The End of Fear by dfgh4bnmu

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									      CONTENTS                                                                         Page 1 of 151



                                         - The End of Fear -
                   (E-Book2005, free Download, 142 pg., A5 size, U.K. publication)


                   The Mystery of Agoraphobia (Fear of Open Spaces) and of
                        Other Phobias and Fears including Nyctophobia,
                    Claustrophobia, Acrophobia and Thanatophobia (Fears of
                  Darkness, Closed Spaces, Heights and Death). Their Cause and
                  Practical Treatment and that of Anxiety and other Emotional
                                             Illness




      This free download (E-Book 2005) is identical with the remarkable, original 142 pg.,
      A5 size , printed U.K. publication, which is dedicated to the multitude of sufferers
      of phobias, agoraphobia, panic-disorder, secret fears, anxiety and other emotional
      problems
      in this Age, of fear and terrorism. It is made available free to all, by donations from
       those who have been helped by ‘The End of Fear’ and/or who wish to support its
      charitable cause.
      Printed copies may also be purchased : See below, at the end of this E-Book for contact
      details.



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      CONTENTS                                                                         Page 2 of 151




      CONTENTS

      Preface                                                    xi

      Introduction                                           1

      Part One
      Chapter 1                                              7
      Secret Disease
      A Stubborn Phobia
      A Mysterious Illness
      A Devastating Phobia
      Explanations

      Chapter 2                                             16
      The Nature of Fear, and of the Phobia
      Fear
      Anxiety
      The Phobia

      Chapter 3                                       21
      Fear, Phobias and Emotional Illness - Man's 'Modern Disease'

      Chapter 4                                             26
      The Question of Cause




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      CONTENTS                                                                         Page 3 of 151


      One or Many Causes?
      Anxiety as the Cause?
      Repression?
      Dependence?
      Fear of Fear?

      Chapter 5                                             36
      Irrational and Learned Fears
      Reasonable and Unreasonable Fears

      Chapter 6                                      43
      The Cause and Development of Agoraphobia and
           Other Phobias
      The True Cause of Agoraphobia and Its Related
           Phobias
      The Real Nature of Open Spaces and These other
           Natural Objects
      Agoraphobia - An Abnormal Response to Human
           Existence in Space
      Agoraphobia - An Adult Illness
      Phobias and Fear of Death
      Phobias, Agoraphobia, the Life-view and Emotional
           Illness
      The Phobic Tendency, Phobias and Emotional Illness

      Chapter 7                                      61
      Guilt and The Life-View, In Agoraphobia, Other
            Phobias, Anxiety and Emotional Illness
      Guilt and the Panic State

      Chapter 8                                      69
      Lost Values and Ideals in Agoraphobia and Emotional
            Illness




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      CONTENTS                                                                         Page 4 of 151


      Agoraphobia, Phobias and Emotional Resources

      Chapter 9                                   77
      Agoraphobia May Be Treated and Permanently Cured

      Part Two
      Chapter 10                                     83
      The Practical Treatment of Agoraphobia and Other
            Phobias, Abnormal Fears, Anxiety and Emotional
            Illness
      The Physiology of Fear, Anxiety and Phobias
      Safe Medication

      Chapter 11                                     111
      Readings For the Agoraphobe, and Victims of Other
           Phobias, Abnormal Fears, Anxiety and
           Emotional Illness
      Some of the Many Scriptural Verses to be used
           against Anxiety, Worry, Fear, Panic, etc.




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      CONTENTS                                                                         Page 5 of 151




                                      - The End of Fear -
                      The Mystery of Agoraphobia (Fear of Open Spaces) and of
                        Other Phobias and Fears including: Nyctophobia,
                        Claustrophobia, Acrophobia and Thanatophobia (Fears of
                   Darkness, Closed Spaces, Heights and Death). Their Cause and
                         Practical Treatment and that of Anxiety and other Emotional
                                             Illness

      Preface
      With Agoraphobia as the central theme, the writer, a former victim of
      the illness and other phobias and fears, analyses the cause of human
      fear, both normal and abnormal. He shows how agoraphobia, more
      than any other emotional disorder, demonstrates the spiritual nature
      of man; and phobias, the spiritual origin of abnormal fear and
      emotional illness.
         From the Bible we learn that, 'God hath not given us the spirit of
      fear' (2 Tim. 1:7). Abnormal fear has a spiritual origin and therefore,
      may not be treated permanently by psychology, psychiatry, or any
      other human philosophy, but only according to the principles provided
      in God's Word.
         The writer suffered from agoraphobia of the worst type and intensity.
      Like others, he too was unaided by doctors or psychology. But when
      its cause was understood, he was immediately delivered. Other

      xi




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                             The End of Fear

      abnormal fears were also dealt with and the power of agoraphobia
      permanently broken. Nearly fifty years after his miraculous
      cure, he explains the mystery and treatment of this disastrous illness
      and other phobias and fears, from the understanding given him from
      God's Word.
         The complete explanation of agoraphobia and other abnormal fears
      is provided here. A self-help program is included that, if diligently
      applied, will enable the victim to make certain progress towards
      recovery. Direct assistance should not then be necessary, for as phobias
      and abnormal fears are persistent disorders, victims require to be able
      to deal with them themselves, as and when they arise. The program
      is designed especially for this purpose.
         The writer completed a degree in psychology not long after his
      miraculous cure - having decided at that time to examine the human
      mind from that point of view. His conclusions remain the same today
      - that although psychology or psychiatry claim to be the authority on
      phobias and other emotional disorders, agoraphobia is still considered
      a 'complete mystery'. Other phobias and emotional illnesses are also
      not correctly understood. Due to a materialistic bias in their treatment
      the spiritual nature of man is either denied or ignored, resulting in the
      inability to deal permanently with these disorders. As these are disorders
      of the soul, as well as of the mind and emotions, this treatment is
      neither necessary, nor desirable. When the true nature of agoraphobia,
      other phobias and abnormal fears is understood and victims directed
      to their correct solution in line with other disorders of the soul,
      permanent healing follows.
         This is the good news concerning agoraphobia. It may be understood
      and cured. For victims of this illness, who have long despaired of any
      real encouragement and assistance (especially from a former victim)
      it is good news indeed. An understanding of the cause is the first step;
      knowledge of its treatment, the second; and from there on, it is to
      happiness and a new life. If you are a victim of this illness you will, no
      doubt, find this far too difficult to believe! However, it is true.

      xii




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      CONTENTS                                                                         Page 7 of 151

                                Preface

         For victims of other phobias, abnormal fears, anxieties, or emotional
      illness, here also, is the answer, since it is by an understanding of the
      cause of agoraphobia that true light is brought to bear upon the real
      cause and treatment of these other phobias, fears, anxieties and
      therefore, emotional illness. Hope, thereby, is offered at last, to the
      agoraphobe and these other emotional victims who so desperately
      long for the answer.
         The End of Fear is not recommended for reading by all people, and
      in acute cases of agoraphobia, supervision may be required. This is
      due to the effect of its content upon the young, or the emotionally
      disturbed. Unless accompanied also, by an understanding of the
      remedy, this could even promote the illness in some and greatly
      increase the distress of those who already have agoraphobia.
      The full understanding of the remedy is explained herein.
         The book is written in a simple, yet scientific, manner, avoiding,
      wherever possible, unnecessary psychological terminology. There is
      little need to explain the reason for the author's manner of approach
      concerning psychology or psychiatry. This will be obvious, and has
      been and will continue to be, echoed by other victims of agoraphobia,
      other phobias and emotional illness, most of whom were taught from
      childhood to place their confidence in these authorities - almost as one
      may their family doctor - and have, at first, known no other way.
      Thus, it has been a case of 'the blind leading the blind' - which of
      course, must stop. Now, it is not a matter of taking away the 'blind
      man’s stick', but rather, of leading him to his desired destination.
         Since there is no other of its kind presently available, The End of
      Fear is rather remarkable. Few victims have recovered sufficiently
      from this awful, tenacious and debilitating phobia - or any other truly
      serious phobia - to record its real nature and the path that will lead
      others also, to complete recovery. For many years the author
      considered doing just this, and has now finally done so.
         Agoraphobia will continue to remain a mystery to science, some
      victims, and others, for as long as there are those who, although

      xiii




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                             The End of Fear

      confronted conclusively with the facts, for spiritual reasons continue
      to deny their truth. But, for those who are able and willing to
      acknowledge them, there is hope and deliverance finally for victims -
      not only of agoraphobia, but of other fears also.
        Due to the 'morbid' nature of phobias, agoraphobia, and their
      symptoms, it is not recommended that victims spend more time on
      this subject than is necessary for their understanding. It is impossible
      for agoraphobic victims to become emotionally detached from their
      feelings and symptoms and thus, from these descriptions, either written
      or verbal. This applies even after recovery. Did the author not believe
      that his experiences and illness could - like those of others - be used
      to assist emotional victims, he could not have persisted with the
      book's completion. This was accomplished at considerable, personal
      emotional cost - as will be appreciated by those who have any
      knowledge of the illness.
        However, later chapters deal with more positive material and it is
      only through a thorough study and application of these chapters that
      recovery will be achieved. That section of the book should be read and
      re-read, repeatedly, in order to obtain full benefit.

      xiv




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      CONTENTS                                                                         Page 9 of 151



      Introduction
      The End of Fear is written for those who seek the true answer
       and treatment for agoraphobia, other phobias, abnormal fears,
      anxieties, and emotional illness. It offers a clear and convincing
      explanation of their cause and cure, based not upon theory, but
      experience and the Bible.
         Agoraphobia is a tragic and mysterious illness that has long
      defied explanation. Psychological theories concerning it, other
      phobias and emotional illness are shallow, confused and inadequate.
      Ignorance concerning their nature and cause has brought unnecessary
      suffering to multitudes. Many victims have become disillusioned
      after receiving inadequate understanding and explanation for their
      illness, and having undergone treatments that have failed. The writer
      suffered from agoraphobia of the worst possible kind. Like others,
      he was unaided by doctors or psychiatrists. He finally came to the
      understanding of the illness from the Scriptures. After almost
      fifty years' reflection upon the nature and cause of his illness,
      his conviction remains the same - agoraphobia is not merely a
      disorder of the mind and nervous system, but also of the soul.
         From the Bible he learnt that man is spiritual, with a soul that has
      needs. These needs must first be met before it can be set free from
      fear and unhappiness. When they were met and the cause of the
      illness understood, his agoraphobia was healed, from that time on,
      permanently.
         Psychiatry and psychology today offer treatments for agoraphobia,

                                                                 I




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       2

      other phobias and emotional illnesses, with the hope of cure. These
      include drugs and/or take the form of an Explanation for the illness,
      a Program that victims may follow, and some kind of Support.
      However, as explanations and treatments are based upon theories
      that fail to acknowledge spiritual needs, they are inadequate to deal
      permanently with these disorders.
         Only the Scriptures provide the true explanation and cause of this
      serious malady of the soul and only God's program and support brings
      permanent cure. Psychology will tell you that faith in God cannot
      help everybody; that it may do some good, since faith in anything
      can help some. But others it only makes worse. It maintains that as
      you should not go to God when your body is sick, but to a doctor,
      neither should you go to the Bible when you are emotionally ill, but
      to a psychiatrist. Psychiatry claims that personality and emotional
      illness can be explained from the sum of hereditary, physiology, and
      experience, but makes no provision for the soul. While 'religious
      experience' is recognized, the idea of 'God' is explained away as
      merely a projection of human needs and desires. Because of this
      materialistic bias, psychology and psychiatry both, find the Biblical
      interpretation of emotional illness far too narrow.
         In pointing to God's Word as containing the answer to
      agoraphobia, other phobias, abnormal fears, and emotional illness,
      criticism will be drawn from pseudo-authorities. However, when
      facts are confirmed, theories must give way to these. Greater
      justification is not then required. The reader must draw one’s own
      conclusions. If a victim of agoraphobia, or one familiar with it,
      the answer given here will be recognized as the true explanation
      and treatment of this illness.
         Perhaps, like others, you have searched everywhere for the answer,
      but without success. The proposition now offered is: human
      explanations and help have failed - why not look now to God, Who
      cannot fail? To His Word - the Bible. For there you will find the
      answer, not only to this distressing disorder, but also to the many




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                                                                  3

      other fears and emotional problems of life. No matter how complex
      these may be, viewed in the light of God's Word they can be solved.
         The victim is searching for the answer at any cost. Presented with
      God's program he receives total cure. By taking God at His
      Word, he experiences the transforming power of God that alone can
      heal the painful memories of the past. God's program is able to
      remove stubborn fears, guilt and depression from the heart and
      mind. The Bible says, 'Be ye transformed by the renewing of your
      mind' (Rom. 12:2). God transforms the human life by removing
      guilt and fear from the mind and providing new goals that can
      restore the sick soul to health and happiness.
         Perhaps you feel that you lack faith in God or the Bible. Do not
      despair, for it will not depend upon your faith alone. God is faithful.
      All He requires is for you to take the first step towards Him. As you
      look to Him each step of the way, He has promised to do the rest.
      When you begin to realize why there is such a dreadful illness as
      agoraphobia, you will find it easier to make your first move in the
      right direction - towards total cure. The full understanding of this
      illness and other abnormal fears is provided here. There is no other
      real answer, or permanent cure.




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      CONTENTS                                                                         Page 12 of 151



      4

        A personal message from the author to victims of agoraphobia,
      other phobias, abnormal fears, anxieties, and emotional illness.

      Dear Sufferer,
        We may have never met, yet I feel that we already have much in
      common. Many others have traveled some of your pathway and
      shared some of your experiences. Although your life is unique, I
      believe that I am able to sympathize with you and help you.
        It is now almost fifty years since my cure from
      agoraphobia and I can never forget its dreadful sufferings, nor my
      misery from not receiving any explanation or help for it. There is no
      other real answer to this awful disorder, or other phobias, anxiety
      and fear, than what I finally received and present here for you now to
      consider.
        I realize that this will be read by people of various, or no particular
      beliefs, and since I was once myself, an atheist, I have written with
      the unbeliever also in mind. If you are unable to understand the
      Bible, or believe in God, do not be put off until you have examined
      these claims carefully. Your future may depend upon them, as did
      mine.
        I trust, this will show you that psychology and psychiatry lack the
      answer to agoraphobia, other phobias, fears, and emotional illness,
      as this lies only in the Bible. Examine the evidence given and I
      believe that you will require less and less proof, as your heart
      begins to tell you, 'This is the way, walk ye in it'.

      Weldon Pellew                                          2004 (E-Book)




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      CONTENTS                                                                         Page 13 of 151




      Part One




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                                         Chapter 1
                                     Secret Disease
      Today is an age of disorders for which there is no known cure. In
      spite of the amazing advances made in medical science, diseases
      like cancer and AIDS continue to bring suffering and death daily to
      multitudes throughout the word. Yet there is still another modern
      plague that baffles medical science - Agoraphobia.
         Until recently this disorder was almost unknown. Now it is
      recognized as a widespread disease, familiar to doctors and
      psychiatrists, only less well known to the public. Whereas, cancer
      and AIDS attack primarily the body, agoraphobia directly attacks
      and cripples the mind and nervous system, bringing suffering and
      disablement to multitudes - many of whom are unaware that they
      have the illness.
         Thousands of people suffer from this peculiar 'secret disease', as
      it has been termed, without knowing its cause or name - an inexplicable
      terror that keeps many virtually prisoners in their own homes. It is
      estimated that agoraphobia affects 1 in every 160 people. Some
      authorities state that even as many as 1 in 100 people may be
      affected by it at some time.
         Agoraphobia is a secret disease that has long existed, but only
      recently been brought to light. Sufferers have not been forthcoming
      in approaching their doctors for fear of not being understood.
      Consequently, many suffer secretly for years from the illness without
      knowing what their problem is. Once established, the disorder
      rarely leaves the victim of its own accord.

                                                                7




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                          The End of Fear

        Although familiar to medical history, agoraphobia has always
      been considered a rare affliction, and until recently it was included
      in a lengthy list of other unusual phobias. It is now recognized as a
      substantially different phobia, much more complex and difficult to
      treat. Ignorance concerning its nature and cause has brought
      unnecessary hardship and suffering to countless victims.
        In this modern age we daily experience tensions and fears.
      Unfortunately, fear is the least pleasant of our emotions and we
      seek, wherever possible, to avoid it. All have experienced anxiety
      and panic at some time or other, but usually there is an obvious
      reason for our fears. Perhaps you have never suffered sudden panic
      attacks without warning or explanation, but you may have known
      tension, palpitation and nervous headache while away from the
      security of your home. These are common symptoms of agoraphobia
      - although this does not mean, of course, that you are necessarily
      agoraphobic. However, sudden panic without warning or reason
      may do so. The line between normal and abnormal responses to
      daily living is not always clear.

      A Stubborn Phobia

      Agoraphobia is defined as 'fear of public places' - however, the
      name is more commonly applied to fear of open spaces. Children
      do not develop the illness, but it can afflict young people - although
      not prior to early adulthood. It is said to be the most stubborn and
      serious of all the phobias. Victims experience multiple panics and
      paralyzing fear, the physical symptoms of which include: heart
      palpitations, hyper-ventilation (rapid breathing), dizziness, tightness
      of the chest, sweating, flushing, rubbery legs. They become over
      whelmed by their symptoms and fear loss of control over their
      thoughts. Fear of heart-failure and insanity are common symptoms
      of the illness. The intense mental and bodily reactions due to the




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                                                              9

      terror of this phobia, can be likened, at times, to a person confronting
      a major catastrophe such as a near-fatal accident, or like bodily
      threat. Horrors, approaching the limits of human experience and
      endurance can become the regular plight of the agoraphobic victim,
      who may be afflicted with frequent attacks of varying intensity,
      without either warning or explanation.
        News, or psychological reports, are strikingly alike. 'Prisoners of
      Fear'; 'Housebound victims'; 'Sudden panic in supermarkets and
      city streets'; 'Fear of losing their mind'; 'The urge to flee from open
      or confined places'; 'Fear of others finding out about their secret
      disorder'. The intense secrecy that surrounds the illness tends to
      aggravate the problem. Both the illness and its victims are so vastly
      misunderstood, that agoraphobic symptoms often go entirely
      unnoticed. The following report, describes victims who suffer from
      a 'panic disorder' - which, in cases, will really be agoraphobia:

        'Most people think nothing of driving a car or going to the shops:
      but, according to some psychologists, the prospect of these and
      other humdrum activities fills about two per cent of the population
      with dread. Such fits of unusually occasioned horror have come to
      be regarded as a disease, known as panic disorder that can cause so
      much anguish - heart palpitations, smothering sensations, faintness,
      sweating and gasping, for example - that sufferers may think they
      are dying or going mad.
        'If they are lucky, they will have attacks intermittently, and then
      only once or twice a week during a bad period. But some victims
      are steadily prone to as many as five or ten a day and are so
      enslaved by their affliction that they scarcely leave their homes ...
      One in three of those afflicted with the disorder seeks solace in
      drink or drugs.
        'At first blush, panic disorder is an illness that makes little sense.
      As recently as 1970, psychiatrists doubted whether it was real. It is
      now officially recognized as a genuine mental illness ... Only one




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      10                      The End of Fear



      in five people with the disorder gets any treatment at all, either
      because doctors fail to recognize the problem, or because patients
      are too embarrassed to own up to it. And they can get the wrong
      sorts of medical attention . . . According to studies ... more than
      half the people seen in hospital casualty departments who are
      mistakenly thought to have heart attacks are in fact untreated sufferers
      from panic disorder.'†

         Agoraphobes, as victims of the illness are known, rarely associate
      the onset of their illness with a single frightening event, but vividly
      recall their first panic attack. This may strike when victims are away
      from the security of their homes, and there may be the sudden
      desire to get inside from out of doors and/or to retreat from people.
      Their normal activities and associations narrow down - and after a
      period of time, this shrinking of the boundaries of their 'safe' world
      continues, until finally their home, or even a closet, may become a
      prison.
         Many sufferers have known attacks of fear and panic ever since
      their very first attack of the phobia, but never known where, or to
      whom, to turn for help for fear of being misunderstood. A firm
      conviction that no one could ever understand their strange feelings
      drives them to secrecy. Many become resigned to the belief that the
      illness is incurable, and embittered because they have 'missed out
      on life'. Some may be unaware of serious emotional illness until
      struck down by their first attack of agoraphobia in later life.
         One woman gives a familiar account of her 'secret condition',
      which began after a nervous breakdown at thirty-three years of age.
      'Nobody ever told me the name of agoraphobia when I had it.
      Whether this is a good or bad thing is unimportant. The important
      thing is, that for nearly a year I existed in what can be described as a
      "thick black cocoon of fear". If a pinpoint of light penetrated it for

      †N.Z. Herald (news) - 4 Sept. 1990 (From an American report)




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      ten minutes of the day, it was the only period during which I felt
      human.' She remained a prisoner of her strange fear and more than
      thirty years later, was still not free from her secret dread - having
      this to say also : 'But if I pick up a magazine, or turn on the radio and
      agoraphobia is referred to, at once I am sharing the victim's panic
      with the first step out the door.'*
         Another woman was totally housebound for seven years. She
      was able to visit her neighbor just three doors away, but could not
      go to the end of the block without suffering a panic attack. Like
      most other agoraphobes, she was also claustrophobic and found
      closed places - queues and turnstiles in supermarkets - occasions
      for being 'trapped'. In six months, she had been two places: her
      lawyer's (she was getting divorced - a result of her illness) and her
      mother's. Her first attack occurred when she went out shopping
      seven years previously.
         Many find that they cannot be comfortable anywhere than the
      confines of their own home. One student was housebound for two
      years, able to force himself outside for only a brief walk once a
      week. Well-meaning friends literally tried to drag him out of the
      house. He said he read, did yoga and worried a lot each day.
         Another man could emerge from the house only to get the daily
      newspaper. He would wait until dusk to conceal his exist, then
      creep out the door backwards so that he could bolt back inside
      should the panic strike.
         Agoraphobia is recognized as the most persistent and stubborn of
      all the phobias. Once established, rarely does it leave the victim of
      its own accord. Contrary to many reports, the majority of sufferers
      are not restricted geographically at all, but simply experience panic
      attacks without apparent reason or cause, at any time or place.
         Claustrophobic, other phobic, or neurotic symptoms are also

      *Australian Woman's Weekly 10 Mar., 1982 'Agoraphobia - My Cocoon
      of Fear'.




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       12                   The End of Fear

      frequently confused with agoraphobia in these reports. Consequently,
      many are still unaware that they have the illness.

       A Mysterious Illness

      Agoraphobia is considered a mystery by psychology and psychiatry.
      Until recently it was viewed as one of the many phobias or irrational
      fears that are usually associated with buried anxieties, of which the
      victim may be unaware. It is now recognized as a more mysterious,
      serious, and complex disorder, with effects far more devastating
      than any other phobia. It undermines the victim's health, weakening
      the nervous system, emotions, and sense of well-being. The whole
      life is shattered by the illness - ambitions, goals, employment,
      relationships with others and every hope of happiness is affected.
         The name, 'agoraphobia', derives from two Greek words: 'agora'
      - market-place or street, and 'phobos' - fear, panic, terror. Although
      literally, 'fear of public places', the term is more correctly applied to
      'fear of open spaces'. This phobia differs greatly from the others -
      including nyctophobia (fear of darkness), acrophobia (fear of heights),
      claustrophobia (fear of closed spaces), and thanatophobia (fear of
      death). These phobias, in particular, are found also in agoraphobes.
      Although claustrophobic or other phobic or neurotic symptoms are
      frequently confused with those of agoraphobia, this is a distinct
      and separate phobia, of which agoraphobes normally are themselves,
      fully aware.
         Another notable feature of agoraphobia is that, whereas most
      other phobias may be avoided by staying clear of the phobic object,
      the feared object of the agoraphobe may not be avoided. Panics are
      not restricted to the obvious presence of a particular object, but may
      occur at any time without warning. Victims are usually totally
      unaware of any feared object and may instinctively retreat indoors,
      and to the protection of their homes. However, panic attacks also




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                                                             13

      occur indoors. These are peculiar features of this phobia that have
      never really been understood and explained, but must be, in order
      that its cause may be made known.

      A Devastating Phobia

      Agoraphobia is recognized as the most serious and emotionally
      devastating of all the phobias. When severe it can be as debilitating
      as the most crippling forms of schizophrenia. Following the first
      panic attack - which has been described as 'sheer electrifying
      terror' - victims are left with a permanent scar of fear upon their
      mind and a serious and chronic disorder. The unbelievably dreadful
      feelings of this phobia, with its sense of impending doom, provide
      the basis for future attacks, shattering every hope for a future
      without fear. After this initial attack, victims suffer from 'fear-of
      fear’, which has been thought responsible for reoccurring attacks.
      This 'vicious cycle' of fear is due to the indescribably unpleasant
      symptoms of the phobia and creates in victims a condition known as
      'free-floating' anxiety that becomes chronic in acute stages of the
      illness.
         Patients often see doctors years after the illness has begun and is
      permanently entrenched. Apart from its distressing symptoms, many
      sufferers have no knowledge of the illness, or its name. What makes
      the prospect of an agoraphobic attack particularly terrifying is the
      unexplained nature of the first attack. If it happened for no obvious
      reason once, it could happen the same way again, at any time.
      Victims instinctively retreat from what they consider at the time, to
      be the object of their fear - an open street, a public area, or some
      other situation in which they feel panicky. This is but a vain attempt
      to escape their symptoms. It is the mysterious and inescapable
      nature of agoraphobia that holds victims captive to its terrors.




