AP_Stat_Summer

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					                           Types of Data
                   Quantitative (or measurement) Data
These are data that take on numerical values that actually represent a
measurement such as size, weight, how many, how long, score on a test,
etc. For these data, it makes sense to find things like “average” or
“range” (largest value – smallest value). For instance, it doesn’t make
sense to find the mean shirt color because shirt color is not an example
of a quantitative variable. Some quantitative variables take on discrete
values, such as shoe size (6, 6 ½, 7, …) or the number of soup cans
collected by a school. Other quantitative variables take on continuous
values, such as your height (60 inches, 72.99999923 inches, 64.039
inches, etc,) or how much water it takes to fill up your bathtub (73.296
gallons or 185. 4 gallons or 99 gallons, etc.)

                     Categorical (or qualitative) Data
These are data that take on values that describe some characteristic of
something, such as the color of shirts. These values are “categories” of a
population, such as M or F for gender of people, Don’t Drive or Drive for
the method of transportation used by students to get to school. These
are examples of binary variables. These variables only have two possible
values. Some categorical variables have more than two values, such as
hair color, brand of jeans, and so on.


Two types of variables:
                      Quantitative               Categorical




                Discrete     Continuous     Binary     More than 2
                                                       categories




                                                                           2
Exercises: Answer the following questions and then decide if the data is quantitative
          or categorical. (Q or C)
                                                 ANSWER                TYPE

1. In what grade did you take Algebra 1?          _________          _________

2. How many pairs of shoes do you own?            _________          _________

3. How old was your father when you were born?    _________          _________

4. How old was your mother when you were born? _________             _________

5. Choose a random integer from 1 to 20.          _________          _________

6. How many siblings do you have?                 _________          _________
   (all, whether you live with them or not)

7. How many cousins do you have?                  _________          _________

8. How tall are you (in inches)?                  _________          _________

9. How many AP classes will you be taking THIS year?_______          _________

10. What gender are you?                          _________          _________

11. Where did eat your last meal?                 _________          _________
    (1 = home, 2 = restaurant, 3 = other)

12. How long have you lived in this area?         _________          _________

13. How far away from school do you live?         _________          _________




                                                                                    3
             Numerical Descriptions of Quantitative Data

Measures of Center

Mean: The sum of all the data values divided by the number (n) of data values.


       Example
                                                   xi   4  36  10  22  9   81
       Data: 4, 36, 10, 22, 9       Mean = x =       =                      =    = 16.2
                                                   n              5            5



Median: The middle element of an ordered set of data.


  Examples
  Data: 4, 36, 10, 22, 9      = 4 9 10 22 36             Median = 10

                                                                          10  22
  Data: 4, 36, 10, 22, 9, 43 = 4 9 10 | 22 36 43               Median =           = 16
                                                                             2




Measures of Spread:

Range: Maximum value – Minimum value


      Example
      Data: 4, 36, 10, 22, 9       =     4 9 10 22 36

                           Range = Max. – Min. = 36 – 4 = 32




Interquartile Range (IQR):        The difference between the 75th percentile (Q3) and
                                  the 25th percentile(Q1). This is Q3 – Q1. Q1 is the
                                  median of the lower half of the data and Q3 is the
                                  median of the upper half. In neither case is the
                                  median of the data included in these calculations.

      The IQR contains 50% of the data. Each quartile contains 25% of the data.

                                                                                           4
              Examples
              1. Data: 4, 36, 10, 22, 9 = 4         9 10 22             36
                                             Q1 = 6.5         Q3 = 29

              So, the IQR = 29 – 6.5 = 22.5
              _____________________________
              2. Data: 4 9 10 | 22 36 43

                            Q1               Q3

              So, the IQR = 36 – 9 = 27


Exercises
Last year students collected data on the age of their moms and dads when they (the
students…) were born. The following are their results.

Dad: 41      27     23      31     30      33     26     32      43          25   34   27
     25      34     27      26     28      32     32     35      27          33   34   34
     34      35

Mom: 39      26     23      30     28      33     23     32      38          23   35   24
     24      33     24      23     24      32     23     30      24          29   34   35
     26      31

Now type the data into your calculator using the list function : STAT  ENTER 
type the Dad into L1. If you make a mistake, you can go to the error and DELETE. If
you forget an item, you can go to the line below where it is supposed to be and press
2nd DEL to insert it. Do the same for the Mom data, but put into L2.

     NOTE: If the lists you are using already have numbers in them before you start, you can
     clear them this way: Arrow up (  ) to the line where L1 is shown. Press CLEAR, then
     the down arrow ( ).



1. Find the mean and the median for the Dad data. To find the mean using your
   calculator, go to 2nd STAT  MATH  5 and then type in L1 by typing 2nd  1.
   This will add all the values in the list. Then divide by 26 to get the mean.




                                                                                               5
   To find the median, sort the data in the lists: STAT 2  L1 The median is
   exactly in the middle between the 13th and the 14th value.

   Mean_________         Median________

   Are they the same? ________

   If not, which is larger? __________




2. Find the mean and the median for the mom data.

   Mean_________         Median________

   Are they the same? ________

   If not, which is larger? __________




3. Now compare the two means you calculated. Which is larger? ________ Is this
   result what you expected?______ Why/why not?

4. Calculate the range for each set of data.    Dad__________ Mom__________




5. Are these ranges about the same? ______ If no, what are some reasons that
   might cause this difference?




6. Find Q1 and Q3 for the Dad data.            Q1________    Q3__________

7. Find Q1 and Q3 for the Mom data.            Q1________    Q3__________


                                                                                 6
8. You have now calculated the “Five-Number Summary.” This can also be used as a
   way to determine the spread of a set of data. The five-number summary consists
   of:

                      Minimum      Q1       Median         Q3     Maximum

Write the five number summary for the Dad data: _______________________

Write the five number summary for the Mom data: ______________________



9. Now calculate the IQR for each of the two sets of data.

   Dad_____________________________

   Mom______________________________




        Graphical Displays of Univariate (one variable) Data

Quantitative Data:          Dotplot
                            Boxplot (Box and Whiskers)
                            Stemplot (Stem and Leaf)
                            Histogram




         Dotplot of Student GPAs                     To make a Dotplot:

                                                     1. Draw and label a number line so that all the
                                                           values in your dataset will fit.

                                                     2. Graph each of the data values with a dot.
                                                            Be sure to line the dots up vertically as well
    1           2            3          4                   as horizontally so that you can really see the
                GPA                                         shape of the graph.




                                                                                                   7
                 Stemplot of Student GPAs
          1     23
          1     444
          1     67
          1     88888999
          2     00000000000000000111111111
          2     3333333333333333333333
          2     4444444444444444445555555555
          2     66666666666677777
          2     8888888888999999999999999
          3     0000000000000000000111111111
          3     2233333333333333
          3     44444444455
          3     6666677
          3     889




To make a Stemplot:
   1. Put the data in ascending order.

   2. Use only the last digit of the number as a leaf (see the numbers to the right of the line –
      each digit is the last digit of a larger number).

   3. Use one, two, or more digits as the stem. (Sometimes, you can truncate data when there
      are too many digits in each data value – i.e. the number 20, 578 would become 20 | 5,
      where the “20” is in thousands. Note that this is different from rounding.)

   4. Place the “stem” digit(s) to the left of the line and the leaf digit to the right of the line.
      Do this for each data value. You should then arrange the “leaves” in ascending order.

   5. Sometimes, there are many numbers with the same “stem.” In this situation it might be
      useful to break the numbers with the same stem into either two distinct groups (each on
      a separate line; say, “leaves” from 0 – 4 on the first line and 5 – 9 on the second.) or into
      five distinct groups as is shown in the graph to the right. Here, the first line for each
      stem contains all the 0 – 1 leaves, the next line contains the 2 – 3 leaves and so on. This
      technique is called “splitting the stems.” It is useful in some cases in order to show the
      shape of the data more clearly.




                                                                                             8
                                                                 Boxplot of Student GPAs




                                                                 0    1     2       3      4
                                                                           GPA



To make a Boxplot:

   1. Draw and label a number line that includes the minimum and the maximum values for the set of data.

   2. Calculate the five-number summary and make a dot for each of these summary numbers above the
      number line.

   3. Draw a line between the 1st and 2nd dot, showing the ―lower quartile‖; and then draw a line from the 4th
      to the 5th dot to show the ―upper quartile.‖ These are commonly called the ―whiskers.‖

   4. Draw a rectangular box from the 2nd to the 4th dot and draw a line through the box on the middle dot –
      the median.

   NOTE: In AP Statistics, a “modified boxplot” is used. This shows any “outliers.” An outlier is a data
   point that does not fit the pattern of the rest of the data. When your calculator or computer software
   graphs a modified boxplot, an algorithm is used to determine what it takes to “not fit the pattern of the
   rest of the data.” This algorithm is: 1.5 ( IQR ) away from the “box” part of the graph. (above and
   below the box). These outliers are shown with dots or stars, or any other small symbol.



                                                                                To make a histogram:
                          Histogram of Student GPAs
               70                                                                  1. Put the data into ascending order.
               60

               50
                                                                                   2. Decide upon evenly spaced intervals into which
   Frequency




               40

               30                                                                     to divide the set of data (such as 0, 10, 20, 30,
               20                                                                     etc.) and then count the number of values that fall
               10
                                                                                      within each interval. This number is called the
                0

                    1.0      1.5   2.0         2.5   3.0   3.5
                                                                                      ―frequency.‖ If you divide each of these
                                         GPA
                                                                                      frequencies by the size of the data set, n, making
                                                                                      percents, then you have what are called ―relative
                                                                                      frequencies.‖

                                                                                   3. Draw and label a 1st quadrant graph using scales
                                                                                      appropriate for the data. Be sure to include a title
                                                                                      for the x- and for the y-axes.

                                                                                   4. Graph the frequencies that you calculated in step
                                                                                      2.


                                                                                                                                   9
Categorical Data: Bar Graph
                   Circle Graph
I’m assuming that you already know how to make these two types of graphs.



Assessing the Shape of a Graph

There are two basic shapes that we will examine: Symmetric and Skewed.

Symmetric: One can tell if a graph is symmetric if a
vertical line in the “center” divides the graph into two
fairly congruent shapes. (A graph does not have to be
“bell-shaped” to be considered symmetric.)

Mean ~ Median in a symmetric distribution                             Symmetric

Skewed: One can tell that a graph is skewed if the graph has a big clump of data on
either the left (skewed right) or on the right (skewed
left) with a tendency to get flatter and flatter as the
values of the data increase (skewed right) or decrease
(skewed left). A common misconception is that the
“skewness” occurs at the big clump.
                                                                      Skewed Right
Relationship between Mean and Median in a skewed
distribution:
 Skewed Left, the mean is Less.                Skewed Right, the mean is Might.

Gathering Information from a Graphical Display

The first thing that should be done after gathering data is to examine it graphically
and numerically to find out as much information about the various features of the
data as possible. These will be important when choosing what kind of procedures will
be appropriate to use to find out an answer to a question that is being investigated.

The features that are the most important are Shape, Center, Spread, Clusters and
gaps, Outliers: SCSCO. Most of these can only be seen in a graph. However,
sometimes the shape is indistinct – difficult to discern. So, in this instance (usually
because of a very small set of data), it’s appropriate to label the shape “indistinct.”


                                                                                          10
Exercises
1.   Construct a boxplot for each the following sets of data taken from consumer
     ratings of different brands of peanut butter in the September, 1990 issue of
     Consumer Reports. Use the same number line for both graphs. (You could do
     it this way: Draw a number line. Above this line construct the "Crunchy"
     boxplot. Then, above the "Crunchy" boxplot, construct the "creamy" boxplot.)

