Abdominal CT _CT Abdomen_ by fdh56iuoui

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									Abdominal CT (CT Abdomen)

Definition
An x-ray scan that utilises a computer to produce cross-sectional images of the
abdomen.
Parts of the Body Involved
Abdomen
Reasons for Procedure
A CT scan is done to study the organs and vascular system within the abdomen for signs
of injuries, tumours, or other disease.
Your doctor may recommend an abdominal CT if you have the following symptoms:
    · Pain
    · Bowel changes
    · Blood in the urine or stool
    · Urinary difficulties
    · Jaundice
    · Weight loss
    · Unexplained fever
    · Abdominal injury
    · Fluid accumulation in the abdomen

Many   conditions and diseases can be diagnosed with an abdominal CT. These include:
   ·    Tumours and cysts
   ·    Spread of cancer form another location (metastases)
   ·    Aortic aneurysm
   ·    Gall bladder disease, including gallstones
   ·    Pancreatitis
   ·    Abscess
   ·    Kidney stones
   ·    Kidney disease
   ·    Bleeding in the abdomen
   ·    Liver disease
Risk Factors for Complications During Procedure
None
What to Expect

Prior to Procedure
Depending on which tissues your doctor wants to examine, you may be given a contrast
dye. If this is the case, do not eat or drink anything for 4 hours before your exam.
You'll remove your clothes and put on a hospital gown. You'll also need to remove all
metal-containing items, including jewellery and watches.




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During Procedure
If a contrast dye is needed, it is either injected into a vein, or you will drink it in the
form of a barium solution. You'll be positioned on a special movable table, called a
gantry, partway inside the CT scanner, which is usually doughnut-shaped.

Anaesthesia
None

After Procedure
If you've received contrast dye, drink extra fluids to more quickly flush it out of your
body.

Description of the Procedure
The gantry advances you very slowly through the CT scanner. You'll need to be very still
during the entire test. As the scanner takes pictures, you'll hear some humming and
clicking. The technician will ask you to hold your breath at certain points, so that
movement does not blur the picture. You are able to talk to the technician and/or doctor
during the exam, so if you are in pain, frightened, or concerned in any way, you can
communicate this immediately.

How Long Will it Take?
10-60 minutes, depending on how much area must be scanned and how much detail is
required.

Will it Hurt? The scan itself will not hurt, although you may feel restless. When you
receive an injection of contrast dye, you may feel flushed, and you may notice a salty or
metallic taste in your mouth. Some people experience brief nausea as the dye circulates.


Possible Complications
Allergic or anaphylactic response to contrast dye

Average Hospital Stay
None

Post-operative Care
None
Outcome
A radiologist should be able to spot any abnormalities in the organs and/or tissues
within your abdomen. A detailed report will be sent to your doctor. Your doctor will
make recommendations for treatment based on this report.
Call Your Doctor if Any of the Following Occurs
You have had contrast dye and notice:
   · Itching
   · Nausea
   · Swollen, itchy eyes
   · Tightness of throat


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·   Difficulty breathing




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