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      14                      The End of Fear

      Explanations

      Psychology and psychiatry are at a loss to explain the reason for the
      agoraphobe's incapacitating fears. Due to the ignorance surrounding
      agoraphobia, victims are unable to consider themselves sick or
      receive the consideration and care they so desperately need and
      deserve from therapists, family and friends. Consequently they feel
      even more misunderstood and isolated, the extent of which can only
      be appreciated when the illness is understood.
        On visiting doctors or psychiatrists, patients rarely receive a
      satisfying explanation for their illness. One woman had this to say
      (others have had similar experiences), 'I longed to break a leg,
      knowing that then I’d be surrounded with flowers and under-
      standing... He delved into my past, told me that being the only
      child of divorced parents was the cause.
        'He listened patiently to my tales of woe, kept me tranquillized to
      the back teeth.'*
        Another woman was told that she was not loved by either of her
      parents, and 'rejection' was the cause of her phobia. She was not
      offered any explanation of how this knowledge would help overcome
      her problem.
        Shock-treatment is not recommended, and psychoanalysis fails.
      Merely to treat the victim's repressed memories cannot deal with
      the cause of this illness. Agoraphobia lies equally in the past, as it
      does in the present and future problems and hopes of the victim. All
      must be dealt with if there is to be any recovery. Psychotherapy is
      used, and sometimes a combination of treatments that include gradual
      exposure to the thing victims fear. These methods also fail in the
      treatment of agoraphobia and other severe phobias. One reason for this
      is - it is not always clear to psychology in each case, just exactly what

      *Australian Woman's Weekly 10 Mar., 1982 'Agoraphobia - My Cocoon
      of Fear'.




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                             Secret Disease                  15

      the victim fears.
        Successful treatments are claimed by therapists, but widely
      accepted programs involving large numbers of patients over
      several years, demonstrate that only a small percentage claim 'cure'.
      This is due to the disorder possessing the strange power of defeating
      every attempt at preventing attacks from returning. Victims
      are genuinely afraid to claim permanent cure.
        Tranquillizers are frequently prescribed and victims told that
      they may be on them for the rest of their lives, as there is 'no known
      cure for agoraphobia.' These alleviate some of the symptoms, which
      eventually return. No one can stay indefinitely on drugs, and long
      term medication risks addiction. Drugs weaken the patient's response
      to reality, and like any 'crutch' they do not cure. Rather, they tend to
      increase the problem, undermining the victim's health.
        Agoraphobia is a serious disorder and sufferers are in desperate
      need of the true answer. Unsatisfactory explanations and treatments,
      offering false hopes, bring only bitterness and despair. In the
      programs and treatments available, no promise of cure can be
      faithfully given.




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                                      Chapter 2
                     The Nature of Fear, and of the Phobia
      It is common for victims of agoraphobia to suffer from certain
      other phobias and abnormal fears in addition to that of their
      illness. In order to demonstrate its cause, the relationship of
      agoraphobia to these other phobias and abnormal fears which usually
      accompany it, must first be examined and explained. 'Anxiety', and
      'fear' in general, must also be considered.

      Fear

      'Fear' is a universal emotion common to man and animal. In man it
      has been described as the psychological and physiological response
      to threat; some circumstance or occurrence that carries risk to life
      or limb, to property or prestige. It is a curious phenomenon. It is a
      sensation associated by physical symptoms and manifestation: pallor,
      palpitation, icy chill, the 'smell of fear'. This is especially the case
      in relation to acute fear, i.e., panic or terror. Further symptoms
      may be shaking of the knees, trembling muscles, goose-flesh, a
      'hair-raising' experience, chattering of the teeth, paralysis or fright.
        The threat may be real: the proximity of a charging bull; the roar
      of a lion outside one's tent at night; the rustle of a snake across the
      floor; the sound of a pursuing swarm of bees; the wail of an alarm
      siren; the clamor of an angry mob, i.e., fears of real objects and
      situations. Fear under such circumstances is generally considered

      16




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                                                            17

      'reasonable' or 'rational'. This may also involve private or social
      situations in which one becomes afraid. For example, the thought of
      a fearful or embarrassing event, or one actually being undertaken.
      Some of these fears are also considered 'reasonable' or 'rational'.
         On other occasions, the threat may not be real at all, but due to an
      entirely imaginary object or situation - the product of untrue
      suggestion. Or, it could be a combination of both real and imagined
      objects. Thus, fear is generally considered 'rational' or 'irrational',
      i.e., reasonable or unreasonable, depending upon its observable
      cause and whether or not this is a common or uncommon response
      to the object or situation involved.

      Anxiety

      Acute fear should pass, but fear may also be chronic, either because
      the threat persists, or because some form of the threat is envisaged
      by the victim. In this case, the response is one of anxiety, a fearful
      apprehension of what may happen. The symptoms here are constant
      unease of mind and tension.
        Such anxiety may be temporary - apprehension before a driving
      test, before going on stage, i.e., before some particular event. Anxiety
      may be chronic, owing to lack of adjustment to the present
      circumstances, or in relation to future possibilities. In which case,
      anxiety', itself, becomes an emotional disorder, since it may
      continue to persist, with or without any observable cause.

      The Phobia

      At times a persistent fear becomes centered on a specific object or
      situation. Such a fear has acquired the name of a phobia. Any object
      at all may be involved - real or imagined - providing that this is




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       18                          The End of Fear

      perceived by the victim as a threat. There may, therefore, be as
      many phobias as there are objects or situations of which it is
      possible to become afraid. These can originate outside the victim,
      or merely within his mind, or be a combination of both. Phobias
      are considered by psychology, to be 'illogical', 'unreasonable' or
      'irrational' fears, and are notably difficult to eradicate. These
      persistent fears are believed to be 'irrational' because they are an
      excessive response to objects or situations that are not normally
      feared. Obviously, not everybody responds with fear, panic, terror,
      or horror to darkness, heights, or closed places, for example. These
      are common objects - thus, the reason for this is of concern.
      Theories concerning phobias, abnormal fears and fear-related
      emotional illness are shallow, confused, and inadequate to explain
      them. Their cause must be correctly understood and made known.
         Two of the most common childhood phobias are fear of darkness
      (nyctophobia) and fear of heights (acrophobia). These occur
      universally in both children and adults. Man's only two recognized,
      inborn fears are - fear of loud noises and fear of falling. Thus, it is
      not surprising that acrophobia can develop very early in life. Many
      people feel insecure and panic at the top of a very high ladder, for
      example. This fear occurs in almost anyone who is exposed to
      heights without protection.
         Fear of closed spaces (claustrophobia) is another very common
      phobia. A very strong fear in agoraphobes, this is frequently confused
      with agoraphobia in these victims. Claustrophobes have at some
      time - usually as a child - been confined against their will in a
      closed space. This may be a dark room, a closet or a box; or they
      may have been wrapped up in their bedclothes or some other
      material. It may simply be finding oneself at the bottom of a football
      scrum, or feeling 'trapped' in a lift. Whatever the situation, it
      caused panic. Those who have experienced the panic of the phobia
      will have some insight into the desperate feelings of the agoraphobe,
      who must battle with inescapable panic from day to day.




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                                                             19

        Another very common phobia or abnormal fear is the fear of
      death (thanatophobia). This fear rarely occurs in young children,
      but develops as a phobia in later years. It is present in all phobias,
      panic-states, and fear-related emotional disorders, and forms an
      important part of the agoraphobe's illness. It is also a conscious, or
      subconscious, dread in the lives of many others.
        These are phobias which involve real objects and situations -
      just as there are many other objects or circumstances that are able to
      produce phobias or fears in so many. They may be of either natural
      or unnatural, real or imagined objects or situations. To name but a
      few: snakes, lions, bats, spiders, mice, sharks, dangerous or strange
      creatures, water, lightning, fire, thunder, hideous faces, monsters,
      germs, etc., etc. - as well as many private and personal situations
      that one may confront in life. Apart from the significance of these
      latter as human fears or phobias, concern here is with those more
      serious phobias, which possess the power to blight and destroy
      the lives and happiness of so many.
        In all phobias and fears, the victim's anxiety is due to the real, or
      perceived, proximity of the feared object, which is seen by him as a
      threat. A child panics at the sight of a spider, but quickly recovers
      when father disposes of it. The boy playing on the railway line is
      unafraid until his shoe becomes caught in the track. In each case,
      the victim's anxiety is due to the real, or perceived, presence of the
      feared object, and may be relieved by removing him, or the object,
      from the phobic situation, or sometimes by encouragement.
      However, with certain phobias, neither may be possible. The
      acrophobe, claustrophobe, or agoraphobe, for example, may often
      be neither assisted, nor encouraged - since he may feel that it is
      impossible, or too late, to control his panic.
        Agoraphobia is an intense, recurrent, inexplainable fear. Other
      phobias are directed obviously towards a person, animal, object, or
      situation, which leads to avoidance of what is feared, but the victim
      of agoraphobia may not be conscious of any feared object at all.




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      20                    The End of Fear

      Other phobic objects may be avoided - at least sometimes. However,
      the agoraphobe may not escape the object of his fear. These are
      features of this phobia that have never been fully understood or
      explained, but must be, in order that its cause may be made known.




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                                       Chapter 3

                    Fear, Phobias and Emotional Illness -
                        Man's 'Modern Disease'
      The sharp rise of emotional illness over the past fifty or
      sixty years, and of anxiety, phobias, and agoraphobia, is
      unprecedented in the history of mankind. This, therefore, requires
      explanation reaching beyond popular theories and philosophies.
        'Fear' and 'anxiety' are the major cause of emotional disorders,
      so prevalent today due to life's mounting tensions and pressures,
      and thus of the increasing suffering and unhappiness associated
      with these. Although much ignorance and superstition in the past
      has given way to greater understand and tolerance, there is still
      considerable stigma attached to any form of mental disorder.
      Agoraphobia is no exception. Therefore, a correct understanding of
      anxiety, phobias, fear and their effects upon the human personality
      is essential. For, without this knowledge and that of the private
      struggle individuals find themselves in fighting fear and endeavoring
      to master themselves or their thoughts, there can be no true
      understanding of either phobias or emotional illness.
        People not only fear natural, or unnatural objects and situations,
      but the phobia is present also in the many private and social situations
      of daily life. It is common for people to feel trapped in these
      situations and to panic because of them. For example, the wife or
      mother feels trapped, i.e., phobic, in her family circumstances and
      by the pressure of her responsibilities. The employer, or employee

                                                               21




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       22                             The End of Fear



      also feels trapped, by his responsibility, or the monotony of his
      employment; the invalid, by his sickness and circumstances; etc.
      Phobias, therefore, feature in much fear/stress-related emotional
      illness and also as a common part of human experience. They are
      thus just one other aspect of human personality that is not correctly
      understood - but must be.
         Many of the fortunate tend to look down on the fearful as foolish
      or weak, and it is often those who are unsympathetic and quick to
      say it is a lot of nonsense, who contribute most to the anxieties of
      these weaker people. The victim of fear may not simply 'snap out of
      it'. He has long ago thought of that, and has been pulling himself
      together and snapping out of it time and time again, with much
      more success and courage than is realized. Anxiety and fear are not
      dealt with in such an easy manner. They may not be dismissed at
      will. Painful memories may be suppressed, but if not dealt with,
      will always come back. Fighting fear and worry is fighting against
      oneself, 'a kingdom divided against itself cannot stand'. Fighting is
      at best, a temporary and exhausting measure.
         Fear and pain are not imagined. There may be imaginary objects
      which cause these fears and pains, but for the victim they are real.
      They are felt and experienced even when you can see for yourself
      that your fear is quite unreasonable. The victim's fears are real and
      outside his control. He is neither malingerer nor cowardly. All
      human beings find mental pains harder to bear than physical ones -
      we may receive no comfort for these.
         For the emotionally well, life consists of positive mental and
      physical activity, but for the victim of fear, there is restriction
      placed upon all thought and activity. Although seldom in any real
      physical danger, he expects danger to overtake him at any minute.
      Both within and without, he fights battles with constant foes. Keeping
      out of danger forces him to be constantly on guard and anxiety dams
      up all impulses.
         Fear, real or imagined, has the same effect upon the victim's




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      23

      emotions and behavior. The normal activities of life become a
      burden and the smallest responsibilities, worries. Simple chores,
      once a pleasure, become a drudgery. Anxiety crushes every positive
      impulse and drains away energy. Physical symptoms arise - fatigue,
      exhaustion and the mental attitude of, 'I can't cope', 'life is getting
      me down', etc.
        Most people experience some of these symptoms at some time or
      other. Perhaps life has not gone smoothly for them and some personal
      loss or disappointment brings these about. The normally happy
      person adjusts quickly to life's griefs, setbacks and other unpleasant
      experiences. But for some, fear, worry or unhappiness is their habitual
      way of confronting the future. Not of course by choice, but often
      because this has been with them from childhood. Such a disposition
      to worry, be anxious, or unhappy, may be the result of painful
      memories and not a natural weakness at all. Many a strong person
      has been made weak through unfortunate or tragic experiences, and
      prolonged illness or unhappiness is able to reduce the best to a state
      of emotional ill-health.
        This provides a picture of a person suffering from an 'insecurity
      disorder' and an introduction to some of the symptoms of the
      agoraphobe. In his illness, all these symptoms are present, varying
      from mild to acute, depending upon the stage and intensity of the
      disorder. Following the initial attack of agoraphobia, the victim is
      haunted by the next inevitable attack. There is a sense of 'doom', of
      being 'fated', 'trapped'. A severe attack can leave the victim in a
      condition of shock for days after. Following several panics, he
      enters a state of acute anxiety and worries frantically over his sense
      of doom. The uncertainty of the next attack causes him to approach
      each day with a 'doomsday' attitude, and he develops a chronic
      anxiety state.
        The frequency of the victim's panics depend upon the intensity of
      his illness and whether or not he can avoid these by staying clear of
      any situations perceived by him as their cause. However, the majority




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      24                    The End of Fear

       suffer violent attacks of panic without apparent cause.
        The victim of agoraphobia is not malingering. His symptoms are
      real. His hidden anxieties and terrors may seem very strange
      considering the apparent harmlessness of the feared 'object', but
      their effects are far from harmless. There may be fear all day long, a
      racing heart, a lump in the throat and nerves drawn tight, like the
      'spring of a trap' ready to explode into action at the slightest
      provocation. The result is nervous and physical depletion: insomnia,
      nightmares, weakness, weariness, depression. The agoraphobe is
      held fast in the grip of something far greater than he or others, can
      understand or cope with. He may have sought assistance and
      understanding many times before, but never found comfort or answer
      for his problem. He becomes convinced that his mysterious illness
      is beyond all help and hope. Many are seeking, knowing that they
      are ill, but not where, or to whom, to turn.
        The agoraphobe is the gallant and heroic person who fights,
      daily, more battles than the average person may in months or years.
      Constantly in the front line of attack, he valiantly and courageously
      battles with fears that others never need confront. Rather than bring
      shame and disgrace upon his family because of his illness, he
      refuses to discuss his fears. He is also troubled by another very
      unusual fear: THAT HE MAY - IF POSSIBLE - TRANSMIT HIS
      AWFUL PHOBIA TO OTHERS! Therefore, he is unable to discuss
      his illness. One sufferer said, 'I would rather have a genuine illness
      1 could speak about, than this fearful state of mind that nobody
      seems to understand'. He suffered from palpitations, trembling, and
      fear of collapse and death. A physical symptom of 'palpitation' is
      produced by anxiety, and when you get panicky over your symptoms
      you increase the anxiety so that the palpitation gets worse and more
      frequent. This is the difference between normal and abnormal
      emotions. The emotionally healthy recover quickly from their worries,
      fears and depressions, but the emotionally ill focus upon these
      symptoms, until they become part of the illness.




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                                                                     25

        The victim of agoraphobia struggles not only with his physical
      symptoms and their effects upon the body - fear of heart failure, the
      pain of depression, exhaustion and weakness, but also with his
      mysterious dread - the unseen, as well as the seen.




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                                       Chapter 4

                              The Question of Cause
      Psychology offers several theories for the development and
      reoccurrence of phobias and agoraphobia, but none can
      adequately explain them.
      Other than 'anxiety' and 'repression', which are present in the majority
      of emotional disorders, a 'common' or 'universal' cause has not been
      found. The general opinion is that, as any two victim's experiences
      are never exactly alike, the cause need not be identical in each case.
      Neither must there be only a single cause involved. However, the
      common or universal cause of agoraphobia and other phobias may
      be understood. The following briefly outlines their development in a
      young woman, from an early age.
        During the first few years of B's life, she feels that she is the
      most important person in the world. Her parents dote on her every
      whim and fancy. This is quite normal for her age. As time goes by,
      she becomes more conscious of the world around her. She later
      begins to realize that she may not be the most important one after all
      and begins to set for herself standards of behavior and attainment.
      She finds that others set these for her also, and when she fails to
      meet these standards, she becomes aware of a sense of guilt. Her
      parents are not always in harmony and when they quarrel
      B feels insecure. She may even begin to blame herself for not living up
      to expectations. This outlook is extended to others as she grows up,
      and continues into later life.
         While still a very young child, B is accidentally left alone in her

      26




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                         The Question of Cause               27

      room at night, for much longer than expected. During this time, she
      becomes afraid of the darkness, and panics. This experience is
      forgotten until later in life. Feelings of anxiety are quickly overcome
      when B is surrounded in an atmosphere of love and confidence, but
      this is not always present. At the age of five, she experiences
      another unfortunate incident when she becomes trapped in a linen
      cupboard while playing. Her panic is quickly relieved when mother
      hears her cries and releases her.
        In adolescent and later years, B tries to compensate for feelings
      of failure. These feelings are further increased by guilt and other
      conflicts arising from her instinctual nature, for which she is not
      fully responsible. She develops new ideals and becomes absorbed
      in the meaning of moral and ethical principles and responsibilities.
        At fifteen, her parents separate and her mother remarries. But B
      finds that her divided loyalty to her parents presents conflict. During
      this time, she experiences an attack of panic when she feels 'trapped'
      in a crowded lift. She is too ashamed to reveal her fears and tries to
      forget the experience. Although unaware of the cause of her anxiety,
      she avoids those situations which she has come to fear most - dark,
      closed, or crowded places and also heights - lest she reveal her
      fears. She is frequently troubled by gloomy thoughts - including a
      morbid fear of death. She searches desperately for the peace of
      mind and happiness she once knew as a child. Knowing that this
      must be found somewhere, she hopes that marriage will someday
      provide the answer.
        At the age of twenty, B marries, but her marriage proves only
      moderately happy. She becomes dependent upon her husband for
      his easy decisions, which B feels she lacks. At twenty-three, she
      develops anxiety, sweaty feelings, and shaking of the legs while
      traveling to work by train. After a while, she becomes afraid of any
      separation from her husband and telephones him frequently. But
      she is unable to discuss her strange feelings with him, for fear of
      being misunderstood. If for any reason she is unable to contact him




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      28
      immediately, she begins to panic, feels completely lost and wants to
      scream. Later on, she begins to experience panic attacks for no
      apparent reason at all - from which she can find no protection.
      These occur during the day, from time to time, and sometimes,
      while in bed at night. Eventually, she is forced to give up her work
      and confine herself to her home.

      One - or Many Causes?

      B finally seeks help for her illness - at first from her doctor and then
      psychiatrists. But agoraphobia is a mystery to medicine and
      psychology. The illness is explained and treated, as are other phobias
      and emotional disorders, on the basis of many theories. But none
      can state clearly how or why, these fears develop. In asking the
      question, 'What caused B's agoraphobia?' no direct answer can be
      given. She was the child of parents who were divorced in her teens.
      Her insecurity, and therefore her anxiety, began when she was very
      young. In addition to her parental insecurity, there were also her
      panics: at first in the dark room as a small child, then in the linen
      cupboard; and later, during her teens, in the lift. These traumatic
      experiences, morbid fears, and panics, extended also into her social
      life, affecting her relationships with others. She ever failed to meet
      her own expectations, as did the others upon whom she also placed
      these. Her own marriage failed to produce the happiness and children
      she dreamed of, and her anxiety continued into married life - only to
      culminate finally, with her illness.

      Anxiety as the Cause?

      Due to the ignorance that surrounds agoraphobia, it is common for
      the illness to be explained, as are other phobias and emotional




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      disorders, by 'anxiety'. Victims are frequently informed that anxiety
      is the cause of their phobia. In B's case, psychology would trace
      this to her insecurity in childhood. It can locate the events which
      produced her insecurity - her traumatic and unfortunate experiences,
      her anxieties, fears, personal and social problems. It can trace the
      anxiety leading up to her phobias, but not their cause, nor that of
      her illness.
        This common view - that phobias, agoraphobia and other
      emotional disorders are due to 'anxiety' - explains very little. Many
      people suffer from anxiety, but never develop phobias. Nor do they
      necessarily become emotionally ill. When the large number of people
      with anxiety problems is taken into account, not all are truly phobic
      and far fewer are agoraphobic. Thus, it is also incorrect to suggest
      that these disorders are the result of 'severe', or 'prolonged anxiety'.
      The original situation, which produced this anxiety, may first need to
      be taken into account. In the case of purely imaginary fears this may
      not be necessary, but with the common phobia it becomes obvious,
      as particular objects or situations - of which, many are universally
      feared - are involved.
        Considering B's first experience of severe anxiety as a young
      child in the dark room, this produced her phobia of darkness
      (nyctophobia). Her next experience took place in the linen cupboard,
      producing her fear of closed spaces (claustrophobia). Later on, her
      phobia of lifts (also claustrophobia), occurred. These are all
      commonly feared objects or situations. Her last two experiences
      were obviously connected in some way, but each involved a different
      situation. Each incident produced in her a phobia of a particular
      situation that was able to reoccur in later life. If psychology could
      explain why these phobias occur universally, and why only certain
      people develop them, it could explain phobias. But it cannot.
        By the time of B's first attack of agoraphobia, her anxiety had
      increased considerably. It was, by then, both 'severe' and
      'prolonged'. But this was not its cause. Rather, this was the result




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      30
      of some other cause, which must first be explained. Therefore,
      without first being able to answer these questions, it is impossible
      to understand phobias, and thus, why agoraphobes alone respond
      with fear to open spaces.

      Repression?

      Because phobias and agoraphobia are a mystery to psychology,
      attempts are made to explain them from entirely 'subjective' causes.
      This is due to its assumption that all phobias are irrational,
      illogical, or unreasonable fears, and as such, cannot be accounted
      for other than by these processes within victims. Agoraphobia is
      even more mysterious, since it does not appear to resemble any
      known fear. Whereas the more common phobias - nyctophobia,
      acrophobia and claustrophobia, for example - may be traced to
      earlier experiences in the lives of victims, often in childhood,
      agoraphobia can not. Children are not known to develop this fear. It
      does not occur prior to early adulthood. For these reasons and
      others, psychology has included all these phobias in the category of
      irrational fears.
         In addition to 'anxiety', a further explanation frequently offered
      for the development and reoccurrence of phobias and agoraphobia
      is, repression. Patients may be informed that their phobias are the
      result of unpleasant, fearful childhood experiences that have been
      repressed. This view states that phobias in adult life can nearly
      always be traced to repressed fearful childhood experiences they
      cannot understand. They push the experience to the back of the
      mind and 'seal it off. But they are unable to banish it entirely and
      sometimes it emerges in later life as an irrational fear, only loosely
      associated with the original. The repressed fear may then be
      transferred to an innocent object or situation. This is then offered as
      the explanation of agoraphobia and other phobias that are difficult




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                          The Question of Cause              31

      to account for. The theory implies that any repressed experience in
      childhood may emerge as an 'irrational fear', for which 'repression'
      is the cause.
         Although 'anxiety' and 'repression' play an important part in
      phobias and other emotional disorders, they cannot alone, explain
      them. Victims fear certain objects and situations for a common
      cause. Clearly, these natural objects are universally feared, and the
      reason for this must first be known. 'Repression' is a normal
      process in children and adults to protect the mind from painful and
      harmful memories. B, for example, tried to forget her traumatic
      experiences, but these were far too intense to be entirely forgotten.
      However, whenever her phobias reoccurred, they were of distinct
      and definite objects of which she remained afraid for the rest of her
      life. This is also the case with other victims of these common
      phobias. Thus, to claim that 'repression' is their cause, is to assume
      that the 'forgetting' of a particular event is even more important
      than the original incident itself that caused the repression. The
      error is, that 'anxiety' and 'repression' are each a result or effect
      of fear - not its cause. Therefore without knowing why certain
      people fear certain objects or situations in the beginning, there can
      be no true understanding of phobias, or fear-related emotional illness.
      We must first understand the nature of these objects in
      particular, and why they possess the power to produce anxiety
      in certain people. Only then, will we begin to understand the true
      cause of these and other phobias.

      Dependence?

      Another almost entirely subjective explanation, frequently offered
      for agoraphobia and other phobias, is dependence. Victims are told
      that they lack the support and reassurance of others and become
      anxious and panic when alone, due to their dependence. This is




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      32                   The End of Fear

      offered as the explanation of their phobia, or illness, and victims are
      then provided with the hope of rehabilitation by meeting this need.
      In the case of agoraphobia, assistance would be given during outings,
      etc. - sometimes in the form of companionship and encouragement.
         'Dependence' is explained in many ways. The general argument
      is that it appears in those people who cannot bear to be alone.
      Sometimes it leads to imaginary illnesses that force a person to rely
      upon the reassurance and assistance of others. Although the illness
      may be imaginary, the emotional and physical symptoms which are
      experienced and displayed can be such as to make it appear real.
      Like other subjective explanations, this too is applied to agoraphobia
      and other phobias that are difficult to explain.
         However, if this was the true cause of these phobias, it may then
      be concluded that no real, objective cause need be involved, other
      than that of the victim's dependence - wherever this may be placed.
      Agoraphobia, for example, is defined as 'fear of open spaces'. This
      is an entirely different phobia, due to the nature of the feared object,
      i.e., one totally unlike any other considered a threat. Why should
      anyone fear open spaces anyway? Even small children do not fear
      them. 'Space', cannot be considered an 'object' in the usual sense
      of the word. Why, then, should this strange fear have begun in
      victims? Mystery surrounds these questions. In order to explain the
      agoraphobe's apparently irrational behavior, psychology questions
      the object of the victim's fear. It acknowledges that agoraphobia -
      like these other related phobias - develops in otherwise normal,
      rational people, but unlike these phobias, there appears to be nothing
      of which to become afraid. Victims are usually totally unaware of
      any object of fear. The assumption is then made, that there must be
      some cause other than open spaces lying deep within the victim,
      and this is explained by 'dependence'.
         This, however, fails to explain why, with certain phobias and
      agoraphobia in particular, the presence or assistance of others does
      not help, but often increases the victim's panic. Agoraphobes prefer




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                         The Question of Cause               33

      to be left alone, and often retreat from company during attacks - rarely
      seeking the assistance of others except in total desperation. Only
      then may they approach a doctor or therapist. Their strange fears
      are usually kept a secret, especially from relatives and friends.
        'Dependence' cannot explain why 'encouragement or assistance'
      are ineffective in preventing the agoraphobe's panic, or why the
      presence of others often actually increases this. Rather, it is the
      complete absence of the victim's own inner resources to overcome
      this fear that becomes his greatest fear! Awareness of this fact
      only increases one’s feelings of panic. Also, agoraphobes, in particular,
      are unable to appropriate the resources of others in the panic
      situation, and because they are aware of this, they become even
      more afraid. These, and other characteristics of the phobia, have
      never been correctly understood but must be, in order that it may
      be explained and victims directed to the correct remedy.