     Crunchy:     62    53    75    42    47     40    34    62     52    50
                  34    42    36    75    80     47    56    62

     Creamy:      56    44    62    36    39     50    53    45     65    40
                  56    68    41    30    40     50    56    30     22




a.   Find the range for :     Creamy _______ Crunchy _______

b.   Find the median for:     Creamy _______ Crunchy _______



c.   Looking at your boxplots and comparing the medians what type of peanut
     butter do consumers tend to prefer?



2.   The following data is taken from the Statistical Abstract of the United States
     (112th Edition). These are the ages of drivers arrested for DUI from a
     random sample of size 50. Make a stemplot to show the distribution of this
     age data.

                                                                                 11
                      45   16   41   26   22   33   30   22   36   34
                      63   24   26   18   27   24   31   38   26   55
                      31   47   27   43   35   22   64   40   58   20
                      49   37   53   25   29   32   23   49   39   40
                      24   56   30   51   21   45   27   34   47   35




      a.    What is the shape of this graph?_______________________

      b.    Using your stemplot, find the median of this data. ______________

      c.    Which data display is better - a boxplot or a stemplot?_____________
            Why? (More detail?)




3. For the following graphs, find the shape, center (just do the median), and spread
   (find only the range). If there any other notable features evident in the graph
   (clusters, gaps, or outliers), then say where they are. Otherwise do not comment
   on clusters, gaps or outliers.
   (Note:
   To find the center of these graphs, use the frequencies found on the y-axis.
             Count how many are in each bar. Add these up and divide by two. This
             tells you where the median is located. Which bar is this value in? That’s
             the median. For graph A, n = 21, so the middle value is 10.5. Starting
             with the first bar count 1 + 2 + 4 + 3 + 6… So the median is in the bar
             that contains the 10.5 value (bigger than 10 anyway). That’s 30. So, the
             median is 30. To find a VERY rough estimate of the mean, take the
             frequency for each bar and multiply it by the value along the x-axis for
             that bar. Add these up for all the bars and then divide by 21. You get
             the mean = 28.571.)

                                                                                    12
A
                    6
                                                                                                           Shape ___________
                    5                                                                                      Center ___________
                    4
                                                                                                           Spread __________
        Frequency




                    3

                    2

                    1

                    0

                                    22         24        26    28    30          32       34




    B
                                                                                                          Shape ___________
                            10
                                                                                                          Center ___________
                                                                                                          Spread __________
                    y
                    c
                    n
                    e
                    u
                                                                                                          Clusters, Gaps? ____ Where?
                    q
                    e           5
                    r
                    F



                                0
                                                                                                          Outliers? ______ Where?
                                           0        20    40   60   80    1 00    1 20    14 0    16 0




                                                                                                           Shape ___________
C
                            7                                                                              Center ___________
                            6
                                                                                                           Spread __________
                                                                                                           Clusters, Gaps? ____ Where?
                            5
                    y
                    c
                    n       4
                    e
                    u
                    q       3
                    e
                    r
                    F
                            2

                            1

                            0

                                         60         62    64   66    68      70          72      74




D                               5
                                                                                                         Shape ___________
                                4
                                                                                                         Center ___________
                        y
                        c       3
                                                                                                         Spread __________
                        n
                        e
                        u
                        q
                        e       2
                        r
                        F

                                1


                                0

                                         32.5 35.0 37.5 40.0 42.5 45.0 47.5 50.0 52.5 5 5.0




                                                                                                                                         13
                E

                                                                                                                        Shape ___________
                                                     10
                                                                                                                        Center ___________
                                                                                                                        Spread __________
                                         Frequency




                                                      5                                                                 Clusters? ____ Where?

                                                      0

                                                                       1            2            3        4       5




        F


                                     8
                                     7                                                                                Shape ___________
                                                                                                                      Center ___________
                                     6
                         Frequency




                                     5
                                     4

                                     3
                                                                                                                      Spread __________
                                     2

                                     1

                                     0

                                                              1                 2                3            4




G

                    10                                                                                                       Shape ___________
                                                                                                                             Center ___________
                                                                                                                             Spread __________
        Frequency




                     5




                     0

                                     0                5           10       15           20   25      30




H                                                                                                                            Shape ___________
        8                                                                                                                    Center ___________
        7
        6
                                                                                                                             Spread __________
    y
    c   5
    n
    e
    u   4
    q
    e
    r
    F   3

        2
        1

        0

                         1                                2                 3                4




                                                                                                                                                  14
I
                6
                                                                                     Shape ___________
                5                                                                    Center ___________
                4                                                                    Spread __________
    Frequency



                3
                                                                                     Clusters, Gaps? ____ Where?
                2

                1

                0

                    2.5   5.0   7.5 10.0 12.5 15.0 17.5 20.0 22.5 25.0




                4. Use the following list of variables to identify which of the graphs in Question 4
                   could be a graphical display of the answers for a typical class of students. (Look
                   at things like scale, range, min, max. Write the letter of the correct graph in the
                   blank provided. There are more variables than there are graphs, so don't worry if
                   you have extras.

                                                                         Variables
                Grade when a student takes Algebra 1 _____

                # of pairs of shoes you own _______

                Age of your father when you were born ________

                Age of your mother when you were born _______

                Age of your stat teacher this next year ________(guess, even if you don’t know me!!)

                # of siblings you have ______

                # of cousins you have ______

                Your height (in inches) ________

                # of AP classes you will be taking this next year ______

                How long you have lived in this area _____

                How far away from school you live (in miles) _______

                Amount of change in your pocket on the first day of school ______




                                                                                                            15
6.    Reading Assignment:      Read the following letters written to you by some of
      the AP Stat students in the year 2008 – 09.

7.    Writing assignment:      Write your own letter about what you are going to do
      to ensure success this next year in this and all of your AP classes.

On the first Monday after school starts, you will be given a “summer packet”
test. Not only will you be tested on all material in this packet, but the packet
must also be turned in and complete (20 points). The test will count for an
additional 20 points. This is material that is covered in the first chapter of the
textbook and is very important.



Questions???? Email me here: tcfrench@cox.net or go to the following
website for a link to my email and for any extra instructions that I might want
to give you over the summer. I will also include a supply list when school is
about to start:

tcfrench@fcps.edu




                                                                                  16
1.
Dear future AP students,
        You have made a wise decision taking AP Statistics. You will have many friends in your senior class
taking AP Calculus, and they will be miserable. This class is anything but miserable. It is a practical math class:
we interpret graphs, estimate and find probability, and carry out hypothetical tests, just to name a few. What we
do in this class is not hard or endlessly confusing; however, it will demand your time. So let me begin by
saying, ―welcome to AP Statistics, the most useful ‗real-world‘ math class you will take in high school.‖
        There is homework every night. I know that sounds terrible, but it really isn‘t that bad at all. It is usually
easy if you take the notes in class. From my experience, it is about a good 30 to 60 minutes of your time each
night. Try not to fall behind—this class moves at hyper speed. There will be quizzes and tests every few weeks,
which will be the majority of your grades. Typing this makes me think how much you, the reader, will be
fearful of the course load I am mentioning, but you are wrong. I am a procrastinator, a pessimist, and someone
who absolutely hates math, but I was surprised how fast the year flew by with almost no hitches along the way.
The point I am trying to make is that this class has a fair amount of work, but it is EASY if you just pay
attention in class (you could probably even get away with not doing the homework, but make sure you do it
because it counts for a grade).
        When you hear Mrs. French‘s little bell ringing in the hallway, you better be in the room, otherwise you
are tardy. Mrs. French definitely does not appreciate tardiness. She can be strict, but her rules aren‘t unfair. All
she asks is for you to be on time at class, ready to learn. If you happen to miss class, make sure you figure out
what you missed. Like I said this class moves so fast, and it is absolutely crucial to keep up with the class. By
no means has this been a class I have dreaded coming to every other day. I am almost positive it will be one of
your favorite classes. Mrs. French has a lot of fun activities planned throughout the year, such as eating M &
M‘s or sticking post-its around the room. Furthermore, if you need any extra help, Mrs. French is always
available to see you. Many a bruin block has been spent in Mrs. French‘s room, and it helped me a lot.
        This course runs from the first day of school to the day of the AP Exam. Most of the 4 th quarter will
involve projects that aren‘t related to statistics. The way I see it, this course is like a continuous bike ride up a
hill, with the top being the AP Exam. After the AP Exam, you can take your feet off the pedals and coast the
rest of the way—which is so nice being it my senior year. As a senior, I came into this class not so much
worried about my grade, but more so about doing well on the AP Exam, and getting credit for college. Mrs.
French will set you up brilliantly for the AP Exam—she does in fact grade them herself in June! She knows
what is on the exam and what strategies to approach it with. Consider yourself lucky that she is your teacher,
because not often does your teacher actually grade the AP Exam you are going to take.
        If you are going to take away anything from this letter, heed my advice: come to this class with an open
mind, ready to learn and actually have a good time. For most of you this is your senior year and what an
excellent choice of math class. You have no idea how much stress you saved yourself compared to your peers in
AP Calculus. No more algebra and no more crazy, hard equations. Your calculator will do the math for you.
This is the AP math class of your dreams. Enjoy.
Your Fellow AP Statistics Alum,

                        Eli Enav
2.
Dear Future AP Stat Students,

        Look around, the class may seem full right now, however; by the end of the 1st semester, it might be
relatively empty. If I were to take this class over again, I would pay more attention to the different types of free
response tests. There are so many and it can be a burden to memorize all of them. In fact, there is a chapter 11-
12 test in which you receive one problem, scaled to 100 points. But don‘t worry, homework will surely bump
up your grade; Mrs. French uses homework to understand the material, not to give much credit. Statistics
diverges from normal math classes. In fact, I thought stat was far more challenging than my other math class I
took, Pre calculus honors.
        One strategy that is important to mastering the subject of statistics is completely understanding the basis
of the course; CLT, confidence intervals, p-values, etc. This math course involves much explanation and
context included with each answer. Mrs. French is a great teacher, and truly wants every one of her students to
succeed on every test. She is an AP test grader, so she knows what the AP board requires in the course. This
greatly prepares LB Statistics for the AP exam. In fact, I personally felt comfortable taking the AP exam, and
was aiming for a 5.
        Personally, it took a while to understand all the different PANIC and PHANTOMS responses. Each
week Mrs. French keeps throwing more tests at us, and we have to keep memorizing. I find the hardest part of
this course is choosing which test we should use for the appropriate question. Some advice for future AP stat
students would be to ―get on top of things‖ and keep up with learning the tests week by week.

        With the PANIC and PHANTOMS tests, you need to memorize the summary statements. You can re
word the statements (I advise you not to), however it is quite difficult to re word the statements until one fully
understands what the summary statement is implying. As far as suggestions go; time management is crucial in
succeeding in this class. Homework usually takes an hour at least, which might influence you to stop
completing homework, but that is the wrong decision. You must stick through all the countless hours of hard
work to succeed. Mrs. French gives you the tools to succeed, you just need to do your part and use those tools
to achieve a good grade in the class. Of course there is a 1.0 weight added to your GPA, which doesn‘t hurt as
well.
        Another suggestion would be to visit Mrs. French‘s class during Bruin Block. Even if you understand
the material, you might want to keep up with your test corrections, because you are not allowed to take any tests
outside of the classroom. Some more advice would be to look at your formula sheet, and actually understand
which formula applies to what.
        Overall, Statistics is a fun class and it has been particularly interesting mainly because of the questions
in the significance tests. Ex) Give a 95% confidence interval for the difference between the proportion of
Protestants who agreed that communist speeches are protected and the proportion of Catholics who also agreed.
Statistics influenced my college plans, as I might like to major in a field that deals with statistics.

