Aviation Simulation Training
Hudson River Crash
Use of Simulation in
Healthcare and Nursing Education
Creation of Simulation
Case Study Simulation
•Case Study Simulations
•High Risk-Low Exposure
•Practice in Context—Better
• Bridge Book Learning to
• Ethical Concerns and
Currently utilized at following levels:
•Med-Surg I & II
• Learning in a non-threatening environment
• Practice, practice, practice
• Better outcomes
• Improved patient safety
• Development of EBP and Best Practice Utilization
• Current EBP indicates IF designed and utilized
Improved Critical Thinking
Improved Decision Making
Improved Content Mastery
• Process of changing Educational Practices
Passive to Active Learning
•Today’s Healthcare Environment
•Acuity is Higher
•Older Population--multiple co-morbidities
•Patient’s are sicker
•Length of Stay in Hospital is shorter
......Yet student’s must learn
…..Staff must be competent
•Maine Simulation Programs
•Evidence Based Practice
Future Needs of
Bambini, D., Washburn, J., & Perkins, R. (2009). Outcomes of clinical simulation for novice
nursing students: Communication, confidence, clinical judgment. Nursing
Education Perspectives, 30(2), 79-82.
Brannan, J. D., White, A., & Bezanson, J. L. (2008). Simulator effects on cognitive skills
and confidence levels. Journal of Nursing Education, 47(1), 495-500.
Cant, R. P. & Cooper, S. J. (2009). Simulation-based learning in nurse education: Systemic
review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 66(1), 3-15.
Dreifuerst, K. T. (2009). The essentials of debriefing in simulation learning: A concept
analysis. Nursing Education Perspectives, 30(2), 109-114.
Fountain, R. & Alfred, D. (2009). Student satisfaction with high-fidelity simulation: Does it
correlate with learning style? Nursing Education Perspectives, 30(2), 96-98.
Harden, N. (2010). Use of simulation in teaching and learning in health sciences: A systemic
review. Journal of Nursing Education, 49(1), 23-28.
Jefferies, P. R., Bambini, D., Hansel. D., Moorman, M. & Washburn, J. (2009). Constructing
maternal-child learning experiences using clinical simulations. Journal of
Obstetrics, Gynecological and Neonatal Nursing, 38, 613-623.
Ravert, P. (2008). Patient simulator sessions and critical thinking. Journal of Nursing
Education, 47(12), 557-562.
Rush, K. L. Dyches, C. E., Waldrop, S. & Davis, A. (2008). Critical thinking among RN-to-
BSN distance students participating in human patient simulation. Journal of
Nursing Education, 47(11), 501-507.
Sears, K., Goldsworthy, S. & Goodman, W. (2010). The relationship between simulation in
nursing education and medication safety. Journal of Nursing Education, 49(1),
Smith, S. J. & Roehrs, C.J. (2009). High-fidelity simulation: Factors correlated with nursing
student satisfaction and self-confidence. Nursing Education Perspectives, 30(2),
Waxman, K.T. (2010). The development of evidence-based clinical simulation scenarios:
Guidelines for nurse educators. Journal of Nursing Education, 49(1), 29-35.