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The Jefferson Era


  • pg 1
									The Jefferson Era

 Chapter 10 PowerPoint

                 by Mr. Snodgrass
             Election of 1800
• Democratic Republicans (Jefferson’s Party)
  defeat the Federalists (Adams’)
• Backlash against Federalists and the Alien and
  Sedition Acts.
• Hamilton (F) tried to get Pinkney (F) in above
  Adams (F)
• Dem - Rep goof leaves Jefferson at a tie with
  his party’s Vice Presidential candidate, Burr.
   Election Results (1800)

When there is no clear winner?

• House of Representatives chooses the
  next president from among the top 3
• Jefferson, Burr and Adams.
• After 36 ballots in the congress,
  Jefferson wins, Burr is VP (and angry)
  Jefferson’s Talents
• Renaissance
• Inventor,
• Designer and
  lead builder of
  his home,
 Jefferson’s Political Philosophy:
    America should remain an agrarian society.
As simple farmers we will share common
experience, values and beliefs.
    Abundant land will prevent the urbanization
of America. We do not need big cities like
Europe has.

                   Jefferson designed this moldboard
                   “plow of least resistance”
                Jefferson Did

•   Allow the Alien and Sedition Acts to expire.
•   Reduce the number of federal employees.
•   Reduce the size of the military. (or not)
•   Reduce the National debt through sales of public
• Jefferson did not:

• Have much power to
  resist the Federalist
• Complain when his
  Secretary of State
  (Madison) won his case
  vs. Marbury in the
  Supreme Court.
• Like John Marshall’s
  claim of the power of
  Judicial Review.
        Louisiana Purchase

• Napoleon had gained back Louisiana for
  France from Spain.
• Napoleon was a crusader against Monarchy.
• Slaves on Haiti had rebelled.
• Toussaint L’Overture was their leader.

• How could France regain control?
         Explorers of the West
• Lewis and Clark:         • Clark provided
  Explored the Missouri      accurate Maps
  River and the Columbia
  River.                   • Contacts helped the
                             fur trade grow.
• Zebulon Pike explored
  the Southwest and the    • Pike’s view of plains
  upper Mississippi          as “Desert” limits
                             interest among
                             americans for years.
        Jefferson’s Foreign Policy
• Problems:                • Solutions?
• Americans relied         • U. S. Navy and Marines
  heavily on overseas        are sent to attack Tripoli.
  trade.                   • US defeats the pirates.
• Pirates of the Barbary   • Jefferson puts forward the
  Coast were attacking       Embargo Act of 1807. Us
  American ships.            refuses to trade with
• Impressment by             nations at war.
  England and France       • This hurts American
  was still a major          interests and angers
  problem.                   many Americans.
Madison’s                 • Impressment
Challenges                  continues
                          • England is still
                            stealing cargoes
• Tecumseh, leader
                            from American
  of Native
  Resistance.               ships.
• Tecumseh tries to       • War Hawks:
  unite all Natives         (western leaders
  against the USA.          who demand war)
• British offer help to     push for a
  Natives who resist.       declaration of war
                            vs. England and
                            get it in 1812.
• Phase 1:
• British blockade the US coast.
• Perry defeats the British on
  Lake Erie. “I have seen the       War
  enemy, and they are ours!”         of
• US invades Canada and burns
  public buildings in the capital   1812
  York (Toronto)
• England is busy fighting
  Napoleon in Europe.
• Britain and its allies have
  defeated Napoleon (Oh!
  Waterloo!)                     War of
• British arrive in force to
  attack and burn                1812:
  Washington D. C.
• Baltimore escapes this fate.
• Fort McHenry resists            The
  assault -> Star Spangled
  Banner penned by Francis       Second
  Scott Key.                       Act
• Jackson wins a victory in
  the Battle of New Orleans.
    Long Term Results (Legacy)
            of the war.
• Americans are more united   • Native Americans
  than ever.
                                can offer less
• (Identify as Americans
  instead of as separate
• Americans are more          • US factories replace
  patriotic.                    British factories
• More nationalism in the       because trade is cut
  USA.                          off.

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