fire Department has grown with the vision and forethought of the Sycuan Tribal Council.


              Recognizing the need and taking the responsibility, the Sycuan Band of Kumeyaay
    Nation has been a leader in Reservation Fire Departments.


    Jurisdiction


              Sycuan Reservation - One square mile with 75 residential structures which includes;
    medical clinic building, gymnasium, two churches, library, Human Resources building, day
    care facility offices at D-Q, Tribal Offices, and casino.


              Viejas Reservation contracts with Sycuan for fire and emergency medical services. The
    1200-acre reservation with 151) residents~ Tribal Center, school, church, gaming center, and a
    shopping center with 39 stores.




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      27                                   10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    Training


              Headed by one Battalion Chief and assisted by one captain and one engineer, the
    [raining division is vets‘ dynamic and is an ongoing process of manipulative skill and
    continuing education ~th the emphasis on education. The Cap tam of the shift and the training
    Captain subjects all engine companies to a daily training schedule One or bock Battalion Chiefs
    rest crews monthly.


    E.M.S. (Emergency Medical Services)


              Eighty-five percent of any fire departments calls are medical aids. Medical aids include
    traffic accidents, general illness, residential and industrial accidents1 acts of violence and any
    situation where medical attention might be needed. The E,M.S. division interacts the most with
    the public. This is also an area where Sycuan Reservation is extremely generous in that they
    provide the surrounding communities with a service that costs the County of San Diego
    nothing. Sycuan Fire operates three ambulances, one at Sycuan Reservation that is a paramedic
    unit, one at Valley Center and one at Lake Henshaw. The engine at Viejas Reservation (6312)
    also staffs a paramedic Firefighter as one of its crew. On July 19, 1999 the Sycuan one
    paramedic per day staffs engine.


              The E.M.S. Division offers training to the surrounding community in EMT and CPR
    along with continuing education classed for paramedics throughout the country.


    Resources


              Sycuan: One paramedic structure engine


              One brush engine


              One paramedic ambulance



Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      28                                      10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

              One 1500 gallon water tender


              At Viejas: One structure engine. (paramedic unit)


              One brush engine


    Personnel


              Firefighter personnel nicer or exceed sure requirements. Sycuan Fire Personnel must
    meet Department minimum standards, State certification, Federal certification, ETA
    certification and physical training requirements. All new probation firefighters must pass a
    probationary packet in which they are tested every three months with a rest at the end of the
    year. Probationary firefighters that had any portion of the resting are terminated. All Fire
    personnel are engaged in continuing education and all engine companies must meet training and
    drill requirements. All personnel must pass an annual physical fitness test (PFT) that requires a
    3 mile run in 25 minutes or less, 80 crunches in 2 minutes maximum, and 50 Push ups.


              Personnel - 1 Fire Chief, 1 Operations Battalion Chief, I EMS/Training Battalion Chief,
    1 Prevention Battalion Chief; 1 EMS Captain, 5 Support staff; 6 Line Captains, 4 Wildland Fire
    apparatus engineer. 1 2 Seasonal firefighters (Wildland), 12 Firefighter (structural), 18
    Paramedic ‗BMT‘-Firefighters (Ambulance) - Total 68 employees


    Prevention

              Another area where Sycuan Fire leads other Reservations is in fire prevention. Sycuan
    Fire is staffed with a Prevention/Safety Officer The Prevention Officer is dedicated to fire
    prevention, is certified for fire investigation and is utilized by the Casino for safety purposes.
    the Fire Marshall works in conjunction with the sheriff‘s arson squad, forest services, and
    California Department of Forestry Prevention Officer.




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      29                                      10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

                        Sycuan Department of Public Safety

              The Sycuan Department of Public Safety works directly for the Sycuan Tribal Council.
    The department‘s primary duties consist of patrolling the reservation and responding to calls for
    service to protect the lives and property for tribal members~ employees and guests. AU officers
    employed by the department have extensive law enforcement training and knowledge of the
    California Penal & Vehicle Codes. and Sycuan Tribal Ordinances.


                              5459 Dehesa Rd., El Cajon, CA 92019 • (619) 445-8710


                        Sycuan Tribal Construction

              Butch Mancini is the current director of Sycuan Construction. This department was
    started hack in October of 1987 and was managed by Henry Ruiz. Since then, Sycuan has been
    transformed from your typical reservation into the modern custom homes and building
    structures that stand now. Dutch and his crew of two do pleasing work and are well liked by all
    who come to know them.


                        Sycuan Tribal Landscaping

              Sycuan Tribal I1andscaping was branch out from the Sycuan Tribal Construction Dept.
    It was started by Rudy Ruiz about a year after the tribal construction dept. in 1988 and was
    supervised then by a guy named Hilly. It turned out to he a fundamental department for Sycuan
    and quickly grew into a warmly welcomed addition to the Sycuan family. Running the show
    now is a gentleman named Edward Aldaina. As a close look of their work both Landscaping
    and Construction arranged the layout for the Powwow grounds.




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      30                                   10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

                        Sycuan Publishing

              Sycuan Publishing serving Sycuan since 1 991 is a dedicated department solely to the
    tribe. Celso Chavez who‘s been with it since the beginning. 1-las recently acquired two more
    partners Pilar Pettiford and Charlene Worrell in the year 2000.


              One of the main purpose of this group is to provide news to the tribe through a
    newsletter (Sycuan Tribal News Letter) and Keep everyone informed as well as try to keep
    communication lines open1


              Other services would include computer graphics1 publishing, writing editing and
    personal requests by tribal members, other tribal departments and affiliates.


                        Sycuan Medical/Dental Center

              The mission statement of Sycuan Medical/Dental Center is to provide primary health,
    dental, specialty, public and other health care services as proven to be needed by the established
    health care system of the Sycuan Band of Kumeyaay Nation and its Tribal Council.


              Over 15 medical employees, including physicians, nurses and specialists work
    cohesively to provide top quality comprehensive primary care to 4,600 clients with a
    cumulative 6,000 patient visits per year.


              The Sycuan Medical/Dental Center focuses on specific conditions impacting the Native
    American population.


              On site primary services include acute illness, injury treatment and preventive care.
    Specialist services include podiatry, obstetrics and gynecology, and diabetes,


              Over 10 dental employees including general dentists, hygienists and registered dental
    assistants provide general dentistry, including specialty endodontics and oral surgery to 2,500
    clients with accumulative 4000 patient visits per year.

Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      31                                   10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

              Sycuan Medical/Dental Center also has a Behavioral 1-lealth Department offering adult
    and adolescent counseling -in problem areas such as financial, gambling, depression and
    alcohol/drug abuse. It also offers an employee assistance program for all employees.


              Sycuan‘s Pharmacy is a full service pharmacy that fills approximately 17,000
    prescriptions each year, while providing patient consultation in a highly cultural environment.


                        Sycuan Administrative Services (SAS)

              Sycuan Administrative Services (SAS) is a third party administrator owned 1 00% by
    the Sycuan Band of Kumeyaay Indians. SAS began sell-administering medical, dental and
    vision claims for tribal members and employees in 1991 and has now developed into a highly
    successful third party administrator. SAS specialized in the administration of self—funded
    health plaits for Indian tribes nationwide. In response to increasing health care expenditures
    SAS began educating Native American Employers about self-funded employee health plans.
    Seven years later we remain committed to Native American Employers. Just as our
    commitment and knowledge grows, so does our client list, Tribes throughout the U.S. have
    found self-funded employee health plans to be advantageous as well as being a cost-efficient
    alternative to traditional insurance. If you would like more information about the services we
    provide please CALL h800-445-4012.


              PO BOX 2P)18~ El Cajon, California 92021 • (619) 445-1268 • 1-800-445-4012


                        DQ-University @ Sycuan

              D—Q University at Sycuan is an accredited two—year institution dedicated to creating
    programs of superior education and academic training through Native people‘s own culture as a
    frame reference with emphasis on the Kumeyaay perspective.




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      32                                   10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

                        Mission Statement 5

              An accredited two-year institution dedicated to creating a program of superior education
    and academic training through Native people‘s own culture as a frame reference with emphasis
    on the Kumeyaay perspective.


              What is D-Q University?

              D-Q University is a non-profit, private, accredited two-year post-secondary institution of
    learning, dedicated to the progress of indigenous peoples through education. It is designated as
    a tribally-controlled community college under the Tribally Controlled Community Colleges
    Assistance Act. D-Q University is a founding member of the American Indian Higher
    Education Consortium. Governed by an Indian Board of Trustees, D-Q University offer quality
    instruction and a culturally supportive environment for those wishing to learn and has also been
    approved for the training of veterans and for the education of foreign students.


              The official name of the institution is D-Q University. The college derives its name
    from two important figures from Native history. The ―D‖ stands for the name of the Great
    Peacemaker who inspired the founding of the Iroquois Condederacy. The full name symbolized
    by the ―D‖ is used only in a religious context. The ―Q‖ represents Quetzalcoatl, an Aztec
    prophet, who symbolizes the principles of wisdom and self-discipline.


              Statement of Philosophy

              D-Q University was established as an institution of higher learning governed by Native
    people for the purpose of providing indigenous people with a learning environment that would
    combine their cultural heritage with the understanding and mastery of the contemporary needs
    of Indigenous peoples.


    5
              Quoted from Sycuan website at www.sycuan.com




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                          33                                10/17/01

                                                    Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                  http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    D-Q University is dedicated to the progress of Indigenous peoples and their educational
    endeavors. The university supports the development of education within a context that affirms
    the values and depth of those cultures. The institution seeks the preservation of Indigenous
    peoples‘ knowledge and views of the world. The university supports individuals who contribute
    their professional and technological expertise to the improvement and quality of Native
    American communities. The university acknowledges that these communities may consist of
    reservations, racherias, rural and urban areas.


    Inherent in the activities of the University is a fundamental concern for the self determination of
    Native peoples. A trilateral approach is established to support the individual‘s presence in a
    rapidly changing society: discovery of self-identity via an awareness of cultural heritage,
    bridging the gap between cultures and preparing the individual for service to their community.


    Five (5) institutional core objectives have been developed over the 28 years of D-Q
    University‘s history. They are to:

                  Create programs of quality education and learning that Native peoples can apply to
                   their own cultural frame of reference
                  Create opportunities for Native students to gain actual experience in technical and
                   academic skills development
                  Preserve and build Native American cultural heritage as a valid area of scholarship
                   and academic inquiry
                  Serve as a learning center for Native American communities by development of
                   localized instruction that will enhance the capability of tribal governments and their
                   programs of service to their people
                  Create programs of teaching and learning that will allow for the improvement of
                   self-image and self-worth of Native Americans



    For more information about D-Q University and course schedules, please contact us at 619-445-
         6914.




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      34                                         10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    Sycuan Learning Center

    Demonstrating its commitment to education, Sycuan proudly features the Sycuan Learning
    Center on the reservation. The center is a satellite campus and part of the Mountain Empire
    Unified School District. It also offer classes in conjunction with the Hillside Junior and Senior
    High Schools.


    The Learning Center began as an after-school tutoring program for elementary school children.
    Over the years, the center added alternative education and independent study for teenagers and
    adults. Courses and tutoring services are available to tribal members as well as Sycuan
    employees, their families and the neighboring community.


    Under the direction of the manager, Arlene Galvan, the Learning Center also offers summer
    high school courses, arts and crafts for kindergarten and first graders, as well as an after-school
    program for kindergarten through sixth grade.


    Sycuan recently hosted the Learning Center‘s fifth graduation ceremony on the reservation and
    the center has successfully produced a total of 41 high school graduates.


              The Learning Center began as an after-school tutoring program for elementary school
    children. Over the years, the center added alternative education and independent study for
    teenagers and adults. Courses and tutoring services are available to tribal members as well as
    Sycuan employees, their families and the neighboring community. Demonstrating its
    commitment to education, Sycuan proudly features the Sycuan Learning Center on the
    reservation.


