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					Live plants and products of floriculture:
market analysis 2000-2009
  Aurora IERUGAN
  European Commission
  DG Agriculture and Rural Development (DG AGRI)
  Unit C.2. Olive oil, horticultural products
Advisory Group “Flowers and ornamental plants” – Bruxelles – 18 October 2010
This statistical document has been prepared by Unit C.2 of DG AGRI, in order
to stimulate discussion at the Flowers and ornamental plants Advisory Group. It
is a mere working document. The European Commission does not accept any
responsibility in respect of the exactness of given data.




   Live plants and products of floriculture                                       2
        Structure of the presentation
1.    Land area

2.    Production

3.    Holdings

4.    Trade
           4.1 Import

           4.2 Export

           4.3 Trade balance


5.    Estimated consumption


 Live plants and products of floriculture   3
                                       1. LAND AREA




Live plants and products of floriculture              4
                  Evolution of land area of flowers and ornamental plants and
                             nursery plants in the EU (in hectares)
250,000


                                                                                                                         ]   Estim. at 195.000 ha in 2009
                                                                                                                         ]   Highly concentrated in the Old
200,000
                                                                                                                             Member States:
                                                                                                                               •Netherlands (43.200 ha)

                                                                                                                  EU27         •France (27.200 ha)
150,000
                                                                                                                  EU15
                                                                                                                  NL
                                                                                                                               •Germany (26.400 ha)
                                                                                                                  FR
                                                                                                                  DE
                                                                                                                               •Italy (24.520 ha)
                                                                                                                  IT
100,000                                                                                                                        •…
                                                                                                                  PL
                                                                                                                               •Poland (15.900 ha)

                                                                                                                         ]   Decrease by -1,1 % vs 2008
 50,000
                                                                                                                         ]   Long run declining trend,
                                                                                                                             except for NL

  0,000
           2000       2001      2002       2003       2004       2005      2006       2007       2008      2009




     Source of data: Eurostat
     Warning: data are not available for all the countries and all the years. Some of them are estimated

                             Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                     5
                                     2. PRODUCTION




Live plants and products of floriculture             6
   World production of flowers and potted plants by country
                       (share of value)
                                        Others
                       Kenya             10%
                         2%
                   Korea
                    2%
               Colombia
                  3%
               Canada
                 4%                                                                                        ]       World production: 24,4
                                                                                          EU                       billion Euros
                                                                                         44%
                                                                                                           ]       The EU is the largest
               Japan
                11%
                                                                                                                   producer with 10,8 billion
                                                                                                                   Euros and a share of 44%



                         China
                          12%

                                                    USA
                                                    12%

Source: AIPH (International Association of Horticultural Producers) / Union Fleurs (International Floricultural Trade Association)


Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                    7
EU Production of plants and flowers* by country in 2009
                    (share of value)
                                     Others
                             PT
                                      9%
                             3%
                           BE
                           3%
                                                                                    NL
                      UK                                                           30%
                      5%
                                                                                                           ]   Production is highly
                                                                                                               concentrated in the
                 ES
                                                                                                               Old Member States
                11%
                                                                                                           ]   The first 5 MS have a
                                                                                                               share of 80% of the
                                                                                                               total EU production

                         FR
                        11%                                                     IT
                                                                               15%
                                                DE
                                               13%
Source: Eurostat

* Plants and flowers = ornamental plants and flowers + nursery plants + christmas trees and plantations.

  Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                            8
                                   Value of the production of plants and flowers*
                                                    (in million €)
25 000




                                                                                                                           ]   Estimated at 19,5 billion Euros in 2009
20 000
                                                                                                                           ]   Mainly in Old Member States (97%)
                                                                                                                           ]   Slight decrease: -1,2% vs 2008
                                                                                                                   EU 27
15 000                                                                                                             EU 15
                                                                                                                   NL            - OMS -0,4%
                                                                                                                   IT
                                                                                                                   DE            - NMS -22,6% (influenced by
                                                                                                                   FR
10 000                                                                                                             ES            exchange rate)
                                                                                                                   UK
                                                                                                                           ]   Main contributors to the decrease:
                                                                                                                                 - IT (-6.8%), NL (-2,6%), DE (-3,7%)
 5 000

                                                                                                                           ]   Significant growth in ES: +20,7%

    0
         2000         2001      2002      2003      2004      2005      2006      2007      2008      2009



                Source: Eurostat and DG AGRI C.2 estimates

                * Plants and flowers = ornamental plants and flowers + nursery plants + Christmas trees and plantations.