      Fear of Fear?

      One final psychological theory for agoraphobia and other phobias
      will be examined. That is, ‘fear of fear’. Fear is the least pleasant of
      our emotions and ‘fear of fear’ is present in all phobias. It has been
      offered as the reason why agoraphobes experience recurrent attacks
      of panic, even in the absence of any apparent phobic object, such as
      whilst indoors.
         It also maintains that the true cause of agoraphobia is not 'fear of
      open spaces' as supposed, but rather an accumulation of past panic
      experiences from a number of unpleasant occasions - frequently
      over a period of years, or even a lifetime in many cases. Thus, in
      this theory, agoraphobia is literally an accumulation of the phobic
      victim's 'dread of panic', or his 'fear of fear'.
        As with certain other psychological theories, which may contain
      much truth, this emotional disorder does give the appearance of




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      34                    The End of Fear

      developing in this manner. Victims develop an accumulating dread
      of the panic situation and are also very much subject to panic
      attacks at any time or place - rather than only in open spaces as
      might otherwise be expected. However, we have already seen that
      such reasoning is entirely misleading and inadequate to explain the
      true cause of agoraphobia and other phobias.
        Although 'fear of fear' is present in all phobias, it is most peculiar
      in agoraphobia. Only in this phobia does it continue to persist with
      such great intensity and duration in the absence of any apparent
      feared object. Agoraphobia may be described as, 'the victim's
      worst fears realized' - with the added component of 'prolonged
      isolation, loneliness, and horror' that only this phobia produces. The
      first panic attack can never be forgotten. Following this attack, there
      remains an ever-increasing fear of the Fear itself. Some victims feel
      safer indoors, but the majority do not recognize any particular
      situation as the cause. Attacks can occur at any time or place - only
      less frequently at home and indoors.
        Psychology is aware that agoraphobes cannot explain the strange
      nature of their fears and that they instinctively retreat from what
      they consider at the time to be the cause. It observes that this
      behavior is due to deep-seated insecurity feelings within victims,
      but cannot explain their nature or cause. Could it do so, agoraphobia
      would no longer be considered a 'mystery'. For these reasons and
      others, further subjective explanations are resorted to, which again
      place agoraphobia in the category of truly 'irrational fears'.
         Fear of fear is responsible for the 'free-floating' anxiety present
      in victims, heightening their susceptibility to further attacks - but it
      is not their cause. Like 'anxiety' and 'repression' this also, is but an
      'effect' of agoraphobia. As with other almost entirely 'subjective'
      explanations, here again, the 'cart is placed before the horse' in
      searching for answers. Phobic victims fear fear, but with agoraphobia
      there remains an intense fear of the Fear itself, i.e., of the
      indescribably unpleasant feelings of this phobia. It is this Fear,




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                         The Question of Cause               35

      which haunts and intimidates victims, the cause of which must first
      be explained.




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                                       Chapter 5

                           Irrational and Learned Fears
      Clearly, psychology's explanations are inadequate to
      provide the correct answer to phobias and agoraphobia,
      especially when it is considered that many of these fears universally
      afflict otherwise normal, rational adults and children. Purely
      subjective explanations fail in this case, as a real, objective object or
      situation is involved - not an imagined one. This differs greatly
      from entirely imaginary phobias, which do not afflict these people,
      for example, fear of germs and like phobias where the victim cannot
      literally see the feared object, but may only imagine its presence.
      Phobias of this nature do not occur in otherwise normal, rational
      people, but are the result of untrue suggestion, due to anxiety,
      repression, etc., or to psychological changes of the brain. Such
      phobias are commonly associated with totally irrational, or
      compulsive disorders, and must be kept entirely separate.
         Fears of darkness, heights, closed spaces, death, and certain
      other natural objects or situations, are common phobias. It is these
      fears that are of concern here, since they also afflict agoraphobes.
      These victims alone respond with fear to open spaces - which is a
      very unusual fear. But they, too, are otherwise normal people who
      were not abnormally afraid of these objects before: why then,
      should they fear them now? B, also, confronted these objects before,
      without abnormal fear, but now they could produce in her distinct
      phobias and severe anxiety, which were able to reoccur in later life.
         Looking more closely at phobias and abnormal fears, people

      36




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                      Irrational and Learned Fears           37

      behave differently in identical situations, because each is an
      individual. Some become more afraid than others, due to several
      factors - personality, courage, temperament, etc. But whether or
      not anxiety or fear occurs in anyone, depends primarily upon one
      thing - the nature of the object or situation and its significance or
      meaning for the victim. B saw these objects as a threat, for some
      particular reason - as do other victims - due to her perception of
      them, or their significance for her. These particular, natural objects
      - darkness, heights, closed or open spaces and death - held special
      meaning for her, as they do for other victims. They, therefore,
      become very real fears in the lives of these people - for some
      common reason.
         It is important to consider this fact. Also, that these people not
      only fear objects others do not normally fear, but these common
      objects hold special meaning for them, prior to their phobias
      developing. This must be so, in order for them to develop in these
      people - but not in others, who have confronted the same or similar
      objects, or situations. The reason for this must be understood and is
      fully explained in this book.
         For example, B encountered situations that she may not have
      otherwise become afraid of, had she not first felt trapped in their
      presence. She became anxious, afraid and panicked, because they
      were already, in some way, related to her insecurity. In the dark
      room, as a child, her insecurity was already present due to the
      absence of her parents. Her anxiety then became associated with
      the darkness - producing her first phobia (nyctophobia). Although
      very common, this phobia is not innate (inborn). B was an otherwise
      normal child. Therefore, her phobia clearly developed in a rational
      - not irrational - manner. As the darkness was not the initial cause
      of her anxiety, her phobia must be explained as a 'learned fear',
      due to the process of 'association'. The question of importance is,
      why did this particular association occur?
         Similarly, her panic in the linen cupboard was learned. This time,




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      38                    The End of Fear

      her anxiety was directly aroused by the confined space of the
      cupboard and the darkness. She was unable to control her fear
      and began to panic. Had her anxiety not been connected with these
      objects in the beginning, her phobias would not have developed.
         Certain other abnormal fears may be transmitted to otherwise
      normal, rational victims, at first by parents, then others, or by the
      media. But it is usual for these common phobias to be learned
      when victims are forced to confront these objects against their will,
      under inescapable conditions. B found herself trapped in situations
      she was entirely unable to cope with and became anxious. Because
      she saw these objects as a threat that was already related to her
      anxiety and could neither escape from, nor confront them, she
      developed phobias of them.
         In like-manner, her phobia of lifts developed. Due to her earlier
      cupboard experience she was already the victim of claustrophobia.
      Her new fear began when the confines of the lift became associated
      subconsciously with this earlier experience. The situation had
      changed almost entirely from the original, but now she could respond
      in this manner to any object or situation that was associated with
      closed spaces. This phobia, therefore, must also be explained as a
      'learned' fear due to the normal processes of 'association' and
      'conditioning'.

      Reasonable and Unreasonable Fears

      It should be clear now, why there is very good reason for these
      phobias to develop in otherwise normal, rational adults and children.
      They, do so because they are not unreasonable, illogical or
      irrational, as supposed, but phobias that are learned. They are,
      therefore, learned, or conditioned fears.
         Unlike truly irrational fears, these phobias are the result of normal
      learning processes in these people. Whereas truly irrational phobias




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                      Irrational and Learned Fears           39

      cannot be explained apart from irrational processes within victims,
      the common phobia may not be explained in the same manner.
         Psychology's view - that all phobias are illogical, unreasonable,
      or irrational fears - has produced entirely misleading theories in its
      attempts to explain them. Phobias of the dark, lifts and ladders, for
      example, are clearly abnormal, because these objects are not normally
      excessively feared. But, as fears acquired by the normal processes
      of learning, they may not be strictly termed 'irrational'.
         Whereas the common phobia can always be traced to earlier
      experiences in victims, truly irrational fears cannot. It is not necessary
      to know how the object or situation becomes related to their anxiety
      in the first place, this being clearly the product of irrational
      processes. No real, objective object or situation need be immediately
      involved, since these phobias are the product of 'untrue suggestion',
       not direct learning, as in the case of the common phobia. It is
      essential therefore, for their understanding, that these two
      distinct classes of phobia be kept entirely separate.
         Consider the following common phobias or abnormal fears: a
      child is told that spiders are dangerous, poisonous and that they
      bite, or she discovers that insects can harm her, thus she fears any
      small creature that moves quickly, is perhaps black, etc. The victim,
      now an adult, has long forgotten this fear. Suddenly she sees a
      spider on the bed-cover. A sudden wave of panic swoops seemingly
      'out of the blue'. Actually, this sudden wave of panic does not
      swoop out of the blue at all, but wells up from the subconscious.
      Panics which arise in this manner, i.e., from the subconscious at the
      sight of a darting insect, small animal - a spider or mouse - are not
      'irrational' as supposed, but simply the result of learning.
         These common, but very much misunderstood, fears are acquired
      from previously learned, but often long-forgotten experiences.
      Although seemingly irrational, they are in fact real, learned, fears,
      usually acquired early in life, during childhood. This is at a time
      when the mind is most impressionable and the fear impossible to




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      40
      forget.
         Consider also, fear of heights. A climber who is able to ascend
      to the top of a 100-foot ladder has little or no fear of heights. At 25
      feet, it may be considered 'reasonable' for someone to become
      afraid. At 10 feet, victims would be thought to be 'unreasonably'
      afraid. Therefore, depending upon the nature of the feared object
      and the victim's response, this is considered 'reasonable', or
      'unreasonable'. But in the case of other objects, it may be very
      difficult to make similar judgments. For example, to conclude just
      how high one must ascend a steep cliff, or how long one must be
      confined in a dark, or closed space, to be considered 'reasonably' or
      'unreasonably' afraid. This is because often, these fears are
      commonly mistaken as 'illogical' and 'unreasonable' when they
      are neither. They are common human fears.
         Looking more closely at phobias of darkness, heights, closed
      spaces and death, it is clear that they are neither irrational, nor
      unreasonable, as commonly supposed, since under certain conditions
      they become very real fears. Death is an obviously real fear, but it is
      not difficult to think of situations in which these other objects
      become equally terrifying: a child, lost away from home at night;
      someone exposed to a great height without protection; someone
      confined in a closed space against their will; etc.
         Like more obvious fears, these common objects can also produce
      phobias in those who confront them under inescapable conditions.
      They may even produce phobias in some, who, either by disposition
      or vocation, have no obvious fear of them. Divers and miners, for
      example, have little or no fear of confined spaces - nor do pilots or
      acrobats, of heights. Yet, if forced to confront these objects under
      particularly adverse conditions, they too could develop phobias of
      them.
         It is apparent, then, that B learned her phobias in the same
      manner that other rational people learn their fears, i.e., as learned
      responses, due to prior experiences. However, not everyone learns




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                      Irrational and Learned Fears           41

      phobias - which raises the question of why some do, but others do
      not. Neither has it ever been clearly stated why some do so much
      more readily than others, and thus possess a definite tendency or
      proneness towards phobias and abnormal fears. This is because the
      full meaning or significance of these particular objects for victims
      has not been correctly understood. All fears hold meaning for
      victims, but darkness, heights, closed or open spaces and death,
      hold very special meaning in the lives of these victims - for one
      important reason. These objects are already related to their anxiety,
      prior to their phobias developing - which must be so in order for
      them to develop in these people, but not in others who have
      confronted the same objects or situations.
         It is essential to know why this relationship comes about. Theories
      are inadequate. They cannot provide answers to certain essential
      questions concerning phobias: why only certain people develop
      them; why some do so much more readily than others; why victims
      of other phobias or emotional illness may never develop agoraphobia.
      Or, why agoraphobes develop this illness in addition to their other
      phobias? Psychology does not have these answers. Without a clear
      distinction between truly 'irrational phobias' - i.e., those that are
      the result of purely imaginary objects or situations - and those that
      are learned from confronting real objects or situations, it is
      impossible to even begin to understand them. Phobias, found in
      association with agoraphobia, afflict normal adults and children
      universally. They are common human fears. This, itself, is proof
      that they possess a common cause or origin and develop in a
      rational, not irrational - manner. They are also 'distinct' fears, as
      will become more apparent. On the other hand, truly irrational fears
      are neither 'distinct' nor 'related', but often change from one
      irrational form to another in the mind of the victim. Whereas learned
      phobias develop early in life, irrational phobias do not. When the
      common phobia reoccurs in later life, it does not take forms different
      from the original, as do irrational fears - even in the presence of




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      42                    The End of Fear

      anxiety, repression and other subjective processes. The phobic
      situation may change entirely, but these phobias do not. This is
      because they are the result of normal, rather than irrational, learning
      processes. Every adult has some of these fears, usually learned in
      childhood. Victims need not be ashamed of them - they are common
      fears universally.
         B's phobias were not imagined, nor truly irrational as supposed,
      but the result of confronting real, external situations and objects.
      Their ability to reoccur in later life was also due to learning, not
      irrational causes. She was already the victim of past fears and
      morbid experiences that were permanently associated in her mind
      with her anxiety, and whenever she confronted the same, or similar
      objects or situations again, her phobias returned. Although they
      could not make her abnormally afraid before, they could do so now
      - because these objects were already in some way, connected with
      her anxiety from the beginning. As fears, learned by association and
      conditioning, they possessed the power to produce her initial panic,
      and while her anxiety remained, they could continue to produce her
      phobias whenever they were confronted again inescapably.
         There is, therefore, good reason why these common phobias
      develop in otherwise normal people. Their recurrence in later life is
      also rational and reasonable. There may be as many fears as there
      are objects of which it is possible to become afraid (real or
      imagined), but only learned fears are universally distinct and
      afflict otherwise normal people. This is because they are fears of
      real, objective objects, or situations - rather than imagined
      ones, as in the case of truly irrational fears. Also, because they
      possess a common or universal cause or origin. It is this cause or
      origin, which must now be discussed, as this alone explains why
      B's and these other phobic victims', subconscious anxiety was
      already related to these natural, common objects, prior to the
      development of their phobias. It will also explain why B and other
      agoraphobes began to fear open spaces in addition to these more
      common phobic objects.




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                                       Chapter 6
                        The Cause and Development of
                          Agoraphobia and Other Phobias
      From the preceding discussion, it should now be perfectly obvious
      that the common phobia - including fear of heights, darkness,
      closed spaces and death - may not be explained by entirely
      'subjective' theories. Also, the ability for these phobias to develop
      and reoccur in later life - even under apparently different conditions
      - is not irrational either, as commonly supposed. These phobias are
      learned, and must be kept totally separate from those that are not.
         The question of why only certain people learn these phobias
      must also be considered and why some learn them more readily
      than others. There is, therefore, an obvious 'tendency' or
      'predisposition' towards phobias, which may be termed the 'phobic
      tendency'. This is reserved for fuller discussion in a later chapter.
         The cause of the phobia is thus, two-fold. It is due to (1) the
      nature of the phobic object, and (2) its significance for the victim -
      or the nature of the victim's insecurity: both, an objective and a
      subjective cause. Neither has been correctly understood - as this
      alone explains why these objects should be already related to the
      victim's insecurity prior to the development of his phobias, and
      why B and other agoraphobes began to fear open spaces in addition
      to these more common phobic objects. This is a very unusual fear
      and, therefore, to understand its significance for victims, these
      factors must be known.

                                                               43




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         By considering the nature of these learned phobias and fears, it
      becomes possible to see the 'common or universal' cause of
      phobias and agoraphobia. B's first phobia (nyctophobia), occurred
      early in childhood. She longed for her parents who could fulfill her
      basic needs. Due to their absence, she became anxious and began to
      see the darkness as an added threat. From this association, i.e. of the
      darkness with her anxiety, her phobia developed. Since this was
      now a 'learned fear', it could continue throughout her childhood,
      reoccurring also in later life, in the presence of the same or similar,
      objects, or situations.
         Her phobia of lifts in her teens, was also 'learned' - due to her
      cupboard experience as a child. She saw the confined space of the
      lift as an added threat to her developing insecurity, which was by
      now, far more complex than as a child. She first felt 'restricted',
      then 'trapped', or 'shut-in', perhaps suffocated, causing her to
      panic. She feared losing control over her thoughts and perhaps
      going insane. She also felt that she could not ask for help lest she
      reveal her fears, of which she was ashamed. She doubted that others
      could prevent her panic, over which she had no control. Not only
      did she fear the ridicule of others, but also her own self-reproach,
      should she survive the ordeal. The rapid palpitation experienced in
      the panic state may have caused her to fear heart-failure. All are
      intense fears in agoraphobes.
         The confines of the lift were thus seen as more than a threat to her
      physical welfare. Even in a small child, the instinct for survival is
      more complex than other forms of life, e.g., an animal. Her reaction
      to protect her basic security was now far greater. It included her
      hopes, dreams, ambitions, loves - her entire welfare, which was
      now at stake. There were also her unhappy memories - past fears,
      phobias, guilts, failures and anxieties concerning the future - the
      whole complexity of her mental and emotional life was involved.
      She was not immediately conscious of all this when her security
      was challenged by this new object of fear, but she fought desperately




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      to preserve what happiness she possessed and her hopes of regaining
      that which she had already lost.
         B was already the victim of claustrophobia, other phobias and
      morbid experiences. Her new phobia was thus the product of a
      more complex insecurity, of which these earlier experiences formed
      an important part. These experiences were far too traumatic to be
      entirely forgotten, and this anxiety lay deep within her subconscious.
      Her phobia of lifts therefore, must also be explained as a 'learned'
      or 'conditioned response' - due to her childhood cupboard
      experience and earlier fears.
         Phobias and abnormal fears may not be explained solely from
      physical, mental, or emotional responses, but must include the
      whole complexity of the human individual. For B and certain like
      victims of fear, insecurity enters early in life, bringing with it
      anxiety and unhappiness. Her happiness existed now only as a
      memory of when she was the 'centre of the universe' as a young
      child. Man not only fears physical pain, but emotional and spiritual
      pain also. All his fears concern happiness and freedom from pain -
      for self and others. This includes finding true meaning to life - its
      happiness and eternal destiny, i.e., spiritual values. The phobia,
      therefore, must involve the entire individual - mental, physical,
      emotional, and spiritual. To explain it simply in materialistic terms
      overlooks the spiritual nature of man and relegates him merely to
      the position of a superior animal, when he is much more. His
      phobias must be understood accordingly - or not at all.

      The True Cause of Agoraphobia and Its Related Phobias - The
      Real Nature of Open Spaces and of These Other Natural Objects

      Mystery has surrounded agoraphobia, and certain other phobias,
      for several reasons - but largely agoraphobia, because there does
      not appear to be any object of which victims could be afraid. This




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      phobia does not occur in children and may not be traced to previous
      experiences as may the common phobia, nor does it appear to
      resemble any other fear.
         As otherwise normal people, victims are unable to see the object
      of this phobia as they may those of their other fears. Not even small
      children share their fear. Perhaps they fear 'nothing at all', or even
      worse, 'everything in particular'! This is a very disturbing and
      important feature of their illness - the cause of much distress and
      suffering. Psychology also questions the object of their fear,
      suggesting purely subjective and irrational causes for their
      symptoms.
         Furthermore, it is impossible to obtain a complete description of
      the agoraphobe's feelings and symptoms. Victims rarely reach the
      stage where they feel free to discuss them. Merely to attempt to do
      so or even read, or hear about the experiences of other victims, can
      produce agoraphobic symptoms in these people! Yet, it is essential
      for the understanding of this illness to know precisely what these
      feelings and symptoms are, and why and how they develop.
         The agoraphobe's response, like that of other phobics, is due to
      the 'meaning' or 'significance' of the phobic object for him - or,
      how or why this should be related to his insecurity. With the
      common phobia, the victim's anxiety is due to the immediate
      presence of the phobic object, which appears to him as an inescapable
      threat. In agoraphobia, the fear is indirect, since this is sensed
      subconsciously at first. This fear, alone, is unavoidable, owing to
      the inescapable nature of open spaces.
         All phobias are a manifestation of the victim's insecurity, which
      is revealed in the panic state when this reaches its height. The true
      nature of the agoraphobe's insecurity is revealed by his most urgent
      questions, which dominate his mind at this time. These are questions
      for which he has failed to receive an answer, all or most of his life
      and now desperately requires to know the answer. They are, 'Why
      was I born?’ ‘Why do I fear?’ 'Why do I exist?' All the agoraphobe's




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      questions and therefore all his fears, concern one thing only - his
      existence, its meaning and purpose. Upon this, his security and
      happiness depend. To these fundamental questions may be added.
      'Why must I and not others, suffer from this dreadful illness?' He
      cannot find the answer to his questions, therefore fear has taken
      control of his life.
         Of all the fears common to man or animal, agoraphobia afflicts
      only man. Only he has the ability to question his existence and
      happiness, and thus, the capacity to fear open spaces. He alone
      responds with fear to this object - space.
         Mystery has surrounded phobias and agoraphobia, because the
      true nature and relationship of these common, natural objects to the
      victim's insecurity has never been clearly understood, or explained.
      Darkness, heights, closed or open spaces, and death are those
      primary or basic, features of existence that are subject to powerful
      natural laws. They are thus able to produce wonder, awe and fear in
      man and form the foundation of his mortal insecurity, which is
      responsible for all his phobias and fears. These natural elements -
      which concern the unknown, the unknowable, or the unpredictable
      (heights, darkness, closed or open spaces, and death) as distinct
      from their natural counterparts (time, light and life), are able to
      become associated with the negation of life, due to man's mortality
      and his fear of death and evil. They are therefore, potential human
      fears, having the power to produce phobias and abnormal fears in
      all who become susceptible to them.
         The 'universal' or 'common cause' of agoraphobia and other
      phobias may thus be stated: man fears death, evil and the unknown
      due to his spiritual and mortal nature. These fundamental, primary,
      or basic elements are already related to human insecurity prior to
      the development of his phobias. Agoraphobia arises because these
      three primary phobic objects - heights, closed and open spaces -
      each involve the same element - space. As fear of heights, or more
      obvious real fears, can produce phobias in man, space also produces




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      fear of death and evil in victims. It is the same primary element
      involved in agoraphobia, claustrophobia and acrophobia - only
      experienced under different conditions. However, each is a distinct
      phobia.
         Agoraphobia occurs when victims, for the first time, become
      suddenly and strangely aware of their mortal existence in space.
      Just as the victim of heights feels exposed and threatened in his
      unprotected position, the agoraphobe suddenly feels exposed and
      mortally threatened by his existence in open spaces. One woman
      explained her feelings in this manner. 'When I go out, I feel the
      ground turns into an enormous saucer, with me tottering on the
      rim.' She experienced intense feelings of isolation and exposure
      outside her home. A man said, 'I suddenly begin to feel dizzy with
      fear and horror, and get a desperate urge to run. But where to, I
      don't know, as this wouldn't help one bit.' Like most other victims,
      he suffered panics both inside and outside his home. On these latter
      occasions, he also felt 'exposed' and 'threatened', as though 'on
      the edge of a cliff, about to 'fall off’.
         Man's tragic response of anxiety, fear and terror to open space is,
      therefore, due to his feelings of exposure and isolation that this
      elemental object has the power to produce in him. Awareness of this
      object is usually at first, entirely subconscious, causing victims to
      suffer multiple panics without apparent reason or cause, at any time
      or place. Some may be restricted geographically, but the majority
      are not. Consequently, many are still unaware that they have the
      illness.
         Agoraphobes feel exposed, isolated and mortally threatened by
      their strange, new awareness of space and the vast, 'empty' universe
      in which they suddenly discover themselves. These once benevolent,
      protective or neutral objects now begin to threaten their mortal
      existence inescapably. Although entirely ignorant of their real
      cause, panics occur when victims suddenly become aware for the
      first time, of their own and mankind's apparent insignificance,




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      meaninglessness and helplessness in an infinitely vast and powerful
      universe. They feel the victim of time, space and chance - the 'ruler
      of their own fate and destiny' - only powerless, defenseless,
      against these mighty, natural elements that surround and engulf
      them.
         Agoraphobes are desperate, agonizingly alone and lonely, filled
      with dread and despair. Without help or understanding, their lives
      are permanently blighted and doomed. Many live desperate lives of
      fear for years, without knowing the nature - or even the name - of
      their strange illness! When they finally learn that they are not the
      only victims of this phobia, they are considerably relieved. But they
      must still continue on through life without any real answer to their
      most unusual fear. Even though they may eventually learn the name
      of their illness, they may never come to an understanding of its true
      cause!