    Under the direction of the manager, Arlene C1ialvan, the Learning Center also offers summer
    high school courses, arts and crafts for kindergarten and first graders, as well as an after-school
    program for kindergarten through sixth grade. Sycuan recently hosted the Learning Centers‘
    fifth graduation ceremony on the reservation and the Learning Center has successfully produced

Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      35                                       10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    a total of 4 high school graduate & For more information about the Sycuan Learning Center,
    please call 619-445-7776.




    Hillside High School


              Independent Study Program - As a Satellite Campus of the Mt. Empire Unified School
    District, the Learning Center offers an Independent Study Program for teenagers and adults.
    This program offers everyone the chance to go hack to school and earn a High School Diploma
    Through accredited teacher, personalized lesson plans are designed to assist each student in
    reaching his/her goal. Qualified tutors and teachers aides are on staff to assure that goals are
    met and offer one-on-one help to students. We are advocates of the educational success and are
    committed to improving self esteem and cultural pride in our students. Our students include
    Tribal members, (adults and teens) and our Casino employees and/or their children We also
    have students from other reservations and our surrounding neighborhoods.


                        Sycuan Library

              Julie LaChappa established the Sycuan Library in 1991, we arc presently working hand
    and hand with the Learning Center, and the Sycuan Kiddie Care. We are providing movie days
    on Tuesdays and arts and crafts on Fridays. Working with these two departments we intend to
    provide access to more information, including educational resources! Kumeyaay culture, and at
    the same time provide the best environment for our kids.


                        Sycuan Recreation Center

              The Recreation Center was built in 1996, which consist of an indoor basketball court, an
    arcade and pool table room and library. The Recreation Center is open from 9 a.m. to 8 p.m.
    every day, excluding holidays and special events away From the recreation center. We are
    currently holding special events, which are posted inside the arcade room and below the tribal

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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    administration office on the outdoor hill boa rd. We are currently taking the children to various
    amusement parks in the county of San Diego and throughout California. We are having several
    basketball skills contest this month of August and a Basketball Tournament, which is scheduled
    for the month of September. We also have other activities scheduled for the future months.
    September 2, 2000 we will be having a SBQ and games for the families to come and enjoy.


              We look forward to a wonderful year of fan and entertainment. We do ask that the
    parents also join in on the fun with their children. The Staff at the Recreation Center invite you
    to come in and participate. John Payne! Manager, Keith Wright, program Coordinator, Danny
    Rice, Felton Cart, Xusha Robinson and Terence Golden will he around to answer any questions
    you may have or write down any suggestions about other activities! CALL US AT 619-445-
    4054/445-98 14




        The Objectives of The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation flow from the goals:


         The Objectives of the Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation are based on this mission
    statement:

         1. To provide.


         2. To provide support services in the areas.


         3. To provide an environment that


         4. To promote.


         5. To provide an inter-tribal forum and special project aimed at that perpetuation of tribal
              rights and the economic progress of American Indians.



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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

            History of The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation LAN/WAN Technology
                                                    October, 2001:


              The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nations‘ MIS department is in actuality the Sycuan
    Casinos‘ MIS Department.




         The Status of The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation LAN/WAN Technology


              Tribal Information Infrastructure Project (TIIP) was initiated by NAPT in 1994 and
    funded




                The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation can help the community by:


    1. Provide information to schools on local access points to the Internet for telecommunications
         infrastructure information and services.


    2. Expanding the local training access & capabilities to include research conducted at all
         Tribal Digital Village and develop strategies to increase college and professional school
         enrollment, graduation, and retention of educated Tribal members;


    3. Create accredited internships, cooperative educational, and fellowship positions at New
         Mexico Tribal offices with the Tribes needs in mind;


    4. Offer ―on-line distance education‖ courses and degree/certificate programs collaboratively
         with all New Mexico Pueblo Nation Schools to Tribal members not physically in the New
         Mexico Pueblo Nation reservations.

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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    5. Create a ―New Mexico Tribes Educational Technology Homepage‖ to inform other Tribes,
         schools, and the general public about the uniqueness of our Tribal schools and members:


                  a Resource area for the New Mexico Pueblo Nation services
                   (target specific Tribal services and identify needed resources)

                  Create and manage a publicly available ―On-Line School Store‖ to sell and
                   distribute New Mexico Pueblo Nation schools‘ goods and services.
                   (This creates both student and Tribal member entrepreneurs that experience
                   “Succeeding at working on the reservation.”)

    6. Involve the New Mexico Pueblo Nation with on-line Tribal community activities such as:


               Tribal Discussion (Chat)                Tribal Inter-Library               Tribal e-mail & listserv
                area                                     access & loan

               On-Line Tribal Auctions                 On-Line Pow Wows                   On-Line conferences




    Regional & National Organizations

               Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) - Sacramento Agency

    Contact: Xxxxx Xxxxx, LAN Coordinator
                   address        City, St.      zip         (xxx) xxx-xxxx
    http://www.doi.gov/bureau-indian-affairs.html


    Sacramento Area Office, (California, Washington, Idaho and Nevada)
    Bureau of Indian Affairs
    115 4th Avenue, SE
    Aberdeen, South Dakota 37401
    (605) 226-7343 FAX (605)228-7448




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                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) is the principal bureau, within the federal government,
    responsible for the administration of federal programs for federally recognized Indian tribes,
    and for promoting Indian self-determination. In addition, the Bureau has a trust responsibility
    emanating from treaties and other agreements with Native groups. The mission of the Bureau is
    to enhance the quality of life, to promote economic opportunity, and to carry out the
    responsibility to protect and improve the trust assets of Indian tribes and Alaska Natives. The
    BIA provides the kinds of services one expects from a local, city, county, New Mexico or the
    Federal Government. This includes, but is not limited to, law enforcement, social services,
    education, housing improvements, loan opportunities for Indian businesses, and leasing of land.
    The Indian Health Service, an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services,
    provides health care for American Indians and Alaska Natives.


              The BIA currently provides federal services to approximately 1.2 million American
    Indians and Alaska Natives who are members of more than 557 federally recognized Indian
    tribes in the 48 contiguous United New Mexicos and in Alaska. The Bureau administers
    43,450,266.97 acres of tribally owned land, 10,183,530.13 acres of individually owned land,
    and 417,224.98 acres of federally- owned land which is held in trust status.


              The BIA is headed by an Assistant Secretary - Indian Affairs, who is responsible for
    BIA policy, but operationally the BIA is a bifurcated organization directed by (1) a Deputy
    Commissioner of Indian Affairs, who has line authority over 12 Area Offices, 83 Agency
    Offices, three sub-agencies, six field stations, and two irrigation project offices and (2) the
    Director of the Office of Indian Education, who has direct authority over 26 education line
    officers.


              The BIA funds 187 elementary, secondary and post-secondary Indian schools, many of
    them operated by tribal governments or organizations under contract with the Bureau. Other
    programs provide assistance for Indian college students, for vocational training, and for adult
    education.


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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

                        Office of Indian Education (OIEP)

    http://shaman.unm.edu/oiep/home.htm


    The Office of Indian Education Programs (OIEP)6 web site is provided to give an overview
    of the purpose, programs, and activities of the OIEP. "Indian Education: Best in America" is
    our theme that is inherent in our mission statement and in the forefront of all our educational
    pursuits. OIEP is located within the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the U.S. Department of Interior
    and is responsible for line direction and management of all Bureau of Indian Affairs education
    functions including the formation of policies and procedures, supervision of all program
    activities undertaken within the office's jurisdiction, and the approval of the expenditure of
    funds appropriated for the Bureau of Indian Affairs Indian education functions.


              Three major legislative actions have restructured the Bureau of Indian Affairs since the
    Snyder Act of 1921. First, the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, which introduced the
    teaching of Indian history and culture into Bureau schools. Full assimilation and eradication of
    Indian culture had been the policy of the federal government previously.


              A second major legislative action was the Indian Self-Determination and Education Act
    of 1975 (PL 93-638). This legislation gave authority to the tribes to contract with the BIA in the
    operation of schools and to determine the education programs for their children.


              The Education Amendments Act of 1978 (PL 95-561) and further technical amendments
    (PL 98-511, 99-89, and 100-297) mandated major changes in Bureau funded schools. These
    amendments empowered Indian school boards, provided for local hiring of teachers and staff,
    and the direct funding of schools.


              The mission of OIEP can be found in 25 CFR 32 and New Mexicos that the Bureau of
    Indian Affairs, OIEP is to provide quality education opportunities from early childhood

    6
              Compiled from the OIEP website at http://shaman.unm.edu/oiep/home.htm



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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    throughout life in accordance with the Tribe's needs for cultural and economic well-being in
    keeping with the wide diversity of Indian Tribes and Alaska Native villages as distinct cultural
    and governmental entities. OIEP shall manifest consideration of the whole person, taking into
    account the spiritual, mental, physical, and cultural aspects of the person within a family and
    Tribal or Alaska Native village contexts.


    Students:

    In 1997, there are 49,213 students being served in K-12 in basic instructional programs in
    Bureau-funded schools. This includes students served in dormitory programs who attend public
    schools. This total reflects an increase of 3.3% in the number of students severed from last
    school or 1,567 more students


              There are 10,463 students in residential programs operated and funded by the BIA. This
    represents 21% of the student population served by the BIA.


              In post-secondary programs, there are approximately 25,000 students served at BIA
    funded tribally controlled community colleges and universities. In the two BIA operated post-
    secondary institutions, there are 1,501 full time students.


    Schools:

    In 1997, there are 82 elementary and secondary schools operated by the BIA. There are
    105 elementary schools funded by the BIA which tribes operate under contract or grants. These
    187 schools (elementary, secondary, and boarding) are located on 63 reservations in 23 New
    Mexicos.


              In 1997, the BIA operated 5 peripheral dormitories on reservations. Peripheral
    dormitories are established on reservations for Indian students who attend nearby public




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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    schools. There are 9 peripheral dormitories that are Bureau funded and tribally operated under
    contracts or grants.


              The BIA funds 7 off-reservation boarding schools. The BIA operates 4 of the schools
    and 3 are tribally operated by contracts.


              The BIA funds 24 tribally controlled community colleges and operates 2: Haskell Indian
    Nations University and Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute.


              There are approximately 5000 teachers, administrators, counselors, and support
    personnel in the BIA school system.


              There are approximately 2,115 educational facilities maintained by the BIA which
    include multiple buildings on school property and exclude living quarters provided to teachers
    and/or administrators.


    The OIEP and BIA Goals 2000 Panel have developed the following goals and benchmarks:


             By the year 2011, 100% of students in BIA funded schools will be proficient or
              advanced in mathematics and language arts when assessed at three grade levels in regard
              to their learning of the new, more challenging content outlined in the national or New
              Mexico standards.


             One hundred percent of BIA funded schools will provide instruction based on
              challenging math and language arts content standards in school year 1997-98.


             One hundred percent of the BIA funded schools will have adopted challenging content
              standards in all core areas by the year 2000. These standards will include Indian culture
              and language content.




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             After baseline data is gathered determining how students perform as proficient,
              advanced or less than proficient on new authentic assessments, the percentage of
              students at the proficient and advanced levels will increase by at least 5% each year
              starting in school year 1996-1997.


             Starting with 4, 721 substance abuse incidents reported in school year 1994-1995, the
              number of such incidents will be decreased by 10% each year starting in school year
              1996-1997.


             In 1996-1997, one hundred percent of the 187 Bureau funded schools have developed
              and submitted Goals 2000 Consolidated Reform Plans covering all Improving America's
              Schools Act programs and regular school programs.


             By the year 2000, challenging standards for all students in all core areas will be adopted.


             By the year 2000, 100% of BIA funded schools will have valid and reliable authentic
              assessment systems in place for reading/language arts and math at a minimum. The
              systems will be aligned with the school's content and performance standards and
              curricula.


             In school year 1994-95, the average daily attendance rate for BIA-funded schools was
              90%. By the end of 1195-96, it was 91%. By the year 2000, will be 95% of higher.


             In school year 1994-95, the dropout rate was determined to be 15.6%. By the end of
              1995-96, it was 14.6%. By the year 2000, it will be 10.6% or lower.


             In school year 1994-95, schools retained 93% of their October student count enrollment
              number from then until the end of the school year. This rate was 94% in 1995-96. By
              the year 2000, it will be 98% or higher.




