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Music Therapy

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					Music Therapy
 Professional Overview
       What is Music Therapy?
Music Therapy is an established healthcare
 profession that uses music to address physical,
 emotional, cognitive, and social needs of
 individuals of all ages. Music Therapist use
 music to work on non-music goals…
            Non-Music Goals…
•   promote wellness
•   manage stress
•   alleviate pain
•   express feelings
•   enhance memory
•   improve communication
•   promote physical rehabilitation.
  Music Therapy: A Brief History
The earliest known writings of the use of music as a healing
  influence were written during the times of Aristotle and Plato
The 20th century discipline began after World War I and World
  War II when musicians of all types, went to Veterans hospitals
  around the country to play for the thousands of veterans
  suffering both physical and emotional trauma from the wars. The
  patients' notable physical and emotional responses to music led
  the doctors and nurses to request the hiring of musicians by the
  hospitals. It was soon evident that the hospital musicians needed
  some prior training before entering the facility and so the
  demand grew for a college curriculum. The first music therapy
  degree program in the world, founded at Michigan
                         History cont…
State University in 1944, celebrated its 50th anniversary in 1994. The American
    Music Therapy Association was founded in 1998 as a union of the National
    Association for Music Therapy and the American Association for Music
    therapy.

There are now many research journals dedicated to the studies of music and its
   therapeutic value's as well as organizations dedicated to the continued growth
   of music therapy as a profession.

Research Journals:
Journal of Music Therapy
Music Therapy Perspectives
Music therapy improves the quality of life for persons
 who are well and for those who are not well. Music
         Therapists work with all populations.
Music Therapy is often used
 in conjunction with other
 therapies such as:
                              Speech

                              Occupational

                              Dance/Movement

                              Physical

                              Art
Who can benefit from music therapy?
• Children                  People with…
• Adolescents               • substance abuse
• elderly with mental         problems, brain injuries,
  health needs,               physical disabilities, and
  developmental and           acute and chronic pain,
  learning disabilities,    • mothers in labor
  Alzheimer's disease and
  other aging related
  conditions
    Where do Music Therapists work?
• psychiatric hospitals,       • nursing homes
• rehabilitative facilities,   • hospice programs
• medical hospitals,           • correctional facilities
• outpatient clinics,          • halfway houses
• day care treatment centers
                               • schools
•  agencies serving
  developmentally disabled     • private practice
  persons
• community mental health
  centers
• drug and alcohol programs,
  senior centers
• nursing homes
 Qualifications of a Music Therapist:

Education Requirements:
 Bachelor’s of Music in Music Therapy
  -Music classes include Music Theory, Sightsinging, Music History, World Music
   Cultures, Applied Music Lessons, Ensembles, Intro to String, Wind,
   and Percussions Instruments, Class Piano
  -Music Therapy classes include: Introduction to Music Therapy, Non-Verbal
   Communication, Choral Conducting, Psychology of Music, Music Therapy, Guitar,
   Music Recreational Techniques
  -Psychology Courses- Intro to Brain and Behavior, General Psychology, Psychology of
   Women, etc (psychology electives-enough to complete a minor in psychology)
 Three to six month internship
 Board Certification: successfully complete the independently administered
   examination hold the music therapist-board certified credential (MT-BC).
              Where’s the Music?
For music to be truly effective
  in the healing process it is
  best if it is performed live.
  Therefore music therapist’s
  study guitar as a secondary
  instrument.
Guitars are portable, easy to
  carry into any environment
  (hospitals, schools etc.), and
  provide great live
  accompaniment for any piece
  of music.
            Where’s the Music Cont.
Music Therapists use patient                  In conclusion, music
 preferred music.                                therapists are continually
For example, if I was working on breathing       building their music
   techniques with a geriatric patient that      repertoire to fit specific
   recently underwent surgery I would not
   want to “jam out” with Metallica’s            clientele. For example: I
   Enter Sandman. An early Elvis Presley        currently have Patsy Cline, The Mama’s
                                                and the Papa’s, Hendrix, The
   might be a better choice.
                                                Carpenters, Brittany Spears in my
                                                selection
           Music Therapy at FSU
• Philosophy
  Selection and preparation in Music Therapy at Florida State
  University is based upon an important yet extremely simple
  premise -- it is, that every client receiving music therapy services
  should have the best clinical assistance possible.
• This implies that every therapist should be committed to the
  subject of music and its therapeutic use with people. The
  strength of this commitment is evidenced by the academic and
  social behaviors of the prospective therapist in life, both in and
  out of the university environment.
• The FSU Music Therapy student is characterized by diligence in
  the pursuit of musical and academic excellence and active
  dedication to the improvement of the quality of life of their
  fellow human beings.
Thank you for viewing my presentation…
For more information about music therapy please
  visit:
The College of Music website www.music.fsu.edu
American Music Therapy Association
  www.musictherapy.org
THE END…..
Please visit Sarah Quinney’s webpage and view her
  powerpoint about sign language
  garnet.acns.fsu.edu/~shq03/musictech
Music Therapist use non-verbal communication
  (such as sign language) to communicate with
  special populations.

				
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posted:8/21/2011
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