Docstoc

RDA Overview

Document Sample
RDA Overview Powered By Docstoc
					Background/Overview


               by Dr. Barbara B. Tillett
 Chief, Policy and Standards Division
                  Library of Congress
                   For iSchool, Drexel
                     February 8, 2011
Overview
 Influences on RDA
 Changing environment
 Why not AACR3?
 RDA goals and structure
 Examples of changes
 US RDA Test
 Training materials available and
  workshops being offered to help minimize
  costs
                                             2
Webcasts (the software for RealPlayer is needed to see and hear these Webcasts, it is available freely on the Internet).

    Resource Description and Access: Background / Overview. Speaker: Barbara Tillett. Recorded May 14, 2008.
     Running time: 67 minutes. Available at: http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=4320

    Cataloging Principles and RDA: Resource Description and Access. Speaker: Barbara Tillett. Recorded June 10,
     2008. Running time: 49 minutes. Available at: http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=4327

    FRBR: Things You Should Know but Were Afraid to Ask. Speaker: Barbara Tillett. Recorded March 4, 2009.
     Running time: 57 minutes. Available at: http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=4554

    RDA: Recursos Descripción y Acceso: Antecedentes y Aspectos de su Implementación. Speaker: Barbara Tillett.
     In Spanish. Recorded August 13, 2009. Running time: 85 min. Available at:
     http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=4736

    AACR2, RDA, VIAF, and the Future: there to here to there. Speaker: Barbara Tillett for the NISO Webinar:
     “Bibliographic Control Alphabet Soup: AACR to RDA and Evolution of MARC”. Recorded October 14, 2009.
     Available through October 2010 at: https://www.livemeeting.com/cc/niso/view?id=2JTZCS&pw=B%22f%3F8M8
             Q&A: http://www.niso.org/news/events/2009/bibcontrol09/questions/
    Q&A data also available in Italian: “La minestra di alfabeto del controllo bibliografico:domande & risposte sul
     cambiamento dalle AACR a RDA e l’evoluzione del MARC” at: http://gumarc21.unicatt.it/

    RDA Changes from AACR2 for Texts. Speaker: Barbara B. Tillett. Recorded January 12, 2010. Running time: 75
     minutes (41 minutes of presentation followed by Q&A). Available at:
     http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=4863

    RDA Test “Train the Trainer” (Training modules). Presented by Judy Kuhagen and Barbara Tillett, January 15,
     2010; Northeastern University, Boston, Mass.
     Modules 1-9 http://www.loc.gov:8081/bibliographic-future/rda/trainthetrainer.html

    RDA: Looking to the Future: Information Systems and Metadata. Speaker: Barbara Tillett. Recorded March 9,
     2010. Running time: 54 minutes. Available at: http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=4967



                                                                                                                       3
              Influences
 Anglo-American cataloging tradition
 Paris Principles
 ISBD
 FRBR/FRAD
 Internet
 Toronto Conference 1997
 IME ICC  ICP
 Web environment collaborations

                                        4
      Influences Panizzi – 1841
              (“91 rules”)
 Not just finding list/inventory
 Full and complete data
 Collocation by authors
 References




                                    5
            Influences – Cutter
                (1876-1904 eds.)
 Objects:
  Find
     author,    title, subject
  Show
     given author, given
     subject, kind of
     literature
  Assist   in choice
     edition,literary or
     topical character
                                   6
IFLA’s Influence on
Cataloguing Codes
1961
“Paris
 Principles”
(influenced by
   Lubetzky and
   Verona)
1841

1876
1902
1904
1906
1908



    1941
1949




1967
           Anglo-American Tradition




8
More of IFLA’s Influence
1969 – ISBDs
    •   International Standard Bibliographic
        Description

•   2007
    Consolidated
    edition
                                           8
AACR2
1978
1988
1998
2002




        10
          IFLA’s Functional
FRBR       Requirements for
           Bibliographic Records
           (FRBR)
          User tasks
             Find
             Identify
             Select
             Obtain
          Entities, Relationships,
           Attributes
          Mandatory elements for a
           national level bibliographic
           record
                                          11
Functional Requirements
for Authority Data (FRAD)

                 June 2009
                 Extends the FRBR
                  model to authority data
                 (Still to come is FRSAD
                  on subject authority
                  data)


                                        27
International Cataloguing
 Principles (ICP) - 2009

      Principles   & Glossary
       20  languages
       http://www.ifla.org/en/public
        ations/statement-of-
        international-cataloguing-
        principles


                                   13
Internet
   Wide range of information carriers
    •   complexity of content
   Catalogs are no longer end points in isolation
    •   Global access to data
   Integrate bibliographic data with wider Internet
    environment
    •   Share data beyond institutions
    •   Metadata (bibliographic information)
          Created by a wider range of personnel

