About Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow Russia www keldysh ru Founded in 1953 by Mstislav by xig13985


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									About Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics,
       Russian Academy of Sciences,
              Moscow, Russia.

                       Founded in 1953 by Mstislav
                       Keldysh, the President of the
                       Academy of Sciences of USSR
                       (and headed by him until 1978),
                       KIAM was aimed to support the
                       Soviet space, super-sonic
                       aviation & nuclear programs by
                       all kinds of computations,
                       mathematical modeling, etc.
                       From the date of KIAM
                       foundation until today, HPC have
                       been among the most important
                       activities in the Institute.
                       In fact, all the Russian HPC grew
                       from KIAM, implicitly or directly.
Two important features of HPC in KIAM.
The scope of HPC applications in KIAM has always been
very wide. It includes, but is not limited to, the fluid
dynamics, the plasma dynamics, the industrial radiation
security problems, ballistics (space garbage monitoring),
molecular biology, etc.
The KIAM HPC activities are not limited to the
applications. The complete HPC technology chain exists
in KIAM, including application development, parallel
programming tools & supercomputer OS development,
and logic-level HPC-specific hardware development.
So, we do not only use supercomputers, we invent &
build sample systems and tools in tight cooperation with
our own researches and customers from other institutes.
The largest computers in the Russian Joint
Supercomputer Center (www.jscc.ru) run a job control
system developed in KIAM.
About the Non-traditional HPC Architectures
           Laboratory in KIAM.

 Headed by Dr. Alexey Latsis (lacis@kiam.ru), the
 Laboratory is aimed to respond to the challenge of the
 forthcoming new (non-von-Neumann) HPC architectures.
 Today the main focus of our research and development
 is hybrid computers, i.e., systems built around a cluster
 of multi-core nodes, each equipped with non-traditional
 coprocessors. We use off-the-shelf coprocessors
 (GPGPU) as well as develop methods and tools to
 program applications for FPGA-based coprocessors.
 We believe that the key to success on this way is tight
 cooperation with application developers, and we fully
 exploit the invaluable abilities for such cooperation that
 do exist in KIAM.
About the Non-traditional HPC Architectures
     Laboratory in KIAM (continued).

 Hybrid computers are relatively user-friendly, but they
 require better communication systems. Based in this
 understanding, we develop both advanced PGAS-style
 software and custom hardware to support it.
 Recently we accomplished development of an inter-node
 network, directly connecting the PCI-Expresses of the
 cluster nodes in a single communication system.
 It is used in the hybrid (GPGPU-based) sample system
 MVS-Express, running in KIAM now.
 We also work hard to provide better tools for application-
 level FPGA programming of computationally intensive
 tasks, and this is our main direction of research today.

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