                             Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                           9
                                           3. HOLDINGS




Live plants and products of floriculture                 10
                                                               Number of holdings in the EU
                     180 000
                                                                                                      164 830
                     160 000
                                                                                                                          -10,9%
                                                                                                                139 150
                     140 000                                                                                                        ]   The number of holdings
                                                                                                                          123 970
                                                                                                                                        has decreased, in
                     120 000
                                 111 190                                                                                                particular as concerns
Number of holdings




                                                     -6,7%
                     100 000               94 580
                                                                                                                                        nurseries.
                                                    88 260

                      80 000

                                                                    60 830               -18,5%
                                                                                                                                    ]   The decrease has been
                      60 000
                                                                                51 380                                                  lower over the last 2 years:
                                                                                         41 880                                         -15,6% 2005 vs 2003 and -
                      40 000
                                                                                                                                        10,9 % 2007 vs 2005.
                      20 000


                         -
                               Flowers and ornamental plants                 Nurseries            Flowers, ornemental plants and
                                  (ourdoor + under glass)                                                    nurseries

                                                                         2003     2005   2007

                                 Source: Eurostat [ef_lu_ovcropaa; codes D16, D17 and G05]



                                   Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                    11
                                           3. TRADE




Live plants and products of floriculture              12
                                     Methodology

1.   Cut flowers and cut foliage
2.   Potted plants, bedding and balcony plants and nursery plants
3.   Conifers and hardy perennial plants
4.   Bulbs and corms




       Live plants and products of floriculture                 13
                                           4.1 Import




Live plants and products of floriculture                14
                                   Imports of live plants and products of floriculture
                                                       (in tonnes)
         500 000                                                                                                          ]   Imports from third countries
                                                                                                                              represent 17% of total imports
         450 000


         400 000
                                                                                                                          ]   430.000 tonnes in 2009
         350 000                                                                           TOTAL
                                                                                                                                • 74% cut flowers and cut foliage
                                                                                           cut flowers and cut foliage
         300 000                                                                                                                • 20% potted plants
Tonnes




                                                                                           potted plants
         250 000                                                                                                                • 4% bulbs and corms
                                                                                           conifers and hardy perennial
         200 000                                                                           plants                               • 2% conifers and hardy p.
                                                                                           bulbs and corms
         150 000
                                                                                                                          ]   Growth halted in 2008 for all
         100 000
                                                                                                                              categories (– 6,5% 2009 vs
          50 000
                                                                                                                              2008), in particular for cut
                                                                                                                              flowers and potted plants
               -
                    2000    2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009



         Source: Eurostat Comext



                             Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                        15
                                            Imports of live plants and products of floriculture
                                                                 (in 000€)
                 1 600 000


                 1 400 000

                                                                                                                          ]   1.5 billion Euros in 2009
                 1 200 000
                                                                                                    TOTAL                       • 78% cut flowers and cut foliage
                 1 000 000                                                                          cut flowers and cut         • 17% potted plants
thousand Euros




                                                                                                    foliage
                                                                                                    potted plants               • 4% bulbs and corms
                  800 000
                                                                                                    conifers and hardy          • 1% conifers and hardy p.
                                                                                                    perennial plants
                  600 000                                                                           bulbs and corms
                                                                                                                          ]   -5,2% vs 2008 due to the decrease
                  400 000
                                                                                                                              of cut flowers (-5,4%), after 5 years
                                                                                                                              of growth
                  200 000


                         -
                              2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009




                  Source: Eurostat Comext




                                      Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                      16
                    Imports of live plants and products of floriculture by country (in tonnes)
         150 000