       Sincerely,
       Dylan Evans

3.
Dear Future AP Statistics Students,
         I am writing this letter to help make your junior/senior year at Lake Braddock a little less stressful and
give you an idea of what to expect when you take Mrs. French‘s AP Statistics class. Hopefully once you read
this letter you will be better able to prepare for the school year ahead of you and enjoy yourself.
         Okay, so although you may think that AP Stat will be any easy class and will be an easy A to put on
your college transcript, or maybe as an easier alternative to taking calculus, it isn‘t. While AP Stat is definitely
an interesting class and you will learn a ton of useful math, it won‘t be a walk in the park. Expect to be
challenged every class and on every test. All of this said, stat is most definitely a worthwhile class that is
completely applicable to everyday life.
         So, every quarter there are two easy grades: homework and warm-up notebooks. Make sure to stay on
top of the homework assignments—leaving them to the last minute the night before the test is NOT a smart
idea. Mrs. French stamps homework every class, but homework isn‘t turned in until test day. Although the
homework is somewhat tedious, make sure to do it, because it is one of the only grades besides the tests. As for
the tests, they are given often. Expect one about every other week or so. Tests are given chapter by chapter, but
make sure you understand all previous chapters, because there are review items on every test. Oh, and study!
Since tests make will make up the majority of your grade each quarter (100 points per test), it is extremely
important to study for them.
         At the beginning of the school year, the class starts out slow with some review. After reviewing the
summer packet, you will start on the first chapters of the book. The concepts are usually pretty simple. The
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math will most likely be different than you are expecting. Statistics is very different from algebra, calc, and
geometry, because it isn‘t as much number crunching as it is reasoning and designing and analyzing data and
experiments. There is a lot of writing involved with complete responses in statistics. The first test may be a bit
of a shock. Keep in mind that there are usually multiple elements required for each answer on a test. Overall
though, first quarter will just be getting your feet wet.
         As for second and third quarter, the amount of information that you will be expected to have retained
increases. If you are a senior, expect a bit of senioritis to have started to set in. Make sure to keep up with your
studying and homework, because colleges still look at your first semester grades. Towards the end of third
quarter you will begin to learn complete responses. Make sure to memorize both of the paragraphs Mrs. French
gives you and study, study, study all of the responses. They will definitely be on multiple tests fourth quarter.
Also, because these quarters are more challenging than the first (or at least they were for me), make sure to do
all of the reviews Mrs. French gives you. They have very similar questions to the questions on the tests and
doing them will pay off big time.
         Once you make it to fourth quarter, you only have a few more hills to climb before you‘re home free.
The first few weeks of the quarter you will have a few cumulative tests and then the week before the AP exam,
you will take the final exam. After the AP exam is over, you‘re home free. For the last few months of school all
you have to do is work on your fourth quarter project, which includes fun activities, such as AP eating—it‘s
wonderful!
         Overall, AP Statistics is definitely a class worth taking and is extremely beneficial. I hope this letter has
been helpful to you and that it will help you navigate your way through the course. Be assured that you are in
for a challenging, yet extremely enjoyable year that will teach you more than you ever thought possible. I wish
you the best of luck in your junior/senior year and hope you have a blast!
                                                        Sincerely,
                                                        Anna Markowitz

4.
Dear Future AP Stat Student:
        My name is Peter Bixby-Eberhardt and this is my senior year at Lake Braddock. I have enjoyed high
school and highly recommend taking AP courses including AP Stat. To say that I was challenged in AP Stat is
an understatement. It was more like I was overwhelmed, which was my own fault. There are many things I
could and should have done to do better in AP Stat and I would like in this letter to share some words of
wisdom, lessons learned, and advise to you to be more successful than I have been in this class.
        I am pleased that I had Ms. French as my teacher. She is an awesome teacher, well respected, and is
viewed as an expert in her field. Even though I might fail AP Stat, Ms. French continues to encourage and help
me. My advise to you is to listen to Ms. French and learn from her. I listened and learned, but I believe I did not
try hard enough.
        The strategies that worked best for me in AP Stat was coming in after school and meeting one-on-one
with Ms. French. I unfortunately only started doing this when I began to receive failing grades on my exams.
When I sat down after school in Ms. French‘s classroom, though, this was a time where I could focus on the
work. If and when I had questions, Ms. French was there to answer them for me. She doesn‘t have to be there
after school, but she stays because I believe she cares about her students. I believe she cared about me and she
wanted me to succeed.
        The strategies that did not work for me included trying to study late at night. I am very active and have a
lot going on after school. I decided, which was wrong, to hang out with friends after school instead of studying.
I would then stay up late at night and study and prepare for classes when I was too tired. When I wasn‘t hanging
with fiends after school, sometimes I took naps instead of studying. When lacrosse season started, I had practice
after school. There always seems to be an excuse to not study right after school, but instead late at night when I
was tired and not focused.
        The strategies I should have tried if I had to do it over again would be to study with groups of friends.
It‘s way better to do homework together with other people. It‘s much more fun. I tried this a few times at the

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beginning of the year, but didn‘t keep up with it. Time management would have also helped me. At times I felt
overloaded, but instead of seeking help with my time management, I ignored it until it was too late. Taking
thorough notes to review when I was studying for tests would also have been a great help. I could have also
come in early in the mornings to school before a test to study, but I didn‘t. The biggest fault for me is that I did
not always do my homework. Homework is worth points that I missed and homework would have also helped
me understand the materials and helped me prepare for the tests.
        I have regrets and one of them is that I did not succeed in AP Stat. What aggravates me is that I had the
ability and intelligence to succeed, but did not have the diligence. I want this to be a learning experience for me,
because I am going to college. Failing a course in college could and would affect my career. I need a career to
be successful in life. I give myself credit, though, that I studied hard for my AP Exam. We‘ll see how it goes,
but I should have started studying harder at the beginning of the year and not now at the end. I feel like I
disappointed my mom, who has invested a lot of time and energy into me. I probably disappointed Ms. French,
which I regret because she tried to help me. My last words to you, as a future AP Stat student, are to be diligent
and try hard. Learn from my mistakes. I have.

5.
Dear Future AP Statistics Students,
        Hello! I‘m here to tell you a little bit about what you‘ll be doing in AP Statistics this upcoming school
year. Okay. So first off I‘ll start by telling you about your future teacher, Mrs. French. Class with Mrs. French
can be kind of crazy. I mean, she‘s a really nice teacher like, actually, and she does some pretty hilarious things.
Like, when someone insulted someone else in class she‘d make them apologize in front of everyone and tell
them exactly how to respond. It probably wasn‘t fun for those people, but it‘s really funny to watch. You have
to realize that Mrs. French has to teach a really difficult class, but she finds ways to do it in a fun way. On
several occasions this year she had us simulate statistical situations using candy! And she gave us the real sized
bags of M&Ms, not those ―fun sized‖ ones.
        But besides giving us candy in class, another really nice thing about Mrs. French is that she‘s always
available to help. If you don‘t understand something that happened in class, you can go and talk to her before
school, during Bruin Block, or after school. And don‘t be afraid to ask for help! I know that personally, near the
beginning of the year especially, I was completely lost in what we were doing. I was having a lot of trouble but
went in to see Mrs. French and it really did end up helping a lot.
        Alright, so moving away from Mrs. French I guess I‘ll just tell you a little about the class itself and some
advice I have to help you succeed. First of all, don‘t go into this class assuming that it‘s easy. I know that I did
because so many people had told me that AP Statistics was just an easy A. Well let me tell you, it is definitely
not. I‘m not saying that this class is impossible, because it‘s not. I‘m just saying that in order to do well in this
class you need to put in a lot of time and effort. You should really do all of your homework on time. Believe it
or not, doing the homework actually helps you understand the material.
        I also strongly advise you to study for this class. I know that for a lot of you, you‘ve probably never had
to study for a math class before or you‘ve just never had trouble in math before. I was like you too, but my
mistake was thinking I could just glide by without doing anything. That illusion ended after the second test.
There‘s just so much information that‘s covered in this class that it would be really hard to do well without
studying. I know that at times it‘s going to seem like there‘s a lot of work to do and you‘re just not in the mood
to study or do homework that night, but it‘s really important that you keep up with your work.
        I don‘t want to make this class sound like it‘s awful or anything because it‘s really not. Like I said
before, it just takes a lot of effort on your part. I mean, a lot of aspects of this class are kind of time consuming.
For example, there are these things called complete responses that you‘re going to have to learn to do in the
second half of the year. When Mrs. French first starts teaching you them, you‘re probably going to be a little
overwhelmed—I know I was. But come AP exam time, you‘re going to be so well prepared that you‘ll be
thankful that Mrs. French made you memorize all of that stuff. For real, Mrs. French prepares you really well
for the AP exam. You just need to put in the time and do the work.


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         I really enjoyed taking AP Statistics this year. I mean, it‘s a really practical math and all, but more than
that, I really enjoyed the class overall. I hope that you have a good time in Mrs. French‘s class this year, and I
hope that I was able to give you at least a little bit of helpful advice. Have a good year in AP Statistics!
Amanda Lorenz
6.
Dear Future AP students,

         As probably every other letter is telling you, this class is not an easy class where you get to play on
computers all day like I thought it was. You will take oodles and oodles of notes that will leave your binder
looking like it were hit by a bomb. Lucky for me, I never had a binder. You‘ll take hard tests about once every
two weeks, and if you didn‘t do the homework and didn‘t study the chapter, then you might as well put on a
blindfold and randomly stab at the multiple choice questions, because you will have no chance at getting a good
grade.
         Doing your homework is the most important and probably hardest thing to do in this class. You get
homework assigned every night, usually problems from the book and worksheets from the notes packets.
Honestly, the homework will take a very long time and will bore you to the point where you almost fall asleep
sitting up, but completing it will help your grade more than anything else in the class.
         The hardest and most annoying part of the class comes in the third quarter and continues into the fourth
quarter. ―Complete Responses‖ are write-ups that you‘re going to have to do for finding confidence intervals
and doing hypotheses tests. They take an entire page of writing to answer one problem and require you to
memorize a paragraph for each different kind of response, but once you‘ve memorized the paragraphs the rest
comes easy.
         Once the fourth quarter starts, you‘ll be bombarded with giant tests, but you should be able to handle
them. You‘ll have two 400 point tests right after spring break, then the final exam, then the AP exam. We did a
LOT of review for all of these tests which made me feel ready for them. By the time you‘re done studying for
these tests and have already taken them and aced them, you‘ll know so much about stat you‘ll be able to teach
Mrs. French a thing or two.
         I enjoyed taking this class because it‘s easy to relate how these problems can be used in real-life
situations, and many answers are obvious if you just think about it logically. Plus Mrs. French called me her
Stat King which was awesome. She loves teaching us by giving examples with candy, which we get to eat after
we answer all the problems. It‘s a fun way to learn that really helps you understand what you‘re going over.
         Mrs. French also loves to ring a little bell in the hallways whenever time is running out to get to class.
When she rings this, you better run into the class to be able to get the maximum knowledge intake. Ask her to
let you ring the bell sometime. If she lets you, then she likes you. Mrs. French also likes to play the guitar;
maybe your class will be lucky enough to have her serenade you one day, because unfortunately, our class
wasn‘t.
         To sum things up, AP Stat was a challenging but fun course where I learned a lot of new and interesting
things, and was blessed every other day with the sight of Mrs. French‘s gleaming smile and that twinkle in her
eye. You‘re my girl Mrs. French, you‘re my girl.
                                                           Sincerely,
                                                           Clay Laing
7.
                                                                                                       Wednesday May, 5, 2010
Dear Future AP Statistic Students,
         Congratulations on making it to your senior year (or junior year)! Taking AP Statistics as your math class was a
good idea, but it will take a lot of hard work. You will most likely be busy with other things so you’re going to have to
manage your time well. Especially if you’re a senior, senioritis will hit you. You can tell yourself that you won’t get lazy
especially towards the end of the year but it is so hard to concentrate on school when the weather turns nice and you’re
already accepted into college.