      Agoraphobia - an 'Abnormal Response to Human Existence in
      Space'

      The relationship of agoraphobia to these other more common
      elemental phobias - acrophobia and claustrophobia especially -
      clearly establishes 'fear of open spaces' also, as a primary, basic or
      elemental phobia. Like these other natural objects, 'space' also
      becomes a real, learned fear in man. It is the same element
      involved in these two other primary, learned phobias - only
      experienced under different conditions.
         A well-documented experiment on perception may help
      demonstrate this relationship between space and heights. During
      this study, the subject donned spectacles that inverted the optical
      image. Not long after commencement, it became necessary to
      abandon the experiment due to the psychological stress it caused.
      The subject saw everything as though it were upside-down, giving




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      him the feeling that the world was above him and he, suspended in
      space. On removing the spectacles his vision remained inverted for
      some time after. It could not be recommended that the experiment
      be repeated.
         In acute agoraphobia, some victims experience similar (but not
      identical) feelings. They perceive that the sky has become 'depths',
      into which they are about to 'fall'. Up becomes down, and they feel
      that they are about to fall into this vast abyss of space, as gravity can
      no longer hold them. Their perception of depth instead of height
      may be increased by the contrast of cloud by day and the moon, or
      stars, at night. These strange symptoms are not due to any mental
      disease, but to the nature and severity of agoraphobia, and the
      victim's exhausted nervous system.
         As the more common phobia is learned through confronting
      certain real objective situations under inescapable conditions, space
      is also seen as a real objective, unavoidable threat. However, there
      are no natural conditions in which open spaces may become a
      threat in this manner, since they are a part of normal, daily experience.
      Agoraphobia, therefore, is an abnormal response to human existence
      in space. Although a real, learned fear like the more common
      universal phobia, this phobia is due also to 'untrue suggestion'. It is
      through believing untrue suggestions about the nature of life and
      existence that agoraphobia is able to develop. There is no other
      earthly way for this phobia to arise.
         Although we cannot imagine any natural conditions in which
      open spaces might become a threat, we could conditions outside of
      these: for example, someone marooned and abandoned in outer-
      space. This imaginary person, upon finding himself totally isolated
      and estranged from humanity - perhaps committed forever to the
      vast expanse and emptiness of space - would then begin to see open
      spaces as a threat and suffer those feelings of isolation and exposure
      peculiar to agoraphobia. Outside of man's natural, earthly habitat,
      'space' and 'heights' become identical - gravity being the major




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      determining factor. Agoraphobia, thus, may sometimes be known
      as space-sickness. But, in natural earthly conditions, this insecurity
      is abnormal, the result of the victim's erroneous life-view, i.e., the
      true subjective cause of agoraphobia. The 'objective' cause, now
      also apparent, is the real nature and relationship of open spaces,
      and of these other natural objects.

      Agoraphobia - an Adult Illness

      Agoraphobia is a truly devastating, ghastly and serious phobia.
      Fortunately, this illness cannot develop in everyone and is not
      known to occur in children. The fact that agoraphobia is an 'abnormal
      response to human existence in space' answers a further puzzling
      question concerning this phobia. Other phobic victims respond
      invariably with fear in the presence of their phobic objects, but the
      agoraphobe's panic attacks reoccur only on occasions. Why? Neither
      the common phobia, nor this illness, can be explained from anxiety
      or insecurity feelings alone, as this fails to state why victims of
      other fear-related emotional disorders may never develop these
      particular phobias, or why victims of the common phobia may
      never develop agoraphobia. The agoraphobe's insecurity differs
      vastly from that of victims of other phobias or emotional illness
      and for this reason, must be correctly understood.
         B's illness could not strike in childhood, but when it did strike it
      was without warning. Like other victims, she was entirely unaware
      that she could be afflicted with so serious an emotional illness - the
      onset of which may have occurred at a time of relative happiness.
      This is not uncommon as is often this sudden contrast of happiness
      with horror that leaves its deepest scar of fear embedded upon the
      mind. It was however, at a time when her subconscious fears were
      at their height and she could least cope with any added threat to her
      security. Only the true nature of her developing insecurity explains




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      why this finally became attached to open spaces. Until this time,
      she could respond only to these other elemental objects that are more
      commonly feared.
         Unlike other phobias and abnormal fears that occur before young
      adulthood, agoraphobic attacks do not occur prior to this time.
      Victims spend their entire childhood totally free from this phobia.
      On the other hand, the common phobia frequently appears in
      children. This is because abnormal fear can only develop in those
      who are able to see the object or situation, as a threat, i.e., in those
      for whom it holds 'meaning' or 'significance'. This then, is the
      position of children and others concerning open spaces. The
      foundations of the phobia are laid early in life as a result of the
      victim's insecurities, guilts, traumas, and unfortunate experiences.
      But, whether or not agoraphobia develops is determined finally, by
      the nature of the victim's insecurity and his erroneous life-view.
         Children, therefore, cannot reach the stage where they are able to
      see open spaces as a threat in the same manner as their other phobic
      objects or as may adult victims, in order that this phobia may occur.
      Other individuals also lack the agoraphobe's peculiar insecurity.
      This fact - that agoraphobic victims spend their entire childhood
      free from this phobia, and also that agoraphobia is an 'abnormal
      response to human existence in space', explains why they fail to
      respond invariably with fear to this object only. Like other normal
      people these victims feel that their phobia is 'unreasonable'. Not
      even small children share their fear, but due to their traumatic
      experiences and erroneous life-view attacks have arisen. Because
      agoraphobia is an 'abnormal response to human existence in space',
      agoraphobic attacks occur - or reoccur, only when the precarious
      and ever-changing nature of the victim's insecurity reaches its
      height. This is one fortunate feature of the illness.
         Agoraphobia is an affliction of modern man. Victims fear,' not
      only their 'mortal existence', but as mortal humans, their
      existence in this universe, or in 'space’, which is totally inescapable.




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      This particular insecurity, is the product of the day and age in
      which we now live. Mankind is becoming increasingly aware of the
      vastness of the universe he inhabits and the complexity of the many
      problems and insecurities confronting him that are entirely
      unsolvable apart from Divine intervention. For these reasons
      insecurity, fear, anxiety, phobias and agoraphobia are prevailing
      features of these modern times and will be increasingly so, until
      their cause and answer is correctly understood and applied.

      Phobias and Fear of Death

      It may now be seen why purely materialistic interpretations of
      phobias and agoraphobia fail. The 'common', or 'universal' cause
      of phobias, agoraphobia, anxieties and emotional illness, is man's
      spiritual nature and his fear of death. Phobias and abnormal fears
      develop, because man fears death, evil and the unknown due to
      his spiritual and mortal nature. They may not be explained in any
      other way.
         Following her earliest phobia, B became haunted by an abnormal
      fear of death. Due to this fear, her other phobias were able to
      develop more readily. Like her other elemental phobias - of darkness,
      heights, closed spaces and death, she also learned to fear open
      spaces as a real, objective threat. However, agoraphobia arises only
      through the acceptance of untrue suggestions about life and
      existence. There is no other earthly way for this phobia to develop.
      But, although clearly abnormal, the illness is not irrational and
      those who are afflicted with it are otherwise normal, rational
      people.
         Man's capacity to fear death, evil, and the unknown demonstrates
      his spiritual nature. Animals fear pain and physical harm, but man
      - spiritual pain, death, and evil also. He fears also, the unknown,
      the unknowable and the unpredictable. Therefore, he fears these




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      common, elemental objects, which (with the exception of open
      spaces) can become associated with human insecurity very early in
      life. All are primary, basic or elemental objects, possessing the
      power to produce basic, primary or elemental fears in man.
         Man fears darkness from a child, due to his association of this
      primary element with the unknown, death, evil, isolation and
      separation. He fears closed spaces, because of this element's
      association with the negation of life, through the suffocation and
      deprivation (frustration) of physical and emotional life. He fears
      heights, which also have the power to tap his deepest feelings of
      insecurity, since this involves his innate fear of falling, of physical
      harm, death and of the unknown. Agoraphobia arises because
      'space' has the same power to produce phobias in man as do these
      other elements. Its characteristic feelings are: exposure, isolation,
      insignificance, meaninglessness, anxiety, terror, horror - due to the
      awareness of this object, the nature of the victim's insecurity, and
      his erroneous life-view.
         Man, alone, has the capacity to respond with fear to his mortal
      existence in space. As potential human fears, these common, natural
      elements of existence possess the power to produce phobias and
      abnormal fears in all who become susceptible to them. While man's
      mortality, limited knowledge and wisdom prevail, his fear of death,
      evil, the unknown and thus, of these primary elements, will also
      prevail. They are ‘existential fears’ having a spiritual cause.
         In the phobic situation, whether or not the victim's life is actually
      threatened, his morbid fear of death causes him to believe it is. So
      intense does this fear become, that each new phobia is seen as a
      threat to his life and happiness - to its entire meaning and purpose.
      Due to this 'life-long dread', victims confront their possible total
      annihilation through death, with complete and final horror. Victims
      of prolonged insecurity have been deprived of 'true life and
      happiness' due to their fears, anxieties, and depressions. An
      unnatural fear of death reaches obsessional intensity in these people.




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      Because the origin is spiritual, it must be explained and dealt with
      accordingly.
         The Bible declares that multitudes live their lives in the 'shadow'
      of an abnormal 'fear of death', and that the Power of God is
      necessary to break this hold of evil upon the life (Heb.2:14,15).
      Man's fear of death therefore, applies to much more than physical
      or bodily injury and harm. It extends also, to his deepest and most
      morbid fears concerning the negation, frustration and deprivation
      of physical and spiritual life. It is this denial of life that threatens
      and intimidates the victim, producing his phobia in the panic
      situation.

      Phobias, Agoraphobia, the Life-View and Emotional Illness

      Agoraphobia arises only in, or after, young adulthood, due to the
      nature of the victim's insecurity and life-view. This insecurity is the
      result of his traumatic experiences and erroneous life-view and,
      thus, cannot reach the stage and intensity necessary for this phobia
      to occur prior to this time.
         A similar pattern of development occurs in certain other emotional
      disorders in which the illness also, may not arise fully before
      young adulthood, e.g., depressive psychosis. The individual's
      intrinsic nature and experiences determine his fundamental beliefs
      or life-view. He may be openly religious or not, but because man is
      a spiritual animal, his life-view is also religious. He may profess
      belief in God, or be a militant atheist, but since man is a religious
      creature such is his perception of life, self, and others. He may be
      fortunate enough to escape the tragic and unfortunate experiences
      of life that others fail to escape, but only his fundamental
      beliefs concerning his life and existence can prevent
      agoraphobia, or some other emotional disorder, from developing.
         Human security is dependent upon meeting certain physical,




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      mental, emotional and spiritual needs. Man's quest for happiness
      for self and others is therefore, his dominant concern. The
      individual's security depends upon finding a satisfying answer and
      purpose to his life. Failure to do this is the cause of his insecurity,
      phobias, abnormal fears and emotional illness.
         The ‘phobic personality’ develops in the normal individual due
      to the phobic tendency, in childhood and later life. The victim of
      insecurity develops deep-seated fears from earlier morbid
      experiences - including phobias. These experiences and memories,
      together with ideas received from parents, teachers, literature and
      other information help formulate the life-view. Early beliefs
      concerning life's origin also have a profound influence over this
      life-view. The Bible account of Creation and Providence may be
      rejected and replaced by more popular beliefs of the day. For
      example, the evolutionary theory commonly accepted and taught
      in modern educational institutions, maintains that human and other
      life has 'evolved' from lower forms to higher. Man therefore, is the
      product of 'chance' or 'fate', instead of God. Since he is the
      'master of his own fate and destiny', ‘chance and survival of the
      fittest’ become the explanation of life and existence. If not destroyed
      by food shortages due to over-population, he may ultimately destroy
      himself by atomic warfare.
         Beliefs of this nature feed the insecurity in man. If he considers
      himself little more than an animal - descendant of the ape - he may
      fail to aspire to principles higher than an animal. If this is his true
      nature, he may even begin to behave like one. At least, he can
      expect little more of life than the existence and fate of an animal.
      Such beliefs lead to pessimism, gloom and finally, emotional
      illness. Where godless beliefs are held, godlessness, lawlessness,
      fear and despair fill the heart and mind of man. Fortunately,
      evolution does not provide the true explanation of life and existence.
      Like beliefs, also promote insecurity in the heart - but the Bible
      brings man hope.




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         On the other hand, there were those who were brought up with
      Bible beliefs, but never really understood them. The great danger of
      this is that Christianity can be exploited by a neurotic and morbid
      sense of guilt. There are those who were themselves victims of
      formal and distorted religious beliefs, who utilized these beliefs in
      God, the saints and the devil, to manipulate and discipline their
      children. God is then seen as unapproachable, even hostile,
      measuring out divine retribution for every trivial sin and wrong
      doing. Faith then becomes a burden of observances of days and
      ceremonies. It may then be distorted into an instrument of self-
      torture, something gloomy and self denying - the very opposite of
      the saying of Jesus, 'I am come that they might have life, and that
      they might have it more abundantly' (Jn. 10: 10).
         Only pure truths, undistorted by the 'traditions of men', Christ
      Himself condemned, can meet man's spiritual needs and those of
      the victim of fear. The true knowledge of man's origin, purpose and
      Salvation through personal faith in Jesus Christ, can remove his
      insecurity and erroneous perception of life.

      The 'Phobic Tendency', Phobias and Emotional Illness

      Agoraphobia remains a mystery to psychology and psychiatry, and
      other phobias and emotional disorders are also not correctly
      understood, because their cause is spiritual. Phobias have their
      beginning in the soul of man. More than any other emotional
      disorder, phobias demonstrate the spiritual nature of man and
      agoraphobia - the spiritual origin of abnormal fear and emotional
      illness.
         Because these disorders commence in the soul, only the Bible
      provides their true answer. The phobia may been seen in the
      desperate cry of Job. 'For the thing which I greatly feared is come
      upon me' (Job 3:25). This unique cry of the human heart stems




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       58                  The End of Fea r

      from man's spiritual condition and his 'fallen nature'. From the day
      of his sin in the Garden of Eden, man has feared death, evil and the
      unknown. The phobia, therefore, is a peculiar, personal and persistent
      dread, which, due to man's sense of guilt, blameworthiness, and
      punishment, torments and intimidates the conscious and
      subconscious mind. In agoraphobia, this is a 'life-draining' fear,
      affording victims little or no rest.
         Considering the vast number of phobic victims and also, the fact
      that phobias of darkness, heights, closed and open spaces and death
      are closely related, the question will be asked - why do so few
      become agoraphobic? The answer lies in the uniqueness of the
      disorder and the individual himself. Only some people develop this
      phobia, just as some are more prone to phobias than are others.
      This tendency or predisposition towards phobias is the 'phobic
      tendency'. The Bible states that Fear hath torment (1Jn.4:18).
      Because fear is a universally unpleasant emotion with the power to
      torment and destroy life, phobic victims learn to fear fear itself.
      Through being forced to confront certain real, or imagined, objects
      or situations against their will when they are unable to do
      so, victims learn that they have little or no protection against their
      fears. They learn that they themselves lack the resources necessary
      to control their fear and also, that others are unable to assist them
      either - i.e., the phobic tendency.
         It may at first, seem far too obvious to state that phobias arise
      because victims learn that they are unable to control their panic,
      but this is essential to their understanding. The victim's awareness
      of his inability to control his fear shapes his future as a victim of
      phobias, abnormal fears or fear-related illness. Not only are these
      primary elements and other objects - natural or unnatural, real or
      imagined - feared by man, but the phobia is present also, in the
      many private and social situations of daily life. People feel trapped
      in these situations and circumstances and develop phobias and fears
      of them. The phobia therefore, is just one other extension of the




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               The Cause and Development of Agoraphobia           59
                           and Other Phobias

      human personality that is not correctly understood - but must
      be. For, without this knowledge, it is impossible to fully
      understand and explain either normal or abnormal, behavior.
      Phobias feature not only in much fear-related emotional illness
      but also as a common part of human experience, affecting the
      daily lives of multitudes.
         The phobic tendency develops early in life. Infants are naturally
      protected from abnormal fear, but children who feel insecure due to
      parental, or personal insecurity - anxiety, inhibitions, deprivations
      and guilts - respond more readily to the phobic situation. B, as a
      small child, already felt insecure due to the absence of her parents.
      At this time, she was required to confront her first elemental object
      of fear - darkness. She saw this as an added threat to her insecurity,
      thus producing her phobia. Her later phobias were then able to
      develop more readily, owing to the presence of her phobic tendency
      and increasing insecurity. Phobias do not arise in everyone, but
      may in those who find themselves in the physical or social situations
      where they can do so. Any object or situation at all - real or
      imagined - can produce a phobia when this is seen as a threat and
      confronted inescapably. Like more obvious fears, these primary,
      elemental objects - darkness, heights, closed and open spaces and
      death - can become real fears under certain conditions and produce
      phobias, because they are already related to human insecurity. They
      may thus, produce phobias also in victims who lack the phobic
      tendency, depending upon these conditions.
         Agoraphobia, however, cannot arise in the same manner. Like
      other learned fears, the victim must first feel trapped in the object's
      presence. In natural conditions, in the absence of an insecurity, able
      to see open spaces as a threat, this is not possible. Only agoraphobes
      possess this insecurity - having accepted untrue suggestions
      concerning themselves, life and others and also, having acquired
      the phobic tendency. As an abnormal response to human existence
      in space, this insecurity and phobia, is the product of their erroneous




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      life-view. This explains their uniqueness as individuals and as
      agoraphobic victims. Only those individuals who lack the ability to
      successfully adjust to their unfortunate and traumatic experiences
      in life due to their life-view, can develop this illness.
         The victim's response of fear to life falls far short of its joyful
      acceptance by the emotionally healthy person. Because the phobic
      response is abnormal it may be corrected and victims restored to
      normal health and happiness.




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                                      Chapter 7
              Guilt and the Life-View, In Agoraphobia,
              Other Phobias, Anxiety, and Emotional Illness
      It can generally be said that, where there is emotional illness,
      there will be found the problem of guilt. In agoraphobia, other
      phobias and abnormal fears, guilt plays a major role. Anxiety,
      worry and fear due to guilt, are the primary cause of emotional
      problems. It takes many forms. One man said, 'My main problem is
      excessive worry, not about real things, but about possibilities -
      things that might happen or go wrong, in case I am, or were, to
      blame.' Another said, 'I made one mistake in my past, and nothing
      seems to have gone right since.' Life's contingencies, decisions,
      guilts and fears pave the way to all man's emotional illnesses.
         Agoraphobes are noted to possess a strong lack of self-worth or
      value, largely due to guilt. Many come from homes where they
      have been criticized or ridiculed, perhaps by parents who were
      themselves phobic. Because their emotions have been stifled and
      inhibited, they feel guilty, unimportant, unwanted and excessively
      concerned about the opinions of others of them. They are unable to
      understand themselves or their strange fears. As guilts and negatives
      plague their mind, they find it difficult or impossible, to reasonably
      love themselves, others, or humanity. Many are void of true
      friendships and the warmth and security these afford. Their past is
      haunted by traumatic and unfortunate experiences, which cause

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      them to fear death, evil and the unknown. A sense of 'fate', futility
      and helplessness robs them of true meaning and purpose in life.
      Due to their phobic tendency and developing phobias, these morbid
      feelings finally become attached to open spaces - to which their
      insecurity is already related. Since they have already learned that
      they are unable to control their other fears and also that others are
      unable to assist them, they respond readily to this primary element.
      Space then, has the power to produce in them all the feelings of
      prolonged isolation, meaninglessness, insignificance and horror,
      peculiar only to this phobia. Although some of these symptoms
      resemble other phobic, or neurotic states, they must not be confused
      with this illness.
         Fear is often due to guilty feelings and a sense of blame, whether
      or not one is actually worthy of this and, because we fear, it
      become more possible for evil to befall us. This unfortunate fact of
      life the emotionally disturbed or phobic person becomes consciously
      or subconsciously aware of. There is a distinct connection in the
      normal personality between guilt, blameworthiness and punishment,
      which assumes exaggerated form in the emotionally ill. Awareness
      of punishment for guilt - real or imagined - is projected into the
      future in the form of worry, anxiety, fear and dread. The guilty
      person expects something to go wrong, to his own disadvantage or
      hurt. He expects this because he feels he deserves it and keeps
      looking for it to happen.
         Many people feel that their lives are 'fated', due to an abnormal
      sense of guilt. This knowledge is essential to the understanding
      of the phobia, other abnormal fears and emotional illness. The
      phobic or emotionally disturbed person, becomes aware of
      conscious and subconscious guilt. His sense of punishment can
      become acute. Many who are subject to prolonged suffering or
      unhappiness due to illness, or other misfortune, also feel fated to
      suffer. They do this, whether or not they express belief in God.
      They feel that they are being punished for some past failure or sin




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                 Guilt and the Life- View, in Agoraphobia,        63
               Other Phobias, Anxiety and Emotional Illness

      and are worthy to suffer, due to their sense of blame.
          Some individuals have a narrow conscience that is always giving
      them a bad time, while others have a friendly conscience. Clearly,
      this has something to do with upbringing and religious beliefs - if
      any. There are those who are dogged by a sense of failure and sin
      and in constant misery because of their past, or because of the
      particular form which the sin happened to take in their case. Often
      it is some action, some deed, which may not have involved other
      people - some wrong committed by themselves. There is the
      constant fear of others knowing about it, or how others would view
      them if they knew. Generally, it is one big thing, for which they are
      unable to forgive themselves, or receive forgiveness. They constantly
      hearken back to it and cannot leave it, always analyzing and
      scrutinizing and condemning themselves because of it. Also, it is
      not uncommon for people to feel guilty over doing something that
      common-sense tells them is necessary, such as standing up for their
      own or another's, rights. There is the hypersensitive person who
      will blush when blamed, in spite of being innocent. He may feel
      like a naughty child for no apparent reason. He will blush, feel
      nervous, no good, inferior; he will be afraid to come forward with
      ideas of his own, because he feels sure he will be criticized or
      laughed at. He remains a back-seater, shy, reserved, self-conscious,
      a bad-mixer, largely due to guilt. Whether this guilt is real or false,
      its effects are the same - contributing to anxiety, unhappiness and
      insecurity in life.
          One woman said, 'My childhood was one of insecurity in every
      way. I needed the love and feeling every human desires, of being
      wanted, yet I felt ashamed and guilty of my need and being denied
      it. All through my life I have felt the same sense of shame and guilt
      for every mistake and false step taken. I worried incessantly over
      others, their feelings and attitudes towards me. I was forever
      apologizing. My attitude to the world in general was one of constantly
      trying to please people and being easily hurt. I would brood and




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      64                    The End of Fear

      worry as to whether I had hurt or offended others, continually
      sacrificing myself in every way to avoid doing so. I would take
      umbrage at every slight or matter - real or imagined - never able to
      face people confidently without a dreadful sense of shyness and
      inferiority.'
          Another woman said, 'I shrink from friends or company in case
      I do or say something I regret. I have been like this since I was in
      my teens. My mind is never at rest, wondering if I am doing the
      right thing, or what people will think of me. If I am not loved, I feel
      it is my fault. That leads to self-blame and even self-hate.'
          The less the individual gets the love necessary for his normal
      development, the more these guilty feelings drive him into placating
      submissiveness. He feels unimportant, insignificant, inhibited,
      restricted, nervous, self-conscious, etc., which is an attempt to win
      back love at any cost. He becomes passive, compliant, a 'doormat',
      an ineffective person.
          Guilt features prominently in the development of the phobia and
      the phobic personality, helping determine the victim's evaluation
      of self, others and life in general, i.e., 'the life-view'. This outlook
      is dependent largely upon the worth or value placed upon him by
      his parents and others, during his formative years during childhood
      and early teens. If he is rejected, he learns to reject himself.
      Because he is dependent upon approval, he learns to fear disapproval,
      lest this lessen his sense of self-worth. When he feels guilty
      because of some wrong action on his part, he not only finds it
      difficult to accept himself, but may feel that others will also reject
      him. This heightens his concern over what others may think about
      him should they find out what kind of person he is - or thinks
      himself to be - thus, contributing to his anxiety throughout life.
          Agoraphobic victims frequently come from backgrounds of
      criticism and belittlement in which their emotions have been stifled
      and inhibited. Some are from parents who did not want them, but
      others, fortunate to experience a reasonably secure parental




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                 Guilt and the Life- View, in Agoraphobia,    65
               Other Phobias, Anxiety and Emotional Illness

      background in childhood, felt rejected in later years. In each case,
      victims fail to receive the love they need, or are unable to appropriate
      this love, due to anxiety, fear, guilt and a poor self-image.
         Agoraphobia is an illness of fear, an insecurity disorder due to
      deep-seated subconscious and conscious guilts and fears. Like
      other emotional disorders, with their attendant symptoms of anxiety,
      worry and guilt, emotional deprivation in its various forms, is the
      major cause. The agoraphobe's most noticeable deprivation is that
      of parental, social and self-love. This is the primary cause of his
      insecurity. His inability to adjust to this deprivation has contributed
      to his erroneous life-view and feelings of unimportance,
      insignificance, meaninglessness, and purposelessness, which feature
      so strongly in this phobia.