         140 000
                                                                                                                                                                 ]   Upgoing trend over the
         130 000
                                                                                                                                                                     past years for all the
         120 000
                                                                                                                                                                     countries, but general
         110 000
                                                                                                                                                                     decrease in 2009 (-6,5%)
         100 000

          90 000
                                                                                                                                                                 ]   Kenya is the main country
                                                                                                                                                                     of origin (22%), focussed
Tonnes




          80 000
                                                                                                                                                                     on cut flowers and cut
          70 000
                                                                                                                                                                     foliage (98%)
          60 000

          50 000                                                                                                                                                 ]   Costa Rica is the second
          40 000                                                                                                                                                     country (11%). Its offer is
          30 000                                                                                                                                                     more diversified:
          20 000                                                                                                                                                        •45% cut flowers and cut
          10 000                                                                                                                                                        foliage
               -                                                                                                                                                        •54% potted plants
                   Kenya (22%) Costa Rica   Ethiopia      USA (7%)    Israel (6%)   China (6%)   Colombia    Ecuador      Guatemala   Turkey (3%) Others (24%)
                                 (11%)        (7%)                                                 (6%)       (4%)          (4%)

                                                   2000     2001     2002   2003     2004   2005    2006    2007   2008    2009
                                                                                                                                                                     1 - Cut flowers and foliage:

                                                                                                                                                                     2 - Potted plants:

                                                                                                                                                                     3 - Conifers and hardy perennial pl,:

                                                                                                                                                                     4 - Bulbs and corms:

                      Source: Eurostat Comext

                                   Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                                         17
                                                   Imports of cut flowers and cut foliage
                                                      by product (in tonnes) in 2009
                     7150; 2%
                             22396; 7%


                                                                                                                    ]        Imports from third countries of
                   29048; 9%                                                                                                 cut flowers and cut foliage
                                                     137460; 44%
                                                                                                                             represent 36% of total imports
                                                                                                                             (extra+intra EU)
                   44332; 14%

                                                                                                                    ]        Imports are focussed on
                                                                                                                                  ]roses: 44%
                               76472; 24%
                                                                                                                                  ]foliage: 24%



        060311:FRESH CUT ROSES AND BUDS, OF A KIND SUITABLE FOR BOUQ UET S OR FOR ORNAMENTAL PURP OSES


        06049190:FOLIAGE, BRANC HES AND OTHER PARTS OF PLANTS, WITHOUT FLO WERS OR FLOWER BUDS, GRASSES, FRESH, FOR BOUQ UE TS OR ORNAMENTAL PURPOSES (EXCL. CHRISTMAS TREE S A ND
        CONIFER BRANCHES)
        06031990:FRE SH CUT FLOWERS AND BUDS, OF A KIND SUITABLE FOR BO UQUE TS O R FOR ORN AME NTAL PURPOSES (EXCL. ROSES, C ARNATIONS, ORCHIDS, G LADIO LI AND CHRYSANTHEMUMS)


        060312:FRESH CUT CARNATIONS AND BU DS, OF A KIND SU ITAB LE FOR BO UQUE TS O R FOR ORNA MEN TAL PURPOSES


        06049910:DR IED FOLIA GE , BRANCHES AND OTHER PAR TS OF PLANTS, WITHOUT FLO WERS OR FLOWER BUDS, GRASSES , F OR BOUQUETS OR ORNAMENTAL PURPOS ES


        O THERS




Source: Eurostat Comext

                       Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                                      18
                                            Imports of cut flowers and cut foliage by country
                                                               (in tonnes)

         100 000


          90 000
                                                                                                                                                                  ]   After a long term growth,
                                                                                                                                                                      imports of cut flowers and cut
          80 000                                                                                                                                                      foliage decreased in 2009,
          70 000
                                                                                                                                                                      from all countries of origin
                                                                                                                                                                      (-2,9%), except for Ethiopia
Tonnes




          60 000                                                                                                                                                      and Turkey.
          50 000                                                                                                                                                  ]   With a share of 29%, Kenya is
                                                                                                                                                                      the first country of origin and
          40 000
                                                                                                                                                                      the main contributor to
          30 000                                                                                                                                                      increase of imports over the
                                                                                                                                                                      last ten years.
          20 000