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          For AP Statistics specifically, you will need to put a lot of time into it. There is at least one homework assignment
every night. Pay attention when you’re doing it too. A lot of quiz and test questions come from the homeworks. If you don’t
understand something, make it a priority to ask in class the next day. If you ask a question, most likely someone else had
the same one but didn’t ask, so you will also be helping your classmates. Not all homeworks get checked, but it is still
important to do them all. Don’t risk not doing because that one assignment may not get checked. They are not that many
points, but the homework is about understanding the material, not about getting a grade on them.
          There are frequent tests and quizzes in this class, so besides doing homework, you will need to study. At the
beginning of the year, I studied by myself and I did ok on tests. Then I started studying with a group of boys who more
needed to learn it then just review it. Teaching them really helped me study because I had to know it well enough to help
someone else. And also it definitely helps to learn something when you talk about it out loud so studying in a group helps a
lot. I also studied with just one other friend and we were able to answer each other’s questions and go through everything.
Before every chapter test, I would go through the text book and notes and outline the entire chapter. It was a lot of time and
work but it definitely paid off because it helped my test grades.
          Another important thing for this class is to pay attention when taking notes. It’s hard to not fall asleep in classes
and always pay attention, but even losing one day in this class is hard to make up. So also try to not miss class. On Senior
Skip Day and other days when I wasn’t feeling well, I would only come to school for AP Stat because it is not fun to get
behind in this class. Everything builds on each other so you really need to pay attention and learn the materials. So go to
class, and pay attention while you’re there.
          For the school year in general, Senior year is exciting but it’s still a school year so grades are still important. I
would suggest getting all your college stuff done early. Especially if you’re in a fall sport, it is very hard to manage your time
between homework, studying, sports, and college applications. Use any weekends you can to visit colleges because it is
hard to come back from missing a day of school. If you are taking a lot of AP classes, then the work load gets heavy and
you really can’t afford to get behind in those classes.
          One thing that I would go back and redo if I could would be my sleep schedule. Sleep is very important, especially
to teenagers. Sleeping in class or even just being tired takes away from learning and gets you behind, in any class. I
always stay up way too late to get up as early as we have to. That’s where time management comes in. You have to get
your priorities straight and figure out what is most important to you. School should always come first, so make an effort to
keep your grades up.
          I hope this letter helps you with your upcoming year. Work hard but don’t forget to have fun also. You only go to
high school once, so make the most of it- grades included. Good luck with your next year and future!

        Sincerely,
                 Megan Supko
8.
Dear Future Student,
        As you embark on this journey into the world of statistics I have a few tips, tricks, and hints for you to
use along the way to make it easier. First I will go into what I did successfully and unsuccessfully as an AP
Statistics student. Then I will go into what you should and should not do as an AP Stat student. Please take my
advice as it will help your succeed in the class.
        Tip #1: Do your homework. When I entered my AP Statistics class I was pretty good about doing my
homework everyday and getting it stamped. Slowly, as the year progressed I started doing this less and less and
my grade definitely reflected it. I went from an A- first quarter to a B- third quarter almost solely because I did
not do my homework and that didn‘t let me learn the material. It is essential if you would like to get a good
grade in the class.
        Tip #2: Don‘t sleep in class. Another thing I struggled with in Statistics was staying awake in class. It
seemed like at least once a week I would doze off during class making me miss the material, my grade suffering
in the process. Don‘t be like me. Mrs. French isn‘t even a boring teacher, I just wasn‘t getting enough sleep at
night because of poor time management and it affected my schoolwork. If you sleep through class you‘re
missing a lot in Stat so don‘t do it.
        Tip #3: Do the warm-ups! One thing I was good about was doing my warm-ups. During the first week of
school, Mrs. French will make everyone bring a black and white composition book to be used for warm-ups in
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class. Do the warm-ups! They are a great opportunity to do the work and ask Mrs. French questions about what
you‘re doing wrong. They were probably the most valuable thing I did this year besides when I did my
homework.
         Tip #4: Don‘t cheat. Finally, Mrs. French is a very happy person. Keep her that way. Don‘t do
something stupid like cheating because you‘re hurting yourself, the other person, and Mrs. French. You don‘t
want to do the first two, but definitely don‘t do the third because she‘s a very sweet woman and you will feel
bad if you do violate her trust.
         Since many of you will be taking multiple AP classes next year, it is important that you manage your
time wisely. I took 4 AP classes and was in multiple clubs and played 2 sports. This did not leave much free
time for me to do homework or study and it was obvious when you looked at my grades. I feel like if I managed
my time better, I could have gotten an A. Be sure to allot 30 to 45 minutes for homework after each class so you
can do your homework. This will also pay off the night before tests because you have to turn all your homework
in and you won‘t have to do all the assignments the night before which took me up to 3 hours for some chapters.
Also, start reviewing in April for the AP exam and the final. There is NO TIME for review before the exam. We
learned new stuff as soon as a week before the AP exam and we had 3 tests in the weeks before the exam. It is
important that you review early and often. Mrs. French will give you handy study tools on cardstock colored
paper. THESE ARE IMPORTANT. Study them! They really help! Learn complete responses exactly like Mrs.
French says to do them because you will get points off for every little detail you are missing. Most of all: enjoy
the class. It is fun. You get food and after the AP exam you get to have some food and do a pretty fun project.
Put in the work and your grade will be high.
                                                                 Thanks, Neal Chhabra
9.
Dear Future AP Student,
         You‘ve chosen to take AP Statistics, and hopefully you‘re actually interested in the subject because if
you aren‘t, it can be pretty hard to keep up with. In order to be successful in AP Stat, as with any AP, you really
have to keep up with your assignments. Mrs. French doesn‘t stamps every assignment, but doesn‘t necessarily
give you credit for all of them when you turn them in at test time. Most of the time when I‘ve had teachers who
used this approach to homework, I‘ve slacked on their assignments. And it never turned out very well for me.
This year, I was very good about doing my assignments on time and got good grades on the tests, and once I
started slacking on my homework, I started doing poorly on tests.
         That brings me to my next point. Even though you are most likely a senior, try not to fall victim to
senioritis! After your mid-year grades have been submitted it‘s hard to stay focused, but don‘t let your grades
fall too much. My GPA dropped .7 points between 2nd and 3rd quarter, which is pretty bad, but not the worst out
of all of my friends. Colleges actually DO rescind admissions and failing a core subject class doesn‘t look good
for final transcripts. But don‘t take it too seriously if your grades slip a little tiny bit. After all, you basically
have completed 12 years of school and you‘re preparing for what promises to be the best years of your life, so
just don‘t mess it up but you can relax a little.
         If you‘re a junior, I also think something called junioritis exists. It happens right around the time when
you take your APs and you‘re so burnt out from trying so hard, but you can‘t give up because your junior year
grades matter so much! So try really hard this year 
         In order to be successful in AP Stat, you really have to pay attention in class. At the beginning of the
year, you‘ll get a formula sheet that will make absolutely no sense at all. Unless you pay attention, it will never
make sense because there are a lot of symbols and there isn‘t a key to explain what they mean. Most of them are
used many, many times, so you‘ll become accustomed to them eventually. Towards the end of the year when
you start doing z-tests and t-tests and such things, it is really important to pay attention! You‘ll also be given
two paragraphs to memorize. MEMORIZE THEM! At first they don‘t seem to have a lot of logic to them but
after you work with the tests for a while, which will be a lot, they‘ll start to make sense.
         If you‘re in an excess number of AP classes, you may want to reconsider your course load right now. I
took 4 this year, which wasn‘t unmanageable, except that at one point I was balancing that along with sports
practice 3 times a week, coaching 2 times a week and a job at a pediatrician‘s office 2-3 times a week. That

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quickly burned me out. You may have balanced a heavy work load like that all of your high school career and
be prepared for it your senior year, but I certainly wasn‘t so I had to pick and choose what was important to me.
The bottom line is, in your senior year, there are many opportunities to take AP classes, work, play sports, and
join clubs. Make sure that you‘re not taking APs just because you think it looks good for college and that you
will actually study for the class because it‘s important to you. The same goes for all extracurricular activities.
It‘s good to stay busy, but don‘t overwork yourself because your grades are always going to be important, and
so is a good senior year experience. Good luck, future AP Statistics student!

                                                                                     Sincerely,
                                                                                     Jen Daniels
10.
Dear future AP student,
         Let me just start off by saying that in no way, shape, or form is this class an easy ―A‖. It takes a lot of
hard work to get an ―A‖. AP stat is also different from any math class you have taken. I really didn‘t even think
of it as a ―math‖ class. You should be prepared for anything with Mrs. French (one of our tests had so much
writing that wasn‘t math work I thought I was taking an English test). The pace of the course definitely starts
off slow but picks up speed at an amazing pace. Be prepared to go from doing one assignment number a night to
doing two and a review packet. Speaking of review packets and homework personally I found that I did best on
tests after doing all the extra worksheets in the back of the notes packets. They aren‘t always actually assigned
as homework but you might find that some tests contain very similar questions.
         While I am on the subject of homework I would recommend using any free class time Mrs. French gives
to work on homework. Any and all free time will be desperately needed especially about a month away from
AP exams. The same will probably go for any other AP classes you might be taking. AP teachers tend to pile on
more work the closer you get to AP exam week. In the last month before the exam I remember taking a test a
week in Stat and it was stressful to say the least. Just get through it and after the exams you will have plenty of
time to relax.
         I know everyone warns you not to get senioritis and to keep working hard, but they are right. I really
stopped focusing on stat class during the third quarter and my grade for that quarter truly reflected it. In the end
that one quarter mess up brought down three quarters of hard work. Don‘t slack off because you will regret it.
Also try to stay awake and engaged during class you will remember much more and it will make homework a
lot easier. Sleeping in class is just plain disrespectful anyway.
         Mrs. French is also really strict about being on time. You might see her out in the hallway yell at kid
telling them they have 30 seconds to get to class. Trust me, just go with it. Also go to the bathroom before class
because you only get two bathroom passes per quarter and she is very hesitant about letting students actually
being able to use them.
         Another biggie is to not miss class. Again last year when I read the letters from past students just as you
are I didn‘t take them seriously when they said how important attendance is. If you know in advance you aren‘t
going to be in class turn in all assignments and take any tests you might be missing. Mrs. French gives a much
harder make up test. I once took a 15 page test on one chapter. It didn‘t help my grade, big surprise there. If you
miss notes in class you can still get them from your friends but it is not nearly as beneficial as actually being
present for the lecture to go with the notes.
         I would highly suggest making a study group. It might sound silly but working through problems that
you might not understand with your friends that do. Talking through things you don‘t understand really helps.
Even just explaining an idea to someone can help too. Don‘t be afraid to ask Mrs. French for help, I would try
your classmates first and then if they can‘t help Mrs. French will most definitely be willing to. Also when Mrs.
French tells you to memorize something, do it! You will end up using it over and over. I think I pretty much
covered everything. Just be in class, on time, do you homework and ask for help if you need it. If you are a
senior, your last year of high school will be over before you know it, enjoy it!
         Sincerely,
                Kelly Hagan