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             By the year 2000, 100% of BIA-funded schools will have restricted time, staff and
              resources as outlined


             By the year 2000, all students in BIA-funded schools will have access to computers for
              instructional activities and will have access to information via the information highway.


             By the year 2000, all BIA-funded schools will have an increased emphasis on early
              childhood education and parent literacy evidenced by refocusing resources, coordinating
              with existing programs, and providing improved services to parents and children.


             One hundred percent of Bureau-funded schools will have implemented comprehensive
              staff development plans by the 1997-98 school year.


             All teachers in Bureau-funded schools will be trained in the appropriate assessment
              system so that it can be implemented in the year 2000.


             In 1994, 85% of students in Bureau-funded high schools reported having drunk alcohol.
              By reducing this rate by 5% each year, it will be 55% or lower by the year 2000.


             In 1994, 68% of students in Bureau-funded high schools reported having used
              marijuana. By reducing this rate by 5% each year, it will be 38% or lower by the year
              2000.


             In 1994, 85% of students in Bureau-funded high schools reported having smoked
              cigarettes. By reducing this rate by 5% each year, it will be 60% lower by the year 2000.


             In 1994, 50% of students in Bureau-funded high schools reported having been in a
              physical fight during the year. By reducing this rate by 5% each year, it will be 20% or
              lower by the year 2000.




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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

             In 1994, 26% of students in Bureau-funded high schools reported having carried a
              weapon during the month. BY reducing this rate by 3% each year, it will be 8% or lower
              by the year 2000.


             By the year 2000, 100% of schools will meet their yearly local goals for reducing
              substance abuse and violence incidents.


                                                    The Vision of BIA is:


          The Aberdeen Area Office of the BIA will continue to provide timely, quality services,
      manage for excellence, fostering cooperation and coordination in consultation with Indian
                       Tribes while supporting self-determination and tribal sovereignty.




                                        The Mission of Aberdeen Area BIA is:


             to provide the highest quality administrative and technical services to assure our
              mutual responsibilities of enhancing the quality of life, promoting economic opportunity
              and protecting and improving the trust assets of American Indians and Indian Tribes,


             strive to constantly enhance the integrity, efficiency, and quality of services to meet the
              varying needs of individual Indians and Indian Tribes to support the government-to-
              government relationship.




                                              The Goals of Aberdeen Area BIA


    The Bureau of Indian Affairs is charged with providing services directly or through contract,
    grant and compact agreements with Tribes. The general goals are as follows:

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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    1. To promote and encourage the strengthening of Tribal government structure and Tribal
         management capabilities;


    2. To enhance the quality of life of Native Americans and Tribes, and empower the Tribes to
         manage the human services resources for their Tribal members;


    3. To improve/enhance the overall criminal system through coordination, communication, and
         cooperation with law enforcement, courts, and detention services in Indian Country;


    4. To support and encourage Tribes to develop an economic base at the reservations for the
         benefit of Tribes and Indian individuals, by empowering the Tribes to manage the resources
         and services for their respective Tribal members;


    5. To protect, conserve, improve, and manage natural resources owned by individual Indians
         and Tribes held in trust by the US Government, against waste, deterioration, erosion, and
         contamination; to assure sustained use of the resource and to improve the economic well
         being of Indian people through proper and efficient resource use;


    6. To provide comprehensive, Real estate services through management and accountability of
         individual Indian Lands, Tribal Lands, and natural resources;


    7. To carry the support services requirements of the Aberdeen Area in cooperation with the
         programs and Tribal governments.


                                         Status of BIA LAN/WAN Technology


    The BIA is connecting all 187 of their schools to the Internet by way of the Dept. of Interiors‘
    National Network - DOINET. The Campus Wide Network will be a fiber-based backbone with
    3Com Switches to connect all of the following classrooms and the Computer Center.
    According to the Presidents‘ Goals 2000 Plan, ―All classrooms will be connected by the year
    2000.‖ Thus, the ―Access Native America‖ plan will allow 2 Internet drops per classroom and

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    1 Internet drop per administration desk. None of these classrooms are networked together. All
    of the classrooms are using AppleTalk for Peer-to-Peer networks.


         K-8 - Each classroom has a minimum of two Apple IIe computers, some have ImageWriter
    Printers.


                                         Status of BIA LAN/WAN Technology


                        DOINET

    http://www.doi.gov/doinet/


              Bill Brooks, System Owner
                   Department of Interior
                   Office of Info. Res. Mgmt.
                   1849 C Street NW
                   Washington, DC 20240


    The BIA has connecting all 187 of their schools to the Internet by way of the Dept. of Interiors‘
    National Network - DOINET. The Campus Wide Network will be a fiber-based backbone with
    3Com Switches to connect all of the following classrooms and the Computer Center.
    According to the Presidents‘ Goals 2000 Plan, ―All classrooms will be connected by the year
    2000.‖ Thus, the ―Access Native America‖ plan will allow 2 Internet drops per classroom and
    1 Internet drop per administration desk.


    Graphic map available at:                    http://www.doi.gov/ien/icons/doinet/net-map.gif


    DOINET is the integrated data network backbone of the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI).
    The U.S. Geological Survey and the Bureau of Reclamation manage DOINET on behalf of all
    other bureaus under the Department of the Interior. As the single network architecture,
    DOINET ensures network compatibility within the Department. Also, DOINET supports the

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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    telecommunications requirements of the scientific and administrative applications of the
    department and its bureaus. The network developed out of a need to share resources among the
    bureaus, which leads to reduced overall costs and increased efficiency.


              The backbone of DOINET consists of various nodes located at key DOI bureau
    locations around the country. These nodes are connected together by high-speed circuits from
    FTS2000. Each backbone-switching node consists of a Stratacom IPX cell switch and one or
    more Cisco routers. Router connections utilize Cisco-compatible OSPF (open shortest path
    first) routing protocol. Other protocols such as PPP (point-to-point protocol) can also be used.
    To provide redundancy, each cell switch is connected to at least two other node locations by a
    T1 circuit. Cell relay technology is used by Stratacom to transfer data between the switches.
    Cisco routers are connected to the switches using Frame Relay to provide the data connection.
    Frame relay was chosen because it is efficient at handling highspeed, bursty data over wide area
    networks. Also, it is well suited for LAN-to-LAN connectivity, which is prevalent within the
    Department of Interior. Remote locations can connect to DOINET by dial-up procedures or
    dedicated circuits. From there they can connect to any location on the network.


              Besides data, DOINET supports voice and compressed video. The cell relay switches
    integrate the data, voice and video information onto the shared T1 circuits. The network also
    supports connections to and from the Internet.


    Future Expansion

    In the future, we plan to migrate to Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), incorporate T3
    trunking and add other nodes to the network: Billings, MT; Salt Lake City, UT; and Boston,
    MA. Also, the network will be scalable so that adding bandwidth, minor equipment and
    software upgrades can accommodate multimedia services.


                                      BIA can contribute to the community by:



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    1. Provide BIA schools local access points to the Internet, for Administrative and Technical
         services, while supporting self-determination and tribal sovereignty.


    2. Contribute to a ―Pueblo Nation School‘s Homepage‖ to inform other Tribes, School s, and
         the general public about the uniqueness of your Tribal students:


    3. Contribute by creating and managing an ―On-Line Tribal Support Service‖ to distribute
       Pueblo Nation Tribal Support Community services.

    4. Contribute to creating and managing an internal ―On-Line Tribal Store‖ to simulate selling
       and distributing Pueblo Nation Community Tribal goods and services.
       (This creates Tribal entrepreneurs that see how they may ―Work within the reservation.‖)




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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation


              Indian Health Service (IHS) of The Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation,
                        Albuquerque Area IHS

    http://www.ihs.gov/


    Contact: Joe Lucero, IHS Headquarters, Albuquerque
    5300 Homestead Rd. NE                     Alb., NM           87110                  (505) 248-4102

    Albuquerque Area Indian Health Service
    5300 Homestead Road, NE
    Albuquerque, NM 87110
    Phone: 505-248-4102
    Fax: 505-248-4115

    The Indian Health Service (IHS), an agency within the Department of Health and Human
    Services, is responsible for providing federal health services to American Indians and Alaska
    Natives. The provision of health services to members of federally recognized tribes grew out of
    the special government-to-government relationship between the federal government and Indian
    tribes. This relationship, established in 1787, is based on Article I, Section 8, of the
    Constitution, and has been given form and substance by numerous treaties, laws, Supreme
    Court decisions, and Executive Orders. The IHS is the principal federal health care provider and
    health advocate for Indian people, and its goal is to raise their health status to the highest
    possible level. The IHS currently provides health services to approximately 1.4 million
    American Indians and Alaska Natives who belong to more than 545 federally recognized tribes
    in 34 states.


                        Albuquerque Area Indian Health Service

              One of twelve Area Offices of the Indian Health Service, the Albuquerque Area is
    responsible for the provision of health services to a number of distinctly different tribal groups.
    In New Mexico,the tribes served are the 19 Pueblos, the Jicarilla and Mescalero Apaches, and
    the Alamo, Canoncito and Ramah Chapters of the Navajo Nation. In Southern Colorado are the

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    Southern Utes, and the Ute Mountain Ute Reservation (extending into a small portion of
    southern Utah). In Texas, the Ysleta Del Sur Reservation is served. Additionally, numerous
    tribal members from throughout the United States who live, work, or go to school in the urban
    centers of the Albuquerque Area are provided services in health facilities operated by the Indian
    Health Service.


              The administrative headquarters of the Area are located in Albuquerque. The Area is
    divided into eight Service Units which deliver services at the community level. Most health
    facilities are strategically located near population centers and include five hospitals, eleven
    health centers, and twelve field clinics. These facilities are administratively divided into eight
    service delivery areas called ―Service Units.‖ The Area‘s extensive network provides the Indian
    people a wide array of inpatient and outpatient services.


                        Albuquerque Area Service Units

         Acoma-Canoncito-Laguna Service Unit
         Albuquerque Service Unit
         Jicarilla Service Unit
         Mescalero Service Unit
         Santa Fe Service Unit
         Southern Colorado Ute Service Unit
         Ysleta Del Sur Service Unit
         Zuni-Ramah Service Unit

                        Albuquerque Service Unit


                                  Albuquerque Indian Hospital

              The Albuquerque Service Unit consists of the Albuquerque Indian hospital (28 beds)
    and attached ambulatory care center, health care centers at Isleta, Jemez, and Alamo
    communities and field health clinics in Zia, Santa Ana, and Sandia and at the Southwestern
    Indian Polytechnic Institute. The Alamo Chapter of the Navajo Nation has assumed full control




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    of all operations of the Alamo Navajo Health Center under Public Law 93-638, the Indian Self-
    Determination Act.


              The Albuquerque Hospital provide general inpatient care, with intensive care, surgery,
    and obstetric services contracted to the adjoining University of New Mexico Hospital and
    several private hospitals. Albuquerque has long been a center for education and employment for
    southwest Native Americans, which has contributed to the diversity of its Tribal representation.
    The Albuquerque ambulatory care center is an IHS-wide model for management in outpatient
    care, with 97,000 visits per year. All support services are available at the center, with separate
    units organized for urgent care and appointment patients.


              40% of all out-patient visits occur outside of Albuquerque, where the health care teams
    take a site-specific community-oriented approach to address major public health problems.
    These programs emphasize comprehensive continuing care, health promotion, and disease
    prevention.


