Federalist and Republicans

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					Federalist and
 Republicans
 PLACE THE FOLLOWING IN A TABLE DETAILING
   EACH AS A FEDERALIST OR DEMOCRATIC-
                REPUBLICAN

► INDUSTRIAL            PRO-BRITISH
► AGRARIAN              PRO-FRENCH
► STATES RIGHTS         BANKERS
► FEDERAL POWER         MERCHANTS
► URBAN                 FARMERS
► RURAL
► MADISON
► HAMILTON
► JEFFERSON
► ADAMS
                DEMOCRATIC-
FEDERALISTS     REPUBLICANS
INDUSTRIAL      AGRARIAN
STRONG          STATES’ RIGHTS
CENTRAL GOV’T
HAMILTON        JEFFERSON
ADAMS           MADISON
PRO-BRITISH     PRO-FRENCH
URBAN           RURAL
MERCHANTS       FARMERS
   Hamilton and the Federalists
► strong  national government
► putting the government in the hands of the
  “rich, well born and able”
► Manufacturing and trade were the basis of
  national wealth and power
► artisans, merchants, manufacturers,
  bankers, urban workers and eastern farmers
► Northeast
     Jefferson and the Republicans
►   Strength of the US was its
    independent farmers,
    agrarianism
►   commerce divided society
    between the rich and poor
►   rights of the states against
    the power of the federal
    government
►   South and West
  Second President


►JohnAdams
►1796-1800
►Federalist
                 Election of 1796
►   Federalists: John Adams
►   Republicans: Thomas
    Jefferson
►   Adams won
►   Only time in American
    History when the President
    and Vice President
    belonged to different
    political parties.
                    The XYZ Affair
►   France was seizing American ships headed toward Britain
►   Adams sent Pinckney to negotiate
►   French were trying to get bribes before beginning
    negotiations
►   The Frenchmen demanding the bribes were known as Mr.
    X, Mr. Y and Mr. Z.
►   Americans ANGRY!!
►   Political Parties oppose each other
       Federalists align with British
       Dem-Republicans align with French

►   “Millions for defense not a cent for a tribute”
                THE XYZ Affair
► Americans  ANGRY!!
► Political Parties oppose each other
   Federalists align with British
   Dem-Republicans align with French
► “Millions   for defense not a cent for a tribute”
   Meaning?
         Quasi-War With France
► June 1798 Congress suspended trade with
  France and directed the navy to capture
  French ships
► Undeclared war at sea
► Convention of 1800: US gave up all
  claims against France for damages to
  American shipping; France released the US
  from the Treaty of 1778
The Alien and Sedition Acts, 1798
► DURING THE XYZ AFFAIR, DEM-REP WERE
  CRITICAL OF FEDERALISTS IN THE
  NEWSPAPERS
► FEDERALISTS PASS THESE ACTS
   ALIEN ACTS TO KEEP NEW IMMIGRANTS FROM
    VOTING REPUBLICAN. EXTENDED
    IMMIGRATION REQUIREMENT TO 14 YEARS.
   The Alien and Sedition Acts
► SEDITION   ACTS
   MAKES IT ILLEGAL TO SAY OR PRINT
    ANYTHING “FALSE, SCANDALOUS, AND
    MALICIOUS” ABOUT THE GOVERNMENT OR ITS
    OFFICERS.
► CHALLENGE   TO FIRST AMENDMENT
      The Virginia and Kentucky
          Resolution, 1798
► Republican   Response
► Criticized Alien & Sedition Acts
► Virginia Resolution: state government can
  declare federal law unconstitutional
► Kentucky Resolution: states had the right to
  nullify federal law
► Written by Jefferson and Madison
           Adam’s Legacy
► UNPOPULAR    PRESIDENCY
   TO REPUBLICANS, AN MONARCHIST
   TO FEDERALISTS, WEAK ON FRANCE
► SUCCESSFUL IN KEEPING US OUT OF WAR
  WITH FRANCE
► HURT FEDERALIST PARTY WITH ALIEN
  AND SEDITION ACTS
               Election of 1800
              Adams vs Jefferson
► Jefferson& Burr tied in Electoral College
► House of Reps had to decide b/c neither
  candidate won a majority of the EC
   Jefferson promised not to fire all the Federalists
    nor dismantle financial system
   Jefferson became President, Burr became VP
   Considered a Peaceful Transfer of Power

   **Federalist Era Ends

				
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posted:8/21/2011
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