      Guilt and the Panic State

      In the panic state, the phobic victim's sense of helplessness and
      terror is greatly increased by his feelings of culpability. Because he
      suffers intensely, he feels that he deserves this to be so - because he
      is bad or even wicked. Whether these are feelings of blame on
      account of some wrong action, or whether one is the victim of
      morbid and compulsive feelings with no genuine basis at all, they
      need to be understood and dealt with, for their effects are the
      same. In agoraphobia particularly, guilt-feelings are excessive and
      unreasonable. Since these feature in the development of this illness,
      as they do in all anxieties, fears, panics and emotional illness, they
      must be correctly understood.
         The agoraphobe's traumatic and unfortunate experiences have
      produced his anxiety, insecurity and erroneous life-view. From
      this, his phobia has developed. After fear, frustration and despair
      arise. Depression follows and a 'vicious cycle' is formed, from
      which it is impossible to escape. When people get depressed, guilty




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       66                  The End of Fear

      feelings may become so severe that they feel really bad, sinful,
      wicked. Others are filled with regret for wrong-doings - nothing
      criminal, but errors which bring shame and disgust. 'I feel the
      lowest and vilest creature.' In milder cases, guilty feelings appear
      as that of self-blame over every mistake and an apologetic attitude
      for everything attempted. Depressed people feel inferior, unworthy,
      and may even hate themselves. Where chronic depression follows
      total frustration of the personality through guilt, fear or shame,
      feelings of self-disgust, self-loathing and self-hatred are also found.
      Symptoms of physical weakness and illness usually accompany
      these feelings.
         In the panic state, the victim's sense of guilt, blameworthiness
      and punishment become intense. Because he feels worthy to suffer,
      when a phobia develops he feels of even less self-worth. Thus, with
      each new phobic experience he is caught in this vicious cycle,
      which keeps his self-love at a permanently low level, heightening
      his insecurity, fear and depression. If the individual sees himself as
      guilty, sinful, wicked, there is a serious withdrawal of self-love on
      his part, adding further to his fear. These feelings reach their height
      in the panic state.
         This vicious cycle of guilt, anxiety, loss of self-love, depression,
      often begins early in life when the victim's anxiety and insecurity
      start to form. From the time of his very first phobia in childhood,
      until the onset of agoraphobia in later life, this loss of self-esteem
      and security can reach literally 'life-destroying' intensity. Each
      new phobia serves only to increase his insecurity and diminish his
      self-value.
         From an early age, the victim begins to associate moral failure
      with blameworthiness and punishment. Due to some misdeed or
      shortcoming, he feels worthy of retribution. If not punished
      immediately, he expects misfortune or unhappiness to befall him.
      Thus, he develops habitual ways of thinking, such as, 'If I venture
      here or there, or do this or that, evil may befall me.' When things do




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                Guilt and the Life- View, in Agoraphobia,         67
              Other Phobias, Anxiety and Emotional Illness

      not go wrong as expected, he becomes anxious and may even
      punish himself in order to placate his conscience and relieve his
      anxiety. When things do go wrong, he thinks, 'This has happened
      because I must deserve it.' There develops an exaggerated causal
      relationship between moral failure and punishment. Since he expects
      misfortune in life, he is never surprised when it comes.
         The true nature of the phobic victim's anxiety is revealed in the
      panic state when his feelings reach their height. He confronts the
      panic situation feeling trapped, fated, and filled with dread. His
      reaction is, 'It has happened. I must deserve this fate, this must
      be my punishment.' When the panic finally leaves, he may think,
      'Only the worst person would be permitted to suffer so - therefore,
      I must be the worst.' Such is the logic of the morbidly depressed
      and guilt-troubled soul. Foremost questions are, 'What have I done
      to deserve this fate? and 'Why should this happen to me, but not to
      others?'
         Each new phobic object or situation, possesses the power to
      increase the victim's mounting insecurity. When he is confronted
      with these basic or fundamental elements which are already related
      to human insecurity - darkness, heights, closed or open spaces, and
      death - all his past, most morbid and fearful memories become
      involved. At this time, his insecurity reaches the intensity necessary
      to trigger-off each new phobia, and he becomes aware, for the first
      time, that this new object is also related to his earlier experiences.
         In each phobic situation, the victim's 'greatest dread' befalls
      him. Although totally unable to do so, he must confront this new
      object of fear. But due to his increasing insecurity, he lacks the
      resources to do so and each new experience becomes more fearful
      than the last. Finally, he is required to confront his supreme object
      of fear - open spaces. Not only does he discover that this too, is
      related to his earlier fears, but also, that he can never escape this
      object. It becomes his 'dread of all dreads'.
         Since helplessness and hopelessness are the nature of this phobia,




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      68                    The End of Fear

      the agoraphobe is unable to confront the future. Without help or
      understanding for his problem, there can be little place for hope.
      The Bible explains the true origin of guilt and fear. When God
      questioned man after his sin in the Garden of Eden, Adam replied,
      'I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself (Gen.3: 10).
      Sin is inherent in man. The Bible also declares that we are born in
      sin and 'shapen in iniquity' (Ps.51:5). In order to warn man that
      something is wrong and must be put right, God has placed fear in
      his heart.
         Guilt is out of control in agoraphobia, and prolonged guilt is able
      to destroy both mind and body, producing all kinds of disorders -
      mental and physical. Often, because of one sin or failure in the past,
      which is looked upon by the individual as unforgivable, either by
      God, oneself or others, he feels condemned. From this one thing to
      which he always returns, there develops a guilt complex, from
      which there is no apparent release. Conscience becomes 'judge',
      'policeman' and 'jailor', all in one. The victim becomes a prisoner
      of fear.
         Before true pardon and self-value can be restored, sin and guilt
      must first be removed. God's forgiveness is offered as a free gift
      through Jesus Christ. Here is the answer to the victim's sin and guilt:
      'As far as the East is from the West, so far hath He removed our
      transgressions from us' (Ps. 103:12). Neither should he remember
      his sins again - God has promised to forget them! Thereby, the
      power of sin, guilt and fear is broken and the victim set free.




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                                     Chapter 8
                   Lost Values and Ideals in Agoraphobia and
                           Emotional Illness
      Those who are familiar with the agoraphobe and certain other
      victims of depressive emotional illness will be aware that, in
      addition to excessive conscious and subconscious guilt, these people
      suffer from an acute sense of ‘loss’. This loss is especially pronounced
      in prolonged and severe cases where this has been present with
      them for a number of years. Within is a sadness and heaviness of
      spirit that may be likened only to that of bereavement. Some may
      have lost loved ones, but others not. Yet these symptoms are the
      same. Why should the agoraphobe and these other victims suffer
      from this acute sense of loss?
         Agoraphobia is an 'illness of deprivation' and its consequent
      depression. Victims have been deprived of their most precious
      love-objects and are afraid that should any remain, these will also
      be lost. This is the cause of their depression and loss. The victim's
      sense of loss is compounded by the seriousness of his phobia which
      has shattered his every hope of living a normal life and achieving
      his lost goals.
         Contrary to popular opinion that depressive emotional illness is
      due to ‘self-pity’ - these victims are void of self-pity. They may feel
      sorry for their plight, but not greatly for themselves. They have
      long passed this stage of natural healing, and know only the merciless
      results of self-despising and rejection. The victim's depression

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      70                    The End of Fear

      arises following the total frustration of his personality through loss
      and fear. This frustration produces anger, which in turn is directed
      inwards at the victim, rather than towards others and the world. The
      victim's anger has the power to destroy him, and arises when he
      believes that his hopes, dreams, aspirations and ideals can no
      longer be realized. This vicious cycle of fear-frustration-anger-
      depression becomes chronic in prolonged cases. Following the
      onset of agoraphobia it may reach pathological proportions due to
      the insurmountable nature of the illness.
         Psychology is unable to explain or treat a disorder of this
      nature. Its concept of 'object lost' resembles this loss in victims,
      but, due to a materialistic interpretation of personality, may not-be
      correctly applied. The agoraphobe confronts the dilemma of fearing
      both life and death. Victims dread to go on living but must do so.
      Suicide is rare in the illness. They are not malingering, since they
      fear their illness far too greatly not to wish to get well. Having
      struggled for so long with their fears and found them far too strong
      to overcome, they lack the will to keep on trying.
         What, then, are these cherished objects that victims so desperately
      pine for, the loss of which has broken their spirit? A clearer
      description of emotional illness cannot be given than that provided
      by the Scriptures: 'Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when
      the desire cometh, it is a tree of life' (Prov.13:12). The victim's
      sense of loss is his very hope that his heart's desires may be
      realized. The heart is sick and beyond all apparent remedy.
      Life-long desires, dreams and ideals have suffered loss, and the will
      to live is broken. The victim is emotionally ill, and crushed hopes
      are the cause. Deprived of his most precious love-objects he is left
      defenseless against the blows of life. Lost ideals and evaluations of
      self, life and others have long since fled away. No longer can he see
      himself and others as he once did. He grieves his failures and those
      of others around him. Neither can he love himself, nor humanity,
      the same way as before. This is the cause of his insecurity, which,




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                  Lost Values and Ideals in Agoraphobia          71
                           and Emotional Illness

      due to his fear of death and evil, has produced his illness.
         Neither the agoraphobe's sense of loss, nor that of other emotional
      victims, may be dealt with by human philosophies. These deny that
      human conscience is the divine faculty of the soul and moral pain
      and fear its warning device. The reality of sin, guilt and fear is
      imputed instead, to excessive parental, social or religious controls.
      Psychology and psychiatry fail to see that phobias and other
      emotional disorders arise from man's spiritual nature - the result of
      ignorance and disobedience towards God's eternal, moral and
      spiritual laws. If they offer victims help, it is on the basis of
      providing them with 'hope'. Hope must be placed somewhere,
      usually in a doctor or therapist, but before permanent cure can be
      brought about, this hope must be certain!
         Love, conscience, guilt, values and ideals are principles. They
      are, therefore, religious. Man, who is a religious creature, desires
      perfection. This is amply demonstrated by nature. Every atom, cell,
      organism, planet, star, galaxy, moves towards the purpose and
      perfection for which it was created, and man is a part of this great
      and wonderful teleological process. The agoraphobe is very much
      concerned about his fallen state, and that of others. He may not
      correctly understand all these things at the time, but he grieves his
      failures and those of others, believing that these lost values are gone
      forever - and mourns.
         The Bible declares that man was made 'a little lower than the
      angels' (Ps.8:5). He is also a sinner by birth and nature - until this
      is dealt with by God. He alone seeks to worship his Creator, yet
      pines over his fallen condition. When the victim begins to see that
      his lost, cherished objects are restorable, his helplessness, fear and
      depression can be removed. Outside of Salvation's Plan, man is a
      total failure. Ignorance lies at the root of agoraphobia, other phobias
      and emotional illness: no one understands his illness, therefore he is
      more afraid. Hope may not be restored while ignorance, sin and
      guilt remain. These may not be drowned out by wrong explanations,




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      72                    The End of Fear

      drugs or programs. When the victim's 'desire cometh' he may
      recover - but not before. Guilt and fear are out of control in
      agoraphobia and other emotional illnesses. Therefore, as warnings
      of the soul that something is wrong and must be put right, to
      understand their cure, we must look to God's Word.

      Agoraphobias, Phobias and Emotional Resources

      It may now be seen that agoraphobia, nyctophobia, claustrophobia,
      acrophobia and thanatophobia are the victim's tragic response to
      those basic, primary or fundamental features of existence, which
      correspond with man's fear of death, evil and the unknown.
      Agoraphobia and other phobias have never been correctly understood
      and explained because their cause is spiritual. This is beyond the
      scope and authority of psychology or psychiatry. Agoraphobia is an
      illness of the soul, as well as of the mind and emotions. It is here
      healing must begin.
         Phobias, abnormal fears and emotional illness develop because
      of man's spiritual and mortal nature. He fears death, evil, the
      unknown and therefore, these natural elements which are already
      related to human insecurity as potential fears. The individual's
      security depends upon finding true meaning and purpose to his life
      and existence. Its loss and therefore, of true happiness is the cause
      of his abnormal fears and emotional illnesses. This loss becomes
      manifest in the panic state of the phobia, when the victim perceives
      that his life and happiness are threatened.
         Only some people develop phobias, and some far more readily
      than others. There is therefore, a proneness, or tendency towards
      phobias in these people, i.e., the phobic tendency. Phobias, abnormal
      fears and, thus, agoraphobia arise due to this tendency. Like victims
      of these more common elemental phobias, the agoraphobe's
      insecurity is already related to the object of his fear, i.e., open




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                  Lost Values and Ideals in Agoraphobia         73
                           and Emotional Illness

      spaces - prior to the development of his phobia. However, unlike
      these phobias, this insecurity is entirely dependent upon the victim's
      erroneous life-view, and cannot become associated with this object
      before its full development in, or after, young adulthood.
         Phobias, which afflict otherwise normal, rational people, are
      learned in a rational manner. They are not ‘irrational' as commonly
      supposed but phobias involving a real object or situation rather
      than an imagined one, as in the case of truly irrational fears. Like
      these and more obvious real fears, agoraphobia is also a rational,
      learned fear. It too, involves a real object. The relationship of
      open spaces to these other primary elements clearly establishes this
      phobia as a primary, elemental, learned phobia also. This is
      evident from the fact that 'space' is the same element involved
      also, in two of these other primary phobias - acrophobia and
      claustrophobia - only experienced under different conditions.
      However, each is a distinct phobia. Because agoraphobia is an
      abnormal response to human existence in space, this phobia
      cannot arise under the same conditions as the common phobia.
      Victims must have first accepted untrue suggestions about the
      nature of life and existence. There is no other earthly way for this
      phobia to develop.
         Only the phobic tendency answers the question of why some are
      more prone to develop phobias and, therefore, agoraphobia, than
      are others. This tendency is also the product of rational learning.
      Phobic victims learn that they lack the resources to confront certain
      objects and situations and also, that because they fear, it is more
      possible for evil to befall them. They thus learn to fear the phobic
      situation itself, as well as these objects -because they learn to fear
      fear. Although characteristic of all fears and phobias, ‘fear of fear’ is
      most peculiar in agoraphobia. Only in this phobia does this continue
      to persist in the absence of any apparent phobic object, e.g., whilst
      indoors. Phobias and agoraphobia arise therefore, due to the
      victim's fear of fear, and his awareness of his inability to control




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      74                    The End of Fear

      his fear. This awareness follows his first panic attack - at which
      time he learns also, that others are unable to assist him either in
      preventing his ghastly panic from increasing or returning, thus
      determining his future as a victim of phobias or abnormal fears.
         The phobic victim's greatest fear is his total inability to control
      his own fear. He fears the unpleasant effects or the 'torment of
      fear' in the phobic situation, because he knows that neither he, nor
      others, can control his panic. He fears its outcome - in agoraphobia:
      heart-failure, insanity, etc. Victims, therefore, fear the unknown,
      the unknowable and the unpredictable. Since they lack the resources
      required to bridge this 'gap' of the unknown they become afraid.
      Courage may be one's own, or supplied by another in the form of
      encouragement. But, with certain phobias, this is not possible, due
      to the nature of the phobic object and the intensity of the victim's
      insecurity. The child is afraid because she confronts the unknown
      alone. The agoraphobe also confronts the unknown alone and is
      afraid: he fears his existence in open spaces. Neither knows why
      they fear, but each is afraid for the same reason - a lack of
      understanding and the resources to cast fear out. The child may be
      comforted by love, but the agoraphobe, unlike the child, is unable to
      draw upon these resources of others to meet this need. His ability to
      do so has not developed, or has become impaired.
         The Bible states that, 'There is no fear in love; but perfect love
      casteth out fear' (1 Jn.4:18). Therefore, 'love' and 'fear' are
      incompatible and cannot exist together. Love is greater than fear
      and casts fear out. As the Bible also declares: '(Love) ... believeth
      all things; hopeth all things' (I Cor. 13:7). Thus, 'love' also contains
      'faith' and 'hope'. Love is man's greatest spiritual resource.
      Without this, fear may cast out courage. Since 'the unknown' may
      only be bridged by faith, hope or love, the victim’s need for these
      resources is essential and vital.
         Anxiety and fear are quickly overcome in an atmosphere of love
      and confidence - which is true for child or adult - but in their




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                  Lost Values and Ideals in Agoraphobia          75
                          and Emotional Illness

      absence, abnormal fears arise. In agoraphobia and certain other
      emotional disorders, the victim's ability to withstand fear may be
      almost entirely destroyed due to the prolonged deprivation of
      love and the torment of past fears, traumas and other morbid
      experiences.
         More than any other victim of fear, the agoraphobe is an emotional
      cripple. Life's cruelest blows have left him wounded, defenseless
      and estranged in heart and mind, from self, fellow-man, God and
      Nature. He is once again the helpless child, alone and afraid,
      weeping in the darkness; only now he may not be comforted. More
      than any other emotional disorder, phobias demonstrate man's
      spiritual nature; and agoraphobia - the spiritual origin of
      abnormal fear and emotional illness. Materialist interpretations
      fail, because the victim's traumas, guilts, losses and griefs serve
      merely to form his vicious cycle of insecurity, unhappiness and fear
      of death and evil. Each unfortunate incident in life only heightens
      his quest for happiness, upon which his security depends. As he
      cannot find the answer to his foremost and most desperate questions
      concerning the meaning and purpose of his life and existence, he
      finally becomes emotionally ill.
         It may now been seen why agoraphobia is the most serious and
      emotionally devastating of all the phobias. Other phobic victims
      can sometimes avoid the objects of their fears, but - as an unchanging
      feature of existence open spaces may never truly be avoided. It is
      also the most mysterious and misunderstood of all the phobias. The
      agoraphobe's illness is peculiar to him. No other adult, child or
      animal responds with fear to open spaces in this manner. Even
      small children do not share his fear. Agoraphobia has remained a
      mystery because man, alone, responds to his mortal existence
      in space with fear. He alone, becomes subconsciously or
      consciously, aware that heights, closed or open spaces involve
      the same element of fear - space. Only he responds with feelings
      of isolation, exposure and insignificance to this object. The nature




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       76                   The End of Fear

      and intensity of his insecurity alone makes this possible. Past fears,
      phobias, guilts, morbid memories, and frustrations have made him
      more prone to fear death and evil. Since he has learned earlier to
      fear these other natural elements, he responds readily also, to open
      spaces - this other primary element, that is already related to human
      security as a potential fear.
         Man's inner conflicts may only be resolved permanently by a
      right relationship with his fellow-man and his Creator. Without
      God, he is afraid and his lost essential, spiritual resources - love
      faith, hope and other cherished objects, which overcome fear - are
      unrestorable. He is then the victim of forces always beyond his
      control. Not only does he need to understand these laws upon
      which the principles of true happiness and freedom from fear
      depend, but how to receive the necessary power to obey them. Man
      is not guilty by desire alone, but because of his sinful nature. God's
      acceptance of the sacrifice of animals in the Old Testament was in
      anticipation of the day when the Perfect Lamb of God would come
      and provide sinners with this light and power. Until that time, as
      soon as the sacrifice was completed, the sinner went away with the
      same desire to sin as he had from the beginning. 'For it is not
      possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins'
      (Heb. 10:4). Christ died the Spotless Lamb, not only to atone for the
      sinner, but to deal once and for all with his sinful nature. He may
      now go free. For, 'If any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old
      things are passed away; behold, all things are become new'
      (2. Cor. 5:17). This is the answer to agoraphobia, as it is to all other
      phobias, abnormal fears, anxieties and emotional illness. The victim
      may now go free from the power of sin, guilt and fear. There is
      hope after all and this hope is in God's Word.




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                                      Chapter 9
                       Agoraphobia May Be Treated and
                          Permanently Cured
         Contrary to the victim's belief that his illness is incurable,
      agoraphobia may be treated and permanently cured. His disorder
      is not hopeless as he or others may suppose. Other phobias, fears,
      anxieties or emotional illness may also be dealt with when they
      are understood and treated according to the principles that God has
      provided. Victims can be set free.
         The agoraphobe and other victim of fear, requires a program
      that he may follow step by step towards recovery in order that he
      may get well. First, the nature and cause of his disorder must be
      explained to him, as this knowledge alone can break his ‘vicious
      cycle’ of insecurity and unhappiness. He must then escape from the
      loneliness and meaninglessness of his existence. Since ignorance
      is the cause of abnormal fear, its understanding is the beginning of
      cure. The victim's fear and depression may then be permanently
      broken.
         Victims have been deprived of their essential spiritual resources
      - faith, hope and love. To belong, to be related to other people, to
      live a life that is essentially shared, with mutual dependence upon
      others and others upon us, a capacity to love and be loved, are needs
      within each individual. Human love reveals God's love to each of
      us. Because man fails to display this love, faith in God suffers and
      may be destroyed. Without these essential resources, it is impossible

                                                               77




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         78                 The End of Fear

      to withstand fear, anxiety, and worry. Phobias and other emotional
      disorders can then arise.
         The argument that while some people find help through faith in
      God, yet to others it brings little comfort, or even makes them
      worse, does not mean that true faith fails. Many profess belief, yet
      suffer continually from a burden of guilt and unhappiness. They are
      ever confessing their sins and making restitution for them and live
      in constant terror of divine disapproval, because they do not correctly
      understand the teachings of Christ. Others are rightly repulsed by
      what they know of mere forms of religion. But for those who
      believe and have received faithful Bible truths, there is an inbuilt
      resistance to emotional illness. These truths are found only in those
      teachings of the Bible, undistorted by the traditions of men, Christ
      Himself condemned.
         It is claimed by some that faith is opposed to science and
      believers required to be followers of an unreasonable hope; that the
      Gospel cannot deal with deep-seated emotional problems, as their
      causes are buried out of the sight of the conscious mind where
      conscious beliefs may correct them. Their argument is that
      psychotherapy is necessary to bring these lost memories back to the
      consciousness where they may be dealt with. The error is, to
      compare medicine, which concerns primarily the body, with
      psychology, which deals with the mind. This produces arguments
      like, 'Don't look to God for the wrong thing, or you will be
      disappointed and probably begin to lose faith. If you are sick or
      injured, do not pray to God, but go to your doctor. You accept the
      fact that God works through scientific means for your health, so
      why not accept this for your emotional health also? Go, see a
      psychiatrist.'
         The dominant view of all serious psychology is that man is only
      physical and his thinking and emotions - love, hate, joy, frustration,
      etc. - can be so explained. Man is thereby reduced to mere instinctual
      drives, intellect, emotions and learned responses. Prior to the time




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          Agoraphobia May Be Treated and Permanently Cured   79

      of Charles Darwin, the 'father of evolution' (about 1830), it was
      assumed that man had a soul or spirit, or something non-physical
      that explained thought and behavior. Therefore, it is a relatively
      recent, yet erroneous, idea that thought and emotions can be
      explained solely by chemical and neural reactions.
         There is also the popular belief that God is merely a projection of
      infantile cravings for a 'perfect parent' - the product of human
      ideals and longings in the mind. This however, confirms, rather
      than refutes, man's spiritual nature. For, as man was 'created in the
      image of God', Who is Spirit, his cravings for a loving Heavenly
      Father simply establish this relationship, once lost through sin.
      Science, in its pure form, opposes the idea of God and Creation,
      but the Bible declares that, 'The invisible things of Him from the
      creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the
      things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead; so that
      they are without excuse' (Rom. 1:20). Therefore just as the existence
      of the unseen - such as atoms - is scientifically established by its
      effects, so faith, hope, love, spirit, soul and God, may be equally
      established.
         The Bible warns against the ‘oppositions of science falsely so
      called’ (ITim.6:20). Colossians, chapter 2, verse 8, also reads:
      'Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain
      deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world,
      and not after Christ.'
         For centuries prior to the science of psychology or psychiatry,
      the Bible was recognized in the Christian world as the sole authority
      on human behavior and mental ills. Today, it remains the only
      authority on matters concerning the soul. Faith in God through
      Jesus Christ brings forgiveness and healing-love that alone can
      bind up the wounds of the mind and spirit so that the memory will
      not be troubled again.
         The question may still be asked, Can the agoraphobe recover
      from his illness without psychotherapy or psychiatric treatment?




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      80                    The End of Fear

        The answer is - God is not the author of philosophies and theories.
        Where such treatments - including 'Christian psycho-therapy' (so
        called) - rely largely upon materialist theory, they are unable to
        deal permanently with agoraphobia, other phobias, abnormal fears
        or emotional illness. God's Word is final and unchanging. 'Yea,
        and in Him Amen'.* The good news of salvation through Jesus
        Christ can alone bring the emotional victim into a right relationship
        with God and others. Its fundamental message is that love for God,
        man and the universe is the only meaningful reason for our existence.
        This provides a sure relationship with a personal God, Who is
        Infinite, Eternal and whose love is not subject to the change and
        failure of human love. The believer is brought by the Holy Spirit -
        as a son or daughter through adoption - into the family of God
        (Gal.4:5). Such a relationship brings about profound changes and
        healing in the human personality and releases the inhibited capacity
        of the individual for good relationships with others, based upon love
        and trust.
           Many are aware that they lack the love and support of others, but
        not the love of God that is able to cast out fear and abide with them
        forever. Neurotic fears can be banished by the 'healing balm' of
        divine love. True love for self, God and others can then be restored.
        We need to know this Love, for we are not born with it. The spirit of
        man cannot be satisfied with human love alone, as this must fail.
        Those who profess pure Bible truths and faith in Jesus Christ have
        an experience where they may never feel alone. This faith dispels
        darkness, ignorance and fear, and restores soundness of mind to the
        emotionally ill and depressed. The fruit of the Spirit is, 'Love, joy,
        peace ... faith' (Gal.5:22). This is God's prescription for anxiety,
        guilt and fear. A knowledge of God's love and of His personal care
        for each individual, together with the true understanding of the
        cause and treatment of agoraphobia, other phobias, fears, anxiety
        and emotional illness, cannot fail to bring the victim to his much
        longed-for destination of full emotional health and happiness.

        *2 Cor.1:20




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      Part Two
                          The Practical Treatment of Agoraphobia, and
                           Other Phobias, Abnormal Fears, Anxiety and
                            Emotional Illness




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                                      Chapter 10
               The Practical Treatment of Agoraphobia, and
               Other Phobias, Abnormal Fears, Anxiety and
               Emotional Illness
      When one considers the enormous toll that fear places upon
      humanity - the personal sadness, suffering, weakness,
      inefficiency, emotional and physical ill-health; the misunderstanding,
      mistrust, war, terrorism and destruction on the national scale - it will be
      realized that fear must be controlled. This becomes a vital personal
      matter, as fear must first be controlled individually.
         For the victim of agoraphobia, other phobias, anxieties and fears,
      this becomes his most urgent problem. Since, if his fear is not
      destroyed it will finally destroy him.
         Although it cannot be said that there is 'nothing to be afraid of,
      all fears, when understood, may be overcome - even agoraphobia.
      This is the most serious and emotionally devastating of all the
      phobias, because the object of this fear is inescapable and also
      because of the intense and mysterious nature of the illness. Other
      phobic victims may at times, avoid the objects of their fears but
      open spaces may never be truly avoided, due to the unchanging
      nature of this object. Some agoraphobes find relief by remaining
      indoors but, as a permanent feature of existence, this object can not
      be avoided and nor may the victim's panics. Agoraphobia, therefore,
      becomes a merciless and relentless phobia sparing sufferers little

                                                               83




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      84                    The End of Fear

      rest, from the panics themselves and also from the fear of their
      recurrence - whether or not they are geographically restricted.
         The object is to provide a practical method of treatment that
      explains in plain language, the principles that have proved
      efficacious in the case of the author. As one who was held in a
      lifelong bondage of fear of the worst kind and has found deliverance
      through these methods, it is offered also on the principle that 'an
      ounce of experience is worth more than a ton of theory'.
         For those whose lives are being spoilt by fear, and long more
      than anything else to know how to be set free, here is the answer to
      agoraphobia and other fears which may beset us in our daily lives.
         Many people are held under the bondage and power of fear and
      make no progress in life due to hidden fears. Consciously or
      subconsciously they fear something - it may be a definite phobia,
      such as those already discussed, or other hidden fears. They may be
      unable to accept responsibility, or take the initiative or meet people,
      and because of this they avoid opportunities that if taken, would
      lead to a fuller and more harmonious life. Instead, they are controlled
      by secret fears which unconsciously work against their own
      advantage. As a result, their lives are continually restricted and
      impoverished.
          Many are far more conscious of the morbid, rather than the
      bright, side of life and always notice those articles of news
      which speak of disaster and sadness. Whenever they hear of friends
      or acquaintances who become ill, or suffer misfortune, they are
      filled with apprehension and misgiving. They look with dread to
      the future and fear sickness, disease and ill-health.
         Others fear poverty, disgrace and disaster, and the other
      uncertainties of life continually threaten them. Some fear they
      know not what. Even the ring of the doorbell or the telephone, fills
      them with anxiety and panic. Then, there are those who are the
      victims of anxiety and stress, which prostrates them for days at a
      time. After fear, comes frustration and despair. Depression follows




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      The Practical Treatment of Agoraphobia, Other             85
      Phobias, Abnormal Fears, Anxiety and Emotional Illness

      and a 'vicious cycle' is formed that cannot be broken.
         The writer is able to describe these symptoms, because he,
      himself, has suffered this way. He had to be helped, and now he is
      telling others how this is done, in order that they too may lay hold
      upon their only certain salvation from fear.
         From the Bible, we learn that negative emotions - anxiety,
      doubt, fear, despair, etc., were not intended for man, but the result
      of sin and a fallen world. Because these emotions are perversions
      of their true counterparts - love, hope, joy, peace, etc. - they must
      give place to these original creations of God. The following provides
      a practical, self-help approach that effectively and permanently
      treats agoraphobia and other fears. The victim requires such a
      program that will enable him to deal personally with his fears, as
      and when they arise. By providing him with an understanding of
      those forces which oppose recovery from them, and how these
      forces may be overcome, he may be set free.
         The primary understanding of fear lies in God's 'Textbook of the
      Soul', the Bible. After explaining to the victim the true nature of
      his illness - that he is not insane, as there is a reasonable explanation
      for his fears after all - he is then directed to God's Word. From this
      he learns of the spiritual cause of human fear, and of God's
      provision of love, forgiveness, and the gift of eternal life through
      faith in Jesus Christ. This alone can deliver the human soul from the
      lifelong bondage of the fear of death and evil, which lies at the root
      of agoraphobia and other abnormal fears.