                                                                                                                                                                  ]   Imports from Ethiopia have
          10 000
                                                                                                                                                                      also registered a fast growth.
               -
                    Kenya (29%)   Ethiopia (9%)   USA (8%)      Colombia (8%)    Ecuador (8%)     Israel (7%)   Costa Rica (7%)    Tu rkey (3%)   Oth ers (21%)

                                                  2000   2001     2002    2003     2004    2005    2006     2007   2008     2009




                   Source: Eurostat Comext

                                    Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                                   19
                             Imports of cut flowers and cut foliage from Kenya
                                                (in tonnes)

120 000




100 000
                                                                  OTHER
                                       1137                 195
                                                                                             ]
                                       1752
                  2135
                  2399
                                      7 125
                                                           1425
                                                          5 782
                                                                                                 Imports of cut flowers and
80 000
                 6 564
                                      12 289              9 882   DRIED, DYED, BLEACHED,         cut foliage from Kenya are
                                                                  IMPREGNATED OR
                 11 905                                           OTHERWISE PREPARED CUT         focussed on cut roses
                                                                  FLOWERS

                                                                  FRESH CUT CARNATIONS
                                                                                                 (81%)
60 000
                                                                                             ]   Decline in 2009 (-3,4%),
                                                                  FRESH CUT FLOWERS (EXCL.
                                                                  ROSES, CARNATIONS,
                                                                                                 except for roses (+2,3%)
                                                                  ORCHIDS, CHRYSANTHEMUMS
40 000
                                      73 669             75 377   AND GLADIOLI)
                 68 028
                                                                  FRESH CUT ROSES


20 000




      -
                  2007                 2008               2009

Source: Eurostat Comext



                      Live plants and products of floriculture                                                        20
                                                                  Imports of potted plants by country
                                                                              (in tonnes)
         35 000




         30 000




         25 000
                                                                                                                                                                  ]   Significant decrease
                                                                                                                                                                      for the main origins:
         20 000
Tonnes




                                                                                                                                                                        •Costa Rica –28.3%
         15 000                                                                                                                                                         •China -15%
                                                                                                                                                                        •Guatemala -33.8%
         10 000




          5 000




             0
                    Costa Rica   China (23%)   Guatemala    Honduras     Sri Lanka (3%) Thailand (3%)    El Salvador    Taiwan (3%)   Kenya (2%)   Others (20%)
                      (28%)                      (8%)         (7%)                                           (3%)

                                                    2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006      2007   2008    2009




                  Source: Eurostat Comext

                                   Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                           21
                     Imports of conifers and hardy perennial plants by country
                                            (in tonnes)
         24 000


         22 000


         20 000


         18 000

         16 000


         14 000
Tonnes




         12 000

         10 000


          8 000

          6 000


          4 000


          2 000

             0
                     Israel (21%)   China (18%)   Egypt (9%)    Argentina    Uruguay (5%)    Japan (5%)     USA (4%)     Switzerland   Turkey (4%)   Others (21%)
                                                                  (7%)                                                      (4%)

                                                       2000    2001   2002   2003   2004    2005   2006   2007   2008   2009
                   Source: Eurostat Comext


                  Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                          22
                                                             Imports of bulbs by country
                                                                     (in tonnes)
         7 000




         6 000




         5 000




         4 000
Tonnes




                                                                                                                                                                             ]   Increase of
         3 000                                                                                                                                                                   imports from
                                                                                                                                                                                 Brasil and USA
         2 000
                                                                                                                                                                             ]   Opposite trend for
                                                                                                                                                                                 the other origins
         1 000




            0
                 Brazi l (34%)   Chile (24%) New Zealand   China (5%)     Taiwan (4%)     USA (3%)     Thailand     South Africa   Israel (3%)   Turkey (2%)   Others (9%)
                                                (9%)                                                     (3%)          (3%)

                                                      2000    2001      2002   2003     2004   2005   2006   2007    2008   2009

             Source: Eurostat Comext



                                      Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                               23
                             Imports of live plants and products of floriculture by country
                                                        (in 000€)
                  450 000