                        Albuquerque Service Unit Clinics

    Albuquerque Service Unit
    801 Vassar Drive, N.E.
    Albuquerque, N.M. 87106
    (505)256-4088

         Medical Officers                                                Technicians
         Physician‘s Assistants                                          Nurses
         Dentists                                                        Public Health Nurses
         Dental Hygienists                                               Laboratory
         Optometrists                                                    Technologists
         Radiologist                                                     Pharmacists
         Medical Imaging                                                 Social Workers
         Technologists                                                   Medical Records Staff
         Clinical psychologists                                          Nutritionists
         Mental Health                                                   Dieticians
                                                                         Health Educators



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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    The Albuquerque Service Unit provides service to the following Pueblos:

              Jemez                                                            Zia
              Sandia                                                           Santa Ana
              Isleta                                                           Alamo



                                              The Mission of IHS is:


    The IHS provides a comprehensive health services delivery system for American Indians and
    Alaska Natives with opportunity for maximum tribal involvement in developing and managing
    programs to meet their health needs. To carry out its mission and to attain its goal, the IHS:


         1. assists Indian tribes develop their health programs through activities such as health
              management training, technical assistance and human resource development;


         2. facilitates and assists Indian tribes coordinate health planning, in obtaining and using
              health resources available through Federal, New Mexico, and local programs, and in
              operating comprehensive health care services in health program evaluation;


         3. provides comprehensive health care services, including hospital and ambulatory
              medical care, preventive and rehabilitative services, and development of community
              sanitation facilities; and


         4. serves as the principal Federal advocate for Indians in the health field to ensure
              comprehensive health services for American Indian and Alaska Native people.


                                                 The Goal of IHS is:


    The Indian Health Service is charged with providing services directly or through contract,
    grant and compact agreements with Tribes. Their general goal is as follows:



Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      54                                    10/17/01

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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

                       ...to raise the health status of American Indians and Alaska Natives
                                              to the highest possible level.


                                    Status of IHS Tribal LAN/WAN Technology


    The IHS NM Network has two internal networks; a Windows NT Servers and a Banyan Vines
    Server via thin-net. It supports approximately XX workstations throughout the hospital. The
    Internet connection is a Frame-Relay Cloud propagated from Tucson, AZ.


                                      IHS can contribute to the community by:


    1. Provide local access points to the Internet for Health and Welfare information.


    2. Contribute to a ―Pueblo Nation Homepage‖ to inform other Tribes, schools, and the general
         public about the uniqueness of your Tribal members:


                  Contribute by creating and managing an ―On-Line Telemedicine Channel‖ for the
                   Pueblo Nation curriculum.

                  Contribute by creating and managing an ―On-Line Tribal Health Service‖ to
                   distribute Tribe Tribal Health Community services.


              Southwest Indian Polytechnic Institute (SIPI)

    Contact: Nadine Scala, Distance Education Coordinator                                 nscala@sipi.bia.edu
                   address        City, St.       zip         (xxx) xxx-xxxx


    http://www.sipi.bia.edu/


    Dr. Carolynn Elgin, President, SIPI                       celgin@sipi.bia.edu




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                                                 Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                               http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

          Pueblo Nation was founded in xxx by an intertribal organization, the United Tribes of New
    Mexico and operated by the five tribes located wholly or in part in New Mexico.7 Those tribes
    are the xxxxxx.


                                                     The Vision of SIPI is:


        The TC is a voluntary membership organization dedicated to the enhancement of


                                                      The Mission of SIPI:




                                   The Objectives of SIPI flow from the mission:


          The Objectives of the College are based on this mission:

          1. To provide.


          2. To provide support services in the areas.


          3. To provide an environment that


          4. To promote.


          5. To provide an inter-tribal forum and special project aimed at that perpetuation of tribal
              rights and the economic progress of American Indians.

    7
              Taken from Pueblo Nation General Catalog, 1997-1998.




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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

                                          History of SIPI LAN/WAN Technology
                                                          month xx, 199x:8


    TC has run into difficulties identifying funding for an all-encompassing Local Area Network
    for their campus.




                                      The Status of SIPI LAN/WAN Technology


    Tribal Information Infrastructure Project (TIIP) was initiated by NAPT in 1994 and
    funded




                                              SIPI can help the community by:


    1. Provide information to schools on local access points to the Internet for telecommunications
         infrastructure information and services.


    2. Expanding the local training access & capabilities to include research conducted at all
         Tribal Digital Village and develop strategies to increase college and professional school
         enrollment, graduation, and retention of educated Tribal members;


    3. Create accredited internships, cooperative educational, and fellowship positions at New
         Mexico Tribal offices with the Tribes needs in mind;




    8
              Taken from ―Tribal Digital Village NSF-Net Progress Report‖, dated




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                             57                           10/17/01

                                                       Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                     http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    4. Offer ―on-line distance education‖ courses and degree/certificate programs collaboratively
         with all New Mexico Pueblo Nation Schools to Tribal members not physically in the New
         Mexico Pueblo Nation reservations.


    5. Create a ―New Mexico Tribes Educational Technology Homepage‖ to inform other Tribes,
         schools, and the general public about the uniqueness of our Tribal schools and members:


                  a Resource area for the New Mexico Pueblo Nation services
                   (target specific Tribal services and identify needed resources)

                  Create and manage a publicly available ―On-Line School Store‖ to sell and
                   distribute New Mexico Pueblo Nation schools‘ goods and services.
                   (This creates both student and Tribal member entrepreneurs that experience
                   “Succeeding at working on the reservation.”)

    6. Involve the New Mexico Pueblo Nation with on-line Tribal community activities such as:


                  Tribal Discussion (Chat)             Tribal Inter-Library               Tribal e-mail & listserv
                   area                                  access & loan

                  On-Line Tribal Auctions              On-Line Pow Wows                   On-Line conferences




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                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation


              University of New Mexico (UNM)

    Contact: Evans Craig, Education, Outreach & Training Manager at AHPCC
                   address        City, St.            zip         (xxx) xxx-xxxx


    http://www.unm.edu/


    Dr. Xxxx Xxxxpp, President, Pueblo Nation
          xxx@aol.com


          Pueblo Nation was founded in xxx by an intertribal organization, the United Tribes of New
    Mexico and operated by the five tribes located wholly or in part in New Mexico.9 Those tribes
    are the xxxxxx.


                                                     The Vision of UNM is:


        The TC is a voluntary membership organization dedicated to the enhancement of


                                                     The Mission of UNM:




                                  The Objectives of UNM flow from the mission:


          The Objectives of the College are based on this mission New Mexicoment:


    9
              Taken from Pueblo Nation General Catalog, 1997-1998.




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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

         6. To provide.


         7. To provide support services in the areas.


         8. To provide an environment that


         9. To promote.


         10. To provide an inter-tribal forum and special project aimed at that perpetuation of tribal
              rights and the economic progress of American Indians.


                                         History of UNM LAN/WAN Technology
                                                         month xx, 199x:10


    TC has run into difficulties identifying funding for an all-encompassing Local Area Network
    for their campus.




                                      The Status of UNM LAN/WAN Technology


    Tribal Information Infrastructure Project (TIIP) was initiated by NAPT in 1994 and
    funded




                                              UNM can help the community by:



    10
              Taken from ―Tribal Digital Village NSF-Net Progress Report‖, dated




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                             60                               10/17/01

                                                       Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                     http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    7. Provide information to schools on local access points to the Internet for telecommunications
         infrastructure information and services.


    8. Expanding the local training access & capabilities to include research conducted at all
         Tribal Digital Village and develop strategies to increase college and professional school
         enrollment, graduation, and retention of educated Tribal members;


    9. Create accredited internships, cooperative educational, and fellowship positions at New
         Mexico Tribal offices with the Tribes needs in mind;


    10. Offer ―on-line distance education‖ courses and degree/certificate programs collaboratively
         with all New Mexico Pueblo Nation Schools to Tribal members not physically in the New
         Mexico Pueblo Nation reservations.


    11. Create a ―New Mexico Tribes Educational Technology Homepage‖ to inform other Tribes,
         schools, and the general public about the uniqueness of our Tribal schools and members:


                  a Resource area for the New Mexico Pueblo Nation services
                   (target specific Tribal services and identify needed resources)

                  Create and manage a publicly available ―On-Line School Store‖ to sell and
                   distribute New Mexico Pueblo Nation schools‘ goods and services.
                   (This creates both student and Tribal member entrepreneurs that experience
                   “Succeeding at working on the reservation.”)

    12. Involve the New Mexico Pueblo Nation with on-line Tribal community activities such as:


                  Tribal Discussion (Chat)             Tribal Inter-Library               Tribal e-mail & listserv
                   area                                  access & loan

                  On-Line Tribal Auctions              On-Line Pow Wows                   On-Line conferences




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                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation


              All Indian Pueblo Council (AIPC)

    Contact: Rachel Lopez, Program Coordinator
                   123 4th St, Rm. 131                 Albuquerque, NM. 87103                  (505) 883-7360 X 506
    http://www.aipcinc.com/


    Rick Vijil, Executive Director
         xxx@aol.com


         Association was founded in xxx by an intertribal organization, the United Tribes of New
    Mexico and operated by the five tribes located wholly or in part in New Mexico.11 Those tribes
    are the xxxxxx.


                                                    The Vision of AIPC is:


      The AIPC is a voluntary membership organization dedicated to the enhancement
                                                                      of


                                                     The Mission of AIPC:




                                  The Objectives of AIPC flow from the mission:


         The Objectives of the Association are based on this mission New Mexicoment:


    11
              Taken from Pueblo Nation General Catalog, 1997-1998.




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                                                      Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                    http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

         6. To provide.


         7. To provide support services in the areas.


         8. To provide an environment that


         9. To promote.


         10. To provide an inter-tribal forum and special project aimed at that perpetuation of tribal
              rights and the economic progress of American Indians.


                                         History of AIPC LAN/WAN Technology
                                                         month xx, 199x:12


    AIPC has run into difficulties identifying funding for an all-encompassing Local Area
    Network for their campus.




                                      The Status of AIPC LAN/WAN Technology


    Tribal Information Infrastructure Project (TIIP) was initiated by NAPT in 1994 and
    funded




                                              AIPC can help the community by:



    12
              Taken from ―Tribal Digital Village NSF-Net Progress Report‖, dated




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                                                       Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                     http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    7. Provide information to schools on local access points to the Internet for telecommunications
         infrastructure information and services.


    8. Expanding the local training access & capabilities to include research conducted at all
         Tribal Digital Village and develop strategies to increase college and professional school
         enrollment, graduation, and retention of educated Tribal members;


    9. Create accredited internships, cooperative educational, and fellowship positions at New
         Mexico Tribal offices with the Tribes needs in mind;


    10. Offer ―on-line distance education‖ courses and degree/certificate programs collaboratively
         with all New Mexico Pueblo Nation Schools to Tribal members not physically in the New
         Mexico Pueblo Nation reservations.


    11. Create a ―New Mexico Tribes Educational Technology Homepage‖ to inform other Tribes,
         schools, and the general public about the uniqueness of our Tribal schools and members:


                  a Resource area for the New Mexico Pueblo Nation services
                   (target specific Tribal services and identify needed resources)

                  Create and manage a publicly available ―On-Line School Store‖ to sell and
                   distribute New Mexico Pueblo Nation schools‘ goods and services.
                   (This creates both student and Tribal member entrepreneurs that experience
                   “Succeeding at working on the reservation.”)

    12. Involve the New Mexico Pueblo Nation with on-line Tribal community activities such as:


                  Tribal Discussion (Chat)             Tribal Inter-Library               Tribal e-mail & listserv
                   area                                  access & loan

                  On-Line Tribal Auctions              On-Line Pow Wows                   On-Line conferences




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      64                                                 10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation


              American Indian Higher Education Consortium (AIHEC)

    Contact: Veronica Gonzales, Executive Director
                   121 Oronoco Street,                Alexandria, VA                     22314           (703) 838-0400
                   http://www.aihec.org/


    The American Indian Higher Education Consortium (AIHEC)13, founded in 1972, is an
    organization of 31 colleges, universities, and vocational technical institutions in the United
    New Mexicos and Canada, established and supported by their tribes or by the Bureau of Indian
    Affairs.

         Tribal Digital Village were established over the past 25 years in response to the unique
    higher education needs of Indian people, and in recognition of the tremendous importance of
    post-secondary to tribal economic development, cultural preservation, and sovereignty.
    Together, the Tribal Digital Village represent the most significant and successful development
    in American Indian educational history, promoting achievement among students who may
    otherwise never know educational success.

         Tribal Digital Village are primarily located in extremely remote areas that are not served by
    the other post-secondary institutions. They offer educational opportunities to students for whom
    higher education would otherwise be geographically or culturally inaccessible. Despite minimal
    funding, the Tribal Digital Village have had unmatched success in terms of student retention,
    matriculation, on-going education rates, and job placement.

