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PowerPoint - Weill Cornell Medical Library - Cornell University

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									      Menagerie á Trois
            or
       Parasites Lost

Symbiosis, Co-Evolution, and
Long Term Solutions For
Academic Journals
Mark Funk
MLGSCA
Oct. 2, 2003
Symbiosis
             “Living together”



Parasitism     Commensalism      Mutualism



Harm                                 Help
Parasitism
• Parasite benefits
  from relationship
• Host is harmed
Commensalism
• Commensal benefits
• Host is indifferent
Mutualism
• Both partners
  (mutualists) benefit
Co-Evolution
• Reciprocally induced evolutionary
  change between two or more species or
  populations.
Co-Evolution
Co-Evolution
Co-Evolution: Our World
Our World: The 70s
Our World: The 80s
Our World: The Late 90s




    Online Text Delivery
Mutated Weasel




   Weasel        Weasel
  Tolerable      Severe
Post-Online Access
               No Ownership: Licensing
               No Fair Use
               Additional Costs
               Non-Cancellation Clauses
Open Access Philosophy
• Society benefits from an open exchange
  of ideas
• Access to copyrighted material inspires
  creativity, and facilitates new knowledge
• Copyright exists for the public good
• Open Access journals distribute peer-
  reviewed work for free
New Organism: Open Access
            Own the copies
            Archive forever
            No limit on access
  ?    ?    Lend to anyone




            All use non-infringing
            No negotiations
            No cancellations needed
PubMed Central




      www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov
BioMed Central




       www.biomedcentral.com
BMC Institutional Members
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Albany Medical College
University of Arizona
Arizona State University
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Baylor College of Medicine
Biochemical Virology Laboratory, New York Blood Center
Boston University
Brandeis University
Brown University
CalTech
University of California, Berkeley
University of California, Davis
University of California, Irvine
University of California, Los Angeles
BMC Institutional Members
University of California, Merced
University of California, Riverside
University of California, San Diego
University of California, San Francisco
University of California, Santa Barbara
University of California, Santa Cruz
Claremont University
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratories
Columbia University
University of Connecticut
Cornell University
Creighton University
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
East Tennessee State University
George Mason University
BMC Institutional Members
George Washington University
Georgetown University
University of Georgia
Grinnell College
Harvard University
Indiana University at Bloomington and Indianapolis
Johns Hopkins University
Kaiser Permanente
LSU Health Sciences Center in Shreveport
LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans
University of Louisville
Medical College of Ohio
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Michigan Diabetes Institute
Michigan State University
BMC Institutional Members
NYU Medical Center
National Institutes of Health
University of New Mexico
New York University & Mount Sinai School of Medicine
North Dakota BRIN Grant
University of North Texas Health Science Center
University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation
Oklahoma State University
Oregon Health & Science University, OHSU
Princeton University
Promega, Inc.
Rockefeller University
University of Southern California
Southern Illinois University Carbondale
BMC Institutional Members
Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine
Stowers Institute for Medical Research
Texas A & M University
University of Texas Health Sciences Center at Houston
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center
The Institute for Genomic Research
The Institute for Systems Biology
The Salk Institute
The Scripps Research Institute
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
Thomas Jefferson University
Tufts University
Tulane University Health Sciences Center
University of Utah
VCU Libraries
BMC Institutional Members
Vanderbilt University
University of Vermont
University of Virginia
Virginia Commonwealth University
Wake Forest University
University of Washington
Washington University in St. Louis
University of Wisconsin - Madison
Yale University
BioMed Central
Public Library of Science




           www.plos.org
Other Publishing Alternatives
• Open Archives Initiative
  www.openarchives.org
• Scholarly Publishing and Academic
  Resources Coalition (SPARC)
  www.arl.org/sparc/home
• BioOne
  www/bioone.org
New Defense: Smear
New Defense: PR
New Defense: Pressure
New Defense: Anglerfish
• Scirus: “the most
  comprehensive
  science-specific
  search engine
  available on the
  Internet”
• …but only Elsevier
  journals
The Third Organism
What MLA Can Do
• Open Access Central on MLANET
  – Lots of info out there, but scattered
• Clearinghouse for educational materials
  – Centralized collection of handouts and
    presentations created by members to
    educate our users
What You Can Do
• Learn about Open Access
• Support Open Access in your library
  – Link to Open Access journals
  – Pay institutional fees
• Educate faculty about Open Access
  – Share materials through MLANET
Background Reading
• Peter Suber. Removing the barriers to
  research: an introduction to Open
  Access for librarians.
  College & Research Libraries News, 64
  (Feb. 2003), pp. 92-94, 113.
• www.biomedcentral.com/info/libraries/
  barriers
Keeping Up




             www.doaj.org
Summary




Parasitism   Commensalism   Mutualism



Harm                            Help

								
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