                                        *******
      Popular theories maintain that the treatment of phobias and abnormal
      fears lies in encouraging victims to do the thing they fear most; that
      by so doing they may overcome their fears. However, if this were
      true of agoraphobia and certain other phobias, victims would be
      forever doomed to suffer from them. This is because they never




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      86                              The End of Fear

      reach the stage where it becomes possible for them to confront
      these fears. Such an approach has merit in the case of some simple
      fears, but the phobia may not be dealt with so easily. Theories fail
      because they are not based upon a true understanding of the spiritual
      cause of human fear, and thus of phobias. In the case of agoraphobia
      and certain other fears, the victim is totally unaware of its true
      nature and may never really confront it. He must first understand
      it and then apply the correct remedy.
         Agoraphobia and certain other phobias remain a 'mystery' to
      psychology and psychiatry for this reason. Like other disorders,
      they must first be correctly understood and treated. Only then may
      victims be directed to their final solution. Because human fear
      originates in the soul, this treatment must be based upon God's
      Word.
         Fear is not innate (inborn). It is not God-given to fear, but
      learned or acquired from some cause. Like other disorders of the
      soul therefore, it must be treated according to the principles that
      God has provided.
         Otherwise normal, rational people are able to develop agoraphobia
      and certain other phobias or abnormal fears, only because they are
      learned ways of responding to particular objects or situations. Such
      phobias are not irrational or unreasonable as commonly supposed,
      but learned or conditioned fears. As responses acquired from past
      experiences due to the normal processes of learning, i.e.,
      association and conditioning, they may not be strictly termed
      irrational. Because these fears are learned they are very difficult to
      eradicate, but when correctly understood and treated, they may be
      permanently cured.
         Many common phobias - including fear of darkness (nycto-
      phobia), fear of heights (acrophobia) and fear of closed spaces
      (claustrophobia), are learned directly, by experience. It is common
      for victims to confront these or other objects or situations,
      against their will, at a time when they are unable to do so,




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       The Practical Treatment of Agoraphobia, Other            87
       Phobias, Abnormal Fears, Anxiety and Emotional Illness



       under inescapable conditions. Thereby, they learn to fear them.
       Certain other abnormal fears are learned indirectly, by word or
       example, perhaps at first from parents who may themselves have
       been phobic, then from others and via the media. Thus, these fears
       may also be transmitted by literature, art, television, music, etc.
       Many of these fears also involve 'untrue suggestion.' But phobias
       which develop in otherwise normal individuals are primarily,
       the result of learning.
           These are common fears, usually learned early in life, during the
       normal course of human experience. This is often in childhood,
       when the mind is most impressionable and the experience impossible
       to forget. Once the phobia or abnormal fear is learned, it can
       reoccur in later life, in the presence of the same, or similar, objects
       or situations.
           It is the popular view of psychology that phobias are due to
       illogical, unreasonable, or irrational processes. However, although
       it is impossible to explain some phobias other than by these
       processes, the common phobia may be thus explained. Phobias,
       such as fear of germs and the like are clearly irrational. The victim
       cannot literally see the feared object, but may only imagine its
       presence. Such fears are not the direct result of rational learning,
       but of untrue suggestion, due to subjective processes within the
       victim - anxiety, repression, etc. or to physiological changes of the
       brain. These phobias do not occur in otherwise normal, rational
       adults or children, but are commonly associated with truly irrational
       and compulsive behavior. On the other hand, the common or
       universal, phobia involves a real object or situation, rather than an
       imagined one as in the case of truly irrational phobias. The failure
       of psychology to make this distinction clear has only added to
       its 'mystery' concerning agoraphobia and other phobias, and
       thus to the unnecessary suffering of so many victims.
           Like the common phobia, agoraphobia also involves a real object
       or situation - space. Although it is only through believing untrue




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      suggestions about the nature of life and existence that this illness is
      able to develop, it is not, strictly speaking, an irrational fear either.
      Agoraphobia is also a primary, basic or elemental, learned phobia.
      This is obvious when it is considered that space is the same object
      also involved in two of these other primary phobias, acrophobia
      and claustrophobia - i.e., the same primary element, only
      experienced under different conditions. Just as heights, or more
      obviously real fears, can produce phobias in victims, open spaces
      produce agoraphobia in their victims. However, these are each
      separate and distinct phobias, of which the victim is himself,
      normally aware.
         Agoraphobia and these other phobias arise because heights,
      darkness, closed or open spaces, and death are able to produce
      wonder, awe and fear in mankind, As distinct from their natural
      counterparts, time, light and life, these primary elements are able to
      become associated with the negation of life, due to man's fear of
      death, evil and the unknown. These natural objects, therefore, are
      already related to human insecurity as potential human fears, prior
      to the development of these phobias. Thus, as fundamental or
      primary, elements of existence that form the foundation of mortal
      insecurity, they feature in the basic insecurity of man, which is
      responsible for all his fears, phobias and emotional illnesses.
         The common phobia develops also in children, but agoraphobia
      is primarily an adult disorder, due to the nature of the victim's
      insecurity. Since this is dependent upon the victim's erroneous life
      view, it does not develop fully in children. It may not therefore,
      reach the stage and intensity necessary for the illness to occur at
      any earlier time. Because this insecurity and life-view is abnormal,
      it may be treated and victims restored to normal health and
      happiness. These are all existential fears, having a spiritual
      cause and origin. They must therefore, be understood and treated
      accordingly, in order to bring permanent cure.




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      The Physiology of Fear, Anxiety and Phobias


      In the treatment of fear, anxiety and panic, victims are rarely aware
      of the fundamental physiological processes which underlie their
      nervous systems. They should be advised accordingly, immediately,
      as worry concerning these and other symptoms creates in them a
      vicious cycle of anxiety, fear and panic. In agoraphobia, the rapid
      palpitation of the panic state produces fear of possible heart-failure
      - often responsible for years of tormenting distress. Patients should
      be informed immediately that death due to heart-failure is uncommon
      in the illness. Other victims may also be greatly helped by being
      provided with this understanding and that concerning their other
      nervous symptoms.
         When a person experiences a bout of nerves, or a panic attack, it
      is because he or she has an overactive, or dominant, sympathetic
      nervous system. Briefly, the body has two general nervous systems:
      the 'voluntary' and the 'involuntary' or 'autonomic', systems. The
      mind has conscious control over the voluntary. With this system
      you move the various parts of the body; you can make the body do
      certain things.
         The involuntary, or autonomic system controls breathing,
      heartbeat, etc. You exercise no direct control over this system.
      Nerves, of one kind or another, control every part and function of
      the body, and these in turn are controlled by the mind or brain.
         The autonomic nervous system is further divided into the
      sympathetic and parasympathetic systems. One tends to keep the
      other in balance. The autonomic system cannot think, but is directly
      influenced by your thoughts and the unconscious processes of the
      brain. Anxiety, worry, fear, anger, etc., activate the sympathetic
      nervous system, which prepares the body for fight or flight, in case
      an emergency arises. Your heart beats faster, your mouth gets dry,
      and you get 'butterflies' in your stomach, to name but a few
      familiar symptoms.




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      If the individual is constantly 'keyed-up', it is because of an
      over-active or dominant, sympathetic nervous system. The para-
      sympathetic system can no longer bring it under control. One
      system could be likened to the accelerator of a car, and the other to
      the brakes. It is similar to driving along with one foot on the
      accelerator and the other on the brakes: in time, the brakes burn out
      and control is lost.
         The victim of prolonged anxiety or fear suffers from a worn-out
      or run-down nervous system. The problem is both psychological
      and physical. The nerves of the body are weakened by emotional
      stress, which in turn produces physical stress. The care and
      restoration of the patient's physical health is also essential for his
      full recovery. Victims should be provided with, or obtain accurate
      advice concerning any nutritional deficiencies or health problems
      that they may have and undergo correct treatment for these. A
      program of regular physical exercise is also beneficial and
      essential to maintain health.

      Safe Medication

      For severe cases and patients who are presently being prescribed
      drugs, or those who feel the need for drugs to cope with anxiety,
      panic, etc., homoeopathic treatments are recommended. To name
      a few valuable homoeopathic remedies: Aconitum 30c, for fear,
      anxiety and panic; Arnica 200c, for emotional or physical shock;
       Ignatia 30c, for feelings of resentment, wounded emotions,
      disappointment, etc. These drugs are very effective and harmless to
      use. For the prolonged treatment of the nerves and physical health they
      are to be preferred. Homoeopathy is not habit-forming, entirely safe,
      deep acting and has lasting beneficial effects. The same cannot be
      said of drugs commonly prescribed for emotional conditions.
      Homoeopathic medicines can be purchased from many chemists.




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         The remedies named above and other similar homoeopathic
      remedies may be tried according to individual preference and
      effectiveness while the need persists. Victims of fear should
      understand that, as it took time for the nervous system to reach its
      present run-down, exhausted condition, it will take time in order
      for it to heal. The use of emergency medications, however, will
      soon be found unnecessary. Through applying the self-help program,
      together with a true understanding of the cause of fear, as
      explained in this book, gradual but certain, healing of both
      body and mind will take place.



                                   *******

      In the understanding and treatment of fear, it should first be realized
      that fear always concerns the unknown, the unknowable or the
      unpredictable, i.e., ignorance or darkness. This is true, even
      when fear is of expected pain or suffering. Victims learn this fear
      from past experiences. Fear is often due to guilty feelings and a
      sense of blame, whether or not one is actually worthy of these, and
      because we fear it becomes more possible for evil to befall us.
      Awareness of this unfortunate fact of life often becomes the victim's
      greatest conscious or subconscious fear.
         Otherwise normal, rational people are able to develop phobias
      and abnormal fears due to their unfortunate experiences and
      erroneous outlook on life. These can therefore, be overcome by
      correcting this outlook and 'unlearning' these fears. The way to
      liberty is through overpowering fear through understanding.
      Because fear is darkness (ignorance) and understanding is light,
      the truth of God's Word provides the light or 'Lamp of
      Understanding', which overcomes the darkness of fear.
         For example, fear arising from guilt can be overcome by first
      recognizing the problem of personal sin and dealing with it. By
      accepting God's free pardon, offered in His Son, Jesus Christ and




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      receiving this forgiveness, the darkness of sin's bondage is removed
      from the strickened conscience. It then becomes possible to discern
      between true and false guilt. This provision is offered freely to all -
      believers and doubters. Christians may also suffer from phobias
      and abnormal fears, but only because they do not correctly
      understand the reason for their fears and where to turn for help for
      them. All may be helped by a proper understanding of the cause of
      human fear and the principles whereby this may be overcome.
         Fear (darkness) can be overcome by denying its power, but not
      its reality, and then correctly applying to one's life the truth of
      God's Word concerning it. This is accomplished by first
      acknowledging our relationship with God through Christ. To all
      who have confessed and forsaken their sin the promise is given,
      ‘Though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow;
      though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool' (Isa. 1: 18).
      We can then face fear, and overcome it, by stating the following:
         'Because of my relationship with God through Christ, nothing
      can happen to me that is not for my eternal good, and according to
      His perfect will.'
         If this is persevered with, gradually a realization comes to the
      soul that all is well and one is upheld by a benevolent, caring
      Heavenly Father. However, the reality or presence of fear may not
      be denied. This is suffered whether or not there is any valid reason
      for it, but we can deny its power over us, which becomes the truth
      concerning it.
         It is important to realize that so long as we are antagonistic to an
      experience it retains its power over us and continues its threat, but
      when it is seen as a ‘blessing in disguise’ its power to harm is
      destroyed. We are then able to make friends with our terrors which
      have tormented us for so much of our lives. This is possible when
      these terrors and our conscience are seen as a blessing in disguise to
      bring us to our eternal rest in God.
         Jesus said that we should 'agree with our adversary' and 'resist




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      not evil'. We should be ready to 'go the second mile' and 'make
      friends with our enemies', for then the experiences we fear no-
      longer have power over us. Since this is true of other phobias and
      fears, this also applies to agoraphobia. As the Scriptures promise:
      'We know that all things work together for good to them that love
      God, to them who are the called according to His purpose'
      (Rom.8:28).
         The agoraphobe will undoubtedly ask, 'How could this terror,
      this horror, ever be for my good? How could this possibly be
      applied to agoraphobia?' The answer is, It is to your good that your
      terror has brought you to God and now, as a child of God, your
      phobia, which was due to ignorance and guilt (darkness), has
      become a lie. You are no longer guilty, or in darkness. 'There is
      therefore now no condemnation to them, which are in Christ Jesus'
      (Rom. 8:1).
         Thus, the victim is not required to accept his illness and learn to
      live with it - as some have suggested - but which is totally
      impossible. He may now look to God for his deliverance, believing
      that even the horrors of agoraphobia, or any other evil of the worst
      possible kind, will be used for his ultimate good. Because
      agoraphobia and other abnormal fears are based upon a lie, they can
      be overcome by the knowledge of the truth. It is essential that the
      believer understand his or her position as a child of God, ever loved
      and cared for by our Heavenly Father.


                                       *******

      The Scriptures declare that, 'There is no fear in love; but perfect
      love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is
      not made perfect in love' (I Jn.4:18). Also, that, ‘God hath not given
      us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind'
      (2 Tim.1:7). Love, faith and hope therefore, are man's only
      spiritual resources against fear. In their absence, abnormal fears




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      develop, and in the phobic situation, as victims lack these resources,
      they are unable to control their panic. They have already learned
      from previous panics that they lack the resources to protect them
      from fear, and their awareness of this lack creates their phobia. This
      is the 'phobic tendency'.
         These resources supply courage: this courage may be one's
      own, or supplied by someone else as encouragement. But with
      agoraphobia and certain other fears, this may not be possible as the
      faculty for faith, hope and love may be undeveloped or impaired. The
      victim of agoraphobia, or other abnormal fears, is thus dependent
      upon resources outside himself that can renew his courage by
      supplying these essential spiritual needs. For, without them, he
      will forever remain a victim of fear.
         As the growing child is dependent upon the parent to supply each
      fundamental and essential need, the purpose of this program is
      to direct the victim of fear to the understanding of his true spiritual
      resources - God's Word. Each victim of fear must work out his
      own salvation from fear as God freely provides the way and the
      principles that make this possible. The first step is to acknowledge
      that we cannot depend upon ourselves or others alone. We must
      acknowledge Him, Who is the 'Master of our fate' and the 'Captain
      of our souls'. Since He is our Creator, He alone knows and can
      supply our every need.
         It is possible that some will look upon this remedy as a far too
      simple one. Most will believe in a method of treatment if it sounds
      complicated or expensive, but will have nothing to do with a
      method that, while it is more effective, has the disadvantage of
      being simple, not at all mysterious and is offered free. God's
      greatest gifts are free: they cannot be bought with money. His truth
      and wisdom are free, as is His gift of salvation. 'Ho, everyone that
      thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come
      ye, buy and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and
      without price' (Isa.55:1). God supplies the needs of all His creatures.




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      He has promised to, 'never leave', 'nor forsake' the believer.
      (Heb. 13:5).
         'Greater is He that is in you, than he that is in the world'
      (1Jn.4:4).
         This is true, of course, if we have received Jesus Christ as our
      personal Lord and Saviour. Through this understanding lies the
      secret of the believer's power over fear. We must build upon this
      inward power. This inward power is not our own ego power, but the
      Power of the indwelling God (Rom.8:9; Col.1:27). One of the
      secrets of overcoming, be it of habit, sin, sickness, poverty, or fear,
      is the realization of this power within. This Power is greater than
      anything that is opposed to us.
         To many, 'Within you is the power', means nothing, yet thousands
      of quite ordinary people have had their lives transformed through
      realizing the truth of it as applying personally to them. So long as
      we look inwards to ourselves or to others, when at the mercy of
      unknown forces of evil, we remain helpless and prey to waves of
      fear and apprehension. Instead, if we confirm within our hearts and
      minds the truth of the following: 'I can do all things through Christ
      which strengtheneth me' (Philip. 4:13), fear loses its power over
      us. When we realize that the truth and power of God is freely given
      to us and that He promises to be with us and in us (Jn. 14:18,20),
      then the things that hitherto made us afraid and tortured us cease to
      have dominion over us.
         Therefore, to overcome fear, each of us must reach an
      understanding of ourselves and the forces that oppose us and make
      us afraid. We must then recognize that God's truth, wisdom, and
      forgiveness are available to us as a free gift, to furnish us with this
      understanding, and that He is present with and within us to help
      bring this about. It was pointed out that there is a Power within us
      that is greater than any difficulty or fearful experience that can
      oppose us. Contrary to human philosophies, psychology or science
      of mind - including self-suggestion and positive-thinking that are




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      not in line with God's Word, we must avoid thinking that we are
      the Power that is infinite, or that we are part of some great impersonal
      Force. For this only inflates the ego until we become a kind of
      Humpty Dumpy, who, as we all know, was a very fine fellow until
      he fell off the wall. If we indulge in self-suggestion, as 'I am spirit',
      or, 'I am power', we will blow ourselves up like a toy balloon,
      which the first sharp experience that we meet punctures, with
      direful and humiliating results. In reminding ourselves often of the
      truth of God's Word, neither should we think of this as some
      psychological or mystical force. It is 'the power of God unto
      salvation' at work in the believer's life (Rom. 1:16).
         The victim of agoraphobia least of all requires reminding that he
      is unable to rid himself of his fears. He would be the first to confess
      his utter helplessness. But there is a trap for the desperate, who lack
      the direction of God within. As a drowning man will 'clutch at a
      straw', so the victim of fear may try to seek help outside of God. On
      the other hand, if we realize that we, of our own wisdom, can do
      nothing, He that is within us is greater than anything that can come
      against us. No matter how fearsome the experience we have to
      meet, we know that it is eternally true that, 'Greater is He that is
      within you, than he that is in the world'. When we reach this stage,
      we rise superior to our fears and become conquerors in the battle of
      life.
         Each fear can only overcome us when it gets us down. If we
      refuse to submit to our terrors and call upon God to help us,
      acknowledging that He will not fail us, we cannot be conquered.
      We may do this by recognizing that, for the believer, 'Fear is a
      bluff, rendered powerless by truth'. By calling upon God and
      looking to the truth of His Word, the victim can be set free from this
      'bluff of fear'. Because agoraphobia and other abnormal fears are a
      lie, they can be destroyed by the light of the truth. Life is continually
      trying to bluff the agoraphobe and the fearful person. Although
      agoraphobia is a real, learned fear, like the more common phobias




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      to which it is related and therefore, is not irrational, it is only due to
      the victim's erroneous life-view and traumatic experiences that this
      illness can develop. Because of this, he has come to see open spaces
      as threatening and malevolent, which is untrue. When the victim of
      fear realizes the truth of God's Word, that he or she is a child of a
      loving Heavenly Father, in a universe created especially for him or
      her, fear of open spaces and other abnormal fears become a lie that
      must give place to truth.
         Because fear of open spaces is a bluff, this lie of fear can be
      rendered harmless by confirming the truth concerning it, within the
      heart and mind. This principle - of applying God's Word to fear -
      is the only certain answer to agoraphobia and other phobias and
      fears. Because these fears are learned responses and the mind and
      body have become conditioned to respond in this manner over the
      years, the Power of God is required to break the victim's habitual
      ways of responding to life with fear.
         Life for the victim of fear may seem like an oppressive tyrant
      from which he cannot escape. Yet, if he claims God's unfailing
      Word and Presence, there is victory, and life's difficulties and
      evils, instead of dominating him, flee away. Life ceases to be a
      tyrant and fawns at his feet. If, in the face of some overwhelming
      fear, he recognizes that he is no longer alone, but may claim God's
      Word as his protection and His unfailing presence as his defense,
      then his troubles, fears and difficulties subside. The waves of fear,
      before which it was impossible to stand, are merely waves of
      suggestion. If they are accepted they become part of the life. There
      is then very little that can be done: the victim must continue to live
      on a very low plain, for which he was not intended. If they are
      rejected, they return to their native nothingness. How to meet these
      waves of suggestion of fear and evil is what the agoraphobic,
      phobic and fearful person so desperately requires to know.




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                                   *******
      98                     The End of Fear

      'Truth confirmed, dispels darkness, ignorance and fear.'
      The victim of fear must realize that his fear has now become a
      lie, and that truth is greater than a lie. What then, is truth? Like
      Pilate, many have asked this question. Jesus said, 'Every one that is
      of the truth heareth My voice' (Jn. 18:3 7). He also said, 'I am the
      way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by
      Me' (Jn. 14:6). According to the Bible, God's Word is The Truth.
      (Jn. 17:17). This Word was manifested to the world in the Person of
      Jesus Christ (Jn. 1: 1&14). Jesus said also, 'For this cause came I
      into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth' (Jn. 18:37).
      To this Truth, all who would be set free must turn - whether this be
      from sin, darkness, ignorance, fear of death, or any other bondage.
      If we will not accept this Truth, we must accept something that is
      man-made but will fail.
         The waves of fear and suggestions of evil, which rush down on
      those who are victims of fear, panic, etc., can be effectively countered
      and overcome when they are understood. Such waves of suggestion
      have power only if they are accepted. Whereas before, this was the
      victim's greatest fear, it can now become his greatest strength.
      Hitherto, he has known only how to succumb to these suggestions,
      but never how to resist them. Now he may begin to resist them and
      change his habitual ways of responding, by confirming within his
      own heart and mind the truth of God's promises, as they apply to
      him personally. By applying this to his every experience in daily
      life, he can find the deliverance from fear that he longs for.
         If, for example, waves of failure and poverty assail us and are
      given way to, i.e., accepted, then failure and poverty may become
      part of our life, whether or not we are God's own. If we fail to
      believe and receive God's promises, or refuse to acknowledge His
      perfect will for our lives, we will certainly live on a very low plain,
      from which we cannot be delivered. If however, we find out from
      God's Word, His perfect plan for us, then we may apply this to our
      daily lives. We can then counter these evil suggestions by confirming




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      the truth concerning them within our heart and mind. This applies
      equally to all forms of evil. By exposing the darkness of these evil
      fears to the light of God's Word, they become powerless as far as
      we are concerned. This truth may be stated as follows:
         'The bluff of fear (darkness) is rendered powerless by truth
      (light).' Or, 'Fear exposed, loses all power over the victim.'
      How may the agoraphobe, phobic, or fearful person call the bluff
      of fear? In the face of a wave of fear he must claim the promises of
      God as his protection, in every situation and circumstance. The
      Bible is full of such promises to meet every possible condition of
      human experience - even agoraphobia. 'There hath no temptation
      taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, Who
      will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will
      with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able
      to bear it' (I Cor. 10:13). This speaks not only of sin's temptation,
      but of every human trial, of which many are recorded in the Bible
      for our admonition (I Cor. 10:11). From these the believer must
      draw, for his own spiritual advantage.
         At the first onslaught of anxiety or fear, the victim can say
      something like the following: 'I renounce this fear as a child of
      God. I refuse to accept these evil suggestions. This situation
      and these feelings are not true of me. As a son or daughter of
      God, this fear is not meant for me.' Verses of the Bible, that one
      has read or heard, will come to mind and may be applied to each
      particular situation of fear. For this reason, time must be spent
      reading and remembering God's Word, as this is the secret of the
      overcomer. Should fear become so strong as to render the mind
      incapable of remembering or applying God's Word, the victim
      must look entirely to God for his deliverance. By these experiences
      of God's faithfulness in the face of our weakness, fear will leave
      and finally, never return.
         When the agoraphobe's feelings of estrangement, isolation,
      meaninglessness and fear are recognized as a lie, they must give




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      way to the truth of God's Word concerning them. Each suggestion
      of evil must be replaced by the truth. Through denying its power,
      but not its reality, the lie of fear may be overcome. This same
      principle, which applies to agoraphobia, may also be applied to
      other phobias and fears. Some of these may be due entirely to
      untrue suggestion, but their effects and treatment are the same.
      They must not be denied or ignored, but dealt with according to
      God's Word.

                                   *******

      In this program of treatment for agoraphobia, other phobias,
      abnormal fears and anxiety, victims must keep constantly in mind
      that, commonly, these are learned or conditioned ways of responding.
      Timidity may be a disposition, more common to some than others,
      but this is learned. It is not God-given, or natural, to fear, but
      ingrained into the personality through learning. Because these fears
      are learned, they are stubborn and difficult to unlearn.
      The battle is not easily won at first. It is difficult to break lifelong
      habits of timidity and negativity, and because one has been held in
      fear's bondage for many years, the battle is at first fast and furious.
      But now fear has become a lie that must be exposed. Armed with
      the truth about agoraphobia and other abnormal fears, this now
      becomes possible.
         'As darkness is dispelled by exposure to light, fear is removed
      by the light of truth.'
         It is at first difficult to ally ourselves with the interior man who is
      now a child of God, but if we persevere, refusing to give way or
      shift our ground, then the assaults of evil become weakened and we
      enter into a victorious and peaceful state of mind. Gradually,
      although we may seem to fail at first, we gain the ascendancy and
      become so strong and poised that the suggestions of fear and evil no
      longer have dominion over us.