                  400 000


                  350 000



                  300 000
 Thousand euros




                  250 000



                  200 000


                  150 000


                  100 000



                   50 000


                        -
                                  Kenya    Ecuador   Israel (8,6%)    Colombia     Ethiopia    Costa Rica   USA (4,9%) China (3,5%)   Uganda    South Africa    Others
                                 (26,3%)    (8,7%)                     (7,8%)       (7,1%)       (5,5%)                                (2,7%)     (2,4%)       (22,5%)

                                                               2000     2001     2002   2003    2004   2005     2006   2007    2008   2009

Source: Eurostat Comext

                            Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                     24
                                Imports of cut flowers and cut foliage by country
                                                    (in 000€)
                 400 000



                 350 000



                 300 000



                 250 000
Thousand euros




                 200 000



                 150 000



                 100 000



                 50 000



                       -
                            Kenya (30,7%)   Ecuador (11,1%)   Colomb ia      Israel (8,2%)   Ethio pia (8,1%)    USA (5,7%)      Costa Rica   Uganda (2,2%)   Oth ers (19,5%)
                                                               (10,0%)                                                             (4,6%)

                                                              2000    2001     2002     2003    2004      2005    2006    2007    2008    2009
Source: Eurostat Comext

                           Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                             25
                                                                    Imports of potted plants by country
                                                                                 (in 000€)
                       100 000


                        90 000


                        80 000


                        70 000


                        60 000
      Thousand euros




                        50 000


                        40 000


                        30 000


                        20 000


                        10 000


                            0
                                    Kenya (14,2%)   China (11,7%)    Costa Rica     Israel (10,9%)   Tanzania (5,5%) Uganda (5,5%) Ethiopia (5,2%)   Guatemala   Others (31,6%)
                                                                      (11,5%)                                                                          (4, 0%)

                                                                      2000   2001    2002   2003     2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009
Source: Eurostat Comext

                                 Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                         26
                          Imports of conifers and hardy perennial plants by country
                                                  (in 000€)
                 8 000



                 7 000



                 6 000



                 5 000
Thousand euros




                 4 000



                 3 000



                 2 000



                 1 000



                    0
                             Israel (25,4%)   USA (13,6%)   China (12,0%)    Japan (10,0%)    Switzerland     Serbia (3,4%)      Turkey (3,3%)   New Zealand   Others (20,5%)
                                                                                                (8,9%)                                             (2,8%)

                                                               2000   2001    2002   2003    2004   2005    2006   2007   2008     2009

                         Source: Eurostat Comext


                   Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                                     27
                                                                 Imports of bulbs by country (in 000€)
                          13 000

                          12 000

                          11 000

                          10 000

                           9 000

                           8 000
         Thousand euros




                           7 000

                           6 000

                           5 000

                           4 000

                           3 000

                           2 000

                           1 000

                              0
                                    Brazil (15,9%)   Taiwan (15,5%)   Chile (15,3%)     China (12,1%)     Thailand           Denmark           New Zealand   USA (4,9%)   Others (8,3%)
                                                                                                           (11,1%)            (10,9%)            (5,9%)

                                                                        2000    200 1    2002   2003    2004   2005   2006     2007     2008     2009
Source: Eurostat Comext



                                   Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                               28
                                           4.2 Export




Live plants and products of floriculture                29
                                     Exports of live plants and products of floriculture
                                                         (in tonnes)
         600 000




         500 000
                                                                                                                    ]   518.000 tonnes in 2009 to third
                                                                                                                        countries (=19% of total EU
                                                                                              TOTAL                     exports)
         400 000                                                                              cut flowers and cut
                                                                                              foliage               ]   A diversified offer:
                                                                                              potted plants
                                                                                                                          • 30,8% potted plants
tonnes




         300 000                                                                              conifers and hardy
                                                                                              perennial plants            • 30,7% bulbs and corms
                                                                                              bulbs and corms
                                                                                                                          • 22,5% conifers and hardy p.
         200 000
                                                                                                                          • 16% cut flowers and cut foliage