         All AIHEC institutions offer two-year degrees, and some offer four-year and graduate
    degrees. All 31 of AIHEC‘s Tribal Digital Village are accredited by their respective regional
    accrediting agencies. In 1994, the 30 Tribal Digital Village located in the U.S. achieved federal
    land grant status.



    13
              Taken from a report to ―Star Networks‖ in March 1997, Appendix O – Background on AIHEC Distance Learning Network




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                                              The Vision of AIHEC is that:


        "The American Indian Higher Education Consortium constituent tribes found
            higher education institutions which are defined and controlled by their
                                        respective particular tribal people"


                                               The Mission of AIHEC is:


      The American Indian Higher Education Consortiums' basic function is to nurture, foster, and
           protect the legal and humanistic right of native people to their own particular sense of
                  Indianness while using these higher education institutions as their vehicles.


                                               The Goals of AIHEC are:


    1. The AIHEC institutions comprehensively address the technical development needs of
         their constituent tribes while promoting and enhancing their tribal cultures and representing
         the tribes while promoting and enhancing their tribal cultures and representing the tribes
         within the broader academic community.


    2. AIHEC is a cooperative effort to assist each other in maintaining commonly held
         standards of quality Indian education.


    3. AIHEC will be an accrediting body asserting our unique tribal nature.


    4. AIHEC will advocate for the development of tribally controlled postsecondary education
         institutions.




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    5. AIHEC will promote and assist in the development of appropriate legislation to support
         Indian postsecondary programs.


    6. AIHEC will receive, evaluate, and make recommendations on legislation affecting
         postsecondary education and related areas.


    7. AIHEC will assure maximum participation and involvement by Indians in the
         formulation and implementation of postsecondary education policy, rules, and regulations.


    8. AIHEC will be responsible for providing training and assistance based on individual
         needs and organizational resources.


                                              Opportunities Identified:


    1. Continue to set new standards for educational achievement for Native Americans. Three
         centuries of effort (by past Indian Education programs) didn’t produce the sense of hope
         and opportunity that Indian-controlled colleges are creating. A recent report New Mexicos
         that 42% of the Native American students that graduate from Tribal Digital Village go on
         to four years institutions. This statistic ranks them 20% above all the other ethnic groups in
         that category.

    2. Provide more courses that are not available at most Tribal Digital Village. By sharing
         courses over the satellite, students at the Pueblo Nation can have access to quality
         instruction and the benefit of sharing the learning experience with other Native Americans
         from other reservations. So, instead of a College canceling a course due to low enrollment
         (less than six students), the course can be offered via the network, reaching a combined
         class of 100 or more

    3. Offer Pueblo Nation Administrators and Faculty opportunities to expand their
         knowledge base, including offering graduate degree programs. A few of the Tribal Digital
         Village already offer Master’s degrees in several fields. Faculties at other institutions need

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         these graduate programs. New degree programs can be developed for delivery over the
         Network as well. And, a range of videoconferences on special topics of interest to
         administrators and faculty can and are being planned.

    4. Offer Native American courses and programs to non-Native American audiences. Many
         colleges and universities throughout the country have Native American study programs that
         would benefit from courses and programs produced by specific tribes and languages
         groups. Sharing the study of languages and culture is of increasing interest to the Tribal
         Digital Village. Via the satellite, students and faculty at college, universities and K-12
         schools around the country can benefit from a direct learning relationships with Native
         Americans at Tribal Digital Village.

    5. Provide telecommunications services to agencies and organizations serving Native
         Americans. The Network infrastructure is now in place so that any agency or organization
         needing to reach Native Americans, can contract for these services. This might include the
         Forest Service, the Indian Health Service, Head Start, Legal Services agencies, the small
         Business Association, research laboratories, and others. Although the current Network
         reaches 29 U.S. Tribal Digital Village, and their respective reservations, the Network has
         plans to expand its reach to serve all of Indian Country.




                                       Status of AIHEC LAN/WAN Technology


    The AIHEC Distance Learning Network links all Tribal Digital Village via satellite. The
    AIHEC Distance Learning Network is a compressed digital satellite network linking 29 U.S.
    Tribal Digital Village to one another for the purpose of sharing educational resources at all
    levels in all academic and non-credit subjects. With a planning grant from the U.S. Department
    of Commerce, AIHEC presidents and academic deans fashioned a telecommunications network
    that would meet their specific, unique needs. The technical specifications of the network
    required that each Pueblo Nation would have a satellite downlink and a distance learning

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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    classroom. And, as many Colleges as were interested could have additional production
    equipment and satellite equipment to uplink courses via satellite to serve regional sub-
    networks, Tribal Digital Village and downlink sites across the country. Each institution has
    provided a 25% match for all the federal funds provided for their equipment.


         Through careful planning, and the full participation of administrators and staff at each
    Pueblo Nation, the AIHEC Distance Learning Network is now fully functional, with 29
    downlinks and distance learning classrooms, and six operating production classrooms and
    uplinks. Currently, another six institutions are being readied to activate their uplinks for the ‗97
    fall semester of courses, bringing the total to 29 downlink sites and 12 uplink sites. This fully
    digital network is one of the most sophisticated distance learning networks in the country,
    providing courses, staff and faculty training, and continuing education programs in a very cost
    effective way.


         The AIHEC Distance Learning Network has one of the most technically sophisticated ,
    New Mexico-of-the-art, compressed digital satellite networks in the country, resulting in
    significantly reduced costs for satellite time. The network delivers a full-motion video picture
    using MPEG1 compressed digital equipment, operating at the same rate as a T1 telephone line.
    Which in turn means, the that network transmits programming at a rate that uses only a small
    portion of the satellite transponder, and pays for the portion used. Typically, satellite time costs
    less than $200/hour.


         Since the signal is transmitted at a T1 rate over the satellite, the downlink sites can elect to
    use T1 telephone lines for secondary distribution of program, if they choose, with no
    degradation of the video quality. This secondary distribution capability makes further effective
    use of a single downlink satellite dish.


         Many courses and programs are already on the Network. Throughout the past two years, as
    equipment was installed and needs were identified, the Network began offering courses. All of


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                                 Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    the courses and videoconferences are live, with telephone interactivity during the program. The
    following credit courses have been offered as of Spring, 1997:


                 Anatomy and Physiology                             Development Psychology

                 Literary Visions                                   Introduction to Chemistry

                 Pre-Calculus                                       Introduction to Business

                 Small Business Management

    Six Videoconferences have been held:


                 Tribal Elders and Spiritual Leaders                AIHEC Student Congress

                 Drug & Alcohol Prevention                          Introduction to Chemistry

                 Preparing Lesson Plans and                         Using Phase I Equipment
                  Teaching via Distance Learning                     Effectively

                 Using the Internet & E-mail

    New courses recently funded include:


                 Human Services (four courses at the                American Indian History
                  3rd & 4th year levels)

                 Tribal Law                                         Native American Art




                                              THE TRIBAL COLLEGES


    1. Bay Mills Community College                                            Brimley, Michigan       49715
       Route 1, Box 315-A                                                     906-248-3354     Fax 906-248-3351



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    2. Blackfeet Community College                                           New Town, New Mexico 58763
       P.0. Box 819                                                          701-627-3665  Fax 701-627-3609
       Browning, Montana      59417
       406-338-7755    Fax 406-338-7808                                11. Fort Peck Community College
                                                                           P.O. Box 575
    3. Cheyenne River Community College                                    Poplar, Montana 59255
       P.O. Box 220                                                        406-768-5551    Fax 406-768-5552
       Eagle Butte. South Dakota     57625
       605-964-8635     Fax 605-964-1144                               12. Haskell Indian Nations University
                                                                           P.O. Box H-1305
    4. College of the Menominee Nation                                     Lawrence, Kansas         60046
       P. 0. Box 1179                                                      913-749-8497      Fax 505-749-8411
       Keshena, Wisconsin       54135
       715-799-4921      Fax 715-799-1308                              13. Institute of American Indian Arts
                                                                           P.O. Box 20007
    5. Crownpoint Institute of Technology                                  Santa Fe, New Mexico 87504
       P.0. Box 849                                                        505-988-6463     Fax 505-988-5543
       Crownpoint, New Mexico        87313
       505-786-5851    Fax 505-786-5644                                14. Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community
                                                                           College
    6. D-Q University                                                      R.R. 2.. Box 2357
       P.0. Box 409                                                        Hayward, Wisconsin       54843
       Davis, California 95617                                             715-634-4790      Fax 715-634-5049
       916-758-G470      Fax 916-7584891
                                                                       15. Leech Lake Tribal College
    7. Dull Knife Memorial College                                         Route 3, Box 100
       P. 0. Box 98                                                        Cass Lake, MN 56633
       Lame Deer. Montana      59043                                       218-335-2828      Fax 218-335-7945
       406-477-6215    Fax 406-477-6219
                                                                       16. Little Big Horn College
    8. Fond du Lac Community College                                       P. 0. Box 370
       2101 14th Street                                                    Crow Agency, Montana 59022
       Cloquet, Minnesota      55720                                       406-638-2228      Fax 406-638-7213
       218-879-0800     Fax 218-879-0728
                                                                       17. Little Hoop Community College
    9. Fort Belknap College                                                P. 0. Box 209
       P.0. Box 159                                                        Fort Totten, New Mexico 58335
       Harlem, Montana 59526                                               701-7664415      Fax 701-766-2229
       406-353-2607      Fax 406-353-2898
                                                                       18. Diné College
    10. Fort Berthold Community College                                    PO. Box 126
        P.O. Box 490

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         Tsaile, Arizona          86556                                27. Southwest Indian Polytechnic
         520-724-66691            Fax 520-724-3327                         Institute
                                                                           Box 10146-9169
    19. Nebraska Indian Community College                                  Albuquerque, New Mexico      87184
        P.O. Box 428                                                       505-897-5347    Fax 505-897-5343
        Macy, Nebraska 68039
        402-837-5078     Fax 402-8374183                               28. Stone Child Community College
                                                                           Rocky Boy Route, Box 1082
    20. Northwest Indian College                                           Box Elder, Montana      59521
        2522 Kwina Road                                                    406-3954313      Fax 406-395-4836
        Bellingham, Washington 98226
        360-676-2772     Fax 360-738-0136                              29. Turtle Mountain Community College
                                                                           P.O. Box 340
    21. Oglala Lakota College                                              Belcourt, New Mexico 58316
        P.O. Box 490                                                       701-477-5605     Fax 701--477-5028
        Kyle, South Dakota       57752
        605-455-2321      Fax 605-455-2787                             30. United Tribes Education Centers
                                                                           3315 University Drive
    22. Red Crow Community College                                         Bismarck, New Mexico 58504
        F6. Box 1258                                                       701-255-3235     Fax 701-255-1844
        Cardston, Alberta, Canada Tok oko
        403-737-2400       Fax 403-737-2361

    23. Salish Kootenai College
        P.O. Box 117
        Pablo, Montana 59855
        406-675-4800     Fax 406-675-4801

    24. Sinte Gleska University
        P.O. Box 490
        Rosebud, South Dakota 57570
        605-747-2263     Fax 605-747-2098

    25. Sitting Bull College
        HC 1. Box 4
        Fort Yates, New Mexico 58538
        701-854-3861       Fax 701-854-3403

    26. Sisseton Wahpeton Community College
        P. 0. Box 689
        Sisseton, South Dakota 57262
        605-698-3966      Fax 605-698-3132

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                                     AIHEC can contribute to the community by:


    1. Provide schools local access points to the AIHEC Network, for information and services,
         while supporting self-determination and tribal sovereignty.


    2. Sponsor the ―American Indian Higher Education Consortium (AIHEC) Homepage,‖ currently
         at http://www.aihec.org, to inform other Tribes, schools, and the general public about the
         uniqueness of our Tribal members:


         Sponsor homepages for all 31 members‟ institutions;


                  Highlighting the unique cultural curricula offered,


                  Provide searchable on-line catalogs to all 31 members‘ institutions which highlights
                   programs & courses offered at a distance,


                  Offer a common on-line application, which applies to any member institution.