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      A common mistake of the fearful believer is to think that
      immediately Christ is accepted as Lord and Saviour, one should be
      filled with peace and joy, never to be troubled by fear or worry
      again. This rarely occurs. To truly receive Christ, is to receive His
      Spirit and be 'born again' (Jn.3:7). Many get no further than
      believing in God and Jesus Christ. They do not go on to receive
      their rebirth by the Holy Spirit, because they fail to make Christ
      Lord of their lives (Acts 2:38). All the 'fruit of the Spirit' - love,
      joy, peace, etc. (Gal.5:22,23), is not immediately received, and
      habitual ways of learning and responding are not easily overcome.
      As the child is potentially an adult, so the newly born believer is
      only potentially Christ-like. Not to realize this fact brings despair
      and questions, like: 'If I am really God's child, why do I still fear?
      Why these evil feelings - so little peace, happiness, faith, or love
      for others’. Thus, the victim's feelings become the 'thin edge of the
      wedge' that the enemy of his soul drives between his true peace and
      happiness, severing them totally from the life. The most difficult
      thing for the fearful person to learn is that feelings must be
      entirely disregarded whenever they are in opposition to God's
      Word. Habitual ways of feeling and responding are not always
      indicative of the truth. Rather, from them arise many suggestions of
      evil that are not in accord with God's will. God's Word must be
      given first place before any other suggestion. This is the secret of
      victory over agoraphobia and other fears - as it is of overcoming in
      the Christian life. The answer then, also, for the fearful believer,
      i.e., the Christian who is afflicted with abnormal fears, is to
      correctly understand their cause and the forces which oppose
      recovery from them. By correctly applying the Word of God, in
      time and by experience, victims can be set free from the power and
      effects of fear.
         Because the conscious and unconscious mind are sick and the
      victim's physical health also run down, he must be brought again to
      the place where he can best resist fear. Habitual ways of responding




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      with confusion of mind, tremblings, weakness, sinking feelings,
      moods and depressions are both emotional and physical. The mind
      and body become conditioned over a period of time, to respond in
      this manner - and will continue to do so until true healing comes
      about. This commences immediately upon receipt of the truth
      concerning abnormal fear. The agoraphobe may be immediately
      delivered, but full freedom from fear, takes time and
      perseverance.
         Previously, the victim has known only how to freely succumb to
      his feelings and fear, but now he must spend time and energy
      fighting habitual responses and re-educating the conscious and
      subconscious mind. This becomes his greatest battle, yet also his
      greatest victory: that of overcoming in that area of life where he
      was once weakest - in an area where others may never have really
      needed to struggle in order to win the victory. It remains only for
      the reader to apply the principles that have been imparted.


                                     *******
      'Fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love' (1
      Jn. 4:18).

      Faith, hope, love and light (understanding), therefore, are man's
      only spiritual resources against fear. In their absence, fear becomes
      a raging flame that cannot be controlled. 'Fear hath torment', thus
      these resources alone can supply the victim with the courage he
      needs to drive out fear. Victims are desperately lacking in these
      resources. Due to the torment of fear they have learned to fear fear.
      This is the phobic tendency, or predisposition towards phobias -
      which explains also, why phobias develop, and why some people
      are more prone to abnormal fears than are others.
         Phobias, therefore, are able to develop more readily in those who
      have already learned that they lack the resources to confront




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      certain objects or situations without losing control of their fears and
      becoming more afraid. They learn that because they fear, it becomes
      more possible for evil to befall them. Their awareness of this
      unfortunate fact of life may be entirely subconscious. Thus, due to
      this awareness and their fear of fear, they learn also to fear the
      panic-situation itself, as well as these objects or situations. In
      otherwise normal, rational adults and children, this process and
      therefore, the phobic tendency, takes place in a normal or rational
      manner. Victims are not irrational or insane. But since these fears
      are learned, they are very stubborn and difficult to eradicate.
        As the child must first be comforted to remove her fear, so the
      victim of abnormal fear must also be comforted. First the
      subconscious mind must be treated like a child, who must be told
      and reassured that there is nothing to be afraid of, that it is only her
      fancy and so on. After this denial, one must proceed to the positive
      affirmation of what is true. These methods must be employed
      when dealing with a mind darkened by years of wrong thinking and
      responding. The conscious mind must be taught to reject and
      replace all untrue suggestions of the subconscious and conscious
      mind. What dispels the child's fear? The child believes (has faith
      in) some threatening, yet false, thing. Her faith in the wrong thing
      is then altered to faith in the true, i.e., the loving, caring protection
      of her parents. In the face of fearful happenings it may seem foolish
      to deny that there is anything to be afraid of, but it is not foolish
      really, for the truth is, to the believer, that he or she is a very dear
      child of God, forever loved, cared for and upheld. 'The eternal God
      is thy refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms' (Deut.33:27).
         Therefore, to have faith is natural, or normal; but to fear is
      unnatural, or abnormal. Fear is placing your faith in something you
      dread may happen and, because you fear, it is more likely to come
      to pass. Fear, therefore, is misplaced, or inverted faith. It is your
      faith in reverse, so to speak. It is your faith or belief that something
      will harm, rather than bless, you or somebody else. But a phobia




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      is a more personal and mysterious fear. It is your faith or belief that
      some evil will befall you, or yours, in particular. It is also seen as
      the most terrible thing that could happen to you, the victim: a
      personal, particular, peculiar dread, that lingers on and on, haunting
      and intimidating the subconscious and conscious mind.
         This mysterious and personal aspect of the phobia is beyond the
      scope of psychology or psychiatry and may NOT be explained in
      materialistic terms. Neither may other emotional disorders. Job's
      desperate cry: 'For the thing which I greatly feared is come upon
      me' (Jb.3:25), stems from man's fallen spiritual condition. It is his
      response to some secret, morbid dread which, due to a sense of
      blameworthiness, he feels fated will ultimately befall him. It points
      to man's basic problem of sin and guilt - which is the fundamental
      cause of all his fears, phobias and emotional illnesses. ,
         After the Fall, the penalty of sin was placed upon man. 'For the
      wages of sin is death' (Rom.6:23). Man's fear of death became his
      open and secret dread. One's greatest fear is also one's greatest
      punishment. This becomes a phobia. It is the intuitive and learned
      recognition that sin merits just reward that lies at the root of
      agoraphobia and other abnormal fears. Due to real or imagined
      guilt, phobias are able to develop more readily and reoccur as
      persistent fears. The guilty victim feels more prone for evil to befall
      him and, because he fears, it is more likely to occur. As the child
      senses the punishment deserved but is shocked to discover it more
      terrible than at first thought - such is the nature of the phobia.
         The phobic victim's horrors should not however, be regarded as
      punishment for his sin. As the Bible explains, many of the evils
      which befall humanity - accident, sickness, pain, death, etc., are
      the product of this fallen world, of which, all are a part (Lk. 13:1-5;
      Jn.9:3). Man fears death, evil and the unknown. This is the primary
      cause of his basic insecurity, and thus of his phobias, fears and
      emotional illness. These fears distinguish man from the animals;
      their fears are of physical pain and harm, but man's, also of spiritual




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      pain, evil, death and eternal damnation.
         The Bible speaks of those, 'Who through fear of death were all
      their lifetime subject to bondage' (Heb.2:15). It may now be seen
      why it is impossible to eradicate abnormal fear from the heart and
      mind, without first dealing with the problem of personal sin and
      guilt. Jesus said, 'Ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make
      you free' (Jn.8:32). Full deliverance from agoraphobia and other
      fears may only be brought about by acknowledging this Truth and
      observing its principles.

      Agoraphobia and other phobias are able to develop because, in the
      phobic situation, victims become aware that they lack the resources
      required to cast out their fear. These resources are desperately
      needed but sadly lacking in victims. Due to their consciousness of
      this fact, they also learn to fear fear, as well as the object or situation
      involved. Since love, faith, hope and understanding (the light of
      God's Word), are man's sole spiritual protection from fear and his
      source of courage, without these resources victims are afraid. Fear
      concerns the unknown, the unknowable, and the unpredictable;
      therefore the bridge of the unknown may only be spanned by these
      resources. Ordinarily the child can see only the thing that causes her
      fear, and to realize something different seems quite impossible. It
      may be at first difficult to get through to her that there is nothing to
      fear. For this reason, the faculty of faith must first be restored to the
      mind of the agoraphobe and other victim of fear, in order that this
      bridge of the unknown may be spanned. The mind of the spirit or
      soul must again be caused to function and these essential resources
      restored, that fear may be overcome.
         'Faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things
      not seen' (Heb. 11:1). Faith, therefore, is that part of man that is able
      to grasp spiritual things - the things that even the greatest intellect




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      is incapable of understanding. By reading, hearing and remembering
      God's Word, this faculty of faith, which is a gift of God, is able to
      grow. It may then be used against fear and other suggestions of evil.
         In this respect there is a vast difference between placing one's
      trust in the Word of God, than in man-made philosophies. The child
      who is continually deceived into believing something that is untrue,
      or only partly true, will soon lose all faith and trust. This faculty
      may then be totally destroyed. The Bible warns of those who deny
      the truth - some making a mere tradition or science out of the Bible.
      These teachers, lacking the Spirit within, vainly apply God's Word
      in a traditional, formal, superstitious or scientific manner. At the
      same time they deny the atoning Blood of Jesus Christ for sin, and
      the Spirit's power in the life of the believer, thereby making the
      Word of God of no effect (Matt. 15:6 &9). 'Having a form of
      godliness, but denying the power thereof; from such turn away' (2
      Tim.3:5).
         The agoraphobe and other victim of fear, who places simple
      trust in pure Bible truths, experiences the intervention of the Holy
      Spirit in his life, personally. God does not rely upon our poor faith
      alone, but knows that this is weak and, like the apostle Peter's, must
      fail. He is faithful and performs His own good will in our lives,
      renewing our courage and restoring our essential spiritual resources
      - faith, hope, love and understanding. Fear may then be permanently
      overcome.

                                      *******
      When waves of panic come rushing down on us, we may feel too
      agitated to do anything except give way to them. A chain of evil
      happenings opens up before our imagination and we picture disaster
      upon disaster ahead of us. Yet, in the face of it all we should sit
      down quietly and confirm the truth of God's Word within our mind.
        'What time I am afraid, I will trust in Thee' (Ps.56:3). Trust in




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      what? - in whom? In God, His truth and promises. 'The Lord is my
      shepherd; I shall not want' (Ps.23:1). I am a child of God, eternally
      loved and cared for. As this is true of me, God can deliver and
      protect me at all times, in all circumstances. 'If God be for us, who
      can be against us?' (Rom.8:31). Because God is for me, and not
      against me, all the powers in the universe are in my favour, working
      together for my good, to help me and not bring evil. Because I have
      put my trust in Him, He is able to 'make all grace abound toward’
      me (2 Cor.9:8). He is able to do for me, 'exceedingly abundantly’
      above all that we ask or think' (Ephes. 3:20). No evil can overcome
      me and nothing can hurt or destroy (Ps. 9 1:11). Nothing but good
      can come to me and God will use every circumstance for my
      advantage. 'All things work together for good to them that love
      God, to them who are the called according to His purpose'
      (Rom.8:28). All the forces of God hasten to minister to the child of
      God's predestined promise and eternal joy.
         By reading, hearing, remembering and confirming within the
      heart and mind the truth of God's Word, through experience this
      becomes part of life. Whereas, before, there was nothing but doubt,
      fear, depression and despair, this 'evil bluff’ is replaced by faith,
      hope, love and joy. These become the victim's true courage and
      spiritual resources of the soul.

                                        *******
      Finally, before we can say truthfully and meaningfully that God and
      the whole universe is behind us and its benign forces upholding and
      pushing us forward to our ever-increasing good, we must examine
      our relationship with it, with God, and with others. The agoraphobe,
      and other victim of fear, can feel that the whole universe is
      antagonistic towards him. He feels this way through the ignorance
      and sin that has come between him and God. Consequently he is
      working against its laws. Life and the universe is infinitely good,




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      but because man is out of harmony with it, life and the universe is
      seen as evil. It is because man works on his own, in opposition to
      God and the eternal harmony of life, that he is hurt. All the universe
      is against man because of his disobedience to God and His laws.
      One man's hand is against his brother's for evil and he preys upon
      humbler creatures. Because of this he violates the laws of life and
      becomes an enemy of the universe. Therefore, everything works
      against him, and will continue to do so until he becomes changed so
      that he works in harmony with God.
         It is not unlike the schoolboy refusing to do his sums according
      to laws of arithmetic: no matter how hard he may try, the answer to
      his sums will always be wrong, so long as he persists in working
      against these laws. If he will acknowledge his error and work
      according to the rules, he will obtain the correct results.
         There is only one way for the agoraphobe, or other victim of fear,
      to correct his erroneous life-view and find the answer to his problem.
      Since ignorance is the cause of his fear - as it is of untold human
      suffering - he must realize that true happiness and freedom from
      fear operate only in accord with God's laws. He must understand
      these laws and be told that his attitudes and values are wrong and,
      therefore, responsible for his fears and depressions.
         Many totally unconverted persons have, through proper
      upbringing, developed some values and attitudes that are in harmony
      with these laws, whether or not they are recognized as such. Others
      were never taught, or failed to learn, these principles. While some
      reap the automatic blessings of obeying these laws, others stumble
      along through life never finding true happiness.
         Whereas human philosophies teach that man is born with all his
      requirements within him, and all he need do is develop them, the
      Bible teaches that man is born incomplete. Contrary to human
      teachings, man cannot bring himself to the perfection and
      understanding from which he is aware of having fallen. According
      to the Bible, 'Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word




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      of God'(Lk.4:4). We may not become in harmony with the universe
      so that we are in a perfectly friendly relationship with it, unless we
      are in harmony with God's Word. Jesus said that the first and great
      commandment is, 'Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy
      heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind', and the second,
      'Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself' (Matt. 22:37-39). In
      order that we may do this, we must first understand and receive
      God's love for us.
         Only in the cross can we see the true nature of God's love and the
      real purpose of life. The redemptive work of Christ is the perfect
      expression of this love. 'For God so loved the world, that He gave
      His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not
      perish, but have everlasting life' (Jn.3:16). Perfect love casts out
      fear(1 Jn.4:18), for the torment of fear lies in the deprivation of man's
      life - physical, mental, spiritual. It is this fear that is at the root of
      agoraphobia, other phobias, abnormal fears, anxieties and emotional
      illnesses. 'The wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal
      life through Jesus Christ our Lord' (Rom.6:23). Christ has destroyed
      the believer's fear of death and set the prisoner free. This love is
      freely given, without merit on the part of sinful man. 'Herein is
      love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us, and sent His Son
      to be the propitiation for our sins' (I Jn.4:10).
         The agoraphobe or other victim of fear has never truly understood
      or experienced this love, otherwise there would be no place for his
      fear. When he knows this love, he also experiences peace of mind
      and freedom from worry and fear. He is brought into harmony with
      himself, others, God and the universe. 'Therefore being justified by
      faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ'
      (Rom. 5:1).
         God saw the helplessness of the victim of fear, and the wretched
      state of the agoraphobe touched His great heart of love. 'For when
      we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the
      ungodly' (Rom. 5:6). While man was still in ignorance, living under




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      condemnation and wrath due to sin and separation from God -
      'God commendeth His love toward us, in that, while we were yet
      sinners, Christ died for us' (Rom. 5:8).
         This love, alone, can reach the hardest sinner's heart, turn him
      from sin to righteousness, and cause him to love his Maker,
      Redeemer, and his fellow man. This is the good news of the Gospel,
      that binds up the broken-hearted and heals the wounds of the spirit
      due to fear, trauma, guilt, nervous breakdown, or physical illness.
      Here is the only true remedy for the debilitating effects of fear,
      depression and the deprivation of love over many years. The
      victim's frustrations and illness can be permanently healed. There
      is no other tried and proven way.


                                   *******
        The bluff of fear (darkness) is rebuked by truth (light).
        Darkness and fear are exposed by the light of truth.
        Fear survives only in the presence of ignorance, lies and doubt.
        Fear abounds in the absence of love, faith, hope, or light.
        Ignorance, lies and fear (darkness) must give place to truth.
        Truth confirmed destroys the darkness of fear.
        By claiming the truth, darkness, ignorance and fear become as
      nothing.
        Fear and faith cannot exist together.
        Love, faith, hope and light are the believer's resources against
      fear.
        As fear is dispelled from the heart of the child when the light is
      turned on, so is truth revealed to the believer.

      These truths, and others, as they are revealed to the reader during
      his or her study of the Scriptures, may be utilized against agoraphobia
      and other phobias, fears, anxiety and emotional illness, in the
      victim's battle against fear.




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                                    *******


                                   Chapter 11                               111

                Readings for the Agoraphobe and Victims of
                Other Phobias, Abnormal Fears, Anxiety and
                 Emotional Illness

      'I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the Lord,
      and He heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I,
      and Thou heardest my voice' (Jonah 2:2).

      The agoraphobe's position is a desperate, precarious and fearful
      one. He knows that his life is different from others. He is alone,
      cut-off, alienated from self, family, fellow man and nature, and fails
      to fit in anywhere. Shut in with himself, his guilts and fears, he
      wonders why he is meant to suffer this way. His security hinges
      upon questions to which he has come to doubt that there could ever
      be any answer. Thus, he is alone in a private world of hopelessness,
      fear and despair.
         What can be done for a victim of this illness? Is there an answer?
      First, he must be told that he is not the only victim of this strange
      disorder - that it is not just peculiar to him. This will bring him
      some comfort. But then he needs to know the cause of his illness -
      the true reason for his dreadful panics. Because there is an answer
      - there is also a cure.
      For the victim to accept this fact is the first rung up the ladder




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      towards recovery. The way of healing for the soul - like that of the
      body - is a reversal of the processes that caused the disturbance.
      Because hope has been destroyed - hope must be restored. Ignorance
      is the cause - thus, ignorance must be replaced by understanding.
      The past cannot be changed, but the present, the future and the
      victim's attitudes to the past may. The soul is afflicted by guilt -
      thus, forgiveness and love must be received. Because there is a
      sense of evil-destiny and low self-esteem, true purpose, self-value
      and righteousness must be restored.
         This is God's program. The loss of the victim's essential
      spiritual resources is the cause of his insecurity and fear, therefore
      these most precious objects must first be seen as regainable.
      Healing then commences. He may thus enjoy progress towards
      these originally lost goals, and the removal of those two giants of
      fear - Doubt and Despair. Love for God, self, life and others may
      then be restored. This is the answer to agoraphobia - as it is also the
      only true answer to other phobias, fears, anxieties and emotional
      disorders.
         Jonah was cast out, cut off and rejected by his fellows. He was
      finally thrown into the sea to perish. Although greatly afflicted,
      God had arranged for his protection. He was swallowed by a huge,
      'divinely prepared' fish and became a prisoner in the ‘belly of hell'.
      God's purposes were hidden from Jonah at the time, but he cried
      unto the Lord in his affliction, and the Lord heard him and delivered
      him. It would be difficult to imagine a more helpless and fearful
      position than Jonah's. Although he was not in God's perfect will at
      the time that these evils befell him, he was still within the divine plan.
      This, too, can be our experience. When we call upon God in our
      time of need, He can bring good out of the evil - even the evils of
      agoraphobia, sickness or nervous breakdown.




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        Abnormal Fears, Anxiety and Emotional Illness Other Phobias,

         'For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power,
         and of love, and of a sound mind' (2 Tim. 1:7)

      How can the agoraphobe, or other victim of fear, be delivered from
      the spirit of fear and receive instead, power, love, and a sound
      mind? This is the question that confronts the victim. It also confronts
      psychology and psychiatry - but without a clear answer.
         The Bible informs us that the spirit of fear is not a normal
      response to life and its many difficult situations. This response falls
      far short of the intended wonder and joy of life and creation. It was
      not so from the beginning. Man was not born to fear, but created
      perfect, with power, love and a sound mind. Through the fall, sin,
      evil, fear, pain, sickness and death entered the world. Evil is in the
      world because man failed to control sin. The spirit of fear is in the
      heart, because God is not given control of the life.
         What is the answer? Learning to control fear? Unlearning fear?
      Coping with fear? Psychology offers programs: drugs provide a
      crutch. But neither human wisdom nor a chemical crutch has ever
      solved a spiritual problem. Man offers a way, but God provides The
      Way. God's program replaces the spirit of fear and doubt with
      the spirit of faith. Thereby, fear may be overcome. God is the
      Healer; His are the resources. For, 'God is Love' (1 Jn.4:8).
         Christians can also suffer from phobias and abnormal fears - but
      only because they do not understand their true cause, or how to
      obtain help for them. The fearful believer may have the victory -
      when he learns how to correctly apply the Word of God to his life
      and fears.
         The victim does not receive a crutch, but the necessary power to
      confront his fears. 'Greater is He that is in you, than he that is in the
      world' (1 Jn.4:4). This is God's provided way. He provides the
      resources of encouragement and love. 'Wherefore, lift up the hands
      which hang down, and the feeble knees; and make straight paths for
      your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way; but let it




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      rather be healed' (Heb. 12:12&13). The Good Shepherd knows His
      sheep - that many are lame, and for them to have faith is difficult,
      if not impossible. God's program is not hindered by honest
      unbelief (Mk.9:24). Faith comes by revelation, and God provides
      this faith for those who cry out to Him from the depths of their
      heart.
         Therefore, to have faith is natural or normal, but to fear is
      unnatural, or abnormal. Because to fear is abnormal, when the
      cause is removed, this must give way to trust (faith) which is
      normal. God not only provides the explanation, and the program,
      but also the support required by the victim of fear. Through faith in
      Jesus Christ, the true believer is brought into the family of God,
      where he receives also from other Christians, the support, encourage-
      ment and assistance he requires. Because he is accepted in the
      beloved, he beings to learn that there can be no further place for his
      fears.




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       'Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on
       Thee: because he trusteth in Thee.
       'Trust ye in the Lord for ever; for in the Lord Jehovah is
       everlasting strength' (Isa.26:3&4).
       'What time I am afraid, I will trust in Thee' (Psa.56:3).

      The agoraphobe requires desperately to know how to control his
      terrible phobia and find help for this in time of need. He must know
      how to prevent his awful fear from developing into its dreadful
      panic state. Only then may he find release from his cruel bondage
      and troubled heart and mind.
         Therefore, the victim requires to know the cause of his phobia
      and how to recover his lost, spiritual resources, which alone can
      enable him to deal with his fear and panic. This is met in God's
      program. The enlightenment of God's Word brings the power
      and blessing he requires. 'The Gospel ... is the power of God unto
      salvation to everyone that believeth' (Rom. 1: 16). Salvation begins
      here on earth now, and includes deliverance from fear of evil and
      death.
         As the fearful child looks to her parents, the child of God learns
      to place his or her trust in our Heavenly Father. We are taught by the
      Holy Spirit to do this. 'The Spirit itself beareth witness with our
      spirit, that we are the children of God' (Rom.8:16). Also, 'For ye
      have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have
      received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father'
      (Rom. 8:15). The fearful victim need never again look to himself, or
      others, for he is cast in complete dependence upon God, or must
      forever remain a victim of fear.
         By correctly applying God's Word, the victim of fear finds the
      courage and deliverance he so desperately requires. Through reading,
      hearing, remembering and accepting God's promises, he receives
      peace of mind. As he confesses his sins and applies these promises
      to himself, he is kept in perfect peace - through faith in Jesus




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      Christ.
      The victim's greatest fear may then become his awareness of his
      own lack of faith. He may feel that this is far too small to deliver him
      in time of need. There will be times when he is unable to remember
      God's Word, due to his uncontrollable fears. He may well ask, If I
      doubt, will my fear return? He should remember Peter, who walked
      on the water - but, when he looked down, he began to sink. Jesus
      did not forsake him because of his unbelief (Matt. 14:29-31). God
      remains faithful in spite of our weaknesses. He is not entirely
      dependent upon our weak faith, but desires to make this strong.
         When Jesus was asked by His disciples to increase their faith, He
      replied that all they needed was, 'Faith as a grain of mustard seed'
      (Lk.17:5&6). This is one of the smallest of seeds. I have often
      found these words of an old hymn much comfort in times of
      doubt:

       'When I fear my faith will fail me,
       Christ will hold me fast'.




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       'Ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free'
      (Jn.8:32).
       'If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free
       indeed' (Jn.8:36).

      The Bible speaks of those who are made servants of sin, fear,
      sickness, resentment, and other bondages, against their will. 'For of
      whom a man is overcome, of the same he is brought into bondage'
      (2 Pet.2:19). Jesus said, to 'know the truth' would set the prisoner
      free. The victim of agoraphobia and other fears or bondages requires
      desperately to know this truth and be set free indeed.
         The victim has arrived at his present state of mind and
      circumstances by becoming a servant to wrong habits over a period
      of time. These are the habits of wrong thinking and living. There
      can be no deliverance for him by self-effort, psychology or science-
      of-mind. He has already built upon the wrong foundation and dare
      not build there again. 'For other foundation can no man lay than that
      is laid, which is Jesus Christ' (I Cor.3:11).
         He may however, build upon this new foundation. For it is the
      Son who sets the prisoner free and has broken the bonds of Hell and
      death. All that could not be accomplished through the Old Testament
      for the sinner, was achieved by the cross. The victim may now go
      free. His bondages of sin, guilt, worry and fear of death may be
      dealt with. Since, 'If any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old
      things are passed away; behold, all things are become new'
      (2Cor.5:17). It is not too late for him to start again.
         Because the believer is now a new creature in Christ, he may
      rebuild without the hindrances of the past, as God supplies the
      necessary resources for him to do so. This is by His Spirit and
      Word. True happiness and freedom from fear lie in the knowledge
      of the truth and obedience to it. There is no other way to meet the
      victim's need - nor to please our Saviour and Lord.




