The Law Firms Working Group
BIBLIOGRAPHY ON RACE AND THE LEGAL PROFESSION
Associate Librarian and Lecturer in Law
M.L.S., 1980, J.D., 1989, Indiana University
This bibliography compiles articles that discuss race and the legal profession. Subsections are
provided for articles related to women of color, race and the law school, and race and the bar
RACE AND THE LEGAL PROFESSION
Note: There are no books for this subject
Archer, D. (2003). The value of diversity: what the legal profession must/should do to stay ahead
of the curve. (The Clark Y Gunderson Lecture of 2002). South Dakota Law Review, 48(1), 73-82.
Baynes, L.M. (2003). Falling through the cracks: race and corporate law firms (Symposium: The
Intersection of Race, Corporate Law, and Economic Development). St. John's Law Review,
Bell, D. A. (1990). Dividends of diversity. Bill of Rights Journal 23, 16.
Bellmard, K. (2000). Endeavoring to persevere: becoming and being a tribal attorney. (Third
Annual Tribal Law & Governance Conference). The Kansas Journal of Law & Public Policy,
Bond, J. (2003). Under color of law. (Brown at 50 Symposium). Howard Law Journal, 47(1),
Boston College Law Review (1992). The view from the podium. Boston College Law Review,
Brest, P. (1991). A matter of trust. (address delivered at Stanford Law School Commencement
1991) (transcript). Stanford Lawyer, 26(1), 2.
Brophy, A.L. (2003). Race, class, and the regulation of the legal profession in the progressive
era: the case of the 1908 Canons. Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy, 12(3), 607.
Cappell, C. L. (1990). The Status of Black Lawyers. Work & Occupations, 17(1), 100-121.
Chambliss, E. (1997). Organizational determinants of law firm integration. The American
University Law Review, 46, 669-746.
Davis, J.M. (1996). Minority bars engage in long range planning (Special Focus: Minority Bars),
Georgia Bar Journal. 2(3), 10.
Dees, M. (1992). A season for justice. (1992 Kormendy Lecture, Ohio Northern University).
Ohio Northern University Law Review, 19(1), 1-16.
Garth, B. G. (2004). Noblesse oblige as an alternative career strategy [Discussion of David B.
Wilkins, Doing Well by Doing Good? The Role of Public Service in the Career of Black
Corporate Lawyers]. Houston Law Review, 41(1), 93-111.
Gilbert, S.D., Allen, M.P. (1993). Overcoming discrimination in the legal profession: should the
Model Rules be changed? (Symposium: A Decade After the Model Rules). Georgetown Journal
of Legal Ethics 6(4), 933-950.
Gordon, J. C. (2003). Painting by numbers: “and, um, let's have a black lawyer sit at our table.”
Fordham Law Review, 71(4), 1257-1297.
Johnson, A.M. (1997). The underrepresentation of minorities in the legal profession: a critical
race theorist's perspective. (Symposium: Representing Race). Michigan Law Review, 95(4),
Johnson, S., Carter, Z., Alicea, T., Landers, R., Berrien, J., Leroy, J.C. (1997). Status, progress,
and integration of lawyers of color in the legal profession. (First Annual Northeastern People of
Color Legal Scholarship Conference: Law Professor of Color in the Postmodern World)(Panel
Discussion). Western New England Law Review, 19(1), 111-137.
Keyles, S.A., Hill, W.I., Groothuis, R.B. (1990). Minority and majority law firms: a teaming
success. Probate & Property, 4(4), 11-15.
Knapp, V., Grover, B.K. (1994). The corporate law firm - can it achieve diversity? National
Black Law Journal, 13(3), 298-307.
Latham, M. (1992). The Chicago Bar Association's Minority Clerkship Program. (National Black
Law Students Association Midwest Region Second Annual Midwest Recruitment and Retention
Conference: Focus on Retention - Strategies That Work). Northern Illinois University Law
Review, 12(2), 367-372.
Lovelace, H.T. (2006). Revisiting "The Need for Negro Lawyers": are today's black corporate
lawyers Houstonian social engineers? Journal of Gender, Race and Justice, 9(3), 637.
Lundwall, M.K. (1994). Increasing diversity in law schools and the legal profession: a new
approach (Latinos & the Law: 20 Years of Legal Advocacy & Lessons for Future Advancement).