         100 000
                                                                                                                    ]   Steady growth 2000-2008,

               -                                                                                                    ]   but –7,7% in 2009, mainly due to
                       2000   2001    2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009                             potted plants and conifers

                   Source: Eurostat Comext




                                Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                  30
                                           Exports of live plants and products of floriculture
                                                          (in thousand Euros)
                 1 800 000


                 1 600 000

                                                                                                                          ]   1.5 billion Euros in 2009
                 1 400 000
                                                                                                   TOTAL                        •32% cut flowers and cut foliage
                 1 200 000                                                                         cut flowers an d cut         •28% potted plants
                                                                                                   foliage
thousand Euros




                 1 000 000
                                                                                                   potte d plants               •10% conifers and hardy p.
                                                                                                   conifers and hardy           •30% bulbs and corms
                  800 000                                                                          perennial plants
                                                                                                   bulbs and corms

                  600 000                                                                                                 ]   -11,3% vs 2008. Decrease for all
                                                                                                                              categories, in particular cut flowers
                  400 000
                                                                                                                              (-14%)
                  200 000


                         -
                             2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009



                 Source: Eurostat Comext




                                     Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                 31
                          Exports of live plants and products of floriculture by country
                                                   (in tonnes)            ]  Upgoing trend for most of the
         140 000
                                                                                                                                                                        countries in the long run
                                                                                                                                                               ]        But general decrease in 2009 (-7,7%)
         120 000


                                                                                                                                                               ]        Switzerland is the first country of
         100 000                                                                                                                                                        destination, with a share of 20%


          80 000                                                                                                                                               ]        Russia (19%) is the main contributor
Tonnes




                                                                                                                                                                        to the growth of exports (x 7.5) over
                                                                                                                                                                        the period 2000-2008, but registered
          60 000                                                                                                                                                        a decrease in 2009 (-20%)


          40 000                                                                                                                                               ]        Ukraine accounts only for 5% of
                                                                                                                                                                        exports but has registered high
                                                                                                                                                                        growth rates (until 2009)
          20 000


                                                                                                                                                               ]        The USA and Japan are the main
               -                                                                                                                                                        countries of destination for bulbs.
                     Switzerland Russia (19%) USA (10%)   Norway (8%) Ukraine (5%) Japan (4%) Croatia (4%) China (3%)   Turkey (3%) Canada (2%) Others (22%)
                       (20%)

                                                     2000    2001    2002   2003    2004   2005   2006    2007   2008     2009
                                                                                                                                                                   1 - Cut flowers and foliage:

                                                                                                                                                                   2 - Potted plants:

                                                                                                                                                                   3 - Conifers and hardy perennial pl,:

                                                                                                                                                                   4 - Bulbs and corms:
                   Source: Eurostat Comext

                                    Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                                               32
                        Exports of cut flowers and cut foliage by country
                                           (in tonnes)
          35 000



          30 000
                                    -15,8%


          25 000
Tonnes




                                              +6.4%
          20 000



          15 000



          10 000



           5 000
                                                                                                              -34,9%


               -
                     Russia (32%)   Switzerland   Norway (10%)    USA (9%)     Croatia (5%)    Ukraine (3%)    Serbia (2%)    Belarus (2%)   Bosnia and   Others (11%)
                                      (24%)                                                                                                  Herz. (2%)

         Source: Eurostat Comext                        2000     2001   2002    2003    2004     2005     2006     2007      2008   2009



                      Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                           33
                                   Exports of potted plants by country
                                               (in tonnes)
         60 000




         50 000




         40 000
Tonnes




         30 000
                                              -28,7%


         20 000




         10 000




              -
                   Switzerland Russia (15%)   Norway   Ukraine (8%) Croatia (6%) Turkey (4%) Albania (4%)     Lebanon     USA (2%)   Others (16%)
                     (31%)                     (11%)                                                            (3%)

                                                2000   2001   2002   2003   2004    2005   2006   2007      2008   2009

         Source: Eurostat Comext

             Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                               34
                             Exports of conifers and hardy perennial plants
                                         by country (in tonnes)
         50 000