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11.
         Hello! Welcome to AP statistics, and good luck. This is a great class to take because there a lot of real
world applications and knowing how to apply them can be useful in any profession. However, this isn‘t going to
just be a class that you can breeze through and still get a decent grade in. In order to get anything out of the
class, you have to put plenty of work into it too. Making sure you put in the work will be most beneficial for
you.
         Here are a few things you should know to get ready for the class. First, make sure you bring a
composition book with you. You will need this for the warm ups that Mrs. French has you do every day. She
will not accept anything other than a composition book when she grades them. Even if you try to talk her into it
she won‘t so I just wouldn‘t even try if I were you. The warm ups are also very helpful, so make sure you
always do them and if you don‘t know how pay close attention when she goes over the answers. Also, you
might think the AP test is too far off to even think about but it will come faster than you expect (trust me) so I
would get started as soon as you can. The book that I used is called ―5 steps to a 5‖ and was really helpful. It
also kind of goes along with the material we learn in class, so if you are ever confused you can consult that
book if you need to.
         Make sure you always do your homework. You‘ve probably heard that you‘re whole life but unlike in
some classes where homework is just busy work that teachers give to seem like they‘re accomplishing
something, doing the homework for this class always really helped me. First of all, it showed me whether or not
I understood the material in class, and if I need to ask Mrs. French to go over it again. Sometimes even when
you think you understand what‘s going on in class, you sit down to do the homework and have no idea what‘s
it‘s talking about, so it‘s always good to have that extra practice. Mrs. French also usually puts the answers up
on blackboard, so make sure you always check to make sure you‘ve solved the problem correctly. (But don‘t
just copy the answers because you won‘t even get credit for that so it‘s pointless). Then you can always ask
Mrs. French in class if you don‘t understand a problem. Also, make sure you do all of the homework even
though she doesn‘t check every single assignment. Not only will it help you better understand the material, but
she doesn‘t tell you which one she checks so you should have all of them ready just in case.
         At every test the two things Mrs. French collects is your homework and warm up book. As long as you
really work on both of them, these should be some easy points to get so make sure you always do them. Plus
they always helped me study for tests and were good ways to get extra practice, so you might as well get the
credit.
         Make sure you always organize your notes. You will get packets for every chapter which will be really
helpful for the tests during the year and the big tests and finals and the end of the year. So don‘t just get rid of
your packets after that test is over. If I could do it over again I would keep all of them organized and in order in
a folder or something. That way at the end of the year when you think you‘ve forgotten everything just pull out
your notes and review those and you‘ll be fine.
         Also as far as studying, I found it really helpful to study with one or two other people. That way there‘s
always someone else there holding you accountable for when you want to give up and stop.
         Good luck! And remember as long as you put the work Mrs. French will always help you so don‘t
worry! Have a great year.
12.
Dear Future AP Student,

         Many people take AP‘s because they want to get that extra one point to help boost their GPA; others
take certain AP classes because they hear from friends that they are easy. To be honest that‘s why I took certain
classes, but at the beginning of the year I was shocked at how extensive the workload is. Now after taking a
total of 5 AP classes during my years at Lake Braddock I would recommend taking all of them to those who
feel they are ready to challenge themselves. When you take an AP class it is truly similar to a college course.
These classes help you prepare for the college setting and help familiarize you with the material you will see in
the future. Taking any AP class will require you to devote time each day to studying and reviewing the
material. I would recommend you try to attend the majority of the classes, because once you miss a day of class

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it is extremely difficult to catch up once you have fallen behind. You should complete all you assignments on
time, and if you have any questions about the material don‘t hesitate to ask your teacher. At the beginning of
the year you should also ask your teacher what AP exam book they recommend. Those books are extremely
helpful; they provide you with practice exam questions and essays so you go into the AP exam better prepared
and confident that you will do well. When taking an AP class you will have to learn how to manage your time
efficiently so you are able to finish all your assignments. Even if that means not being able to watch your
favorite show: you have to learn how manage your time wisely. In order to ensure that you do well in the class,
you should devote at least 30 minutes a day to review the material you just learned in class to make sure that
you fully understand what you are learning. By taking AP courses you are giving yourself a leg up on other
students who are going to college without any experience or knowledge of what college courses are going to be
like. Before you enroll in an AP course however, I would talk to a counselor and the teachers who teach the AP
courses to see if you think you are prepared and can do well in the class. Toward the time of exams I also
recommend getting in study groups to review the material that you have covered all year. If you are able to
work well with others without getting to sidetracked or distracted, study groups are a great way to re-familiarize
yourself with material that you went over at the beginning of the year. You are able to bounce ideas off of each
other, and teach each other things that some people might not remember how to do. AP classes also teach you
material that can be used in real-life situations. By taking AP stat this year I am now able to predict the
probability of certain outcomes and events. The course material taught to you in the majority of the AP classes
you will be able to use outside in the real world. If you wish to challenge yourself, prepare yourself for college,
and learn valuable information I would recommend you enroll in AP classes. Good Luck!

Sincerely,

Shelagh Worfolk
13.
Dear future A.P. Statistics student,

        I would like to be the first person to welcome you to the wonderful class of Advanced Placement
Statistics! You may have heard a variety of opinions and experiences about this class, and you might be worried
about what lies in store for you when it comes to statistics. I would just like to say that all you need in order to
succeed is to just simply do the work and you‘ll be fine. Here‘s to a great year in store for you in the wonderful
world of statistics!
        If A.P. Statistics is your first time taking an advanced placement math class, or even just a higher level
course, fear not, for Mrs. French is an awesome teacher! She does an amazing job teaching you the material,
and never will you feel that the material is beyond your comprehension! In case you don‘t understand certain
parts of the material, say for example, linear regression, she will be more than happy to work with you either
after school or during Bruin Block, or both even. Don‘t be afraid to ask her anything about the subjects at hand,
despite how ―minor‖ or ―stupid‖ you think them to be, since anything you can do to clear up any uncertainty
that you might have will go a long way. Besides, she won‘t bite you, so ask as many questions as you need to!
        Now, you may be wondering, ―how will I do well in this class?‖ and I have the answer for you. Simply
put, you just need to do the work and you have to put in the time to prepare the material. It‘s not hard work per
say, but if you neglect to put in the necessary work, your grades won‘t please you; I know that I probably
should have put in a lot more work in during the year, so if I could do it all over, the first thing I would do is to
study, study, study. When it comes to homework, I cannot stress the importance of doing it. Yeah, my grades
weren‘t the best, but just turning in the homework that I took the time to do seriously helped; receiving free and
easy points for 30 minutes spent on homework each night always is a plus! Also, doing a thorough job on the
homework definitely helps you grasp the material, so please, don‘t underestimate the power that routine-looking
homework assignments give you.
        If I had to give you one of the most important tips for this class, I would have to say that you should
manage your time and give yourself enough time to do the work. Anything less than 100 percent of your very

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best work will not cut it in A.P. Statistics; take it from me, as I honestly did not put in the total work required
for an advanced placement student. Not only are you selling yourself short, but it is critical to your total
understanding of the subject material, seriously. Make sure that when you do your work, it is in the comfort of
your desk at home and you have enough time to do it, rather than frantically doing a rush job at your locker at
7:23 in the morning. Studying falls in this same category as well, as doing last minute studying during 1st period
will not be as successful as getting at least a minimum of an hour of study time per night. You‘re only as good
as the time you spend preparing the material, and statistics is no exception to that rule.
         This goes without saying, but it really stinks when you miss a class. Making up what the class went over
in your absence is a pain, and having to play catch up is not a good way to learn. I only missed one class this
whole year where we were going over notes, and the following class, I was getting left behind; you may think
that missing just a single class isn‘t the end of the world, but it really is the worst thing to happen to you.

        Another tidbit that I have to offer is that you should get a lot of sleep when taking this class. Some
people who will be taking this class probably are in quite a few other AP classes, so you might be exhausted
from them, but I would highly recommend getting the maximum amount of sleep for this class. I personally was
sleepy far more times than I ever should be, and as a result, I more or less zoned out during the times when we
took notes (which came back to bite me). Staying alert is vital to your success in this class, and I want to see
everybody do well, so load up on sleep! The more concentrated you are, the better prepared you are to do well
in the realms of statistics!
        Now, I know that all of what I‘ve had to say makes this course seem like it‘s all work and no play, but
by no means is that the case. We got to play with Skittles and M&M‘s in the process of learning. We got to play
with sticky notes and mess around with computer programs and we got extremely competitive in our little
review games. Trust me, it‘ll be a great year in A.P. Statistics with Mrs. French at the helm!

                                          Sincerely,
                                          Conan Smeeth
14.
                                         Letter to future AP Students

       Senior year is fun and exciting, but can be overwhelming if you let "senioritis" take over. In the
beginning of the year I did well, but as we got further and further into second semester I began
slacking and falling behind. Things will be easy for you if you follow a few simple pieces of advice.
       First of all, do all of your homework. The homework given may seem like a lot at times, but it is
necessary. Not only will doing the homework fluff your grade when you turn it in in a packet before
the test, but actually doing it is a helpful form of studying. Taking the time to do it correctly only
benefits you, because the questions that you see in the book are similar to the ones given by Mrs.
French on quizzes and tests. Make sure you have the homework on the day that it is due, so that you
can get a stamp. If you do not do the homework periodically when it is assigned, it is very difficult to
make it all up the night before you have to turn it in, because it is tedious and boring, so do it when
you are supposed to! Also, not having it on the day that it is checked will cause you to possibly not
receive credit for it.
       Pay attention in class. Take notes and try not to sleep. The notes that Mrs. French gives you
in class are very helpful for everything, including homework, tests, and general understanding. The
way that she teaches the material in class is how it is going to be tested, so there is no point in not
paying attention. Knowing how to do all of the work and knowing what to type into your calculator
cuts a lot of time off of your homework too, because you don't have to look up how to do anything in
the book, because you know how to already.
       Whenever there is an extra credit opportunity, take it! The class can be pretty challenging, and
the few extra credit points do a lot. Saving your bathroom passes can really boost your grade if you
correctly do the work to receive the credit.