    3. Identify all national and regional distance education networks, to show how the AIHEC
         network can partner with them to deliver previously identified needed degree programs,
         courses, and classes on the existing AIHEC Network infrastructure.


    4. Contribute by creating and managing an ―On-Line Telecommunications Channel‖ for the
         entire American Indian Higher Education Consortium (AIHEC) Network curriculum.


                                              Others can help AIHEC by:


    There are currently four specific areas of assistance that are needed:


        Funding for distribution of existing courses. Several of the Tribal Digital Village is already
         producing courses for distribution on New Mexico and regional networks. Funds are needed


Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                      73                                   10/17/01

                                                 Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                               http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

         to pay for satellite time and uplink costs so that these courses can be distributed to all Tribal
         Digital Village. At less than $200 per hour and approximately 100 students per course, the
         sponsorship for a typical college course will be less than $9,000 per course or only $90
         per student. The cost of courses per student drops dramatically with more aggressive
         marketing of courses.


        Funding for new course development. The AIHEC Academic Deans have identified
         specific courses that are needed on their campuses. The budget to develop, market, and
         deliver a typical course via satellite is about $75,000 for the initial year. After year one,
         the cost for a course drops dramatically.


        Develop Strategic Alliances. The Network will work with existing organizations and
         agencies to distribute information and educational opportunities to the Tribal Digital Village
         and all Indian Country. In addition, the Tribal Digital Village will explore the possibility of
         promoting and distributing their satellite courses to students at colleges, universities, and K-
         12 schools around the country.


        Contract Services. The Network will enter into contracts with agencies and organizations
         that want to distribute their training, information or educational materials to all of Indian
         Country. Currently, the Network reaches not only the 29 Pueblo Nation campuses, but
         multiple sites on some reservations as well. The Network is especially interested in working
         with all Indian Reservations to install satellite receive equipment and provide quality
         educational programs and training via the Network.


    There are many opportunities to join in supporting the AIHEC Distance Education Network. For
    more information or direct support opportunities, Please write, e-mail, fax, or call:


                   Nancy Blanton, Network Manager
                   AIHEC Telecommunications Network
                   PO Box 1086
                   Ft. Washington, MD     20749

Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                     74                                         10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

                   Phone:         (301) 248-8490            Fax:       (301) 248-8494




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                     75                       10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation


              UCAN Rural Systemic Initiative (UCAN RSI)

    Contact: Vicente Llamas, PI - UCAN RSI
                        astme@newmexico.com


    New Mexico Highlands University – ASTME/UCAN RSI
         PO Box 9000              Las Vegas, NM 87701
         (505) 425-2978
         http://ucanrsi.nmhu.edu


    The National Science Foundation (NSF) awarded support for full implementation of a Rural
    Systemic Initiative (RSI) to New Mexico Highlands University in 1995. The UCAN-RSI is
    dedicated to supporting systemic educational reform that is directed toward improving science,
    mathematics and technology education in communities within the 4-state area of Utah, Colorado,
    Arizona, and New Mexico. The Initiative will provide support for changes in mathematics,
    science, and technology education by coordinating reservation initiatives. These initiatives are
    designed to bring about reform in whole systems to the improvement of the ability of Indian
    children to participate fully in the kinds of benefits that can be derived from improved knowledge
    in and a feeling of ownership of these areas. Tribal Digital Village as change agents, are serving
    as the focal point for positive education reform. It will provide support for curriculum
    development, instructional improvement, and in forming partnerships.


         The UCAN Rural Systemic Initiative is focused on education for students in rural,
    economically disadvantaged regions of the nation. The program is funded by the National
    Science Foundation (NSF) located at http://www.nsf.gov




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                     76                                     10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

                        UCAN-RSI COALITIONS & THEIR TARGET SCHOOL LINKS14

    Southern Colorado Coalition (SCC)
         Contact: Joy R. Werner, Coalition Leader: jrw@bbs.slv.org


         The UCAN-RSI Southern Colorado County Coalition (SCC) is part of a 4-state Rural
    Systemic Initiative (RSI) funded by The National Science Foundation (NSF), through New
    Mexico Highlands University. The SCC provides science, mathematics and technology
    assistance to eighteen school districts in the economically depressed areas of Southern Colorado.
    Special emphasis is placed on staff development and curriculum through the four project goals
    which are as follows; Resource sharing convening K-16 teachers and administrators to determine
    shared interests; Resource enhancement-developing strategies on level, type and number of
    appropriate courses; Technology - infusing curriculum with rural communities through distance
    learning; Linkages - providing staff development activities for current and prospective teachers in
    K-14. Special inter-coalition cooperation will be emphasized especially with Ute Tribe/4 Corners
    Coalition in resource sharing and with the New Mexico Counties Coalition in technology and
    distance learning. The office of the SCC is located at Adams State College Alamosa, Colorado.


                        Arizona Tribal Coalition (ATC)
         The Arizona Tribal Coalition (ATC) is involved, collaboratively with tribal communities
    and other partners, in a variety of systemic activities designed to improve the mathematics and
    science performance of American Indians K-16. The ATC provides educational opportunities for
    teachers and administrators for schools serving tribal communities through partnerships with:


             WestEd Eisenhower Regional Consortium and South West Comprehensive Center

                   o    ATC's Tribal Innovation Program, 1997-1999

                   o    Administrator's Institute, August 1997


    14
              Quoted from ―UCAN-RSI Coalitions & Their Target School Links ― at http://ucanrsi.nmhu.edu/coalitions.html




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                                                        Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                     http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

             Education Trust

                   o    Standards in practice workshops

             Eruditio, sponsored by ASPIN, US West Foundation, and the National Education
              Association

                   o    Integration of technology into the classroom

             Arizona School Services through Educational Technology (ASSET)

                   o    Variety of distance learning opportunities, teacher training

             ASU's Service Learning Project

                   o    Ongoing math and science tutoring at Desert Eagle Community School (SRPMIC)

                   New Mexico Tribal Coalition (NMT)
         Contact: Dr. Juanita Cata, Coalition Leader: jcata@roadrunner.com


         The New Mexico Tribal Coalition (NMT) will assist the 21 New Mexico American Indian
    Tribes in the development of comprehensive community education plans for the improvement of
    mathematics, science and technology by; assisting in the development of community
    infrastructures by providing leadership and technology training; initiating a community
    awareness campaign emphasizing the importance of science, math & technology; providing staff
    development in science, math, instruction and assessment; refining/revising curriculum in math
    and science for cultural and instructional relevance; and building technology capacity in the
    schools and communities including related staff development and training. Staff and community
    development will be implemented in collaboration with the New Mexico County Coalition.


                   New Mexico Counties Coalition (NMC)
         Contact: Carlos Atenciio, Coalition Leader: catencio@bps.k12.nm.us




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                     78                                  10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

         The New Mexico County Coalition (NMC) proposes to assist rural communities to set up
    structures that will allow them to make decisions for themselves as part of a continual renewal
    process. The intent is to transform rural communities into learning organizations, capable of
    expanded capacity to create the results they truly desire. The initial target of reform for these
    learning organizations will be the improvement of rural communities'
    Science/Engineering/Math/Technology [SMET] education processes. The mission is to increase
    the SMET literacy of their students and community members; enable more students to pursue
    careers in SMET fields and enhance community development planning that leads to increased
    employment of community members in SMET areas. The intent is that this effort will nurture the
    acquisition of community skills for continuous reform. The NM County Coalition proposes to
    accomplish its goals by building the capacity of communities for: developing committed, capable
    local leadership; structuring systems for developing the skills of its professionals; integrating the
    use of technology as a tool; and developing and reallocating resources. A major element of the
    proposed task will be the vigor that emanates from a four-state collaborative approach. Broader
    perspectives are afforded rural communities and thus, the adage that "it takes a whole village to
    educate a child" takes on a more regional meaning. Thus, the NM County Coalition incorporates
    the collaborative aspect of the UCAN-RSI initiative into its proposal.


                   Ute Tribes/Four Corners Coalition(UFC)
         Contact: Coalition Leader: ucan@ignacio.co.us


         The Ute Tribes - Four Corners Coalition (UFC) Project is designed to develop and
    maintain a systemic process of communications and education which may be duplicated in other
    rural areas to improve skills related to science, mathematics, engineering and technology. The
    target population is students in school districts serving the Southern Ute Indian Tribe, the Ute
    Mountain Ute Tribe and the Northern Ute Tribe. This will be accomplished by a pilot school
    project to integrate technology in a school setting, establish culturally specific curriculum
    materials, staff development in the use of technology, and the provision of technical assistance to
    other UCAN-RSI schools.


Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                     79                                      10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation



                                                 The Vision of UCAN RSI is:


              UCAN RSI foresees a time when all schools and colleges that enroll significant
              numbers of Indian children will teach mathematics and science in ways that are
              consistent with the cultural needs of students and based on real requirements for
              the development of their regions.                      Whole systems will be changed so that
              communities, including parents, tribal governments, the private sector, and others
              will work together to determine these needs and requirements and teachers will
              be rewarded for teaching to them. All children will have access to electronic
              communication technologies so that they will be assured of learning high quality,
              challenging science and mathematics at the same time as they learn the meaning
              of principles of science and mathematics in the context of their own unique
              cultures.


                                               The Mission of UCAN RSI is:15


              UCAN RSI provides support for comprehensive math and science education reform
                   focusing on needs, resources and long-term goals of the target communities.


         UCAN RSI and its partners bring together representatives of 4 state governments, 48
         tribal governments, and 102 public school districts/BIA agency schools. These
         representatives focus on changes in policy, organization, government, and community
         involvement in the support of high expectations for K-16 students in science and
         mathematics.


                                                  The Goals of UCAN RSI is:


    15
              Quoted from ―ASU American Indian Studies – UCAN RSI‖ at http://www.asu.edu./east/aip/ucan-rsi.html




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                                                       Internet Technology Service, LLC
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                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

               To significantly improve science and mathematics education for all students in targeted
                rural areas

               To prepare a technologically competent workforce

               To enhance scientific literacy and scientific understanding and appreciation among
                students and the general community

               To develop community infrastructures, both human and physical, that provide resources
                that sustain education improvements

                                              The Strategies of UCAN RSI are:

    1. Sponsor and coordinate Reservation Initiatives which will allow the diverse cultural groups
       in the region to work specifically with their own cultures;

    2. Study as precisely as possible the extent of and goals for electronic communication among
       schools and colleges in the region and assist in reaching those goals;

    3. Integrate the traditions of the diverse cultural groups in the region into high quality sc7ience,
       mathematics, and technology education;

    4. Base improvement of science, mathematics, and technology education on local community
       needs;

    5. Provide technical assistance in helping teachers know more about both their subject matter
       and about the children they teach;

    Stimulate change in whole systems as the catalyst for all the other changes


    UCAN RSI Principles For The Conduct Of Reservation Initiatives:


    The Reservation Initiatives sponsored by the High Plains Rural Systemic Initiative will be guided
    by certain principles designed to promote systemic change, These principles are:


             Integration of experiential learning methods into science and mathematics based on
              children‘s‘ learning styles;

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                                                    Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                  http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

          Integration of Native knowledge into the curriculum in ways that assure both high quality,
           challenging science/mathematics subject matter and Native knowledge;

          Subject matter content geared toward community economic needs and possibilities
           developed jointly with tribal planners and others involved in development, e.g. earth science
           in mineral-rich areas and computer technology in areas that focus on manufacturing or
           information business development;

          School policies that involve teacher evaluation and student progress reporting that take
           Native culture and Native learning styles into account;

          Assessment practices that take Native knowledge into account, e.g. portfolios,

          Connections among all the schools on the particular reservation which show promise for
           improving science mathematics teaching and learning, e.g. teacher associations, joint
           training sessions, and electronic networking;

          Connections with other partners, i.e. industry, information technology, foundations;

          Teacher in-service training using RSI consultants and others identified by initiatives in
           support of high quality science teaching and the integration of Native subject matter,

          Sharing of resources through employment of electronic communication, both on individual
           reservations and among all the reservations involved in the RSI.

