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The Jefferson Era Chapter 10 PowerPoint Presentation by Mr. Snodgrass Election of 1800 • Democratic Republicans (Jefferson’s Party) defeat the Federalists (Adams’) • Backlash against Federalists and the Alien and Sedition Acts. • Hamilton (F) tried to get Pinkney (F) in above Adams (F) • Dem - Rep goof leaves Jefferson at a tie with his party’s Vice Presidential candidate, Burr. Election Results (1800) Historycentral.com When there is no clear winner? • House of Representatives chooses the next president from among the top 3 candidates. • Jefferson, Burr and Adams. • After 36 ballots in the congress, Jefferson wins, Burr is VP (and angry) Jefferson’s Talents • Renaissance Man • Inventor, Scientist, Architect. • Designer and lead builder of his home, Monticello http://www.monticello.org/gallery Jefferson’s Political Philosophy: America should remain an agrarian society. As simple farmers we will share common experience, values and beliefs. Abundant land will prevent the urbanization of America. We do not need big cities like Europe has. Jefferson designed this moldboard “plow of least resistance” Jefferson Did • Allow the Alien and Sedition Acts to expire. • Reduce the number of federal employees. • Reduce the size of the military. (or not) • Reduce the National debt through sales of public land. • Jefferson did not: • Have much power to resist the Federalist judges. • Complain when his Secretary of State (Madison) won his case vs. Marbury in the Supreme Court. • Like John Marshall’s claim of the power of Judicial Review. Louisiana Purchase • Napoleon had gained back Louisiana for France from Spain. • Napoleon was a crusader against Monarchy. • Slaves on Haiti had rebelled. • Toussaint L’Overture was their leader. • How could France regain control? Explorers of the West • Lewis and Clark: • Clark provided Explored the Missouri accurate Maps River and the Columbia River. • Contacts helped the fur trade grow. • Zebulon Pike explored the Southwest and the • Pike’s view of plains upper Mississippi as “Desert” limits interest among americans for years. Jefferson’s Foreign Policy • Problems: • Solutions? • Americans relied • U. S. Navy and Marines heavily on overseas are sent to attack Tripoli. trade. • US defeats the pirates. • Pirates of the Barbary • Jefferson puts forward the Coast were attacking Embargo Act of 1807. Us American ships. refuses to trade with • Impressment by nations at war. England and France • This hurts American was still a major interests and angers problem. many Americans. Madison’s • Impressment Challenges continues • England is still stealing cargoes • Tecumseh, leader from American of Native Resistance. ships. • Tecumseh tries to • War Hawks: unite all Natives (western leaders against the USA. who demand war) • British offer help to push for a Natives who resist. declaration of war vs. England and get it in 1812. • Phase 1: • British blockade the US coast. • Perry defeats the British on Lake Erie. “I have seen the War enemy, and they are ours!” of • US invades Canada and burns public buildings in the capital 1812 York (Toronto) • England is busy fighting Napoleon in Europe. • Britain and its allies have defeated Napoleon (Oh! Waterloo!) War of • British arrive in force to attack and burn 1812: Washington D. C. • Baltimore escapes this fate. • Fort McHenry resists The assault -> Star Spangled Banner penned by Francis Second Scott Key. Act • Jackson wins a victory in the Battle of New Orleans. Long Term Results (Legacy) of the war. • Americans are more united • Native Americans than ever. can offer less • (Identify as Americans resistance. instead of as separate states.) • Americans are more • US factories replace patriotic. British factories • More nationalism in the because trade is cut USA. off.
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