open by ashrafp

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									_open, _wopen
Open a file.
int _open( const char *filename, int oflag [, int pmode] );
int _wopen( const wchar_t *filename, int oflag [, int pmode] );

Routine       Required Header        Optional Headers          Compatibility

_open         <io.h>                 <fcntl.h>,                Win 95, Win NT
                                     <sys/types.h>,
                                     <sys/stat.h>

_wopen        <io.h> or <wchar.h> <fcntl.h>,                   Win NT
                                  <sys/types.h>,
                                  <sys/stat.h>

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.
Libraries
LIBC.LIB        Single thread static library, retail version

LIBCMT.LIB      Multithread static library, retail version

MSVCRT.LIB Import library for MSVCRT.DLL, retail version

Return Value
Each of these functions returns a file handle for the opened file. A return value of
–1 indicates an error, in which case errno is set to one of the following values:
EACCES
Tried to open read-only file for writing, or file’s sharing mode does not allow
specified operations, or given path is directory
EEXIST
_O_CREAT and _O_EXCL flags specified, but filename already exists
EINVAL
Invalid oflag or pmode argument
EMFILE
No more file handles available (too many open files)
ENOENT
File or path not found
Parameters
filename
Filename
oflag
Type of operations allowed
pmode
Permission mode
Remarks
The _open function opens the file specified by filename and prepares the file for
reading or writing, as specified by oflag. _wopen is a wide-character version of
_open; the filename argument to _wopen is a wide-character string. _wopen
and _open behave identically otherwise.
Generic-Text Routine Mappings
TCHAR.H       _UNICODE &                 _MBCS Defined          _UNICODE Defined
Routine       _MBCS Not Defined

_topen        _open                    _open                 _wopen

oflag is an integer expression formed from one or more of the following manifest
constants or constant combinations defined in FCNTL.H:
_O_APPEND
Moves file pointer to end of file before every write operation.
_O_BINARY
Opens file in binary (untranslated) mode. (See fopen for a description of binary
mode.)
_O_CREAT
Creates and opens new file for writing. Has no effect if file specified by filename
exists. pmode argument is required when _O_CREAT is specified.
_O_CREAT | _O_SHORT_LIVED
Create file as temporary and if possible do not flush to disk. pmode argument is
required when _O_CREAT is specified.
_O_CREAT | _O_TEMPORARY
Create file as temporary; file is deleted when last file handle is closed. pmode
argument is required when _O_CREAT is specified.
_O_CREAT | _O_EXCL
Returns error value if file specified by filename exists. Applies only when used
with _O_CREAT.
_O_RANDOM
Specifies primarily random access from disk
_O_RDONLY
Opens file for reading only; cannot be specified with _O_RDWR or
_O_WRONLY.
_O_RDWR
Opens file for both reading and writing; you cannot specify this flag with
_O_RDONLY or _O_WRONLY.
_O_SEQUENTIAL
Specifies primarily sequential access from disk
_O_TEXT
Opens file in text (translated) mode. (For more information, see Text and Binary
Mode File I/O and fopen.)
_O_TRUNC
Opens file and truncates it to zero length; file must have write permission. You
cannot specify this flag with _O_RDONLY. _O_TRUNC used with _O_CREAT
opens an existing file or creates a new file.
Warning The _O_TRUNC flag destroys the contents of the specified file.
_O_WRONLY
Opens file for writing only; cannot be specified with _O_RDONLY or _O_RDWR.
To specify the file access mode, you must specify either _O_RDONLY,
_O_RDWR, or _O_WRONLY. There is no default value for the access mode.
When two or more manifest constants are used to form the oflag argument, the
constants are combined with the bitwise-OR operator ( | ). See Text and Binary
Mode File I/O for a discussion of binary and text modes.
The pmode argument is required only when _O_CREAT is specified. If the file
already exists, pmode is ignored. Otherwise, pmode specifies the file permission
settings, which are set when the new file is closed the first time. _open applies
the current file-permission mask to pmode before setting the permissions (for
more information, see _umask). pmode is an integer expression containing one
or both of the following manifest constants, defined in SYS\STAT.H:
_S_IREAD
Reading only permitted
_S_IWRITE
Writing permitted (effectively permits reading and writing)
_S_IREAD | _S_IWRITE
Reading and writing permitted
When both constants are given, they are joined with the bitwise-OR operator ( |
). In Windows NT, all files are readable, so write-only permission is not available;
thus the modes _S_IWRITE and _S_IREAD | _S_IWRITE are equivalent.
Example
/* OPEN.C: This program uses _open to open a file
* named OPEN.C for input and a file named OPEN.OUT
* for output. The files are then closed.
*/


#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <io.h>
#include <stdio.h>


void main( void )
{
    int fh1, fh2;


    fh1 = _open( "OPEN.C", _O_RDONLY );
    if( fh1 == -1 )
        perror( "open failed on input file" );
    else
    {
        printf( "open succeeded on input file\n" );
        _close( fh1 );
    }


    fh2 = _open( "OPEN.OUT", _O_WRONLY | _O_CREAT, _S_IREAD |
                         _S_IWRITE );
    if( fh2 == -1 )
        perror( "Open failed on output file" );
    else
    {
        printf( "Open succeeded on output file\n" );
        _close( fh2 );
    }
}
Output
Open succeeded on input file
Open succeeded on output file


Low-Level I/O Routines
See Also _chmod, _close, _creat, _dup, fopen, _sopen

								
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