Chicano Latino Law Review, 14(1), 147-160.
Matthewson, A.D. (1999). Commercial and corporate lawyers 'n the hood. (The Ben J. Altheimer
Symposium: Racial Equity in the Twenty-First Century). University of Arkansas at Little Rock
Law Review, 21(4), 769-778.
Myers, V. (1996). Changes in the legal profession regarding racial and cultural diversity. Boston
Bar Journal, 40(5), 7.
Nunn, K.B. (2000). The "Darden dilemma": Should African Americans prosecute crimes?
(Symposium: Ethics in Criminal Advocacy). Fordham Law Review, 68(5), 1473-1509.
Oder, N. (1992). Equal justice for law firm partners, Business and Society Review, 83, 29-34.
Panel presentation (1991). Minorities in the legal profession. (Annual Judicial Conference:
Second Judicial Circuit of the United States) (panel discussion). West's Federal Rules Decisions,
Patrick, D. (1995). What's up is down, what's black is white. (The Randolph W. Thrower
Symposium Race Consciousness and the Law of Elections). Emory Law Journal, 44(3), 827-845.
Pearce, J.W., Hickey, J.S., Burke, Burke, D. D. (1998). African Americans in large law firms: the
possible cost of exclusion. Howard Law Journal, 42(1), 59-70.
Peterson, E.J. (Chair). (1994). Oregon Supreme Court Task Force on Racial/Ethic Issues in the
Judicial System. Oregon Law Review, 73(4), 823-942.
Pierce, J.L. (2003). ‘Racing for Innocence’: Whiteness, Corporate Culture, and the Backlash
Against Affirmative Action. Qualitative Sociology, 26(1), 53.
Ricks, V.T., Shannon, R.L. (1996). Recruitment and retention of minority attorneys in majority
law firms (Special Focus: Minority Bars). Georgia Bar Journal Dec, 2(3), 14.
Russell, M.M. (1997). Beyond "sellouts" and "race cards": black attorneys and the straightjacket
of legal practice (Symposium: Representing Race). Michigan Law Review, 95(4), 766-794.
Shepherd, G.B. (2003). Defending the aristocracy: ABA accreditation and the filtering of
political leaders. Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy, 12(3), 637(27).
Smith, J.C. (1994). Justice and jurisprudence and the black lawyer. Notre Dame Law Review,
Supreme Court of Georgia. (1996). The Supreme Court Commission on Equality (Special Focus:
Minority Bars). Georgia Bar Journal, 2(3), 18.
White, J.V. (1991). Reactions to oppression: jurisgenesis in the jurispathic state. Yale Law
Journal June, 100(8), 2727-2746.
Wilkens, D. B. (1993). Two paths to the mountaintop? The role of legal education in shaping the
values of black corporate lawyers. (Symposium on Civic and Legal Education). Stanford Law
Review, 45(6), 1981-2026.
Wilkens, D.B. (1995). Race, ethics, and the First Amendment: should a black lawyer represent
the Ku Klux Klan? (Symposium: Community, Pluralism, and Professional Responsibility).
George Washington Law Review, 63(6), 1030-1070.
Wilkins, D.B. (1997). Straightjacketing professionalism: a comment on Russell (response to
article by Margaret M. Russell in this issue, p. 766)(Symposium: Representing Race). Michigan
Law Review, 95(4), 795-820.
Wilkens, D.B. (1998). Identities and roles: race, recogniton, and professional responsibility.
Maryland Law Review, 57(4), 1502-1594.
Wilkins, D.B. (2004). Doing well by doing good? The role of public service in the careers of
black corporate lawyers. (The Eighth Annual Frankel Lecture). Houston Law Review, 41(1),
Wilkins, D.B. (2004). From "separate is inherently unequal" to "diversity is good business": the
rise of market-based diversity arguments and the fate of the Black corporate bar. (Symposium:
Brown at Fifty). Harvard Law Review, 117(5), 1548-1615.
Wilkins, D.B., Gulati, G.M. (1996). Why are there so few black lawyers in corporate law firms?
An institutional analysis. California Law Review, 84(3), 493-625.
WOMEN OF COLOR/WOMEN & MINORITIES DISCUSSED TOGETHER
Blair-Loy, M., et. al. (2003). Family and Career Trajectories among African American Female
Attorneys. Journal of Family Issues, 24(7), 908-933.