          Within and outside libraries

          Element-based metadata schemas
               Dublin Core, ONIX, etc.
                                                     14
What’s wrong with AACR?
   Increasingly complex
   Lack of logical structure
   Mixing content and carrier data (GMDs)
   Not enough support for collocation - inherent
    relationships missing
   Anglo-American centric viewpoint
   Written before FRBR
   Before Internet and well-formed metadata
                           Based on slide from Ann Chapman, UKOLN   15
1997 International Conference on the
  Principles and Future Development
                               of AACR
  Toronto, Canada  Principles
 JSC invited          Content vs. carrier
  worldwide experts    Logical structure of

 Issues leading to     AACR
  RDA                  Seriality
                       Internationalization



                                          16
JSC and Project Management Team




Marjorie Bloss, RDA project manager; Marg Stewart, CCC/ JSC chair; Alan
Danskin, BL; John Attig, ALA; Barbara Tillett, LC; Deirdre Kiorgaard,
ACOC; Hugh Taylor, CILIP; Nathalie Schulz, JSC secretary; Tom Delsey, editor
                                                                         17 49
AACR3

        18
JSC Collaborations with other
Metadata Communities
 IFLA - Principles, Conceptual models, ISBD/ISSN
 ONIX (Publishers) – types of content, media, carriers
 Dublin Core, IEEE/LOM, Semantic Web, W3C
          “Data Modeling Meeting” - London 2007




 RDA/MARC      Working Group (MARBI)
                                                   19
Other Collaborations
   Law Library community
     Treaties
   Hebraica and Religion Teams at LC
     Bible   proposals
   Mss/Archives experts at LC (Mss. Div., NUCMC,
    American Folklife Center, Rare Books)
     DACS
   Music Div and Motion Picture, Broadcasting and
    Recorded Sound Div., MLA
     AMIM2    and Ch.6 proposals for music
   Prints & Photographs Division
     CCO
   Geography and Maps Divisions at LC
                                                 20
21
                      GOALS:
                    RDA will be …
 A new standard for resource description
  and access
 Designed for the digital world
    • Optimized for use as an online product
    • Description and access of all resources
         •   All types of content and media
    •   Resulting records usable in the digital
        environment (Internet, Web OPACs, etc.)

                                                  22
RDA – The Goals
   Rules should be easy to use and interpret
   Be applicable to an online, networked
    environment
   Provide effective bibliographic control for all types
    of media
   Encourage use beyond the library community
   Be compatible with other similar standards
   Have a logical structure based on internationally
    agreed principles
   Separate content and carrier data
   Examples – more of them, more appropriate
                                                              23
                                         slide Ann Chapman, UKOLN
RDA Structure
  General introduction
  Identifying Elements (Entities and their
   attributes)
  Relationships
    Appendices
        Capitalization, Abbreviations, Initial articles, etc.
        Presentation (ISBD, MARC, etc.)

        Relationship designators

        Etc.

     Glossary     and Index
                                                             25
General Principles (ICP)
•   Convenience of user   • Consistency and
•   Representation            Standardization
•   Common usage          •   Integration
•   Accuracy              •   Defensible, not
•   Sufficiency and           arbitrary
    necessity
•   Significance          • If contradict, take a
•   Economy                   defensible, practical
                              solution.


                                                      26
Transcription – Principle of
Representation in RDA
    “Take what you see” as option in RDA
      Correction
                of inaccuracies elsewhere
      No more abbreviating

    Accept what you get
      Facilitating   automated data capture



                                               27
Sample Changes from AACR2
    Transcribed data (macros and templates)
      Option    to keep rule of 3
           e.g., “[and five others]” – no more “… et. al.”
      Firstplace of publication is “core”
      “Place of publication not identified” – not “s.l.”
      “Publisher not identified” – not “s.n.”
      “Date of publication not identified”



28                                                            28
RDA Element Analysis
   RDA element (domain: manifestation)
     Title                       element
        Title proper             element sub-type

        Parallel title           element sub-type

        Other title information  element sub-type

        Variant title            element sub-type

        Earlier variant title    element sub-type

        Later variant title      element sub-type

        Key title                element sub-type

        Abbreviated title        element sub-type

        Devised title            element sub-type

                                                      29
RDA elements
 “Core”
 Media, Carrier, and Content Types to replace
  GMDs
 Other examples of new elements:
     File characteristics for digital materials
     Video format characteristics
     Custodial information for archival resources
     Braille characteristics


                                                     30
     New Terminology from IFLA
AACR2 terms          RDA terms
  Heading              Access point
  Added Entry          Access point
  Authorized heading   Authorized access point
  See references       Variant access point
  Uniform title        Preferred title
                       Name of the work (to
                        include name of creator
                        when applicable)
                                            31
                                            Based on Gordon Dunsire’s slide
   Database/format Scenarios
Bib record (flat-file)
Z
         Lee, T. B.
666.7
.L55        Cataloguing has a future
2009             1 sound disc
         Spoken word.
         Donated by the author.
        1. Metadata




                                       32
                                           Based on Gordon Dunsire’s slide
   Database/format Scenarios
Bib record (flat-file)
 100 01 $a Lee, T. B.
 245 00 $a Cataloguing has a future
 300    $a 1 sound disc
 500    $a Spoken word.
 561 1 $a Donated by the author.
 650 0 $a Metadata