    Site Responsibilities:


    SUMMARY - Coordinates planning and data collection efforts in preparation for conducting a
    Tribal Initiative sponsored by the High Plains Rural Systemic Initiative by per-forming the
    following duties.


    ESSENTIAL DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES include the following.


    Directs work to obtain (a) data required by the National Science Foundation from schools which
    may participate in the Initiative, and (b) data required by a survey of existing technology in these
    schools,



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                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

    Obtains community input and collaborates with educators, cultural leaders, tribal government,
    the private sector, and others with a stake in science, mathematics, and technology education to
    ascertain needs in science and mathematics education, develop goals, and determine the most
    appropriate means for the community to achieve them.

    Develops cooperation between public, civic, professional, and other agencies.

    Promotes discussions in schools, industry, and community agencies.

    Computer Knowledge

    Attendance required at 90% of scheduled RSI meetings




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                     83                                     10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                             Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                                                     Appendix A




                                                    Cost Analysis


                                              Presentation Layouts


                                                  Documentation




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                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                             Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                                                          Cost Analysis




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                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                              Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




    Insert system-wide spreadsheet here.




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                                                        Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                      http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                             Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                        Current LAN Equipment Replacement/Upgrade Estimates

                Note : Does not include connection costs. Quotes have been requested.




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                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                               Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




    Insert Tribal inventory spreadsheet here




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                                                         Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                       http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                             Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                        Website Estimates

                Note : Does not include connection costs. Quotes have been requested.




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                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                               Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




    Insert Tribal inventory spreadsheet here




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                                                         Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                       http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                             Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                        Microwave estimates:



       Note : Does not include building connection estimates. Quotes have been requested.




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                         91                      10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                               Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




    Insert Tribal inventory spreadsheet here




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                                                         Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                       http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                             Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                        Fiber Optic Estimates:

       Note : Does not include building connection estimates. Quotes have been requested.




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                         93                      10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                               Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




    Insert Tribal inventory spreadsheet here




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                                                         Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                       http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                             Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                        Wireless Estimates:

       Note : Does not include building connection estimates. Quotes have been requested.




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                         95                      10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                               Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




    Insert Tribal inventory spreadsheet here




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                                                         Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                       http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                             Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                                                   Presentation Layouts

                                         Economic Development Model


                           Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Nation Map


                                          Tribal Tele-Community Model


                                         Tribal Nation LAN/WAN Model


                    Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Organizational Chart


                                              Existing Tribal Network


                                                        BIA DOInet


                                              IHS Tribal Area Network


                                                      University net




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                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                             Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                        Economic Development Model

                             Economic Development Plan
                                                          B y Evans Crai g




                                                        Economic
                                                      Development
                                                     via Technology




                        World Wide
                         Presence
                                              Y es


                                                             Information
                                                            Infrastructure

                                                                                        Y es


                                                                                                 Educational
                        Establish a Web
                          Homepage                                                              Technologies
                                                                                                  Training
                                                            Conduct a Systems
                                                             Development Life
                                                             Cycle (SDLC) on
                                                             existing busw ines
                                                                processes.



                                                                                                 Conduct a series of
                                                                                                 seminars on utilizing
                                                                                               technology in business.




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                                               http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                             Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                        Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Map




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                         99                   10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                             Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                                          Insert Tribal Nation diagram here




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                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                                                                         Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation


                        Tribal Tele-Community Model
                                                                                                                          Tribal Te le Community


                                                           Local
                                                          Internet                                                                                                                                     Nativ e Radio/TV
                                                          Prov ider                                                                                                                                        Station



                                                                                                   Tribal                                                              K - 12
                                                                                                   Homes                                                               School




                                                                                               TeleCommunity                                                    Video Conf erencing
                                                                                                                                                                  Local Area Networks
                                               Tribal                                                                                                             High Speed Internet
                                              Library /                                                                                                                                                       Tribal College
                                              Museum



                                                   Multimedia Sof tware
                                                   Online Database                                   TRIBAL TELECOM M UNICATIONS NETWORK




                                                             Tribal Businesses and                                                                                                        Tribal Gov ernment and
                                                                Enterprise Zones                                                                                                          Multiserv ice Prov iders



                                                            Electronic Enterprise                                                 Tribal Hospital/
                                                                                                                                     Indian Health                                   Geographic Inf ormation Sy stem
                                                            Electronic Funds Transf er
                                                                                                                                        Serv ice                                     Electronic Benef its Transf er
                                                                                                                                                                                     Bureau of Indian Af f airs Telecommunications



                                                                                                                                     Telemedicine

                                                                                       Other                                                                            Tribal Telecommunications or
                                                                                Telecommunications                           Basic Telephone Serv ice                     Public Utility Company
                                                                                     Prov iders                              Lif eline and 911 Serv ice
                                                                                                                             Enhanced Telephone
                                                                                                                             Serv ice
                                                                                                                             (e.g. v oice mail, call waiting)
                                                                                                                             Digital Switching
                                                                                                                             Internet Access
                                                                                                                             Electronic Mail
                             SOURCE: Madonna Peltier-Yawakie, July 20, 1995, and Office of Technology Assessment, 1995       Cable Telev ision
                                                                                                                             Wireless/Cellular
                                                                                                                             High-bandwidth Trunks




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                                                                                                                           Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                                                                                         http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                        Proposed Tribal LAN/WAN




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                                                            Internet Technology Service, LLC
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                                              Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




    Insert school/college LAN/WAN diagram here




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                                                       http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
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                        Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Organizational Chart




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                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                                                               Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation


    Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Organizational Chart


                                                                                                    Pueblo of Jemez
                                                                                                       Tribal Organization Chart
                                                                                                              September 25, 2001




                                                                                                                     Governor                           Tribal Council
                                                            Supreme Council                                           1rst Lt.
                                                                                                                      2nd Lt.

                                                                                                                                                             Boards


                                                            Assistant Tribal
                                                                                                              Tribal Administrator
                                                             Administrator                                                                                                      Health Boards
                                                                                                                                                                              Housing Authority
                                                                                                                                                                                  Utility Board
                                                                                                                                                                              TWNT Committee
                                                                                                                                                                             Ordinance Committee

                                                                                             Tribal Enterprises
                                                                                                  Tourism
                                                                                                  C-Store
                                                                                                 Woodlands
                                                    Administrative Assistant
                                                         Receptionist




                                                                    Health & Human Srv
                                  Education Department                  Department
                                                                                                Department of Resource           Community Services     Tribal Operations    Administrative Services
                                     Early Childhood                  Behavioral Health
                                                                                                       Protection                     Department         Public Works        Finance Department
                                     Childcare                        CHR
                                                                                                 Environmental Program            Elderly Services       Housing Authority        Property & Procurement
                                     Higher Education                 Diabetes Program
                                                                                                 Cultural                         Tribal Enrollment      HIP                 Human Resources
                                          Adult Education             EMS
                                                                                                 Tribal Conservation Officer      Youth/Recreation
                                          JOM                         Health/Dental Clinic
                                                                                                                                  Employment Services
                                          Scholarship                 OJJDP-Youth
                                                                                                                                  Tribal Court
                                          Jemez Library               Social Services
                                                                      Vocational Rehab
                                                                      Women's Wellness




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                                                                                                          Internet Technology Service, LLC
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                                                                    Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation


    Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Work Areas



                                                                  Pueblo of Jemez
                                                               Tribal Administration:
                                                                Finance Department
                                                                                                                    PUEBLO OF JEMEZ
                                                                 Human Resources
                                                                                                                      WORK AREAS

                                                Civic Center:
                                                 Elders Center                    Department of Resource
                                              Employment Services                        Protection:
                                                 Public Works                      Environmental Program
                                                 Tribal Courts                             Cultural
                                               Voter Registration                   Tribal Conservation
                                                      HIP
                                                                                                                                        Civic Center:
                                                                                                                                       Education Center

                                                             Health & Human Services:
                                                                       Bldg. 1
                                                                       Bldg. 2
                                                                 Behavorial Health                                     Jemez Valley Public          Jemez Head Start
                                                                   Social Services                                          Schools:                   Child Care
                                                                        EMS                                            San Diego Riverside             Disabilities
                                                                 Vocational Rehab                                            School
                                                               Dental & Health Clinic




                                                                                                                                                     Jemez Pueblo
                                                                                                                           Jemez Day School
                                                                                                                                                   Community Library


                                                 Walatowa Visitor
                                                                                   C-Store
                                                     Center




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                         106                                                                 10/17/01

                                                                                        Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                                                    http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                             Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                        Existing Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Tribal Enterprise
                                  Network




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                        107                   10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                                             Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation



                                                                                                     PUEBLO OF JEMEZ
                                                                                                       COMMUNITY
                                     Department of Resource           Walatowa Visitor
                                            Protection:                   Center
                                      Environmental Program
                                              Cultural                                                             C-Store
                                       Tribal Conservation




                             Health & Human Services:                                                                             Civic Center:
                                       Bldg. 1                                                                                   Education Center
                                                                              Pueblo of Jemez
                                       Bldg. 2                                                                                    Elders Center
                                                                           Tribal Administration:
                                 Behavorial Health                                                                              Employment Services
                                                                            Finance Department
                                   Social Services                                                                                 Public Works
                                                                             Human Resources
                                        EMS                                                                                        Tribal Courts
                                 Vocational Rehab                                                                                Voter Registration
                               Dental & Health Clinic                                                                                   HIP




                                              Jemez Valley Public
                                                                                                                                  Jemez Pueblo
                                                   Schools:
                                                                                                                                Community Library
                                              San Diego Riverside
                                                                      Jemez Head Start
                                                    School
                                                                         Child Care                      Jemez Day School
                                                                         Disabilities




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                   108                                                    10/17/01

                                                                       Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                                     http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                               Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation


                        Dept. of Interior Network (DOInet)




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant         109                                                 10/17/01

                                                               Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                             http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                              Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                        IHS LAN/WAN




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant      110                                              10/17/01

                                                         Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                       http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                                                             Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

                                                                                                                                                      Tsaile HC - 7.2                                                                                                                                  Many Farms HC - 7.2
                                                  NAVAJO TRIBE                  NAVAJO TRIBE                                                           16456 - 07.01                                                                                                                DLCI 19                16454-07.01
                                                                                                                                                                                          DLCI 16
                                                 Computer Services                Dept of Hlth                                                        161.223.39.50                                                 DL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       C                                                                                  161.223.39.38
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          I1                                            16
                                                  T1 point to point             56 k point to point                                                                                                                            6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   CI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              DL
                                                   161.223.39.10                  161.223.39.6                                                      E0-161.223.40.193
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Navajo Area                                                   E0 161.223.251.33
                                                                                                                                                     Tuba City - 14.3                                                                      Windowrock                                                   Kayenta HC - 14.4
                                                  E0- 161.223.42.22                                                                                   16451 - 07.01                                             DLCI 16                       DS1 #1                    DLCI 16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    DLCI 21               16705 - 07.01
                                                                                E0-161.223.41.21
                                                                                                                                                      161.223.39.46                          I1   7                                      circuit id # 16462                                              161.223.39.58
                                                                                                                                                                                         DLC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            HLBRKF01
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                14.7



                                Point to Point




                                                                                                      Point to Point
                                                                                                                                                    E0 - 161.223.37.22




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               16




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   LC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          CI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     DL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        I1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Chinle HC- 14.5




                                                                                                          56 k




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         6
                                     T1
                                                                                                                                                     Dilcon HC- 7.2                                                                                                                                       16706 - 07.01
                                                                             CISCO 2509
                                                                                                                                                      16449 - 07.01                                                                                                                                       161.223.39.42
                                                                            at NAv ajo Area                                                                                                DLCI 18                                                                                      DLCI 20
                                                                             161.223.39.5
                                                                                                S0                                                              Router                                                                                                                                  E0 - 161.223.31.22
                                                                                 VAREA
                                                                           E0 - 161.223.30.24
                                                                            enable password                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ft. Defiance Support
                                                                                  (aera)                                                                                                                                                                                                                   161.223.39.xx
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  DLCI 23

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        E0 - 161.223.40.129
                                                                                                      Serial 3                                                                Serial 2                                                                                                                FT. Defiance Hospital-




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          I1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       16709 - Hlbkf 01 14.6