                                                                                                                11
        The hardest part of the course, in my opinion, is the last few chapters. This is terrible because
it begins right around the time where my work ethic started to slip away. You will do things called
"complete responses", and will have to differentiate between the many different kinds. Make sure to
pay attention and study this. When she tells you to memorize the paragraphs, do it, it will help.
        In senior year, not specific to AP Statistics, but AP classes in general, it is important to stay
focused up until the final exam and AP test, no matter how much you want to slack off and stop
working. I wouldn't take a huge load of AP classes though, either. It is a natural thing for seniors to
want to gradually do less and less as the spring months progress, but try your best not to do this! Get
a good nights rest as often as possible, because it is hard to catch up on sleep, and you shouldn't in
class. Manage your time wisely, and schedule in things that you have to do so that you know that
you will get all of your homework and studying done. Start things sooner, rather than later, the work
will be better, and the stress of procrastination is not there.
        Your grades in second semester still matter! Keep up the good work throughout the year so
you do not get denied from college after you have already been accepted when they see your grades
from senior year. Use your time wisely and good luck :)

Sincerely,
          Haley Moberg
15.
          Dear Future AP Students,
                  Welcome to the challenging world of statistics! Your tour guide this year will be Mrs. French.
There are many important rules you must follow in order to survive. Rule number one: pay attention. The class
moves at a rapid pace and if you goof off for one second, you‘re a goner. The journey is not meant for the
weary. At the beginning of your voyage you will receive a Notes Packet. Each day you will be taking notes.
Refer to the notes while doing homework and if you have time it is to your benefit to look ahead. Homework
will be checked everyday at the beginning of class. When it comes test time, study your notes and homework
diligently. Redo all the practice problems and make sure you understand everything. The majority of tests you
will receive will be split between multiple choice and free response. Don‘t get excited over the idea of multiple
choice, these are some of the hardest problems you will encounter. The questions are mainly concept-based and
are very similar to questions that you will receive on the AP exam. Statistics is not all about note taking there
are also several labs, many of which involve candy. The labs help to improve your understanding of certain key
concepts. Don‘t get deterred if you don‘t understand something right away. Mrs. French is there to help during
Bruin Block as well as before and after school.
          To those entering the class late, don‘t freak out! Everything will be okay, I promise. How do I know
this? Well, I was in the same boat as you. At first I was lost. Everything was moving a mile a minute and I
could not seem to get my footing. I had never been in an honors math course before and therefore I was not
used to the fast-paced learning style. My first test was a disaster. I honestly did not know how I was going to
survive the year. I did all my homework, studied diligently for tests, and hired a tutor and was able to pull up
my grade. Don‘t be embarrassed if you need a tutor. My tutor helped me tremendously. Sometimes class was
a little too fast paced for me and it was nice to have a tutor to explain things that I did not quite grasp the first
time. By the end of the year I was doing so well that my tutor actually said, ―I don‘t think you need me
anymore.‖ Don‘t be afraid to ask for help. By keeping your mouth shut, you‘re only hurting yourself.
          It is important that you really understand something the first time it is taught because chances are you
will be seeing it again. Z scores and normal curves are everywhere! Learn it and know it well. Towards the
end of the year you will experience the joy of the complete response. And fortunately for you, you get to
experience this joy over the course of five chapters. At the beginning of chapter ten, you will receive a sheet of
paper containing two paragraphs. Memorize them. When it comes test time don‘t think that you will be able to
just ―wing it.‖ Save yourself the trouble and memorize the paragraphs. Also in these chapters you will learn
the two different types of responses, PANIC and PHANTOM. Don‘t let the acronyms scare you, they are not
that bad. Memorize them because they are truly your key to an ―A‖.

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        You will not regret taking AP Statistics. Mrs. French is a wonderful teacher. She knows Statistics
inside and out. Listen to her and you won‘t go wrong. Despite what some people may say, AP Statistics is by
no means a ―joke‖ class. It will challenge you, but through hard work and determination you will succeed.
Come test time you‘ll be prepared and although you won‘t want to admit it, you‘ll be silently thanking Mrs.
French as you answer every question. Good luck!
                                              Sincerely,
                                                     Jordan Vinson
16.
Dear future AP Students,

        If you heard that AP Statistics is easy and plan on taking it, you should reconsider. Not saying that it‘s a
tough course but, it challenges you and you must keep up with the workload. AP Statistics is not a course to
play around and things can get tough if you‘re procrastinating. Mrs. French doesn‘t take late work and certainly
moves on without you if you‘re behind.
        Word to upcoming seniors, this class is useful if you want a college credit or majoring in mathematical
areas like business. I am leaving Lake Braddock this year and planning to major in business, so this class will
be useful for me in college business statistics courses. Many people will say taking AP courses high school is
much easier than taking it in college because of the time span. In college you‘ll be given 3-4 months to finish
this level course. So there isn‘t much time given to complete as much work as you would in high school.
        If you guys keep a balanced schedule and do your work on time, I don‘t think you would have any
problems handling this class. For me it wasn‘t well put together because I expected the course to be a breeze in
the wind. However, that didn‘t go according to plan. I realized it wasn‘t what I was expecting and tried to
contact my counselor as quickly as possible to withdraw AP Statistics. It was too late by then and I was stuck
with it for the year. So don‘t try getting out if you sign up for this class, there‘s a good chance you may not be
able to alter your decision at the beginning of your senior year. It wasn‘t too bad as I proceeded through the
semester. Things got a little bit easy here and there but it was challenging along the road. Don‘t be a
procrastinator like myself, leaving work to be done at the last minute and staying up all night studying. Life
would be easy if you did your homework on time. If you need help you should also stay after school so Mrs.
French can help because you‘re going to need it for tests. Speaking of tests, they‘re pretty accurate to what
you‘ll see in the AP Exam. So whatever Mrs. French is teaching, will mostly match what you may see on the
exam.
        As most seniors would say, ―It‘s our last year and it should be easy because we don‘t need to do
anything once we‘re accepted by colleges.‖ The answer to that is simply ―No, you‘re wrong.‖ Why?
Depending on what teachers you have, like Mrs. French, they will push you off your seats and make you work.
It‘s guaranteed that most teachers won‘t slow down just because it‘s your last year of high school. However,
getting into college and balancing schoolwork may be challenging for some students. I remembered filling out
applications and writing numerous essays for schools I wanted to apply to. At the same time I was doing
Statistics homework, which kind of stressed me out for a while. If you have the grades and SAT/ACT scores,
you wouldn‘t really have to worry much since you‘re in a good position for acceptance.
        Remember, make sure you stay on task with schoolwork and maintain those grades for colleges. AP
Statistics may be a bit tough for some but you can get through it if you pay attention in class. Taking AP
courses is to challenge and prepare students for college. If you do choose any, make sure you like that subject
because sometimes it can be dull in classes. For example, Psychology was kind of dreadful to be in because of
the long lectures and note taking. However, in Mrs. French class you get candy and do a few fun activities here
and there. So AP Statistics isn‘t all that bad, just make sure you‘re up for the challenge because there won‘t be
any U-turns when you enlist for this course.

                                                                                                         Sincerely,
                                                                                                          Chau Ly


                                                                                                                 13
17.
         Dear future AP student,
         So I guess your going to be taking AP statistics next year. I hope you‘re ready because this class is not
an easy one. Mrs. French is a great teacher and if you listen to her you should be able to learn a lot from this
class, skills that might even help you in real life. The most important thing for new students in this class is to
prepare and be ready. So I hope you listen to the few important tips I have for you.
         This class shouldn‘t be too hard. I know that this is senior year for most of you, but if you sleep and
relax in this class you will have no clue what is going on later. You should spend a decent amount of time with
this class. A lot of stuff ties into other stuff we did earlier in the year, so make sure you have a good grasp on all
concepts. If you understand the material you should do great in this class. If you are a little bit confused with
something don‘t be afraid to go after school to ask about it because there just might be a test question on it. The
tests in her class are cumulative, which means on a Chapter 4 test, you could get a question about something in
Chapter 1.
         Do the homework. I know you may be reading a lot of letters with this as one of the tips. There is a big
reason for that. The homework can really help you understand everything. If you don‘t do your homework on
time and let it build up, you could be spending a lot of time doing homework one night. Homework really helps
on the tests because sometimes questions are taken directly from packets or the book. Sometimes the homework
can be overwhelming so just be sure to stick with it and you will do fine. If you are really confused with
something on the homework ask a question about it, Mrs. French loves helping students out, so just don‘t be
afraid to ask.
         Study, study, and then study some more. Sometimes the tests she gives are very difficult. Be sure to
listen to the hints and tips Mrs. French gives you in class, they will be very helpful on tests. Mrs. French grades
the tests as if they were the AP test itself, so needless to say, she grades very hard. Write all your answers with a
sentence, and when you get complete response questions later in the year follow the rubric down to the very last
letter.
         This class is not really based on numbers and exact answers. Sometimes you will be confident about an
outcome rather than being sure of an outcome. You learn about probability, reading graphs, and experimenting.
Really explain yourself thoroughly if you are writing a paragraph for your answer. Later in the year you will
learn about confidence, and tests of confidence, there is lots of memorization involved in these problems. I
studied a bit of each type of confidence test each night, so I could get a good grasp of all the different variables.
         This class if laidback for the most part. You get to do lots of fun interactive activities on the computers,
with sticky notes, and with m&ms. At the end of the year there are two large tests and a final, which you should
study extra hard for, then the AP exam. These are done relatively early in the 4th quarter so after the AP test you
get to relax and do a final project which really isn‘t that hard to complete.
         Mrs. French prepares everyone really well for the AP test. While taking this class you should have
plenty of fun while learning in the process. Just don‘t take statistics to lightly and you will do great. Just
remember to study and do your homework, if you follow those two simple rules this class really can be easy. I
hope you enjoy this class. Good Luck!
Scott Huang
18.
Dear Future AP Statistics Students,
         I had AP Statistics third period and it has been one of my favorite classes at Lake Braddock. Mrs.
French is a great teacher and really knows the subject well. Math is always a fun class for me and I hope that it
is for you too. AP Statistics is more than just calculations and using formulas to solve problems. Almost all the
questions pertain to real life situations and how to analyze different problems. Mrs. French even has fun little
activities to do in class that involve eating candy and throwing a blown up globe around. You are sure to enjoy
the class!
         I have a lot of advice for future students. First, always do your homework the day it is assigned because
you may get behind and then are stuck staying up late in order to catch up. You should do this for every class
and not just statistics because it will help you learn the material and understand different concepts. For
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statistics, I would also say make sure you do the reviews in the packets she will give you even if it isn‘t
homework because they helped me study for tests. Second, I am really organized and like to have everything
color coordinated for each class. It helps me be prepared for class and not lose assignments that are due. Also,
I have a binder for each class to put old papers and notes in so I don‘t misplace them. It helps to have them at
the end of the year to study for the final exam. For statistics, definitely keep all your note packets and fill them
out in class. They can be used to study for a test, quiz, or final exam, and they will even help when you do your
homework assignments. For tests in statistics, make sure you review your mistakes on old tests because she
does have review questions from previous material on another chapter‘s test. This will help you get it right
instead of losing more points for the same mistake. I also would go for help during bruin block if you didn‘t
understand part of the lesson and Mrs. French is more than willing to help you. Make sure you understand
everything before the test day because it will be too late for you to ask questions. Study for tests in AP
Statistics, it pays off especially for review tests and the final exam. Studying helped me do well. So just make
sure to review material before test day and also get a good night‘s rest the day before. In third quarter,
memorize the two paragraphs she gives you for complete responses. You may think it is easy but memorize it
because it is on every quiz and test after you learn it. You need to know the exact words and understand how to
fill in the blanks with a given problem. Also, make sure you have a good partner for the one partner test all year
because you will need each other to remember material from the whole year. Finally, have a positive attitude.
This is for every class because if you want to learn, then you will and it will be enjoyable. You can only expect
to get out of an activity whatever effort you put into it. This is true in school, sports, and life.
          You will always hear teachers and parents tell you to use your time wisely. Honestly, I am awful at time
management and would just nod my head when I heard this. I really like to procrastinate on stuff, but I can say
my junior year in high school taught me a valuable lesson that time is important. I learned there isn‘t enough
time in a day to do everything you want so you need to decide what is more important and prioritize. Before
this year, I never really worried about this and managed to get my stuff done even if I put it off, but junior year
is much tougher. I took three AP classes which included AP Statistics, AP English 11, and AP Environmental
Science and had all three classes on odd days or purple days. This meant most of my homework would all be
due the same day and I always did my homework the night before its due rather than the day it was assigned.
So I kept staying up late, and realized it wasn‘t working very well so I began to start my odd day homework a
couple of nights in advance. This allowed me to get my work done and go to bed at a reasonable time. Also, if
I was ever given free time in a class, I used to talk to my friends during it but now I use it wisely and do my
homework or to study for a class. Time management is a really important lesson in life that took me a while to
learn. But once you do figure it out, it will pay off. I saw my grades get from barely A‘s to much higher
percentages or in general they raised. I think students need to learn how to manage their schedule, especially if
you play sports like me because it will lead to your success later in life.
          I hope you enjoy AP Statistics as much as I did! I also hope my advice helps you do well in this course
and other courses you take at Lake Braddock. ―Learning is not attained by chance, it must be sought for with
ardor and attended to with diligence.‖ stated Abigail Adams. Just remember to try hard and do your best work
for everything!
                                 Sincerely,
                                   Melanie Brodner
19.
Dear AP Statistics students,

