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CONTROL OF HAZARDOUS ENERGIES _LOCKOUT _ TAGOUT_

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					                  CONTROL OF
              HAZARDOUS ENERGIES
               (LOCKOUT / TAGOUT)




1   Hazards
                              CONTENTS

                 What is hazardous energy?
                 Purpose for controlling hazardous energies.
                 5 types of hazardous energies.
                 Types and associated risks.
                 Procedure for controlling hazardous energies.
                     requirements for hazardous energy equipment
                     who performs the lockout - tagout
                     how is the lockout tagout device removed
                     effect of control of hazardous energy equipment


2   Hazards
                          CONTENTS

                 Situations that require lockout tagout of
                  hazardous energies.
                 Tagout only requirements
                 Lockout - tagout requirements
                 Special circumstances
                 Summary




3   Hazards
              WHAT IS HAZARDOUS ENERGY?


              Hazardous energy is the energy stored that if
              released may cause a serious accident or physical
              damage.




4   Hazards
                   CONTROL OF HAZARDOUS
                         ENERGIES

               Purpose:
                To ensure persons who work on or around
                hazardous energy sources are aware of controls to
                prevent injury or accidents.




5   Hazards
              5 TYPES OF HAZARDOUS ENERGY

                       Electrical

                       Chemical

                       Kinetic

                       Thermal    Radiation
                       Pressure




6   Hazards
                               TYPES AND RISKS

                 Electrical
                     220 - 380 v, high voltage - substations
                 Chemical
                     reaction, fire, explosion

                 Kinetic
                     release of a spring, moving parts, falling objects

                 Thermal Radiation
                     hot/cold, radiation

                 Pressure
                     pressurised gases, vacuum pumps, pneumatic cylinders

7   Hazards
                            LOCKOUT - TAGOUT

                 Lockout
                  The placement of a lockout device on an energy isolation
                  device. This ensures that the energy isolating device and
                  the systems it controls cannot be accidentally operated.

                 Tagout
                  The placement of a tagout device on an energy isolation
                  device to indicate that the isolation device and the system
                  being controlled may not be operated until the tagout
                  device is removed.


8   Hazards
                     GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

                 Any equipment able to store hazardous energy must have
                  lockout and tagout capability.

                 Only trained and authorised persons can perform lockout -
                  tagout.

                 A lockout - tagout device cannot be removed on behalf of
                  another person, unless an approved transfer procedure has
                  taken place.


9   Hazards
                   SITUATIONS REQUIRING THE USE OF
                          LOCKOUT - TAGOUT


                  When servicing, maintaining or repairing mechanical equipment where
                   parts could create a safety hazard.

                  When working on pipelines that carry hazardous chemicals (e.g. high
                   pressure, toxic, corrosive, etc.).

                  On electrical circuits and systems where a high risk of electrical shock
                   exists.

                  Where other hazardous energies exists that may cause injury if
                   intentionally released during service or maintenance.



10   Hazards
                                        TAGOUT

                  Tagout alone is permitted only in circumstances where a
                   lockout device cannot be used.

                  Seek approval from your supervisor before commencing
                   any work on equipment that cannot be locked out.

                  It is your responsibility to remove your tag or lock prior to
                   closeout of the work permit.




11   Hazards
                         TAGOUT REQUIREMENTS

              A tag may only be removed by the person who attached it

              A tag should never be bypassed, ignored or defeated

              A tag must be able to withstand the environmental conditions

              A tag must be securely attached so it is not inadvertently defeated

              A tag must only be transferred when ownership has to be changed for a task

              The new Owner must affix his tag with all relevant details and ensure the work
               permit shows the same details.




12   Hazards
               LOCKOUT - TAGOUT REQUIREMENTS

                  Always follow the site lockout and tagout rules to control
                   hazardous energies
                  Use only approved locks and tags
                  A lock or tag may only be removed by the person who
                   applied it
                  Always use a multiple lockout clasp in case others need to
                   lockout



13   Hazards
               LOCKOUT - TAGOUT REQUIREMENTS


                  Only one key to one lock
                  Where a machine or its supporting equipment are to be
                   worked on all relevant permits must be used
                  Where piped systems or exhaust ducting is to be worked
                   on, then the system Owner must sign off the respective
                   permits




14   Hazards
               SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES


                    Abandoned    locks

                    Change   of shift

                    Multiple   workers




15   Hazards
                             SUMMARY
                  Types of hazardous energy with risks:

                      Electrical
                           electrical shock
                           burns
                           fire / explosion
                           secondary injuries

                      Chemical
                           chemical splash
                           inhalation
                           burns
                           dermatitis
                           cancer

16   Hazards
                             SUMMARY

                  Types of hazardous energy with risks:

                      Kinetic
                           crushing of body parts
                           amputation
                           entanglement

                      Thermal Radiation
                           burns hot/cold
                           fire
                           eye injuries
                           skin cancer


17   Hazards
                                         SUMMARY
                  Types of hazardous energy with risks:

                      Pressure
                           punctures
                           secondary injuries
                           bends - air blockage in the bloodstream
                           physical hazards - flying particles


                   Control all potentially hazardous situations by using
                   a lockout - tagout system


18   Hazards
                  Permit Issued By
                 Authorized Person
               FCT, PC, System Owner


19   Hazards
               Lockout - Tagout Procedure
                Must Be In Place Before
                 Any Line Break Starts.


20   Hazards
               First Line Break



21   Hazards

				
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posted:8/22/2011
language:English
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