Clanton, K. (2001). Glass ceilings and sticky floors: minority women in the legal profession.
(Women and the Legal Profession: The Past and the Future). University of Kansas Law Review,
Davis, A.Y. (1991). Keynote address. (Women of Color at the Center: Selections from the Third
National Conference on Women of Color and the Law). Stanford Law Review, 43(6), 1175-1181.
Fontaine, V. (1995). Progress report: women and people of color in legal education and the legal
profession. Hastings Women's Law Journal, 6(1), 27-39.
Hughes, J.A. (2003). Black and female in law. Rutgers Race and the Law Review, 5(1), 105-115.
Klein, J. D. (2005). Remarks. (Gender and ethnic specialty bars)(Women of the Courts
Symposium). The University of Toledo Law Review, 36(4), 911-922.
Quade, V. (1995). There is no sisterhood: non-white women lawyers say they're still at the
bottom of the heap (Interview). Human Rights, 22(1), 8.
Roberts, P.E., Schnall, F. Fisher, M.P., Quail, B.J., Barwick, D.G., Washington, V.L., Plaine,
L.L. (1994). Opening doors: women and minority gains in section participation. (ABA Real
Property, Probate and Trust Law Section). Probate & Property, 8(4), 22-27.
Simpson, G. (1984). The daughters of Charlotte Ray: the career development process during the
exploratory and establishment stages of black women attorneys. Sex Roles, 11, 113-139.
Smith, E. J., student author. (2004). Employment Discrimination in the Firm: Does the Legal
System Provide Remedies for Women and Minority Members of the Bar? University of
Pennsylvania Journal of Labor and Employment Law, 6(3), 789-815.
Smith, J.C. (1997). Black women lawyers: 125 years at the bar; 100 years in the legal academy.
(Speaking Truth to Power: The Jurisprudence of Julia Cooper Mack) Howard Law Journal,
Williams Pinder, W.J. (1993). When will black women lawyers slay the two-headed dragon:
racism and gender bias? (Symposium Issue on Women and the Law). Pepperdine Law Review,
LAW SCHOOLS / BAR EXAMINATION
Carrington, M.V. (1991). A question of institutional credibility. (Symposium: National
Conference on Minority Bar Passage; Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Practice). Thurgood
Marshall Law Review, 16(3), 499-516.
Cross, J.E. (2004). The bar examination in black and white: the black-white bar passage gap and
the implications for minority admissions to the legal profession. National Black Law Journal,
Emsellem, M., Barrett, R. S. (1991). The bar examination debate (continued). (Symposium:
National Conference on Minority Bar Passage; Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Practice).
Thurgood Marshall Law Review, 16(3), 531-536.
Fletcher, M.L.M. (2003). The legal fiction of standardized testing. Law & Inequality: A Journal
of Theory and Practice 21(2), 397-414.
Gomez, P.G. (1991). White people think differently. (Symposium: National Conference on
Minority Bar Passage; Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Practice). Thurgood Marshall Law
Review, 16(3), 543-545.
Greenberg, J.G. (1994). Erasing race from legal education. University of Michigan Journal of
Law Reform, 28(1), 51-118.
Holley, D., Kleven, T. (1991). The bar examination and other barriers to African and Hispanic
American fair representation among American lawyers: a 1990 update - perspectives - and
recommendations. (Symposium: National Conference on Minority Bar Passage; Bridging the
Gap Between Theory and Practice). Thurgood Marshall Law Review, 16(3), 477-498.
Homer, S., Schwartz, L. (1990). Admitted but not accepted: outsiders take an inside look at law
school. Berkeley Women's Law Journal Annual, 5, 1-74.
Klein, S.P. (1991). Disparities in bar exam passing rates among racial/ethnic groups: their size,
source, and implications. (Symposium: National Conference on Minority Bar Passage; Bridging
the Gap Between Theory and Practice). Thurgood Marshall Law Review, 16(3), 517-530.
Olsen, F. (1996). Affirmative action: necessary but not sufficient. (Symposium on Trends in
Legal Citations and Scholarship). Chicago-Kent Law Review, 71(3), 937-945.
Scales-Trent, J. (1992). Sameness and difference in a law school classroom: working at the
crossroads. Yale Journal of Law and Feminism, 4(2), 415-438.