        Another summer has come and gone. It is sad to say, but it is time for you all to get ready to work hard
for another school year. Some of you are entering as seniors, juniors, and even sophomores. It is important to
realize that this class will not be a cake walk. Mrs. French is a good teacher and a tough grader. However, her
teaching and grading style will definitely prepare you for all of the tests and quizzes that you will face and most
importantly for the AP Statistics Exam in May of 2011.
        Some of you may have signed up for this course because you heard it was an easy AP math class that
would look good on a college transcript, or a GPA booster. This is not the case. You will need to be focused

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and organized in order to succeed in AP Statistics. You all are capable of doing these two simple things, but it
is important to continue these tendencies throughout the whole year (especially for you seniors). Many of you
will enter the class and look around to see familiar faces, but some of the people in the class may not be there in
the end. They may not be able to keep up with the rigor of the course due to inability to keep up, or a lack of
motivation.
        There is no reason for any of you to struggle with this class. There are plenty of opportunities to seek
extra help if you need it. Bruin blocks come in handy if you have missed class and need to make up a quiz or a
test. They are also helpful if you don‘t understand the information that you have recently learned. If you have
any questions Mrs. French will be sure to answer them. Bruin blocks also are a good opportunity to get ahead
with homework if you are swamped with other classes and extracurricular activities. It is vital that you do the
work assigned to you for AP Statistics this year because it not only is a free grade; it is also extremely helpful in
getting the concepts prior to examination. If you don‘t understand how to do a problem ask in class or form a
study group so that you can learn with your fellow classmates. I found it helpful to sit down and work with
other students on homework over the weekends so that we could share our thoughts on how to perform a
problem. Talking about the topics actually helps in the learning process so peer helping is a good study tool.
This technique is to help each other learn - not to cheat. Cheating does not help anybody because when you
copy work you do not learn the materials. The tool of peer study sessions can be applied to many classes that
you might be taking.
        Many of you are probably taking multiple AP courses, as I did last year. It is very important that you
keep up with all of the work in every single one of your classes because falling behind could cause you to
develop great stress. Trust me; you do not want to be stressed out trying to get work done at the last minute
because everything piles up. Do all of your assignments the day you get them and you will be surprised how
relaxed you will be when the weekends come and you have no work to do. If you manage your time well you
will get through this course well.
        This paragraph is mostly to focus on the seniors. It is vital that you seniors work very hard the first
semester, and to do your best to keep up that pace for the last semester of your high school career. It is a very
exciting time once you realize that you are almost done, and that you know what your post high school plans
are. However, you cannot give up once you know what you will be doing. If it starts to seem impossible, keep
working hard. Do well on your AP exam because Mrs. French will have prepared you very well for it. Stay
organized, focused, and persistent! Good luck and have a great year!                                 -Matt Hoogland


20.
                                                                                 May 7, 2010
Dear Future AP Statistics Students,
        Before you start to zone-out while barely skimming over this letter during the last day of summer 2010,
seriously take into consideration a few of the things that I have to say. I promise I know what I‘m talking about
and it WILL help you next year if you follow just a few easy steps:
    1. Listen to Mrs. French, period. Everything she says will help you in the long run. We all have our days
        that we feel like tuning out teachers, but listening during class notes will help you enormously and can
        be quite entertaining!
    2. Most of you will be taking this class as a senior. Senior year makes all of high school completely worth
        it, however, that doesn‘t mean giving up on your school work because you‘ve already applied to college.
        Especially in this class make sure to stay on top of the homework assignments as they are assigned.
        Tests require enough studying as is. You don‘t want to be finishing 5 homework assignments the night
        before the test.
    3. Just so you know, Statistics is a class all of its own. While it‘s nice to know a little bit of Algebra and
        Precalc, it‘s truly not that necessary. Speaking from personal experience, do not get too upset when you
        get your first test grade back. You will quickly learn that Stat is mostly conceptual and does not require


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        a whole lot of math. Find out what works for you to study, especially using the extra materials posted
        on BlackBoard for more practice.
    4. If you are confused about anything, and yes, I mean ANYTHING, ask about it as soon as possible for
        clarity. Mrs. French is wonderful about making herself available to her students through Bruin Block,
        after school, and even before school some mornings. Everyday there is new material to learn that builds
        off of the previously learned concepts. No material completely goes away after a chapter test.
    5. The end of the school year will get very tedious. Hang in there. When the free response tests start
        piling on top of each other, just remember REPETITION, REPETITION, & more REPETITION.
        Practice in this instance really does make perfect. Fourth quarter can be a bit scary with only a few
        grades in the grade book, but as long as you study and keep up with the concepts throughout the year, it
        will be a breeze.
    6. Finally, remember the rumor that you heard that Statistics was going to be easier than Calculus? Totally
        false. However, with learning how to balance the craziness of other classes, extracurriculars, friends,
        family, or whatever else you may partake in, I promise it will be tolerable. Just make sure to set plenty
        of time aside for this class.
    Alright, now that I‘ve scared you out of your mind, I ensure you that Statistics can be a lot of fun. Between
learning through eating M&Ms and utilizing your calculator in order to figure out almost any problem, this class
becomes something to look forward to during your day. Make sure to find lots of friends in your class in order
to have someone to call if you‘re absent and need to find out what happened in class while you were gone.
These friends can also help you study before big tests through study groups or homework help. Also, although
the AP exam preparation can take a huge chunk of time in the spring, as soon as it‘s over the fun begins with
food, projects, and community service!
Truly,
Rachel Newby
21.
Dear Future AP Statistic Students,

         You may have walked into this classroom today and thought this class was going to be a breeze.
Well, you‘re in for a rude awakening! Get ready for a nonstop thrill ride of headaches and temper
tantrums. Actually if you just do all your work and follow the instructions, you should do just fine. Take
me for example, the typical slacker who tries to get by without doing a lot of work. Well, that game plan
wasn‘t the right one for this class. Be prepared for a lot of work and memorization. This class isn‘t the
typical math class; I‘d say it‘s a combination of English and math. Why you might ask? It‘s simple really.
You‘ll take notes and memorize paragraphs. Yes paragraphs. But once you know them, it won‘t make you
PANIC anymore.
         If I was to take this class over again, I would have studied and did all of my homework. I would
have asked multiple questions and not have fallen asleep in class. When you get the paragraphs, memorize
it the first day you get it or just memorize it sentence by sentence. It is too long to try and memorize the
whole thing the night before. There are 2 paragraphs that you‘ll need to know for explanations of yes or no
questions. There are PANICS and PHANTOMS and once you get good at them, they‘re pretty easy to do.
         This class has taught me to become more organized and stay on track with homework and test
schedules. I actually had to study to do decent on all of the tests. A little hint for the future, make sure you
write a lot on your tests even if the answer is a simple p=.4. You‘ll have to write out everything even
though it may be obvious what you are talking about. Don‘t let the killer test of one question worth 100
points scare you. Take it step by step and remember all the stuff you were taught in class. Make sure you
review before the 3 big tests in the 4th quarter. You‘ll take a 2 review final exams that is worth a lot of
points, then a final exam that is worth the same. Don‘t get discouraged though, my first test grade wasn‘t
so hot but I still got a decent grade in the class.


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        If you follow the guidelines and do your homework you should do well in this class. Don‘t slack
like me. Do the homework the day you get it, and study for tests whenever you have time. Waiting until the
last second is not such a great idea. Pay attention in class and don‘t sleep. If you happen to fall asleep, you
will end up standing for the rest of the class. Not so fun. All I‘m saying is this class will prepare you for
college and has further expanded my knowledge of math. When you think the class is getting especially
hard just think about the 1 point added to your total GPA!

                                                                                                           Sincerely,
                                                                                                        Jake Holmes
22.
                                                                                                     Mindy Johnson
Dear Future AP student,

         If this is your senior year, you picked a great class that won‘t stress you out but will still impress
colleges. Most of you are probably taking stat instead of calculus. I took both, but I know most people don‘t. It
is true though that you really don‘t need anything you learned in pre-calculus or Algebra 2. Stat is math, but it‘s
more about understanding and interpreting data and graphs. It‘s more common sense stuff and information that
can be applied to everyday life. Plus, you can do everything on the calculator, so there really aren‘t that many
formulas that you have to memorize. If you are strong in math, then you should fine because the first half of the
year is pretty straightforward and review of stuff you‘ve already done in the past. When you get to the second
half of the year you really need to memorize all of the stuff Mrs. French tells you to. Especially the paragraphs,
memorize them right away so you don‘t have to do it right before the test. The hardest part is probably at the
end of the year when everything we have learned the whole year is combined. Given word problems you have
to choose which test to use. Some of the tests are similar and it‘s very easy to confuse them.
         Sure, all AP classes are time intensive, but as long as you manage your time well you‘ll be fine. I‘m sure
you‘ve probably heard that AP stat is easy or that its an easy A. It is definitely possible to get an A, but you
have to put in the effort and do the homework. My advice is to do the homework every night when it is
assigned. You will understand the information so much better and you will really regret it if you have to do it all
the night before the test. The homework can really help your grade so you don‘t want to get behind. Plus some
of the test problems are very similar to the homework problems. So don‘t just go to the back of the book and
copy down the answers because then it‘ll show up on the test and you won‘t know how to do it. We also had
warm up books, which are a great way to help your grade. We did the warm ups in class and we went over them
so its easy points.
         I only took two AP classes my senior year, so time management was not a major problem. However, I
had a lot of friends taking four or five AP classes and when it comes to juggling school work, sports, and part
time jobs, it can all be a lot. In my experience, stat did not require as much time as my other AP courses. That
doesn‘t mean it wasn‘t challenging though. If you pay attention in class and do all the homework you should
feel well prepared for the AP exam. Mrs. French makes it easy to get involved in class and understand the
material. There is a lot of note taking but she also tries to make it fun. We did a lot of activities with candy, like
M&M‘s. Then once the exam is over, everything is laid back and relaxing. We took the final exam before the
AP exam as a way to review. Before the final exam we took two 400-point tests to review also. But once that is
over the fourth quarter is primarily a project consisting of community service and ―AP Eating‖.
                  I hope this helps. Good luck in AP stat, and for seniors, don‘t give up on everything, finish
strong!