         45 000


         40 000                -19,2%

         35 000


         30 000
Tonnes




         25 000


         20 000


         15 000


         10 000


         5 000


              -
                    Russia    Switzerland Norway (8%) Ukraine (7%) Turkey (7%) Croatia (3%) Albania (3%) Azerbaijan   Lebanon   Others
                    (31%)       (24%)                                                                      (2%)         (2%)    (12%)

                                                2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009

           Source: Eurostat Comext

           Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                      35
                                           Exports of bulbs by country (in tonnes)
         60 000




         50 000




         40 000
Tonnes




         30 000




         20 000




         10 000




              -
                     USA (26%)   Japan (11%) China (10%) Russia (7%) Canada (5%) Mexico (5%) Switzerland     Australia   Taiwan (3%) Norwa y (3%) Others (20%)
                                                                                                (5%)           (4%)

                                                           2000    2001   2002    2003   2004   2005       2007   2008    2009
            Source: Eurostat Comext

                  Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                       36
           Exports of live plants and products of floriculture by country
                                      (in 000€)
                 400 000



                 350 000



                 300 000



                 250 000
Thousand euros




                 200 000



                 150 000



                 100 000



                  50 000



                       -
                             Switzerland   Russia    USA (14,2%)    Norway   Japan (4,9%)   Ukraine          Canada   China (2,5%)   Croatia   Turkey    Others
                               (22,7%)     (19,3%)                  (9,2%)                   (3,0%)          (2,9%)                  (2,2%)    (1,5%)   (17,6%)

                                                             2000    2001    2002   2003    2004      2005    2006    2007   2008    2009

                       Source: Eurostat Comext

                           Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                               37
                           Exports of cut flowers and cut foliage by country
                                               (in 000€)
                 250 000




                 200 000
Thousand euros




                 150 000




                 100 000




                 50 000




                       -
                              Russia (33,9%)   Switz erland   USA (12,2%)     Norway (9,2%)    Ukraine (2,2%)    Japan (1,9%)     Belarus (1,8%)    Croatia (1,6%)   Oth ers (10,5%)
                                                 (26,6%)

                                                               2000    2001     2002    2003      2004    2005     2006    2007      2008    2009
                           Source: Eurostat Comext


                       Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                                        38
                                               Exports of potted plants by country
                                                            (in 000€)
                 140 000



                 120 000



                 100 000
Thousand euros




                  80 000



                  60 000



                  40 000



                  20 000



                       -
                             Switzerland        Russia   Norway        USA (5,0%)   Ukraine ( 4,9%) Croatia (3,8%) Japan (3,2%) Turkey (2,4%)    Others
                              (30,3%)          (15,0%)   (14,5%)                                                                                (20,7%)

                                                         2000   2001    2002   2003    2004   2005    2006   2007    2008   2009
                     Source: Eurostat Comext


                      Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                            39
                                    Exports of conifers and hardy perennial plants
                                                 by country (in 000€)
                 50 000


                 45 000


                 40 000


                 35 000
Thousand euros




                 30 000


                 25 000


                 20 000


                 15 000


                 10 000


                  5 000


                      -
                            Switzerland     Russia    Norway       Turkey (5,8%) Croatia (4,2%) Ukraine (3,9%)    Morocco   Japan (2,3%)   Others
                             (31,2%)        (16,1%)   (10,0%)                                                      (2,5%)                  (23,9%)

                                                      2000      2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006    2007   2008   2009
                  Source: Eurostat Comext

                   Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                          40
                                               Exports of bulbs by country (in 000€)
                 180 000


                 160 000


                 140 000


                 120 000
Thousand euros




                 100 000


                 80 000


                 60 000


                 40 000


                 20 000


                       -
                             USA (29,4%)    Japan (10,7%)   Russia (8,7%)    Switzerland   Canada (6,7%)    China (6,3%)   Norway (3,9%)   Mexico (3,8%)   Others (22,2%)
                                                                               (8,3%)

                                                                  2000      2001   2002    2003   2004     2005   2007     2008   2009

                  Source: Eurostat Comext

                 Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                                   41
                                    4.3 Trade balance