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         LC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          161.223.39.18
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Navajo Area                                                 I1      6
                                                                                                                                     Navajo Area OFFice                                                                                                                                DLC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Windowrock
                                                                                                                                         Cisco 4700                                                                                                   I 16                                              E0-161.223.33.23
                                                                                                                                                                                   Serial 1                                       DS1 #2          DLC
                                                                                                                                       161.223.30.22
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           circuit id # 16462-2                                                         Shiprock Hospital
                                                                                                                                           (NAV)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                     6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               HLBRKF01




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    I1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                DLCI 16                                                   161.223.39.25




                                                                                                                                                                                                                     C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    15.3




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  DL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  DLCI 22
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          DL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               CI




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               DLCI 16
                                                                                                                                                                                   Pueblo Pintado                                                                   16




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             DLC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         E0-161.223.36.3




                                                                                                                                                                                                            21
                                                                                                                                                                                 16458 HLRKF01 7.2




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              I 16


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     D
                                                                                                                                                                                                           CI




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     LC
                                                                                                                                                                                                           DL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Tohatchi Hlth Center




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         I1
                           NAVAJO Area                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              DLC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       I2                161.223.39.62
                                                                                                                                                Serial 0                                                                                                                                          0
                           Network Project                                                                                                                                     Teec Nos Pos
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        E0 - 161.223.43.22
                               8/6/97                                                                                                                                          16707 HlBKF01
                                                                                                                                                                                                            DLCI 17

                           Routers Online - green                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Crownpoint Hospital
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          161.223.39.34
                                                                           HQW - 6.7                                                                                                                                                                                                                    16708 Hlbkf 0114.10
                               T1 Circuits -                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           DL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            CI
                                                                       16469 - PHNXF01                                                                                                                  FT. Wingate - 6.7                                                                        18
                                   blue
                                                                         161.223.88.50                                                                                                                  16466 - PHNXF01
                                                                                                                                                                                                          161.223.39.13                                                                                 E0-161.223.32.22
                                                                                                                                                                                          DLCI 22
                                                                      E0 - 161.223.90.40   DLCI 19
                                                                                                                           DL
                                                                                                                                CI                                   16                                 E0 - 161.223.43.65                                                                          Pinon Health Center
                                                                                                                                     16                         CI
                                                                                                                                                           DL                                                                                                                                     16457 - Hlbrkf 01 7.2 CH3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  DL
                                                                        Winslow - 5.5                                                     Nav ajo Area                                                  Gallup Med Center- 6.7                                                         CI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                      16710 - PHNXF01                                                     Windowrock                                                      16468 - PHNXF01
                                                                        161.223.39.30                     DLCI 16                           DS1 #3               DLCI 16                                     161.223.39.2
                                                                                                                                                                                              DLCI 20
                                                                                            DLCI 17                                   circuit id # 16462-3
                                                                      E0 - 161.223.38.22
                                                                                                                                          HLBRKF01                                                      E0 161.223.34.22
                                                                                                                                               15.4
                                                                      Gallup Supply- 6.7                                   I    16                                                                    Dzilth - 6.7
                                                                                                                        LC
                                                                                                                                                                D




                                                                                                                       D                                                                           16467 - PHNXF01
                                                                                                                                                                     LC




                                                                       16465 - PHNXF01
                                                                                                                                                                      I1




                                                                                                                                                                                                     161.223.39.3
                                                                                                                                                                          6




                                                                         161.223.39.22                                                                                                     DLCI 21
                                                                                           DLCI 18

                                                                      E0 - 161.223.40.22




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                                                111                                                                                                                                                                 10/17/01

                                                                                                                                 Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                                                                                           http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                  Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                                                    APPENDIX B



    Presentation Charts - Existing System

        Tribal Community Model




    Tribal Network Model

        Tribal Tele-Community Model




    Work Breakdown Charts -

        Existing Tribal Community Work Areas


        All Indian Pueblo Councils‟ Functions


        GANT & Task charts




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                    113                       10/17/01

                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                                    Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation


         Tribal Community Network Model


                                                               SYCUAN BAND OF KUMEYAAY NATIONS
                                                                              TRIBAL COMMUNITY
                 Singing Hills                                    Sycuan Gaming
                                          Sycuan Casino
               Resort @ Sycuan                                      Comission


                                                                                                                                     DQ-University @
                                                                                                                                        Sycuan




                                                                                                                                     Sycuan Learning
                                                                                                                                         Center

                                                        Sycuan Tribal Administration -
                              Accounting, HR, Insurance/Medical Claims, Public Safety, Community Development,
                              Medical Administration, Medical Clinic, Janitor, Landscape, Recreation Center, Casino
                               Construction, Tribal Construction, Tribal Enrollment, Day Care Center, Dental Clinic,
                                                                                                                                     Sycuan Head Start
                                                      Vocational Rehabilitation, & Fire Dept.




                                       -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                                           114                                                                10/17/01

                                                                       Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                                     http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                                                               Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

         Tribal Community Network
                                                                                                                        Tr ibal Te leCommunity


                                                      Local
                                                     Internet                                                                                                                                   Nativ e Radio/TV
                                                     Prov ider                                                                                                                                      Station



                                                                                                Tribal                                                          K - 12
                                                                                               Homes                                                            School




                                                                                          TeleCommunity                                                Video Conf erencing
                                                                                                                                                         Local Area Networks
                                          Tribal                                                                                                         High Speed Internet
                                         Library /                                                                                                                                                    Tribal College
                                         Museum



                                              Multimedia Sof tware
                                              Online Database                                   TRIBAL TELECOM M UNICATIONS NETWORK




                                                        Tribal Businesses and                                                                                                     Tribal Gov ernment and
                                                           Enterprise Zones                                                                                                       Multiserv ice Prov iders



                                                       Electronic Enterprise                                                   Tribal Hospital/
                                                                                                                                  Indian Health                               Geographic Inf ormation Sy stem
                                                       Electronic Funds Transf er
                                                                                                                                     Serv ice                                 Electronic Benefits Transf er
                                                                                                                                                                              Bureau of Indian Af f airs Telecommunications



                                                                                                                                  Telemedicine

                                                                                 Other                                                                           Tribal Telecommunications or
                                                                           Telecommunications                             Basic Telephone Serv ice                 Public Utility Company
                                                                                Prov iders                                Lif eline and 911 Serv ice
                                                                                                                          Enhanced Telephone
                                                                                                                          Serv ice
                                                                                                                          (e.g. v oice mail, call
                                                                                                                          waiting)
                                                                                                                          Digital Switching
                                                                                                                          Internet Access
                                                                                                                          Electronic Mail
                        SOURCE: Madonna Peltier -Yawakie, July 20, 1995, and Office of Technology Assessment, 1995
                                                                                                                          Cable Telev ision
                                                                                                                          Wireless/Cellular
                                                                                                                          High-bandwidth Trunks




                                                     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                                                                                              115                                                                                    10/17/01

                                                                                                                       Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                                                                                     http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                              Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




            Existing Tribal Community Work Areas


                                    Existing
                            Tribal Community Work
                                     Areas



                            Tribal
                                                                             Tribal Facilities
                         Administration




    Sycuan                                                                                          Tribal
                                                    Educational
Education Staff                                                                                   Community
                                                     Students
  / Teachers                                                                                      Resources


                -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




   Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                                              116
                                                   Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                                 http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                           Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

         Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation Tribal Administration


                                         Sycuan Band of the
                                          Kumeyaay Nation
                                        Tribal Administration




           Comptroller                              Director Human
                                                                                               Director Education
            Finance                                    Resources




            Director
                                                                                                Director Medical
           Community                                   Director MIS
                                                                                                     Clinic
          Development




           Director                                   Director Tribal                            Director Tribal
       Recreation Center                                  Library                                 Enrollment




            Director                                     Director
                                                                                                Director Dental
           Vocational                                 Tribal/Casino
                                                                                                     Clinic
          Rehabilitation                              Construction




          Director Public                              Director Fire                           Director Janitor /
              Safety                                   Department                                 Landscape



             -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                                              117
                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                           Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




         Sycuan Tribal Facilities



                                              Sycuan Tribal
                                                Facilities




                                                                                               Vocational Rehab
                                                       Tribal
 Sycuan Casino                                                                                  DQ-University
                                                    Administration
                                                                                                  Fire Dept.




     Tribal HR                                                                                   Health/Dental
Shipping & Recieving                             Tribal Accounting
                                                                                                    Clinic
      Finance




                                                                                               Recreation Center
Learning Center                                  Day Care Center
                                                                                                 Tribal Library



             -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                                              118
                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                           Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




         Sycuan Education Staff/Teachers




                                        Sycuan Education
                                         Staff / Teachers




                                                                                                   Tribal Library
                                                 Sycuan Learning
    Sycuan Headstart                                                                                Recreation
                                                  Center (K-12)
                                                                                                      Center




                                                                                   Vocational
                             DQ-University @
                                                                                  Rehabilitation
                                Sycuan
                                                                                   Education




             -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                                              119
                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                           Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation



         Sycuan Educational Students



                                               Educational
                                                Students




                                                                                     Learning Center
                        Headstart
                                                                                         (K-12)




    Elementary
                                                    Middle School                                  High School
      School




                                                 DQ-University @
                                                    Sycuan




             -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                                              120
                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                           Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

         Sycuan Tribal Community



                                              Sycuan Tribal
                                               Community




                                       Businesses and Enterprises
                                              Sycuan Casino
                                        Sycuan Gaming Commission
                                       Rushing Hills Resort @ Sycuan




     Regional
  Organizations                                 Sycuan Schools
   UCSD, SDSU,                                DQ-University@Sycuan                             Tribal Members
Cuyamaco College, &                              Learning Center
      SCTCA




                                                   Tribal Agencies
                                                        Tribal
                                                    Administration




             -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




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                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                           Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation




                                     Technology Documentation




Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                                              122
                                                Internet Technology Service, LLC
                                              http://www.InternetTechnologyService.net
                                    Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation

Memo


         To:        Sukumar
         From: Dwight K. Lomayesva
         Date: 10/12/01
         RE:        Coordinates from Summer Academy and Sycaun
Description


The Sycuan Indian Reservation is a reservation surrounded by many small mountains that prevent direct line of sight (and hence,
direct access to UCSD transmissions) to any HPWREN antennas. The Mountains immediately adjacent to the Indian Reservation
are part of a natural conservation in which there will be no ability to place Antennas (relay stations) upon. At the time of the
Summer Academy we were not allowed to take any coordinates counts. However, we did go onto various areas not on Indian lands
to see if we could see the reservation. We did find one location, it is a water tower that can see (line of sight) DQ and see UCSD.
Therefore, a relay may be established at that point. Note: the water tower is pat of the municipality of Spring Valley or within that
area. Negotiations would have to be established with such municipality. As with Indian reservations there are process that must be
followed and the negotiation process between the Indian Reservation, TDV, and the municipality should be taken.

Possibilities:


The other possibilities maybe a Cable system for direct access with the appropriate transfer speeds required for what they are doing
or borrowing a T1 line feed from the Sycuan Casino. The speed and the transfer of data, is what I assume to be the pivotal question.
HPWREN is not necessarily the only solution to this problem.

No Direct line of sight to Campo


Because both Sycuan and Campo are in mountainous regions there exists no direct line of sight to Campo. Such a process would
require literally half a dozen relays. Should the option of HPWREN be used then the signal would go something like this.

         Start signal:      From Sycaun

         Second:            Bounce signal to water tower

         Third:             From water tower to UCSD

         Fourth:            From UCSD to Cuyamaca Mtn.

         Fifth:             From Cuyamaca Mtn. To Black Mtn. (Manzanita)

         Sixth:             From Black Mtn. to relay on Campo.

         Seventh:           From Relay on Campo to Ed. Center

This does not include the permission to use various sites on Cuyamaca Mtn. nor the water tower. Please, go to the E. County
Summer Academy on www.kumeyaay.com for coordinates and findings on those locations. I would assume such a relay system
would impede any real-time signal options.

It seems more logical to have fiber optics (cable) to be installed. Lines may exists already within those areas. However, such an
option should be accurately investigated.



         Evans Craig, Internet Technology Consultant                                              123
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