                                      33
                                                                                    Based on Gordon Dunsire’s slide
    Database/format Scenarios
       FRBR registry (IFLA)
Future record
FRBR                            RDA element registry
 Bib record (flat-file)
Bib record (description)
Work information
record
                                                       Name authority record
   Author: Lee, T. B.
   Title: Cataloguing has a future                      Name:
   Work title: Cataloguing has
   Content type: Spoken word a future                   Identifier: …

   Carrier information
Expression type: Audio disc
                                                       Subject authority record
   Subject: Metadata
Manifestation information by the author
  Provenance: Donated                                   Label:
                                                        Identifier: …

                                                                               ONIX
Item information                                  RDA content type registry


                                                   Label: Spoken word
                                                   Identifier: …
                    RDA carrier type registry                                  34
                              Linked Data
Work information
                                                      Name authority record
   Author:
   Subject:
                                                       Name: Lee, T. B.
   Work Title: Cataloguing has a future
                                                       Identifier: …
Expression information
                                                      Subject authority record
   Content type:
Manifestation information                              Label: Metadata
   Title: Cataloguing has a future                     Identifier: …
   Carrier type:
Item information                                   RDA content type registry

   Provenance: Donated by the author
                                                    Label: Spoken word
                       RDA carrier type registry    Identifier: …
                                                                               35
                   Audio disc
         Package for Data Sharing
Communication format record
Work information
                                                    Name authority record
   Author:
   Subject:
                                                     Name: Lee, T. B.
   Work Title: Cataloguing has a future
               Cataloguing has a future
                                                     Identifier: …
Expression information
   Content type:                                    Subject authority record

Manifestation information                            Label: Metadata
   Title: Cataloguing has a future                   Identifier: …
   Carrier type:
Item information                                 RDA content type registry

   Provenance: Donated by the author
                                                  Label: Spoken word
                                                  Identifier: …
                     RDA carrier type registry                               36
        Audio disc
             Package for displays
Future display
                           (        )
  Author: Lee, T. B.



  Content type: Spoken word


  Title: Cataloguing has a future
  Carrier type: (Audio disc)



                               37       37
 Databases,
 Repositories        Services
         VIAF



LCSH
         Web front
         end


                      Internet
                      “Cloud”

                                 38
http://www.rda-jsc.org/




                      39
U.S. RDA Test Timeline
  June 2010 ALA released RDA Toolkit
  June-Aug.31 ALA allowed free
   access to RDA Toolkit to everyone
   who registered
  June-Sept. 30 U.S. testers were
   training and had time to practice
  Oct. 1-Dec. 31 U.S. test of RDA
  Jan.-Mar. 2011 analysis of test
   results and decisions by U.S. national
   libraries (expected by June 2011)
                                       40
Preparing to use RDA
 MARC 21 format adjustments in local ILS
 Local decisions on RDA alternatives/
  options
 Local decision on which elements to include
  beyond the RDA Core elements
 Templates and macros set up for standard
  data
 Practice time and discussions after basic
  training
                                          41
 Results of the Test
 Surveys for cataloger’s experience and costs
 Feedback on user reaction to records built
  on RDA instructions
     To help inform future adjustments to RDA
     To help improve the IFLA models and principles

   Test records
http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/RDAtest/rdatestrecords.html



                                                         42
Summary
   User-oriented models (FRBR/FRAD)
     Collocate  works/expressions
     Identify resources through specific
      elements (attributes) and relationships
   Internationalization
     Cost reduction through increased sharing
      of data
     Across information communities



                                                 43
Summary
   Principle-based rules (ICP)
     Cataloger’sjudgment (User-focused)
     Take what you see for transcribed data
      (Representation)
 Add controlled vocabularies for
  precision of searching
 Facilitate harvesting and sharing of
  descriptive metadata
     Less   rigid, more flexible
                                               44
Thank you!




             45
                    Acronyms and Links
  DC – Dublin Core
    • DCMI – Dublin Core Metadata Initiative
http://dublincore.org/
    • DCAM – Dublin Core Abstract Model
http://dublincore.org/documents/2007/04/02/abstract-model/

  FRAD – Functional Requirements for Authority Data
http://www.ifla.org/VII/d4/wg-franar.htm

  FRBR – Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (this site
   includes a Webliography)
http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/frbr/frbr.htm

  IFLA – International Federation of Library Associations and
   Institutions
http://www.infla.org

  JSC – Joint Steering Committee for Development of RDA
http://www.rda-jsc.org/

  RDA – Resource Description and Access
http://www.rda-jsc.org/rda.html                                   46
                       Other Help

   ALA Publishing URL for RDA Toolkit:
    http://www.rdatoolkit.org/

   RDA Toolkit demo:
    http://www.rdatoolkit.org/training/guidedtour

   US RDA Test, General information:
    http://www.loc.gov/bibliographic-future/rda/

   Library of Congress Documentation for the RDA Test
    (training materials and decisions for test on RDA options):
    http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/RDAtest/rdatest.html


                                                           47

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:2
posted:8/21/2011
language:English
pages:47