Live plants and products of floriculture                42
                                    Trade balance of live plants and products of floriculture
                                                           (in tonnes)
         200 000



         150 000

                                                                                                                     ]   Positive balance since
         100 000                                                                                                         2006
                                                                                               cut flowers and cut   ]   88.000 tonnes in 2009
          50 000                                                                               foliage
                                                                                               potted plants         ]   EU27 is a net importer of
                -
                                                                                               conifers and hardy
                                                                                                                         cut flowers and cut
tonnes




                     2000    2001     2002    2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009
                                                                                               perennial plan ts         foliage
                                                                                               bulbs and corm s
          -50 000
                                                                                                                     ]   EU27 is a net exporter of
                                                                                               TOTAL
                                                                                                                         the remaining categories,
         -100 000
                                                                                                                         for which the balance has
                                                                                                                         been increasing until
         -150 000
                                                                                                                         2009

         -200 000



         -250 000

                    Source: Eurostat Comext



                              Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                      43
                                          Trade balance of live plants and products of floriculture
                                                                   (in 000€)
                 600 000




                 400 000




                 200 000
                                                                                                    cut flowers and cut
                                                                                                                          ]   Positive balance since 2002
                                                                                                    foliage
                                                                                                    potted plants         ]   42 million Euros in 2009
thousand Euros




                        -
                            2000   2001    2002    2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   conifers and hardy    ]   EU27 is a net importer of cut
                                                                                                    perennial plants
                                                                                                                              flowers and cut foliage
                                                                                                    bulbs and corms
                 -200 000
                                                                                                                          ]   EU27 is a net exporter of the
                                                                                                    TOTAL
                                                                                                                              remaining categories
                 -400 000




                 -600 000




                 -800 000
                             Source: Eurostat Comext




                                   Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                          44
                   5. ESTIMATED CONSUMPTION




Live plants and products of floriculture      45
                                                       Estimated consumption (in 000€)
       4 500 000



       4 000 000



       3 500 000

                                                                                                                                     2000
       3 000 000                                                                                                                     2001
                                                                                                                                     2002

       2 500 000
                                                                                                                                     2003   ]   Consumption is
                                                                                                                                     2004
                                                                                                                                                focussed in the main
000€




                                                                                                                                     2005
       2 000 000                                                                                                                     2006       producing MS
                                                                                                                                     2007
                                                                                                                                     2008
       1 500 000                                                                                                                     2009


       1 000 000


        500 000



             -
                   DE FR   IT   ES UK NL PT AT BE SE EL CZ PL               FI   DK RO HU   SI   BG SK LU CY LV LT EE MT




                       Source: Eurostat/Comext. Consumption calculated on the bases of EU production and net importEurostat Comext

                       NB: data for IE are not available. Value at producer prices

                           Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                           46
                                       Estimated consumption per capita per year (in €)
         120


         110


         100


             90
                                                                                                                                                            ]   EU average in 2009: 38€
             80                                                                                                                                      2000       per capita per year
                                                                                                                                                     2001
                                                                                                                                                     2002
             70
                                                                                                                                                     2003   ]   Significant
€/year




             60
                                                                                                                                                     2004
                                                                                                                                                     2005
                                                                                                                                                                discrepancies among
                                                                                                                                                     2006       MS
             50                                                                                                                                      2007

             40
                                                                                                                                                     2008
                                                                                                                                                     2009
                                                                                                                                                            ]   Old MS: 45,4€

             30                                                                                                                                             ]   New MS: 9,8€
             20


             10


         -
                  DE   FR    IT   ES   UK   NL   PT   AT   BE   SE   EL   CZ   PL   FI   DK   RO   HU   SI   BG   SK   LU   CY   LV   LT   EE   MT




                       Source: Eurostat/Comext. Consumption calculated on the bases of EU production and net importEurostat Comext

                       NB: data for IE are not available. Value at producer prices

                            Live plants and products of floriculture                                                                                                            47
              Thank you for your attention


                     e-mail: aurora.ierugan@ec.europa.eu




Live plants and products of floriculture                   48

				
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