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         'When my father and my mother forsake me, then the Lord
         will take me up'(Ps.27:10).
         'For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear-,
         but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry,
         Abba, Father' (Rom.8:15).

      It is common for the agoraphobe and victim of other phobias to be
      told that they lacked parental love in childhood and this is the cause
      of their fears. Although this may provide some understanding of
      personality, it lends little to the cause and treatment of the phobia.
      Lack of parental love afflicts many emotional victims, and without
      this love the child may fail to achieve normal emotional development.
      But loss of love alone - parental, self or social - cannot explain the
      common or universal cause of phobias, abnormal fears and emotional
      illness. Their cause is spiritual.
          It is the individual's inability to adjust to his traumas and emotional
      deprivations in life that determines his emotional future, and this is
      dependent upon his life-view. In man, this is spiritual. Agoraphobia,
      other phobias and emotional disorders may not be explained in
      materialistic terms, but must involve the whole person - mental,
      physical, emotional and spiritual. Human fear originates in the soul,
      and the victim's traumatic and unfortunate experiences, together
      with life-beliefs concerning self, others and God, are the cause of
      his emotional illnesses, phobias and abnormal fears.
          Because these disorders lie equally in the victim's past, present,
      and future, all must be dealt with if there is to be recovery. God's
      offer of love, forgiveness and a new life through faith in Jesus
      Christ provides what psychology and other human philosophies
      cannot. God is 'a Father of the fatherless' (Ps.68:5). He provides
      parental love. Whatever the victim's past, when he is received as a
      child of God, by adoption into God's family, he can never be cast
      out. The traumas of the past may be dealt with forever and the cause
      of his insecurity remedied. Healing then begins. Since he is now




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      accepted by God he can accept himself and also begin again to love
      others.




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         'Seek ye the Lord while He may be found, call ye upon Him
         while He is near: let the wicked forsake his way, and the
         unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the
         Lord, and He will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for
         He will abundantly pardon' (Isa.55:6&7).

      The question of sin is avoided, minimized, or denied by human
      philosophies, which attempt to treat emotional illnesses on a natural
      basis and deny the spiritual nature of man. The Bible gives priority
      to the subject of sin. In abnormal fear and emotional illness where
      anxiety, worry, fear, dread, depression, etc., are the result of feelings
      of guilt from sin - real or false - this must also receive priority. As
      the Scripture declares: 'Let God be true, but every man a liar'
      (Rom.3:4).
         Many victims of sickness, fear or misfortune feel that they
      deserve to suffer, due to their past mistakes or sins. They do this
      whether or not they profess belief in God. All are sinners by birth
      and nature, and it is not always the victim's fault that he is the way
      he is. The problem of sin is shared equally by all, until this is dealt
      with by God. Because sin and ignorance are the cause of human ills
      - through the breaking of God's laws - phobias, fears and emotional
      illness must be explained and treated accordingly. Whether these
      laws are broken deliberately or not makes little or no difference to
      their effects.
         The victim is afflicted, helpless and requires the enlightenment
      and power of God to enable him to obey these laws. Due to years of
      wrong thinking and living, he has broken the principles upon which
      true happiness and freedom depend. Agoraphobia and certain other
      emotional illnesses may be likened to the marksman who fires his
      weapon a fraction off the target. The further the missile travels,
      the further away from the mark it will end up. His only solution is
      to begin all over again. The victim is in his present position because
      he also, has begun the wrong way. His only answer also, is to start




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      all over again - only this time with the correct aim on life.
         Psychology provides explanations and programs, but lacks
      the power that can enable victims to restart their lives. It is not
      sufficient to merely treat symptoms or effects. Retraining
      programs, that teach victims how to 'confront their fears', fail
      because the victim's original phobic situation may not be duplicated.
      The acrophobe may not climb higher up the ladder, nor be taken for
      a flight in an airplane, for one simple reason: such methods are
      doomed to failure because they do not meet the victim's underlying
      problem - his total inability to confront again his first great
      fear. Without his lost, essential, spiritual resources he is doomed to
      forever remain a victim of this and his other fears.
         God's program provides what psychology and other
      philosophies cannot - the power to achieve the desired results.
      Fears may be unlearned - when the victim's courage is renewed,
      but not before. By following God's principles, healing is assured.
      Fears and emotional disorders can then be permanently overcome.




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      'He hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim
      liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them
      that are bound'.
      'To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them
      beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of
      praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called
      trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that He might
      be glorified' (Isa.61:1&3).

      Who is broken-hearted, a captive, is bound, and mourns more than
      the victim of agoraphobia? His beauty (health) is consumed away,
      and joy, scarcely a memory. All happiness has vanished and the
      spirit of heaviness taken its place. There can be no more accurate
      description of emotional illness than that given by the Scriptures.
         The victim of fear is bound in chains of ignorance and may not be
      released without help. But God has promised to do the seemingly
      impossible. 'Is anything too hard for the Lord?' He offers him
      ‘beauty for ashes’, and ‘the oil of joy for mourning’. For sorrow, he is
      given ‘the garment of praise’. The helpless victim receives instead
      love and forgiveness, rather than the condemnation expected -
      'righteousness' for God's own glory, rather than what he feels he
      rightfully deserves. God knows the needs of the human heart and
      can meet them.
         Jesus said that there is joy in heaven over one sinner who repents
      (Lk. 15:7). Like the prodigal son, we too can be freely forgiven and
      received by our loving Father. Although unworthy to receive
      anything, the victim finds that these promises are especially for
      him. For, he also 'was dead and is alive again; and was lost, and is
      found' (Lk. 15:32).
         This is God's provision for the soul of man - the good news of
      the Gospel. How contrary this is to the victim's own manner of
      thinking. He now learns that he always was a part of God's great
      redemptive plan. Now he may go free, and these one-time captives




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       become 'The planting of the Lord, that He might be glorified'.




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         'Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death,
         I will fear no evil: for Thou art with me; Thy rod and Thy staff
         they comfort me' (Ps.23:4.)

      The agoraphobe's every thought and expectation is one of disaster
      and mounting gloom. His is a ‘doomsday’ attitude, that knows only
      fear and panic. The joys of life have long since fled away from all
      remembrance. Truly the victim of this phobia walks through ‘the
      valley of the shadow of death’.
         Like many other victims of fear also, the agoraphobe walks
      through this valley due to human ignorance. Neither he, nor others,
      can understand his illness, therefore he is more afraid. In keeping
      with this modem age, agoraphobia may truly be termed 'space
      sickness'. What is colder, emptier, less inviting than space, or more
      desolate than the lives that this object fills with fear? Who
      understands these emotional fugitives who exist without hope and
      the ability to plan for the future, who have lost even the commonest
      enjoyments of life - peace, ambition, self-value, friendship, love?
      Like this illness, space is mysterious. It provides no answers, offers
      no solutions. The victim is so intensely absorbed in the fight for his
      own survival that his ability to assist others is also impaired. Space
      is depth, space is height, space has no end. It affords no protection
      and becomes a threat. As it is the object he fears most, he may not
      escape it - nor the pain it brings.
         In this age of spiritual and moral decline, like cancer or AIDS,
      agoraphobia is a seemingly incurable disease. The abuse of alcohol,
      tobacco, drugs, sex, food, music, environment and other natural
      resources has also added to these evils. Although unable to solve
      the problems of his own planet, man seeks to conquer other worlds.
      The Gospel of God's love and forgiveness continues to invite him
      to turn away from his ignorance and folly, while evil befalls him.
      The Bible speaks of, 'Men's hearts failing them for fear, and for
      looking after those things which are coming on the earth' (Lk. 21:26).




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      This is the beginning of the 'time of trouble', spoken of by God's
      prophets concerning this period, immediately prior to Christ's return
      (Dan. 12: 1; Rev.6:12-17).
         The agoraphobe is held in a lifelong bondage of the fear of death.
      He cannot recognize its cause, since he is held in ignorance of this
      by the enemy of his soul, but God has provided the answer. The
      Good Shepherd of the sheep cares for His lost ones. The fugitive
      from fear, who hears God's voice, comes as one who has strayed
      from the fold (Matt. 18:11-14). When he receives God's provision,
      offered through faith in Jesus Christ, he can never stray again from
      the Lord and Comforter of his soul. He has been lost, but now is
      found. He, too, can say with the Psalmist: 'I will fear no evil; for
      Thou art with me' (Ps.23:4). Christ died to deliver the victim from
      fear and evil. 'That through death he might destroy him that had the
      power of death, that is, the devil; and deliver them who through fear
      of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage' (Heb.2:14,15).




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         'Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on
         Thee' (Isa.26:3).
         'And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall
         keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus (Philip.4:7)

       The agoraphobe, or other victim of fear, requires to know how to
       overcome his dreadful panics before his limited resources fail. In
       the past, this has always been his biggest problem and beyond all
       help and hope. His greatest fear is his inability to control his fear,
       since this is the cause of his dreadful phobias and panics.
          These victims may have often wondered if there is anything
       greater than fear, but never found an answer. Sleep, perhaps, is
       greater than fear, since the victim must finally sleep from exhaustion,
       but when he awakes, fear may yet return. Still, there is something
       far greater than fear, and this is faith, hope and love. Without these
       resources, the victim must forever remain defeated. Fortunately,
       phobias, fears, and anxieties may be overcome. The question then
       becomes: How may one acquire these essential spiritual
       resources?
          The Bible's command is: 'Be ye transformed by the renewing
       of your mind' (Rom. 12:2). The victim may be delivered, but this is
       largely up to him. God does not act against our will. We must do our
       part - as He does His. Phobias are beyond human help, therefore the
       power of God is required to break their hold upon the life. This is
       beyond the scope and authority of psychology or philosophy.
       Overcoming the phobia is more than a mere challenge of the will.
       With the phobia, the will is, broken and powerless to deal with the
       problem. Self-effort and brain-washing bring only added despair, but
       through the renewing of the mind, by the principles that God has
       provided, these forces may be overcome. Victory is then assured.
          The victim begins by focusing his mind upon the promises of
       God for him. After receiving God's pardon and enlightenment, and
       acknowledging the cause of his illness, he may then apply these




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      principles to his life and fears. By casting his cares upon God, he
      knows the peace 'which passeth all understanding' (Philip.4:7).
      God's word becomes his protection in time of need, and a garrison
      against all fear. Having done his part, the remainder is up to God.
      Through experience, the believer begins to triumph. He may fail,
      but God can never fail. He learns to trust, instead of succumbing to
      those old habits of fear and doubt. Finally, he is able to rise superior
      to his fears. The negatives of his life are progressively, yet surely,
      dealt with, and their power to hold him finally destroyed, forever.




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         'They that wait upon the Lord shall renew their strength; they
         shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be
         weary; and they shall walk, and not faint' (Isa.40:31).

      It is pointless to look for solutions in the victim's past, when his
      problems may be remedied by correcting those of the present and
      the future. Human personality is so constructed that it can overcome
      tremendous trials and traumas of the past, when present and future
      goals are seen as obtainable. Many of the pains and sufferings of
      yesterday may seem entirely insurmountable, but God has the
      answer to these, too. As the child can be physically undernourished,
      yet lack nothing as an adult, so the emotionally deprived may be
      made whole by meeting present deficiencies. Painful memories
      may seem impossible to erase, but God provides the necessary
      grace to deal even with these, also.
          Someone has said that the three main spiritual vitamins are,
      vitamins A, B and C - 'Always Believe Christ'. If we do this, we
      shall never fail to become spiritually strong. God has already
      provided spiritual nourishment for the agoraphobe or other victim
      of fear. By supplying his essential resources -faith, hope, love and
      understanding - he receives the courage he needs to face life and
      overcome his fears - even the 'curse' of agoraphobia. As he waits
      upon God his strength is renewed daily, and in times of trouble he
      shall 'not faint'.




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         '0 that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! then had
         thy peace been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves
         of the sea' (Isa.48:18).

      Paradoxical though it may seem at first, we learn from God's Word,
      that fear can protect us from fear. The Bible refers to this fear as
      'clean, enduring forever' (Ps. 19:9). Normal fear is healthy and
      helps you avoid danger; abnormal fear, however, is destructive to
      the personality. This kind of fear is learned. To fear something
      persistently causes worry, anxiety and panic, which results in
      phobias, obsessions and complexes. Abnormal fear constantly
      blights and destroys our individual and collective lives, but the
      clean fear of God motivates us to improve our state. Therefore, not
      all fear is destructive. Our problem then, is not to be entirely free
      from fear, but to recognize and control fear for greater freedom and
      achievement.
         With the child there is at times, a longing to be free from all
      restriction and restraint. However, when this is achieved in
      adulthood, there is also the anxiety and fear which accompanies this
      freedom. Because, in man's own wisdom, he cannot know the full
      consequences of any single action or decision that he may make;
      God has placed fear in his heart. In the Book of Proverbs we are told
      that, 'The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom' (Prov.9:10).
      It is also proof of our relationship, 'For whom the Lord loveth He
      chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom He receiveth' (Heb. 12:6).
          When the agoraphobe begins to understand that his horrors and
      sufferings were for a purpose and not the direct punishment of God
      for his sins, bitterness turns to thankfulness. Since the problem is
      now solved, it becomes possible to adjust to the unchangeable past.
      God in His wisdom, alone knows how to bring good out of the evil.
      The victim's feelings of isolation, loneliness, estrangement and
      horror were the workings of God in his life after all! Since there was




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      a purpose in it then, there is a purpose for him now, and for the
      future, also. This is God's provision for every victim of fear.




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         'Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I
         will give you rest' (Matt. 11:28).

       In this hustle-bustle world with all its tensions and pressures, it is
       difficult, if not impossible, to draw aside from life's obligations and
       difficulties to take a much needed rest. Yet, if we fail to do so, our
       bodies and minds will eventually succumb to physical or emotional
       illness - which so many fail to avoid.
          The agoraphobe, or other victim of fear, needs rest more than any
       other. There is fear, worry, painful memories, self-blame, unforgive-
       ness and other harmful emotions. He is subject to nervous-tension,
       exhaustion, depression.
          Jesus has promised to give 'rest' to all who will receive it, but
       many are unable to do so, because they fail to understand, or feel
       unworthy to receive, rest. They consider themselves too guilty,
       sinful, unworthy or wicked to accept what is really meant for them.
       It was of these people Jesus spoke when He said, 'I am not come to
       call the righteous, but sinners to repentance' (Matt.9:13). He also
       said, 'Him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out' (Jn.6:37).
          Then, there are those who believe that they have committed the
       unpardonable sin, and could never be accepted by God. Forgiveness
       and rest for them is therefore, impossible. However, their very
       hunger and thirst for righteousness is evidence that they have not
       done this, and may still be filled. Others may be remorseful, but not
       truly repentant.
          Then there are those who seek to appease God and their
       conscience, by their own self-effort and good works, but never find
       true peace. This is because they approach God by their own
       reasoning, but not according to His Word. Forgiveness,
       righteousness and peace are gifts from God. A gift cannot be earned
       - only received. Jesus said, 'Learn of me', not 'strive to imitate me'.
       When He places His life in the believer, He brings forth the fruit of
       righteousness and peace. God performs this through faith - by




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      revelation and His Spirit - not by self-effort.
         When the Saviour is enthroned as Lord and Master of our life,
      this is the beginning of our rest. We then cease from our strivings,
      anxieties and fears. 'Therefore being justified by faith, we have
      peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ' (Rom.5: 1). As the
      victim of fear focuses his mind upon God's Word and promises, he
      may then draw aside by faith and find rest for his soul, in every
      situation of life.




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        Readings for the Agoraphobe and Victims of                     133
        Other Phobias, Abnormal Fears, Anxiety and Emotional Illness


         'When I consider Thy heavens, the work of Thy fingers, the
         moon and the stars, which Thou hast ordained; what is man,
         that Thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that Thou
         visitest him?' (Ps.8:3&4).

       There was once a certain philosopher who believed that all he could
       know for certain was that he existed: 'I think, therefore, I am'
       (Descartes). Man is not only conscious of his existence, but desires
       to know WHY he exists. He ponders his own body, emotions and
       feelings and the world around about him in order to find this out.
       David, the Psalmist, also questions mankind's apparent
       insignificance in the vast universe surrounding him when he asks:
       'What is man, that Thou art mindful of him?'
          All have questioned their existence at some time or other but
       whatever the conclusions reached, we are here either by creation or
       chance. The same problem, therefore, confronts us all - faith must
       be placed somewhere. Either we will place this in self, mankind or
       in God.
          Because the problem of existence can only be solved by faith -
       wherever this may be placed - many become emotionally ill. The
       man or woman who loses faith in life is like a ship without a rudder,
       ready to be tossed and wrecked against the rocks. The agoraphobe
       has long grappled with the meaning of his existence and suffering -
       without any answer. His most urgent questions are: 'Why am I
       here? Why do I suffer? Why has this evil befallen me?' Because he
       is without faith, he is afraid. He feels insignificant and insecure in
       an infinitely vast and mysterious universe, and confronts life without
       hope or courage.
          No one understands his problem, therefore he is more afraid.
       There can be no release from his bondage until his strange fear is
       understood. He must know the answer to his questions, or forever
       remain a prisoner to fear.
          The Psalmist answers his own questions - Man's insignificance




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      134                   The End of Fear

      is only apparent. God's love and concern is not only for His
      inanimate creation, but for man and other living creatures. He
      lavishes more love upon man and is 'mindful of him', and 'visiteth
      him' - at first, in the Garden of Eden, with His promise of
      redemption, then through the prophets of old. Again, He visited
      man through His Son Jesus Christ, and is mindful of the believer
      today - visiting him by His Holy Spirit. In the light of history,
      man's insignificance is truly only apparent.
         The victim of agoraphobia and other fears requires to know this
      love, so freely offered in Christ, and to come to know of his true
      position in God's sight. Then his feelings of insecurity, loneliness,
      lovelessness, anxiety and fear must give way to peace. Since he has
      been granted an understanding of his humble, yet noble, purpose on
      this planet, he begins to discover the true meaning of life.




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        Readings for the Agoraphobe and Victims of                     135
        Other Phobias, Abnormal Fears, Anxiety and Emotional Illness



         'Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by
         the Word of God, so that things which are seen were not made
         of things which do appear' (Heb. 11:3).
         'For the things which are seen are temporal; but the things
         which are not seen are eternal' (2 Cor.4:18).

      For many, the wonder, enchantment and excitement of life once
      known as a child, have faded away. This often begins as a gradual
      process in childhood. The million trials and difficulties that can
      harden and embitter us can bring this about. The birds have now
      lost their song and the trees their charm. Instead of feeling uplifted
      in nature's presence a grey dullness is presented to the soul.
          This is the position of the agoraphobe and certain other victims
      of fear. In agoraphobia, awareness of this estrangement from life,
      as it may be called, is very much a part of the illness.
          Yet it was not so from the beginning. God has brought everything
      into being by His great power and love, and all things speak of Him
      and eternity. Life was meant to be continually enjoyed and given
      thanks for. However, through sin, man became estranged from God
      and filled with all the sorrows, anxieties and fears he is capable of
      knowing.
          A godless world ever seeks to forget God and reject His awareness.
      What man calls great, God often calls foolishness, for, with all his
      wisdom, science and technology, man cannot so much as create a
      single blade of grass. It might look like 'grass’ but there is no life in
      it. Man cannot create life - for life comes only from preceding life;
      and this Life comes from God.
          The agoraphobe's feelings of insignificance, meaninglessness
      and estrangement reach their height in the panic state and are ever
      present in his subconsciousness. These feelings are magnified by
      his daily surroundings and also by his anxious thoughts. Because
      agoraphobia is an illness of deprivation, and victims have been
      deprived of natural affection, they should, wherever possible, seek




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       136                  The End of Fear

       out surroundings that are natural. In an age of modern development,
       the formless and abstract predominate. This can be seen in
       contemporary architecture, art, music, etc., as evidence of man's
       departure from so much that is pure and natural.
          God's creation speaks to man's heart of His love and care for His
       creatures. It also speaks of eternity and of things that, 'Fadeth not
       away, reserved in heaven for you' (the believer ) (I Pet. 1:4). Through
       constantly seeking out those things that are natural, beautiful and
       simple, God's healing is permitted to come about. The Scriptures
       also direct us to think on those things that are true, honest, just,
       pure, lovely, of good report, virtuous and praiseworthy
       (Philip.4:8). Some of these things we might surround ourselves
       with are: natural furnishings, hand-worked articles, knitteds, crochet,
       ornaments, etc., beautiful gardens, flowers, animals, country scenes,
       pure food, good books and music, etc. All this speaks to the heart of
       God's love and of self-sacrifice and love and devotion on the part of
       others.
       By seeking out these things and thinking only on that commanded
       by the Scriptures (Philip.4:8), the victim experiences God's healing
       love.

                                       *******




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        Readings for the Agoraphobe and Victims of                     137
        Other Phobias, Abnormal Fears, Anxiety and Emotional Illness



      Explanation of Illustration

       The illustration below, shows man in his present, temporal order, in
       relationship to the Divine, or Eternal order of God. Out from this
       divine order flows that great life-stream of every good and perfect
       thing, to all mankind and creation. In this temporal order, man
       experiences the antithesis of the divine - fear, despair, loneliness,
       lovelessness, disease, etc. However, as light is greater than darkness,
       so the Divine, or perfect, order, is far greater than any negative or
       evil thing.
          At creation, we received a soul and spirit, with a divine faculty
       for faith, hope and love. This was provided in God's foreknowledge
       of man's Fall and need for redemption. By this natural, normal
       faculty, we are able to communicate with our Maker and Redeemer,
       and also to draw upon His great life-stream that renews our mental,
       spiritual and physical well-being.
          Through this natural, normal process, which is also activated by
       the hearing of God's Word, man is able to overcome any negative
       power. Since the positive is always weighted in favour of the
       negative (this being the natural or perfect order of things), in time
       and by enlightenment, each negative must finally succumb to the
       positive. The Bible teaches that this present, imperfect order must
       soon be replaced by God's Perfect, Eternal order - where there will
       be no more evil, pain or tears (Isa. 65:17; Rev.21:4).




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      139

      You have now read the entire book, and I would suggest that you go
      back to the beginning and read it again, studying each chapter very
      carefully; particularly the Practical Treatment Program and the
      Readings - which should be reviewed regularly in order to gain the
      full benefit.
         The book has been written in such a way as to enable you to
      understand the true, or spiritual, cause of fear and so, provide you
      with a course to follow that will assist you reach the object of your
      desire - the end of fear in your life.
         Even now you may still be wondering just how this could ever be
      brought about, but, as we need not fully understand the workings of
      electricity or the combustion engine to enjoy their benefits, we may
      also apply God's Word and these principles to our own advantage,
      without fully understanding them.
         Regardless of the claims made, you are the one who will need to
      put them to the supreme test. You now have the opportunity to
      prove this book to be the answer for you also. If, at this moment,
      you want nothing greater in life than to be finally free from your
      fears and dreads, you may have this desire of your heart. Only,
      first, you must learn how to apply these principles to yourself, as
      no one else can do this for you. Reading and memorizing alone will
      not bring all the success you desire. Only the practical application
      of God's Word and these principles, together with faith and
      persistence, will do so.
         Clearly there is no lack of supply at the Source, only the flow has
      been restricted or stopped. The many suggestions of fear, guilt,
      doubt, resentment; thoughts of lack, limitation and their results in
      the life; estrangement from one's good, fellow man, God and nature
      - are the blockages that need to be removed.
         You must begin to regard yourself as you really are, a wonderful,
      created being, through whom God's abundant, life-giving resources
      were intended to freely flow. This will be absolutely necessary for
      you to achieve your heart's desires and goals. With the removal of




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       140                  The End of Fear

       every negative concept and the planting of new, positive ones from
       God - love, joy, peace, happiness, etc., His recreative Life will be
       given the chance to breathe these essential resources within you
       and transform your entire being. This is your desired end, i.e., the
       ‘renewing of your mind’ (Rom.12:2). And also the means to that end.
       Fortunately for the victim of agoraphobia, other phobias, fears or anxieties -
       although he must diligently do his part, this is not solely his
       responsibility. In spite of each persistent, overwhelming doubt and
       fear, he may place absolute faith and trust in the never-failing
       promises of God.

         'Being confident of this very thing, that He which hath begun
         a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus
         Christ'                                (Philip. 1:6).




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                          Some of the Many Scriptural Verses That
                      May Be Used Against Anxiety, Worry, Fear,
                                 Panic, Etc.

      2 CHRON. 20:15
                :17

      JOB           5:17-27

      PSALMS        3:4          18:3       27:1          32:1        34:15     46:10
                  8:3             :6         :5           :6          :17         50:15
                   :4              :19       :14         :7            :18     56:3
                   :5           19:7       28:1          33:18           :19         62:1
                   :6             :8      30:2            :19       37:5              :2
                  9:9,10           :9         :5           :20          :7     66:19
                  16:1          23:4      31:1             :21      40:1            68:6
                   :8           24:1         :2          34:4            :2     71:1
                  17:5           25:14         :3           :6      42:1       73:26
                   :6              :20       :22          :7         46:1

      PSALMS        77:1         94:18    107:19     119:130 142:7
                  86:7            :22       :20       :165 143:8,9
                     :13                      :23-30 120:1    145:18,19
                   89:9        100:3      111:10     124:8    146:8

                                                              141




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      142                   The End of Fear

      PSALMS 91:4              102:20          112:7,8 130:1-5      147:3-5
               :5             103:2-6         116:3
               :15               :8-13           :4     138:3
            94:12             107:4-6         118:5    139:7-10
               :13               :10-12       119:71     141:8
              :14                :17             :75   142:1

      PROV.      3:25                  John. 10:10     1 Jn. 4:18
                  :26                         14:27
                                       Philip. 4:6
      ISA.  26:3,4                      Heb. 13:8      Rev. 21:4
            40:29-31
            41:10
            43:11
            45:22
            51:12,13
      MATT. 6:25-34
             7:7-11

      LUKE       12:7&32
                                                 The End




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                                                                        143

      Donations:
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      size,
      quality U.K. printed publication (purchase details below) and is dedicated to victims of
      fear, practitioners, counselors, and others. This E-Book is made available through
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      Questions concerning ‘The End of Fear’, including prices and mailings to other


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      countries, including Australia or within New Zealand, my New Zealand distributor, etc.,
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      - 10 Hakarimata Road, Ngaruawahia, New Zealand. Tel: (0064) 07 8249294


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