CS301_MIDTERM

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					                            CS301 – Midterm Examination



1. A(n) __________ is a binary digit, taking a logical value of either "1" or "0" (also
    referred to as "true" or "false" respectively).
2. A(n) __________ is a basic unit of measurement of information storage in computer
    science. In many computer architectures it is a unit of memory addressing. There is
    no standard but a byte most often consists of
3. A(n) __________ is an electronic circuit that can execute computer programs.
4. A(n) __________ is an optical disc used to store digital data.
5. A(n) __________ is a group of interconnected computers. Networks may be
    classified according to a wide variety of characteristics.
6. A(n) __________ is a type of user interface which allows people to interact with
    electronic devices such as computers; hand-held devices such as MP3 Players,
    Portable Media Players or
7. A(n__________ is an input device consisting of a stick that pivots on a base and
    reports its angle or direction to the device it is controlling.
8. A(n) __________ is a processing system composed of two or more independent cores
    (or CPUs).
9. A(n) __________ is a company that offers its customers access to the Internet.
10. A(n) __________ is a digital circuit that performs arithmetic and logical operations.
11. __________ refers to devices that are used to store data or programs (sequences of
    instructions) on a temporary or permanent basis for use in an electronic digital
    computer
12. A(n) __________, is an optical disc storage media format. Its main uses are video and
    data storage
13. A(n) __________ is a unit for digital information storage. It means 1,000,000,000
    storage units.
14. __________ is the predominant markup language for web pages.
15. __________ is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative,
    hypermedia information systems.[
16. __________ is a unit of digital information storage equal to 1,000 units.
17. __________ is a unit byte for digital information storage or transmission and is equal
    to 1,000,000) units.
18. __________ is a device that modulates an analog carrier signal to encode digital
    information, and also demodulates such a carrier signal to decode the transmitted
    information.
19. __________ is a way of communicating by sending text messages to people in the
    same chat-room in real-time.
20. __________ is the criminally fraudulent process of attempting to acquire sensitive
    information such as usernames, passwords and credit card details by masquerading as
    a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication.
21. __________, computer memory that can be read from and written to in arbitrary
    sequence
22. __________ is a class of storage media used in computers and other electronic
    devices. Because data stored cannot be modified (at least not very quickly or easily).
23. __________, is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data
    between computers and peripheral devices.
                                    CS301 – Midterm Examination

     24. __________ was the world's first operational packet switching network, and the
         predecessor of the internet.
     25. __________ is boot firmware, designed to be the first code run by a PC when
         powered on.
     26. __________ is a serial bus interface standard for high-speed communications and
         isochronous real-time data transfer, frequently used by personal computers, as well as
         in digital audio, digital video, automotive,
     27. __________ is one of the core protocols of the Internet Protocol Suite.
     28. __________ specifies where an identified resource is available and the mechanism
         for retrieving it.
     29. __________ is a standard to connect devices to a host computer. It was designed to
         allow many peripherals to be connected using a single standardized interface socket
         and to improve plug and play
     30. __________ is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group
         of AT&T employees at Bell Labs
     31. __________ is a general term for a family of transmission technologies for delivery
         of voice communications over networks such as the Internet or other packet-switched
         networks.
     32. __________ is a computer network that covers a broad area (i.e., any network whose
         communications links cross metropolitan, regional, or national boundaries)

     Please identify the letter of the choice that best matches the numbered definitions below.

     a.   keyword
     b.   database
     c.   concept searching
     d.   spider
     e.   truncation
33. When during a search, the search engine also includes the stem of the word
34. A descriptive word within the Web document
35. The search engine tries to determine what you mean and displays links to Web sites that relate to
    the keywords
36. A collection of organized information

37. A search engine robot that searches the Internet for the keywords




     38. Essay Question: Please describe a computer and a computer system. Please include
     information about hardware, software, data, information and users in your response.
               CS301 – Midterm Examination




__________




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                             CS301 – Midterm Examination