~Mindy Johnson




                                                                                                                   18
23.
Dear Budding Statistics Superstar,
         Welcome to AP Stat, a class filled with mathemagic and valuable learning. I will tell you now that there
are ups and downs, just like a normal distribution curve, but fear not! The months of May and June will be fun
times for all.
         First, I would like to tell you a short anecdote about two different students. Let’s call them Sally and
Pepper. Pepper took notes in class, did his homework each night that it was assigned, and asked the teacher
questions whenever he needed help. He got a 5 on the exam simply by keeping up with the class (Mrs. French
will really prepare you well as long as you stay caught up with her agenda). On the other hand, Sally thought
statistics would be easy because her older sister had taken it and said it had been a breeze. She did not take
notes because she “listened” in class. She often did the homework the morning it was due, leaving questions
blank and never filling them in later because she would forget. She didn’t want to be the only student who
asked questions for fear that the other students would think she was dumb, so she stayed in the dark. In the
time between spring break and May, Sally had to work extra hard to review all the material that she had
skipped or forgotten, which was a lot since she didn’t do her homework or take notes. She pulled an all-
nighter studying for the AP Stat Exam and fell asleep during test. The moral of the story is, don’t be a silly Sally,
be a prepared Pepper.
         As aforementioned in the story, it is not exceedingly difficult to do well in AP Stat, especially with Mrs.
French. Since she grades the AP exams and wrote the curriculum, she knows what students tend to miss, she
knows what the graders are looking for, and she knows all things that are good. Although she may appear
quite serious in her pinstripe pantsuits, Mrs. French is quite an interesting person; she plays guitar, likes to
sleep while driving, and has tons of candy stowed in her secret cabinet. She genuinely wants all of her
students to get 5s on the exam, but she also wants things done her way—because it works!
         The great thing about this class’s learning schedule is that you’ll take 2 cumulative tests right before
the final, then take the AP exam. All the material will be fresh! With this privilege comes the price of having
new lessons almost every class, except for the class days before tests. Mrs. French saves those days for review
so that any questions can be answered. Ask questions! Squeaky wheel gets the grease. There will be times
when you’ll have many assignments due on the same day but there will also be days of counting M&Ms and
Skittles—not to mention all the funtivities after the AP test, including tree-hugging, food-munching, and
homework-notdoing.
         The scariest thing about this class is having missed one from being absent. Although Mrs. French puts
everything on Blackboard, not much can top the teaching of a real, interactive teacher. I would know because I
took AP French online this year and it was awful. Fortunately, if you’re in this class, you have a real teacher,
who even responds to all her emails! It’s true that the notes will be posted online, and you’ll have your friends’
notes as well, but Mrs. French knows math secrets.
         Some of my favorite memories of AP Stat included the day before winter break where we had a study
day to review all the material we had learned up to that point. It was a blustery winter day and Mrs. French
decided to let us listen to holiday music over Pandora (internet radio) while quietly discussing least squares
regression and z-scores with our fellow classmates. When the sun smiled on the first day of spring, we took a
walk outside. Sometimes, she likes to turn out the fluorescent lights for more ambient learning. Do not be
tricked by the soothing lamps and quiet environment—they are anti-learning traps! It becomes quite easy to
fall asleep regardless what hour of day. Whether early 1st period or late Friday afternoon, sleeping in class will
result in major statistics headache, especially once you get home and attempt the homework.
         Overall Stat truly is an AP class. Keep up and score well, or chose not to learn and fall into a bottomless
pit of mathful horror. Also, to girls, AND boys, dress conservatively. Mrs. French does not like distractions in
her class.

                                                                                                                  19
       Work hard play hard!

       Fischer Yan
24.
Dear Future AP Students,
        ACTUALLY READ THIS LETTER AND DON‘T BLOW IT OFF! I PROMISE I AM NOT LYING
ABOUT ANY OF THIS! First and foremost, let me start off by saying that AP Statistics is not a joke class. I
took this class with the idea that it would be an ‗easy AP‘ and it would boost my overall GPA. If you also have
this idea, you, my friends, are very wrong. AP Statistics is a course you have to work in and put some effort into
if you want to get a good grade. Blowing this class off as a joke class will get you a joke grade, no joke. If only
you could see the number of kids in my class who were completely in shock after we took our first test, you
might be able to understand. After our first test, about half the class tried to drop the course and only one
student achieved that goal.
        Do not be scared though. Although the course is not a joke class, it isn‘t impossible to do well in. As
long as you pay attention in class, do all your homework, and do some occasional studying, you will do fine.
Unfortunately I blew the letters off that I had read over the summer and decided to treat AP Statistics as a joke
class. My grade was not very good at all. I thought I could get by without doing the homework or studying, but
I could not. I wish I could go back and do it over again because I would do so much differently.
        Actually pay attention in class. The notes you take in class are priceless to you, and if you don‘t take
notes in class, you might as well be asking to fail the test. When you have a question on a topic that is confusing
to you, don‘t be afraid to ask Mrs. French. Mrs. French is very nice and loves questions. I have had her as a
teacher for two years straight now and if I know one thing about her, it‘s the fact that she loves when students
ask questions. It shows that you actually care enough to try to understand the topic and that you are striving to
do well.
        Do your homework. Doing your homework is essential to getting a good grade in AP Statistics. If you
balance out your homework on a homework schedule of some sort, the homework will be very easy to do. As
long as you keep up with the homework, you should truly be fine with understanding the topic. Many questions
on the tests are the exact same problems we did for homework except with different numbers and what not.
Homework is also a good portion of your grade in this class. If you have questions on the homework, be sure to
ask Mrs. French the next day you have class to go over what you need help on. Asking questions on the
homework shows that you actually tried to do it, rather than just writing down a bunch of numbers to get the
credit. And on a side note, don‘t copy her answers that she posts online.. She will know and she will punish you
accordingly. Trust me.
        Study for the tests! Studying for the tests is somewhat optional in my opinion. I believe that if you stay
on a schedule with the homework and ask questions in class about the concepts you do not know, studying
should not really be necessary. A quick overview of the notes is all that needs to be done. But if you are one of
the slackers that doesn‘t keep up with their homework and what not, studying will be your only chance for
getting that A you dream about every night.
        If you follow all these tips on how to get a good grade in AP Stat, I guarantee a good grade in the class.
Work hard and your hard work pays off. Don‘t just blow this letter off like it‘s a bunch of xxxxxx that Mrs.
French made a kid write about. This is real talk right here home boys and girls. All I can say now is good luck
and I hope you do great in AP Statistics. 

-Sincerely
Walid Jami
25.
Charles Yeh
Dear new AP Stat student,
       Let me just begin by bringing you bad news: you are expected to work in this class. Hopefully, you are
not one of those students who took AP Statistics instead of AP Calculus because you thought AP Statistics

                                                                                                                20
would be a much easier, and perhaps even a joke, class and you didn‘t feel like working (since it‘s senior year
or whatnot). If you are, and you don‘t have a quick change of heart, this class will wreck you.
        There is a lot of homework in this class and it helps a lot if you keep up with it. Not only is it the easiest
way to boost your grade in this class, it also helps you learn the material. But I must warn you now:
procrastination will not work with these assignments. The moment you miss one assignment, your motivation to
catch up and continue the assignments will disappear. Unfortunately, your grade will dissolve with those
missing assignments; it will drop hard. The best thing you could do, in fact, is do as much homework whenever
you can, even ones that are due the following week. You will feel much freer if your assignments for the next
class are already done. If something comes up and you are unable to homework, you will also have lost nothing
since you will be already prepared.
        For me, doing things in advance helped greatly with this class. We were expected to memorize
paragraphs which would service as answers to free response questions. As soon as we began to use the
paragraphs, I memorized them. I did not wait for a quiz or test to cram my short-term memory with these
paragraphs. This way, I didn‘t need to remember or take notice when we would have a quiz or test since I would
already have things prepared. By the way, there are 2 paragraphs; one is two sentences, and the other is three.
They do not take long to memorize if you just put the effort into it.
        Take any free time you have in class opportunistically and use it. I preferred doing homework during
class free time than doing it at home where I could be doing other things, especially since the amount of
homework could pile up quickly. Don‘t be fooled by the calendar, you are often assigned worksheets from the
note packets in addition to assignments on the calendar. You are also expected to take notes as the calendar
should suggest where it says ―R&TN.‖ Mrs. French stamps homework every class and assignments turned in
without stamps often receive no credit so it really is pretty important you have assignments on the days they are
due.
        Expect a test on every chapter. The calendar should help prevent any surprise of walking into a
classroom and discovering there was a test that day. Often, Mrs. French expects things on tests which are not
explicitly stated in the instructions to a problem but it still does make sense to include them and will help you
grab all the points on the AP exam. To avoid meaninglessly missing points, pay attention in class or ask a past
student what is expected on each test for each question.
        Mrs. French also stresses the important of free responses which is the right approach since multiple
choice questions on the AP exam are basically free response with answers laid out. By focusing on free
response, you will have to show that you know exactly how to do each problem and how they work.
        I highly encourage you to find a past AP Statistics student and talk to them about this class. I‘d love to
help you further with this class. There is just too much which could be said to fit it all into a single letter.
        Good luck!
        Charles Yeh
26.

Dear Future AP Statistics Students,
        Where to begin? First of all, to all of the seniors, I want to say congratulations for making it this far and
encourage you to have the time of your lives as you enter your final year of high school. Honestly, senior year
was probably one of the happiest times of my life, but in order for you to achieve that same happiness, it‘s
absolutely vital that you make every moment count. Before you know it, 9 months will be over so make sure
you don‘t waste any of the precious time you have left. That being said, I also want to give a shout out to all of
the juniors taking AP stat. Juniors, if there is one thing I would go back and change about my junior year, it
would be the effort I put into my classes, you‘re almost seniors, don‘t blow it just yet.
        Now getting to business, before you begin studying the curriculum there are a couple of important things
that you need to understand about this class and Mrs. French if you ever hope to succeed in this course. Firstly,
Mrs. French will probably be the nicest and most helpful teachers you will ever have in your high school career.
I‘ll admit that I was a little uneasy about her outgoing personality when I first met her, but after a week or two I
realized what a happy person she was and how helpful she can be. Secondly, you absolutely CANNOT
procrastinate and you absolutely MUST do your homework. Take it from me, I switched into the class about 2
                                                                                                                    21
weeks after school started, so I was already behind starting out. But instead of applying myself and making sure
I could get caught up in the class, I decided that I would rather have fun and mess around in class. It was fun
while it lasted, but I wasn‘t laughing too hard when I got my first interim grade for the class. Let‘s just say I
didn‘t exactly have a great first quarter. I honestly cannot stress enough how important it is to apply yourself
and do your homework in this class. The final peace of advice that I want to give you is: DON‘T
UNDERESTIMATE THE DIFFICULTY LEVEL OF THIS COURSE. Regardless of what your crazy friends
tell you, AP Stat is not a walk in the park. Again, you have to trust me. I took AP Calculus and AP Stat at the
same time and I promise you that AP Stat can be just as challenging of a class.
         Really quick, I just want to make sure to give you a couple of tips. 1) When it comes time for you to
learn the Conclusion Paragraphs for full-response questions…Make sure you memorize the paragraphs early to
that you don‘t have to worry about doing it later. 2) Study groups are always a great idea. If you don‘t have time
to participate in one, then call someone that you can trust for help. Everyone has their particular skill sets and
the solution to a problem can be just a phone call away. 3) Do all of the practice problems in class. If you do the
7 or 8 problems in the notes, come quiz/test time you‘re going to be confident and you‘ll be able to knock the
test out easily.
         Alright, so in conclusion, do your homework, listen to Mrs. French‘s advice and lectures, and make sure
you don‘t underestimate the difficulty level of this class. Other than that, seniors, live it up. Make the most of
the time you have. These are the days you will still remember 10 years now after you‘ve graduated from
college. Underclassmen, work hard. I promise you it will pay off. Good luck everyone and have a great 2010-
2011 school year.
Sincerely,       Matt Day
P.S. If any of you mess with Mrs. French I‘m coming after you




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