1. A(n) bit is a binary digit, taking a logical value of either "1" or "0" (also referred to as
    "true" or "false" respectively).
2. A(n) byte is a basic unit of measurement of information storage in computer science.
    In many computer architectures it is a unit of memory addressing. There is no
    standard but a byte most often consists of
3. A(n) central processing unit (CPU) or processor is an electronic circuit that can
    execute computer programs.
4. A(n) Compact Disc is an optical disc used to store digital data.
5. A(n) computer network is a group of interconnected computers. Networks may be
    classified according to a wide variety of characteristics.
6. A(n) graphical user interface is a type of user interface which allows people to
    interact with electronic devices such as computers; hand-held devices such as MP3
    Players, Portable Media Players or
7. A(n) joystick is an input device consisting of a stick that pivots on a base and reports
    its angle or direction to the device it is controlling.
8. A(n) multi-core processor is a processing system composed of two or more
    independent cores (or CPUs).
9. A(n) Internet service provider is a company that offers its customers access to the
    Internet.
10. A(n) arithmetic logic unit (ALU) is a digital circuit that performs arithmetic and
    logical operations.
11. Computer memory refers to devices that are used to store data or programs
    (sequences of instructions) on a temporary or permanent basis for use in an electronic
    digital computer
12. A(n) DVD, is an optical disc storage media format. Its main uses are video and data
    storage
13. A(n) Gigabyte is a unit for digital information storage. It means 1,000,000,000
    storage units.
14. HTML is the predominant markup language for web pages.
15. Hypertext Transfer Protocol is an application-level protocol for distributed,
    collaborative, hypermedia information systems.[
16. Kilobyte is a unit of digital information storage equal to 1,000 units.
17. Megabyte is a unit byte for digital information storage or transmission and is equal to
    1,000,000) units.
18. Modem is a device that modulates an analog carrier signal to encode digital
    information, and also demodulates such a carrier signal to decode the transmitted
    information.
19. Online chat is a way of communicating by sending text messages to people in the
    same chat-room in real-time.
20. phishing is the criminally fraudulent process of attempting to acquire sensitive
    information such as usernames, passwords and credit card details by masquerading as
    a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication.
                                          CS301 – Midterm Examination

           21. Random access memory, computer memory that can be read from and written to in
               arbitrary sequence
           22. Read-only memory is a class of storage media used in computers and other
               electronic devices. Because data stored in ROM cannot be modified (at least not very
               quickly or easily), it is main
           23. Small Computer System Interface, is a set of standards for physically connecting
               and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.
           24. The ARPANET was the world's first operational packet switching network, and the
               predecessor of the internet.
           25. The BIOS is boot firmware, designed to be the first code run by a PC when powered
               on.
           26. The IEEE 1394 interface is a serial bus interface standard for high-speed
               communications and isochronous real-time data transfer, frequently used by personal
               computers, as well as in digital audio, digital video, automotive,
           27. The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is one of the core protocols of the
               Internet Protocol Suite.
           28. Uniform Resource Locator (URL) specifies where an identified resource is
               available and the mechanism for retrieving it.
           29. Universal Serial Bus (USB) is a standard to connect devices to a host computer. It
               was designed to allow many peripherals to be connected using a single standardized
               interface socket and to improve plug and play
           30. Unix is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of
               AT&T employees at Bell Labs
           31. Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is a general term for a family of transmission
               technologies for delivery of voice communications over networks such as the Internet
               or other packet-switched networks.
           32. Wide Area Network (WAN) is a computer network that covers a broad area (i.e.,
               any network whose communications links cross metropolitan, regional, or national
               boundaries)
           33.   Please describe a computer and a computer system. Please include information about
                 hardware, software, data, information and users in your response.


           Please identify the letter of the choice that best matches the numbered definitions below.

           a.    keyword
           b.    database
           c.    concept searching
           d.    spider
           e.    truncation
____ 71. When during a search, the search engine also includes the stem of the word
____ 72. A descriptive word within the Web document
____ 73. The search engine tries to determine what you mean and displays links to Web sites that relate to
         the keywords
____ 74. A collection of organized information
                                             CS301 – Midterm Examination

____ 75. A search engine robot that searches the Internet for the keywords




Essay

        91. Please describe a computer and a computer system. Please include information about hardware,
            software, data, information and users in your response.



              XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
              XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
              XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
              XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
              XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
              XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
              XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX




        71.   ANS:   E            PTS:   1             REF:   53
        72.   ANS:   A            PTS:   1             REF:   53
        73.   ANS:   C            PTS:   1             REF:   53
        74.   ANS:   B            PTS:   1             REF:   53
        75.   ANS:   D            PTS:   1             REF:   53

				
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